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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 06, 1851, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1851-11-06/ed-1/seq-6/

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Two Days Later from California.
di??, ac?i dtc?
Th# iteaHiship Ohio arrived at half put one
o ciock yeeteiday, from Chagres, from whichjport
she sailed on the 2f>tl? alt. She arrived at Havana
on the VSKh, and .ailed thence on the 31st alt.
Tha following U the
UtvluJ A Aipinw Jl Hi.iXJU
Auix K II I 1SU0U
The following i? the
4 C Bcnnatt. A Cumr and lady C H Wjitoa. Hr* Huokta?i.
W S Yoant. Au*l.oinbar4. <J A Traaot. U T Darin, Mr*
ilau Hobeoa, J Thi n j IISN. K Sou bar J T Sailh. J ohm
UttlDeaa. II' Ru'juis*, O F Valuation, J J AnJrsws, F
l.tMW, Pedro Vs?i.ii. Antooio Piai. Francuoo Traspolo, M
Vuno. J Aspsrioo U [sicot, John Taylor, lute Bruker,
Uufh Millar and Uo. W Niblo, G Mac hull, S D Carroll. R
J kodfora, K K Smii J Marphy, S Churchman, L Dillua/
J Z Dona, J Buioil 1 A Probst, <1 Crane, H Hatt, J Raston,
T R Co'.burn, J Pes uck, J 9 Johnson, W A Maora, Juan
L, praao, 9 Ccrm Welti, Henry Pollard. 0 W Raill, A
dolliar, T W 8mi! <> F Nawall, John House!. T Marcus,
Cbas Leigh, J H M Fsrland, John Martin. C RTilliaint, Mr
WallaoeanJ three 1 r> nds, Mrs Qamley, J K Darin, K Redan
a. 9 Thon as, it r 1 nomas F Consard, .1 Haiser. A Jewett,
M Scott, J Calliaber < has Camp. W N Wdlsea. 11 Monks, 11
Hays, 8 C Dans a Jnuee. J A Fisaar, Chat Mackie, A B
Fuller, J McClnak 1 Whits, J Harrison, J F Lynch. J as
per Wright, U U <m t. James Drijuan. C Mailer, R W
SpoDcer. Vn Mrc ell, Vinoant Aaelmsn. John Clark.
James Morris, W II K ens, C li Maora, Chas Uenchina, Jaoob
BoBmuttar. Hug I on, J Coleman, C Bates G Bates, M
Barker, J R Lan*l> j W Porter, and twelve others.
Psesenssrs tako> m the Prometheus, al Havana ?Bon. !
G C Marshall, m-u. -r ot Congress tram Calnornm. Hon
I lata M Price. b W Height, J J Ricketson. H WTheall.
.Doctor Duke.
Tae passenger* n the Prometheui left San Inan
without their buy.: age, a a it could not bo got over j
from the Pacific aide.
The steamship I'rometbeus, from .Sail Juan, Ni
caragua, arrived "is the 151st ult , At Havana, and
expected to leavr ..n the 1st inst for thij port.
By the Ohio, ? hare San Francisco datos to the
4th inst , being i- days later than brought by the
Tae suspension of the banking bouse of Wells k
V? u announced. and their effects Assigned to trux- |
tees The alloyed etuso of the suspension is stated
It be, that the bouse had received netice that an
agent had been #? ut cn to wind up their affairs,
after the late fire, and the assignment was made to
protect their demwitors.
loseph A. Tboanpson, of Nevada, City, com- |
mitted suicide oi> ibe -Uh ult. He was formerly
fromClark county, Missouri, and wa3 a Baptist j
The difficulty* on the isthmus were settled, and
all was quiet when the Ohio sailed
W# arc indebted to E W. Hall, Esq., the gentlemanly
purser of the Ohio, for correspondence and
lames Harrison, formerly assistant storekeeper
on b-ard steamer F.rotker Jonathan, died on the
ltd inst , onboard of the Ohio.
On the night of the Jith October, W. icweetser,
oi ? jrvoaroutn, r>. n.,n passenger on taa uuio,
, imped overboard and w.u drowned, aotwithstandi.-fc
th? most strenuous efforts made to save him. He
go* a boar a at Chfigres, in a deranged state of
mini. 1?be accuiupant ing notice will show the reason,
no doubt, of hi! derangement He had been
to tae island where the money was said to hare
been buried, but could find no urace of it ?
DOtSlOOl UruiTISV *0 3
W ci mil atv'Ut the 1st of May lsftl Persons wUhiag
to embark ar- invited to rail i?m?i:at?iy on the -ubseribrr
who ha# resolved to go cut and eiaaUae for himself
hhares at $23 oach. srili entitle thu holders to *2 hdU' The
tot.aw.sg revelation was male to mj brother, by one of
the [---.on# who aetisted in burying the treasure and
who now dead
Paring the triable* atin lb? thirty thousand
dtubloo&s were placed on board the v--srl to which I
wa# attached belonging to a gen'., man who hal fallen |
uaitr the dir|de*.uie of the roT^rniant which was
then la a state of (evolution Th* g?nt>maa not 1
risking his appea-nnre at the tin' appointed and
feeling that we were endaag r*l by further delay,
we Mt sail without h.m. Whether this person
su executed. or was < t/..g-l to lrave the country
bastuy some other way. nc one of us has ever .earned
While on our course we were purs and and liisi/ to ;
be overtaken, so we rewired to wt? the trcuure, by
putting the whole ami unt in the ?arth uader cover of
the aigiit Soon alter, we were captured :ar *n back and
thrown into prison Our crew cot ?i.?ted of nve perw n?captaia
mate two blacks and a./self Wh a we had
t.ogered a long time in cochneinen: without being
brought to trial, (as no one appeared agarust us ) the |
rapts.n and mate sickened and died and the rest of us
wete revised The blacks, one or both have since died;
tb-y were unacquainted with navigati n anl coull not
point out the spot if ever so aucft iucilnel I alone
up to this moment U 1 the <eere: .n :ur j?a bosom. undiVU
t >r four y?ars I setae u?l in or about the spot where 1
we e -re .mprtsoned br ping to flnl some m-sai to pur
clnaae t *inall craft hut waa unable to Jiao I >f ia (
deepa.r I wa? compe.iad to be i>?t for f?ar of escittag
tli--uiplckn ?>f forersmant .Now .( you will no 1 a .
rraft wr will go together
H-thca told try brrtber the ititla and longitud- '
Of the juand. dmcrbmg rrtryttiag minutely?how
ti? (Oil *aa packed. bow much ??cb m*n r?rrf*d. |
bow fir from the ab're ?ni in fbrt the apot Itaelf. r
TUe*e facta I hrre omit of eour<* for our own aeeu- j j,
r 7 .at. thuTojngc mad.- Ma-? *aj hi?tory hare .
b~ a maun. 1 by ay*rIf and br her andiherwault i "
nroeee that the a'orr eeuld not be fahriruted. My J
or.that bad tmny interelrw* iur'.ar the voyage. j
au: ? ai. J frequently aroui* the nan front ?Wp with 1 *
b'jpt ju"ati<'E?, but whether waking or aleeplng ha ; *
tot I '.he earn# undeviatio* atory In New 1 ork for lack
if fuaJ* they nepatat'J They m -t afaiu in New f?r tl
ieana at I araio part-1 witlout turr-?? anl appointed s<
a future meeting Hut aiae the man west Into a boa- k
pita. exi and died and iny >rother hat *inee died on *
Do* riyug* btdne from London
The arc ret deposited with me pre* ona ta hi? truing a
la eow in ay poeaewlon I har? tent out two espedt- 4
te ns at a eixrt of two tb uaand dollart and an fully ri
far oaad that the per* na empioy-d hire not eiamtned I (
? It- ?p e aal bare failed through o -o perform?a:? of ' n
duty Our be. ef in'he etfry is r-eatlr in -?a?wl brtba f,
etim aation already made w IWIKIfKIt a
! o
Oar Ian Fmnalaeo ( ormpanilrnrr.
Sal Fhav r?co ' 'st 1, 1561 . *
7 - ? wu- nf th* 'ml* AVarfitm? I S Bmtttr?Pori' j p
yn of urn >V Uomnl? Thr /vAr of San F-wn- | p
co~ herrewtenfo City, 4,4 r I *
T be rteult of the election, wbieh, at the tailing ! ^
ji (A* met eteaaer. wai buried in fog, u known at ?
t??'. ?ai the ioaocrau are rejoicing in iplendid it
rioto y Hon John ;gier, brother of the demo- 11
crntk candidate for tb? 'ine offlre in Peanfylraaia, a
um b?on elected Got. rnor by abor# I.majority; tl
Htm NibmI Pnrdy, formerly of Knffalo, Lieut
Governor; Hon I* Htjiitifilt, ^upreae ("ourt J
luige; Major Kickard lloaaa, .Matt Treasurer. p
tog*'oar with nearly all the other eamiidatce on the fi
State tiehet. and a large aatoriiy in bo'h branehe J1
of the Legielature Mr K C Menhali. brother ?
of Hon T. Marrhall, of Ky , and Mr MoCorkle i
both JeatoeraU, hare been elected to Congrea, by &
large aajoritiee 1 he legiaiatire reeult will tcurt j J.
an ou' and out democratic L*. S Senator, in place i,
of Mr Freaont, and the aetion of that body will t
reeult. ae prophesied in year correepondent'a lette 1
by <a?t eteaaer, in the election of Hon John d c
Weiiee Tbe "aly ciapetitor t? be feared. Hon. t
So< >mio Heydenfelt. baa juet been elected Judge of 1
be oonreae Court .
The oiottlon of (Jol Wollor iio "l*od foot," f
vnkeo the Stato bioeutiro thoull defoat it by a c
ooli-dooomon of th?Uit begtoiature Thowbjoot ?
ba< beon generally dir -i?ood for tho port two or j
thro* woeha. aod at not tun* ?u decided upon d
( o* Webougol war a aodidate for ro-nomination
toy tfe? democratic eoorenttori. I.nt failioff to bo ro- J,
non JiUd, it to oai i bo aiorted himae:: in far.-r of j
Major Ron ling, tha wh g *an.J,date. and ehould ho | ft
carry hu itooppointment at ill farther, and oail an
ontra aoonion, it to not improbable that a whig may
too oi.otod The la?: !,egiela<ere wan not ma do op
f party men. and may. therefore. be oaaily twayed | tl
by no j inflnenee and another. The only hope for '(
T Potior King, or nny -ther whig, ii ia inducing ?
the I.*eentire to ooi) th? Legiela-ure together, ao- *
?Iw be pretott thot the Intoreot of the l*ta> re j
qv.-ee thot the ihoold ho folly repreientcd ia (ion- I
gr*o* at tho opotting of tko ooaeion ( or Mol>o?
git me too ?>mo qnoor thing* lineebli accident* I
oto rotten to tho ehtir of f*tate bj the reitgnation of ]
rr Hornet. nod this increment wonM not he out i
-no ne'er He it a <*erioo? roreinor
'I ho am ? ? ' of 'he debt of the eify of Hon f raar.
i 'or whit# bond* hare beoa ieeue?l. io .?*>
* i?, ui? <omi ?v -el iotoeert upon ?hi *h. eeio-tn*- j
If g At ^dl/jon, it bt)iv? on tho !? or N MlM- 1 ]
4 y.'j es?<u?n 4 j: < 'noli :? M'do.'t tho a??3 1 ^
wit sum iu time to moot the firet coupons duo,
ivith a good pro*poet of sucoess The credit of tbo
city dopeoiio much upon the ptyment of tho semiannual
interest cow about duo That dwposed of,
and our bonds will bo sought after by capitalists
for investment
The atsoesed value of real estate in the oity, for
the present year, is $17,000,000; of personal property
about *5,000,000. The revenue which, ft is
expected, will be derived the current year, tc be '
appropriated to the payment of the city expenses,
is as follows:?From licenses, $400,000; taxes,
J1150,000? making a total of $960,000, derivable I
rom these sources alone?a sum far more than sufficient,
if properly disposed of, to pay the expenses
of the city government, and the interest upon ,
the funded debt. Since the establishment of
American jurisdiction over the city, there has 1
been expended, apparently for corporation purposes,
nearly $5,000,000' For what, it is almost
impossible to tell. Plundering of the public
treasury seems to have been the business of almost 1
every man connected with the city government, or i
who could get his hand into the people's strong box.
While ?*an Francisco has accumulated a debt,
already funded, of ever one million and a quarter i
dollars, Sara men to owes only $1175,000, which was I
chiefly created by the construction of a levee seven
miles in length, and the s.mattar rtiffi.-ultiaii Si
cr&mento bonds are worth "S5 cents, while those of ,
San Francisco range from iS te 45 cents Oar 1
money has been squandered, while Sacramento
has been more fortunate in the selection of her public
servants. But in the future a different state of
things will be manifest. The estimated saving to
the treasury of the city for the current year, in the :
single item of a reduction of officials' salaries, is
4ft ,200?a sum suffirient, if eeonomically expended,
to pay the annual expenses of the State government.
The poor State capital of California has again
been on the wing, like a weary carrier pigeon,
finding no spot en which it oould be at rest At
first it was located at Monterey, where the inn i
pient steps for a State organisation were taken,
and subseqnently transferred, bag and baggage, ;
to Sam Jose, in the ?anta t lara Valley. Taere |
it remained for two sessions, when the Legislature
voted to establish it at Vallejo, a paper city up the
Sacramento river, in accordance with the appa- 1
rently expressed wish of the people of the State,
and in acceptance of the princely donation to the <
State of immense tracts of land, covered by wild I
oats, and inhabited by Coyotas Away want the
State officers?the Executive with his office seeking
applications?the Secretary of State with hw .
bundles of papers, beautifully tied with red tape,
and the Treasurer with his strong box, in the shape '
of a hair trunk, filled with cancelled State bonis 1
and war loan scrip The procession was grand and
imposing?equalled <^nly by the arm7 of Mr Collector
King's inspectors, wnc guarded the Custom 1
House funds from the old to the stew building,
headed by the valiant Collector himself with
drawn revolver. But the seat of government
was still to be an uneasy one ; and, after
waiting patiently for the fulfillment of the
bond requiring the erection of temporary build- >
ings for the State officers, the executive has '
again set the capital afloat, by ordering it back to
San Jose, and, a week or two since, it was put on
board a fishing smack and sailed down to the Embarkadero,
ana thence crossed by land, drawn by a
four mule team, to its recent locality, where it will
probably remain stationary for a year or two at I
least, or until some speculator in city lots enables
the members to appreciate the advantages of his
town by filling' their hats, during the morning session,
with blank deeds of "corner lots" and "water
privileges " The expense to the State, in remcving
the capital from San Tose to Vallejo, was only about
j:lO oOO: and probably as much more in carting it
back?quite small items in a commonwealth '
abounding in gold
Tne convention called at Monterey, to take action
in reference to a division of the estate, has not
rerulted in any definite movement, principally from
a want cJ Tr it nr.w min*<fl to p?aI1
another convention at Los Angeles, on tos 10th of
November next,to which every county in the state
is requested to send delegates The subject has
awakened considerable interest, and the proposed
convention will no doubt be largely attended. Th;
politicians eay ''amen" to the division proiect
They see in it a freah opportunit v for politica aggrardi/.-ment
for spoils, place and power, and you
teed not be surprised to see tws California* knock- ;
ng at the dcor of C.ngresi, a year hence, where
new there is but one
We are now anxiouslv waiting the arrival of the
North America from tsan Jaan, watch ii expected
hourly The last vessel by that route anticipated
the mail steamertjwo days, bringing us the He: *
of two days later date than th.?e by the regu.ar
semi monthly mail. Faar-.:
The Country K?,i of C atlfovnta.
[from tt? Cucran;-nf. Transcript 8-pt. VIS j
The generally conceited opinion that the lan 1
boteehng the sierra Nevada mountains on theeait,
are barren and worthies*, is a mistake Although
there are millions of acres which are but irea.-y and
barren deserts, there is really much that is valuable,
which at no distant day will be br ught la subjection
A tract cf country extending the whole length of
California, suScieat for a large State, with some
exceptions, Is rich and fertfl?, susceptible of
cultivation These lands wotad make oiaattful
grarirg farms--in fact, much superior to those 1
ahi*h lie ujon the Pads'* side of the Sierra Nevada
There is a belt of land running parallel with the
mcuntains, the whole length of the state, and extending
oaitwardly for on hundred and thirty
biles, whieh i? ready valuable, though In pharei i";
is barren anl destitute >f vegitatien, like the laid
borderlrg the Humboldt river
North of Pyramid lake th re ij an outer chain
of mountains. tiuni sr. with h^view b-eaui. to
'regoa, which i> covered with tae not: luxuriant
^ur ch gr??i Th ? < n radge ws'_d aford
he fineet pasturage in th* world
Wen of :his range occurs a large plain, in place
resentirg the man singular feature*?now baren
and destitute cf a-1 vegetation, and almost as
evel as a lake, and again covered with beautifu.
:ra#*, and dwghtfkl rirabti e -r.r.g :hj p.a'a.Ihe
barren tracts of country are doub:I*se inaniacd,
and form lake*. which as th* season advance* 1
nd the water* disappear, their bed become dry
n<l level a* a house floor, for sity mile* in extent 1
* rtnerally near the base of the Sierra Nevada*, a
he land ia indeed tnoit beautiful?the mountain* ?
>metime* rising at an angle of thirty or forty derees,
and extending to the very b:ghest ridge, "
here the rnow is seen, even ia the midst of sum- '
?er, crowning the highest peaks Th.1 belt lying a
t the foot of the main range of mountains, is gene- ,,
ally some miles in width, with an extraordinary
towth of vegetation?clover and other grasses ?
rbitb form a perfect mat. often from three to flv#
ret high At the upper edge of this belt iasumer- b
ble small streams gush tr m the moat beautiful
aountain springs, and mean irr aero * the fertile
lain, until they are gradually lost to the sandy 1
ratte whieh lies away to the east Indeed, in view- r
ig this tract cf countrv, a- a perron approach*?, g
a place*, from the plains It is the most beautiful 1
anorama the eye ever bebed The belt, fert.: |
Imoet pact conception, bordered on the one eiie t
y Urge tract* of land almost as level as a lake,
td entirely destitnte of even one blade of gram,
bile upon the other ri de. >ofty mountain* rise a* ,
were from this luxuriant mas* of herbage, tower- <
g to the very skies, covered with gigattte timber j
1 he line where the herbage and timber meets 1* 1
tasked almoat as distinctly as id it were drawn by a
>e band of man
South of Pyramid lake, th* eoontry is liferent L
lie mountain* do not rise -juite as abruptly a* they i,
n further north, hat tha h lis extend in manv I
laoer far aa it war d into the platoj, forming nume*ua
valley* which ara beautiful and pictaroeque
hia tortiob af tba territory eo 3 taint mora good
ltd than that which we hare dee* ri bed but it U
icre broken There are terernl rtruiete of eoniderable
eiie, tueh aa Truckie, Canon, k", Thia
ountry, it ia beliered, contain* mineral wealth but
ittle inferior to that ef California; beeidee, it iieuteptible,
ia man; piacel, of eupporting a larc* popu?11?.r,
There are rumcrouj ralleyi ^orered wi-h a
' ary icrwwth of regeUtion, urrouade i with mouna
ne oorered with timber ia the greateat profuaion
The nature of the eoantry to ttte northern boualary
of the State it not at well unieritood: but
here teem* hut little d>uh* that it ie equally ae
raluable for greriag at any we hare ieeertbed
Indeed, the country upon theeaetera flope of tha
ncuntaina we regard aa moil raluahia, at interralt
or bundreda of mi lea north and eouth, an i we aee
io reetone why gold may not be Uteorered, when
roper examination* the I hare been male, which
rili alm-'tt equal that in < aiifornia ndee i the -i
U rationa about Caraon ralley. would leatu to tha
? n?th taeh a rauuit
We iook forward to future exploration! through,
at th eoantrj of which we haretp-rkeo with great
ttert ?t, for we hrlieve there ire of wealth
at ur developed which will a<i I material/ to th tura
proepectaof California
( enrt af Ornrrel Wreelwna.
r-f' re JoCge Iter be eat A1 lerm?a D *i<- ao I Smith
X<* .*> ? / 'I fi t- f J ? i -Ob cali >f 'h?1r man
he Mcwtng n?m-l r?nr ?m?n enewet'i and were Jul/
elltnj to e?r*e e? membere of the flrard fa |uett for
t e X onUr '?rm ? tv? # 0ooo?U/ foremen Renin- I
bia l>. Rru*h Win W Hroml?/ Ifo^ta D >naell/ John <
I <Jui n Pr*a<-t> 0>-ltne Rowlani HIU Arepbea Hef
i?ir.?? Lirti' Jem--M< :h * I ~ (' f >l? t Joeeoh
M?r?h lieorje f| t'e. ? >| .? Jjha Hum?
tlfieil ? I egret- ttdJ an -Jr--n
the rretiring relief (b# atteatioa of the Irani
lur<r?-n erteia luMet ?hie|i ?b? rfa'ut* ! >? * rlf
nrt.etkaio tb? lew <r?ia<t eelling totter* ti*ket? it
? n to -h- e n ?* a- Tie
'rer.rl Jure nt-h-ir-w torn ih'tf luiiee en I tt?e
C< art *<tj' vrnH it, ((,. le/
t . w. Ditlrtrl A t tor ?r f ' % Oflre,
!*? ? t Jr ? 7* '' -Tbe il? ut u'r c'tl
the Dletllct Attrrn / topt -1 ' ' h? e I. me 0 >f
lheg.r..|? e " I .0 .-etl?3T7 f(
lor in g tie- f ? I T'? <?|- ba*e be?n to
|> e.;t 4 e* lit- ?? . e 01 itK a >7 wet I
Our \\ ? thliif (on Corrtkpondentr.
Wash 1 no ton, Oct. 31, 1351.
Irrfircvtment m Washington?Movement* Aheai?
Future in Embryo.
Washington U improving at every point, and me" 1
chanios and laborer* are bu*y early and Ute, en
deavoring to erhaust the appropriation;, so that
larger one* may be arked for at the meeting of Congraeii,
with a good graoe. The Commissioner of
Public Building*, the Superintendent and Architect
of the Capitol enlargement, the contractor and
overseer of the Patent Office wings, and the Secretary
of the Smithsonian Inititution, not forgetting
the muter mason of the Washington Monument,
are all busy laying eut the money at their disposal.
Senator Douglas, knowing that an appropriation
bad passed for grading a oertain avenue, purchased,
last spring, of a widow and lomo orphans, a splendid
residenoe for his mother in-law, on said arenue,
and it has risen in value about as much aa the Senator
ha) risen in the political markot; both are
now above par There may be a reaction, however
Speaking of the Senator, all things seem
tending to make him greater than Clod made him
at the beginning. The Clerk of the House of Representatives
is his friend, and he is the friend of
the Clerk of the House of Representatives. The i
Clerk is a candidate for rc-elestion, and the Senator
is a candidate for the Presidency. He desires j
the Clerk to be re-elected for oertain good reasons, j
1 he Clerk desires to be re-elected so as to secure
the election of his friend to the Presidency.
The L'atow newspaper, formerly edited by leather
Ritchie?Mr roik's old organ?wants greasing
Seiien, Withers & Co , a trio of bankers
here, all born in old Virginia, are willingto grease
the old organ for the love they bear poor old rather |
Ritchie: provided that the Clerk of the Hou-e of i
Representatives will give them the funds of the
House of Representatives on deposite. The Clerk 1
scratches his head through the hot weather, and
thinks favorably of it; but Senator Douglas is his '
surety or bondsman to Uncle Sam, and he mast be
consulted He writes to the .Senator timidly, for
the backing house of Selden, Withers & Co. is not
a specie paying concern; but then General Armstrong,
of the Union, has solicited it, and this
secures tho C'titcn newspaper for both the Senator
fcr President, and the Clerk of the House of Representatives
for re-election. It secures Selden, Withers
& Co fcr Douglas for President, and through them
Virginia members of Congress for the re election of
Clerk Douglas was busy, and did not write; not
he1 He oomoa on, talks over the matter, secures
tho pledges, and the public funds are checked out of
N!r Smith's custody in the Bank of the Metropolis
into the custody of Wm >elden, or S Withers &
Co The transfer will accomplish wonders. It
will make Father Ritchie's oiaim as good a) the
notee of Se'den, Withers & Co , when a crisis
eome* and a pressure is felt in the mosey market.
It will make General Armstrong and Major Doneleon
both comfortable through the winter's campaign
It will make Judge Young Clerk of the
House of liepreseotatives, perhaps, and his friend,
Judge Douglas, President of the United States
Selden, Withers k Co. will care nothing for the
Grand Jury, thon They may find as many bills
as they please What is a one dollar's riolation of
law to men making millions out of Uncle Sam's
money on deposit J l>on't they redeem their own
illegal issues in old Virginia paper, and is not that
a3 good as Continental money 1 Is there not a good
time coming, wben the old exploded notions of
Andrew Jackson shall be laughed at all over the
land, and paper money be as plenty and as cheap,
too, as b.ackbenies. Did not Mr. Biddle say,
longtime ago," that " ien Jackson did not unde rstandfthe
science of banking ?" Douglas is popular
all over He was born at the East, and like all
wise man, he settled down, like the great luminary
of light, in the West The free States go for him,
because he wa3 born and lives in a tree State,
among white people. The slave States will go for
him, because he married a slave dealer's daughter,
and inherits, with her, slaves aad plantations. The
secessionists will go for him, because he stood for
tha compromises of Clay and his committee in the
last Congress The fretsoilera and abolitionists
will go for him, because he dd not vote far the
Fugitive Slave law, He was siek abed, while Cast
was in Baltimore on pressing business. The new
States an d territories will go for bim. for he was
Cbaimu cf tha Committee on Territories, and
helped them into the Uliot. The bankers will all
go for him. for he and hi- wife wit! have money to
deposit. The o?ean steamer men will all go for
bim, for he and Mcrse, (not the telegraph man.)
h i e helped them on aguzir.gly into deep w step.
Harris, of A?pn.wall's line 6f :tcamers, U a ion id*
law of Gen Armstrong, and he gees for Douglas,
and this is another crank to the organ Geo Law
and Geo >aundors go for bim, and Cro3well and
Collins both go for him ; sc the ocean steamers all
sail with him Cass cannot but vield to him, for
be himself has been a Cass man from first to last,
eren when everv body else w*i for Douglas. H ujUc
must go for him, for he has always been very
Under of the old General, and felt fcr bis wounds
and i-r ' the holes in bis reputation and when
the l/ona'dron correspondence was published in the
HcxaU), Dougiia swore terr bly and got into a
towering passion, because he thought it would kill
fhu fiiii inHtret WrtA^hnrt* it artil all
new England mur. go for !?ougl?j, for he was born
there, and rearly learned a trade in Vermont Buchanan
will not dare to oppose the young lion of
thj West Then, Knoi walker and everybody
flee ?? going for him here, all the clerks and messengers?whig.!
and democrats? letter writers, reporter!.
land.or is aai tenants, are all gong for
boogla. He Is as good as elected, and you may
wtt-edowa on it. Straw.
Wash:noto?, November 2,1S31.
7 j ( ? C?m/org???Tht Pitsvimcy? Tht ,V?f
*u? (' osteal ion and General Wool.
There ire so many aspirants Tor the Presidency
ost now?so many worthy gentlemen desirous of
aiirg upon thcmjslves the burthen of the State?
ind to many eaeeilent men, and eligible candidates
ritbal, that it will be a matter of some difficulty to
ask; a -election As for Union men, they are all
*tdcn mm, so that that dodge will not answer for
ny particlaar individual Chance?or rather
manifold destiny"?will probably in the end have
> decide
There is said to be a growing feeling amongst
oth parties against conventions, and the number
f rival aspirants may perhaps prevent g national
xmirutlcn In that event it would be a scrub 1
ace. and the election would be thrown upon Con|rt?.
Indeed it is even urged that the South,
earing otherwise she Miav not have sufficient
reigat, may pursue such a course, as in that event ,
hey could count within one v<>te of as many ai the
Rut supposing matters to take the usual oursc
if a wr\f ntinn. hn* *r#> ih a rhanr*?> f nr * i
rati? nominee ' The prominent candidates now .
ire Stephen A Douglae, General < ass, Buchanan,
md Houston. All theee gentlemen have strong 1
ic<l wutrn friend*, and n< Tar m the three first are 1
oncerced, all have etrong and nearly equal claim*
iy?i the confidence of the party But it ii well 1
mown that the friend* of < aw will not give up to I
tachacan; nor will Buchanan ! friend* give up to
'a.-*, and it i* pretty evident neither will be di?- <
>o#ed to make way for tbe " tripling" Itougla*. i
'giant though be be In thi* emergency, what I
robable courie will be adopted ' What was the
rocedure in I" it' I
The democratic party bai always been remarkable i
or ite regard for principle!, not men It ha* never 1
>e*n guilty of the folly of sacrificing itself for a
articular man, sad to the honor of the prominent
nen of the democratic party be it said, with bnr <
me traitorous exception, personal ehagrin ha*
lever so far interfered with the great Internets ot i
he reuse, es to create divinone in its ranka be
ause a particular individual w?s not selected It |
i this unitv of feeling of the g-eat democrat! i
larty. this faith in the purity and rightfulness of
heir platform, and this abnegation of self, which,
nore than anything else, has cauted its (lag to i
loat triumphant, and has enabled It to stamp its
eatures cn tbe policy of the country
Although therefore, there are many excellent genletn>
n who have been prominently named for tbel're
udency. If a difficulty should be experienced in ad
uiiir* their claini. thftre will bo no diftioiik* in
bcir final adjustment by a compromise, which will
cable ail to support a man who, whilst eminently
?< rthy of the honor, and whose democratic prioriplea
are well known, still occupies a position. where ,
t wonld cot wonnd the amtmr proptt of any of the
:ar.didate" to waive tbeir claim* in hia favor Snch
t man ia John K Wool, who L? net only a gallant
ird intrepid saldier, bat an able aad vigorous
ihinker. a man whore mind ia aa capable of grasping
the detail* of civil government a* it bar shown
it*eif competent to too dta^harge of the highert
miliary duties
Asa general thing, 1 am, br no means, ia faT >r
>f eleetirg Presidents purely be' a nee of th< ir miliary
renown; bat where we find a man of strong
ird vigorous intellect, ?f firm and true principle*,
t is no drawback to him in the mind of tha Aroer
an people that he baa shed his blood for hia conn
ry, an<f for the protection and honor of tha*. flag,
those glorious "tar* and stripes are the emblem of
iberty wherever they float
I do not kr.ow that (leaeral Wool is a candidate
or the Presidency True greatness t?ever diffident
>f its own merits, and < lan-ral W jol's merit is only
ce'ded by bis modesty Kut his friends ia New
I'ork. Virg-aia. Maryland, Tennessee. New l.ng.
and. indeed, in almost every ,-itete in tha Union,
i?va froyientiy mentioned U?i b?o?c a high ooat
mecdation, and there is no doubt bat that if he gate
tbe nomination of the National Convontioa, the
people will elect him by an overwhelming majority.
I think all the cbancee are in favor of Wool's
nomination. Certain it U no other man of the
many named haa higher claims upon hid countrymen,
ner ia there another one who couli no readily
be adopted ee a compromise by the friends of the
other preminentmen
Washinoton, Nov. "2,1331.
Arrangwunts for the Cinnng Sko ton?The Hctd
Theatrical, fr.
It is a fortunate circumstance for the dwellers in
this oity, that, in four short weeks, Congress will
assemble. A 44long" recess is a terribly dull affair,
and especially to is it wben it occurs, as the
ono jest now dosing has, in the middle of a Presidential
term. Tbe first long recess after the inauguration
is rendered bearable from the lim num. I
bert of patriotic office peekcrs whom one meet* 1
perambulating the lobbies of the departments,
'oiling abcut the hotels, or sauntering along "the"
avenue. Ob such occasions, there is something to
lock at besides the houses and the vacant lots; and
although to denizens of inhabited plaees the difference
may not seem to amount to much, It is of no j
.-mall importance here.
Oreat preparations are making for the approaoh- |
>cg season, and there is no doubt it will be a remarkably
gay one. Already several members have
arrived, to make preparations for their families; |
and the habitues of the place can detect now and
then a familiar face, which, for months past, has
been missed. What Saratoga, Newport', and N'ia- !
gaia Falls arc in summer, so is Washington in
winter, with this difference, that intellect and politics
are combined with frivolity and pleasuro. For
nstance, whilst elegant matrons, with lovely, marriageable
daughters, adore the reunions, so do
patriotic gentlemen desirous of serving their country
(for a consideration) fall in love with the dinners. !
Match making and President making?making love
and makiDg speeches to bancombe?all have their
votaries here ; and the variety gives life to the i
The hotels have all been brushing up The National
has added nearly a hundred rooms to the
three hundred which it before possessed. To be
sure, the building itself is somewhat barn-like; but
strangers, who are accustomed, when the town is
full, to sleep on the dining-room tiblos, or find a
perpendicular resting place against the wall, perchance,
will not criticise too nicely when a whole
room is afforded them, even if it is not quite so nice
as Jenny Lind's chambers at the Irving House.
Brown's Hotel?nritciDallv the stonnincr nlaeo of
western people?baa been partially rebuilt, and its
Gne marble front, of several hundred feet, adda
greatly to the beauty of the city
Wiliard'e, which answers to the I'nion Place
Hotel and the New York Hotel, of New York, al
though not so large aa either of the already named
houses, is an excellently kept and very fashionable
hotel. Its proximity to the " West bind" and the
Presidential mansion insures for it always a select
and agreeable set. Apartments have already been
engaged f<r the winter, by several distinguished
families, who prefer the quiet elegance of the house
to the noise and confusion elsewhere.
Besides those, are iladaby's. the Pnited .-tates,
and the Irving Hotel, all of which will doubtless
receive their quota of guests.
It is supposed that the opening of the National
Theatre under the auspice* of Mr Marshall, a gentleman
whose favorable reputation has preceded
hiiu, will have the effect partially of breaking up
the numberless parties whnh, for lack of other
amusements, have heretofore borne somewhat heavily
on a portion of our community. It is a consummation
devoutly to be wished for, and which
will be heartily seconded by those most interested.
Not that the citizens of \V aebington a-e not hospitable
and generous, but the system of party giving
has been carried somewhat to excess, and a change
for some other amuiems nt, which will at the same
time afford a reunion, will be very grateful I do
not know what plan has been decided upon for fitting
up the theatre, but it must be made showy
ana elegant, in order to suoceed. As far at the
boxes and parquettt are concerned, the people will
readily pay % higher price than in New \ork. if
the ladies are only permitted the same opportunity
for display that the plan of the Aster Place < >pera
House affords. Several of the foreign ministers are
very much interested in the success of the theatre,
aDd have already, it to said, offered to take boxe* ,
for the season.
it bas been usual for the cabinet officers to each
give reception evenings at their bouses once a week;
dull, stup'd affairs generally, and only bearabio
jH vr jxititr le hmps. Not but what the fair hostesses
did everything thcjCCUlJ to make them agreeable:
but where there is neither musie, dancing,
nor singing, it is rather ar>-hill work These levees
urc to be lessened in number, each Secretary's lady
beirgat heme on alternate weeks only it will be
a blessed dispensation of Providence for all conctrred.
In brief, vou have an inkling of what is "going
to go" cn this winter ?a largo quantity of politics
and gsycty, and a not deficient supply of love?
speech making and buncombe in Congrtss?Champgne.
biandy and water, and soda, eut of it The
harvest If approaching and there will be no lack of ,
reapers, who for deitctity will put McCormick and
bis patent to the blush
Wash;notom, November 2, Hoi .
II'it of tht I'rtudmlutl Atfiranlt.
An excellent story is told here, which 1 have not
yet seen in print. During the recent great fair at
Rochester, a number of gentlemen met at a dinner
party there, and among the gulaxy of bright particular
stars was the distinguished orator of the day,
Stephen A. Douglas, and the distinguished ex
t^ecretaiy of War, Governor Marcy. The wit and
the wine (lew apace; and, at length, Governor
Marcy, with one of there knowing looks of his,
arose, and proposed "the health of Mr. Douglas,
the able Senator from Illinois?may ho continue for
the next six year.1 to fill bis place in the Senate,
which he has already so much graced " The mealing
of the sally was evident, and Marcy's eyes
twinrkle J with satisfaction at the " hit." Nowise
aba-bed, however, "the little giant' straightened
uimteu out, ana .-titer returning thanks, concluded ,
by giving, "the distinguished ei .NscreUry of War,
'.overnor Marcy. with not a ipot on hit character, j
ind but one patch on hi* breechea." Peals of (
laughter lurceeded the happy retort, shortly aftar ,
which the Hovernor was uiuing
Oiii I'll i I nalr I plila ( ?ii <, poixl. nr <.
Philadelphia, November 4, It'll.
Prof'iVr //onmi'/r?E.irapr of /snt-irn, tf . aserf of t
tht lalt Afarrfrr? Bank Dividends, ft.
Mat bias Finless, a cabinet maker by trade, is
upposed to be dying irom the effeets of a blow | i
(irtn bim by Frederick ilartman, a shop mats,
ibout ten days sinoe His skull was fraotured by
the blow, and his physician deeming his recovery i
hopeless, the deposition of the unfortunate man has |
been taken, and his assailant committed to prison
to await the result
It is rumored that l.owlen, implicated in the re- i
sent murder of MoUsrrj, left the port of New Vork i
several days since as a ?ailor, and is now out of the
reach of the officers of ustiee
It is currently rumored that circumstances have
transpired going to prove that a man now in prison
st Mount Molly, for man slaughter, was the msr- I
derer of Israel Robert#, killed on the road a short ,
distance frcm Camden, about four years sinee
The following banks declared semi-annual dividends
to-day ? Western Hank, 7 per cent; Commerce
Hank, 5 per cert Mechanics' Bank, H per
rent; Farmers and .Mechanics' Hank,'* percent;
Kensington Hank, 5 per cent; Soutbwark Hank,
per cent; < ommercial Hank, 4 per cent; Tradesnien's
Hank, 3 per cent; <<irard Hank, I per cent;
Manufacturers and Mechanics' Hank, I per c?nt;
Northern Liberty Bank, 1 per cent; I'enn Township
Hank, 5 per cent.
Tsti L?ts Ki? it CsHasit (Ai ? I?Tb? Dallas >! *
<;,;nrt of tb? Mtb ult tfltes th- following list of suf
brers by tb# Are at Cabawna. and tb* number of t>*l"fcott'B
d?-t?oy*d?Nathan H Jackson. 106; V M
Bradley. 11, ectate <1 M llobacn 237, It C Randolph ,
2ft. Jf hnB Phillip*. 7ft; Jab**Curry. 34; Jr.ho l'arnal!
I; Woden Moore 24 nUt? of Wn lt|#rln* 1 11 Mt*'i
f B B WifM>? i>4 W t llarrt*. I. L H C.?w?il 64
John l.ee It, A'ifr?<l Moore ft; William Curry. 3ft, K b
Klr? :t7; K t Kin* tft; Jnbn Mitchell. ?7; A MeKeS
Itr 14, i t?il?i II Moore, ft; Jamee Q Krone. 11, T. It
44r.ldebr .1M. I. 't D D > ampert. 64. T A Walker, 101,
W V fltrrell. 3: J llo?z?. 6, aatat* of Jwc (bene ftl;
J'hD P Mitch'II. T; W A Bp"ar* 11, Th ma* Walker
4H J. bench 83 tetate rf J p Walker. 17: e*t*te o.
0. W Kin*. 4, L B Mitchell. 2S; K Poeter, H; R. Bb
Unite)'* M; ft M Scott, IS, Benjamin Hrlm** 00. MrJane
B Moore 26. Woodeon Cocke, i!8: Robert Kale4A
Mr*. O l.udlow 2ft; Wm I lorn buckle 7; R T
cioreo, U, W B Bneweil. 10. T W Gill. 41, lldwar !
llsrper 11; A ?alticar?h 10; Sir* C. McCown. 2, R.(4
Crai* II, William CurtleJIT Wm Brwia. S; ??t*te i
Mi'h* < arlirle, 4. John Scott, ft. J. L Cloree 12. b'rla i
Mree. lb: V L. Mllbou* 4. 0 K Walker .16; .lame* i
Wallace. 11: Famoel Hurrah, II, Bryant Brand, ft: /..
Tntt. 6 J V Tutt ft; J A Jonee 4; W 0 fc J |u*>
cork, loot *li aotton ?hed??r?lue about twelre or llftee
hundred dollar*? tbey will alec |o*e the atoraf on tl
cotton loat, which will amount to *1* or aeren hundr l
d< liar* ?two valaaMe mule* belonging to them wer
bumv?tbeir entire k*a will reach, end pr ibanly xce. I
two thou-and dollar*, Peter J Miller. i"?id*n >e. *hiwole
lumber. Ike . eaiimate l ralue. $4 000. John Hi
Him* chop. tool*, Ac . about ftfiOO, itac < 0. Craig an I
Wm II Went each I oat a barouche? they wera ta M
Mll.er'a ahop Th* entire loea will eieeed ??e hnndre I
th- uaatxi ^oljari A hard Wow to I *?f-r?n j
Our IlondnrM Correspondence
Pelj/x. Hondixas, Oct. 19, 1861.
Sli'jurtck? Severe Rains?Singular Modi of Doing
Busintis at Ike Police Count of B<lite.
My last, on tLo 14th inst., contained all newt of
moment, except the loss of the Spanish brigantine
Sepriana, on her passage from Trnxillo to Havana.
She went a?k-re on Bonacco reef, and became a
total wreck; ter cargo, indigo, cochineal, rarsaparilla,
and hides, was mostly saved and taken back
to Trnxillo, partially damaged. The rain continues
to fail in torrents, which brings to a stand
still all business, as it is next to impossible to stir
out, tke streets being ondsr water.
For want of something better, I send you the
following reports of cases which have come off in
our spveral courts, which will ^ive you some idea of
the way they administer justice in British Honduras
In our last Grand Court a case was triod?his
Hnnnr rhl<?f Iiistir* Temr>li?. nresidinr?In whinh
his honor said. " This is a hard case?a very hard
case; bat the jury mustficd for the plaintiff The
foreman of the jury?" Your Honor, the jury are
not satisfied with the evidence." His Honor?
" The jury have nothing to do bat to deliver a verdict
as the Court directs." Foreman?" But, your
honor, the jury would like to hear more evidence."
His llitor?"Sit down, air " Defendant?"May
it please your honor, and the Court (the Court
beirg composed of the Chief Justice, John (rough,
Esq , Publio Treasurer, and Mr. Austin W. Cox)
?J have in my hand receipts for cash paid on the
account for which I am now sued, and am prepared
to prove to the Court that there are errors in the
addition, sums charged twice, and a great mistake
in the charge ol interest." His Honor?" The
Court will hear nothing further in the case; the
defendant may sue for errors or overcharges at the
next Grand Court. The jury will find for plaintiff."
Foreman?"But, your honor, the jury wish to
hear more evidence; they are satisfied that if they
give a verdict for the plaintiff, thoy will do a wrong
to defendant " His Honor?"Mr. Foreman, sit
down, sir. The Court will not allow you, Bir, to
interrupt it; you must find as the Court directs."
The jurors, then, after a brief consultation, attempted
to retire to the jury room to consult,
when his Honor, in a loud and peremptory manner,
said?"The jury has nothing to consult about?
they have no cause to retiie?and if ihey do not
find a verdict at once for the plaintiff, as the Ceurt
directs, the Court will find a way to make them do
so." Foreman?"la that case, we find for plaintiff,
bat ccrsider it a very hard and unjust case for
defendant." "Will yonr honors allow me the
amounts which have been paid to be set off!" His
iloaor?" You can sue for them at the next Grand
Court " Defendant?" Your honors, the parties
are not responsible; and if the money passes from
my bands, a judgment at the next Court will not
bring it back. Will the Court grant an order to
stay proceedings until 1 can bring an action at the
next Courtl" His Honor?" The verdict of the
Court is that you, sir, pay the money into
Court at once, aud enter into good and approved
bonds, in two sureties of twice the amount (i WO),
to bring a suit at our noxt Grand Court, to reco- !
verthib amount."
There, Mr. Editor, is a specimen of the way
Chief Justice Temple, an English barrister-at law,
administers justice. Now for a specimen of the
lliitv Hn thincrq in thn Snmmnrv fiinrt?Inhn
I'ttr, Lsq , a carpenter, presiding as Judge, who i
cpcred the Court, wbon the Clerk drew the follow- |
ing jurors:?
John J. Anderson, Geerge Daniel Hewlett, and
George Benjamin Garnejt, Csqrs.
Mr. Anderson is the attorney and manager of the |
house of Antonio, Matho & Co , of this place, and ;
is luppesed to be a man of intelligence and honesty
He was appointed foreman.
Ihe first cause was Jcseph iStepban, a ehoeti
ai.rr. rs. Thomas Wiiliam .Stewart, one of
the tfiiceis in command of her Britannic Majesty's
troops at this plaoe. The plaintiff
stated his case thus:?1 made one pair of boots { i
for Mr Stewart; he was pleased with them, and
ordered me to inake another pair; 1 did so, and
took them to him ; a shoit time after, 1 went to get ]
tha [ay for them ; he rut his hand in his pocket and .
took out a handful of gold and silver, and said, j
' Yes, come in, and 1 will pay you;" I went in; he i
said, "Now, my hearty, will you have some good
brandy!"' 1 said, " yes he went to his table and i
mixed something; he said it was brandy; I drank i
it, and remember no more until next morning ; I ' I
woke up and found myself very bad; 1 thought I I
was in jail, and wondered what I had done, and how 1
1 came there ; I was surprised to find one pair of the i
boots I had made lor defendant on my feet; pre- | I
tently defendant's servant came in; 1 asked him
when- 1 was and how 1 came there ; he told arc that 1
1 was at Mr Stewart's 'narters, that I drunk I
and ho was kind enough to let me lay on the floor 1 I
all night; then 1 dared not leave, for fear 1 might be 1
accused of stealing the boots; by and bye Mr. i
rrtewait came in, and asiu, " Well, old boy, will , I
you bare some brady 1" I said, " No, I want no i <
more of your brandy; but how camo your boot* on
my ect, fir !" he (aid, " I make you a present of
tbem, as ycu have got none I thanked h;m, and, )
as I felt very foolisb, left without again asking for
my pay, aDd went home On my way, 1 saw everybody
laugh ; when 1 cime home and opened my
shop. a man came in and said, "what is the matter
and laughed at me; another came in, and
said, J C , shoemaker, what have vou been
doirg V' another said, "My (tod, what nave vou
bevn doing to ycur^elf 1" I then got up and loosed
in lhe glass, and my faco was blacked, halt of my
hair was cut oiT, and oae side of my whiakers (he
bad verv largo whiskers) was gone ; I said to myself?Well,
no wonder they laugh; them officers are
too bad'
Judge Utie?Well, have you anything more to
say I
Plaintu'f?No. sir.
JitoE? Well, Mr. Stewart, what have you to
?*y i ... ,
Stewart? Well, your honcr, I admit this Dutchman
made me two pair of boots, at four dollars and
a half each, but one did cot fit, and he pat them on
his feet and wore them away ; so, 1 refused to pay
him for them I admit that 1 owe him for one pair,
nt.d urn willing to pay him for them As regards
his whiskers, uiy quarters are infested with rats,
ard, as he was very druak, I suppose they gnawed
oil bis wbbkers to make their nest in.
Well, Mr -tephen, bring your wit
lie caiieu iwu, ucibut-r ui wuuiu aiiswcrou a ue
Judge sent the cause to the .jury thus ?"You have
beard the case ; there is no evidence i;*cb baa '
told hi* own story ; and, as there is no doubt a
about one pair of boots, the jury will hare to conrider
whether Mr. Stewart gave* the boots to Mr. a
ritepban, or whether he took them away without *
bis consent.'' The jury at once found for defendant, '
thereby throwing the cost on the shoemaker, and ~
robbing him of bis rights.
The .Ft doi? The jarj must find for one pair of jboots,
as there is no dispute about them; the le- 1
lendant admits he owes for tbem.
Sfverai. Von is? Tbo verdict is rendered : you ?
can't disturb it now?among whom was the tfueeu's 1
Advocate, and a reporter of the Honduras H'ltch 0
This, Mr Kditor, is a specimen of the way judges ?
and jurors?liege, loyal, enlightened British sub- ?
|ects? administer law and justice. Tbese are not *
solitary cases, nor are they over colored. They *
are true statements, and 1 am sorry to say that j ''
others, more urgent and aggravated, often happen J1
in the police court, an account ef which I may send '
rcu hermlter. and by which your readers may learn 1
bow we are used in tbese digginga, contrasted with *
the Impartial and fair manner in which the people
ire treated in America. t\ 1). 1
i d
The Willis nn?l Forrest Case. "
Before Hon. .lodge Paine a
Nor. 4 ? dneuir atui H*ttny ?,V. P. H'iUh rt. EJwin n
FVrrtsf ?Mr Pedgwtek. one of the counsel on behalf of o!
the defendant In tbie caee. applied to the Court for a di
g<-tponement tf the trial in consequence cf the absence e,
f lb try Dougherty. a material wttnese. Mr. Sedgwick j.
Bade the application on affidavit that Mr. Dougherty
eae present at the tran action hut that he had been
ib>eat frtm New York for two wreka or more, and could ni
n< be served with a subfu na for the trial, on the Rth
of April, this cause ctme oa. and after the plaintiff gat bt
through with bis evidence, and the defence had been CI
n the ground a that one of bta counael wan obliged
.o attend a eauae in another Court The trial ???
>ubar<iuently ?et down for June term. but before i|
b> a tha pialat'ff applied to Judge Maenn for a com wi
oiMkn. and a atay of proaeedinga. and the cauae th
?aa, coaaefjuently. put cfl for twenty day*. The b?
laintiff MibM<|U?atly applied for another commie ir
don a ad a atay of prore-aioge. which the defendant re ot
iated. b* being deatrou# of having the rauae triad; the tl
oromlaalon waa however granted but the May denied I ?|
dr Pedgwlck'a application for postponement waa aim 1 ,p
tT'ucdad ob tba IIUie?a of oaa of tha defendant'* eouo- tb
al Tba defendant bad no Interest ia dalay. aa ha ba> a
ilwaya hat. to for a t .an raady for trial when tha cauee it
ewe reached A wit???a naaiad rtarvi# waa alao abaaat ra
iad eounael, uadar all tho*a rlroum-tan'e*. Jaairtd that
he cauae ebonld atand over. *,
Mr Fanobar ob tba part of tba plaintiff, oppoaed tba 1 0f
ippliration, It ha* required a great deal of trouble to get : tr
p the < aae. and revertl witmeee* who did not raatda in ou
few Voi k. were In attendant, and had baan brought m
sere at'ipenee Tbara it no r aeon itBtad in tba afllj F1
lavit wby the trial ehould bo poatponad. j rt
Tha Judge ?aid that f be defendant a ecuneel muat aUte trl
n tha affidavit what ha eipeota to prove by theaa wit pi.
Mr Fedgwi. it?I etate that ilr Dougherty waa preaent .k
it tha aeaanlt. and that ha ia a material witaaaa
Judge?Mr Fanrhar. what do you aay to tba cauaa
oing over ttpoB tha paymoBt of the plaintiff* eoata'
Mr. I aneber thonpntthoaa were the only eonditione ' '
n whieh tha application could be (ranted.
Mr podgwlek?It dee* not coma with a (ood (race '
rrm tha opneaita eonnael to *?h roata oa tha preaent n?. "*
a>l< n aa when the cae* waa half (one through the pUin
iff put It off met ely on the engagement of on* of hi*
Tha Judge derided that the trial ahould be aet down w*
or the flral Wedneaday la Deeembar, the defendant pay- " 1
rg the evpeneaa of tha wltnaaae* brought heft hy tha 1 1,1
itaiattl (op tba prevent t> tta. *o
Our Florence Correspondence.
Fi.orbncs, Oct 8,1851
Arrntran Visittra in Tvatony?-The Hcmte from
I'mire to Ftorenre? Awet i< an Artuts Abrotil
The beautiful capital of Tuscan/ u full of Amor cans;
several families are resiling here, and tho
autumnal current is bringing a host of tourists
south, on their way to the "Eternal City " A party
of five, accompanied by the United States Coa.m
at Venice, left that city on the 1st, and reached
here on the evening of the 4th The party consisted
of E. H. Ewing, J. H. Prioe, and R W McOavoch,
of Tennessee; W. C Johnston, of South Carolina;
and A Kim moll, of Maryland. These gentlemen
are all destined for Rome and Naples, via
Pisa and Leghorn, after a short visit here; andfroaa
Naples they depart, in company with Mr Foster
and some others, for Egypt T K ZeU, of Philadelphia,
with J. P. (fuincy and George Bemis, of
o?s? ? ? ? -.i e? rj sA
nosion, ana some oiners, leave tor nuiue, vv> \imj,
via Terni, by vettutn. it is tie vintage season,
and the route is said to be peculiarly delightful.
The distanoe is but 154 miles; but five days are required
to accomplish it, travelling only by day, and
resting all of every night. The entire expense,
everything found, is about $14. The diligence accomplishes
the whole distance in thirty-two consecutive
hours, and is somewhat more expensive. A
third route is by railroad to Leghorn, t>0 miles,
thence to Civeta Vecchia by steamer, and thence to
Home, 50 miles, by diligenoe?all done in thirty-six
hours, at an expense of about $lt>
From Venice to Fiorenoe the route is delightful
at this season, by vnttura. Starting from the
"City of the Sea" by cars, at 10 V AM., you are at
Padoa, about 4Q miles distant, before noon. Here
you engage your vettwina, visit the old University,
with the countless armorial bearings of its ooantless
students of former days, eat your dinner, and
start off at about three, on your route, which, during
the whole afternoon, lies along the Brenta, with its
lovely villaa, and the canal of Mouselice skirting
the base of the Kuganean hills. Passing the night
at liovigo, lorg before the dawn you are rattling
through its arcaded streets; and, crossing the Po a
few houtslater, you enter the States of the Church
Here takes place a general viseiog of passports and
examining of luggage. Happily freed from this at
last, you are off for Ferrara, 20 miles, where, at 1)
o'clock, you get a hearty breakfast Then you pais
an hour wandering through its " wide and grassgrown
streets," and under its endless arcades, and
wondering at its strange old cathedral, and that
lonely old palace of the Estes, where Parasma an i
Ugo atoned for their crime, with their lives; and.
alter half a dozen examinations of the overlaying
passport, you are off for Bologna, which you
reach at dusk, having accomplished "vi miles in
about twenty-seven hours At this "old city of
puppy dogs and sausages," as Beckford calls it, you
pass the night at the grand Hotel Bruu, and next
morning spend eeveral hours in visiting the Observatory,
University, Academy of Arts, Churoh of
San Petronius, and the leaning towers, and a:
noon are ro route for Florence, <14 miles aver the
Apenninea, nearly every mile of the journey being
up bill or down. But then tho rcenery! That is
grand, magnificont, sublime. The night you pass
at Lojaz o, one of the wildest and most romantic
places you can imagine, and in an old stone hostei,
more savage atili, and you dream all might of the
brigands who once infested the spot, and tcalvator
Rosa, who painted both spot and brigands A",
dawn you arc off, still ascending the mountains?
the pcenetv. at everv stem becominx more an i more
grand, and the atmusphore mora cold la a few
hours your pasrport and luggage are examined at
the Dogana, ou the frontier of Tus- any, at Filigars;
and it is near noon when you breakfast at UavigLiaio.
Four miles from here you are 1,!KM feet abor,
the sea, at Monte RodUco, and begin to desoenl
Monto B<ni, Monte di Castro, Monte di For, and
ethers, tower more than a thousand feet higher ali
around tho pass, and present a scene of grandeur,
and desolation, and loneliness, indescribable Rapidly
descending, you are soon among the lsvaiy
vine) ards ar.d olive groves of the rales of Tuscany
Pen cannot describe the glorious scenery that now
surrounds you Pasting the palace of the Grand
I ?uke at Catiaggiolo?erected by Cosmo de Medici,
and once the residence of " Lore fa the M againrent,"
and the future Lee X , and whioh, among
the many crimes it has witnessed, beheld that of
the cruel murder of the beautiful Eleanor ol Teledo,
by her husband, l'ietro de Medici, three hundred
jcais age?a few hours bringi you to Font*buona,
where was erected a gorgeeus villa for Bianca
Cappello by her princely lover, and Pratolino,
immortalized by tie muse of Tasso. At length,
from the brow ofthe A^Jjine^y-jlock iownoatbi
towits, domcl, campaniles, columns, and palaces m
beautiful Florence, in the sweet valley of the Arao;
and, as the magnificent scene is bathed in the las-,
beams of the .-inking sun, you cia?p your hands, and
exclaim with Rogers?
Of H,1 the tstreit eities of the earth
None are so lair ai Horenee. Tis a g-a
of purest r?y?a t:< ature fcr a casket "
But I have no intention of describing Florene : by
ao manner of means It has been done too a(fbsn
or that Besides, nil the description in the world
would never convey an adequate idea of its Dmtn?.
knriiaf ru fV.nra'iaa s ntUpsn . rt'seci Kr i i j
' ?
;ar?ens. at.d its countless fairy like villas. hangup
>d the mountain Rides all around
There are about a dozen American artbtJ residng
here Ann:ig them are Page, banders. Kel"(Cg.
Nichols, and Crockett, p sinter-: and Powe-s,
res, Hart, and Halt, sculptors The ituiio. of
i'owers and lies show mat they hire been buaily
ngagcd, and are Mill so Among the uide'.i ii
he studio of the latter, from which busts have
>een, or are to be tnaie, are seen those of Mayor
ivingsland, of New Vork: and his brother, Daniel
MDgeland, I>r Horace Green, Mr Hastings, of
he same city; President Day and Profee-or laylor,
>f Vale college; General Scott, Mrs Ames, Mrs
ambert, and Daniel Apnietcn. of Boston; it
5. Tuclieiman, Iler. Dr Bushnell. of Hartford;
md Nicholas Brown, formerly I nited Xa.es
lonsul at Home Busts in marble of D l>.
Iregory, of Jersey Uity, and Miss Porter, of
Niagara 1 ails, are nearly completed, and several
lare recently been shipped to the Doited States
I bey vary in price from 1100 to t^OO. The marble
mployed is that of Server t, the grain of which Ls
iner than that of Carrara, near which place the
luarry lies. Mr. Ives has a beautiful Kaechaai*
ust, which be has often repeated, and a full length
'andora model, which is exquisite inconcepcoa
nd execution. Mr I is about removing to 1! im?.
In the studio of Powers, No 2,5c4 \ ta Chun,
le seen an army of models, whicn have been, or
r? to be. executed in marble. Among them, are
hose of Webster, Calhoun, Preston, Everett,
acktoa, Van Buren, Adams, Calvert, Judge Marball,
Judge Burnet, Abbott Lawrence, Hev. L.
hiiith, Lieut, scaton. Capt. Grant, the Grand
uchcss of Tuscany, Mrs James Gordon Bennett,
f New Vork, Mrs Austin, of Boston, and a host
caide. A bust of Washington, for Philip Sliagher,
of Petersburg, Va , is nearly completed, an 1
ne of Franklin, for the Cincinnati Art Union Nulerous
busts of the Greek Slave are seen in the stuio.
Five eopies, of the original site, have been exeuted
by Powers. l^ord ward and Capt. Grant, of
ins land, have each one. Prince Demidofl another,
nd two are in the Unite! States The price now
emanded for the Greek Slave is about #1,000 The
isher Boy with the Shell bae just been repeated for
*rince Demidoff. The model of Eve is to be seen.
at the itatae has not been repealed in marble. It
>*s loet on the eoeet, after being embarked for tha
nlted Suit-, but was recovered; and, after much
impute about salvage, ha? at length reached ite
estioation A beautiful buit of I'roeerpine ie also
sen in thii studio Power* be* a large number
f orders for busts, from Americans, among which
re those of Mr. and Mrs Penniman. Mrs Hening,
&>v The artist is a man of about fortr-fira,
r medium height aud proportions; erect figure,
ark and pierciag eve, swartbr complexion, waiskrs
a In liTtt and rather gray, face rather fall, and
idlcaling good health, expression earnest vet subaed.
I us register contains the n;i me* of a larga
umber of vi-iters.
The Kentucky sculptor, liart, is busy on an ideal
ast; and moat of tb* other A aioru in artists ara
sgagad on * jib* work P.
City Intelligence,
Il*? IDKSTS or THr Km tids Dunns the progress of
ie election on Tuesday, a man n?ai< d John MrNaUjr
is arrested for creating a great disturbance about
ie Might h district poll, sn<l assaulting a man named Ro rt
Karl* nitb a liriek and severely bruidag his face.
. mowmmwwm m >11 r'w'lll *111,Ml TortB I HIT
her part* of tbe Kletcntb ward, and In ibalr court*
irTKh ?thu? P. knocked down eaery one. young land
d who cane in their way. Captain Smith, lata of th*
aamebip Palmetto (now loat) who wan oa hi* way t*
* "hip yard, where ha I* superintending the buildinc "t
new ship wi* attacked by lb*m a* h" pa*?*d along,
id beaten with ?ton?? and club*, with which the deapwdeee
wire all armed, till b* ?a? left for dead Policw
Beer Whitehead who waa the only poiioeman preaant,
th the aid of aome oiticen* aucceedad in arresting Iwt
tharowdle* The poll* of the Flr-t and Second diaIcU
of the Nineteenth ward wero hloskad up threughit
the day by a gang of rowdiea. until about four o alack
the afternoon, when a general ruah waa made for the
ret dletrict. where tbe inepaotora were driren from tb?
<wi, "tern aa tbl* became known In the Second dialer.
a ruab waa made, and th* ballot bote* ?mn*hed ia
ice* and deetroyed
Itix tl Voti*').? hawranea Johneon wa* arieated ia
e Fifteenth ward, charged with illegal anting, or at
mpHag to rite Illegally In that ward llenry
aitb. hailing from No *7 Waahlogton street, waav?ted
for Illegal entlng In the Second district cfthe First
ird; alao John Kwlng and Terenc# Slrd Oeorge Brow it
i* arretted charged with Illegal anting at tne Third
drict poll of the Third ward All the show* parties
te conaeyed before tbe magistrate and oommitte<i fg
urther eiaminatinn
Ki * "n Tue>day a woman named Ann Ootletd
a tun wir in Broadway by a butcher a eart- drtf*? by
nan nested Uuttaf Peter*, realding at Ne t Oak street
ie woman recetaed a compound fracture of the leg sal
* othejwtae ia/ured.

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