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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 28, 1852, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1852-04-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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Ab English EipedlUon lo Loo (loo.
JfoB-Arriral of the Washington at
Arrival of the SHsqnehanna At Canton.
Another Sad Steamship Wreck? Over
Forty Lives Lost.
Settlement of the Tanzimat Question j
in Egypt.
The Rebellion in the Chinese Empire.
Terrible larthqaake in Ulnff-jun-foo? Ten
Ttraiuml Homes Destroyed.
Mnre of an Ancrirun VesRel in the Indian
Arrhipelapo, Charged with an Attempt to
Iidnee the Sultan of Djambie to Revolt.
The Case of Mr. King, the American Mis
sionary at Athens.
The French Steam Line to New York, j
kt? &c., &c.
Tk? T'nitfd States mail steamship Franklin, Capt. |
J. A. Wotton, arrived at this port at eight o'clock .
yesterday morning, having made the passage from
?owes Roads in eleven days and eleven hours. She
arrived off Sandy Hook at eight o'clock on Monday
The Franklin started from Havre early on the
morning of the 15th of April, crosscd the British
Channel, to touch off the entrance of South
ampton water for the usual mails, sent from thenee
in a special steamer, and after embarking the pas
?engcrs and inail?, proceeded on her voyage at nine
P. If., of the 15th inst. The proper day of departure
was the 14th, and an attempt was made to get out
of deck in the morning, but owing to the lowncss of
the tides on the French coast, a detention till the
15th was rendered unavoidable.
She brings ninety-seven passengers, and a large
and valuable cargo of continental merchandise,
?hipped at Havre, and $85,000 in specic.
The news by the Fraoklin is fully five days
later than that received by the Asia, from Liver- '
pool. There is nothing, however, of great import- ;
anee by this arrival.
The Niagara arrived at Liverpool on the 13th, at j
nine P. M , after a boisterous passage of thirteen
and a quarter days from Boston.
The United States mail steamship Washington had
aet arrived when the Franklin left Cowcs. She was
?a her twentieth day from this port, and much un- |
easiness was manifested in consequence of her non- j
As everybody in England Appeared to be making
the most of the Easter holidays, and, enjoying to
the utmost the magnificent weather which pre
Tailed, and which had been of long continuance, all
political affairs were at a stand still, and beyond
the preparations of the different constituencies, for
the coming electoral struggle at the approaching 1
general election, there is nothing worthy of note in
the political world. The Solicitor-General had been
returned for Harwich, but as the election was not a
contested one, the proceedings arc unimportant.
B?lh hOtiseo ff J'arlmmeut having temporarily sus
funded their sittings for the celebration vf Easter,
there is nothing to report under this head.
It seems pretty certain that the glass house in
Hyde Park will be pulled down, and in anticipation
of such a determination on the part of the govern
ment, a company in London have offered Messrs.
Fox. UviidcrffD & Co., the sum of $350,000 for the
building. with a view of removing it to some spot
in the outskirts of the metropolis, for the purpose ?
of establishing a winter garden.
At the Mark Lane corn market held on the 12th
inst., the prices brought to ub by the last steamer
were with difficulty maintained, and white English
wheat could only be sold at Is. per quarter lower.
Foreign wheat was rather more Eteady. Flour
slm-k of sale. Indian corn fid per quarter better
The depression which has existed for some time in
the English corn trade had excited some attention,
and strong expectations of a favorable reaction to
come extent were indulged in.
It has been clearly proved that the extraordinary
rise which took place during the winter in the
prices of wheat and rye at many of the Baltic ports,
was the result of speculation, and the reaction has
been, in many cases, great. At .Stettin, where the
operations were on a large scale, wheat has receded
fe. to 10s. per quarter from the highest j>oiut, and
rye even more.
The Liverpool cotton market was steady, but the
dealings were very tame on the 12th, when 5,000 to
l>,000 bales changed hands, at prices without changc.
The London Stock Exchange was very auiinated, (
and a large business was doing in all sorts of funds,
wilway shares, foreign bonds, &c.. which were ra
pidly rising in value, under the combined influence*
of the great plentifulness and easiness of money and
the extraordinary accounts of the yield of gold in
Australia. The quiescent state of political affairs,
both at home and abroad, also strengthened the
confident feeling which prevailed. Consols had risen
to 9y| to 99 J, and were thus dose upon par ? a value
thcte ttewrities ( Thru Cents) had not attaint {
titut the year 1H45. Exchequer Bills were 09 to 7 i ,
premium, and the Three -aud-a-Quarter j>cr Cents
100^ to 10C?i . The shares in the California gold
mines had become a little out of favor; but an in
creased Speculation wa? going on in the Australian
vhares, and companies for working the oolonial gold
mines wcri Bf plentiful a? blackberries.
Accounts from China advise the arrival at Heng
Kong, on the 5th February, of the U. S. Steam fri
gate Susquehanna, Commodore Aulick. The ig
iixh fngaJ< Sphinx had visited Loo Choo, an island,
semi by tht tendon Time to belong to Japan,
tin' commander bring commissioned to tltltvm ? a
httrr from Ijird Put mo ton to the Hegtflt, with
teln fii. after a little negotiation, he had an au
dience. An entertainment Was prepared, an 1
every attention and kindness shown towards the i
English captain and crew. We believe Loo Choo
belongs to the Chinese empire.
The adviom from Hong Kongstute that the snail
!?? x Wad bui a trifling effect ; in the Seamcu - Hos
pital. however, there had been se*''H <!? ath> luring
the month, nut of twenty-three admission-. Four
of t*ho"?' who died were Americans, one Kauakah,
one rativi <>f Qua. and otic Kiig'i-hmui.
The Li\ ei | ool Je,m ,>ul -a> s : ?
During thi w.ik ? It ? ?*? ii *?' imiii'-n" influx of
flmitllr ill!" !.??? i j I ... m ?? f..r Anuria Mr S j? ' ? ? . .
t lie head of Um ' t ? : i . ti, ,, ? ,? ? ,. ti.l.ii-liin -at h >?
In in .If Hi|wrini?ii.ti'<l tli< -Iiipm tit oi 1 .??' Thi- .in
K'fSM' hunit'-r v.f.c i<-< < .*< i ?< . . ii irt. - ? I in In- i-t?li
1 1 - turn in Moortiel'l . ml \ ulmn r ri-it * ithiil two il?v ?
and by to i|? v tin uimli will litv< t> tt the jmrt in itilTe
r# lit fl'^i Ii f''T A nii'rii'H plioi,* 1 > .. I . t m> I f< If Vi w
(litMM a fr* for ("?niita hm! IIj. i-tii ? . ii. i.-r f.?r the
Bv in > otinU fi? in Ah xnndria of th l:h April, we
|> ?; j n : I . ? Fund I.:' i ??? had ariivi .l en a ape in)
ti.j i, i : . in. < on- 1 ntiiioplc to confer with Abbas
I'm 1 a I he ri | P entaiivet <f France mid Hn -ia
b.nl iu> . il that the ? I iff ? tines ii ild he -led
Willi 1.1 Oil. v I'll III twelve to lific r tho i and m n
aire k w vtk oil tLt fkUwsy
The Ui.don newspapers give full details of the
new law for the "regulation " (otherwise, milling.)
' * pre#, recently put in force by the Swinish
government. The law it pronounced to lie almost a
shadow t-f the one recently cnacted l.y the Frcnch
dictator. 1 he "pint of the decree is one of ho*tilitv
and distrust against the pre*s entirely, while the
chapter which specifics and defines the offences of
newspaper* seems really to leave little scope for its
operation in any direction. Nearly all of the Ma
drid journals were seiicd on the 7th, iu consequence
?f their having published strictures upon the new
law on the press.
A letter from Malta, dated April 8, says:?
t,rTnm.i'LUU'dTKU,7 ? ta*Ke navy to the Medi.
, f Coiiuaotlare haa already i>ajuu><i #h#?
ut 9ibralt*r kn Jacinto. The frigate Pow
hattan. ft Louts *nd Levant, sloops. may be daily looke.l
The weekly reviews, from the Amsterdam and
Rotterdam producc markets, mention, that owing
to the approach of the Easter holiday#, business had
been limited. Coffee, in the few transactions that
had taken place, had been better supported, but no
general advance was <,Uotcd. Hugar ?nd other ar
ticles renruuned without essential alteration. The
accounts frem Hamburg and Antwerp represent a
nearly similar state of trade.
Admiral R. in, who is to replace Admiral I* Pre
dour in the command of the Frcnch squadron in the
' wa& t0 ,caTe Paris in a few days fer Brest
where a vessel wusin readiness to convey him to his
A most horrible murder had been committed in
Lambeth, where a young man of respectable connec
tions, named Thomas Crosbeo Wheeler, decapitated
his mother. Tho culprit was pronounced to be in
The Arctic Expedition? 9lr John Franklin's
8hlpn aeen In on Immense Iceberg.
The British admiralty has issued a series of doc
uments and evidence which appear to convey tho
proof that in the spring of last year the two vessels
comprising this ill-fated expedition, were seen off
the Banks of Newfoundland wedged to an icobcrg.
It appears by the evidence referred to, that a
Mr. Storey, the master of an EngHsh merchant ship,
when at Tynemonth some few months since, fell
into conversation with an English naval offiocr, in
the course of which he accidentally alluded to a
statement he had heard made by a Captain Cow
ard, of the British brig Renovation, of North
. liields, that the latter had seen, in the month of
April of the last year, on the Banks of Newfound
hind, a large iceberg, some five miles in length? 1
that on a nearer approach to it, under the water !
disTani a^thTr^ 8!1?1^!!6 ?Ut t0 a con81'''?-,rable j
distance at the lee side, thus acting like a vane in
kcc}.ing that part to the leeward? that on passing j
ft,,OW' two three-mastfd I
,T,? ?b?rv^?I?* b?t out of the iceberg ,
?that the j were regularly housed, with their ton- '
sail yards and topgallant masts down; and that no 1
human beings could lie soen on board. The naval i
nut".ml,?v '"quired how it was that this piece '
of information had not been communicated before !
and received for reply, that Captain Cowiud'
?he master of the Renovation had, with ?url i
prising stolidity, contented himself with merely
mentioning it to his friends. He, it appear" ^ j
flu n on his voyage to \ enice: and the British Ad- !
niirnlty has forwarded instructions to the con-ul at I
that port to interrogate him closely upon his arri- '
thl'ml! General presumption is, that if I
the statement be true, they were the two ship* of I
the Franklin expedition; ;uid, it is assumed that 1
the catastrophe of an iceberg breaking away from
the place where it had formed would, no doubt be ;
sufficient to cause the crews to rush on foot to' the
nearest safe point, the ships drif ting away with the !
iceberg in the interval would leave no means of re- >
joining them. 1 he respectability and good faith of ;
T) n* u- \TC% I1"' toward arc vouched for. i
ilI,l ilinV !^ la">'tlK'" ^dressed a confi, len- '
?C roawt ?,,ard officer at, Sunderland,
directing him to proceed to Tynemouth, and make
inquiries of ( aiitain Storey, who stated that he left '
Bnstol for Quebec-, as master of the bri" Airnes on
Foumlb of,Al'ri1'. 1?51Lh? crossed the Banks of New !
r oundland about the 20th, and arrived at Out>h<?c
on the 5th of May There' he met Ca^ain Co rard
who, as far as his (Cant. Storey's) memory semd
him, gave him the following relation :?
?f the bank, in tat. 45 deg.
nun N,. *ind N. K.. fresh breezes and clear weather
l*n S'iVi1 ? a? 'inlld carry f'"etopmast studding Mil t'eli
in i with icebergs. one of which was very large, with field
ihin I ? ,1 ? w,lich there wore two three- marted
ship. . having their masts struck and yards down and all
nadc > snug; to all appearance they had tVwm e !
togetner in the ice. At about fire o clock in the mr.r uhJ
. . 'V1' *2. ?"l'nillc ?f them, the mate called rue to J, I
(m dr rk*? ""i t P>,; 7 th<> Um<' 1 B"' and dressed and 1
1 .? niy Ship was abreast of them; took .-nyim, ..j .
and carefully ewmlacU them, to kv if there i', ?JL I
on board, tut could not see any one. At the time I did
not think of Sir John Franklin's missing ships, anxiety to i
get ahead out ofthe danger while the weather wa- clear ,
from fogs, and being too mr pa?t before I could m ike un I
i V" """ "0t r"'1,,r" "f,U "D'1 ' xanii...- them
Aeeuhitcly. i Bin r.i.Cf of opinion they might iio->- i
fibly b?" the mining ships. "
Captain Storey states that a Captain Clcugli was
also present when this narration was made
1 he coast guard officer then sought an interview
with the wife of Mr. Coward, who also state<l that
her husband had mentioned the matter to h?r and
she furnished him with his address when ho should I
arrive at \ enice. Mr. Cleugh was als? sought out, i
and stated that he also heard Coward's statement
aiid that lie had joined in the conversation. The
chief officer of Captain Coward's vessel, Mr. Simn- '
?01.. 1 !'?!'! v| f, , ,,,,] | f,.
and he gave the Admiralty authorities the follow
mg statement.
On the 20th April. 1851. at six A M.I saw two full
riKged r hips (one about 600 Uns. the other :kio). on an
iccbj i*. l,,Kh and dry the larger one on her baunends,
bead to the westward, three ships lower masts only
standing with bowsprit, masts painted white, apnarentlv I
not boused over; the smaller one was about ;i")0 ton* <
head to the South, with lower and top^ilyards across' ,
sails uulxnt. topmast on end. yards very square and 1
black uot housed over, nearly upright; both vessels ap
parent lj al?audoncU Tlic Kenovation wa< then alx^ut 3u
Ji' V> ,ho Wtward of Cape R?re. and the ieobeiv about
live miles northwest. TbemasUrwa* sick in bed. aaid
when I culled b m and stated that two vessels were in
siRlit on 111! iceberg, he w:is t<K> unwell to take any notice
and answered. - Very weU:" 1 therefore did not l.ke to i
take the responsibility of l>e.iriiig op to examine the ves
sels 1 he log on board the Melioration wan kept by me
and those circumstances were entered by me in the 1<V. i
"'ink it is still m possession of Mr. Kmanuel YounitTtho !
owner), at North Shields. j
Mr. Simpson has furnished the Admiralty with
a sketch ol the vessels, both of which were painted
black. The man at the wheel on board the Renova- I
tion lias also been examined, and corroborates Mr. I
Simpson's statement. i
We leave our readers to draw their own conclu- '
sions from these statements. It probable that
the apfiearnnee of the two shi|?s was an optical de
lusion, caused by a double reflection of the Renova- 1
tion frem two surfaces of the iceberg to which it is '
said they were attached, as, if the objects had been i
real ships, some other vessels would have seen them I
on a coast so much frequented as Newfoundland is
y li.-hing and tiading vessels.
The Arctic Kx|>c*lltlon.
The letters from Woolwich, England, of the I Oth
inst. .11 v: ? The Intrepid, screw steam-vessel, com
mander M'Cliiitock, aud the Pioneer, screw steam
vcssel, lieutenant-commander, Osborn, were taken
out of the basin to-day, an<l arc now at mooring# in
the stream, in readinoss to leave with the Assist
anee, Captain Sir Edward Belchwr, C. B., imd the
licsolute. Captain Kellott. C. H., when they are
completed, which they will be in a day or two; and
tliev -till exjieet to be able to leave (Ireenhil he
on Thursday next, the 15th inst . as originally |
nnincd. on their enterprising voyage. The lords of ?
the Admirality intef.it paying a visit of inspection j
tn the vcsm Is ol tin Arctic Expedition at Oroeu
hithe, on Thursday next, previous to their depart
ure for sea.
Captain Sir Edward Belcher, Captain W. A. I).
Hamilton, 1{ N . , Second Secretary at the Admi
lalty: Col. Colcjuhoun, II. A., Inspector of the royal
cm i in gc department; and (apt. Washington, I! N.,
wi r* present on the wharf wall at th ? landing place
in the afternoon, with a number of officers, to wit- !
ik> Mr. Hay, the lecturer on chemistry, instruct
ing the bouinardiers of the royal marine artillory
ii tt ache d to the expedition, in the mode of dis
i hinging gunjHjwdei underwater by means of thu
jrslviinie batte.y. 'i'he explosive ehuiges oousiated
nt hnlf n pound of gunpowmf in tin earii-icrs. which
were sufficient. when discharged Ht the bottom of
therivci.to show the principle and uses to which
the galvanic buttery can bo applied when explosions
are found necessary in the Arctic regions.
Mi George Shepherd. C. E., Ini> rtcei vod instruc
tions from the Admiralty to exnniu>e and get repair
ed all th?' gas apparatus connect* I with the b.illooiis
tor difti i bitting nie- ;igrs in th Arctic regions, uid
aim to supply n number <ii new balloons and ?liu
mcitii' ol iiillating them with g-t-, to be used by
t|i? pri ent cxjicoition. The billoo.is are ma lo on
tiii oc it.-ion to float on t h? ? wat*-r should tliny . nine
*in?i. :t sea. The messages are to be printed mi
Mil in if \ . i . iiit colors, and on papers of all colors,
and abort > fcil.HiO nf them will be pi inted on but !i
id* ?. b'nv irg room to till in in writu g the latitude
and longitude <if ti e vessels At the t'nie they ii.ro
<iil up. Snine ??f these me . iig'.^niiiy bo met <vifh
by tl c j?rtici under Captain C<illii.<< u. engaged n
tic Ik bring strui-H expedition, Tuo follow i g is a
copy rf the messages which w4H be despatched Loin
the' Resolute:?
?Despatched by a lei 1 loon from her Majesty's
thip Ke?olut?. Copt. K?llctt in tat. ? N long ? W
To Sir Joiih r?
On the other side ?
? Provisions leftat . ft coring for Intending
to winter at . or . in the vicinity
A new feature is to he introduced in the vessels
of Captain Sir Kdward Belcher's expedition, Mr.
Greener having been ordered to supply ?everal of his
harpoon guns. with a view to enable the officers ami
men to kill whales, and other large fi?h. in the Are
I tie region*, for the purpose of using their oil as fuel.
These means, with tbo addition of Minie rifles for
killing birds or deer, will enable the enterprising
voyagers to obtain resources hitherto unavailable by
anv of the previous expeditions.
A letter of the 14th inst. says: ?
The greatest activity has been displayed today at
Woolwich dockyard, to complete the stores required for
the vessels of the Arctic expedition, that all may be on
board to-night, or eaily to-morrow morning as the wbule
of the squadron are under orders to be ready to prweeed
down the river, between 9 and 10 A. H . so Thursday,
April 15.
We leant from Paris that the eapiul enjoyed pro
found tranquillity, and that the observance of the
Ka*ter festivities had passed off with the greatest
Eood humor and enjoyment on the part of the popu
ktion. One of the chief features of the news from
this minrter is, that M. Emile de Girardin had ro
ceivea formal notice of warning from the Minister of
Police, on the subject ef the series of articles which,
under the title of Uotiservon* la Reyubli</M, had ex
cited a considerable share of public attention. The
following is the fonn of warning, which is a curiosity
in its way: ?
The Minister General of Police, considering Art 32 of
the organic law on the press, dated 17th February. 1852 ?
Considering the article published in the Pre.??e on the
Oth inst., which contains the following passage .? 'It (the
Umpire) would be the direct provocation to attentat.
which probably would not be long waited for; for if no
Alibuud was to be found in the republican party, a Merino
would be found in tbo royalist party." The said article
signed "Kmile de Oirardln.''
Considering that it cannot be permitted, without cut
raging at the same time public morals and the character
of the nation, to proclaim as an Inevitable fact an attentat
on the person of the chief of the State, whatever may be
the pretexts of hypothetical circumstances on which so
guilty an argument is founded;
Considering that the I'restr has thus forgotten that
moderation and prudence arc the first laws of the periodi
cal press ;
Decrees ?
Art. 1 According to the terms of Art. 32 of the decree
of Feb. 17. a first warning is given to the l'rttte. in the
persons of M . Rcuy, one of the directors, and M. Kmile de
Hlrardin. the editor.
Art. 2. The Prefect of Police is charged w:th the execu
tion of this decree. DE MAUPAS,
April 9. 1852. Minister of tleneriU Police.
The Prince de Canino had again arrivod in France,
not having been permitted to proceed to Homo.
Business afTuirs in Paris were slightly improved,
particularly amongst the wholesale establishments,
but the retail traders still complain of the slackness
of trade. The demand in the t'auburg r!t. Antoine
for articles in the cabinet making line was so great :
that several of the masters had increased the wages |
of journeymen ten francs a week. Wheat and tlour j
had again fallen in price in tho Paris markot. The |
stock of tlonr was so great that sales were very diffi
cult. The silk trade at Lyons was not brisk, owing
to the orders received from the United States being
under the current market prices.
The legislative corps resumed its sittings on the
13th April; but the President's message, which was
to have been presented to that body, and which was ,
to embody a risumi of the events since the coup \
iVflat, was postponed for a lew days.
The 10th of May is lixed for the grand review of
distribution of eagles in tho Champs dc Mars. All
tlic regiments composing the garrison of Paris are
to be present, and the other regiments of the French
army are to be represented by their colonel and a
deputation. A grand felt will take place on the oc
casion, and everybody seemed to think the empire
would be proclaimed.
If we were to judge from the display of eoui pages
that crowded the Boulevards and Champs Elysces,
on Monday, the 12th, and the multitudes of well
dressed pedestrians on Thursday and Friday, form
ing the procession to Longehamp, Paris might be
pronounced us in a most prosperous condition ? so
far as trade is concerned.
It is said that the names of the Senators on whom
a dotation is to be conferred by Louis Napoleon, are
to appear in the Moniteur to-morrow. Their num
ber is 29, among whom are two ex-Ministers, several
Generals (including General Castellane, commander
in-chief of the army of Lyons), and other well
known characters, such as M. I^everrier, the astro
nomer. The dotations are to be 10,000, 20,000, or
30,(X;0f. each. .
The President of the republic reviewed two bri
gades at 12 o'clock on the 12th inst., in the Place
du Carrousel. There were two regiments of lan
ccrs, two of chasseurs h Clieval, two batteries of
artillery, two companies of engineers, besides the
intantry regiments on the ground. The Prince dis
tributed the medals, as on the former occasions.
As the <lay was most favorable, a considerable num
ber of ]>crsons was collected on the spot,
troops, the lancers particularly, received the Presi
dent with loud and frequont cries of " Vive Niif>)
ltt,n and the band continued playing during tho
review the well known air "Parfen/ j>onr la Sync."
General Canrobert, aide-de-camn of the Presi
dent of the republic, has addressed to him the fol
lowing letter, dated Chimecy, 4th of April, 1852:
MoMir.tfiNr.i R. ? I have the honor to render you an ac
count of the result of my mission in the arroudiswinent
of Claim cy. .. , . . . .
All that I have read all tlint 1 have heard as to the ra
vages of socialism in this country, is much 1-ss th in the
truth. I am here in the very heart of democracy
The evil is immense, the wounds are deep, anil still
bleeding Let the incredulous come into the Ni. ?
let them see what it was previous to the 2d December
and what it is at present? let thin study the riotner* of
679 individuals ot Clamccy. condemned either by court
martial or bv the departmental emiuiision; and what
ever may be their deiermination to close th ireyes. they
will be compelled to open them, and to confer tint the
grt at art of the 2d December has saved society
Notwithstanding all my desire. Monseigneur. to f iltll
vonr Intevtlons by wing el m-nry largely it Ins l>
',,i i < .i n 1 ; ii. ? ? < ii 1:1 ?" 1 1 '' ' ' 1 1 ' 1
als. many of whom are simply the object ot a commuta
tion of punishment.
In visiting the prisons of this town 1 found in til in 4
individuals politically compromi cd upon whom the mixi J
commissions bad not yet decided. I have pronounced oa
their fate in extending to all the effects of yoi.t> mercy.
I am. with profound respect. Monseigneur.
your very humble anil very devoted^'erv^ ^ ^
The (ieneralof lirigade. Aide-de-Camp of the
Prince President. Commissary Extraordinary,
M. Pierre Bonapartehcccivcs a pension of84,OOOl'r.,
and M. Lucien Muiat had rcceiveda million. Prince
Jerome has received two millions. I he 1 rincess
Mathilde de DemidofT, his .laughter, has drorqied
the pension which she allowed Jerome out oi the
settlement which Prince Deinidott was obliged to
settle on her by the C/ar.
The emigration to the United States continues on
a large scale. A great number of vessels are load
ing at Havre for New York and New Orleans,
amongst which is the Mary Sarah. This vessel not
liuviiijr obtained freight in Houen, caine dowu tlio
river, and was chartered at $3,000
A project is afloat at Havre for placing throe ?
large steamers on the line between that port and i
New York, subsequently to work in conjunction j
with the steamers already plying on that line, and
which touch ut Southampton. In return for the |
gratuitous conveyance of mails and despatches, the ;
promoters of the undertaking demand from the |
French government the annual sum of X40, 000 (a
million of francs) for each boat employed. 1 he j
project has already received due deliberation from
the Havre Chamber of Commerce, who naturally
view it with much favor, and have resolved stren
uously to urge its adoption. The vessels to be
nlacea on the line arc to he built at Havre, and are
to be of iron. They will be of 2,000 to 2,200 ton?
buidcn, and the engines of 1,000 horse power.
Advice* from Madrid nro of the Mill inst.
It <i] by re tarn* from Cuba, that the high
duties imposed on foreign flour, iu order to promote
the importation there o? Spanish flour, have so fur
answered their purpow, that in i860 only 845 bar
rels of foreign flour paid duty, against 2Aft,606 bar
rele of Spanish flour. The dutv now levied nt Cuba
ic tier barrel on Spanish dour in Swinish ves
sels. per barrel on foreign flour brought in
Spanish vessels, and ?10 per barrel on foreign flour
brought in foreign vessels. The census of the popn
lntion oi Madrid was taken on the 1st of January,
this year, and the result has ju?t been published.
The genejiil return gives a iiopnlation of 113,913
males, and 120,280 females : total, 234, 17S. whioh
is an increase of 12. .">09 over the returns given by
the eensas of last year.
The E-pnnn states thnt the governor of Mataimis,
in Cuba, fiHt- been dismissed for not preventing the
liuiiling of some negroes, who had been imported as
slave* l?y flevi ral planters.
I'< ?pnt< In from the Captain (ionoral of Cuba,
i ?;;(< 'I 12th of March, annonnec that t he entire island
enjoyed the most perfect tranquillity.
JI< nerol N'or/.agaray had taken the oaHi as Cap
1 1?. 1 1 tji nernl of l'ueilo Hi<o, ami was to ??ail fur
that i mil from Cadiz OH the 16th.
letter.- from Vich, in Catalonia, ??tate that the
aiigtiiuui J bandit, HI Hon, who has for many years
bleu tin terror of the mountainous districts, lias
bu ii n i uri ? I , with ene <?t his aecompliow, an<l the
host) ss of the tiLvern who bad secreted bim. Hon
had already liia'Io hir . elfwealthy by his kidnapping
and i;ii : iiini g wealthy fanners; and ini^-hl, if he
lind lil d, have retired on hi gains, hot bis t,hir?t,
of^old r.od ) vi eft;* (venture kept him in hw old
b.'iuntltill hi wii itt.ki n.
The me.i-n.r ,< , , tirg the press is published in
th< (In: dl< 'if the ? " ii i i.t suit, of which if occupies,
with th< nr!i is'riinJ e.*f *ition, marly four p.ige*.
Tlii 1 1 ii t ???..( hi e" n-e. thrt ti e jury wbieh is to
t: kc ? fgrizriiic ? f j? iii?il efimdereof the jprc??.
ifl to b? cor led in Madrid from %be 100 highest payers
of direct tuxes, from fcO in the provincial capital* of
nist class, 01. d L'O in the rent.
The spirit of iho present decree may form tho
flrft part of tho long ministerial exposition whieh is
signed by all the numbers 0rthe cabinet. ft is one
of distrust and hostility towards the press; whilst
the chapter of the decree, which specifies and do
niies the tdlcnccs of thc press, secuis :o illy to leave
very little scope for its operation in any direction.
1 he exposition commences thus : ?
8kkon?? Of tho el< ment* which constitute the oryanir.a
tion or the constitutional system th.-re arv few wlii'-h
merit sueh : pecial .-air as the right of publishing ideis by
in 'hum of the pre mb. This right elevated to the high
sphere ot works of scicnoe and study, and to the rxauiion.
Hon or the gn at .|u?stii.ns of general interest. h n l*vu
ordinarily a powerful vehicle of social and intellectual ad
vance*, whilst. reduced to the circle of the periodical
press, it carina with it (rave and dangw-ous iuoouvc
, iTmiU Vt r ,Wb*U U " r' prtd- .t
' ? hwtnimwnt of perturbation
a mers political machine. the pt??* with difficulty pro
duces when it is abandoned to Itself m?re than the .lis
credit of the nunc institution eir?n in it* truly useful
part, serving to give allm, nt to the l?ad paeons and to
offer a rvt Held to the violent and sterile struggles of
parties. Society, alarmed by so many cxccsmh. does not
kTu mt rr,sliie?*tion which It mor'ted,
whi n it thought it saw in Ohe press its regenerator; ami
v httvinK P?*sed the undeceiving
f??!l Tfd u.rPu^',np nolh,"K more to be fr.tr ed than
the reaction which this adverse disposition nf men's minds
may produce. It is necessary. therefore to save it from
itself, restoring its beneficent aud civilizing nature, extri
An/lnK? t u. fk,Hewi,Js in which it has wandered,
and obliging it to occupy itself with nothing but the use
Jr ^ * to whlch is destined &c
The following is a truncation of the 3d ohaptcr of
the decree which treats of ofTencos of the press;?
Art. 24. The offence}) of the prens arc:?
1. Against the Sovereign and royal family
2. Against the safety ef the State
3. Against public order.
4. Against society.
6. Against religion or public morality.
0. Against the authorities.
7 . Against foreign Hovarcigns.
8. Against private individuals.
Art. 26 Commits an offence against the Sovereign, that
which attacks, offends, er depresses in any way. and nn
prerogaUve" ^ p?rMOn' ^igTaity, rights, or
?Feac* against the royal family,
that which attacks. ofTrnd*. or dtprfw*?fl in any May. arui
,n^r w.h*teT?'r f??> the persons, the dignity, er tho
lights of all or any of its members. 7 ' llw
Ar^ 27. Offends against the safety of tho State:?
lished wWf 11 *he form of government cstab
rhich tondfl t0 coerce the free cxcreise of the
constituted powers.
3 That which eicitce or provokes a foreign power to
declare war against Spain, or reveals secret data by which
it may be done successfully
cf^heaarin^f^end" th? 0r dlgtiP^"
Art 28. Offends against public order :
II1; He *ho publishes maxims or doctrines directed to
disturb tha tranquillity of the State
authorities" ln,,Ue? to disobedience' of the laws or of the
niL/i^r Jl0 by or weM'n? seeks to coerec the
liberty of theauthnrities.
4. He who provokes or foments dangerous rivalries
amongst the bodies of the State or elasscx of society
? , ' w.h;? Polishes aiarmlng or false news with rela
tion to public affairs.
C. He who manifests fears of events which may disturb
the general repose.
Art. 'J9. Offends against society:
1. He who makes the apology of actions qualified by
the laws as criminal. 3
2. He who propogates doctrines contrary to the rights
of property, exciting the poorer classes against the richor
3. He who attacks, offends, or ridicules classes of no
clety. or corporations recognised by the laws, or offends
the same clawcs or corporations for the defects of one of
tiioir iiu'iiiborH.
yV, Offends against religion or public morality?
1. He who attacks or ridicules the Roman Catholic
Apostolic religion and its worship, or offends the sacred
character of its ministers. "
2. He who excites to the abolition or change or the
oVher one ' ,h'' pcrmlUi,,B 01 t,le worship of any
gcod m?am!'eTbli'hM Whi' h 0,TonJ au<l
Art. 31. Offends against the authorities:?
1. He who publishes calumnious or injurious faots
against persons whoexereise public charges, employments
or tunetions. individually or eollcctively of Xtew
ongin or nature they mny be.
2. He wbo supposes bnd intentions in official acts
horidicul,,;s the official acts or the persons ot
arthde ' onipri hended in the first paragraph of this
4. lie who publishes, without previous authorization
roeni dor private conversations, or private correspon
dence had with any person of those comprehended in the
fame paragraph. u lue
rr.Stea.b"? i"b*1 ',unw" ?
Art 32. Offends against foreign sovereigns'
1. He who calumniates, abu. es. or ridicules, the mon
0.r/,,f!r<nW ,,r thc constituted powers ol auy
nation that is not at war with Spain.
2 He who ealumniates. abuses, or ridicules, the repre
?entatives of the same nations
th,'ir ""'li'^ts to rebellion or sedition.
Alt. W. Offends against individuals.
?> i'<> n''fl w calumniates any person.
2. lie who. without committing abuse, calumny, or
pi inting out persons, gives to the light, without the con
sent of the party interested, facts relative to private life
and altogether foreign to publie affairs.
?I. He who. without the same consent, publishes eor
respondence, letters, papers, or conversations which
may have taken place between individuals, although
ifl iirs '"'' Ct have wholly or in part relation to public
The mere publication of what is mentioned in the two
preci ding paragraphs, shall be considered as an aet of
Art 34. Neither injury or calumny is committed :?
1. By publishing or censuring in auy print the official
conduct or acts of any public functionary with reference
to his ( hinge.
2. By revealing any eonspiiocy against the sovereign or
the t"tiite. or any attempt against public order
Hut in both cases the parties responsible for the print
shall be obliged to prove the truth of the facts which they
denounce, under the responsibility of injury or calumny.
It will be observed, among other things, that the
publication of " alarming " news is equally an
offence as that of " false news ; and to advocate
M:e i em ission of nnv < he:- fi.rm of v,-.ms1j-j. ?,
equally puiiibliablc as attacks on the l'eliirion ol tfio
The niaximutu fine for one offence is 60,000 reals,
ami six years thc maximum term of imprisonment
for the same. All publication of novols (the foletin
of the journal), articles on thc political or admi
nistrative nflaiis of the colonies, to be subject to
a censorship; and works or writings, when religious
matters, not to be published without previous
censorship, and the approbation of the bishop of
the diocese.
In order to discourage the smaller publications,
thc deposit money is raised on those printed on
paper less than twice the sixe ol* the regular stamp
paper to 60,000 reals in minor towns, 120,000 in
lirst provincial capitals, and 160,000 in Madrid.
,i^.J"Urnra Ken<"*?Hv are to make a deposit of
liO.OM) reals in Madrid, and 80,000 and 10,000 in
other places.
Overland intelligence Iin.l I^BPiveilin London
irom Lisbon, dutcu the 31f?t Af^^ff7mentioning the
existence of a ministerial crisis. A private letter
from thc Portuguese capital gives the subjoined ex
planation : ?
In consequence of the adverse vote on Monday
last, March 29, which threw thc ministry into a
minority of thirty-eight to fifty on tho Reform
act, the Duko of Baldanha and all his colleagues
tendered their resignation. Tho Queen declined to
accept it. and authorized the Prime Minister to take
any measures which he might think proper under
thc existing circumstances. After an ineffectual
attempt to induce thc majority to coii m to a com
promise and nullify rtie vote, it was finally resolved
0 adjourn the two Chambers to the 20th May, when
they are again to meet, and continue their labors
for two months. This interval will afford time for
thc elections to MM the vacant seats, by which the
administration hopes to gain a little more strength
Hut an impression exists that this adjournment is I
only the prelude to a dissolution.
Portugal remained quiet, and it wa? not thought '
that tranquillity would be interrupted by the minis
terial interregnum.
letters from Ojiorto of thc 30th March bring ac
counts of the loss of the Porto, Portuguese steamer,
on her passage from that city to Lisbon. All the
ju-ysniftrrs ( thirty-six in number) / urishtd , and tint
?W?1 of the crar were saved. It appears that, the i
1 orto left for Lisbon on the 28th nit. (Sunday),
and from some cau.-c or other bore up again, after I
being as far south as Figueira, and on taking the
bar on Monday evening about six o'clock, she strusk
on Eome rocks railed thc " Kor^ados," inside thc I
bar, when the anchor was let go, but slio drifted, !
and, not nnswcrmg her helm, she got embedded in
h reel oi locks, where no Aid could f?o gent to her* I
and night coining on, she wont to ptaccs in a
lew hours. Among the sufferers itre Mr. Joseph
Allen, of Oporto, and two daughters; Mr. Ander
son from J/.ndon, shipowner, who was hore on ac
count ol the Harriet, bound to Australia; M I>es- i
tire;', r reneh consul at Oporto; Mr. Anderson's !
nephew; Sen hor Jose Augusto da Hilveira Pinto, I
nephew of i he well known Senhor Albano, of Lis
bon: henlior Antonio Jos?. i'lacido Braga; and
Hcnhor hraiioiw o Vicira do 8ousa Oliveira, of the I
Loinim rcinl Hsnk.
^ No bodits had been picked up when this account ,
Anatiia, I
lhe nomination of a successor to Prince Hchwar
zenberg was awaited with much anxiety. It. was
understood that Count Hunl Schauenstein would be I
elevated to the important po; t occupied by the <lo
eeaseil stati 1 man, witli ibai of the Presidency of the
Council. It was rcjsirted that thc policy of his pre
decessor, both domestic and foreign, would be
strictly followed by Count BuoL The Paris Jmirnnl
ties Iktxit.i has tho following on t lie snbjeot:?
We learn by tel?<graphic dwpateheg from Vienna that,
immediately after the death of Prineede fiehwar/?,nb?>rg.
the >n ^i<r nut by telegraph to Count jluol tclMkUf D
list M^WTm
ft fin rNimrtlng him to Walt on him without delay.
Count Buol ban Mt? U.r mm utontlit Austrian Miniter
lu London. mid hi* different luioinns at Turin at S?t
Petersburg. u??l more r?ci>ntly at the OiutVranrrn of
! I>r?nlen I'hU excited I tie particular attention ot Prince
! de Sehwirwuter*. who finding hi v health impaired
pointed him out to the Kmp< ror a- hit BuccwMor. Co.ini
UboMh stout forty- ttTeye.ui of age. Uu wm ooniinuo
I tlic line of policy of the dctuni'd minister in the direction
: ol the foreign affair* of Anuria. He paced through
iiru. m l? the evening before last, tn rp:w? for Vienna.
: Letters from Vienna give long details about the
1 magnificent funeral of the deceased Prince, which
took place on tho rtth intl. All the garrison of the
cufiit ul was under aruM. The Emperor and the
i tut /is d t jUynnit u/M were present in the procession,
and walked immediately behind the coffin.
On the 9th inst., the Customs Congress at. Vienna
| resumed its sittings. Dr. Hock addressed tho dele
non the subject of Prince Schwarr.onbcrg's
, and announced that that even', would not
[ lead to any modification in the political and com
mercial system pursmcd by Austria. Tho Emperor,
' hqtaid, had given orders that this fact should be
f communicated to all the representatives of foreign
TJte French Consul at Trieste has, by order of
his government, taken down tho escutcheon bearing
1 the words " Librrtt, Egalite, Frattrniti and
replaced it by the imporiul eagle.
Tht Congress of the Zollverein, to be opened at
Berlip on the 14th inst., will be attended by the
following delegates:? For Prussia, M. Von Pomtner
Ext he, Director of the Tax Department, M. Phil
lipsborn, Councillor of legation, and M. Dolbruck;
for Bayaria, M. Moisner; for Hanover, M. Klouze;
for Sayony, M. Von Schimpf, Director of tho Post
Office; for Wirtemberg, M. Von Siegel, Director of
the Department of Finance; for Badon, M. Hack;
Nassau, Jl. Vollprauht; for the *Bturingian States
in combination, M Von Thou; for Brunswick, M.
Von Thiqfau; for Frankfort, M. Senator Koster.
M. Anconiv Hnsselbach will act as secretary. There
will be no rarular publication ?f the discussions; but
the results will bo officially communicated to the
press to avoid misrepresentation.
The semi official organs describe the preliminary
eonfercnco of tho representatives of the Southern
States of Darmstadt as unimportant, as far as any
movement against the integrity of the Union is
concerned. They state that none of these govern
ments seriously contemplate a separation from the
Verein, and that tho discussions arc confined to those
modifications of tho tariff that may be required by
existing circumstances. They dwell on the certain
loss of revenue the States would incur by a separa
tion, and intimate that it will effectually prevent
any disturbance of the constitution of the Union.
The Austrian and Southern journals still, however,
keep up a discussion on the subject. They state
that by the admission of Hanover and the northern
territory into the Union, under moderate protective
duties, Prussia has made an actual approach to the
Austrian plan, nnd thereby rendered it easy of ac
complishment at some future time.
1 he Society for the Protection of Native Indus
try, under the protection of Prince Hohenlohe, has,
in a recent sitting at Frankfort, declared itself in
favor of the continuance of the Zollvurein, ami
affirmed a resolution expressive of its approval of
the amalgamation of the northern States with it. A
motion pledging the society to endeavor to procure,
after the union should have been reconstituted, a
separate commercial treaty between it and the Aus
trian government, was negatived.
The Empress of Russia i" expected to arrive here
in the first week in May. Her Majesty will remain
at the hotel of the Russian embassy only one day,
and then proceed to Potsdam, where apartments
have been prepared for her in the palace of Sans
Souci. Alter a fortnight's residence, her Majesty
will set out for tho baths of Schwalbach.
The new constitution for the Electorate of Hesse,
under the guaranty of the Confederation, is ex
pected to bo proclaimed in that principality in the
course of the present month. It resembles that just
iven to Dessau in the comj>osition of the legislative
?dy, and its powers.
Music and the drama are recovering more than
their former influence over the Berlin public, and
appear likely to become what they were before the
revolution, not so much the relaxation as the se
rious business of life. In the next week there will
be in full activity the (iortuan opera, the German
dramatic company, a French troupe, und the Italian
operatic company from St. Petersburg, including
l'crsiani and Tamburini. There is a second Gorman
theatre for vaudevilles and light operas, several ama
teur theatres, summer theatres in every suburb,
and new ones are to be ojicned as soon as tho skies
can be trusted; in proportion to its population Ber
lin is more abunduntly, if not better supplied with
dramatic entertainments than London, or even Pa
ris. Not only is it unnecessary to provide novelties
to attract people to the opera, but doubling the
prices does not keep them out of it, and even at that
rate tickets arc often only to be secured at a premi
um. For the first appearance of the Italian com
pany they arc already impossibilities.
The newspaper accounts from Hungary assure us,
as a matter of course, that the Archduke Governor
and lady were received everywhere on their arrival
with great enthusiasm. I have not yet heard this
directly contradicted, and in the meantime must be
allowed to doubt it. One circumstance has been re
lated to me, which proves, at all events, that the
system pursued in I'csth resembles to the letter that
adopted in Vienna. A highly respectable and loyal
merchant, while walking, neglected, from some
cause or other, to doff to the Archduke Albert, who
was passing. He was arrested on the spot, and put
in confinement, and there is no knowing what would
have happened to him but for the intervention of
his personal friend, the captain of the town and
chief of the police, who assured the authorities it
was all u mistake.
Affairs In Germany.
The H "rxer Gazelle announces that the Hanove
rian Diet is convoked for the 1st of May next, and
that the only business before it will be the budget.
A projtt (h lot for re-establishing the punishment
of death has been adopted by iIm two Chambers of
1>. ?n!?tcdt
The Brrxtuw Gazette states that great distress
continues in Western (Jallicia from scarcity of fowl.
The country seats of the nobility and gentry being
almost besieged by crowds of starving peasantry,
imploring relief, the Governor of the province has
issued an order that every commune shall provide
for the support of its poor.
The Diet of the little principality of lleuss has just
terminated the revision of the constitution. The
duration of the session has been prolonged from two
to three years.
A letter from Carlsruhe of the 7th, slates that
the illness of tli'' Grand Puke of Hadeu had m ule
such rapid progress that his dissolution was hourly
expected. It was announced that the hereditary
Prince Louis will be proclaimed Grand Duke, but
that Prince Frederick will take the reigns of govern
The German Journal of Frankfort states that the
diplomatic congress at Darmstadt, on the subject of
the congress of the Zollverin, has ended withoutany
result having been come to respecting the different
propositions which were brought forward.
The Chamber of Brunswick, in a recent sitting,
rejected a motion for the abolition of the lottery.
Accounts 1'iom Athens are of the 28th of March.
It is stated in the German journals that the
Supreme Court of Appeal of Greece had confirmed
the sentence of an inferior tribunal, condemning Mr.
King, the American missionary, to fifteen days
imprisonment, a heavy fiuc, and expulsion from the
kingdom, for having prcachcd the Protestant rcll
?i <?? n , in violation of the constitution. On this, Mr.
,ing addressed to the Minister of Foreign Affairs
a piotest against the judgment, both in his own
name and in that of the American government,
from which he held, he declared, an official mission.
He added that he wonld not voluntarily obey the
judgment. It was not known whether the Greek
government would expel him by force ; but, if it
should, it was considered likely that the United
Mates would take up his defence.
The letters mid, that groat scarcity exists in
Greecc, and that dreadful misory prevailed incon
sequence. The government was making extensive
purchases of corn in Turkey, for distribution to the
Leonidas Bulguris, the writer of the anonymous
letters recommending the overthrow of the constitu
tion. was, as you must be aware, arrested at Syra,
alter a desperate attempt to esonpo. Two soldiers,
who were employed to distribute the letters, have
since been taken, and arc now undergoing a vcr.y
severe examination.
The Const of Africa.
By letters from the British African squadron to
the 19th of March, we are informed that Commo
dore Bruce has entered, into treaty with every wilier
ehief in the Bight of Benin for the abolition of tit *
slave trade, jir attrition of missionaries, trc. The
blockade is entirely withdrawn, exoept at VVhydah,
and there it will Dot last long, ns Commander
Forbes, of the Philomel, has gone to Abomey to
treat with the King of Dahomy. Tho capture of
Lagos brought about these happy results. I he
chiefs who six months ago would have killed any
English officer who had the misfortune to be thrown
in tneir power, now hail us as their best friends,
swear the slave trade shall never be renewed in their
territories, and desiro nothing but merchant ships
for legal traffic.
Advises from Constantinople of the 27th lilt, are
received. Tho Porte, nccoding to tho request of
Sir Stratford Canning, has consented that Abbas
Pacha shall cxercisc for three yoars longer tho right
of life and death over the criminals of EJfypt. Tho
power of pardon is to be exercised in the name of
the Nultan, whose rights of sovereignty tho Pacha
i it tjpcctotf to atfcsewlfdge.
? ? ? ? ? >
Thr Dm mi f War.
The overland mail from India and Chios arrived!
in Londou on iho 13th inst., with lUics from Cal-I
tut (a, March lb ; Madras, March IS; Bombay, l
March 15; Hong kong, February *2< The London '
papers publish the subjoined telegraphic despatch: .
l'he Burmt so expedition cousist? of *>.000 troops, i
two veesels of war. and thirteen steamboats. Ad- '?
ditional forces fiom China were ex pec tod The de- J
nurture of the expedition wax lo I ak e place from >
Calcutta and Madras oa the 19th of March. The *
forces were to r< ndezvous at the mouth of the Cass, "
or the eastern bnuioh of the Irawuddy. The expe- "
ditiou would probably proceed up the hitter branch,."
to avoid the resistance prepared ?>u the route by
Rangoon, where 1.0 . OCX) Burmese troops wore assem- i
Lied. The British forces were intent l?d to advanec !
to Promc. l'ar'.ica of the Burmese liad ravaged the \
! frontier villages I
Other accounts in tho London Titnr-i slate that it *
was uncertain ivheu tho expedition would sail, an J
I the government watt averse to action at the prosent i
time, and rourii'ercd it would be bettor to forego
the Martabnn and Rangoon expedition till the eold
weather set in The lu.*t aivouui s from Moulmein ?
mention an attei:i|<t on the part of the Burmese, to t
drive oil her majesty's brig Serpent, which was
| blockading Bas.uen.
The Chamber of Deputies was still engaged, on
the 8th inst , in discussing the new treaty of com
merce coneluded with France. M Menabrea, one
of the leading members of the unti-co?stitutionali?t
opposition, attacked it. on the ground that it was .
detrimental to the interests of Savoy as a wine
growing eoumtry. He further contended that while
the treaty favored the oil trade, it tended to dimin
I ish production in general. Count Cavour, Minister of
1 Finatcc, observed, in answer to tho former speaker,
that of the seven provinces of Savoy there was but
one which grew wine to a certain extent, und that
it would be no loser by the treaty, sineo the intro
j duction of Freneti wines could only threaten had
I wines of indigenous growth, not the good ones.
The Minister could not coneludc his speech on ac
count of the lateness of the hour, arid the discus
sion was adjourned to the following day.
The Grand Dnkc and Grand Duchess Constantino
were to leave Venice for Florence on the 13th. They
are to visit Parmu and Milan, and to moet the
Graud Dukes Nicholas and Michacl at Monza. The
French government had authorized the removal to
Chatillon of tho remains of Marshal Marmont.
It was stated some time ago that M. Moutinho de
Lima had been received by the l'oi>e to present his
letters as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- .
l'Otentiary of tho Emperor of Bra7.il. It should . f
have been stated that they were letters of rccull. !
Turkish Republic In the Archipelago.
The Senate anil Chamber of Santos were opened
on the 6th ult., by the Turkish Governor. For some
time past, this island, the population of which is be
tween -10,000 and 50,000, has, though belonging to
Turkey, been in possession of the representative
system of government, and the inhabitants exercise
it with great prudoncc and order. The present Go
vernor, M. Cone me nos, has done much to consoli
date it. Before the formal oj>ening of tho session,
the deputies assembled in one of the principal
churches of Chora, and elected their senior memoor
as provisional President, and their junior member as
Secretary. Tho Archbishop of the island then ad
ministered to them the oath of fidelity and submis
sion to his Imperial Majesty the Sultan. A depu
tation was afterwards nominated to invito the Ca'i
ma< an (governor) to come to the church, aud iu a
quarter of an hour he arrived, accompanied by the
chief functionaries of the principality. He was re
ceived with enthusiasm by the deputies. The Cai
inacan then read tho opening Speech, which set
forth the improvements wuieh had been effected in
the administration of public affairs during the year,
and those it was proposed to adopt for promoting
public prosperity. The speech was of considerable
length, and from tho minuteness with which it en
tered into details on public matters, resembled a
message of a republican president. It caused great
satisfaction, not only to the deputies, but also, it is
said, to the vioe Consuls of England and Russia,
who were present. After the speech, the clergy
chanted the Te Deum. This was followed by en
thusiastic cries of "Ixmg live the Sultan ! May God
grant him long aud happy days !" The Caimacan
then returned to his hotel, accompanied by the
Archbishop, tho vice Consuls of England and Russia,
and the great functionaries; and tliere he received
the congratulations of all the authorities of the
island. The deputies afterwards assembled in their
hall, and resolved to send a translation of the Ca'i
macan's speech to the French newspaper at Con
stantinople, accompanied by a letter troin the Pre
sident, expressing unbounded gratitude anddevoted
ncss to the Sultan. The Assembly was to meet on
the 9th, to proceed to business.
The Indian Arehlpclago.
Advices from Butavia, Java, to the 27 th of Feb
rnary, are received.
The month has been marked with the usual occur
rence of shocks of earthquakes, more or less felt
throughout the island; but the frequency of which
has ceased to make people uneasy ? thej having be
come an almost everyday matter. Steamer agency
is now becoming general throughout the Dutcn
Archipelago ? to Macassar on the east, and to Pa
dang on the west, large and powerful tamers have
commenced to run monthly, and a third ii daily
expected to open the line hence to Ambayna, or
within four hundred miles of the English colony of
Australia. Some political changes will probably
result from this regular communication with the
vast possessions of the Dutch in these seas.
A tew days ago, an American schooner , called the
Flirt, ini v brought into Batama Raadl, in low of a
tear steamer, ft cm Palembang. The owner ana all
on board hare heen made prisomrs on a charge of
high treason, far endeavoring to induce the SiUtan oj
Jamlrie, or l>janibie, to revolt against the Dutch.
The recent disaffection at Palembang and its neigh
boihrcd l.r* g-ciitlv alarmed the Nethei lands go
vernment, which is well aware that the natives have
no affection for its rule. According to the Dutok
version of this treasonable affair, it would appear
that the Flirt arrived at Palembang, and that the
owner, Mr. Gibewn, stated that he*ra? on a pleasure
cruise, as a man of fortune. After a short time,
during which the utmost cordiality and hospitality
existed between Mr. Gibson and th? officials at
the station, the suspicions of the authorities were
excited, nnd a strict watch was kept over
the vessel's movement*. The mate, or supercargo,
who is said to be of a romantic disposition, was
desjmtclicdby Mr. Gibson with a letter to the Sultan
of .Iambic, written in the Malayan language, and
stating that if the Sultan wished it, Mr. Gibson
would enable him to throw off the Dutch yoke, that
there tnu a large feci of American vessels of war,
which wovhl assist the flirt againit the Dutch. The
mate travelled in a native dress to avoid suspicion,
and when captured, the letter alluded to was found
concealed in one of his stockings. The matter has
caused much excitement here, as the accused parties
are to be tried for treasonable designs against the
Dutch government.
On his arrival here, Mr. Gibson was kept a close
prisoner, but released by the court, on the ground
that the affair appeared to be no more than a foolish
escapade. On the same day the Procureur-General
had Mr. Gibson nnd crew imprisoned. They are now
inearccrated, awaiting trial beforo tbo Supreme
Court. The whole, certainly, is a very singular
business. Mr. Gibson has addressed a letter to the
American commodore, begging his lnterferew# aal
The Chlneae Empire.
The Or ciland Friend, of February 27, has the fol
lowing general summary:
The Chinese New Year holidays have passed over
quietly, so far ; and tho affairs of the empire are not
known to be in a much more desperate conditiou
than they were at the date of our last despatch.
Fears were entertained, before the commencement of
the yenr, for the safety and quiet of Canton; but, a*
mentioned on a previous occasion, wc need not fear
for Canton whilst Kwel-lum-foo, the capital ot
K wang-si, (the adjoining province,) is in the hand*
of the imperialists.
The ink of this writing was not dry when wo re
ceived the following important item of intelligence.
Teen-teh has ordered his troops to proceod from five
different points to attack the city Kwei-lin-foo ; in.
consequence of which the Tartar general is in a great
fright, and has sent dispatches to Seu. demanding aa
| immediate supply of men and money. The dig
patches were received here yesterday. Anotherlot
ter refers to troubles in Hainan ; but, together with
some late Gazette ?, translations must stand over.
As our wholo knowledge of the progress of the
rebellion is founded on correspondence with different
parts of the country, corroborated occasionally by
notices in the Piking (the government) Gazette,
without venturing to express more opinions of onr
own on this tiresome, thaugh important subjoct, we
I shall, until we are in a better position to observe
; what is actually going on, simpl.v give abstracts ot
such correspondence as regards what, is being done
! in the provinces.
[From our Chinese Correspondents |
It is reported that tn account of rebels having
taken possession of l'ing-nan-hcen and Ctiaou-ping
hcen, the Tartar general had collected troops from
the four provinces of Kwang-tung, Kwang-?e, Yun
nan, and Kwei-chow, to the number ?f 13,000, to
attack the rebel camp, which was distant about 12il *
le (-K) miles). On the way they met, as by aoei
dent, a small body of rebels, who hastily retreated
before them : the troops kept up a close pursuit,
bat, in passing the night through an extensive
grove t?f bamboos, they found themselves ruddcnlj

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