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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 24, 1852, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Oar Riwptrt forre?po?4*i?w.
Nbwtoit. R. 1 , July -0, IS?
7?.? HUtitandiht Matnt Lijuor iMW-Gtargt P.
Dcvmni:'* 1(4 f/U Hotwi ?wl Prtftnm Es.
fttokm** </ rt??n J?-1V
?4 MaiUr?Tkt On t Efftth of At !<*/**
The Kail Fiver boats tiuek twice here every
klsht? once in going to, and again in returning
|i?m New Ycrk-and, though they we CTOwdinl
?*b passengers, very few ot them rem.m ?* .New
port. The great bulk of those fro. the ^ulh ""J
W.st, in search of health and pleasure pa* .on , by
the most pleasant mode of travel ?
?w r?W? to the White McuDtwn% *n^void Newport
w they would a city ot the plague. rho cause
5 ?hi/i, the despotic L i?uor law which
a.?e into operation here yesterday. rbe l<p
Wy ,*rer labors hard te ?bow that the la*
ka. had no effect in keeping away the summer
winters Hut everybody here knows that this >?
M( the fact . and the best prsof of it is a re fere nee to
arrivals at the hotel*, now in the very height o?
Ml* itwon. At the three hotels, yesterday, the
arrivals were as follawr.? Ocean House, 22; Ailan
*#, 11; Bollevue, 8. In a Saratoga paper, just
arrived here, I find tbht the arrives at a single hotel
?f that watering plate till half a column. The
BeQevue House, which is the smallest, the most aris
Weratie, and furnishes the best tabic, is nearly filled,
t)1 the votaries of fashion, but with those
_fc, Kck for quiet enjoyment and repose. The At
lantic Hotel, which is the most ably conducted, and
arcend in sue, is not m full as the Ifellevne Hou*e.
bot far better tilled tban the Ocean House, which :
the largest atd m?t fashionable, though by tar the
worst n.anoged of the three. The Ocean House is
B.t more ?Un half filled. The cottages arc for the
most part occupied with the Jtifi -haired, straight
C'dfcold water class But these ^
?nei t v and cannot compensate tor the class that ha
" en drive n a wo v . The wine observation applies to
ibe betels You will meet staid old dowager? ?nd
aswient gouty gentlemen- spinBters of forty year# and
t,rvav Of .and bachelors who nav e long -mice despaired
?[ cver getting a wife ; but tie youn*, .he
Miivt and the cay are not there as the J
Joriner 3 ears Tbev seek a more congenial atmo
phere elsewhere, the Southern people who sivod
tktir money so freely, are almost wholly di n en
?way from Newport. Prom any point south of N ew
Yoik u?u will scarcely see a name on the hooks oi
the hotels. This is felt and spoken ?t oy all.
But von will be told that though the Maine aw
has come into effect, it is already a dead letter, and
will not be carried into execution. 1 ooplc, howl
er at .?? distance, will not oome te 1 Newport trui sting
K, the mere sufferance of the pettyj authorities of so
taean a ciiy for the exercise of that individual li
Wr?\ ?hic?i they have enjoyed from their cradle,
wh eh is the birthright of every American, and
which they can enjoy unshackled at other watering
nUccs on every side. illfh of spirit and mde
Sendint feeling, and of sound moraJity, do not
wish to set the law of the place where thoy rewde at
defiance. nor do free bom A moricans wish that then
mk of wine and other drinks should depend on the
?mtc will of the majority of a common council. It
is true that liuuor can be got at certain bars by
eeUivg for something tlse, and gjving a knowing
wink to the barkeeper, who will scrutinize your
Statures to fee that jou are not an informer, *hiU
at other bars they sell oj-enly, and at the J1?'4-,18
two or three bottles of wme are brought to the
taUe But gentlemen do not want to drink
hi stealth, and tbe re suit is that wine, which is the
2, tog and profitable department of a hotel, is
iwl-, dy drank at the Newport hotels at all
^Tho only man who is doing a thriving buaness
J ,t present, is George T. Downing, of New
York', so celebrated for his oysters. For A^teJ"|J
??c rears he has come for the summer months to
Newport, where he supplies oysters m every shai*.
r&ui e Burners, and ice ereama. Uia establishment
^.^lif d tbe Yacht House, aud is right opposite the
? ~r tpiJ
Fartic ot' gentlemen, and often of ladies -vnd gen
?2fn not satisfied with the fare or attendance at
t> <? Kntt-1. L'f> there to get a rtchctcht enter. niii
h^ii- cooked and served up in a style that cannot
be arWoachcd at any other establishment in New
llrt lTe h"s his game, and oysters, and liquor-,
lie dhect from New York, and all are of a "upe
ftor'nuirity, that whe.iaDytha.gni^wanted
L, }t. rC to Downing V. (icorge evades the law in
r' "y: He dves not sell any chammgnc, or
?ther wines, but lie gives i' gratuitously, taking enre
sourccrof profft.' He
also supplies dinner- and suppers, and ices to the
?t ranger? residing ir thecottages. George Downing
has mere than an ncrc of real estate in the be*t
part 0f Newport, with seven stores on it. let to va
nons rersons, beside- a rarge of stables which he
hires out for the season Ho is about building on
the snrre pro? city two cot tc gee to let. Such is the
fltmrishing business done by a gentleman of color,
in consequence of the incompetence and ridiculous
tolf- conceit and mismanagement of the hotels.
His ke creams are as- much superior to anything you
?tn cct at the hotels, or at.y where in Newport, as
hU oysters are superior to all others, t.eorgc not ,
only bus the best viands but he has the art to cook
and trepore them best for table. 1
Tbe wholesale liquor houses arc closed. <)n . a
tnrdav lost, Newton gave a largo quantity of liqu'i ,
away'to all who applied for it. This was by way of :
clraxii g out hfs -took. Pitchers and demijohns
w*rc sent to htm from every quarter, and it is said
that olc little girl came the seventeenth time with
ktr pitcher, when at length Newton ?^?rTmK11'
teld her to tell her father to send somebody el e
i?*xt time. Such terror has this law inspired, tha
or e druggist refused to seU alcohol on Monday.
The t?ison applying lor it, however, got it in
aaether establi&hiiieut. The inten.rctat.on given
to the law by some wholesale dealers ts cunou^
They say that any liquors ordered before the 1.
;n,o or* ration, may be suppUed and rtemerea
to tbe retailers at anv time hereafter, %
Yat, iie the law . A nd on the same principle the re
tail' fs say they v* ill supply their cuitomcrv Thus,
practically, the law is a faree, except to do iui?
Jhitf. There is mors drank than ever by the
Jmiknnl.' and larger (luantities of liquor hu\e_
Ttrnwrance, it is well known, have secured an ex
la surX It is only the moderate men who do
Sffi the gifts of tb- gods, and who, being the
most numerous drinkers, are the real supi?rt of the
trade? it is only those who are deprived of their ac
?nstorced beverage by this most fanatical a
absurd law. And Newport is seriously injured
by >t
Atlantic Hotei,, )
Nkwv ort, K. I , July 22, 1KV2. $
The Commc n Covntil and the Maine Jmii' ? Tin In
former Refuse! his Certifcate ? The Origin of the
Law in Bhode It/and ? How the IVhigs wtrt En*
Itnjiptd? H< "? the Hotel Keepers hunt Protected
Themselves from tin Opt rat inn of the Imw ? JIow
w Works ? Interview between fleorge Downing
and a Jh'hop ? Netepart Behind the Age ? ProgrtMS
of Root Beer and the Colic ? Cold Water Bulls?
The Belie* of the Hotels ? Thi Owner ? and Ornt
j*, nt* of Cottage*? "Symptoms of Poverty in the
Hot its ? Extreme Ihlness ? Curious fbxhwns ?
Ihingerous Abandon ? Excursion* by Sizht ? Pro
gres* of Demoralization? Georf!! Dooming anil
Faro Table ? Proposition for a Sew llottl? 7 he
Mountains of Air w Hampshire.
There have been two meeting of the Common
Coancil here, during the last two 01 three day*, and
the nik.ject of the Maine law *m warmly dbcuMod,
though y?,u 'win look in Tain for any intelligence on
the luhject in the local paper, which is called Tint
An/-*, somewhat on the principle of I writs a nr,n
Imrendo ? that if, lurus, a grove which is dark, ii
derived from luiro, to fliine. The Newt is to culled
became it givel i v ntv , one 0f these meetings
?f the Comma Council, Captain Pratt, who was
appointed the c< mmon intormer, by a town meeting
daring the last month, applied to the chairman
for hi? certificate The chairman, who ia the only
temperance man left In the Board, refuted to sign it,
because the obj^'t of thi? appointm<rti! was u. throw
ridicule on tin- Maine law, Capiate I "rati being ap
pointed by the very town met ting which passed re.
#olution> denouncing the mcaeurc. The Captain
likes a good gliw of wine, Of course, in flwderaileo;
be cannot * c objects animate or inanimate, unle^?
tbey are very olose to him: nnd he communes in
church- yarui by night, win the spirit*, in>t of al
*obol, but of 'he other World. J he Comnaon
Council bare refused to appoint a public vendor of
liqoor fr>r medicinal and aacra mental purpose*, and
kbe frii ndc of the tick h;ne Mnaonuently to apply
to tb< hotels and public hou*os for it. It i* curious
enough that the Common Council *'eetcl for the
purple of carrying out the law. ron-'iat" "f the ho
le! keepers, pot. henna and sinners: Mid thereby
luogs k tale about the origin of this movement.
Ttte tc?p? ranee perU ?t first rjjilit'l to the
democrat* to tssfat thr'm in parsing the law.
The ?ic3ioorHt? deeiintd. The whig* were n?<t
Applied to, an<l were caught in the irip, and the
?Uin?crats, gl?'' lo '<pd "hem there, did not of
f*r a strowg eppooilion to ft. Weaver. *>t
tW llvufc, a hading whig politician, mill
I.awm re. the democratic candidal# f?'r (!om(BW,
bud an understanding between them that the law
u to be defeated. ?ud Weaver promised Li* io
fuenee *o aototDptish tbat <?bju?t. When it owne to
the seratch, however, Weaver bstked out, and pre
{, rn d going with bin party, or perhaps he found that j
be hau raised a mm^ii'r be eouW not quell. The
wLig party intend' <i to humbug the temperance
men. and having obtained their aid in electiug tbeir
candidate* to office, hi tide up tbeir minds to be
beaten, a* it were, by the democrats on the liquor
question. Hut the dt mot' rat a knowing this game,
would not Wat them, and determined to aJlow the in
to have enough of the tliiiie law. An<l now, the
Lest ot the joke in, that the very men who pawed it
will not carry it out, or rather they carry it out par
tially. While the hotels are securely enjoying a
monopoly of t he sale of liquor for the present, moH
of the wall retailers and <iU the wholesale dealers
are so wared that tbey are afraid to fell a drop.
The sale of more than fire gallons constitutes a eoin
mon seller or wholesale dealer, and the penalty for the
hret offence is % 100, and the second $200. The sale
of any quantity under five galluns constitutes a
retailer, and the penalty is $20, &e. Notwithstand
ing nil the precaution of the Newport people to rea
der the law nugatory, they have not succeeded. The
botcls are better protected against its operation th in
other public houses, for the hotels only sell to their
guests ? strangers? while the customers of the other
public houset ore chicfly citizens Now, tho law
says it mast be on the information of three oitizens
that the premises can be searched, nn<l not upon the
information of strangers and sojourners. Tho
hotels, therefore, continue to sell oj.eniy, while the
ether places ore closed. Families in cottages, who
have not brought liquor with them, labor under tho
greatest disadvantages. A rather funny incident
occurred with a eottage-hoJder ? a bishop ? here
yesterday. The Bishop, who is an invaliJ, raited at
the Yacbt House, and said he felt quite debilitated
from not being able to get wine on account of the
Ma. ue law. "Don't let that trouble vuu," said
Downing, "I can let you have some." " Have
yoa any claret'1/' asked tlivj Bi hop. "Yes,"
said George, " in bottles, but not on draught.
1 have very good Scotch ale. What would you
think of that 1 ' The Bishop said that was an ex
cellent ibi?'g to give strci j;th, and he would try
some. co Downing served up an cacellent lun-'b,
consisting of iheebnicest titbits, and a bo'tle of tb?
best Scotch ?le. The Bii?b<>p said crime before and
after meat, and felt himself \a?!!y refreshed in the
inner man When he culled for h.^ bill, the Bishop
observed that Downing was charging no'hhig for
the ale. "That is all right," said Downing, "I
don't sell ale or other strong drinks, 1 give thciu
free, but I charge a decent profit upjn the eat*
blea." "Oh," says the Bishop. laugh ng, "I see b
it. is: then I will come here every day and pay you
for the use of your room, and seeing the winery
from your windows, and you can let uie have a bot
tle of that Scotch ale for nothing." "Agreed, sir,"
replied Downing, "and anything el-c you require,
fj*m lleidsick to the best Otard." This Is one ex
ample from many.
It is said here by some that, no three citizens can
be found who will agree to give information, and
swear they suspect any individual hn? liquor on his
premises. But many will not trust to this kind of
sufferance for the enjoyment of liberty. The great
mn.-s of the citi7.cn-> of Newport are poor, as you
will see from the dirty, dincy api>earince of their
houses, and the poverty of the business part of Uie
city, which forms quite a contrast to the majority
of the cities and \ lllages of New England. The
few handsome dwellings in the npperregion are, for
the most part, occupied by nabobs, si?me of them
bciDg from Boston, and soiuc from New York, and
some from other quarters. Men of wealth who re
side lierc do not invest their capital in Newport,
but in other placcs. 'iYere are only one or two
factories, and they but of small account. There is no
waterpowcr for manufacturing purposes. There is no
?nterpriso here ? little or no trade ? it is extremely
dull in every sense of the word. The city is halt' a
century behind the age, and has made little or no i
progress, while Providence is going ahead. The ]
people chiefly live upon the strangers who come
trom othfr parts of the Union in the summer season, |
and hence their aversion to the Maine law inflicted j
upon them by the rural districts, and the politicians '
of their own city, and from the apathy, and wunt 1
of talent, influence and circulation of the mise- j
ruble daily paper t\int' rrprcw?>t? tU?n Newport,
with its 10, (MH) inhabitants, is adapted by nature Tot '
a watering place, and is never likely to be anything
else; but even in that respect it stands in a
fuir way of being ruined by the Maine law. Some
of the opponents of the law here, say that if they
canr.ot get liquor privately they will have nn in
surrection. But the tem{?rance j>arty say they
wijl not permit the law to be defeated, and that
when the Legislature meets, they will have it si?
amended, that its o]>eration here will not depend
upon She will ot' the Common Council, or the iu
hubitants oi Newport.
The root beer and siin:iur establishments arc
flourishing; but a grc.v, many who drink * h is
'?perilous stuff' complain of col).-;, and other
Jlisi'd,. ??auuvtluur in tlwu iatagtingg. Ill [bis hot,
weather people will bare something to drink besides
cold water, .-md those accustomed to mixing a little
brand j in the water find those other strange drinks
do not agiec with their stomachs
To Riant there is to be a cold ivvt^r ball at
the Bellevue House --fifty cents admission for out
siders: so J Oil may pucs- what Sort of ?n aiTair that
is to be. The pretty .Mies llislop. of New York, is
<tnyingat the 0< can House, and tfr<. Tenon t, of
Plii'nticli bia ? a very dashing lady ? is at the s.nno
establishment; she dresses better thun anybody
H.-c. Miss Trot, of Philadelphia, is the belle of the
Btllern House. General Scott's two daughters,
and his son-in-law. Colonel Scott, arc here. Colonel
Preston, of South Carolina, occupies a cottage in
Newport. I'rescott Hall, the 1'niteu Stales District
AttorLcy, owns a cottnge. The Hon. George Bin
croft and family own a oottn'C, and are occupying
it ut present. Among the other occupants and own
ers of cottages are the following ? Albert Sumner,
Beujamin D. Orcen, Charleston. S. C.; Professor
Norton, Cambridge, Maus ; Judge Swarm, Coluaa- j
bit, Ohio; Allyn Otis. Boeton ; Mrs. Mtcflic, Mr. j
Parkman, son'of the late Dr. Parkman, Boston;
W. H Wetmore. New York (the finest house on
the island); Robert H Ives, Providence; Mr. Hrcese,
.New York; William S. Yo-e, I! M. Ma?on, Boston;
Morgan (Jibbers, New York; Mr. Wright, ot New i
York: lion David Sears, Boston; Mr-, tirant. Bos- i
ton; Mrs. Peckham, Mr <;?oll"c, George Tiffany,
I Clement C. lloore, Jos. Tew, Mr Kiehanlson, Geo.
| T. Downing, New York ; John Vars, Gideon l.nn
I ton, Thos i oggerhall, Col. Gates, ( has Hunter, Dr.
i Charles Davis, Charleston, S. C.; Hubert Kay, IT on.
Isaac P. Hazard, George A Colvert, Kicharu Hay,
.1 anies Lenox. Mrs. Mnitlaml, H S. M&itland, Geo.
M. Coster, New York; Mr. l'arkin, Le Grande
('anon, Toy; Mr. Coit, Misses Bent, Boston; J.
Dwight. Springfield; Mr. Lewis, Philadelphia: J.
Auctiin.-loss. N ^ oik; Mr Greenough, the sculptor;
Kev. Mr. M cud, Henry Tiffany. Mr. Appleton,
G. How land Shaw, Da\ id Sears, *.fr., Israel I'horn
dike, Mr. Brown, and Mrs. Dr. Parkman, Boston.
The three principal hotels here have engaged bc
t?'fn them the Germaiiia band, of Baltimore,
which discourse" most excellent music every night
to the listless guests of one or other of these estab
lishments, and to all the outsiders who come to hoar.
None of them can afiord to pay for a band exclu
sively for itself, and they thud club fir mu-ic, to
! keep tip the droopinc spirits of their inmates. It i
: up hill woik, however, and like galvanizing n
I corpee. Everything sceru? flat, spiritless, and dead.
They ba\e a hop every night; but it is languid and
tame, and only lew take part in it. The majority
prefer promenading in the long halls, or lolling on
chairs and solas, indulging in the most insipid,
vapid --man talk imaginable. The whole thing is
i the very embodiment of dullness itself
Last night, it was the turn of the Atlantic to g"t
i the music, and, according to the arrangement, the
; guest? from the other tvw> hotel* went there--Bor?o
1 in carriages, but the majority walked, the ladies in
their bate hair, and dressed in the pink of fashion,
i Indeed, it was revolting to all ordinary ideas of pro
I pritty, to see bevies of them in the shades of night,
and without a lamp of anv kind in the streets, trip
\ p'ng along withoui a '? ntleinan to protect thcu
from imnTt. In fact, many ladies seem to think,
I when they coin, to Newport, that they may cast off
all conventional restraint, and juut do as they
pl?a he Hence you will sec married ladies, who
' com* here without their husbands, driving out and
| flirting at an awful rate with young swells. Vou
will Me giddy girl- at these hotels, without anv
! father or mother, or male protector whatever, f
know one instance of threo or four sisters who are
1 here alone, and arc among thi gayest of the gay ?
I one of th<m very charming, arid like a rose just
blown into wonianiiood, exposed t<> all the tempta
tions and seductive arts of unprincipled men. What
the consequence of all this is likely to be, I leave
you and your resderetojud^e. Here there are black
legs, and giiiiiblcrs, ami pickpockets, who travel
under feigned name*, and lie in wait for their vic
tims. It is very funny to see ladies of the highest
res|>cctability waltzing and gallopading with these.
All propriety of dress scorns to be abandoned
hi re. One lady will walk into the breakfast room
in ball dress, another will sit down to broukfa?t or
tea with her bonnet and shawl on, and, in fict,
every on does that which is most pleasing to her
>*n ' tste, no matter what sinctators may think of
it- There is a sort of abtnulov among some of the '
young ladies here that otni ni- ill for thoirown future
happir.c<p and the peace of their fainilirs The j
manin r in which battling is conducted lure ishighly 1
objectionable, A familiarity take" p'aec between
tin "exes in the water that, to say the le.i9t, is any
thing but seemly.
M*nyol the sednetione of thoughtless girl*, and
oi married women, ?hu hcome to light in ibe news
papers, ar.d m&n\ whiih never eome to light, have
their origin in the hotels of Newport . I would as
s< -i ii..,; my daughter, if I had one. a? let htr
roti - to thi watering place, and mingle with this
crowds I sic around me.
l he progress oi demoralisation i ' rapid here, and
the rani about the Kaine law is the noet disgusting
ot all abominations. La.-t year a house of fasttion
fcblc vice was established by fe?j*'ee from New Yoik
The Common Council arrested ihe whole b*U?h, and
Kit them to prison They hud uo authority lor ;
this, and the wouncn brought an astioo agtunH !
th? m. which it still pending. And now, instead of
one, there are two hout>as of this deeeription
in fall blast, and a gambling den open at all
hour*, for *11 vomers, and without ai>y disguise
whatever. Bv-the-by, yesterday. when I ww at
the barber's shop, in Downing's block, Oeorge T.
Downing and the proprietor of the gambling con
cern happened to be there. George, who supplies
turn with game suppers for his "pigeons, aud
thus knew him, asked what effect the Maine law,
ai d the articles in the Hk&ald about it, would
have npon the visiter* 1
Fa.ro ? A very great effect.
I'owkimo ? Are there not a great many visiters
here now ?
Fako ? Not near so many at the hotels as there
were last year.
1'owNiMi ? But there are a good many in the
Faju>? Yes, of the straight-haired kind; but
they are good for Nothing. The Koutherners, who
have money to spend and the heart to spend it, are
not coming this seas-on, thanks to the Maine law
and the Hkbai.d.
Downing acknowledged the eorn, and said he was
afraid be was going to suffer himself this season,
though his business had been every year increasing
for the last few years. "Butt" he added, "when
they bear that the Maine law is likely to be a dead
letter, will they not then come ?'
Fako? No, not at all. They will not trust to
that; betides, it is now too late. They have made
their arrangements, and mad? up their joiuds to go
elsewhere for the season.
With these words, Faro? whose eve I h*d caught
upon mc Severn) times ? gave me a piercing glance,
as if to take my weight and measure, ana form
a conclusion as to the length of my purse, and
whether there was anything green in my phis.
What judgment he arrived at 1 know not; but, on
going out, Le gave Downing an order for a game
supper. not forgetting the (Jrisped potatoes, & la
Saratoga lake ? a secret which tho great oystcrman,
fume liow or other, hue got possession of, to the in
finite chagrin of the hotels. In the list of Pown
irg'h property, which I gnv? you in my former let
ter. I emitted to mention a handsome cottage
adjoinii c his Yacht House- It was occupied list
sva.'on by Colonel McMurray. Downing does
a'l the pie-nic bssinesn of Newport, besides
what he supplies to private families in cot
tages. and the supper anu dinner pnrties ordered by
the guests of the hotels. It is not at all wonderful
thn' be should mnke money by tlio latter, for tho
food is bad, the cooking bad, and tho attendance
very bud in the majority of them Tho fish soino
timot absolutely smells, and they insert in their bill
Ot fare dithes Which they hHve not, and if you ask
for one of these, the waiter will come back and tell
yon it is a)I gone A train, when you ask for oi
dish, another will be brought to you, and the same
waiter will come to you three times and ask you
what tou wnnt, after your i> ' the order
twice before. If you are smartyou will
get nothing to eat at dish upon which
yon cust a longing ej e itched away from
jou like a flash of ligt ust as vou are going to
try it, and you will n? . if apam, thus leaving
you pretty much in thi nation of Tantalus in the
infernal regions. Then tin eternal clatter and tho
noise (#' the servants whi stling, and singing, aud
clsgj^ig of doors, reminds one of the same locality.
Tkrre is r.mple scope for a new hotel, and Oeorge
Downing could not do better than start one upon
a large scale. The other three, or at least two of
them, might then close up, as they will probably do
snyhow, front the operation of tho Maine law. In
Newport there is no Marvin, or Howard; the hotel
keepers are totally ignorant of the business, with
one exception, and he is only a second rate.
The atmosphere is very worm and moist and op
pressive, for the last two or three days. Your
dummy elothes adhere to yonr skin, and the feeling
is piost uncomfortable, except on the seashore,
which is a long way from the city.
How different from the elastic, dry, bracing air of
the mountains and lakes of New Ham|>shire. How
any one who has ever been there can stay for three
days ?t Newport, I am at a loss to conceive, unless
that they have not money to bring them any further,
or prefer dull inarities, as stupid as a thrice-told
i ale to Uic glorious charms of nature in her most
lovely aspect, and the rollicking mountain breeaes
which bring healing on their wings, and the exer
cise which restores vigor and strength and tone to
the system, and inspires yon with the fooling I bat
you are a new man or woman. The number of
sickly, wan faces that meet your eye at the hotels
of Newport, proclaim that this is not the best pla-e
for health of body or mind, or for trie enjoyment.
The only thing for which Newport is at all valuable
or st rangers, is its bathing facilities. But com
paratively few avail themselves of this, nnd with
many persons salt water bathing and sea air do not
agree. By inserting this communication, you will
confer a lasting benefit upon liiar.y of your readers
in the South.
Our Mit^'ora Corrr*po?itleiice.
Niagara Falls, June 2H, 1852.
; lntcri -ting Physiological Fart ? The City and Fall v
? cf X iii gam.
Coming up to New York, from Buffalo, wi'bin a
few <lins, 1 picked up a few item*, which in;iy boot'
intcre.-t to your readers.
On board the steamer Hendriek Hudson, going
up to Albany, I ascertained that there is no longer
nnv -uih thing as "niggeit." A Southern gentle
man addresi-ed a colored i*>rter, on board tie boat,
thus: Gent. ? " Do you belong to this boat!'' Col
ored person ? "Yes, fir." trout ? "Where is the
nigger who took charce of my baggage!'' Colored
person, indignantly ? "There ain"t 110 niggers on
boa rd this boat, fir." (Southern gentleman dumb )
A great physiological and political fact wn- revealed
to him. He will, probably, make a note of it.
The opening of the new railroads from Canandai
gna to Elmira, ar d from Rochester to I.oekport and
Niagara Falls direct, are all the talk. The ioriuer
has been open some time, but the latter is juat
ready to reaeive passengers. The ears commence
running regularly this week. They are both fine
| roads, out the Rochester and I.oekport road is said to
, excel, in its appointments, any road yet built in the
t inted States. It has all the lateht improvements
This new road to the Falls will make a great change
in the current of fashionable travel to the Falls.
Very few persons, goiug from New York or Boston,
1 will now visit Buffalo first, as before, but will come
direct to the Falls by this new route. The Ogdens
; burg and I.akc Ontario route will also command a
l large share of travel, and thus Buffalo will become
oi)l v a place of transit, not a place for stopping over
nignt, a." formerly. It will U.-wen the pleasure- seek
? ing visiters at Buflalo, at least one third.
The people are beginning to visit the Falls in
great numbers Yettferday (Sunday) a. dinner, th?
landlords of the principal hotels assured me that
they had nearly as maiiy guests at table, as any
day last season.
The new hotel, to be called the " International
House," is not quite finished, but will be ready for
guests about the 1.1th of .luly It i? a very
large stone house, but not very beautiful as yet,
1 though it may be, when the verandah, &c.,is cmi
, pleted. #
The Clifton House, on the Canada side, i- in fine
' condition, and rapidly filling up. They have six
cottages, for families, ultached to the house, and
every thing looks in the most perfect order. The
new park is a great ornament, though the trees arc
yet small.
The fall of Table Bock, and the constant ( rum
bling of the bunks near the Morse Shoe I 'all, line
made a great change in the aspect of the ??< ??. ne ? but
. not for the worse, I think, a- even these changes
' are so full of interest that they compensate forev?ry
1 thing that has been lost.
1 Goiog under the central or middle fall, on the
1 American side, and into the "Cave of the Winds,"'
j is now the great feat of the day. and entiroly
! cchpf?? the od venture ol the same kind on the Ca
nada side, so they say ? ai.d I am perfectly willing
; to take the current report for tmtn, w .thout a per
sonal test.
Niagara city? do you know it is a city, with a
real charter and a real city government ? Well, it
is. Ningara city line risen in five years, from three
hnndred inhabitants to the dignity of 11 city? and
they do things in city style lare, I assuro you. It
j is a whig city, too, aid will go for the hero of
j Lundy's Lane, though they all nay they would r&
1 ther have Webster, and they think the Fillmore i
j m*0 will preler to vote for Fierce, rath>r than for a I
1 Seward man. But Lundy's Lane i.< hard-by here, 1
and il there is any thing iu a name. Niagara ought j
to go for Scott. Tiik Oec'TOK.
Croloii Water,
Your rorresjioiident, "< 'ommon Senae," is no com- |
in on man. He has diheovered tho causo of the de
ficient supply of wuter.
It is the officers of the department that eaine the .
mischief "at the High Bridge, where the water
overflows, and tuns by the thousands of gallons per
minute into the Harlem river " Aye. that's it. If
these stupid officers would only tnsVe this surplus
ran through the pip s on the bridge?which pijies
are already full? why then, then would be more
water delivered in the city.
Seriously, there is a small overflow of water at
the gate house on the Vfastcbeater end of the High
Bridge. This assuics tho faotthat tbepipw lying on
that bridge are not only full, but under pressure of
a head sufficient to accelerate the Hon of water
through them, and thus increase the daily quantity
delivered. "Common Sense" may |>o-sihly see the
phi lor of by tf thir, and that wioile there is any
!iifii?'K -urpliisin the t'roton river, it is better to
nsc tbut suij lo u.i j, uead tb HigllBiMge, than
to |i?* il mi ujelessly our t!.c 1 .. av t'." ? >nr*e of !
'TP '/? fiti-rr v.
Our New Hampshire Corr tapon<l?itve<.
Concord, N. H , July 2J, IW2.
Tht Slander upon Gen. Purrt'i Charuettr Diip vtd
(f by Witts, un i Ftftvt* ? I \'!ug '/V<
limtjng to His Sobrxny ami Mitral U</HJutt ? Htf
Prvftsticnfkl and Pnlitxcal Hialory of (#*?. Pterin.
Id a former letter 1 told you that the re* pee table
whigs btre were utterly disgusted with tbe ba*e ?t
taeks made upon tbe personal character of General
Pierce, of whom all classes of citiienn feel promt. I
also warned the calumniators that it was better to
let hie character alone, as an investigation into their
allegations would rebound with infamy upon their
own heads. 1 shall now prove that I wan right, by
unquestionable documents. I addressed a netc to
each of the gentlemen whose names are signed to
the subjoined letters. The following is the corres
pondence : ?
A correspondent of th? Nkw York Hksald. who cn
rlores hi* cvi kavtng vitdtf d COiteord for tlte purpone of
karvnng the bietory and pcrrooal charac'er of ()<>ucr?l
I'ierce, iht demooiatie candidate for tbe Presidency. and
having teen charge* In certain newrpapertt allectintf tlia
miral character of that gentleman, tho writer applW'B to
jou for authentic infoi motion upon tbe rutyert. aa hav
ing the be*t opportunity for knowing hit habit* ? not that
be believes, or ever did believe, thiwe dotcnviitR. but
that the truth may aome out in such a chape that it
cannot be gain* ay ed.
Conaoad, July IB, 1862.
Ooncobd. N. II , July 10. 18.VZ
Drm 8ta ? In reply to your note juxt reeolvtl I am
happy to etate thai I have been well uequainad with Ocn.
I'n rre ever cinoe be became a raniilent of Oouourd. in
ISott. during ?Oft a<f which time I have been the keeper
of a hotel, for a conMderaUe period, he aud his family
boarded at my houie. aud I wax n? eewarily conversant
with hia daily habit*. and am B?o*t ready to bear wit
ww liom uiy owa perianal kuowWtlge. to the purity of
bi? piivat* kite and ? baructer The faUe ai>d tufamoua
charge* to which jou refer, and whi?h a moat tiiidigtiant
S..rtixau spirit hut put iu circulation, need no refutation
t rc. wbeie Oca. l'i? rce is personally kuowu ; and al
though a politi. al opponent. 1 fe< I the ut most di*gu*tut
tli if foul attempt tu prejudice him in the estimation of
th<*e * ho do not enjoy the honor of hU personal ac
<|Utiintanro. The t< *timony of respectable men of siAI
parties, iu thw town, will rhow Ueu. Pieroe to be unaar
puf i d iu the full and unexceptionable discharge of all
tli< ihitic* pertaining to the gentleman and tho private
cituen Yours sf*|*etfully. WILLIAM W A LK Kit
Comoro, N. H.. July 19. 1HJ2.
Pur Sir ? I cheerfully reply to your note of tbit date.
0< n. l'lerce and hi* family have boarded with me sincc No
vernier. IMA and do ho Mill. I have always been a whig
myself, tmd have uniformly voted with the pirty oppo??d
to Gen Pierre in polities and am mortified, thai, through
the ag< ncv of any member of our pnrty. there should be
oocaMon to d< ny imputations ko entirely groundless as
tliOfC which, for partv pur)>ofct>. have Ixvn put In circu
lation. 1 am Mire that among honorable men of both
pai ties. who have had an opportunity to kuow Oeu
Pu ree well. y<.u would find no unfavorable testimony
:i ni l li'ui. om a private eitisen. While we do uot like
Iil- |K.litien we are ready to award to him all reepcet and
honor in other re*peetti. I never knew the lea<tt founda
tion lor any charge a?ain*t, hi* private character and do
not beeilate to my that t do know the revw*e of those
charges to be true. With much respect. your obodient
Who are the writers of these letters? Mr. Walker
is tin old gentleman, sixty- five or seventy years of
age ? a man of property, who has retired from ac
tive business. He is not only highly respectable,
but one of tbe most truthful, intelligent, and high
minded men in Concord, or in the Slate. Mr. Wil
liams in a mechanic, at the head of one department
of the extensive carriage manufactory ol llr. J.
Stephens Abbott, in this town. He is one of its
bent and most respected citizens, whose honor and
truthfulness no one would attempt to
What are the politics of these gentlemen] Demo
cratic 1 Not a bit of it. They are bo'.h strong
whitB; but they both feel mortified at the shame
less attempts of members of their party to dispa
rage and injure the private character of General
Pieicc, and they have tfbrne this willing testimony,
which i? alike honorable to them and to tho leader
of the opposite political party in New Hampshire.
What will the New York I rtbuiie say to this.
Will it insert these letters in ita ooiumiH .
We shall see. Upon this part of the snbj^et
I muv add that such is the character of <?eu
t,al l'ierce for sobriety, that two J ears r.ga be
was appointed one of a committee at a great tem
perance meeting at Concord, to request the public
houses to abandon the sale of liquor; and Mr.
of the American House, assured roe that though
he has kept a hotel for twenty years, and his house
is the place where General Pierce's fnends all come,
he never saw or kcew of him to drink two glMsea
Oi liquor durii g that time. Perhaps there is no m
s-.ii cf of a public man drinking to hitle in his lue
1:1^ as General Pierce.
So much for the charge of being ' a drunkard and
a set.' The charge ot cowardice 1 have u)ro.idy
effectually disposed cf. Tbere is one coaige that
remaii a It is again6t his political consistency .1
cliftice so foolirh that every person here, ol all pn
litieal shades of opinion, regard it as the most foolish
iinni! inahle. For soke of consistency, t lerac, in
full leliancr upon the triumph u! principle m the
end, has risked ajrain and again the temporary de
fer.t o! hispaity, and some ot the wi-est politicians
of the State deemed him imprudent till they saw
the re.-ult Let me give you a brief out line of his
professional and political history, which I have ga
ll, ered from the be?t sources of information.
lo lb27, General Pierce went to the bar. In JN?/
he was elected by the Legislature to the UaiteU
States St natc In 1839 he removed from Hillsbo
rough to Concord. In June. 1*12, he resigned his
neat in the United States Senate, for the purine ot
devoting himself to his profession. New llainp
,-hiro stands A No. I for its bar, and among
them all there has not been one so successful as
Geneial Pierce- none who has won so many and
lot?t so few case!*. For a whole term he has not lo*t
a single ease. This success, it is unnecessary to
sny, required extraordinary study and devotion to
his profession, and it is uttoily inconsistent with
the ridiculous charge touching his habits. His am
bition was to stand high in his profession, as he had
a very high standard before him ? Daniel Webster,
Fzekiel Webster, (his brother, said to be net
ter than Daniel), Jeremiah Mason, Iticharu
Fletcher, (one of the Judges of the Supreme
Court), lebabod Bartlett, Levi Woodbury,
and John Sullivan, the only man that ever success
fully withstood the immortal Henry Clay on the
floor ot Congress, General Pierce now stands a
bead and shoulders above the whole bar of New
Hampshire. There has been no important case in
which he has not been engaged on one side or the
other, or has had the offer, for the last eight years.
He is unsurpassed as a criminal lawyer; and there is
one thing for which he is remarkable, and stands
almost alone. He has never been known to take a
position in court from which he has found it neces
sary to retreat. He is quick as lightning. yet clear
as a bell But, to return to his political history.
In 1H15, John P. Hale, a regular democrat,
addressed a letter to his constituents against the
annexation of Texas. The State Legislature of the
previous j en r instructed their Senators and rep
resentatives to vote for tho measure, General
Pierce received intelligence of the letter ot
Mr. ilule at four o'clock in the atternoon.
it wan in the latter end of December, anu
the snow fell fast and furious. He started at once,
in this snow storm, taking with him Mr. George, his
apprentice, and proceeded to Dover, the residence of
Hale, a distance of forty miles, to consult the
friends of that gentleman in reference to his inten
tions. lie learned that it win the fixed puipose of
Hale to bolt from his party upon the annexation
question. He decided at once that Hale must be
denounced and thrown overboard. Hale at that
time had bee a in Congress from New Hampshire
fur two year*, and bad been nominated by theaeino
eriitic party for a new election. Pierce had a now
convention immediately called, and another nn?n
John Woodbury? was nominated in tend ot Male.
There were thus three candidates ? the whig candi
date. Woodbury and Hale. The result was. that
there wag no election by the people, there being no
majority. Woodbury had withiu two or three
hundred of a majority. Hale had not
15 OU) of it. At the next State election, in IHtO,
Mr Hale having taken the stump for himself, and
tho whigs and abolitionists having coalesced, tho
democratic candidate for Governor was defeated in
IS47, and the Legislature was under the control ot
thewbigs and abolitionists. Hale being at the head
Ol this coalition, In that se?s1on, Colby (whig)
was elccted Governor by the Legislature, he being
the tirst and only whig Governor of New Hamp
shire since IS28; and Mr. Fogg, the present editor
of t lie InrlriHtiiltnt UrmnaiU, (abolition paper,)
whs elected Secretary of State. In Now Hampshire
the law is to electa Governor and State officers every
year, but the party rule is to elect tho same men,
jf pn-ible, for the second year In the year ISH,
the next year after the defeat of tho democrats.
General Pierce took the field for the purpose of
redeeming his native state. Under his leadership,
the democrats were triumphant by a majority of
1 10(1 for Governor, and securing a majority ot
twenty-five in the House of Representative*,
Jared Williams was clectcd Governor; and the
abolitionists and whigs were turned out of office.
Mr Fogg, the present editor of the fmepftulent l)r
mortal,*** removed from the Secretaryship of
state He then commenced abusing < ieneral
Pierce and. from that time to this, has continued
to abuse him, in co-operation with D. H. Palmer,
who was Also once Seoretary of State under different
" nicest |n 1H4? and IX.V). the democrats were
triumphant by 3,000 and 4, <KHI majority In 1H50,
the democrats nominated Rev. John Atwood for
Governor, for the election of March, IH5I.
In the fall of IHfiO, Pierce presided at tho ConVt
tntional Contention, and ho bad tbero and then
heard that Rev Mr Atwood had Wen tampered
with by the abolitionists, * nd had expressed him
self, in a letter to some of them, against the 1 agi
?We law. PWm kad an interview with him. I
Hi Mimaciiltd to relruol ib? letlnr, ui.d to * . ilc an
? Hi* r i* f??or of tbe law^ but su sequent." y deoid- d
to "oy Buret? that the first lo'tor was hasty.
Pierce would no) stand ibis vaeillalion. lie
got a new cot vantion tilled. and A t w immI wis
thrown- overboard, having unly two voted, and Din*
?.oie ?M aetainated, though he had t><e'i elected the
two previous years. ThU wan only a uiasith before
tie election, and many sensible dein'wats thought
it wan a dangerous ciperiment. Pierce, hnw/ivor,
was decided He said be would stand upon princi
ple, if there were only three to Htand with him.
At wood went on abolition principles Pierce wits
again roecewfuK though Mr. Atwood was a Baptist
minister in good standing, and very popular.
Tliua, it will he seen that the Fugitive Slave law
was the teet question, and that General Pierce w t*
its champion What ha* the Washington Re/mblie
now to say for itaelf 1 General Pierce s friends Here
say that they next expect to hear hiin charged with
: being in favor of the enactment of the alien and se
dition law*, or a re-charter of the United Stages
| Bank. In either eharge there would be as much
propriety as in that contained in the R'nuhiic.
hi Juno, 1861, Martin was nominated forGovernor,
the election to eouie off in March, 1852. Atwood
again came forward on abolition principles.
Martin was elected by 13,000 majority, with 25 ma
jority in the House of Representatives. These po
litical movements wero the boldest and most suc
cessful ever attempted in the United States, and no
man but one who had tbe entire confidence of his
party, and who possessed the highest ability, oould
possibly succeed in them. Never, perha[>s, was any
man, in any State, so much the embodiment of his
party as Prank Pierce. It is calculated that io the
coming election for President, the State will give
him 10,000 majority.
That he has not sought the Presidency, directly or
indirectly, is known and believed of all parties in this
State. In fact, bis taste lay more in his profession
than in public affairs. In 1842, as 1 bare stated, be
resigned the office of United State* Senator. In
1W5, be was appointed by tbe Governor, according
to the eonsttlntion, to fill the unexpired term of
Levi Woodbury, who had accepted a judicial office.
Ue declined the office. Subsequently the democratic
party unanimously nominated him for Governor.
He doelined the honor. In 18 Hi, President Polk of
fered him the Attorney Generalship, mid would
havo given him anything else he desired, but Pierce
declined all
1 bave collected these facts in no spirit of paiti
pansbip, for 1 am do party man, but in tho spirit of
fair play, and a* a homage to justice and truth. If
be is defeated, let it be on pi inciples, and not by
1 shall conclude by what a New Hampshire lady
said to me, in tho ears, when leaving Concord : ?
" Is that President Pierce 1" "sho a?Ued, having
seen him talking to some gentlemen at the depot.
"Not jet President, niadame," I answered. "If
he ia not, he ought to be," was her cmphatic reply.
Our Washington Correapon?Innee>
WASUiN(iTeN, July 21, 1852.
The Cud fish Dispute ? The Candle Lighted at Doth
Ends ? Retaliation of the British Government for
the Seljish Conduct of the South ? Niggers verms
l.anip Oil, fyc , fye.
The course of the British government iu relation
to the Nova Scotia fisheries, it is said, has, in some
measure, been superinduced by the restrictions im
posed upon British subjects in relation to the
fisheries on the coast of Florida; and also the course
of South Carolina, and other Southern seaboard
States, with respect to British oolored seamen.
Prior to the cession of Florida, in 1819, and for
seme time after the cession, the British Bahamians
carried on all the wrecking, fishing and turtling
on the const, and amongst the keys of Florida.
The wrecking privilege is a very valuable one, boing
estimated at a million and a half dollars annually.
Tbe fishing for the Havana market alone, is estima
ted at several hundred thousand dollars per annum,
$100,000 being annually paid to the Captain (ieneral
of Cuba, for the monopoly of the sale iu that city
alone, and large quantities of turtles caught in those
waters are shipped to Europe and every part of the
United States.
The wrecks on the Florida coast and keys were
foimerly ourricd into Nassau and New Providence
for adjudication. On the acquisition of the Flori
das, the British were excluded by the Americans
from all these privileges; and the exclusion became
more ligid upon the passage of tbe British Eman
cipation act, in IKJo, inasmuch as the crews of
many of the British fishing smacks and wrecking
visatl* were composed of colored cmancipeee.
Since 1829, the people of Florida have claimed the
exclusive property in and control over these fish
eries, and denied the right or power of the
f? ileral government to interfere with them. Upon
the incoming of every now administration, since
1?24, application has been made to the federal go
vernment by the British minister", in Whalf of the
British Bahamians, for the privilege of participat
ing in these immunities. It has been a<ked, not as
a right, but as a favor from the American govern
ment. Kefeicncc being made by the federal go
vernment to the local authorities of Florida, the
privilege haf, in every instance, been promptly re
fused; and for sevt nil years past. In juMition to the
general ground of exclusive right in tbe State, the
necessity of excluding the British colored seaiueu
hits been urged.
Tbe refusal of the British Bahamian authorities
to deliver up the fugitive slaves who hail committed
murders and robberies in Florida, and also had tlei
with the plunder across the straits to the Bahamas, 1
alt Lough the federal government despatched a ves
sel of war to demand them upon tbe indictments
found, and depositions showing their crimes, has ]
caused excited feeling in the South. The ground
taken by the Bahamian Judges that the res. stance
to, and homicide of, a master, by a slave, is not
murder, but a political offence, not included in the
extradition clause of the treaty of 1842, as express
ed by Lord Ashburton to the abolition committee in
New York, has also strengthened the Southern feel
All these causes have doubtless operated on the
minds of tho British public, and brought about the
retaliatory measures which are likely to increase the
ptice of codfish. It is considered, however, as rather
severe that the retaliation of the British government
for this courso of the South should be visited upon
the Yankee abolition fishermen. Niggers, in this
instance, have got the start of codfish and mackerel;
and if the abolitionists suffer, thejr are at least de
serving of sympathy.
The oflieial correspondence upon the subject of the
Florida fisheries ana British free niggers is highly
interesting, and 1 will send you copies at the earliest
opportunity. X.
Washington, .July 22, 1852.
ThtFishertes ? Statements in the Herald Confirmed by
Mr. Webster ? Mr. Cra mpton't Visit to Massa
ehusetts ? Question at Issue ? Proposed Reciprocity
of Trade with Canada ? Difficulty as to the Ap
plication of the Law of Nations, and the Adjust
ment of the Mismulerstanding.
The statements that were published in the Herald
early in the month, relative to the measures that
are being taken by and under the sanction of the
British government, to enforce the convention of
1818, which prohibits American fishermen freui
taking and curing fish on the fishing grounds and
shores of Nova Scotia. New Brunswick and l'rinoe
Edward island, hare be n fully confirmed by the
official notification of the Secretary of State, which
has appeared in (he papers of this week With re
spect to what was stated, as to tin- future move
ments of Mr Webster, for the benefit of his health,
in connection with Mr C'rauipton's tour to the
North, we find that gcntleinun haj already met hiut
at Boston.
It is not probable, however, that any arrangc
mentwillbe concluded by those gentlemen while
away from the seat of government, although some ,
private chit-chat may take place on tho subject
over a dish of chowder, that may influence the mind
of the Secretary of State in relation to accepting
the invitation to take a cruiso in the Devastation
strnm frigate.
With reference to the subject at issue between
the two coiiiitiies ? for Mr. Webster evidently du- !
sen ts from the doctrine which the British govern
ment seems determined to onforoo, and who con- !
aider* the rights and intereata of the United Sfa'ea
as having- been abnndoncd by tho American par- I
.ties to the convention alluded to? it involves a i
plain question of national law? that of tho right of
a nation to exercise exclusive sovereignty over all
the bays, harbors, and inlets of tho scacoast, and
within cannon shot of its shores; and the only course
to be panned is to induce (Jreat Britain, if pos
sible, to place American and British fishermen on
the same footing, and to make tho former, during
the fishing season, temporary denizens of tho Bri
tish provinces.
During the last few years, efforts^ have been
made by the people of Canada to obtain from the
I nited States what is termed reciprocity; that is,
the admi Fion of the productions of either country
into the territory of the other free of impost those
of Canada being, at present, subject to a nominal
duty on importation, which is withdrawn on shi|>
ment- and, in exchange for this, It was stated in
the Canadian legislature, last session, by Dr.
Hincka, the leading member of tho government,
that the provinoe it authorised by theparont State
to concede to American vesscla the right to navigate
the river St. Ijiwrcnee to the sea.
fn addition to this, it has recently been pro
pored, on the part of Canada, to allow American
fishermen greater privileges on the sea-coast, to j
Which, aa might be rappoaed, the Kostcru provinces, |
and eTP? Ixiwer Canada, are opposed, whore the
provincial nahcrmen enjoy gr at natural nnd national
advantage*. tat ?bo ?*hijo?. coui|>ete with tkoM of
thu dui'.t'd St (Me-, ow?..g I4>iql' bounty granted by
(JocgKis, kud tiio imposition of a high rato
of duty on foreign e.mglit, fish, whoa im
port*."!. Th^y ?r? enabled, however, to mako a
nuperior deseripiion of h-du which id uurod wbers
caught, thus reuoetirig it U ttor fitted for tho
South Amwioau aud Mediterranean market. A.
la< go proportion of i h>s iJ. b iri prion of fish finds its
w ay to the United blame, tieing purchased by tho
American ti^hprmeu, in exchange for ram, sagar.
and molasses ? for wbi> b. of course, they obtain
the bounty allowed by Congress.
Whatever arrangements the British ambassador
may enter into with the Secretary of State, must
be i ij aeoordanee witb bin itia' ructions, and expressly
authorized by tho British government; and th<3
granting any privilege to American fishermen, be
yond what they already potaess, will doubtless ho
opposed by Nova Sootia and N'ew Brunswick; anl
the agricultural influence iu Congress will, doubtless,
be sufficient to prevent tbu adoption of reciprocity.
If discussions can bo protracted till after the next;
meeting of Parliament, when tho return of a liberal
majority may drive tho Derby ministry from power,
better terms will then prob ibly be obtained; but*
in tho mean time, as Mr Webster observes, the fail
fishing will be jeopardised, if not ruined, for tho
present year, as the American fishermen will ho
restricted to cfeep sea fishing; and they will be pre
vented from purchasing British cured ^sh, on wuhh
to obtain a bounty on their return to port, from tho
national treasury.
A mistake is made by the correspondent of tho
Baltimore Sun, of this morning, when he asserts
that the claims of the British government havo
never been enforced, an I haw seen fifteen or twenty
American fishermen brought into Halifax harbor at
a time, for a violation ot ibo terms of tho conven
tion. That w^s, ho*o\or, when the present ruling
party in England wore b. fore in power. That all
waters within a line drawn from one headland to
another, are within the jurisdiction of tho OOUtry
in which they arc situated, is an admitted axiom of
nationul law, beyond winch tho Court of Admiralty
alone can take cognizance of oft'oncos that are com
mits d there. X ? A
Our Buffalo Ooir?kpoiiilenMa
Bufpalo, July 17, 1852.
The Litter of Amcrirus ? The Srutt Ratification
Wettings ? The Weather, <$ <?., fyc.
Your editorial in Thursday's Hekai.d, aad the ar
ticle of Aniericus, have fallen into the Scott camp*
like :i whole load of bomb shells, interspersed with
several Pnishan shot. However, " Dear Hawley,*'
of the Express, insists that it is only one of the
JlEitALD jokes, and is perfectly well understood.
The groat Scott ratification meeting here, on
Tuesday evening, was, in verity, a a mall affair.
There were not, at any time, including a large nam*
ber of democrats, over six hundred persons present,
and this In a eity of over 80, (XX) population, and
after two weeks of preparation. The speeches
were unique affair* Your towostnan, Mr. Oilman,
made a long talk about the canals, and argued, in
trtenso , that the whig party were the oiuy true
friends of internal improvement, and therefore Gene
ral Scott should be elected President. Few of his au
dience could see the se<juttw; and all agreed that he
might be very well to speak in New York, but ho
wm rot enough for Buflalo. Senator Babcock said
he bud voted fifty- three times for Fillmore, and for
the platform, and Mr. John I.. Talcott said he voted
tiftj-threc times for Scott, and against the platform.
Both reside here? Mr T is the oldest son of the
late Attorney General Talcott; in phonal appear*
anee he looks like Prinoe John, and resembles him
much iu his wit and tiuinor. Mr. T., however, is a
profound lawyer, ami his character- he being a proto
type of Mr Fillmore ? differs somewhat from John's.
(<ieat efforts are being made to get up a great
affair at Niagara. Special post office agents and
secret inspectors are very active, travelling in
every direction. Railroads and steamers agree to
charge half price, and no stono is left unturned tc
inducc a full attendance. It is a lovely place for a
meeting; but if the delegates are swindled as much
as carnal visiters at the lulls, it will coet each man
a email fortune. Speaking of the falls, if you wir-h
to enjoy the view, breath tne fre?h air, antl feel the
Oder far nirnte, go the Clifton, on the Canadian
side, and you will be satisfied
To show the whig harmony here. I state a fact,
which I will prove if necessary, that at the time ot
the nomination of Scott, a Fillmore whig bet a
Seward wbig $30 carh tnat Scott would not carry
New York, Pensylvauia. and Ohio, $150 in all.
The weather here if beautiful, and though every
thing around is parched and dried np, the crops
seem to have suffered little The steamers ou the
lakes ? and their name i* legion ? never did half the
business they are doing now. Thousands arrive
ard leave here daily.
What is Greeley doing'! Can't you stir him up
more frequently 1 I'eople like to hoar him snarl,
and bavii g established h raw, you always hit hiia
en the identical spot. Bituws.
Our CaiinilUii Corrchpomlmtr.
Quebec, July 19, Ik" 2.
Arrival of the S teenier Albatross ? Mating of Par
liament ? Kite tion of I. J PapinKtu ?
jHuamrnt in Upper I 'anuria.
On Saturday, about 2 o'clock l\ M , the s'^iimer
A lbatross, the first of the New \ork aud tyoebee
line, come into this port It was intended to have
given lier a proper reception, by firing a roy.vl salute,
kv : but by eouic negligence, this wa* omitted. A
report was circulated soon after her reaching the
dock that Daniel Webster was on boiu-d, which
caused much exoitement among our quiet habitant.
There were, however, but few passengers, and tlioso
unknown to fame. There is some talk of a
public dinner being given to the officers of the boat.
The government Gazette announces the meeting
of Parliament in ono month from to-day ? the IJHli
of August. The new Parliament building will then
be realty for their reception. An important session
is anticipated, and the city will no doubt be crowded
with visiters. A new hotel is very much needed
here ? there arc but two worthy of the name, and
they arc crowded to repletion. Great numbers of
Americans visit the city daily, arriving in tha
morning, and returning by the evening boat to
The election in the district of the Two Mountain-*
has resulted in favor of L. J. Papineau (the leader
of the Lower Canada liberals in ':?7) by an immcn?t>
majority. Mr. Papineau is a violent radical. Tho
government candidate (so called) was a very modo
rate man, in every respect. Mr. Papineau is a man
ot splendid talents ? an orator, a scholar, and ?
gentleman. He was supported by the ultra libe
rals ? red republicans ? and also by the Wies, in op
position to the so called government candidate.
It is said that Mr. P. will be offered the Speaker
ship ot the Ilous?. A contemplated grand Jilibus
trro invasion of Upper Canada by th< supporters
of General Scott in tho United State*, has caused
much exoitement here. Representations hava
been sent to the government ujion tho subject,
and considerable feeling is manifested. I shall
be able soon to give you tho full particulars;
but it is evident that thcro is a movement;
on foot that is calculated to disturb the peaca
of tho two countries. I shall be able, la tt
dnyortwo, to raise the veil from certain proceed
ings. which, I trust, will inaku the sensible pcoplo
of the Cnitcd Statm and Canada pause and reflect,
upon the gn nt drama which is being played beforo
them, and which, if persisted in, will lead to bloovl-*
tiled and revolution.
I iiave a number of documents on the nbject,
wlii< li I shall submit to you very soon. OftlON.
Senator C haw's Letter*
Kindkhiiook, (aruund Lindenweld,) >
.Inly 21, 1852. S
blK ?
The letter of Senator Chase, of Obi*, to Bandy
Hill Butler, published in jour paper of the Atthult.,
in regarded here as u great curiosity, and a deserved
Hack <m ex-President Van Huron, Prince John,
Parson Butler, and Preston King, tho high priest*
of the Buffalo platform. It, shows that a sincere
man, though possessed of comni itiding talents, may
be the ilupe nl the designing. If 8enatorChaee had
employed bis rnre powers of mind to discover the
motive of the Buffalo rally, in an effort simply to
multiply the chanecs of I bo defeat of <?en. Cass to
tbe I 'residency, he wou'd have spared himself tho
necessity of inflicting upon the country five eolumnj
of good "English, in an attempt to show that he wa?
sincere, aril that he supposed Parson HutJor and tho
otlier members of tho committee wore generally so,
when they framed tlio Itiiffulo platform, and asserted
therein what he supposed was a great principle ni
human freedom. Tbe Buffalo humbug, like anti
masonry, hns served its 'lay, and tho end dos'gnod
by it, and now the Mahomets of th.tt imposture
lniigh to seorn the dupes of the shallow artifice.
Talk to them of sincerity and inconsistency, and it
only inerenecs tho burst of merriment, to redden tho
cbeccks of the dtludud.
It reminds one of the anecdote of a Judge of one
of the central counties of New York, who. during
the anti-masonic exoitement, put up for tho winter
at the Columbian Hotel, Albany, where he was con
stantly annoyed bv tho anti- masonic members of
the Legislature. He sworo ho would not romain
there any longer, and uont to the Kagle Hotel. Ho
told some of his friends at the Kagle tho reason of
his leaving. They told him he had not mended tho
matter, as he boil now got with Heward, Granger.
Spencer, and others, who were the high priests of
anti-masonry. " But," said tbe judge, " the d ? d
fools down at the Columbian really l.cliove in it ?
thr high priests at the Kiiglc do not; they go anti
iiio.oDry from policy."
Now, if Mr Cbnse had the Fagaeily of ?he Judge,
he would see hi* position : but , like the anti-m?*on#?
at tbe Columbian, he is too sincere to snspect inaiui
cerity in others. KinukhHowk.

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