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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 24, 1852, MORNING EDITION, Image 6

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Tl?e Voynge of tht Philadelphia.
riWTirri.AK* OK Till. V0TA1.E OK TI1R STIVYMSnti'
PIlUDELl'SIA, KSV TUK fVi KKRIMOj OK n Kit
I'AWkM.KMK.
Stkam .up PiiiLAiiei.rmA, )
N kw York, July 19, 185*. \
Sir? Wo left A*i>:n?all in this ship, at 6 P. M.,
oa the ^2>i nit , *.h 225 passengers, bound to Now
Yerk and New Orleaug, via Havana. The passen
gers appeared to be bealthy on embarkiug, except
some oight or ten that had been at work on the rail
road, and three that had crowed the Isthmus. All
of them had the Isthmus fever.
On the morning of the 2tith, when in sight of
Cape Antorio, the land breete came off, bringing
with it a most offensive smell. The atmosphere, at
the same time, was in such a state that every one
on board was more or less oppressed with it; aud it
was with difficulty that steam eould be kept up, as
the ooal would not burn, there being not the least
draught, and the engine room, for the time, being
so unsufferably hot that the engiqeers and firemen
were almost exhausted. About ten o'clock the cho
lera broke out on the quarter deck, and in the course
of one hour, ten persons were takeu down with it,
and by 12 o'clock at right, twelve were dead, and
fciiteen new ca^es Notwithstanding every exertion
was used by the doctor of the ship, assisted by Dr.
Pieroe, a pK-i-enger, and the whole crew, by rubbing
with camphor and brandy, mustard poultices, and
all other means used in eholera, the disease still
increased, and by eight o'clock on the morning of
th? 27th, the deaths had increased to tweuty.
At eleven o'clock, A. M , we entered tho j>ort of
Havana, and anchored some distance from the coal
wharf. When tho Health Officer came alongside, 1
old him correctly our condition, aud that I wanted
one hundred tons of coal, and two thousand gallon?
of water, to enable me to reach New Orleans. He
ordered us to the Quarantine ground, at the upper
part of the harbor, where we immediately went and
anchored, near the guard ship, according to orders.
After anohoring and blowing off steam, the oaptaia
of the port eamo near us in his bnree, and ordered
us to leave the anchorage immediately, and go out
ride of the harbor. I replied that I came there ac
cording to orders, and had blown off all the steam,
and that the flies were out; consequently it would
ake some time bctore 1 would bo able to move. He
hen said, that if we did not go at once, the
gvard ship had her orders, (meaning, I presume,
to fire on us. After getting np steam, we weighed
anchor, and proceeded outside of tho harbor, and
made fast to the outer buoy, which is completely
out at set. At half past three o'clook, P. M., a
steam ferry-boat towed down to us two lighters,
containing sixty tons of coal, some medicines, and
brandy. We immediately hauled the lighters
alongside, and commenced coaling at twenty mi
nute* past six. The captain of the port said he
would givo us but forty minutes more to take in
our coal, and that, at the end of that time, we
miut leave the buoy. I told him that it was im
possible to take in the coil in that time; that I had
taken in but about twenty tons, nnd that I was in
want of water. The water-boar , at tho same time,
was within fifty yards of the ship, and was driven
off by his orders. At seven o'clock, precisely, he
ordered us to cast off, which we did, and headed for
Key West. Tho deaths, the same Dight, had in
creased to twenty six; among .them, Mr. Birdsail,
the mail agent.
We arrived at Key West on the morning of the
28th, with the yellow flag flying, showing that we
had sickness on board. We were visited by the
port physician, Dr. O'Hara, and ordered to anchor
at the quarantine ground, below the hospital, which
order wa* immediately obeyed. After ascertaining
our condition tbe doctor left us for tbe shore, lie
returned in about an hour, with an order (written
upon a small piece of paper without signature), for us
to leave the port at once,andanchorin the northwest
Passage ; stating that water, provisions, &c., would
be furnished us at thut place in a lighter ? otherwise
we must immediately go to sea. As the order was
without signature, 1 took no notice of it, but wrote
to the Mayor of Key West, detailing our condition
and wants. 1 also wrote to the Collector of the
Customs, begging permissiou to put the sick into the
government hospital, which is a most beautiful,
airy, and oomfortable building, on the outskirts of the
town, and but oce patient in it. The collector re
plied the hoFf ital was for "sick and destitute sea
men." and that he had no authority to admit pas
sengers. and even would not take any of my
crew, as he said the Mayor had informed him
that the vessel was in quarantine? consequently we
would not be allowed to land. The Mayor replied
hat we would be furnished with whatever we want
ed, but reiterated tbe first order ? that under no con
ditions would we be allowed to land within five miles
Key West, (just the extent of the island ) I then
wrote the Mayor, begging to be allowed to land the
well passengers, on the now fort, now btiild
ng, on a reef clear of the Island, and connected
by a long wharf, and to put the sick into
>ome out houses, belonging to the gov ernment and
attached to the fort. In reply, he stated that he had
no authority over the government property, but that
we would not bo allowed to land, unit that vrc must
cave the harbor at 6 P. M. Finding that I could
do no better, 1 made arrangements to purcha.se an
old hulk for a hospital, 2,000 feet of lumber to
build a shed over her, and started fur Sand Key,
distant nine miles, and "ituated on the outer edge
of the Florida reef. Up to twelve at night the
deaths numl>erfd thirty. At early daylight, on the
moming of tbe 29th. wc commenced landing the well
passengers, iind by < ight o'clock all (lt>5) were on
t>hore. The Empire City came over from Havana,
and anchored near us. about 5 30 A. M. She took
on board some mail bugs, Mr. Story, and l)r. Gal
lior, and left about ei^ht o'clock for New \ork. As
H)?n a*, the hulk was towed down to us, we went to
work with the engineer department and sailors, and
built a shod over her. As soon as it was finished,
we removed tbe sick on board, sixteen in number, in
charge of Dr. Tenni-on and three sailors, and an
chored her about two hundred yards astern. At the
end of this day the deaths numbered thirty-six.
Hand Key is about two ueres in extent, and has but
one house and a shiintv on it, used by the workmen
erecting the lighthouse now building on the
Key. The hou?? would hold about twenty-live
persons, and ten might be stowed away in the shanty.
I sent on shore sail? and awnings to iniike tents to
keep the patssngors from the broiling hot sun and
hot hand, which the K> y is covered with; but all 1
could do for the passengers, their situation was any
thing but eomfoxtablc; besides, there wis no fresh
water on the Kev, which hid to ba brought from
Key West. On "the same evening, twenty of the
passengers started from Sand Key for Mobile, in the
pilot bost Euphemia.
We remained at Sand Key until tbe^ seventh 'if
July, the cholera in the meantime having entirely
di*appcaicd: but iu consequence of the severe ex
}xxtujc on the Key. without comforts or necessaries
for the sick, the lshmus lever took hold ol a g i cut
many, and th( deaths up to the seventh numbered J
forty-ciplit Th. -:ime morning we took on boarl
all the well and convalescent, and landed the sick
from tbe hulk on the K. v, by permission of the
Mayor, and left them in charge of the doctor and
his assistants. At two. I*. M., hove tip the anchor
and proceeded to Key West, to take in coal, which
had arrived for us in the bark Margaret, from Ha
vana. At Key West, I chartered the sloop Mary
H. Williams, Captain Smith, for #1,200, to take
torty New Orleans pa^-engers and the mails, and
deliver them at N<w Orleans. The muds 1 sent in
charge of Mr Fe< k, the store-keei^r.
At Kev Weft many of the well and con
valescent* passenger, git ??*? W*'8
which, I am satisfied, saved many lives, as nearly all
of them were more or less affected with fever from
exposure on hand Key. The Falcon arrived the
morning of the 11th, to take the passengers to New
Orieaafl- As they had nearly all left in the sloop,
I sent the treasure on board of her, and some ten or
twelve passengers, and she sailed the same day.
We tookin 200 tons of coal, and left Key West at
4 1' M , the 13th inst. All the engineers, except
the chief, Mr Spencer, had been sick with fever
and st the time we left, there were but two of them
able to do duty. We left nine sick passengers, one
assistant engineer, and one fireman^ at Key >> est,
in the hands of I)r. Jones, the acting port physi
cian, a very estimable, skilful and humane man,
who did everything in his power to alleviate the
suffering* ol the sick; and to his exertions alone
nay be attributed our release from quarantine at
ftand Key. I>octor O'Hara, the regular port physi
cian, visited us five time* the first day we arrived
?t Key West; be did nothing for the sick, but only
rarrted communications from and to the shore, for
which a bill was presented me by bin agent forflOO.
As the city ordinance compelled me to pay #5 each
visit I paid $25 very reluctantly. The docter
never visited us after th.s first day, and left the
island for the north, threo days after, in the
steamer I>egare. As 1 did not want but 200 tons of
roal I left M) tons on the wharf at Key WP?t,
in charge of Mr A. F. Tift, the agent for the
Charleston line of steamers, and subiect to your or
ders. As there was no coal at Key West, I believe
it would be to the interest of the company to leave
It is worthy of remark, that I have not lost an
f.lHoer, engineer, fireman or sailor by the cholera or
fever although all the engineers but the chief, two
mates, four sailors and three firemen, have been
piek with fever The sailors handled and bnried
all that died, yet not one ol them took the cholera.
Th* whole number of deaths from the time of
leaving A*|,inwall until our arrival at this port,
was fw \ ery respectfully yours, uo.
John McGowajc, Captain.
M O Rolx?rt?, F.t?i . Agent Unit d States Mai.
/ ?< Muship Company, New Y ork.
1 in following i s a copy of the reply of the MaJVr
of Key West, to the earnest application of CapUtn*
Motiowun : ?
Kky V-'hxt, July 3. IS52.
Sib ? I feci sincere rifret that the bulk tarnished
for the use of jour hick id not in ovary way as oo:n
modious as could be duflirod; but it W!l* the Tory
best thai the town in that respeot could tarnish. If
? there is l?ilp ?* water in th?, hold, rendering her un
. pit atatil, tout, I suppose. mi<chi be pumpeu out.
If the |.lnu>? thai ihc is "about equiil to the j
i Jercev prison-ship." i * intended to represent bur i
I condition as inteciious, I should suppose ibat by (He
' um of liuie fhe oould bo purified, and I km informed
that you have a supply of that article. Would it
not add to the comfort of tho sick to lay her aaloro,
! where she could not roll !
I seudyou a oopy of the quarantine Iswi now in
I fotoe. We have but one ptiysician now in towu;
the port physician has left for the .North, and the
gentleman who will hand you this had been ap
ixiinted his successor. I'ik?u his report the Council
will be guided km to the further time your quaran
tine will continue. As it rorpectd your protest for
your passengers, "American citizens," you will be
pleaded to inform tliem that they are not coostra'.ued
to remain at Sand Key, to Buffer from "burning sun
and heated sand," but are at liberty to go on hoard
of your ship, or any whoiv else in this wido world
where American citieeioi might go, bo far as I am
concerned, except landing on the Island of Key
West. This much is prohibited.
f regret to perceive by your note an indication on
i thoir jiart of a wish to induce you to violate the
quarantine regulations. The penalty imposed by
the ordinance, as you will perceive, would be heavy
upon all engaged in such matter; and 1 will not
undertake to say how far the people of this island
could be restrained, were such an attempt made to
thrust disease upon them. ADd, in additiou to all
this? 1 respectfully call your attention to the first
section of the act of Congress passed 25th February,
n}J9. You will there perceive that oolloctors and all
other revenue officers (of which service, I underst and
from your official signature, that you hold the com
mission of lieutenant) are requiied duly to observe
the health la ars of the States, and those mado inpur
snance of the laws thereof. &.c.
1 truly deplore their condition, but 1 owe a duty
to three thousand inhabitants of this towu, to with
hold iicrmission for thcni to land horo until suffi
cient time has elapsed to give hojass tiiat their com
ing amongst us will not be to our injury. Very
respectfully, your obedient servaut,
W. C. Mai.onky, Mayor.
Lieutenant John McGo wan, steaui>hip I'liiladol
phia, Sand Key.
From the Kebraika Territory.
l'OKT LEAVSNWORTH A5D ITS SURROUNDING COUN
TRY ? ROCK CREKK AMI) THK ROtTTE TO TURKEY
CRKEX ? A UBNRRAL VIEW OF THE COUNTRY ?
TUB HON. STEPHEN A. DOUOLA8 AN1> THK NK
1IKASKA TERRITORY ? DEMANDS Ol THi: EMIGRANTS
FOR CALIFORNIA, ETC.
Turkey Creek, Nebraska Territory, )
June IS, 1852. J
James Gordon Bennett, Esq. ?
Sir ? Upon one of the first days of this present
month, myself, with several companions, set out
from Foit Leavenworth, taking tho new military
road, and, travelling in a northwesterly direction
for three days, we made the ro:ky crossing on Tur
key Creek, (distant eighty-four miles from Fort
Ixsavonworth.) which we forded without difficulty,
and now hore we arc encamped on a beautiful bot
tom, lying between the iork made by Turkey Creek
and a head branch of the grand Nemaha River, the
waters of wbick unite, distant about a mile bolow
us.
Crossing the bluffs which circle arouud the build
ings and farm callcd "Fort Leavenworth," we struck
the beautiful bottom that spreads along Halt creek,
(which I propose to call Kickapoo creek,) aud
crossed that stream on a bridge erectcd for the con
venience of the military forces of the United States.
Passing raer the bottom, wo ascended an acclivity
which plffcd us on the highlands dividing the wa
ters of Kicknpoo creek, which flow directly into
the Missouri, from those of Stranger creek, a tribu
tary of Kansas river, which stream is here known
by the name of "Kaw river." The Muff.i, bot
toms, ridges, and mounds displayed by nature
around Leavenworth, and through which meanders
the several branches of the stream cnlled Salt or
Kiekapoo crcek, comprise a picture, or speck of
scenery, of incomparable beauty. From the high
lands. which rim the Kiekapoo bottom, the road
pursues the dividing ridge between the waters tri
butary to the Missouri and those which fall into
Kaw river, (with timber and water on cither hand
at short distances,) until the traveller will have
made about thirty miles, when it crosses an easter
ly branch of Grasshopper river, called Rosk creek.
The lands comprised in the country between the
Kickapoo bottom and Hock crcek, present iin undu
lating face with beautiful slopes aud tables, and
possess a soil of extreme richness. The timber in
cluded in the tract is sparse: hut might be made
sufficient for its settlement. Rock creek is a rapid
stream ? its waters clear, flowiug over beds of sand,
gravel and stone, and before they unite with those
of the other branches of the Grasshopper, thev af
ford several good mill sites. Along the banks of
Rock creek there arc some considerable groves and
strips of timber.
Pursuing our route from Rock creek, and travel
ling over very beautiful tables and slopes of prairie
land that give evidence of the greatest fertility,
! and which lie within the most inspiring scenery, we
cainc to Willow brook, and l'ordeu it at a point, dis
tant about five miles from Itock creek. Willow
brooK is a minor tributary of the Grasshopper, of
little water, not sufficient lor a mill, and upon its
banks there are but few trees From thence, through
lands of djual fertility, with like lovely face, we !
travelled lour miles, and gained Mill brook, another j
tributary of the Graesboppcr? and crossed it at a
I gravel ford. Mill brook is skirted by considerable
timber? some of the trees lar^c, and of much
value for building purpose". Ttic waters of Mill !
brook arc of considerable bulk, and thev flow i
rapidly over beds of sand, granite, and stone, and I 1
think they would be found available for several
mills. !
Seven miles distant from Mill brook is a ford on (
the main stream of the head waters of Grasshopper ,
river. We crosscd it, and entered a considerable i
giove of timber, some of the trees of which are of .
a good <|uality for building purposes. Tho stream i
at the ford ha; a considerable depth of water, which |
flows over a gravel bottom, aud oilers a good mill
site. No river or stream of water running through
this territory uflords a greater number of mill-sites, j
or those of more extensive i?>wer, than tho <!ra?s
hopper, the banks of which stream are well clothed
with timber, and this in many places is of valuable j
kind and quality. .
From the Grasshopper we pursued our road, which
led along over tables and slopes of prairie lands of .
the most extravagant beauty and fertility of soil, 1
for the distance of about eighteen miles, when we |
eauie to Muddy brook, another of the head branches )
of the GraseLopper, and which we forded without
difficulty. This last is a quiet, meandering stream,
flowing over a bottom of clay, sand and gravel, of
a bulk of water about equal to Rock crock ? suffi
cient tor mill power wherever a fall can be found.
From Muddy brook to thi point ( Turkey creek )
our road wound along over the high tables and
slope- of land which lie between Turkey creek and
Ogdcn brook, two of tho head branches of the
(irand Nomulia river, (prjperly Nemaha river )
Here there i- a ?ocky ford on Turkey creek, distant
about fourteen miles from Muddy brook, which is
the last of the branches of the Grasshopper crossed
bv the Oregon and California emigrants.
'Turkey ereek is n good mill stream, ar.il runs its
course through land.- of the greatest beauty of face
and fertility of soil Ogden brook is of less magni
tude : but this, 1 believe, may be made to subserve
some mill purposes. It meanders through a lovely
tract of land, and. as well ns Turkey creek, has
s. me groves and strips of timber upon its banks.
The Nemaha, in our own neighborhood, is a naiTow
but dc. p and fullen strewn. This is not crossed by
emigrants foi Urcjon nod California, who set out
from the Missouri below 81. Joseph's, a a it believed
to be bv many, who mistake Turkey cttek for the
Nemaha, which last they pass upon their right after
crossing Turkey creek. ,
For the benefit of future emigrants. I will make
a statistical note of the streams of water which are
crossed by " the new military road leading trom
Fort Leavenworth to Blue River
Ali'f.t. jWf.
No. 1. Kiekapoo, or Salt Creek . .. ? ^
2. Rock Creek ?? ' ,
3. Willow 'I
4. Mill Brook ^ ?
I 83?r.:v.r.r. .* ?
9. Big Rlue River ?' . _
The first part of the road leading from
t, on- of land, witb a front on the J EI
measuring thirty miles on a ^ra'ght iine, but the
lands here, and those lying along this Mid tf [J?
i road from l^avenwortb, and for more than half the
1 distance, ere the un surveyed public Iftpas ol tne
United States, from which the Indian title has been
extinguished. The lands included in this tract ?t
country through which we have just passed, ami
which is emphatically a prairie country, have aa
aspect and face as beautiful as nature could givfl
them, it is not a rolling prairie country, bu ? un"
dulating, with many extensive slopes, (ineiinea
only so as to carry off water), #nd nroad tables,
smooth and level a* a carpeted t>arlor floor.
The toil of tliesa Unda *u deep, rich, and vory
ca y to tUs plow, ("piiugij vf are owy
1
where, mil) air** ma abundant, and veins of coal,
clay, liim-ttODG. sand, and gravel, aud good build
ing -tone, are soattemd throughout the oatire tr*.ot
ot country dtdoHM; and, during in/ raoeot jour
ney through it, I fouud several specimens of uiag
imUo troo oie, and 1 have do daubt of tho fact that
lion or# exists throughout tiiia territory in largo
drpo#it? The only draw buck to ihia :<ploadid amo
tion of country is a scarcity of timber ? a dofioionoy
for a full oooupatiou of tho la odd bv the usual
means of settlement, There in but very little bouldur
stone, yet abundanoe in debris exists everywhere,
which may be easily quarried, aud uaed for fencing,
but not without m?wo considerable expenditure
of oapitul. Therefore, to meet the definieucy of
timber, 1 propose the cultivation of the lands with
out feuoing, until hedges can be grown, or the
pot pie who ahall settle the oountry oan oouiintind
the means rrquiHto for building stone walls, or the
construction of fences with pooka aud wiri-a; and th.it
borees, bornod cattle, and sbeep, ahall be grazed
upon the prairioa in charge of herdsmen ana shep
herds; and that the aettlera, in the first instance,
fenoe onlv for tbe keeping ot their aniinaU at night,
and fields for suoh purposes to bo eaolosed with
atone, or posts and wires.
It is a matter of serious acsusation against the
Senators and Representatives in Congress, that pro
visions liavf not Ueea made by law for tho settle
ment of this fertile, healthy, and beautiful coun
try. On the 17th day of December, 1814, a bill was
introduced in the United States House of Represen
tatives, bv the Hon Stepbon A. Douglas. (than a
member from one of tho Congressional districts of
Illinois.) providing for " the establishment of the
Territory of Nebraska." This bill was referred to
tho Committee on Territories, and an amended bill
was reported back to t lie House by the oominitteo,
on the 7th January, 1545; but no further action
was had thereon.
Again, on the lotli of March, 1848, tho Hon.
Stephen A Douglas, (ho having been elected to the
Sonato,) iutroduoed, ou leave, in tho United States
Senate, a bill providing fyu " tho establishment of
the lomtory of Nebraxka." This bill was reterrod ,
t? the Committee on Territories in tho Senate, by !
which it wiic reported liack without amendment, ou j
tho 20th of March, 1818, and ou the 20th December
following, the bill was recommitted to the Com
mittee on Territories, where it aicpt to the end of
tbe session, aud was shelved with tho mass of un
finished business of theThirtieth Congress.
Tbe lines of the United States having been ex
tended to the Pacific shores, and Oregon, Califor
nia, U tab, and New Mexico having been included
within theWnion, it has become the policy of the
governuH nt, and tho interest of the people,*tliat tbe
cordon of savages existing here on the shores of the
Missouri should be romoved, and that Nobruska
should be no longer kept an open spaoo to prevent
tho closing of tho two Hanks of civilization.
This territory is now annually traversed by a
large number of American citizens, emigrants for
California and the Pacific territories. They have
five heavily beaten tracks through the UfritOry:
and tbo numbers of the emigrants of the presorit
season have been variously estimated at from
2T>,0(X) toti'0,000. Their roads traverse the territory
for the distance of neaily six hundred miles, aud
they lie over lands of tho most productive soil, and
which are well adapted to the purposes of cultiva
tion.: but they aro now prohibited from settlement,
and produce nothing for the support of man, and
present only to tho emigrant, as ho wends his way
through them, a face ot dreariness and waste: and
here, through uncultivated prairies, the overland
emigrant must pursue liis way, without laws to pro
tect his person and property from aggression ? with
out inns or taverns to afford him shelter or food?
without supplies being furnished of forage or food ?
without physicians to prescribe for him when attack
ed with disease ? while he is subject to enormous
exactions for ferriages and bridge tolls. All these
evils exist to the emigrant, while the country has
ccased to be a hunting ground for the Indians who
have an existence within the borders of the terri
tory. Hence, the present delay on the part of Con
gress in making provisions by law for the organiza
tion of the territory of Nebraska, aud for the settle
ment of the lands therein, from which the Indian
title has been extinguished, is both impolitic aud
unjust. 1 remain, sir, yours respectfully,
Til. JEFFERSON St'THEHIiAKD.
Our Peruvian Correspondence.
Pavta, Peru, May 2}), 1832.
The Flora Erpulition ? The United States Fiigatt
fin i itnn and the British Squadron.
I Lave a fine chance of sending letters to Panama
by the United States frigate Raritan. She loaves
fortbat place some time during the day.
This place is situated in 5 degrees south latitude,
at the head of one of the finest bays on the west
coast of South America. It contains about three
thousand inhabitants, the larger portion being In
dians and Znmbos. The country around, for six
Ungues, is a perfect desert. All the water used in
the place is brought eighteen miles on the backs of
mules. At till* time, two of our countrymen an;
making a survey, to ascertain whether the water
can be brought t<> Pay ta in iron pipi s.
I'ayta has been a great place of resort for our
whale ships. ( Hi il the g'dd mines of California
were discovered, everything was very cheap; bat
since that time, articles have ri-en two or three fold.
Hundreds of t lit usnu Is of barrels of swoet potatoes
arc raised every year in the valley that belts this
desert. All of Nrorth Peru is supported from it
\t this time, there are four men of-war in the
harbor ? the Ui>ited Stales frigae Raritan, Coin.
McCauley, and Admiral Moseby. commanding the
English .Mjiiadronon this cou*t. The Admiral has a
line frigate, sloop, and steauier with him. TheCoui
modore and Admiral have ben down to Puna, to
look after the movements of General Flores. The
latter returned a few days since, in the steamer.
Everything was quiet when he left. (loneral Flores
was at the island of Puna, waiting the arrival of the
Peruvian man-of-war steamer. She hud been down
to Guayaquil, to demand satisfaction for an insult
offered tho Consul's flag. Report says that Peru
will declare war against the country. If so, General
Flores will certainly get in, as lie has a strong party
in the country at this time.
Mr cat friendship exists between the Commodore
and the Admiral, and they are much beloved wher
ever they are known, and will long be remembered
on the coast. I visited tho frigato Raritan, and runt
with tho greatest kindness and attention from her
officers. Her First I lieutenant, Pclany, deserves
great crcdit for the beautiful state she is in. Exer
cises in gunnery are actively kept up. Tho best
feeling exists between the officers of the Raritan and
those of the English squadron.
The Growth of Brooklyn.
THE OMNIBUS KOfTKS ? NUMBER Of STAi.KS AND
HOUSES? STAGE ACCOMMODATIONS.
To instance the vast increase in tho population Of
Rrooklyn dining the past few years, it may be
merely necctsary to note the raj id increase of stage
accommodations in the city, tho number having
fully doubled within tlu pasttwo years. The num
ber of different lines now in dully operation amount
to thirteen, for which 1 18 stages, and upwards of SOO
horses are employed. The following arc the names
of the lines, routes, &c.: ?
Front Ft' It on Ferry. ? Johnson & Hudson's
Knickerbocker line to Green Point, through Wil
liamsburg: a live mile route; employs 23 -cages and
200 boms: 151 trips per day.
(lusted, Kendall k. Cochran's East Brooklyn line;
25 stag> s, 17* horsrf; 2?"> trips.
Montgomery Queen's Fulton avenue and Bedford
lire: 25 stages, M .'?> horses: 189 trip*.
Witty &. New "s South Ferry ?m Bedford line: 10
stages, 50 horses; H) trit*.
Johnson &. Hudson's >avy Yard line; 1 stage, I
hor en: about ( 0 t rif s.
8'out & Watson's Grccuwooel line: 21 stages. 110
1 orses; 1 17 trips.
C Davis & Montgomery Queen's Flatbush line; 3
ftagi's. 12 horse"; 13 trips.
W. & J. H. Curtis have a two hor*< stage running
to Roekiiway, and also one to Hempstead, each mak
ing ?ne trii' a day.
Russell & Foster's Coney Inland line; 3 stages,
10 horses: Strips.
Var.sicklin's Coney Island line; 1 .-tage, I horses;
1 trip p?-r day.
These last two lines are merely in operation du
ring the summer.
From Smith Ferry? T. Cornell's Greenwood line;
8 stages, 24 horses; 7 trips.
From IhimiUisii Ferry ? J. Ward's Crave send
line: 6 stages, 20 horses; 8 to 10 trips.
The aggregate number of daily trips made by
the above lines throughout the city amount to no
less than 739. The earliest daily trip is commenced
at fi o'clock in the morning, ami tho la?t stage
leaves the Fulton terry at 12 o'clock at night.
These lines do not rnn on Sunday. The majority
of tho vehicles are handsome, and elegantly fur
nished, and many of the cattle arc excellent speci
men* of horse- flei>li. in addition to the above men
tioned, there is a large ejunntity of handsome stag*
sleighs, owned by the various lines, some of which
are very laige, and most handsomely decorated.
With all these.it is evident Brooklyn cannot rockon
travelling convenience* in her list of wants.
HaiU Intelligence.
U. ft. ship Albany arrived here on Wednesday in thir
teen days Horn llatana having hud very light breeze*
the whole pusaag''. She returns to this port after an ab
aenre ot nearly two years, having been actively employed
In the prote< tion of our commerce in the Went Indies
and i he Oulf of Mexico. The Albany was In Havana
and on the coast ot Cuba during the l.<>p?/ Invasion, and
not only sflnrded protection to our citizens during the
inten??- excitement which it created. but was the mean*
of aiding anil rWnaaing some of thoee misguidad inen en
g%ged in it. Mie arrived at San Juan de Ninoragna
(wordy afeer the tirinf into the Pronethetu by U, V. U
brig Express and renamed thew some time to prevent
a rin.itur outrage. While there. au exteuiive oouflagra
ttou occurred IU tho town. Captain Piatt landei hit
<<f8c< r* and njf n, the authorities, iu a iettur of thanks,
attributed t<> 'heir great exyrtlons the nrrwl of the fire
mid preservation of the city from destruction. The Al
Imii) but t??*n *t Mstttttdar*, railed over 'id, 000 miles,
;u.d visited 42 porta. Tlu- iollowing is a li.it 01 her offi
t < iv? C'barlo* T Piatt. K><] . C mi mud >r; Jaiuo* V. I
AiuMrong Lieutenant and Kxecutive Officer; Iuhk N. ]
Browa. lieutenant; 8. I). Trtoofatnt. Lieuteuaut, J II. i
liiltt uhouse. I'turser; W . L. Van ll<>ru. Surgem; II 0.
Mayo, l'a>.-ed Assistant Surfreon, W. L. Shut tie worth, 1
Captain Miriwi; A. K. Hughes. Acting Matter; J. A.
Seawetl, Passed Midshipman; II. Mcrborue. W U,
DonM-r. J J. Cornweli. W. V. A. Campbell. O. 1. Haral
son Midshipmen; H. Van Ratm. Captain's Clerk; John
Monro, Boatswain; William Cope. Uanner; Stephen
N aman Sail maker; Rowland Leach, carpenter iWon
JW, July 22.
Tlie E* tradition off Thomu Kalnc Pmru
Uaatod.
feUrKIUOH COURT ? *PH0fAI. TKKM.
Before Hon Judge Bonworth.
JoW 22 ? Habeas Corpus. ? In I he mattrr of Thomas
koxe, a t'ugilimjrom .lustwe claimed bij the British Gaoent
v.rnt ? Thia ease, which bad been adjourned over front
the previous day. waj called on. Messrs. Jainet T.
Itiady and Buateed appeared a* couneel for the prisoner;
Mr. Edwards, for the British government. aud Mr. If. A.
T?l inadgv for bis brother, tin- United States Marshal.
Tbe prisoner was not brought Into court. Ta?re wm a
large number of spectator* present in the body of the
court. and the gallery was Tory well filled
Mr. Bu*tcea. addressing the Court, said, that they
were ready on the part of the petitioner to proceed with
tlu* case; but he would Unit ask whether tbu prisoner was
iu court.
Tbe Judge? What do you mean? The b> <Jy ef the
prisoner ?
Mr. Buttecd ? The body, in accordance with the forty
second section of the act. whioh provides that the prisoa
er shall be prvseut, except in case of siofcne**, or < ther
reasons specified.
The Judge ? The officer returns that the priaoner h
in his custody and considered in court.
Mr Busteed ? At a matter of right we demand, on hi <
behalf. that he be hern. With regard to yesterday'* pro.
recdings. I wish to state that wo told the Marshal we did
not th< n require tbe presence; but we now require that
be be produced.
Mr Brady mid ? I have been concerned in thia case as
counsel for Kaine since the issuing of the habeas carpus
Ik- lore Judgo Bel Ik. and 1 have inter yet seen the man,
and don't intcud to go to the prison to have au inter
course with hint. 1-WHiit to wm' him. and I claim the
right to have him here before 1 proceed with thisca.se.
! Mr. Brady tbeu read the section of the act which statea
I that in cases of habeas corpus, if no sufficient excuse
la shown for the nonappearance of the prisoner, it shall
I Ik- the duty of the Court to issue a writ for liU immediate
appearance. I pon this point, continued the learned
counsel, 1 have accorded to the Marshal every accommo
dation: but in consequence of the severe and unyielding
1 .spirit in which we have been met by the other side. I in
tend now to stand by my rights and claim that the pri
soner be present. There never was n case in which such
hot haste has been manifested as in this, and? ?
The Judge? I do not see the necessity for these remarks.
, There ba? been sufficient excuse given for his not ap
I paring yesterday. We will hear from tho Marshal tUg
rtneops for his nnn-appcaranyr to -day.
Mr. Brady? I demand thut ho be here.
The Judge? Is Thomas Kaine in court?
The United States Marshal replied that lie was not.
| The threats that were made, and there not being a large
1 force of police at his command, were the reasons why he
. had not brought Kaine before the Court, lie, the Mar
shal. intended to have brought him there, but he could
not get a sufficient force to do bo with safety.
The Judge said that the Court could not presume that
any citizen was determined to resist the laws ot the
country. The Court would uot presume that the laws
would be outraged, and, without sufficient evidence on
; oath, of the apprehensions of a resi-tacce, the Court
! could not presume that such would be the casa.
Mr. t'.dwards wished to state, with regard to the hot
haste with which he was charged, the remark may have
beeu induced by the hot weather; but this case. It should
be remembered, commenced more than a inauth ago,
and as the prisoner had had every opportunity of discus
sing the matter, there could be no grounds for the accu
sation of the hot haste.
The Judge ? With that I have nothing to do. The
prisoner was not hereye-terday, and has been sufficiently
' accounted for. The Court now wished to have a reason
) shown why Kaine is not here to-day.
Mr. Ku wards said that tho serious question was who
' ther the Marshall could Ik- compelled to bring the man
before this court. Yesterday. Sir. TaUmadge. who now
! appears by counsel, respectfully, as he (Mr. Edwards)
; thought, responded to the writ of habeas corpus of this
' court, and snowed that this man was in his custody; but
he showed that he was in his custody as Marshal of the
1 I'nittd Mates, and itseeuud to him (Mr. Edwards) that
I there the obligation ended. Counsel said that at this
stsge ot the proceedings he would interpose an affidavit
! to show that everything tliat could be taken cognizance
I of was adjudicated upon by Judge Butts, of the United
| States Court. Counsel then referred to the extraditicn
j ease of Kooney some years ago, before Chief Justice t>ak
| l?y. in which case Judge Oakley saw that the matter bad
? been fully considered, and refused to enter into the mo
j tiou on habeas corpus. With regard to the production of
the prisoner in court. Mr. lOdwards referred to the case of
1 Meitzdl. in which Judge Kdmonds ordered his discharge.
: and Judge Bttts. of the S Court, ordered his removal.'
| With gieat respect, he (coun-el) would ask of what force
, would an altacbuicul in the hands of the Sheriff
j against the United States Marshal be The Mar
| shal has given a fair reason why the prisoner
I Is not pr? -t ut. As far as the counsel for the
| British govel birr ot was coucerneil. he had no objection
i to the preieiK e of the prisoner ; but he (Mr. Edwards)
? was talisfnv' that au a I tempt would be made to leseue
tbe man, and that in tbe attempt more lives than one
would l.e riskej in bis attempted capture, ile (Mr. i;<J
waids 1 "u-- ilicie Ms couiim 1 for the claimant, who was 1 1 e
Brith b govcii'ini ut. The Marshal was represented by
Mr F. A. Tallii.iulj.c.
ThcJtiil.ce niil hat the Mar.-hal was the only person
he wanted to hear at piesent.
Mr. !?'. A.TallmhOgo (ex-llecnrdev i. as counsel for the
Marshal, oid lie Uuew no rule by which a habeas corpus,
which h.-'s been is u<d and dismissed by one judge,
would be tell rated by another. If -ueh wi-re the prac
tice, there would be uo teiminatiou to wiitsof hmbtat
cot /IIS.
Tfcc Court thought th.it there was nothing different in
this ea. e from any other A abran rm/>un; mid the parly
in whet e custody ibe pii.-ot.-er is. mu-t take tin' ri-k ol"
disobeying the writ. unites ho rhows reason why tho
prison r -bon id not be brought into rourt . The only
point now be-ore this Couit is. whether the officer obey#
the writ or not . Ho (the .Indue) regretted exceedingly
tlial the suggestion of danger of arrest bad been nude,
lie whs not uwnTe that any citizen of this community
?ver atti nipt ell -o to violnte tbc laws. If the officer 1>
lieves that denser exists. and that the force of the county
if. not M'fficii nt to enable him to bring up the prisoner
witii sefety. then it. will be considered by the Court.
The inquiry of traverse to the return is an after m ilter.
Mr. F. A. Tallmuoge. counsel for the Mar. hal. concurred
with tho court as regard* tile ability of the authorities
to execute the liiws in this city. Mr. Tallmadge was pro
ceeding iu his argument on the ca-o. in which lie said
that lie presumed that the return of the Marshal was not j
disputed, wbrn he was informed by prisoner's counsel
tlmt it was; uud on a suggestion from Mr Brady to ad
journ the H;atii r to Monday, Mr. Tallmadge said that ou
the part of the Marshal he bad no objection.
Mr. Kdwards opposed it ; but the Judge said that he
thought that when the person on whose behalf the writ
is is-iKd. and the officer in wlio-e custody he is. have no
objection to adjourn, the Court would have no hesitation J
iu ordering the adjournment
The case was then adjourned to Monday next, the I
Court entering an order that ihe Marshal shall retain tho '
prisoner in custody pending the proceedings In this court.
Tlie Titrf.
I'm hi Com k, L. I- ? Troium;.? ' Thursday, July 22.
Match and purse, $600: two miles, and repeat to wagon
and driver, to weigh 8'JO pounds.
II. W oodrufT. b. til. Host on tiirl 2 1 1
W. Mhedan.b g. Honest .lohu I 2 2
Timo? 5:30; j : 5:.';2.
COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS.
MONK Y M AllKET.
Fat osr, July 23?6 P. M.
There was quite an nctivc d<mand for stocks at the
opening tills morning, and quotations current at the
close yesterday, were well sustained. At the first t?oard.
Dauphin Company advanced 1 \ per cent; Pennsylvania
Coal Company. Norwich and Worcester, *4 ; Mont
gomery Mining, ; Canton Company '4; llariem.
Heading Railroad. )'t. Indiana Preferred ?">'* declined
percent; Michigan Central Itailroad. >4j Nicaragua.
Frio Income Bonds. , At the second board. Nicaragua
advuncid '.i per cent; Montgomery Mining. ? : Morris
Canal, 'i; Florence and Keyport. Iteading Itailroad.
>? ; Hailem. ' . Krie Itailroad declined percent. At
the ( lose tin to wa a buoyant fetling iu the market, and
there were vtrong indications rf an upward movement
all round.
The receipts at the office of the Assistant Treasurer of
this port, to day amounted to $tK7,302 42; payments.
f>51 4 V20 73? balance. f4 080.300 68.
The New York and Harlem Kailroad Company hare
d< dared a semi- annual dividend on the old stock of two
per o ut.
The Greenwich Fire Insurance Company Iibto declared
a semi-annual dividend of ten per cent.
There was an active demand for foreign exchange for
rtmlMance by the steamship Baltic to-morrow (Satur
day) fiom this pert. Drawer* were firm, at our quota
tion*. We quote best bills on London 10 V, a 18?? per
cent prim; on Paris, Of. 17 ** a of. 16; Amsterdam, 40', a
41; Br< men. 78/4 a Hamburg, aIKi','. The steamer
will tuke out about half a million In specie.
The steamship Daniel Webster sailed to-day. for Ban
Jiuin, Nicaragua, with laborers for the Nicaragua Transit
Company. This company will soon have its railroad
built from the Pacific Ocean to Virgin Bay. on Lake Ni
caragua. which will expedite the transit across the
Isthnuit nearly one 'lay. Nearly one hundred laborers |
sailed on the 20th instant, in the Northern Light, for San '
Juan, and the complement is now about made up We \
shall soon hear moat favorable accounts of the progress of
the company's work.
The large sale of rpilroad bond* at the Merchants' Fx
change, to-day. was not very largely attended, and the
price* obtained considerably below the value of the se
curities offered. We attribute thin entirely to the ex
cessive hot weather, and the absence of Many large ca
pitalists from Ilia city. The annexed pried wei i) obtain
ed
Mansfield ami Saaduiky Hailroad C >nipM/'i boud??
*2000. at 91 X prr cent; $LMM> >1 01; $10M at BO; I
Ml 000 at 80 ; $2f, 000 at 86 K . Total, $40,000, averagiaf
86 16 pn cult.
Chester Valley (Pens ) Rallrotit tympany's bnads?
J.9UW at 7ft ptr ?ont; $20,000 at 78),: $25,000 at 7S.
Total. $M,0U0 averaging 7H.0J p?r oent.
Vermont >allfj iUulruad Couipauy'H bonds? $25,000
at >0 pur oeut; $l6,0o0 at 78; $5 000 al77\'; $4 000 at
77; $2 000 at 76; $2 000at7&K; $61 000 at 75; $82,000 at
Total. $200 i 00 averaging 76.00 pet orat.
haratoga and Waiblnictou Hailroad bonis? $5,0i)J at
77 per cent; remainder, $05,000, with trawn.
Vermont Valley llailroad stock. $20,000, sold at 21 1;
per cent. Remainder, $80,000, withdrawn.
The following is an official state ment of the toil.* ool
lected upon ibe New York canals, frvnt the opening of
navigation to tint 14th Inst
N >:w Yoaa State Canals ? Tdui Colluc ?:n.
Sf* d mirk Total la
uijuty. J?l? 14.
184 6 $71,16't $1,182 .'1ST
184 7 111,483 1,521,482
1N48 70.2-20 1 141 W2j
1840 76844 1.175.146
1K60 60 701 1.066 411
1861 8A.819 1,207 000
1802 88,081 1,119,662
Decrease this year, $178,404
The toll* for second week in Juiy, tb's year, were $88 681
The tolls for uucond wuekin July, ladt year, were 85,810
Increase $2,862
There is very little probability of the proeent deflcieaoy
being tntirnly removed between this and the otoso of na
vigation, but wc have no doubt it will be materially re
duoed.
The annexed statement exhibits the vaiua of foreign
dry goods entered at this port for consumption, for ware
housing, and the withdrawals bout warehouse, during the
week ending the 22d inst. : ?
MavRMMrrs in Foreign Drv Goods.
Enltrrd for Oonsumpti'm .
MAMIFACTllRES 0? WOOL. MAM'tAUTURTi Or COTTON,
l'kgs. I'aliie. I'kgt. I 'at.tr
Wool lens 346 $170,451 Cottons 407 $120,284
Cloths 73
Cnwimeiett ... 11
Worsteds .... 132
Stuff Goods . . 73
Cot k Wor d. 020
Merinos 60
Delaine* 18
SbawU 64
('outings 0
Ves tings 2
Covers 8
Lasting* 2
Blankets *J2
llose 63
Yarn 0
Carpeting .... 3
Manufc. of. . . 20
35,500
5.767
Colored do. ... 63
Prints 50
01.1!*) Ginghams..., 13
22 011 Muslin < 18
113.431 Velvets 13
?1.912 Laces 26
7.037 Kuibroideriee. 42
27.510 Handkerchfs.. 6
Hose 151
Olovee 13
2 211
!'48
3 281
2 840
19.7?0
750
842
Spo?il
Braidings
Manufs. of...
13
2
63
7.782
10.750
2.506
4. 993
2.824
11023
13,004
1.014
23376
1246
2.856
1010
21,754
882 $220,128
Total
MANCriCTL'Rf.S 01 SILK.
9.402 Silks 658 $014 320
"" 209,507
Ribbon* 259
Total 1.448 $648,532 Satias *T
ha.m, kacivr?;< or tlax, T.acea 31
I i.lnens 161 $37,144 Embroideries. 21
I)o. Si Cotton. 20
I.ucee 7
ilandkfs 38
Thread 14
Manufr. of . . . 23
*,013 Crapes 1
6.810
20,607
2 427
12.289
Total .... 302 $86,350
MISOKLLANr.Ol'S.
Straw Goods. .
Art. Flowers.
Collars. Slc...
Kmbroidery ..
Plush.
15
24
3o
88
1
Shawls 10
Millinery 2
Kid Gloves... 9
Leath'r Gloves 77
Gloves 29
ltutton Stutls 3
Suspenders. . . 5
Velvets 40
Plush 6
V ratings 39
Shawls 6
Cravats 16
Jlandkfs 17
l'ougees 638
S. Si Wonted. 124
S. Sl Cotton.. 96
S. Si Linen. . . 6
Gloves 28
4
$3,017
4,802
27,579
67.636
524 llose
2,583 Gimps, Sic...
808 Sewings
6.766 Braids. Sic..
79.697
of
15219
1.008
1.973
Kaw_ .
Maim.
19
6
26
25
134
28.918
17,760
9.467
720
20.368
5 204
20 MOO
4.103
11.856
10,797
11.748
92.365
31734
7,021
17,253
1,8'J7
11.633
3 603
8.074
6 007
118,126
Total ...2.226 1,266.301
Total .... 298 $192,071
Withdrawals from WareJtome.
MANrPAC'Tl'RKS OF WOOL. MANUFACTURES OF SILK.
Woollens 10 $5,036 Silk*
Cloths 25 8.606 ItibUin.s
Worsteds .... 00 25,731 Lustres
Stuff good? . . . 27 5. .101 Satins
Cot. & worst 'd 14 2 702 Shawls
l)e I.aiues . . . . 10 2 105 Pongees
Shawls 2 808 Silk & cotton.
blankets 108 12.580 Silk At worstod
Total 206 $63,259 Total.... 77 $22,943
MAM FACll KfcS OF COTTOW. MlIK F.LLAN EOl'S.
Cottons 45 $1()4;>8 Straw goods. . 5 $194
Colored do... 20 3,608 Plush 2 908
Shawls * 1 233
Total 70 $14,116 Druggets 1 264
MAMFACTl'BFS OP FLA*. -
Linens 84 $12 885 Total 9 $1,099
Entered for H'arriioiising.
MAMTiCTt'HM OF COTTOX. SUM FAC ri'R Kg OF WOOL.
Cottons 19 $2 606 Woollen* 9 $1433
Colored do... 6 700 Cot. St worsted 08 12 848
Velvet*..,.... 3 209 Stuff gooods. . 34 16,997
Muslins 2 1.392 Hose 0 1.262
D raids 8 1,229
Total 29 $0,017
MANi FAm ar.i of fla*. Total 124 $33,769
l.iocns 09 $0 369
Handkerchiefs 1 102 Qmam-factures of silk.
? Silkj 0 $1,678
Total (X) $l> 031 Shawl* 4. 4 (Mi
MiscKi.LAM.ors. Congees 22 3.000
Struw-v 3 $1 027 San-nets 17 4.177
Embroideries. 2 1 292 Muttons 1 200
Total 0 $2,319 Total 49 $10,421
RFCArm LA1IO.V
Entered for Consumption.
, 1851 , . 1802 ,
Pkg$. I'alur. I'kgt. Value.
Manuf. of wool.... 1.996 $499,224 1,448 $548.5i2
?' cotton... 1,424 291.006 882 226128
" silk 1.400 1.229.230 2.220 1.260 301
?' flax 744 176.160 302 86,300
M isceilantous 243 140,123 2'.'8 192.072
Totals, 0.871 $2,430,749 0,106 $2,318,882
Withdrawn from Waichiitiit
Manuf. of wool.. . . ISO $50,000 206 $63,219
cotton... 184 30.690 70 14.110
" silk 42 30. SOB 77 22.948
" flax 46 7.31 1 84 12.885
Miscellaneous 203 2 273 9 1599
Total." 001 $1 10.990 496 $114,807
En (rrrd for I f 'arthoti sing .
Manuf. of wool.. . . 355 $103,211 124 $33 709
cotton.. . 212 40.987 29 5.017
" Mlk 140 56.43* 49 10.421
" flax 80 14 288 00 6,031
Micelluueuus 18a 3.837 0 2.319
Totals 972 $218,706 267 $08,057
Total value |>ut on the murket in the week,
1801 $2,006,739
Tot.il value juit on the market in the week.
1S52 2 433.689
Decrease third week in ,luiy. 1802 $12::. 050
Decrcalv necoud week In July, [1802 717.764
$840,814
Incria-e iir-t week in July, 1852 739,014
1>k?uo in July. 1802 $101,300
The importations continue very large. I p wards of two
millions ol dollar* worth of foreign drygoods have been
entered at thi.^ port, in each of the put three or tour
weeks, being nbout four times the aggregate value of our
average weekly exportation* of merchandise. We are
not mrprised at the^e heavy importations, and have no
doubt they will continue large throughout the season.
Tlie facilities for paying for foreign manufactures are every
? lay increasing. The demand in Europe for our funded
securities is daily becoming greater. The abandonee
and cheapness ot money in l.ondon. compels capitalists
to look abroad for employment, and as our securities pay
high rntes of interest, they are sought after, and larje in
vestments arc madu by eve ry steamer. The money for
these securities is not piiid here ? it does not come herein
the sliape of money, but in tile shape of dry goods and
otlu r foreign manufacture*. It is paid by the bankers
of I on. Ion into the hands of the manufacturers of Man
i In iter, Birmingham. and other places, and the value of
nil the bonds sent out from this country is con
ruined by our people, principally In the luxuries of
life. We get nothing for these securities but silks.
mi tins wines, and a few of the actual necessaries of life.
This i- all very pleasant, very agreeable, so long as the
lemittance of these long dated paper promi* i to pay con
tinues, and may continue so until they reach maturity:
but when the day of payment arrives? when we are
called upon to pay the amount represented on the faee of
these bonds ? the movement will assume a different com
plexion, and if we are not very much mistaken, there wilt
be considerable gnashing of teeth among the financiers
and landholders at that time. Railroad bonds are now
playing the same part In our financial and commercial
operations with Great Britain that State bonds did in
1832, '83. '34, '35, and '36; and it is our flrtn belief that
ultimately results will be realized similar to those which
followed the expansion of the abovo named period, I'ub*
lie and private credits have been enormously inflated, a
large portion of which Is on account of the rapid exten
sion of our foreign import trade. For some time past,
our importations have been paid for by the remittance of
large amounts of State and railroad securities, and large
shipments of specie, independent of our great staple pro
ducts?cotton. tobacco, corn. fce-> The balance
against us can only be kept down by bringing to our aid
two elements which should never be brought into the
foreign trade of any country. It Is not diBicult to autl
clpste the result of this artificial course of trade
The facilities aflorded for paying our foreign Indebted
imps by the rspld manufacture of paper securities, in
connection wit b the rapid expansion of the ie?-ai currency,
re the principal causes of the weekly increasing importa
tions It Is lolly to talk about tarifls in tin faoe of such
nn inflation of bank credits as we have recently experi
enced. Whcnevir our importations ren, li a very la'ge
amount a greet cry Is raised al>out the tariff Ifery
evil is attributed to the tati'.l, aud liiert- is ? demand for
Instant modification, jwt u though a modMmte or eveai a
high rate of duly co'dd regulate Mia rroeipU of foreign
inttiufiotunn more than prions in the different market*.
Tbe innnufaoturtrs of Great Briuin undnnttad Mlis
subject so well (hat tht'jr can tell at once the court* of
trado with the l.'nited States, by wjiohin^ ctonety the
l.soking movement of the different h tales. Ajt eipauiiM
in discount* and in circulation U sure to enlarge aad o?
tend our markets for foreign goods and large shipment* are
at one*' made from British porta, either in the fultllmeat
ol orders from this side, or on maaufaoturcra' account.
1 oceign manufacturers do not look bo much t? the tariff
although it is more or leaa aa important item ; but the
I >auking movement is the great regulator, being nor*
powerful than all oilier elements combined.
Within the past thlrty-al* 7 oars we have had in ope
ration iu this country six different tariffs, giving for each
an average of si* years. Thin frequent ohange is attended
with acre or lass disadvantage. None of them have
Uen perfect, and we do aot suppose any ever will be.
The great, and wu believe about the only, diffloulty with
tlio one now In operation, is in relatiou to the valuation
of foreign goods. It is propo-ted to remedy this by aa
alteration of the synlt-m of valuation and to do thla
home of the wife lieiwU of the Senate think it naoemarjr
to remodel the present aot. This would open the wb*te
qitaetloa, nod give rise fito an eadleaa debate. Tha
simplest and eaeit-st way ia to let the tariff of 1816 staud
as it is mid give the Secretary of the Tieasury author!^
to adopt from time to time such a system of valuation as
circuiu^taiicee required Thla would remove at oaee any
local difficulty that might ari*e. and effectually do away
with all cau--c for oomplaint, atvl all uecoMity for further
modification of the act itself
Stock Exehangr,
|1:*0 ir S 6'e. -C8 Cou|>. llh?i 25 ?kd Nio Traa Coj.tO *rv
2UU0 V 8 !.??, 'i>7 Us1-, ]00 baup'a Caal Co.blO 71
MX*) do t;t lib1-, SO do 7IV{
fit*? Ohio ti'e, '56 li>lH M do MO 7IX
HfOO Indiaaa ft'a 95 50 do . . klS 71
0000 I'a JSt?t? 6's. .opg 400 Bdgaworth Land C* 6V
4500 Virgiuia ti'n 110 lMUautonCa sS 77X
tUUOKentiioky ti'a 1UHV,' 100 do b? 79
MOO Ind Can Frof 5's. 40^, SO do a3 78
28000 Kile Ino lids. ,.a3 99\ AO do bN 7V?
5000 K Kit 0 B, ????. 1.1.O !X> 1*0 Pen a Coal Oa 113
45000 da btiO 200 do bll 114
1000 Erie KR C Ba, 71 9X*2 1000 Manic Mlalng.. .M dTfi
2000 do 98* 200 Erie Railroad 87
ii alia City Baak 115 200 do MO ?7!?
10 Bank Commerce... 107>,' 00 do MO V
50 Baaovsr Bank. ... 104 '-Kfl Harlem KR M0 7.t
15 Metropolitan ltaak 107? 170 do TP'.
500 Morris Canal H>4 IPO do aM 78 V
100 N J Zinc 12*i 130 da 72??
25 Floret*c? & Kdjn't. 44 50 do MO 71
45 Roch. L Si N r RK. lOtiV 72 do 72?J
50 Mich Central RK. . 11 1 >4 200 Reading KR... om #9V
28 Nor fc W or UK .. 63!? 25 do opg 90
65 Nicaragua Tran Co 3H G50 do bj 00
200 do bGO 38 ?; 100 do bit 90
50 do 37 ?X 7 Hudson River RR. . 65
75 do 371? 100 do a3 64V
00 do s.'iO x 't 10 N Indiana RR. .. . 117
SECOND BO ABO.
*2000 Erie Inc R.ls ... 250 aha Readiag RR.opg MX
10000 E RR C B, "02.1)30 P5 100 da *10 :toO
H)00 do 95? 100 da opg pjt.*
20000 do b60 90 100 do b30 90'?
?U F.rle RR C Bs, 71 98*i 25 Steningtou KR 65ll
10 abs Matropol'n Bk-. 107fl 100 Harlam KR 7 2T,
100 Nio Transit Co . . . S7?i 150 do 7'i
HO Montgom'y Mining d7, 100 do 7i'?
100 do bSO 6 60 do blO 73
2t? Morris Canal.. . b60 18^ 20 Mick Can RR lll>?
100 do blO 181; |.r>0 Eria Railroad H6li
100 do b3J 18=, 50 do blO 86*1
50 Florence A Keyport 44 *-? 250 da bfiO KT ^
150 Reading RK....opr !K?\' 00 do b.W 87
400 do b30 91
CITY TRADE REPORT.
Friday, July 25?6 P. K.
Ashes. ? But 50 bbls. wore sold to-day. at $4 75 a
$4 SI.1.! for pots, and $5 ?>>4 a $0 50 for pear la, pec 100
lbs.
Bei-swax ? A limited inquiry pre railed for American
yellow, at 2Cc. a 26>?c. per lb . rash
Brkadstuffs. ? Flour continued to favor buyers. the
Mies including 0.200 bbU. ordinary to straight Slate, and
mixed to fair Western, at $4 (JO a $4 183^; ohoioe
State. favorite Ohio and fancy Western, at $4 18Jf a
$4 31} i; with common to good Southern, at $4 37 y, a
a $4 t>2l?. A few lota Jersey meal fetched $3 18 V, and
rve flour $>3 18'$' a $8 26 per bbl. We noticed sales of
2 7(i0 bushels Canadian white wheat at $1; 4.000 Ohio
red do , at 94c ; 2.000 bushels rye, at 78>gC. a 79>i'c ; an<l
36.(00 bushels corn, at 6Cc a 02c. for unmerchantable.
C2c a 63c. for round yellow, and 60c. a 03,lic.fi>r|mixsd
Western ? the previous prices.
Cor r* y si emed pretty brisk. 800 bags Uio hating been
disposed of at 9c, a9??c.. and 700 Maracailtoat 0c. a 9,'^c.
lur lb.
Cotton. ? The sales to- day amount to about 1.500 balm,
with a steady market, the higher glade* being held moro
tirmly.
Freights ? To Liverpool. 1.000 a 1.500 bbls. flour were
engaged at Is. Grain was at 4d.. and cottoned. To
l.ondon, 1.900 bbls. flour, and 400 do. rosin at la. M.
a Is. 9d. Two vessels were chattered to load with naval
stores, on private terms, supposed to be at about 2s. 3d,
the running barrel. There was a fair amount offering
fur California, at about 40c. a 85c. per foot measurement,
liatesto Havre continued inactive.
Feathers.? Prime live geese were in moderate request
at 39c. a 40e. per lb.. cash.
Faun .?Wo heard that 000 boxes Malaga laUins found
purchasers at $2. 50 cases sardines at i>oc., and 50 casks
/.ante currants at 5c.
Hemp? Thi re have l>een 100 bales American undressed
bought at fl 17 60. usual credit.
Hiofs? The maiket continues very quiet. ? the sales
this week are. 11.010 Anpostura, on private terms ; 1.S41
Mammons. 21), IK", al 12j,c per lb., an they ran ; 40j
lush slaughter, 50 l!?s. at O'^.c i>er ib. ; 2000 dry Mara*
caibo's, st K1 '4 p. r Ib.
llors ? About 32 bales Kasteru and Western changed
bands the pa t two dayi-, at 46 a .V;c per lb., cash.
Iron continued in active demand, and some OflO tons
Scotch pig were taken at $20 5uu $21, 6 months.
Laths ? Kastern were plenty, and saleable at $1 62. 1 J
cn*b. ptr 1 000.
Lm? ? Rockland remained scarce and and quiet at 85c.
for common, and $1 for lump. per 100 lbs.
Molasses ? ' We only beard of 2C0 hlids. Cardenas being
sold to day at 19. Market, unaltered.
Oils ? 'i'here were 2.600 gallons linseed bought at 62c.
per gallon, cash. l>emand good
Provisions were hardly so brisk, though the sales
reached 400 bbls. prime and mess pork at $17, awl
I 50; 200 bbls. prime lard at 1 1 l4o. 11 Jic. per Ib; 150
Mils, prime and mess beef at $8 a $0. and $15 a $18;
witli seveial parcels butter and cheese at former rates.
Bice. ? The past week's sales embraced '.?50 tierces
prime at *4 12, ? a 4 25 per 100 lbs. Market very much
depressed, and prices barely maintained.
Sedans ? 150.000 lluvana wire procured at $20 a
$27 60. usual credit.
So sr. ? tome 150 boxes red mottled castile fetched 9c.
a 9'4c. per lb
Srians. ? Sales have been innde of 200 bbls. domestic
whi-k<v. at 21 1 jC. for Ohio, and 22c. for prison, oash;
and .'0 hhds. diudgc do. at 22c., Lime, (Lc. Market im
proving.
Pi'riA as.? There were 250 hhds. Muscovado purchased,
at 5 a 0, 11C. per lb. Demand mod< rate.
Tallow.? Sales of 8, COO lbs. prime were effected, at
S.'n ? SJi'c p> r lb. cash.
Wooj .? The sale have been conflned to domestic; of
fierce, three quarter to full blood rnciiuo. 25 000 lbs.
have been sold, at 38 to 46c.; 10.000 lbs. No. 1 Iambs, at
;;1 to 33c nnd 4.000 lbs. super lambs. 3Hc. per lb., cosh.
Foreign is iu very light demand.
receipts of rnODfctt.
ltr North Rivfr Hoats. ? 7 981 bbls. flour; 40 do.
ashes :.21 do. whiskey, 132 bales wool. 20 i 10 busbeU
corn. 12.247 do. wheat, 2.500 do. ryo, and 12 packages
butter.
Hv Erik Railroad.? 88 bales wool, 450 sides leatbor,
24 packages cheese and 731 do. butter.
B* Nfw Haven Rwihoad? 98 sides leather, 81 pkgs.
butter, and 140 do. cheese.
Importations ot ihe Week Kmiivq Jul) 0.
Brick. ? 25 uto Ore. 150 i:00 .<s{uaie
Klca' mm Power us.? 50 casks.
Hum. ? 104 bags.
Coal.? 1 922 tons.
Chalk. ? 50 tons
Coi n 1 ? 131 02 bag? 62 bbls.. 1 trc..Icsk.
I'vi '.? 40 csk*. madder; 1 120 bales guxubiaj 77 bales
cochineal.
Ih i.wnen, ? 103, COO lbs . 3,566 qtls.. 84 qtls. fustic; 4,000
Bra/.illetta wood.
Darns. ? 11 cks sugar of lead; 101 bxs. magnesia; 1
rsk. iodine potassum; 26 tons antimony ore; 100 cs. sa
go; 1.180 bags alluin; 1.248 bags gum copal: 4 cerooita
Ippecacbuana; 24?> bbls. soda chrystals; 12 bbls. balsam
ropavia : 192 cks.. 173 tes.. 240 bags divi divi; 212 itcs. al
kali; 17 kegs. 20 iif bbls., 8 bxs. arrowroot; 13 cks. buiok
lead.
Dry (loons? Ship Jobu Ilaven, 19;i pkgs.; B. B.
Forbes, 170 do.; Waooiista. 11 do.; Marianne, 242 do ;
steamer Humboldt, 1.441 do : Irene. 220, Favorite, 70,
Connecticut. 192; Sheridan 380; May Flowor, 118; Wash
ington, 533; A. Uullataa, 615; nichuni Morse, 175, To
tal pkgs., 4.372.
Fiar Crackers. ? B65 bxs.
Fruit. ? 40 bxs. tomatoes; 4,760 do. pine apples; 50
Iwies walnuts: 4< '6 cs. prunes; 50 bales almonds; 3,450
bushels peanuts.
Honet.? 10 bbls.. 7 Ics.
Hohvi ? 1 100 : 2 428 do. buffalo.
Hides.? 23.970 hides; 150 bales goat skins; 300 caU
skins,
H at. ?157 bales.
IIair.? 20 bales.
Ihon.?8.4Si.O bars railroad iron, 48.716 bars; 6,326 bdls.,
3.122 bills, hoop; 2,009 bdls. sheet, 681 sheets; 2,830 tons
pig.
Iron*.? 8 bags vegetable ivory.
India Bt Rat a. ? B7 bags.
Lr.AD.-l.8M pigs.
Molasses.? 1.542 hhds., 50 tes . 18 bbls
Oil ? 230 casks linseed; 26 ca?ks whale; 12es*ksead;
lt3 casks seal; 3S8 eannisters oil; 704 baskets olive.
Pi. astir. ? 312 tons plaster.
Paint ? 10 cai-ws Vermillion; 20 casks Paris white; 82
casks 64 kegs paint.
Hattans. ? 8 I In bdls.
Si oar.? 8,354 hhds., 182 tes., 184 bbli., 1.006 boxes, 7
bags.
Suri 1 *.?09 cases conch; 1 box turtle.
Spelter. ? 2.991 casks.
SroNOSS. ? 18 I Miles.
SniARs.? 10.000 segars, 820 boxes, 12 esses.
SriHiTs ? 52 casks mm, 12 hhds. 40 hall 170 ore., 241
bbls.
Salt.? 6,976 sacks. 506 tons, 17,381 bushels
Sni i.s ? 9.42*1 mats cassia; 117 cases nutmegs; 10 oases
uiacc; 109 bbls. ginger; 200 bags pimento.
Steel.? 277 bdls., 30 cases, .'Wl plates.
Torse < o ? 227 lialus. 67 car oons.
Tf.a >>16,766 pkgs. tes
Tin ?7 535 boxes tin plates; 1,023 slabs; 650 boxes
time plates.
\\ 0011.? 2.299 crotches. 348 logs mahogany; 10 tons
sapiiii wood; 25 logs satin wood
Win*.? 750 qrs.. 644 Mils , 8.1 hhds , 71 half, 2 038casea.
Wool. ? 16 lisjns, X bales woollen waste.
Winiiuv (Juss?1 7,751 boxes window g(a*>
/.IN* ?50 car Iff.

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