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THE NEW FORK HERA LB.
WHOLE NO. 7262.
SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1852.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
BALES BY AUCTION.
JELLIES A N 1> LiyUORS AT AUCTION? TUBS,
day, September 21, 18S2, nt liiU-pa?t ton o'clock, at No.
f>7 Dey street, corner "f Greenwich, n miscellaneous assort*
nifnt of (iroceries, Sugars, Teas, Coffee. Rice, Mustard,
>1 llavami Sweetmeat*. Ginger Sweetmeats, Pill#
AnplFand Cherry Marmalade Vliitclie*. Ink. Segars, &?<!.
A l-o, Brandy, Wine, Gin. Hum. London Cortcr. Curaooa Cor
dial, Pepptiuiiat, &c. WIX1.1NX TONTV. CARTER, Auc
TVEW YORK HORSE B W \ \It, 81 CROSBY STREET?
Auction salo of Morse*. Carriage!, Harness, &o.. every
M iday and W edne^day, at 12 o'clock. I'cr- ns having pro
pcriy lor bale, will poae* call and have it registered.
JOHN Jl. GATF1K1.U. Proprietor.
RW. WESTCOTT, AUCTIONEER.? OX MONDAY
? afternoon, two o'clock, at No. Hii Greenwich avetiuu,
nil the handsome furiiituro, carpets, bedding, fco., of a
family leaving the city, embracing every tliins; for the
parlor, char lor, and kitchen. Kvory article will bo per
emptorily sold (rain or shins). To be removed immediately
from the premises.
STEAM FERRY OR TOW BOAT WALLABOUT, LATE
ly culled tho Ben ltolt, will bo sold by Anthony J.
IHeecker, at auction, at the Morohant*' Exchange, on Mon
da)-. September 20, at 12 o'clock. 1HU tons, .'i'l inch cylinder,
7 fuet stroke. Can l>o soon at the foot of Montgomery struct,
East Rivor, before tho sale.
ITNION COURSE! L. I.? TROTTI NO.? ON MONDAY,
> Sent. 20, at halr-nast two o'clock P. M.? A l'ur.<o of
S. 0, SjO t . the aeooud bent. Mile heat <. host three in live in
harness. 0. Dimmick names b. jr. Jaok Ros.itcr; W. Poa
body name - b. m. Lady Jauo; 11. Woodruff names b. m. Bos
ton Girl: D. I'iffer nair.es b. in. Lady Mosoow; W. WoodrtilT
names r. ?. Taeony; S. MoLanghlin names b. in. Lady Brooks;
A. ( oncklin namosg. in. Lady Sull'olk. immediately after,
R 1'nrse and Stake of S2<?". Milo lieats, best threo in five undor
saddle . ,1. T. Kenna names bp. in. Anna Uishop; S. Mclaugh
lin name., r. g. IJlano Negre: 1. Woodruff names b. g. Dutch
man. T;.:' cai'3 will loave the Sonth ferry, Hrooklyu, for the
t onrse, st t?o o'clock, and return as soon ai the sport is
over. JOHN 1. 3NED1K.ER, Proprietor.
TTNIOX COURSE, L. I.? TUESDAY, SEPT. 21.? A
pntiOand -ial c for ?.V?) i\ ill come off at 2K P. M ,
tinlo heat*, best three in five, under saddles. Mr. McLaughlin
i> ai!H\-> r. g. Blano Ne^re; Mr. (i. L. ColT names wh. g. Mur
dockj Sir. 1>. 1'ifi'er names 1)1. ft. Blnek Ralph. Cars will
care SU nth terry, Brooklyn, at 2 o'clock P, M., and return
?>m aft. r tiso sport is over. Tare each wav. 2"> cents.
JOHN I. SNE01KKK. Proprietor.
ITNION COURSE, L. I.? TROTTING.? ON WEDNES
' day. Sept. 22d, at 3 o'clock, P. M., a match for $500,
mile It v.-. best three in five. O. Dimmock names b. g. Moa
cow ; wagon and driver to weigh 300 pounds. II. Woodruff
name? g.'g. John Davis, iu harness. Stages will leavo tho
1' nit '<1 ferry, Brooklyn, at two o'clock, and return when tho
? port i.- over. JOHN I. SNEDIKER, Proprietor.
C1ENTREVILLE COURSE, L. I.-GREAT STALLION
' siatc!'. for $2,000, three milo heats, 290 pounds wagons,
()cto''.jr I2th. Mr. D. Tallman names b. h. St. Lawronoe ;
Mr. 0. Spic.-r names b. h. Washington.
JOEL GONKLIN, Proprietor.
MANSION HOUSE, BOBOKEN ? BY DAVID POL
look.? Gibson, the only real performer of Herculean
Sedcb'.ri.ta feats, has now walkud 710 hours, and completed
$ miles See and t'clievo. Admission, free.
SPORTING.? MICKEY TREE. THE GREAT IRISn
Pi Jt-rtrian, who is walking 1,UOO miles in 1,0(10 successive
liouv*. at the Thatohed Cott;ice. Jersey City, is now in his
fingccntli day, and has walked 330 miles. Mickey offers a
v< irt.r 1 of SHW to any nereou who proves he does not walk a
mile in each hour. Admission free.
SPORTING? TO SPORTSMEN.? OX MONDAY, TIIE
2"th 'September, a Shooting Match will como off on tho
JloboUcn Meadows? to commence at ten o'clock. Refrosh
tm nt < vill be on the ground ? 500 pigeon' will ho on the
!' round. JOHN TAYLOR.
(^1 OLDSMITH'S SYSTEM OF PENMANSHIP.? THERE
Y 1? no system of penmanship cjual to Mr. G.'a system,
and no teacher as able to impart it aa the author. Let alt
hud writers take loasons of Mr. tG., or purchase hla copy
to >k? for homo practice. Pricu 2S cents. For sale at the
? cctns SS9 Broadway.
1TA1 IAN LESSONS.? THE ADVERTISER WISHES TO
tal:e evening lessons nf an Italian, for two months ; one
liviu. iu tl.e vicinity of Jefferson market preferred. Ho
must lit e.:iipetcnt to inetru< t. Address B?.x -,Ui3 Post
INSTRUCTION IN SPANISH.? SEXOR F.J. YINGUT,
Professor bf the ahovo language in the University of
Nit* York, will commence two now classcs, for ladies and
gentlemen, separately, on next Tuesday. gi\ius three leesoua
avatis, the course will ci.utmeuc?, or any engagement
lc ma le. Terms? $10 for twenty -four lessons. Apply at No.
2 12 Chambere street.
SPANISH I.ANGUACE? D YY AND EVENING CON
venation l lassos.? Professor MOUTON begs to in
form that he will upon, on Monday next, at hi* rooms, 4<xt
Bi.vlway, a new day conrco for ladies, from 10 to 12, and
nn i-vcniuf! i loss for gentlemen from si x to eight. Sub
:i' ci's wilt do well to attend punctually.
Madame barrier, native of paris-re
oi i her elas-es for those pupils who desire to com
men o I.: Stuuy of the Froueh language. Also for thoM
tvlio hato already made some progress. Can be soon from
t v ? :i hvo o'clock, at Mif> Broadway, near Metropolitan Ho
vel. Terms moderaio.
Dancing.? Messrs. r. jb e. ii. burnton would
respectfully inform their frionds that their Academy,
Ml Broadway) will re. pen for tuition on the .r>th of October
1 he books are now open at 'ii I Bowery, where those desiroua
of learning the new and fashionable danoes, aro requested
to iiirul their names, as t lie list?s. rapidly filling.
D'M INC AND WALTZING. AT 56 BOND STREET.?
Mr. SEARING'S private academy for this polite aocom
plishment will re-open in October, a* usual. Due notico
rei-i "0tini the classes is ill bo given in futnro advertise
m t*. Hoarding schools and families attended, and
I'li' ite instructions givon at times to suit applicants. For
terms, apply at Mr. S.'s residence, as abovo.
Dancing academy, no grand street, fourth
d".i-ii m Broadway. ? Esmeralda, Esmeralda ! ! ! Now
da.. in i ??.?d |.y Jir. Sarin on. and danced at Rookaway
with . i t cuccess, will he tanijht by U.n ever* 'lay and
vci up in li: tthool. assisted bjr >e\'cral young ladies, per
ft. i - a-.t fi.it in t ho dancc of the saloon.
Henry wells and his kister'3 (madame h.
Giuvclll'a) Academy for Dancing, 659 Broadway, will
jj ? . on the 1st of October. Their nothod of teaching has
received i.iiivcrral approbation. Combined with instruction
in nil the dunces ni. st a la tnodo, and in parlor danoing
'lir - ii *11 ite variations, ti.o systom of exercises, for the
'.tealthful, mtivo, and gracotnl devolopement of the musou
lar ; w t vs i i yonng sctiolars is found highly beneficial. This
raciui- 1 1 ac.iuiriiig elegance AtM an easy style of motion in
i!?neinr. is r ducod to a fow comprehensive rules, simply ex
j ainetf, a 1 the; uglily taught. To step properly in waik
?. z. in order to obtain a pleariim ? nd graceful moin, forms a
psrt in each lemon, and everything is obsorved that will 1?
fivrt to tho (upii a dignified and noblo deportment.
]\1 A D A M E G U A V I E R-D I.'IAKOi VS DANCING
ivl A ."Kmy, No. A4 Clinton place. ? Farewell Season. ?
Jlii!.'. ('. it' tending to return t Europe, takes this opportu
nity pi cj j.rcssing her gratitude to 1 1 ? ? r numeron.- pupils and
il '.iv !i s for the kind | ttro-nv.-n sho lias so long enjoy.
C'i. Ilor clti'fvs will eommcncc on ? ttur lay, Octobers, in her
<?!? ant rw'in, where pnv;ito monthly soirees will bo given
.ul. I'-iys and hours: Wednesdays and Saturdays at
i.'.i ; ;i-t. iormistcs and mauler : Monday* and Thursdays,
i " ; r P. M., fur ladle, an I . ntlemcu. Schools and
t . l ilies attended. l!n "kl/n oln--es lyr young
aUii i at Mr. Berteau's, No. Pierropont street.
JII.IU8 METZ IinrOKWS HIS pupils and
:<?; ms that he Is prepared to give lessons in Singing
l'l .. as itxiial, fur tlie coming season, at IJj Ea&t
t i -.til street.
IDE CELEBRATED PRIMA DONNA AND PROFBS
. m . mring. Signora Ili a Valoatini. teaches sing
I s , thorongS bass *?<1 a- jompaniinont. She oan be
it r own house, .HUO Fourth strict, near Morcer, from
';loc!t A. M., till f> o'ol"<)<, T. X. &he is wonderfully sno
i .it in 1 er t-sehing. n.'d will preseat to the pnblio, next
"t, four pv. teanii.iial pupllt. of UM ssost remarkable
. .. and t All: nt.
(.i/. ;;i:t co/s clt.kbratkd n anofortes,
? ? . r i " t' r n .linn. Tho 'nbserib.'r, who is
? t in t cltv for th cale of these instruments,
i'li ?: inn ii' whioh h ' i i. ? nw world-wide.) is now
l . tin in i'. prife- \ihi h, to those wishing to
Ml n< i tall t- I lefavlory. l'osse>.<ing fa.:lli
i Iniiiii'g pianos unsurpa-sed, if equalled, by those
:i i rr houne in tho iit>. ho docs not hesltato to say
f. . in present Induce n 'in to buyers not to ho found
hi 11 I. m. onst ntly on hand, un extensire assort
1 1 ! - e n '-hand l lano-, m bargains, which, ho fearless
its, v il 1 defy r m petit; ii. Uilhert's elegant boudoir
n i i i uiinl.le I or .1.1 II riiouiS'. also, Molodeon's, of
,i. ai.d Carliart'j rnaV. ; 'rami -Kuli.au and other 1*1
1IOR \CK WATERS,
'iti ,u',\v ay, corner of \nlhony street, up-stairs.
4 LBANY, TROY, AN 1) LEBANON SPRINGS.? TUB
e?r? nf the New York sud IJirlem Railroad leave the
City Unit station, New York, daily. (Sundays exempted).
At o'el< c v, A. tr.:l tr. 'i *.'i riiatham Fo?f Corneri,
ooni.oetiht, wiUi the Western i! ilriad lor Albany and Troy,
L snoi ; rings. Pitt: Uold, SptingUold, and ot'ier intormc
di ?? '.ii lis. At 3 o'clock, P. V.? Aoooramodation train
to I 'I si I'our Con ors, o.niKOt '. 5 with Western Rail
i i i g? it u *ast. I'assengirs for l.cl aaon Sprlugs w ill toUe
i- ?' l.'e'i-, It. A. M., train to Chatham, Western llallroad
t ? i .ir si,, and sts/e to Lebanon, arriving early the sains
titeraoon ? aro through, $12.
U. SLOAT, Snperintendons.
riOR PHILADELPHIA D1RECT.-U. 8. MAIL AND
f i 't .'??? linos, through -n finrhotirs.? New Jorsev Rail
I via Jersey City, leaving Now York at HA. M., foot of
tortisndl flte ft; J and ?! P. M., Liberty street Fare, ?3
i r Hr-,' . .y snd S3 fit) for tei oud elas*?ln 6 and 9 A. M.
K: turn at 1 ond 9 A. M., *nd H.
ir.pt n. N url'ilk, snd Cbarle .ton t iimA' ?;keta snM In the
an vo linos, and through b&tf?i* oarned its t' o9 A. M. and
6>S P. U. Unco.
Hudson river rah .ruad.-thains leave
Chambers street station , illy (Snndnys excepted) for
Albany and Troy, as follower- Express Trai J, ?t SUA. , M.,
tl ron:''? In fi?or hotim.FaTid cvnBeotlng with tralnu reaol inn
Buffalo or Montreal at eight o'cloek tho same oveaing
lull Train, at light A. M.; 7lhronKli Way I rains, at.ono and
f, tir P M.: Ski refs Train, at six P. M.: sed Accommodiw
tion Train, at half-past re>ea P. M. i'a.isongors taken at
n.amVora sticet. Ctt.al Rrttt, ChrWit'hsr ctroet, Four
tetntb street, Mfl Thirty-ftret street. Bnnd>j Mail Iraln.
ail VS P.* ? It'll Cftual atre- 1 . res. $i.s to Albany,
,. ... 8T'i'RK."?up?riaU?4.aV
SHORT PASSAGE FROM EUROPE.
COLLINS STEAMSHIP PACIFIC,
FOUR BATS LASER,
The Harvests of England.
AMERICAN AFFAIRS ABROAD,
, &C., &0.
The Collins steamship Pacific, Capt. Ezra Nye,
true to her reputation, has made another ahort pas
sago across the Atlantic. Bho left Liverpool at half
past 2 o'clock on Wednesday afternoon, the 8th
inst., aid rcachcd her wharf at this port at half past
4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, making tho passage
in ten dajs and two hours. from pier to pier.
The news is four days later. It is of lifctlo or no
The Cunard steamship Africa, henco, arrired at
Liverpool on Saturday evening, the 4th inst.^aftor
0 passage of ten dajs and six tours.
Tho (Jreat Britain steamship was spoken on the
23th ult., in lat. 42 37 N., Ion. 12, going thirteen
ki ots under steam uud sail ? the time and locality
giving ten knots over all, since she left Liverpool.
Oiialaaght on Kr. A\ cbs(cr's Gun mo Diplo
[Vrom the London Times, September 7-1
A few days ago we laid boforo the public an out
l;no of tho case between tbe Peruvian and Americau
gcvcrnincnts, resecting the tonitorfttl sovereignty
ot tho Lobos islinds. These islands aro barren and
uninhabitable rocks, emerging from tho Pacific
osean, at a distance of some twenty or thirty miles
from the northern 3horci of Peru. Without any
capacitios for agricultural production, and long con
sidered &3 almost worthless proporty, they lnivo re
cently acquired a value from tho rich deposits of
guano which they have been found to possess. As
tho importance ol this oomniodity became manifest,
the government of Peru converted its heretofore no
minal rights over tho teaitory into active jurisdic
tion, ana stationed vessels of war otV the islands to
prevent any shipments of guano except on terms of
its own prescribing The British government, though
moved to opposition by its subjects, deferred to tho
authority thus exercised, but the United States re
sisted the claim, and alleged that the Peruvians had
no such title to the territory as would give them
exclusive lights cf potsessieu. They claimed tho
liberty, in short, of taking tho gnano without pay
ing for it, and, when a trader of New York applied
to his government for information on the subject,
ho was apprised by [Mr. Webster that tho " De
partment of State " was "not aware" of any sov
ereignty vesting in Tern, bat that whereas Benja
min Morrell, jun , a citizen of the United States,
had "discovered " these islands in 182'J, it was possi
ble that a cortain title might pertain to the Ameri
can government itself. Since that tiiuo, the cor
respondence which ensued between Mr. Webster and
the Peruvian Minister at Washington, has been laid
before Congrots, and we yesterday published tlie
letter in which, under so recent a dato as the 21st
ult., the American Secretary maintains at length
his own viows of the question. Tho case of the
Peruvian government may be promised in a very
few words. The islands in question, designated by
distinctive Spanish names, lie within a couple of
hours sail of the shore, in a well- frequented sea
That they were not " occupied," in the formal sense
of the term, is true, for they were unlit for habita
tion ; but so notoriously bad they been both " dis
covered" and appropriated, that there is scarcely
any good map, however ancient, whioh docs not
contain them, laid down and attached to what were
then the old Spanish provinces of Peru There is,
in fact, not tho smallest reason for presuming that
tlicy escaped the knowledge or visits of t'noSft" who
settled or conquered the shores of tho main land; nor
is it in any degree probablo that, before the u?os of
fuiao were km>wn; any state or government would
ave questioned the title or jurisdiciion of Peru. It
is against such evidence as t&is that Mr. Webster is
rcduced to plead.
The original demurrer of the American Secretary
rested on ihe double argument that Peru could show
no claim at all, and that the States could produce
the "discovery" ot Benjamin Morroll in 182J. Un
fortunately, however, lor the latter plea, Mr Wob
ster himself has now been induced to found a third
urgument on facts of a totally opposite character ;
ana whereas, in his coniinumc ition to Captain
Jewctt, ho had spoken with studied respect of Benja
min Morrell's claims of discovory, he is no * fain to
defend himself against the appeals of the Peruvian
Minister, by the assertion tnat the citizens of tho
United States have been accustomed to frequent
thcte islands for fulling purposes, ever since tho
y ear 1798, at the very latest ? that is to say, for
1 hiily years, at least, before their imputed discovery
by Benjamin Morrell! And "nil this," now
aiids Mr. Webster, "is well known to the com
mercial world " Vet, nevertheless, the American
Secretary, in hU note to the Peruvian Envoy, docs
) ositively venture to alludo again to tbi; "SBppJsad
discovery. " sot indeed as "fouudiug an oscfusiira
light on the pait of the United States" (!) but. as
"a fact fit to bo considered in common with other
facts and occunrenoes," and tho import of this me
morable "fiict" ho thus suma up -'The truth ap
peu s to he that Captain Morrell was ou a voyage
of discovery, and did, in fact, discover, or was
supposed to have discovered, gtttno on thwe
islands." We trust that this argument will
commend iuelf in its full foreo to the apprecia
tion of European statesmen Tiie "discovery"' of
territory by an American, thirty years after it had
been eonl. a cdly frequented by o'.ber Americana,
is till spoken ei as something "supposed," and i
?s? "fact" which, though no', conclusive of the 1
question, ia "fit to bo considered" by tho si lo of
others Finally, what was origin, ?!ly advance 1* a
(be discovery of tbe island itself, in commuted for
ihe discovery of sots etbing upon it: so that, it' gjld
were suddenly to bo found in the Isle of Man I >y a
Fienrbman, Louis Napoleon's government might
(ilrad a claim to tbe mines
With regaid to the positive- title of Peru Mr.
Webster i> equally at ftiult for any arguments to
invalidate the pre'.ersions of that s-iatc. Its terri
torial rights, in fact, were as plain, as notorious,
and an well recognized as an y rights could bo over
territory of that description The islands were not
inhabited, for they wore uninhnbtublo, but thoy
wire set down atd described an Peruvian pmj?erty
whenever they were described at all The government
of Pent did not mtintain any protective lorcoou tho
shore sin question, because they wero not imagined to
contain anvthing worth piotcction: but as soen na
tlie negotiability of guano became known, tho ju
r!?eiietion of the State was duly exerted. As it is
perfectly inoontcstible that the' sovereignty of Peru
orrr this territory receivod all tho rocognitionth.it
w iu claimed for It, the only true quest ion is whether
tl is "f.vere'gr.ty has been permitted to lapse. Forty
ago there would no*, have bo*n a doubt about.
ih? Peruvian title, which was as plnin nJ tint of
(Jr>!it Britain to Australia, or the I nltcd States to
their unoccupied prairies. Now, liowevcr, Mr W'cb
ster asserts that, inasmuch as the Americans have
habitually resorted for more t han half a century ta
ibt m i: '?n'is for the pur? dt of seals and other ani
mals, they have acquired n " bettor title," on tlio i
ce.ieot' possession, "than eoald bo maintained by
Peru;"' as if a long established encroachment of fi-di
otSStn on a foroien shore could confer on tho State
to which those flincrmou belonged a light to enter
on possession of tho territory itself
No person can protend to doubt that the sever*
? ? it y of those islands b?s been presumed from
time immemorial, in so far as anv thought was
givun to such a subject, to be vested in the Peruvi
an government. Ihe first notable exorciso of its
jurisdiction took placo in 1S3:*.. Mr. Webster
spcoks of this act of sovereignty as "imw appear
ing." j?it as If it had not previously boon under
stcod ? whereas, ho is compelled to adinit that, it
actually produced u correspondence between the
two governments of Washington and Peru. This
correspondence, too, ho endeavours to turn to his
own account, though it contains a comploto refuta
tion of his claims When the government of 1 eru,
at the period above mentioned, warned off foreign vos
scls from the Lobos Islands, the American Envoy at
Lima did certainly put in a icmonstranco, but in
this rnnonstranco, as Mr Webster, himself, oonfess
ea, so far from denying tho original jurisdi'tion of
tho Peruvian government, ho actually solii ited a
modification of tbe deorce in favor of the Ameri
can fishermen, who " hud l>oen allowed quietlvto
follow their occupation for so many years." Yet,
iu the very noxtpnrngrnphofhisnoto, Mr Webster
ob?enes : " Hore, then, is a formnl romonstranco on
the part of tho United States against tho a;sertod
overeignty of Peru over tho Lobos Islands, to
which i o answer, ro fur as app^rrs, wai givon "
v , w -t tb" re (.?!??< w '<"? r fU< t ?h it in 'bo ,?a o.
di! g p itsnge ol ttis lueLlicul iiule, Mr. ?v **0?i??<'
himself had described this rcry roraon=tratno as
"not formally denying tho original right of Peru,
but requesting a reconsideration of the decree," ho
will readily appreciate the justice of tho oonjhuion
which the American secretary now declares to con
stitute the " standing- ground " of h:s oountrymen.
Tho fishermen and " sealers" of tho State* ha?l long
frequented without licence the shores of certain
island* always sot down and distinguished as Peru
vian territory. When warned oil, no exception is
tftl.cn to the jurisdiction oxerci3ed,butcoa>'idef?t"on
in reouested for the claims of usage in this particu
lar occupation. Yet this ?? remonstrance " t?
cited ns a protcs-t dcstructivo of Peruvian sovereign
ty. and conveying to American citizens tho right of
entering upon the islands themselves, to seize and
export what they can find.
Tlic Lcnp of the United States to the Flret
Itnnk ?f Nations?' l'J?e Ooiumest of Culm.
[From the bonden Times, September 0.]
It has over been the delight or historians and phi
losophers to trace and work out an analogy between
tho peculiarities of climate and scenery, and tho cha
racter and dit- position of nations. There is something
singularly wild and extremo in the physical plienome
naofthe Auiericuncontiueut. The mountains litoral
lv p'erce the clouds, and pour down from their tnow
c'jfped summits rivers that sweep their uncontrollable
course for thousands ot miles, and bear wit It them,
es trophies of their might, troes ot a girth and
growth unknown to tho Europoan observer, Vlic
seasons aro as stroDgly marked. A summer o
raging and almost intolerable heat is eucseeiied by a
winter of little less tb;.n Arctic severity. All things
there tei d to represent the oourse of nature as tti?
result of u sorios of violent and unoontrollable im
pulses, and to conceal those silent and unvarying
laws which regulate alike tho tall of a drop of rata
and the courno of the mighty Father of Waters.
There never probably was, since the beginning ot
the world, an instance of auch solid, sudden, and
dazilinir pro.p-jrity as has been achieved within
tho Inst fif'y years by tho United Btatos_ ot
America. By peaceful industry and bold but
well-weighed enterprise, they have advanced to a
dcrce of mnterinl wellboing which, to those who
only know tho world from books, must appear
almost incredible. Thoy have but to porsevero in
tho suuie oourse, and ihero is no limit to tho
triumphs that lio before them. They have
still a boundless territory to occupy and im
prove, in the possession of which they aro
without a neighbor, ai.d a mission of civilization
and consolidation to oxccute as noble as everdovolved
upon tho sons of men. But tho previous triumphs
of thoir induftiy and their enterprise have been so
rapid und portentous that they would seem to have
a tendency to turn atido the nation from its steady
onward course, and to enlist it in more brilliant but
far less certain schemes of aggrandisement. A na
tion of hard hoaded traders and spaculitors, strug
gling day by day with praiseworthy perseverance
and intensity for tho possession of tho " almighty
dollur." this people, so shrewd and calculating in its
private transactions, bceomes, when it touches on
public aft'dlrS) wild stud oxtr&viigfLut, boiitfulcjss in its
aspirations and insatiable in its cupidity. It pos
sesses a will as uncontrollable as the powers of na
ture which surround it, nnd spurns tho control of
law to which these mighty agencies so humbly sub
mit themselves. .. .
There aro at present two courses of policy open to
tho United States-the policy of commerce and tho
nolicv of conquest. It is open to them to throw
down commbici.nl restrictions, to stimulate the spirit
of tiuflic, ta give up aspirations of military glory,
and foul d a tower liko that of theii' mother country,
reiving rather ou arts than arms; or thoy may sub
stitute tl'.e military for tho commercial spirit, seek
to cttabHih within themselves a world of their own,
and to enlarge a territory already too VAst tor unity
by the forcible annexation of lauds too weak to re
sist the onset of tho mighty oon federation Never
had a people g od or e\il aeo so fairly Galore them,
and never was tho choico ruoio doubtful and mo
ll is row just a year since tho piratical expedition
to Cul a, resulting iu tfeo s'Bguiaary execution of
fittv American cltisers and th<> ignominious death
of the ?' uriprinoipicd adventurer ' by whom the
descent was planned- Wo hr J hoped that this
severe le-on? a single reverse amid so much pros
perity ai d progres?? would have taught the United
States the icily and wickedness of such unwarrant
able ei If. j ii.es, and finally dccided the balaneo in
favor of the policy of justice and moderation Th-.ro
L much reason to fv "11- we are mistaken. ,A?ort?l
" guild" or *' ordci" has been formed in the Souta,
Cor"-lf tirp. we MiT'pe'e we must ;'aT, not of unprin
ei pled adventurers, but of many of the most '? wor
thy and intlii*. tial mere tiauts, lawyers and puliti
ciats of tho oountry " the object is the extension
ot American irfluenee over the Western hemisphere
and tho iflaeds of the Atlantic and Pacific. Tho
first booty on which thoy bava east tucir eyes
is Cuba, ami from that island they propose to
sweep away every vestige of Spani.h authority
In <ore two suns have rmeii und set on the in
vaders ?' Enliahtened public opinion in the United
States " it Is sa'd, will sanction this measure.
it?ii iC that there are many reasons why Americans
nv.uiic the po?scpsion of the island In the first
liaee. they wish to substitute tor the iron rule of
Spain, the republican sy tem of government; next,
tluv anticipate assistance from tno discontented
Creoles -a l#l..cioub hope, it . a may judge by the
cxpoiicDce of 1-one*. Thirdly they se in the ac
(jiii.-iiie'i of this island, a guarantee f? r the perrna
,!ci , y of the institution of slaver f -urth - ?oh
u eoi'qu'. =t would extend iheir comuitreft I rftWy,
tho rich uLd luxurious covot tuif gem ol the Vnl 1
Us. at an agreeable and ae?ee^iblo retreat fren the
k veiiiifB of a New Yon winUr. and long to ex- ,
chrnge tho frown breores ef the ;\orth fe-r eQ?hant
ii c v i-l' ns ..f on-n-e tre- saadeherry c .bbh rs. the
8uiu and lubfianco of all thebj reafions is ihat, with
out, pre'endir-g a shadow of right to this p->??ssiou
of the crown of Spain, the Americans des na it, and
therefore wi?! U->ve it Went ever the Americans
e?n take be'.oi gs to acccdirg to thu now
?ch " 1 1 ef etkics ; and eome i*acc or oocae war .noy
will not porr. t the intervention of r.ny Ruropean
power betwesn tliem end any friendly ally whom
tl ty aie determined to plunder. _
It is no little qnesW*n that is raised by lueso
avowed intcn. ions-nothing less than wh^her one
of tho first-ra'o powers ot the '
itself o.\( mpt from tho provirons of the law of n*
?iove-iLan deny the existence of any right except
that of ' ho stronger, and claim to set np^bonii'is
to Us aggrerhiors, except the UrniU afi^ned by
its bour.dns8 cupidity and lust ot dominion. Shall
tl ere ariso in the middle et tho mne^eonth cen
tury a liratical Stale, bound by no Uws, recog
niLr'g ' o right*, and avowedly bjsmR ? it- poUcy on
principles which in the ea?e of individuaU this
terv same society would visit with the jwniten niry
or the cilbft 1 There w^s a time when, intoxicated
like the United States with it* enormous pros
rentT arciot A then laid down for itself the same
ruU o# eondmct, und boldly professed that while
i- tiee rn'iht re^ula'o ?l*ims between equals, the
s. longer bed a right to impore everytlung to whie-i j
the wes ter might be compcUed to subanit. After
0 tew vears tho vicissitudes of events itUeed this
arr.ioant Ktat/? in the very position it had described,
sru rendered it de^rdent on the contemptuous
clemency of a conqueror for that very existence to
winch, up' n iM own principle it had lost all right
when it became nnublc te defend it. Suppose we
wt ie to apply a limilar reason to the island of Ma |
jdri Nothing would be ea?ier than to take it from
the fe< bio power to whom it belongs. It is not too
weil ao veined by the Portuguese, it is a comm ind
i, - con lm reial i?.ition, nn.l it-climato is regarded
specific for the national disease of consumption.
\\ e have therefore, many reasons to lesiro it. Why,
then, do wo not make it oar own! Urtwo rea
u ns, which '?ur An.crlean frien-ia will do well to
consider. He mil not molatt the jtrtncipl"
nf tlttual iu.itictt, (nrnisli the Imtn of our
a, ,?s, on d di^ract our character for fatmtts
ant nuderatr-n, b/ w.estina tus properO, from our
otl,/b?avM ht u unaUc lokn'P it. And a we wish
to jo this wc dare not. We dread tho retribution
which follows on such acts, and have learnt that,
h ur.er or lator, the force ot public opinion will put
down any power which claims to emaneipato it
self t'rem the control of conscience and tho practice
01 justice. We commend these considerations in no
unfriendly spirit to our friends across the Atlantic,
and trust that they will see. on calmer reflection,
that in this case, a,, in all others, their duty is
id i ntical with their interest, and that eulightoucd
public opinion in the States, insload of supporting
"woitliy and influential" mon who form tliomselvos
into secret ?ccie?ies for the purposes of piracy and
bucenncoiing, will declare that such objects are un
worthy, ard that their promoters aught not to be
llic KiifflUH \' lew of the Laat Emtnte In
the Amrrlraii ConnrfW.
I (Kroin tlie l.omtcn Tlmea, S^apt. 7.]
In the stagnation thickening round us on this side
i ho Atlant'c, it is a comfort to know that the next
, n, mail may biing us some nows; not the settle
, u,t or otherwise ot the flshery queation, nor the
l.tuie of i ho Lobos Islands, or tho " discovery" of
, ba by an enterprsing navigator from New York,
ut icn'r thing not, less interesting, though within
i0 v. n wall of tho American legislature. As
, ? " '-p-.i WVM?-.(?ton ?nentn')v
j '(.pHttLed thiol fih tebsraph to the New York
press, before the closing or the last mail, we liarj
the exoiting announcement that " there aro genuioo
symptoms of a real light between (ienurul Culluia
and W. H. Polk. of fcunesseo; and also between
the fame Mr. Polk and Addison White, of Kentucky,
all growiDg out of the debato in the House. Tho
preliuiinanes for a dnel arc now in arrangement."
Ko envious sergeant-at-arms, no busy magistrate,
seems to bo thought of, and still has do the
1 fjietds of tho parties teem likely to interfere; bo tho
next mail may give us the sequel of these pleasant
j reiiminarics, in the ttiapo ofeoino giiovoui bodily
injuries, tbe r suit of ha fa dozen alternative dis
charges of rifles or revolvers. That one dobtfc
(?fcoiud have given rise to two a nolo, and tlio-v of
t-ueb necesfity or.d interest, miaht surprise tho di
i ligent readers of our own parliamentary intoMi*
! gtneo ; fcnt when tire debate is peruted. the wond6r
! disappears. "It, is a vory lively affair, ancl reminds
j etc of tho primitive eouncils of chiefs, when an
! Agamemnon w<-u!d offer a gratuitous insult to the
biavcit of bia colleagues, und an Achillea would defy
Lis bis chief, withou. beu g ome called <o order, e.\
j cipt by the filcnt i>ugg( f ? ions of Pallas Athen e. 1
| The subject natter oi the dilute was ftnnllitr
j enough to the assembled n preventatives, but in
| the report it is treated in a brief allusive manner,
' which precludes the potsibili'y of our forming any
| opinion about ir. The gauritlc! was thrown down
I b> Mr l'oik. Aitropns to a bill ahiut lighthouses.
I iu< delivered tjie fallowing enigmatical, but,
I as it appcurs, inflammatory speech i? ?' It was
I L l li.. piupo.e to disjo.-s iho bill before tkeui,
bui to show, among other things, that the
whig party have gone into liquidation aid
cauLOt paj 10 Ciiit a oa ihi dollar. He was at baiti
more v. ton the whigs neiuinated Gen. Scott, and it
was understood, for three or four days, that men
lroin Kc ntueky, Tennei>?.'(!, and Virginia lind agreed
i? come to Seward, and tho fact that Scott was
nominated .showed the bargain had been mado," A
tingle word, the proverb tells us, is enough lor tho
who, and it is equally certain n single word will
sometimes have it marvellous effect on tho unwise.
An antagonist jumped up at onco. Tho whole as
semblyweie conscious of bis presence, and felt the
rising "difficulty." Mr. Cullum was tho man Sim
ply to piove his perfect readiness to quarrel, he ex
claimed^ "I can't hear my eo lleajjue. The report
er explains, these gentlemen occupied seats ou dif
ferent tidis of the bull; members generally begaa
Jo "manifest additional interest iu the proceed
ings. "I wish, then," said Mr. Folk, in reply,
"you would come a little nearer " Wc are to con
elude that Mr Cullum adopted this pacific sug
gestion, and, tho whole assemblage now listening
aneclu aiwilnu, tho two belligerents stood face to
face in pleasant proximity. Mr. Cullum continued,
" I understand you to tay something about a be
trayal of the South." Mr. l'oik hereupon becamo
moic explicit : ? " I fay the man who now oceupiosa
position as Senator from Tennosseo was to have been
nominated with Filhuoro on tho ticket, awl that he
betrayed his interest, My colleague can answer whe
ther ho was connected with this betrayal " Mr. Cul
lum met the challenge?1 "My colleague in theSenato
can answer for himself. I proolnim uere that I have
entered into no collusion, public or private, anil 1
proccuEcethe intimation uratuitotis, un founded, un
truthful, and utterly falsa " This was enough. The
whole assembly, and tho two fiery spirits round
whom it had gathered, went oil at this ward,
and henceforth there was litllo else than an in
ttrcbango of denials in the most simple, natu
ral, uiiu emphatic expressions, which we must
give as briclly as we can, and which require no cont
inent. Mr l'oik, nothing abashed, promptly repeated
his charge of betrayal, and added, " 1 say, when my
colleague made the assertion at tho City Hall, intliU
city, that Franklin l'ierce or his hor*o fainted, ho
bed!" Hereupon tho chairman called to order, as
it seems with mighty little parpoe, for Mr Cullum
rejoir.od, " When my colleague insinuates that I
have n..ule a false representation, ho is nliar."
The ctue w as evidently becomo one for *' prelimi
naries," so Mr. Polk invoked the aid of a squire.
" I n;k some friend to come to me." " That's what
I say," said Mr Cullum. Some friend of order
havipg interfered, the quarrel now took a rather
moio argumentative and historicil line, and Mr.
l'oik Wei. t intoan attack on (Jcncrsl Scott's military
cajnr This called up Air. White, of Kentucky,
to whom Mr Polic immediately intimated that if he
wanted to light ho waj welcomo ; and, as this did
not sc<m to be understood, ho added, "theexoite
m> nt being," as the reporter says, "at the fever
point oil orcr '.be ball," " For fear of misrepresen
tation,! teii the gentleman ho is a lwr." for some
minutes afu r tfci.s ibe houso appears to uavu boen
pretty equally divided between its wish to enjoy the
sport and i'sstnse ofits injured dignity, halfstaading
rntipiiKtaudhalfcalUngtoordcr After a time, Mi
Cullum nought an opportunity of explanation, and
teena d for a lime nally tob adopting u. c nciiiatory
t< ? c ; iu' it did not la t long, and at ibe lirst. open
ing be offered, tho implacable Mr l'oik iutcrjestod,
" I taid you are a liar, and I say so a^ain " After
cue n ore fleree defiance from Mr. Cullum, and one
n. i. s seech endirg with "liars," by Mr Polk,
tbi.s amiable dueueaion at last wore itself oat, sim
ply Wcai'se it bnd come to a pass tbiit woris could
00 no more. l'i?tois or riiles must now ucoid'i
:hi Knotty point* ol tho " betrayal of the South,"
T'ieicc'.- eoui.'ge, and (IcncrKl s'cott's truth. Will our
friends at Washington give useredilforsiim -ity whta
t . :.y that tbo cam o of repre:cnfativo institutions,
sti 1 cciistFutienal government. I< rath' r too low just
1 im to aCord this tiufa. l iable display 1 Parll.imonts
oi'fjht to have a dignity of their own. Tiia military
eh ?pothm8 of Kuropo uuve their pageants, tnoir re
views, thoir/r'fv, ? h . ir ;e:igiou3 cercmou'n rf, their
c liberated their tiin- : hononrtd symboU and
forn.8 llepnbiica, t.nd even constitutional monarchies,
a'o ratber b?re of th?'ie thiogs. The*- should,
tl'uefoic. have icine'hixg elso instead Their de
liberations should bo grave, decorous, courteous
Bi.d e?i>n. 'i'he leprebei.taiivc of the p.wplo, b ing
a rulci . a chikf, and eM< r of the people, ought to
b?*? iti'.tkl) and . u taldy his high honor, nml do
jnttiee thereby to those be represents. Are wo
really to eo^olucle that Mr l'oik, bearing tbv- i.ame
?t ?. h lute President, fairly acd oorre.'My rcpn; out? I
bis eon?ti'?iacy cr Lb general spirit ol the l,\ ited
htp'fsl is it uiual in that country for any do/:u
men aseenbled an inhere to go on gir! .g the lie to
or e ar, other for half an hour together ! from this
exhibition we might conclude that it was ro ?"< h
in comiuoii ooeurimce, and that rettHy th'> American
torque is so fi.til, the Ainoiieaa honor in ao hluut,
?? t(, erdure the f;r ? bandving backwards aud t >r
w^ide of this moat dreadful eha.ge for a do/. en times
in sue-' fsion No rillos or revolvers can wipe out
the tiis,"rrct of such a seeae. end 'ho '?tain nn the
bei or of those vtIio merely heard and sr w without
tahiripr the trouble to stop it. Will iof the Ameri
cans. for the *?ke of liberty it&elf, for the sako of
?i\ ili/atien, provide aguinst the rccuirnnae of so
g cat a politiewl scandal 1
Tb* l.o?Hon ptpcii, Iuiyo cenml to j ublish mi j>f ?!?
n ' pie fur u week past, and have taken tlm npportu
tity ol biirglng up their arrears oi' reviews ;md
b< < k netjrfs, n Mire Fi?n that tfce fountains of npws
lire dry. Eveu Mr. Webster's letter on the Poru
ti?u guano question has provoked noLhing more
startling than a leader or two in the Times. The
lend between the Ttmnt Daily Wars, A<lvrrti$tr,
end Louie Napoleon, though daily growing moro
litter, has produced a* yet nothing fatal to ulthor.
Ike c iMunenMt most noticeable aro tho meetings
?>r the Hjrit iah Association for tho Advancement of
Beitree, at Uelfa?t, and the Musical Festival, at
Birmingham. l.argo numbers of visiters have been
attract re by beth. We observe Profetsor Kowlcr,
of the United States, among the savans in attend
ance on the foimer.
The r.i>hop (of tho Episcopal Church) of Wostcrn
New York has been in Liverpool tho past few days.
On Sunday, 5th, be preached, and on Monday ii t
t ended the meeting of tho Society for the Difl'ujion
' f ih Gospel in loreign Parts. At tho lattor, tho
Hi t opof New York said:? "He never could believe
bu? that the small cloud which had arisen, threat
< iiug a thornier utotm, would speedily pass away.
Ho Di ver did believo that John Dull and Brother
.lonaibau would quarrel about a codfish. Ho had,
from the first, believed that it wouldrcsultas i^had,
in mere tslk, and before another year wa? over
would only be a subject of luughtor. (Cheers )
Hobert Owen, tho socialist, has announced hini
s< If a canoidate for the parliamentary reprcaonta
ticn of Oldbau, , ,
Mr John Htuart, Queen's Counsel, chiefly known
ap a violent toty and opponent of chancery reform,
h is just been appointed Vice Chancellor of that
court. , ,
(L R Porter, a useful member of the Hoard of
Trade, is deaa. , _ . . . , .
An old gentleman, named No 1 Id , o fA abford,
Kc Tit, bafl just died, n nil bequeathed $1,000 to his
relD^tef, and a million and n half to tho Queon.
The militia enrolment has been going on the past
few dxvs. It is believed the regiment# will be filled
v it bout resulting to compulsory ballot.
Hcniv ron, long a parliamentary reporter for
the London puss, is appointed British consul at |
1 he clearances from the port of Iyouion for Amtra
ia tbt p?t week show an increase. There were five
?? Por Philip of an aggregate burden ofU, 122 tons;
i *<. to Pott rh'V ? snd Bvdnoy, of a joint burden of
r< mi ?. tlie Cl. n. ntrn --crew atonmor
?w ? to Sjonev ot I.Mil tonr, ind OK
to Ad.ia.au if 628 tons, tin t*p*ri* ol goods, mJ
I W1B6A, ard STunUhuva bc-oa considerably but al
though a reduction of from 20 to 25 per cont baa
taken place in the rate* of freight, there hamot
Letn so omch activity twi wm manifested a few
week-baik. In# demiiudfur pa? gt ?? *1*<> r.uhur
Tho govern mcnt retv.rns i-bow F:o number of emi
grants from Liverpool, during August, for America
end Australia, whs 21,Uu7, about M,<HM)0vcr tho cor
responding month last yn&r, aw' independent of
j.uffciogeia by private ships To America tho emi
giants wemmostly Irish and l.erui-m, and Seotoh
The West India mail steamer Modway airivod on
Bunds y, 5th, with $l,163,7uti on freight, of which
$-ly5,*(;0 *;?? g?!d and $.">,!?"(> plnitinj.
On Saturday last, tLc Liverpool CI*rv>\icU men
tioned that a Liverpool Aim wero about to build an
iron pi oj eller of 10,000 tons, to navigate tho Missis
sippi. bo fax as wo can learn, tbo paragraph wa3
for expectation, or if the project be seriously eutcr
tamid, it has a* jet proceeded uo further thaa mora
Dublir and Limerick \ a, era mention an elopement
tint lias .f cist taken place from Kilkenny, and had
caurtu a goo ti deal ol .n andal in that virtu >ua region.
Thn Lothario is Capt. llay,anolliccrintho seventy
flz?t Highland rrgiuitnt, and tho fnir but trail lauy
l-n tl.e L*d\ Kli/ul'i'ib itrymi, daughter of tho Mur
<]uis Consilium, and wifo of a country gentleman, to
>vtom'st:e had been married scnrco three ye nr3.
V. beu 1:i * iccn, tho fugitives wero an bo-rd ono ot
tbo Lire i pool mail steamers for America
C-Anothir muider b^s just taken place in Ccnnty
Tippciaiy, Ireland? ,i ;andloid najied CallagUm
K.i an Laving bee.ii shot on hia own property, at
Newcastle, amen miles from Clonmel.
Tie Board of Trade returns for August Lave jua
bten issued. and stow tho total deoiai ml value o
exports for the month of August, ?0,589,168; whil
i'oi the con i spending month of and 1H51, tho /
wojc n ipectlvaly ?0,029,503 and ?6,118,203.
On Friday, the foreign consuls at tbo port of
Cork j .tin au official visit to (itn. Mansel, tho newly
appointed commander in tho district; also to Ad
mi ral Purvis, commander- in-chief on tbo Irish sta
tion. The Admiral received tbeinon board II. B. M.
sh'p Ajox with o salute of twenty ono guns, and
lioistcd the American flag in compliment to Mr.
Mitchdl, U. S. Consul.
The Minister of \\ ar ha? given notice, that ia nil
future agreements made with contractors by tho
\V ar Department, any working on Sundays or holy
elays will be prohibited.
Preparation are in progress for tho reception of
Louis Napoleon at nil the towns mentioned in the
Hineraiy of his proposed journey South At Tou
lon, the authorities propose to entertain him with n
up resent at ion of tbo f-i ego of Toulon, where bis
uncle laid one of the first steps of bis fame. At
K overs, St. litienne, Moulins, l'oictiurs, and other
cities, demonstrations on a gioat scale are ex
pected to come off. Meanwhile, petitions for re
storation of (lie empire are liowwg in ; among
oilicis, lioni ? 1 18 villages in the arrondisscmcnt of
Montmedy, (Mouse,) have just been forwarded to
The N ier.im Uryd's states that the marriage of
t.i uis Napoleon with the Princess of Vasa has been
postponed, by the advice of her physicians, but will
certainly tal.o place, the only tlid'erence in the ori
giral prograiniJio being that tho jiroclauiation of
i he tmpiio will precede instead of follow tho nup
tia's. J'he JJovd states positively that it has boon
resolved to convoke tho French Senate, to obtain
the decis?on of the people on the question of tUo
empire before the end ol tho year.
\ tclcgiaphic despatch ot London from Amster
dam. states that the French Minister at tho Ilaguo
hud I t-en recallrd, in eonjciueuco of tho rejection of
the literary convention with France. T lie Dutch
Tuni?'' fell lar.idly in consequence.
Eiihu itunitt has just arrived at I'urL-1, on his
pi ace mission
1 New post stamps beating the head of l.ouisNi
poiV'n, arf nl.our. tr? be isstied.
Mueh activity is okerrable in the French ports
The IV j e 1ms requested Louis Napoleon to permit
tl.<' re-t.-i.'iblisbincnt of t lie order of begging friars
M. rilii*.rs is in Par'", as smart as ever.
M. Aiii.-, on l>u]crion. cx peer of France, died
-t lo'cnly rt Dieppe, on tat ui day fa -t .
The lit l*ih contain.' nu oni :i.xl letter denying all
inletiticn on the jart of theJ'uko of Brunswick to
renourci liis hereditary light -
The liultnin dci I Mis contains n dcerce, opeuing
r ernlit of .V:i i (00 francs to defray tho expenses of
the ftle of loth At.^ust
Gr veri lut'iit has ri solved to redio e 'ho interest on
tii.nn iy l otos, and the flJonitrur accordingly an
c iiL^cs thatfrov.i tbet'tli instant, tLo interesc pay
able on tuueuiy bonus at from four to five mouths
diifo, w.'il bo at the r.ite of one nwi a half jx.-r cent;
at from live to eleven months date, t?ro per cent; at
or. i? j car's date, thiee percent.
Cavaignac and ('amct have ref .-ed to be put in j
r ominalion as representative.? to the Cot]>t Isjis- i
to ' > f.
TLo f? llowing iH the announcement issued by tho
li.ivie CI amber of Commerce (biklly noticed in ia-t i
e i f patch) : ?
"TJie rli. ml r thin!. -i prop* : to Inform fliipowner>i and
ejiptftins of vowels who i'lten l lo fend o pi ditious to the
l.'bosi io> in I'fru. t<> procure ti'mifi that the gov
ernnanl 1 1 ih-.it e nntry has a--uni' ?( tii? monopoly of
il.nt in.Vi\ am! thai any antcmpt i f tho kind would have
little or no chance of auicei* the I'rtncu C'lvornun-nt.
1 .;tii . I ' en inviii (1 id m ' ij .? V'p . of the national na*v to
jiiolei r ilii? T' i that might pree'-cU to tho'e Iidioh to
t.':np I "inr ei ".oca of m::ir>o lmr. not fiee .letl to that. d<?.
ruii <1 roiij h if-fect for t ! : .? lijlttsof a fri-.ndly Staia
?' ch nun our Las adcp'ed tha roost em-rpetie in??i>
u ? t Imi-prl. if ii c-v-ajy by fi ieu. all aggrolonou the
P .t of tf n i?n vcsseK.
t'be Vibul't in the course of a notice on toe <lis
1 nt" betv.een tL United Suites and England, wlulo
i. iki? not think tho qnanel bot>teen tho,io two
roui/rics will bo sorions, expresses s'.rong diJjatia
fto-t ion with the teizuio of twenty t n-.ici fishing
fcea-s, i.y ;hu Knglish crui ers, in tho North Anaeri
c - n waters, without iuiy previous eouimunic.il ion to
the Ficnch gcvciiment. Tho l/ibuis views this
wrr.t of cotincsy as a clumsy attempt, on the p*rt j
<it the English sorernacnt, to exhibit impartiality i
by ueaitng I'lanoo no better than they did Amo- I
Lewinitica i: negotiating for the salo of his estate
in Asia Mioor. to some Knglish capitalists; but it is
donbtfnl if tho Sultan will assent to this cool way of
t. fK inp "IT Lis bounty.
Tho M an fill t < Sc/iapltcre states, from St. .Loots,
Senegal, Ju'y I0;h, that a difficulty which had
rrisea there between the king of the 15ra?kiuas and
a trader, had causol tho commandant of tho dis
trict to demand immediate satisfaction, all trado
Icing in the meuntimo su3ponilcd.
Six colonels of "tho urmy of Cuba" bad been |
promoted t* the rank t;f brigadier Amonjt them I
bio tho Marquis du los Deliciaa and Col O'ltoilly. I
A retiunjust published stages tic trado of Cuba
With Spain at ? Imports S1>. veals; exports
101,600, 14 J reals.
M. Scabra lias retired from tho ministry, a com
t kte rupture baring occurred between the Saldanhu
ministry and tho Scptembrists.
So fur, the tariff reduction works well.
The disturbances in Goa, caused by tho imprudent
and despotic acts of the Portuguese (Jovoir.orBaron
"Ourtm, were, at last advices, assuming u serious
Advicca from Vienna confirm tho atatoment that
a new Anstrian fi?p per cont loan hn been decided
on. Its price is WB, and it is to bo coniincd to tho
Intro markot; deposit, 10 per ccnt, and tha ro
u fining instalments to bo spread over twelve months.
Its objccts arc, first, to repay the government debt
to the bank ; eccond, to withdraw a portion of tho
( ? predated paper currency ; third, to meet tin de
fer. in the budget of 1853; and fourth, to aid in th?
eoiift ruction of railroads ? for which latter there will
i><* littlo left after tho three prior necessities shall
Iibvo been provided for.
The Augsburg Gazette states that the Austrian
fDVoy at Urus.'cTs has addressed an energetic note to
tho Belgian government, respecting the indignitios
offered to lluynnu at Brussels.
Another misunderstanding has occurred with
Kriglard : the British ship of war Modosto having
b?en fired Into by tho shore batteries, while at
tempting. under strew of weather, to run through
'bo Paidanelles. The British brig Polly, of New
castle, was fired into under similar circumstanooa,
and her sails and rigging cut to piccea. Explana
tion has been demanded.
Accounts from Syria state that a band of ma
rauders had attacked and plundered the town of
1 he late vision Beschid Pacha, Ali Pacha, and
Kaud Eflendi, have been reinstated in their various
( l etters from Berlin state that the unsold ships of
.!' ^'*1 b;?Vo tuu to iiooji*.
Itethecbilds fur 100,000 floiita.
nT. jtr Uucnui, tx-miniitor of Tuaaauy,
in , Ka on Hw oJIogcd oriuio. t
will be romcu-Lcred, was intriguiog iriiu tu& libi
1^19 at *'?19 iasumclj?n 'n February,
It i* reported, though not offictilly, that Murny.
the Englishman, about whom so much ha* ho*
stt'ii lately, will bo pardoned on bis promising t?
Johvi Hit' itomor ^tn'os for < re
At Hon,', the initial.*, I, N , have been pre
fanelt interpreted intr tibfrta nn'dira, hbulu uo/'tf
(i,' t ? horn liberty, r>< liberty), ard the French o?gl3
oompari d th. r.r placed as a iguover a well knovru
rc-Uraubt H. rcceiit of Napoleon hat
f11' ". ? -ral other i> lutoiii lee, equally
hartn'c*., 1 ' 1 *
?'< cchl , I? Teton cf tbrt eau ( MiscrTotorr,
ii rt'1!1'1 ,l '?'?'fpast ihrfo t/cl .e'c A M , on
the ' .i of August, a .-mall coiret in tuo con-itolla
tion I'i'iniDi It i.< jrol>ab!v that iivotitionel '? y
Bicla, althoiigb -t? position n.l-l.jr nt.
IIn IIaiveMs ol Knglnjitl.
i r 'ill the l.on Jon Tiiu: i .-tqiiember -?.|
i.i" b.'irrokt :i almost over ? this jear'd whoa' ?
updirg its way into ttiu maikot? and wo ate becm
imp to have rmrtiouhir information of tiio cr -n? ?
abroad, tic t* !j .i f says M,.rk lane, and what ii tii
.argua ge of liic* agricultural journal, usually s?
onin.0113 and pntbetlc at this time of tho tear"!
-V? to ih? hnrrnt the accounts .ire various
>?(? novir rtv tm btr when tlay were not, and oitn
only bow to the wisdom of I'rov'.dence in sogono*
inuy tuolifyirg. t'r.rrg. nnd disftibutirg calamity
tt.it the whoio nation thn!! not mfftr, uud that tin
plenty of one province ihall make up for iho de
lioi ny of another Tun Humber .-eeiu^thia yew
the line ol distinction. South of it, the parching
beats of the st, turner, ai.d tho unseasonable raias ot
August, bare conspired, first, to wither tho ffrain.
jtiin i0 blight it. tilcn to n,rik it sprout, ao at
v.iot if 13 fift.d, tnoitj;h lijfr'culturul murmurs ar*
uhvity* to bo received with an aliowanco. North
'?f tho lluml or the bin veal haa be'.u later, and tk?
crcpo? vt:y Leavy, wt Lear? better got in Undor
lxr .:0 c- tcumitact ( 3, and wlii 1 :< the farmers are,
it j.s f aid, .i'i!l too busy in (he fields to brimr'
'he;r coin to liaivcpt, riob?dy knows what to call
t .o j.nro of wherit ; and even had newb of th4
potato crop here, .ilJ still ilcxc in Ireland, scorns
to mnke little pcsiiivo Impression on prictia.
..n' aT''r;iKc>s & io ih!cr ? the In jt was Vh. 7i.
Hut who gets the average V tho south coun
try farmer, whoso wheot lay for a fortnight until
the Wieds bound it to iho gronnd. .So fnr, then, aa
it gartffi the e.vpfct.itionij o: the farmer, we may aet
down wheRt at tho figure it Las nhnoit 3tood at for
it v r.ji \ ears. 1' ort v ?InI!ingn u 'juirtcr ?ccm< now
? J.e hi tat guc "S for tlu locg inn. Is that a crood or
a >ad .ook oi.t ^ It :a tiie piojptct now before
tanners. i ct we venture to a^k.wUerc aro the la
mentations ! where tho piteous erics for h^ls *
wlicio the upj aiJs for fomothiig to bo donu !
wl t re tho snddtn recolves to quit the country if
foioethirg wire rot doro, that we have had f?r tbe
In.'t seven jeai3, pnrtieul^ilv a1 this ecason T The
(aimers friends nro in powrr, and so little prdsstu*
is applied to thf ni that th?y intend to wait near
tr.ree uonths- that is, until tho end of November?
I tlci they prouueo their grand Hfieeifle; and the
fainiera themcelvcs are the chief ap..Iogista of thid
ddoy. Yi hat unwonted patience ! Wh?t nowlv a<j
ftuircd rotigrnticn Was it for this tho three huu
orcd gcntlemi n niaJtirgtbe coutsTry p>rty seceded
so lrrg from office, flaied up into agka'.ors, and
subsided into uiitanthroj^B 1 Wan it merely that at
the end of seven years ibay might learu to ?ii liku
rat inceon a aonumeiit and smile at lCa. a uuattar't
luat, iu fact, is what : hqj arc uow eoiaa to.
I.o^ijon Moxr> Mahii?t. 'iuwUav Kvi*alc^ S?pt 7.-"
T.' nuoUt.'on cl at J'ari. i.i about 1 j,?>r inille pee
mium. ^accvrdipg to the tiew Itiitf.) which atthcKoKl^h
m.nt [ Tueof X't] 7 *. 10 1 d jx r oi ore for htnu'tard cold
pirw en txcVasz* of ?/:, lu'j ; an 1. the -?tehiinge at I'm
on iiCadOTi al ?Uoit. Wlujt ?5.z7 'a, it fuilow.. that ^o'd i*
BU ut f. r J prr c rt unr in London than i j r:iri.?. l$r
nd'Scen 1'iom linmbutfr. the pike ot gold Is ?lwntt
r+r uuurk. which, at rtn? KogU?h mint price ol ?3 17*.
j[*'- I'.tr ounce for nandard g' ll uiui uaevthnng*
of Ji'.o-, : nnd. the eaehanife ut Iinmbur^ oa f.oo
douat .-hort King 13.7. if, follow? t bat g. ld 1j al)?ot
Oi^.r'i cent dearer in Loudon Ihnn In Humburc.
" Lf cccife of txi hftB^e at Xew ^ or', on London, for bilu
at -r.tj Jsjv. figbt, )?? IK' ; . p'-rc.-nt nud the p?r of en
cl ..rt-e h-twM i) I'ngland andAmcilca being lo.i !J3 ;o oer
rent, it fellows that tho esehsi'ge i>i nop:it>ally 0.1*2 ji<T
e? i.t in f.iv< r of i : is jlnnd: and : f i?r making allowance for
chitraeb f i liiiufvort, the present rat*' l?rave? a .-znutl profit
on iLl Mpnrt.it ijn of gold frcm lUe I'nlttd States With
fij^ c3c<pticncf a t< uirorory dcclino can?( ?i by u prcfMUN
o i tiock vu tbo Mm k?t. frcm t^p inliaence at u iar^ re
oi'Lt Win, the Koglish fun is Jj/ITP be*n tlirouirhont
tho . at ye# it r Jay -* prk'e??. Consols fur Tno*if?y opt ncJ
BUtl do ii at 100 tu hut at one uiomonc tliej touiiidtl
0* a > 1 1 r tho I th ol October tb? la%t ((uotfltioii wxd
U'o;,, to 'i iltck -toek closed at 'Jiti to HMO; r-?
ituced. K'O', to ? ihri'e-and a ijinuter per cent.- WIK
to ' iou? anr.ulti ?<. (j f. J0; J ucti? (-took. 'J7S
to Z7t?; Jt dla bon is K;s to Kin ; xnd Lxoheoucr bit*
(M.irtb), 7 i lo7t?-. : (June). OS*, to 71* oi rmium
lb? oi'tniijoa-. iwrtj rather ext< n-ive in foreijrii
but I'fii . f with few exception*, ,-howoil little alti rut.ion.
t n iiviiin * as wi-11 .supi'OTt' J. and tli? tendenef was U
further n.^rovi mrnt. Mexican continue- heaty and
\ en. roe:;,'i alfo a Might der|in?. Ruuian. lira
?/.ilia ii, i.rid chidan m iinlain tiigli <iuotation? Uuiln.'s?
wa^aguiu active ni-day iu the fi^rtiic niiug eeripoftlii
1 ii'.'iifh loan ni i the price advancd to 7', to pre
mium. Victoria Dock nlmr. H clo:ed 4 to i , preiniuu
and l.on c!on Chart i red Bank fharex 2\; to premium.
I ' iti d Mexican illnlr,'; shim"1, owing to favorable ac
eo-iiit*. buve suddenly niproved. nod wi-ro done a' ti ttila
uttuno. ii. tiui tli?y ? nally do.-i ii 5 to :.'t !u lb to
rtlgn excbimt;es ill "re wfl? n fair amonnt of bu-iae?
traP'ftcttd and the :,it< < were nb'.ut th -.tuio a* liwt
tiHnwN, -uu'i.HY avi) co 's crv.ccr. tit.
Lm;iifO"i <?< p'.ember 7 I'H
Tli. i la- In en lrm don^ in ? i.t> n -ioee the <Jat<> of
Iht , pri viomi circutiT, the mli K lor the three days being
' . r< 0 I :ih ;< tsiib 2 < CO to exporterH and s|M calatori at
r* '**? iikbl'.j in favoi of h iytrs
'Jh^ ( trri mkiUet contlne.ee quiet, wltn a moierate
amount of law itiott doing al lb' above (juotatiorw.
WKKJIIT, a A NUT A: Co's CIBCULAU.
Livxaroot., September 7. 1>W.
Cottom ? Sinee Iho departure of the " Niagara "?
Steamer, m Sa'tirdey la>t. our nurkot for this eta
ple bai< Ixin Mtadjr t.ut quiet. The contiuned favor
able accounts ct li e groiv.og eropn, received by the
? Africa," (arrived at midnight '.n Saturday.)' hw
ex? relied some little Influence ntcoog-t ull elassea '
n?l ?)iiL t holder* h ivo olf^rej ttieir -tocks freely,
iieitb r ?pieulatora. exporter . or the trades, see suffl.
eient mdiiceini ut to enter the nmrket with tbe a?ni?
?f I nit t Jim t J)fi4 iiltficrto eiiaracttrjzHii tiioir oj/(?ra?
tier.*; nnd In Iho ?al < that bare been oOected hiiy
n bat i 1 u<l ! h%> turn of price- in their f ivor nnV how
evtr amounting to a quotation ; but In the abiencoofa
more aeti\*i demand it l'i noii.o] rotable i'?nie eoneea ion
W'lH re.- ill'
The baeint sg of the la<t three duyg Is estimated at
Be'i t. ."per. and i:.ip<ytt. ,1mm' an.
t-atutdii/ 8 (KD tJXCO 0 S50
SlonCiiy 7.0(10 iiOOO a 419
l'ueioay 4 KtO .",00 4
The lu j ort for the ?amo time i? about 10.000 bales.
men to dat.
N.Orleens, f?lr . 0*^ a .'J Middling. 5' a-Ord'ry.4', nj
SU.bilde. do .0 u? do. f;?a do" 4'4a4
Atlmtlo, do ,'j a? do. 6}j a? do. 4'4 a &
| The Manchester market fcr goods and yarns, present*
no new ftniuris I'rlci * of hi.th eoutmue unchanged
and although ther? i< le?i doing, it i* more owieg to ihn
uncettbd weather. : r d tbe di&i utty of getting eaiiy de
livery ol either, that fre-h etig*'i?riient are wi libeld.
Our grain market had bfi-n tetter attended since Fri
day . but tin fnir weather ban induced holders ol wheat to
relax ?cme trifle In rate* : whieb, liowever, ha* not Influ
? need a more at tivn Inquiry, and the f ales are limitid, at
a partial decline of Id. per 70 liw. Uood sound flour l?u.
tren in 1? tti r riq.iot, atd the ti:rn dearer, 21s being
freely paid for Ilaltimore and Philadelphia Wnds : m
! ccndaiy parcels were eu'itely neglect< d. Indiau corn on
tbe .-rot Is si ill of slow fale. at somewliat irregnlar rates;
?thllft fir floating cirgocn. of late shlpuionts there is aii
Imjirovi d inqniry. Turpentine ha- cbiing.d hand* at
1 ' I' " f" 1 01 ' 'In ? In to .*MK) bbl*
bave fci> nd buyer* at Jd t? ".*. ftd for common, up to
1-n frr fine per cirt. Lard? W) tons r< u!iied f>8? tier cirt
No alteration in oilier articles, and no transaction* re
PrvNonn) liitelll^rnrr .
AirivnU tit tho Irving? .1. Noad, vlontreai; R K. Oar
tiicrr Baltimore; P. Nlion, N. C ; E. Montgonmry, Va.;
I! A.'cOrnnirh. tenaet.ee; lion. J. MoIumm. t<al"'iu :
UMd'Dg. Marjiind, T Simmon-'. CT-urlenton, Major
T". 6. A.; P. ttockton, V. S. A, and eighty
At thi1 Amortean? R. D. Clarke. Boston; J. Knight,
('ciubrldgc; B Benedict. Boeton; II. K. Melbourne. U.
H. ij> Lesipffton: A T. Turner. Boston ; J. 8oowden.
Philadelphia; Btiodell. U. S. A.; E. M. Weaton.
I'liiladuliiliia ; and forty eight other*.
At the Aator? Thomaa Talt. Montreal; J. MeJuU^cb,
V'afllngton; Br Unwell, U. 8 A ; Rev. Wm. wrillUnt*,
IrdiaDii; (l?o. W. Kendall, Bn^Und; A. B. John-t>n,
1 lira; Ira French. Cincinnati; lion. S Mailory, Florida ,
1/ Co<.mb'. Ky ; J. lien. haw. Washington; Col Benuwtt,
1". P. A.; t it/. Ilenry Warren. Waabiugton; and ninety
ThK GakpiMOI Cahi? The Alexandria Gaztlte
of the 16th hint., aaya : ? "Tba exatulaatfoa of the wit
r f i B in tli? faniouo cut of UttMlewr ha* been removed
t<> this eitv. and U going on here before Lawrenee B. Tay
Irr. Km., Ma>or, wbohaaheen appointed Oonunlarioiier
f< r that purnote. flardlnernrotoetn agnin?t thu removal
( f the cxamiDalirn here, ana neither ho nor hia couaeel
appear The witncasccare all imldtobe highly Intelligent
The (If v?rtior of Wi>eonM? hmMgned the death war
i-at of Mi L'cnald aid ( : ... ivkcl' J of lumdar
?n Milwaukee euinly and lis* onleioi the execjitoa oa
.lie lb.h ef Noteikotr.