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THE NEW FORK HERA LB.
WHOLE NO. 7262. SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1852. PRICE TWO CENTS. BALES BY AUCTION. JELLIES A N 1> LiyUORS AT AUCTION? TUBS, day, September 21, 18S2, nt liiU-pa?t ton o'clock, at No. f>7 Dey street, corner "f Greenwich, n miscellaneous assort* nifnt of (iroceries, Sugars, Teas, Coffee. Rice, Mustard, >1 llavami Sweetmeat*. Ginger Sweetmeats, Pill# AnplFand Cherry Marmalade Vliitclie*. Ink. Segars, &?<!. A l-o, Brandy, Wine, Gin. Hum. London Cortcr. Curaooa Cor dial, Pepptiuiiat, &c. WIX1.1NX TONTV. CARTER, Auc tioneer. TVEW YORK HORSE B W \ \It, 81 CROSBY STREET? Auction salo of Morse*. Carriage!, Harness, &o.. every M iday and W edne^day, at 12 o'clock. I'cr- ns having pro pcriy lor bale, will poae* call and have it registered. JOHN Jl. GATF1K1.U. Proprietor. RW. WESTCOTT, AUCTIONEER.? OX MONDAY ? afternoon, two o'clock, at No. Hii Greenwich avetiuu, nil the handsome furiiituro, carpets, bedding, fco., of a family leaving the city, embracing every tliins; for the parlor, char lor, and kitchen. Kvory article will bo per emptorily sold (rain or shins). To be removed immediately from the premises. STEAM FERRY OR TOW BOAT WALLABOUT, LATE ly culled tho Ben ltolt, will bo sold by Anthony J. IHeecker, at auction, at the Morohant*' Exchange, on Mon da)-. September 20, at 12 o'clock. 1HU tons, .'i'l inch cylinder, 7 fuet stroke. Can l>o soon at the foot of Montgomery struct, East Rivor, before tho sale. THIS TURF. ITNION COURSE! L. I.? TROTTI NO.? ON MONDAY, > Sent. 20, at halr-nast two o'clock P. M.? A l'ur.<o of S. 0, SjO t . the aeooud bent. Mile heat <. host three in live in harness. 0. Dimmick names b. jr. Jaok Ros.itcr; W. Poa body name - b. m. Lady Jauo; 11. Woodruff names b. m. Bos ton Girl: D. I'iffer nair.es b. in. Lady Mosoow; W. WoodrtilT names r. ?. Taeony; S. MoLanghlin names b. in. Lady Brooks; A. ( oncklin namosg. in. Lady Sull'olk. immediately after, R 1'nrse and Stake of S2<?". Milo lieats, best threo in five undor saddle . ,1. T. Kenna names bp. in. Anna Uishop; S. Mclaugh lin name., r. g. IJlano Negre: 1. Woodruff names b. g. Dutch man. T;.:' cai'3 will loave the Sonth ferry, Hrooklyu, for the t onrse, st t?o o'clock, and return as soon ai the sport is over. JOHN 1. 3NED1K.ER, Proprietor. TTNIOX COURSE, L. I.? TUESDAY, SEPT. 21.? A pntiOand -ial c for ?.V?) i\ ill come off at 2K P. M , tinlo heat*, best three in five, under saddles. Mr. McLaughlin i> ai!H\-> r. g. Blano Ne^re; Mr. (i. L. ColT names wh. g. Mur dockj Sir. 1>. 1'ifi'er names 1)1. ft. Blnek Ralph. Cars will care SU nth terry, Brooklyn, at 2 o'clock P, M., and return ?>m aft. r tiso sport is over. Tare each wav. 2"> cents. JOHN I. SNE01KKK. Proprietor. ITNION COURSE, L. I.? TROTTING.? ON WEDNES ' day. Sept. 22d, at 3 o'clock, P. M., a match for $500, mile It v.-. best three in five. O. Dimmock names b. g. Moa cow ; wagon and driver to weigh 300 pounds. II. Woodruff name? g.'g. John Davis, iu harness. Stages will leavo tho 1' nit '<1 ferry, Brooklyn, at two o'clock, and return when tho ? port i.- over. JOHN I. SNEDIKER, Proprietor. C1ENTREVILLE COURSE, L. I.-GREAT STALLION ' siatc!'. for $2,000, three milo heats, 290 pounds wagons, ()cto''.jr I2th. Mr. D. Tallman names b. h. St. Lawronoe ; Mr. 0. Spic.-r names b. h. Washington. JOEL GONKLIN, Proprietor. SPORTINti. MANSION HOUSE, BOBOKEN ? BY DAVID POL look.? Gibson, the only real performer of Herculean Sedcb'.ri.ta feats, has now walkud 710 hours, and completed $ miles See and t'clievo. Admission, free. SPORTING.? MICKEY TREE. THE GREAT IRISn Pi Jt-rtrian, who is walking 1,UOO miles in 1,0(10 successive liouv*. at the Thatohed Cott;ice. Jersey City, is now in his fingccntli day, and has walked 330 miles. Mickey offers a v< irt.r 1 of SHW to any nereou who proves he does not walk a mile in each hour. Admission free. SPORTING? TO SPORTSMEN.? OX MONDAY, TIIE 2"th 'September, a Shooting Match will como off on tho JloboUcn Meadows? to commence at ten o'clock. Refrosh tm nt < vill be on the ground ? 500 pigeon' will ho on the !' round. JOHN TAYLOR. INSTRUCTION. (^1 OLDSMITH'S SYSTEM OF PENMANSHIP.? THERE Y 1? no system of penmanship cjual to Mr. G.'a system, and no teacher as able to impart it aa the author. Let alt hud writers take loasons of Mr. tG., or purchase hla copy to >k? for homo practice. Pricu 2S cents. For sale at the ? cctns SS9 Broadway. 1TA1 IAN LESSONS.? THE ADVERTISER WISHES TO tal:e evening lessons nf an Italian, for two months ; one liviu. iu tl.e vicinity of Jefferson market preferred. Ho must lit e.:iipetcnt to inetru< t. Address B?.x -,Ui3 Post offli C. INSTRUCTION IN SPANISH.? SEXOR F.J. YINGUT, Professor bf the ahovo language in the University of Nit* York, will commence two now classcs, for ladies and gentlemen, separately, on next Tuesday. gi\ius three leesoua avatis, the course will ci.utmeuc?, or any engagement lc ma le. Terms? $10 for twenty -four lessons. Apply at No. 2 12 Chambere street. SPANISH I.ANGUACE? D YY AND EVENING CON venation l lassos.? Professor MOUTON begs to in form that he will upon, on Monday next, at hi* rooms, 4<xt Bi.vlway, a new day conrco for ladies, from 10 to 12, and nn i-vcniuf! i loss for gentlemen from si x to eight. Sub :i' ci's wilt do well to attend punctually. Madame barrier, native of paris-re oi i her elas-es for those pupils who desire to com men o I.: Stuuy of the Froueh language. Also for thoM tvlio hato already made some progress. Can be soon from t v ? :i hvo o'clock, at Mif> Broadway, near Metropolitan Ho vel. Terms moderaio. DANC1NO ACADEMIES. Dancing.? Messrs. r. jb e. ii. burnton would respectfully inform their frionds that their Academy, Ml Broadway) will re. pen for tuition on the .r>th of October 1 he books are now open at 'ii I Bowery, where those desiroua of learning the new and fashionable danoes, aro requested to iiirul their names, as t lie list?s. rapidly filling. D'M INC AND WALTZING. AT 56 BOND STREET.? Mr. SEARING'S private academy for this polite aocom plishment will re-open in October, a* usual. Due notico rei-i "0tini the classes is ill bo given in futnro advertise m t*. Hoarding schools and families attended, and I'li' ite instructions givon at times to suit applicants. For terms, apply at Mr. S.'s residence, as abovo. Dancing academy, no grand street, fourth d".i-ii m Broadway. ? Esmeralda, Esmeralda ! ! ! Now da.. in i ??.?d |.y Jir. Sarin on. and danced at Rookaway with . i t cuccess, will he tanijht by U.n ever* 'lay and vci up in li: tthool. assisted bjr >e\'cral young ladies, per ft. i - a-.t fi.it in t ho dancc of the saloon. Henry wells and his kister'3 (madame h. Giuvclll'a) Academy for Dancing, 659 Broadway, will jj ? . on the 1st of October. Their nothod of teaching has received i.iiivcrral approbation. Combined with instruction in nil the dunces ni. st a la tnodo, and in parlor danoing 'lir - ii *11 ite variations, ti.o systom of exercises, for the '.tealthful, mtivo, and gracotnl devolopement of the musou lar ; w t vs i i yonng sctiolars is found highly beneficial. This raciui- 1 1 ac.iuiriiig elegance AtM an easy style of motion in i!?neinr. is r ducod to a fow comprehensive rules, simply ex j ainetf, a 1 the; uglily taught. To step properly in waik ?. z. in order to obtain a pleariim ? nd graceful moin, forms a psrt in each lemon, and everything is obsorved that will 1? fivrt to tho (upii a dignified and noblo deportment. ]\1 A D A M E G U A V I E R-D I.'IAKOi VS DANCING ivl A ."Kmy, No. A4 Clinton place. ? Farewell Season. ? Jlii!.'. ('. it' tending to return t Europe, takes this opportu nity pi cj j.rcssing her gratitude to 1 1 ? ? r numeron.- pupils and il '.iv !i s for the kind | ttro-nv.-n sho lias so long enjoy. C'i. Ilor clti'fvs will eommcncc on ? ttur lay, Octobers, in her <?!? ant rw'in, where pnv;ito monthly soirees will bo given .ul. I'-iys and hours: Wednesdays and Saturdays at i.'.i ; ;i-t. iormistcs and mauler : Monday* and Thursdays, i " ; r P. M., fur ladle, an I . ntlemcu. Schools and t . l ilies attended. l!n "kl/n oln--es lyr young aUii i at Mr. Berteau's, No. Pierropont street. M mmcAis* JII.IU8 METZ IinrOKWS HIS pupils and :<?; ms that he Is prepared to give lessons in Singing l'l .. as itxiial, fur tlie coming season, at IJj Ea&t t i -.til street. IDE CELEBRATED PRIMA DONNA AND PROFBS . m . mring. Signora Ili a Valoatini. teaches sing I s , thorongS bass *?<1 a- jompaniinont. She oan be it r own house, .HUO Fourth strict, near Morcer, from ';loc!t A. M., till f> o'ol"<)<, T. X. &he is wonderfully sno i .it in 1 er t-sehing. n.'d will preseat to the pnblio, next "t, four pv. teanii.iial pupllt. of UM ssost remarkable . .. and t All: nt. T (.i/. ;;i:t co/s clt.kbratkd n anofortes, ? ? . r i " t' r n .linn. Tho 'nbserib.'r, who is ? t in t cltv for th cale of these instruments, i'li ?: inn ii' whioh h ' i i. ? nw world-wide.) is now l . tin in i'. prife- \ihi h, to those wishing to Ml n< i tall t- I lefavlory. l'osse>.<ing fa.:lli i Iniiiii'g pianos unsurpa-sed, if equalled, by those :i i rr houne in tho iit>. ho docs not hesltato to say f. . in present Induce n 'in to buyers not to ho found hi 11 I. m. onst ntly on hand, un extensire assort 1 1 ! - e n '-hand l lano-, m bargains, which, ho fearless its, v il 1 defy r m petit; ii. Uilhert's elegant boudoir n i i i uiinl.le I or .1.1 II riiouiS'. also, Molodeon's, of ,i. ai.d Carliart'j rnaV. ; 'rami -Kuli.au and other 1*1 1IOR \CK WATERS, 'iti ,u',\v ay, corner of \nlhony street, up-stairs. TUAVEijaans- uuidr. 4 LBANY, TROY, AN 1) LEBANON SPRINGS.? TUB e?r? nf the New York sud IJirlem Railroad leave the City Unit station, New York, daily. (Sundays exempted). At o'el< c v, A. tr.:l tr. 'i *.'i riiatham Fo?f Corneri, ooni.oetiht, wiUi the Western i! ilriad lor Albany and Troy, L snoi ; rings. Pitt: Uold, SptingUold, and ot'ier intormc di ?? '.ii lis. At 3 o'clock, P. V.? Aoooramodation train to I 'I si I'our Con ors, o.niKOt '. 5 with Western Rail i i i g? it u *ast. I'assengirs for l.cl aaon Sprlugs w ill toUe i- ?' l.'e'i-, It. A. M., train to Chatham, Western llallroad t ? i .ir si,, and sts/e to Lebanon, arriving early the sains titeraoon ? aro through, $12. U. SLOAT, Snperintendons. riOR PHILADELPHIA D1RECT.-U. 8. MAIL AND f i 't .'??? linos, through -n finrhotirs.? New Jorsev Rail I via Jersey City, leaving Now York at HA. M., foot of tortisndl flte ft; J and ?! P. M., Liberty street Fare, ?3 i r Hr-,' . .y snd S3 fit) for tei oud elas*?ln 6 and 9 A. M. K: turn at 1 ond 9 A. M., *nd H. ir.pt n. N url'ilk, snd Cbarle .ton t iimA' ?;keta snM In the an vo linos, and through b&tf?i* oarned its t' o9 A. M. and 6>S P. U. Unco. Hudson river rah .ruad.-thains leave Chambers street station , illy (Snndnys excepted) for Albany and Troy, as follower- Express Trai J, ?t SUA. , M., tl ron:''? In fi?or hotim.FaTid cvnBeotlng with tralnu reaol inn Buffalo or Montreal at eight o'cloek tho same oveaing lull Train, at light A. M.; 7lhronKli Way I rains, at.ono and f, tir P M.: Ski refs Train, at six P. M.: sed Accommodiw tion Train, at half-past re>ea P. M. i'a.isongors taken at n.amVora sticet. Ctt.al Rrttt, ChrWit'hsr ctroet, Four tetntb street, Mfl Thirty-ftret street. Bnnd>j Mail Iraln. ail VS P.* ? It'll Cftual atre- 1 . res. $i.s to Albany, ,. ... 8T'i'RK."?up?riaU?4.aV SHORT PASSAGE FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF Till COLLINS STEAMSHIP PACIFIC, FOUR BATS LASER, The Harvests of England. AMERICAN AFFAIRS ABROAD, , &C., &0. The Collins steamship Pacific, Capt. Ezra Nye, true to her reputation, has made another ahort pas sago across the Atlantic. Bho left Liverpool at half past 2 o'clock on Wednesday afternoon, the 8th inst., aid rcachcd her wharf at this port at half past 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, making tho passage in ten dajs and two hours. from pier to pier. The news is four days later. It is of lifctlo or no consequence. The Cunard steamship Africa, henco, arrired at Liverpool on Saturday evening, the 4th inst.^aftor 0 passage of ten dajs and six tours. Tho (Jreat Britain steamship was spoken on the 23th ult., in lat. 42 37 N., Ion. 12, going thirteen ki ots under steam uud sail ? the time and locality giving ten knots over all, since she left Liverpool. Oiialaaght on Kr. A\ cbs(cr's Gun mo Diplo macy. [Vrom the London Times, September 7-1 A few days ago we laid boforo the public an out l;no of tho case between tbe Peruvian and Americau gcvcrnincnts, resecting the tonitorfttl sovereignty ot tho Lobos islinds. These islands aro barren and uninhabitable rocks, emerging from tho Pacific osean, at a distance of some twenty or thirty miles from the northern 3horci of Peru. Without any capacitios for agricultural production, and long con sidered &3 almost worthless proporty, they lnivo re cently acquired a value from tho rich deposits of guano which they have been found to possess. As tho importance ol this oomniodity became manifest, the government of Peru converted its heretofore no minal rights over tho teaitory into active jurisdic tion, ana stationed vessels of war otV the islands to prevent any shipments of guano except on terms of its own prescribing The British government, though moved to opposition by its subjects, deferred to tho authority thus exercised, but the United States re sisted the claim, and alleged that the Peruvians had no such title to the territory as would give them exclusive lights cf potsessieu. They claimed tho liberty, in short, of taking tho gnano without pay ing for it, and, when a trader of New York applied to his government for information on the subject, ho was apprised by [Mr. Webster that tho " De partment of State " was "not aware" of any sov ereignty vesting in Tern, bat that whereas Benja min Morrell, jun , a citizen of the United States, had "discovered " these islands in 182'J, it was possi ble that a cortain title might pertain to the Ameri can government itself. Since that tiiuo, the cor respondence which ensued between Mr. Webster and the Peruvian Minister at Washington, has been laid before Congrots, and we yesterday published tlie letter in which, under so recent a dato as the 21st ult., the American Secretary maintains at length his own viows of the question. Tho case of the Peruvian government may be promised in a very few words. The islands in question, designated by distinctive Spanish names, lie within a couple of hours sail of the shore, in a well- frequented sea That they were not " occupied," in the formal sense of the term, is true, for they were unlit for habita tion ; but so notoriously bad they been both " dis covered" and appropriated, that there is scarcely any good map, however ancient, whioh docs not contain them, laid down and attached to what were then the old Spanish provinces of Peru There is, in fact, not tho smallest reason for presuming that tlicy escaped the knowledge or visits of t'noSft" who settled or conquered the shores of tho main land; nor is it in any degree probablo that, before the u?os of fuiao were km>wn; any state or government would ave questioned the title or jurisdiciion of Peru. It is against such evidence as t&is that Mr. Webster is rcduced to plead. The original demurrer of the American Secretary rested on ihe double argument that Peru could show no claim at all, and that the States could produce the "discovery" ot Benjamin Morroll in 182J. Un fortunately, however, lor the latter plea, Mr Wob ster himself has now been induced to found a third urgument on facts of a totally opposite character ; ana whereas, in his coniinumc ition to Captain Jewctt, ho had spoken with studied respect of Benja min Morrell's claims of discovory, he is no * fain to defend himself against the appeals of the Peruvian Minister, by the assertion tnat the citizens of tho United States have been accustomed to frequent thcte islands for fulling purposes, ever since tho y ear 1798, at the very latest ? that is to say, for 1 hiily years, at least, before their imputed discovery by Benjamin Morrell! And "nil this," now aiids Mr. Webster, "is well known to the com mercial world " Vet, nevertheless, the American Secretary, in hU note to the Peruvian Envoy, docs ) ositively venture to alludo again to tbi; "SBppJsad discovery. " sot indeed as "fouudiug an oscfusiira light on the pait of the United States" (!) but. as "a fact fit to bo considered in common with other facts and occunrenoes," and tho import of this me morable "fiict" ho thus suma up -'The truth ap peu s to he that Captain Morrell was ou a voyage of discovery, and did, in fact, discover, or was supposed to have discovered, gtttno on thwe islands." We trust that this argument will commend iuelf in its full foreo to the apprecia tion of European statesmen Tiie "discovery"' of territory by an American, thirty years after it had been eonl. a cdly frequented by o'.ber Americana, is till spoken ei as something "supposed," and i ?s? "fact" which, though no', conclusive of the 1 question, ia "fit to bo considered" by tho si lo of others Finally, what was origin, ?!ly advance 1* a (be discovery of tbe island itself, in commuted for ihe discovery of sots etbing upon it: so that, it' gjld were suddenly to bo found in the Isle of Man I >y a Fienrbman, Louis Napoleon's government might (ilrad a claim to tbe mines With regaid to the positive- title of Peru Mr. Webster i> equally at ftiult for any arguments to invalidate the pre'.ersions of that s-iatc. Its terri torial rights, in fact, were as plain, as notorious, and an well recognized as an y rights could bo over territory of that description The islands were not inhabited, for they wore uninhnbtublo, but thoy wire set down atd described an Peruvian pmj?erty whenever they were described at all The government of Pent did not mtintain any protective lorcoou tho shore sin question, because they wero not imagined to contain anvthing worth piotcction: but as soen na tlie negotiability of guano became known, tho ju r!?eiietion of the State was duly exerted. As it is perfectly inoontcstible that the' sovereignty of Peru orrr this territory receivod all tho rocognitionth.it w iu claimed for It, the only true quest ion is whether tl is "f.vere'gr.ty has been permitted to lapse. Forty ago there would no*, have bo*n a doubt about. ih? Peruvian title, which was as plnin nJ tint of (Jr>!it Britain to Australia, or the I nltcd States to their unoccupied prairies. Now, liowevcr, Mr W'cb ster asserts that, inasmuch as the Americans have habitually resorted for more t han half a century ta ibt m i: '?n'is for the pur? dt of seals and other ani mals, they have acquired n " bettor title," on tlio i ce.ieot' possession, "than eoald bo maintained by Peru;"' as if a long established encroachment of fi-di otSStn on a foroien shore could confer on tho State to which those flincrmou belonged a light to enter on possession of tho territory itself No person can protend to doubt that the sever* ? ? it y of those islands b?s been presumed from time immemorial, in so far as anv thought was givun to such a subject, to be vested in the Peruvi an government. Ihe first notable exorciso of its jurisdiction took placo in 1S3:*.. Mr. Webster spcoks of this act of sovereignty as "imw appear ing." j?it as If it had not previously boon under stcod ? whereas, ho is compelled to adinit that, it actually produced u correspondence between the two governments of Washington and Peru. This correspondence, too, ho endeavours to turn to his own account, though it contains a comploto refuta tion of his claims When the government of 1 eru, at the period above mentioned, warned off foreign vos scls from the Lobos Islands, the American Envoy at Lima did certainly put in a icmonstranco, but in this rnnonstranco, as Mr Webster, himself, oonfess ea, so far from denying tho original jurisdi'tion of tho Peruvian government, ho actually solii ited a modification of tbe deorce in favor of the Ameri can fishermen, who " hud l>oen allowed quietlvto follow their occupation for so many years." Yet, iu the very noxtpnrngrnphofhisnoto, Mr Webster ob?enes : " Hore, then, is a formnl romonstranco on the part of tho United States against tho a;sertod overeignty of Peru over tho Lobos Islands, to which i o answer, ro fur as app^rrs, wai givon " v , w -t tb" re (.?!??< w '<"? r fU< t ?h it in 'bo ,?a o. di! g p itsnge ol ttis lueLlicul iiule, Mr. ?v **0?i??<' himself had described this rcry roraon=tratno as "not formally denying tho original right of Peru, but requesting a reconsideration of the decree," ho will readily appreciate the justice of tho oonjhuion which the American secretary now declares to con stitute the " standing- ground " of h:s oountrymen. Tho fishermen and " sealers" of tho State* ha?l long frequented without licence the shores of certain island* always sot down and distinguished as Peru vian territory. When warned oil, no exception is tftl.cn to the jurisdiction oxerci3ed,butcoa>'idef?t"on in reouested for the claims of usage in this particu lar occupation. Yet this ?? remonstrance " t? cited ns a protcs-t dcstructivo of Peruvian sovereign ty. and conveying to American citizens tho right of entering upon the islands themselves, to seize and export what they can find. Tlic Lcnp of the United States to the Flret Itnnk ?f Nations?' l'J?e Ooiumest of Culm. [From the bonden Times, September 0.] It has over been the delight or historians and phi losophers to trace and work out an analogy between tho peculiarities of climate and scenery, and tho cha racter and dit- position of nations. There is something singularly wild and extremo in the physical plienome naofthe Auiericuncontiueut. The mountains litoral lv p'erce the clouds, and pour down from their tnow c'jfped summits rivers that sweep their uncontrollable course for thousands ot miles, and bear wit It them, es trophies of their might, troes ot a girth and growth unknown to tho Europoan observer, Vlic seasons aro as stroDgly marked. A summer o raging and almost intolerable heat is eucseeiied by a winter of little less tb;.n Arctic severity. All things there tei d to represent the oourse of nature as tti? result of u sorios of violent and unoontrollable im pulses, and to conceal those silent and unvarying laws which regulate alike tho tall of a drop of rata and the courno of the mighty Father of Waters. There never probably was, since the beginning ot the world, an instance of auch solid, sudden, and dazilinir pro.p-jrity as has been achieved within tho Inst fif'y years by tho United Btatos_ ot America. By peaceful industry and bold but well-weighed enterprise, they have advanced to a dcrce of mnterinl wellboing which, to those who only know tho world from books, must appear almost incredible. Thoy have but to porsevero in tho suuie oourse, and ihero is no limit to tho triumphs that lio before them. They have still a boundless territory to occupy and im prove, in the possession of which they aro without a neighbor, ai.d a mission of civilization and consolidation to oxccute as noble as everdovolved upon tho sons of men. But tho previous triumphs of thoir induftiy and their enterprise have been so rapid und portentous that they would seem to have a tendency to turn atido the nation from its steady onward course, and to enlist it in more brilliant but far less certain schemes of aggrandisement. A na tion of hard hoaded traders and spaculitors, strug gling day by day with praiseworthy perseverance and intensity for tho possession of tho " almighty dollur." this people, so shrewd and calculating in its private transactions, bceomes, when it touches on public aft'dlrS) wild stud oxtr&viigfLut, boiitfulcjss in its aspirations and insatiable in its cupidity. It pos sesses a will as uncontrollable as the powers of na ture which surround it, nnd spurns tho control of law to which these mighty agencies so humbly sub mit themselves. .. . There aro at present two courses of policy open to tho United States-the policy of commerce and tho nolicv of conquest. It is open to them to throw down commbici.nl restrictions, to stimulate the spirit of tiuflic, ta give up aspirations of military glory, and foul d a tower liko that of theii' mother country, reiving rather ou arts than arms; or thoy may sub stitute tl'.e military for tho commercial spirit, seek to cttabHih within themselves a world of their own, and to enlarge a territory already too VAst tor unity by the forcible annexation of lauds too weak to re sist the onset of tho mighty oon federation Never had a people g od or e\il aeo so fairly Galore them, and never was tho choico ruoio doubtful and mo ll is row just a year since tho piratical expedition to Cul a, resulting iu tfeo s'Bguiaary execution of fittv American cltisers and th<> ignominious death of the ?' uriprinoipicd adventurer ' by whom the descent was planned- Wo hr J hoped that this severe le-on? a single reverse amid so much pros perity ai d progres?? would have taught the United States the icily and wickedness of such unwarrant able ei If. j ii.es, and finally dccided the balaneo in favor of the policy of justice and moderation Th-.ro L much reason to fv "11- we are mistaken. ,A?ort?l " guild" or *' ordci" has been formed in the Souta, Cor"-lf tirp. we MiT'pe'e we must ;'aT, not of unprin ei pled adventurers, but of many of the most '? wor thy and intlii*. tial mere tiauts, lawyers and puliti ciats of tho oountry " the object is the extension ot American irfluenee over the Western hemisphere and tho iflaeds of the Atlantic and Pacific. Tho first booty on which thoy bava east tucir eyes is Cuba, ami from that island they propose to sweep away every vestige of Spani.h authority In <ore two suns have rmeii und set on the in vaders ?' Enliahtened public opinion in the United States " it Is sa'd, will sanction this measure. it?ii iC that there are many reasons why Americans nv.uiic the po?scpsion of the island In the first liaee. they wish to substitute tor the iron rule of Spain, the republican sy tem of government; next, tluv anticipate assistance from tno discontented Creoles -a l#l..cioub hope, it . a may judge by the cxpoiicDce of 1-one*. Thirdly they se in the ac (jiii.-iiie'i of this island, a guarantee f? r the perrna ,!ci , y of the institution of slaver f -urth - ?oh u eoi'qu'. =t would extend iheir comuitreft I rftWy, tho rich uLd luxurious covot tuif gem ol the Vnl 1 Us. at an agreeable and ae?ee^iblo retreat fren the k veiiiifB of a New Yon winUr. and long to ex- , chrnge tho frown breores ef the ;\orth fe-r eQ?hant ii c v i-l' ns ..f on-n-e tre- saadeherry c .bbh rs. the 8uiu and lubfianco of all thebj reafions is ihat, with out, pre'endir-g a shadow of right to this p->??ssiou of the crown of Spain, the Americans des na it, and therefore wi?! U->ve it Went ever the Americans e?n take be'.oi gs to acccdirg to thu now ?ch " 1 1 ef etkics ; and eome i*acc or oocae war .noy will not porr. t the intervention of r.ny Ruropean power betwesn tliem end any friendly ally whom tl ty aie determined to plunder. _ It is no little qnesW*n that is raised by lueso avowed intcn. ions-nothing less than wh^her one of tho first-ra'o powers ot the ' itself o.\( mpt from tho provirons of the law of n* ?iove-iLan deny the existence of any right except that of ' ho stronger, and claim to set np^bonii'is to Us aggrerhiors, except the UrniU afi^ned by its bour.dns8 cupidity and lust ot dominion. Shall tl ere ariso in the middle et tho mne^eonth cen tury a liratical Stale, bound by no Uws, recog niLr'g ' o right*, and avowedly bjsmR ? it- poUcy on principles which in the ea?e of individuaU this terv same society would visit with the jwniten niry or the cilbft 1 There w^s a time when, intoxicated like the United States with it* enormous pros rentT arciot A then laid down for itself the same ruU o# eondmct, und boldly professed that while i- tiee rn'iht re^ula'o ?l*ims between equals, the s. longer bed a right to impore everytlung to whie-i j the wes ter might be compcUed to subanit. After 0 tew vears tho vicissitudes of events itUeed this arr.ioant Ktat/? in the very position it had described, sru rendered it de^rdent on the contemptuous clemency of a conqueror for that very existence to winch, up' n iM own principle it had lost all right when it became nnublc te defend it. Suppose we wt ie to apply a limilar reason to the island of Ma | jdri Nothing would be ea?ier than to take it from the fe< bio power to whom it belongs. It is not too weil ao veined by the Portuguese, it is a comm ind i, - con lm reial i?.ition, nn.l it-climato is regarded specific for the national disease of consumption. \\ e have therefore, many reasons to lesiro it. Why, then, do wo not make it oar own! Urtwo rea u ns, which '?ur An.crlean frien-ia will do well to consider. He mil not molatt the jtrtncipl" nf tlttual iu.itictt, (nrnisli the Imtn of our a, ,?s, on d di^ract our character for fatmtts ant nuderatr-n, b/ w.estina tus properO, from our otl,/b?avM ht u unaUc lokn'P it. And a we wish to jo this wc dare not. We dread tho retribution which follows on such acts, and have learnt that, h ur.er or lator, the force ot public opinion will put down any power which claims to emaneipato it self t'rem the control of conscience and tho practice 01 justice. We commend these considerations in no unfriendly spirit to our friends across the Atlantic, and trust that they will see. on calmer reflection, that in this case, a,, in all others, their duty is id i ntical with their interest, and that eulightoucd public opinion in the States, insload of supporting "woitliy and influential" mon who form tliomselvos into secret ?ccie?ies for the purposes of piracy and bucenncoiing, will declare that such objects are un worthy, ard that their promoters aught not to be influential. llic KiifflUH \' lew of the Laat Emtnte In the Amrrlraii ConnrfW. I (Kroin tlie l.omtcn Tlmea, S^apt. 7.] In the stagnation thickening round us on this side i ho Atlant'c, it is a comfort to know that the next , n, mail may biing us some nows; not the settle , u,t or otherwise ot the flshery queation, nor the l.tuie of i ho Lobos Islands, or tho " discovery" of , ba by an enterprsing navigator from New York, ut icn'r thing not, less interesting, though within i0 v. n wall of tho American legislature. As , ? " '-p-.i WVM?-.(?ton ?nentn')v j '(.pHttLed thiol fih tebsraph to the New York press, before the closing or the last mail, we liarj the exoiting announcement that " there aro genuioo symptoms of a real light between (ienurul Culluia and W. H. Polk. of fcunesseo; and also between the fame Mr. Polk and Addison White, of Kentucky, all growiDg out of the debato in the House. Tho preliuiinanes for a dnel arc now in arrangement." Ko envious sergeant-at-arms, no busy magistrate, seems to bo thought of, and still has do the 1 fjietds of tho parties teem likely to interfere; bo tho next mail may give us the sequel of these pleasant j reiiminarics, in the ttiapo ofeoino giiovoui bodily injuries, tbe r suit of ha fa dozen alternative dis charges of rifles or revolvers. That one dobtfc (?fcoiud have given rise to two a nolo, and tlio-v of t-ueb necesfity or.d interest, miaht surprise tho di i ligent readers of our own parliamentary intoMi* ! gtneo ; fcnt when tire debate is peruted. the wond6r ! disappears. "It, is a vory lively affair, ancl reminds j etc of tho primitive eouncils of chiefs, when an ! Agamemnon w<-u!d offer a gratuitous insult to the biavcit of bia colleagues, und an Achillea would defy Lis bis chief, withou. beu g ome called <o order, e.\ j cipt by the filcnt i>ugg( f ? ions of Pallas Athen e. 1 | The subject natter oi the dilute was ftnnllitr j enough to the assembled n preventatives, but in | the report it is treated in a brief allusive manner, ' which precludes the potsibili'y of our forming any | opinion about ir. The gauritlc! was thrown down I b> Mr l'oik. Aitropns to a bill ahiut lighthouses. I iu< delivered tjie fallowing enigmatical, but, I as it appcurs, inflammatory speech i? ?' It was I L l li.. piupo.e to disjo.-s iho bill before tkeui, bui to show, among other things, that the whig party have gone into liquidation aid cauLOt paj 10 Ciiit a oa ihi dollar. He was at baiti more v. ton the whigs neiuinated Gen. Scott, and it was understood, for three or four days, that men lroin Kc ntueky, Tennei>?.'(!, and Virginia lind agreed i? come to Seward, and tho fact that Scott was nominated .showed the bargain had been mado," A tingle word, the proverb tells us, is enough lor tho who, and it is equally certain n single word will sometimes have it marvellous effect on tho unwise. An antagonist jumped up at onco. Tho whole as semblyweie conscious of bis presence, and felt the rising "difficulty." Mr. Cullum was tho man Sim ply to piove his perfect readiness to quarrel, he ex claimed^ "I can't hear my eo lleajjue. The report er explains, these gentlemen occupied seats ou dif ferent tidis of the bull; members generally begaa Jo "manifest additional interest iu the proceed ings. "I wish, then," said Mr. Folk, in reply, "you would come a little nearer " Wc are to con elude that Mr Cullum adopted this pacific sug gestion, and, tho whole assemblage now listening aneclu aiwilnu, tho two belligerents stood face to face in pleasant proximity. Mr. Cullum continued, " I understand you to tay something about a be trayal of the South." Mr. l'oik hereupon becamo moic explicit : ? " I fay the man who now oceupiosa position as Senator from Tennosseo was to have been nominated with Filhuoro on tho ticket, awl that he betrayed his interest, My colleague can answer whe ther ho was connected with this betrayal " Mr. Cul lum met the challenge?1 "My colleague in theSenato can answer for himself. I proolnim uere that I have entered into no collusion, public or private, anil 1 proccuEcethe intimation uratuitotis, un founded, un truthful, and utterly falsa " This was enough. The whole assembly, and tho two fiery spirits round whom it had gathered, went oil at this ward, and henceforth there was litllo else than an in ttrcbango of denials in the most simple, natu ral, uiiu emphatic expressions, which we must give as briclly as we can, and which require no cont inent. Mr l'oik, nothing abashed, promptly repeated his charge of betrayal, and added, " 1 say, when my colleague made the assertion at tho City Hall, intliU city, that Franklin l'ierce or his hor*o fainted, ho bed!" Hereupon tho chairman called to order, as it seems with mighty little parpoe, for Mr Cullum rejoir.od, " When my colleague insinuates that I have n..ule a false representation, ho is nliar." The ctue w as evidently becomo one for *' prelimi naries," so Mr. Polk invoked the aid of a squire. " I n;k some friend to come to me." " That's what I say," said Mr Cullum. Some friend of order havipg interfered, the quarrel now took a rather moio argumentative and historicil line, and Mr. l'oik Wei. t intoan attack on (Jcncrsl Scott's military cajnr This called up Air. White, of Kentucky, to whom Mr Polic immediately intimated that if he wanted to light ho waj welcomo ; and, as this did not sc<m to be understood, ho added, "theexoite m> nt being," as the reporter says, "at the fever point oil orcr '.be ball," " For fear of misrepresen tation,! teii the gentleman ho is a lwr." for some minutes afu r tfci.s ibe houso appears to uavu boen pretty equally divided between its wish to enjoy the sport and i'sstnse ofits injured dignity, halfstaading rntipiiKtaudhalfcalUngtoordcr After a time, Mi Cullum nought an opportunity of explanation, and teena d for a lime nally tob adopting u. c nciiiatory t< ? c ; iu' it did not la t long, and at ibe lirst. open ing be offered, tho implacable Mr l'oik iutcrjestod, " I taid you are a liar, and I say so a^ain " After cue n ore fleree defiance from Mr. Cullum, and one n. i. s seech endirg with "liars," by Mr Polk, tbi.s amiable dueueaion at last wore itself oat, sim ply Wcai'se it bnd come to a pass tbiit woris could 00 no more. l'i?tois or riiles must now ucoid'i :hi Knotty point* ol tho " betrayal of the South," T'ieicc'.- eoui.'ge, and (IcncrKl s'cott's truth. Will our friends at Washington give useredilforsiim -ity whta t . :.y that tbo cam o of repre:cnfativo institutions, sti 1 cciistFutienal government. I< rath' r too low just 1 im to aCord this tiufa. l iable display 1 Parll.imonts oi'fjht to have a dignity of their own. Tiia military eh ?pothm8 of Kuropo uuve their pageants, tnoir re views, thoir/r'fv, ? h . ir ;e:igiou3 cercmou'n rf, their c liberated their tiin- : hononrtd symboU and forn.8 llepnbiica, t.nd even constitutional monarchies, a'o ratber b?re of th?'ie thiogs. The*- should, tl'uefoic. have icine'hixg elso instead Their de liberations should bo grave, decorous, courteous Bi.d e?i>n. 'i'he leprebei.taiivc of the p.wplo, b ing a rulci . a chikf, and eM< r of the people, ought to b?*? iti'.tkl) and . u taldy his high honor, nml do jnttiee thereby to those be represents. Are wo really to eo^olucle that Mr l'oik, bearing tbv- i.ame ?t ?. h lute President, fairly acd oorre.'My rcpn; out? I bis eon?ti'?iacy cr Lb general spirit ol the l,\ ited htp'fsl is it uiual in that country for any do/:u men aseenbled an inhere to go on gir! .g the lie to or e ar, other for half an hour together ! from this exhibition we might conclude that it was ro ?"< h in comiuoii ooeurimce, and that rettHy th'> American torque is so fi.til, the Ainoiieaa honor in ao hluut, ?? t(, erdure the f;r ? bandving backwards aud t >r w^ide of this moat dreadful eha.ge for a do/. en times in sue-' fsion No rillos or revolvers can wipe out the tiis,"rrct of such a seeae. end 'ho '?tain nn the bei or of those vtIio merely heard and sr w without tahiripr the trouble to stop it. Will iof the Ameri cans. for the *?ke of liberty it&elf, for the sako of ?i\ ili/atien, provide aguinst the rccuirnnae of so g cat a politiewl scandal 1 England. Tb* l.o?Hon ptpcii, Iuiyo cenml to j ublish mi j>f ?!? n ' pie fur u week past, and have taken tlm npportu tity ol biirglng up their arrears oi' reviews ;md b< < k netjrfs, n Mire Fi?n that tfce fountains of npws lire dry. Eveu Mr. Webster's letter on the Poru ti?u guano question has provoked noLhing more startling than a leader or two in the Times. The lend between the Ttmnt Daily Wars, A<lvrrti$tr, end Louie Napoleon, though daily growing moro litter, has produced a* yet nothing fatal to ulthor. Ike c iMunenMt most noticeable aro tho meetings ?>r the Hjrit iah Association for tho Advancement of Beitree, at Uelfa?t, and the Musical Festival, at Birmingham. l.argo numbers of visiters have been attract re by beth. We observe Profetsor Kowlcr, of the United States, among the savans in attend ance on the foimer. The r.i>hop (of tho Episcopal Church) of Wostcrn New York has been in Liverpool tho past few days. On Sunday, 5th, be preached, and on Monday ii t t ended the meeting of tho Society for the Difl'ujion ' f ih Gospel in loreign Parts. At tho lattor, tho Hi t opof New York said:? "He never could believe bu? that the small cloud which had arisen, threat < iiug a thornier utotm, would speedily pass away. Ho Di ver did believo that John Dull and Brother .lonaibau would quarrel about a codfish. Ho had, from the first, believed that it wouldrcsultas i^had, in mere tslk, and before another year wa? over would only be a subject of luughtor. (Cheers ) Hobert Owen, tho socialist, has announced hini s< If a canoidate for the parliamentary reprcaonta ticn of Oldbau, , , Mr John Htuart, Queen's Counsel, chiefly known ap a violent toty and opponent of chancery reform, h is just been appointed Vice Chancellor of that court. , , (L R Porter, a useful member of the Hoard of Trade, is deaa. , _ . . . , . An old gentleman, named No 1 Id , o fA abford, Kc Tit, bafl just died, n nil bequeathed $1,000 to his relD^tef, and a million and n half to tho Queon. The militia enrolment has been going on the past few dxvs. It is believed the regiment# will be filled v it bout resulting to compulsory ballot. Hcniv ron, long a parliamentary reporter for the London puss, is appointed British consul at | Umv ti 1 he clearances from the port of Iyouion for Amtra ia tbt p?t week show an increase. There were five ?? Por Philip of an aggregate burden ofU, 122 tons; i *<. to Pott rh'V ? snd Bvdnoy, of a joint burden of r< mi ?. tlie Cl. n. ntrn --crew atonmor ?w ? to Sjonev ot I.Mil tonr, ind OK to Ad.ia.au if 628 tons, tin t*p*ri* ol goods, mJ I W1B6A, ard STunUhuva bc-oa considerably but al though a reduction of from 20 to 25 per cont baa taken place in the rate* of freight, there hamot Letn so omch activity twi wm manifested a few week-baik. In# demiiudfur pa? gt ?? *1*<> r.uhur diminished. Tho govern mcnt retv.rns i-bow F:o number of emi grants from Liverpool, during August, for America end Australia, whs 21,Uu7, about M,<HM)0vcr tho cor responding month last yn&r, aw' independent of j.uffciogeia by private ships To America tho emi giants wemmostly Irish and l.erui-m, and Seotoh to Aur'i^lia The West India mail steamer Modway airivod on Bunds y, 5th, with $l,163,7uti on freight, of which $-ly5,*(;0 *;?? g?!d and $.">,!?"(> plnitinj. On Saturday last, tLc Liverpool CI*rv>\icU men tioned that a Liverpool Aim wero about to build an iron pi oj eller of 10,000 tons, to navigate tho Missis sippi. bo fax as wo can learn, tbo paragraph wa3 for expectation, or if the project be seriously eutcr tamid, it has a* jet proceeded uo further thaa mora taik. Dublir and Limerick \ a, era mention an elopement tint lias .f cist taken place from Kilkenny, and had caurtu a goo ti deal ol .n andal in that virtu >ua region. Thn Lothario is Capt. llay,anolliccrintho seventy flz?t Highland rrgiuitnt, and tho fnir but trail lauy l-n tl.e L*d\ Kli/ul'i'ib itrymi, daughter of tho Mur <]uis Consilium, and wifo of a country gentleman, to >vtom'st:e had been married scnrco three ye nr3. V. beu 1:i * iccn, tho fugitives wero an bo-rd ono ot tbo Lire i pool mail steamers for America C-Anothir muider b^s just taken place in Ccnnty Tippciaiy, Ireland? ,i ;andloid najied CallagUm K.i an Laving bee.ii shot on hia own property, at Newcastle, amen miles from Clonmel. Tie Board of Trade returns for August Lave jua bten issued. and stow tho total deoiai ml value o exports for the month of August, ?0,589,168; whil i'oi the con i spending month of and 1H51, tho / wojc n ipectlvaly ?0,029,503 and ?6,118,203. On Friday, the foreign consuls at tbo port of Cork j .tin au official visit to (itn. Mansel, tho newly appointed commander in tho district; also to Ad mi ral Purvis, commander- in-chief on tbo Irish sta tion. The Admiral received tbeinon board II. B. M. sh'p Ajox with o salute of twenty ono guns, and lioistcd the American flag in compliment to Mr. Mitchdl, U. S. Consul. France, The Minister of \\ ar ha? given notice, that ia nil future agreements made with contractors by tho \V ar Department, any working on Sundays or holy elays will be prohibited. Preparation are in progress for tho reception of Louis Napoleon at nil the towns mentioned in the Hineraiy of his proposed journey South At Tou lon, the authorities propose to entertain him with n up resent at ion of tbo f-i ego of Toulon, where bis uncle laid one of the first steps of bis fame. At K overs, St. litienne, Moulins, l'oictiurs, and other cities, demonstrations on a gioat scale are ex pected to come off. Meanwhile, petitions for re storation of (lie empire are liowwg in ; among oilicis, lioni ? 1 18 villages in the arrondisscmcnt of Montmedy, (Mouse,) have just been forwarded to the Senate The N ier.im Uryd's states that the marriage of t.i uis Napoleon with the Princess of Vasa has been postponed, by the advice of her physicians, but will certainly tal.o place, the only tlid'erence in the ori giral prograiniJio being that tho jiroclauiation of i he tmpiio will precede instead of follow tho nup tia's. J'he JJovd states positively that it has boon resolved to convoke tho French Senate, to obtain the decis?on of the people on the question of tUo empire before the end ol tho year. \ tclcgiaphic despatch ot London from Amster dam. states that the French Minister at tho Ilaguo hud I t-en recallrd, in eonjciueuco of tho rejection of the literary convention with France. T lie Dutch Tuni?'' fell lar.idly in consequence. Eiihu itunitt has just arrived at I'urL-1, on his pi ace mission 1 New post stamps beating the head of l.ouisNi poiV'n, arf nl.our. tr? be isstied. Mueh activity is okerrable in the French ports &mI arsenals. The IV j e 1ms requested Louis Napoleon to permit tl.<' re-t.-i.'iblisbincnt of t lie order of begging friars ill France. M. rilii*.rs is in Par'", as smart as ever. M. Aiii.-, on l>u]crion. cx peer of France, died -t lo'cnly rt Dieppe, on tat ui day fa -t . The lit l*ih contain.' nu oni :i.xl letter denying all inletiticn on the jart of theJ'uko of Brunswick to renourci liis hereditary light - The liultnin dci I Mis contains n dcerce, opeuing r ernlit of .V:i i (00 francs to defray tho expenses of the ftle of loth At.^ust Gr veri lut'iit has ri solved to redio e 'ho interest on tii.nn iy l otos, and the flJonitrur accordingly an c iiL^cs thatfrov.i tbet'tli instant, tLo interesc pay able on tuueuiy bonus at from four to five mouths diifo, w.'il bo at the r.ite of one nwi a half jx.-r cent; at from live to eleven months date, t?ro per cent; at or. i? j car's date, thiee percent. Cavaignac and ('amct have ref .-ed to be put in j r ominalion as representative.? to the Cot]>t Isjis- i to ' > f. TLo f? llowing iH the announcement issued by tho li.ivie CI amber of Commerce (biklly noticed in ia-t i e i f patch) : ? "TJie rli. ml r thin!. -i prop* : to Inform fliipowner>i and ejiptftins of vowels who i'lten l lo fend o pi ditious to the l.'bosi io> in I'fru. t<> procure ti'mifi that the gov ernnanl 1 1 ih-.it e nntry has a--uni' ?( tii? monopoly of il.nt in.Vi\ am! thai any antcmpt i f tho kind would have little or no chance of auicei* the I'rtncu C'lvornun-nt. 1 .;tii . I ' en inviii (1 id m ' ij .? V'p . of the national na*v to jiiolei r ilii? T' i that might pree'-cU to tho'e Iidioh to t.':np I "inr ei ".oca of m::ir>o lmr. not fiee .letl to that. d<?. ruii <1 roiij h if-fect for t ! : .? lijlttsof a fri-.ndly Staia ?' ch nun our Las adcp'ed tha roost em-rpetie in??i> u ? t Imi-prl. if ii c-v-ajy by fi ieu. all aggrolonou the P .t of tf n i?n vcsseK. t'be Vibul't in the course of a notice on toe <lis 1 nt" betv.een tL United Suites and England, wlulo i. iki? not think tho qnanel bot>teen tho,io two roui/rics will bo sorions, expresses s'.rong diJjatia fto-t ion with the teizuio of twenty t n-.ici fishing fcea-s, i.y ;hu Knglish crui ers, in tho North Anaeri c - n waters, without iuiy previous eouimunic.il ion to the Ficnch gcvciiment. Tho l/ibuis views this wrr.t of cotincsy as a clumsy attempt, on the p*rt j <it the English sorernacnt, to exhibit impartiality i by ueaitng I'lanoo no better than they did Amo- I ii a Lewinitica i: negotiating for the salo of his estate in Asia Mioor. to some Knglish capitalists; but it is donbtfnl if tho Sultan will assent to this cool way of t. fK inp "IT Lis bounty. Tho M an fill t < Sc/iapltcre states, from St. .Loots, Senegal, Ju'y I0;h, that a difficulty which had rrisea there between the king of the 15ra?kiuas and a trader, had causol tho commandant of tho dis trict to demand immediate satisfaction, all trado Icing in the meuntimo su3ponilcd. Spain. Six colonels of "tho urmy of Cuba" bad been | promoted t* the rank t;f brigadier Amonjt them I bio tho Marquis du los Deliciaa and Col O'ltoilly. I A retiunjust published stages tic trado of Cuba With Spain at ? Imports S1>. veals; exports 101,600, 14 J reals. Portugal. M. Scabra lias retired from tho ministry, a com t kte rupture baring occurred between the Saldanhu ministry and tho Scptembrists. So fur, the tariff reduction works well. The disturbances in Goa, caused by tho imprudent and despotic acts of the Portuguese (Jovoir.orBaron "Ourtm, were, at last advices, assuming u serious haracter. Auatrla. Advicca from Vienna confirm tho atatoment that a new Anstrian fi?p per cont loan hn been decided on. Its price is WB, and it is to bo coniincd to tho Intro markot; deposit, 10 per ccnt, and tha ro u fining instalments to bo spread over twelve months. Its objccts arc, first, to repay the government debt to the bank ; eccond, to withdraw a portion of tho ( ? predated paper currency ; third, to meet tin de fer. in the budget of 1853; and fourth, to aid in th? eoiift ruction of railroads ? for which latter there will i><* littlo left after tho three prior necessities shall Iibvo been provided for. The Augsburg Gazette states that the Austrian fDVoy at Urus.'cTs has addressed an energetic note to tho Belgian government, respecting the indignitios offered to lluynnu at Brussels. Turkey. Another misunderstanding has occurred with Kriglard : the British ship of war Modosto having b?en fired Into by tho shore batteries, while at tempting. under strew of weather, to run through 'bo Paidanelles. The British brig Polly, of New castle, was fired into under similar circumstanooa, and her sails and rigging cut to piccea. Explana tion has been demanded. Accounts from Syria state that a band of ma rauders had attacked and plundered the town of Hebron. 1 he late vision Beschid Pacha, Ali Pacha, and Kaud Eflendi, have been reinstated in their various posts. Germany. ( l etters from Berlin state that the unsold ships of .!' ^'*1 b;?Vo tuu to iiooji*. Itethecbilds fur 100,000 floiita. Italy, nT. jtr Uucnui, tx-miniitor of Tuaaauy, in , Ka on Hw oJIogcd oriuio. t will be romcu-Lcred, was intriguiog iriiu tu& libi 1^19 at *'?19 iasumclj?n 'n February, It i* reported, though not offictilly, that Murny. the Englishman, about whom so much ha* ho* stt'ii lately, will bo pardoned on bis promising t? Johvi Hit' itomor ^tn'os for < re At Hon,', the initial.*, I, N , have been pre fanelt interpreted intr tibfrta nn'dira, hbulu uo/'tf (i,' t ? horn liberty, r>< liberty), ard the French o?gl3 oompari d th. r.r placed as a iguover a well knovru rc-Uraubt H. rcceiit of Napoleon hat f11' ". ? -ral other i> lutoiii lee, equally hartn'c*., 1 ' 1 * ?'< cchl , I? Teton cf tbrt eau ( MiscrTotorr, ii rt'1!1'1 ,l '?'?'fpast ihrfo t/cl .e'c A M , on the ' .i of August, a .-mall coiret in tuo con-itolla tion I'i'iniDi It i.< jrol>ab!v that iivotitionel '? y Bicla, althoiigb -t? position n.l-l.jr nt. IIn IIaiveMs ol Knglnjitl. i r 'ill the l.on Jon Tiiu: i .-tqiiember -?.| i.i" b.'irrokt :i almost over ? this jear'd whoa' ? updirg its way into ttiu maikot? and wo ate becm imp to have rmrtiouhir information of tiio cr -n? ? abroad, tic t* !j .i f says M,.rk lane, and what ii tii .argua ge of liic* agricultural journal, usually s? onin.0113 and pntbetlc at this time of tho tear"! -V? to ih? hnrrnt the accounts .ire various >?(? novir rtv tm btr when tlay were not, and oitn only bow to the wisdom of I'rov'.dence in sogono* inuy tuolifyirg. t'r.rrg. nnd disftibutirg calamity tt.it the whoio nation thn!! not mfftr, uud that tin plenty of one province ihall make up for iho de lioi ny of another Tun Humber .-eeiu^thia yew the line ol distinction. South of it, the parching beats of the st, turner, ai.d tho unseasonable raias ot August, bare conspired, first, to wither tho ffrain. jtiin i0 blight it. tilcn to n,rik it sprout, ao at v.iot if 13 fift.d, tnoitj;h lijfr'culturul murmurs ar* uhvity* to bo received with an aliowanco. North '?f tho lluml or the bin veal haa be'.u later, and tk? crcpo? vt:y Leavy, wt Lear? better got in Undor lxr .:0 c- tcumitact ( 3, and wlii 1 :< the farmers are, it j.s f aid, .i'i!l too busy in (he fields to brimr' 'he;r coin to liaivcpt, riob?dy knows what to call t .o j.nro of wherit ; and even had newb of th4 potato crop here, .ilJ still ilcxc in Ireland, scorns to mnke little pcsiiivo Impression on prictia. ..n' aT''r;iKc>s & io ih!cr ? the In jt was Vh. 7i. Hut who gets the average V tho south coun try farmer, whoso wheot lay for a fortnight until the Wieds bound it to iho gronnd. .So fnr, then, aa it gartffi the e.vpfct.itionij o: the farmer, we may aet down wheRt at tho figure it Las nhnoit 3tood at for it v r.ji \ ears. 1' ort v ?InI!ingn u 'juirtcr ?ccm< now ? J.e hi tat guc "S for tlu locg inn. Is that a crood or a >ad .ook oi.t ^ It :a tiie piojptct now before tanners. i ct we venture to a^k.wUerc aro the la mentations ! where tho piteous erics for h^ls * wlicio the upj aiJs for fomothiig to bo donu ! wl t re tho snddtn recolves to quit the country if foioethirg wire rot doro, that we have had f?r tbe In.'t seven jeai3, pnrtieul^ilv a1 this ecason T The (aimers friends nro in powrr, and so little prdsstu* is applied to thf ni that th?y intend to wait near tr.ree uonths- that is, until tho end of November? I tlci they prouueo their grand Hfieeifle; and the fainiera themcelvcs are the chief ap..Iogista of thid ddoy. Yi hat unwonted patience ! Wh?t nowlv a<j ftuircd rotigrnticn Was it for this tho three huu orcd gcntlemi n niaJtirgtbe coutsTry p>rty seceded so lrrg from office, flaied up into agka'.ors, and subsided into uiitanthroj^B 1 Wan it merely that at the end of seven years ibay might learu to ?ii liku rat inceon a aonumeiit and smile at lCa. a uuattar't luat, iu fact, is what : hqj arc uow eoiaa to. Plnrkets, I.o^ijon Moxr> Mahii?t. 'iuwUav Kvi*alc^ S?pt 7.-" T.' nuoUt.'on cl at J'ari. i.i about 1 j,?>r inille pee mium. ^accvrdipg to the tiew Itiitf.) which atthcKoKl^h m.nt [ Tueof X't] 7 *. 10 1 d jx r oi ore for htnu'tard cold pirw en txcVasz* of ?/:, lu'j ; an 1. the -?tehiinge at I'm on iiCadOTi al ?Uoit. Wlujt ?5.z7 'a, it fuilow.. that ^o'd i* BU ut f. r J prr c rt unr in London than i j r:iri.?. l$r nd'Scen 1'iom linmbutfr. the pike ot gold Is ?lwntt r+r uuurk. which, at rtn? KogU?h mint price ol ?3 17*. j[*'- I'.tr ounce for nandard g' ll uiui uaevthnng* of Ji'.o-, : nnd. the eaehanife ut Iinmbur^ oa f.oo douat .-hort King 13.7. if, follow? t bat g. ld 1j al)?ot Oi^.r'i cent dearer in Loudon Ihnn In Humburc. " Lf cccife of txi hftB^e at Xew ^ or', on London, for bilu at -r.tj Jsjv. figbt, )?? IK' ; . p'-rc.-nt nud the p?r of en cl ..rt-e h-twM i) I'ngland andAmcilca being lo.i !J3 ;o oer rent, it fellows that tho esehsi'ge i>i nop:it>ally 0.1*2 ji<T e? i.t in f.iv< r of i : is jlnnd: and : f i?r making allowance for chitraeb f i liiiufvort, the present rat*' l?rave? a .-znutl profit on iLl Mpnrt.it ijn of gold frcm lUe I'nlttd States With fij^ c3c<pticncf a t< uirorory dcclino can?( ?i by u prcfMUN o i tiock vu tbo Mm k?t. frcm t^p inliaence at u iar^ re oi'Lt Win, the Koglish fun is Jj/ITP be*n tlirouirhont tho . at ye# it r Jay -* prk'e??. Consols fur Tno*if?y opt ncJ BUtl do ii at 100 tu hut at one uiomonc tliej touiiidtl 0* a > 1 1 r tho I th ol October tb? la%t ((uotfltioii wxd U'o;,, to 'i iltck -toek closed at 'Jiti to HMO; r-? ituced. K'O', to ? ihri'e-and a ijinuter per cent.- WIK to ' iou? anr.ulti ?<. (j f. J0; J ucti? (-took. 'J7S to Z7t?; Jt dla bon is K;s to Kin ; xnd Lxoheoucr bit* (M.irtb), 7 i lo7t?-. : (June). OS*, to 71* oi rmium lb? oi'tniijoa-. iwrtj rather ext< n-ive in foreijrii but I'fii . f with few exception*, ,-howoil little alti rut.ion. t n iiviiin * as wi-11 .supi'OTt' J. and tli? tendenef was U further n.^rovi mrnt. Mexican continue- heaty and \ en. roe:;,'i alfo a Might der|in?. Ruuian. lira ?/.ilia ii, i.rid chidan m iinlain tiigli <iuotation? Uuiln.'s? wa^aguiu active ni-day iu the fi^rtiic niiug eeripoftlii 1 ii'.'iifh loan ni i the price advancd to 7', to pre mium. Victoria Dock nlmr. H clo:ed 4 to i , preiniuu and l.on c!on Chart i red Bank fharex 2\; to premium. I ' iti d Mexican illnlr,'; shim"1, owing to favorable ac eo-iiit*. buve suddenly niproved. nod wi-ro done a' ti ttila uttuno. ii. tiui tli?y ? nally do.-i ii 5 to :.'t !u lb to rtlgn excbimt;es ill "re wfl? n fair amonnt of bu-iae? traP'ftcttd and the :,it< < were nb'.ut th -.tuio a* liwt po.'t. tiHnwN, -uu'i.HY avi) co 's crv.ccr. tit. Lm;iifO"i <?< p'.ember 7 I'H Tli. i la- In en lrm don^ in ? i.t> n -ioee the <Jat<> of Iht , pri viomi circutiT, the mli K lor the three days being ' . r< 0 I :ih ;< tsiib 2 < CO to exporterH and s|M calatori at r* '**? iikbl'.j in favoi of h iytrs 'Jh^ ( trri mkiUet contlne.ee quiet, wltn a moierate amount of law itiott doing al lb' above (juotatiorw. WKKJIIT, a A NUT A: Co's CIBCULAU. Livxaroot., September 7. 1>W. Cottom ? Sinee Iho departure of the " Niagara "? Steamer, m Sa'tirdey la>t. our nurkot for this eta ple bai< Ixin Mtadjr t.ut quiet. The contiuned favor able accounts ct li e groiv.og eropn, received by the ? Africa," (arrived at midnight '.n Saturday.)' hw ex? relied some little Influence ntcoog-t ull elassea ' n?l ?)iiL t holder* h ivo olf^rej ttieir -tocks freely, iieitb r ?pieulatora. exporter . or the trades, see suffl. eient mdiiceini ut to enter the nmrket with tbe a?ni? ?f I nit t Jim t J)fi4 iiltficrto eiiaracttrjzHii tiioir oj/(?ra? tier.*; nnd In Iho ?al < that bare been oOected hiiy n bat i 1 u<l ! h%> turn of price- in their f ivor nnV how evtr amounting to a quotation ; but In the abiencoofa more aeti\*i demand it l'i noii.o] rotable i'?nie eoneea ion W'lH re.- ill' The baeint sg of the la<t three duyg Is estimated at Be'i t. ."per. and i:.ip<ytt. ,1mm' an. t-atutdii/ 8 (KD tJXCO 0 S50 SlonCiiy 7.0(10 iiOOO a 419 l'ueioay 4 KtO .",00 4 The lu j ort for the ?amo time i? about 10.000 bales. men to dat. N.Orleens, f?lr . 0*^ a .'J Middling. 5' a-Ord'ry.4', nj SU.bilde. do .0 u? do. f;?a do" 4'4a4 Atlmtlo, do ,'j a? do. 6}j a? do. 4'4 a & | The Manchester market fcr goods and yarns, present* no new ftniuris I'rlci * of hi.th eoutmue unchanged and although ther? i< le?i doing, it i* more owieg to ihn uncettbd weather. : r d tbe di&i utty of getting eaiiy de livery ol either, that fre-h etig*'i?riient are wi libeld. Our grain market had bfi-n tetter attended since Fri day . but tin fnir weather ban induced holders ol wheat to relax ?cme trifle In rate* : whieb, liowever, ha* not Influ ? need a more at tivn Inquiry, and the f ales are limitid, at a partial decline of Id. per 70 liw. Uood sound flour l?u. tren in 1? tti r riq.iot, atd the ti:rn dearer, 21s being freely paid for Ilaltimore and Philadelphia Wnds : m ! ccndaiy parcels were eu'itely neglect< d. Indiau corn on tbe .-rot Is si ill of slow fale. at somewliat irregnlar rates; ?thllft fir floating cirgocn. of late shlpuionts there is aii Imjirovi d inqniry. Turpentine ha- cbiing.d hand* at 1 ' I' " f" 1 01 ' 'In ? In to .*MK) bbl* bave fci> nd buyer* at Jd t? ".*. ftd for common, up to 1-n frr fine per cirt. Lard? W) tons r< u!iied f>8? tier cirt No alteration in oilier articles, and no transaction* re pcfted. PrvNonn) liitelll^rnrr . AirivnU tit tho Irving? .1. Noad, vlontreai; R K. Oar tiicrr Baltimore; P. Nlion, N. C ; E. Montgonmry, Va.; I! A.'cOrnnirh. tenaet.ee; lion. J. MoIumm. t<al"'iu : UMd'Dg. Marjiind, T Simmon-'. CT-urlenton, Major T". 6. A.; P. ttockton, V. S. A, and eighty at hers. At thi1 Amortean? R. D. Clarke. Boston; J. Knight, ('ciubrldgc; B Benedict. Boeton; II. K. Melbourne. U. H. ij> Lesipffton: A T. Turner. Boston ; J. 8oowden. Philadelphia; Btiodell. U. S. A.; E. M. Weaton. I'liiladuliiliia ; and forty eight other*. At the Aator? Thomaa Talt. Montreal; J. MeJuU^cb, V'afllngton; Br Unwell, U. 8 A ; Rev. Wm. wrillUnt*, IrdiaDii; (l?o. W. Kendall, Bn^Und; A. B. John-t>n, 1 lira; Ira French. Cincinnati; lion. S Mailory, Florida , 1/ Co<.mb'. Ky ; J. lien. haw. Washington; Col Benuwtt, 1". P. A.; t it/. Ilenry Warren. Waabiugton; and ninety ctbura ThK GakpiMOI Cahi? The Alexandria Gaztlte of the 16th hint., aaya : ? "Tba exatulaatfoa of the wit r f i B in tli? faniouo cut of UttMlewr ha* been removed t<> this eitv. and U going on here before Lawrenee B. Tay Irr. Km., Ma>or, wbohaaheen appointed Oonunlarioiier f< r that purnote. flardlnernrotoetn agnin?t thu removal ( f the cxamiDalirn here, ana neither ho nor hia couaeel appear The witncasccare all imldtobe highly Intelligent Mexican*'' The (If v?rtior of Wi>eonM? hmMgned the death war i-at of Mi L'cnald aid ( : ... ivkcl' J of lumdar ?n Milwaukee euinly and lis* onleioi the execjitoa oa .lie lb.h ef Noteikotr.