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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 28, 1852, MORNING EDITION, Image 3

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Literary Review*.
ITmO'B Ton's Cabin. A novel, by Uri. Harriot B.
Stowo. 2 voU., 12 mo Boston: Jowett k. Co.
Aunt Pbii.lib' Cauin ; or Soutiibbn Life as It
Js. By Mri. liar/ 11 E*?tmtn. 1 vol., 12 mo. l'tiil
SWelphia: Lippiccott, Grnubo & Co. 1852.
Uncle Tom's Cabin ah It Is. By W. L. 0 . Smith.
1 vol., 12 uio. Buffilo: Derby & Co. 1852.
Thb White Hi. ave ; or Mumoirh op a Kuoitite.
Anonymous. 1 vol , 12 mo. Baaton: Tappin &
Whittemore. 1852.
Stddiks on Slavkkt, ik Ea8y Lessons. By John
J'lotehor. 1 vol., 8 vo. Natchez: Jackson Warner.
In these days of teeming presses, overflowing hook
scllor's Btftlls, ftud libraries deluged with
damp literature, authors are a class devoutly to bo
pitied Over two hundred years ago, when Amerioa
nil ? wilderness, and France, Britain and Germany
were yot biff with uudovelopod pootical, litorary,
and soientifiotreasure. tbe caustic philosopher la
mented that he had lived a thousand years too lato,
nnd that his vocation was gono. How muoh worse
off an we! Where is the uiaa who can bsast an
original oonoeption, a maiden aubjoot, a virgin idea !
I'ew indoed ate those to whom it is given to do
more than tread the boatcn track, and grope
along in the footsteps of their preiooobsors.
Now and then we seo a young author, fired with
a noble aim of striking a new path, lose himself
in ft labyrinth of mysticism, or poison tho hoilthy
impulses of his heart by a eojourn amid the pesti
lential vapors of morbid sentimentality. Ono strives
to ft tou e for the dearth of ideas by adopting an
eccentric style, utterly at variance with tho rules Of
Kngliih grammar. Another begets hobgoblins and
elves, and peoples a fanciful Pandemonium with
monstrous shapes and imposdblo sprites. A third
is delivered of men whose hearts h wo been fashioned
t>y some new process? thinking, feeling, and acting
like anything but human beings. On tho whole,
there are but few modern writers who lay any
claim to originality to whom Dr. Johnson might
sot address his withering apostrophe: "Sir,
there u muoh in your book that is now, and much
that ia good ; tbo misfortune is, that the purt<
which are now *ro not good, and tho parts that ara
good are not new."
This oou'id, however, hardly apply to tho host ol *ri -
tors who, for some time ptst, have been inundating
the country with moral essays and treatises religious
and politioal dissolutions, and funny novel* apropon
of slavery. Tiicy, at loust, cannot bo ohargod with
"tho uttoraneo cf nnjthirg original. From tho
< rime of novelty they etuui acquitted. Tuoy ura
<H)otMit to republish, in -i luwform, tho old argu
ments, ]n o in d c6n, wfi.t .1 1 ! ve boon bandied about
in juvenile debuting p ) '!'? i.. ' r the last haif cen
tury ; and wo aro noi. :;n. ? f'j :it, a laborious perusal
of tho tlx volumes whise r are afliiud to this
paper Lm added aojoauig to lio stock ol iufjruia
tion wliioh wo doiiu d, c .>,nu ya a ngo, iraiu tho
youthful apoccbes ot ^.~ter J cm my and Master
llairy. We uro strongly inclined to think that our
young friends bait nii.-u' k; d the common store tho
works oi V/itbbrfi u'i', CUanuing, &a , and the debates
in Parliament and GoDgrits? with us muoh care an I
profit as the lanios ana goutlvmen who havo under
taken to enlighten tho orl'J in these lattor days An
exception may te 111 id. in Uvor of Mr. John Flolohar,
who bite eaiieiiod bij \ulutn3 ? a scries of raviewa
and ontiques of anti- lav.-ry works, strung togutiior
in no verv methodical fashion? -with scraps ofUieek,
Hebrew, Syriao, nud Oaaldaio, ornaments which aro
likely to ensure lor it a largo Bib among tho re ul
ii>g portion of tho e jiu inanity. ^ Hat loading the
dead languages out 0:' tho question, wo pr ;for iho
juvenile unit slavery 'U1,-l pro- slavery philosophers,
us being low prosv, more earnest, and iur more
amubirg. . . , ?
Of tha four novels mw lying on our tab! e, Mrs.
Harriot Beechor 6i,o*e's is tho only one which de
mands ft loDgtby notice t our bateli. It is tho type
nf tho .^h two of them are professedly
written to d.vi' ^ tuo antagonistic dootrino, they
aio but lat.n im ' ? ious -,t their#uocc3iful pr-joureor,
They are sawnles of the host of trashy publi :*tious
which tho uwwa of tho sale of nearly ono hundred
thousand coo'.*.* has tailed iato esistonco. Imbued
with moat 01* the faults of "Uncle lorn'sCama,' and
destitute ot tbe dramatic skill displayed in th?.i wurk,
neither 4* Undo Tom's Oubin As it la, njr ^ Aunt
JE'hhlii'n Cabin," have attained sufficient nuttrh"} io
entitle theiu to a sertom Teviow. Tho orro-s into
which Mia Hiawe has Mlou exunot he 11 tide of ad
ventitious luccoas lor them ; though sha uuy have
puinted slavery 111 I'll 0 colors, and diBsamiaarol
talse philosophy, the revtur) of the picture, *vhen
devoid of aitintie meii', and daubea by an un.-kuUit
band, oannef., by rto^on of h'-r faults, ceoafij the
nunalty dno to medio", ity Tho *' VV hite Slavo 13 a till
kafl de?cr tr i g ot notic?; it piss^sses u<j mi rit ot a.uy
hind whatever, and is replete with uupaidouable
limits of style and miun<r ,
The estrnordinary talo which Mrs M?wo b 10k
lias reachcd cau easily be a :o urit. d for. It ^as
Dubli.-bid at a time wben the lerment proiluoed by
the pat>iDg ot tho Pugi'ive Slave law, and the cap
tures made under its provisions, was at its big'toa*,
and wboi* ihe abolitionists were at the zenitu of
their fury. AU those absolutists w,io were ready
to dipeoUo tho Union if their views wore not instaut
ly carritd into effect, cagorly propagated a work
which mculeated unconJir tonal emancipation as a
religious dutv. Nor wub the South less anxious to
become aoquainted with a novel, which assailed
their institutions with unwonted virulonoe, and
threatened to prove a form dable wiftpon iu the
bonds of their enomie". ^'o ioiust in ju9tieo^aud,
what wo have already hinted, ih it ''lln:le Toji s l.n
bln" displays considerablo dramatic piwer, tuid a
sound knowledge of character ; were the porsonagos
all white, we should even venture to ainert that m 1
mj of tham are skotohod ia vivid, life-like colors
Thus, if we calculate how many rabid abolitionists
in tho North, bow many slavo-ownors in the South,
alarmed at tho alleged success of a work whic^i
VI caches a crusade against tboir proparty, and how
many curie, -jh idlers, or renders for mere amusement
<=cattcrci ihrcnghout tho Union, wera likely to be
come purchasers of *' I nele Tom a Cabin, we shiall
-..robubly tii d the figures boaetod of by tho publish
era not tar beyond the mark To tho.?e causes alone,
wo apprehend, can its popularity he ascribed ; it cm
sever rui.k above absolute medioority ac an artistic (
or a philosophical performance.
The lirat blemish which strife 's tho reader, era lie
has perns'. d a dozen wages Is the atrocious vulgari
Cv of t) ? di.:tioD, and the uttor caTcltsancoS ol the
?t vie It wo-jH really seem as though the authoress,
jhte those funny pc?Pie wUo fancy themselves called
iirion io aodrefs foreigners ?a broken English, hud
conceived hmclf bound to adopt the jargon of hor
black wwsiu It would be a waste ot tune to
<iuoto parttculftr insianoea 1: they aro soa.torod
rWgb ?vcry page. We fin 1 hor using tho word
??quite" in the seiuc of ""iy, na idiom wo had
believed ptouliar to New Lnglind farmors. Mr.
Wulbv," ra's she, "had epecilated largely and
*nn? iooecly,'' ard " Old honest V an Tromno wa-s
one yui/c a conadcrable landholder, . VVith a
view probably to strengthen hor k^itc tjw?jy, by
?.-rciiktnii of tbe whites ns meye cattlo, Mw. Scowe
" ft is ao undisputed fact that our praudmo
therimM^ some tolerably fair men rindwomcn. She
talks of the " ptinoe-like movements of a little
clvl and contrasts them with ? her black, keen,
Subtle cringing, yot acute neighbor ?ft .some what
public, e g b? j Wlicn she wishes to be
pU7Tin ho Ftartles our botanical romintsac noes with
100 tVil ? the d/in - breath of an Arabian jes
nn allurion to X^g^COnd*cends t0 nnbend to
iooulftnty, ehe perpetrates the foUowing luexcusa
StSTbSa of dd^tooU npojing sublimelyoa the
tbebefi* "! "i* W8Wiu inform onr readers, do
S^52rt? %*Tcuiar ???* if tM r undaM
Gentlemen sit on chairs "closely npPWMhing,"
t?d7 is "reclined" on a couch. Similar barba
JSiS Is we sftiX ftwtobe found in almost every
page,' and will at onoe prevent "Uncle Tom s Cabin
We bavo recently had occ.asion to animadvert on a
similar proi>e?f ity in another authoress, and our re
zuark* might be appropriately applied to MrH '
What do Oie public want with a long aecount of til )
- roceM of bed making, including t.ha t"^km^ in of
the blvnkets, and the turning down of the ulieets .
fir what does the genoral reader (owks, of course,
ire an honorable exception) caro id.out tbe art of
(ak> s in a frying pan! Sowing, ocHjkmg.
nrm I? ft. arxl ail the oth?r operations ol domoauo
dnidcer? are 1.0 doubt very necessary, and it U ex
;4|0W* wems bent 0" 11 10 ? ' ^0,g ch(lT rto l
Wo have spoken of 0(.ayr of ulcut is
in temia of Pr*,*?;,llfon 0nt and Augastii.?
evinced ,n i!1'' r.!u,iw,reU cclc lorn au 1 Aunt
?!c SaiuiO Cla. an ..-iui etts, we bhould bo
Cloefarmseiviuts .il y- ?? lei'vof pu'-w^o,
^edplesMrt with their hone. ? mplle^ yn.pu pe
nail tir.qtKit'.'o';. ''K rv - , ,-l >-.o, ' ' l 1 '
racy wi which ibeaa aio 1 ? -? ^ ^ ,utc
fully with tbo coai'-o u uiui ,
Cb ?'f- , , , , , ..... A.irr , ?ae " the
T ?1h ! < ly. ? ? fK Now Oflea K.
fPigning hi. < ot a
Entered lifa, baiutiful, acomp'iibad, and am halrasa;
?ho wbi tbo wife of a wealthy. bi^h bred geatlamio;
we (ball not be dee sued axMliag if we espaat to
find tier a lady Wh.it rauet we mink, however, of
ibe following reply made by her to lluu UpUolia'd
arguments iii favour ot negro education 1
Kc r my part, I don't see any me in such sort of talk
I'm m re if anybody dors more for rarranti than we do.
I'd like to know who; anil it don't do'ria a bit good? not a
particle? they get worse uud wcrse. An to talking to them,
or anything like that, T am turo that I hare talked till
I was tired and hoirne. telling them their duty and all
that; Mid I'm Mire they can go to ehureli whoa they
lt!;e, though tl)?-y dont underhand a w>rd of the Mention,
mere Outn to mauy pigs : no it is n't ol aoy u<a for then
to go, aft I pee, &c. to.
| of the following disgusting morceau, m dialo
, guo between His* Ophelia (a Vermont ladi) aal
i t o same Mart* Jh Ste. Cluiie, rctpcoting iiUie
I Evangeline dc Ste. Clair:?
I Ophelia? Kva gets weak, and is short breathed
i Clai*? ! l'*o had that, jeai? ftDd
: ?e*n ; It* < nl> a n.-rvoua affection.
j Oriinu? But the svtfuln to. nights I
I iliim; i> *: Hik Claib ? Well 1 hare. these tan years.
I Very olteu. night after eight in/ clothes wiU bo viiuK
i ing wet. There won't be a dry thread in mv night clothes,
aud tLo clue's will bo ao that Mam raj ban to liang
thcin up to dry ! Eva Uoepu't rweal anything like that.
Such pillages oouipletely mar the effect of the
i ri4?vn portions ol Mario do Bio. Ciairo1# portrait.
..i i n.? , .*mY.er charges to bring against
L nolo loni s Cabin, than ooargoncpg in thogtylo. or
inconsistency in the ch aruotcrs . This is no common
catchpenny novel, resting it a claims to pubic favor
on a well-woven plot, or stirring iuodonw. Wo
give Mrs. Stoao much credit tor her jadioious
cconomy of denth'e-head-and- erots- bone scenes ?
overseer s lut.hmg slaves to death? women brutallv
v hipped, or truited still worm, &o. She hud a
eicepe-r purpose t han mere pandering to the rulirar
?i!lrri r,aCI0C!tldu aaJrc81|f>? herself raore to
the Christian, to tho thinking man, than to tho sub
soribcrsof circulating libraries. She aiuisatosta
bliBhipg on d new and impr.-gnablo basis, the groat
l,u t of the moral and intellectual tquahtj- ol the
white ninn it^d the negro, and asserts it in every
possiblo variety of language .n fifty elifferont pass*
pes in her hook, hues a doctrine we believe to b >
. . ? anu 'M?id that we should be culpable in allow
Utf on ? g? un,iuc8fi?ued t0 the* people of thi*
If we had no eyldocce before us of the inforioritr
of the negro intelcct.if wo had no truthful account'
. * rnP ; degradation and depravity in a
??uto ol f freedom in Africa, if we hid no chronic I >
(luting from ages long sinco past, and proving tho un
cliargcahle character of the block man, woshoui.
still ulufie to believe that any individual of averiei
reason could lock upon the physical form of tbo
n. gro, and seriously arguo tnat thai degraded
outer of hunmn beings was intclloetuallv or morally
f ' "0n*ian rac0- U o wil> E^t <">amo
the task of pronouncing ou tlio doo'rine which is
fh.Vi'n1 t\ l'Vi fading philosophers, vi/. :
.1 it m tfn grand m-kIo of animal developoment the
.Atriean ntgio is ihn connecting link lmtweon the
*.???? and man. Wh,tl., r the Ueveloj.oment theory
0 a paradox or not?and rs n,o3t r.ja ou* ulh lilants
must admit tbe we ight of the circumstantial evi
d.-nce on which it rest*? there c ui be but little doubt
au-ong men ol learning thut tho analogy between
lie pb^Moal structure of the Chimpanzee aud thut
01 the nigio is aa closo as that between tho latter
and the white mau. Iho eminent Lawrence, quot
ing and commenting on Cuvi?r, tells us:?
ii.?-ll?f!,,'8,? s{iuctui? approximates unequlvocallv to
tha* of the ii oukcy. It uot only (liiTew Irf.in tbe Cau
ovian niodd but l.? dlstiognl. 1. <J from it In iw, reap^els
17, nv. , , r^e l' rb"rR,-u,s aru r<'daci'd the animal l?a
turos tnlargnd and exaggerated. .No person, however
iltleconvertant ?vith natural history or physiology run
Thla ?.if?^?8V? '?? *?'' l approaeh to tho auimil form
1 his Inferiority ct organlzath u is attended with corn-s
n?t I'^ini Pi' V:"n,ly l'f f?0"l'ies: which may bit proved,
n tMuuucti by slares, im by i-vi ry faot in the naat hi3
toiy and present condition of Africa, p 213.
Colonel Hamilton Smith, tho well known phyaio
?a !"Utr to s^arery, mentions
?fc>cral jiomts ot resemblance between the simia aud
.1:0 negro, and lajs stress on tho shortness of ths
negro humeius, a, d length of tho firearm, iu whioh
particular the fitnilarity is very striking. IV, j
ferior \ jobek, rd Amsterdam, feeling convinced
that the (tape pf the il,u*;e pelvis must
fhl'V ? tu*Aru' ,tilIue'lu0 oil the cjuformitioaoi"
ho ftr'UB, mudc .ovoral anatomic il cxpjrim.ats,
? he leamt ot wh'eh he thus records:? '? l'ho n>lv's
ot thenia.e nogio reKtnbles that of a wild beast ;
that of tho lemale, though dolioato in form aud
?T the i.-.Va of rfogmdation
m tjpe i . c ?. Io!if?.i cd shape of t!ie pcMa ia tho
nt-gio s, i? s vcjtie^i direction of tho o.-aa ihi the
project-on ol (be saciruo, &c., rccall to our minds
the con.<.riaatioa of tbo pelvis iu tho motley " S\re
need not muliiply quotations, or terniud our readoi-s
ot the u. ume, t.mpo. and weight of t.lie n-gro
brain, of the small ta-.ual ungl.., of tho bru-o hlco
oxpresMon ol tnc coimtenanec? in all of jvhii^h i.ar
ticuinrs n close eftinity to the higher order of the
*>hitut/c C.-.11 bo distinctly tmced. A'l aimtotni-t
"re ? greed on tho point. Mrs. Harriet Ueecher
ototye ftlooo d!f5enta.
We will not undertake to inquire how far thij
pnjucal alliance r.itn tho highest or ijr of the
biuto mammalia is accompanied by a eo rjspond
iiig mental analogy. Articulation is, doubtless a
vat , step: but who rail draw a lino bo^ean the
highest kird of instinct anl the lowest order of
reostu I The experiments of naturalists have
proved 'hat t!r> pure negro c:m loam bat few thin"
which can rot, Lo taught the baboon. And the
frrann qualities which jdner. man at the head of tho
nn>uiul scale ? the generalizing powers of p.iro TlOi
?on, the .'ovc of the unknown, tho aptitude to oil
serve new pheromena and new relatione? aro a
lare in the one as in tbe ot'.;or.
But history converts tho speculations of philoso
phy into positive faci.-f. WLerovor the n< ?ro has
been isolated, be 1 o a bocn a eiivugo ; wherever ho
has associated with tho white man, ho htM been a
stave. Domberger, who spent twelve vaar.n in
Alnca, states ihat tho hibits of the ' abori-n
i^ces were tho<e of the brute ereition ; that
they had no lixed residences, and, as far as
1 , , .,cnrn> 110 language in whioh they
oould hold intercourse with each other. Cannibal
ism, says Lundtr, is the ruling sooial trait of the
negroes in Africa ?tho kindler afTeetions of the
heart, the domestic ties, are unknown to thotn. I
1 uc slaughter ot their follow ereaturos is their
chief amuecmeiit. ALny rations subsist solely by
war and rapine. Lopez, Dappus, BurckLirt, and
ail tho other travellers in Africa, bear a similar
testimony to the drgrndation of the native tribes
.?amcs h. Ale.vind'ir, a recent writer, sa j*?
' I ucy did not know one 3reur fi*oni another. Aa
to their own ago, thoy knew no more wh*r it ww
than idiots. Some even had no nimos. Ofnutu
beis, of course, they were nearly or quite ignorant
,ew cou.d count above five ; he w.is a clover follow
who could count his t*n Ungers Above all they
had not the lco^t ido3> of (?od, or a future stato
I hey were literally like tho beasts that perish."
Such are the negroes a; home. Such is tho raoo
which Blrs. Sto wo poetically calls " an exotic of the
most gorgeous ami suporb countries in tbe world,
deeply imbued with a pasaion for all that is
fp.cndid, rich, and fanoilul " Such tho poople
whom Mrs Stowe foresees ?' exhibiting tbo hi "best
form of the peculiarly Christian life in their'gen
tleness, their lowly docility of heart, thoir ehildJike
simplicity of affection, and facility of forgiveness."
(it utlcress of boart, forsooth, among the most in
corrigible cannibals on tho globo ! Docility of
fclleotion among a race accustimod for centuries to
murder their kin, and roll their children to slavo
dealers ! facility of forgiveness among tribes
whct? feuds Iatfc for centuries!
Neither in ancient nor in modem time* have ths
negro race achieved u single step towards civilisi
tion. Ihoy have neither books, nor a language,
"J'.?'? n J111 a'l'bfibet or a hieroglyph.. They, alone,
of u II bnibarous tribes, do not even possess a system
of tbeogony. They have not masteied tho elements
ot sotcuee or ait. They have never understood
what tiny loivrm frora the white, aud a' sooa as
they were removed from tho sphere of Ir'.s direct
influence, ha vo invariably reiiapsed into baab irisiu
i.ven Christianity of thiee centuries duration iu
some parts of Africa has not boen accompauiod by a
progressive civilization.
4i A"w '8 these historical data boforc her
that Mrs Stowo lunket her hero cry " for a nation,
a Mnntry of his own," and " thinks that tho
?African race has peculiarities jet to bo unfolded in
tho light of civilization and Christianity, which, if
not tho same with tho*e of the Anglo-Saxon, mar
Prove to be, morally, of even a higher tvpe " She
forgets that tho only traits of high morality and
?ut*rior intellect which havo boen witnessed in
colored individuals on this continent, have boen
clearly trnceablc to the intermixture of the raoeu,
and the infusion of Saxon or Celtic blood. She is
not aware, perhaps, that very few of the slaves in
the South aro puro negroes; whorever intelligence
is to lie luunu, there tho skin reveals the white
'1 his is not the place to show that Afrs Stowo's
j io lilies arc on a par with hor philosophy and
ethnology. No cuo pretends that slavory is a
blessing; the way to got rid of it is tho question.
Wesson? sound reasons for supposing that at any
future time the whole population of the globe? '
from the high boru Anglo-Saxon to tbe half
mor.key in tho wo?<is of Dometts ? will be placcd on
a looting ofpeifect equality. How long tho negroes
in tbo South aro destined to cultivate cotton anl
tobacco lor tboir masters, none cnu prosumo to
tell. England might afford to ruin Jamaica, and
I piuneo tbouaar.ds of negroes info misery and vioe :
it is doubtful wbothor hor example will '>o l'ollowed
j J1/.'0' "f-anwhile. the publication of such work.* as
. nele Ton's i Cabin," and tho contemptible imi
| t'Hions by wbieh it has been followed, is calculated
| to lo productive of much injury. Ladies (wo ex
j c< pt those who wear brooches, and attend woman's
Hunts meeting#,) ure not supposed to be ata'esinon.
m ' wo .*V' lirt>bably aware of tbo insuperable
l < ?iv'o fee w ? ii would arise in the government of
I ' ' ' ?ountry H the fulhc priucipleu she advocates
. 1 ?" 1 '**' 'j1'5 North H. o is, pork'iiM, in
j ? ? 0 wi.'.onsco. -I M of til- f* that the
1 u.on Ninfs on a comprom'ie wit'u Anl
we are nin aha never contemplated the posalbiMty
o( ft rising among the nvgioet, ftoctmpanied b y
frightful neoei of bloodshed ?nd civil war, ftitd
poihnj H ending in the totftl cxternitn*tU? of th(^
inferior race, or abe would never have | ubluhod ?
book which, won it widely oirculft.ed Ui tho South,
might txercieo no small iiifluonoo in o&uAing such a
NfW l!ull?lluga In Uu Cltjr,
iurno v UMi'NTd in tuk hktkkniii wauo.
The iiniiroreiuOntH of tliif ward oousiat, for the
most part, of dwelling houses belonging to some of
the most fashionable people of the ci-y Tlua ward
mujr I jo termed tho " aristocratic ward," for nearly
all tho hbueea in it aio occupied by the moat
farhionable and wialihy people of the oity. Tho
houteb bore aro magnificent. brovsu tiouo .sec urn to
bo the rogo, particularly in Fifth avenue. Here tho
liouBt-a are magnificent indeed Not ft store >? to bu
eoen in thin street? nothing but the dwellings of tuo
aristocracy, who uiovo up hew out of the noiw aud
dust of tlio busiuoss part ?f the oity. The ujw
bouses arc ail of them first class ouoa, and very sub
stantial. contrasting strangely with tbo fragile
tenant homes in vaiioua other parts of tbo oity.
The Bixth avenue railroad, whioh is partly in this
ward, seeuis to bo doiug a good busiuess, tbo cam
being crow Jo J at all tinios. This will make the
Bixth uronuo one of tbo greatest thoroughfares iu
tbo oity. Below is a list of the uow buildings uow
ercotu g in this ward:?
W. W. Berwick is building a fiue dwelling house
at No 15 West Washington place. It is twenty
two leet front, forty feet deep, three stories higii,
and basement. Tue trout is brick, except the base
ment, whioh is btown btoue. It in ue&rly hunshed;
cost. %><
Mr taill'ord is building four dwelling houses, Nos.
118, 120, 122, and 12-1 Flereuth street. They are
twenty two foot front, fifty- two feet d?op, aod four
stones high. The froiits will be brioic, trimmed
with brown stone. They will be finished in tbo
fall, aud will com about $8,000 eaoh
Jauit-8 Donaldson has recently built a store, No
2f> Amity stroot. It is twenty feet front, sevonty
five feot deep, oud four Btorios high. Tbo lhst
frtory is oooupied as a store, and the upper part as a
dwelling bouse. Cost, about $0,000
The dwelling houses No* t>9 aud 91 Twelfth
street are nearly finished. The fronts are briak,
except the basement, which is of brown stono. No.
fe9 is twenty-five leet lroat. aud lorty loot deep No.
91 ia twe-uly leet front, aud forty feet deo,* They
are three stories high, aud basorueat. They art)
nearly finished, and will cost $11,000.
J :>hu Bohennerhorn is buiioinr four duelling
houses, Nos. 27, 20, III end H5 East Thirteenth
SUcot. They are twenty feet front, fifiv foot doap,
and lour stones nigh Thn fronts are Philadelphia
brick, They will be finisucd in tho fall, and will
cost about $5,000 eaoh.
1'. 11. Frost is building a dwelling homo No. 17
Eleventh btreet. It, is twenty- seven loot front, sixty
two feet deep; four stoma high and b^tsomont.
The fiont will bi? brown stone, very oiiiiiuuuUl. It
wih not be finished until Ufxt spring. Cont ?jiAI.OOI).
Th tiubs MuKoo is builuiug a handsome dwelling
house No 11 Elevonth street Tuo front ia brown
stone. It is twenty -seven feQt front, ninety- six foot
deep; five stories high. and basement It will not
be hnisbid before April next, aud v. ill coat about
lira. Seller uioi horn is erecting a large aul
handsome dwelling house INo til University place
It ia sixty- aovon leet front, fifty-seven feet djep,
nod tLree stories lugh The first story is brown
a'one; above this tho front i.i brick, beautifully
trimmed wit h brown atone. This is or e of tho most
substantial houses wo have m?t with, it is nearly
finished, and will cost about $10,000
The Astor Library, whioh is ia courso of orcc
tion, will not ho opened before no.\t spring; it
i* sixty five feet front and one hundred and i
twenty feet deep. The building is tares stories j
high; the first fctoiy wiil be divided into a re ?diug
loom, lecture room, and other ofliecs. Tho library j
ball, whioh comprises the second and third stories,
i i b'xty-five leet -iidc, ami oue hundred aud twenty
feet long; tho building will bj lighted by a large
skylight, fuurloeu Wt v.' ?> 'lo and fifty-four feet
long: tbo stairs leading to the library hall nrj
wiiite marble rmu t>ui'di<ig inside is very fine, i
ocd the plasier ?uik is very buidsouie. Tho fi.-xt j
siory is brown stouo; above this tho front is brick
Ibe stylo ol architecture is Florentine Cost oF the
building, including tho furniture, ?103,000. Alex
ander iSaolt/.tr is the architect.
D. TnoiupS'?n is budding three hou.'os? \us 1!),
21, and 2o Ijafayette place; tlioy are twenty four
l't? t front, sixty < :ght lett doei>. :".d ).?ur ? >ti?ries
high. Tbo fronts are constructed of hea .i' lul brun
stoi.'o. 1 hey will be finished tao fill, and will
coat about $20,000 each.
8(r liogers is bt<ilning twit handsome d?relH?i/
housfs, Nos. 17 anu IH W urcrley pl?'!o I'hnfroot
aro consuuettd of bruwn stone, i> m ifully c u
They ai-e twenty-five feet front, sc.votj'y live f" '.
deep, four siorieJ high a;.d ba.s; meul I'hey u
nearly finished, and will ?'Osf aiamt $23, 000 e ^'h
K owartx Ls building a dwelling hoinw, N'o !!>'
Twelfth ttrcei. It is twenty live leet fron'., sixty
five feet deep, and thicestorieu high. The fmut '
const nicted of v. ry tnindsoni) brown 8 to i.' It ril
be fu ished in the pring.and witlco. aboi.t
U Mo: t ituer IS b i lfli:'f! : he hi)US< m. - ! 1 I'if-.'lit. j
ftnot,|nd cooneoting it in ibo rear wirb his dwell
ing in Broadway. It is forty-one fcot fron*., seventy- \
one fret deep, and six stories bl?h. Tbo front is !
buck, cl< gently niuunod with brown stooe. It
wiii be luiiihed iu the lull, and wdl cost about j
.1 Wads worth !.i electing a fine d veiling- house, ?
No 117 Ninth street; it is twenty five feet front, I
fixty feet deep, und four stories hi'jh ; tbo b isv
nienr is brown stone; above this tho front is brick, ,
fr<iiuned wilh brown stone. It wiil bo finished in
October, ai>d will cotabout $10,000
John Cook has built a store, iSo 2 Clinton place : I
it is twenty eight foot front, twenty six feel deep, l
and two storitb l igb Co->t, $3,500 _
We have already noticed tho following buildings
in our lists of iinprove-iucnts in Broadway, Fifth
avonue, and the Bowery; ?
The stores Nos 025, <#1:7, and f<20 Broadway.
La Fargo's Hotel. ,
St iJennii Hotel.
No. Broadway.
Corner ofl hirtcenth ftroot aod Broadway
Comer of Fifth avenue ;iud Twelfth street.
Corner ol' Bowery and Houston stroot .
W. W Berwick $7,000
W. Gifl'ord, four 32 000
Jurats Donaldson (>.000
N'os. and 111 Twelfth street 1 1,000
John Behercacrhorn 5,00n
P. II. Frost, :V),000 i
Thomas McKec 18,000 ,
Mrs. Hcbermerhorn 10,000 i
The A stor Library 105 (MM) :
D. Thompson, three 00,000 ,
M. Rogeis, two 50,000
1? Swaitz 12,000
R. Mortimer 30.000
J. Wndsworth 10,000
John Cook 3,500
Tolal $ MS), 500
T*I 1 1 of 1 .!?>?? nil a at Chatham Hull.
On Sunday, about fortj persons, of various shad ?
of religion, assembled at three o'clock 111 Chatham
II, ill, Chatham square, for tho purpose ofhe.ixiig a
,icturo on " Frco Discussion." and listening to dispu
tations on religious subjects. The lcctuio was in
tended to form one of a series wliieh are being deli
vircd at intervals, and on which discussion is inci
ted. On the prercnt occasion, the lecture was
delivered by Mr. Sheppard; but prior to that gen
tleman commencing his discourse, Mr. Qunn moved
that Mr Holland take tho chair, whicb having been
seconded and carried unanimously, Mr. Holland
complied with the request, and opened the proceed
ings by reading the advertisement convening tho
meeting He then announced that Mr. Sheppard
would address the meeting, and that after tho lecture
any one would be at liberty to di9ouaa any point
which the lecturcr might bring forward, but no
one waa to continue an argument lotger th.?n ton
Mr. HimrrAKO began by observing that B?eon is
justly regarucd as tho fadier of inductive philoso
phy, for previously tlie right principles ol philoio
jiliy were unknown. T!i<i seicnco of tho old?n tim*
was mainly composed of dogmas, having ii tie i f'
Older or diaor filiation . lUoon taught that tho
right way to aiscovtr truth was to ooaet >e and it*
coi?l mauriala'id obvious facta, and thou ;o \ 0 tba
juJfwcrt, and ascertain tho principles to be r-du> od
theiefrom. Since his day, the world ha.< movd
on in an accoleruted ratio of progn'gsiou; but
notwithstanding that those axioms of Bacon nrry
oonviotion upou their f-'^e, from licin^j bjisu i
wjion anur.d logic, it is only within ? 01 u
puratively few years that they have bo >n ao
knowltdgvd as correct; for wiu.n they *wre Hist
propounded, and even fur maay years after,
they net vrith a great amount of opposi ion
Still, at thin late day, there is strong d si.wlina'ion
evinced by the re:;? oua and poiitiwi air.h >t 1 of
nearly all oountrlea, to heir d;scuj.iiona on tl> >so
tbin^-s ( f whlob tbey 0">njitier t'letnselve* lite guir
I dims. Tbcoretioally, they deel i*u their wi! iti.'noH
1 to hear disputations, but, proetica If, th<?/ wiii '?>?
Eetnitt their syettmsto be call -d in ij'ie 'on. '1'uey
jive considered that govern -iont *.id tho laws v. re
I oi'y scotJve ro ft M ? be! ? own we liaiwpriuipl' *
J wt ra tnh.iiiaive'y bi llove i in On *bi? v ? >; ?#?
Uor. ?c a 'il v,t>r<- hiti Urn wriUeo by l>r i j ? ?.*?
Cooper , entitled "Free DUouision," from he
befgtd |Mtmiu[oti to rwd i f?? eitracw [Th* loo
tuier then r*?d through a gr^at many pages of thli
work, cur. whiuft teftrtil j .ixuoo wi r? aeeti to go
to alerp j ib'C piuioipie lit irt? um-utwou ie to
fcoowlt dg' d by s'luoUt *or\ one; Katif ire too freely
dtsooM ktnai- matter*, politics in putxnilar, ora*noa
ii wpooad to bo involved, and it Sit b.?eu with
uifliculiy thu* uiui have bcfu protected tiom p?in?
ibhiueitl for wiiii Luj Leeti termed "eoastructive
treat on." Wo ore indebted to the author of tho
Heclfrntion of independence for designating what
trrtitou aetunlJy is. lbat enly is considered troiwin
I nl.cn api iuLU incites to war 01 levied war *gatan
tho 8t?.W*. Thu i>*? lately tu n urged a^ainas
j wbo biive ? <vo-. <*<m1 th ? fjv 'tson of the aivli
?l>i)Hy of ? dis?olution of tbo lioiiw Ni nr, nomin
! net ? higher value on the Lilian thau d.d Uo. (Mr.
bbcp^aiU,) ^ind be thought tlie proposition of Uiow
thin extremely ridua'ou?; Lut he contended that
(he; had a r gut to fie<i> I bo qustion, and
rtgreiied that tbe> had been iuobl><>4 ami svg?
aaUKd um poe?t.rbkig Lad e.iwuoteni. Tnii woa
derying thu right of ire* diaoumioti, and al
itor a coLfe^eicn tiiut the conciliation waa
?o inhueutiy weak nit uot to bear being argued
about- Now, tliat which in bas?d on gooduetw, o*u
always l a dhouarod Vet how fevv, who agree with
this axiom, and consider their own priuotples, re
ligious and political, ur correct, are wi ling (o hear
thorns tvetems made i l>u rubjeot of argument. In
stead ot uieetn g the cavillers fairly, auii duoutsing
the questions iu a proper spirit, th??y generally con
trive to blacken tLo ebaraMera ot tin ir opponents,
representing them iu* inltunoui, and thoir pruioiplos
an pernicious, being likely to lead todemeraliKatioa
And onaioby They acknowledge tbat t/utn oan
only bo ai lived at by discussion ; hut when it cornea
to -practice they to not seem willing to abide by
tboir declarations. Hence, they are dogmatio, and
it u worthy of re-maik, that dogmatism id uot eon
fined to one occt mono, but generally the attribute
of all religionist?. Kven those who have thrown olf
the *up< raitiois of other duya are aa much oppo.-.el
to practical fiCe discussion do the most bigoted luna
tic Now, the true object which every ouo ought
to hnve in view jihoultl be to ondoivor to ljnd out
the truth, no matter what oberished opinion* wo
will thereby have to gi?c up. A dogmatic spirit id
essentially unfair. If you would liaru t!io truth
on any quest. on, consider it asdoubtful, and remem
ber that them aro alwtiy.i two sides to every subject,
in selecting jurors, in cuurtc of law, none nro allow
ed to remain who bavo already made up ibeir minds
in the ease to be brought boforo them. Tho suae
|irinoij.Ic thould bo applied to all questions Diaoim
siens thould bo carried oa under ooruiib rules, to
, which ali should ooniorui. Proper olliocrs should bo
appointed to pionielo, and to tako caro that uouo of
the speakers should impute wrong motives to tln.tr
antagonists. He (ilr Su> p|>*r >) was sorry that
! the di?ctk>; ions which L id taken plaoo in ihat hall oa
, various cocas on 3 were not distinguished by such
fairness. It is all very li&Ut to inter tha bud ten
1 oencies ofeeMain rpiuions, end ridioule d lOirinc? ;
but it is certainly very wrong to be iuipu'iog bn t
motives to those who argue against us Ono of tho
many cancel why no many member* of the It'gai i>ro
ftseion attain to suoh eminence in thin country, in a
political j'Oi'-.t of view, is their having alwjys
maintained u coutiol ove-r themselves when on
gaged in argument. W hen they bavo been iu tho
et uitu of iuw day liavo bi-on tutored iu t.Uii respect,
for there they vr. ie under certain restrictions. 'l'lio
jiulgo on tho bench enforces tho rules. To be fin e,
they tak< u wnio latitude in somotimes abusiue: wit
ncc'scs, hot, nevertheless, they do not lose self-con
trol, for though they disenes points with the great
est energy, yet they always observe tho recog
nized decorum- I.twvt rs, who have opposed each
other in tho court, are friends outaido. Now this
is not tho caso with any other profosaiou, and
amongft tho clergy, in particular, there is a sad
want of tbis cnviablffmoUe of argument. Iu thuir
plullipics against each other they do not ??ruplo
to throw cut insinuation* against character and
motives. Few questions, indeed, h.tvo been dis
cussed on their merits. For instance, tho slavery
question. On thin eubjeet, all I bo ovidences, for
iu>d .against, have not bion fully brought out. l'lio
an ti- slavery party seem to rely mainly on doguttio
declarations, .ind they have tho pooulur impulso
vii'h thein. There w. is too much prejudice on this
and several oilier subjects, and th& consequence
whs, ri.fi: y things waro overlooked. LlatonVasin
aj.d ? | r '? i. ir.l ism were easts in point. Tho tfis
I ur?i t,i i n both i^des Sivuicl t ? ovi rlook th-i i)'\re
ii'tlogical a d physiological condition of dift rent
bn ? tin; :? eutim rt ol ; a n? the religions chtriio
t'<r of men. It is adnittedby many roUgionists
lot ti e e:.i!-tf,BW of ti'> ! cuunot be proved, but
II it a .ir juattor of iufcre; fi m soitinvnt
Af'er >i low l'u tuber remains, Mr. iSbt?j pa;d Jon
A 1 id. was tlcn pursed round f.v the <?)(?' i'J'i of
ro i.'ii i e i *, alter v> n:cL thu ; jjt.-.iiii v>?> tu >? . I by
Mr M<T)um.\U>, trho 'nhr. i ?.? |> ? .r. .HiliiDg
Bi . ? t? 1 ? i. t Mi times to a di?cn?at> on different,
H.1 iv. ? if U y, ii hi'' or tt:o?i III li ill - mi ?
{?i:.-: i s altt-g -l or i el, * i> - in-iou never did
Si.;. '< i ;, \ i i' i IV Mi'.jti-'. ?'i\crv di ??u.-nion
I.r <? i' ei .'g.iic for li'i.i it.d -Til arr not a
w-'.i. ihe m <? ?ii? ' :*.?!! o. |ii .?>? 'oi ?' f'*!
pui\ rt*. iiiC'ii s ti.o o 'n / a- bring ev.r/'.hing
ILm* ? b ui. :. i i i..nb.'f<u" liou 'M.n. oil bw titled by
f.i'i li e i -u it Lj'.is. ?< tt'i-e. b.1 thotvnrd 1',
Oi'iii o! i t? ?'! ' or vr ny T.brn, n >nH hero
i i.ti H i; ... ' l? , ty it; d u( ? " b.'i i; ,-iiill 'lis
fussed, af>ir the wrangling of iulfsecstw/i but
vi 1j ? m i ? nothing it 1V? hnvo r ot irr. vcd
ye* *o 1 \ a t ' ' wha* "libetty 1 ? qnal
i , ? > ;n !>.? ft ili. (V.l \!'-l)ot i .1 ) '<loe of
Vl.erl, . bei.' r h ii of 'our*" y dill'erent
f : cm tii' i.?( inn vbich .*? de!uo..to? b't. of it; and
that if th' c.we wi'h every Ircg. For instance,
rjligioii, at the lirnn ot t.iie rcl'onnitior., wis dis
eucteee beiorekingx si.d emperors, anil v.iiji wnro t'io
efforts lm.de to iseoncile tho various opiiiions. The
sword was bvouglit into requisition, and evon ut
this diy the tul-.;.et if 'till a matter of dispute. It
is vtry eeitain Mint .ill the religious and politicil
eirnniiiij'uu'^es that liavo tsUen place iu tae vn rid
have been oout.ei by accident Uiitnrr m'-ts
p eitf<. What was it brought about the ou
linLcLisemeiit of tu.r firefivthers from serfdom
There un old man iu the middle n?e.',
when it was tl.c fashion to worsjui God und
tbc Virgin- This mail was Peter the Hermit. Ho
vi.-itfe! Ji rusnh m, and round it in tho h-.wid.s of the
Muc6n'ni?r. who, like all conquerors, kicked th?ir
fu jeetr- alx ut, (th'- more tiie pity,) and likewise
dibasid the lie ly .SeHnilehre, aril m jdo fun ^ of the
Christi. n rcllgien Well, tliis state of things so
chocked IVt<r, that bo hn-ried buek to Kurope,
and pieached up a cm ade which was the precursor of
oiheii; Tbis ?o drained Kurope of '.hi nobility,
that tlio k!t.fcs ivrrc enabled, by the aid of the ple
beians, to ciu'.h the power of those that wer? loft.
&Dd in Krglor.d tho ranks of tlio nobles were still
further thh ned by the wurs of tiie iloaes. Thus wo j
:ire now freemen. If we don't liko to work under
one man, we can go to another. And soinothing of
an accidental naturo will nudo the horrible system
of slavery ; but discussion will never do it. Slight
arcideiita have caused much groater .things The dis
covery of this great continent was entirely tho re
sult of accident, as every ono is aware
Mr. M'Gaohis next stood up, and entered ?t lar$o
on the subject of materiality, and ondoavored to
prove that atheism was consonant to reaion. Ho
vas getting itto the bent of tho argument, when he
wiu interrupted by tho chairau'u crying out
"Time "
Mr. Ilutc IN then addressed the meeting, and o'n*
mencect by exproi'&iEg his regret that atheism j
i-bc uld always bo brought upon the csrpot, no mat
ter what the nature of the cubjeot of discussion might
he. Mo th T' directed the attention of the mwt- |
lug to tlii' t.iot tb:.t man had mile red i?cvereiy in ,?* t :
8^' a, and in many connlrh* stitlered still, through i
eoclesiostical and I iugly tyranny, aud thco was |
but little hope of hi.' condition being ameliorated .13
long R.i sjlienua wire brought (forward, iv'iirh.
though good in tbennelvcs, attacked Uin prej idiecs. |
Ibis was generally 1I11 wij in which nil (jucstions
were dlacui-sed, ar.d tho only m"n who di-pHy?d
tho folly of these proceedings, (in Mr Burgtn's !
recollection.) wo* Abcer Unteland. who lectured in
Tammany Hall lie endeavored to rw Mle 1 roja- f
dii "s. The principle of the I'Dglirh, (ard, indeed, of ;
all Karoi>ean governments.) Wan the eonrrary of (his, ;
lor they kept JreJand garrisoned b.y tingiish troops 1
andEngJaiiu by Irish trooj* 1'rijudioe. iu fact, rules 1
the world, and as long tw :hi.? ia tho caw no reforma
tion can bo hoped for.
Mr. Bbowji was the tort spanker He began by
observing thai ho firmly believed that ail tho bnefUs
i hi 1 Lad accrued to mankind were owing to free .
diccu.-aiou. The gToat im|>oiUaie ,t to progress was ,
the disposition of men to l e led, in^tend of cliscu?fli'ij
<, notions themselves : and ever, n? the present day
there was not enough ot free discussion. If a person
(,oi3 Into a church he is oompollod to listen to what- i
evir is propounded liy tho i>.iM minister, for if ho j
tntemmted the preacher an 1 endeavored to argco a
] o;nt, he would imvrablv be expelled. Thnst.be
existeoM of such socio net as the prt^-jnt- was a pesi
tire benefit, for ho.e *uv onajiua a to doiiv er
; "? opinion on the dtiesiions wliiob might happen to
I e brought fwwnrd With rc 1? ? ! to slwerv being
none .may with by free discus ion, he (Mr Brown)
I ; d every hope.aml ho strongly depraeited tho
v of tho sword in iho cause, a? the slavery then
wtvid be far woiso
y r. MiTcnRLt next addre-^ed tho meeting, ? ?
i i.omietd that he was rm old HnMjh ?ol ii r. I th ?
h n ot a Methodist, a firm believer if he Blblo ao I
tli n'.jre an uncoraproiiiiditnt oppotirnt of maay of
the previons spoai..ir,} Amidst oonahlembte laugh
to1', (caused by h'e repeating bin. if ;,over.?l tin<' 1
mi 1 *, errJiuiiajrlo manner ot" si>e*ki<.gi) ?1'T
NitcleUendeavotcfl to offer pro* f of the I rut u of tho
ptl, when ho was SuddMify oliookeil by tho?ry
I I " I i:ne." 1! e vainly endeavored lokeep talking,
i v n after getting back to bis seat
Mr I*l|t k made a f?>y trite remarks tftont t'u: lo
ability of dim <i> .ions WiBg carrn"i o ? An a larger
* a than beretofwre, for it* obsarved tfcat dtadwsaloo
t . i^?.d *<> ftnkn^a the uilad of man a id nia'ie h.tn
iv -7. ? -illy a fr,:? nan.
l'amui ro*? to a1' 4 *or Mj M .cb et i J%
I eland bit mwdKofn^M to r?oitw (lie ftoepel u
the w?id of Hod, for be otmririered that it oou?ain?d
more of nan'* handiwork ihu the Almighty 'a.
At this stago of the prooecdiuga tbe Cuaiiuian
aoiiotibcuMi th*t thoir lc*#e of tbe room wad up, and
that, it would require fortr-two oeeta more to retain
it a miuute loi-gtr. Too requlaite sum wan aoou ;
oo)l<*jted, aod
Mr Hiuctpard mounted the rootrnm. to make * i
ft-w remjirua hotore ihe uu-euig HAparated. Ia the j
courno ol hi* oLktr'atioad, ho remarked that be waa j
rot fl'J- nt that frr - d:*cui<sion would alfrM* utTaot
a grtut deal of <jo?>'J and ho duj not duipatr of i
it- cmn Iwing tiio in\-?ni of eliding Uin Hvaiern (?f |
*Uvery. l)i?euuioo h? l a grotL cual toward* !
eiU'r:! ? ain's w.tidd ou tho ?ul>jeut. Tub o^iirit of |
fit atiea) aiiti alirtrj u>tio:.? had hoooiati muoh iao
tiiftwt U i? ikiw kf.tinifi i?i(i ? ?? <4t tu? ?ru '
muth iMUr, mt niit'lj an t phjuca ly ,' tmi th <ir |
fflruiwtinu of Afi\M, or luiiir oouinrjiut-n of |
ll iju, lor in Mini ifkait t burhaiinia and lio*iuoui
lifkf-, Ol a*' dosorptioiiii, ;s >.!?<? order of iho flay
The C'haikm*i> tL*. u at.?:<(io<vl tuet Mr I'ink
wofcld Iioture lu'at fc>ui U;iy. at 3 I*. 11 , (the tub- j
jiet of which Wuu(d b? ivlvciUbvi,) an<i the uic?t
ii. g disponed.
Knprtuic Court? -d real U
Boi'ore ilonoiabie .ludgo l-'oow v*-lt
SkfT. i,7. ? Mutfruth 4" lhsbwk v? Ht u.i/i
I.aumun, and Hunlrr , bum* ty Varttnm ? Thu
wan an aoticn to recxnrer tlio value of '2"?0 k< gs of
laid, obtain* J l>.v 11 outer, Swain & V annum, on tho
2d Dectinofr, liv<0. ii is alleged t,hat Mr. barain
camo to the plaintiffs to purobaao -><)0 Loga ?f lard
ou cicuit. Ibe oloilt whom be ?'iw trfu ? 1 to soil
on thu condition oft'tred. but HoKo l hiui it he ouuld
)i.ij for it on de'ivery ; aiid he Raid he could, and, at
the oitmo time, icfurrrd to aovoral peruana s?n to hia
tolvoticy, unieiig^t whom ho itauied Kruth St. Kiaat
, and olao Mr Biddell The plamtiflV agout
called on BiulIi& Kubtiuai). who told hiin th?t the
houtio whs got-d, and that they (Utubh & Kaatman)
hud h'fid ilu in ailUil'.-a on otodit lie thuu
applied to the other reference, who olao said he
l .n hold tbi m gunda on credit, ami that lla.dirook
hud put f?> COO into tho concern Ou the ho r<pro
auoiatioua tho plaintiffs n^reisi to aoll iho;>OOkt*?S
of laid to Hunter, Swain &. Varmint, for earth oil
at-liveiy. When tho terniBof salt were agreed upon,
Swain told tiui) toat Varnuw wan in the oarncg
business ?i>d tnat he would uurry the (joniln, but
that it would take three or tour day* to o'.impluto
tho delivery. On tt e 7th of I'weniber, lite murium*
after the last delivery, the clork of the plaiotill't
tailed at the store ot Hunger, Swniu & Co . buUonnd
liODu ot tlio peit.'ob tlu-ro. On (he 9iU, Hw.un name to
the j'uiz.tiflri and a ked them not to te'i ! in tUou bill
for ;> day or t 'Vo ; but they said that they oxpootid to
I'O paid on delivery . ft appeared that the defafid Mita,
Hunter & Co , al; 0 o illod on the otbt r defendants,
Hiuhl & Eattracti. f->r a: extension of time for lard
that they h:id pu?'h?sed !no tbcui. Bra-<h pro
v ailed cii tbesi to mtVeaa e ???^nment to him I
Bwain accordingly did po, aud delivered the whole
of tho Jaiti to i*iu.-h&, Ii istinau. Tho pl*iniiitfe
rtpleviscd for &">() kepa ot larti, *-id a Ii ind was
given tor their value pendn ft the result oi' thi-< suit
t or i >j o dclonrw iT, wan couti-ndjd tb it lh< o w(u?*
/lit, a /ate puruhaHO ou the part of Hunter, 8 >i-i &.
Co; that- tl o pf.ods wore delivered tf> .ir nos- j
session, ioui to < turn on (.?lean, anu t .iu tney naa
r perfect ;ri[:htto mako tho sssignmont; that there
was no dishonesty, ar,d that they tiad a j> ma
sign to prefeirtd ore uitois. 5 lie (Join t, in the course
ol i r r ibs,-?c to tlicjury, remarked that it appeared
in c;iutnce tv.at. Sv/uin had a; hod for the *i nt, and
!iait tho pia ntifls retnRd it? in other word?, they
reinsert t<i tske tho tiniiot these parties. l'hey
caid, 44 Wo will tttH you, but wo will uo'.l you
for ca-li, iu.d u.*b only." Having repudiated tho
ii'cn of cicdit, bow is tbo transaction explained!
llr. \ air.uni w?.-> ihe owner of a cart, aed he said
il they ^ave h:iu time enough he would cart tho
goods himself. Thij wh.. not a credit, but n oonvo
niciccintbe mode of dbliwy. He :ta:'i that ho
iuight want, n k for that purpose, to curt Uncross
the firry to Brooklyn. On the 2d JJeoemb er, M on
day, the Mile was made; it wua closed that day.
una entered on tho books, "a tho next day the
cartage commenced, nud seventy -two ko/?? went ta
ki<n ; the next da.v 8-12 kegs . on tha no*t il iyMin
iboie, nr.*. on thti sixth day eighty oao hogs wore
carted, and that, together with tue previous ium
bvr, makes up tbte uOO. Tho mo:u ut that delivery
w?d ccinpietud tho payment w n duo, and it is not
contended tta- tho money was to ho pi id until it
v as eoiuplcti (1 Tho lard wu scut and t.hj money
dtmanr ?. d. It. T"astb?- plaintiil4 idea thai. the money
u :.m to he paid on deliti-ry of the last parcel. It is
twera to by one of the defendants, that ho him
self went to the storo of tl.-e pbiintfiis and
begged that tho bill might not bo sent that day.
Wny do that, it re did not ut dors; tit d that is waste
bo paid that u?v ! 'in.- court asked wlioilier it did
not upiKiur U> the jury mat tho iuidei?t<uieing was
that it was <? cash .aie, to be paid ti>r on : le i.>y ol
deliver? '! Then whs Mi condition fuliillat! Was it
waiveo ! il there I'tiyfhung to ahnw lhat it was
waivtiiT The Jet delivery was rrnue ui the eve
ning, end t it next morning a deiuami for payment
was ivt.de Is that a ?a vorl It seemed .0 the oourt
no'; but, at ail events that was for tie jury t,o
uy. If the condition wai fulfilled, u-id not waiml,
t ruiw i to thi < 1 urf. there is an end to Hie
ca e. Buppoae it w is i (jit a conditional sale,
but a tale on credit, it cannot be p'ft ivied
that it was a ln-re than f even days credit.
I: the jilaiiitili's aio "i..al?d by the i 'ridee, tue
aefcndni'ts b?v<* uo right to withhold those
gtods. <)n britg in'? novated, what in Biddoll's
ai.hWfi ' lie s'*t' d tf* t th'-y wore abtui iantlv able
to ) i=y ? i(.?t thi y a.( p< on ? the term ttiu
c'li.r . uj : nscd ?? ; - ti :u i commercial ?enra. Bat
iie (Bicatll) went . ' ????, and that was far enough,
if it writ n<.t tiue; be represented Qui Bwsln hiii told
hiru that Vainum b ;,l ("it into the Arm, and I
that tho source lr >.n .vine., it caiue v/.m lii-? sale of i
real estate in Brooklyn. W hat arc tho f'actj as to j
thi ir beirg pooti' lievn is a firm, b"goa in July,
lb?0, mekir.({ ls? r-l oil, fee. l'r.ey began with a
capital? Swain iioth'.' g, an I the two ether p.ut- |
Mrs $'00 eae.ii - jl oiKi between three families ? j
j700 ot it !?ns I'pjroiH ??*?<.?! in fixture-, and $i!tKl in :
a iiorf^ and t irt nnubonue other little uia'.t' rs. Tho ?
wio.e ol the $l,U(W dnjudles otf, when >t cuinos to j
be (old, to ^i'Mi m >..'ii<l. What becouud oi tho
^5 COOT Mr. Bidd^U is equally l t^pon.^ill ? fur his
n, rc?cntaiions ns Mr. bwain. lue pur. hose was '
of'.ctrd nr.iier toe fep'ew ntation ihAf tno'y wereaolo
to pay. There is no foj; about the question at all.
Tho aL'uirs of the conietn are in a nutshell Tho
assignments w re taaoo on f lie 9th of Scplomber, j
the iatt of the lind having bom delivered ?>n tlio ,
etmitg of tre ?iib lho debts consisted of t^vo i
Isttv.-, |il,-lt.ij pr?rirrel and .711 unpritorrod '
dt t; t .1 'liny had ou b.nd noiaing but thesa
liktr.rer, and the hette a' i wa;;on, to pay
th ?e biiteeeuciit dii'ts. Gould any man say |
that lio was solvent urder si;o'i circumstances'. ,
licte ic a uuauot cv'.y woith nothing, but abso- ,
luteiy in debt, at ci em it he said that } e is perfectly (
goou ! Hi re ore tho goods ^careciy dry? sraroely
cold in that factory , ai.d the delivery of thnn
icarov-ly ocmumuiated, whet they are takm to pay
p prtftned creditor. There i. MJinethrnp; -hooking
in it? re meant to say, it sho. l.s tho moral sense.
If that indeed bo cotnmr.rcial nvirtl"y, the les-i
thoy bud to do v?itU .c the bettor The law doe .t
not encourage? it i ocs to' allow ? it frowj.s upon '
preferences iu dcO'..i T*a law onacM that i
tho person who adop'a tho ri/rht ot pro- '
fereneo of creditors enunot obtain reliet under I
the Insolvent P. bti r? Ac . Bat wLen a%ked |
why hf d!d !to? why lie jr?r this nrefrrenoo? he ?n- i
f.wercd that bo t ? < a j- rfect tlgb' to do so?4' Uy !
wiJ is pUbJurt','' iaali that ho said Ho pays the n i
in full out of tin; properly ot these innocent ven- !
dors, t< iiW" he usueets, perhajis, to b>- re*esta- (
bHsi.i'd it. buain^si' ny Mi. -e p.'rtios. The court >
tin n expl int<i l.ow far Mr Swa:n's testimony wtva '
?iluiimHble : nd er.ntlui.Wd by styie;; thiil if thi '
?*i> b cneit'ji ! . th. u?.t waivtd, .be p'aiiuiffa
vr< re entitled ?o leeo/er It it w? a saloon credit,
nu?l lliat it frau .nh vt, tiny were also omit led
t j i.x'over. i'i ua tin) esse ugatnst tbe otb jr
Oe'cndents, tho j !a. ti:l? oi^ly claim the sr?e< \Bus25i)
l;ep ' wkiih W( *. :/ it l'T f'.e s';^ritr Tho qu s
tion of fraud i? t t.tmil for the juty. If thov !
found the condition wan not waives, Ukr pbvintitls i
at. entitled to r*yo\ >. r, arid it the lard wa- Juliveri J j
on endit, ard thi iu h.. fra n J, they aie likewise ?
entitled 'o recover. Verdict f>r plaintiffs agi'i 't .
Brush iiat if a - ? r'?.* ;*??* (i2, th? viflae of
kef.-, ai ii agii.n>i Hunter, b?*in & Vurnuui for
VI. -M> I <?"?, tue va! 'M> ketji. together w.tb
dau:ll,';p^ for det'ntii a of fbo goo 's.
Mit|irrmr ( <hm l.'^)irr:L<l T?nri.
1'KtlfIOV AH 10 I'Klj"' ItriON.
l\y Hon. Judpo Miiohell
Hvit 27. ? Andw i>r. in'/ <h t.fr.i, arlm'rt of llu>h,
una ????? Jama (! I.'ter ? 1 bo complaint ?h<>ws
<f ?? Bi:eholt*'ne<j.i :o~uicnt, iu < >.;t. l^ls, ar-.i. t
l ttcr, in the Niw V t\ Or., in on I'lics, for $27"J!
wbi?'h km (iockotH and >>ecauo ?? lica on land.-* In
l\e cf uaty ot New > oik. mil ilna tho jud^mcn'.
will bo tinlcM cv-.oution c-ia i.m.o .??<>
to j rcM rve thnt lien; fltM ti:o defendant i ' n>>f :u,
. rin doc* ret rondo In ih?s bmt?; and tl*?- fc f I*'"* f '.i ?
1 Of. adrain1?tr?tor? i?t Boob, ov>t*>6 ?ro ' r in
tin; Con moil ri"iw, *4 I hut court U.w? r. > jn> sUi. < ? i
tifor him < t? neoo-.u t >1' hi nn-r . i.^v ? ?> T'. t
ocvrt h&i lnrliirtMi?" *??? oxorciso c nt publl
ration ri ne pWu'iff for 'he julKmcnl of tbi
i nuit, oioeuUt u i Ui"l uat if thia < >att or out
uf <i.o Cotvmois Kciui C ?<?", itt 1. "???r el t i |> 4Kii'w
t'iJn^UTi direothtjf a s*!e oft be lands r wrdivg to
:bo title which the dpfomlint lm?i on thu day ot'th?
ri kitii p *>f the .ii.dft '*?'???' :<> !a<? Cannon Pt?M.
>'(. n'-o sbo? f iQo It ;i\c m. i'o C cxiiifu l'!f?v5 to t:i">
eomnunevment of this not n. TUo defendant Je
n i l*. T'.o tirat inprefti' n ot h 1 ?;?,? Mi'tmn ?.!
to t ho old ?y*tem uu' ;ht well bo, th.it no Mioli r.liof
could lo giar tod by notion. An ??tio<i of d?bt
tn iht fbrr i-rlj v e i?e??n bfnu^iit on ihi* judgta ,-nt
ii. ih:* i^nirt or <>.? (Vnrt "f 1,otutcon PliM": hut
th n it would iulhom? rtnly inch *n Aswn^ion m
would re^tili tlu tjih t? ). n<ln tbut tbo d^fei*d%rit
h:.d fcl Ife > oftlio iloHetioK r?f tho r . * j ??
t-'t A vt:; of < !?"? fiuutj ai!A'bt burn u :1
m?i< Kn?:o ed>ot, hut that, #?> far ft* ????
thorlty ihow, would iaaue only out of th* Conamaaj
rleaa The node de-dairi that the writ of *r\r? /?.
| eta* ia aboliahtd, r?to. I2H ) and thu in uadantoMl
i to to all judgiMBU, whether obtained oefbr*
or ainoe the code to,,k ell-ot, ui* !o?<? the tort
Were thai tima (1 IIow Br. B.
I 100, and id t < > I ) l'il8 plaint If tin t 10 r<> infdy,
therefore, in tb?t way. 1 n? notion of the eode rt*
ferred to aubaiituu* ainitbor remedy ; it mm
" and the romeJit i heretofore obtaiuabto iu t bo to
forma may be n?-<i by rjvil actions vndar
the provisions of thia chapter," (h?o. 12^ ) This,
u in chapter 2, <if title Hi, of iue ou<ie That parti
cular obapUr iiiakoa no provision for action* be
tween private individual , but only f?r ao'.ion* ia
the nanio of tho weople. or which are of a publia
ch?r*ott-r. A.i the taction aboii ihed remedy
wbloh the private ci iz.nn, n* well a* the publie,
bud. by five fnixo-*, cud ilcdtret that tUo riuw
dti.H fotincily obtainable by tb:vt writ uuy still b?
obtained by civil action, " uudcr the provisions oi
thi? chapter" ? tui'i tho clapler 2 toferred to wak.M
co provision for any aotiou l?jr tho oiti*on--th*
woiua " thin ohaptcr torn* refer to sGiueotber ohap
ter than that one. if they admit of two raeuiiogs
Kvo;y act of the legislature forma a diatiuot oh*p
ter in the litt ol tho ai'ls of the year ia which it if
??PC* d. The ooiie of procedure iu chapter I'W ia th?
law* of HI9 and that chapter does provide a ra
uit'dy by oivil acHon for tao citizen aa woli a* ttM
tiecple, <uid ia. therefore, tiie chapter referred ta
hy hcction i2h. Tina bain? ho, tbeao plaiotUb
might ooniintuM a tew anion in tho Comiaoa
l'kaa, sgainet tho defendant, if he reaided ia
thia county, and iu that ni<w action have a
new judgment, that execution Blioukl ianua M
cordiiig to tho force, form, ai.d olivet of the first
judgment; lor by tlie oxprea<i terms ot the oodo,
"tb i. in' fi iir heretofore obtaiuib.o l?v .scire jicims.
inn j be obtained by oivii a?tiopa." The full roaae
dy. thmfore, of tho old wiit, with all ita iaoidentM,
which wtro c.-sential to rh^ |? aintilTs ri^hta, ia atitt
retained, ai>d ia mil! obtiiwiablu bj action. If, ia
the u. w ii iiiu, iLio pumtdV could not have iudf
11 ? nl ti.lll Dil'U IIH LIIII I) !l, lo . .. I 111 > I IU *
to t'.it mtfn that %1?? dti ? i3(iu! imd at the time at
f 1?. dncktttg ol tho fi i Jt juiJg'Oi'iil, i.up iiU ifcW
v.i n il tot ii.ivp v tixl iiio ro Jo given li J ? " all Uh
>?111 I' d herefofora oi/taiued ,ie facta* " U
w>i,i not Uiti od that Iho pltinfi!)' -ouM h?ro snob
riiief iu uu notion in tho ("oinn'ou I'foiu Thflro m
nothing iu tho codo, or in auy otiiar i*?, w'lioh
j mi'nu :i iiluii * > 11 from fuliig, *' ok c loot ion, in
the (?' nimou l'k# or (^u promt' CjU ft, wbetiiar
iii:< :ii lion >*<? fi: ti i lie, i' ( ti u judgment or a ooutrfeit,
w.d in u! y net inn U ? Huprotne Uour', Uiiiit tlio
> .1 in kind m itli-1 or judgment mut tlio I, o miaou
l'ioiu! ''ouli bo botiuu to give. tiat it m ??td,
that by tiio ooio, arid hy former atatntoa, tua
mbntiuoe of iho execution n p>e?'iibi>d, and
ibu', la, that it shall direct the sheriff "to aeil th*
ii-al property belonging to tho defendant, on tba
i (icy wi.ui tlio judgun'-t V- 1? diokott.d io tb*
eoiniiy," (Codo, nc; 2*0, i-ubd 1 ;) and that Ibc
jodgmi tit hero referred to in tho juJguient which
orders iho evmution. 'iiioro ih no iioubt thitin
moat o?i<? # that judgment would ia.nsiy tjio incut
ing of tho law. But tlio terra "ttio jud'inoot," is
not necmaiily .mi restricti ii but it may imluio any
judgment wiiiuii tho law intended nhould be ?o en
i'mecd. No h jiarate limi of execution ia provided
for a ncnt Juiuit, lor that is ?l>oliabed. lot the
judgim lit on tfcvt ?aa Cur to i.-iouo, im r?a
tho oi 'giiml ju'gmeot ; . lorui of judg
ment is provided for an notion ol ? jn.i ruieut, bat a
{I iii : til ptovib on in nolle, wliii li m "iire^ m jmig a nut
Hi d < icontiou tl.e name i cft'tfit, whii.h lo lira oould
)?o obi aim d by t-iie farin.i. That general proriium
i/itirt be allowed it# full clfeot, vheu interpreting the
jell ol tho law which pro1-* ribei- tho form of tho exo
ciitit-n ; to o'o thin tho wouis "the judgment," ia
too iay, liiuxt xacttii "tho juil^m nt," which, by tha
oidci or judgment of the Court itieuing tho ?*.
ecut'on, ia ovelnrcd to bo tlio jud^mont, according
to tl.o forro. to. in and tfl'tot ol whiLb exooutionUta
itft-ue. Without i liiri ooh. t.ructiou, t o illieionl jud^p
Dient could bo givi n, ii the tuit vrr, < in tho court Si
which the notion vm brought, or if au action wore
brought in tbih aourt on ono of its own judgments.
It would bo wconsiHicnt with tho jirofossod olije4t
oiihcciHlr, widt h wi.8 to giro a MmpU mode af
rein I by ncl'on, to tay thai it abolinhi'd a remod/
which befon gave relief, anil provided no Mub.titut*
for it it allow .< to a party an an'.iou, aod deflnca
an i.' lion to Id "aproueeiting in a jourt of juitiio,
by which a imtv pr.^eout" a ano-.Iior for tbovufore**
iiKilor piouo'ion of aright," &o These broaA
1 rn.. retjuire tho courts to to mould every aution,
iiiid ' he ; roceoding under it. that every rigut wbioa
n puny h.ia n i y be enforced or pro'.octod, if it oaa
In dine cow ently with la*1 : an J It raimt geuoral
]y be coi'Bi>U'i;t Tilth Juw. if a Jcgai right ouiM,
ana rr-t iip|?>.-i ajiactyoau 1>- aubjeyted to thojuria
dioti?.r ol u < ei.urt.
T!i <li iniiner ia overrulvd, with oost.H, with liber
ty to Oi Hi.datit. to auiond on jiayiueot of cttats.
Kxe-eution to ifauo froti. this court.
A not lit ? 1 1 op fioiu lVUilaia II. Scwardli
It will bo rec?',!cotcd that Jerry, the h?ro of kbit
( i ;obiatlon. rcaoued ut 8yracueo Ia.it Oclob?r,
and that William il. .Seward was t oe loading warn*
ei in t no eiiR'i ^rowir g out ot tho ie?ouo. After
In tr-U, Mr iiia h Mid.-oo !y oattrtaiac4 all
lie i liicliH and whites tr'g-ir- <i i n iho ufTair. It
in w djiihuis that tho ai uik; rary of tho ovont ia
to be ot h biufec ; ?
1 ? !.\ lH: fl It (. fLHKRATrov AT .SVUACUriK, I' KIDAV,
Ol'TOIiKB 1, IS.>2.
The 1i?t. anniv< rrnrj ot tli? n--.cno of tli' man Jwtr,
?t ; t'-u . on i ho irt i'a> ot itrto^r. JHot, from in*
ci "(ty . l ol''- lal|kluuapi.>.iii. n to bfl celoUated. That
*e'. Hie ti i .Ui|n;t i'';hl i ll, i u' of lil?'rly thr.iugb
oi.t .tliti wtlltl. Ii v * rn ?ct whleh fpringin^ frnai
aeie.l vii.'j;>iion fcr liir, il.uaUd ilm hliH}iln>iiivaa
ttlltn ['t ot tli nntlon to '? < ,?lt lf:?ir above all that ia
ci In a 1 1 oil " It v ai an m-t wnetbor t< warded at a vtn
d J' atli n i.f : b" ULOhaiigiablo lawt of ju tieo mid hnaa*>
uity. or in tt r- con.-ci|aexicpti to the fauno of human ri-ht a,
tl.i nifi. t fcoWlnii' in American history. It wj*i the liera
I ni ol 'i.<- igl t 11 ftitred the heart* nnd iiuiokmud
tbe t ol e of ;lii filendnof frei f . i throughout Atuerum,
aiitl il li -ti n tliftt It ihotilil he eonin>*tnoi?l?d in oo?
uraielatuiu. in ri in ex'il ation, in aigoment,
ami i li'<jii? r Cf, ami Hong. It n tittli j; that ttie liit day
ol ?< l' i? i | .<? /inje ? fe.-tal da' lo rho cilKid?r of frHa
dcin li : [; f ? i'i \m rim I., <ti Died to ono huueui
the i rci ot 'bo., ii-hu h*I ion ar .? tiie fix- ci: lha
Almighty I'i t hei ofuaail. Jt iino p^d f<<r ?>???. i e i?
pro| ..uo'iiiJ wi'h e.vcrailou .Im aih-K !< ; i era
tkai - I. ii. o ? - 'i -.i r < . in ii .I., , .tut
can lie Inw 'IV t!i? outr.ipeil - lui-ilcaa f-l to iha
r jii n > t*. Kui jai'tn. to tho it. "r-nchl*ed con1: of Kt in,
ti) the vie' >m ot roi -lit ; ^alim rigtit ol all In. da, and ad
el'mi ?, It H li." 'i?i "f hoj.o. 1 . i< a (t'.'iriuu* hirbingar
of j. i arc on eaiti. and (tc<?d will to inun ; fir thorn ta
grpatin ? auil p> ith aad h i pinCM. and joy. only wb?
man do to otbcru tatbey would have otbara Aft taf ~
It wan 'heboid co l j?r.i -tleal a ?rtl u of tho truth, an
which the piilltii .l ie Jtc-v'.oo of innc'v nd rmta? that
lOt-e y i i.i.T.ot he 1-w In n iijl - in 1-ed, to nil that
raakec" huniKnity ;lr rioti.i lo all that llai* mi'ti to it*
divinity, would flu p>-opl<< of N?w Vorkl?. weratboy ta
vifTer ono ?>? t;*er ury tl iliia niiirhty avent? an cveat
alirw ccn>e< j itcnce* no ini* ll< ct cuu e impute ? to |?a*? bw
wllhout r ncli a i < li.m. .-nor ->tinti Mthe f^reii'. b?a"ti- wMan
have it rn iternal ti<l<.li y ou the alinr of froedoaa
al' ue can irtvc Murh, beyond ivr,K>':iiture, tbi* oale
hratlc n will to. Ily direction. *e i vne this call ao a ra
.'jtotifc to the !? ? v and lrr? )>??>?.? llde feeling in the rnlaria
i.f tbc iwar u j i n thouuixto ol the umu aad womaa oC
r ur luod
Aitacg' n-.' lit- ? l| be n>?Ji> l-'li'.tiiig tin n?iru?t naaa
ilon. Jehu I' 1 1 i,l' Km t cm th ,l?. bua R. i.ldilagw,
Wllliniii I.loyd < ..'irlien, and t'ruirilck OouRlaaa, ara
ani'. i'g 'hi- no lo namon of tho^e ah^Mf <H-qii?ut tongaaa
will rnin./ ter to thi i feast of rea-on and How of mL
Ctlir- n hefiri fn rn n 11 hn arnnmc, il
Ii (Visible, tlio Ohio tin? -*111 bo nb'ainnd whloli tV
-hcl'i r O.tfHi p<r ? n-i. In n-'iy event, the best po?JI4a
preparationr will ' ? j\iv <? *? i? knowir/ that, if need bo,
tlie Jcret ndaatfl of th?>ii.ni who mark t th?lr pathway
over tl.e lro .eo > 'Tlh of \ alley forge witb their btoaa,
?r ii.iiepin'Ji neo < an V ? ?e dry, ? .1 .. - t.b? locoavaat
ii? i ' *n ?? itctol rr tvr. " :n c-^n miine-ai'ifr a prietiaal
ll'uiir^i.on of th" mmiortal priiicip'' h of the lejlaratiea
< ii v?hl I: lb* "ndepondfnc.e wa^ won. \rn-riran? dwull
with j vot and mil' ant p id* on 'he fact that curgoan tt
t>a . rioton-i. .i?d o lio^ton harbor In drflaaro of iaf
to il- pi nde a ?.?' ur.?j In c"Bfllct wi h their i<ut?.cnaeat Da*
rla in n ? ? Ind-p4-rd c<-? U'e now ln?lte th? de*o?a4
aii i ot Ih *'? bertiiO w n to the e lebration of anaafc
wu . h. in iia Tlinji' a'ion f il < ?tern-d iriuclplea of
rl^-b;. f;,r li n e nd? ihiit a U- dtei a< oian la atoaa
v.biaV'e than tea. Ib? n. ern e on*. c'UBe all. to tbla
nl l,.e ot libeety with .?) I 'I h art*, tilled witb aealaa
anil cratlf i:,l, t<i il e (!(?? r of all l?""'! that the utfflja
and tiikUllfill ?puitef liftoni U not yet dtad la tka
h iii ts of the Aru?-nr*u p"'pl"
\V I. It. .-I'M-. J 'I'V Tiiomaj,
K mi rr J Wit Ttfovft Witirr,
I'm. A. Xt H1.4V"!*, Ai.i.i-oi Tamr,
I.V It l:?? >.OM I.OTHKB ban,
.in. W Au.i t. I?*. Ktfi.i.ca,
.1. Jomi'^ioi. T>n l'aa?r,
II I*. I'^Mvii, l,?*w Koiiittn,
I?n. IIott. Ila. Dt ii i w 4 ,
(Ir.o. Comaritta*.
tiKHin. 8<pt. i;?. !&?>.'
Hu.timour, 8opt 2.?, !S6t.
Sir- In the New York. Hkkam>, of the 2 5d inat.,
T ho n?y liHiuo a"8ocii'tcd with others, m beta* *
?), fjiultor to thn government in ttao ?um of J'itW,
I Thii i ? tbo third i.t fourth ttino that I lun
been ?;t#r^od with bun? ? defaulter, Meffrea
denied iu the iu^?t etrpha' tc manner. I ???'? J*?*
n ounce tho rlinrgo entirely false, gn l grosadleet '
?ui nrt, and never have bc?n o. dff.mltor one
d, liar. TLo subjoined eer fie ,i? will ?hot that
arc tinU with tho Tntmry i>;{ . '.rtnorit wereoli***'
icoie than four >c.w ? Ago , find the balance J*
be due roc, 1 ncih ??<! ftoni ni* mooowor, tho [???
<it r or?l Marriott. V. u wiM. r doobt
tl if ? M-'ftoi v not, ? .1 certim
KM hU AC. bf ju?t.l'u N vrtl AV.KI. *? WUUAMS.
Tnrt i'?( I>?.r*r. t'nwr, \
V' ii ? o'l <*>''? ?*. Julf 18#f f
- # i, 1. i, c>i>n'< of Ni??he?W w.
' hen!,* crtf.T that . J* a. e?l Tt 0|
'V , Jjin lb' bi M of th.? l>i?r*t '*uen' br
l .lecTor ?*? ' XpHMM*. *>r
+\'Vb* ?vr<*'- "" Ju" '?> (h' ';>!???*????? *2
M I I \i'l. I 1 K 'V iiliaui.< 111* u;a Of twa Uieuiaid
*' ", wjl nl hr*?> d -tar. , V ?rrv.U*~K<f?
j? ' V'.irti ?a p .-i to Mia hf " m ? M\e
? t , )T m , " -o byr.rOerof \'xc Owniv
1, ? i j' i. j Ti .1. urj. befttim; Oxt- tl < ^'U?
ia, > JjA^KNt, R jtoHS

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