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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
? _ ? . . - WHOLE NO. 7383 . MORNING EDITION-? THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1863. PRICE TWO CENTS. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. THE POLITICIANS IN WASHINGTON. Nr. Clayton's Spre#h in the Senate. PROCEEDINGr^ETv\ LEGISLATURE, The New Tax Bill, and the Proposed Amend ment to the Constitution. Connecticut Congressmen? Marine Disasters, Ac., Ac., ?to From Washington City. fSOM nil BTKCIAl. OORKFSl'ONUE.NTS OF THE W. T H28AU>. OEFICE-8REKKKH ? APPOINTMENTS ? FOREIGN MIS SIONS ? NEW YORK OFFICES, ETJ. WAsni.vaTOM, March 9?8 P. M. Tlie office expectants must continue to exercise pa tience. With the exception of a minor consulship, which was referred, the only nomination bent to the Senate to day ?u that of Mr. Webster, Private Secretary to the President, who was at once confirmed. All torts of rumors are ailoat as to appointments, but they are nothing more than gue ses. The Senate considered an extradition treaty which ha> been been before it for some tine, without coining to any declron. It la understood that the removals of clerks in the de partments will not take place till after the importatt appointments are made, whon a thorough overhauling will be bad. Virginia In putting in her claims for two ful missions, and has designated Chile and France, with Mr. Mead for the former, and Mr. Wise for the latter. It seems to be conceded outride that Mr. Buchanan is to go to England, Mr. Dickinson to Rusoia, and whether the President U of the fame opinion has not transpired. Mr. Dix is also warmly spoken of for a mission. Mr. Dickinson's name appears in some of the papers in" connection with the .New York Cu -torn House; but it is known that he Is in favor of Mr. Schell for that office; and Mr. Lickinaon's friends indignantly repudiate the idea that be should be offered sucli an appointment. ? A contest ia going on fcr the DUtiict Attorneyship of the Southern District of N e ?r York, between Hon. Jesiaji Sutherland and Lorenzo K. Sliopnrd. Cabinet meetings are held nighily. X. Y. Z. COMPLIMENTARY DINNER AT TBS WHITE HOUSE TO EX? PBB8IDMNT FILLMORE AND HIS CABINET ? MRS. PIXBCX ? THE BOSTON COLLECTOR8HIP ? MOVE MENTS OF THE NEW YOREERS ? GRUMBLING AMONG THE POLITICIANS, ETC. WasmNQTox, March 9? 10 P.M. This evening the President has given a complimentary dinner to ex-President Fillmore and his late cabinet. Thirty-six in all were invited. This is an aot of oourtecy in return for the entertainment given by Mr. Fillmore, in the White House, to General Pieree, and those whom he indicated as his future cabinet. To-morrow morning General Pierce will proceed to Baltimore to bring Mrs. l'ierce to the White House. He U very much jaded. Mr. Peas lee, to whom the appointment of Collector of Boston has been given, did not seek the office It was tendered to him, and it is said he was rather reluctant to accept it. He is a hard shell hunker, and a personal friend of General Pierce. The Now York delegation met this morning for a few minutes, and broke up without doing anything. Mr. Cutting and others were disinclined to come to any resolution, on the ground that it would be dictation to the President when he din not seek their advice. This evening Mr. Cutting and Mr. John Wheeler left for New York. The latter is the youngest member of Congress. A great force of soft shtiU arrived here to-tay from Albany, including Kru*tus Corning and Peter ligger. Another pon so of Captain Ry nders ' friends have arrived rom New York. Some of the Webster and Fillmore whigs ar? in oxpec tation of being retained in office, and it is said that General Pierre, at Baltimore, expressed himself in favor of the Webstcrites. .Bot this seems to be inconsistent with the Baltimore platform, and the platform laid down in the inaugural address. The New York appointments will not be made in a hur ry. Gen. Pierce, it is said is n it at all satisfied with the position taken by the members of Congress, who are hold ing caucused, farming out tlie patronage of the whole country, and presenting him with appointments out and dried, to save ldm the trouble of exercising his own judg ment, and he is not going to submit to it. Mike Walsh is playing all sorts of practical jokes on the office seekers. Lorenao B. Shipard is here from your oity, as is also Mr. R. J. Villon. The extreme wing of Young America is sullen in refer ?nce to Gov. Marcy. The platform does not go far enough for it, and there is evident <li - uiTection in that quarter. The foreign appointments, it is said will be in the spirit of the inaugural. It is not true that Mr. Field is a can didate for the Consulate at l.ephora. T. r. Meagher leaves to night for Richmond, whore ho j lecturoa to morrow. Be visits Savannah and New Or loans, and thence proceeds West, lie will aot return till about the first of June. He visltedOeneral Pierce to >! ? y in company with some New York ladies. (J 11. DINNER AM) TEA AT T1IK WIIITK HOUSB? HVMOK.S j Or CLOUDS IN TI1E POLITICAL UOBU.OS, KT?. Washington, March T I >C. j At the dinner at the White House, tonigl.v to the and new cabinet", George Uw wan among tho itiri guest*. They bad a good time. Thar* wan a tremendous pressure of oflice weeker* at the White House to-day. All were received in a lump. Charles iaoman, Mr Wfcbs.ter'a Private Secretary ami Ben. Perley 1'ocr, took tea with the Preri?eat last night ? an evidence of hin having resiect for Mr. Webster's ?lemory ? The Sew York delegation of now Congressmen had a caucus to day for the divvion of the spoils accruing to New York State, but did nothing, and will nit attain. There arc reports in ciiculuiion of gathering clouds over the cabinet. Perhap- the wish is lather of the thought, but there is a good deal of talk that wav. a. b. a KKOM Ot'U XIOCUK I ORNBPOXDKNTS. APPOINTMENTS AND CONFIRMATIONS ? BEATS IN THE SENATE, ETC. WAsmivOTOff, March 9, 1853. None of the appointments referred to yesterday, ex cept Mr. Washington's, have yet been made. The report originated with a well known member of Congress. The Senate have confirmed Sidney Web.iter (the Presi dent's secretary) ax a Commissioner for signing land patents. They have also con tinned several minor consuls. Saturday ni-it is spoken of for the final adjournment of the Senate. The following is an account of the feats occupied by the new members of the Senate Upon tho democratic aide of the House, Mr. Thompson, of New Jersey, occu pies the ceat just vacated by Mr. Brooke ; Mr. Wright, of the same State, took Mr. Touccy's :eat, while Mr. Toucey ?elected the chair so long occupied by Mr. Bradbury ; Mr. Ptuart, of Micbignn, occupied the desk of his prede cessor, Mr. Kelch ; Mr. Atherton, of Now Hampshire, that of Gen. Houston, and Mr. Houston that vacated by Mr. Diiwns Upon the whig side of tho chamber, Mr. Everett, of Massachusetts, took the seat of his predece- .or. Mr Itavia ; Mr. Toombt, of (Jeor i that of Mi Halo ; .fudge Evans, of Ninth Carolina time of Mr. Ife Sausaure ; Mr. Thompson, of Kentucky, 1 itiil if Mr Sprunnce , Mr. Ben jamin of L/<id>iana that ol Mr Smith, and vtr. Smith that vacated by Mr. Manguiu ; Mr. Clay ton has Mr. Foot's seat, and Mr. Knot Mr. llillei s , -Mr Petti t took Mr. Fish's aeaf, and Mr. Fish Mr. Clarke's ; Mr. t'itcpatrick Mr. Bell' ? ; ana Mr Goyer Jlr. ludorwoods seat. DMi'HI PTION OF TI1E BALL AT WILLAKD'g ? KK CBERCHK AFFAIB ? LAHtill NI'MHKK OK DIPLO MATS ASI> OTI1KK DISTINGUISHED PERSONS PllK SKNT. W A^m.fOTOff, March 9, 18.13. The hall at Wlllnrd s Hotel last evening proved the crowning feature of the rea-on. Although an im promt ti affair, it was carried through with a derision, skill, and good taate combined, entitled to much pral.se. The time for preparation was so short iliat even the lailiei of the bouse were pressed into the service of preparation, in the ?ay of looking up decorations, planning tickets, pro grammes of "lancing, etc No sooner was the fact known that a ball was to take Jlaoe at WiUanl's, thau engagements were broken in all irtctioas, and all Washington seemed engaged in prepa ration and anticipation of if. The committee found them aelveh embsrrassed, in an untx|tecled manner, by an at tendance at leant four time* as groat as they had, at the outoet. calculated upon. Among Uiam present 1 noticed o?-Pra*ldent Fillmore and his daughter; Me sr.-. Matey. Je!Terson lHtvls. Guth rie, Campbell, and Cusliing, of the Cabinet ; Fames, As aistant Secretary of St'itu; llodiseo, Bussinn Minister, Crampton, British Minister; Calderon de Li liirca, Spa nish Minister; Honorable. T. Butler King Kdwar t Stan ly, J. B. (Vnjamln. Sam Houston, Pierre Sutilr. and W. Coat John>-??. fcc. ; Commodore Sloat, Captain Kinggold. IJeutaaaots Henderson Van Uuren Parks. Williams, and others of the navy ; Caotaini Folsom anil Ksvos of the army; Ooloviel Whipple and hi iv, of Concord. N. H.; T?r. Jackson, of Boston; Col. J. I.. Curtis, of New York; Mr. and Mrs. John BrOdhead o' I'a.: and Mr and Mrs. J. K. BiisHtead, of New York, Mri. (ieneral Gaines. Madamo and Miss Grimes, of New lork; Mr. ami Mrs. Waildell, Mr. and Mr*. Bigg", Misses Rich, and Messrs. Bedford ,?nl Prondfiot, of New York: Mr. and Mrs. Cuirts of Wash ington; D. A. Bokee am! daughter, of Brooklyn; CoWnel Mumford and Ulna Dunsoomb, of New York ; MUs Ofeston. of Baltimore; Captalu Folitom, of California ; and Mr. F?l som of Iowa: Hon. Mr. Rockwell and lad*, of Norwich, Conn: Pr. and Mr?. Harris, of New York; and man/ other* altogether " too numerous to mention " The arrangements throughout were as I hare said, excellent. Two bands of music were present, one of which ? the I'nited States Naval Hand ? wan placed in the upper hall, which, from Its width, formed un agreeable promen ade, while the other ? a Baltimore ban 1 of celebrity? fur nished "inspiration" for the " light Uatastic toe.'1 The gentlemen's ordinary was, as wax the hall room taste fully decorated and constantly filled with lovers of the dance. Supper, which was announced at about twelve o'clock, was served in a style which, for tasteful arrange ment. and careful attention to details. I have never seen equalled Mr. Willard certainly " laid himself out" in that department with remarkable success Tliat most beautiful of all beautiful decorations? nature's own flow ers ? abounded both on the tables and in different parts of the room. The company was received on tho outside* of the tables, the interior space being ?xcltislvely appro ) riattd to the waiters ? a oUn which strongly recom mends itself to the getters up of all similar suppers. The bill of faie was neatly printed on. white satin, no expense being spared in this or any other particular confided to Mr Willard to cresent "the best to be had " With such arrargements and preparations tho first ball ever given at Wizard's Hotel passed off. All present were delighted, and frequently declared they hud never been better pleased with an entertainment of the kind. Many of the dresses were of the most beautiful and taste ful order, while othors were noticed for their richness and costliness. Among the latter were those of Mrs. Gaines, Mrs. Bodlnco. and Mrs. Waddell; and of the for mer, those of Miss Killmore, Mrs. Brodhead, Mrs. Whipple, and, In fact, a majority of tlio?e of the other ladies pre sent mijiht with greit propriety bo included. The dancing was well sustained until a late hour, being ioncluded by tho German cotilon, which was produced with good elfect. UNITED STATES SENATE. EXTRA SESSION. Washington, March 0, 1853. THE NORTH CAROLINA HEKATORS AND THS OBSTRUCTION IN CAP! FEAR RIVER. Mr. Badger, (whig) of N. C., read an artiole from a newspaper printed ia Wilmington, N. 0., reflecting upon the conduct of himself and Mr llangum, for: -falling to obtain, or endeavoring to obtain, an appropriation for the removal of an obstruction in Gape Fear river He referred to his constant efforts to get that appropriation, and to his eventual success, so far as the Senate was con cerned The appropriation was the last one which was surrendered by the committees of oenference, in the lalt hours of the seseion. Messrs. tiwiN, Hamun and Borland, bore testimony 10 the constant efforts of Mr. Badger to get that appropria tion. XX SECRETARY CTAYTON ON CENTRAL AMERICAN AFFAIRS, THE MONROE DOCTRINE, ETC Mr. Ciatton, (whig) of Del., took the floor, and re sumed his speech relative to his treaty with Hlr Henry Bulwer, he. He contrasted the Hise treaty with the Squier treaty, and held the former to have been so un constitutional, wild, visionary, and impracticable, that no man who had ever read the Constitution of the United States would have voted for it. This was the reafon why the administration of General Taylor had never rent it to the Senate for ratification He contro verted the construction placed on the Monroe doctrine S General Cass and others. He denied that at any time in b history of the United States, had the government, or any party, declared themselves in favor of the Monroe doctrine. Presidents Jackson and Polk had b th opposed it. and Congress had repeatedly refused to declare it. Ho further contended that the Clayton and Bulwer tieaty was bated on principles announced by the administra tions of Jackson and Polk, and by the two houses of Congress. Mr. DorGiAS. (dem.) of 111., obtained the floor to replr to a single point, when the subject was postponed till to morrow. THS IMPRISONMENT OF A RIIODE 13LANDRR AT 8AOBA LA GRANDE, OTO. Mr. James, (dem ) of R. I., presented resolutions of the Legislature of Rhode Island, relative to the imprison ment at ^agua la Grande, in Cuba, of James H. West, a citizen of that State, and the seizure of his property. Mr. Mason, (dem.) of Va., offered a resolution, calling for information respecting the same. Adopted. After an executive session the Senate adjourned. SEW YORK LEGISLATURE, Senate. Alrany, March 9, 1S53. BILLS REPOUTIO). Mr. Cosgkr reported a bill to amend the School act, m as to proTide for the establishment of union free school*. Mr. Putt reported favorably on the bill to incorpo rate the Albany and New Baltimore Ship Canal Company'. Mr. Ward reported by bill to provide for the location of the court house in Queens county. tiii rftoroMED inciDMErr or thb constitution ? TEH 01 . nai.s, no. Mr. Vandhrbjt.t, (dem.,) from the select oommittee on the subject of an amendment of the constitution relative to tbe canals, made an elaborate report, the reading of which was immediately called for. Tbe committee examine two gnat questions, viz: 1. Ought the means for the enlargement of the canal to be raised by taxation? 2. Ought the mean* to be raised by, or in anticipation of, the revenue* of the canals by loans re-iubtmable fiom those revenues? > 1 >'6 report examines the question at length and with cu ; e. ' elvmrthat the new constitution expressly pro v'.i.f i, tbs.* ".'he^xiils should be completed by the use of ?i ost iv i ? . ( and never contemplated taxation. The icici i ~ ..rfcoter Wa 'ax ? its Inequality? its gross injus < ,'i I 'kftijim-tH north and south, who cannot make ' *?t o?caJi, Is dwelt upon. It establishes the posi - ! i tf ai'Hii . ana can be safely and wisely enlarged by tfc- ? m.! l lie tovonues, which use can bo had by mcaas ft: R.iVbmendn.ent ' to the constitution The best and Kji'heV. interests of the State demand that the enlarge intnt shall be done immediately ? since'it hastens the time when the^tate shall enjoy a revenue so great as to give the State abundant means for it* charities ? for edu cation, and for every good and useful purpose. The ameadment proposed by the committee cooteinplatea such changes as would give the Legislature full authority over the turpius revenues. The sum to he raised would be $10 CC0,0o0, which in six years would fully complete the enlargement, and finish the Gene.-ee Vallcv, Black Kiyer, and Cayuga and Seneca canals, and the whole debt be tiald in 1 88'J ? after which period the canal revenues will be libera ted from all constitutional pledges, and left at the wire disposition of the Legislature. Mr. Wright (whig) ? I did not understand the Senator, in presenting tlis lepoit, whether it was a unanimous report. Mr. Va.npicrbit.t ? It is the report of the committee. Mr. Pierce (dem.) said that he and the senator from the 21st? Mr. Davenport ? members of tbe select commit tee, did Dot concur in the report, and would soon submit minority reports. Mr. V a.niikrbilt said that he had reduced the sum from his original view, from consultation with engin eers. The amendment framed had been prepared with great care. Mr. Snow (dem.) asked if the engineer's estimate was attached. It ought to he before us. >1r Ui'lJAM (whig) said it was already before us. Mr. Vanderbii.t raid the full statement would be found in the report of the State engineer. Mr. Cornell (dem.) said, if this report wai in exlst erre, he had been so unfortunate as not to see it. Mr. Piilrck ? The report I a'ludeto Is tbe detailed report of the engineer as to coat, land damag'j.-i, &c. Mr. Vamiekbilt said the engineer hid furnished him a proximate estimate, and be had given the Senator from the 'Unth a copy. If it was to be published, it was due to the engineer that he should reeeko it, aud flnijli it, as it was but a proximate report. Ho explained the reason for the delay of the engineer's report, which had arisen from the delay in an engraving Mr. I'lracu ? As this is the fundamental document on which tbi.i report Is based, 1 hope it will be alfixed to the majority roj ort. I certainly shall affix it to the iniuority report. Mr. VANDXmiT did not think it necessary to step out of his way to accommodate the Senator from the Tenth, ss he bas expressed himself ai entirely dissenting from the report Itself. lie could frame a resolilxion as -.trin lient a . he chooses, to draw out the opinion of the engl. neer. Mr. < i hnfi.l had not iutended to oast any blame on the Hate engineer. Mr. Kihrv (dem.) moved the printing of 500 copies for the u:e of the committee, and 6,000 for the use of the Senate. Mr. Coolkt (dem.) moved 10 000 copies. Mr KlRBT act* pted the amendment. lhe motion goes to the printing committee. Mr KBIKAJ (whig) moved tho Immediate considera tion of the motion to print. Mr. Cornki.i. thought the motion had alreidy gone to the Printing Committee, who wore abundantly oouipeteat to consider it. yuesi ions of order were raised in respect to whether the subject was now before the Senate. Mr. Williams (whig) moved the consideration of the report of the select committee as a special order fer Wednesday next, immediately after the reading of the journal. Mr. Cornell believed the motion out of order. lie ob jected to stealing in a motion In this way. The order of notices and resolutions was not nnder consideration. After a continuous dircuwdon, and a question of order, Mr. Cooi.hr moved tue printing of 1,000 copies of Mr. Vanderhllt's rejort. Mr BAimcrr (dem.) desired the same number of Mr. I'ierce's minority report. Mr. Cm am. ? There Is no suoh report. The motion will only bo in order when such report Is presented. Mr WuuiM doubted the policy of ordering the print ing of ant document which the Senate has not seen, and i if the roiiients of which It knows nothing. At last the Senate got to a direct consideration of the motion to priut 10,000 copies of tbe report, and it was adopted. Mr. WlLUAH' then moved that the report on the aon ?titntl"nal amendment be midoa special order, believing it of the very highest importance to the people of thi* State. Mr Cooijtn hoped that at present the day would not be fixed. Mr. C-rnkij. thought there W ? l?sire <o fotee ft p*fl mature discussion on the Senate, before all the members could have access to the documents. Perhaps the Mino rity of the committee may give such additional lii;ht on the question, aa to mako it ver y desirable to await their report. Mr Wru-iAMH believed the Sonntor from the 2flth did neejl the greatest possible light on the question of the canals. If any Senator needed to be thoroughly in formed it was that Senator. To oblige him he would withdraw hismotion. Mr. ]"iKr.(ii said he w is enraged, with all the activity he rould command, iu tho preparation of his views, and lie believed the fceniite would give him the opportunity of presenting them. Mr. Van StuooNiioriN (whig) desired to have an early day fixed for the consideration of the subject. After another long dixcuiwion oaa point of order, Mr. BAHrorx (whig) suit! ? 'litis in the foggiest dissuasion I have ever known in the Senate. Mr. Cooijtr suggested that they were all old fogies. Mr. Babcock? At any tine w? cau lay tke order of busi ness on the table, and reach the order in whieh we can direct the disposition of thai sub ject Mr. Van Schoonhovkn ? If yon iiave rotes enough. Mr. Babcock ? We have got tiiem. Mr. Van Schoonhovkn ? Reliance on such calculations sometimes unsatisfactory. Mr. Monbob (whig,) moved tli&t the whole subject be laid upon the table. Carried. THE r.YIO.N HAN'T 01' TOOT. The bill In relation to the Union Bank of Troy, was re ported complete. GR.NKRAL RAILROAD ACT. Mr. Bartiett reported favorably on the bill to amend the General Railroad act. Tine STAT J ENGINEER' it RKPORT. Mr. PlKRrB offered a resolution calling on tho State Engineer for a copy of the rcpoi t submittal to the select committee on the subject of the constitutional amend ment, on the probable cost of the completion of tho canals. Mr. Babcock opposed the idea of bringing in a report which was intended only as a proximate estimate. The Engineer would de<ire to review it. Mr. IIbkck believed it had been rev lowed. Mr. Vandkkrilt offered as a substitute, a resolution calling on the State Engineer for a report on the proba ble expenditure to be incurred in the completion of the canals, which was adopted. THK FAKMKRS' BANK 0 H 0K.VB8EK. The Committee of the Whole passed the bill to amend the articles of association of the Farmers' Bank of Gene see. The Senate then adjourned. Assembly Albany, March 9, 1853. T1IK HARLBM RA11.ROAI). Mr. Finch, en leave, reported a bill to amend the charter of Harlem railroad. I'assed. CONDOLKNCB WITH T1IK CIJSRK. Mr. Forsyth, by unanimous consent, offered a resolu tion of condolence with the Clerk of the House, (John S. Nafew. Esq.,) on the recent loss of his wife and one of his children, and agreeing to attend the funeral in a body. nil ALBANY A.M> SIWQUKHANNA R/ II. ROAD. Mr p. Gilmork, on leave, reported in favor of extending the time fer the Albany and Susquehanna Railroad Com pany to comply with the General Railroad law. Con our red In. FORXtON BANK NOTES. Mr. Smith, on leave, presented a report from the Com mittee on Banks, concerning foreign bank notes. Con curred in. Tim BILL TO RAISK FUNDS TO UQCIDATK T1IB SfTATE DEBT. After a long and uninteresting debate on Mr. Loomis' bill to provide means to pay the State debt, to support the government, and to carry on the public works, the Bouse came to a direct vote on Mr. Burroughs' amend ment to restore the tolls on railways. The amendment was lost, by ayes 41, noes 47. Further amendments were cut off by the previous question, and the House, by a vote of 50 to 46, disagreed to the amendments made in committee to the bill, and then, by a rote of 65 to 42, agreed to tho biU as originally reported. I The body then adjourned. The Nominations In Connecticut. LIEUT. GOVERNOR AND CONGRESSMEN. Hakttord, March 9, 1803. The Hon. Charles Chapman, of this city, was this morn ing unanimously renominated Tor Congress, by the Whig Congressional Convention of the First District, which as sembled in this city. The Convention, which met at Norwich this morning, nominated O. Kellogg, of Vernon, Tolland county, as a candidate for Lieut. Governor, in place of Thomas Fitch, 2d, of New London, declined. Nrw Havw, March 9, 1863. The Whip Congressional Convention for this dUtriet, now in session at Middletown, have just made choico of Austin Baldwin, of Middletown, as a candidate to run against lion. C. M. Ingersoil. Massachusetts Constitution al Convention. SrKi.MinaiJi, March 0, 1853. The Rfpublican has returns from 312 towns, of the Con vention election. They foot up as follows : ? Whigs 150 Opposition 249 Independent 0 No choice 19 There are now only nino towns to be heard from. Aiwel Huntington, whig, and a whig board of aldermen, were elected in Salem yesterday. The llliode island Liquor Law, Providknck, March 9, 1853. The friends pf the anti-liquor law hold a State Conven tion on Tuesday next. The Usury Laws In Canada. Qufukc, March 9, 1S53. last night a bill was passed by the Lower House, to permit lenders to charge what rate of Interest they please, but 6 per cent only to be recoverable by law. Destruction of the Ship Belmont. LAKGK QUANTITY OF COTTON BURNKI). New Orlkakh, March 7, 1853. The British ship Belmont, when nearly loaded tot Liverpool? having on board 3,000 bales of cotton ? caught fire this morning, and was ?cuttled, and sunk. All the cotton was either burned or badly damaged. The American shin Maine, whioh had just commenced leading, alongside the BelmoDt, al o took fire in her rig ging, but the injury she sustained was very slight. Tornado In Tennessee. Louihvuls, March 9, 1853. A tornado visi ed the vicinity of Clarksville, Tennessee, on Sunday ni(;ht, levelling dwellings, stables, barns, ana trees to the ground; but, as far as heard from, no lives were lost. The track of the storm was half a mile wide, and so terriltc was it tbat the roads were filled with fallea timber. Discovery of a Comet? Strike. Bosro*, March 9, 1853. A comet was discovered at Harvard Observatory, last evening, by C. W Tuttle. It is situated about five degrees south of the bright star Rlgel. Yesterday morning, about half the hands In the employ of the Lowefl Mnchino Shop Company struck for tho ten hour rule of labor, and marched in procession. to the number af two or three hundred, through the city. Jefferson Medical College, 4ic. Philadelphia, March 9, 1853. The Jefferson Medical College commencement took place to-day. 223 graduates received their dogrees. A State Convention, to consider the subject of the cs tabllsliment of a State Agricultural College, Is in seisioa at Bmiiknt. The Hon. John Strohm, of Lincuster, is the President. Brooklyn City Intelligence. I)KTRB?1?(J Occt'KRKM* ? Yesterday morning a small lad, in the employ of a grocer named Martin Alpin. in Fulton avenne, died from the effects of injuries sustained on Sattuday last, while in the act of leading a horse to water. The nnimal became frightened at a passing sleigh, sheered to one side, knocking the lad over ana trnmplicg upon him. Iio was picked up by the neigh bois and carried in'o the house, ivhere ho lingered until yrstetday, when he expired. An inquest was held by Coroner Hall, and a verdict offaccidental death returned by the jury. Perious Arctnwr ? Kicked by a Horhs. ? On Tue-day evi ning, a lad u'wut fourteen years of age, a son of Luke C Ryder, Ktq , was licked in the breast by ahorse, which had recently been purchased by his father, and was so badly injured that his life is considered in danger. Tho ai'in al had just been taken into the stable, and the Ud being snxioui to see him, went in. ami while patting him en the back, sustained injuries, from tho effects of which it is extremely doubtful whether he will recover. Rt'Jt Ovkh on tub Railroad.? On Tuesday, an employe of the I.ong Island Railroad Company, named James !ilc Msnus. fell trom the platform of n car of the 0 o 'cloak train, at Weeksvllle, and ens run over, t'-.e wheels sever ing his legs nearly troin his body. Although everything possible was done for his relief, he expired shortly after wards. Coroner Hendiickson held an inquest over the body, and a veidlct was rendered by the jury in accord ance with the facts. Fir*. ? Between one and two o'clock on Tuesday morn ing, a Are broke out in a large wooden building on Cross dock, foot of Kent avenue, occupied as a crucible and firebrick manufactory by Mr. Homer, of No. 22 Cliff street. New York. The fire department promptly pro eeedeci to the scene. Imt did not arrive In time t s*ve the structure. Kngine No. 12, of Hist Brooklyn, was the only company that reached the ground In time to be of any service, followed speedily by No. 1 of Williamsburg. Th# building, which was owned by Jacob Iloerum, was en tirely destroyed, together with a small shop adjoining, occupied by Mr. Poul?an as a glue factory Mr. Boerum's loss is about $2 000, covered by Insurance in a Williams burg office. Mr. Morton lost all his stock, amounting to about 8,090 in value and was not Insured. Mr, FonJ. son sustained shunt $150 da mage. Mt'TtTAL Bknkkit Sociv.tv. ? Tli i to is m annotation in South Iteml, Indiana, callf j the " St. ?locoph County Regulator*, or Horse Tti'lpf Detecting I Society," which is represented m U'ini? In a very I flonrlinitig condition. New* from Africa. MOVEMENTS O* THB AFRICAN SQUADRON ? TDK MA1NB LIQUOR LAW IN AFRICA? WAR AMONG TUB TRIBES. By the brig Fsvorita, Capt. White, we have Mated from Baihurst, West Coast of Africa, to the 3d ult. The U. 8. chip John Adams nailed from Bathurst on tha> afternoon of January 15th, 1863, for Sierra Leone, liariug visited ioiee. Uer presence on the coast had boon J"f much benefit, ax the natives far and near knew of her Arrival at Goree ant) llathuriit. Coitiinandsr I.yiJch arrived at Batburst on the 14th ult., in tbe Fngll.'h mail steamship Forerunner, from London, and took passage in the Adams for the coast of Libeira. Oflkcers and ctsw of the John Adam* all well, and had bepn well. Die brigs Perry and B^nbridge }irere to seaward on a cruife. The following is a list of An officers tt the .lohiMAdam^ : ? Commander ? Jas. Barron. Lieutenants? H. French, J. A. Doyle, J O. Strain and Ju-ones Higgintt. Purser ? A. A. Be. knap. Surgeon ? William 3. Sinclair. Assistant do., J. F. Heustis. Msfter? C. XT. Woolloy. Midshipmen ? J. Taylor, C A. Babcoek, and Marshal C. Campbell. Gun ter? John Owens. Hailmaker ? Wiiiiam H. Mubony. Car penter ? William Hyoe. Boatswain ? Edward ktrady. Cap tain'H Clerk ? .lamer Conway. 'Ibefltg-hip Oeimantown, Captain Nichols, and sloop of-war I sle, wore at l'orto l'ra.va December tith, awaiting the arrival of the flagship Constitution and sloop-of war Marion. A n-llgietis war was ragimr among the different tribes, the difficulty being about drinking ? the Mirabous being the Maine Liquor Law and Mahometan party; and those going lor the tire water of the whites and heathens are the tMandrgoes, Serawollows, and the King of Combo. The King of Combo attacked the town of Savagoe, con taining home 4 000 inhabitants, on the '23d December, and w?t reputed by the Miraboun, with the loss of seventeen men, the latter losing but one. Hla excellency, the Go vei nor of Batburst, would take the matter in hand, aud a nettlement of the difficulties might be expected. Owing to these difficulties trade was much interrupted. TELEGRAPHIC. NEWS rami T11K CAPE 0 V 0001) I10PK ? IMMENSE SHIPMENT OF OOLD FROM AUSTRALIA ? TUB KAF FIR WAlt Borrox, March 9, 1853. The bark Lady Suffolk!^ from Cape Town, Jan. 10, has arrived here. Her dates are four days later. She report* that the ship Hoxbnry Castle, from Melbourne, Australia, for I<ondon, put into Cape Town on the 6th of January. She has on freight eight torn of gold, valued at over thrte million* of dollars, Icing the largest lot ever shipped from Australia. The ship Ascutna. from New York, put into Cape Town for supplies, on the 'itith Dec., ana sailed again on the Oth January The ship Dolphin, from New York for Australia, had also put in and sailed again. The Captain of the L. S. reports that, notwithstanding the numerous reports of peace, the general opinion there was that the war might last for years to come . It was believed that there were white men among the natives, directing their movements. Pnllce Intelligence. IN THE MATTEB O* TUB ALLKUKD FRAUDULENT v?u)n . ,.NEW Y0B* CITY BANK. 32.*? V'Sh f" ?fAt th^areH IMhv C4p^U1 8to<* of th? "id bank? 8? At the appointed hcur. Mr. Picton was m^ant wuk u: counsel. haTlng with them at* b?*flC IhdS ton sai<f hi ,t? evidenco? In the case. Mr. Pic !?nJ\id *? ?a J?"1/, to P^cwd ,ith the case; when the F<?rt? Lh^ .U * note from the counselor Mr iourn'tti magistrate, requesting him to ad notc ? ?Ver ?.r ?"e w<*k After reading the w J t'Kr W^ WS0?* *? "!B postponement, ?a.yng. tnat as Mr. Picton bad been Indirectly accused or *?at?thatDnn? ~,mp?+un?d the n"ltter- h* now wished to Mate that no attempt at a compromise had ever been made, nor had Mr. Picton received back his $1 Ou# Jim ti-e Stuart then called up the police Sffloer who held M?" Joote in custody, and atked aim the reason whv Mr Foote was not present in court. The officer replied he supposed he would have been In eourt. The Justice ?*. pressed his disapprobation in the matter, and ordered the officer to go forthwith and bring him into court The ***1} t?rt?d immediate^ to execute the command, but elosln* ?tihe court. the officer had not returned with the accused. The case thus stand* adjourned. on the Hanover Bank Officer l?evoe of ' ri*f.L-'e' * ?5^i ?n TnMd*3r afternoon arrested a young German named Ilarman Kliefatt, ou a charge of foiwini ^ ITl'?rt,v* to tave been "Lie by UuU In merchants, JTo. 60 Weaver street, amounting r?ii j ,bct'"*n lhre* ?nd four hundred dollars The E2t? " * copy of *?* which Tuid ^ o VoOO o . o ^^ooou0 . o The Hanover Bank, 0 0 Forty-five dollars. ' or bearer, o w.v SuTs & sosm gSKva1 ssss ars ing teller of the bank had already cashed ton of the foiged checks befote they were discovered, amounting in fomd<?hf0Uwv adreddoU*?- " seems that,the pi isouer , cli?fks and gave them to othor parties to L . a ^Dk lor payment The last check was flrni of I'uniler ft Spltzer, of No 1" whll hi i *, *^wh? ,of!ere<1 th? at the bank, rfi rif V eld ln CUHU>dy. He then lu i u 1?,. 8 received the check, and informed tho officer that if he waited at their place of business in all probability Kliefatt would call some time during the afternoon, as he had promised to do. He did call ex ,fi?d the for the check, and was ^t 1 cum ^ ml" CU' J Y r Prl"onei' acknowledged his wta named William Ballinger, on a charge of burglariously on teiing a shop situated at No. 6G4 Hudson" streot und ? nfe ih^b<? ? th? property of ff j'C On the arrest of tho accused, a fivo dollar bill was found which was dentified by Mr. Day as his property Sub fo??H !h' m prf"n?er acknowledged his guilt, and in formed the officer where he could find the balance of tho stolen money ? it was all recovered, and Justice McHrath committed him to prison for trial. Arrett of a Fortuve Teller. ?Officer Kearney, of the So cond district police court, on Tuesday arrested a woman nan ed Mr. Monroe, reading at No. 261 Hudson street, on .N,,n'r a disorderly person, viz.: a protended finder of stolen property . It seems tlmt a Mrs. Susan A. fhe'iu ^ ?SBt ? J40. West ?-%hteeuth street, on i- i. ?KU? wa" robho<1 of #U5 in inonev, and ap plied to Mr*. Monroe, who informed her that she would tell her where she could find tho stolen property for the sum of $1. Mjs. towler paid her the dollar, and was then infomed by Mrs. Monroe that the person who had stolen the money was a lady who resided on the same floor, in the same house, with Mrs. lowler. This infor mation Mrs iowler felt satisfied was nothing more than a tel e pretence, and a deception practised upon her done merely to extort the dollar paid to her. The ac cused was convened before .Justice Mctirath, who re quired her to tlnd bail in the sum of $500 for her good behaviour for one year. The requisito b?il was given, and the rortune teller was discharged from custody f The Health Amorifitim Prautl.? Officer M-?onoy of the i. cond d>trict ,?.lice coui t. arrested on Tuesday John \\ . Rome, on a ?srrant is.<ueci by Justice Stuart, wherein he stands charged, wllli several others not yet arrested with obtainirg sums of money from various persons un ,r I''Pl? "ce of being one of the di-ectors of tho l nited Stutes Mutual Health Association." The mau''s trate held the nccu>ed to bail in tho sum or$,i00 The security was given, and Mr. Howe was discharged from cuatodr. A Ml ni>/? Offioer Work, of the Eighth ward, ar re-ted, on Tuesday a man named William Allcey. on a charge of stealing $45 in money, and a gold watch and chain valued at $200, the proper tj of Mr*. Naney Thorn* >o. dl Mercer stieet. It seems ihnt the r.>gue secreted himself in the house by getting under one of tho beds, ?i , * , n thl> /amily wero at rest, he came from his hiding place, stole the above named propei ty, and left the premises On his arrest the officer foun ! the watch and KM of the stolen property. The accused was conveyed before the magistrate, who held him to answer the charge. An Alleged F\>1*e rretenee.? Yesterday, officer 3. J. . mith, ol the lower police court, erro-tod a yjung man of genteel appeaiaoco, named Theodore Lent, on a warrant I issued by Justice Stewait, wherein he stands charged on the slhdavlt of Pertha Juratreke, residing at No. 74 Mer cer street with defrauding her out of several hundred dollars umier false representations The mtin facts, iu set torth by the complainant in her affidavit, show that onor about tbe 20th of January last past, the accused leased to her the house No 74 Mercer street. In which slio now reM'iog, for a term of two )ear?, commencing on the first day of M*y next, at the yearly rent of $150, with ne cocdition that ahe piirrhaHed the furnlturo then in me > house at hm valuation, amounting to $1,0.10? ho setting forth at the time, that he had full |>ower to lease said propei ty, from tbe owner With this understanding and a lea-o being made to that effect l.y Vfr I/.nt, the complainant paid the $1,0(10 for tho furniture, whinh she now as.-erts is nr t worth in fact more than half that sum. It now appears that Mr- I.ent had not the authority to lease the property, as will .be seen by the follo-.Ting nolo fent to the Complainant by Mr. llaigV tho onner of the bouse.? To ma OdTPiNT ov rtm Hot s* Ko, 74 Mki?*h prmw.T: 1 ou will please take not ice that tbe lease ol the said "oufe will expire on the first of May nest, and I shall take possession ou that day twelve o oloek. Yours, D. H. HAI0HT. In aceordaocc with the above facts the magistrate issued his warrant of arrest, a ad Mr. Unt was brough up to answer the charge. Mr I ent re .nested tlio nwris t rate to want him a hwtring in the matter, as he could show that he was authorized to lea-e the house in the manner he had done. Hie Justice sat the case down for a bearing on Satur nay next, Aurfcig which t'me the accused was riinnitl^d 1 to itm?in .'n Use nominal oiistodv ol '.hj oilier I INTEBSMBTt POLITICAI HISTORY. THE UNITED STATES, UNDER ELEVEN ADMINISTRATIONS. Notice# of the President* and their Cabinets, from Washington to Pierce. The occasion of the expiration of the term of the eleventh administration, and the advent of the twelfth national executive, seems a proper time to take a brief retrospective view of the character and inflnence upon the progress of the country of the various Presidents nnd Iheir administrations, during the sixty-four years whieh have transpired since the organization of the government. FIRST ADMINISTRATION, 1 <89 TO 179T, EIGHT YEARS ? QEOROR WASHINGTON, PRESIDENT. The inauguration having taken place at New York, April 30, 1789, the first CongTess, during its first ses sion of nearly six months, wero employed principally in framing laws necessary to the organization of the government. In this space of time the construc tion of the powers intended to be given was very afcly discussed. The subjects of commerce and finance received the early attention of Congress, as well as the organization of the different departments, and of a national judiciary system. Among the sub jects strenuously debated was the President's power of appointment and removal of public officers. The appointment was constitutionally sub ject to the assent of the Senate. The removal, on which point the constitution was silent, was then ?ettled to be in the power of the President alone. The powerful opposition to the constitution in seve ral of the States, caused Congress to adopt sixteen articles of amendment, in September, 1789 ; ten of these articles were approved by the requisite number of States, through their legislatures, aud finally be came parts of the constitution in December, 1791. Two other articles, since adopted by tho States, were proposed at subsequent sessions of Congress, in 1794, and 1803. The President selected his cabinet in September, 1789, namely : ? Secretary of State, Thomas Jeffer son, of Virginia ; Secretary of the Treasury, Alex ander Hamilton, of New York ; Secretary of War, Henry Knox, of Massachusetts ; Attorney General, Edmund Randolph, of Virginia. The office of Se cretary of the Navy did not exist until the Presiden cy of Mr. Adams, whei^ that department was esta blished, viz in 1798. Although Washington and Hamilton were.enabled to carry the measures they proposed, through the first and second Congress, there was an early organization formed against them ? the opposition composed mostly of anti federalists, or those who had opposed the con stitution, taking tho name of republicans, as ad vised by Mr. Jefferson, and the friends of the administration retaining the name of federalists. The cabinet of Washington was divided in senti. ment. Hamilton and Knox advising stroug federal measures, while Jefferson and Randolph generally acted in opposition to their colleagues, and in unison with the opposition in Congress. Washington in vain exerted all his influence to reconcile Jefferson and Hamilton. The hostility of these distinguished men to each other sustained no diminution, and its consequcnces became every day more diffusive. The French revolution had an important influence on the politics of the United States at this time. Jefferson and his republican friends sympathized with the French revolutionists, while Washington, Hamilton, and their federal friends considered it important to the interests of the United States to maintain friendly relations with Great Britain. The last two years of Washington's first term were turbulent times; party spirit ran high, both in Congress and among the people, and such was the violenoe of feeling and ex citement that the national government would have probably perished in its infancy had it not been for the wisdom and firmness of Washington, and the public confidence in his guidance of the ship of state. The leaders of both parties expre*ied a wish for the re-election of the President, and he relinquished his intention to retire at the end of the first terra such was the critical situation of public affairs that he consented to remain at the head of the govern ment. Notwithstanding the high party feeling among the people, he was unanimously re-elected. On the question oi Vice-President, the state of par ties was exhibited. Mr. Adams, the federal candi date, received seventy-seven electoral votes ; George Clinton, supported by the republicans, fifty; Jeffer son, four; Burr, one; showing a federal majority of twenty -two |in the electoral colleges. South Caro lina was, the only State south of Maiyland which voted for Mr. Adams, who received at this election the support of all the northern States, except New York, where the republicans being in the ascendancy in th^egislature, chose electors favorable to Gover nor Clinton. During Washington's second term, when the Third Congress assembled at Philadelphia, in December, 1793, the opposition to the administration succeeded in electing the Speaker of tho House, which body was afterwards nearly equally divided on great poli tical measures. In the Senate, the Vice-President repeatedly settled important questions by his casting vote. It is worthy of notice that all the Representa tives and tho Senators from Virginia, with one or two exceptions of the former, were in the opposition to Washington's administration, throughout his two terms. Mr. Jefferson resigned, as Secretary of State, in December, 1793, and the President appointed Ed mund Randolph to succeed him, and Wm. Bradford, of Pennsylvania, to succeed Mr. Randolph as Attor ney General. Mr. Bradford died in offiec, and was succeeded by Charles Lee, of Virginia, in December, 1795. At the close of the year 1794, Gen. Knox re tired from the War department, and in January, 1796, he was succeeded by Timothy Pickering, then of Pennsylvania. Mr. Hamilton resigned as Secretary of the Treasury on the 31st of January, 1795, and was succeeded by Oliver Wolcott, of Connecticut. In August, 1795, Mr. Randolph resigned as Secre. tnry of State, and was succeeded in December by Timothy Pickering, in whose plac e James Mclleury of Maryland was appointed Secretary of War. Washington having tried the experiment of a mix ed Cabinet during his first term, finally composed one which agreed in political sentimont. aud the four federalists whom be left in office, viz., Pickering, Wolcott, McHenry, and Lee, were continued in the Cabinet by John Adams. President Washington and his first Cabinet were unauimously of opinion that this eountry was not bound to take part with Prance in her war with England; and in April, 179.% the celebrated proclamation of neutrality, by the Pfesi dent, was issued, which has been the guide of the nation ever since in affair* with fojeign nations. During Washington's administration all the dis putes between the United States and foreign nations had been adjusted, with the exception of those of France; at home public awl private credit was restored? the amount of ve*,tnues bad exceeded the most sanguine calculation. The prosperity of the country had been, indeed, without example, notwith standing great, losses from belligerent depredations. To the high rcspc visibility of giving mofcrn and effect to the new system 0f government, among discordant elements, it, *-hs the lot of Washington to be called. Tn the di ^ re tion [i ry exercise of the executive power, the uc'.jjtliiixtration was wife and talented. In filling oHV/.fl, the President preferred, when he could, revolutionary patriots, of whose Integrity nn.l ability I be had ample proof. He displaced no man for tho 1 expression of bis opinions, even in the feverish exitc merit of sympathy with France. W iUH regard to ouf foreign relation*, Washington persisted in his neo trulity to the last hour of his administration, and wan able to countervail the popular clamor ik< fa^or of Franco against England. With regard to judiciary, the financed, the mint, the Indian tribes, in his deportment to his own ministers, his communication* to Congress, his construction of the constitution, his sac red regard tor it, hii devotion to the whole Union, his mag**' nimity and forbearance, hid personal dignity, in afc' thet-e, and in relation to all other subject*, the example of Washington commands general respect and vene ration among men of all shades of difference of opi nion in our times. As forming the starting point in our political history, and the foundation of the gov ernment, we have dwelt longer on this administra tion than we shall on. either of his successors. To them we must necessarily allot a very brief spo^y. SKCOKD ADMINISTRATION', 17!<7 TO 1801, VOW* YEARS? JOUN ADAMS, PRESIDENT. The administration of Mr. Adam* was considered by the federalists, by whom he was elected, as ? con tinuation of the policy and measures of his predeoee sor, General Washington. Mr. Adams, however, did not poetess the full confidence of his political asso ciates; and although the federalists, as a party, were stronger in Congress than during the administration of Washington, the wayward conduct of the Pr*si. sident, and the unpopularity of some of the acts of Congress, caused tho downfall of the federal party and the success of their political opponents, it the end of one term of four years. The oa te net which had been left by Washington, aa we have stated, wero continued in offic* Mr. Adams, to which was added, in 1798, the Se cretary of the Navy, Benjamin Stoddert, of Mary land, who was appointed after the establishment of that department. In the spring of 1800^ Mr. Adam quarrelled with two members of the cabinet, and dismissed them from office, viz.: Mr. Pickering, Se cretary (J State, and Mr. McHenry, Secretary if War, an event which caused much excitement, anf had some influence in throwing the federalists into a minority. General Hamilton published a pamphlet against Mr. Adams, which contributed to the sane result. In May, 1800, the President appointed John Marshall, of Virginia, Secretary of State, and Samuel Dexter, of Massachusetts, Secretary of War. On Ik* 31st of December, 1800, Mr. Wolcott resigned hi Secretary of the Treasury, and Mr. Dexter succeeded him. Roger Griswold, of Connecticut, was appolntoi Secretary of War on the 3d of February, 1801. The rule of the federal party terminated with tlx close of the administration of John Adams, whioh wna principally remarkable for the strife betweea the two great parties in Congress, the establishment of a navy, the passage of the alien and sedition lain, and the disputes between France and the United States, which were finally settled by the course par sued by Mr. Adams against the opinions and ad vice of many of the federal leaders. The seat of government was removed to Washington daring the summer of 1800, and President Adams delivered Me last annual speech to Congress at the new Capitol, in November, 1800. T11IRD ADMINISTRATION, 1801 TO 1809.KIGI1T YEARS, THOMAS JEKl'EllSON, PUE8IDENT. The following members of tho cabinet were appoint ed by Mr. Jefferson, during his administration, via: ? 8H*nrrAHT or Statu ? James Madison, of Virginia ; ay pointed March 6, 1801. mckktauy or tub Tkkasury ? Albeit Gallatin, Peon. ; May 14. 1801. bWKRARY or War? Henry Dearborn, Mass., March i, 1801. Sscvctary ov TBI Navy? Robert Smith, Maryland, Jalf IB, 1801. Attorn kt Ghkkbal ? Levi Lincoln. Mas*.. March 5, ISM. John Breckenridge. Kentucky; Dec. 23, 1806. Caiar A. Rodney, Delaware, Jan. ii9, 1807. The principal measures of Mr. Jefferson's adminis tration were the acquisition of Louisiana; the sunroje of the coast, and the exploring expedition of Lowia and Clarke across the continent ; advantageous trea ties with the Indians ; the adoption of the embarje and other restrictive.measures on commerce ; tho re duction of the navy, and the trial of the gun boat qre tem ; and successful hostilities with the Barbaiy powers in the Mediterranean. The administration was thoroughly sustained in both houses of Congress and the President acted his pleasure in appointments and removals from office, the federalists being grade all y displaced, and republicans appointed to places of honor and emolument. FOVBTII ADMINISTRATION, 1809 TO 1817, llflMF YKABH ? JAMBA MADISON, PBK81DKMT. The changes in the cabinet were more nnmerons under Mr. Madison than under his predecessor, aa the following shows : ? State. ? Robert Smith Maryland, March 6, 1800 ; Jmbm Monroe. Virginia. Not. is, 1811. Ik&avlry. ? Albert Gallatin. Ponmiylvania, (continued In office ;) George W. Campbell, Tennessee, Feb. 9, 1814; Alexander J. linllas, Pennsylvania t)ct. 6 1814 : Williaaa H. Crawford. Georgia, Oct. 22, 1816. Wak ? William Kunti*, MasKachunetti, March 7, 180t; John Armstrong. New Tork, Jan 13, 1813 ; Jamfi Moo roe, Virginia Sent. 27, 1814 ; William H. Crawford, Geor gia March 2, 1810. Navy.? Paul Hamilton, South Carolina, March 7, ISM; William Jone?, 1 Vnnaylvania, Jan. 12, 1813. IJanjamin W. Crowninnhield, Man.-ai'hutett?, Dec, 19, 1814. Aitok."?ky Gorkai . ? Caisar A. Kodney, Delaware, (cm tinucd ; William l'iiikney, Maryland, l?ec. 11, 1811; Richard Rush, il'ennsylvania, Feb. 10, 1814. Mr. Monroe returned to the State Department, February 28, 1815, having aited for some time aa Secretary of War, after the resignation of Genera! Armstrong. The leading measures of Madison's administration were the declaration of war with Great Britain, and the acts connected therewith ; the establishment of financial and other systems after the return ef peace, including a national bank, and revised tariff on imposts ; also, the provision made for pay ing off the national debt. The administration waa uniformly sustained by republican majorities in both houses ojr Congress. The views of President Madi son on subjects of national policy, as developed in his last annual message to Congress, in December, lSlO.were considered liberal, und important to the interests of the country. When a member of delibe rative bodies Mr. Madison was an able debater, and as a writer he has few equals among American statesmen. He was fond of society, although he bad travelled but little ; never having visited foreign countries, or seen much of the people over whom he presided. He was of small stature ; his manner waa modest and retiring, but in conversation he waa pleasing and instructive. On his accession to the Presidency he restored the custom of stated leveee at the White House, which had been abolished hy Jefferson. It was on the occasion of these leveea that Mrs. Madison displayed her polite and attractive attentions, which had much influence, and distin guished this period as an era in society at the city of Washington. FIFTH ADMINISTBATION 1817, to 1825, BIOITT YEABS? JAMKH MONBOK, rBKSIDBNT. The following are the cabinet appointments mate by Mr. Monroe, during his eight years, viz : orAm? John (jiinicy Adaraa, Man*., March 5, 1817, THKASrRY.? William II. Crawford Georgia, do. War ? Itaac Shelby, Kentucky, (declined) ; George G*? ? ham. Virginia, April 7, 1817; John C. Calhoun, South f ^ rolina October 8, 1817. ?.Benjamin W. Crownltihhleld, Mat*., (f nufrf) Smith Thompson, New York, November :te .lolin Kodgeta, U. H. Navy, September 1, 18'i3, 8? r' Southard. New Jertey, September IB, 1828. AttoknkyGsmoiai. ?Richard Ruth, Pens., (f ontinued* William Wirt. Virginia, November 16, 1*17. The administration of Monroe waa eir' .mently proe perous and successful. It has been car ie(j ?? eraof good feeling, for at no period in or j history had par* ty spirit been so much subdued, ?itnd <^e attention of the national legislature more e'^iusivel^devoted to objects of public l>encflt. Th e independertpo of th? South American BepubMW waa acknowledged ; the , acquisition of FtorM* \# tresty with Spain tm ao