OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 05, 1853, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1853-04-05/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

WHOLE NO. 7409. MORNING EDITION? TUESDAY, APRIL 5, 18B3. ' PRICE T WO CENTS.
NEWS BY TELEGRAPH.
THE CONNECTICUT ELECTION.
AftOTHER DEMOCRATIC TRIUMPH.
PROCEEDINGS IN THE U. S. SENATE.
lUSINKSS IN THE NEW YORK LEGISLATURE.
Debate in (he Assembly Relative to a
Monument to Gen. Worth*
THE SECOND TRIAL OF SPUING FOB MURDER.
The Gardner Case? Railroad Accidents,
jcc>i &o> &c.
The Conner tic lit Election.
Nkw Havkx, April 4, 1953.
The tenuK of tlie olcetlon to day, as far as heard from,
4ii 'decidedly fav?rable to the democrat*.
In this district Collin* M. Ingtrsoll in elected to Con
gress by an increafed majority.
In this county, Olm.-i-tead, whig, is elected from ths
fourth cistrict to the Senate. In the othor two din
tricts (iho fifth and >ixth) probably democrats ato cho
men.
Of the Representatives elected in this county, 10 are
whigs and 11 democrats. Ten are to hear from, viz. : In
Bethany. Middlebury, Milford, North Branford, North
Huvvu. i'rospect, Soutbbury, Wallingford. The whig re
presentatives arc, from New Haven, 1; Clienhire, 1; Derby,
1; East Haven, 1; Guilford, 2; Madison, 1; Waterbury, 2.
Hie other places not namod are democratic.
T1IE LATEST.
Nkw Havkn, April 5 ? A. M.
The two S'enlars in Middlesex county districts, Eigh
teenth aod Nineteenth, are both reported democrats.
Middle'.own city has elected a whig.
New Haven city elects Charles B. Lines, whig, and
Chs'len Ives, dein., by small majorities. Both aro Maine
law men.
lor the Governorship, Mr. Dutton, whig, had 1,525
?otes; Seymour, dem., 1,784; Fillette, free soil and Maine
law, 466.
Faikkikld Cou ntt ? Stamford elects two Maine law de
mocrats ; Darien, one whig; Stratford, one whig; Bridge
port, one democrat; Fairfield, two whigs; Westport, one
whig.
Minor b->kx Cocntt? Westbrook, one whig; Saybrook,
two whig*; Old Saybrook, one democrat; Clinton, one de
moo at.
The te has gone democratic by an increased ma
jority.
All the members of Congress elected are of the same
party.
UNITED STATES SENATE.
EXTRA SESSION.
Wasihmoton, April 4-, 1853.
THB NAVAT. COMMITTER.
Mr. Gwin made a brief statement in allusion to a state
ment by Mr Hale, late Se nator, and denied that any out
ride influence had operated on the Naval Committee, to
iaduce an extra appropriation for the officers, seamen,
and marine* serving on the Pacific coast.
tTKITRI> HATES STOCKS HELD IX KORHOJf C0U5TRISS.
Mr. Bkoddead called up his resolution requesting tho
Secretary of the Treasury to furnish the Senate, at the
commencement of the next session, a statement showing
Ute entires mount of United States stocks and bonds of
of all kinds, held abroad. He said the Information could
tw obtained by the Secretary addressing circulars to the
governors of States, presidents of railroads, and othe
-companies, and officers of municipal corporations. He
-Mid h ? account current of the United Slates for the last
4Uo?l year with foreign countries will stand thus Ex
oess of imports over the exports of the oountry. forty
mOUmm , interest, annually, payable to foreigners on the
stocks, etc , held by them, eighteen millions ; expendi
ture of travellers, five millions; navy, war, and diplo
macy, three millions ; instalment to Moxico. three
millions , remittances to Ireland, five millions ; ?
making a total <f scvonty-foiir millions of dol
lars i torn this deduct the probable amount of gold and
ailvei brought into the conntry by emigrants, ten mil
lions ; ? leuving the snm of sixty-four millions as the ba
lance acaiust the United States, towards the settlement
-of which we have official record of the exportation ah >vn
the importation of thirty-seven millions of gold and
silver; ind the balance of twenty seven millions, has, no
doubt, been liquidated by the remittance of federal,
State, and other stocks.
Mr. Smvard, (free soil) of Now York, said he would
cheerfully vote for the resolution, hut differed from the
gentleman in some of his statements.
Hie re.,olution was adopted, and the Senate went Into
KXKcrnvK tnasiox.
After two hours and a half spent therein, the Senate
adjourned.
From like State Capitols
KB. TAK1IOK IN PRISON ? COMTEM PLATED RESIGNA
TION OK THE STATE ENGINEER? RAILWAY CON
SOLIDATION, ETC.
SPECIAL CORRE8PONDEXCK OK Till! KKW VORK HERALD.
Albany, April 4?10 P. M.
Mr. Tarbox, the man convicted of attempting to bribe
a member o! the Assembly, is in prison, and likely to re
main there until the adjournment.
Mr. McAlpin'* resignation as State Engineer will be
aent to the Governor soon after the adjournment of the
Legi- lature. He is to be Vice President and Chief Engi
neer of the Erie Railroad, at un exorbitant salary. Col.
Schlater, ef the Oudensburg Hail read, has been here a
week lobbying for Mr. McAlpln's place.
There ij to truth in the report that Postmasters at
Hudson and Poughkeepme bavo been appointed. A gen
tleman, dirtct from Washington, states that no further
appointments for this State will be made under two or
<th re* weeks.
The Bailwsy Consolidation bill was signed by the Go
vernor on Saturday evening.
* NBW YORK LEGISLATURES.
Albany, April 4, 1853.
TUB SI* YORK IURBOR MAdTKRS.
Mr McHorray reported adversoly to increasing the
Hu bor Masters of New Tork. I Aid on the table.
WBW BBNKVOLKNT SOriHTY.
Mr. Morgan reported favorably on the Caulkers' an 1
Shipwiighta' Benevolent Association bill.
nil NEW PARK.
The Jooe i Park bill was received and referred to the
Senators from New York.
BILLS PASHFD.
The bill to educate common schotl teacher* was
paMtd.
Seveia! private bills weie passed.
Tlie t'cn?te then went into committee of the whole oil
THE BILI. FOR TIIK KKIJRP OK T1IR PRSION INSPECTORS.
Mr. Comikr, (Jem.) defended the Inspector*, and urged
that the ohames made against them were unfounded.
Mr. Tabkii. (whig) pointed to the fact that the ritate
Wis now called upon to appropriate $10,000 to mako good
deficiencies in the management of thii prison. The in
Tftifiutlou whs got up on tho call, and at the request, of
j?roimncut barnburners. The Inspector* bein\' hunkers. a
thotongh tiial was luid. and the Inspectors probably
Owed their safety to the clemency of a whig Governor,
who did net choose to have hi* motives misrepresented
the temoval of two democratic Inspectors just prior to
? gi?at State election. If the principle of this bill is
nanctii ueo hv tlie State, the next, thing will be to pay
the N'ew York Common Council the charges of their at
tacked innocence.
Mr. Concur htt?'-heil the procedure of investigation as
having been conducted without opportunity to tlie ac
cum>J to be Ueatd folly and thoroughly in their defence.
Tb?v were arraigned without cause, :ind the real errors,
if anv exint v,eie perpetrated by a ,'ormer Board of C' m
tnlar toners.
A long debate ensued, growing one of a proposed
amendment to pev Judge Humphreys for his services. in
holding tlie investigation.
The committee reported progress
MR. SEARS' CLAW Bill..
The same committee took up the Eliplialet Soars'
claim bill pending which the recess was taken at 4 1'. M
Aucmbly.
Albany, April 3, 1863.
THE TABBOX BRIIIKHY CASH.
Mr Buknot moved a suspension of the rules, to take up
tho motion to reconsider the Tarbox imprisonment reso
tattoo. lost, 41 to 80 ? aot two thirds.
PRISON APPROPRIATION.
In Committee of the Whole tho Prison Appropriation
bill was passed.
MONUMVNf FOR URN. WORTH.
1%o bill making an appropriation to ertict. a monument
~ ^4D??eraJ Worth in Greenwood Cemetery was taken np
in commi'tee of the whole
K/. Pirmrr* (whig) of Genesee, saw no wore reaano for
CUo appropriation than for one to erect a monument to
| any private cltixen. He moved to rtrifce out the enMting
) C' M>r*HAiiTiK<ie, (whig) of Monroe, Mid it til well
I known the treasury ww not full enough to supply the
i demands upon It, and our charitable institutions were
but meagerly sustained. Under these circumstances it
was injudicious to make a precedent which might here
after be greatly abused.
Mr. Cabk, (dem.) of Onondaga thought the State had
better pay its just debts before it made needless and ex
travagant expenditures. Those whe had labored on our
' public works are in ueed of their pay, and thtoir draft* on
| the treasury are dishonored. He would, in his private
i business, first pay his just debts before he spent money
uselessly. If $6,000 was to be appropriated at all it
should be given to Gen. Worth's family.
Mr. J. Rome, (dem.) of N. Y. was always an advocate
for economy, but the proposition before the House was
one of simple justice to one of our most eminent military
men. whore career had been equally honorable and useful
to the country. The amount called for was small, and
the great State of New Yrrk should not on'y give this ,
token of its gratitude for the ser vices of tie n. Worth, hut
! it ought to do imre, and erect monuments to others of its
| glorious benefactors. It would bring odium u|xm the
Mate to parsimoniously refuse this appropriition. It was
an insult to the penple of the Stato to supposo tbpy would
objeot to the light taxation this would occ.islon Ron.
Worth's family were not able to orect a monument from
their own means.
Mr. L. Osr.oon, (deia.) of Chenango, saw no reason for
throwing away S6,000 Gen. Worth's reputation wouli
not be increased by this monument; his memory would
be perpetuated lorger by his deeds than by any monu
ments that can be erected.
Mr. B. Smith, (dem.) tf St. Lawrence, called the at
teulli n of the House to the fact that small appropriations
at times form a precedent for enormous expenditures, and
j lie saw reason to suppose this instance was one of them.
I Mr. 1'ktkrh thought if the family of Gen. Worth were
destitute, the appropriation should be f)r their benefit?
| but this proposition was literally giving thorn a stone
1 when thoy needed bread. He did not bellove in erecting
monuments to military men. (Jen. Worth had buon re
i warded for his services by the high distinction he had at
tained ft would bo better to orect monuments to those
I famous an the more useful benefactors or their raco by
I their wise civil policy.
j Mr. Huk mxs, (dem ) of Kings, hoped the House
j would not prove Itrelf to be us poor in gratitude as its
i treasury was in means.
I Mr. Ciiamhkri aix, (dem ) of Columbia, trusted the en
! i cting clause of tiie bill would not ho struck out.
| Mr. Ciaip, (whig) of Erie, said his sense of the grati
tude due from tlio Male to olc of its sons, who hud
fallen in the defence of his country, nai not of that kind
which would withhold a paltry appropiiation for a stuc#
to indicate the spot where the hero was buried.
Mr. Holi.ky, (whig) of Niagara, knew there were some
who were constantly depreciating the credit anl the
honor of the State? attempting to prove that it was
bankrupt. It was disgraceful to those in high positions
to moan over the poverty of the State. It is not poor,
and they cannot make it so. Gen. Worth was a native
of this State, and it was a debt of gratitude to that soldier
for his long life of eminent services. We are told his fa
mily is poor. This may well be so, for in serving his
country ho had no opportunity to hoard up wealth for
his family.
For gold tlio sailor ploughs the main,
The farmer ploughs the mauor;
But glory is the soldier's (rata ?
The soldier's wealth is honor.
Mr. H. knew it was not necessary to the memory ot
General Worth that a monument should be ereoted over
I bis remains: but to erect it was neco?sary to save the
State from disgrace. On its own account, and not on his,
the State should pay this debt of gratitude No marble,
however expensive, can adi anything to the lame of
General Worth, but it will reflect honor on us. And while
this subject was up, it mitfht be proper to move an addi
tional appropriation of $6,000 for another gallant General
of this State, whose remains hadloug lain without a mo
nument on the haul's of the Mohawk. He alluded to
Gen. Herkimer, who fell at Oiiskany in defence of his
country, at a dark period of our history.
Mr. Wtbhh withdrew his amendment.
Mr. Champun (dem ) of Allegany, would renew it to
make a single remark. The constitution required that
no bill for a local object should include more than oue
subject, and the amendment ef Mr. Hollky might de
feat the bill.
Mr. Hoixkv withdrew his amendment.
Mr. Hastings taw, when the bill was introduced, that
it would create difficulty. There were men In tho House
wbo desired to bring tho expenditures of the State with
in its means, and he was glad of it. At the outset nil
had agreed to economise and bring down expenditures to
the measure of rosouroes. But now there seems to be
some who arc willing to lavish the means of the State to
prove how benevolent and patriotic they are. Any ap
propriation that will brlrg them a revenue of glory they
eloquently defend. Gen. Worth served the country at
laTge, ani if a monument is erected to hia memory it
should be done by the State* at large. It is time to talk
about State gratitude when it is proposed to erect monu
ments to those who have rendered distinguished services
to our own State. Let all the States unite in the honor
of erecting a monument to Gen Worth, for aU are
equally tinder obligations to him. Our State charitable
institutions are asking for aid to accommodate those
who netd their assistance, and we must reject their do.
mar.ds because *e are told the people will not bear a
greater weight of taxation than is now imposed upon
them, and there is no other way of raising tho means.
Mr. Cas>k said Daniel D. Tompkins had conferred a
eater benefit upon the Stato and the c Juntry than Gen.
orth, but no monument liad been eiccted to his memory.
So of many other eminent citizens of this t'tate. Thoo
why is this case socially singled out for our charity? If
we bfgin with on? we must erect monuments to all.
Those men who are fo eloquent about philanthropy and
patriotism in this and other cases of tho kind, will be
equally as eloquent and patriotic in iehalf of the poor
laborer, by opposing the necos?ary hill to raise the money
by taxation which they so unjustly advocate the appro
I'1 Mrl? lxx>3TlB, (dem.) of Herkimer, said the names of
many worthy citizens, in civil and militarj life, wore in the
memory of all, who had no monument erected to their
honor, except those who rest in the grateful memory of
the peoile. "Xielding to no one in admiration of those
who deserve well of their country, he could not consent
to opening the door to so large an expenditure as must
follow the passage of this bill. He regretted it bad been
introduced; he could not sustain its and he disliked to
vete against it. He would movo to rire and report pro
gress on the bill, and there let it drop, by being neither
passed nor formerly defeated. Carried, by 41 to J8.
In the House progress was repor'ed on the bill, and
leave to sit again was denied, by 2:1 to 03.
Mr. Loomm moved to lay the entire subject on tlis table.
Lost, by 42 to 77.
Mr. Hkndkk moved that the bill be ordered to a thud
reading. Carried.
ORPKRED TO A THIRD READISO.
Mr. Champijn moved that the bill for the relief of the
belt* of William GrifMn be ordered to a third reading,
which was done and the bill passed.
On motion of Mr. Tkmi-lk, the bill for tho relief of Lydia
Hardin was ordced to a third reading and passed.
Mr. Cook called up a Senate resolution requiring the
Secretary of State to have the various taw* regarding tho
maintenance of tho poor collected and published in pam
plet form, for the use of the superintendents of the poor.
question or pniviLEtm ? this takdox cask.
Mr D. Gilmokk, (dem ) of Onoida, ro*e to a ques'ion of
privilege. He had boon represented as having offered a
resolution ensuring Mr. Stewart for his courso In tam
i>eriE= Mr. Tfttlm. Ho had offered no such resolu
HonTleV absent. from the Hotue at tho. time. Instead
ol offering the lesolution, ho fully concurred
tion taken by the House on the subject.
1 IJVH INkCRANC* f?MPANlKS.
i On motion or Mr. R. Smith the bill to provide for the
Incorporation of life insurance companies, "din relalon
to agencics of such companies, was read a third timoana
pass?d.
| A recess was thon taken.
The Gardner Case.
Washi.nuto*, April 4, 1853.
Id the Gardner case, to-day, Augustus J. Keese testi
fied to having served notice on Gardner that the Presi
dent wax about to tend an agent to Mexico, and propo
sing, if be thought proper, to Rend a person to point out
his mine, and pay all expenses; also submitting two other
propositions, if this was not acceptable. Gardner do
clined every proposition, on the ground that two commis
sioners had previously expressed ths opinion that the
mine was a fraud. Augustin I)o Aguilar, a Mexican law
ytr, judge, Ac., at San Luis Potosi, testified that the sig
ns tu res of Pe I .os Rcges, Guzman, and Fernandi, upon
fiArdner's mining title, were forgeries. He also identi
fled a copy of the mining laws of Mexico, and Ravo a va
riety of ibformati on relative to Uie laws and nsages of
that country.
Railroad Accident*.
MAN KILLED NEAR GREBNHBUKO, PA.
PrrrsBURO, April 4, 1853.
Yesterday morning, at Rodebaugh's station, near
Groensburg, on the Pennsylvania Railroad, Mr. Rode
baugh was standing on the road, when n locomotive came
n and struck him, throwing him aix feet off the road,
liis back was broken, a ad he sustained other injuries,
causing instant death.
DISASTER ON TUB RICHMOND AND PWTKRSBtTBO ROAD.
Daltjhorr, April 4, 1853.
Yesterday afternoon a car ran ?flT the track on tlio
Ru bmond and Pe'f rsbtirg Railroad, the bottom of the c*r
wsa ripped out, and Hie passengers thrown to the ground.
Hix per.- on* were bad!y injured, but no liven wero lost.
Navigation.
Dunkirk, April 4, 1853.
The steamers Southerner, for Cleveland, and America,
for Detroit, left here yesterday, both fully laden with
goods.
The propollers Repnblic and Forest Queen ore di.?
chnrginK freight at the dock, and will leave for Cleveland
ami Toledo to morrow, with full cargoes.
The harbor is now entirely free from ice.
PrntmiiRO, April 4, 1853.
Iho Ohio river here measure* eight leet, and a further
rise is expected. It has been raining all day.
flonthtrn Mall Failure.
Dai.timork, April 4??. M.
We have ao mil eouth of Richmond to night.
The Second Trial of Arthur Spring.
Philadelphia, April 4, 1863.
Spring mm brought up for trial ?gain thin morning.
Then ni a great crowd in and about the Court room.
Judge Kelly charged the juror* upon the opening of the
April term, after which the calling of jurora for the 8prlng
case waa commenoed. The Attorney General instituted
strict inquiries to pi event parties not nuimneoed from
terving. Very few answered that had not for mod an
opinion of the guilt of the prisonar; but when the opinion
was such as not to bias the jitdgrnent, the challenge for
caure was overruled. Many peremptory challenges were
made by the defence, and onlv Ore jurors were obtained
out of thr^regular panel. The Sheriff wax ordered to
issue sixty additional summonses, and the Court took a
recess.
The court re-assembled at 4 o'nlock. The special sum
mons wos exham ted end six additional jurors selected,
making eleven in all. The xfaerlff waa then ordered to
Mimmon otlior talesmen, and the court took a recess till
8 o'clock
The Bulletin says that an incident occurred in the Ner
vier* of tin' notices upon the petit jurors, which, bad it
not been for the intelligence of the fierxon summoned,
might have led to a similar difficulty to tlwt displayed in
the lsst jury which tried Spring. William Kemp, shoe
maker, Locust ward, had been drawn from tlio wheel,
and placed upon the veuire. but by some ascident, the
jury notice found its way into the hands of William Kemp,
shoemaker. Fourth ward, South wark. The latter, on
receiving the notice, and believing that he was not the
person meant, waited upon the county commitsioners,
and then upon the sheriff, and had ,4he error rectified.
An error like this might readily have passed without dix
covnry. as the names and bubiness of the two men were
precisely similar.
1 he prisoner looked well, and wore a smile upon his
countenance, probably excited by hope. He took part in
selecting tlie jurors, and appeared to feel great interest
in the unswers to the questions propounded to them.
s Interesting from Nova Scotia.
We have received a copy of tho report of the Commit
tee on Trade and Manufacture*, recently made to the
House of Assembly of Nova Scotia, by which it appears
that tbe amount of goods, wareB and manufactures, im
ported into the port of Halifax alone, from tho United
State*, during tho year of 1852, was $317,260, chiefly at a
duty of six and a quarter per cent and under, wliich, if
imported into the United States, would have been charg
ed with a duty of from twenty to forty per cent, and
which, it is contended, could be manufactured in tho
province an cheaply as in this country ? that the total
amount of importations into Halifax from the Unitod
States, during the same year, including $.170,118 of flour
and lircadstulTs, was $889,174; and that the total exports,
during the aame periods, amounted to $343,672 ; leaving
a balance of $645,402 in favor of the United States in
tbat port alone, being an increase on the preceding
year of no leas than $151,614, while the exports have di
minished during both years. The committee have been
unable to ascertain the value of the imports of manufac
tured goods into the province, but express their oon
viction that it amounts to a considerable sum, and so
greatly excecds the export* to this country aa to consti
tute a disadvantageous and adverse trade.
The committee also report, that they have examined
manufacturer* established at Halifax, and engaged in tho
manufacture of iron castings, atoves, tic., clothing and
tailoring, domestic w ine*, *yrup, cordial* hat* and caps,
soap, boot* and shots, furniture, pails and bucket*, and
marble, who Eeverally complain of the ruinous effects of
the low rates of duties, and who are sanguine that were
they protected from foreign competition, and secured in
the enjoyment of the home market, they would bo able
to supply the domestic market with tbo.-e articles at as
cheap a rate as they can be imported from abroad, in
which opinion the committee concur ; and, further, tbat
were it not for tho protective policy of the United States,
tbe colonist*, to a considerable extent, could supply the
American market.
A considerable portion of the report is devoted to the
consideration of the injurious results that aocrue to the
province from this state of things ? the want of employ
ment which is thus created, and the extensive emigration
of tbe more youthful aud active portion of tliu communi
ty. Tbe committee claim for rts artificers, that a< this
republic has shut its markets Ifiait them and their
production*, our manufacturers should not be sllowed to
interfere with ihem in their own market. " If," nay tlio
committee, " the United States would take off their du
tie*. we should not seek for protection; but so lonir as
they refuse to purchase from us, self defence requires
that wo should abstain from purchasing from them."
W? do not entirely concur with tbe reasonibg and de
ductions of the chairman of tho committee, who seems to
have overlooked the fact, that the large amount of bread
stuffs imported from the United States were the produc
tion of Canada, which should have reached the province
by tbe direct toute of tbe St. Lawrence -a most conclusive
evidence, that it* inhabitants are not prepared to avail
themselves of tlte advantages they already possess.
The committee observe, that "whilo intending protec
tion toother classes, they would not omit to recommend
the fishermen to tlio especial care of tho Legislature.
Nothing is required to recuit the numbers of that invalu
able class of subjects, and to furnljb them with abundant
anil remuierative employment except simple and even
handed justices I.et the Legislature " say" they, 'firmly
and resolutely require of Her Majesty's ministers that
protection against the encroachments rf the United
States which ought long since to have been awarded.
l.et Per Majest>'s government, bo respectfully infotmod,
tbat in return for that allegiance so cheerfully yielded to
the sovereignty of the Queen, her colonial subjects are
entitled to be protected by tho parent State against the
imnsion of their property by a foreign power, and ?hen
the fisheries are rescued from foreign intrusion, thousands
of Dritish st amen will find profitable employment on our
coasts and become expensive consumers of tho produc
tions of agriculture nnd the arts."
After alluding to the laxity which evidently prevails in
the collection of the revonue throughout the province, bv
which even the low rate of duty is considerably rodnced,
the report concludes with tho following table of those
which at present exist in Nova Scotia and New Bruns
wick, those which it is rccommcnded to levy, and those
o*cctcd in the United States: ?
Tariff Tariff of Proposed V. S.
of Nova Sew Altera- Dlitic*.
Scotia. Brunswick. Won.
jtrr ct. jtcr it. per ct. per ct.
Foots and shoes...... 10 20 20 30
Manufacr's of leather . 10 20 20 30
Chair {?*?- 29
Household furniture of
wood 6*? 20 20 30
Pianofortes ti'a 20 20 30
t'nulT and segars GJ4 20 20 40
Coaches, wagons, car
riages and sleighs.. 6*4 30 20 30
Wooden wares of all
kinds 6 >4 30 20 30
Auricult'l Implements
except ploughs 0/4 30 20 40
Stovei of all kinds and
paits thereof 6)4 15 15 30
Apparatus fir outting
s tone 6^-4 15 15 30
Iron castings for ma
chinery 6 '4 15 lfi 30
Silk b?tP & hat bodies 6}+ 20 15 30
Biscuit Ime, 3s.4d. per I f 3i. 4d.
cwt J (prewt.
Biscuitor bread exempt 10 0>,?prct
Bricks .... G'i 10 10 30
Sole and upper leather, ) ( 2d.
2d. jer lb..,. / \perlb.
Trade Between Raxteni and Western Cities.
[From tho C'bicago Democrat, March 30 ]
It is un itom of great importance to the cities of the
Atlantic coast to know which of the three, Philadelphia,
New York or Boston, shall secure tto mercmtlle interests
of the thriving and increasing cities of the West. This
is a source of rivalry to those cities, and naturally ereates
a great deal of jealousy among them.
Nuw York has undoubtedly shared largest in the bene
fits of Western trade thus far, and a prospect for a d'ffer
ent result would be met by that, oily with continued
resi.-tance.
The proposed " Air Line" communication with Phila
delphia would meet uncompromising contest from New
Yoik, where it not that almost simultaneously with that
connection, the mercantile tactician* and interested ope
rators of New York will have a direct road completed
from their city to Harrisburg, thereby rendering them
able to engage In the future contest with quite as favo
mble prospects as they now enjey.
Boeton would, perhaps, be considered too far away,
were it not for some advantages tbat her capitalists pos
sees, that render hor able to compete against this dis
tance. The circnmstarces which are strongly in her f.i
vor are her commercial vigor, and tho faet that her
molded men ate large stockholders in many of the lines
of ti asportation connecting with the West and North
west. She Is not by any mean* considered an Inconside
rable rival by the other cities in the mercantile oompe
tition. But the general impression that New York is now
in 'lie advance, naturally fosters the imprexsinn that
with her superior advantages she will he mist likely to
attain m.H hold a permanent supremacy in thisrrspoct.
Ticaamy Notci Outtinnding, April 1, isr>;).
Amount outstanding of the several issues
prior to 'i2d of July, 1840 as per records of
this tfllce $106,411 64
Amount outstanding of tbe issue of 22d of
July, 1846, as per do 0,480 00
Amount outstanding of the issue of 2Sth of
January, 1847, as per do ?,700 04
$118,5')1 04
Deduct cancelled notes in the hands of acouut
inoAofllcets, all underaet* prior to 22d July,
1846 150 00
$118,411 64
Mh. Ai.kxandrk Abkrckombik, of Greenville dis
trict, 8. C., committed suicide, 011 the 2 2d ult., by
cu44ing liia Uuutt with a pocket kuiTe. Tlio cau^c 0!
the melancholy act is not known.
FROM WASHINGTON CITY.
Gnat (Camber of Appointment* and CanOr
BktttM.
TELEGRAPHIC.
LAROE NT7MBKK OF APPOIKTMHNTS AND CONFIRM A.*
TI0N8 ? NKW TERRITORIAL OFFICERS ? THK BALTI
MORE NOMINATIONS ? ARMY PROMOTIONS , KTC.
SraClAL OOi-.IUHPOKDKHrx OF THE NFW YORK 1URALD.
Washington, April 4?0 P. M.
A large number of nominations were sent into the
Senate to-day. Among them wai the Domination of 0. 6.
Davenport as Chief Justice for New Mexico, vice Judge
Maker, removed. This nomination led to an Interesting
and important discussion upon the power of the Presi
dent to remove from office a federal Judge in the Territo
ries. Ihla, however, has long been doubted. It is not
derived from the constitution, nor de the laws creating
thece Judges confer the power in express terms. On the
coutrary, they prescribe that the Judges shall held- their
oflieea tor four years. The removal ot Judge Baker on
this occasion Is the first instance of the kind which has
occurred in the history of our government. Finally,
after debate, a resolution was adopted to day by the
Senate, recognising the power of the executive, and thus
hitilii g the question for the future.
The following nominations were contlime'1 : ?
Daniel Sturgeon, ex-Senator, Superintendent of the
Miut at Philadelphia.
It Griffith*, Marshal for the Southern district, Missis
sippi.
V. Casey, Treasurer of the United States.
D. C. Bigger, Bolster ot the Treasury.
Ii. D. Stark-, Collect r, Cnmdeu, North Carolina.
Clement, C'clleot or, Portsmouth, N. H.
Truman Wait Postmaster. Charlotteville, Vu.
N. McNultj Postmaster, Georgetown.
G. If BuLOlett. Postmaster, Portsmouth, N. II.
t). Allen. Jr.. Postmaster, Pitts field, Mans.
I!otigl;\s9 A. Danforth, Po.itmaster, Burlington, Vt.
l.utlinr Jenkins, Postmaster, York, Pa.
Y. V. llrodliead. Postmaster, Detroit, Mich.
Vr. New man, Postmaster, Milwaukio.
J. J." Ilester, Postmaster, Enston, Pa.
Mr. lU-indart, Postmaster, Lancaster, Pa.
John White, Collector, Milwaukio.
Mordecai Deady and Cyrus Olney, Associate Justices,
Oregon.
The following nominations were referred : ?
J. C. Haines, Postmaster, Bangor, Me.
Robert Burns, Surveyor of the Revenue, Eastport, Me.
Rulua Mclntyre, Surveyor, New Portland, Me.
Jno. Ellis Warren, Secretary of Legation, Central
America.
Henry Keilart, Postmaster, I-anoaster, Pa.
Charles 8. Ramsay, Marshal, New Mexico.
William Kerr, Postmaster, Kingston, N. Y.
Lewis Lunaford, Collector, Petersburg. Va.
G. G. Davenport, Chief Justice, New Mexico, rice Judge
Baker, removed.
Kirby Benedict, Associate Justice, New Mexico.
Jno. Marshal, Postmaster, Piqua, Ohio.
Judge Pratt, Judge in Oregon.
NOMINATIONS AKD CONFIRMATION'S in TUE ARMY.
Engineer Corp s.
M. P. Whiting, Klrit Lieutenant, from March lOtli,
1853, vice Stevens, resigned, and appointed Governor of
Washington.
Brevet Second lieutenant, James C. Dume, to be Second
lieutenant vice Whiting promoted.
Second lieffimcnt ? Artillery.
Second Lieutenant, J. C. l'idball, to be First Lieutenant
vice Peck, resigned.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, James V&nhorn, Third av
tilleiy, to be Second Lieutenant vice Tidball promoted.
tSrst Regiment? Dragoon*.
Second Lieutenant, O. II. P. Taylor, to be First lieuten
ant vice Wilson, deceased.
Breve c Second Lieutenant, J. P. Moore, to be Second
Lieutenant vice Taylor, promoted.
Fit ft Regiment ? Artillery
First Lieut., S. K. Daw?on, to be Captain vice Hath
away, deceased.
Second Lieutenant, John Dewert, to be First lieutenant
viee Daw?on promoted.
Brevet Secoud Lieutenant. James W. Robinson, to be tie
oona lieutenant vice Dement promoted.
Pint Infantry.
Second Lieutenant E. D. Stockton, to be First Lieute
nant vice L'enman, deceased.
Brevet Second lieutenant G. A. Williams, to be Second
Lieutenant vice Stockton, promoted
Upon the representation of Governor Lowe, the Presi
dent, it is understood, has consented to withdraw the ap
j ointment of John Kettlewell, as Naval Officer for Balti
more, and give it to James Polk, who was nominated a
Suiveyor of the Port, but declined.
Judge L? grand, of Maryland, has contented to accept
the oflice of Solicitor ot the Treasury. X. Y. 7..
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, AND OTHER APPOINT
MENTS.
FROM A RKIULAR CORRIBPONDBWT.
Washington, April 3, 1853.
The Senate to-day confirmed Colonel Polk as Surveyor
of Baltimore, hut he declined, and the President after
wards nominated Dr. J. 0. Wharton for that offico.
Among the nominations sent in to-day were ex Senator
Sturgeon for Sub- Treasurer at Philadelphia, vice Mr.
F.wing, declined; Robert White, Collector of the port of
Galveston; and J. W. l'omeroy aud J. T. Emerson, Ap
piaisers at Baltimore.
Among the confirmations are & number of land officers
Alabama and Mississippi.
BY MAIL.
Appointment* by the President.
By and with the advice and a msett* of the Senate.
CUSTOM yol'SK OITIPKUS.
Collectors
Daniel S. Dickinson, district of New York, New York,
vice Hugh Maxwell, removed.
Charles Brown, district of Philadelphia. PennsylAnia,
vice Wm. D. 1 ewia, removed.
I'd want T. Ilillyer, district of Newark, New Jersey,
vice Fnderlck S. Thomas, removed.
Willimn K. Bo wen, district of Bridgetown, New Jersey,
vice Kj.hraitii lluok, removed.
Alexander fc'omeivllle, district of Saluria, Texai, vice
I.evi Jones, removed.
Surreyors.
John Cochrnn, district of New York, New York, vice
Zobcdee King, whose commission has expired.
Isaac W. Iriickle, at Camden, New Jersey, vice Philip J.
Ciay, removed.
navai, omnw.
Hf-mnn J. Redlield, District of New York, New York,
vice I>avid A. Bokoe, removed.
Nathaniel B. Kldred, District of Philadelphia Pennsyl
vania, vice Petor K. Ellmaker, removed.
ATTOn\BT8.
Miguel Antonio Otero, to be Attorney of the United
States for the District of New Mexico, in place of fc). P.
West, resigned.
George F. Shelley, to be attorney of the United States
for the District of Maine, in place of Thomas A.Debois,
removed.
Lucius B. Peck, to be attorney of the United States for
the District of Vermont, fn place of Abel Onderwood, re
moved.
National 3. Price, to be attorney of the United States
fur the Northern District of Mississippi, in place of Wood
son L. Upon, removed.
Samuel W. Inge, to b" attorney of the United States
for the Northern district of California, in place of Cal
houn Benham, removed.
XARMTAM.
William M. Addison, to be attorney of the United
states for the district t f Maryland, in place of Z. Ci>llins
l.re, removed.
Wesley Jones, to be marshal of the United States for
the district of North Carolina, in placc of Ueorge Little,
rr moved
? buries Cliapin, to be marshal of the United States for
the district of Vertnont, in place of John Pettes, whose
CMr.mission liss expired.
John W. Watliins, to be msrshal of the United States
for the district of Maryland, in pl ice of Thomas H. Kent,
removed.
mSTMASTMW*.
1'sniel Watrous, at Lyons, New York.
William L. Tucker, at Palmyra, New York.
John Miller, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
C B. Dixon, at Jackson, Mississippi.
William Danism Slgourney, at Watertown, New York.
W'iKe B Doctrh, nt (larksville, Tennessee.
A P. Moderwell, at Columbia, Pennsylvania.
< limits L. Cocke, at Portsmouth. Virginia.
'llu mas Perry, at Rome, (ieorgia.
Jo '.cb O. Davies, at Baltimore. Maryland.
Joseph C. Fnow, at Bath. Maine.
N. L. Woodbury, at Portland, Maine
Warren Hathaway, at Hast port, Maine.
.lor-eph S. Noyes, ?t Belfast. Maine.
Thomas K. Ijitic, atSaeo, Maine.
I'dgar Whidden, at falsi*, Maine
T r Theobdld, at (iardiner, Maine.
Isaao v. Fowler, ?t. New York city, New York.
J. J. W. tiiey, at ' lrveland, Ohio.
MiMmuwaom.
Leander Chapman, to be Surveyor General of the Uni
ted stales f< r the district northwest of the Ohio, oin
bunli'K tlie States of Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan, vice
( hsiles N'l.ble, removed.
James II. Birch, of Mtarouri, to be register of the
Laid Cffire at PlatUbu'g, Mimourl, vice Thomas E.
Riirh, reiuovtd.
William Brown, of Misaourl. to be r* reiver of public
meiieys at l'Lttlsburg, Missouri, vice John T. Hughes, re
moved.
Willis A. tJorman, of Indiana, to be Governor of the
territory of Minnesota, in place ot Alexander Hamsay,
re moved.
J?hn A. IHx, to be Assistant Treasurer of the United
States at New York, in the State of New York, in place
ef L Dradish. removed.
lewis A Bird sail to be superintendent of the branch
of llou.iulof tlx* liuiUei la tlalifwaia.
Robert Fw;ng of Pcnnsylvauia, to be treasnror of th
mini at Philadelphia, id fhce of Ktfafrd C. Dale re
?iflttd. _
TBI KBW TOII COLLBCTT/WJHIP ? OSXM9 KXOITE
MKNT.
Hon. Daniel 8. Dickinson ia no* at hi* residence. in
Blnchamton, and we learn that he will accept tbe Collec
tonhip of New York. A great ?t?r ia of course made
among the expectant*. Mr. Dickinson will bt< b;inf push
ed. In addition to hU numerous f/Veodi at home? all
friends now? embassies from all pu.'ts of the country
will floek to Wih. I!f tig ham ton stock hup. The barn
burner* are down. Observe some metltod, gentlemen, in
your applications. Don't all speak at once. Mr. Dlekitf
Ma can probably be seen "during oBce hours." ? Bitfj
Amnion N. Y. Republican, April 1.
The Recent Haider In the PlfWWaid.
EXAMINATION OK TUB PR1HONKK, DE COltN ? 1119
STATEMENT OV THE APKAIK.
Before Coroner Hilton.
Yesterday afternoon the Coroner examined Louis De
Corn, who stands charged with the murder of Kugune
Melville, by shooting him witll a pistol, on the morning of
the 31st ultimo, at the premlMe, Mo 308 Greenwich street.
Hie Coroner informed the prisoner that he wax going to
examine him, In aocordanoo with law, on the charge of
wilfully taking the life of Eugene Melville; and that he
was at liberty to answer or decline to answer auy question
that might be put to him.
The prisoner bowed his acknowledgements, and an
swered' uh follows. ?
Q. ? What is your same?
A. ? 1-ouis De Corn.
Q.? Where were jou born*
A. ? In Martinique, West Indie*.
Q ? Where do you residor
A. ? At No 308 Greenwich street.
Q. ? Wliat in your occupation?
A. ? 1 am a pbysioian, but now engaged iu mercantile
business.
(}. ? Have vou anytblug to say, and if no, what, in rela
tion to the charge here prolerrod against you: viz :
' Hiut Eugene Melville came to his death by a pistol shot
wilfully liied at hlut by touts De Corn March Slut, 18fi3 "
A. ? I i-hot liiin in iletunce of my life. I understood he
was a madman and lie wanted to kill me
As the above was all the prisoner wished to say nt
present in' the altalr, Coroner Hilton fully committed
him to ptiion to uwait a trial.
During the txaniln.it.ion the prisoner win attended by
his counsel Messrs. Ijurcoque and Barlow. Mr. Giraud,
the prisoner's partner in business, was a'.-o present. Af
ter the examination, Do Corn appeared quite cheerful,
conversed freely with his oomisel for a short time, and
was then conveyed back to his lonely cell in the Tomb*.
New York HorlU-uIturnl Society.
The regular monthly meeting of this society was held
last evening, at the Btu> vnsant Institute, W. C. H. Wad
dell presiding, and Peter B. Mead olttciatinpaa secretary.
The attendance was not very numerous, but a great deul
of interest was manifested in the proceedings. Am >ng
the floral beauties exhibited were some remarkably fine
ccmellas, a large number of monthly roses, a cactus, a
hibheus, araleas, cinerarias, verbenas, pansles, gerani
nms, xtockgillles, and bouquets. The rueoting was called
to order about tight o'otock. after which the minuted of
tie previous meeting were read and tho usual prelimi
nary business transacted. The Executive Committee re
ported, in accordance with previous instructions, that
they had duly considered the propriety of publishing the
circular of uie society, and that they had authorized the
Recording Secretary to have five hundred copies printed.
The report was adopted without debate. The Secretary
tead a communication, announcing the de?th of Mr. Wm.
Necle, who was formerly an astive member. Two new
members were proposed and elected The Room Com
mittee reported that they had engaged one of the rooms
on the third floor of the Stuyvosant Institute, at a rent
of two hundred dollars. A brief debate followed, ou a
motion to adopt the report, when it was finally put to the
vote and lost. It was then decided to refer the subject
back to the Committee; but hero a new difficulty arose by
the i of u Mil of one of the members to participate any
further in the action of the Committee. His roiignation
was accepted, after considerable opposition on the part
of the majority of the members. The greater part of the
time of the meeting \*a* consumed in a discussion as to
the accommodations and inconveniences of the room un
paged bv the Committee, the opinion of the majority
helrg decidedly unfavorable to it. There baing no fur
ther bush-ess befoie fue meeting, it adjouined till the
fiist Monday iu May.
Marine Affair*.
Sikammup I'mok ? Tito following pusamtgers left San
Francisco on (ho fin-t of Maroh, in the sto&mship Win
fleld Pcott, which was to connect with the Union. Mont
of them if not all, proliably embarked on board that ves
sel. which left Aspinwall on the 18th ult., for JTow York
and has not since been heard of. ? ?
llilaircs M.'infraih and lady, Antonio Jc la Oliva, Jean
Ga?.ere and lady, A Rooon, H Riofrey, laabolla S Carter
and child S Hopkins, V 1' Lattlmore, (J Martin, J W Cad
walader, FHrentn, T B Haddock. W Glldtwirthy, ERPaul,
Luther Parb h, S Nichols, W Badger, D T il.-irt, J C Din
nell. M 11 l*o?, John Hinman, 1) N Jones, G L Fessenden,
Sniuutl Smith, Jm.ej.li *MiIler, A Monies, M Weherby, G
Vallns, J S Stereos, John Hall. (J W Jolineoii, James Chat
lin, Jacob Gray, Mrs Sitter and two children, Charles and
George I'olsen. Jamas Bradford, E R Sbipmati, W A Bind
ford, T J Bradford, Stephen H. Julian, J Rullliu, J H
Wiseman, J W Cockuran, S Goodhue, J Burgess, Eugene
larergne. and CO in the steerage.
Stfamkiht ItiDKmrnMOfOB ? The NicaraTua atoamyhip
ledej endence, having on board the passengers which left
this city on the 20th January, on boaid the Northern
light for San Joan, had not arrived at San Francisco on
the 1st of March, she being then some ten or twelve days
overdue. Rome anxiety wm f??t at San Francisco for
her fafety. The steamship Golden Gate, which arrived
on the 19th of February, passed the Independence on her
upwaid tlip-, off the gulf of California. The following are
the names of the pass copers : ?
Mr R Hatch, J FEparhawk, G Kimball, D M Barker, K
Bulfnm, Mrs A Bloom field. Mr? M S Ayres, R Drown, Mrs
K Drown. Mrs Dickey, J Merdozj, J .Steele, W W Stevens,
Lieut F Stanley. J lllxOD, A Sowaid. Mrs Elizabeth logins,
(i W Ingles, Henry Wheeler, Charles R Cullen. Jos W
tireoi.band, Geo W Lapeer, L I 'a_v, Z Cook Jr W Corey, A
Ormlchael, Allison Scott, R Stockdalc. DFiidlay, IP
Smith, Wm n M?Cend!eRfl. II C '/inn, P M Weddell, MIsk a
J Weddell, James Tallr-n. R M Brewington, B F Cainerot,
R A Knox. J James. W Holnies, Wm E ScoilioH. Mr.s
WEEcoffleld, H E Richmond, CC Hardy, John Stone,
I. B Cross, ICC Matin, T M Gattrell, Miss M Lackeny,
KG Cook, SDGUItnore, l-'raiicis M:i (Tin. Mrs F MuOln,
Mrs F Banter, E I iglit. Mrs t Light, E Block, BCohn,
H Strauss. II Smith, B F Ward. Jus 1' Letvii, II Mosher.
R Mohher. H 8 Greenfield C Hall, Mrs C Hall. J F Hall, E
N Hall, E Nellis, Mr and Mrs Wm Pierce, Mrs Howland,
J T Howland, 8 C Howland, C M Howland G W Ilowe,
M < bauncey. Chas D Bellows, C D Grar.nisa, J Gillis,
C Fisher, A W Tutner, A B Turner,' I) I alc.y, C A
Ward. 11 W Pell, 1. Nclan, W Doyle. A B Reynolds, Wm
Vun Sawn, S I"ruilen, O Morris, I, p Dexter, V K IVs. en
den, L Il.irdmnn, J G Johnson, J Hal stead, Jo.s T Ilulst,>ad,
J D Nelson. W G Stokes, James Caldwell, T S Vaughn,
S S Potter, H Earnhart, D II Byara, S Robbing J Abbott,
II C Bean, L C Stevenson, A Gilmore, A C Bowen, F Gil
moie, C Oilmore, A Bro\ui, J Fleming, 8 Davidson, H
Porton, J Pochard, M I'arkir, W Bacon, M Barher, J
Croja, R Taj lor. S Thoime. Mrs K Sullivan. 11 Mott, W
Bell, A Hemphill, W Bacon, W Bateman, F Harvey, E
Gariett, J Williams, J G Jeffers, W 3 Moulton, A Richard
fon, W lJncoiii, I, 1,'ncoin. A Lincoln, W t'hase. W A
Seai Is, J H?'arim, S S Paul, G F Davis. J Davis. L S Felt, J
D Felt, W I! Ha'cli J Masterman J Gorton, W Scott, l.C
Sutton, W R Bignall, TO'Nfal. I Richir<bm,W L Borden.
D Gweps, W Borden, W Whitney, J I'.rown, H Taylor, A
l'?nny, W Davidson, L P Fuller, II llruce, I) Barker, J
Green, J Westoff, J Weatherington, A Weatherington, G
I'etkins, .1 Myers, N Heck, F Baxter S Taylor, D Nichols,
?V Morse. M McDonald, J A Nichols, W fmrin, W S Bab
bock, J liow land. J Eight.. R Light. J G Hale O Hale, A
Talker, PCaiter, W Brown, C W Tyler, J K Willougliby,
E K Manning, C I* I'atferton, J Guignon. PCox, I) F
bishop, E K Drake, Mirs A Welch. Mary A Murphy, D
Muipliy, J Murphy, S Chiids, D Aberle, R Keinbolt. A
Fiflier," M Figet, P Baker. W Orr, J Crotts. W Is-balister.
L I.Ciav, W A i gull, S Stephens. T M Wil?on, J Arnott, R
11 D'juglas. ? H Newell, W Newell, A Kittridgn, J 11 Mit
tiuioje, H J Roberta. R Gitting, W H Finch, I Smith, C
Thayer, L Sweet, T Rurge?a, H Ford. J C Parmater, J H
I.tadlty, J Bauin, J Weaver ? 273 in the steerage.
TO TflF EDITOR OF THE NEW YORK IIKHAI.D.
Nkw York. April 4. ISM.
l'legpe inform me, through your valuable llKRAi.n, the
exact time th? Arctic arrived at her dock in l.ivorpool on
her la?t outward tlip. Al.so which is thn correct mode
of comparing time ? from dock to dock, or how? I hp
lleve, acco-dtng to the rules of lacing, the winning horse
cr 1'oat must arrivt at the "winning post" before its com
1 etitor Now, what I want to come at is, in what part of
r old Father Neptune'* race course in that winning post
planted on the John Bull fide of the water? Tli? veiy
foeie and indefinite manner In which these things are
given by some journals, e.xprej-ing an entirely fx parte
statement of the facts, causes us t?? trouble the old Hkhald
for reliable Information oftener. peibaps. thn n the strict
rules of HKi'tti and tirum prcsci ilie. Respectfully, LEO.
[The Arctic armed at Liverpool, ac.-ordirg to the Eng
lish|npera at midnight of the Ifith ult Our calcula
fions ate always i a<le from the t'me the steamer Irnvei
her dork ?o one gh?e of the AHintic utitii she arrives op
poiito to it on the olher, without deducting lor dillerence
in longitude. The "mode," howe\er, is arbitrary ; and on
a bet, ought to be particularly specified Some reckon
from the Rock Light i.t Lherpool to Sandy nook, or to tl?e
Qi:at an tine, at Slaten Bland, and Kef
Tbanpah I.imi of St ram icrh nwiwraw LffWJ1
ami Canaha ? An English on per of Montreal s'ates to
Iirm' r?eeiv?d from Mr. BeJhouse. the agent of Messrs.
McKesn and MclArty. of Llrerpool, the lnfwrtratlon that
those gentlemen are prepared to fnllll their contract with
the Cnusdlan government ard that, accord ingl to that
contract, a steamer will he despatched hy them about the
1Kb of next monfb, from Liverpool to the 8t. l*wtence.
?(fi'Her, Ca nailian, Marrh 28.
Eu^oTioii IN Concoru. To-day aa oioclioa
for ci^ offioen wiM Uke pU? \m Coacord, N. H.
App, ??! tn behtdf of Uta CWMir oT lwt?>
xerl*nd.
81s th* usand? end probably more? flwiae citisen* ef
the canto* Tlcluo, residents of Lomberdy, have lately
been expelle* Whence bj the Austrian government, in ?
cruel manner, \ "thout even leaving them the time neoee
sa ry to settle th. 'I*
We bear that th. ,Ke unfortunate fellow citizens? 4uoeag
when are many eid meni women and children ? have ar
rived in the canto* ev Tlcino, In the most miaerabie it its
baring, moreover, bmt 1 expelled from their home* during a
moot inclement sense*.
It 1* useleas to make Ik ffre anT comment* on thU arbi
trary measure taken by t> " Austrian government againat
industrious and imioceif i uen.
Subscription* have beev X nade in Switzerland in favor
of these unfortunate exile*. Presuming that the SwIm
citizen* in New Yo/k, andNiw, ugfcout the United State*,
would al.-o wi,h to ?H.i.t tin* above-named unfortunate
fellow citi/ODH, a sub?oriptrfe? ? . ?r
purpow! at the oflice of the On* ulate of Swritxeiland in
New York, No. 43 New street, donations even for
the small amount of one el " re09'*6?. between
10 ocl?ck, A. M and-4 I' M. '
The fund* procoeding from thewet 'onatlong will be duly
forwarded to the Federal Oouncil-offft itzerland, at Berne,
with ?be request tliat they be dl*po** 1 of in {*ror of our
*o cruelly treated follow citizens.
Donation* from citizens of the UmtM States, or of any
other nation, who would ? l*h to join- % ' in *?t of
charity, will aleo most thankfully be ree? 'Ted at the Con.
sulate of Switzerland in New York.
It in respectfully recommended to act..\?H h Promptitude
in this chariluble ttll'air. L. Pit 1 I^UZE,
Consul of Switzerland in New York, >&?. 43 New at.
N B.? Such editors of newspaper* in the- 0 "ited Statee
bk would wish to do an aot of charity, are rsnf ?ctfully re
quested to publish thin appeal in their pap?;i.
Father (lavaztl's PlfOi Lectam,
Father fiavar.fi delivered his fifth lecture in tlu ' Bf*d
way Tabernacle last evening, before a pretty largv ' ?udi
enco. On his appearance he was taueh appltntided Be
befged pardon of his audience for a mistake which had
appeared in a portion of the public proas, mentiok 'og
7 % o'clock a* the hour of his lecture, when- it was a n<l
would be 8 o'clock precisely. Tho subject of thi? evu ?
ing, he said, is the temporal powers of the Pope, asp* '
clally that which is called Popedom,, or tha Kingdmn <A
the Pope; and as the matter is very large, so l shall only
prove this evening thin temporal power of the Pope tot
practice as tho peculiar prince of the Romen'States; en^
with the blessing of Cod, on Friday I shall speak of (he
temporal power of the Pope, considered under the a speefc
of temporal supremacy at large, with the can cm law. Om
Friday, I cay, I shall speak on the subject of tho
Papal intolerance. Father Gavazzi then deliver
ed an address, as usual, in the Italian tongue,
alter which he proceeded with hie lecture in English
Tbe Pope is king? is king ? with power, splendor, gran
deur, and a royal court. He is a king; but the question
is, is he a lawful king? Yes ? tho temporal power of th*
Pope, is it scriptural? The answer Is rather a difficult
one. We find in the (impel. Christ preaching before Pi
late. and t-aying. "My kingdom is not of this world."
lit t a Jesuit, Cardinal liellarmino, once said that Cfrrist
answered in that way because ho was dying and that,
being so near as he was to death, really and justly an
swered, "My kingdom is not of tUlrf world; because f am
going to my father, and therefore my kingdom is of aa
t tlier world ? of the everlasting world." The answer is o
very astute answer, a verv Jesuitical answer; but I have
the honor to say that ChriBt was not a Jesuit (laughter),
and therefore Christ, when he said, "I ain the way
the life," spoke the truth. Christ was not the inventor
of the mental reservation, and therefore when Christ
raid, My kingdom is not or this world," tho words of
Christ mean that really in this world he never had*
kingdom: because if he were dying ? very well! when o
man possesses really a kingdom, even when he is dy
ing. he transmits his possession to hi* sons or heirs; and
if Christ possessed a kingdom really, he would have
left the possession to Peter as his vicar on earth, and
from Peter to all successors of Peter ? viz., he would haw
left his kingdom to the Pope. But Christ said, "My kingdom
is not of this world ," therefore I shall maintain that
really Christ never had any kingdom, and nevor will ham
a kingdom, because he was the master of all kingdoms}
and, therefore, if he chose to live only humble ana poor,
and with thorns, it is a sign that he was very far from
having principality and kingdom, and. according to the
Word of lied, we And in the New Testament all but the
temporal power of the l'opo. St. Paul said clearly ifeat
any one who is engaged with the tilings of God cannot
tcbow temporal attain. And according to this we have
the tlicurv of Christ, "Uive to Cujsar tho things of Crosar,"
and the practice of tbe primitive Christiana, according to
St. Paul, was, "Pray for all magistrate-), acd governor#,
and princes, and kings. '' Therefore, in tho primitive
times of Christianity we have no temporal power of the
Pope. More and more, according to the baok of God, we
find that Christ said ? in order to quote the authority
very well to answer my old Human Catholic brethren, a*
tbatthey may not be mistaken on this point, 1 have fith
me my very little friend, the good and faithful New TVa
tament? and 1 find in Luke, 2'J<1 chapter and lftth verse,
''Then he said unto tbcm, the kings of the Gentiles
exerciso lordship over thee, and they who exereise
authority over them ate called benefactors; but it shall
not Ire so, but he who is great among you let him be as
the younger, and he who is chief as he who doth serve.'*
Now, this text excludes entirely any principality or royal
ty among tbe Apostles, and, therefore, according to tbe
Word of fiort, we have no temporal power trftismittod to
the present l'ope ? Pope Pius IX. at Rome: and, there
fore, we can arrive at tbe first conclusion, that the tern
pcialpiwerof the Pope Is really uascriptural But if
this temporal power does not come from God, from whom
does It come / Hear n,e. Satan once appeared to our
Divine Savior, and said unto him. ''If you will kneel be
fore me, 1 shall give you all the kingdoms of the earth;"
aBd Christ answered, "Co away. Satan, (laughter) for it is
written, you shall worship only your God, who is in Hea
ven." We find at pre-ent tlmt tho successor of Peter
so culled ? and the vlear of Christ enjovs principality ami
is really a kin*. What sign is that? That he knelt be
fore Satan (Api'lause.) If Christ never did grant any
kingdom to the Pope, and if Satan premised kingdom* to
Chiist il he should worship him, therefore, when the suo
cessor of Christ, so called, possesses and enjoys a kingdom,
it is a sign that lie knelt before Satan. (Anplause.) A very
good sign, mv dear brethren, for the temporal power of
tbe Pope. The l'ope is the spiritual head of the church,
niid he enjoys the title of universal bishop from a nor
d< rerer, the Kmpcror Koetius? and he enjoys the name of
pairmiu in temporalibtii from a usurper, Pepin of Franee,
the great robber of the French kingdom. So that you
Lave (he two nuppoiters of papacy and popedom ? a mur
derer nod ? robber. History deposes to the same. We
liave Charlemagne, al .o, who granted some principalities
to the Pope in Italy, but for two purpose first, to main
tain Italy divided; bncauso, he said, until the Pope exist
Italy will not be safe, but the Pope will retain always
the possession of the pi incipality which 1 grant at pre
sent, and therefore Italy will never more be Italy. Ai
second end of Charltmirgne was to make of Italy a
province of France to defend the kingdom and empire of
France by means of Italian firms and Italian hearts. So
that wo have the Pope, in the time of Charlemagne, a
great vassal of the Frcuch empire. After that period we
?a\e, day after day, the Pope increasing in
his temporal kingdom. The Countess Matilda of
Tuscany dting. left to him all her dominion in
Tutcany. I will say, this evening, a word upon the
good n an, firegory Seventh, who prescribed ealebacy to
the Roman Catholic olergy. His historians, monks and
bishops, say that this woman, the Countess Matilda, waa
iu love with Tom' Gregory Seventh? but all spiritual love,
mv fiisnds. (Ijivghtef.) And, according to her spirit
mil love, she abandoned her second husband, and oeme
to Gregory, to Rome, in order to be near to her spiritual
lover, (laughter,) and, dying, the Counters Matilda, in
order to prove her love to b? a truly spiritual one, left to
P0)0 firegory Seventh all her possessions in Tuseany; an
that those possessions which did not belong to her, abe
It It to firegory Seventh, to prove to the whole world in
future that she loved? but loved spiritually ? the Pope
of Rome. Father fiavazzi prooeeded to describe the ter
rible misgovercmcnt of the Papal States, and the want
of progt ess and luipiovement in all material aflairs for
which tie Roman States are remarkable. In conclusion
lie adverted to the probability of America being soon
Messed with a cardinal, a rank which proved to be a secu
lar. not a religious dignitary, and read extiaats from tbe
oath prescribed to toe cardinals, to show that they are
spies and inquUltots.
Coroner's Inquests.
FATAL ATTEMPT TO PRODUCT ABOHTIOW.
Coroner O'Donnell last evening, received information
that a woman named Mary Ann Cuddy, had died suddenly
at the house No. 2f4 Tenth street In consequenoe of hav
ing taken an overdose of the oil of tansy, for the purpose
of producing abortion. It appears that some months
since her luisbend left the city for California, leaving bis
wife and two or three children unprovided for, and to
destitute circumstances. After struggling nntll the
present time to support ber.xlf and family, and finding
herself, in consequence of her situation, untble any
longer to work, she became depressed in mind, and, by
the sd vice of n friend, prooured six cents worth of the
lM,ison from the drug store, corner cf Twenty fourth
itieet and Ninth avenue, which, upon getting home, she
diank, snd died soon sfter wards? the quantity of the
.,,1,011 ph" took beiog sufficient to kill several persons,
lbc Coiouer v% ill investigate the matter to day.
Police Intelligence.
Charge nf Stealing a Roat. ? Officer Cownn, Of the First
ward, vesterday arrested a roan named John Haley, on a
charge of stealing a boat, valued at $36, the propertyof
Washington Agate residing at 104 Hammond street. The
!>oa? was found nt. the foot of Rector street. North river,
In the possession of the accused and another man, who
made his escape when the officer approached. The pris
oner waa taken before Justice Bogait, who committed bins
to prison to answer the charge.
^ PifhiMeU Clerk ? Officer Nealls, of the Sixth ward,
yesterday arrested a young man nomed Charles Power, a
clerk in the employ of Mr. John A. talghton. a druggist, at
No. 471 Third avenue, on a charge of stealing from his
employer $.18 In money and a coat. It seems that, in the
absence of Mr. I<eighton he took the property and made
ofT Tbe ofllcer, en the arreet of the accused, found a
portion of the money In Ma posse sMrm The prisoner wee
eo?>*s>?] be I'm ? Juatire Bofari, who commuted him to
prison in default of MOO ball.

xml | txt