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NEW YO^tK HERALD.
JAMB* 'jOHDO* 111 KSTVi FT /ii'BHTim iKD EDITOR (rrlCI W. W., CORNER OF FCLTOM AN? MASSAC ITS. Tf.RMS THE V ALLY HERALD 1 cent* per cooy-t! pgr annum. TBE 'SKMKLY HERALD every Saturday.at 6V. cent* m, r rofM, or 13 #sr amnmm ; the European Edition. \t per to amy pmrt *f Ortal Britain, and 16 to any part of Uu ' eminent. Ml to ?i*clmde the jmtave. Y'SHTNTAR Y COKKM8PONDKSCE, containing impor to-4 new. ectieited from any quarter of rtc world ; if fed, vdi be M>er*Uy p<ud for. K^Ovh POBE16* Cob*i?M* I HUT* AH C PART I CI' L ABLY tnil'UTU T? IIU ALL LET TKBS mi' PaCEABES SEBT U?. NO .MOTKE of anonymous communication!. We do not return thvie wetted. ALL LETTERS hy mail. for SuhteripUnnt or with Adver |mi itirfta. to be pott paid, or the potiaye will be deducted from the money remitted JOh I'KItiTOM eMcuted with neatneti, chtapneu, and C I'li VE K TtSKMSSTS renewed every day. Talnnw JCVT1I...,......... .. S?. 1'4'i " amcsements TillS EVENING. VOW CRT THEATRE, Bowery?DamOk sit> Pvthias? Tit s Spv JKOAliffAT THEATRE. Broadway? M ?obech. BCRTON'S THEATRE, Chambers street? Begone Dull (mt-tbe Mtrmrr. NATIONAL 1'HEaTRK. Chsthaai street?Lavow wniit ??V C*?? ARMORER of Tv us. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway? Hub at Law? Paulina. ST. CHARLES THEATRE, Bowery? i'orsican's Re vbnob?Eteleeji Wilsob?Dechalvmeai'X. american MUSEUM?Afternoon? B>ors at the ?wa??Oirnmns. Men ;ng ?Willow Copse. CHRISTY'S OPERA HOUSE, 472 Broadway?Ethiopia* Melodies mr Christy's Opbra Tkuife. WOOD'S MINSTRELS. Wood's Musical Hall, 444 Broad way-EnuopiAB Minstrblst. madison avenue?pbahconi's colossal nippo BROMS. CIRCUS, 37 Bowery?Equbstriab Entertainments. CEORAMA, 586 Broadway?Bab tabu's Panorama o? rax Bolt Labd. HELLER'S SOIREES MTSTBRIEUSES, 939 Broadway. OWEN'S ALPINE RAMBLES, 630 Broadway. Haw York, Tuesday, May 3, 1853. Molls for Europe. THE new TORE WEEELT HERALD. The R. M. steamship Arabia, Captain Judkins, will leave this port to morrow, at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool. Subscription* and advertisements for any edition of '.he New YouflBiiD will be received at the following places to Europe ? Liverpool?John Hunter, No. 2 Paradise etreet Lowueji?Edward Sandford k Co., Cornhill. ?? Wm. Thomas k Co., No. 19 GatherLne s'reet. Far?? UvingstoB, Well* k Co., Roe de la Bourse. " B H. Revoil, X?. 17 Rue de 1* Banque. The European maik will close in this city at tto and a half o'clock. The Weekly Herald will be published at half past nine ? clock to-morrow morning. Single copies, in wrappers, ji i pence. The Newi. We learn from Washington that nothing was done with regard to the foreign missions yesterday. but our special correspondent re asserts that Gen. Dix will go to France; Gov. Seymour, of Connecticut, to Russia; and Gen. Gadsden to Mexico. The delay in mniring the foreign appointments is said to be owing to the fact that it is not intended to supersede our representatives abroad before the close of the fiscal year, which will be the last of next month. The members of the Cabinet appear to have had consider able trouble in deciding upon the claims of applicants for different poet offices in the interior of this State. According to our despatch, the liarnburuers and soft shells are likely to monopolise the larger share of the spoils. The President yesterday gave a recep tion to the members of the Volunteer Regiment of the District of Columbia. For sketches of the speeches, &c., on the interesting occasion, the reader is referred to another column. The New England Methodist Conference, in session at Ipswich, Mass., have adopted resolutions declar ing that all voluntary slaveholders -hould be ex ploded from communion with the chirch. Read the synopsis of the proceedings under the telegraphic Those interested in the canal trade will oe gratified ?o learn that the break near Syracuse has been re ared, and that from three to five hundred boats which bad been Btopped on either aide, were yester ?iay enabled to resume their journey. After a three days' discussion of the liquor ques tion in the Massachusetts House of Representatives a bill was yesterday introduced, proposing to return to the old system of allowing the people of the dif ferent localities to sanction the sale of liquor among them or not. The further consideration of the sub ject was then postponed till next Monday. Capt. Mulligan, of the brig Truxillo, who arrived Lere yesterday from Rio Janeiro, via Dominica, con firms the report of the death of the American Con wl at the former place. He expired about the 1st of March. Gov. Bigler's warrant for the execution of Arthur Spring, on the 10th proximo, was yesterday read to the condemned man, upon whom it is reported to have hid no other effect than that of causing him to repeat his asseverations of innocence, and declare that his sen was alone guilty of the horrid crime for which he is to suffer. By reference to the official returns, to be found in tie interesting monetary review on another page. i'. will be seen that the gold coinage of the Luited btates mint in Philadelphia, during the month of April amounted to to,305,080, the silver to ?4ir>,007, i.nd the copper to $2,510?amounting in all to|5, 72fi,5(t8. The total deposits of gold for the four mouths ending with April amounted to $20,810,372, nearly every ounce of which came direct to this c;ty by the California lines of steamers, and was conTtyed hence to Philadelphia over the New .Jersey railroads. On glancing at the registers of the various hotels, we find that the city is rapidly filling up with visiters from all parts of the world, many of them being per tons of considerable distinction for talent, enterprise, and wealth. The majority of them have come thus early in anticipation of being present at the open ing of the Crystal Palace exhibition on the day nrignally designated The journeymen shoemakers, who are on strike, held an adjourned meeting last evening at the i our teenth Ward Hotel in Grand street, and the meet ing, which was numerously attended was addressed by several of the members, who exhorted their brethren not to l>e alarmed, but to join truly to get her, and the iiosses m ist ultimately come to the t?jrms of advance asked for. One of the speakers alluded to the bosses becoming rich, and living in palaces np town, while the poor j irneymen, who in tact are the means of the.r wealth are coinpellc 1 to huddle together In one ^en. iit:c catt.< He, there fore railed npon them to remain f.rm .ind true l, each other, and they would succeed. lu some owe-., the bosses had contented to pve a portion of their hands the required advance, but wou;d <<ii y "ll"' down in their pass book th' old pt ? trick he hoped they would not tolerate, as it wn ?t deception, and injured the w!ule craft. " ? i-s.dciit of the meeting stated that it wa pi f ] ( -( (? that fitly of the men who had five dollar io?| , hould .uhar.ee that sum forthwith, tot v?'uvi. ti.r.y were to lie secured, and hereafter receive Hi ifrte?et.t thevi'i'.i. That amount ?y two !...n lind uuo urty dollars, would V,e applied to the IMM u,nt<' w.?,ivt? of th<*e memoes who were anal/.e t sustain timaselvtl tataf tfW paling strike. 1i. i.eiman Aoeainkcn i- ?> hcl?: i meetinge *:..a; i?>r mih ia? (iivt^'*' 1 l>o eosiixi'Kf" rom Ui< w Y< < 1 r.iitrrs < > ?|,? iiitivt t'lwii "*' r<i,,y r,x'"a' ?- ?: 1 a?:r-m I all, u receive i*p?r* frortt th? various Kccs .t. tneio t? >'* ' etic. w'.rt .. ear < ?i fountain KaJ! Luleveu'ny,. A r imher w ii n 11.. coro.tigiy ft the la-- MHWB I'la-Cj'vlje tli n;, i.., u* i' norted tid ' ' 'rC y ' ??? wn*.*4.*' ? ?> '' but thst fight held oat. After some discussion it waB determined to raise a fund for the support of those printers who had determined not to work until their demands had been aocefed to. While upon the subject we may aa well mention the fact that the compositors on the morning newspapers at Boston Lave asked for an increase of about sixteen per cent, which being refused by one or two of the offices, the printers are now on a strike. The hands in an estab. ni-bmeiit at Baltimore also struck yesterday, and afterwards injudiciously attacked the proprietor and compelled him to fly for protection. Such conduct will be deprecated by all right thinking men nothing is ever gained by rashne>w. The annual meeting of the National Typographi cal Union convened in Pittsburg yesterday. Repre sentatives were present from seventeen subordinate associations, in nine States?three societies having been added since the holding of the last convention. The delegate from the New York Book and Job I rintcre Co-operative Union was admitted as an honorary member, but without the privilege of vot ing. A warm discussion took place on a resolution i which was eventually rejected, declaring that it is expedient that two organizations should exist in this city- the nature of the work performed by the newspaper and book and job workmen being very dissimilar? most of the type-setting for the papers is accomplished between sunset and sunrise, at the expense ot health and rest; besides which it is abso lutely requisite that the compositors should be among the most competent of their class, combining a good education with swiftness and correctness in executing their work, as it frequently happens that for want of time the type composed by them is sent to press prior to being properly revised by either the authors or proof readers. On the other hand the book and job printere here, as is the case with the generality of compositors in other places, are not hurried and worried to such an extent as are their fellow craftsmen on the morning papers, and are seldom under the necessity of working by artitfeial light. The Board of Aldermen met last evening, but no business of importance was transacted. Alderman '1 lemann presented his protest, but the members were seemingly not in favor of receiving it, as three of them stepped out of the room, thereby leaving the Board without* quorum, which, inconsequence,had to adjourn. For a debate on the protest, see another column. The Board of Assistants did not organize, I for want of a qnorum. The pews in Hope chapel were set up for lease for the ensuing twelve months by the trustees of the Madison square Presbyterian church last evening. 1 he chapel has been rented for that term by the Rev. Dr. Adams's congregation. The bidding was spirited, and an amount of about four thousand two hundred dollars was realized in a few hoars. The body of Mr. <Villiam Schuyler, a merchant of Albany, who had been missing since the 23d of De cember last, was found yesterday by a boatman float ing in the East River, near the foot of Corlears street. There was no appearance of violence about the body; and what renders the death more like the result of accident is the fact of tindin j in the pockets of the deceased his gold watch and nearly two hundred dollars in money, which, if he had been the victim ol any assassin, would, no doubt, have been taken from his person. The report of the coroner s inquest will be seen elsewhere. To-day's inside pages contain two very interest ing letters from an ex-editor in Central America; \ enezuela and Madeira correspondence ; Pro ceedings of the Art Union Investigating Committee, the Board of .Supervisors, and the various courts Commercial, Theatrical, and a large amount of Mis cellaneous Intelligence, The KlaJtery (laestlon?Canuclla.ii Reciproci ty?Kjpectcd Debat or the \cw PremJcr Poln-y of General Pierce. As heretofore announced through our special telegraphic advices from Washington, it is pos sible that during this week Secretary Marcy will break ground upon the fishery question and commercial reciprocity, with H, B. Majes ty's colonies of Nova Scotia. New Brunswick. Newfoundland and the Canadas. We. how. ever, incline to the opinion that the foreign schedule of ministers, charges and consulates yet to be finally arranged, with some other pressing appointments, may detain the cabinet for still a week or two, and that then the diffi culty concerning the boundary of New Mexico will take the precedence of all other foreign matters. | It is quite safe, we presume, to predict that when the presence of the office seekers is re moved. from the consumption of the materials which attract them to Washington?when the catalogue of our various representatives and agents abroad is finished, and their instructions made out?in brief, when the brushwood and rubbish of the spoils ore clcared up, and the field is thus prepared for deliberate work, then we may expect our Premier to brush up his re- I miniscences of Grotius, Vattel. Bynckershoek and Puffendorf to lock the door of his library, and sit down with Mr. Crampton to a feast of d.plomacy on the fishery question and inter national reciprocities. We arc anxious to see William L. Marcy in this new character of the chief of our foreign negotiations. His most masterly stroke in this line of business. heretofore, was unquestionably that remarkable diplomatic correspondence with Gen. Scott, pending the Mfxican war, known as tLe Hasty Plate of Soup Correspondence.'' In that instance the General-in-chief of the army was extinguished ; for as a diplomat he has not subsequently made the slightest pre tensions to any degree of merit whatever. Hut excepting this can', we arc not aware that either the official antecedents or the peculiar ten dencies of the mind of Secretary Marcy have been of a diplomatic turn. For all that he may be well read in diplomatic affairs, and fully conversant with the hair-drawn technicalities and verbose abstractions of the treaty stipula tions, and the interminable correcpomlencc. and the colonial, parliamentary and Congres sional proceedings in relation to the North eastern fit-lieri'1". and the reciprocal free trade with the British North American provinces. Nor do we entertain any very serious appre hensions of the inability <>f our Premier to cope with the subtleties of the codfish, free trade, or any other q .< t!on. acting, as hew.11 ; ct under the ?xpi< ss instructions and assi? tu.ee of Gc:\ Pierce and the ix other members of the CH'o'i.' t. If w h ive any misgiving, it is that the official po ition ami influ < ee ol the Premier will rather check than f; ( 1 tat*- the settfemcr t of o.ir various tin ECtitled diplomat'c affair? A ,'e is conserva tive, and glow and cautious In its movements, and the old rat liar wis -ly said that ' Caution is the parent o safety.'' Of this saving princi ple. however we have ah n ly had too much. The c< r.ntry hu? so deoluied; and the admiuis troi'or) I in a position win re it is expecte 1 to .ci w.-i. omctLiog <?:' prom: tituda, d c'wioa und efficiency. Cat. as w >i: '.,??? neither to anticipate t-1; Picioicr i '. to prejudge bin we are f.?'-fr.reC t> ?irni < "icial act: in i.ia case 'i two before p < on cing upon bin fit nesp for th' important eh "which be tills at this rn ' important epo-h i oar foreign rela tions. 1 he old ma? 'm hath it, that " the pro u' 11 the | adding iu in th' eating thereof " so .v n.iw* ? en be c * ' til It -a foiled. <<( he pol!"y <?' ?!" tdm itistration with re , a?<i o tl Cftnadus .'1 'he neighboring r. >!<?? nies, we have very little reason to be distrust-' fuL On the contrary, we are somewhat con fident that General Pierce has marked out as his line of action the most liberal programme of neighborly reciprocity. If we are not widely mistaken, he will prove himself to be fully up to the tree trade tendencies of these times, and by no means inflexibly opposed to the perma nent settlement oi the fishery question upon the broadest free trade basis with the colonics. And here, would our spacc permit, we might proceed to some statistics and arguments in support of this policy. Suffice it for the present, to say that a judicious schedule of enlarged re ciprocal free trade with the British provinces would instantly throw an immense amount of additional traffic upon our railroads and canals; and that if particular interests were to suffer from the cheapening of brcadstuffs, beef, mut ton. lumber, and other articles of home con sumption. the masses of the community would be correspondingly benefitted from the increase of these supplies. And it is in this light, of the largest benefit to the greatest number, that we believe the subject is regarded by, and will be treated under, the auspiccs of Gen. Pierce. How the fishery question proper now stands, exactly we are not apprised. We presume it re mains where Mr. Webster left it?the temporary negotiations of Mr. Everett on the subject hav ing been dropped by the Senate. At all events, there is a sufficient margin for a broad and com prehensive treaty, embracing the fisheries and reciprccal free trade; and from all that has been ascertained we have no reason to fear that Gen. Pierce is in this matter behind the spirit of the age. We have an abiding hope that his settlement of this business will be a feather in the cap of his administration. Is the Premier ready ? The HtallMfNtw York?Weeewrtty of a Great Central Park. We published, the other day, a little table of the mortality of several of the principal cities of the United States; and the wide difference between the weekly list of deaths of New York and Philadelphia struck us as a matter well worthy the serious consideration of our city fathers, our citizens, and all concerned in the health and prosperity of this great commercial metropolis:? The deaths in New York, for the week ending April23,were '? 311 In Philadelphia, for the week ending April 1G.. 17G Difference 1^5 Now. the ratio of population between Philadel phia and New York, according to the last cen sus is as four to live; or, the exccss of the popu lation of New York is equal to one-fourth of the whole population of Philadelphia. In this relation, the excess of the mortality in this city | ove* that of Philadelphia should only be one fourth more. But the foregoing figures?that is to say, if they afford anything like a fair stan dard of the comparative weekly deaths in the two cities the year round?exhibit the mortality in New York to be disproportionately larger than that of the city of Philadelphia. What are the causes of this unnatural mor tality of New York, as compared with Philadel phia'/ We Fay unnatural, because there can be no healthier natural position for a great city than the beautiful site occupicd by New York. Looking out upon the sea, flanked upon either side by a large, deep river, the waters of which are kept pur# and wholesome by the prevailing salt sea brine, and the heavy incoming and out going tides?earrounded by lofty hills, with the fresli and breezy Highlands just above us, and the sunny, sandy and windy long extend ing beach of Coney Island just below us?and beyond all other advantages, situated in a lati tude which is exempted fiom the malignant fevers of the southern seaboard, and the intense winters of the extreme north?one would think that Providence had done everything to render this locality the very healthiest, for a great city, in all the world. What then, are the causes for this unnatural mortality we have exhibited ? Why should our weekly average be greater than that of Phila delphia? The latter city, one would suppose, is rather unfavorably situated for health. It is spread over a vast plain, on a broad, reedy, swampy, fresh water river, hall' stagnant in sum mer. and so far in the interior as to be ex cluded from the cooling breezes of the ocean. The burning heats of July and August are never mitigated there by the refreshing even ing winds from the Atlantic, such as are dif fused with the moonlight over New York. The surroundings of Philadelphia, too. are mostly Hat and monotonous, and her suburbs are full as dirty as ours. Nature, then, has done nothing to give to our neighbors the agreeable comparative exemption from death which they enjoy. The conclusion, then, is inevitable, that the dis proportionate mortality of New York is wholly the result ol artificial causes. Nor is a microscope needed to detect them. They are visifre to the naked eye. The census betrays the first great cause, in the astounding difference between the number of the houses and the inhabitants res pectively. of the two cities. Philadelphia ave rages but seven persons to one house. while New York averages from thirteen to fifteen. This difference suggests at once the compara tive excess of our population, crowded into dark and damp cellars unwholetome garrets and back buildings and narrow streets, shut out from ventilation by the irregularities of the plan of the lower and most densely occu pied portion of New York. No doubt, it the lower half of the city were laid out with the streets running in straight lines north and south, and at right angles from river to river, an advantage in ventilation would be gained, of incalculable benefit to us of the present generation and to our posterity. Put the prodigious intiux of foreigp immi ants? a large proportion of whom land u/on our wharves destitute and sick and often in a dying condition?men. women and children - will account, to a great extent, for the bills of mortality of this city. And when we con sider I he closc, filthy, and unwholesome fjuar. 1< rs into which these people are crowded, in many of -the immigrant boarding houses, the wonder Is. that large a proportion should survive a<- ih" numbers which ultimately leave lor the interior a;.d the Far West. The solid ma^s of shipping which Hanks the city on both rid"S. th<> liithy docks, our cramped and team, irig marl.et liou.-es. stale provi ions and distil, lery rn Ik may also be brought into the general account to say noihing of bono boiling entab lishments Ac. Ac. Another lurge item is chargeable to our liithy streets, which, have i. vcr !u.< -vn the blessings of the cold water and hov 1- at.d brooms daily administered to the streets i'nd sidewalks of Philadelphia, "EarlyVn the morning." Now th< n what is to be done or what can lif done, to diminish this unnatura' mortality of New York 1 We eaonot reduce the number of inhabitant! to etch dwelling?bouse rent# are too high and ground-rente are toopreciouB, for that. We cannot straighten out the crooked and irregular streets of the lower part of the city ; we cannot prevent ^immigration, and would not if we could. Let the oppressed people of Europe come along. We have room enough in thiB broad land. yet. for two hundred millions of souls. We would not by any means diminish our shipping?it iB the lile-blood of all our vast and varied industrial interests. But there are still some things which may be done to reduce the doings of death among our people. We have the means and the power, an plenty of men within call, to keep the streets clean and free from the exhalations of ferment ing tilth ; and if the Croton water is limited for this object, there iB plenty of saltwater?which is better?in our two great ocean rivers. We may improve the condition of our docks and wharves very much, by removing the dirt and opening a freer passage for the water between them. We may, with some little exertion, enlarge the area and increase the means of ventilating our market-houses. It is not absolutely impos. sible to improve the quality of milk and provi. sions of all kinds supplied to our citizens ; nor do we consider it quite beyond our reach to ameliorate the condition of the swarms ot the poor and unfortunate who arc crowded into the aforesaid unwholesome cellars, garrets, back buildings, and narrow streets and alleys. There is, certainly, one other paramount ob ject which may be attained?a park, a grea "central park-apair of wholesome lungs, for the purpose of supplying that amount of fresh air required by a million of people. In J h'ladel" phi a such a park is not bo much needed, though it Is needed In every great city; but here, where the masses of the people are shut off from the country by an intervening river on either hand, and by populous cities beyond these rivera, a great central park is absolutely indispensable. Time is precious. Bricks and mortar and mas sive buildings are extending northward, from shore to shore. Our legislators must act soon, or the whole island will be choked up with brick walls. Of all the expedients we have suggested for improving the sanitary condition of New York, we know of nothing so essential, and bo well calculated to pay a perpetual divi dend in health to our people, attractiveness to our city, and in the reduction of vice, ami crime, and disease and death, as that great cen tral park. Oh! ye city lathers, contemplate our bills of mortality, and look to the cleansing of this dirty corporation ! Oh! ye legislators , at Albany, give our suffocating people air? rive us a great central park! Oxygen is indis pensable to life, even in New York. Give us oxygen. Give us that great central park. Tub Beiiring's Straits Expedition.-^ is now quite evident that there is no immediate prospect of this administration running the country headlong into war. When it was ru mored that the Japan expedition was to be re called, there was a little sensation in Wall Ktreet; but when it was authoritatively an nounced that u would not be abandoned but that only a ship or two. from the want of men, would be taken off, -Wall street was m raptures. Now, the announcement that a new exploring expedition along the northwest coast to Ber ing's Straits is about to be detached from our navy, under the command of Captain kiUggold, Wall street ie in ecstacies with the pacific and trade-extending signs of the times. This northwest coast expedition will unques tionably pay. In a few years the bays, sounds and inlets of Oregon and Washington territo ries-and Vancouver's island will dcvelopc a fishery, shipbuilding, and general mant.me business, corresponding to that ot the northeas coast of the Atlantic. Besides, there is a vtrt trade already waiting for a market, in the Russian possessions above 54-40. including the numerous islands of those arctic seas The whale and seal fisheries of those high latitudes are worth looking after. Incidentally, too. should any of the squadron of commander Ring gold penetrate within the straits aforesaid, they mav learn something of the fate ofb.rJohn Franklin. Success to this expedition. We have adverted heretotore totheseveial exploring expeditions already detailed or pro jected to China and Japan, to the middle eas coast, and to the heart of Africa, and to the preat rivers of South America, and now t.iis one to Befcrings Straits leaves but little else to be done in nautical explorations, except an inquisitorial circuit round Australia, and th va?t system of islands of the Indian ocean, and another squadron to the Antarctic continent By and by it may be advisable to detail an overland expedition through the centre or Asia, another from Moscow, eastward through Asiatic Russia to the northern Pacific; another from Lake Superior to the mouth of Mackenzie s river nearly at the north pole; and still another from the Isthmus of Panama, along ti e eastern flank of the AndeB. down to Cape Horn. The time has come for opening up the wa<-te places of the earth. While there is peace let us explore them. Success to trade. Success to Cap'.. Ringgold. While gathering in the gold let us not forget the whale oil. We shall want nil the Arctic ocean can supply to grease the wheels of the Pacific railroad. Send oat the ships. To Ik on 'Change. The fore gn news was not considered of n.uch impor tance and, in a ?ouiinerclal point of view, it hid vary little influence on our market. Cot'on *4- rathe- un rettled, and raiett reached only about 500 biles, at rates n favor of buyers. In breudMulIi, flour *a? unchanged, while wheat wan up about 2c. per bunhe! for prime Genesee. and common was dull. Corn ?M aboat J?c. a lc. per bushel better for yellow wliich w?? comparatvly carce. The steamboat Ocean Wave, t> jrnt on lAfce Ontario, an! said by the telegraph to have been own>.<i in Ogd*ns barn, had no insurance on her in Wall *'roet. !t wat hi ;ii uil by some that, she was a Biitnh vesnel. anil owned by merchants in Canada It was raid that Enplith httn'nerit trading to our por' Ou;ht to :ome under the laws of Oongrtss regulatiBg the *afety of (a'ttngers going on board o' t'r.em, because the Euiliib trOTcitiment regulated and limited he number of pi-sen. geis which ^rere engaged (y Auicr.i.iD ven^eU from Liverpool and other English porta. The Oceau Wave ?a* ev i"ntly buret in Britiab wat' rs (thn n 'M!e i.f the lake being the boundary l.ne). If she wa? an Kngli ih vessel the Investigation wo aid iall undtrth" f ?n;?inee of the fc.-itlsh Canadian aituoritiei. If she pai an American vessel, although birn'ou the Rritii-h sy.e of the line, it. was *aid that sue wi.uld 'till be .inder 1 the 'urisc'cHon of the United 9tat.es, an-l t'-e ca *ie cf l"i d^aB*?r subject to the ivga examination of Uie United -tales government authorities, t>"c?U'.e nove reijnty goes with *he ;lag of the ocuntrj. Mr Tr-nan B. I;?Ke <: tl.e ftrtft of H> mpbreye k Co., wa* an 1 f> lia\e been a -.ery i ? | ectalile m* chant ot" Ogden burjt The loss 'if (C"M, pr?'vi'i';sly noticed from ibe stetTuhlp I'tiji n had been a- certamed ti amount '0 f!i '?ri, chiefly insured in Wall street a>d fie rema ud?r in !/ . don I ns Mid that the office in which policies had been obtained w< uM prruptly i ,ij theamanntt o*aer.-, and thus stand in tlie place ot owners, and #o upon the ?hip for recov?ry wl. h H was said would b? nl'.iom'ely liable for the whole We ?<re plea-to Mrt* the r"innWtM< or : om of oar leading, imt active, iad useful New York merchant* on 'Outage yesterday. He stated that on that day (May 8) thirty-five years ago, (1818,) he first commenced a small basineas in New York. It appeal a that thin business waa In the ahoe trade, commenced in Falton street. The honorable, enterprising and successful career of this American mer chant will stand out as a bright example of what industry, jierteverance, and prudent application to business can ac complish. He is yet in vigorous and aotive life and good health. He belongs to an eminent and well known firm, un der whose superintendence packet lines of ships to Europe have been established, steanuhips built aud run to Charleston and New Oilea.ni>, and whose Inlluenoe has always been liberally exerted in favor of all plans of pro gress and for internal improvements, and who in also President ot one of the most respectable bunks in Wall stieet. We would call him by name if we did not know that his modesty was equal to his merit as a merchant and as a citizen. Home merchants on 'Change, who ret.idu in Brooklyn, were congratulating themselves on the regular opening of the Wall street ferry, which they considered a great public convenience. The anniversary meeting of the Chamber of Commerce is to be held to day, (May 3d,) at which officer* for the ensuing year will be elected. The New Government O/fleers The leadicg officials recently appointed by the Presi dent for this city or districi,were quietly sworn intooffice yr sterday morning. The deputy collectors of the Custom House under the old regime were also sworn in; but this is no iLdication whatever of the determination of Mr. Branson to beep them in office. When he has decided upon their successor)-, they will be removed without the slightest hesitation. The following are the names of the present incumlionts:? Isaac S. Howe, Charles P. Clinch, William G. King. Mores K. Edell, Henry (.'alhoun. The oath which they are required to take is the same as that administered to all public officers, and is as I'ol ows:? I . being appoin'ed Deputy Collector at in the county of , and State of , do swear tnat I ?ill faithfully perform all the duties requiied of me, and abstain from everything forbidden by the laws in re lation to the Custom House of New York; and I d? so Irir.plv tvear that I will support the constitution of the United States. Sworn before the subscriber, , for the of , this dav ol A. 1). 186 , snd 1 also certify that the p'rson above namei is above the age of sixteen years, to the best of my knowledge and belief. A* yet, it appears no appointments have been made in either the Custom House or Post Office, although the ap plicant' are piesdng their claims with all the urgency and impatience of men whose very existence seems to be staked on their success. Never was citadel worse be Icaguered than both these departments have been since they hate changed heuds. Mr. Branson ami Mr. Fowler are neatly overwhelmed in the deluge of petitions and recommendations which fcave been thrust upon them by hungry office seekers, all of whom, according to their own statement, have always had the good of the country at heart, and were willing to sacrifice their own peace and comfort for the public Interest. It is wonderful what an ex:ess of patriotism there is just about these times; and had ne not good authority for believing that "pa triots have grown too shrewd to be sincere," we should congratulate oursehes on the assurance of safety to the Union which the exhibition is calculated to give. Theirs is a pat rioti-m, however, which must have its reward, no matter who suffers; for has it not been decided long since, that '"to the victors belong the spoils?'' The van. quii-hed will, thertf-iie, be thrust forth from their hold ings, with little or no compunction, to make room for the victorious adherents of the dominant political faith. As it will take considerable time before the merits of the numerous applicants can be decided upon, the re movals must be gradual, so that it will probably be a month beforo the removal of the present incumbents can be effected. Meantime it would be well for the hungry expectants to remember that "patience is a virtue,'' and for those who are doomed to political decapitation, to practice resignation, for it will enable them to meet their fate with more fortitude. Opening of Fianeonl'a Hippodrome OVER NINE THOUSAND SPECTATORS PRESENT. Franconi's Hippodrome was thrown open for the first time lift night, to the New York public, and was tilled about half an hour before the performances commenced, by an audience of between nine and ten tboasand per sons. About an hour previous to tbe time announced in the advertisement for opening tbe doors, tbe building whs beset by an eage? and impatient crowd, who, in their anxiety to be first, appeared to have lost all control over thcmselveg Hats were jammed, coats torn, and those who were so unfortunate a? to have corns suffered "some'' in tbe crush. But when the doom were thrown of i'n, tbe scene tbat ensued can be better imagined than de.-ciited. The Tangur'd, composed of those who were first to enter the building:, made a tremendous rush to secure tbe front seats, but in their efforts to obtain them many were knocked down, and we believe, a few slightly injured, but none serioutdy. About half part wren o'clock every rest was occupied, and by eight hardly a vacant spaoe was left in the passages. Tbe s?.ene presented was brilliant and magnificent in the extreme. All around the amphi theatre wap one d*nse mass of h i man beings, ex ceding in number aay assemblage we have ever seen inside of a building in this city, not excepting e^n the audiences attracted to the Jenny Lind concerts at Castle Garden. A' these were swayed by the different emotiens excited by the various performances the effect was exceedingly line and imposing. At one moment, as the dashing and giacefal female equesti:aus swept by them with the speed of tbe wind, those at one side would burst into a long and wild hurra, wliicb swelled in volume as tbe riders pasted on in their fleet career, unt l tbe whole an di? nee jo.ned in the cheering. Then again, during the travegtifd turf scene, by monkeys in jockey dresse-, mounted on ponies, tbe whole bouse was convulsed with lr.-. gther, which became more vehement as one of the animals fell while bid horse was leaping a fence. It ia very seldom, however, tha^ such accidents happen to Jocko, for though a very ungraceful rider, it is not an easj matter to throw hiin. The audience was formed of persons of every condition of life, from the sturdy and independent mechanic to the kid gloved gentry of upper tendom. These latter paid <ne dollar for the privilege of sitting on cushioned seats, while the former were contented wlrh their hard, wooden benches at twenty-five cents; and well they might be, for in this case they had cer^inly the best position, aud veie enabled to sec the perfoimacces to more advantage. Then there was an intermediate class, who paid fifty cents; but we doubt if they were better off than tho^'t who gave less. However, wc believe all were satisfied, and the judgment of the whole audience was favorab'e to the exhibition, i" thoir repeated approbation may te con sidered a fair indication of their feelings. Tbe performances commmenced with tbe grand touic&ment, '? The Field of the (loth of Gold," with ?bich we Lave already made our reidcr* familiar The tilting exhibited a considerable improvement on the exhibition given to the press at the grand rchearftil. Peveral lances were broken, and the conVndinft knightr appeared to be more in earnest, although the victors on this occasion, we think, we re the same. The warrior in black armor unhorsed all hie antagonists, and, as usi. at, received tbe prize from the Queen of Beauty. Alter tbe tournament curie ' La Trapaze," whk-h einritud of a seriei of most diring feats on the rope, by the brothers Piegrlst. Elevated at a a he'ght of at least th!rty feet from the ground, these daring pyirEa?itn performed a variety of ftartling feats. But the most interesting feature in the whole exhibition was the ra :e with six horses, one mile heat, rode by M'llei. Angelina, Caroline, Aoeline, Leontinc Eugenie and Hyivev tre. The greatest excitement j .cvailed during this race, and there w.vs some letting on the result. The cheers and cries of the audience urging on the novel racers to their ntmost sp*ed nnd the bold and fearlete manner of tbe riders, reminded us strong'y of similar scenes oatte racecourse. Toe femalo equestriansof tbe Hippodrome are more gracefi.' ar.d with their longhair streaming be hind tLem aid their face Hushed with the excitement, in our Judgment. ?u.t a s the tight laced leather breeched jockey. We regret to st*te tha' the enjoyment of Ibe chariot race *bich took place between Miles M??on, Sylventre and Mai in, *as eomld"r*:iy alloyed bj c.naccid nt to j j one of n.e fair chariot*'- -s As the horses we- : impelled ; to tin ir full speed, one of the chariots approaching too near the tenee en:'o- ng th- sta iun, struck ajaiost it and was upiet. throwing it occupant, to the ground and falling upon her A cry of horror bvnt from the au dience, an?* for a few m n.enM the mo<t ?e <u i|' e I herrions Kere entertained for h*rsafe'y. bi ' ?ooii r. cohered from ihe shoe* and r*g-tln>-d l,> feet. ?ome < ' ! the performers itumed stely came ta her .vva'aae* and carried her off tl'? arena h 'he t ijj'fe- ir .> f? * mOtter :?< af er ."anifip or. ho nrm Of Mr - rar on.. parmtly little the wor 1 o- toe accident Tot* atisfied theaudimee .''.rid tie pe-fort? (inc* veto re'umed J Tin 'frond p ait of ih? exhibition commen ced with n grand I JC pr < 1 s ior. in lonor of Ceres. The pncipal featurn of ) attraction in this procession, wu the car of the muss a, on wbloh *u represented tbo goddess herself, scattering with a profuse hand ear* of golden grain. Surrounding her woie four of the mueea, all the figures farming a group, which revolved a* the ear moTed. On the front and rear of the car, were other figure* of the musea, the whole piesenting one of the most brilliant spectacle*. The remainder of the perfurtuanees consisted of an os trich race, graad steeple chase, context between tiro fuor horce chariots, and other interesting fights, which we have noticed in our former account. Broadway Tut*tut?Mr Fokhkht ii* Macbfth.?Shake apeare'a great tragedy of '-Macbeth" was produced last evening with a splendor and scenic effect which gave to thin masterpiece the charms and attractions of novelty With Mr. Forrest as the hero we had the additional (Man tle* oi the most picturesque and magic scenery, which must be seen by all who can appreciate the drama It is decidedly the most perfect specimen of stage effect that wo have seen for yeara; and the ingenuity that devbed it, and the spirit that carried it so effectu ally into execution are deserving of the highest praisei Mr. Forrest's conception of the part differs, in many re spects, from that it other emintnt tragedians ; yet hia, we conceive, is the true interpretation of the great author's meaning. He makes him bold, ambitious and heroic; cot innately the villain, nor the cunning, crafty, blood thirsty tyrant, like Richard the Third.? Mr. Conway, as Macduff, ably sustained his important part, particularly iu the rceue of the discovery of Dun can's murder, where he gave those beautiful sentences of the author with great fueling and effect: and his pa thetic outburst of maaly sorrow at the news of the mas vacre of his wife and children was received with eothu. siatni. The witches by Messrs. Davidge, Harry, and Whiting, were admirably performed. Madajne l'o nisi'sl.ady Mscbeth was in every way worthy of herself. The house was crowded to excess?not a seat or standing place was vacant; and at the conclusion of the perform snce the prominent artists were called before the cur tain. Mr. Forrest came forward leading Madame Pon iri, and then Mr. Conway made his appearance, io o;>adi ence to the general fiat of the house. "Macb.-th," iu its present attractive, novel, and magnificent forte, will be repeated every night this week. Sale of Pews in Hope Chapel. The congregation of the Madison Square Presbyterian Church, under the pastoral charge of the Reverend Doctor Adams, having lately leased Hope Chapel, Broad way, for twelve months, religious service was cele brated therein upon the morning and afternoon of last Sunday. The pews were set up for sale for the current year, at eight o'clock yesterday evening, when there was-, a large number of pertons present, anxious to procure> seats in this commodious place ef worship. Each pew was offered at a fixed price, upon which a premium was bid for choice. We publish the number, price, and pur chasers, arranging the pews according as they wtre chosen ON THE GROUND FLOOR. No of Fixed l'iw. Price. Premium. Total. Parcltoser. 5 9 $75 $5 $80 Mr. Hheppard 6 7 86 ? 86 Mr. G:l)m*n. 6 5 100 ? 100 Mr. Bucklev. 6 3 100 5 105 Mr. Line. 61 100 ? 100 Mr. Wetm?*re. 4 7 100 25 125 Mr. C.ini.in 52 100 5 105 ......Mr. Tcibrooke. ? 5...... 80 5 85 ......Mr. Coly-ite. 07 60 12 72 ...... Dcctor Uunn'.ng;. 6 4 100 10 110 Mr. t Bright. SO 160 7 107 Mr. Goold. 4 50 0 6G ...... Mr. .Stubbing. 4 5 100 7 107 Mr. Bussing. 72 76 0 81 Mr. Adams. 4 8 100 10 110 Mr. Murphy. 1 2 75 10 85 Mr. S P. W'tliamflk 71 75 12 87 Mr. Iiverraore. 10...... 75 6 81 ......Mr. Ke^ehum. 11 75 7 82 Mr. Goodwin. 16 67 6 73 Mr. Of mated. 14...... 70 7 77 Mr. Livingston. 15 70 7 77 Mr. Teft. 18 60 7 57 Mr. May. 74 70 6 76 Mr. Sytc. 68 86 5 90 Mr. Bacon. 6 0 70 5 75 Mr. Davie. 70 76 6 81 Mr. Martin. 78 60 5 65 Mr. Penfleld 5 50 5 55 ......Mr. Pressenden. 1 3 70 5 76 ......Dr Harris. 70 45 5 50 ......Mr. Nt-vins. 17...... GO 5 C6 Mr. LaC.iug. 19. 45 ft 50 Mr. Simtmg. 8;..... 65 6 70 Mr. Kelt. 80 45 0 61 Mr. Tmbrooke. 56 100 6 105 Mr. Pennyuun. 68 f.6 5 70 Mr. Strong. 20,,.,,, 45 6 60 ...... Mr. Williamson. 3 50 5 55 . ,.. .Mr. Wu>xid. 76,,,... 70 valuation 70 ......Mr. Wukham. (2 60 do 50 Mr. BuU 1 4 60 6 65 Mr. Benedict (5 60 5 55 Mr. Piatt. 3 50 3K 53 Mr. BlLi-? 6 40 valuation 40 Mr. Sherwocd. 77 60 2* 62Jj Mr. Ldwards. 4 6 100 valuation 100 Mr. D?y. 7 60 do CO Mr. Blacb'ord. 32 50 do 60 Dr. J yrnPh. 1 40 do 40 ..,,,.Mis* firmly. 6 6 40 do 40 Dr. White 83 65 do 65 Mr. KempshalL 31, 50 do 50 W. P. Joues, 4P 100 do 100 Mr. Church 88 30 do 30 Mr. Miller. 21 40 do 40 E. A Gould. 44 100 Co 100 Mr <1&)pen'er. 43 100 do 100 Mr. J.i'Uon. GALLERY. A front pew $25 valuation ?'.'5 Mr. Miller. Twenty-three uf the pews in the aisle remniuii] unsold at the close, and a good many remained unlet in the galleries. They will soon lie rented. The total amount produced by the sale was not correctly made out when our reporter left but it txceeded four thousand one hun dred and eighty dollars. CoU't tUemttr-TIUi Unjr. I'xitkd Statim Dimkil-i Cocar?Grand Jury. tfUPWotK Coma?General Term.?No. 1 to l.">. Si tremk Coi'HT?Circuit.?Not. 447, 5i3, 476. 289, 493, 210 1.466. 24, 642, 463 4.10, 41 346 45fi 2 Commun Puu.-?Part fir-1.?No*. 419, .127, 605. 801, 800, 802. 8(13, K06, 808, 329, 811. 813 815. 818 Common Pleas?!-art f'esond.?No*. 582, 570 676, 769, 183, 429, 616, 627. 817 8.'0. 821, 711, 822, 823. PrrcBiOR Cockt?Two Itr.inche*.?Noa. 8. 366, 342, 269, 241, 372, 561 % : 80. ;-.8d, 387, 388, 389. 393,394, 366. 398. 309, 402. 453 40 1 405. 400 407, 141, 334. 21, 22? 2/151, 307, 202, 263, 229. 90. 299, 168 Union Court!*', L. I.?Trotting ?To-Day, iTursdny,) Msy 3, st Z I* M. the match for $1,1100, between Flora Ti in pie au<f Dutchman, ?ill positively oome ofT. Fiord Temple came l ire from Philadelphia latt Saturday, and we have boeu assured by the owners of both horse* that they will certainly i-tart. Staijea will he in revlineri at Fnlton *erry. Brooklyn. and at Williamsburg ferries, at all hour? during the dry. rare rach way, 28 oent . .Kills 1. SNEUIKKK, I'ropriotor. Tc Mtcbanlri of Evri y Kind.?l'he True way fur a mechanic t'> prepnte for a strike, or for any fluc tuation in wages. Ir In huy fur his wife, dau'ibt^r, or (inter, one of SINGER'S l'nteDt Sev inn Machines. There are many wnr.en In NfwV' rk who, wit s aewing machine, earn much more than mechauieti' ?i:u. (.'all, examine, and bay a maci.iLe, at the ofT:ce, 323 Broadway. Clear n* Trittli ?There I* no Myrtery About the fact of KNOX, the hntiir, of No. 12M Fulton street, Boil ing hit cheapest, most ile^nnt. durable and faahionahle half, at the low ]>rict i f 'enr dollars, for the extent of hi# trade ennhliw him tn furnish a better article at a leas profit tban any other Latter in town. Remember this, and deal with him. Ahead of the Cons?crvatIve Chnpellcr? of the Scuth tnd ire the fresh, elegant, original and essentially picturesque coneer-tinna in the ferm of hats, conceived, con c(clcd, and made tangible and aiiproachahle to any man.be he aanfi i ulr.tte <?r of the l .irt too, by the authors of "Hate Made Kasy,'' Meiers. KNOX it JAMES, of the I'roscott linen*. Xn. S.'Jl liroadwav witl in a few step* of lloller'i Sa loon if Mafic Ji ilgei iji the beautiful are invitjd to call and iuipect. Whntmnirin the list Reeomlng 1 ?The Name of the mali r will donbth ? t.? m.my, fully Miggast the an swer: I r.t all are not alile crelulous. * hat is booming when it? proportions nro e nnl to the head it la intended for. Crown and brim t!:o exprorei.-.n of symmetry and harmony, nut too high ortno Ii. r r I too mrich hell or too S'raiuht. Its beai.tiful proportions cpl> ' cm lied by its el. Kant finish, ti e pridv.cl -f ? matter artist, and tho maker, WaK NOCK, No. 276 Brondv.sy. Hpilug and Rummer Clothing may be foond tt Al Fit FT VI' N RO * rO.'S large clothing estab lishment. 441 Urondvay. W oil made goods exclusively ( lotting made r> ? rder nr i v.arranttd tonivo entire aatis I at lion, lor r.entlemen. children and boys Furnishing gui da in rrent ir.ri' ty No di riatlun in prices Pnrehaaers will find it to th"ir iidviint t:*e tn buy at this house, as any thin* purchased there will bo ox?'\ani?'l or tho money re funded, whenever any (IhriUirnctlon aritci after the pur ?bate. I.nn-^piil Term. Superior O.-niit.?The erre respecting the anjcrl r >y of the N'? Y'rk clothing tnsnnfncturr. . ba? beenidi.d by a c.cn< r.il or-liet In lavor of II. I. I'OS'I EH, elothiei 27 Cortlandt , tr ot, ?? ew York, whose fnlt^ or sii'tlc Karme '-are decidedly tf.t hestiatbo city ( all and c-e hi: now faring atylcr. Hmlng Hi.xitiiai Conifl, Spring ?'tr ' 6a< l>s, spring fr<>( lis, ing ye.ats,: priu (i:iata, in ths ..if ' -Ldfri&rit beautlfuT variclyof .o-iii., -"lacUid lre? >?ir ?bOt?tlt S|>rii;i(iliit> rtet' >?? 1). A I l?F. VX1N, iNo* A3 and .li.lohn street, corner V&stan. V;ni( le rJI-ci-tliij; I'ishlle Attention to the t 'fij it v hi<:h f]iill l-ot ... l.jc . e.i for la.'bion ui tho pr niui ? r; 'if the ei.rrs/'/n rl.i. t ? nl?l especially Invite notice to 11 r.l.'i ty wHo wl ich tin I nji.n i< ndapt.ed to tho firm 11 t'c I urt, III well as tin rul P'rlrc Hon a| t'.e fit nnd * i ihitmEshlp. /GATE. 2M lit adway. H> AiItIic our Readers to benr In iiitint V i I. Al (? 111.1 .\" : shirt mai.nlactory, II J (?r en i jh , t r ? t, ( tin i ' C'haml ' r? Tiit el l'l- wl foh he inaii s to inofMiro st Jj ;'."i a piei e, are e([unl to &."S skirl* in Ur- i.'1. v. ??. The-o at' fi '! ? t" he i r.t.vft e,-!, i r I r one fit of l i? ahirtf, and j' i. v III ncvi r pati ? i i/_ i,; other. Ths JKotlo c<i th< l iijnln of 1 n'laic Is nrf|iinir, r' n | nri>-i?, 'In ..Hier word? "*'(>-r behind 'be tilt,* I't ? n t i? ri??'rle (JI1EI1X, f I \-t ,r II' iifce, i.mlntia ( is b ,?i.j. ills I cantliul n.it a, made o -i i r id (Minrantled t* nt ; ??" alv-'iya ?'! :?? pn 1 tin.I)) na '111 ra tiir*?'nrh ti u I'ost Otliee. I'aitsl |**et (a />??? Mture,Wo. 70' i.im tr*e?, fe. A - * hRHftN A' Co, cull the attention of t! ?* * trleni's t< ?be-?* . > "f newandf.i ?tit <-arpetii.?>jnst ?c, d fn .r, th?> j-it - e' rat* i inanul. ?! ri<r, oon-prislc.g t? ? /.??, ?>. /ifn* ?? hnc ply pmi i'i ?. i . N|,/? " 1 of (I siitis, Muettaus n<a*