NEW YO^tK HERALD.
JAMB* 'jOHDO* 111 KSTVi
FT /ii'BHTim iKD EDITOR
(rrlCI W. W., CORNER OF FCLTOM AN? MASSAC ITS.
THE V ALLY HERALD 1 cent* per cooy-t! pgr annum.
TBE 'SKMKLY HERALD every Saturday.at 6V. cent*
m, r rofM, or 13 #sr amnmm ; the European Edition. \t per
to amy pmrt *f Ortal Britain, and 16 to any part of
Uu ' eminent. Ml to ?i*clmde the jmtave.
Y'SHTNTAR Y COKKM8PONDKSCE, containing impor
to-4 new. ectieited from any quarter of rtc world ; if fed,
vdi be M>er*Uy p<ud for. K^Ovh POBE16* Cob*i?M*
I HUT* AH C PART I CI' L ABLY tnil'UTU T? IIU ALL LET
TKBS mi' PaCEABES SEBT U?.
NO .MOTKE of anonymous communication!. We do not
return thvie wetted.
ALL LETTERS hy mail. for SuhteripUnnt or with Adver
|mi itirfta. to be pott paid, or the potiaye will be deducted from
the money remitted
JOh I'KItiTOM eMcuted with neatneti, chtapneu, and
C I'li VE K TtSKMSSTS renewed every day.
Talnnw JCVT1I...,......... .. S?. 1'4'i
" amcsements TillS EVENING.
VOW CRT THEATRE, Bowery?DamOk sit> Pvthias?
Tit s Spv
JKOAliffAT THEATRE. Broadway? M ?obech.
BCRTON'S THEATRE, Chambers street? Begone Dull
NATIONAL 1'HEaTRK. Chsthaai street?Lavow wniit
??V C*?? ARMORER of Tv us.
WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway? Hub at Law?
ST. CHARLES THEATRE, Bowery? i'orsican's Re
american MUSEUM?Afternoon? B>ors at the
?wa??Oirnmns. Men ;ng ?Willow Copse.
CHRISTY'S OPERA HOUSE, 472 Broadway?Ethiopia*
Melodies mr Christy's Opbra Tkuife.
WOOD'S MINSTRELS. Wood's Musical Hall, 444 Broad
madison avenue?pbahconi's colossal nippo
CIRCUS, 37 Bowery?Equbstriab Entertainments.
CEORAMA, 586 Broadway?Bab tabu's Panorama o?
rax Bolt Labd.
HELLER'S SOIREES MTSTBRIEUSES, 939 Broadway.
OWEN'S ALPINE RAMBLES, 630 Broadway.
Haw York, Tuesday, May 3, 1853.
Molls for Europe.
THE new TORE WEEELT HERALD.
The R. M. steamship Arabia, Captain Judkins, will
leave this port to morrow, at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool.
Subscription* and advertisements for any edition of '.he
New YouflBiiD will be received at the following places
to Europe ?
Liverpool?John Hunter, No. 2 Paradise etreet
Lowueji?Edward Sandford k Co., Cornhill.
?? Wm. Thomas k Co., No. 19 GatherLne s'reet.
Far?? UvingstoB, Well* k Co., Roe de la Bourse.
" B H. Revoil, X?. 17 Rue de 1* Banque.
The European maik will close in this city at tto and
a half o'clock.
The Weekly Herald will be published at half past nine
? clock to-morrow morning. Single copies, in wrappers,
ji i pence.
We learn from Washington that nothing was done
with regard to the foreign missions yesterday. but
our special correspondent re asserts that Gen. Dix
will go to France; Gov. Seymour, of Connecticut, to
Russia; and Gen. Gadsden to Mexico. The delay in
mniring the foreign appointments is said to be owing
to the fact that it is not intended to supersede our
representatives abroad before the close of the fiscal
year, which will be the last of next month. The
members of the Cabinet appear to have had consider
able trouble in deciding upon the claims of applicants
for different poet offices in the interior of this State.
According to our despatch, the liarnburuers and soft
shells are likely to monopolise the larger share of
the spoils. The President yesterday gave a recep
tion to the members of the Volunteer Regiment of
the District of Columbia. For sketches of the
speeches, &c., on the interesting occasion, the reader
is referred to another column.
The New England Methodist Conference, in session
at Ipswich, Mass., have adopted resolutions declar
ing that all voluntary slaveholders -hould be ex
ploded from communion with the chirch. Read the
synopsis of the proceedings under the telegraphic
Those interested in the canal trade will oe gratified
?o learn that the break near Syracuse has been re
ared, and that from three to five hundred boats
which bad been Btopped on either aide, were yester
?iay enabled to resume their journey.
After a three days' discussion of the liquor ques
tion in the Massachusetts House of Representatives
a bill was yesterday introduced, proposing to return
to the old system of allowing the people of the dif
ferent localities to sanction the sale of liquor among
them or not. The further consideration of the sub
ject was then postponed till next Monday.
Capt. Mulligan, of the brig Truxillo, who arrived
Lere yesterday from Rio Janeiro, via Dominica, con
firms the report of the death of the American Con
wl at the former place. He expired about the 1st of
Gov. Bigler's warrant for the execution of Arthur
Spring, on the 10th proximo, was yesterday read to
the condemned man, upon whom it is reported to
have hid no other effect than that of causing him to
repeat his asseverations of innocence, and declare
that his sen was alone guilty of the horrid crime for
which he is to suffer.
By reference to the official returns, to be found in
tie interesting monetary review on another page. i'.
will be seen that the gold coinage of the Luited
btates mint in Philadelphia, during the month of
April amounted to to,305,080, the silver to ?4ir>,007,
i.nd the copper to $2,510?amounting in all to|5,
72fi,5(t8. The total deposits of gold for the four
mouths ending with April amounted to $20,810,372,
nearly every ounce of which came direct to this c;ty
by the California lines of steamers, and was conTtyed
hence to Philadelphia over the New .Jersey railroads.
On glancing at the registers of the various hotels,
we find that the city is rapidly filling up with visiters
from all parts of the world, many of them being per
tons of considerable distinction for talent, enterprise,
and wealth. The majority of them have come thus
early in anticipation of being present at the open
ing of the Crystal Palace exhibition on the day
The journeymen shoemakers, who are on strike,
held an adjourned meeting last evening at the i our
teenth Ward Hotel in Grand street, and the meet
ing, which was numerously attended was addressed
by several of the members, who exhorted their
brethren not to l>e alarmed, but to join truly to
get her, and the iiosses m ist ultimately come to the
t?jrms of advance asked for. One of the speakers
alluded to the bosses becoming rich, and living in
palaces np town, while the poor j irneymen, who in
tact are the means of the.r wealth are coinpellc 1 to
huddle together In one ^en. iit:c catt.< He, there
fore railed npon them to remain f.rm .ind true l,
each other, and they would succeed. lu some owe-.,
the bosses had contented to pve a portion of their
hands the required advance, but wou;d <<ii y "ll"'
down in their pass book th' old pt ?
trick he hoped they would not tolerate, as it wn
?t deception, and injured the w!ule craft. "
? i-s.dciit of the meeting stated that it wa
pi f ] ( -( (? that fitly of the men who had five dollar
io?| , hould .uhar.ee that sum forthwith, tot
v?'uvi. ti.r.y were to lie secured, and hereafter receive
Hi ifrte?et.t thevi'i'.i. That amount ?y two !...n
lind uuo urty dollars, would V,e applied to the IMM
u,nt<' w.?,ivt? of th<*e memoes who were anal/.e t
sustain timaselvtl tataf tfW paling strike. 1i.
i.eiman Aoeainkcn i- ?> hcl?: i meetinge *:..a;
i?>r mih ia? (iivt^'*'
1 l>o eosiixi'Kf" rom Ui< w Y< < 1 r.iitrrs < >
?|,? iiitivt t'lwii "*' r<i,,y r,x'"a' ?- ?: 1 a?:r-m
I all, u receive i*p?r* frortt th? various Kccs .t.
tneio t? >'* ' etic. w'.rt .. ear <
?i fountain KaJ! Luleveu'ny,. A r imher w
ii n 11.. coro.tigiy ft the la-- MHWB I'la-Cj'vlje
tli n;, i.., u* i' norted tid ' ' 'rC y ' ???
wn*.*4.*' ? ?> ''
but thst fight held oat. After some discussion it
waB determined to raise a fund for the support of
those printers who had determined not to work until
their demands had been aocefed to. While upon
the subject we may aa well mention the fact that the
compositors on the morning newspapers at Boston
Lave asked for an increase of about sixteen per cent,
which being refused by one or two of the offices, the
printers are now on a strike. The hands in an estab.
ni-bmeiit at Baltimore also struck yesterday, and
afterwards injudiciously attacked the proprietor and
compelled him to fly for protection. Such conduct
will be deprecated by all right thinking men
nothing is ever gained by rashne>w.
The annual meeting of the National Typographi
cal Union convened in Pittsburg yesterday. Repre
sentatives were present from seventeen subordinate
associations, in nine States?three societies having
been added since the holding of the last convention.
The delegate from the New York Book and Job
I rintcre Co-operative Union was admitted as an
honorary member, but without the privilege of vot
ing. A warm discussion took place on a resolution
i which was eventually rejected, declaring that it is
expedient that two organizations should exist in
this city- the nature of the work performed by the
newspaper and book and job workmen being very
dissimilar? most of the type-setting for the papers is
accomplished between sunset and sunrise, at the
expense ot health and rest; besides which it is abso
lutely requisite that the compositors should be
among the most competent of their class, combining
a good education with swiftness and correctness in
executing their work, as it frequently happens that
for want of time the type composed by them is sent
to press prior to being properly revised by either the
authors or proof readers. On the other hand the
book and job printere here, as is the case with the
generality of compositors in other places, are not
hurried and worried to such an extent as are their
fellow craftsmen on the morning papers, and are
seldom under the necessity of working by artitfeial
The Board of Aldermen met last evening, but no
business of importance was transacted. Alderman
'1 lemann presented his protest, but the members
were seemingly not in favor of receiving it, as three
of them stepped out of the room, thereby leaving the
Board without* quorum, which, inconsequence,had
to adjourn. For a debate on the protest, see another
column. The Board of Assistants did not organize, I
for want of a qnorum.
The pews in Hope chapel were set up for lease for
the ensuing twelve months by the trustees of the
Madison square Presbyterian church last evening.
1 he chapel has been rented for that term by the
Rev. Dr. Adams's congregation. The bidding was
spirited, and an amount of about four thousand two
hundred dollars was realized in a few hoars.
The body of Mr. <Villiam Schuyler, a merchant of
Albany, who had been missing since the 23d of De
cember last, was found yesterday by a boatman float
ing in the East River, near the foot of Corlears street.
There was no appearance of violence about the body;
and what renders the death more like the result of
accident is the fact of tindin j in the pockets of the
deceased his gold watch and nearly two hundred
dollars in money, which, if he had been the victim
ol any assassin, would, no doubt, have been taken
from his person. The report of the coroner s inquest
will be seen elsewhere.
To-day's inside pages contain two very interest
ing letters from an ex-editor in Central America;
\ enezuela and Madeira correspondence ; Pro
ceedings of the Art Union Investigating Committee,
the Board of .Supervisors, and the various courts
Commercial, Theatrical, and a large amount of Mis
The KlaJtery (laestlon?Canuclla.ii Reciproci
ty?Kjpectcd Debat or the \cw PremJcr
Poln-y of General Pierce.
As heretofore announced through our special
telegraphic advices from Washington, it is pos
sible that during this week Secretary Marcy
will break ground upon the fishery question
and commercial reciprocity, with H, B. Majes
ty's colonies of Nova Scotia. New Brunswick.
Newfoundland and the Canadas. We. how.
ever, incline to the opinion that the foreign
schedule of ministers, charges and consulates
yet to be finally arranged, with some other
pressing appointments, may detain the cabinet
for still a week or two, and that then the diffi
culty concerning the boundary of New Mexico
will take the precedence of all other foreign
| It is quite safe, we presume, to predict that
when the presence of the office seekers is re
moved. from the consumption of the materials
which attract them to Washington?when the
catalogue of our various representatives and
agents abroad is finished, and their instructions
made out?in brief, when the brushwood and
rubbish of the spoils ore clcared up, and the
field is thus prepared for deliberate work, then
we may expect our Premier to brush up his re- I
miniscences of Grotius, Vattel. Bynckershoek
and Puffendorf to lock the door of his library,
and sit down with Mr. Crampton to a feast
of d.plomacy on the fishery question and inter
We arc anxious to see William L. Marcy in
this new character of the chief of our foreign
negotiations. His most masterly stroke in this
line of business. heretofore, was unquestionably
that remarkable diplomatic correspondence with
Gen. Scott, pending the Mfxican war, known as
tLe Hasty Plate of Soup Correspondence.''
In that instance the General-in-chief of the
army was extinguished ; for as a diplomat he
has not subsequently made the slightest pre
tensions to any degree of merit whatever. Hut
excepting this can', we arc not aware that either
the official antecedents or the peculiar ten
dencies of the mind of Secretary Marcy have
been of a diplomatic turn. For all that he
may be well read in diplomatic affairs, and fully
conversant with the hair-drawn technicalities
and verbose abstractions of the treaty stipula
tions, and the interminable correcpomlencc.
and the colonial, parliamentary and Congres
sional proceedings in relation to the North
eastern fit-lieri'1". and the reciprocal free trade
with the British North American provinces.
Nor do we entertain any very serious appre
hensions of the inability <>f our Premier to
cope with the subtleties of the codfish, free
trade, or any other q .< t!on. acting, as hew.11
; ct under the ?xpi< ss instructions and assi?
tu.ee of Gc:\ Pierce and the ix other members
of the CH'o'i.' t. If w h ive any misgiving,
it is that the official po ition ami influ
< ee ol the Premier will rather check
than f; ( 1 tat*- the settfemcr t of o.ir various tin
ECtitled diplomat'c affair? A ,'e is conserva
tive, and glow and cautious In its movements,
and the old rat liar wis -ly said that ' Caution
is the parent o safety.'' Of this saving princi
ple. however we have ah n ly had too much.
The c< r.ntry hu? so deoluied; and the admiuis
troi'or) I in a position win re it is expecte 1 to
.ci w.-i. omctLiog <?:' prom: tituda, d c'wioa
und efficiency. Cat. as w >i: '.,??? neither to
anticipate t-1; Picioicr i '. to prejudge bin
we are f.?'-fr.reC t> ?irni < "icial act: in i.ia
case 'i two before p < on cing upon bin fit
nesp for th' important eh "which be tills at
this rn ' important epo-h i oar foreign rela
tions. 1 he old ma? 'm hath it, that " the pro u'
11 the | adding iu in th' eating thereof " so .v
n.iw* ? en be c * ' til It -a foiled.
<<( he pol!"y <?' ?!" tdm itistration with re
, a?<i o tl Cftnadus .'1 'he neighboring r. >!<??
nies, we have very little reason to be distrust-'
fuL On the contrary, we are somewhat con
fident that General Pierce has marked out as
his line of action the most liberal programme
of neighborly reciprocity. If we are not widely
mistaken, he will prove himself to be fully up
to the tree trade tendencies of these times, and
by no means inflexibly opposed to the perma
nent settlement oi the fishery question upon the
broadest free trade basis with the colonics.
And here, would our spacc permit, we might
proceed to some statistics and arguments in
support of this policy. Suffice it for the present,
to say that a judicious schedule of enlarged re
ciprocal free trade with the British provinces
would instantly throw an immense amount of
additional traffic upon our railroads and canals;
and that if particular interests were to suffer
from the cheapening of brcadstuffs, beef, mut
ton. lumber, and other articles of home con
sumption. the masses of the community would
be correspondingly benefitted from the increase
of these supplies. And it is in this light, of the
largest benefit to the greatest number, that we
believe the subject is regarded by, and will be
treated under, the auspiccs of Gen. Pierce.
How the fishery question proper now stands,
exactly we are not apprised. We presume it re
mains where Mr. Webster left it?the temporary
negotiations of Mr. Everett on the subject hav
ing been dropped by the Senate. At all events,
there is a sufficient margin for a broad and com
prehensive treaty, embracing the fisheries and
reciprccal free trade; and from all that has
been ascertained we have no reason to fear that
Gen. Pierce is in this matter behind the spirit
of the age. We have an abiding hope that his
settlement of this business will be a feather in
the cap of his administration. Is the Premier
The HtallMfNtw York?Weeewrtty of a Great
We published, the other day, a little table of
the mortality of several of the principal cities
of the United States; and the wide difference
between the weekly list of deaths of New York
and Philadelphia struck us as a matter well
worthy the serious consideration of our city
fathers, our citizens, and all concerned in the
health and prosperity of this great commercial
The deaths in New York, for the week ending
April23,were '? 311
In Philadelphia, for the week ending April 1G.. 17G
Now. the ratio of population between Philadel
phia and New York, according to the last cen
sus is as four to live; or, the exccss of the popu
lation of New York is equal to one-fourth of
the whole population of Philadelphia. In this
relation, the excess of the mortality in this city |
ove* that of Philadelphia should only be one
fourth more. But the foregoing figures?that
is to say, if they afford anything like a fair stan
dard of the comparative weekly deaths in the
two cities the year round?exhibit the mortality
in New York to be disproportionately larger
than that of the city of Philadelphia.
What are the causes of this unnatural mor
tality of New York, as compared with Philadel
phia'/ We Fay unnatural, because there can
be no healthier natural position for a great city
than the beautiful site occupicd by New York.
Looking out upon the sea, flanked upon either
side by a large, deep river, the waters of which
are kept pur# and wholesome by the prevailing
salt sea brine, and the heavy incoming and out
going tides?earrounded by lofty hills, with the
fresli and breezy Highlands just above us, and
the sunny, sandy and windy long extend
ing beach of Coney Island just below us?and
beyond all other advantages, situated in a lati
tude which is exempted fiom the malignant
fevers of the southern seaboard, and the intense
winters of the extreme north?one would think
that Providence had done everything to render
this locality the very healthiest, for a great
city, in all the world.
What then, are the causes for this unnatural
mortality we have exhibited ? Why should our
weekly average be greater than that of Phila
delphia? The latter city, one would suppose,
is rather unfavorably situated for health. It is
spread over a vast plain, on a broad, reedy,
swampy, fresh water river, hall' stagnant in sum
mer. and so far in the interior as to be ex
cluded from the cooling breezes of the ocean.
The burning heats of July and August are
never mitigated there by the refreshing even
ing winds from the Atlantic, such as are dif
fused with the moonlight over New York.
The surroundings of Philadelphia, too. are
mostly Hat and monotonous, and her suburbs
are full as dirty as ours. Nature, then, has
done nothing to give to our neighbors the
agreeable comparative exemption from death
which they enjoy.
The conclusion, then, is inevitable, that the dis
proportionate mortality of New York is wholly
the result ol artificial causes. Nor is a microscope
needed to detect them. They are visifre to the
naked eye. The census betrays the first great
cause, in the astounding difference between the
number of the houses and the inhabitants res
pectively. of the two cities. Philadelphia ave
rages but seven persons to one house. while
New York averages from thirteen to fifteen.
This difference suggests at once the compara
tive excess of our population, crowded into
dark and damp cellars unwholetome garrets
and back buildings and narrow streets, shut
out from ventilation by the irregularities of
the plan of the lower and most densely occu
pied portion of New York. No doubt, it the
lower half of the city were laid out with the
streets running in straight lines north and
south, and at right angles from river to river,
an advantage in ventilation would be gained,
of incalculable benefit to us of the present
generation and to our posterity.
Put the prodigious intiux of foreigp immi
ants? a large proportion of whom land u/on
our wharves destitute and sick and often in a
dying condition?men. women and children -
will account, to a great extent, for the bills
of mortality of this city. And when we con
sider I he closc, filthy, and unwholesome fjuar.
1< rs into which these people are crowded, in
many of -the immigrant boarding houses, the
wonder Is. that large a proportion should
survive a<- ih" numbers which ultimately leave
lor the interior a;.d the Far West. The solid
ma^s of shipping which Hanks the city on both
rid"S. th<> liithy docks, our cramped and team,
irig marl.et liou.-es. stale provi ions and distil,
lery rn Ik may also be brought into the general
account to say noihing of bono boiling entab
lishments Ac. Ac. Another lurge item is
chargeable to our liithy streets, which, have
i. vcr !u.< -vn the blessings of the cold water and
hov 1- at.d brooms daily administered to the
streets i'nd sidewalks of Philadelphia,
"EarlyVn the morning."
Now th< n what is to be done or what can
lif done, to diminish this unnatura' mortality of
New York 1 We eaonot reduce the number of
inhabitant! to etch dwelling?bouse rent# are
too high and ground-rente are toopreciouB, for
that. We cannot straighten out the crooked
and irregular streets of the lower part of the
city ; we cannot prevent ^immigration, and
would not if we could. Let the oppressed people
of Europe come along. We have room enough
in thiB broad land. yet. for two hundred millions
of souls. We would not by any means diminish
our shipping?it iB the lile-blood of all our vast
and varied industrial interests. But there are
still some things which may be done to reduce
the doings of death among our people.
We have the means and the power, an
plenty of men within call, to keep the streets
clean and free from the exhalations of ferment
ing tilth ; and if the Croton water is limited for
this object, there iB plenty of saltwater?which
is better?in our two great ocean rivers. We
may improve the condition of our docks and
wharves very much, by removing the dirt and
opening a freer passage for the water between
them. We may, with some little exertion, enlarge
the area and increase the means of ventilating
our market-houses. It is not absolutely impos.
sible to improve the quality of milk and provi.
sions of all kinds supplied to our citizens ; nor
do we consider it quite beyond our reach to
ameliorate the condition of the swarms ot the
poor and unfortunate who arc crowded into the
aforesaid unwholesome cellars, garrets, back
buildings, and narrow streets and alleys.
There is, certainly, one other paramount ob
ject which may be attained?a park, a grea
"central park-apair of wholesome lungs, for the
purpose of supplying that amount of fresh air
required by a million of people. In J h'ladel"
phi a such a park is not bo much needed, though
it Is needed In every great city; but here, where
the masses of the people are shut off from the
country by an intervening river on either hand,
and by populous cities beyond these rivera, a
great central park is absolutely indispensable.
Time is precious. Bricks and mortar and mas
sive buildings are extending northward, from
shore to shore. Our legislators must act soon,
or the whole island will be choked up with
brick walls. Of all the expedients we have
suggested for improving the sanitary condition
of New York, we know of nothing so essential,
and bo well calculated to pay a perpetual divi
dend in health to our people, attractiveness to
our city, and in the reduction of vice, ami
crime, and disease and death, as that great cen
tral park. Oh! ye city lathers, contemplate
our bills of mortality, and look to the cleansing
of this dirty corporation ! Oh! ye legislators ,
at Albany, give our suffocating people air?
rive us a great central park! Oxygen is indis
pensable to life, even in New York. Give us
oxygen. Give us that great central park.
Tub Beiiring's Straits Expedition.-^ is
now quite evident that there is no immediate
prospect of this administration running the
country headlong into war. When it was ru
mored that the Japan expedition was to be re
called, there was a little sensation in Wall
Ktreet; but when it was authoritatively an
nounced that u would not be abandoned but
that only a ship or two. from the want of men,
would be taken off, -Wall street was m raptures.
Now, the announcement that a new exploring
expedition along the northwest coast to Ber
ing's Straits is about to be detached from our
navy, under the command of Captain kiUggold,
Wall street ie in ecstacies with the pacific and
trade-extending signs of the times.
This northwest coast expedition will unques
tionably pay. In a few years the bays, sounds
and inlets of Oregon and Washington territo
ries-and Vancouver's island will dcvelopc a
fishery, shipbuilding, and general mant.me
business, corresponding to that ot the northeas
coast of the Atlantic. Besides, there is a vtrt
trade already waiting for a market, in the
Russian possessions above 54-40. including the
numerous islands of those arctic seas The
whale and seal fisheries of those high latitudes
are worth looking after. Incidentally, too.
should any of the squadron of commander Ring
gold penetrate within the straits aforesaid, they
mav learn something of the fate ofb.rJohn
Franklin. Success to this expedition.
We have adverted heretotore totheseveial
exploring expeditions already detailed or pro
jected to China and Japan, to the middle eas
coast, and to the heart of Africa, and to the
preat rivers of South America, and now t.iis
one to Befcrings Straits leaves but little else
to be done in nautical explorations, except an
inquisitorial circuit round Australia, and th
va?t system of islands of the Indian ocean, and
another squadron to the Antarctic continent
By and by it may be advisable to detail an
overland expedition through the centre or Asia,
another from Moscow, eastward through Asiatic
Russia to the northern Pacific; another from
Lake Superior to the mouth of Mackenzie s
river nearly at the north pole; and still another
from the Isthmus of Panama, along ti e eastern
flank of the AndeB. down to Cape Horn.
The time has come for opening up the wa<-te
places of the earth. While there is peace let
us explore them. Success to trade. Success to
Cap'.. Ringgold. While gathering in the gold let
us not forget the whale oil. We shall want nil
the Arctic ocean can supply to grease the wheels
of the Pacific railroad. Send oat the ships.
To Ik on 'Change.
The fore gn news was not considered of n.uch impor
tance and, in a ?ouiinerclal point of view, it hid vary
little influence on our market. Cot'on *4- rathe- un
rettled, and raiett reached only about 500 biles, at rates
n favor of buyers. In breudMulIi, flour *a? unchanged,
while wheat wan up about 2c. per bunhe! for prime
Genesee. and common was dull. Corn ?M aboat J?c. a
lc. per bushel better for yellow wliich w?? comparatvly
The steamboat Ocean Wave, t> jrnt on lAfce Ontario,
an! said by the telegraph to have been own>.<i in Ogd*ns
barn, had no insurance on her in Wall *'roet. !t wat
hi ;ii uil by some that, she was a Biitnh vesnel. anil
owned by merchants in Canada It was raid that
Enplith httn'nerit trading to our por' Ou;ht to :ome
under the laws of Oongrtss regulatiBg the *afety of
(a'ttngers going on board o' t'r.em, because the Euiliib
trOTcitiment regulated and limited he number of pi-sen.
geis which ^rere engaged (y Auicr.i.iD ven^eU
from Liverpool and other English porta. The Oceau
Wave ?a* ev i"ntly buret in Britiab wat' rs (thn
n 'M!e i.f the lake being the boundary l.ne). If she wa?
an Kngli ih vessel the Investigation wo aid iall undtrth"
f ?n;?inee of the fc.-itlsh Canadian aituoritiei. If she
pai an American vessel, although birn'ou the Rritii-h
sy.e of the line, it. was *aid that sue wi.uld 'till be .inder 1
the 'urisc'cHon of the United 9tat.es, an-l t'-e ca *ie cf
l"i d^aB*?r subject to the ivga examination of Uie
United -tales government authorities, t>"c?U'.e nove
reijnty goes with *he ;lag of the ocuntrj. Mr Tr-nan B.
I;?Ke <: tl.e ftrtft of H> mpbreye k Co., wa* an 1 f> lia\e
been a -.ery i ? | ectalile m* chant ot" Ogden burjt
The loss 'if (C"M, pr?'vi'i';sly noticed from ibe stetTuhlp
I'tiji n had been a- certamed ti amount '0 f!i '?ri,
chiefly insured in Wall street a>d fie rema ud?r in !/ .
don I ns Mid that the office in which policies had
been obtained w< uM prruptly i ,ij theamanntt o*aer.-,
and thus stand in tlie place ot owners, and #o upon the
?hip for recov?ry wl. h H was said would b? nl'.iom'ely
liable for the whole
We ?<re plea-to Mrt* the r"innWtM< or :
om of oar leading, imt active, iad useful New
York merchant* on 'Outage yesterday. He stated
that on that day (May 8) thirty-five years ago,
(1818,) he first commenced a small basineas in
New York. It appeal a that thin business waa In the
ahoe trade, commenced in Falton street. The honorable,
enterprising and successful career of this American mer
chant will stand out as a bright example of what industry,
jierteverance, and prudent application to business can ac
complish. He is yet in vigorous and aotive life and good
health. He belongs to an eminent and well known firm, un
der whose superintendence packet lines of ships to Europe
have been established, steanuhips built aud run to
Charleston and New Oilea.ni>, and whose Inlluenoe has
always been liberally exerted in favor of all plans of pro
gress and for internal improvements, and who in also
President ot one of the most respectable bunks in Wall
stieet. We would call him by name if we did not know
that his modesty was equal to his merit as a merchant
and as a citizen.
Home merchants on 'Change, who ret.idu in Brooklyn,
were congratulating themselves on the regular opening
of the Wall street ferry, which they considered a great
The anniversary meeting of the Chamber of Commerce
is to be held to day, (May 3d,) at which officer* for the
ensuing year will be elected.
The New Government O/fleers
The leadicg officials recently appointed by the Presi
dent for this city or districi,were quietly sworn intooffice
yr sterday morning. The deputy collectors of the Custom
House under the old regime were also sworn in; but this
is no iLdication whatever of the determination of Mr.
Branson to beep them in office. When he has decided
upon their successor)-, they will be removed without the
slightest hesitation. The following are the names of the
Isaac S. Howe, Charles P. Clinch, William G. King.
Mores K. Edell, Henry (.'alhoun.
The oath which they are required to take is the same
as that administered to all public officers, and is as I'ol
I . being appoin'ed Deputy Collector at in
the county of , and State of , do swear tnat
I ?ill faithfully perform all the duties requiied of me,
and abstain from everything forbidden by the laws in re
lation to the Custom House of New York; and I d? so
Irir.plv tvear that I will support the constitution of
the United States.
Sworn before the subscriber, , for the of ,
this dav ol A. 1). 186 , snd 1 also certify that
the p'rson above namei is above the age of sixteen years,
to the best of my knowledge and belief.
A* yet, it appears no appointments have been made in
either the Custom House or Post Office, although the ap
plicant' are piesdng their claims with all the urgency
and impatience of men whose very existence seems to be
staked on their success. Never was citadel worse be
Icaguered than both these departments have been since
they hate changed heuds. Mr. Branson ami Mr. Fowler
are neatly overwhelmed in the deluge of petitions and
recommendations which fcave been thrust upon them by
hungry office seekers, all of whom, according to their
own statement, have always had the good of the country
at heart, and were willing to sacrifice their own peace
and comfort for the public Interest. It is wonderful what
an ex:ess of patriotism there is just about these times;
and had ne not good authority for believing that "pa
triots have grown too shrewd to be sincere," we should
congratulate oursehes on the assurance of safety to the
Union which the exhibition is calculated to give. Theirs
is a pat rioti-m, however, which must have its reward,
no matter who suffers; for has it not been decided long
since, that '"to the victors belong the spoils?'' The van.
quii-hed will, thertf-iie, be thrust forth from their hold
ings, with little or no compunction, to make room for the
victorious adherents of the dominant political faith.
As it will take considerable time before the merits of
the numerous applicants can be decided upon, the re
movals must be gradual, so that it will probably be a
month beforo the removal of the present incumbents can
be effected. Meantime it would be well for the hungry
expectants to remember that "patience is a virtue,'' and
for those who are doomed to political decapitation, to
practice resignation, for it will enable them to meet
their fate with more fortitude.
Opening of Fianeonl'a Hippodrome
OVER NINE THOUSAND SPECTATORS PRESENT.
Franconi's Hippodrome was thrown open for the first
time lift night, to the New York public, and was tilled
about half an hour before the performances commenced,
by an audience of between nine and ten tboasand per
sons. About an hour previous to tbe time announced in
the advertisement for opening tbe doors, tbe building
whs beset by an eage? and impatient crowd, who, in their
anxiety to be first, appeared to have lost all control over
thcmselveg Hats were jammed, coats torn, and those
who were so unfortunate a? to have corns suffered
"some'' in tbe crush. But when the doom were thrown
of i'n, tbe scene tbat ensued can be better imagined than
de.-ciited. The Tangur'd, composed of those who were
first to enter the building:, made a tremendous rush to
secure tbe front seats, but in their efforts to obtain
them many were knocked down, and we believe, a few
slightly injured, but none serioutdy. About half part
wren o'clock every rest was occupied, and by
eight hardly a vacant spaoe was left in the
passages. Tbe s?.ene presented was brilliant and
magnificent in the extreme. All around the amphi
theatre wap one d*nse mass of h i man beings, ex ceding
in number aay assemblage we have ever seen inside of a
building in this city, not excepting e^n the audiences
attracted to the Jenny Lind concerts at Castle Garden.
A' these were swayed by the different emotiens excited
by the various performances the effect was exceedingly
line and imposing. At one moment, as the dashing and
giacefal female equesti:aus swept by them with the
speed of tbe wind, those at one side would burst into a
long and wild hurra, wliicb swelled in volume as tbe
riders pasted on in their fleet career, unt l tbe whole an
di? nee jo.ned in the cheering. Then again, during the
travegtifd turf scene, by monkeys in jockey dresse-,
mounted on ponies, tbe whole bouse was convulsed with
lr.-. gther, which became more vehement as one of the
animals fell while bid horse was leaping a fence. It ia
very seldom, however, tha^ such accidents happen to
Jocko, for though a very ungraceful rider, it is not an
easj matter to throw hiin.
The audience was formed of persons of every condition
of life, from the sturdy and independent mechanic to the
kid gloved gentry of upper tendom. These latter paid
<ne dollar for the privilege of sitting on cushioned seats,
while the former were contented wlrh their hard, wooden
benches at twenty-five cents; and well they might be, for
in this case they had cer^inly the best position, aud
veie enabled to sec the perfoimacces to more advantage.
Then there was an intermediate class, who paid fifty
cents; but we doubt if they were better off than tho^'t
who gave less. However, wc believe all were satisfied,
and the judgment of the whole audience was favorab'e to
the exhibition, i" thoir repeated approbation may te con
sidered a fair indication of their feelings.
Tbe performances commmenced with tbe grand
touic&ment, '? The Field of the (loth of Gold," with
?bich we Lave already made our reidcr* familiar
The tilting exhibited a considerable improvement on
the exhibition given to the press at the grand rchearftil.
Peveral lances were broken, and the conVndinft knightr
appeared to be more in earnest, although the victors on
this occasion, we think, we re the same. The warrior in
black armor unhorsed all hie antagonists, and, as
usi. at, received tbe prize from the Queen of Beauty.
Alter tbe tournament curie ' La Trapaze," whk-h
einritud of a seriei of most diring feats on the rope,
by the brothers Piegrlst. Elevated at a a he'ght of
at least th!rty feet from the ground, these daring
pyirEa?itn performed a variety of ftartling feats. But
the most interesting feature in the whole exhibition was
the ra :e with six horses, one mile heat, rode by M'llei.
Angelina, Caroline, Aoeline, Leontinc Eugenie and Hyivev
tre. The greatest excitement j .cvailed during this race,
and there w.vs some letting on the result. The cheers
and cries of the audience urging on the novel racers to
their ntmost sp*ed nnd the bold and fearlete manner of
tbe riders, reminded us strong'y of similar scenes oatte
racecourse. Toe femalo equestriansof tbe Hippodrome
are more gracefi.' ar.d with their longhair streaming be
hind tLem aid their face Hushed with the excitement,
in our Judgment. ?u.t a s the tight laced leather breeched
We regret to st*te tha' the enjoyment of Ibe chariot
race *bich took place between Miles M??on, Sylventre
and Mai in, *as eomld"r*:iy alloyed bj c.naccid nt to j
j one of n.e fair chariot*'- -s As the horses we- : impelled
; to tin ir full speed, one of the chariots approaching too
near the tenee en:'o- ng th- sta iun, struck ajaiost it
and was upiet. throwing it occupant, to the ground and
falling upon her A cry of horror bvnt from the au
dience, an?* for a few m n.enM the mo<t ?e <u i|' e
I herrions Kere entertained for h*rsafe'y. bi ' ?ooii r.
cohered from ihe shoe* and r*g-tln>-d l,> feet. ?ome < '
! the performers itumed stely came ta her .vva'aae* and
carried her off tl'? arena h 'he t ijj'fe- ir .> f? *
mOtter :?< af er ."anifip or. ho nrm Of Mr - rar on..
parmtly little the wor 1 o- toe accident Tot* atisfied
theaudimee .''.rid tie pe-fort? (inc* veto re'umed J
Tin 'frond p ait of ih? exhibition commen ced with n grand I
JC pr < 1 s ior. in lonor of Ceres. The pncipal featurn of )
attraction in this procession, wu the car of the muss a,
on wbloh *u represented tbo goddess herself, scattering
with a profuse hand ear* of golden grain. Surrounding
her woie four of the mueea, all the figures farming a
group, which revolved a* the ear moTed. On the front
and rear of the car, were other figure* of the musea, the
whole piesenting one of the most brilliant spectacle*.
The remainder of the perfurtuanees consisted of an os
trich race, graad steeple chase, context between tiro fuor
horce chariots, and other interesting fights, which we
have noticed in our former account.
Broadway Tut*tut?Mr Fokhkht ii* Macbfth.?Shake
apeare'a great tragedy of '-Macbeth" was produced last
evening with a splendor and scenic effect which gave to
thin masterpiece the charms and attractions of novelty
With Mr. Forrest as the hero we had the additional (Man
tle* oi the most picturesque and magic scenery, which
must be seen by all who can appreciate the drama It
is decidedly the most perfect specimen of stage effect
that wo have seen for yeara; and the ingenuity
that devbed it, and the spirit that carried it so effectu
ally into execution are deserving of the highest praisei
Mr. Forrest's conception of the part differs, in many re
spects, from that it other emintnt tragedians ; yet hia,
we conceive, is the true interpretation of the great
author's meaning. He makes him bold, ambitious and
heroic; cot innately the villain, nor the cunning,
crafty, blood thirsty tyrant, like Richard the Third.?
Mr. Conway, as Macduff, ably sustained his important
part, particularly iu the rceue of the discovery of Dun
can's murder, where he gave those beautiful sentences
of the author with great fueling and effect: and his pa
thetic outburst of maaly sorrow at the news of the mas
vacre of his wife and children was received with eothu.
siatni. The witches by Messrs. Davidge, Harry, and
Whiting, were admirably performed. Madajne l'o
nisi'sl.ady Mscbeth was in every way worthy of herself.
The house was crowded to excess?not a seat or standing
place was vacant; and at the conclusion of the perform
snce the prominent artists were called before the cur
tain. Mr. Forrest came forward leading Madame Pon
iri, and then Mr. Conway made his appearance, io o;>adi
ence to the general fiat of the house. "Macb.-th," iu its
present attractive, novel, and magnificent forte, will be
repeated every night this week.
Sale of Pews in Hope Chapel.
The congregation of the Madison Square Presbyterian
Church, under the pastoral charge of the Reverend
Doctor Adams, having lately leased Hope Chapel, Broad
way, for twelve months, religious service was cele
brated therein upon the morning and afternoon of last
Sunday. The pews were set up for sale for the current
year, at eight o'clock yesterday evening, when there was-,
a large number of pertons present, anxious to procure>
seats in this commodious place ef worship. Each pew
was offered at a fixed price, upon which a premium was
bid for choice. We publish the number, price, and pur
chasers, arranging the pews according as they wtre
ON THE GROUND FLOOR.
No of Fixed
l'iw. Price. Premium. Total. Parcltoser.
5 9 $75 $5 $80 Mr. Hheppard
6 7 86 ? 86 Mr. G:l)m*n.
6 5 100 ? 100 Mr. Bucklev.
6 3 100 5 105 Mr. Line.
61 100 ? 100 Mr. Wetm?*re.
4 7 100 25 125 Mr. C.ini.in
52 100 5 105 ......Mr. Tcibrooke.
? 5...... 80 5 85 ......Mr. Coly-ite.
07 60 12 72 ...... Dcctor Uunn'.ng;.
6 4 100 10 110 Mr. t Bright.
SO 160 7 107 Mr. Goold.
4 50 0 6G ...... Mr. .Stubbing.
4 5 100 7 107 Mr. Bussing.
72 76 0 81 Mr. Adams.
4 8 100 10 110 Mr. Murphy.
1 2 75 10 85 Mr. S P. W'tliamflk
71 75 12 87 Mr. Iiverraore.
10...... 75 6 81 ......Mr. Ke^ehum.
11 75 7 82 Mr. Goodwin.
16 67 6 73 Mr. Of mated.
14...... 70 7 77 Mr. Livingston.
15 70 7 77 Mr. Teft.
18 60 7 57 Mr. May.
74 70 6 76 Mr. Sytc.
68 86 5 90 Mr. Bacon.
6 0 70 5 75 Mr. Davie.
70 76 6 81 Mr. Martin.
78 60 5 65 Mr. Penfleld
5 50 5 55 ......Mr. Pressenden.
1 3 70 5 76 ......Dr Harris.
70 45 5 50 ......Mr. Nt-vins.
17...... GO 5 C6 Mr. LaC.iug.
19. 45 ft 50 Mr. Simtmg.
8;..... 65 6 70 Mr. Kelt.
80 45 0 61 Mr. Tmbrooke.
56 100 6 105 Mr. Pennyuun.
68 f.6 5 70 Mr. Strong.
20,,.,,, 45 6 60 ...... Mr. Williamson.
3 50 5 55 . ,.. .Mr. Wu>xid.
76,,,... 70 valuation 70 ......Mr. Wukham.
(2 60 do 50 Mr. BuU
1 4 60 6 65 Mr. Benedict
(5 60 5 55 Mr. Piatt.
3 50 3K 53 Mr. BlLi-?
6 40 valuation 40 Mr. Sherwocd.
77 60 2* 62Jj Mr. Ldwards.
4 6 100 valuation 100 Mr. D?y.
7 60 do CO Mr. Blacb'ord.
32 50 do 60 Dr. J yrnPh.
1 40 do 40 ..,,,.Mis* firmly.
6 6 40 do 40 Dr. White
83 65 do 65 Mr. KempshalL
31, 50 do 50 W. P. Joues,
4P 100 do 100 Mr. Church
88 30 do 30 Mr. Miller.
21 40 do 40 E. A Gould.
44 100 Co 100 Mr <1&)pen'er.
43 100 do 100 Mr. J.i'Uon.
A front pew $25 valuation ?'.'5 Mr. Miller.
Twenty-three uf the pews in the aisle remniuii] unsold
at the close, and a good many remained unlet in the
galleries. They will soon lie rented. The total amount
produced by the sale was not correctly made out when
our reporter left but it txceeded four thousand one hun
dred and eighty dollars.
CoU't tUemttr-TIUi Unjr.
I'xitkd Statim Dimkil-i Cocar?Grand Jury.
tfUPWotK Coma?General Term.?No. 1 to l.">.
Si tremk Coi'HT?Circuit.?Not. 447, 5i3, 476. 289, 493,
210 1.466. 24, 642, 463 4.10, 41 346 45fi 2
Commun Puu.-?Part fir-1.?No*. 419, .127, 605. 801, 800,
802. 8(13, K06, 808, 329, 811. 813 815. 818
Common Pleas?!-art f'esond.?No*. 582, 570 676, 769,
183, 429, 616, 627. 817 8.'0. 821, 711, 822, 823.
PrrcBiOR Cockt?Two Itr.inche*.?Noa. 8. 366, 342,
269, 241, 372, 561 % : 80. ;-.8d, 387, 388, 389. 393,394,
366. 398. 309, 402. 453 40 1 405. 400 407, 141, 334. 21, 22?
2/151, 307, 202, 263, 229. 90. 299, 168
Union Court!*', L. I.?Trotting ?To-Day,
iTursdny,) Msy 3, st Z I* M. the match for $1,1100, between
Flora Ti in pie au<f Dutchman, ?ill positively oome ofT.
Fiord Temple came l ire from Philadelphia latt Saturday,
and we have boeu assured by the owners of both horse*
that they will certainly i-tart. Staijea will he in revlineri at
Fnlton *erry. Brooklyn. and at Williamsburg ferries, at all
hour? during the dry. rare rach way, 28 oent .
.Kills 1. SNEUIKKK, I'ropriotor.
Tc Mtcbanlri of Evri y Kind.?l'he True
way fur a mechanic t'> prepnte for a strike, or for any fluc
tuation in wages. Ir In huy fur his wife, dau'ibt^r, or (inter,
one of SINGER'S l'nteDt Sev inn Machines. There are many
wnr.en In NfwV' rk who, wit s aewing machine, earn much
more than mechauieti' ?i:u. (.'all, examine, and bay a
maci.iLe, at the ofT:ce, 323 Broadway.
Clear n* Trittli ?There I* no Myrtery About
the fact of KNOX, the hntiir, of No. 12M Fulton street, Boil
ing hit cheapest, most ile^nnt. durable and faahionahle
half, at the low ]>rict i f 'enr dollars, for the extent of hi#
trade ennhliw him tn furnish a better article at a leas profit
tban any other Latter in town. Remember this, and deal
Ahead of the Cons?crvatIve Chnpellcr? of the
Scuth tnd ire the fresh, elegant, original and essentially
picturesque coneer-tinna in the ferm of hats, conceived, con
c(clcd, and made tangible and aiiproachahle to any man.be
he aanfi i ulr.tte <?r of the l .irt too, by the authors of "Hate
Made Kasy,'' Meiers. KNOX it JAMES, of the I'roscott
linen*. Xn. S.'Jl liroadwav witl in a few step* of lloller'i Sa
loon if Mafic Ji ilgei iji the beautiful are invitjd to call
Whntmnirin the list Reeomlng 1 ?The Name
of the mali r will donbth ? t.? m.my, fully Miggast the an
swer: I r.t all are not alile crelulous. * hat is booming
when it? proportions nro e nnl to the head it la intended for.
Crown and brim t!:o exprorei.-.n of symmetry and harmony,
nut too high ortno Ii. r r I too mrich hell or too S'raiuht.
Its beai.tiful proportions cpl> ' cm lied by its el. Kant finish,
ti e pridv.cl -f ? matter artist, and tho maker, WaK
NOCK, No. 276 Brondv.sy.
Hpilug and Rummer Clothing may be
foond tt Al Fit FT VI' N RO * rO.'S large clothing estab
lishment. 441 Urondvay. W oil made goods exclusively
( lotting made r> ? rder nr i v.arranttd tonivo entire aatis
I at lion, lor r.entlemen. children and boys Furnishing
gui da in rrent ir.ri' ty No di riatlun in prices Pnrehaaers
will find it to th"ir iidviint t:*e tn buy at this house, as any
thin* purchased there will bo ox?'\ani?'l or tho money re
funded, whenever any (IhriUirnctlon aritci after the pur
I.nn-^piil Term. Superior O.-niit.?The
erre respecting the anjcrl r >y of the N'? Y'rk clothing
tnsnnfncturr. . ba? beenidi.d by a c.cn< r.il or-liet In lavor
of II. I. I'OS'I EH, elothiei 27 Cortlandt , tr ot, ?? ew York,
whose fnlt^ or sii'tlc Karme '-are decidedly tf.t hestiatbo
city ( all and c-e hi: now faring atylcr.
Hmlng Hi.xitiiai Conifl, Spring
?'tr ' 6a< l>s, spring fr<>( lis, ing ye.ats,: priu (i:iata, in ths
..if ' -Ldfri&rit beautlfuT variclyof .o-iii., -"lacUid lre?
>?ir ?bOt?tlt S|>rii;i(iliit> rtet' >?? 1). A I l?F. VX1N,
iNo* A3 and .li.lohn street, corner V&stan.
V;ni( le rJI-ci-tliij; I'ishlle Attention to the
t 'fij it v hi<:h f]iill l-ot ... l.jc . e.i for la.'bion ui tho pr niui
? r; 'if the ei.rrs/'/n rl.i. t ? nl?l especially Invite notice to
11 r.l.'i ty wHo wl ich tin I nji.n i< ndapt.ed to tho firm 11
t'c I urt, III well as tin rul P'rlrc Hon a| t'.e fit nnd
* i ihitmEshlp. /GATE. 2M lit adway.
H> AiItIic our Readers to benr In iiitint
V i I. Al (? 111.1 .\" : shirt mai.nlactory, II J (?r en i jh , t r ? t,
( tin i ' C'haml ' r? Tiit el l'l- wl foh he inaii s to inofMiro
st Jj ;'."i a piei e, are e([unl to &."S skirl* in Ur- i.'1. v. ??. The-o
at' fi '! ? t" he i r.t.vft e,-!, i r I r one fit of l i? ahirtf, and
j' i. v III ncvi r pati ? i i/_ i,; other.
Ths JKotlo c<i th< l iijnln of 1 n'laic Is
nrf|iinir, r' n | nri>-i?, 'In ..Hier word? "*'(>-r behind
'be tilt,* I't ? n t i? ri??'rle (JI1EI1X, f I \-t ,r
II' iifce, i.mlntia ( is b ,?i.j. ills I cantliul n.it a, made o
-i i r id (Minrantled t* nt ; ??" alv-'iya ?'! :?? pn 1
tin.I)) na '111 ra tiir*?'nrh ti u I'ost Otliee.
I'aitsl |**et (a />??? Mture,Wo. 70' i.im tr*e?,
fe. A - * hRHftN A' Co, cull the attention of t! ?* * trleni's t<
?be-?* . > "f newandf.i ?tit <-arpetii.?>jnst ?c, d fn .r, th?>
j-it - e' rat* i inanul. ?! ri<r, oon-prislc.g t? ? /.??, ?>.
/ifn* ?? hnc ply pmi i'i ?. i . N|,/? " 1
of (I siitis, Muettaus n<a*
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