AFFAIRS IN EUROPE.
London, May 18,185'
Mrs. Uncle Tom Stt**" ~
^.j in SurA Fine Company? The
London Press and the Cabin at the Latest Date.
Mrs. H. B. Btowe ha# now been some time in Lon
don, drinking deep of tlie cup of flattery and false
praise held up to her lips by a special clique of the
Cngliah aristocracy, t t? a curious phenomenon of
modern history, this sudden zcul and interest taken
by this class of the English aristocracy in the domes
tic affairs and conduct of the American people. It
certainly looks very suspicious. Nor is it void of
singularity, that all this morbid feeling which vents
itself In idle display. and ad captundum s|>eochos.arid
public meetings, is founded upon a tale of ff tion. and
upon what may be jusily styled a childish novel.
This interference of the English with this American
question is, in point of fact, nothing but an interfer
ence with the laws and personal conduct oi the
American people, and with the action and extension
of American laws upon the conduct of American
citisens. We will not pretend to make such a mon
strous assertion as to say that the Americana ought
not to be ruled, and governed, and guided by laws,
and just laws?we will not pretend to assert that the
conduct of American citizens does not require the
constraint and rule of law: but what we say, with
out fear of contradiction on either side of the Atlan
tic, from any sane person, ia this : that the English
aristocracy and people arc not those who have any
right to dictate laws to Ameri;a, or even to
criticise her laws, and complain of their laxity
when the imperfections of their own laws in
restricting men from evil deeds is considered
or to say, m so many words, to the American
people?"Your laws relating to yonr domestic affairs
are not good: we call upon you to alter or amend
them." It is a matter of domestic legislation, in
which,if men know their own interests, it is good
for them that they should live under, and be cheer
fully subjected to?laws controlling their actions and
patting bounds to their own wills and passions.
The question, properly speaking and properly an
derstood, is not a question of slavery. Slavery has
always existed in Amerira, and in the world, and as
long as the world stands such as it is slavery mast
and will exist. The true question for America, and
for the South especially, is the law which governs
the owner of domestic slaves; and we affirm and
maintain that the English people have not the right
to interfere with that question.
The grand display of British feeling, and the great
exhibition of Mrs. Stowe to the English people, took
place on Whit-Monday, at Exeter Hall, London. The
crowd called together by curiosity to see the lioness
of the day was immense, and she was hailed with
maddened exultation and vehement enthusiasm on
her entry, and greeted with the same demonstra
tions on leaving the hall after the meeting broke up.
This mad scene, with the silly peurile cant and
speeches, (whieh seemed, as it were, an excuse for
keeping the mob together while they start.d at Mrs.
Stowe.) gave rise to a leading arti le in the Times,
which happily shows a dawn of reason and a return
of good sense in the thinking and most intlueutial
portion of the British public.
It would be a great, an immense mistake, to sup
pose that the great mass of the English nation have
any sympathy or common feeling with the class of
persons whose views, schemes and sentiments, are
quasi represented by Mrs. H. B. Stowe.
It is only one noisy, bustling, brawling party, which
in England has taken np this question; and it is a
party which, for some years past, has been dying
under general public contempt. Once this party,
when it was less venal aud less impure, ruled Eng
land. Once, for a moment, it seized upon the gov
ernment and crashed all other parties.
We need hardly say who or what tbia party is. It
is the pious party?or, more truly aud more charac
teristically described, it is the Pharisee party
Never was a party more impotent, more generally
despised, more desperate in view of universal con
tempt, than this party at this present moment is in
England. Hence it makes desperate efforts to regain
influence and power by a show and talk of some
general virtue on some general subject. Hence it
resorts to abstract questions aud debates upon ab
stract virtues, while it is lost to all social virtue aud
undermines all the foundations of social life aud good
?rder. Rebellion always was its principle, and this
under the name and mask of some abstract truth or
virtue to which it made great pretensions.
The view taken by the writer in the Times, as an
English view, and as antagonistic to the "Tom party,
exhibits some justice and moderation. It is admitted,
first, that the abolition which the abolitionists call
for i's both undesirable, impracticable, and would be
injurious. It is admitted, secondly, that the aboli
tion displays got np in England in view or Mrs.
_ we, and as a testimony to her, are displays of
??'u impotence and folly, and are disgusting. It
<ra?u?_ * thirdly, that slavery ia perfectly eompati- I
is a^xnen*^. i iaW8, with moral truth and justice,
ble wttn Bocia* -cination of slaves in the Uuion
and that the to give infants and children
would be as it ln admitted, fourthly,
the rights of full grown men. - ,e as exer.
that slavery is recognized in the Bio. J , -^j .
ciaed by righteous persons. It 1* adnfltte-. y>
that as for comfort and amusement, and secular and
religious instruction, the American slave is as well
off as the English laborer. |
All these admissions, just and trie M they are, in
the greatest of English journals?the Hub ald of Eu
rope?are satisfactory. so tar as they shiw that the
English people, (whatever a few mad caps may rant)
are not all bit and gone mad with the lanatic.sin and
raving intemperance of the few who call themselves
Mrs. Stowe proves herself quite an American in
her intercourse with the English aristocracy. Her
self-possession,ease, and independence
was quite undisturlied in the presencej of the proud
duchesses and fraughty .lames of J^er t'^lea J:^vet
nobility. They expected timidity and tear, and rever
ence for their title*. in an untitled person, aud they
found themselves disappointed.
Mrs. 8. felt herself tneir equal in social life, and
acted among them as she felt. This, above all other
things, has caused a great astonishment in the
higher circles in lavor of American women, f^in
fact it is a quality peculiarity distinguishing an Am
erican woman, that she can be and is a duchess
among duchesses. . , ,
The abolitionists, who have organized a clamor,
making society here among the pietists or Pharisees,
and who call themselves the British and Foreign
Anti-Slavery Society, are going to take advantage oi
ihe lioness, and getup a grand demonstration in a lew
lavs, under the name of a soiree to Mrs. B. Stowe. 1 his
to to be an attempted imitation of the grand and regal
lisplay or Mr. Peabody's American party at Willis
looms, a year ago, when the late Duke of Wellington
was present, and the great men of Englaud united in
looial fusion with America. As 1 gave you a long
account of Mr. Peabody's party, I shall think it my
duty to watch this soiree, and give you some history
of this humbug?for it deserves no better name. It
is an attempt to give honor, and eclat and respecta
bility to a knot of vain, selfish, proud people,
who are injuring the poor blacks all they can, for the
sake of their own glory and exaltation. The soiree
will also be at Willis' rooms, in St. James street,
where Mr. Peabody gave his magnificent party, u
anything noteworthy oc ;nre, I shall be there to give
you a full account aud all particulars.
Albkmaki.e Hthkbt. PicAPru.v, )
London, Friday, May 20,1863. )
.Mercantile College?A Boy-Murdtrtr-A few words
about London Theatres and then Pittiroit Go
vernment?M. La font?Mr. Mitche'l? German
Opera and Cerito?M. Reickart?Grisiand Mario
going to America?Surrey Theatre. A"r-, fyr
The Patrxe newspaper contradicts the assertion of
the American journals, that certain French ships of
wa$ arc on their way to the Sandwich Islands, for
the nurpoee of acting against those Islands. The
nan%jouraal also declares that there is no foundation
whatever for the rumor which has gone abroad that
the commander of the French trigate Jeanne
D'Arr has purchased a territory on the shores of the
Red Sea, and that he intends taking possession of an
bland situated in tbat eea. To-day, the Corps
Legislatif resumed the adjourned debute on the
Budget of 1854. The credits demanded for the pay
ment of the national debt, and for the dotation of
(be legislative powers and the ministerial offices,
were vote ! by the Assembly.
Prince Menscliik ff has given the Porte eight
flays to consider its decision on his ultimatum.
The representatives of England and France, con
f 'od on the subject of the Divan, have sent off
i or iers to their respective governments. Advices
I Smyrna are of the 11th of May. The town
a raoqniL The French squadron was still in the
, Athens. It was asserted yesterday afternoon
is, that an electric despatch had been received
cioi tea tin, announcing that the Porte had ac
*eenv the Russian ultimatum.
\r r. K Besle. of the wide world renowied tnisi
aaichouse of Messrs. Cramer, De^lc A Co., ho
permitted Madame Grtai and Signor Mario to form
an engagement for America of five months. Mr.
Beale is disinclined to enter into any American spe
culation until tt" '???1 i?ut?v(iiugi nave n-rm nated
ociween nim, Miss Catharine Huys and Mr. Ward
well. Grisi and Mario are to open your New York
Concert Hall. Towards the conclusion of my letter I
give some more details on this head.
We are very glad to have it in our power to an
nounce that a meeting of merchants and other in.
fluential city men, has been he'd for the purpose of
promoting the establishment of a Mercantile and
Maritime College. The necessity of such au institu
tion has long been felt, and it is only matter of sar
| prise that such a project 1.as not been carried o it
| long ago. Neither is the idea a new one, tor, as re
gards tbecity ot Loudon, a verv similar pim occurred
to the comprehensive mind of Sir Thomas Gresharn,
the noble-minded founder of the It >yal Exchange.
In fact, he gave a practical exposition of his views,
by founding and endowing the college which still
goes by his name?ami for upwards ot aceut irv and
a halt Gresham College fulfilled to a great extent the
enlightened purposes contemplated by its founder. In
the lapse of time, however, that originally excellent
institution has so degenerated that for many voara
past it has answered no other purpo e than providing
sinecure situations for scientihc and learned men, on
the plea of their delivering lectures, which no per
son ever thinks ol attending Its funds, however
which amount to about ?40,000, might easily be
made available to aid in a reully useful purpose, and
it is to lie hoped that the Mercer's Company of
London, who are the trustees, will see jpo objec
tion to allowing them to become the nucleus
of a much larger fund for endowing the proposed
new college. Our mercantile men have hitherto had
no really professional education and undergone no
course of instruction specially suited to their require
ments; and the same remark applies to our mercan
tile seamen, who, with all their sterling qualities,
are vastly inferior in point of professional knowledge
and experience to the seamen of other lauds. Nearly
20o,000 persons are now employed in our maritime
service; and it is high time that measures were adopt
ed to make them efficient sailors. We feel quite de
lighted, therefore, to think that some plan is in
course of formation to remedy this defect; and we
look upon the unanimity of feeling that pervaded
Tuesday's meeting as a happy augury for the sue- I
cess of the movement When the plans are matured,
and the project has been fully launched, we shall be
delighted to give it all possible publicity; but mean
while we cannot but hail with pleasure the philan
thropic exertions of a body of merchants who have
come forward so nobly to assist a large class of their
fellow-countrymen, who, notwithstanding the im- i
mense services they render, have been all but wholly
neglected by those on whom they confer wealth and
It has not been our lot for many years to record
so awful a chapter in the history of national crime
as the apprehension of a mere boy?one Hacker
only ten years of age, for wilfully drowning another
boy, some three years his junior, in the river Avon,
not far from Bath. Children are not in general ca
pable of conceiving, planning and executing great
crimes: and for this reason the civil law has always
been reluctant to pronounce persons under the age
of puberty to be fit objects of legal punishment.
With the English law, however, it is widely differ
ent, for our criminal legislators have taken more
care to punish than reform offenders, and have,
therefore, paid but little regard to the age of the pri
soners, supposing that malice occasionally supplies
the deficiency or years. This maxim has been ap
plied to practice sqyeral times already; and children
have often been hanged who ought at most only to
have been flogged or consigned to medical care for
mental malformation. Children of ten years of age
cannot thoroughly comprehend the immorality
of acts so as to take them for a warning;
and it is not many years ago since a
poor child, who had got mingled with a mob of
machine-breaking rioters, was hanged at Lancaster,
calling on his mother to save him. Such an execu
tion, we assert, did no good whatever in the way of
punishment, or even by way of example ;?for the
strongly expressed feeling of the public was that
it was nothing more nor less than cold-blooded
murder. Children may be charged with felony?
our lawyers say?even at eight years of age ; but no
one will believe, that at such an age they are capable
of understanding the nature of Felony. They may
know, perhaps, that it is wrong and sinful to steal;
but they have no capacity for really understanding
the amount of its criminality and among the lower
orders, few, very few indeed, of our criminal delin
quents can really tell what a crime is. Yet such
unhappy children have often been put to death on
the false plea that malice teupplies the want of age.
A girl of thirteen was once burned to death for killing
her mistress ; two boys?one of ten, the other nine
years of age?were sentenced to death for killing j
a playmate, one of whom was aetually hung;
the other reprieved, though it would have puzzled
all the lawyers in the world to ascertain the differ
ence in criminality between the one and the other.
Many cases of a similar kind are quoted by Black
stone in defence of the above proposition; but never
theless?difficult as such cases are?we protest
against the notion that any public good whatever
can be effected by hanging juvenile murderers. In
nine cases out of ten. the original mental defects
have been exaggerated by bad "training: but never
theless, children of so tender an age, with characters
and principles yet unformed, cannot in any fairness
be considered capable of comprehending legal crime
and its consequen ;es?nor ought they to he submit
ted to the extreme penalties of the law. What may j.
be done with the boy Hacker, it is difficult to say, or
whether the nineteenth century is to be enlightened
by the example of hanging a child; but we are per
fectly convinced that the infliction of such a punish
ment will excite more abhorrence in the public mind
than the crime which is punished, and, therefore, tint ,
any beneficial example will be wholly out of the ques- j
I believe that in reference to my correspondence
last December, yon will observe that I predicted,
scrialitn, theatrical events precisely as they have
occurred. This season has proved as barren as I was
certain it would prove, it is reported that the
Princess's will remain open during the summer, and it
is certain that Mr. Kean is progressing rapidly in his
preparations for Byron's tragedy of "Sardanapalus," i
(Anthony and Cleopatra,) which is to be produced
with all the scenic effects that bayard's recent disco- ;
veries in Ninevah can afford. Although Mr. Kean
is not the beau ideal of what " Sardanapalus'' may tie
imagined, and Mrs. Kean is somewhat portly for the
lithesome, classic girl, Myrrha, still the gilding will
excuse the gingerbread. The Queen will go to see
it; so, prognosticate a sensation from this revival.
In the pursuit of archseological authorities for this
piece, tne mummies of the British Museum have
been copied for the wigs. It is sincerely to I
be hoped that the New York theatres will '
not have the bad taste to follow this
stupid lead, which is turning the drama
into an archseological museum, a scientific raree
show?not holding the mirror up to nature, but
to mummies?making, indeed, a very morbid ex- ,
hibition, in which the characters are subservient to
their costumes, the picture transferred from the
front to the back of the stage, and the poet is re
quested to stand aside that he may not hide the
scenery. All this is not a picture of life, but a trac- j
ing of death. Such management in a theatre is a
confession or histrionic penury.
Buckstone's next novelty at the Haymarket will
be a drama frqm the pen of Mrs. Crowe, the author- j
ess of "Susan Hopley," "The Night-side of Nature," ,
&c. This will be, I say, another failure; it is a
medieval piece of villany, and clever little Buck
stone is cobbling it up with his ready pen: but I feir
it will follow in the waKe of "Colombe's Birthday,"
and return to that obscurity from which it never
shonM have emerged. The Haymarket closes on
July 3d, to be cleansed, and that certainly not before '
it wanted it, seeing that those enterpiiung
managers, Messrs. Webster and Manby, never had it
once cleaned out during their sixteen years le-see- '
ship. Buckxtone has already done much; let him
progress and prosper. It will re open in Oet'tber.
To the Adetphi 1 was invited on Wednesday eve- !
ning to see Sliakspeare. We all waited very patient
ly for three hours, but had not unit anticipated plea
sure; the immortal Will didn't show up! Our tern- ,
per was not improved by the entertainment provided, i
namely, a burlesque on the "Midsummer Night's
Dream.-' in which Mr. Nasal Webster did enact Kal
stuff; Miss Woolgar , Slender, (poor dear Bella!)
and Madame Celeste, (Mrs. Webster,) ('? proh! pit
ddr ' ) Mre. Ford ! ! Lot it be distinctly observed,
to this lady's credit, that she played the part under
protest and by direction of the sole lessee and maua- !
ger. Here athrre act drama, entitled "The Reign of j
Tciror, by Mr. Bnnrcieanlt, lain rehearsal. Last night '
a three act comedy, entitled "The Lawyers," w?- pro- I
duced at Madame* estris s and Mr. Allcroft's Lyceum, j
It is a translation of a French piece, entitled Lti i
Avorats, written by MM. Dumanoir A Glairville, j
and produced at the Gymnase last August. Mr. I
Hingshy Lawrence, or rather Mr. Lewis, a reporter
en a weekly journal, Thr I^eidrr, is the adapter, and j
I must protest against Mr. Charles Mathews (.r >
nouncing him the author of tliis piece and of " The
Game of HpecuJation," which was a literal tranda- j
tion of "Mercadet." also a Gyinnane comedy. I
give you an outline of the thin plot: Mr. and Mrs.
Bickering Brown, a young married couple, squab- '
ble abort trifles light as air, and their disputes are j
kept alive by Mrs. Brown's mother, Mrs. Almonia i
Naggins. Mr. Brown, in a (it of passion, forcibly j
ejects Mrs. Naggins' torn cat from the drawing j
room window, and the result is an action, " Naggins
vs. Brown." Hereupon three harri ters are intro
duced Mr. Reijesnt Bullyrn t, Mr. Frank Matthews;
Mr. Serjeant Hroadgrin, Mr. Haul Baker; Mr.
Quality Go .rt, Mr. Charles M itbc ws, and a virtuous
lawyer, Mr. Settle, (n rare bird !) Mr J Jin 0? c er.
All these art very tally parts, not In any way tend
ing to lonn n plot, but they wen nil i ted to ocrf
tion. Mrs. Frank Mathews, (a part extracted tro.n
a FrcreJi vaudeville. "La Belli " ?re,") i Mr,
IG.gsi , . tl.i M'ther in 1.1 w.:. i , i ti'iiy Co , - ,
Hi Mi. and ilia. Bromi wuo aia^c the parti of
the piece to the hands of those accomplished artinb,
Mr. Roxbv and Miss Robertson.
People talk of Old Drury being re-opened next
mouth, but you know how prone we all uro to be
1 eve the worst Poor Drury Laue! Give a dog a
bad name and hang him. The Olympic, creeping
on In its servile decrepitude under the veteran
Furren?(why is there not an honorable hospital for
such veterans/) ?will shortly fall iijto the hand < of
t'<at accomplished actor and author, Mr. Alfred
>Mgankand thereby complete the circle of petti ? at
ascendancy, which, since lac retirewentof Maercaly,
has ema-1'dated tlie Loudon stage. There is Mrs.
Kean, nt the Prin ecs's; Mrs. Fitzwilliain, at the
Hayiuarket; Mine. Vestals, at the Lyceum; .Mine.
Celeste, at the Adolphi; Miss lteheoia Isaacs, at
?*r.acd; M1*-Alfred Phillips, at pre-eat at the
Olympic, and we are threatened with Mrs.
igun, lor the latere at this e-tabli-tiraent.
A or have the transpontine theatres escaped this
feminine invasion, for Mi.se \ iacent is lording itover
at c^l l<'?riu? wl'ile Miss Itomer sways the Sur
rey. Oh Umporaf Oh mores! It must he admitted
that ol these dynasties Charles Kcun does not wholly
sui Diit to crinoline domination, and the success of
his theatre marks when lie has his own way?but
man 1 weak, and subject to the gout?in thu-e mo
ments Ellen is triumphant. An attempt was made
nt this theatre to organise a virtuous ballet. The idea
originated, as you may suppose, with Mrs. Kean, but
u- }\ca given up as quite impracticable, a fact
which had been discovered by Kean some time be
t-re; but he isan indulgent husband, and gives the
moral conduct of the establishment into the hands
of his excellent partner. " 1'ieux Sardanaple, va
Reflecting on these matters, and the utter impo
tency of our stage, we may draw this satisfaction
twin our calamities?you will henceforth be unable
to obtain resources from us; and thrown upon your
own ingenuity, it may result in your necessity com
pelling the birth of some native dramatic genius,
who will bestow some individuality on your stage'
and give it more than a vicarial existence.
M. Lafont had a capital benefit on Wednesday
evening at the French Plays. Next Wednesday the
enterprising and liberal lessee, Mr. Mitchell, the li
brarian ol old Bard street, takes his benefit, when
trie following attractive bill of fare is announced:
Tbe lavurite comedies of "Le Mart a la Carapace''
and "Le Bonhomme Jadis," in which Messrs. Reg
mer and Lafont, and Mesdames Page, Flewry, and
Madeline Brohan will perform. After her London
engagement, the sweetly pretty and talented Made
line Brohan is to be married to a rich Parisian
banker. The great tragedienne Mdlle. Rachel ap
pears at the commencement of the ensuing month
and will be ably supported by a corps d clUe from
the theatre Fran^ais.
Reports are in circulation touching a German
opera, with a first class ballet, led off by the cele
??Mr- Albert Smith's "Mont Blanc"?Mr. Woodin's
;~Mr. Harry Lee Carter's "Two Lands
of Gold and the Zulee Kaffirs and exhibitions of
this character, are more than usual this holiday
week. Mr. Albert Smith has given his Mont Blanc
entertainment fonr hundred and fifty times.
Dr. John Joy has left Dublin in company with Mr.
and Mrs. Sims Reeves, Miss Kathleen Fitzwilliam,
Mr. and Mrs. Weiss, and the restaof the musical
party, for the south.
. H* lleichart the celebrated flute player engaged
by Jullien for his American tour, had the honor of
playing before the Queen last evening.
It is now quite beyond a doubt that Grisi and Ma
rio will shortly visit America. Seventeen thousand
pounds have been paid into their banker's hands by
an American, of course?this for a five months 'en
gagement only, all their expenses paid, and only to
I. av !u.,three ?f yoaT principal cities! Mario says
that if they make a hit, (a dead certainty,) they will
probably squat down in the States for some time to
"Rigolette," the new opera of Verdi, at the Royal
Italian Opera, improves upon acquaintance.
lour tragedian, Mr. McKean Buchanan, has
played a veiy successful engagement at Liverpool.
I he Scotch papers are loud in praise of Mr. Daven
port in Markwell's "Louis XI."
.At tbe Surrey theatre, they are playing the round
of Balle s operas. Mr. Howard Paul mads his new
drama there this evening. So you see Yankee au
thors, as well as Yankee actors, are in vogue here.
Mr. Ldward Stirling, who will shortly visit Ame
rica, with his accomplished and pretty wife, is the
stage manager here.
Mr. Harold Power, son of the immortal Tyrone:
Mr. Montgomery, an excellent tragedian; Mr. Duncan
Stewart, Mr. Viner, and a host of accomplished
amateurs, played at the Soho theatre last evening
to a crowded and fashionable audience, for the bene- i
tit of a decayed actor.
Mr. Josh. Silsbee is in Paris. Mr. Frank Mori's
celebrated composition, "Frioolin," will be played
at the next Harmonic Union, Exeter Hall. The last
musical union, at the Hanover Square Rooms, was
tbe most successful of the series, and Mr. Ella has i
great cause for congratulation. Mdlle. Adela Ro- :
cheJIe is stiU in Paris. Theatrical curiosity is on the
qui vtve in re. Emery versus Webster?a curious
action to come off next term, and of which I shall ,
give you a due and faithful report. From what I !
can learn, the usual dramatic concomitants form the
ingredients?love and jealousy. The great concert
attractions this season are Bottessini'a and Madames i
Zerr s and Doria's. 1
We have, at last, the finest of weather, and the
town ls overflowing with the fashionable and sport- 1
ing world. I shall give you a full and particular ac- I
count ol all proceedings during the Epsom week, I
saving and excepting, bun eniendu, my own conduct
tb,e Derby day, when one is permitted to be a
k"lefa8t. ? _Don C.esak. I
Our Paris Correspondence.
Paris, May 19, 1853.
27ie Press and the Powers of Europe?The Mili
tary and Police?Washington's Niece at Court? '
1 he United States Minister and the Emperor? j
C-ity Building, Stock Jobbing, and Democracy ;
Mr. Soule Again?An American Man-of-war
Offends the French Admiral, fyc., fyc.
The duty of a correspondent in Europe is daily j
becoming more difficult than it has ever been before, I
and one who desires to fill his letters with some news' '
which is not to be found in other letters is obliged to i
work ten times more than it was necessary to do
during the three years past. It is well known in
America that the trench and European press?even
that of England?is now so much muzzled that any j
news of much importance, which is not considered
favorable to the government, is immediately sup- '
presfed; whilst that which is of no value is given to
be published land to fill the columns of tbe news
papers. No publisher of a journal in France dares
to offer bis readers any piquant fact without having
it first approved by the chief of the office of the
press at the Ministry of the Interior, lest he should
be seed if he was acting otherwise. The only inde
pendent country for publication is now America;
and hurrah for the land of the free! Hurrah fo1'
the asylum of democracy and true honor and res
pect of mankind!
I he Chief of the Empire has not been doing much
during the last week. With the exception of a few
visits to the public places, a ride on Saturday last
in the Champs Elysee with the Empress Eugenie,
who was making her first promenade since her
iMr ess, an afternoon spent in the same company
at St. Cloud on Monday last, no gossip of import
ance can be given to the reader.
It is decided that the Empress will go this
summer to the watering place called Eaux-Bon
nc-s. The doctor of that establishment, M. Darn],
under whose care she had been in July last, was
called to Paris, and after a scnitinous inquiry about
the state of the Empress, he declared that sho had
to spend another summer season at Eauv Bonnes.
Louis Napoleon and Lis wife will go next week to St
Cloud, where they intend remaining during all the
month of June. In July, whilst the Empress will
proceed to Kanx-Bonnes, the Emperor will leave
Paris to make a tonr in the department of the Old
Vendee, where Le desires to render himself more
known, and to annihilate, if possible, the souvenirs
of the Bourbon family, which arc so inveterate in
that part of France.
The encampment of Satory. near Versailles, is de
cidedly ordered, and the barracks and tents for that
military display are already on the spot, in readiness
to receive the regiments who will compose the ranks
of thut army. It Is said that before the camp will
be over there will lie there several grandes manoeu
vres which will lie directed hy the Emperor himself.
Marshal Ht Arnault has resnrnod his duty at the
Ministry of War, and it is said that he is now a
more religious man as ho was before 1850-a Cnris
tian without faith. Whilst he was remaining at
Ftyires, he called upon the curate of the city, and
request! d him to open his heart to the truths of
< ntholicism. lie then received the sacraments of
conn -sion and communion, and ever since he is
pra. thing his religion as an excellent Roman Catho
lic. No doubt during tbe cerenionics of the Fctt
l ieu he will be present at the procession, as used
to do Marshal Hoult, carrying a taper in his hand.
Nineteen persona were Treated on Monday last
ol itic police, being accused of plotting against
In povin.nij nt. No rletvils have yet been known
si.- d icndeiYd public shout the preliminaries of the
r u .-ation- again, i these men imprisoned for pili
Madamo Acliihi Marat, a Princess,receally arrived
'l,: ' . I' . v":i received on Friday u t i?
private auUieu-.e ?j the Liuj-erw. It is ?reU Kuowa
that Mrs. liurat, who is said to be a niece of Gen.
Washington, and wan the daughter of a postmaster of
pt. Augustine, married in 182U the elder son of the
ex-King of Naples, Joachim Marat. She has re
mained ever since at Tallahasse. The newspapers of
the government, not precisely satisfied to publish that
Madame M urat w.ia the uiece ofouriiniuorUl Washing
ton have thought necessary to add that the American
General was Intmel a " direct IT pring of the royal
family of ITanUgenete of England." Whoever ilia
cure uboi t it in America? Is it not sufficient t"r tiie
11 ire ol Washii gton to i>e Wushingtons themselves
?iil,out Icing I'lanUigenets? For my own part I
w- nld prefer ten thousand times better to be an <>a
siiili g of Washington than a Bonrlmn, or the direct
] , ir of nny royal or imperial family of the world.
Every one has Iris own toute. . ,
Ihe translation <f Napoleons remains to tne
Cheich of Bt, Denis is not yet decided. It is even
w'nisi eied ilint a gigantic bronze rnonumeut is to be
eri 1 ti d in the heart of Paris, which will be largo
enough to contain all the members of the Napoleon
Boiiuoaitc family. The walls, covered with bronze,
world be decorated with bus rcbefs, representing tne
grand event- of the life of the Emperor. Ihe raau
gi ration of the monument would take place cany 111
Aucurt, 1864, and on this occasion the remains of
Napoleon and his son would be transported to the j
vaults of the monument. . ]
A decree has been published, signed by the Em
peror. by which the tux on letters in Paris is re
duced to two cents instead of three, which was exist
ing before. This decree wnll go iuto operation on the
1st of July next. .
Mr. Hives delivered his "P. P. C. letters to the
Emperor on Friday last, 13th lust. The duel of the
State received him with much courtesy, and express
ed to him, in a very kind way, the regrets ho lelt to
see him leave Paris and France. ... , lta
The city of Havre, which is surrounded by fortifi
cations, will soon be an open place, without walls or
battlements. Louis Napoleon has decided that tho
walls and bastions should be demolished to enlarge
the city, and that for its defence-there would only he
two fists built, one on the heights of Lagouville, the
other on the mountain of Tourneville. A third tort
would afterwards be placed on the square called La
Provence, and then Ilavre would be as well protected
as possible against a foreign invasion. No doubt
this new arrangement will be more suitable for the
material and commercial improvement of the most
important seaport of France.
The business of stoek operations at the Bourse, in
Paris, is still following a course which will, no doubt,
one of these days, throw the French credit into the
deepest contempt. The most shameful and rascally
operations are daily made, coram populo, by the
"big heads" of the brokers, and the gambling at the
hausse and Baisse is favored by the government, and
eveu invited by some of its members. On Mondav
last the would-be-important news from Constanti
nople, which I will mention hereafter, occasioned a
fall in the price of stocks, which was the cause of
several important failures.
In Belgium, M. Raspail.who, after his delivery
from the prison of Doulleus, had selected Brussels
for his place of residence, was ordered, on the 12th
instant, to leave the country within twenty-four
hours. Two respectable citizens of Belgium em
ployed their exertions and credit with the Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs *> obtain from him that
he would withdraw the order of exile, but thev did
not succeed. M. Vllain XIV., member of the
Chamber of Representatives, failed also to ob
tain the same demand; and,seeing that injustice, he
took M. Raspail to his house, which, being inviola
ble, aR belonging to a representative, afforded the
French republican a sure retreat. No cue has yet
been known to that affair. ...
In Spain politics is absorbed by two imporiant
facts, which have attracted the general attention of
statesmen. Tne first is the protectorship of the
Spanish government claimed by the republic of |
Mexico; and the cliivalresgue mind of the Spanish
race seems to be sure that the Mexican people, as
the example ot the Prodigal Son, arc ready
to ask pardon. The other fact is relative to the
mission of Mr. Soulc to Spain, for it is supposed
that this statesman has received special orders
to buy the island of Cuba, in order to have it
annexed to the United States. The newspapers of
Madrid have already began a- scries of attacks
against the successor of Mr. Barringer, who is repre
sented to be an enraged demagogue and adventurer,
and a renegade. All these falsehoods have, and
will have, no effect in Europe; but I think
it good to mention them to my American readers.
As for the sale of Cuba to the United States, this
important transaction is not considered as improba
hie as thought by many. One of the first diplomats
of Europe, M. Guizot, with whom, a few evenings
ago, 1 was speaking of that Spanish question, made
use of the following words, which I think are worth
being mentioned :?"An epoch will come, too soon,
perhaps, when the Spanish government will be
forced to choose between honorable conditions and
an irrevocable loss."
The return of Marshal Narvaez has been spoken
of as if it had been decided by Queen Isabella, at the
desire of Louis Napoleon; but this news is not con
sidered as a decided fact.
The Marquis of Viluma has just been named am
bassador of Spain at Paris, in place of the much re
gretted Marquis de Valdegamas. ...... ?
Everything is quiet in Italy, though it had been
supposed that an insurrection would take place in
Milan, and at the same time in Switzerland, Pied
mont and Savoy. The conspiracy was, in the mean
time, directed against the Auslrian government and
the King of Piedmont. Fortunately, these fears
have not been realized.
The Lombard exiles have solicited from the Aua
trian government the privilege of being allowed to
return to their natiy: land. It is generally supposed
that this request will not be refused them,
and that their property will be restored into their
bunds, with the only condition that they will pledge
their honor not to have anything to do with politics.
The Pope, Pius XI., (Mastai Ferretti,) born at
Sinigaglia, on the 13th ot May, 171(2, named Bishop
of lmola on the 17th of December, 1832, called to
the cardinalship on the 28th of December, 1839,
and elected Pope 011 the 10th of June, 184o, entered
on his sixty-second year on Friday last, the 13th
At Vienna great preparations are made for the fes
tival which will take place on occasion of the visit of
the foreign potentates. The Count and Countess of
Clmmbord are on the eve of leaving Proshdorn for
Vienna, to be present at that royal and imperial
The news from Constantinople is dated from the
7tli instant. The most important fact is the death of
the mother Sultana Valide, who died from a sore on
the leg which had turned to gangrene. She had an
1 immense influence over her son, and was a sortot
minister 01 foreign affairs in her line. I he retrograde
! unity have a great lots, for she was much In favor or
i the old customs of Turkey. The Sultana Valide was
immensely rich. .....
The English squadron is still at Malta, and the
: French fleet Li anchored in the bay of Saiamisc It
has been remarked that the American frigate Cum
berland, which passed at Salamis, did not lire a sa
lute in honor of the French squadron. This refusal
of polite terms of friendship has been n^ich resented
by Admiral de La Sussc. ...... ...
The Queen of Greece, wno left Athens on the
27th of April, arrived at Trieste 011 the 8th instant.
She goes to Gcrmauy to visit the ni umbers of ficr
'' The affairs at Montenegro are on the eve of taking
a new way. It is said that the Austrian and Rus
sian governments arc continually requesting the
Turkish Emperor to grant them entire freedom
and to guarantee their independence. Then the
neonle of Montenegro would undertake industrial
works, on the only condition that the countiy of the
Plains would be included in their treaty Of ill'le
pendance. , . .
| At Alexandria, on the 5th instant, there arrived
i from New York two sluops-of-war of the United
1 fetutes navy, (names unknown,) onboard of which
? was the new Constil General and Charge of the
United States for Egypt. ... ., .
Mr. Thackeray, the renowned author and lecturer,
J jR i,ow in Paris. This distinguished gentleman is
now living with Mr. Frazer, the correspondent ol
| the London Morning Chronicle. B. U. It,
Fakib, May 19, 1833.
The Weather, File*, and MesmeFs Birth Day? Th.
Fine Jits?The Jesuit*?" Uncle Tom"?Vine
yards?The Drama? Hippodrome, <$-c.
The inclemency of the weather has somewhat
stopped the progress of the growth of foliage and
flowers in France, and it is rcully astonishing to see,
at such an epoch of the year, how chilly aud cold arc
the mornings and evenings. The wind blows hard
during the twenty hours, and the clouds,loaded with
hall and rain, are continually discharging their con
tents upon Paris. It is generally expected that this
inclement temperature will not change till the end
of the quarterof the moon, which is to say, on the
tenth or next month. Well, till that time wc shall
wear our winter clothes, and this will be a saving
for our purees?though it will be a loss for the
All over Europe?in Italy, Spain, andGcrtoany?
the weather has bci n so bud that in some parte tho
enow has covered the ground for more than two days.
In Portugal, according to to the last accounts, the
winter has Is en, and is still, so severe that the oldest
}io]le of that kingdom do not recollect having
witnessed tu< li bad weather since 17.09.
V hilt these natural phenomena are thus experi
rmrd ill France, the aerial and celestial planets are
throwing upon our " Tei'u*" specimens of their min
(nils On the 14th instant, several |K>ople who were
11 di r a tree r.tar Panne, in the Department of C6te
,! Or. saw an acreIKe telling at a short distance They
immediately ran to the pUce, and found toe atone
stuck in the ground. It was & magnlfloent specimen
of basaltic stone, twenty centimetres long, of a
black color, the interior of which was as green as
malachite, and mixed up with copper and silver.
This curious stone was sent to Ptfon, to the museum,
and a part or it will be forwarded to the Grand Mu
seum of Paris.
lu the department of Gironde, at Casscl Larraign,
the rain which 1 have mentioned has caused the Ga
ronne to ovcrCow its banks. The same Hood has
also been experienced at Foix, Ferpignan, Millas,
Ulc, Soles, Fine, Cerret, Prades, and other places
along the Pyrenees mountains.
1 ci-pitc this anomalous weather, the amateurs 01
m 011 Lave made a magullicent display at the races
ot Clmutilly, which bcj.au on Sunday lad, and will
last nil Monday next. The first day was br.lliautly
attended, l>y a crowd of the most fashionable people
it Paris, und all the numbers ot the Jockey Club.
To-morrow the second day of the races comes oil", and
on [Saturday next the spring races will be ended by a
splendid chasing, for w hich a magnificent stag, lJix
cors. has been placed in reserve. 1 am invited to at
tend the chase, and will give a full report ol the
events which take place during that cluissc a course.
The Rosier 6 of Nanterre was crowned, on Sunday
last, with a grand pageant and gala. This good girl,
w hose virtues w ere so appreciated by the inhabitants
of her parish that she w as called by them Lu petite
Samtr, is only nineteen years old?au orphan, whose
nnme is Josephine Berne. She wore on her head a
w reath of white roses, which was placed on her tore
liead by the Mayor of Nanterre; and a lady of the
village, who had accepted the invitation to be her
godmother, placed around her neck a gold chain of
The "moving tables" are still all the go in the
mighty city of Paris. Never, since the wonderful
vote ot Mesmer, has the public been so much taken
lu by mere humbug and charlatanism. Many among
those who are trying these would be expunmeuta
pretend that they feel the magnetic eflect, but for
the most of them they are forced by fatigue to aid a
little the movement, and then, as soon as the table,
liat, or key moveB,they exclaim "Eureka. ihe
members of the Academy of Science who have visited
the moving tables have given their opinion on the
subject, and they all agree in saying that there ia no
magnetic fluid, but only a nervous movement, which
causes the table, hat, or key to move and follow
the impression of the fingers. The theatres have
offered their visiters a series of funny farces on that
subject, and at Turin, on the floor or the theatre, a
serious display took place, which amused all the
nXc professors of magnetism in Europe are to
assemble in Paris to celebrate by a banquet of four
hundred seats, the birthday of Mesmer. It is said
that they will try to make the table, around which
they will assemble, turn as speedily as & wheel.
This experiment will take place on the 23d inst.
The exhibition of paintings of the living artists or
France was opened on Sunday last, 15th and
afforded much pleasure to the amateurs of the art
of design. The number of pictures presented, to be
admitted by the jury, amounted to 3,1)00. Never,
since the institution of the jury, has so much
severity been shown to the artists. The exhi
bition of this year, though not a capital one,
contains a series of excellent paintings, among which
I take great pleasure in mentioning the superb por
trait of Louis Napoleon, by M. Lepaulle, which is
the gem of the salon. The likeness of the Empress,
by M. Court, is also a magnificent picture, which
reflects the utmost credit upon the parties. Whit
sterhalter. the author of the " Decameron," has ex
hibited a large painting called " Flonude, which
is also much appreciated by the connoisseurs, ihe
scenery, landscape, historical subject, statues and
miniatures are worth being noticed, but 1 had to
visit several times the salon to be able to give a
plain account of it. and to render duo justice to all
the artists. If there are any American paintings
among those which have been exhibited, I will take
great pleasure in aoticing them. More anon, in my
next letter. . . ...
The Emperor has made arrangements with seve
ral builders to establish in all the large cities of
France a series of blocks, which will be filled with
houses, to be used as dwelling places for workmen.
At Lyons, Marseilles, Bordeaux, Bread, Nantes,
Havre, Lille, Strasbourg, Ac., the building of these
places will soon take place, and will be carried on
till finished. , . ....
The number of emigrants for America is daily
increasing all over Europe. At Havre the mammoth
packet ship Carolus Magnus, which I have men
tioned in one of my letters, left that port, having on
hoard fcOO emigrants from Germany, all bound to
New York. In Norway, at Christiana, three ships?
the Argo, Tegner and Zephyr?embarked 722 emi
grants from the province of Ackershans and of
the Kongswingcr village, who are going to Quebec
and New York, to emigrate tothc western prairies.
The General of the Jesuits, callad Father
Rootbam, died on May 8, at Rome. This distin
guished man, whose genius and ability were so great
that he was the only ruler of that immense associa
tion of the Jesuits, was bora at Amsterdam in 1785.
His father, who was a surgeon, professed the Calvin
ist religion, and he showed much anger at the would
be apostacv of his son. Rootham was named Gene
ral of the Jesuits on July 9,1829.
The novel of Mrs. Beecher Stowe, "Uncle Toms
Cabin," has been placed on the Index list?which is
to say, prohibited in all the provinces of the Papal
States, and in the kingdom of Naples.
M. Caste, the member of the Academy of Sci
ences to whose care we owe the discovery of the arti
ficial fecundation of fishes, has recently imported
from the Danube thirty thousand eggs of the species
of salmon called Salmo hucho, the largest of the fin
ny iribe, geuerally weighing from sixty to eighty
pounds; and all those eggs, which were depo
sited at Huninque, have already been hatched,and
the small fishes arc as big as one's thumb.
The celebrated vineyards of Mouton,iu the Medoc
land were sold to Mr. Rothschild for the enormous
sum of 1,125,000 francs. Mr. Penine, anothe rich
banker, has bought the vineyards of Palmer, for the
pnm of 425,000 francs. It is said that these vine
yards are free from the disease which is generally
experienced all over Europe. , _ ,
Apropos of the disease of vineyards: letters have
been received from Tunis, which announce that the
fig dates of the Riff, and other immense plantations
of that land, are also attacked by a disease similar
to that of the vine tree, olive and potato.
The cholera is still raging with much violence in
Moscow, and letters have been received which an
nounce that the disease has made its appearance m
St. Petersburg. Among the illustrious dead j would
mention the celebrated tragedian Karatiguine, the
Kean of Russia. ?
The theatrical news is full of entertaining items,
which will be interesting to your readers.
At the Italian Opera the success of the "Bravo,
by Mercadante, bas been so great that the man iger
has been compelled to postpone the fermcture ot Ins
theatre to another week. Bettini and Mile. La
crraiiec are daily received with the warmest applause.
At the Varictces Theatre MM. Corrnon, Grange,
and De Montheau have produced a poor play, entitled
"LesFemmes du Monde," which was hissed with
much furore by the whole audience, owing to toe
paltry language of the would be lqdics of the
At^thc Vaudeville theatre a five act play, called
"Los filles de Marbre," by M. Thlbourt, proved very
successful, and was received with much applause.
The story aims to prove that kept women have
no heart, and urc the worst deceivers of the tcmale
sex. True, indeed?very true. .... I
At the l'orte St. Martin, Frederic Lcmaitre, the |
renowned actor has m^j Jiis ? in a flra- I
ma called "Lc Vieux Caporal," written by MM. Da
manoi and Hennery. This five act play was received
with enthusiasm by the whole andiencc, and the
inimitable comedian was rewarded with deafening
' 'At tl?e Talais Royal a farce in three acts entitled,
"Lc Bourreau des Cranes," by Messrs. Lafargue and
Siraudin, excited the utmost laughter, and was ad
mirably played by Grassot, Fainville and Ravel.
The Grand Optra is coining money with the new
opera of Neidermeyer,"La Fronde." Last night, tho
lioxes and lobbies were filled from pit to dome.
Tedcsco and Roger sung with tbe utmost talent.
The circus of the Champs Elysccs will re-open on
Saturday next; the new title of this place of amuse
ment is Cirque de l'lmprratrico.
The Hippodrome and the Arencs are also filled
on every occasion, with a thick crowd, and their
managers arc coining.money.
I will end this gossip hy a little hit of American
intelligence, which is worth mentioning. Mr. ? s
daughter, who had eloped with a Pole, was united
to him at Geneva, a week ago. It appears that the
father had the greatest trouble to foree the rascal to
render due honor to his daughter. "Why did ho not
shoot him through the heart?" Such is the general
remark among the Americana here. B. li. it.
At Asswary, near Newry, Ireland, on the 7th nit.,
Mr David Ihv,crH, aged 9!) years. He is believed to
have been the last surviving representative of tl?e
Irish Volunteers of 1872.
M. Odry, the celebrated French low comedian,
died In Paris on the Dth of May.
The Paris obituary of the last few weeks includes
the names of Madame Camille Bodin, author of a
irrtftt number of novels and romances?and that of
M. Charles Bewrin, the oldest of the dramatic writers
A woman lately died In a village near Madrid,
aged 125. Hhe married for the second time at the
age ol 100; she leaves fourteen children, eight graud
children, and nineteen greatrgrand-cbildren.
Lady Fielding, who, with her husband, embraced
the Roman Catholic religion a few years ago, died on
the Isr ult, at Naples.
We have to announce the death of Sir Godfrey
Wetieter, which took place at Battle-abbey, England,
<n Wednesday, ?h* 4th uR. Hir Godfrey had been
very unwell for some time, and was ia a state of ex
twine weakness, bnt his decease occurred very unex
pectedly. The deceased was tbe sixth baiWbet who
has home the title, which was created in 1703. Tbe
age of Sir Godfrey at the time of his death was thir
?>*J*ht. His brother, Augustus Frederick, born ia
1,'.8UcceC(iu *? thc title. The family seat is Hat
_. Mnsltal and Tlfatrtenl.
aPPP* Wednesday evening, May 14, the Harmonic
Hociety gave a concert at Exeter Hal', London.
Wen? oratorio of "The Creation" and Leslie's fes
tival anthem were the works which were produced.
J he principal singers were Miss LouNa Pvne, MLs
S Mr ll'iperr Staudigl, and Mr. Sims
. . Mr. Ltelle s anthem was remarkably well
twf ?B1 lfc!l 'ittle to he desired on the part of
R eves "Th. ST* The 9 'l*' ot Mr" *?!?
Beeves, Thou, O God,' was beautifully iriven as
was el.-o ths duet, "Give Thanks, O Israel " i?y Mr.
Sims Reeves and Mis?Louisa Pyne. "The Creation"
was a master piece of execution, both instrument il
and vocal, and the solos by Miss Louisa Pync, Herr
Staudigl and Mr. Smi9 Reeves, were given with a
true appreciation of their beauties. Particul irly de
serving of notice were the airs "In Splendor Br glit"
and "In Native Worth," which were sung by Mr.
Sims Reeves in a most finished manner. Altogether
this concert may be said to have reflected the highest
credit upon the spirited exertions of the directors.
Mr. Aguilar gave a concert at the Hanover square
Rooms, London, on Wednesday, the 4th inst. The
services of many of the first artists of the day were
engaged to add variety to the entertainment, but the
chief point of iutcisst was undoubtedly the perform
ance of Mr. Aguilar htmself, who both as a pianist
and composer possesses talents of a high order.
^ Emperor sent the ribbon of a command
or in the Legion of Honor to Rossini, he wrote a
highly complimentary letter, in which he expressed
a nope that the great composer would gratify him
and the world by writing a new opera. Rossini,
who, since he has reposed upon his laurels, passes for
one of the most idle as well as the most independent
men in Europe, assured his Majesty, in reply, that he
was only a musician "by accident;" that he had
never composed from the love of composition, but for
the sake of a livelihood, and that now that he w&a
above the world he desired rest. At the end of his
letter, however, Rossini offered to compose a mass
for the coronation. The Emperor's answer to this
proposal is not yet known.
Pacini is writing a new opera for the San Carlo,
at Naples. '
It is suited that two operas, "Adelasia," and "I
Quatro Rustic!," which were written by Raimondi
a few months before his death, will be produced at
The celebrated maestro, Boucheron, of Milan, has
just produced a "Credo, Sanctus, and Benedictus,"
written for men's voices. Report speaks highly of
the beauty of the composition.
A new opera, "Enfernio di Messini," by Gambini,
ip in active rehearsal at the Carcano, in Milan.
parts*1' Baldanza' nnd -A-ltini, take the principal
One hundred and ten consecutive representations
ot " The Prophet" have been given at Stockholm.
?A. musical festival is to be held for the opening of
St. George's hall, Bradford, England, which will
commence on the 31st of August, and last three
days. Signor Costa is engaged as conductor.
At the express wish of the grand duke of Tuscany,
Rossini recently conducted the orchestra at the pro
duction of his celebrated work, " William Tell."
_ Items of News
.t, r?, Hungarian Allgtmtint Zeitung has given
the following ethnological statistics concerning Hun
gary in 1850 :?Magyars, 5,278,665; Slavonic races.
?X,CinSo^ of^the Bufeari?ns, 5,277,329; Romanen,
f u ' Germans, 1,377,484; smaller nations,
The second volume of a very interesting book has
just been published at Leipzig, viz., "An Account
or the Different Languages of the German People,"
by Herr von Firmenich. It contains four hundred
and ninety-one German dialects. Herr von Firme
nich has collected altogether five hundred and six
ty-three; the remaining seventy-two will appear in
the third and fourth volumes.
Mr. Robinson, the translator to the Bengal gov
ernment, India) is said to have in the press a Ben
gaJee translation of "Robinson Crusoe,M with nu
merous wood cut illustrations.
It is a curious fact that in British heraldry there
are but three coats of arms which have monkeys for
supporters. One is the Dnke of Leicester's, (owing,
it is Bald, to a monkey having carried off a Fitz
gerald, in a time of danger, to the house-top, and
safely brought him back.) The others belong to
the houses of Digby and St. John.
Blankets were first made at Bristol, in England, in
the reign of Henry nr., and so called after three
brothers, namod Manquot, by whom A loom, at which
they were woven, was invented.
A delicate and interesting female, a Lapllnd gian
tess, measuring seven feet two inches, and weigbin
twenty-four stone fourteen pounds, is being exhibited
at Aberdeen, Scotland.
In Japan, according to M. Hue, there is a contri
vance, in general use among the devout, "for simpli
fying their devotional activity." " This instrument "
says that adventurous traveller, "is called a chu-kar
that is 'turning prayer" and it is common enough to'
??? tbem fixed in tLe lied of a running stream, aa
they are then set in motion by the water, and go on
preying right and day to the special benefit of the
person who has placed them there."
Wellington, contrary to general belief, was bom a
mckly child, like Turenne; he was weakly when
young, and passed two years at Angers, chiefly on a
sofa, playing with a pet dog. He remembered his
previous career with no pleasure, and seldom re
'erred to it. His real life began in ludia, where his
body ripened by that genial sun, and the exercise of
command called forth every dormant capability of
the general and the statesman. The flesh brush and
ice water?long his sole beverage?are said to have
been the mam instruments for preserving health
About fifty years after his death a public dispute
was held in the Lniver-ity of Paris whether Hecket
ought to be condemned as a rebel or honored as a
A challenge Las been sent by Ilerr Harwitz to Mr.
htaiiDton, the celebrated chess player, to play a
match ot the first eleven games for fifty guineas. It
Las created quite a sensation in the chess world.
Irom the well known talents of both gentlemen.
Another of the new Himalayan rhododendrons,
brought to Scotland by Dr. Joseph Hooker, has
flowered for the first time in the Glasgow Botanic
Garden. It is the R. leptdctum.
One of the most important facts connected with
the present age is the unparalleled increase of the
Anglo-Faxon race in numbers, wealth, and influ
ence, within the last 200 years. In the early part of
the seventeenth century, England, Wales, and Scot
land numbered only about 6,(100,000, and as a nation
was classed amongst the second rate powers of Eu
rope. Now, at the present time, the English Ian
guage is spoken by upwards of CO 000,000, scattered
over every island and continent of the earth.
The trench custom-house officers have made an
important se'zure. A cart drawn by four horses, and
aid arently laden with coal, came from the Belgian
frontier, an j drew up at the customhouse to be
examined. One of the officers put his hands on
what be thought to be an enormous bloc k of coal,
and to his great surprise found bo could lift it
without difficulty. Th% !--? ; - v "u *" -
tiv ? "u to ft mini|t? exarnina
i when what appeared to be large masses of that
combustible, turned out to be boxes ingeniously
coated over with coal, which was attached to them
by cement. The cart in this way contained about
two thousand kilogrammes of tobacco, and several
thousands of excellent regnrs.
The building of flax mills throughout Ireland is
daily gaining ground, especially in the north. We
are told, also, that capitalists have been selecting
sites for this purpose in the neighborhood of Guiway
A valuable manuscript cony of the Bible, in Nor
man-trench, written on vellum, richly illuminated
end once the property of King John of France, is
abe>ut to bo offered for sale tor the benefit of the
creditors of Mr. Broughton, formerly of the Foreiirn
oflice. It is stated that ?1,500 was demanded for it
on the occasion of an application to purchase it by
the lute Archbihhop of Canterbury.
A Sydney paper says that arrowroot, conal to that
procured from tho South Sea islands, had been pre
nsred from some wdd plants which grow abundant
ly near Sydney.
Tb? c??* which travels from Barnslcy to
Sheffield England, has a female guard.
The Empress of China Is said to be a Christian, the
daughter of a Christian, and the Emperor himself
more than half a convert.
Tho Manx Sun asserts that tho Emperor of
the French intends visiting the Ialo of Man in July
In consequence of Mr. T. B. Maraulay's state of
health being still anything but satisfactory, he has
been ordered shortly to proceed to a wanner climate.
Ixopold, Duke of Austria, the same who impris
oned Richard Coeorde Lion, of England, met with
an accident. His horse fell under him and crushed
his leg. The surgeons mid that the limb must be
sn pntated; but noue of them knew how to ampu
tate It. Leopold, in bis agony, laid a hatchet on his
thigh, and ordered his servants to strike with a
mallet. 1 he leg wastnt off, and he died of the gush
of blood. Huch was the eud ot that powerful prince
There Is not now a laborer In England who cannot
oldain surgical assistance infinitely siqierior to that
which the sovereign of Austria could command in
tbe twelfth criiturj.
The inspector of nnlsances at Rochester England
has reported at tbe meeting . the local Board of
Hesfth s iiuban. e occa h ned by the early crowing
Klep y*o Bo(.luster man will eynr rivil "Grey's
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