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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 06, 1853, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Hamsord, Own., Jum 3, 1?3.
gBCOND DAY?ITEN1MQ CESSION.
The i rmvention assemble 1 thia avowing, *t celf-par'
Mm o'clock, Mr. Barker in the choir. The edifice, wh eh
M capable of holding ten to twelve hundrei persons, wes
eroeded to oroifiowing.
Mr. Snui mode on able ?pooch in defence of tho Scrip
tim, ot the conclusion of whioh tho notorious political
senator, abolitionist, and fanatic, oamo forward and do
lirored tho following address, a poruaol of which must
aatisfy| every impartial and unprejudiced mind, that hi
lao added atheiim to hi a " inns.' Of courao our black
friends were present. How could they miss suih an op
port natty of applauling tho eloquence of their " bro
ther I"
8FKKKCH OP WILLIAM LLOYD UAKHISOW.
Mr. Garrison said?This siteruoon 1 si a ply ottered the
Mowing resolutions, which I hold in mr hand. without
?akiag any remarks upou them, and mums ted that, per
haps this "evening. or at soma subsequent siege o: our
proceedings, I would endeavor to say a tew words in sup
part of them. I do not intend to answer the remarks of
jreeedlng speakers. 1 have listened in my time to e great
many arguments which 1 bate deemed fallacious and ex
traordinary. but 1 must *ur, in all candor, that 1 hare
?ever heaid arguments, to my own mind, more fallacious
or mote extraordinary than those which have been pre
sented. (Applause and lustres ) However, I waive, upon
thia occasion, any examination of what has been said, for
1 wish to draw the attention of this great assemblage to
what I eenoeire to be the real point et U-ue. Our friends
have said that It U net the question of the plenary in
spiration sf the Bible which is before us, nor do they re
gaid that question as of any importance.
Mr. Storms i nterrupting) said, I thought the ques
tion before us ahou/d be most assuredly not r he insprreuon
of the scripture#, but the credibility of the witnesses es
tablishing the fact of inspiration.
Mr. Garrison ?Our friend asks, who believes that
everything in tke bible is inspired?who believes that all
the books ( t the Old and New Testaments emanated from
under his direct supervision ? I answer that all
Ouifctendom has >uoh belief. (Hear, hear ) The plenary
respiration sf the Bible have yon not been taught to be
have, and 1 aught to doubt or deny it as a sin against
God and to pot the salvation of your souls in peril?
Have -we set had books published under the sanction of
Mm ehnrcb and the elergy, to prove that every verse and
?wary line, and everv word in the Bible, came from God
just aa he intended ft to be put down, and therefore it is
that the Bible is the only role of faith and practice. Now,
1 propose to look at that subject as the suoject of this
Convention, and wilt read the resolutions which I offered
this afternoon.
A fiwruniAN?What does the term " human redemp
tm' mean?
Mr. Garrison?The term Is intelligible. I msau pre
cisely "human redemption." (Laughter, hUses and
applause.) The object which has brought as together is
undeniably a very important one, and should be dl.cuss
ed in sincerity of spirit, and with the gravity which be
longs to it. It is not that my hands arereot full?it is not
that my mind is not pre-occnpied with other matters of
great importance to the prosperity and the liberty of this
country, :hat I am with you here to-night, (or these
hands are fall, and this heart of mine is beatinf continu
ally in regard to the wrongs and woes of tne human race,
hut I am here because your Convention being called for a
word objrct.is nevertheless an unpopular meeting, and God
forbid that I should be ascertaining for myself where the
popular side is to be found that I may stand upon it, aud
therefore be safe in regard to reputation. A popular truth
does not need my aid, and I shall not prefer any in that
direction; but a proscribed and unpopular truth com
mends itself to my warm support, and 1 feel that I am
allied to it now and forever. (Applause and hisses ) I
know well the cost of an appearance of this kind, and I
anticipate beforehand what will be said upon both sides
of the Atlantic in regard to the resolutions I have read,
lheartbe outcry already of "infidelity,'' "infidelity," "in
fidelity,'' on the part of those occupants of the pulpit who,
while they aie strong in their towered castles, never dare
be make their appear ance upon a fair platform before the
people. I know it will be said that this is another evi
dence of the infidel character of the anti-slavery move
ment ; I know that the American Anti Slavery Society
Will, bv designing, wicked and Godless men, be held re
sponsible for my views offered upon this oocaaion. Should
I. therefore, be dumb ? Will it injure the cause of the
slave?so dear to my heart?for me to express my doubts
about the Bible ? Have I any right, as a man, to speak upon
any other subject except American slavery, or upon any
other subject!" Why, I am told North andSouth that! lure
no right to speak upon slavery, and my right to snook
upon any other subject is equally denied to me Now I
?band here not as an abolitionist, not to represent the
slavery cause, nor on behalf of any slavery organization,
bat simply as a mac, upon my own responsibility, offer
ing my own thoughts without any referenoe whatever to
the question of slavery in our country. Sir, we may learn
amneihing by illustrating the subject as we proceed.
If a mvetirg were to be called at Saint Petersburg ia Has
?us. to inquire into the right of Nicholas to rule as he
does over the Russians, I take it that there would be some
excitement is that city, and that the daring individual
would himself be seized and hurried to prison, aud per
haps decapitation for hiaau iacity. If a meeting were to
be calledat Home toinqu re iuta the infallibility of the
Romish cbureh, 1 take it, it would pridure general con
sternation. anu the individuals cslliug it and tboie attend
ing it would he in moment danger of arrest. under toe
river of the fop*, and tn-own into a l)vth*om8 dungeon
take it, that j in a Al vhotnedan count y a mro lug was
?alW to inquire in* > the Koran there would be a'-o
WYrat indignation and a genes! excitemeot, and the dar
isg man veoturing to -aise that iisve would be hunter
down, and perhaps his life would pay tue forfait. Aad so
let* meeting be called in fhajle-tor., South Carolina, to
ixAju'.re into the validity of the slave system avowing to
examiie it through and tbr-.ugb. a*d Lynch iaw wo dd
he instantly applied to'.he maa or the men who shoa d
venture to come together to make any such inquiry .Sir,
the analogy, in my ju igmmt, is perfect. The fi nding of
thre convention agitate- the community?make- the com
munity angry and aUrmed, and creates grave di?,ati"fac
tion; jet it is a free meeting, as an anti-slavery meeting
in Chariot-too won'd be free, at a meeting at P.- ne would
be free, as n meeting at Saint Petersburg would bs, upon
the part of those who should rai e the iuquiry in one
place or the other. They say at St. Petersburg, at Ro ne,
and at Charleston, that they liave right with them jus
tice with them, and Almighty God with them. Now,
with justice, right, and Almighty God a man is
able to stand against the world. (Applause and hisses )
and be will be the la<t man whs will thiuk of ruu
ning. So it ia in regard to this matter of the Bible
tor. npon the right hand and upon the left, we
are told that the qnestion of the inspiration of the
Bible is as claar as the no today sun; that it Is a ques
tion ?o well settled that it ia absurd to thick of disc ris
ing it, and that there is evviv evidence that the bmnm
mind ear. dcrlrc, to make out the case that God did give
this Bisie to us to bo our rule of faith and practice If
this be so, then tkey wfi<> question the divinity of the
Bible are the men to be afraitk? tre the men who ought
to dread au r ; en encounter ,v.u are the men who would
do so if it were true that God give this Bble?this holy
Bible?to us to be our rule of faith and prae' .:o: for, in
that rerj book, we are as.-nrrd "that tte righteous are
as bcid sr, a lion, while the wicked are false and follow
when liOiiiiu pursutih." Now, call a meeting in any
aiiti -l.ivery town, if you can find such an anomaly in
th*se I'ni'ed Spates let a pro slavery man tnak-hi* ap
pearanee in Worcester. Massachusetts, or id the m >*t
anti slavery villap-e in ibe lvr-d, ard Announce a r-.ectiag
in which he intends to yi Into anti slavery, and to prove
that it is unjust, wicscd, irrational and bad. and I do not
believe that there would be the leist excitement on
the part of the abolitionists: nor do 1 brli've thit
they would keep aw.iy from the meeting. 1 believe
they would ray. to at is just the very thing that ?e
want?a entering to erAiuiae the question of slave
5j. and to sf? wh. '.her abolitionism ought to prevail,
ake the nio.t *horough teetotal town you can tied in
Atner ca, and I do not believe its repo e would b ? tlisturb
ed for n moment should some rum sucker or rum dea'"r,
or rum distille r, come there and propose to hol l a meet
ing, inviting all the tee'otsllers to come also a-id join
in the discussion. I d - nut believe there would be any
anger. aUrm or trepidation upon the part of the tec
totsberi-. and they would tay, tbisisju t the opportunity
that God has given to us now to do something mere fur
our glorious mure. (Applause and hisses.) And so ah.o
in regard to -Apita! punishment. Those who aie opposei
to it would never be vtied or terrified by the apjca
ance of any body of men among them to defend hanging
from fee biule or from ratnre, or from necessity, as trie
can- may be but they would rejoice in contending with
there individual*, and would hope to prevail against
them. But whenever a meeting of this description is
sailed to nresen* the truth that there is, after all. no real
faith fn the Bible ia this land, it greatly excites u-nd ter
rifies tl?e opponents, and tho re who say that God has put
his seal upon that book. In my judgment <t Is conclu
de*. The book mav be. nevertheless, from God ; bat by
their '.endnet they ?how this, at least?that they hive no
faith tha' It is from God, or they would rejoice to come
snd War and give a reason for the hope that is in them.
What f* the question ? Is it net whether the B'ble, in
many parts of it, te not an invaluable b ok I It
is an invaluable book. (Uear, hear.) It is not
whether it does not oontain many great and good
things?for tit Joes. It is not whether It has not
commands which ate reasonable and good, aud
ought to be obeyed?for It contains such co'omands.
It is not siielber it has not been of great use to man
kind, ji spire of ell the drawbacks attending it?for it
has keen; but the question is, " Is the Bible, from Geue
sis to Revelation, an inspired book, said Lai God endorred
?voiythleg within the I.-aren of the B.ble an Lis own so
that we are bound to accept it, and bound to carry it out,
without any rev ot t to reason, and without any judgment
upon our pert as to the propriety of the things ?; ?n'.aiiuvd
therein V' If It be not wholly inspired, av our friend
Mr Storrs ran, it lr cot, then, now much of it is inspired
Be has not told us that
Mr. ttmnra - All that olaima to he
Mr Gsrkjsow?How much elaitnf to be Inspired and
how much does tiolf Who shall determine the question?
1 should like to see a man here take that b rek and bug n
from 'ivcvsis and proceed through, and put his linger npon
what lie regards as given by the inspiration of God H i *
much should we have left of it? Now. after all. what is
inspiration < All Christendom Is by the ears as to what
inspiration is. Wliat dj you wean by It? Is a man iu
?pired a m?*e uisct-ioe, and has he no thought,
or mind or will of his own?a mere automaton??
or doea ho possess a mind soda will and a judgment of
his own, and so may mix this up with inspiration? llow
?hall we determine .ui? matter? Well no?. then for any
man to assert that every thing in the Bible Is inspired, is
she very height of aosurdity. lor example to tiv that
oaaison went to sleep putting his head in Helilah's lap. Is
given by the inspiration of God. Is nomense. To say that
flams'"! caught three hundred fores, tied ;h-*m tail tit
sail, and put firebrands between thorn and sent *bem
abroad, is given by the inspiration of God, Is s' vurd. And
?o take the boek and parcel It ell out, an 1 ask yonr reives
?top by step, lathis narration that fact that loe 1?nt,
aad this poetry, given br the Inspiration of God I Wny,
what a man ean see with his own eyes does not need in
spfretlon, and testimony.too,does not nrad inspiration and
he who saw .Samson perform tt it feat with regard to
the foxes did rot require inspiration from heiren to e*re
Ms h-m to p it it down in a book upon parch neut or pi
IP J?|f I U ifiTftWlii# Ut >g''i'-fr
M the KM* to ewe oiteMl, thew it i. wet an inspired
S!I1?uW*Ut when you may find M thousand just
Hrrs ?&?"$'<&?? ?
SS5 S.?-??s aaas 5rtL
~uT= ?=??? ??
bcuk? Out of this umpired word uf God comes
,.m for Home believes in the Bible; out of it comee Mor
inoniriu, for they believe in
? mil of It
EpuaeMc
cornea rr?
for they believe In U? Bible; out of it comee
?y, for Epllllj iH?i believe la theiBIbto, rat 41*
- -e by terieeiee# sot Meth luism, aedyl the othra
recta, which ere coottttese, for tbey are
llible; rad yet ell these ere lerociusely erreljned agaiee*
r.ieh other wiving the lie to -neb othar * leterpretatlra
uf the metier, eo?i toairotu, If pose?, 4
ell the rest but them.ielves. Not. sir. the Bible does not
go for Mormomeui end again.-1 it, for Rou^iem end
against It, for Kairooaser end against * *? 7
Kern end again* iC^r Method Urn ami ^bMtft
end tur Uniierealim end? eseuurt it ttttderawh*
then it is e book of contredictl nsso mora*ous 1that of
course it did not come from Aboee. Ittoor the earth
terthv of men Who is right in tine matter * Who be
lieves in the Bible - 1 put it to you ell to give me en in
rfni.ibU. en??er Who is It in this world beheree in the
Bible" Whet i? it to believe in the Bible 1" A. wen tells me
that be believes the Bible to be the hupued word of
tiod Well mh%t doe* that prove? Nothing. for he
might just ea well have remained dumb. I then pro
ceed to ask bim, "What do you mean by this inspired
word of God V' and then be begins to tell me and 1 find
thai he is a papist, or a Mormon, er a Methodist, or a
Universalist, or a Unitarian, or a Swedenborgiaa. And
this is his belief in the Bible, snd nothing bwt mfa
What now have 1 a-cortained ? What divine insptosMSn
is" Not at all. What the Bible teaches ? Not at all;
but only what he thinas the Bible teaches- Now, what
he thinks the Bib's teaches ii one thing, but what the
Bioie actually teaches is quite another thing; and the inoet
that any man can say, with any degree of humility, upon
this platform, or anywhere else, in regard to the Bible, is,
"In my judgment it teaches this doctrine,' or, ??I be
lieve the Bible goee for this pellicular measure, hut I may
be mistaken?liable, for 1 am liable, to misinterpret the
languarM of the Bible, and am ready to be corrected.
We must have no assumption. Thank God for the great
Protectant doctrine of 'he right cf private judgment, so
I that every one o! us must give an account of
' himself, not to the Pops, not to the Pra?
hyterian Synod, not to the General fs^embly,
not to the Legislature or to Congress, but must give an
scoount of himself to God alone. Thereof, itla my
privilege to lake the Bible and eiaraine it fur myself .and
although all the r.?t of mankind dissent from me, it is
my Protestant right to have this conceded, not as a priri
lege, but as a sacred rigat, to be exercised without con
demna'ion and without persecution. (Applause.) what
does tLe Bible teach? One man says It teaches eternal
punishment for wickedness; another says it teaches just
the reverse, viz: the doctrine of universal
salvation. One rays that God exists in the Trinity, while
another s ys it teacher no such doctrine, but the Trinity
of God. One says it goes for a despotism, as iu tbe case
of Nicholas of Russia-for Nicholas believes in the Bible,
only it Is a Bible so interpreted*; to go for Nloholts.
(Applause) All the religious people to Russia say that
the Bible sanctions sutooiacy and forbids and K'iwm
upon democracy. to England ail religious people say that
the Bible goes for limited monarchy, and eschews auto
cracy on the one hand and republicanism upon the other;
and m our country, our Bible?that is, our democratic In
terpretation of the Bible?says that it goes tor repub
llcanlsm. and if it docs not we^do not^care, furno
man shall be king over us, although the Bible may read
""nor the king." (Loud applause.) Unless we ars
non-rctistsnts, we should, I thmk, be tempted to tar
and feather" the man who would go through our land,
advocating the overthrow of our republican government
and the establishment of a monarchy. (Applause.) And
jet the Bible readB. " honor the king;' but we not only
will not honor the king, but will have no such creature
tolerated upon cur soil. (Loud applause.) Is that tobe
I hove in the Bible or to reject it ? Does the Bible go for
total depiavity, and yet deny the doctrinei? Does it go for
Immersion and for baptism? All the people say so. Does
' it allow taking oaths and sweariDj? Yes and no Vie
i are told on the one hand that It does, and on the other
band that it does not. Does it go for keeping last days
! and Sabbath days? Yes and no Does it go for allowing
i a little wine to be taken now and then?against teetotal
ism? and then does it go for teetotalism and against tak
ing a little wine ? Yes and no. And so "awerthe be
liever* of the Divine inspiration of the Bible. Does
it go for equality between woman and man, or does
I it place women below men? Yes and no. Does it
1 go for the union of Church and State? It does
; upon the other side of the Atlantic, but upon
this side it does not do any such thing. And yet It is the
same book. Why believe the book? Goee it go for tern
! pie worship upon stated occasions, or does it sweep away
! all those places, and make it in spirit end m troth? It
I goee for the one and for the other, just according to the
| spirit of him who reads, and who takes and moulds it as
' the potter mouids the clay In hi* handa. It i* entirely
I nUa'er. U a man a warrior, he ?oea with his war mu
' fog spirit to the Bible, and culling over its pages he picks
! out here and there what he thinks justifies him in being
a warrior. Suppose a peaceful man looks over the book,
be finds It to his favor, and so interprets It. If a Numan
being makes another his property, then he goes to tho
Bible and makes it all out to h's own Batisfacion. A-yain.
i Every abol tionis' with whom I am acquainted believes
: that the Bible, whether iu the Old or New Testament,
i goes against the accursed law of slavery, and the accursed
slave svstem of our country. And to we have these various
i interpretations, and they are without end. Wno is to
play the Pope, and who i? to enlighten ua as to whether
1 this, that or tho other view is tue oorrect oae? Let
us come to ihe practical pan of it. H-re is
! the qces'ion of slavery- How shall we settle the ques
tion? By going to the Eitile. Well we will go to tho
1 Biole. and w l ave men *nir: hailed upon both sides, who
' male out incurious arguments eud tu:o.v texts a . each
: other s hea ls all the year through, to piove ana disprove
? thcricht of sl*i?ry. How shall we settle It? Never by
i the Bible, fcr tbu book never yet settled any question ?
1 never! and. in the nature of thiDgs nsver can settle any
I thing. The thing is always settled beforehand. W net
1 ne' d have .re to go to the Bible at all to settle anything ?
! The question of riivery is a system palpable to the whole
1 world. Let u* look a*, the system as It L?, and we can set
Be it u Kin Ur. own merits; and if slavery works well for
our cour try, and works v eil for the oppressed or thoie
who Sic bald in slavery, then 1 do not cire what any book
in the univrr-e sey" 1 will go for it. There is the ques
tic.n of capittl piiirliment; 's it to be settleil by appeal
ing to tho Bible? Never. You may find texts upon this
arul the other side of tne question?and hew w it you fet
tle it ? G<d has not shut us up to this dreadful necessity
of interpretation of words written, we know not by
wl om, in the cead languages, before we can discharge our
duty. .Sbov. me hat the gallows prevents the shedding
of b!ood. restrains men from crime ar.d benefith society,
I and I w iii go tor the gallows? I don t c ire what book says
I to the contrary. Now, as regards war: is It good for our
1 race? Will It'cleea and benefit mankind? Iamforbene
1 fitting and bWiiag mankind and therefore am In fnvor
I of wtr, if it carries out these objecta ; but If,
upon the otter hand, it militates against the
i preeie s of the human race, ard against human liberty,
I a in against it; and so every thing ia to be sottled upon its
oanmfrits. Have v>e an infiD'te Ga>d, or a finite one??
ore who is the seme from everlasting to everlasting, er
; who has no fixed laws by which he operates in the uni
Wf"? This God in one age of the world authorizes a
mai to commit a r-lire. and ihen iu another period of the
world fsvs that whoever does this shall he guilty before
him- Are the laws of our being changeable, evanescent,
or ?.ncert.to ? or, ere they not always the same, and are
r.ot his lequirenitnts ever the same? God in one age of
the wo.Id taid do no murder, and then allows the shed
ding tf blood, and he sent his well-beloved Son, who
made life wired under all cirumstances Ihe speaker
concluded h s r-marks with a bitter invective agvicst the
chrpy and Southern slaveholders, whs, he h?1 level,
would, in the next woild. bo acco.uunodatfd with the
waimeht qua. tars that Pandemonium could afford.
Mi1. S. I. Ei.v.vet oresenUd the folluw;ng ro-olution :?
Resolved, Ti.at all tbo I r'bodox elerjytuon of tbs city of
flarturd ai d of all other plaeos, w!.o have received or Been
a eony of the p*" fur ALis corvcntlon, and have not anl
will not come lorward upon tcia free platform to defend or
attempt to deieud t .e Bible from tbe ol, rie brought against
tbcirviews of Us ori. in, euthority and inflnenoe, by free and
unprejudiced minds, have om nl, declared their own tnti
de'itv to tl sir professions of thooloeioal faith ; t.iat thev
love'rsligious tyranny better ttnn religious freedom; that
thev l ave, bv r<fnring to discuss witb n? the sreat qaestlone
l.efore tnis e invention, declared publicly tho weakness and
, ,. . ? ,RM,.lnn, tn I,. I'l.TTlt, L.-nt
before tins e invention, oeoiwieo
folly of tl.eir arr-'gant assmnpi.ions to be called com potent
teachers ot the people upon all matters perinming to theo
tenclicrt ol tne people upon au 17;"n
logical, relljious and moral sul jecte; that they lot0 popu
lar favor more than common good; that th< y are therefore
moral cowards and toservo to bo abandoned by pjblio pat
ronaae, auu i-ointed out by every true reformer as the
pharitees of this ninoteenth century, soaking to enslave
more av.d more the mind of man to the dark dogmas and ab
furd enpcioititions of anoiont mythology.
f.n n otion, the convention then adjourned until next
<l?y, at 10 o'clock, A M.
THIRD DAT?MORNING SESSION.
Hartford, June 4,1853.
Tie Convention assembled this morning at 10 A. M., at
?be Melodeon? Mr. Barker to the chair. About six hun
dred people wore present.
A considerable portion of the morning was occupied to ,
the dhcutsion of the time that should be allowed to each
speaker.
Mr. VisnntT attempted to address the audlenee ; but,
as be could not make up his mind to which party he be
longed, he was coughed down.
Mr. Brittain, the editor of the SMcinah. and Spiritual
T'lfgraph, followed to a 4lengthy argument, contending
that the Bible wss the work of man.
Mr. Dasfcrth amused the audieaee for some half hour,
by argulrg every question but the one undor discussion.
Mrs. Rose and Mr. Garrison were present
The infidels have it all their own way, for the Christian
side of the question is abominably represented.
Mr. i-TOKJm proposed the following resolution, which
was laid upon the table for future discussion
Re solved, That the scriptures are ia harmony, both In
rrec.pt and doctrine, wt'.h the great facte of history, an l
with the physical, moral and soelal naturo of map; and, so
flr M they havi b*?n permitted to exercise their legitimate
influence, 1 avc elevated, rurlfled and ennobled man?mo
rally, socially and politically. , , .
The (joiiventicu thea adjourne-l until half patt2o clock.
AFTERNOON "BflPIION.
The Convention as-einbled this afiernooo at the hour
appointed?Mr. Barker, of Ohio, lis the Chair.
Hut long-haired friend opened the proceedings, in 'he
absenoe of the Chairman as follows :?I have two Bibles
beie 'n my hand (producing two copies of the scriptures
tied together) wh'cli a e criminals They are charged
with bang wicuftd characters, and you will recollect that
you aie the jury, and are bound to b?nr arguments upon
both sides of the que-tion. Hereafter, if 1 have time, I
,ball say som? thing about these prisoners. Oae of these
fellows I got at the hou-e of a personal friend of mine,
the Bcv. Mr. Bieare, who is a worthy man, and the other
at i.be hou-e or a blind lady, who i? uow curiog the lams
and the rick, end so forth Io oouvor-aHoo wltlr these
prisoners I have ascertained that they hare had great ex
perlecce, fw they have lived a number of years and I
hope, on -i fntuie occasion, to state soiae Interest!eg facta
rsspectiDg them
Mr. Andrew Jackson Davis came forwatvl and "aid?All
true religion ia immutable. I wonder that any one can,
for a moment, imagine the possibility of its ovrthrov.
Is trUh a mere drcmstanoe ? Do clouds and storms ex- .
tinguish the suu ? I. trne religion dependent, for its ex
istenee upen belief or disbelief ? Go to the o-ean s side.
Hi d heboid far away tho rock of ages. The storm king
sends his -errant* to battle, rhecloudsasermb'e?1h in
< er tbun^Vr?fro? th* four/oro*r of r
tl'mtf.*.? ; # ii (9 ks^ '.f* Utfto dg. j
reenAs with all the puMitry of contending deities , the
ocean groans with the volee of eager, mountainous waves
roll forward with a mighty power, hut amid all and above
all stands yen noble rook, erect, unmoved, and unchaug
ML Ip tilMMNMd. W thMflfcnd ?iO.HIfl Mftf
beneath, around, above?ages upon ages may roll away,
empires may rise and kingdoms fall, mlLioss of human
beings may come and go, the terrestrial vale may pursue
its pathway about the parent orb ; yet unshaken and lm
mneeble aiandathe tiue relMeo?Ann as the nniverso.
bdMtlful as deity. Toawhonmrerh petbat religion wil
be?Btingul?bed. need wisdntife study theeonstitu'ion ef
the world Con template the yank in the oeean, wtilch no
tortiii or contentions cam diatact. Usee at the sua, w hise
tifb giving glories no clouds or tempests can ever diioinUh.
But where thall we tind this religion which changes not ?
And when we are acquainted with its locality, ho* shall
we know that it is the true religion V The answer is to
bs found in the New Testament? 'The kingdom of hea
ven is within you." That is the law and the spir t, the
way, tenth and life aro natural to the sod. We hear
mneh lasnentatiou omeeming the tkte of the Bible. Iu
most nrinds religion and the beck are one and insepara
ble. They must stand or fall together. But 1 cannot
think so. (hcnot a man exist witho it a shado v? Are
sjmhols essential to the existence of thoughts ? Purely
the letter and the spirit are not indissoluble. If thoy
are. then well may we lament anv examination of the
Bible. The idea that the Bible 1s the infallible word of
Hod, that It is the Rock of Ages, that in it Is only to be
found the true religion, 1s fatal to itself. There ii a pre
vailing superstition generated by ooonneirtatore, that the
UldandNew Testaments are intrlnrieally and ex'.rind
cally harmonious. When the whole volume is oorrectly
ur.derstood, (thoy assert.) the beauty and stupendous
unity of the system is clear as the sun in the heaveas.
But this assumption is made by persons who have the
presumption to suppose that they have seen the harmo
nies of the fie. iptnre*. Iat us reflect on this. The as
sumption is that the Bible is the word of God?asuperna
turally originated and a supernaturally inspired volume,
given to man for his enlightenment and salvation. And
yet, according to the Protestant system of private judg
ment atid liberty of conscience, each mind, though unin
spired and in' no manuer supernatural!/ endowed,
is left to read and ilnd out the tueauing of God
in this world. While one man finds the Bible in
fallible another finds it fallible, one discovers it
tube harmonious, auother inharmonious; and so coine
contention and criticism. I cannot but admire In bold
contrast tho beautiful logical consistency of the Roman
Catholi: Church. It never was guilty of trusting religion
to the J. topic?never committed a deed 10 fatal to priestly
despotism an that of permitting an um-upsruatural laity
to read tind interpret a supernatural book. Tho reading of
the book is fatal to the Idea of its supernatural origin, and
also its ro-called Infallible principle.- of religion aud truth.
When will Protestants fully realize their present situation?
Protestants must see. toouer or later, that the door whisk
Martin I.utber opened con never he shut against the free
born soul. The infallibility of the Pope is but a continua
tion of the Protestant idea of the infallibility of Moses,
John or Paul. If you admit the supposition of tho pro
priety of Isaiah's infallible inspiration, yon have then
granted the premises upon which the Pope's and priest's
infallibility Is predicated. If God saw proper even toinspire
superoatually a Jew, or a dweller of Palestine, how do you
know that he does not also sees it proper to supernatural!v
inspire a Cardinal or Pope? Luther, in protesting against
the authority of the Pope, opened a door for the final re
C'on of the book authority uprn which the flrnt is
d Plo Nino is at likely to be a chosen vessel of God
as Paul was in the beginning of the Christian era. Tho
superiority of the character of one man ovor that of an
other, is of no account where supernatural transactions
are involved in the premises. Therefore, I affirm that the
Protestant idea of an infallible Bible writer Is the firm
foundation of the Papish despotism and of all tho absurdi
ties of the Catholic institution. Persuade me that the
paper and pasteboard Bible is the infallible word of God,
ana I will at <.nce accept the brick and morter church as
the emporium of his divine favors. Persuade me that
Mores, Joshua, Solomon, Devid, Isaiah, Matthew, John,
and Paul, were in very truth the chosen vessels or pen
men of the Supreme Being, and I promise you that I will
at once aocept, and would demonstrate oonclusiuely from
your principles that the unbroken chain of Cardinals and
Popes, standing from Peter the first to the kingdom of
heaven, are as certainly the attorneys of Jehovah, and
indispensable to all temporal and spiritual govern
ment and civilization. If Moaes. Joshua ard Paulare to
he my masters in those sacred principles which bind my
soul to its Author, then why m?.y I not aocept Pio Nino
as my master and father in spiritual things? You who
are Protestant belitvers in Bible infallibility cannot deny
me this logical infetence But yen reply, that I should
not allow a mere man to role over my conscience?that
it is yielding my liberty to the jurisdiction of despots, and
placing my tool in tho keeping of mere priests and teach
ers of religion. But what are you Protestants doing, when
you take Moses and Paul for your masters? Surely these were
mere men, also manifesting all the attributes and charac
teristics of humankind; aud so, why should they be my
masters any more than Cement or Alexander, In ths
affairs of my soul? Br. Orestes A. Brovaton. editor of
a Catholic Quarterly F.eview?a man of mucn learning
and independence? Is a very consistent, faithful exponent
of religious alms and tendencies He has travailed from
Egypt, through the wilderness of scepticism, into the pro
mired land, which he is now preparing to tid of all Pro
tectants by logical weapons. Protestants advocate the
supreme authority of the Bible, but tolerate to each man
the liberty to read its pages to suit himself. Brownson,
on the other hand, advocates the absolute supremacy of
the Pope, and denies to man any rights. God only "has
rights. Man has duties. The chureh is God's represen
tative, and society is under its exclusive dominion. The
church grants privileges to governments : and govern
ments owe allegiance arid obedience to the church Now,
this is ro'hiDg lev* than theological despotism logically
cairieil into practice. But how much better Ii* the l'o,.ory
or c.ericul d t,tuas of Protestant*? The Bible U God's Tep
rereniaMv! or word. TLe Pope regards all as heretics
whortjvet Lis authority, and the I'rotet'e.n's denounce
all a* infidels who reject the authority of Motet. The
idea is idmply tin-- Protestantism Is but a child of
Catholicism. By a law of hereditary descent, the parent
tramniits its character to the offspilog hut as evidence
of a law cf progress, the child Is not so wicked aod de
graded as its venerable progenitor, and ,?o w# prefer the
ex Bunco of the former. Catholics make no more onpo
sition to free re tools whe.-eby education may be e.tteni
erl *o all people, tban do Protes'ants to the free di-e.is
ricu of the Bible, whereby truth may be elicited and
Uamiultcd to posterity. Father Gavazzl coctos to our
c untry, and lifts up bis eloquent voice sgsinrt the des
p<ii-nanJ abominations 01 me ltomish church; but he
is in bondage, and can do nothing no-re than delight a
ITotes ant audience. He cannot do the work of dertruc
tion, because lie stands entrenched in Protestantism, i
which deserves the son.# fate. He ciies out against the |
Igm rarce, the idolatry of Catholicity; but against igno
rance, idolatry and slavery, his voice cannot be raised,
becente the receivers of his messages are composed of
the latter party. He affirms that Catholicism ia too nar
row for his out. With a soul to expanded beyond the
circumscribei confines of I'ius the Ninth, I wender how
he can breathe the confined sir of Protectant bigotry aud
superstition. I can see no difference between the infalli
bility of the Pone and the infallibility of Paul. Bat we
have political Bedim under Protestantism, which the
Chuich ot Rome denies to Its subjects. Very true Bat
noa came thi i blessing? It was Qrtt established through
tho instrumentality of the greatest despot?Henry VIII.? i
that eTer tuled ovor mankind. But in our blessed land I
'et us raise tbe hymn of gratitude to Thomas Paine,
Mhsn, FrarklL, aad n. my others who were tke |
sworn friends of liberty and of frte principles. Let it be 1
remembered that tbe political ai d other blessings of I
America are not owing to any exertions on the part of tbe
priests, cor to any logical application of the doctrine of 1
Bible infallibility, upon wbten ProUstanthm rests. The 1
sc entitle education ef the Protestant clergy is so utterly i
Deglecltd while propiriug for the ministry, that they j
usually enter '.be field of labor without the proper imple- ,
meiits of spiritual husbandry; comequeutiy, having
read the etsmlarri work* on the Bogy and one or two ;
books in rer!y to infidel objections, the young minister ia
apt to ectvrtaiu leveral inflated notions respecting the I
perfection of BiMieil wisdom. In the light of tbe nine
teenth century tbe Mosaic account is notoriously unsound
and lalhhle Th? idea that tbe Bible is a connected
whole, without contradiction or locon-ir.teucy, is a
? uterstltion of the Protestant prie-tbood. Tae in
tellgtnt tied accomplished Jesuit entertains r.o -uch
uijUdi b's opinion, for ne depends upou the external
despotism of orga llzatir-n nnrl upon the at'ructions of a
well rsga'ated acd venerable ccclesiasticlsm fir the suc
ces: or Lis designs upon the religious liberties of hu
manity. P-ote.-'antfim andCstkol-cisrn deserve the same
eondtmna'ion. Ihey differ not in tho character of their
not ons re-peeling fallibility, bat to degree only. The
Catholi- idea of Top?acd church infallibility is simply an
cloDgat no or extension of the I'ro to-tout ids a of Oi-i and
Now T- -.lament infallibility, "he two parties are, in
theory and theology, equs Iv foes to the Interest-* and
liberties of the v orid; and I have, hown, I think, that the
one should cot be allowed to Impose any more restric
tions ou ibe soul of maa than the other?that is to say,
neither ate good enough to me-it the suppott of intelli
gent, benevolent, free i>nd con sclent iour minds (Laud
appla uie)
Mr. c'torrs. Mr. Wright, and the Chairman having ad
dressed the meeting, the convention odjouraod until half
fast seven.
Ames Iron Bible Society,
The Mauagcrs held their monthly meeting on
Thursday last, at tho new Bible House in Astor
place. V.'in. B. Crosby. Esq., Vice President, occu
pied the chair, assisted by Francis Hall, Esq.
Five now auxiliaries were recognized : one in each
of the Btutca of Ohio, Illinois, Alabama, Mississippi,
and Texas.
Letters were read from Itev, Dr. Vcrmilye and
lfev. Dr. Tynfr, in London, in relation to the late an
niversary of the British and Foreign Bible Society;
also from the Committee aud the secretary of the
name. Other letters were read from California, Hon
duras, and C'eylou. Several new agents were ap
pointed, arid various plana considered in relation to
the busii.ors of the society, and Its enlargement,
with its increased accommodatlona.
Several new volumes were received from London
for the library: among them a folio copy of the
Bishop's Bible, of 1572, with Craamer's preface; a i
standard Oxford cony of King James, in three vol
umes, of 17G9: anu a large Uoman Catholic Bre
viary, from an Italian, once a Papal priest, but now
a convert studying for the Protestant ministry.
Among the grants of the Scriptures made, were
100 Swedish Testaments for Europe; 250 Bibles and
Testaments to a colored Weslcyan preacher from
British Guiana; and five Arabic Bibles nud twelve
Testaments for the coast of Africa.
Tl?e Tarf.
Trotttku at Rochj?tk? ?Ths first day s races over the
robin Course came off June 2. There wore thres en'rioa
for a purse of fllfiO, mile heats, best three Id five. The
result was as follows :?
War Eagle 1 1 2 I
Filet Wright 2 2 8 J
Gsnargua 3 3 12
lime, 2:45-2:14?2:44? 2:45)*.
Tsorrurn at Boston.?A trot came off over tbe Cam
brldg?- Park, June 3 mi In heats, best three in five. The
following Is a sum maty
8. White namedblk. m. Black flask Maid 1 1 1
H. Goodwin named b m. Charmer 2 2 2
Time, 2:42-2:41?2 39)^.
A bill ha? been reported by a committee of the Cana
dian Parliament, to ?-lo*e t m canals, post office*, Ac., on :
fnr.dey. 31,.-re are many i-otftious lor the measure, and
fcC .'.tUL.ttliUVS It.
On
Boston, June, 4,1853.
Interesting Debates m the Constitutional Convtn
tiom 7%nr Pirnnsd CkmmeUr?Nere Democratic
Paper in Boston?Reported Appointments of Mas
sachusetts Postmasters?New Hampshire Demo
cratic State Convention?Candidates for the Go
vernoi -hip?Shall Women be Allowed to Vote in
Mas ?achusetts??An Extensive Liked Suit?Re
movals?History of the Mexican Wdr, epc.
The proceedings of the Constitutional Convention
are becoming decidedly interesting from their raci
ness. their personalities, and the talent and standing
of the gentlemen who have engaged in them. The
plurality question and that of abolishing the Execu
tive Council, have been under discussion almost the
whole of this week, and both are of a nature to exas.
perate men, especially wlien under the benign in
fluence of an atmosphere caused by the packing of
some Ave hundred persons, spectators included, iuto
a room not large enough for half that numbered the
thermometor out of doors at about ninety?the weather
beiug-ticky, pricky, and aggravating. It is an unfor
tunate fact, too, that even members of the convention
are but mortals, mere dust, and " servile to all the
skyey influences." Hence the warmth of the discus
sions,and the general rnclOc that has been exhibited,to
the great diversion of the lookers-on ia this Vienna.
Mr. Hallett, on the Council question, paid his res
pects to several gentlemen, and Mr. Keycs paid his
respects to Mr. Hallott?and they are pretty gene
rally known not to be the most respectful things
in the world. Mr. Hallett goes for the abo
lition of the Council, and Mr. Keyes for
Its retention, and both have been members of
it. Yesterday, Mr. Hallett made a speech, in which
be gave the majority some pretty hard knocks.
Some of his opponents say thatMr. Hallett has aimed
to establish a sort of dictatorship over the convention,
and that he is angry because he lias failed in the at
tempt. General Wilson's speech, in reply, reflects
this opinion. Matters, therefore, are not so harmo
nious in the convention as at first they were, and
there is a cheerful prospect that they will grow still
more inharmonious as wo shall get into the summer,
and approach to the days of " canicular sympathy."
The plurality question is a vital one, because of its
probable effect on parties, hereafter. There has been
considerable change of position on this question by
gentlemen of all parties. Mr. Dana, who is a free
soilcr, has been prominent in bis Biipport of the plu
rality system, to the annoyance of some of his friends,
who, speaking generally, are not in favor of it
The story that we are to have a new democratic
paper has been started again. Six thousand dollars,
it is said, have been subscribed for its support,
and its editorial department is assigned to
Mr. Fabyan, who nsed to do most of the
writing for the hunker democrats. If the friends of
the new paper, supposing them to have got it under
way, would place Mr. Burke, of New Hampshire, at
the head of It, there would be some amusement af
forded by its publication. He is said to be anything
but pleased at the character of. the appointments
that nave been made here; and,as he writes vigorous
ly, he would be pretty sure to secure readers in all
quarters. The dilflculty about such a paper would
be that it would have to set its face against the ad
ministration, ii it should propose to pursue a de
cidedly hunkerish course. It woald have to condemn
the greater part of the appointments that have been
made in Massachusetts, to say nothing of what has
been done in the other New England States. The
selections have been made here without much re
ference to men's antecedents, and tlio "supremacy of
man over his [political] accidents' has been pretty
forcibly illustruted in moot cases. It could not have
well been otherwise than that many coalitionists
should he appointed, f> r there Is haruly a democrat
in the State who lias not had something to
do with the coaliti ?n. I can, just now, call
to mind but two or three hunkers of dis
tinction who have received places in our State,
or who have been selected for Executive favor else
where. It is true that some of the appointees have
been opposed to the coalition for some time past, but
they were not the less coalitionists previously, and
did good service iu behalf of Governor Boutwell's
election. Some of them, indeed, were supporters of
Mr. Sumner's election, which was carrying coali
tiouism to a pretty considerable extent.
It is said that some fourteen postmasters have been
appointed in this State, whose names have not yet
transpired. They arc understood to include some of
the best places ol the kind in Massachusetts, out of
Host en, such as Worcester, Cambridge, Springfield,
New Bedford, and other large and flourishing towns.
The two best places out ol Boston?Lawrence and
Lowell, have been already filled. Nothing is as vet
known as to who in to bo our jjootuutbier, though tne
number of applicants is known to have considerably
increased. Our post oflicc is a sort of Iais, from
whose face no man has been able to lift the veil.
The New Hampshire democrats will nominate a
candidate for Governor next week. The four most
eroruincnt candidates for the nomination are?Israel
[unt, of Nashua; Isaac Ross, of Hanover; N. 3.
Bakei, of Concord, and Mace Moulton. Of these
gentlemen Mr. Biker is the most uble, and Geueral
Hunt's chance ia considered the best. All are strong
supporters of the administration. There are several
other gentlemen talked of, but those I have named
are the most prominent. At present a nomination
is equivalent to an eUction; but what may happen
between now and the remote voting day it would
puzzle Solomon himself to tell, were that Hebrew
monarch alive, and were he called upon to give an
opinion. The free soilers will not unite with the
whigs, holding them to be too far gone to be worth
wedding. Tliey consider that the alliance would be
of a rather Mezentian chancier. Whiggery, it must
bo confessed, is getting rather low, when even the
free soilers treat it witn disdain.
The advocates of the rights of women are pressing
upon our Convention the decision of the question?
" Shall women be allowed to vote '<" Mr. Higginson
and Theodore Parker are laboring very hard before
the committee having the subject in charge, and aot
as if they thought there was the slightest chance of
their pciut being carried.
Captain Anthony Thatcher, of Dennis, Cape Cod,
has commenced a libel suit against tire proprietors
of the Boston Traveller, newspaper, who, some time
since, accused him of something amounting to pi
racy, as he alleges. The charge is a serious one,
and the damages are of the same character, it must
be allowed, being laid at $17,000.
There have been some small removals and appoint
ments made nt the Chnrlettown Navv Yard. 1 hear
that another " batch" of removals from the Boston
Custom House will be made between now and the
first of July. If as extensive as the lust there will
not be much more work left for the Collector in that
way. It is said that some of the late victims died
bard.
I understand that a gentleman of this State
is enga-cd on an elaborate work, and lias been
engaged for a year on it, to which he gives
his title?"The Political and Militiry History
of the war between the United States and
Mexico'?though from what I know of it, the
better title would be?"The Political History of the
United States from 1811 to 1853." Commencing
viuncu oum liuui ion co 1553.' Commencing
with a lcrg and elaborate introduction, in which the
political lifetory of the country Is sketched down to
Mr. Polk's inauguration, the work then opens with
a minute account of the state of parties, and of the
relations of the country with other nations. Minute
analyses of the characters of the leading men of both
the administration and opposition parties, from Mr.
Webster to Mr. Bancroft, are given, in what I sup
pose people would call the caustic style. Tho prin
cipal Tcuture of the book would seeru to be these ac
counts of men, with inany of whom the author is
said to be wei acquainted, personally. The author's
mode of bringing in these portraits, is this :?In
giving an account of Massachusetts' action on the
war question, Geueral Cushing in introduced, and
his history given, and the historic* of somo other
fentlemcn are added, such as Colonel Wright, Mr.
Inotoul, and others. In narrating the events con
nected with the raising of the Ninth regiment, Gene
ral Pierce is brought forward, and a full and ani
mated biography or the President is incorporated,
with reflections on his subsequent career. IbeHamc
plan will be pursued throughout the work, and will
tend to prevent it from being dull, though whether
there ore not certain disadvantages attending it may
be doubted, 'i he thing to be feared from such a
modo of writing is the liability of its degenerating
into mere partiality. The uarrative of military
events will be given very copiously, and drawn from
the best authorities. Tne work will bo rather ex
tensive, I should judge, and the first and second vol
umes are intended to uppear in little more than u
year from tins time. A loom a.
Serious Difficulty at Louisville.?On Sa
turday night, about nine o'clock, a difll,:ulty oceur.-ed at
thi Preston street market house, between Reuben bjrtar,
keeper of the Kailrotd Hotel, and Veorge Delph, his no
phew. We forbear giving Any statement ?f the caute of
the difficulty b?t *een the parties. And shall merely ?t?te
that upon th- Ir meeting an above, An alto rent i m took
plAce, which resulted in lieliib shooting I.yter with a pie
t< 1. Tbe ball took effect in file left ? de, And passed down
towards the hip, wbe.e it lodged George llelph walked
down to tbe j?ii ?nd immediately gave htin-elf up. Reu
ben Ly t? r died about 9 o'clock Lit evening, from the ef
fecta of the wound.?IsmitciiU Democrat, May 30.
Ellen Ellis, nt Beaumaris, in Anglesey, Wales,
aged 73, was brought to bed May 10th, 1770. She
had been married forty-six years, and her eldest
child was 45 years old. She had not had 8 child for
, twu 'j five jeus before. j
Owr Albany drroymdenet.
Albany, May 29, 1?53.
'Thing* m Albany?The Nete York Assemblymen?
Triumph of the Hard mstts?Caning m of the
Governor?Awful Cave of the Herkimer Men?
The Federal Pap?The Senate'* Plan sure to
Pais.
The tedious and uninteresting character of the
canal debate would render it really insupjtorUble
were it nut for the overwhelming importance of the
question, in reference to the future financial and com
mercial policy of the State. New York city, en
grossed with the contemplation of her own enormous
growth and prosperity, smiles at the interest which
the "rural districts"'of the centre and west of tho
State bestow upon the State works, and upon their
insignificant trade of four millions of tons per an
num. Their yearly revenues of something over
three millions of dollars, swept into the coffers of the
State, do not more than equal the corporation ex
penditures of your magnificent city. New York !
members of the Legislature, therefore, have bcen.ac
customed to speak slightingly of our internal im
provements ; and the democratic representatives
especially have been often accused, with only too
much justice, of indifference, if not hostility, towards
them. Several of tho present Assemblymen from
your city are fortunately not open to any such accu
sation. Messrs. Alden, Glover, D. B. Taylor, and 8t
John, (democrats,) and W". Taylor, (whig,) have
been conspicuous supporters, from the beginning, of
the plan to amend the imperfect financial articlo of
the constitution; which, mainly in the shape in which
it has passed the Senate, is destined eventually to
receive the sanction of the Assembly, and to be ap
proved by the people at the polla. These gentlemen
are all young mcu, and it is gratifying to an old
stager upon the road of politics,Tike yonr correspond
ent, to see young men commencing public life with a
liberal understanding of tho commercial wants and
commanding position of our Empire State, and with
an eye to the public weal, above mere party consi
derations. Innumerable are the instances which he
could recall of aspiring and often talented men,
whose hopes have been utterly wrecked and cast
away upon this dreadful canal, whose first legislative
session wob their last, and who forgot, in Albany,
that they were not beyond the recollection of their
constituents.
The course of legislative events for 1863 has been '
singular and instructive. The extra session has
already witnessed a triumph, a conversion, and a
defeat. For ten years have the conflicting elements
in the democratic party waged war over the ques
tions of taxation, debt and canal policy, and the
present year witnesses the triumph of tne ultra or
hardshelied hunkers. Seven years ago this summer
they and their principles were prostrate, appa
rently unable forever to recover the terrible blows
which Hoffman, Cambrclsng and Co. had dealt
them in the Constitutional Convention. Now, they
have not only recovered their ground, but have
forced their adversaries to leave their own. To-day
Loomis himself abandons his life-long priuciples?re
cants in May, 1863, the sentiments concerning public
debt uttered in June, 1846, and yields ungraciously to
the demands of the times, lue enlargement and
completion of the canals will at last be achieved?
the democratic party will maintain its ascendancy
next fall, and the "straight jacket'' portion of the
constitution will be amended. The hunkers will
triumph, not only over the prostrate barnburners,
but over the softshells, who have lately deserted the
hunker ranks. The Regency?the Marcys, Sey
mours Wrights Comings and Stiyke^w^o
thought to keep themselves above water by an aban
donment of the "old line," and a new position
amoDg the "radicals,"are forced to yield to the
Cooleys and Vanderbilts?the new men?the men
i Of yesterday. Alas! for the old Regency.
The barnburners obtained the organization of the
Assembly at the beginning of the regular session;
they fixed the committees to suit the taste of Herkl- '
mer and St. Lawrence; they declaimed boldly against
constitutional amendment, invoked the shade of
Michael Hoffmau, and, when the canals were talked
or, jestingly proposed a tax in order to deepen them
six inches, nnd no more. They numbered in the i
Assembly just forty Ave members, a majority of the 1
democratic caucus, even without the aid of the softs
who followed, of course, the dominant and spoils pos- !
sessing faction. Most of the immortal forty-live '
were made chairmen of committees; as for the softs, I
they obtained the appointment of their sons or
nephews as messenger boys. The programme of the
six inch enlargement was propounded in a message
signed by Governor Seymour, and followed up by a
series of nbomiuably lengthy and stupid resolutions i
from Loomis and West.
Two months rolled on, and the great canal inte- 1
rest Legnu to get uneasy. The democrats, as a party, .
had promised "speedy enlargement."' They num
bered two to one in the lower House. Seymour had
advocated " amendment of the constitution,"' on the
stump, before election. The canal counties had
means enough and votes enough to make or unmake '
eighty members of the Assembly; and yet that body j
bad done nothing?nothing except debating, amend
ing, and rejecting West's and I.oomis's abstractions. I
ino grumbling grew louder and more threatening I
from Niagara to Lake Champlain.
Then there came down to the Assembly the Se
nate plan, proposed by Judge Vauderbilt of Brook- j
lyn, tAT'd amended by the suggestions of Senators j
LrlFtoi and Cooley, carefully considered and per
fected. It had been drawn by hunkers, amended |
by hunkers, supported only by hunkers, and bitterly !
opposed by Mc.Murray, Pierce, and Cornell. It had
received the vote of a majority of the democratic '
senators, and it came to the lower body with a pow
erful odor of Hunkerism pervading it. It was a
most unwelcome visiter for the barnburner regency;
and what to do with it was the great question. I
The Governor was perplexed, the Speaker was
perplexed, Loomis was perplexed, and above all j
Mr. West, Chairman of the Canal Committee, was '
immeasurably perplexed. The forty-five barnburners |
were summoned into consultation with the Gover- ;
nor, and duly informed that something must be I
done. They left the presence in no amiable mood, |
ond some oi the most ultra of them began immedi- ?
ately to talk about John Van Buren for United |
Stales Senator in 1856, nnd to speak of the excellent
qualifications of Sanford E. Church for the execntive !
chair. But the Governor knew his men, and he !
quietly mailed a letter to Washington.
Alter due consideration and long incubation in- 1
volving as many alterations in the text as the au. I
nual message itself, Air. West (soft) produced a con- I
stitulional amendment on his own hook, drawn up 1
by Governor Seymour and honest Jolm Stryker, :
with the profound legal assistance of the Attorney
General, copied alter A underbill's as nearly as pos- j
sible, and containing many of the prominent fea- j
tures of the latter. It proposed to permit the legis
lature to borrow the suinc amount, on similar secu
rity, and differed from the Senate plan only by pro
posing a longer time within which to complete the
canals, nud providing for repayment in part by
means of taxation, 'iliis being duly backed by a
gubernatorial message, recommending the same,
was brought forward as tho soft shell or compromise
plan, and the barnburners stood aghast. They
charged the Governor with a re-conversion back to
semi-hunkeiiem, and ail Herkimer was pale with
wrcth.
Forthwith tho immortal forty-five repaired to tlie
executive chamber to give the incumbent a bit of
their mind, but the Governor was not to be caught
napping. The appointments throughout the State
remained i.ntli tnbuted in the hands of Mr. Murcy,
and^'no song no supper" was the alternative pre
sented to the wretched and furnishing disciples of
Hoffman. They yielded, like wise men; they prj
mised to aid in " the vandal work of destroying the
constitution. ' Hie result was borne on the wings
of Morse's lightning to Washington; and the barn
burning applicants for post offices, collectorships,
and public printing were rewarded by the prompt
gratitude of Mr. Marcy. Three days after appeared
the list of postmasters for the principal towns and
cities, among whom there were, I believe, exactly
thiee hunkers. Thus fell forever the financial embo
diiucnt ot Michael Hoffman. The barnburners went
the less since tbey had already forgiven the assassins
of Silas Wright.
So that now the amendment of the constitution is
a certain result. Not one of the most ultra advo
cates of the " People's Resolutions'" of 1845, dare re
fuse to vote for it in some shape. Tr ie, Senator
McMiirray has fled the capitol in disgust; Forsyth
and Rose and Iladley remain as yet stubborn and
exasperated; but the men who "remember Silas
\\ right" will remember also the flesh pots of Egypt.
Alas, for the consistency of politicians, that Ar
phaxad Loomis should repudiate the financial arti
cle! He w ho was pledged to ignore the Canal law of
1 51 isjabont to vote to raise $1,500,000 to repay the
revenue certificates! Is it not enough to make Hoff
man Kick off the cover of his coffin, and rise to oon
front his apostate children?
One more point was required to be yielded, and on
Saturday tho thing was done. The taxation feature
of West s plan was stricken out by Mr. West himself,
and now nothing but the difference of time remains.
The Senate will insist on completing the works in
four years; and the Assembly will be obliged to
strike out their six years clause. The policy of ter
minating this exasperating affair, and of finishing
the State work in the shortest possible space of time
Is too evident not to Iks conceded. The Senate's plan'
with little or no actual alteration, will pass in the
end, and the hard Bheli hunkers will indubitably
triumph.
J he darkest hour is just before day, and the
hunkers, ostracised at Washington, are beginning to
sec hght at Albany. They may not get the federal
offices ; their organs may not get the printing of the
Washington departments, but they will have reason
mi. 01 their position. Single handed they
will have beaten lioth the softs and the barnburners,
held their position in the very teeth of Marcy, and
overcome the Governor, the Speaker, and the politi
cal pupils of Herkimer and Oneida combined. Bis
fi.il :ch!
The Imuiin orCilme.-Thc SaifteM MwF
derwr P?rki.
[From the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, May l-J
Onr readers have doubtless read the paragraph**
which hare baen circulating te the patters
iug the man Parka, the supposed murderer or tn?
Englishman Beatson at Cuyahoga Falls, and hH
imagined identity with a noted English bnrglar
named Dickinson, who led from justice in his na
tive land, and arrived fo this country some years
since. We have met with a gentleman who is well
ucquainted with the particulars of the early career
of that criminal, and who furnishes us some inci
dents connected therewith, which will prove inter 'j
esting, and probably useful at this time. I be man
Dickinson, who is supposed to bo identical ijwth
Parks, was a native of Clitberoc, in Lancashire,
England. From his earliest days he was a leading
spirit among the gangs of poachere and tmeves by
which that portion of the county was infested, and
became noted as a reckless and daring adventurer.
At the age of 25, he had passed seven years of his
life within the walla of a prisorvand was the terror
of the neighborhood he infested. Ills family were
poor but industrious people; bis father and sister be
ing in the employ of Mr. Garnett, a magistrate
and extensive cotton factor, residing at l/)W Moor,
near Clitheroe, on the banks of the river Kibble,
which divides the counties of Lancashire and
Yorkshire at that spot. At 25 years of age he
wus again confined in jail for some poaching of
fence, but was liberated on a promise of amendment,
through the intercession of the Rev. Mr. Abbott, a
clergyman of the neighborhood, llus was towards
the close of the year 1840. In the winter of 1840-41,
however, he committed some offence in company
with one John Briggs, for which a warrant for h&
apprehension was issued. In consequence of Dickin
robs well known desperate character,
lice were detailed to apprehend toe offenders at a
place called GrindletoD,.in. Yorkshire, whither they
bad fled after the commission of their crime, inc
offenders were arre-ted and confined in a
the officers who had them In custody, and whofauea
t6 convey them at once to a place ot sscontf. in
the night the tavern was attacked by a gang of Dick
inson's comrades, armed with guns; the officer la
command was compelled to release his prisoners, and
was himself eased of some loose change by them, in
order that they might have wherewithal to drink hiff
health at the bar. Dickinson and Briggs then
prowled around the neighborhood, committing va
rious robberies attended with brntal violonce, andbe
came the dread of the surrounding country. They
managed for some weeks to elude the vigilance of
the officers, shifting their quarters from county ta
county. Upon one occasion they deliberately shot a
gamekeeper named Harrison, in the back, because
they had some spite against the man. Their intended
victim recovered from his wounds.
In March, 1841, at a place about nineteen miles
east of Clitheroe, culled Bakeup, the villains were
guilty of another diabolical act. About three n}*]??
from the village Is a hill called Dirplv Hill, on which
was situated a lonely tavern, kept by James Simp
son, his wife and daughter, who were the only oc
cupants of the house. A son, also named James,
lived a short distance from the tavern. In th?
night time, en a Sunday, Dickinson and Briggs went
to the elder Simpson's dwelling, and having peremp
torily demanded admission, under pretence of ob
tail ling some refreshments, thev beat the old man in
a brutal manner, and proceeded to plunder the house.
The daughter escaped while the ruffians were endea
voring to throw berfhther down into a cellar, and
fed to the son's house, who immediately proceeded
to the rescue. Young Simpson was a powerful man,
and he grappled with Briggs, the larger of the rob
bers, and had well nigh overpowered him, when
Briggs called npon Dickinson to fire. Dickinson
then drew a pistol and shot young Simpson, tha
bullet passing into his side. The two ruffians then
fled, leaving Simpson for dead. The bullet was sub
sequently extracted, and the young man's life wan
saved, although he was disabled for life. The hue
and ory after the would-be murderem was then loud,
and tney were compelled to take to the woods.
Shortly afterwards tney attacked a butter dealer,
who was on his road to market near Kcightley,
Yorkshire, and shot him in the face. He escaped
from them, however, before they succeeded in rob
bing him. They were then pursued closely, night
and day, and fled to Manchester. Information being
forwarded to the police of that city, a strict lookout
was kept, and the fellows were traced to Newton, a
lonely village on the borders of Yorkshire, Lanca
shire and Cheshire. A trap was laid to catch the
two together, but it failed, and Briggs alone was cap
tured Dickinson making good his escape to thia
country. Briggs was tried at Lancashire assises and
bad sentence of death recorded against him. Thia
sentence was afterwards commuted to transportation!
for life, and he was sent to Norfolk Island, one of
the worst penal settlements in the world. The war
rant against Dickinson still remains in force. Hisc
career in this country?supposing him to be the man
now known as Parks?is familiar to all our readers,
and his last act, if he is found to be guilty, promises
to end his desperate career.
Our informant gives us the following description
of Dickinson:?lie is about thirty-seven years of age ;
stout built; about live feet seven inches in height;
sallow complexion; well formed features; has lost
some of his front teeth, and is very ebg'atly pitted
with the small pox; his eyes and hair are dark. He
is us cunning as a fox, and his thoughts during an
imprisonment arc always concentrated npon escape.
Those who have hiin iu custody should exercise un
sleeping vigilance, or they may some morning find
their dangerous bird upon the wing.
Glpwy Fortune Telilng.
[From the Builulo Express, May 27 ]
We have seen .or some weeks past, and we pre
sume many of our readers have also seen them, no
tices of the appearance and doings of a band of Gip
sies, in various places, throughout the State. It iff
known that some of the baud have made their en
campment in this city, for a few days past, on Dela
ware street, near Forest Lawn, and have figured on
one occasion in our court of justice.
Some weeks ago a segment of the band, which 18
composed, as far as known, of nine grown persona
and eight children, located themselves at Tolly,
about eighteen miles from Syracuse. By some meana
they obtained possession of the fact that Mr. Garret
Tully, from whom the town was named, and one of
its most estimable residents, had lost an account book,
iti which records involving some $400 were kept.
Thereupon Betsev Cooper, the qneen of the troupe,
applied to him with the request to tell his fortune,
anticipating the result that would follow. He told
her that he did not wish his fortune told, but if. she
would tell him how to recover his lost book, he would
pny her f, therefor. She replied that it could easily
be done, only she must get together a certain amount
of money, in order to produce the charm. He ac
cordingly placed in her hands 1300, iu specie, all he
had at command; but upon consulting the oracle, an
eld astrological 'book of 1,668, she fouud it was not
sufficient for the purposes of the incantation.
Mr. Tully refused to entrust her with more, where
upon she returned to her gang and proc ured $85,
which she added to the pile. Strange to relate, this
would not satisfy the spirits, and, alter much per
suasion. Mr. T. was induced to boiTow another $100,
wldcli Betsey pronounced adequate. The money was
then wrapped up and formed a good sized parcel,
which Mr. T. .still retained. Betsey then demanded
that her reward of $5 should be added to it, which
was done. Hhe then asked for a lock of hair from
the heads of Mr. T., his wife and child, then for a
paper or salt from each, and then directed them to
place the money In her bauds, and turn tbeir backs
while she repeated the mystic words of the leather
oracle. They did so, and Betsey, taking advantage
of their situation, contrived to substitute a parcel off
near like the original as possible, containing a rare
show of pebbles and pewter, in place of tnc one con
taining the *1-5 - the latter of which she smuggled
under her blanket. She then gave the parcel?the
bc/na firle one, as he supposed?into Mr. T.'s charge,
saying that it must remain unopened for four week*,
at which time she would return, and the lost book
would be restored. 8he then took her departure, ai
she said, for New York.
The fonr weeks and as many days passed away,
and no Betsey came. Mr. T. began to feci alarmed,
as well as his family. At length Mr-. T. demanded
that the parcel should be opened, and it was done?
with what result may be imagined. Mr imme
diately set to work, got upon the track and arrived
In this city on Wednesday, lie stated his case ta
officers?and on the same afternoon two of the gang
were arrested in this city, having on their persona
some f 30 iu gold. Tliey then proceeded to the camp
and made a haul of one man and another lot of
money. This person was, however, subsequently
discharged. But the qneen?Betsey Cooper?wa?
still undiscovered. About this time it was intimated
that a similar gang were located at Fairview, near
Erie. Officer Boyington Immediately put for that
place, and found thai they had left a few honrs be
fore. He followed on and soon came np with them,
Betsey and all. The party was searched, but as no
valuables were found in the possession of any, save
the queen and her royal consort, the others were suf
fered to depart. The pair were brought to this city,
and are now in Jail with those previously arrested.
The whole plunder fouud by the officers, lnchwea
about $160 in money, (some of which Mr. Tally
identities as his own,) watches, jewelry, Ac., whlen
lias all, of course, been stolen from various persona
and places. One of the articles Is a breastpin, con
taining the daguerreotype of a lady: another a heavy
ring, ffncloning hair, with the inscription "To the
memory of Henrietta Taylor," on the inside, which
we mention, so that they may, if possible, be restored
to their owners. The party near Fairview also hav?
a number of fine horses in their possession.
We trust that, the predatory doings of these wretchea
are now thoroughly interrupted, and that those who
have escaped will tako warning from the fate of
their companions. Mr. Tnlly will receive a portion
of his money, and Betsey, at least, will be pnt in safe
quarters for the present.
Tne MiLWAt KrE Mmn** Care.?After thre*
days trial,* Jury was finally obtained on the 1st in?t., ana
the ease of MIm Mar/ Ann Wheeler, who la charged withe
the murder of John M W Lice, wan proeeeje,! with for
the s-cond lin e. Nothing new will te on tb's
yiah

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