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THE MESILLA VALLEY AFFAIR.
Ck>Y. Lane's Defence of his Course. Whet the leiku Pre? Says en ike Subject, 4c., 4c., 4c. The following official information, with respect to the question of the Mesilia Valley, we hare trans lated. as being extremely important and interesting at this conjuncture. The Universal, of Mexico, has published Governor Lane's statement to the Chihua hua commissioners, which haa not been hitherto pub lished here, and which we give below. The Univer sal introduces the document in tbc following lan. guage:? "Our readers are already stware of the offence com mitted, in the fore pa* of March, by General Lane, Governor of New Mexico, who solemnly declared the territory of Mesilla, State of Chihuahua, to be part of the United States. They will also remember the powerful reasons set forth by Mr. Angel Trias. In a communication directed to the said Governor, manifesting mo-t clearly the injustice of his conduct, and the right of Mexico to the possession of the ter ritory in question. We low see that the reasoning of Mr. Trias and his commissioners, instead of pro ducing any effect upon Mr. Lane, has only been the occasion of a new note from that gentleman, in which, besides the specious arguments which he uses to justify his conduct, the American functionary speaks in a language so offensive as almost to be in stilling. " We lay before our readers this communication, the perusal of which is not a little calculated to irritate those who remember the endless offences which the Mexican republic has received from the American nation, and who have bitterly deplored the shameful resignation with which these have been tolerated for a period of five years."' The following is the communication in question:? GOVERNOR LANE'S MANIFESTO. Dona Ana, Territory of New) Mexico, March 23,1853. J To their Excellencies Messrs. Antonio Jacques and Thomas Zcloaga, Commissioners of the State of Chihuahua, El Paso? Gentlemen -I have road the communication of your excellencies, under date of the luth instant, with all the respect due your elevated positions, and the importance ui the subject of the Euid communi cation. Ihe mere fact, without any other reason, that the President ana Congress of the United States have disapproved and repudiated the provisional boundary line which has been run from the Uio Grande to the Gila, iB of itself an ample justification of the act of the government of New Mexico in promulgating the proclamation of the 19th inst., and the want ol spe tial instructions from Mexico does not in the slightest degree invalidate this official act. Whatever your excellencies may have heard to the contrary from oer.-ons as ignorant us presumptuous, it is none the less true that my authority is to" be found in the laws and constitution of the C uite Jnited States, in the law of naiions, in the treaty with Mexico, and in the duties of my cilice as Governor of this territory. 1 might, in truth, moreover add. that even though this line had been drawn in conformity with the treaty of peace, (and no one, however during and re gardless of faith, would venture to affirm It,) still, the government of the United States having refused to recognize this line, this of itself irnposes upon every < fiicer, civil and military, and upon every citi sen of this territi ry, the obligation of following aline of conduct cou.-iM.ent with that resolution. 1 am well aware that in other places, other opin ions have bccu entertained and adopted as the basis of official conduct, and it is a singular fact, that the fend inhabitants of the territory in dispute should ave been informed of this circumstance before it rear bed my ear. I have designated as provisional the line now ex isting from the Kio Grande to the Gila; and, in my 9<inioa, it is nothing more. If was run, ex parte, by exico, with the sanction of Mr. Commissioner Burt lett, against the consent of Major Graham, (and. I believe, against that of Lieutenaifi Whipple,) and tinder protest of Surveyor Gray, whose cause at was necessary to make the line valid. If your Kx tllencies and tue undersigned, under the impulse of convenience! should establish another line ol divi-ion, (?hb h we could do without any impro priety.) this would lie a provisional boundary line, with the same authority as the line already ruu: but it would remain invalid until it should receive the sanction both of .Mexico and the United states. Yi t Excellencies have reminded me of the faith due 'reaties. and the obligations imposed by national honor. Allow me to state, in reply to your Excel lencies, that tbe right or ceces-ity of volunteering B'.ch admonitions is not recognized by the govern ment of tbe United States or its officials. Neither of theni ha- any intention of vio'ating the clauses of a treaty of peace, or of sacrificing the honor of the na tion; and the truth is. tiiat the only violation of the sa d treaty that has come to the knowledge of the undersigned, has been perpefruted by Mexican citi zens. In the proclamation 1 mentioned facts which I be lieve to be true, and which I to this moment con sider so. It may however, be my duty to give an explanation relative to what I have -aid in reference to tbe revolutionary condition of yonr country. I assure your excellencies that nothing was farther fr< m me than any intention of wounding your sen sibility; I merely made ment on of a notorious fict (whose evidence is to be found sufficiently conclusive in tbe extraordinary powers ve-ted in your excel lencies) as one of the motives of the proclam ition, without supposing that a similar allusion could of fend the moM delicate susceptibility. Your excellencies will allow me to state that the civil discord which unhappily now predominates in the Mexican Republic, is a cause of sorrow an l not of rejoicing for the govei nmeut and the majority of the nation of the United states. In lieu of desiring the ruin of your country, they anxiously desire the integrity, prosperity and felicity of Mexico, with free trade and friendly relations. They covet no territi ry justly lielonging to you; and if such were the ease your excellencies are well aware how easy it would be lor them to acquire it. The proclama tion already referred to has been published with an imperious conviction of duty, and after legal and competent counsels; and it being the obligation of each one to whom it is dire ted to obey its man dates, any failuxe to comply therewith might bring upon tbe guily the penalty of tue law. To.* ; incur tent fact should be made known to the inhabitants of the district in question, for if I may venture an opinion, they are ill advised as to their duties and lights. A copy of the proclamation has been forwarded to Gen. Trias, Civil and Military Governor of C'hihua lmu, l?esging him to order a provisional deliver)'of the territory in question. Other copies have also been forwarded to the President of the United States, And to the commander of the regular troops in this territory. It is not for me to forestall the decision of the Pre sident of the United States in the premises; but your Excellencies knew," before the publication of the pro laination, the conduct that would be followed by the military commandant of this department. The courre of bis successor may be widely different. It is not my duty as Governor of this territory to ent?>r into any discussion as to the points involved in thai question of limits; but as your Excellencies have introduced some of these points in yonr communica tions, it might perhaps be construed into a want of courtesy on my part were I not to refer to the same. Your Excellencies have affirmed that the southern Konndary line of New Mexico terminated at New Mexico, twenty-two miles north of the provisional line of Mr. Bartlett, while a decree of the Mexican Congress fixes the line at El Paso; this decree has never, to my knowledge, been revoked. In your communications your excellencies frankly admit ihat Chihnnhua never exercised its jurisdic tion over the territory in dispute, before the running of Mr. Harriett's line, notwithstanding it was en treated by the inhabitants so to do. And why did it not exerci-e its jnil'diction ? 1 will ans ver 'or your excellencies?it was iieeause it was well known that the territory belonged to New Mexico, and uot to Chihuahua. The error committed by Mr. Bartlett, when he de termined tin said line, induced Chi hnanus into error, and it is now incumbent upon Chihuahua to cor rect it. I here annex a copy of the decree for your infor mation Decree of July 6, 1824. " Chihuahua is declared a State of the Confedera tion, and New Mexico teiritory, belonging to the same Decree bearing Date July 27. 1?21. Demarration of the Territory of the Province of Chihuahua. " The sovereign General Congress of the United Steles of Mexico has decreed as follows ? " Tbe territory of the province of Chihuahua will contain everything comprised between the straight lines drawn from east to west, from the point or vil known as Prso del Norte, on the one sale, with the jurisdiction which it lias always had, and the hacienda of ltio Elorido, in the direction of Durango, with its respective appurtenance."?[rice Decree of the (ith.l This decree fixes the boundary phot ween C'hihua hua and New Mexico, and I am fully convinced that the jurisdiction of El Paso did not extend as far wp M the be ail of the canal ; consequently it will lie apparent to your Excellencies that the provisional line which 1 have nonght to establish is north of the txinndary laid down by the decree. Arid when I designated it as I did. I acted in conformity with thy generous disposition of the citimns of the United | States, lee vine to the town of El Pa?o in authority ov? r the canal, wlch ie a matter of vital important# to the interest# of the said town. I have conceded no much us to propose, as a provi sional boundary line, a starting point above the canal. 1 admit that the boundary liue. as it is laid down on Diaturnell's map, fixes the 1 units north of the line laid down in the decree; etuM there ia little chance that it should go as far as Prontera. and it' it should hereafter happen that a junta of comniissiouers should fix the si:id line south of the canal, and the inhabitants of *3 Paso be thereby deprived of their, authority ?-vtr the same, the fault of this irreparable loss would be inimitable to yourselves, and not to the government of tne United State*. Your Excellencies affirm that the line now exist ing has been run in conformity w ith the provisions of the treaty of peace, tlut it has been duly ratified by the United States, and that the territory situated south of it M^hcen formally delivered by' the coin th?iti< petent authorities of the United States. In all these statements your Excellencies will par don me. if 1 assure you that you are entirely in error; and I beg that you will allow me to iutroduce the testimony of Mr. Commissioner Bartlett himself, in order tLat your Excellencies may see that it was illegally recognized by him and the Mexican com mission. In a despatch of Mr. Bartlett. directed to the Se cretary of State at Washington, under date of May, 1861, that gentleman says:? "In conformity with the treaty of Guadalupe Hi dalgo. the presence of the surveyor is necessary in this matter-(that of fixing the initial point on the Rio Grande.) The absence of Mr. Gray placed me in a verv delicate position?one, too, the more per il lexing from the fact that the said treaty expressly declares that the surveyor in chief (no less than the commissioner) shall be appointed by the govern ment, and no provision has been made for a contin gency 1'ke the present one. I have not been em powered to appoint a person to act pro tvm., M sur veyor. This difficulty was expressed to the Mexican commissioner, who stated in reply that all the 'arrangements had been made on his part to proceed with the work, and that he trusted that we would proceed in conformity therewith. Desirous that no obstacle, that it luy in my power to avoid, should In terfere with this important matter, I did not hesit i e to make known my willingness to take upon myself the responsibility of designating a person who might, pro nm., take the place of Mr. Gray,. provided that the Mexican commissioner would, in the name of his government, consent to this arrangement, and in this wav obviate any supposed cause of complaint in fu nil rurt of & i?id Bepablio. To th?Om* ral Cande gave his assent and selected Mr. Avo Whipple to perform the duties of acting surveyor. Your Excellencies will, from this extract,perceive, that Mr. Commissioner Bnrtlctt sincerely admitted a total want of power to appoint Mr. Lieut. Whipple surveyor in the place of Mr. Surveyor (.ray; nay, further, that this measure on his part was only taken for the lake of expediency. From this, it must ne ecssari'y result that the boundary line which was at terwaids run, under tlie direction ot Mr. Lieut. W hip pie, as acting Surveyor pro lent, of the I nited States, i was a line merely of*convenience, or, in other words, subject to the approbation or repudiation of either or botlh Mexico and the United States; and that it lias been revoked by tbe latter, 1 shall prove to your Ex cellencies. The initial or starting point was laid in front of this town April '-'4,18.51, and Mr. Gray did not come within the district until some t.me after. , On the 25th day of July Mr. Gray protested, in 1 writing, against this point as it had been laid down, as also against the line which had been run to the wcht from said point, as the ground oi there nav nig been committed gross and palpable error, and tie in sisted that the error should be corrected, or thatope ratious should be suspended until decisive instruc tions should be received. With both of these reason able propositions Mr. hkrtlett refused to comply, f lic initial point Is situate at thirty-three degrees twenty two minutes, while Mr. Gray insisted that it should be laid about thirty degrees more to the south?that is to sav. at about thirty one degrees faftytwo minutes," which point is situate about eight miles north of the town of El Paso. Tour Excellencies will allow me to annex a portion of Mr. Gray s ener getic protect against the provisional line ot Mr. Hurt 1C" And now, Mr. Bartlctt, having expressed my 1 views on this subject, and seeing that 1 am the Sur ! veyor rcgu'ailv commissioned bv the United States 1 to assist yon, "and co-operate with you. i would pd visc an immediate suspen ion <1 the work now going i on along tbe line which the Mexican officers are running, and that you inform them taut the final determinate n with regard to that line may v.uy through the want of the confirmation and assent ot your colleague. ..... , , I I houe that my reasons will be clear and conclu ! give w itli regard to the true petition of the Southern lir.e of N< w Mexico, and shall feel very sorry at the loss of time resulting from the necessity ol once more going over this small portion o. the liue; bu. ! it is tbe duty of yourself and myself, (and f also I view it in the same light with regard to the Mexi I con Commissioner.) if we have gone wrong, or com mitted any error from a want of the necesuaty imor 1 n ation, or from any other cause, and have become I convinced of the same, to consider ourselves bound i tocomctit. ...... ! It is a serious and grave responsibility that Ws I liave upon us. The two governments have placed their rights in our bands, that we might resolve 1 thini legally, and according to the dictates of our conscience I feel confident that the principles of the Mexican officers, as well as the elevated tone i which tiiry appear to have adopted in their mter ( course with us, will induce them to rectify any error I into whitb they may have fallen. . .., . In tbe attention which I have given to this boun dary matter, I have not considered the value ot one north n of territory more than another. I think that j the Mexican representatives will be found to have . acted likewise. . ? . | If we should have to suspend for a time the work , ' on our portion of the liue, by reason ot a difference | of opinion, or any other cause, we may go on and | i determine some other part, so that, In case we should | not agree as to the southern boundary line, and should therefore have to refer to our respective go I vernments. the work on the Gila may progress, i should it be deemed expedient" To these reasona ble propositions Mr. Bartlett turned a deaf ear, and < ! obstinately insisted upon his established line, with- | ! out the concurrence of his colleagues, even though tbe latter had phown the said line to be wrong. Your Excellencies have read the treaty of pea'e with care, ard will agree that the functions of Com missioner and Surveyor are indispensable. And that, moreover, each of these functionaries mi st be appointed by his own government, but in no other way. And, your Excellencies liavuig conclu sive evidence before you that Mr. Bartlett, Commis sioner of the United States, had acted without the i co-operation and consent of his lawful colleague, and 1 against his protest.your Exceilenciesmust, iu sincer ity, admit that bis action in the entirely invalid, unlawHubf'eqiieritly ratified by the United States. Instead of being ratified they were repudia i ted* I The acting surveyor, Mr. Whipple, appearsto have ! acted merely as astronomer and .surveyor, without ? having had any direction as to the two boundaiy lir.es, tut it is evident from the following extract, ? taken from a published letter ot his, that he did not ' approve of the existing line:? ... I "The lines of latitude and longitude not being i mentioned in tbe treaty, should not be followed, for | I from tbe inaccuracy with which the longitude of the Rio-Grande is laid down, it would follow that the in tention of those who framed the treaty would be frustrated.'' , But El I'aso being a point mentioned in I connection with others in the treaty, it cannot be lost sight of, and the intention was that the distance | of the northern line should in fact be represented on j ,h From the point of beginning there should be drawn | a line directly to the west, three degrees in longitude j aid afterwards directly to the north, to the point where the line intersects the river Gila. This appears j to uic to be the most accurate, and at the same time, the most practicable interpretation of tbe treaty. Colonel Grahmn, an officer of the United State q | subsequently added to the commission, also repudi- j ated Mr. Bartlett. I am, however, uuable here ti quote his expressions, his report not being within my reach. Having thus laid before your Excellencies ample proof that the line was not run in conformity with the absolute provision- of the treaty, and that the some is therefore no more than a provisional line, I shall now proceed to lay before you extract* from the inescago of the President of tbe United States to Congress, under date of December (J, last past, In or der to prove mo t conclusively that tiii provisional line was disapproved anti repudiated by the govern ment of the United States, and is, therefore, entirely in v i lid. The following are the expressions made by the President ot the United Slates:? "From the la^t intelligence received from the Mexican Boundaiy Commission, it appears that the surveying operations on the river Gila, from Its con fluence with the Colorado, to the western line of New Mexico, are concluded; the operations on 'lie Iti > Grande are also concluded from a point situated, ac cording to the arrangement of the ooinmis-ooners, where the said river touches the starting point of the southern limit of New Mexico, to another point situated one hundred and thirty five miles below the lied of the Aguib, that is to say, two-thirds of the distance, following the river up to its mouth. The appropriation made during the last session of Congress, for the continuation of the said operations, is subject to the following condition :?No portion of tla* said appropriation shall be employed or spent, until it satisfactorily appear to the President of the United States, that tbe boundaries of New Mexico aic not laid by the commissioner and the surveyor of the United States, farther to the north of the town known as El Paso, than the said line '8 set down qn Di-tiinu ll's maps which accompanies the treaty. My attention has been called to this matter by a a ort ot the Hecietary of State, in which he reviews the ui'.uiusUact* relative to tiii# affair, sChpit ting to my decision the question whether, under the present state oi circumstances, any part of the said appropriation could legally be applied or spent for the continuance of the operations. After mature re flection on this matter, I arrived at the conclusion, and in consequence advised the head of the depart ment, who immediately despatched orders to the commissioner and surveyor not to present any ftir tber demands on the treasury, for they would not be paid, and also to cease all operations on the southern line of New Mexico. The object of this condition was undoubtedly to prevent the continuation of operations on the south ern boundary line of New Mexico, relative to which a variety of opinions had been manifested; for it oau not be supposed that there would any difliculty exist with respect to the line which extends along the canal of the Rio Grande. It would also be expedient that legal measures should be taken for the fulfil ment of the treaty with Mexico, relative to the defin ing and drawing the remainder of the dividiug line between the two countries." Do your Excellencies desire any farther proof to he convinced that the said line in question has been repudiated by the United States, and that the same is consequently not valid? W ith regard to the allegation that the district in questien was. with due solemnity, delivered to Mex ico by the United States, I shall not, until your Ex cellencies shall have stated when, and by whoui, such delivery was made, occupy your time with this ques tion. It likewise appears" useless to me to answer the allegation that the Territory of New Mexico never exercised its jurisdiction over the disputed dis trict; for. the registers of the courts of justice of this ? Territory, of Difia Ana, (to which the portion cut off b< longed as a component part.) as well as many ex isting witnesses, can testify to the fact of the exer cise of that jurisdiction. The curate Ortiz del Paso, who was at Mesilla (when numbering two thousand inhabitants,) as Com missioner of the Colonies, and who violently de spoiled various citizens of the United States of their houses and property, (among others, Mr. Gech, now in this country, and who spent, it is said, ten thou sand dollars on his property,) can also coniirm the fact of the jurisdiction ot New Mexico. I-ove of country, and respect lor the customs of that country are natural and praiseworthy sentiments; but the sweeping condemnation by your Excellencies of the persom now living at Mesilla, or who have been obliged to remove therefrom, and who may happen to prefer the United States as a domicil to Mexico, produces, in my judgment, a somewhat singular effect. For, it is our belief, that the object of u government in general, as well as in particular, affords matter ft)r a variety of siucere opin'ous; and as onr institutions allow the free exer cise of every religious persuasion, point out no test, impose no church punishments nor charges?as they make the priest, the soldier, and the citizen respon sible before tbe tame tribunal? as they insure the right of petition, that of carrying arms, that of exemption from unfounded search or embargo?as they guarantee the habeas corpus act, public trials by juries (formed irrespective of rank or station)?as they authorize iree traffic, and ingress aud egress, without passports or exportation duties, it is natural that we thoudbelieve that these real blessings should j he maintained with zeal, and that other persons should desire, perhaps with reason, to share the same, i i came here with peaceable dispositions?with tae intention of accomplishing an imperative and just I duty, and 1 hoped to And to tina the authorities of Chihuahua dispose d to reason nud submission to law, I while en the contrary I have found myself exposed to I the demonstrations of an overbearing and absurd hos I tility. , One of its officers, too. In the unnatural garb of a ! belligerent minister of Gpd, had the impudence to j come to this city during my absence, and to proffer barbaric threats against my person, in the event of my entering the disputed territory; while, were i to show my face there, this unworthy disciple of Christ would be the first to fly or to invoke the privilege of his cloth. From the past let us judge of the future. There being but few persons on either side of the Itio (.ramie cap able of translating English into Spanish, or vice vina, and by that, your Excellencies will do me the favor to transmit this communication to his Excellency (Jen. Trias, who, I am to!d, is a man of high intelligence, and a statesman of much distinc tion. ?Begging your Excellencies to accept the assurance ol my high regard, 1 remain, Ac., (Signed) Wji. Car Lane, Governor of the Territory of New Mexico. Snlibath AmnsrmtiiU In New Orleans. ' THE AERIAL SHIP TnAT DIDN'T GO CP?GREAT EX- ' CITEMEXT?GATHERING OP THE MILLION. [.Hoiii the New Orleans Delta ] Yesterday a promiseous crowd of the unwashed, ' streaked here and there with a layer of the fashion able, assembled in and around old "Cor to Sou are"' I now tailed the ?' Pluee d'Armcs" to suit the fasti i- i ons tastes of the modem progressives?tor the pur pose of witneaeing the* long heralded event of tho ! going np of Mom. Fetin g serial ship. It had been given out that this mechanical bird cfnoyel i lumage I would rif e precisely at the Hour of twelve, pluime * into the ocean of. ether, Hap its wings against the 1 bonis of the moon, and, after making sundry cir- I cnitsof tbe town,_sail lack and nestle down tj the ' point of starting. The square was densely crowded, i and thousands of the anxious who liud'ut the " need ful to proj cl them through the gates, sh od on the banquettes and lined the streets and all the avenues i of approach to the grand scene of excitement. Tbe ' Chief of Police Lad stationed there about two bun- j dred of his command, in black coats and white trowseis, to preserve order. Many predicted that j the experiment would be a failure, as the result I justified. The upshot showed that this modern icanus, although he did not sail so rear the sun as i to scorch his wings, yet the sun come down with such ardor as to melt them. The fuct was that the top of one of his balloons being made of vulcanized india rubber, was melted by the extreme heat of the I sun, and the gas escaped. The whole globe melted down, and suddenly, like a wilted cabbage, and in I less thun two minutes, was as limber as a dish-rag. i At this unexpected upshot of matters the "'na tives grew va.-tly excited, and some of the more ! belligerent threatened blood and wounds, death and destruction to Mon?. Fctin and all concerned. The I police, opportunely on the spot, pre vented bloodshed 1 and a general kicking up of dust. Some of the visi ters were content to take back their money, but a very large and influential party were for having a ' right to the " carravan" any how. They crowded around the gates in immense numbers, kicked up u muss generally, and listened to speeches from ' improvising orators who threw out their wordy in dignation by the shovel full. A man named Aroyo, 1 an ex-police man, participating In the excitement, drew a knife and slashed about promiscuously, lie was taken erre of by order of the polite and attentive Chief ol l'oliee, anil furnished with private lodgings i at tbe public expense, where he will have leisure to 1 cool. Finally everything cooled down after the manner of a roasted potato. a iew^ni/>C^'n promises to renew bis experiment in Death of General Riley. GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 1. HEAlMgAkTKKS OK THE ARHV, ) TS? r , NawYoHK June 10, 1863.; ?s! I^ra] u <,#*() "W*1. announces to the army thednaih, at ButU'.o. New York the 9th Inst., of Jlievet -i?,or General I>nmitt Itiley, colonel of the lat ltJanti y. ^ * General Riley entered the army as ensign 0r riflemen January 19, 1613. and amended through all the sucees tuc grades until he attained the higheHt?that of Maior Ger.eial by brevet He served with high credit on the Niagara frontier in the war of 1812 with Great Britain, in trl UA,agM h*? itrick4r'e* S*"k ?'"? Bo* and .Semi ao.e Irdiaiif, and the war with Mexico -n which Utter muTin111/^lr^ed. He received the hrevetr or Brigadier and Major General for his gallintry In the bit ties of a no Gordo end Confreres. On the' termination fhJ ? W,,"l *wlKntdth? Important command of t he 10tb military detriment, and we* ex-offlcio provisional ?overaor of California On all occasions in the com rnirdr with which he was li.irueled. he evinced great /eal for the public interest and has left to hi t bereaved Wmilv a reputation of which they may well be pronl. i>t* vf \? (*<?? memory or the deceased, e officers of his l?te regiimot will w?nr the prccribed hi, KrlTSTrf* f0r thirty '1,y'- By command of Ma joi Gererat Scott. L. THOMAS, Assistant Adjutant General. (Jurat Fiiuj in Lowell.?Between seven and eijilit o'clock yesterday mormpg, while the npcrativn:i *ce out to breakfast. Are was discovered in the card io< n> of No 1 mill of the Meirunnck Company, which proved the most destructive or ODy hrc which aver on curied in I/rwell. The lire extended no rejiuly that no sITec'ive n eesures could be t.kcn to save the building. Ihe building and contents are fully Insurer) in the Asso ciated Maoufactuier*' Insurance Company. Tj? iosn Is c-tima'ed in the Vir I'oi .M a'. $300,000 A telegraphic detpa'cb from Lowell, however, makes It only $',0.000. The corporation estimate their loss at tSO,000. Anor.ber fire occur,<d at Mechanics' Mills, Lowell, on Wednesday niirbt, whleb destroyed property to thenmourt fif *>14.000 The parties who suffered by the Ore were WebMer A; Lew is, sash aud blind makers, Hr< ok . A: Ty'er, stable keep ers: Isaac I'taee. la.-li and Mind deafer; George F nke, storehouse Tor h- bhins; Charles A. Durgin, manufacturer of sewing machines; Michael Coinsiock, machinist, an 1 John F'etlergill carpenter The heaviest loss fslls upon the mechanic, who oecnrfed the building. and who<n to ils and stock were generally destroyed. There wai no in r uranre en the property. Wobs4cr A: Lewis were insured for tl 6(JO, In the Chelsea Mutual office. Their loss wis about $3,000 They employed twenty men, who lo.it on their tools some tHOO.?Ration Aflat. June 17. Corrwfi and PnoBABLK Miiwkr.?On S.ittmlay night, at the clo-e of the clreus performance, a difficult" took place between two men named Thoi na? Ay lor ail William Swift, about a trivial ma? ter, and the latter chal landed the former to fight. The parties, followed try some six or eight perrons, Matted down I1um . tr?e; to the plaee for combat, at a point near the rtrer. Wimu near tlw? torner of Hiith and i'lum streets, hard words n*e?td between tlie parties named above, whereupon Aylor drew a large bo Me knife and struck Swift with it? the cut beginning on the head, passed down the side or the bead ar.d breast fo the abdomen where the knife en tered the bowels. Aylor and his crowd ran. while Swift, with a pistol In hfe hand, and crying rr.urdt-r, pur'tttd them a ? bort distance when he fell He <ws picked up by r.lticers llardin and Htiatinck, and taken home H* teas considered In n very critical position yest-rdav. t/lojr *>i ? vt byyn arretted.?Vindnnatt ffatctu, June 13. OttBMlonOonwyfwIuM. Boston, Jobs 11,1853. Jippointmtnts to MassachusetU OJJk?s?Old Line A bcl itionists Appoint td?Salem? Gloucester? Mr. Merrill?Essex County?Mr. Lord?Nor. folk County?Roxbury Post OJict?Mr. Seaver ?Free Boilers of 1848 Appointed?Mr. Burrill? The "Commonwealth" on Mr. Merrill?Cam bridge ? Mr. Caldwell ? Cambridgeport?East Cambridge?Spt ingfield?Mr. Trench? Worces ter?Mr. Knoultun?Opinions on the Course of the Administration?Friendly Feeling for Presi dent Pierce?New Bedford?Mr. Fessenden?New Hampshire?Errors cf the Journal of Commerce's Boston Correspondent on Massachusetts Statis tics?The Constitutional Convention, fyc. Tlie subject of appointments to office has been pretty well discussed in Massachusetts this week, owing to the certainties and rumors that we have concerning the elevation of not merely coalitionists, but even Van Bnren bolters of 1848, and old line Gar riron abolitionists. Among the appointments is that of Mr. Colby, editor of the Newburyport Union newspaper, to an inspectorship in the Salem Custom House. Mr. Colby is a highly respectable young man, and of good talents, but some of his antece' dents are not, one would think, such as should lead to his appointment to a comfortable place, when so many steady democrats are treated to nothing but sermons on the folly of office-seeking. For two years he edited the Amesbury Transcript, a thorough-go ing old line abolition paper of the Garrisonian stamp?not a free soil paper, you must understand, but "a covenant with hell and league with the devil" paper?that being the delicious language which the abolitionists apply to the national con stitution, the work of Washington and Frankliu. Among the rumored appointments is that of Mr. Merrill to the Post Office at Gloucester. Mr. Merrill is a Garrisonian abolitionist. He has never acted with the democracy, never voted for their candi dates, and never given a cent of his mouey or a mo ment of his time to the advancement of the demo cratic cause. So say those who ought to know him well. His respectability is admitted, ami so is that oi Mr. Garrison end of Wendell Phillips. Both thcEC appointments have been made in Ksscx, Gen. Cushiug's own county, where the proceedings of the administration illustrate the h rench saying? "Extremes se tourhint?that is, extremes meet; I for ultra abolitionists eharc the spoils there with | ultra hunkers. The striete-t impartiality has been preserved, all offices being given to men of extreme I opinions, one way or the other. Among the stories i in Essex is one to the effect that Mr. Colby desired j the place of Collector, or Postmaster of New ? buryport, (Cencral Cushing's own town,) offices i w01 tli about $1,600 a year etch, and that he failed i only because it was felt that his abolitionism would kill him in the Senate; and that the appointment being 1 thus prominently brought before the country "some thing and Tommy" would be played with the adminis tration, from its appearing in the character of Alma Vunu Grnttrli to old fashioned abolitionism, now at a rather low ebb in Massachusetts, but likely to thrive again under the concentrated rays of govern mental favor?rays quite equal to anything that could have been * produced through the medium of the famous Seward glass. Rumor says that the New bury port offices are to Be given to Mr. Blood and Mr. Law rence, the former being a moderate hunker, font hunkers are ustonishly moderate about these days, agreeing with Hamlet, " That we should use all yently,' ) and the latter a thorough-going coalition ist, who held the place of Registrar of Probate dur ing Governor Boutwell's administration, receiving his appointment from that distinguished official, and having been removed by Governor Clifford, who gave the place to Mr. Lord, one of the brothers of the famous hunker democrat who ousted Mr. Rantoul from the Bultimore Convention. Mr. N. Lord, by the way, goes in for harmony, and is playing the conciliation dodge with a great deal of usetuluess? to the coalition and abolition offici,-seekers. His ob ject is said to be, to succeed Mr.Uphum in the repre sentation of his district in Congress, of which he nas about as much chance as 1 have of receiving the crown of China, and 1 am sorry to say thai niy pros pects in that way are nor. very brilliant. He pro am d the appointment of Mr. btickney to the Lynn Post Office, as tliut gentleman might have stood in the way of his receiving a vote and a half, or there abouts, for the nomination. When we come to the other cohntics, we find the 1 coalition star iu the ascendant, while hunkerism is only the dog-star, which the ancicut Egytians were need to call AlWWW, or the barker, perhaps because it hadn't the power to bite, thus very much re sembling a Massachusetts member of the present time; but, just now, far us it has got into the warm weather, that ."tar Is remote enough from its political rising?that is to say, it is most deuscdly remote from the sun of appointing power. In Norfolk, Mr. Joshua Seaver has been appointed to the lucrative place of Postmaster of Roxbury, which must be equal, during the next four years, to $3,000 per ,r - ?- j ?" ^ujv/vuf pur annum, Roxbury being un uncommouly "last" place, all whig though it he. This appoint ?*>??? denied, though, as Mr. Heaver pos testes " claims" that, in the opinion of some eminent personages, arc paramount to all others. 1 nm inclined to believe that the denial Is made with out tntb. Eevc-nil New York democrats have as sured me that Mr. Soever supported Mr. Van lluren in 1648, arid that he has never been friendly to the compromise measures. I give yon what they say, without vouching for its accuracy, though they arc all men in whose veracity those who know them place implicit confidence. The Roxbury democrats w ished the appointment of Mr. Merrill, a supporter of Gen. Cass in 1648, a democrat of the first class, and a man of irreproucliable character. Mr. Seaver, they sav, was mainly backed by whigs. '1 he following paragraph from the Commonwealth newspaper, of the 1st, is interesting, as showing Mr. Merrill's political standing, and as corroborating the statement that he lias received the appointment of postmuster of Gloucester:? It Is fUnd tbat O. Augustu? Merrill, an abolitionist of the GarrLou school, who was never known to aet with theOeniforatlc party, has been appointed postmaster of Gloucester, which statctneut is confirmed by a corres roident uf the CvmrnotiuvaU/i, who rays it la literally cor rect and ibat Mr. Merrill acted formerly with the free den ocracy, but has since considered tliem pro nUvery, alter the u-usl fast ion of his fellow Garrisoni*us. The above wonld seem to be conclusive, and may be regarded as one of the richest paragraphs that have appeared on the subject of appointments to of fice. Mr. Caldwell, who has been appointed postmaster of Cambridge, is an old democrat, and a thorough supporter of the coalition party. He has always b?.o? a steady-going party man, from the days of Jackson until now, ana is uuiversully respected. He is uo abolitionist, and even the Cambridge hunkers, who are quite numerous, and stiff in their opinions, are pleased with his uppointment. He weut for Cx?s in 1S48, 0Dd he is one of the best men yet selected for office here by the administration. Not a word has or will be said against it. Another coalitionist has been appointed at Cainbridgcport, and a third would Lave been appointed at East Cambridge hut that Mr. l'armenter objected to him. Mr. Trench, who is said to have liecn made post master at Springfield, is editor of the Post in that city, and is charged with having voted for Mr. Van iiiiien in 1848. He is a man of talent, and supported Gen. Pierce's nomination very effectively; but how a man who w as honest in his advocacy of Mr. Van Buren against Gen. Cuss, on the slavery question, can now stand on the Baltimore platform, is more than I can understand?perhaps because 1 am too stupid to comprehend a plain proposi tion. Certainly, to a man who thought Gen. Cuss objectionable on what arc called " pro-sla very grounds," in truth and sincerity must find it as difficult to stand on the liultimore platform us a gen tleman of the old times, vvheD ordeals were in fashion, found it to walk barefooted over burning plough shares without getting scorched. It is said that the Springfield hunkers are very much enraged; and as they arc quite numerous, perhaps we shall hear from them. Heme of their number refuse to believe that Mr. Trench lias been appointed, and perhaps they are right, for the ablest and most prominent of the gen tlemen in the new list of appointments, told mc yes terday, that he had no notification of his having liecn selected by the government for the place assigned by the papers to lum-elf. Mr. Caldwell's appointment is tlie only important ore included, which I am cer tain has been made. This, however, does not prove i much, for 1 know that in two or three other coses which were announced in the papers, the appointees did not receive official notification of their success for more than a month later. Mr. Knowlton's appointment, or rather the report of it, has been well received. No man stands better in our State, whether we regard him as a citizen or as a politician. He is the ablest man connected with the Mas sachusetts democratic press, as is universally admit ted here. He supported Gen. Jackson, Mr. Van lluren, (in 183(5 sua 1840.) Mr. Folk, Gen. Cass and Gen. Pierce. He is more of a philosophical politi c'an than any other man we have. In sentiment he is a democratic republican of the old school, and iigiitd witii the late Mr. Calhoun on everything ex cept soice of his ]>ecu!iar notions on the slavery question; hut lie is l?r Irotn being on abolitionist, tie holding that llm free States have no right to meddle w ith tbo local institutions of the Booth, and that the Houth has as little right to demand such a fugitive slave law as now exists, which he looks upon as in vading the rights of ail the Stales. In all the great e8senlials of the democratic party's principles, no man stands better. Ilis popularity at home may he judged from the fact that within eight months lie has been ahosen by the jieoplc of Worcester to the offices of .State Senator, delegate to the Constitu tional Convention, and Mayor of Worcester city. Last fall he was offered the nomination tor rcpre presc ntitive in Congress; but, (hough his election worlld have l*en a matter of certainty, lie would not ?c?<pt the Offer. JJ he hoc been appointed Post- , master, be will make a good offloer, and hia here pUce ^ gl?e ^ngih to the adiKHj I find three opinions here with resnect tn ?h.? ? called the abolition appointments. TheflrJtothS Gen. Iierce meaiw to proceed on tLe principle of comprehension, and that, assured that hereafter men appointed will let the slavery agitation alone he will not have regard to their antecedents The' second is, that he knows nothing about these particular an polntments, hut has left them to be made by others and has by them been deceived. The third is, that it to unreasonable to bold the President responsible lor appointments to minor places; that mistakes are unavoidable where so many places are to be tilled; and that he will be found ready to rectify such mis i !, ? toward the President is good, and all seem disposed to make the largest allowances uil u barely I148 't happened that a President ja*been. ?01[? judged. Even the old line fV i? that hard measure has been ^ them, are far from making use of harsh of hUn- Whatever of evU JJSf. they k,to I Of %&???v' a hJ? revived the appointment ^ f<Wi Bedford-18 a lawyer, Irom Sand Cape Cod. 1 should not think the demo cracy of Bristol would much fancy their best office , being given to a gentleman from Barnstable, espe cially as the fact ol their having several custom houses of their own is quoted as a reason why they I should be moderate in their claims ou the Custom Home at Boston. Mr. Fesseuden is a hunker, but to Jteiu!' 0f K?Pd character and abili ties, and will fill his new place creditably and sa tisiactonly. If not a brilliant, ho is a safe man. If not likely to set Aeushnet river on Are, New Bedford is equally sale against any attempts of his in the political incendiary line. I suppose your Concord correspondent will give you full accounts of the democratic New Hampshire Convention's proceedings, and so I will not detail the curious facte bearing upon it thai 1 have heard V'i? a.T.ery ??<kI Bfurce. Mr. Bakers nomination ! ni , / ?.ur d?moc'racy. He is a gentleman who is likely to rise fast and high in the political world. A writer in the Journal of Commerce newspaper I nnrl.hff Slves sonic statistics on the I population of the cities of Massachusetts which are ' t Ue as9i*na 25 ?00 people to New Bedford, which has not above l!?,000, if so many as at the census of I860 its population was but i ?'t i . c, Pamc rate of increase that there was made between lh40 and 1850, New Bedford cannot now Lave much above Is,000 inhabitants. He as ^"o-o j20'000 t0 sPrin3?eld, which had 11,3.10 1 I? ? > a*ld now have above 14,000. To I Boxbury, he gives 15,000. whereas it cannot have much short or 20,000, and perhaps lias more, with out including West Roxbury, peculiar circumstances u prowtb of our beautiful and thriving neighbor. He gives to Lowell three or four thou sand too few people, unless she has been growing slower since 1850 than she did between W0 and that fwwft ? t L8 n,ottbe sliKbtcst reason for be ? n ug ,v J* ,as ,becn thc cw< b?t there is re.i 'u "bundar.ee for believing the contrary. A cen siis taken now in Lcweli would probably show its PiT'i im *2?.not fur lrom 40,000. He speaks of 1 orcliester, and Andover, and Fitchburg, as likely to soon become candidates for the e.-fabiishnicnt of abmf fl e.rettfl Fi^bburg has not much a 1,1 ?,00? inhabitants?perhaps 0,500?or little more than hall the number nece-sary for a 8 Apop atl0"'. Dorchester not above 9,000 aLd Andover about 8,000. He is mistaken' too, in his estimate of the amount of the population of the four cities of Essex county?Salem Lyiin.Newburypor: and Lawrence?which he nuts at fn 18fOUnr0(i0'nWllerea*'1 ^cy had 50,443 inhabitants ut cn nrm L l\V? avc not far ,rom 58,000, if not 60,000, to say nothing of the town of Swampres sott having been last vear set off from Lynn. The Enwin vf6,?86 ?E?Pulatjou in Lawrence is a wonder to everybody in Massachusetts. It wan not created as a corporate town until 1847, and yet, in l850 oulv three years after it had been set off Irom Brad ford and Methuen, its population amounted to 8,358, of which number about 7,000 were new people ?per haps more-the remainder having been taken from wJaJwn' JU,St Ha?ledi aud il should be recol in itr A f'.r?velund had been made from Bradford, in 1850, previous to the ccusus being taken Yet another mistake of this writer, is the assertion tbS ^ 80011 bave a majority of the population, and ol the voters of Massachusetts. At present ihev i ?? much different from one-third ot the population, and the average tminber of their im t1B mhH i tt two t0 , very fifteen iuhabi ?? ? the conntiy towns it is about ,1 cveiy e,Cven lababitante. Then the latter lirUo grT' r l"'0P("'t10". almost as fast? perhaps quite as fast, taking the average?as the Af i..1?.- Jlar.. sees fiwnUies move out of the large cities to the neighboring towns, to the distance of forty miles, and more in some cases, vary mg from two to fifty miles?the railroads Laviug j annihilated distance. If apy thing. 1 have rithrr amalUoSSs. ovcrratfcd tbe importance of thc The Convention has done a great deal of radical ' work tins week?abolishing the poll tax, establish- I ing the vote by ballot, increasing the number of IbWel It elCited t,ie Peoill?, and so forth. ?. debates Lave been able and spirited?the coali- 1 tion having things pretty much all their own wav aud encouraged by the favor with which thev are regarded by the general government. Next week it is supposed the representative question will come up or discuss,on,andwili consumed great deal of tfmi! the _what the reHUJt wdl be, though | t! u pn.wy are confido?t of success. As ' this matteris one ot transccndant importance I shall I devote a letter to it, and at least end^Tto expiate ?lf/iff Jm Z'.^1 !T Poillt out wbat will probably be the eflect ct the adoption of any particular system en the future politics and standing of the State. ' Aluoma. Our North Carolina Correspondence. Moroanton, N. C., May 23,1S53. Southern Negroes in California?Their Remittances of Gold?Return of Night Men to their Owners? Efforts of the Abolitionistt to detain them?Re sistance of the Blacks, and their safe arrival home. In reply to the ideal cases which the fanatical writers of the anti-slavery portion of the American press cite, and the absurd stories which the abo litionist orators propagate, in order to impress their readers and hearers with the belief that the negroes of the South regard their owners with abhorrence, and sigh for emancipation, I beg to inform you of a few tangible and positive facts, which will tend to prove most clearly that the contrary feeling exists amongst them, and that they will remember, re spect, and even return to their masters, from n state of freedom enjoyed under the most alluring circum stances. ???? Amongst the passengers who arrived in your city by the California steamer, upon the 13th of this month, were some seven or eight slaves, returning from the gold-diggings of that country to their owners, who are all planters residing in this neighborhood. Four of these men had been in California for about two years, and for the last twelve months they have had the entire control of their own actions and operations. During all this time they were quite successful in gold-digging, and have been in the habit of regularly transmitting the proceeds of their labor to this part of the continent?sometimes by means of drafts diawn in California, and at others by express. Having lately determined to return, they arrived in New York, as above mentioned, and remained there for two or three days. They were immediately " hunted up" and surrounded by your abolitiouis ts and fiee rollers, from whom tliey received the most pressing invitations, and by whom the most earnest entreaties were used, in order to induce them to re main, so as to form part of an exhibit against the institutions of the Southern jkittion of the Union. Hut it was all in vain; they took their departure at vlie time previously arranged for amongst them; and leaving your fanatics and sympathizers behind, turned their faces toward the fild North State once nuoie. When they arrived in Philadelphia they were sub jected to a repetition of the same attentions from a j section of the same class inhabiting tlmt city, but i the result was c anally barren in prolit to the cause J of the psucdo-philnnthropiatH, and the men arrived here in the last stage, all in good health and spirits, and seemingly most huppy in the recollection that they had " saved themselves from their Northern friends." 'I here are at the present moment some one hundred and fifty negroes, from tLis and au adjoining county, in California, wl.eie they are daily engaged in mining with great success and profit; unci from the Aim disposition with which they have resisted olthe evil influences which are daily brought to bear upon them by a restless paity, which disgraces and disturbs the country, I have no doubt but tbey will all in like manner return to their owners, unless prevented by the decrees of Providence alone. The owners of those slnves, and the entire South, owe thrm a debt of gratitude, not only for their firm adherence lo honor, but also for tneir manly resistance of that party which is equally the banc of tl.c black man and America. I write in much haste, and will ask of you to insert this in the columns of the Herald, in order that if the " Cabin" writer of the day should ever wish to I find a " Key of Truth" regarding the slave question, they may search for it in the independent columns of that journal. In haste, Southerner. Courtesies to Titr Officers of the Sardinian f hh.aik ?Ihc city govt rnment, with i heir invited gueeta, tie ofikcra ol the uavy yard and of the Sardinian frigate San t.iovanni. wen! dowu the harbor yesterday on en ex cure'.nn. As they pa* *d the frigate they sere honored wi'h e lelute fr'in the gune of tint, vessel. Yliey dined at Peer Island. Excellent epeechee'wero made The com mendi r of the frigate made an eloquent speech in reply to the Mayor, which was interpreted, cf Sonne.?Rotten CimminueaUh, June 10. CrawfMI HMw of Patrick Henry. [From the Rtoknwjnd Ksqnirer. Jon* 11.] It gives ob sincere ul?asure to publish the follov ing interesting letter from Col. Hughes, adistinguisl ed citizen ot Maryland,now in England. It describe the successful casting in bronze or Crawford's grea statue of Patrick Henry, for the Virginia Washing ton Monument:? TO THK EDITORS OP THE RICHMOND INQUIRER. London, May 20,1863. Gentlemen?Believing that your readers will I interested in every thing that concerns the gre statue of Washington which Crawford is execntin for the State of Virginia, I haVe caused the followin translation to be made from a Munich newspaper the 13th inst. By a lucky accident I hapjienea to 1 present at the casting which it describes, harin gone to visit the foundry somo half an hoar befoi the metal was drawn off, bat without previous knowing that so interesting an event was to ial place at that time; and I esteem myself as most fo tunate in having been present at the casting of tl first colossal figure to adorn the face of the magni cent monument to the memory of the father or h country, to be erected by the patriotism and liberal! of the great commonwealth of Virginia. It was a serious as well as an interesting operatio not unattended with danger, as frightful acciden have occurred when the moulds have not been pi 1 erlv dried, from the rapid fountain of Bteam sci teriug the melted metal in every direction. Wb< everything was ready, the director prepared to tiP" the furnace in persorf, but first reverently uncovd iug, as all present did, he solemnly invoked the pi! tecUon of Almighty God and his blessing; then, pd forating the luting with a long iron rod, on withdraw ing it, the melted metal rushed into the moulds lit a toiTf nt of melted lava, throwing jets high into tf air, through holes made for the purpose. It was ti ly a splendid spectacle. In a few minutes the opei tion was pronounced perfectly successful, and t welkin rang again with cheers for the director, 1 Gustavus Adolphns, and for Patrick Henry. On my way to England from Bavaria I had melancholy opportunity of seeing the cffectB duced by a waterspout, which only three or niphts before had burst with terrible fury in the bed tiful valley of the Neckar, sweeping away more tbl ten miles of the railroad between Ulm and StutgaJ currying off the bridges from the turnpike, uudf mining and tearing down bouses, and destroy! much property and many of the inhabitants?twenj eight dead bodies having been found in one house.| did not learn the exact number of the drowned, a indeed no one seemed to know precisely how ma perished. The river rose so rapidly that many of' people could not escape, and the darkness of 1 night of course increased the difficulty. It was a| :? dozen Niagaras had been poured into it at the sal time; and yet, frightful as was the calamity, I h;| seen no mention of it in any of the newspapers, i did not even hear of it till we reached Uliu, and tl only incidentally and by way of information that I must take the diligence. I therefore supposed tlj w ere only common people who suffered. Your o client servant, George W. Hughs Pj THK ROVAI, FOUNDRY IN MUNICn. [Extracted f. cm the Sewett News, Friday, May 13, 18!j Yesterday cveuing. at half-past G o'clock, the i tues of Gustavus Adolphns of Sweden, and thai] Patrick Henry of America, were here cast at royal foundry. This interesting spectacle attracj a considerable number of spectators, who crowcj into the areas of the building, now magically initiated bp the firry glow of the opened furnac] The cast succeeded perfectly in all respects. T particularly interesting points in this day's procJ may be mentioned:?Firstly, that this cast of Gun vus Adolphus is but a copy of the same which] the 3 ear 1851, as well known, was stranded and sil near Helgaland.on its voyage to Sweden, and in cl sequence of the right of slioreagc, still practised! the inhabitants of that coast, was detained in Gc| enhurg; and, secondly, that the statue of the pa otic Her.ry opens the series of that most grand m umcnt of modern times, the Washington monnml in Virginia; lastly, it deserves attention, in refere* to skill, that while French founders, to avoid the Acuities attending an extensive cast, are obligetl model a statue of similar dimensions in ten diffler| pieces, our Master Miller, long accustomed to greatest proportions by his cast of the colossal stal of Bavaria, not content with producing a single, f tue ten feet in height, actually executed two at on May the labors of experience and exercise ftillya ceed! The extraordinary artistic productions of J Miller, the active' inspector of om- royal found have already obtained him nn European reputati and have been markedly acknowledged and n eminently distinguished in the great London Exk tion, where this brunch of Bavarian industry ? nobly represented by one of the four lions, the i sent*ornament of the Gate of Victory in this city] Great Alligator Killing. [From the .Sew Orleans Delta, June 2 ] We nre indebted to a gentleman who was pm yesterday, and w Uncased K.me very astonishing j.criments i y I)r. Cartwright, for the following interesting report of the saroo:?? The very name of this animal?recalling its font able appearance and strange habits?has sometl about it that at once arrests attention. . Wo beli ah??. that its tenacity of life?superior to that < most any other creature?is one reason why the tors of New Orleans seem to have a preference experimenting on this American crocodile. Mo drc's vivisections of the dogs of Paris "pale their efTectual fires'- before those cuttings-up of live gators, which Lave made Dr. B. Dowler and D Oaitwiight celt lautcd, at home and abroad. The great killing we speak of, then, occurred terday, in the court yard of the hospitable man of Dr." Cartwright. who had generously provided tl monste s, of the respective lengths of nine, tt and three and a half feet, for sacrifice upon the r of science. On our reaching the temple, or anat eol theatre, we found a host of physicians pres among whom we recollect Drs. Cartwright and E lcr, the Drs. Riidlc, Dr. Hale, Dr. Copes, Dr. CI nalicr, Dr. Nutt, Dr. Weatherly, Dr. Wharton, Challie, and Dr. (ireeoleaf, not to mention the professional spectators like ourselves. The mouths of the alligators were first secure* bandages, and their hideous bodies then strap down to the dissecting tables. The larger re] was surrendered to Dr. Dowler, and the rcmaii two retained for the special experiments of Cartwright. 1. We may state that there are four clas what arc termed excito-motary nerves, two ( nating in the spinal marrow, and two in the br and that sensation, pain, and motion, have hith been referred to impressions transmitted to ami fleeted from the first, or transmitted by the last assumed scat of volition, and, in short, then According to this physiology, when you cat finger a message has to be sent to the brain or sj and then a permission returned down the nt authorizing sensation or muscular motion. It it the finger that is cut, as the " vulgar'' contend, so to speak, the brain or the spinal marrow, the " vulgar ' are right, and it requires aphiloso to prove them so. This Dr. Dowler did jester as he lias done before, and his opinions are wor a physiological revolution. Thus he divided spinal marrow in three places?at the bare o] neck, in the middle, nnu at the base of the b nay, lie divided the nerves emerging from the i ?and still, on irritating a nerve between the set and ti e extremity, and in proportion as he ne the extremity, he demonstrated that the an possessed a diflhted sensibility, a capacity to rc nize pain, and even an intelligent power tt against or attempt to escape the cause of the ] "Cutting off the head of the animal, jobbing ou spinal n:arn.w. dividing the nerves coining them, ami irritating theni along their distal port they still retained this independent sensibility, the mutilated limbs of the headless animal w mukc intelligent motions for getting rid of the 1 torture. These are curious and important d vents. 2. Dr. Cartwright contends, against long odt is tri e, that in the lungs, not the heart, reside motive power of the circulation; that, literal' Motes asserted, the Idood is the life of the tlrsli tbeuirtl.c life of the blood, lie aliiimsthat after d< when the pulse has stopped, the heart is still the lxdy is insensible to pain, by producing arti respiration, by inflating the lungs, the blood ca started anew, its life revived, and the body roe u cd absolutely from the cola abstraction of d Both of his aligatora hiijl their windpipes tied one of them liad its chert opened, with its lungs, and stomach, etc., cx|?osed. In the com two hours both animals wire dead, pulseless, quiet over (lames of fire. Then a bellovs-nozzf ing inserted into the trachea, inflation was be and continued for some minutes. We saw th< tionloss heart throb, the blood beginning to tlow the lungs to that organ?tiny eyes of the alii opened, und the hapless " victim ' lived again 1 alligator whose chest was exposed, had its ca artery accidentally cut, thereby losing a eon able quantity of blood, and henco it was not nia briskly alive as the other who letained all its fluid; and the inflation failed in Dr. Dowler's Ject, w hich was entirely bloodless?results conf toiy. however, of Dr. C.'s theory. These arc all remarkable experiments, and, assured, capable ?f the highest practical use. analogical and philosophical reasoning, and ana cal associations, etc., conuected with each of investigations, me also, we can well conceive, i greatest interest. Braces by LionTxmo.?During the thi gtrrm jolcrday afterii-on the following veatela, along! foe, in lbs Secoid and Third diatrlate, were i by lightning:?The rbi;, Jo.i?h fradlee, lying at thr of Port trrct. third district The flnld entered tf ht'eb. '< ttlng fire io a bule ef cotton, without doit. otb?T damage. The snip Derdemosa, lying at the of Spain ati'rt, war -truck In ihe main royal nj?? mnnu g <!u?n to the kevl of th- main topgallotit ehiverltifc' both upara cuniiderably, without <Uin further damage. The ?hip It-ritan, loading, and Op pot He the Mint, In the Second diatrlet, had I tj tail and mala topsilUnt ma-' rhattrred, ami rut r rpliulern. "mm the force of the fluid, penetrav? I, nearly two Inches. No perron wk? injured b" f vt Mela.- jy. O. CrmeaU, J mm 11.