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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 08, 1853, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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f, THE NEW
'
WHOLE NO. 7532. MORNING
YORK HERALD.
EDITION ? MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1853.
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC.
Interesting European
? Intelligence.
IMPORTANT FROM CHINA.
DIYIBION OP THE CELESTIAL EMPIRE.
THE RUSSO-TURKISH QUESTION.
TBI DIFFICULTY NOT YET SETTLED.
Important Meeting tf the Cuba Slave
Trade Committee in London.
VKB IMTHNA TB.OT7BLZI.
THE EKFt.Cr or THE CONDUCT OF CAPT. IMGRaHA^,
Splendid BKusical Entertainment on
the Atlantic.
6RISI AND MARIO (N LOXDOft.
THE IRISH EXODUS.
Total Destrnetlen ?r the racket IUy
!? I.i at lea*
Oar Paris, Constantinople, and Smyrna
Correspondence.
WIUESTlVfi C0H9EECIAL llttVUtf,
Ac., Ac., Jrc.
The Collina mail steamship Baltic, Capt. Com
Block, arrived at tbi* port at half-past twelve o'clock
1 yesterday afternoon. She left Liverpool at two
O'clock on Wednesday afternoon, the 27th ult.
' Time: ? Ten days, twenty two hours, and thirty
xuinutes.
? She experienced strong westerly gales and a heavy
*bead sea during the fir*t half of tbe passage, and
moderate, pleasant weather the remainder of the
time.
The Baltic has a very heavy cargo, and nearly a
second cargo had to be refused for want of room. On
the 20th the following notice was posted on the Li
verpool Exchange : ?
Cargo for the Baltic for New York, will b? received at
the Bu.fcitton dcck u nio'low, at eight o'clook. Ia con
Bequroce of the gmt pre-mre ?f Kiada shipper* will
bin to fetermiM their priority i f shipment of goods now
fa> trim w< ready fur shipiuent, bj ousting lota at Brown,
Shipley k Co '? office, this nfternoon
In accordance with this invitation, over seventy
merchants assembled, and drew I ts for precedence.
The export to America baa seldom, if ever, been so
active from Liverpool as it is at present. Our cor
respondent visited the sheds of tbe Cunard company
at Cobnrg docks, and found there, also, a larger col
lection of goods than the steamships could at all ac
?ommodate.
The Baltic brings one hundred and sixty passen
gers, among whom we notice the names of Bishop
Mcllvaine, of Ohio, General Cooper, tbe Hon. T.
Butler King, Alien Dod worth, and the Jullien
troupe.
There was a splendid concert given on board the
Baltic on the passage. O Id Neptune was the leader,
assisted by Juliien. The following was the pro
gramme : ?
GRAND CONCERT.
T* m MTKN THE? (SATURDAY) KVKNI.NO IH HI ?lXIXG
NHK
At Half fast Light O'Clock.
PKOURsMtIK :
FAur FIRST.
J? 8ol*. pianoforte Mien M??i-ett Hera.
8- Bnl)ad 1 Cot.sti.nce," Urn B'e'ben . . Unley.
8? Sol? Cornet a piston. Ur Alton Dod worth . Donnizotti.
4 ? Ballad. " What would you say, lor* ?" Mr.
Wfcwli-r m
0 ? 8?|. ?? Anna Laurie " Mrs B ethen ? ?
6 ? Solo, l'locolo " Nightingale waltz," Mr. Jul
U? JuIUm.
PART Hf.ro M>.
1? Seln. u'snofnrte ? Vies Mai>, ' t.
2? Ballad. ' I'll Kememoer Tree M Jenkins. . .Bishop
5? Andante, * Departure of the B tltic" Julliea
Detorintive- Mr. J allien, Mr. Dud worth, Migg Massed,
Mr. Bargh, Mr bemer.
4? Conie gong, ' My Normandl* Mai'i" ? Mr C!ook.
6? Trio, * Breath* soft je Wi ja?"? Messrs. Wheeler, Jen
kins and Be*ser Paxton
6? Seie. cornet a plstoa, piano accompaniment.. ..Mr.
Allen Dodworth, Hist Masgetv
Terdi Fickle? National soiijabd chorus, ''The Star
Spangled Banner"? Mr Wheeler,
N B ? At the clone of the concert contribution* will
be received in aid of "the destitute children of deceased
teamen."
The affair passed off exceedingly well. We learn
from Parser Craig that Jullien's execution of the
"Nightingale Waltz" upon the piccolo, was really ex
traordinary. and gave great satisfaction. Mr. Dod.
worth excited the highest admiration by his fine
performances; and the amateurs were excellent,
and were praised, as few artistes are praised, by Old
Neptune in bis peculiar gruff way. The amount of
money realized was two hundred dollars.
Among the passengers we also notice the name of
Captain J. F. Spercer, late of the packet ship I. Z.,
of this port. The I. Z. was destroyed by fire on the
7th nit., in lat. 41 30, Ion. CI 45. The particulars of
the disaster are given in another column.
The Russo-Turkish question has not yet been set
tled. The Czar has not t-igniicd his assent to the
proposition made to him, and there are several tick
lish points still untouched. We have no indication
whether the fleets will first withdraw from Turkish
waters, or the Russians from Turkish territory.
Both the Sultan and the Czar hiving now accepted
the mediation of Au-tria, a decision will ema
nate from that power, or, m6re likely still, the terms
laid down by France and England will be mad* the
point dc depart for further peaceable negotiations.
The news from China is of the highest importance.
It states that the Celestial Empire is now divided,
and that Nankin is independent of the Tartar
dynasty.
The London Times, July 23, says: ?
f-oc.e h tuts of the Bruos?Iek and Florida Hallway
C< n>(.*D; i f (>eo gia in ibe Cal'eJ 8ra'e?, are un<l?rgtood
to ha** b?*-n oileted for sale, lie pimcipal and interest
of which are stated oo rt.e booda to be pa>a?le a> the
bankii.v b< u>e of Outtn k Co Uoon inquiry at that
home kwier it in found that t.taej have never given
tbelr sa?c inn to the'r names being used In thig way,
fitd tba* they are entiiely Ignoiant of suci bonds being
In e*lg'epc? ?
Two hundred and sixty-nine bags of n itive wild
cotton ffom Paraguay had been received at the
offices of the Manchester Commercial Association. A
Mr. Drabble, of Manchester, is now in South Ameri
ca, making inquiry into the sources of cottnn supply.
It is said that this cotton grows plentifully, and is
perennial, in the interior of Paraguay, and that it
can ea-ily lie reached by river communication.
The strikes at Stockton are still unsettled ; the
workmen offer to arbitrate their demands, but the
employer* refuse to assent to this mode of settle
ment.
A committee in Cape Town offers a reward of
jEl,000to anyone who will find a gold field in the
western districts of South Africa. The reward is
sot to be paid till ?2,000 is extracted from the dis
covery.
Frederick W. Clark is officially recognized as Uni
ted States Consul at Sydney.
A petition is presented against the return of the
members for Liverpool, on the score of bribery and
treating.
The Africa arrived ont at an early hour on Sunday
morning. 24th ult., making the run In 10 days, 11
hours and 34 minutes from this port.
In cotton, a large but inanimate business had been
done, at previous quotations.
Breadstuff* were firm, but the weather clearing up
the market closed with less spirit.
Funds dun. Manufacturing industry active.
THE SMYRNA AFFAIR.
On* tafrna f"o> iNpondenrf.
Bmyrka, July 5, 1853.
The Costa Arrest?Full Account of his Treatment
by the Greeks ? TTie Action of Captain Ingraham
? Great Excitement on Shore? The Austro- Turk
ish Convention ? Letters Addressed to the Com
mander ?/ the St. Louis, tfc.
An affair having occurred here of some impor
tance , and which will naturally excite math interest
in the United States, I will endeavor to give you, if
??t a graphic, a truthful statement of it.
On the morning of the 23d June we heard, to our
astonishment, a most brutal eutrago had been com
mitted the evening previous, by a band of about fif
teen ruffians, under the direotien of the Arstrian I
Consul, upon one Martin Costa, a Hungarian refu
gee, under American protection, 07 being kidnapped
whilst drinking quietly his coffee on the Marino,
pushed into the sea, and finally placed on board an
Austrian brig-of-war in the harbor, aud there
chained.
Immediately this affair became known there was a
universal feeling of horror and disgust at the gross
outrage, and a committee was immediately formed of
English, French and Americans, for the purpose of
waiting upcn the English and French C insula, to
get them to interfere, as far as possiblo, to nave him.
Whil.-t at the English Consulate, we heard that an
American ship-of-war, with her stars and stripes, wa a
coming up the bay. It was the St. Louis, Capt. In
graham; and as soon as the fact became known, the
oommittee immediately went on board, to call upon
Capt. Ingraham, to persuade him to act in the affair.
Before this, however, he had sent for the American
Consul to know what had occurred, as some of Cos
ta's friends bad been on board, stating the affair.
The Consul informed Capt. Ingraham that it waa
true, but that the Hungarian he did not see had a
right to American protection, his document being
only a certificate from the eourt ot New York, in
which he had declared his Intention of becoming an
American citizen. Nat satisfied with this, however,
Capt. Ingraham went alongside of the Austrian brig,
intending to see Costa. He was answered that
Costa was not on board. He then with the Consul
immediately went to the Austrian Consul, and re
quested to see tho captain of the brig. On seeing
the Austrian captain, he immediately, in the most
eourteoua manner, acceded to Capt Ingraham 's re
quest, and went with him to see the refugee, of whom
ho asked several questions. The refugee answered
that he was a Hungarian, that he had been to
America, had remaiced there a certain time, but
had no other passport Jhan the one alluded to. He
did not at that time demand American protection,
probably on account of his being in tho preaenco of
Auatrian officers. Capt. Ingraham then left the
brig.
During the evening tho excitement waa very great
on ahore. Some refugees had collected, and dnring
the time that two Austrian officers were on tho Ma
rino unarmed, they wore attacked, and one of them,
Baron Adelberg, asHassinated in a most brutal man
ner, and was found dead in the sea the next morn
ing. This inhuman act met with universal execra
tion. But still this had nothing to do with tho gross
ontrage towards M. Costa. The English and French
Consuls sent to the Governor of Smyrna, tolling him
an insult had been committed upon the Turkish flag,
and that it must not be permitted. Capt. Ingraham,
with the American Consul, also went to tbo
Governor, protesting against such an act, and asking
him to protect the honor of hie own flay:, and to save
the man ; he having been, against all right, seized in
a neutral territory. However, the Governor would
not act in the matter, saying he must fir?t hear from
Constantinople. The Austrian Consul, on the other
hand, demanded the Governor to seize the assassins
of the Austrian officer ; but as tho Governor tljought
the Austrian Consul had taken tho police of the city
in his own hands in this affair, he took no vigorous
means in the matter, and the real c*l rits escaped.
The same evening a note was addressed to Captain
Ingraham, of which the following is a copy : ?
t-MVK.vA June -i, 1853
Dear Sir ? I have to report 'hut lbw man wa* one of
the refugees whom the Turkish government refused te
give up to Austria; thin iMuul is tm-H'nouut 10 i tcuar
antee of safety for those men on Turkish noil fnis m
dividual bad gene to America, an<l as proved by kit
papers, was utder proven of becoming an Aiu*mc*u citi
md; having renounced all *lteiriance to Austria, &-> sucu
Austria ban oo right to seize him on Turkish soil. By
the conventlen taUiy signed, Turkey h>is agreed to se:)d
tl'eee i?en out of Tuikey; but this only gives Au.i'.ris a
right to crmaod, wherever any of teem are fo n <
tbat the 1 cai authorities shall swnd tb?in uut of tbe
country. Tlie fact of a convention being signed t>y wh'.cb
Turkey agrees to send them out of tbe country, is a pro if
that Austria has no 'igbt to seize them on Turkish soil:
G'herwic# tbe MBWBtlCB would bo OBMOMWrj. Al!
thicK' con'iilered, ibis man is more an Ainerioiti citizen
oa the Turki-h soil thin an Austrian. It is ijuite clear
that next after the local authoifies, the Atnericau
government ai d i'n representative the American OjihuI,
ai u uit*ry Amei r?n force here at the present tiuie,
hi uOK.t right to in'trfere. Yours, &c
(Signsd) X X
For himself and other Americans in Smyrna.
To which Captain Ingraham immediate'y replied,
stating he wasas sensible as we were of the gross out
rage committed upon the [ierson of Martin Costa by
the Consul of Austria, and ended his note by saying:
" Anything I can do in behalf of this unf rtunate
man, I shall be most happy to aid you and the
Americans residing In Smyrna."
A day or two after this, a note was addressed to
Captain Ingraliam, signed " Humanitas," staling
that it was believed to be the intention to seud Costa
to Trieste by the steamer the next day. Captain
In grab am immediately remonstrated against sending
Costa away before he had time to near from his
Minister at Constantinople, and got under way by
daylight, placing his ship ahead of the brig and
steamer, no doubt to watch their movements. De
spatches were received from the American Charge
at Constantinople, but they were not of such a na
ture as to enable Captain Ingraham to act He,
however, demanded that, the Hungarian should re
maiu in port until Saturday, the 2d inst., which wa*?
acceded to.
Upon going on boar! the morning of the 2d inst.,
we were surprised to find the St. Louis clearing for
action, and soon found out that, despatches hid been
received from Mr. Brown, our Charge de Affiires at
Constantinople, advising Captain Ingraham to take
Martin Costa out of the Austrian brig, he having
sworn allegiance to America, arid was more an Ame
rican, in neutral territory, than an Austrian subject.
Capt. Ingraham, on receipt of these despatches, (8
o'clock. A.M ,) immediately went on board the Aus
trian brig and requested to see Martin Costa, which
was granted. Captain I. requested of Captain
Swartz (of the Austrian brig) to seethe prisoner
alone, which was also complied with. Costa was
then asked several questions ; amongst others, if
tie demanded protection from the American flag,
He answered he did so, and was replied to that he
" should have it." Alter having informed the Ann
trian commander of his conversation with Costa,
Cnptain I. returned to his oorn ship, and wrote to
Captain Swartz, demanding Coita should be deliver
ed upto him, granting, ultimate ly, until 4 o'clock P.M.
for his decision. At this moment an Austrian
schooner of-war, of 10 guns, got under way, and
continued, until the affair was e ver, hovering about
the brig to protect her. The tatter manned her guns
and cleared for action. Three Austrian steamers
were also at anchor, ready for au emergency.
The excitement on shore had become intense; it
was evident nothing hiit some friendly interference
could prevent a conflict in the port Both Ameri
cans and Austrians were standing at their guns, the
former determined to have Martin Costa, the latter
determined to prevent it ? only four hours remaining
of the time granted to the Austrian* for their decision.
At this time it became known that the American
and Austrian Consuls hail agreed between them
selves that M. Costa should be given np to the French
Consul, there to remain until the affair should be
settled between the two governments. Ths schooner
anchored, and a little after 4 o'clock, Martin Costa
was seen coming on shore out of the brig, under the
care of Austrian marines, and an American boat
pushed off from the St. Louis to accompany it. A
rush was now made to the place where Martin Cost*,
in chains, was to land; when he did so, shouts from
the thousands of spectators rent the air with " Vive
l'Amerique!" " Vive l'Ameriqne!" He was then
conducted to the place prepared for him, where he
now remains, under the French protection.
The enthusiasm was beyond description, and the
admiration for the energetic conduct of Mr. Hrown,
our acting Charge, and for the gallant conduct of
Captain Ingraham and his officers, throughout the
whole sffair, was as intense as it was universal. , All
nations here, with one accord, except, of course, the
A ustriiins, joined in this feeling.
1 forgot to mention above, that with the energetic
deeratch of Mr. Brown, wm a letter to Captain In
gruham from Mr. Lyons, (which does him the great
est honor ) a member of Congress from New York,
now at Constantinople, agreeing' fully with Mr.
Brown, and urging Captain Jntrraham to take imme
diate steps tf) save Costa, and thus add gl^ry to his
country and her navv, and honor to himself. I will
ajao add that the American offieera and every one
elpe ajrree that the Anntrians, 011 their part, behaved
most gallantly, and that during the whole aff.iir the
utmost courtesy was observed by them to the Ame
rican officers. I have no doubt they wonld have de
fended their ship to tl. last. The Austrian Consul
was alone to blame in the affair, not they. The day
after this affnlr, the Turkish government sent down
a commissioner to demand the Austrian brig to give
up Costa to them ? bi\t it was too late.
Veritas.
Sloop op War St. Lovis, )
Smyrna, July 6,
Arrest of Costa ? The Lasso used in his Cr p'ure ?
Death of Baron Van Hackelberg ? Preparations Jar
a Naval En^mgement?Tne Position of the Saint
Levis? Costa sent on Shore? A n>eric*n Seamen
ut their Guns ? Their Conduit ? The Fourth of
Jul" at Smyrna, $ c. , fyc.
1 1 ave, unexpectedly, to again address you, and
with that pride that ever fills the heart of an Ameri
can in his triumphs, shall detail you the events al
luded to, and I trukt that they will prove of interest.
Upon our arrival 1-ere on the 23d ult, we learned
immediately that thi day previous a Hungarian,
Martin Costa, w1k> formerly formed one or Koa
suth's suite in America, li'id, by the order of
the Austrian Consul, been seized by abont twenty
Greeks. "While quietly smoking hu pipe, a hi^so
was thrown over his head, and being dragged into
the water, was bound and carried off to the Austrian
brig Hozzar and placed in irons. Great enthusiasm
greeted our arrival. The foreigners crowded to the
ship and said that it was an ordinatiom of Providence
that we bad arrived. Immediately npon learning
the above facts, Capt. Duncan, N. Ingraham, with
the American Consul, called to see the Hungarian,
who, it was said, had au American protection.
Stopping at the brig Huzzar, the first lieutenant of
that vessel told Capt. Ingraham that the Hungarian
was not on aboard, which proved a falsehood. Captain
Ingraham determined not to be put off They re
paired to the shore, called upon the Austrian Consul
and demanded to seethe man. There he found the cap
tain of the brig, who politely accompanied him to his
vessel, where Capt. Ingraham found the Hungarian
in the main hold, chained to the deck. In the conver
sation that took plate he stated that he had declared
his intention to become a eitizen of the United
States; but he had no papers, nor could he demand
onr protection.
Placed in a situation that required much care to
avoid difficulties, our captain wrote to Constantino
ple, and while awaiting an answer, one of the offi.
eers of the brig Huzzar was attacked on shore, and
(tabbed. J umping into the water, he was drowned
On the day of his funeral, the men and officers who
attended were fully armed. The Austrian consul,
by request, obtained a large guard of Turkish sol
diers, armed his dwelling, as he feared assassination.
While waiting the arriral of our letter from Con
stantinople, Captain Ingraham learning that the
Austrian brig would either get underweigh and take
tEe Hungarian to Trieste, or else he would be trans
ferred to the mail steamer and sent there, the citi
zens met in large bodies and held meetings, and
maiiy committees called upon Captain Ingraham
and begged him to do all in his power. An anoay
mous letter was received by Captain Ingraham, set
ting forth the case in a light which we had known
nothing of. It was signed " Humanity."
A written protest was sent to the captain if the
Huzzar, by Captain Ingraham. Mo definite reply
w ai- received, and on the morning of the 2iHli ult
wo got under weigh, and beating to the wind
ward, anchored close to the Austrian brig, with
every preparation for an action. On shore th
excitement was intense. Thousands thronged the
shore and anxiously awaited our expected engage
ment; our position was excellent; with one broad
side we conld rake the brig, and with the other sink
the mail steamers if they offered any reaLstanci \ ;
however, remained quiet, and we received aasur. > i
that the man should not be removed until we he : i !
from Constantinople. The Hungarian still remained
in chains, and on the 1st instant a fine large Aus
trian schooner, of sixteen guns, arrived; also, two
mail steamers carrying tour guns each. Thus you
see the Austrians had nearly double our number of
guns. On the morning of the 2d July, the mail ar
rive J from Constantinople, and Captain Ingraham
received letters from Mr. Brown, stating that
the Hungarian, Martin Costa, had from him an
American protection. In the morning, a little be
fore M o'clock, Captain Ingraham went to the Aus
trian brig and saw the imprisoned Hungarian, and
asked him it he wished American protection; he re
plied ?' I do." Then Captain Ingraham said, "you
shall have it;" and immediately our gallant captain
went into the brig's cabin and demauded that th?
prisoner should be sent on shore in eight hours, and
then Le returned to his own ship; we immediately
went to quarters and got ready for a general action.
At 10 o'clock a letter arrived from the captain of the
brig Huzzar, protesting against our firing Into either
him or the schooner, in order to get pnsession of
Martin Costa's person; we returned no reply, save
a repetition of our demands in writing.
Shortly after it had become known that we would
attack the Austrian vessels if the man was not de
livered up by four o'clock in the afternoon, the
shores became crowded with thousands to sec the
tight. The schooner got under weigh, and lay to, off
and on, about a halt mile distant; tne brig remained
at quarters, and silently, for several hours, we
awaited the time for action. Many deputations of
citizens came from shore, and begged that w? would
not fight. Captain Ingraham invariably replied : ?
"Gentlemen, the man must be given up into some
ore's hands on shore, elso I will take him. My
cause is that of justice and I cannot fail. I have
stated the time."
The citizens retOmed to shore, and soon after we
lranied that the iustrian, American and French
consul* had entered into a convention that the
Hungarian should be given up to the French consul,
to live at his house, and to remain there until the
American and Austrian consuls should both give
their written conse nt tor his delivery to either the
one or the other, and tbat the ambassadors at Con
stantinople should decide that ? all subject to the ap
proval of Captain Ingraharm. Oar object was gained,
and Captain iDgraham with his usual suavity con
plied. A few minutes before four o'clock, Martin
Co-ta was wen to pass over the brig's side, enter a
boat and pull towards the chore. Our boat followed,
and as we touched the shore the shonti of " Vive
rjmericaiiu!" "Vive la Rrpubliqut !" " Bravo
were denfening. With wonts of joy our
oflirers were surrounded, a thousand hats flew in the
air. find the people would almost have carried na on
tlielr shoulders.
In th? evening a band came off in a small steam
er and serenaded us, and gave repeated cheers, with
their usual Fhouts ot " Vive la Reptib/ifW.'1
Thus ended July 2, a prtud day to us, and. I'm
sure, to every one who loves liberty. But let mc
rai c my voice and give to gallant Captaia Ingrahnm
the credit that his promptitude, energy and decision
deserves. Thus in this instance, as has ever marked
liib career in the Navy acting with that determina
tion that carries conviction to all of the justice of
his course, he gained hw object, added more ^lory to
his name, rescued an American citizen from the
hands of blood thirsty Anstria, and threw noon the
stars and stripes a new gleam of Liberty s light,
which, God grant, m y ever protect, at : he has
done, the oppressed. The enthusiasm of the crew
was great ; every heart was deeply interested, and
to the last drop of their blood would they have
fought. Cool, calm and determined, they stood for
horrs silently at tlicir guns, impatiently awaiting
the signal to rush to certain victory.
It was a fine sieht, and one that conld not fail to
make the warm blood of every lover of liberty dauce
through his veins. Let this ever stand as an example
for the Mure actions of onr naval commanders. To
beard the lion in his den. and at all hnzardri protect onr
citizens abroad. Doubtlessly onr gallant captain will
be called home to explain this affair to the govern- |
ment. What the decision m*y be, I know not, but
let the public rest assured that all praise Is due Cap
tain Ingraham, his officers and crew, for thu firm
ness of their conduct in this affair.
Again within this year has the pnblic seen what
1 metal at least two of their naval commanders are
composed of?Hollins in the Gulf squadron, and Don
can N. InjT*b*m in the Mediterranean, have shown
truW how bravely aur flag to borne. And they give
evidence, should war occur, what promptitude would
follow every step.
On the Fourth, our Independence day, the citizens
ashore pave a splendid picnic to all the officer* of
the fit. Louis. The affair came off on the opposite
shore of the bay, and I am told the officers proved their
ability ti^entertuin the fair as well as to fight for the
ojipresfcd. To-norrow we sail tor Malta, and I most
wish you adieu, leaving for you to place this matter
before the jroblic in its true light, which to as 1 have
stated it to you. H. T.
NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS.
Fri jd ?n>jna, Jul; 15. we learn uv*t the Austrian
Mpata, Rellrna snd Nnvura bad arrived but the United
Bt.te* corvette ft LouU had left,
Ws hear nothing e'eoof the Kor.ta affair; but the follow
lowing letter in the London Newt of the 26th. has a bearing
mi iu ?
To tftk FrrroR ok thb Dailt Sewh?
Sir?- I* in risht the mblic should be informs*! that Cm
tain the Hungarian refugee oho was reoentfy
iskrn pnfoter ?t Smyrna. ne?er gave and at a subo.di
n?te officer could not give, the promise not to return to
Tu-key. It latrv.e that du'lng the detention of the Hun
|(hria refugee* In Turkey. It wan xugge^ed to them that
? prou.i e t>?7e-t? retum might facilitate heir lifter*
tior,: br>t the ectiditoa v?< not acceu'ed by them ;
and C?n. M??r*'0, l?,?e Minister of War in Hungary
a- ? ???ed with i-baract?ristlc marline-* "No coKdittonx
but lftoertv " Tti?t liberty was given to tht-a wit.h m'<
any cenSi'U'O sod Capt K<>#7.ta well known iu our army
?h a brave rosier lelt Turkey with G?n M'rir.atcs and
arrival wi'h one hundred of lun folio r countrymen, oa
the 6'b of June 1851 at Southam ton
Thi- dfcl?ra'l"D I reoeivrd from Gea. Me.nztros, by
whom I am authorized to make n?e "f it,
(Signed) H RONAY. i'h Dr, and
A'eitiber of tbe Bungariao Academy at Pesth
Mr Kopita t '.tut accounts, ?a? still in the safe keeping
o' the French isul
The corre-poKtout of the London Timet, writing from
Vietina under date J ily 22d, thus aliuden.te the Xoszut
difficulty at Smyrna
" Tbe rfmjjn* nITair appears to have entered Into a
new phase The ltieste paper brings information which
it in evidently must unwilling to credit;' this is, that
Kcsr.'a ie sctua'ly an Au.crieaa citizen
'? Pie misunderstanding between the Austrian govern
ment and the United Stale* u likely to be a teriotu one Oa
the 6 h, the Italian aid Hungarian refugees ioCin
? tattino .le gave Mr Marsh a serenade and the Ameri
can diplomaist came out on his bilciny, and gave a
ebeor tor the freedom of tbe United Sta'es, Italy, and
Hungary. On the lath as won as the two Austrian
tilgatee, BeUona and No van a sailed into Smyrna har
nor. the United States eloop weighed anchor and left.
This elrcuirfctecce is related by tbe Austrian paper with
an appearance of -a infection but i n my opinion thin go
verin ent will at no distant period havecaufe to rue the
dav on which il gave America an opportunity of picking
a quarrel The Austrian preta assert* that the aasaatia
of the young c?d?t ? a certain Basel ?*, an Hungarian?
waa in the eervioe of Mr Lewis the RaglirJl clergyman,
and it If hinted that the reverend gentleman connived
at the murdeier's escape. Is it necessary to say that
any eharge against a man with a drop of Anglo Saxon
blood in bis veins teadily obtains belief ?" .
THE TURKISH QUESTION.
1 www%w%wwvuwvw
Our Constantinople Coneapondenoe.
United Statks Cobvkttk Levant, )
Constantinople, July 5, 1853. J
Arrival ?f the A mtri can Corvette Levant ? Passage
of the Dardanelles ? The Combined Fleets ? An
Attack by Locusts ? The Eastern Question ? Pas
sengers in the Levant? Expected Visit to the
Sultan ? List of Officers, S/r., fyc.
We have just arrived from Greece, after a passage
of nine days. Yesterday we kept up, as customa
ry with us, the Fourth. In coming through the
Dardanelles we passed through the French and Eug'
ltoh fleets, which amount to twenty-eight sail. We
exslianged salutes, while under full sail, and it was
a splendid sight. A short time afterwards we were
very much annoyed by a flight of locusts' which con.
tinued about three hours, during whioh the air
looked as if filled with snow. Many struck our sails
and the deck waa literally strewn with them.
The fortifications are very fine; tbe gnnsareof
immense calibre, and are of such dimensions that if
a po<: - devil was caught in the rain he might crawl
into one with ease for shelter. In the French and
English squadrons they think there will be no war
and it is the general impression out heae that the
Russians are inclined to get ont of it.
Tbe Hon. Mr. Marsh and wife arc on board with
us. We like him exceedingly. We expect to visit
the Saltan in a few days with him. To-morrow
one of their great festival days. All well on board
The United States frigate Cumberland and sloop St'
Louis are also here. The following is a list of our
ci Hirer*: ?
1. M. (ioldsborough, Commander; Robert P.
I im nf James H. Strong, John P. Decatur, Wil
liam P. n ir Lieutenants; W. C. Temple, blaster;
L. M. Minor, Surgeon; John F. Steele, Purser; It. P.
Mason, Passed A^ihtant Surgeon; H. N. Crabb, T.
Lee, A. W. Johnson. Passed Midshipmen; R. H.
Uayle, W. T. (Slassel, Midshipmen; R. Powers, Boat
swain; H. Webber, Gunner; J. Stinson, Carpenter;
M. Pecor, Nailmaker.
NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS.
THE Sei.TAN AND TDK DIPLOMATS ? PEACE ANTICI
PATE ? T1IK IHVIiSA RIOTS? REPORTED PUR
CHASE IN TDK MEDITERRANEAN BY AMERICA ?
HEALTH OF THE M'LtAN? THE POSITION OP"
KOS/TA, ETC., KTC.
Advices by mail from Constantinople we'# to the 8th
nit. They mention only that frequent conference* were
taking piece between the Divan and the ambassador* of
tbe great European power*. The Parte had given the
A.'frian minister all the satisfact on pought for the late
assassination at Smyrna Three of the assassins, all
Italians had been arreted, but tbe fourth, a Hungarian,
who actually stabled the victim had escaped.
ad iiui>oriant rumor wan circulating. to the effect that
ti e American consul had comaifei. ? ' jegotia'ionj for the
oe??>pn to tne Filled Mates of the port of Marmori/za.
In e? nn>ctlon with this rumor was ae other, that a sum
of $6ti0 000 in American gold had been paid to the Sul
tan ? t ot -aid by whom, or why.
Sines matters began to look brighter, the Sultan'*
health is re established.
The flrttlau GairUr. ha- letter* from Kallsch of the
I7<h. lis correspondent sayi ? ' According to the opi
nion i f hieh placed officer" who make no secret of the
matGr the Emperor ol Russ'a will net giyeuponeo
his demand.- upnn Turk"} o.-pecielly now that he is in
poi he.'fii n Cif tbe principalities; ami thus it is their con
viction, as well as that of meat people, that war ia in
evimbie "
The Russian government is about to have measured
tliedrg'ees of ihe rrerilian f'oin the North Cape in "2)i
dsg norih latitude. to ihe inou'h of the Dtnube. in 46 %
de^ of the i?*n>e Iatlrtule ? that ta. on aline enich tra
verien l ure. e in its wtnle length, and forms about a
fourteenth p?rt ot the ? n'ire circumference of the earth.
This n.ea> ore-rent will exceed by three degrees the
largest ever hetore exe.'nted ? t/lat which the Ea?nsh
cari ed from tlie Himalaya to the southern point of R:i
ti-li luoia
The 1'aris cerreepordent of the I/ondon Chrtmiolt writ
irg under date of July 24, savs: ? "An army of WO 000
men is sia'lon-c at tbe frnn'ieri. and since the 2d of
this i> ?t tl' a ltus?i*n>loroe of 66 000 men lias ea'ered the
Mi<l< r< Waliaeh an provinces. Thus the Kubicjo is panned
Tl ? Rns-lan fleet #*s yeetsodav seen in the Black Be*,
but forty b il*s distant from the mouth of the Bos^lm
ins Matters have assumed a most warlike aspect during
t>e Isst fesj ilavs, and everything portends ominous
? *er.t.i A pacific solution of the Turkish question seems
at present vers difficult. Cinnells are daily b-ing held.
T>e reptefor retires of England, France, and Austria have
me'teveral times, aid have daily conference at the
l'?rte. "
THE DANI'BI AN PRINCIPALITIES.
CowtTAsnsorLr, .Inly 11, 1863.
lnsttuctloi* have been reut to Omar l'asha ordering
him to destroy the bridges over the Danube.
Ihe correspondent ot the l/jtidon Mitrn<my Chronicle,
wilting from Jsssy, under data of July 1ft says: ? ' ITp
to th i- day 80 01>0 bave entered Moldavia namely, the
a bole of the fourth d'vislon of the army consisting of
tlrte olvisione of infantry each 1 <1,000 strong; one ovl
ncn ot I'ght cavalry, 4 OOO st.r? ng. with two hundred
pieres of at tlUeT? ; t hen of the fifth division of ti e itruiy,
ore division in'netry one divt. Ion light cavalry and one
tni'dr'd plenrs of artl'lerv To this mast h? added ten
te?'ir?-tit s of Cost-aek? attached to the fourth mrpi <i'or
mre (each rsglniet t 800 strong ) t?o ba'tmions of sap
ins and n It ers, and one bat'allou of sharpshooters,
whose r'fles were bought at I<iege at one huntlrvd sliver
rubies eaoh Two battalions ef Infantry cross the Pruth
to dav, n**r Skalem, and 'he Cossack artillery, which Is
very hiihU six ken of. The avanl. parrU, commanded by
Cti e.al von Anrep who ?as sent out expressly from St.
t'e er--bo'g. Tlie fourth cfrrjtn d'armet is under tho
0'?<?re ofOsnera) I'annei be g. whose military e*perienc?
arc diieernnietit are universailv praised Offlaers
snd men ej ? ? k of him with the greatest enthuiiasm
He la in his sixty ieo->nd year, but active and hearty.
I he i)dihii der of th? Fifth division Is General Lnders,
?ho is >till at Ode sa At that port, and at Hsbastopol,
tta other tnopa hekinging to his dlvlsioa are ready to
nia eh a4 a moment's no'lee. Prinoe (JortschakolT Is
commander in chief. He is in his seventieth year, and in j
hid health, but * distinguished officer On the 6th lnst\(i
he n>ade his *olennn entry in'o Jasay to superintend the
entrsnce of the troops Into Moldavia, and on tbe 12th
lift for Bucharest, whleh he purposes making his hea<l
onarters. His stall is at present nader the orders of
(leneral Hutnrli^-e who will, however, shortly be re
placed by <iet>?ra1 Kotzebne Thia latter, whe was General
of the s-alT of the army In the Caaoaaus, and was on
leave at r?ri?, was sent for by cownsr The who'e of
tbe artillery U under the order* of Qaoe-al q!*??l
G?ne al Matlnaa U geoaial of tbo a'alT >f t.h? four'h
'?ItIhiou Tbi testk, eleventh, ami twelffi divlxion* .if
In'antiy are uider General" Sottnouo*, l'?r'o*, a?<t
Lipiaidi Tb? cavalry belonging (v tkU diri don U com ?
n anr.ed by Oneral Jflroo
On th? Out d?? tt *ha rroaaing ?f the Pruth br tha
Roariku tr<-op?. Count Suchtelen. one of Prina* <>orta
cbaknff's aide-daeainpa *i^ n*at off ?i<b de-tpvehe* t,o
H>rmian tedt. in 'liann< lv*?la Tha Ural of P-iuoe
Go't.obekoff V diplomatic bureau ia OonnM'lor Chariu
?on Ko'tehue former] Rata'an Consul Osoeral 'u tha
? <?i>ublan pr'LC'i.al neH It U raid tba' a portion of the
Furt'an ttorp* i o? in occupation of MoldarU will be
a?t<. to the Tiaus) Ivaiia irouti-r It i. ditti-.ult to gl?e
you an idek o' ?he communication witch 'ake? [.1* -a b?
twten .be headq.ier'er* of the army and Russia Oana*
day to lfi.? t! hi. 110 home- were ordered at ever' stat-iou
fi r cowler- By cruiniar.d of Prino? Gort?cb*k >lT a nor
ti ?! of tba Mmda' Uu nnli'ia wa? rant as f?r a* IVskut-oh
t (. do duty at 'he Kns-lai. oom m?g<zine< and ho-pttaU.
Tbo frontier port* aloi g the Danubr have al?o been aug
imnWd by Moldavian .o'dtey. Tbe K n.itu offlcrs
talk loud It. and without leserve, of an uoavold
aMe extenkfon of 'be Ku-a an territory Council
)<>r Kutzrbut himrelf rhmtH tin* o virion Tliey
i-ay that |*aco will probably be uit.l <t?iL8d
tba I'nrie njimt give in to the Kn? Un de r auda,
a- Fiance aod Kcg'ai d dara not ?o to ?ar with RmU;
kud 'be Porte is too toor to uiaat tba enormous prepara
t ions far war. The itOTer. ment "f the pr'ncipal"ie? still
exists In nan a; but. yon may form as idea of ho ? far it
doea In renHit a hen I inf.ru> you ibat toe t -oho-polar*
vera odered to wait up"n aod uav the'r ie*uecta to
Prino GoiUc'iak. IT At tbe Te Dewm bell 011 tha 7th
in honor of tbe birthday of tba Kuapiuss of Ris.ia at
wb'ch tbe EofclUh Coat u I al< ne la'urwl to a "and Prints
G'lt cbakoft presired He wa tha ttrst o ki?? 'lie D'Ve
and a'an thetlrrt to e-re me ohurch Toe half S tver-igu
liiicc of Cika bao to take a very seciooarv part A > *
curiialiy, I may add that a report la > p e-d . m mg, and
brliuted by the Kuraian eol<1l?ry, that the Po'te h?a ?oi<i
tbe key o< iha bolv aepulchra to 'be Jewa, aud that t te
world w'll be destroyed uule<? lluanta come* forward in
defence af t) e holy nlacea.
On tbe 13' b (ieneial 1 am euberg alao left for Tohuticb
A (larricon of o. lv Be?eu hm.diai aud lifty uiau bit h?->n
left at Ja-ay, under tba order- of a lieu*eu?ut aolonet.
The latest in<ell nance fiom the p-iL climliUMn which
hud h?en received in L?ndoi> waa pobli bed in 'be T<-mei
of July 27. It Ih to tba following elfe -t Ad?ic?i from
tbe Imnubian piinclpaUtiea ?t*'e that the vauif 'atd of
tea Rua* ian amjjr utder tbe c imn.aod of General A irep,
enfett.d Buobanat on tbe 15th iuat , aod that, tbe Com
mander in*Chief waa axpec'ed to rearb that cut on tha
?5th Tie bean quarter* of the Ruaxian army aro to ba
ei thbHrbed at Buaha-eat "
On the 18th tbe birthday of Ihe Emoreaa of Raa?(a
was c?'ebrat?d by a koiemn aeivice in all the churobe*
tbioughont Moldavia.
THE FRENCH EMPIRE.
Our Patli Cornkpandenee.
Pauis, July 21, 1S63.
The Royal Excursion to the Pj/renees ? military
Manoeuvres and Soldiers ? Amusements ? Royal
Visits ? Queen Christina, at Mnlmaito*?Tht
Village and its Traditions ? Another Attempt to
Murder the Emperor ? More Investigation*? The
Commune Rcvolutiunnaire? The East?Names
of the Prisoners ? The StUtan's Finances ? The
" Charivari " ?? Trouble ? General Finances, fyc.
The departure of the Emperor and Empress for the
Pyrenees is decided upon, but the utiaodt secrecy is
kept about the day at which it will take place.
Nevertheless, all the preparations for the excursion
are completed, and n* doubt the imperial couple
will leave St. Cloud in the meat strict incognito, as
it has been decided. On Saturday last, Lonls Napo
leon and the Empress were driving in the neighbor
hood of Versailles, when their carriage, whilst cross
ing the railway, was nearly crushed by the engine
of a train whick was passing at the same time. The
consequence was that the horses were frightened by
the whistle of the engine and ran fer a few minutes,
thus giving ta the vehicle an impulse which saved
the lives of the Emperor and Empress. This last
person was so much frightened that she fainted,
and did >ot reaaver for about five mi nates.
The imperial court has pat en mourning for threi
day a, in ccn^equence of the death of Mme. Ferdi
nand de Lesseps, one of the relations of Express
Eugenia. The ceremony of the funeral which took
place on the 18th instant, in the church of La Made
leine, was attended by all the diplomatic corps aud
a numerous audience.
The military displays are still a ordre du jour at
the camp of Satory, and the Emperor is giving him
self, every week, the pleasure of a mimic war,
which pcems to afford him muck gratification. On
Monday last, we had the spectacle of an Imi
tation of the battle of Marengo? the celebra
ted battle of General Bonaparte? whic'a was a very
excellent representation of this memorable victory |
of the first Napoleon. The Empress, Duke and
Duchess of Albe, as well as Queen Christina and
Duke of Riansares, wore present and toek much inte
rest in the mustering of the troops. The Emperor,
desirons to afford some amusement to the troops, has
ordered that an immense amphitheatre, built with
earth and sand, wood and canvass, should be bnilt
on the ground of Satoiy, and that twice or three
times a week the company of riders of the Circus
and Hippodrome would amufe the soldiers and off!
cers with their numerous performances. The first
entertainment of the kind will be given on Tuesday
of next week, in case the provisional amphitheatre
will be completed.
The Downier Queeu of Spain, Christina, is now
residing at Ln Ualmafson, near Rueil, a few miles
ftom Paris. The minor of her desire to marry one
of her daughters to Pruce Napoleon Bonaparte, son
of Jerome, is without any fouiuUtiou, and has been
denied by her as well a* by the impen d family.
Louis Napoleon sent to Christina one of his ai<Kde
cann to invite her to come to St. Cloud, wheie she
was t.iken into one of the imperial vehicles and re
ceived by the Emperor and Empress. General Mu
noz, her hunband, was present and was gallantly en
tertained by the Emoress, aud Christina took occa
sion to pay her u charming compliment upon the
high rank which she bad exchanged for a lower con
dition. On Tuesday last, Louis Napoleon and his
wife returned the visit to Queen Christina, in her re
sidence ot La Malmaison; and lam told that the Em
peror could not retrain from showing some emo
tion when he entered the house in which hiH
mother and relatives bad been living under
so Many rxlraordir.ary nositions. In short, the
sojoln of Christina in Europe must be con
sidered as a concession made to the revolutionary
opposition of Madrid, which a'tributcd to the in
fluence of the widow of Ferdinand and to the Duke
of Biansares, her new husband, the dangerous crisis
whit h lias been agitating the government of Isabella
for the last six months. The Malmaison (cursed
house) was formerly a " hospital," and it has been
reported that a fortune-teller had foretold to Jsse
phine that .'?be would become Queen of France, and
would die in a hospital. As it may be observed,
this prophecy was accomplished, owing to the ety
nn logy of the name given to the retired villa wh?-re
Josephine breatned her last. Napoleon deparied
from La Malmaison in 1816, to embark oa board of
the English man -of war which took him to St.
Helena.
The Baron of Ssebsch, Envoy Plenipotentiary of
H. M the King of Saxony, called on Monday la^t at
St. Cloud to deliver to the Eoiperor the notification
of the wedding of hi* nepbew, Prince Frederic Au
gustus Albert. Duke of Saxony, to Princess Carolina
. ? Wa*a, daughter of Prince Gustavo VVa.?a, the
heir to the kingdom of Sweden. It is said that Louis
Napoleon manifested a sort of coolness to Baron de
Setbach, for it will be remembered that the Minister
of Saxony had first been the Intermediary of bis de
Mre to marTy blmm If to Prince** Caroline. Alt mat
ter of course. this " obliged audicnce'' did not much
plea> e the Emperor.
1 refused tm believe the report thit another attempt
to murder Louis Napoleon bad been made, but after
the most particular enquiry, I am forced to announce
it here as a positive fart. On Friday last, whilst the
Emperor and Empress were passing in their carriage
on the place de la Concorde, ou tin ir way to St. Cbud,
u man who was on the passage drrw out of his pocket
a pistol, which lie aimed at them; he was on the eve of
pulling the trigger when a coachman rushed upon
him aud prt vt nted him from doing so. The inur
derrr was taken to prtson, and he here confessed that
he Aid belong to the eompany of the Opera Comiune,
? aud kad sworn the moat solemn oaths to kill tUe Em
peror.
The prosecution of the Opera Comiqno plot is
still going on , and the secret society by which this
murder had bet a decided is said to consist of two
hundred perrons. It is said that the Emperor did
not believe that the conspiracy was " genuine,'' and
that If. Pietri, the Prefect of Police, was obliged to
show him the pistols aud daggers which had been
seized on the persons who had been arrested by the
police. The Huule four will be assembled to pro
nounce sentence on the oouaplratws,
knowT' that the secret societies are n<wr
a T,rJ laW scale, aud Uieir existence
?d kv fttTL* **ngj?rous as the conspirators arc eeroft
effur^t f!??"wnot y "anje ?ut despite all the
aet if! fifm *?**. y*P?le*a ? government to call them
the kid' tun?> wil1 001 mak? *a* attempt of
ln? d "" ta?* sure of aaeeew.
|J? / ^n-*0 ft**in?t the socialists, called raj-#
bera of tue rortimuit reoolutummii t, began veator
day.under the eoutrol of M. Legouidec, at the p >lioo
court ot the Sixth Chamber. There are tS o2
o crush among whom are Mewrs. Felix L 'aT B il
cbot, Caussidiere, (now in New York,)' Avere,
tTg'e,,1 Biava'd- Writer, Geuin, Grader, f.&rdot,
LiberHulle, Cordicr , Lanireinee, Merlet Vigaot, O.twa,
I)eKet?f ujts, and Mrs. Fuubare. Li be Utile, ftoil E&
"cret tLttK? Pr#m\dinKf, ?f the trial are kepi so
jet ret that Um> journal* will scarcely be allowed It
know aud publish the sentence. It in supposed chat
the accuted will ail be sentenced to exile aud sent
mlLert ue* Prefect0/ Seine, M. Hardeman, is
rA!nrf T of M **"*?'?? "Hoe, aud I
ihlt In * L Z. 0 are *(:quaiuted with him,
that tbia public officer will replace M Berber in att
re^ecu. The politeness, integrity and high eduoar
Uoc of M. Humseman renderliim fit for the disth?
ffuh-hed port-ton which he now occupies. Madam*
Hanweman la also an aocomuliahed lady, whose
cLtVdh"nn sn'!!,g u?a,i"eri w111 U: much appre
ciated. On bin, day Lu-t the musical baucs or tha
oiDeie,|t regin.ei.t* ()f the National Guard assembled
de \ il!e, and gave to the prelect and
InuftaiSir11'"1 reUad?'Which W,W quite a bril
in uf ^ount de Chambord was celebrated
on the r ft T'f PraoVf ot -the legitimist opinion,
. J ' u,y' De^,te thu orde? <>r the
police, grand dinners were ?iven in the saloons of
at'Trral reftautateunj. At Frohsdny all the leaders
ronnt ?Kuiniut.pttrt^ werB congregated, hevde<l bw
^ . ^r'e!lrt' ttud ton fete was magnificent I
* u g the 8un,meJ' season, Count da
vers rv n f WT.? Ut 10 ^isl <" the anui
4,or tbe d#atl1 of Louis Philippe. Thai
the fbsion of the two parties would be considered u
an accompll-hed fact. *"
lhe great Sheriff of Morocco, Sidi Abd-el-3al4m
Ben sidi Hadji el- Arab. el-Ouason, and his su*?
composed ol thirty-live individuals, the direct heire
of Mahomet, arrived on the 15th at Marseille*,
on board ot the propeller Marocain, to take passage
for La Mecca on board of the htcamer Albafcro*
inere were also two hundred Arabs, who to to
Mecca ou pilgrimage.
It u rumored that the differences between Austria
ana (Switzerland are on the eve of being settled ThA
diplomata of Austria would follow the advioo of
I' ranee and England, and would declare that the*
are contented with the mc^ures whi.h^ve tlrea?
been token, and with the way of dealing of thaFo*
deral Council with the refugees.
^.erD)anJ difficulties between the Roman
: Catholic and the Prote?tant clergy are assuming a
, ypr7 f?rioua aspect. The Roman Catholics are re
lufcing to marry the Members of their congre?atio?
li ? ?K le8tfllt8' and the^ tttve solemnly declared
that the marriages of that kind were not good if tin
parties were not satisfied to have "all1' their obil
dren brought up in the Catholic religion. Then k
i a 8,chh-m iu embryo, which will soon be hatched
out of tbat question. ???????#
For the prevention of the revolutionary move
ments which would take place in Italy, in caae
Austria should be obliged to go to war with another
country, the King of Naples has given speotal ordera
to reinforce his armv and fleet. In the gf
olciJy the garrisons or Tragany, Syraciae and Cata
pa, have been doubled. General Filangieri has es
tablished a camp on the heights of Mount Peile
g rino.
Another riot took place at Corpon, daring which
there8*0" killed by the politioal refugees living
The Turkish question is decidedly a riddle, which
cannot be unveiled and explained except by the fu
ture. But we may way, with much reason, that if
the question is not settled withiu a few days, despite
the great desire of Europe to avoid a war, it will be
the tault ot Nicholas, Emperor of Russia. But to
aiaintain that pence, it will be necessary for the di
plomatic agent* to entice the Turkish government to
give mtisfaction to Nicholas, as well as a iruarantee
Jor the tuture, or the iuterest of the religions pro
Pr0"^n Lhuys' reply to the note of
M. uc A esselrode has been m>ich approved by tbe
diplomats in general; it is not only a coucise and
true document, but it gives a faithiul history of ail
! the difficult es between Ruuhia, France and Tor
r,/?rg?tbc M. de Lavalette. In
t, 1 lefd" u3 believe tbat we shaU
main.nia the state of peace which now exists: but no
one can tell whiit are the private desires of Bk.i?
and there lies the question? the nucleus of the diflio^T
r ' ji jC0 !'? to 1 l>r'vate correspondence received
n btUtonale, and repu^inhed by
ail tbe leading newspapers, the representatives of
the great powera of Europe, France, England, AnT
tra aud Prusaia, had made an arrangement to oro*
p<*e teims of peace to Russia. This settlement,
which was oflered for the sanction of Abdul Mediid
after th- Ramazan, was fully approvel by him It
is now ur certain whether Nicholas will do the ?%me
and will not And a pretext to trouble the peace of
Europe. It is said that M. Delacour, the new am
bassador of 1 ranee, baa done all in his power to
tcrce this settlement into execntion. Will he succeed T
Abdul Medjid, in order to meet witn all the ex
penses of war or peace, has sent to the mint of Con
stantinople all his silverware which he inherited
from his mother, aud which is said to amount to
eight millions one hundred thousand francs. In the
meantime he has sent to Paris a sum of money suf
ficient to pav for the muskets which had been sold
I to Mm by the French government Abdul Mediid
seems to be desirous to repulse the rumor spread foe
some time pas*;, that his treasury is totally empty.
M. de V isterliff, Ambassador of Russia in Paris
has manifested much anger at the late caricatured
JJ"''ll;'K'd ?Ka'UHt '?]? government in the Charivari ,
Hdlt/.r "f .the Jntorior hl? ordered the
editor of that journal not to continue any lonser
these jokes Against Nicholas. y 8
1 he Rnssian army, which has crossed the Pruth at
l '/ eommaiided by Ceneral Luders, and is
9^n Jmn? ? 120:?00 m^n- 11 is said that there are
2 10,000 men ou the other side of the Pruth read' to
march if necessary. J
'n there were 22,000 men embarked on tfce
{?i non "v r Constantinople, and another bod* of
l.f.000 wne ready to leave.
, Tl't ('" yernor ot Montenegro, Osman Bashaw, for
fear that the people ot that country would reVuue
the war during the trouble of the Turki-h difliculties
f m?^UhS'8, ? ? "rdcred all the Christian population
to march against Podgorri/.zs, but they have refused
and it is snnposed that the Montenegrins will a*ain
enter into the battle field if there is any attempt of a
war made in Turkey.
Bo,r?' Chancellor of the General
niT/i i of New York, has arrived in Paris,
where fce wu received with much coureesy byalltLe
toSSwr, fcSSSE rel8? Th!1*
PAI?I3> July 21, W1K5.
Tht Prrple Puzzled about the Season ? Afy t 1/mbrt
la Compt ay Started ? Stormy in the 'Province*?
The Crip* ? Rarct arul Restaurant $ ? Public Jm
prnremrnt.i ? Coinage ? A New P .fotive Agent?
Chloroform instead of C'aaZ? Madame Alboni
afniut to he Married ? A Dirt v ,\gui*hed American
<n Paris? General News, ft ?.Ci
The "oldest inhabitants'' of " France assert that they
have not pc en or heard that ' the temperature of thia
country hud experienced fir ,r mftuy yean the numer
ous variations which are ffjt this year. Are we in
the sniamer peapon ? J .ro we in the winter? Such
are the question* a.?K# a. For four days the weather
has become so chilfy that in many placoa fuel haa
been prepared a> j lighted up. On Saturday last,
particularly, ih-i temperature was only nine degreoa
above zero. T> ,e pnbHc promenades and the Klysian
Fields were 4* verted, and the singing women of the
cafca rhau'Wus were freezing in their white muslin
garmente. A cold shower of rain, and a still mora
cold wii?> blew from the north, and the Seine rjver
was aoori four metres abov-i its ordinary leyel. Owing
to th>s dreadful rain a company has just been
impacted from I -on don, which is called "A Company
of Umbrellas," and wiich has for its object to hira
umbrellas to tho-* who are taken by surprise by a
sudden shower. The person who takes an umbrella
gives one franc as deposit, and pays only two cents an
honr fbr the vse of the couvrt chef. The stock of
umbrellas ip? already ten thousand, and will aoon
be increar^d. This new association haa been much
favored tj the public.
Frr/ttl all part* of the provinces we receive the most
ter.ible accounts of the damage caused by atorma
r^ithin the last seven days. In the department of 8ur
I dc Calais, on the 15th Inst., a severe tornado frighten
1 cd the Inhabitants, and it acemcd to cvorybodf tfcafc

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