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NEW t^RK HERALD.
* Aires uoiaot ikiietv, PROPRU.TOB AND XTMTOK. r. W. 0ORKRK O? TOLTOM AMD MASSAC 3T8. TtfK f>ATl. V BKR.i LD !?.?<? *4T -py? 91 Mr ammwm THk WXXKLY HERAll mmrry Saturday at ?* c.oU ?r ?*pv ?r S3 /rr annum, tk itirv^m Edition *4 err in ?ok myfirt ?/ Or?a< M:-4 ani It *? mmyyart V bW fo mmtudi r? !? VtlM XV 111 Ko. 391 AMObERjSNTe THIi RVRNING. 1HTE0P0LITAN *RLL? Jvlurii's ConomaT MTIBT TUKATWT, Bowery- I*?o?r*ii?Goeo roB ?vi Nine -Foor iutu.it MTSLOS, Broadway? Mahawiello TVr Prophet. Ill ?tOM'S THEATRE. ('ham tors ?t*eea? Makkied Lira "Yovso ICUUI-C 1KIHTMA6 IN CONNECTICUT. NATIONAL THEATRE rh.thani rt??? Afteraeea Wrr i,_t Katv. Lveiiag? Unclr Ton's Cari*. Wji '.LACK'S TH RATHE. Broadway- Ga*b of Lrra ?u.iii'1 Maid. tMHIfAW MUSEI'M - AtterROeR? 5Ior Coar. Rfen kg Tom's CxmiK. HKOiSIFAr MRNAGEKl M. ? SJAacea Twrei lit Tiu BEAM*. _____ BOWRRT AMPaiTUEA" RE, 37 Bnwtry.? E<tvaararAj> faannnA'cu. CHRISTY'S aKEEICAN OT ? HA HOUSE, 472 B ?U wap.? Ethiopia* Melodies nv Christy's Kuitiiu. feOIKS MINSTRELS, Wood ? Hiasttel HiU. 444 Br?a4 var - Etuiukiah Miditiiut. ?CCRLRT'S ?PEW A HOCSE, 938 Bread-ray. -Brca ui ? Ethiopian Opera Tkoi pb. RANTARD'9 GEORAMA. 5Bfi BT?a<iway.? Pabobaisa ?v ? m Molt Land. RREN13H GALLERY, tkj Broadway ? C ay and ETeaiag. S1GNRR BLITZ.- Stcytbsant Institvtb, 659 Broadway ACADEMY BAT.L, <63 Broadway.- Perham's Gift Ex hibition ornt Pbtbn Mile Mirror. FRWRLL'o GREAT NATIONAL POINTING for thi ?OVER Hllb^T IN HOW OPEN AT THE NATIONAL AoADEMT WW It mm mm , 6?M 'JroacwaT. ?OPE CBAPKL, 718 Rp*^iwa?. --Jones' Partomopr TBE iTORLB IN RIM ATI; Hi-Broad way, ??-n?r *f Vatte itwl Hew York, Monday, Oe?ciuber 19, 1853, Blalls for Kmopp. THR NEW YORK WISELY HERALD. Hie royal mail nteamr hip > iagara. Captata Lsttch, will 1mt? Boeten on Wedte<day, &1 12 o'clock, for li tot pool. ^ubMrlpttou Rod a^Teitii<*mentH for any editiea of the Haw York Hejuiii it ill be ro;?ired At the folio wing plaoes ta Earipe ? Livtrhool ? John Hunter. No. 2 1'arauise street. Lommijc ? wards, ^aadfcrj ? Co.. C>robi 1. Wm. Thom? ? SCi. No. 19 Catherine street pA^bt ? I iT)n g ton. Wells \ Co , 8 Place de ia Bourne. B. U Kevoil, No 17 Rue de a Banqua. The European mails will close in this city at a quarter to three o'clock to morrow afterconn. the Whpuy Bdulo will be published At half past nine ?'?lock to-morrow morning. Single copies, ia wrapper*, riqtm. Hall* for the Pacific. THF. NEW YOKKjVTEF.KLY HERALD. The I'nited States trail ?t*am?hip Ceerge Law, Csptain MeOowaa, will leare this port to morrow afteraoca, at two o'clock, for Aspinwall. The nil il< for Caii'ornia and oUer parte of the Pacific will cloke at one o'clock. The Nkw Yokk Wkekiy Hr.?u>, California edition, con taining he latest intelligecoe fron all parts of the world, Wffl be pabllibed at ten o'clock to morrow morning. Oagle copies sixpence. Agents will pleaM send in their orders as early as possible Tte Xewa. Order reisned in the metropolis yesterday and the freedom of speech was quietly sustained by some twenty thousand persons assembled to listen to the Bennou oi the Rev. Mr. Parens, the street prefer. We furnish graphic repcrts of his serrnon and the roious open-air ttmperauce speeches made same neighborhood. We aie informed by our special correspondent at Washington, that in cu* Secretary Davis should U elected United States Sena or for Mississippi, it is understood that the President will p^ace Hon. Cbarb s J. McDonald at the head of the V- ^depart ment. This move is intended to withdraw from tb field tbe strong Southern rights rival of Clov. Cobb for tbe v.cant SenaV.rehip of Ucorgn, thus seiutin? to the administration tbe 3upport in the upper hon,e of Cougiess of the preat chiefs or Mississippi sece, aionian and Georgia Unionism- The opf-ratioa* of tnis tir.gu.'ar coalition scheme a ill be developed heri after. In the meantime, the -tr ct ndaerents tosouii 1 nati'ical doctrines, in both branches of Congress, aw taking such steps as wi'l be likely to reader futue any further attempts o' the Cabinet to frater nise with free soilers, secessionists, and disorgaa L-ers cf every grade, for the sake of retaining power, place and the fiogering of tLe ;mblic funds. Look out lor tbe debate whi li is expected to come off in the House of Representative* to day on the re'ola i on requiring tbe President to appoint and the Se nate to confirm the Assiaiant Secretary 01 the Trea sury. Tbe vote upon tli-s important, resolution wu be the first open demons^ ration of hostility agaiu-t the Cabinet by that body and the result is conse quently looktd for with much anxiety by all parties. Much anxiety having beer, expressed with rcgun to the various homestead proposition brought for ward since the opening of Congies-. we have deemed H proper to publiso in another column the bill re ported back from the Comuiitee on Agriculture in the iiouse of Representatives, and made the specia order of the day for tbe second Tuesday in February, j This measure, it will be seen , does not materially di.- | fer from the one defeated at the latt session. It pro- , pones to give every Lead of a family, wao is a native j or naturalized citizen, or haa taken the requisite , steps to Yjecome &uch, one-quarter of a scction ol va- | cant but surveyed and nnappr priated public land? the saaie to be in'a bited and cultivated for five year- ? and not to be liable to secure for any debt contracted prior to tbe issuing of the patent therefor. No per- j *>n will be permitted to nuke more than one entry, and the only money to bs paid *111 be for the mere expense of surveying the 'and and the induing of the certificae. One of our special coriC3pondenti has taken the trouble to reply to attackr, made upon him by one of the city dailies, but tbe game is hardly worth th? ammunition. Those who thought it worth tUe troable would have found a sufficient an-wer by referring to the desp?tr.bes forwarded ' y our correspondent a ^eeli before the President'* mu-sage was promulgated. With a President and Cabinet who change their mind and shift their ground almost every twenty Tour hours, all that can be done is to give their views for the time being, and our correspondent maintains that he bad the highest authority for all he stated. Nothing material has been contradicted by the fa. ts in the message, but In several instances it was ultimately decided to ?iy nothing, although the decision of the Cabinet was as stated under our telegraphic head. Several matters mentioned , such a, internal improvements, the Pacific Railroa l, <tc., I .. , * ^ the same snuit it was I 2? ^^^"Oa^orre^ndent did n? ? course, profess to state the language which would be used a. at the time be wrote, the message was not Written. Canadian reciprocity is only generally alluded to in the message, from the fact there stated that it is now under negotiation. It was tlie same with regard to the Tebaantepec question; and as to the Pacific Ra'lroM, though alluded to, it is to be aad, the subject of a special message as soon a, the tame vh are made. Quantum svff. Judge Mason, our new Minister te France, will Uave in the Atlantic n?t^d^ By telegraph from Ctoieston^A^ ^ ^ ? gTeat numbt r of maritime , d ' attention of those interested is j**- * of About tbe only inference to be Uj floial statement of the Mayor of Lrie, , P ?. ?e recent railroad d.ffic iltles at that place, is, ba ?be rioters were incited to act, of outrage ma.nly Mxrough fear of being deprived oi the petty trade in fee cake, pie, apple and small beer lme which a pe. tow, of tu. m had hitherto enjoyed. A n injunction has been granted by the United states Circuit Court E*. iu<! *e I ?? wil ordered to refrain from bereaiter injuring the * prcm the restoratkn o t those portions if the road that they have detiirf.jed. We shall now see what attention tin** lawless people will pay to the decree* of the national court. Dates frwm Buenos Ajre* to the 15th October, an noonec that Dr. Obligado had been inaugurated as l'rsudtiit. All was quiet in political circles, and bu siness was becoming very active. The details of the latent Mexican intelligence, pub lished to day . furnish some additional facts concern ing tbe movements of the fitlibuiteros against Lower California, and show that this affair was rather cal culated to tnliance than retard the advances of Santa Anna to imperialism. The Dictator, it was still be lieved, would take an early opportunity to dispose of a portion of hia terriMay to toe United States, in order to raise funda to owy on his newly arranged machinery of gwmwfc Soa e nine tkmMH ftre reported to liave withdraws their fttoft from the Baltimore Savings Bank> onSatnriay, owing to rumora that the institution was engaged in stock spe -illations. A confession bas been made by D. W. Van Aer nam, in the Canada Bauk Fraud case, wherein he gives a detailed account of the conspiracy practise! for tb s purpose of obtaining the mouey. This docu ment is given elsewhere. It is a curious financial developement, and will be read with Interest. The following are merely the headings of a portion of the important matter contained in this day's issue: Report of the City Temperance Alliance; Political and Uoa-ipping Letters from Georgia and Boston; Central Armrioan News; Communications relative to the Dartmoor Prisoners, tlie Troubles in Peru, and tbe Anti-Beaters; Appeal of tne Women's Rights Party : a var iety of European. California, Commer cial, ai d Miscellaneous Intelligence, Ac. Piokjitu of the Temptranec Movement Plan of tike Campaign. The extracts given elsewhere, from the New York Alliance ? a paper published by the New York Temperance Alliance -display pretty fully the movements of the temperance party, and their prospects for the winter campaign. This body bap now been in existence for upwards of I three years, and seems to have labored with great zeal in the cause to which it was devoted. It endeavored, with only partial success, to en list tbe State Legislature on its side during last session : a bill framed on the Maine law passed ' the Senate, but failed in obtaining the sanction of the House. Turning to our municipal bodies, it attempted to prevent the issue of licenses by the Boards of Excise, apparently on some tech nical grounds of law ; and having been met by a refusal on the part of the boards, made a for mal application to Judge Bosworth for an in junction to restrain their authority in the matter. Here, again, the Alliance failed : the Superior Court ruled that it had no jurisdiction ? and the temperance party began to see that, to effect anything, it would be compelled to go to the fountain head of power, and work at the polls. Accordingly, the Alliance took an ac tive part in canvassing on behalf of the amended city charter, for tbe triumph of which it claims some credit. It likewise exerted itself at the last city election, and asserts that a majority of both boards of the next Common Council are favorable to its views. All the influence it could command was brought to bear upon the State elections ; with what success, we may in fer from its confident assertion that " seven members of the Assembly, and two, perhaps three, if not all four Senators'' from the city, will vote for the Maine law. while two-thirds of both houses are believed to be favorable to its passage. Meanwhile, unwilling to confine its labors to this State, the Alliance took the city of "Washington under its care, and petitioned Congress to enact a prohibitory law fo?- the District of Columbia. Such is the record of the past : a record high ly creditable to the zeal, perseverance and en ergy of tbe temperance leaders. Whatever differences of opinion may exist on the abstract policy of such lnws a1? the one for which they ti c c <? ntending. there can bo no question of the disinterestedness of its advocated. Moreover. to any one who witnesses the awful progress of intemperance in our midat, and rocoguiacs the absolute necessity of checking the pestilence by son e remedy or other, the dangers directly arising from a preservation of our present laws cannot but seem more formidable than those which may be apprehciided from un arbitrary curtailment of our natural liberties in respect of eating and drinking. On the one side we bave a principle violated, involving but a t slight pf rsonal inconvenience ; on the other, we Lave thousands and thousands of our fellow countrjmen plunged daily into vice, homes desolated, wives brutalised. children reared in crime, and the jail calendar swelled to a de gree that no other city has ever witnessed. In presence of such a dilemma, we, for one ? and we believe we are speaking the hentimeuts of the bulk of the people of New York ? resolve to silence scruples, and to interpose no obstacle to a lair trial of the Maine Liquor law. How it will work in this State? whether it will really check crime, and promote domestic happiness remains to be seen: but if it only effects half what it promises by its adherents, the boon will be sig nal and will entitle (hem to lasting gratitude. The public, therefore, look with some interest to the opening of the campaign at Albany. As will lie seen from the list of sub-criptions given elsewhere, there is no lack of money among the temperance party. They have, according to their own statements, two-thirds ol the votes iu both houses ; and we may rest assured that perseverance and energy will not be wanting among their leaders. These are great advan tages. But it would be rash to conclude from them that the victory is already won. Sour eight or ten separate and distinct influences will reign at Albany, each commanding a cer tain proportion of votes, and operating quite independently of party. There are, for instance, to begin with, the railroad and the bank influ ences, both powerful, unscrupulous and uncom promising. The former will be on the ale-,t to oppose a railroad Pcciucnt bill-lhe latter to exten<| tjife privileges of free banks. The Canal influence will rally round a separate ban ner a large party. Then political differences will give birth to several rival parties. We shall have an abolition influence, a national dcmooratic influence, and an independent whig influence. The Seward free soil influence will command an integral power by itself, and so will the free soil influence, which acknowledges Marcy and Van Buren as its chiefs. To suc cced in its aim, the temperance party will re quire, if not to conciliate, at least to prevent, these various influences from opposing it di rectly. Should they remain neutral, we have every reason to believe that the temperance men will carry their law. Should they, on the contrary, through accident, mismanagement, or intrigue, be led into opposition, the fate of the Maine law will be doubtftil. Nor must the tcmperance party lose sight ?f the fact that the dealers in liquors are a party by no means to be despised. They are wealthy, active, and unscrupulous : they will leave no ?tone unturned to defeat a measure which would fc?Te the effect ol depriving them of ? Uring In their ( yes the temperance movement weans all (he appearance ol an unjust bigoted crusade aga'nst a lawful calling ; and a belief in the justice of their cau^e will endow them with fresh energy and vigor. All these considerations render it a matter of tome doubt whether the public anticipation in respect to the Maine iaw will be fulfilled or not. Despite the strong prospect in its favor, much will still depend on the skill with which it ia managed in the House and much on luck. An untoward accident, a combination among the various influences we have enumerated, for some purpose collaterally hostile to the projects of the temperance party, might defeat it notwith standing the two-thirds majority. For our part, as we said, we trust the petition which we give in another column, will be atteuded with sub stantial fruits. Any plausible cure lor bo great an evil as intemperance deserves a fair experi ment ; and on this ground we hope the Maine Liquor law will be carried during the next ses sion of the Legislature. Opinions ok the Press on the Fp.t Ver i)i( t.? 1 hree out ol the live Sunday papers pub lished here rejoice at the verdict against us in the F ry case, aud testify their satisfaction in abusing us with unusual violence. All three take high moral ground against the Herald and its editor. How the writers reconcile the morality they inculcate with the morality they practice we are somewhat at a loss to explain : on the face of it it appears inconsistent lor a newspaper to preach purity on one page and to publish an obscene tale on another. This, however, is their concern, so lar as we are con cerned. They are quite welcome to exhibit ( their disregard of decency in one column and their hatred of us in the next. It concerns us more to notice, in journals possessing a cer tain circulation aud influence, such a readiness to approve a glaring violation of the liberty of the press for the sake of gratifying the pri vate malice and prejudice of their editors. It may be very soothing to the latter to blacken our character to-day. and to see an attempt I made to deprive us of the right of lree speech; but to-morrow, perhaps, the case will be re versed and a fine of one-quarter the amount we are condemned to pay may crush them entirely and drive their owners into the streets. It is easy to couple our name with coarse epithets; but let any of our maligners rise to such a sta tion as ours, and they will soon find that calum ny is the invariable concomitant of success, and that as hard things will be said of them as have ever been uttered of us. They would then deem it extremely unjust if. in a case where they were sued for speaking the truth fearlessly, all the groundless slanders which jealousy, envy and private pique had invented ware brought to b?ar on the minds of I the jury, and served as the basis of their ver dict. And if in that day they were able, as we are. to treat the pecuniary loss with con tempt. and nerved themselves to continue the contest solely on the broad ground of princi ple, and in the interests of others weaker and poorer than themselves, they might find it very difficult to speak in measured terms of the folly and meanness of sheets which joyfully proffered a sacrifice of their own freedom in order to deprive them of theirs. A more philosophical and sensible view of the verdict is taken by the bulk of the country press. We select the following, as samples of the opinions of our cotemporaries. from two journals whose ability aud character are bevoad dispute: ? jl rum the ."yraauie Republican Do?. 15.] THK BKV> F.TT I.1S1L SUIT. The verdict of $10 000 damages rendered against Mr. IJcLnett, of the Nf.w York Hkbild, at the suit of Fry. the opera manager, for an alleged libellous entiefcm on the charo-^r of U,e performanaes and patro&s ct Mr. Fry'* establishment, we regard as the pre&t<*t u wtrs jrr <jd justice, common serine and thf lawful freedom of the prfs?, that the jndicul records of this country dnrif.ff the present century can ex hibit. We are sure that the public at large who have read the te-timony for the defence muht have formed a d flcrent estimate of the aflUir from that as sumed by the jurors. The case wdl probably be carried np, and substantial justice be rendered in ac cordance with the law and the facts? facts which tie jury disregarded. [F.om th? Je Ctty ??Lticol atu Admtlaer, Dec 17.] ONSLAUGHT 0?: THE HKKAI.n. The slanderous abuse of the New York EIeram> by the Tribune and Times will justly call forth the contempt and disgust of erery candid and dispa* siored observer. The fair, open and cnergetic course of the Hfkald, has l>eeu vl-ited with the most bitter vituperation by the contemptible jealousy of its dL-affected rivals. A precedent has been establi. bed by the nature of the late verdict which lead to overthrow the free dom of the press, and, at the same time, subject it to the palling claims of the bffeiifitd dignity of every critic ised pettifogger. No unbiassed mind can cen sure the propriety of the IIkkalt), and the justness of those remarks that were directed against the mismanagement of Mr. Fry. The T, tbuiic, without apparently noticing the inconsistency of Mr. Jordan, or expressing any astuiushuie: t at his fluctuating cpiniori, indulges in the most laudatory torim. ex alting the justice of the verdict, and predicting tbe mot consequential results trcra its enforcement: " That justice, when pnirved priperly, cm be ob tained, even against a libeller.'' The effect of thi aiticle of the Time- is identical with tnat of t le Tribuntj both, dreading the increasing prerogative of their antagonist, and aware of the comparatively depreciating influence and interest of their own columns, have planned this onslaught on the still tri umphant rreny. The avaihbil ty of this issue, if not din counten anced bv public opinion, will ever be a shallow point in the enanuel of our State jnriepiudence. It will ever be a safeguard for the perpetration of injustice, and a trial 'or the most trivial grounds ot ollence. A bo ve a 1 this calmnny, the object of its pusillani mous invectivcs shows its perfect indifference ani contempt by tne cool, dignified and logical manner with which u receives it, and tb( adaptnesa and pro priety of the language promulgated in its defence. Undaunted still, it avows a full intention of pursu ing ths same principles on which it boa thus fnrbeen elevated to honor and distinction, aud in the adop tion of snch a wise prospectus will undoubtedly tri umph overall belligerents, leaving them to the dauiiy repast of a remorseful conscience. Mb, Fopney akd the Stationery of tuf. IIocse ok Representatives.?1 Wc Bee it re ported by telegraph, that a Wall st-ont broker has lteen accepted by the Clerk of the House of Representatives as one of the bucccss ful contractors for furnishing the necessary sup plies of stationery to the Hot:-e. How this Wall street gentleman happened to know more of the required qualities and prices of letter puper, foolscap, envelopes, penknives, goo-e quills, &c.. than those engaged in the business, it is their business, and not ours, to discuss. But the job .seems, upon its face, to be of a piece with the spoils monopoly system of the Cabinet; and in this business Mr. Forney, upon a reasonable construction, is only following the example of Guthrie & Co. The spoils' the spoils! The Flltii ok tub Streets ? The streets never were in so filthy and disgraceful a con dition since New York was a city as they arc at this moment. In passing through Grand street a few days ago we observed a plucaru erected on a pole over ft pile of filth, and in scribed with the following words: ? '? Here lie the remains of the Street Inspector." These mementos might be placed with equal justice in almost every street in the city. T?r* Bochocacit Ijntvrw ? 1 Thy* ?nterU.iamcnt? art advert iacd for Mtr; ?T*nlcg. "Wtniao : h?r right* aa<l h?r | wrong#," will t? ei*h?4 up to night, and, we Unio [ doibt, with a ?pi?7 drtaaiag. Important Trial In Um Coart of BMtltiil The Irtek Race In America. The trial of the "Fourth of July rioters" is to be continued thin day in the Court of Sessions This will be the fourth day, two diys having been consumed in getting a jury. The trial will probably occupy three weeks, there being oue hundred witnesses for the prosecution alone, and probably twice as many for the de fence. The facts of the case are brought strongly to our recollection by seeing among the telegraphic intelligence in yesterday's Herald the following fearful account of an Irish riot on the Illinois Central Railroad : ? Chicago, Dec. IS, 1853. A bloody riot took place among the laborers on the Illinois Central Ruilroad, at Lifc-alle, yesterday, growing out of a reduction of their wages. Ab:iut two o'c.ock an altercation arose between Albert Story, a contractor, and a party of Irishmen, during whicb one of the latter was shot dead. Shortly afterwards Story's office wa* attacked and pillaged, and Story, who had concealed himself in a barn, wat> found and brutally murdered, his bead and bo ly beinit horribly mangled. Mrs. Story was also fired at, bat escaped. It is reported that Mr. Dunn, Sto ry > foreman on the t.tber Bide of the river, boa shot ume laboiers. The Sheriff of Lasalle county wu speedily on the spot, and, after some resistance, during which one Irishman was shot dead and two wont. tied, thirty of the rioters were Ukeu. Trie ringleader of the rioters bas f scaped, bat measures bave been taken for his apprehension. The faets of the Fourth of July riot in this city are not of so appalling a nature, but there might have been the same story to tell if the disturbance had not been promptly suppressed, or if firearms and other deadly weapons had been at hand. It uppears that among other civic societies the Ancient Order of Hibernians marched in procession in honor of the anniversary of the Declaration of Inde pendence. and some of their number came into collision with an omnibus driver, which led to a general riot, so that ultimately \ the police, the firemen, and other citizcn9, be came actors in the drama. We shall not antici pate the testimony of the witnesses or the ver dict of the jury by any one-sided detailed state ment of the case; but we have just indicated sufficient to show that it was an Irish riot. It is a fact equally melanoholy and indisputa ble, that the Irith in this country, particularly of the working class, are always getting into rows and riots. What is the cause ? Why is it that so many of a particular race are found taking part in these scenes of violence and bloodshed ? The Irish are the most generous, liberal-hearted, industrious and energetic race of modern Europe. They are the most quick witted, and they are the most enlightened, wherever they have the same opportunities as other nationalities. They are naturally a noble people, endowed with the finest qualities of the human race. What, then, is the cause of their coming into constant collision with the laws, both in their own country and in this? We sus pect that it springs from the deleterious iaflu- I ence of the Catholic clergy and hierarchy. This, we apprehend, is the fountain head to which the evil mutt be traced. The Irish Catholics arc taught to believe that their allegiance is due rather to their ecclesiastical rulers than to the laws of the country in which they live. Their bishopB and priestB inculcate a blind obedience to their will, instead of a hearty and cheerful submission to the authority of the civil code. They are exhorted to reverence and obejfc a Church whose seat of power is in a foreign land, rather than the institutions of the coun try of their adoption. For prcof of this we need not go further than the recent rescript of the Catholic Arch bishop of this diocese. in which he calls on his flock to arm against apprehended attacks. In iact. all the riots and all the difficulties growing out of nativism in this country, have their source in that grand mistake of the Catholic hierarchy in telling the members of their reli gious denomination that obedience is due to their fpiritual superiors rather than to the law of the land. Instead of belonging to the coun try and the age in which they live, they are in duced to believe that they beloDg entirely to the Church, and to a different age. Let any one read the Freeman's Journal , Brownson's Re view, or nny of the sacerdotal organ* in the United States-', and lie will find that they breathe the spirit of the Catholic Church of the sixteenth century rather than that ot the nineteenth. Three centuries ago it was a persecuting Church, aiming at universal dominion over the political world. Then it had power to enforce ite authority and extend its rule. A change has since come over the spirit of that dream, and now the Catholic Church in this country is only on tho name footing with any other Church. The attempted encroachments aud usurpations beyond the prescribed limits of the constitution have naturally produced op position; and the result is that we have before us two factions? one the intolerant Catholics of the sixteenth century and the other the fierce Puritans of the same age, instead ot the humane Christians of the nineteenth century, who seem to have returned to the mild and forbearing spirit of primitive Christianity in the first century, when the Church was not en dowed by the State, and when there was no assumption of ecclesiastical dictatorship para mount to ' the powers that be." The innova tion attempted upon the broad principles of civil and i\ligious liberty established by the constitution is of rccent date. When Bishop Dubois had charge of the diocess there was no disturbance between the Catholic population and other citizens. The evil commenced under the auspices of Bishop Hughes, and it has con tinucd under his influence to the present hour It is an effort to naturalize the imported i notions of Italy, and by means of these I exotics to supplant that freedom which is the growth of American soil, and is found nowhere else on the face of the globe. Indeed the pretensions now set up by Catholic prelates in this country belong more to the Italy of other days thau to the Italy of the present time. This anomaly ? this imperium in itnperio ? rearing its head among our free institutions, is the cause of the riots of the Irish population, who, in their native land, are taught to hate the law, because there the law is their enemy, and to obey the Cctholic clergy, whom they regard almost aB their only friends. Here the law would be their friend; but they do not know it. Their old prejudices do not changc with the climate; and the first idea that an Irishman of this claw has of the United States being a free country is that he may get drunk and do what he pleases with impunity. To him the civil law in synony mous with tyranny, aud fricdom from its re straint is the only liberty he can comprehend, whilst the only duty he recognizes is implicit obedience to the Church. On the whole, we trust that the men now hi trial in this city, charged with the riot on the Fourth of July, will have a fair investigation ot their case ? that if they are innocent of 'He charge they may be honorably acquitted, Lat if guilty that both judge and jury may firmly do their duty in upholding law and order in this land of the free. Tin Mitch el Banquet To-day. ? This evening the banquet to which John Mitchel has been invited by the citizens of New York, of all classes and creeds, will be given in the Broadway theatre, which is floored over the parquette, in continuation with the stag(\ and is handsomely decorated. A beautiful tent or canopy covers the stage, which has a very pretty effect. i he admission of ladies to the boxes is a novel, and. we think, a happy feature in the festivity. It in common in England and other nations of the Old Country, and not only ia there nothing objectionable in it, as appears to us, but, on the contrary, it is calculated to produce a salutary iuiiuence ou the whole scene. Were ladies ad mitted more freely to these gatherings, their presence would have a powerful effect in keep ing rudeness in check, and preventing impropri eties, which too often characterise assemblages consisting exclusively of the rougher sex. It is just as proper for ladies to appear at a banquet of this kind, and eDjoy "the feast of reason and the flow of soul," as it is for them to attend at a play, an opera, or a ball. Their preeen?e this evening in the boxes will give Mat to the occasion, while their beauty will lend enchantment to the scene. Very few tickets are now on hand, and such ladies as desire o be present ought not to lose a moment in ge< ing their husbands or brothers or swccthi i ts to procure for them the right of adiuiseic \ The heroic wile of John Mitchel and the rest his family will occupy two private boxes. The speeches will be of the most brilliant des cription. Mr. Mitchel will make a powerful speech, and Thomas Francis Meagher the best, perhaps, he ever delivered in this country. We understand he intends, chiefly, to speak upon republicanism in Europe. Mr. Richard 0 'Gorman, who has just returned from Europe with his bride, will be present, and no doubt make an eloquent speech. These, with other speeches expected, will present a galaxy of talent rarely met with on any single occasion. Everything indicates that the affair will be magnificent, and worthy of the first apostle and first martyr of republicanism in Ireland in 1848. \\ e have seen a letter from Archbishop Hughes apologising for his inability to attend. In this' letter the Archbishop gives Mr. Mitchel a hearty welcome, and bears testimony to the manly integrity of his character, and the disin terestedness of his patriotism in his native land. We intend to publish a full report of the pro ceedings. Report of tde Secretary op War.? The annual report from the War Department is quite a learned and scientific document. It exhibits very minutely all the requisite details for a clear understanding of the condition of our regular army, our military stations, &c., and is particularly lucid in a general geographical description of that vast Asiatic region of the United States ex tending from the eastern flank of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Indeed, taken in connection with the several surveying parties in the field, in search of the most practicable railroad route to the Pacific, this general description of that extended sys tem of mountains, plains, volcanic defiles and sandy deserts which must be traversed by any route whatsoever, is indispensable to a clear underttanding of the subject to the general reader. Among his recommendations, the Secretary urges the introduction of camels and dromeda ries for the army movements and army trans portation over this aforesaid Asiatic division of our comment: and as the expense of the intro duce u of a gang of camels and dromedaries from the cn*+rrn end of the Medit erranean will !e trifling, compared with the objects in view, it is to be hoperi that the experiment will be practically tried without delay. Very likely these animals may prove to be the most invalu ble auxiliaries in the settlement and devclope mcnt of the agricultural and mineral resources of Nebraska, Western Texas, New Mexico, Utah. Southern California, and all the States of Mexico, to say nothing of the probable usefulness of the dromedary in running down all the hostile Indians of the deserts and mountains. Therefore, the experiment should be tried upon a liberal scale. In other re spects. the report, in all its practical bear ings. is worthy the attention of Congress. One would hardly suppose, in reading this do cument. that its author is a fire-eating seces sionist, and the apologist of Guthrie in his free soil coalition spoils policy. But as we cannot <r cover that these camels and dromedaries have anything to do with the great national issues between the Cabinet and couutry. let them be brought in. The Aztec Children. ? From our Central American correspondence, published iu yester day's Herald, we find that a San Salvador pa per has denounced the imposition practised first on the American people, and then upon Euro pean nations, by the exhibition of " the Aztec children" os specimens of a race of priests said to be discovered iu Central America. We woll recollect the history of these humbugs in the United States. At first they were represented merely as Central American dwarfs; bnt that did not take, and an ingenious philosopher in this city was employed to write an account of their birth, parentage, and race, tracing them to a tribe of priests whose stature was dimin ished to that of dwarfs by the breed being kept for thousands of years from any ' cross'' or admixture with other families. And it was confidently stated that a whole tribe ot such Lilijutians existed in Guatemala. This me moir was first published in the columns of the most pious of our cotemporaries in this city; and the rest of them, knowing the whole thing to be a pnrc fiction, lent it currency, and as sisted nctivcly in palming ofl' the imposture upon a credulous public. The Hkkald was the only exception. It exposed the humbug and told the truth, defying the power of wealth and the intrigues ot bribery. Now, the San Salvador editor bears us out, and calls the entire story a thecr and shallow fabrication; and further in forms us that the prolific mother of these mon strous and disgusting idiotic objects is at San Miguel, and that she has plenty left of the same sort. We learn by the last accounts from England, that their exhibitor is imposing them on John Bull as real and veritable specimens of an Aztec race of priesthood. We do not wonder so much at the English editors deceiving the community and being deceived themselves. But here the facts were all known, and the humbug was ex ploded ; yet the pious, moral and Christian press of this city, continued to pass it ofl' a* genuine current coin. We nailed the rap to the counter ; and now the Central American editor puts another nail in this b*w counterfeit. The Street Preach inq Affair ? Fuse Speech Vindicated ? Law and Order Pre served. ? The public meeting appointed yes terday for the benefit olihe Rev. Mr. Parsons, the street-preacher, (at the very shipyard where he was arrested the Sunday before, by order of the Mayor, for fear of exciting a col lision with the Catholics.) came off according to appointment, and without a disturbance or interruption ol' any kind. Our reporters have given a full account of the proceedings on thia very interesting occasion, which wi.l be found elsewhere in our columns this morning. The excitement concerning the arrest of thia volunteer apostle u gainst the Roman Catholic hierarchy was instantly diffused throughout the city after the indignation mass meeting in the Park on Wednesday night last. That large assemblage, so suddenly called together, ap peared to indicate a widespread secret poli tico-religious organization, waiting only for some ttlng like a provocation for and aotive measures. Our late city elections, the preaotiag of Gavazzl, the visit of the Pope's nuncio, Badini, Ac., were all certainly turned to account by certain parties, systemati cally and deliberately, as was abundantly manifest In the speeches at the Park meeting. On the other hand, the violent course of the Freeman's Journal? unjustly, no doubt, attributed to the direction of Archbishop Hughes? had wrought up the Catholics to a cor responding pitch of excitement : and such was the state of things when the .Mayor's proclama tion, the pastoral card of the Archbishop, and the letter of Patrick Lynch, were issued to the public on Friday and Saturday. But this pro clamation and these letters only appeared to ex tend the general apprjiensions of a serious riot from the gathering e.^ected at the shipyard on Sunday. The quiet and orderly manner, there fore, in which that assemblage met and heard, the orator of the day, and others, and then dis persed. was or should be considered a highly gratifying and satisfactory conclusion to all parties concerned? to one party that the free dom of speech was vindicated so smoothly, to another party that they had prudently ab stained from all interference on the occasion, and to our citizens at large, of all parties, that the peace of the city, the supremacy of the laws, and the quiet of the Sabbath, were not disturbed by violence and confusion. The liberty of speech has been construed by the people on the very spot where the right waB infringed, and in behalf of the identical in dividual arrested; and this interpretation of the law, it is to be hoped, will hereafter be con ceded by the Mayor, by Catholics and Protes tants, and all others interested, as the only judgment from which there is no appeal. Banishment of General Wool. ? From a te legraphic despatch published in yesterday's He rald, we learn that the administration have decided on banishing General Wool to Califor nia. No doubt General Wool will obey the orders he has received. This patriotic officer understands the importance of discipline in the army, and he is too loyal to it, and to all the institutions of the country, to show m example of insubordination by refusing to i : mply with the commands of those whom th constitution and the laws have placed in athority over him. He will, therefore, car y into execu tion the orders of his military superiors, first by going to California, at the time and in the manner prescribed, and second ly by fulfilling, when he arrives there, his instruc tions, both in the letter and the spirit thereof. But we rather suspect the motives of the ad ministration in this matter, aud that they yc influenced by the Fame feeling that prompted the Polk administration to get rid of Scott in the Mexican war. They sent him to Mexieo in or der to have him out of the way, while they took care that he should reap as few laurels as possible from the victories. They pitted him agaipst General Taylor, and kept up " a fire in the rear" to damage his reputation, because the y understood he was a candidate for the Presidency. The discontent and divisions among the democracy in this State, in conse qucnce of the operations of the Spoils Cabinet, have set them casting about for some popular candidate for the next Presidency ; and lest they might stumble on General Wo?l, Marcy thinks it advisable to send him out of the wuy. However, we advige General Wool to obey or ders and go to California. He has plenty of friends in the Atlantic States who will not forget him in his absence, er permit thia ruse of the administration to have the intended effect. New Movements of the Administration.? One of the first things.expected from the Senate, now, is some action upon the unconfirmed ap pointments of the President and his Cabinet, especially the appointment of Mr. Redfield. That case comprehends pretty much the merits of tlie whole controversy in a nut-shell. But it appears, from our telegraphic advices from "Washington, that the appointment lias not yet been laid before the Senate, and will probably be held back, in view of a new movement or two on the political chess board. It in supposed that Mr. Davis will soon be transferred from the War Department to tho Senate, and that Mr. Charles J. M'Donald. of .Georgia, (late Pre sident of the Nashville Disunion Convention,) will take the place of Davis in the Cabinet. This move would make the way clear for Mr. Cobb to tbc Senate, and it is thought that it may bring up all the Southern Union democrats to the aid of the Cabinet in both houses of Con gress. Well, we shall see. But why this delay with Mr. Rcdficld? Arc the Cabinet afraid, with sixteen democratic majority in the Senate? Tho election of Tucker did not, perhaps, moan any thing. Try Redflcld. The Navy Looking Up.? We are gratified to learn that the Committee on Naval Affairs, of the House, agreeably to the recommenda tions ofMr. Secretary Dobbin, have resolved to bring in a bill making an appropriation ol three millions of dollars for the construction of six steam propellers, of the first class, for the United States Navy. This is a good beginning in tltc practical work of reform ; but the next thing is the reorganization of the personnel of the navy. Tut some vitality into the service? put the old fogies on the retired list. Give Young America a clmnco in these propellers. Let not these things be forgotten by the Naval Commit tee. Superannuated old heroes in new ships are us much out of place as new wine in old bottles. Fiv* Days Latrk from I'aka? I.osh ok the i?t?akkw Rio 15/ th# arrival of the brig < 'hat*worth from I'arm, Not. 10, we ore informed b j Capt Brown that the Rt*aia? er Kio Nefto belonging to the Amazon Company, rwr.ent 1 y struck on a reef In the .Atnaion river, noar the tnna'J} of the Mftdlrs,' and will pre bably be a total low. lbe Marajo, aloo belorgtng to the tame cuupny. Lad juet'returned from Nanta, in 1'eru. The two en. all eteair.tr* for navigating the Perarta* river* ware neatly ready, and would leave 1'ara to**r4f (be end tl .'JtTttrb*) for tlwir deftinat.oa.