Newspaper Page Text
NEW YORK HERALD.
ItKII BOBPor llSllff ruDPRifTr * AND mrroB r ftRMB ma* ti t. J AlL V aSK Al U . y-ut* f *V?? ? *?* XUE +MALV H?R*'.D Hatwris , .M I? e*f>U f or P?r i% Mm, lAt timrapr-m Kdtt im M 9*T *m mmm to *>1 , jrl ?/ ?> *? <?"? ?**< ?? "? feaft- M* to moimd* ?? tl'W . iU LiT'it.K H n iuu /or Ku*icn Mm. ?? isc A4f.;> l? *? jK^r JUM ?r tJu ttafO vill t* io from Hta ??ufv rmitltd . ._ a rOLlTNTi* V CCMtJtRBPOMJIM * **2, lMlM? *??? 1.1, wrtir ?/ rt? world} V tm *korali*pmid to r M- Ou? (oi?w? Oo?? k? >?tlOVU>LI ? *yn*?T*D TO ??AI iU. ? Dl. , -.j if. I WO KOTtCK nJU? oftmm ?????? ???<???" ' * rrtar'i ?*??? rtjttttJ. JOh PUSTtNO -jotutfii >HU ?*?!??? t rrl?r?* ?Ao-i rrjtrtcJ, ION PRIST rvfj k-HA Miiom iAji ?m, W rnrnimmifk AD I' Ml Tisy.m s rs rtm ltd ever, las. Voi?u?? *1* ~ Re. 31 ABPBtMeNT* THIB IVMMO. BOirxr.T THIaTHE. *uwrty? Dhcle Ton's Oasis. lllOlDfflT TKtATKi, B'Mft4wky-UorE or rtuc FA r.iy ( ATARACT 0? TMli UlKtU. ICnTOf '!' niATKI >i??w ?????? -Ora But fro n>r> Kikst Mght bERioin Faith. t national tbiaTU, Ohukw itml- Atwmooa an ? 1>CLB lOM * V ADIIf . WALI ACK'STUAAI KE I.OVH Chase -Lp' e AKDAl'ADIiH. AMBK1C A* WPSRT7* -After*# h-Tom Tmi'M- A* o* Bitua. iTnkMl -Tun Tumi Hot lcmn. BUOaDWAT BINAaiUt-tiiEEM Twwcaio ITiu MM CHB IFTT'P AVSRI' AN OP?RA HOIHI, 471 BttM *??/ iTKior.u aiuima ?r ubuvt i Kianii'i. WCflD'K ? I NFTKRi A, Wo?4'l MhilUtl 'JUJ1. Br*M "?*j livKmi kmniiLtr. KUOKLRY'S UPftRA BOD1I, US UtOA* ?*f? Bi oo V*Y ? iTKllPlAN <>VK!tA 1'HOlirS. BAN YAkD'B UKOKaMA. 5i? IlffVAdwi f- Pakibama er ?mt: Uotv Land. RBB.NI3H OALL.'-Hj ? 'I?oA<i ?r*r-lHj tnd ?*?a!u?. PIONOR BLITZ? rrvmnnT lurrirrrs. ?W P-.' a] w?y A 'ARBVY Ham. fc',1 ? I'crm/lh'a Qirr ft* mmOM ur THI ITU 1VE UlBBOB HOPS CDATEb, 7lg d. idw. j Jokza* PAnruiw -k. BR* AM Oi.MIRV Oft CHRIBTTAN ART -841 ? - w?> Ktw Voik, U cdutmlay, Febra?rjr 1, 1S.H TIic KfWi. The Asia, from Liverpool, arrived at this port yes terduy morr.ii g, brloglrg our London file* to 'he 13th irst , Liverpool papers of tlie Hth, with latest advices from the continent of Europe. The news m of an excitinp a> d i>i _* h)_y important character. On the :id of January, the Arglo-French fleets entered the TtJuck S> n, tli iis ?'.on^nmmatiog that great politi ra! i?i d naval m. vement n ion which the question of peace or general war in Europe may be said to be depending, Immediately on the fact being nude known to liiru, t1 e Cz.r gave crdevs for all the Rus sian Ce< t ic the Black Sea to return to Sebnstopoi, arid it remained to be seen whether the ships woald be shut up in hat harbor or come forth to aontend with England and France. Despatches from Btl grace of the 10th, and Vienna of the 12th of Janu ary, announce thit tlie Taiks had gained a spl-'iidid TH't4>ry over the Russians, near Kalefiit, on the (iti o' that aont'i. The Turks had taken the town by Worm, and defeated a reinforcement of eighteen thousand Russiaus who attempted to retake it. It is raid that the Ru-s nns lost three thousand men upon the occasl n. The Sulian's army had also gained advantages >n Aria. It is reported in the Pari' pspers 'hut lb"1 Divan had accepted the peice pro os lions ff the Four Powers. Several cabinet councls bud been beld in Loudon, and the arming of the Fien:h nation was still going on. There i~ no lccal news of Interest fron either L n do*, or Paris. A serious food riot hail occurred .t Exeter, in E- g! md, a d i tecon 1 tria.1 of the O pert Comique conspirators w?.s commcnced it Paris, f We have received the Singapore Bi- Monthly C.r rulor dated November the HO'.h. The imports o* Australian gold per the Shanghai, were placed at $2'.i for dust, and f .".0 50 p?r buncal tor bar. Calm-, tan was worth ri^, and Pabang $27 s $27 60 per bu:i al. Imports from the Archipelago of 140 Uun cals; the exports 1,148 buncals. The Nebraska K ? >as territorial question gave rise to the mo>t extraordinary excitement in both branchrs of Congress jrstcrd-iy. Mr Cia-e hftvi >g the floor in the I t ua'e, desired to postpone the con siderati n of tbe ?? bjee'. till he could prepare him self to controvert the iac's advanced by JuJge Daug lis on the previous day. and alivumtll a c*.ce ;'i wl Ich te was tmpojed es counsel hid been dis posed of in the l"n''ed S ?*es Court. Itt' iN ap peared that this /entleinan was desirous .f o r. pletely clogs'ng the w heel* ? f legislation on an in. pcrtmit n easur?',in order that he might attend to his ciwn private bus:r'.-s tlier by not only neglect ieg the public 'msirr-;- h'snse!f bn*. causing hiscoTV peers to do the mm' - and for <vbit ? ? why, to li able bim to j>< eket a fee as ? lawyer in court. A'ter a very sp.iitcd debVe, which created remarkable rensat.on, it ?a> d' tided, by jeas twen'y nino ti r>ays twenty one, to accommodate t'.ie geutle uian ky postponing the subject till tomorrow But, lo and behold! i'. was found thit Messrs. Chase and Sumner, who had been so anxiois for delt-y, ai d a' whose i 'st^nce the matter had been a'reacy d< (u ! fr ti the middle of la t week till Moidaj, bi ii voted in the negative. Thereupon Mr. Douglas rhai ted his vote to the negative, as did also s ?n e nii ct, n , rhers, thus causing the total to stai d ooly niue >? as to forty -one nays. However, In onier to accotomodve '.he oppTent* of the bill as nu eh i> p< SMiile, it w.-s eventually decided to po-t poi.e the subject till Friday, which, unfortunately, is plivVe bill d?y. A bill f r tbe org- niz ition of the territories ol N'c bra?fca and Kan a.?-? being a ropy of the niea-nre I pending in the Sente? was reported by a mij ?rity of the Committee on Trrritories to the llo-jse uol r.f'.er a mojt excitinc dismssion, was referred to the Comnittt<e of tbe Whole. Dnring the debite the utmost citfu>iin prevailed; members were on their feet snd all speaking at once It dtflVreut. par'- of ii- llo's-e ; Mie gallcies w. re crotrd ed with (fl^r !-p<>: a'ors ; all co-ts of pr?po s tio s >nd ar'etidmenta were made ; and so di ' flcult wns it to mainti'n or rector* dec'irum. that tl.e Sj nker wns at times obliged to declare a siu j.., df l? ^ .lat.on. One geitleman avowel h'n int? ' tl .n of mevieg to ?nbetitute the Nebraska bill ift'e la ian for this measure; and another Mr. Dear f this State ? gave notice of au au?nd i: ta' f" n.':dif; ii t the r.ew bill that nothing In it s'-rI' be cet ~tr> i il establishing orlega'lz n-' slave ry i r in*' 'uijtury s- rvitu'e in the terriU.ries nanied. Mr Ergiish -oie a minority report, w^ich was or dercd t" be f ritted. The only material ditT-rvncc betxen tbis ai d she majority report is with regard to the bound iric of t ?* territories. Mr. E. thiub-i that the territory of Uia \ should not bi cnt into? tbe Mormons being such a rri?erible class of people that it wou'd be an outrage npon moral ty ti fasten etiy portion >f them, through their land, on tie Inhabitants of either Kansas or Nebraska Twor.'hrr nuoiVrsof tbe special committee? Messrs. Farley a?<d Tay'or, (wht?'s) ? dl'sented from both report**, but made none of the r own. Read the deba'es flf both house- th. y are decidedly the richest that have taken place this session. A virety f *W ellaneous bisitie?s was dispo of In both hrai ebe? o' Congte?s,but ire have no room to r?'fer to m?.ie tl>an t vo cr three of the leading ' a trues. Set ator C ayton d? lre* infrrmatlon from the President re ptiting the Sandwich Islands The R?na'e p>s*ed a bill pranting alternate ae'ionso' land, flfteen miles srltie, forrai'r ad puriio.-es in Wi cor fin. The Hot!?e posted a bill granting to Illinois that port f ?v? of tl Cu'.nU rlandroad lying withio th ? 8?ate. Tbe Po t Ofllee Committee reported a Ml for the punishment of persons found guilty of ub s'ructing tbe regular transmission of the malls. As U>>s was especially intended to reach the case of the rxtlroad rioters at Erie, it ot course created some ex citement among the Pennsylvania members; sever theless, It vu referred to the CoirjmPtee of the Whole, by one hundred and eight yew to seventy nays. Several amendment* were made to the Defl eitncy Appropriation bill, but 4>e body adjourned wflfcout disposing of the subject^ 9m business of general inte /est was transacted in onr 8'ale legislature ye? ter^ay, both hous a having mainly confined tbeir utttu tian to disposing o: local bills. Heoator Dkkinsor,, however, laid upon the table a series of resolutions upon the Nebraska ques tion in Congrew. As they are supposed to be a eonceutmtioa of the sentiments of the free soil wbigs of this Statf, on that important subject our special correspondent hat copied them in full. By our des patch it will t* seen that the advocates of the pro hibitory liquor bill are decidedly in tbe majority in bot'a fctituwm. Then why not push the question to a vi?te r.nd pass it, without waiting mere time in none e*srary debate ? The uomrultUu appointed by the State I .egislatcre I tc damne into and report upon tbe condition of the harbor of New York, met last evening aid proceeded with tbeir investigation. Some forty or flty gentle men were in attend ince, and the questiw. was fully ; discussed. See our report. The rioters at Erie again came out <n full force y*sterJay, and prevented the oflbera from connect ing the track 6C as to permit trims to pass without mteriuption. A portion of the track was again da stroyed, H"iue of tbe railroad employes were iieaten, and at the date of our last despatch fears were en tertained tbat the bridges would once more be de nio!ith? d. Now let us see whether the general government intends to reiif>ree and uphold the Marshal in the performance of his du'y. From New Oilcans we have the hcrriblo announce ment that si ity persons were burned to death, by conflagration of the steamer Georgia, on Saturday night. The vessel had on board aboht two hundred pustnffrs. mostly emigrants and slaves, oa their way to Texaw. The loss of property by the calamity is it tin uted at eighty thousand doll ire. The legislative act consolidating the city of Pnila ddphia, only requires the Governor's signature tj become a "aw. We elsewhere publish a le'ler containing a large amouit o' very interesting and important Informa tion from the city of Mexico. Later advices, tn the pith ult. , have bfen received at Ne>v Orleans, from which we Itarn tbat Gen. Blanco had been made Mbiisttr of War. Hostilities hid beea recomtm need by the Yucatan Indians, and additional troops had been desp.t hid to that Stite in eo.isequence. Over thirty tons of silver coin was weighed in the I'niUd States Mint last Monday, and is now ready for distribution. From ii formation received by t!;c United States authorities, the Marshal was on the walih for the arrival of the steamship Ash and a :cordingly yester day morning as soon as she reached her dock at Jcrrey City, lector John Do.vlicgand John Johan niton were caUen into custody on a charge of s nug gling goods from England. The parties were brough'. to the Dittri' t Attorney's office in this cityt where tbey were held to bail in the Bum of $.">,000 each. The trial of James Marin, charged with having beaten his wife to death last September, commenced in the Hudson County Court, New Jersey, yesterday. The prisoner's son wm or.e of tbe chief witnesses against him. During the progress of the tria. thu> far. tlic accused is said to ha v? manifested no concern whatever. The case will probably occupy the .itten tlon of tbe Court '"or two or three days. \ large aidience assembled in the Chapel cf tbe University last evening, attracted by the announce ment that the l?cv. Horatio Southgate, late Mission ary Bishop to Coastaiitiaople, would lecture on " The Religious Aspect of the Rosso- Turkish (Ques tion." It was announced. howe rer, that tbe reverend gentleman was aneble to be present, 011 account of a sudden douestic aflliction, upon which the Rev. Mr. Hudson kindly volunteered to read one of his pub li.-hed Sbalspecrean criticisms. Tie foreign news by tbe Afia had fthe effect of sligh'ly depressing breadstuff* in our market yester day. Common brands State t) good straight, clced }t *7 0 $0. C m closed at 3c. a .>s. lover; wheat was quiet, and in the absence 1 f heavy stocks ano of sales, nominal. The N?-t? nkliM <liieitl.?>_ rite Tubernnclr Meeting? New Ai.tl-SlHWrry Coalition. The late meeting ut tbe Tabernocle, on the Nebraska question, has disclosed the real par tics who got up that affair. and the real charac ter of the new anti-slavery coalition which may lie expected Iroui this re-opening of the sla\ ry agitation. Notwithstanding some of the lead ers ol the Castle Garden Union movement 01 lt.">() were nio.-t conspicuous in the proceedings at the Tula ruaele. the list of letier-writere on the occasion, the general materials of the" as semblage, and the parties most active l>ehi -d tbe scenes. have stamped it as an abolit; in gathering of a very novel and interesting kind, i he union of such men a* Senator Sunnier, of Massachusetts ; Senators Chase and Wade, of Ohio; iind Senators Reward and Fish, ol New } ork, with Joshua II. Giddiugs and Gerrit Smith, ind cates a conjunction of the whig and ilenueiatic free soilers of the North with the abolitionists proper lor a combined movement "gainst the repeal of the Missouri compromise. The two organs ol W. II. Seward in this tiiy were tbe principal imtiuments em ployed 111 behalf of tho Tabernacle movement. W ? Ii. Seward, therefore, may be iaiiiy supposed to I ' at the i)o. torn of the affair, with the ulte rior view of tli2 organization of a great united anti-slavery party throughout the North, of all t'ie free soil aud abolition elements of all the old parties cliques, ami factions of the pre set.! day. Such a combination, in viewoftti' contingencies of '?manifest destiny" before us. may possibly be enabled to take the Hold in 18fit! wi'h a formidable front in "a free light" for the I' resident All such estimates how evi r. t.iuf t depend upon the (ate ol the Nebr.?sk 1 ' ill now pending before the Senate. I'Ut. in tbe meantime. it is desirable to koow where the several factions of the old whig nnd rtemocratic parties nre upon this question. The Seward branch of the whig p irty of the No. th are evidently with their champion, as are also the IUiftalo 11: d l'ittsburg "free democracy."' und( r the lead ed' Giddin^s, Gerr.i Suiith and I ttd Douglass. But where ia the conservative wing ot the whigs ol the North . Some of them were at the Tabernacle, aud none of them have yrt -poken out in support of the bill before the Senate 1 he all street organs ar^ db ">oscd to back down from the Missouri line; but' they are cautiously waitiog for a call. and. 1 rhup-, additional subsidies from Castle Garden. Jtm,^ be some time yet before their pos .ior is delL nitely defined. The journals of Wall street, like the financiers of that locality , look to :> n.siin rbance. They do not care fo enlis' up?n either side in any movement f t.- -iteni.ig the harmony of the Union till sure of their divi dends. We must bear with them tiii th y c .11 see distincUy which side will pay best in the t nd. Hie conservative whigs of tbe North, how ever. have tbe right to look Jot something bet t r from Mr. Senator Ev- ret?. luh-riting the political fortunes and cons'-rvtttive |>riticiples id \'r. Webster, he cannot saf.^y hesitate in taking his stand for or against tho repeal of the Mis souri restriction. Mr. Everett, by his ad nlrers, is considered as |H>ssessing talents and attain ments fully equal to those of his ?' illustrious predecessor," though his talents, acquirements and idiosyncracles, are of a somewhat different kind But he bold* n good Wcbsterian position: , and if he has only moral c oarage to waive ?1! ca'culationa md throw himself boldly for ward for the extinction of the Missouri line, he m ' y maintain ground to some purpose in lfSSG. Let 'iB hear from Mr. Everett, and then we may ei ^vfc t the national Union whigs of the North to ..peak one waj or the other. In the text place, the eoft shell democrats of Tamma ty Hall, and the hard shell democrats of Stu jresant Institute, ought to come out and (?bow their bands, black or white. Capt. Ryn ders.? oue ol' the leaders of the present Tammany oriytnizat on, has defined his position like a i) jt?u ; but Tammany is not united unless John ^*n Buren and the Captain stand firmly to I pether. hand in hand. Let us have a manifesto ' from the Prince. We arc fearful, if he delays longer, thut be may be driwn off by the free soil Buffalo sophistries of the New York Eve n itifi Pott and the Albany Atlas. It will l>e a cold bath to the Prince we know to spring into the waves side by side with Capt. Rynders, Judge Douglas and the administration, at a single bound ; but the first shock of the plunge is soon over, and the reaction is a most delight ful sensation of positive comfort John Van Burcn must come out on Nebraska or he is lost. Ilis only Eafety now is with Capt. Ryn ders, for the repeal of the Missouri line. Whigs and democrats of all Bhades, the time has arrived for action. The Senate bill pro. potcs to sweep away all the compromises be tween the Northern anti slavery spirit and the Southern propaganda of the peculiar institu tion, from 1820 down to this very day ? to sweep them all off, and to settle the con t! overs y upon the broad constitutional basis that the people of all the territories of the United States have the right to determine the question of slavery or free soil fo. themselves, aiid that Congress has no right to arrogate to itfelfthe sovereignty of the people. Let lII parties, therefore, take their ground, or the two houses may deprive them of the opportunity for a hearng upon Nebraska in the speedy pas sage of the bill. The Enroptkii Embrogllo- Beginning of the Knd. The perplexities of the war question, which have bo long he'd Europe in a state of briathless uncertainty, have at length been re duced to a clear and definite issue, which can no longer be complicated or retarded to accom modate fhe interests or apprehensions of the Powers engaged in it. The Czar is now fairly driven into the toils in w hich his own tortuous and selfish policy has involved him. and like a stag at bay, it would seem as if nothing but an effort of almost superhuman strength, and the most implicit confidence in his own resources, would enable him to burst through the chain of hostile influences by which he is surrounded and hemmed in. IJy some it will be thought tba the brilliant victories which we learn by the A ia have been gainfd over bis forces by the Tirks, and the compulsory withdrawal of bis fl< et to Sebas topol. may contribute to dispose him towards a pacific arrangement. We confess that we do uot participate in this hope. From his well known pride and independence of character, we fear that these adverse circumstances will only serve to confirm him in his obstinacy, for he will now feel that his honor is involved, where before only his interests were at stake. If he surrenders his pretensions without strik ing a blow in defence of theru, he knows well that his political importance as a first-rate European power, will be for ever lost. Unfortunately, at the point to which he has now pushed matters he has every thing to Use and nothing to gain by such an arrangem-nt for it cannot be supposed that Turkey, fluth< d with its military successes, and the Western Powers, exasperated by the reck lissness of his ambition, will consent to a re adjustment of the questions at issue on the teims originally proposed. There arc. besides, other considerations which arc likely to influence Nicholas in a calculation of the chances which a perseverance in his present course may bring about. Apparently corilial ns Is the concert, and coaipact the union of the powers that, arc arrajod agaiust him, Le knows well that tbe contingencies of war and the diversity of interests that exist amongst those opposed to him. would soon afl'ord him au op portunity of t owing the reeds ol dissension amongst them. It would require but a ser.js of decisive military successes upon his part to detach Austria and Prussia from the ranks ol his enemies, and to convert the neutrality of Itenmark and Sweden into active co-operation. His present isolation is more apparent than rial, for the sympathies of tbe courts and aris tocratic classes of Germany are unquestionably ranged on his side. They arc only hell in eh<ck by the revolutionary elements wliic1 ore seething and foaming like Intent volcanoes un derilieir feet, anl which any more active de monstration in his j a vor would instantly ca)1 into explosion. Every indication in the political horizon, therefore seems to p? r tend the certainty of the storm that is about to burst upon the world. The concessions ot helpless weakness to arro gant strength, the arguments of reason and moderation, and the universal condemnation of ci\ili..ed nations, have all (ailed to mike them selves heard. The sword trust now decide not only the immediate points at issue, but those more momi ntous questions the settlement of which the apprehensions of tbe timid and the jealous watchfulness of the combined despots o Europe lave bo long adjourned. It seems as i the rights and lilu 1 ties eif the human race con never be secured except at the expense of tears and blood. Woe. then, be to those who exact so fearful a price fur them. MrxltO Bnnta Annt'i DUtic^n-Trnc Poll ? y of the l nl?c?l State*. Overlooking the question of humanity, the true policy of our government towards Santa Anna is to starve him out. We repeat it ? our true course, on the naked ground of policy, is to starve him out. At first, blush, it appeared advisable to set him up, likeFau*tin Soulouque. with the costly gewgaws of an imperial establishment ; and. for this reason ? the expenses of his Imperii! court, his imperial retinue of sulvofficials and retainers, nnd his irnperi ?1 army necessary to keep everything in apple-pie order, would soor> compel him to tell uuothcr tra t of land, and so on to the end of the chapter and the absorp tion ol the whole empire. Periodical instil ments every three jears, by this process, of one hundred and fifty or two hundred thousand square miles at a clip, would do the work ol annexation for Mexico in ten or twelve years. Santa Anna might be permitted torcma n with his court in the Mexican capital, until some arrangement could be made for his accommoda tion in a small empire on the Mosquito coast, by and with the advice and consent of tbe American company that have bought oat that ecction of Central America from the assignees of King Gallinlpper the First. Looking at the question of "manifest destiny ' through this medium, however, it appears too glow, too expensive, and, in point of fact, t^o much of a connivance with the principles of despotism, to suit the spirit of the age. The simplest, quickest, and cheapest policy with Santa Anna, is to starve him out. If we refuse to buy those deserts of Sonora and Chihuahua upon any terms ? if we refuse any indemnities on account of Indian spoliations, and any ad varces on account of the Tehuantepec route, or anything else, for twelve months, the work will be done. First, there will be a revolution. As soou as Gen. Arista's indemnities from the United States gave out, there was a revolution. He was turned out of the country, and Santa Anna was recalled. In his tnru, Santa Anna must have his subsidies, or before the end of the year another revolution will send him packing back to Carthagcna. How he has got along thus far, with an empty cosh-box, is very astonish ing. But his intimations to certain confi dential parties, suggesting a sale ?f land, tells the story of his distresses. Hence the astonish ing success ot General Gadsden in muking that treaty for Cooke's wagon route, to be used as the railroad route of the Secretary of War and the New Orleans and Opelousas Railroad Company : Provided, always, that the Senate ratify the treaty. But the very necessities of Santa Anna sug geet the policy of rejecting the treaty, and cutting off all subsidies for a year or so. That will be enough. The unpaid officials aud the unpaid army of the dictator will revolt - tlicy wiil turn him adrift without remorse? and then the ambitious small fry will soon eat each other up. The poor, oppressed and indignant Mexican people will next rise in a body, and, as the last alternative of salvation, they will, in their sovereign capacity, petition to be an nexed to the United States of the North. By this process. without expending a single dollar, we shall be enabled, in a year or so. to annex the whole country in obedience to the sove reign will of the Mexican people. We . there fore insist upon it, that our very best poli cy. and the cheapest, towards General Santa Anna, is not to set him up in his Empire and pamper him with the costly luxuries of an im perial household, as a means of compelling hiin piecemeal to sell out his country. No. He may become too proud with a crown on his head. He may form dangerous alii inces with the crowned heads of Europe. Besides, this imperial policy is entirely repugnant to all our ideas of free institutions and popular liberty. But, again: What claims, on the score of magnanimity, has Gen. Santa Anna against us? WaB it not Gen. J acton's influence with Gim. Sam. Houstou ihat saved this same distin guished personage from a summary execution by the Texan", after his capture at the battle ol San Jacinto? Did he not, under the invita tion of Gen. Juckson, soon after make a plea sure tour through the United States? Then, again, during the late war. was he noi invited to return to Mexico, atd passed into the coun tiy with a pass from President Polk and Secre tary Marcy? And after beating him at Buena Vista and Cerro Gordo, and in front of 4hc Mexican capital, was he not granted, upon his own application, an armistice of nearly a month, to repair damages and make ready for a mure deadly defence? He was. And after being finally vanquished, was he not allowed to escape out of the country, under instructions to that effect? Is it not so? Finally, In his late return to Mexico, did we not. in common with the Mexi cans and the Catalans of Cuba, hail him as a godsend? We did. we did. And after shower ing all these favors upon him. Gen. Davis and Gen. Gadsden modestly propose, with the con sent of the Senate, to pay hiin fitteen millions to enable him to set up a despotic government, after the fashion of Louis Napoleon or Faustin Soulouque. we don't kn<w which Is not this asking too much? We think it is. Do we owe anything to Gen. Santa Ann..? No ! Is it consistent with our foreign policy to set him up in an empire? No. 1b there not some danger in the scheme, of entangling loreign alliances? Yes. Ought we. then, to ratify this treaty ? No, never. What, then, ought we to do? Cut off the supplies and starve him out. This is the shortest cut to "manifest destiny." Reject the treaty -with hold all subsidies, and starve him out. Fiest Grand Division ok the Spoils at Washington. ? We gave sometime ago a general estimate of the available public plunder at Washington, amounting to the grand aggrej; 'e of five hundred millions of dollars, which au. is may be subdivided as follows : ? MtCAPiTlLATION OF TITS St'OlLS. Public bnifs to railroads, a<?cordinpj t i_ the bills in troc.n<edor prjtcted . $350 000.000 Patent extersons 20.000 0(H) Contracts and prlva'* claims 20 .000. 000 Mean ship pn jects, Ac SO 000 000 Regu'ar appropriation* 60 000 ,000 Fri neh cpoliatmiiH 5,000,000 Miscdlaueous ken s and deficiencies. 5,000,000 Total $.100,000,000 The first grand haul upon the surplus in the treasury has been arranged in the Gadsden treaty, for the payment of fifteen millions for the relief of Santa Anna, and Ave millions for the re lief of Garay A Co., Hargous A Co., Benjamin A Co., and Sloo A Co., and others. Colt's patent monopoly extension, designed to aid him in the manufacture of revolvers in London for the use of the British army, appears to have stuck in the House, notwithstanding the lobby inl'u ence of the Cabinet organ, and in spitoofthe power which a project supposed to foe worth live millions might be expected to wield among the pliable member*. Next cime in Jefferson Davis, Gadsden Santa Anna, and all concerned in tkeir grand scheme, for twenty millions at a wipe of the pen. Now this is a respectable haul, and makes a very large hole in the thirty millions of Secretary Guthrie's surplus. It is a Cabi net project, and is in keeping wit'i their magnificent ideas of the spoils. Fifteen millions to Santa Anna, five millions to th^ out side claimants upon him. and the compact for a railroad binding our government to a certain route, which will be worth millions upon mil lions to General Davis, General Gadsden. ar.d the New Orleans, Opelousus and Great Wester j Railway Company, without buildiog the fit -t mile, provided always that the treaty Is ratified ! Very well; if the treaty is ratified there is a good beginning made, at all events, n;vin the spoils. At this rate, should both houses buckle to and follow up the quick work of Daris, Gadsden and Santa Anna, Congress may be able to adjourn early in July, for every dollar of the five hundred millions will bo appro priated by that time, including every available ?ere of the public domain. Nothing like a good beginning. Foreign Hobnktb. ? Our amiable fellow-coun try men, who hail from the banks of the Tiber, Arno, and Po, do us the honor again to fill about a column of our paper this morning, with a fresh expression of their Christian feelings towards Monsignor Bedini. Our readers will doubtless ba delighted with the gentle and rational tone adopted by the tender-hearted creatures. Some allowance must be made for Southern exagge ration and Italian hyperbole ; but these still leave a fair margin for the display of the natural temper of the exiles. It is perfectly obvious from the tone of the manifesto, that if the Italians in question could find the legate in some lonely by path, or silent forest, the latter weuld Bpend an excessively uncomfortable half hour. As it is, it has required all the moral power of public opinion and all the physical powtr of our police to prevent some su#h crime being committed in broad day light in one of our most populous cities. Attempts have fre quently been made ; and in every case, the offence has been clearly traceable to the Italian and German immigrants. The question there fore arises, how long is this state of things to continue? How long are we to allow our country to be made the theatre of noisy brawls between foreigners? A respectable hotel keeper will invariably expel any two or more of his guests who dipgrace his house by fight ing ; can we not, ought we not, to stretch the rule to the whole country and try to get rid of these excessively troublesome pesta ? Within the last four or five years, we have net bad a foreigner of distinction here, who has not dono mischief, without any compen sating good. Kossuth and Kinkel created trouble at V ashington, and spread a most un wholesome excitement through the country. They died out within a few months. John Mitchel came here, and tried very bird to arouse angry feelings against England: but John was a suspicious character, and people 6upended their judgment for a short while; during which the ?' illustrious Irish patriot"' committed the most complete political suicide ever witnessed in New York. An appropriate epitaph is now much wanted for the editor of the Citizen. Then Gavazzi? the fire-brand ? had the talent to arouse bloodshed and strife wherevtr he went. It was only last week that tfcc Irish rioters who broke into the church where he was lecturing at Quebec, and so nearly killed him. were brought to trial. As usual, in such cases, it was a toss up whether a Protes tant or a Catholic judge should sit : the latter won, and of course directed a verdict of ac quittal. About the same time, the court at Cincinnati, being less under the influence of re ligious bigotiy. was holding the police to bail for an assault upon some Germans; the assault having been committed during a riot caused by Pr. Bedini s visit to the West. Wherever they go, these foreign visiters create distur bances and find ready auxiliaries for the task in their countrymen who have already settled here. Had we no Irish or Germans or Italians in this country, the duties of a police officer would be a sinecure. Where the religious excitement aroused by Gavazzi nnd Bedini is to end, none can tell. It is clcar enough that the Protestants of Canada will not forever submit to be trampled under foot by a few ignorant Irish wretches; and equal ly clear that the Legate of the Pope, arriving here in an oflicial capacity must be protected from the violence of bloodthirsty Italians aud Germans. On the latter the violence must ulti mately recoil; and when the day comes, woe then to those foreigners who took advantage ot our peaceable character to convert our country into a sempiternal Donuy brook Fair. Moke Elections of SruoRinxATK Officers. We not'cc with surprise that Hon. Hiram Wal bridge introduced a resolution into Congress on Monday, providing that postmasters and c j! lectors should be elected by the people. The next thing we shall hear of will be the election of tidewaiters and gaugers. Words cannot ade quately depict the absurdity of the system of which these are the fruits. We see it plain enough in this city where the custom of elect ing the subordinate officers ot our municipal government has led to general negligence and corruption, and universal recklessness of duty. Our city officers, all elected by the same body of people, are of course independent of each other, and practically independent of the pub lic; when they neglect their duty, when po licemcn allow thefts to be committed under their noses, when the streets are alternately filled with mud and dust, the ouly consolation left to a suffering public is the consciousness that we are in the enjoyment ol the largest degree of popular suffrage ever possessed by any people. H>ram Walbridge who is a sensi ble man, must be aware that this rejection is a poor solace to one who Is groaning under mate rial and practical discomforts; and we cannot conceal our astonishment that he should h ave thought of extending still further the area o oflicial mismanagement, and official irresponsi bility. His experience ought surely to teach him that were our postmasters and collectors elected by the people, and so independent of control from Washington, even the carelessness and corruption which now disgrace those de partments would be but a faint shadow of what we might cxpfct herea'ter. Our rejoicing at the rejection of Mr. Wal bridge's motion must not bo construed as an arproval of our present system of appointments. We have often placed on record an emphatic cen?ure of the system by which an old faithful aul experienced officer is removed to make way for a raw hand, in obedience to the cxigea* cies cfparty. We are still of the same mind as those conscientious statesmen, who in the eat'y days of the republic, denied the right of the President to remove a good officer, against whom no graver charge could be brought than that he wns of llfferent politic? from his n?wly elected chief. But custom has given the prac tice almost the force of law. It were almost vain now to rebel Bgainst the fruits of the ignoble system by which the Van Burens and Marcy first drew themselves into public notice, and which their youth bequeathed as an ignomi nious legacy to their old age. By what means? if at all? the general government could be re stored to the old and the sound channel with regard to office*? what proceedings would be required in order to establish n rule that all public servants (the President and bis Cabinet excepted) should hold their offices during good behavior? we may hereafter take occasion to inqnire. Meanwhile it is clear that nothing will be pained. while much will be lost, and more risked In extendbg the category of election officcs: the number of inefficient officers will ccrtaiuly be swell* d, the power of grog-shop politicians will be increased, and the public se curity infinitely lessened. So Hiram Wal bridge had better make no mora motions of tbe kind for the present. Twelfth Beg latent Ball at Wlblo'a. , y Ob Monday evening th* ratlr* theatre end the aalooup at Niblo's wera thrown open for the celebratioa of tbo fcU given by tb( Twelfth Keg i men t Volunteer Infantry to It* member* nil |uMti ThUragimeat U ihwom, iuu b MD(ond of ecnip?nles ? The Light Ootid, thw Lafayette Fusileer*, Indep?ndtnt Guard, Btittf Blues, Tompkins Blues, Bnt?r Gnaid, City Mutketeera City Blues, Guard Lafavetts Wart Ingtoa Lift Guard, and Ns w York Elflemen. Th ?>? o mpaLiea, oontalutag aoma of the finest eoldlers la the S'a'e, have now organised tham ?alvea Into th* Twrdlh K-glneot, fully oflijereJ, and aambetlng over Av* hundred rank and Ale. They arat la point of equlpaganta. din stpltue, end in ths mo'oi* ot th* Individual member#, a'ooog tha finest bodies of our volunteer apralce rha < 01 *?ra of tha rsglrnent ara as follows:? Hanry Q Sl-bolm, E?q., C clonal; Bon Emiajel B. Bart, Lent. Oolonal; T B Plaids, &q., Majtr; I. B. - Steerni, E*q., Adjutant Tne unlfoiai la a white frook t handsomely trimmed and tho effeet of these light aal | forma on the floor waa *p?c tlly gay utd pleasing! 1 The company axamoled at an early hour, ana la | great number*, not last than two thousand ladlaa and gentlemen having assisted at th(a apieadld avat'on to Mara and Terpi'ohora. Tha parquette of the theatre had been laid with a floor level with th? stage, aid tha whole ana fr> ni the rear wall af the itagw to the dreaa circle waa ocoupied by the danoen. Thta entire apace, fcaudaosr ly deoora'el and lighted by m ve ra! extra ohand.lier*, wai under tha a barge of Oapt. Palmer, and waa exclusively d*votsd to qtudrillee. Dod- v worth waa in attendance with an ezaallent band ; \nd th* > evident eegernesi of tne la'Hea to begin tha ceremonies waa pionptiy re?pon led to by the oooduetor'a baton, ao that by 10 o'clcck tba floor waa completely occupied, appearing to the nvaaamua spsctators, who looked dowa frtm the boxea, Oka a cenaervafery of living flow art, ? coving and uncuUt'ig in (rraoiKul maze*, aa If M<ety?d' by tha irreais.ible pewer of tha harmonies that cvalled ' from the orohe.tra. Up italra the principJ saloon, whloh had been con fided to Adjutant Stearns, presented even a mora aafy mated scene? being occupied excloaively for waltzing, polking, Pehot'is-he-iEg aid those kindred aad exciting movtnisots wbloh bring th? blood In roay turrouvs to the consrious uieek of beauty, and make responaivn b mom? palpitate with mutaal p^a-ure. Tha danelng in both department* was kept up with exuberant activity until a few minutes after 11, ehca the oompany descended to the aupper roo aa, whloh had been handsomely and bountifully aupplled by Mr. Rrgera, and which were, by a vary jullolonit arracger. en', ke.-t open nntll the oloav tf tie ball. Among the guttata seated at tha table of honor ocoupied by the regimental staff wa observed Ganeral Saudford, General Ball, Major Sprague and Lieutenant Smith, U.3.A., Oolonal Paryea and Captain Sham way, of the XatlonaJ Guard, Colonel K. G. Cha-laa, of the Light Bo;ee, and aavaral other* Out of conpliment to the ladies, and a a we think In very good teste, all toaatlag and Hpe -chirjlng, waa dispensed with, and tbe oompany, after par'aking; of the auppar. and brushing tha foam from th" aham pagne fcuntaina tbat operated at rapid intervals aim* tho tables, returned to tbe danelng rooms and returned their dntlea with increased de'tght. Amid suoh a throng of beaut}, taate and reflntment, It would be invidious to partiouUrlae a few, and impossible to record the names of all who deserve "honoraM* men tion." We must, therefore, dl?mlns eaeh fair oandldate for the golden apple with the espealal aaaaranoe, intend ed for her ear alone, that had we been Pari* tbe p; lzo would hate been hers and hera only. Blote Smugglings SlIZrBK OP GOOD* ON IBS f TJlAMBU ASIA ? ARRKSffl ? That e was another developement relative to the violation of the revenue laws upon the artlval of the Atia at her dock In Jei fay City tehtirday. OfBoera Iaaaea, Godfrey, Geo. Wooldridge and William Miner weie watching far her appearance, having previously been asiured that there would be contraband goode on board of her. Immediately on bar arrival vigilant settch was mala, and the surgeon of the Asia, Dr. DowUeg, was arrested on suspiolon of having been a principal in the violation ef tho revenue law* on pit vims trips of tbe Asia, and J. Johanniaon oa rcrfleion if aiding and a*>ettiog such violations. Mr. Jo kannitcn is eal to be contented with a h msa in Maldea lare wlare goods have been selied lately. Ba want oa board of tba Asia In the boat of tha Pbyalo'aa o. the Port, at Btatec I-land Bis r.bjeot, aa ba alUgad. vras to tea a Mr. Bet jamin When toe steamer reaonod tha doek, a quan'ity ? f lace, eatm.a'e- to be worth about $700, w*e - f, und In tho trunk of tfr Biojan in, and ierx%]. It ia believed that a large qn?utity of verr Vtluable good*, soritly riam'nls. le yet se-rttei on tbe cte?Mi?r The prUonerr? Dr. Dowling and Mr. Jotunnl?.n? were t>ken serosa the f<irry. anl paaaed lnt > 'tn oaatody of Assistant Marsbsl Bortoa, who took th*m to ths tfflee of tbe Uol'ed states District Attorney, and an affidavit ?a> tbere made by Mr Fredtric I<iaaoa, lasp ector of Cuatouis, oae of t0"*? engaged to tha arret to. ' Mr. Jnbaiiniscn seat word to Mr. I?n* >o. doing busineH* at 44 Melden lace, and be so -o came, wl'b L B. Sheparil aa attorney After a hilar examination iy him into the charges against tbe ecru el, t!iey ?ere admitted to bail in tbe eum of ffi,000 each Dr. Leavttt, of New York, went thel> ball It is stated tbat the total amount of nnntraband goode Mined wllbln a few waeks past is n >t 1<sh than <100,000. Of this amount a60.0c0 was se't'd in Maiden lane, a quantity at a place in Broadway, anc another lot laat weak at a store in Liberty street. Encroachment* on the (Xnrbor< MBX1IKO OP TBI C M li iTKK AFFOLVTSD B7 TSB 8T*TK LEOI8LATI BE- hllW YUBK AO AIM8T BHOOK ? L1M. The committee consisting of Senator* Brook* of Neva Tcrk, Bstching* of Brrokl/n, Pratt of Albany, aa<3 Maims. Germaloe, Hinckley and Backus, of tha Ansaam bly, appointed by ths dtate Legislature to examine Into and i ? pert up >n the eon <i Itloa of th* harbor of New York, mat laat evening at the Attor Hjuse. The eonmlttaa had ?pant both yesterday and tbe dat previous in examina tion of the baib or Tn-re might hava besn soma forty oi fifty gentlemen present, among whoa we noticed Mr. Btowe, Vice Pietld-nt of tbe Cfcambsr of Oommerce; Meiirs. Fptfford and Wakron, representing New York. Tte Mayor of Brooklyn tbe S'reet Commlaelorar; 3!lac I.ud!am, eurveyor; and 4l:ermen Fowler, II ir nan, anl ' Mr. Waring Co.pcrat on ouosel, represented Brook ljn. Tbe Prraldent Mr. B;o\.ka, called the meeting to ordar at alfLt o'clitk, ard i alit that the o mrnittee were dealrocs a' o!>ta'nin? itfor- a'. oo on tbe su-j?ot of the harbtrof New Toik, and that any gentlemen who had opfntot* to oiler o tbe eubject ?ete at li^rty t > do so. The parties repie'en' n^ Ne? York and Brooklyn were rarg< d or ctth i afceof th- tab e, and a great ceal ef erim'Batlnn and rrcrtmlia Ion passed between them. Mr Batler, of th Juurnat >/ I '?mmerce, peer o-l to be the s(ok?aoan tf U>? io. ner, > u. Mr. Waiing, lie at'oroey ot the lerer. It a? he ? that the merbbert of th* Chamber of Oem merce o! New York are tu gieat trepidation le.it the North and last rivers i-hculd > n? i ?j rui dry. They hoi'' that Oe grai>tr n ade t.. m-roivanl* and otber* la Brooklyn, i f th? piers al t g tie rlvur are v id. basauae these stare ara ? bstiucili g tee barhor. and infringing up <n Its com merce. ft-.e p'ople of Br ^klyo, on the other hand, pre tend tfcst tl'a piers vr' gr<n*ed to thau? t>iat in them tbey bive ve? ?<) rigtw. ? tba no cc>mintss'o??ri nan de prive tbrm of tbeti r.gh i - a id that ?uih a proposal comes vith very bad row f.om Nsw Yeiker*, who have then, seli as ? ncractei ttfon'ths h trior to ihaixtcntof s? trie t ? e . v ? t ni d i ? . fee M>jor l". ed ? ? Fncr?*r. be log aallel np'n h. tbe l'i >si-?r ? t txpl.in hit view* oj tn* etfeota crcci c? d t>y tham i ier< u^on the tidss. said that hi* knew i.?i bine ?f tie law ?h ch g>rern*d th* ca?e; he wotrld n >:>lj ejp ?*? bin prof.s-1 malopln^on. Th* qusi tinr?flit'e? lad b*tn to<ghly inve>ti,atad by tha Britr-h p tr latr-nt. t'ou n.laelooe a had b en appoiatel by tbat b <iy tor thi purpoi.., and lhay bad el- lied near ly avary harbor in t.fce at K.l<n. They reportd that I a every tlngli Inetanre tl>at<nm? under th'lr rot oo, woen ? ver tic. a I ?a'> re *e e rxeli.ded, a- Injury -va^ done to tba navigation Tn- ex'tixe nitre here lor bnilding p tie is, that d?ck room is war*, t Bat the eflerr, uudoibt dly. Is tu o ? ti<c th* t d" ; f tne river an 1 dt.ulnmh the flow of wn'er. Tbe rrx: it pr '. toed at tba bar i* tha'. tae ftnd irt *ii t rd cp a. o 1-ft tw* re aud ve* als rnn aground. Tbl? ia tt? ? pi> 'oi. of all ? i?o'.fi t men in Pnjland It Is, tbcre'o e. tie ia'erest r< th of New Yo k and Brook lyr, to prai ar?a the harbor t .t v?t. I' is a fac? worth no ticlrr, that wbeo tbe p'.ere cf I. nVn btidg* wera taiea dr.vrp, ibe tiJe rose teo feet, and tha reason is that the eiMence cf j,i?rs cans c a e*naselt tha fl >w of water. Tbe ?am - ccenr*na< to^k plac* In tte Clyde. Be did net re'ero to ?ty what eft nt th< piers of Nsw Yoak and , roptlyr world nltima**U prrdnaa, bat tbat tbey ok stiuete'' tbe tog eps of the l da waa a faat woioh could not be d*rt?d Mr WtHM! (V r Brrcl 't ) than rose and said that the r'lhts o: tbe p rp e of B'Mkl.nwere rested right*. Be c namertd tbat tbe a?e ??n eaeroachment* of the New Yoik | erit ?are q. t 'ert than nine hundred feat, and tnat tilt- r?-r'arf Hr" k'yu w.r? entl'led to a* maah?*eoc the r vtr a? tb* p?'<>p!e of New York. I' 7VZ. IT" n*rkabl*tbat 'he gen'laroan f tne Chamber of Gom nr.erc rkoi.ld r ply w?ke np In 1863 to the fact of en? a oaebn" r ta cn the bar'or. when ihey had been going oc fl.rn.ty tear, previous It I. whan i? ooklyn aska for a nr. II jcrtlon of tbe river that she I* told she I* laj? irg ihs cor ma ce. T-e , , pie -f Brooklyn are entitled to tr a aarna right* for e. n u-rca a* the perp'e of N,w , York This omm *1 h an i'l graoe from the Oorpo raticn <r New Y. rk A pa- al pet ion with that city In tbe corowar.-e of th? tlver Is on'y atked. The B-rrklve people must ba-a piers 'or th?lr ahtps, Tml th?* is ill tbey ..tit Ha (Mr Waring) wau ? prt.ed to tb" *pp<inin.?nt of aoy n>mmuat>? ers. Bis were ilgbte of wtiich h* could not be divest ed by ropnr ia*ict ers Tm "f 'e and minoer In which tbere il?ht* w?te srqnln- ar.t tld be looked into. The p lvllage bad lean p?id for ia d . liars and janla. The raw nd a^lrt he wrnld n'g* w?p, tbat should tan appoint ment cf c'mmipaioners be decl ted on. he objected to any slay of prnreedlnga under th* act of IW3 ehile they were at ao k If th* Jtate of New York woull pay far the Sreperty ic Intends to faka away, tha partlee would rea? lly eooent t ? aa deprive of It Ba ahowed the eem ?i it tee tbat mornieg a apata worth flee mil town, anl eetfld show them more worth tarenty-flve mlllllana U - tte eommlttee wlahed to allay the fiwie ef the |iwlwa ^