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AFFAIRS IN WASHINGTON.
DHCES PROS ALL SORTS OF AUflORIim fetter of Senator Dixon on the Nebraska Question. C0HGR>.S810NAL MtOCEEDIJfGS. (cltlog Debate la tbe Us>u-e on the Erie Railroad Blots at Erie, at r j Jkc., Ac? 4a k Our Washington Correapondenee. WxaiuaaTon. Jen 3), 1864 jsopoied Septal of the Ocean Steam Mail CuntraOt?ln created CompennUion to Deputy I'tnimailen of mall lowru tnd Vtl laget?A Plan to Quickin the Speed of On- Ojrriert p / the Mail between New Orleant and San Francitoo , <tc The Boa. Ednon B. Old*, Chairman of the House Com tteeon Poit Offloea and Post Roads, has, at the requeat hi* committee, framed a bill, t? be reported to tha Boas* ? Ant i?j ths standing eom ni itees art oalled on for re [rta, whloh abrogates tk? extra compensation (rioted the Collins liae from and after the lit day of Ssptem K next, and makes provUion for annulling at the iame te the eoo tract betweea the govern meat and the com tj of the Collins line altogether, with a o'aues aathoru the pure hate of the ooean steamships of the company a fair valuation. The bill alio provides for the repeal the other steam mail eoa tracts between the government >d Law, Asplnwall, aad others, and for the purchase by is geverimeat of the steamships of said lines at sneh a ?mpeaaatioo as may be desmsd jast by judgei selected the puties to the contrasts. The bill further provides the letting of the oesaa steam nail con tracts by th jet tm aster General npoa the same principles observed in e letting of ooo tracts for the land serriee. Mr. Chairman Olds has alio framed a bill, which ht immittee have adopted, for inoreating the compensation M Postmasters of towns aad villages some twen'y pef ?at, more sr less, on the amount they are no* receiving? at is, those wto receive bat small oompensatioa hav eir pay inneased mors thao twenty per oat, whilst loss who receive a larger eom: notation, not amoanting more than $2,400, havs an lucre ue or a lssi psr oen m, of course. jMr. Churohwell of Tennessee, introduce! a bill in the pose to iay, authorizing the l\>e toaster (i?neral to con act for carrying tbe mail between San Francisco and ?w Orleans upon the principle of paying the highest count of com pen satlon for the quhksst schedule of ue to le made. The contractors. *ho nrw get sone ken or tight hundred thousand dollars per annum on je route lc question, make the time in about tw.uty fire 'js. Mr. thurchweli's bill allows only 1100 (WO for ??nty five days; for twenty three days, $200,000; for eaty-two days, $300,000; f ir nineteen dayt, $500,000; : six eec days, $? 60 000; for flftren dsys, $1,000,000; ' eleven days, $2,000,000; for ten days, $'i 600 000, and on. The last itemt, of con rue, hav? refereace to the Jos when ths railroad to tbe I'ae'li > will be In the full *?>e of successful operation. I have abridged tbe schedule, jiilch sets a price for each day from twe ity five days fws to tea days. Toe bill is an important one, and lbats the spprobation of some of the ablet t men in both * ttVs of Congress. AHERlGANl'i, IT The Rexrd of 1848. Washington, Jan. 29, 1834. Some of the present members of Coxigresi have bs?n stored with ths address of the membsriof ths Legli tire of tha Stats of New York for the y?arl818. tached to the address, with others, is the name of mes V. Peck, and might ieem to coufiict with his state ?ent on the floor cf Congress, that he tu not a sap ^rter of the Buffalo platform, or a free soller in 1848. referring to the record it will be seen that this address i written previous to the BufTtlo organisation. [The name flee soller was applied to thote who bolted e Baltimore nominations, and went to Boila.o subse lent to the issue of this address. iMr Peck, it is believed, acted with that portion cf tha ^mocratic party known as barnburaers previous to the iffalo Convention, but there is nothing on record to ow that ha gave the Buffalo movement his countenance support Correapondenee or Other Papsrit [Correspondence of the Courier and Enquirer.] Wajsiii?otob. Tuesday Evening, Jan. 8L Senate confirmed to-day a long list of inferior oon s, postmasters, oolleotors. and revenue officers, among m the collestor at Buffalo, aad kr. Brodhead, the Na Offioer for New York. BOeorge Sanders' nomination, whish waa received and erred to the Committee on Commerce, an Tueeday last _ mot yet been acted upon. PThe final decision of the Cabinet in regard to the Gads 'n treat y Is suspeutsd to-morrew. Tha aalset committee a* the Pa si fie Railroad have reed upon a bill giving alternate seotisns of land twen five miles each side of tbe road, for the three following ites 1st. From St. Louis through the Great Basin, ovsr the explored by Fremont and Bsale, called the central ute. 3d By way of Memjhif, Arkansas and A Ibuquerque in Kiw Mexico. 3d. By way of Austin in Texas, El Paso, Me Ilia Valley 4 Ban Diego. , la the Boass, Mr. Dean and llr. Egerton, admlnlitra >n democrats, repudiated the bill as reported from tbe mmlttse oa Territories, and proposed subsiitatea re ining the Missouri compromiee. If tbe softs are not ?riklng for blgher wages, the bill is lost. ?Omespcn<!enoe of the Philadelphia North American ] Wasuinctoh Jan. 2S. 1864 The Oaray Company are maeh cieplsastd with tbe new ?saty, which gives them no eecurity at all. It refe.-a t?m to the Board of CommlssloLem, with other olalm its. Ths President would, piobably, be glad enough to larantee them a million or two of dollars, by way of irehasing their interest with the Senate, if he could ntrol ths commissioners, bat, as they will bs jadlslal Sosis, that arrangemt nt, thongb die ated by tne most Bgtnt lessons of 8tate, will be hardly practicable. The Hibjset has been debated at three several nittiogi of the Hkbinst, and thsre is, at this preaent writing an even Hiauoa that It will be determined on Monday next, to ?nd General Gadsdsn to Mtxiso, with instruitions to tain the per Insula of Lower Oalifornia, now oceupied tne filibusters, and a mure deeirable port on the Gulf, is cbj-ctions to the treaty are:? That It does not reoogeiee uti pottidelii since the open g of the filibusUr war. This would give u< the pa ntnla That it stipulates for the payment of too muah monsy r aa obje it of nne'rtaie value That the land obtained ie woithl?>e, aad tbe reports Its mineral wealth indefinite or fallaclouo and finally, 'Mat the filibusters, if left alone, will conquer m ore id bstisr lands, and assign it to as without money and ithout price. Tbe Tahusntepec treaty negotiated by Mr. Conkling ill be modified before being submitted to the Senate, the elimination of the clm ? prohibiting the um of i road for the conveyance of trope and muuitloas of erbslcngicg to the United BW' es. In that shape it will i ratified by the Senate, but i ejected by Mexioo. Dr. ulds, chairman of the Committee on Posta?e. has ?n tinkering with the pieeent law on that subject Hi* |U1 proposes to charge letters of half an ounce in weight, larri'd three tboasand mile* and over that di*tani?, eix Beets, aad to compel the prepeymest of all letter*. ThU is Ho improvement on the preaent sj stem A slngls letter Kelgbs about a quarter of an ounce. It ougnt to be ?haifed not leas than five eente Tne privilege or eeodiag litters without prepayment Is aa important one to a umeroos class of correspon 'ente, aad though It ocsa lons the jcveroment some trouble and ax^onse. ought Ei- to be abolished. The present rale of charging' un id letters with almost double postage is qaite suffloieat prevent any great abuse of the privilege. the Sovernor of Texas has advertised that he will keep (en the propoeals to contractors for building the Psoitis ft! road until the first of May. Tbe eostdirtons are, th?t ee hundred thoueand riollare thall be ilstoeited ia he ,te treasary, si s*enrlty for the ptrformstce of t e itrsct. sr i 'h?t fif-y nilee of the road shall be finish d ftitbin eigb'..- n .uunths. The At aatls, Mississippi a> d Vasils Railroad Company, organised uader tne au<ploe? of Robert J. Walker, have ssnt an agsst to Auttla to depo it istteurity and tike tbe contract Mr Mc Aip.oe, the celebiate 1 N*w York engineer, has fnrnisbed a lurvey and estimate cf the road from " mphis westward, by the way if Utile lliskand PaltCSI t report will state ibat tbe grae s of laud available ?iin Arkansas aad Texas smoant to 14 OOO.OCO sees, est ims ted value of which will be $10,000,000, wtaijh m will suffice for the construction of the road, and let vs sarcitis of $10,000,000 for contingencies. Tbe dis nee ty this route to San Kranci co is said tc i two tfcou?aad n ilss, aua the estimated oott por . lie is fc>0 COO Tne report is said to be a very ?bleVo-umi-nt. It ?>?y hi ?ell t> remind the rea'W ?hat the ronte propose! to be puriued by '.his co iptnv rest of tbe Rio ?rands lies through ths territory acqal .-d y the Hadsden treaty. (Correspondence of the Roffalo Advertiser 1 W<? iUKivix, Jan. 27, 1884. The copyright treaty w'.to Oreat Uritals, nego'iated st winter, has been btfore the Senate, aud exeltae a eep ibtereai ; for it ccnboplatei very Important ^diaagre ii the literary relations of the two cot strut boL'k-ellers engaged In the republication or British u aad periodicals have had their agents here ia fores lobby egalnst ths conventic n, and they have been so snecre?>fnl that anamendm-nt has beea introduced Kestrio1 ieg British oopyright ia this country to tush urke a* eteactuallv reprlDt" ! h?rs. Under this Hmlta 7t on it thote works can be copyrighted for which ths imead usotxtenslvs aa to requite a whole edition to ipply It Its efTeei Is to make Amertoan publishers pay ^^is authors of the works they reprint at ?orae stipulated Ktice. aed to add that sum to the cost of the work to ths Kmsrksn reader Works for wh ch there Is only a small (ltd oners demand will stsnd on thestroe rooiiog as be fori But I do not believe the treaty will pass wltb tbls neadmeBt. and if it doee 1 doubt vsry much wheUar it rill be ratified by ths British government [Correspondence of the Detroit Free Press.' Waanrafoe. Jan. 23, 1864. Stnir (leicourla, a prominent HMabli of thsCubin ?junta, Is now la this city on bu tinsel connected with the Kjsesurvs by which ths delivery of Cuba Is anticipated, no Is a ihrewd and Intelligent man well fitted to pro Ipols such ?u enter pn s as that In which he Is engaged, K>v| dSbiV on Cuban afialra, which te expected to taka plaee In a f?w days, will t krow much light on she sub eon nested with that isl aad The eor eejiialenoe of A. Dadley Via a, when <a Aui trla M agent of the Unit*) States, whL;h has been called fo?, will undoubtedly de?*lupe matters of mush interest. ( 'orresptn.ecoe of the tha Wirn-WV, (3 0.,) Ilepl-tar ] Jsn 21. 1*54 Tbe Brut evening luliet of the 1'casideot wa? stven this ???ring as usual, t(.eia #?? a j?m aMia?qu*?n B.jt such a collec iob never w?? C"t>< egat?.1 ?ithln the ?Oll of id* house 1 adi*a. with extiaordinary lo? necked ri;emea tiCf'-ted by musteoh'd |>ooia?um iteudUa edfed their way tbrengh the crowr". ; 54u-?es who barn j ust laid ande >1101! frock* and parts, banging w th< arms of boy* who apai mta Id dress, and exceeded th?m Id 'he l?i.<fh of their steading collars and fanty tnl'Ttl erinH; old maids, whose wrtnk'ed faoes were n-ade amo>th by !? rcoch cbalk, tod colored by rouge? oli bachelors with jet buck hair, ud whiter* of dingv r?<l or dapplel gr?y; pUblans. cerke, aad men ?od wom?a ; i h >?* virtin hu o< loee>ly around their ihonidem, war? mixed up with seara tariee, foreign inioUterS, end foreign apes, each pulling, pushing and tqueex'ug themselves in and oat, to and fro, up snddown the spaelous baUs Wonld 1 bad the p*n of a Swift or tb? pencil of a Ho* art h, ia order that I might j laee od paper or o an rata a /a c timile of a solrea at the '? White House," tad present it to yoarreaders. [Ctrrest>on.!ence of th? N'?w Orleans Picayune ] WaMHINCTOX, J*a lb, 1S54 A powerful eflort la to b* made oon to procure the establishment of a California mall route ria Nicaragua, a bill for whloh purpose has already been introduced by Senator Weltor. Postmaster 0?neral Campbell is com mitted in favor of the project, and la favor of buying up the steamers of the mail contractor* via Panama, and so discoatinolog the contract altogether, according to the term* of the law authorising aaid contract Joseph L. White, of New York i* here now to urge the passage of the law making the ooatract with the Nliaragua Cempany, and bad an interview with Mr Campbell yesterday. In which the latter declared himself irrevocably opposed to the Rsiuiey root*, via Vera Crux and Aeapulcj. If Mr. Campbell has taken any saeh poaltina as that, he will find It a severe task to maintain It, ?J Com. Van derbilt, of New York, bat aatlsSed himself thatthaaoose across Mexico ia the shortest, quickest, moat agrMfkle and healthy, and la determined to nape It go. He l* not in the habit of fal ing 1a anything. Be ha* already entsied tat) an arrangement with E. Mill*, of New fork, and Garrison, Frits h Co., of Pc&ama, to establish an In dependent line of steamer* bstwsan New York and Cali fornia, composed of Vandarbiii'l (tea m y ac hi North Siar, on the Allan tie, and tha Uncle Sao and Yankee Blade on the Paciflc This liae will go lato operation next month, running via Aeplawall and Panama; but ? henever It shall be d*em*>l adrieable, of oonrae he will 'lansfer the vessels so aa to connect with the Kamtey rout*. [From tha Star, Jan. 28.] THB PAY OP A S08FBNDBD NAVT OFFICER. A navy oflioer within tha Uelied State* was, for a mili tary offence, senteneed by a Court Martial to ha dismlsasd, bnt the eentenca wa a mitigated by the proper anthourlty to a year'* auspension without pay. When about half tha at m of hi* suspension had expired, he received order* fi . n. the Secretary of tha Navy for temporary duty as a witreva. The oflioer obeyed, and then elaimed his pa j for the whole time, after compliance with the order, on tha ground that after performing that duty, he did not relapse into a suspension, hut that, like a furlougtt, the enspensloa w?a totally termlaatet by the order and scrvloa under It. It wa* held that the ofii ier was entitled to pay whlla actually on duty by order of the Secretary ; but that tbe 4 2d artiale of the act of April 23 1800, for the better government ol the Navy, had placed the ?ower of pardoa and remission of the bslaoce of the laateaoe la tbe hands of the Prask en aljae. who had aot directly exercised it, and that the order of the Secretary could not Imply the exerou a of thtt p i<rrr by th? President Pay waa therefore denied for the remaladet of the su^psn lion. AN OFFICER'S TAT TMD1* OEBTATN CIBCUMflTANCKS. It ia held in the Tr?a>iury Department that an oSicer of tha army or navy who is takan slok tn his journey, ia compliance w.th orders to attsod a oourt martial, U en titlsd to his per diem allowance for tne time ha is detain ed by eloknee*. COMPENSATION OF OFFICBB8 IN Till U. S. REYBNUK MAKlNfl, MTU. On tha reoommendatlon of the Secretary of th? Trea sury, the Committee onCjmmercs, of tbe House, have de termined to report a bill, hereaft-r aos >r. lag to Oaptataa in the revenue maris a on the Atlaatlo coast (at tha Charleston, S. C , station sxwpUd ) SI 600 per annum. To those stall an*d on the Gulf and od the Ciarleaton, S C., station $1 800 per annum; and to thoee on the weet coast >2, ICO pfr annum? the pay of the subordinate o tticer a to be increased pro ra'a od each of these three divisioas of Htatioas. Tue bill is further to sin tain a clauee providing that hereafter no person shall be ap pointed to any rank in the 0. S. rsvesue marine eervtse who shall not have previously servxd a year before tba n aat somewhern, auo be thoroughly competent from his knowledge of navigation an I seamaush p. MEW CUTTKBB. We learn that the Bouse Cjmmiuee on Commerse hava agreed to report a bill for tbe construction of four new revenue cutter*. It Is well understood that their service* ate requisite? prassingly requisite. Taere oan be little doubt that the committee's Dili to that and will beoame a lair era the leulon ends. THB BKVIfllON OF TBI TARIFF. The Committee of Ways and Meant have not yet ap proach ed this important ?ubject. It it expectel that tkey will take It up, however, in about a week. So thaM iuterested will please take nadca. TH1 CVRRBNT OFBBiTIONI OF TBI TRIA9CBT DEPARTMENT. On tba 37th of January, there wera of Traaaury War rants entered on the books of tha Dspartmant? For th? redemption of atockf .$69,489 40 For the Treas'y Department, exclusive of stocks. 70 678 flJ Kor the Cuetoms #,4*8 11 1 or tha Bar Dajartment 20, #17 81 lor re pay leg for tha War Dspartmant 8,114 93 Kor tha Navy I apartment 1,950 06 I or tbe Interior Department. 641 ## Kor ia paying in tha Intarier Dspartmant 7261 [From tha Wsshlgton Star Jsn. 81 ] A PENSIONER TO BB PAID TBOUttB OWING t i ' OOYBBNMBNT. It i* ruled in th* Treasury Oepartmaat thatafltr a provisions af tba act of May 20, 1880, (Statutes at ? ? ia, vol 6, p 81,) thapajmentofa pension grant* If >? mili tary services by any of tba law* of Congraas eaanotbo withheld from the pensioner, even though he be a de faulter to tha government to any amount In the settle ment of his aooonnta. CHANGES IN TBB CNIFOBMS OF UNITED STATES TflOOPB i Tha following order has been issued by tha War Depart ment Gnmut. Oxnuta, No. 1. Wab Dxi'asTjiitvr, Aiuci'ajt Gbs-sral's OffKB, 1 WAjuiixoToir, Jan. 20, 18M. J By direction of tba Senetary of War tha following changes are made in tha uniform for aallstel men, pre scribed by 'General Orders " No. SI. of July 12, 1861: ? 1 Sky blue will be substituted for "Saxony blue" for all trimmings for tbe Infantry. 2. MetaUio scales will be issued to all arms in lies of epaulettes. 3 A oo rd or welt of th? prescribed cilor will ba substt tn'ed for the cap bauds and eoat fsc'.ngt now used. 4. Cord on tbe tinwtert will be disposed with. 6. Tha same button will be used for all aorpt, to wit:? That cow used for the Infantry, omitting tbe I in tha shield. t>. A jackal, according to pattern In the clothing burtau, ?ill be substituted for the frock ooat, for ail mm n ted men. 7. Lttteri and numbsrs On tha botse eq ulpmente will be d'tpentea with. By crder, 8. COOPIR, Adjutant General. WBO PBT1RMINB8 TO WHOM PENSIONS ABE PAYABLE. Under the rules prevailling in tha Departments In Washington, the aeaouatlng oflioer* have no authority ?o decide to whom a pension shall ba granted; that ba lorgs to the Commissioner of Pensions, acting under tha d rectlons or Ihe Secretary of the Interior, and the cer tiBcate fri.ni the Pension offlse as 'o the allowance of a pension, aid tha designation of heirs, executors, admi; d alrators and guardians to wbom payment should ba n ade, is regarded aa Anal. THB PACIFIC BlILOAD. The House PaolSc Railroad Committee have, so far, held I wo meetings? the last yesterday morning. Thar have not yet taken up any proposition fer formal cossL ceratlcn, bnt ara a* sit sg tha astton of the Senate's speoial committee raised for the same purpose. They have befoie them, by resolution, tha scheme of Mr. MoDc ugal, af the House, only As thli committee is no torlously exceedingly strong tstcllectnally and la a busi ness pout of view, we expect from them la the end action quite a* important to the country at large as that which la looked tor from the committee raised In tha other and of tha Capitol. INDIAN AFFAIRS IN NEW MEXICO. The govsrnmaat is likely ti ba embarrassed, wa art Indited to bclltve, for the want of action of Congrrct up to this time, systematica* tha ladlan Department In Nsv Mfxioo. So lar C ingress has failed to autbcrlss th? for mation of treaties with tha Indians of tha*. region, fixing metes aad bounds to thslr reservations. Uatil that may ba done It bids fall to be Impossible to piaveat lndiscrim inata and pernicious trads between them aad the whites, and also to pievent tbe latter from wantonly destroying the buffa'o wtlcb it Is the policy of the government to pre eive ss far as posslbls for the sole use of the Indiana A liBRSRTKB >OT ENTITLED TO ABBBAR40B8 OF FAT A fay or two since an appeal waa taksn from a ds clt cn of the third auditor of tba traaaury, ruling thst a deaerter frrm th? army had no legal eleim on ?a-< ^ov ?id sett for arrears g*s doe him at the time h? deserted, The ?'?or^ary of the Treasury overruled the a^j-al, i hen cox liming the auditor s decUion A NEW HWIB8 CObSCL RECOONIZBD. T. e Ptesid'Dt haa recognised adrtar Wall* as Viie 0on *ul it the awifsC. n'sderatkn at New York. COMMISnOSB ALLOWED TO NAYY AGENTS. We lesrn. on iBquity at tbe proper barrau in Waahlng i n, that ur-*er tbe provisions of the act of March 8, IMP (Statutes at larg?, vol 2. p Mfl.) and May IS, 1820, (Sta'utes at larga, vol. 3, p. 682,) navy agents are entl ' led to charge oae per csi<t commission on their actual dltbuisrmrn s on accoont of the governmcst? suih cam mission not to exceed two thousand d >llar? a year; but U a transfer of money by a n?vy agent to btma-lf as acting pnner, when the lat'er duty ha< also bsen assigned to bim Is not coDslds**d a disbursement nor will a com mission be allowed upon It. mB tUtUBNT OPRBATIOyS OF THB TREA8CRY IlE r abtmbn r. On the SHih of January there were of treasury war rants entered on tbe book-, of the departmeat ? For the recemptl a of stocks 116,297 17 for tbe custoa-s 23/. 02 41 Coveted into the Treasury frrm miscellaneous scvrces 10 684 24 Kar the War Depertmsnt 80.2#1 I# For the Interior D-partment 18, 9? 50 Monur, Jan 30. For tha redemption of ntoekt S14,36S 16 tor the Treasury Department exclusive of stccks 28,4*2 81 For the eastoms 7 827 80 Covered Into the Treatary from eu.tomt 4 007 67 Covered li to the Treasury from mleoellaneoas sources 3.480 #J Orveied Into the Treasury from lands 221 ISA ?1 For tba War Department 48 8.16 04 For repaying for tba War Department 2 810 85 For tha Navy I ?enartmant 2J ?1 #? For repaying la the Interior Depattmint.... 1,089 14 rh? Hon. Prralcjr Ewlng, of Ktntneky. W.**hisi)tok, Ju 30, ISM I)?a* SiK? I Aid Dot know * bother, ia an editorM of yesterday's paper, in wtloh you say Mr. Smith o' W, had oootriTeu to inanlt two of his brother miinUr), yo a referred ton.* moo* of thw>e two or oA. But remeru boring that your br ef telrgranhla report of tl.* debit* bad mad* Mr. Sinltb say the g*-Bt!*m*a from Kaatucky Lad committtd an impropriety, when hU declaration waa that I bad commit ed no impropriety, I mppssd it qnlt* probable your editoral ru fuund.d upon that mistake. 1 asnally pre fer to let th*a* unavoidable error* go un corrected, 'it when eomswhat annoy tug, rather than to tray an ov*r-F*asltiv*oeas about them. Bat while 1 never voluntarily intuit ft number on th* floor, I am equally unw'Jiing that my constitusnte ahould b* mad* to beli*ve that I have tamely lubmlited to an lnsolt my **lf 1 I ear* to your own uiie of juatlo* the reparation of th* involuntary wrcrg if the proper oorreetion oould be Bind* wi hoot th* publication of thin not* I should prefer it, for I confess my relaotaaoe to appear before the public in th* attitude of a/card-writer ?r eelf adver ti**r c<a *uch an oeea*lon. I feud you th* lAI clal and eotiect report of th* Cebate. 1 wa* mad* by th* telegraphic reporter of 1th* <'eba?e* for tb* associated pr*M, on a former oooaetoa, to say that when parties war* arrayed I should M found on tee Hid* of th* administration. Though that statement might b* very unimportant to the administration or the public, it wai no important to m* that I oould not bar* rested under tb* misrepresentation had 1 not f?lt assured that that* who knew me would d*tm It lnciedibl*. her heps good taut* may r*qni;e me to lay, that whil* 1 am perfectly aware that It l* quite unimportant to th* publio wbctbar I am m tare ported, or renorted.at all, to that pub.ie, and ( oould not oomplala If no notlo* war* taken of aaythlng I m ght say cr do, yet yon must allow tuat ectiiiaoa jaatiee requires ttat if am reported at all I should be i sported correctly, and th* more *sp*olally in a matter so purely personal and so delicate as the *?* re f*i*d to above. Very respectfully, your ob't servant PRKSlKY K *IVj? TBI OORKKCT RBt'OKT. Mr CuiriiiiA? I rise to a p< intof order, and it la h : t.? compromise measure* of 1850 were pasa-d, an1 r lutlons wet* subsequently adopted by thl* Sou'e d*j ?r ing a finality against agitation. The two political p\-t - ? n et at Baltimore ia 1862, and there adopted piatf.i m against agitation upon th* aubject ef slavery an I I nti the point of orl*r that now th* gantleman from Virgt .i? (Mr. Smith) ia agitaticg this very thing, anl it ag tat - me. Mr Smith ? I do not undtratan 1 his pnrpo** I de-p i a t ick worse than I lo a free soller. Wu-u ??>]-. get op to a point of order, and m*r*ly state propnei '.i >?? whtob lnvolv* ne point of order, or are utterly ia<ig iM cant, I oancot but ? xpr*** my sarpris* that th*y sh >jid so far forget th*ras*lv*a Mr. C-inniXLL ? Mr Chairman Th* Ohaikmji?? Th* gentleman from Ohio is oat of order, ualeas he has th* floor by th* oonaant of tb* gen tleuan from Yl'glnla (Mr. 8mlib). Mr. CsMramx? If tne gentleman doe* not yield, of coura* 1 cannot reply. Mr. gmrru? If th* gantleman wants to s** me h* can find m* wh*n th* Hous* adjourns. Tb*s? interruptions necessarily agitate me, and diaturb th* oarrent of my thoughts. Bui I will proceed. With these various Inter rnptioM t perhaps shsll perpetrate some repetition Mr. Kwi.io? I appeal to the gantleman to know wh*tb*r it waa Dot with his content that I mad* an interruption in hla speech by asklcg him a qaesUoa? It is castom nry for gentlemen h*r* to mak* such interruptions . Mr. bieiTH? -The gentleman from K*ntuoky has acted with entire propriety in this matter. I adverted to tb* gentleman from Ohio only. I am very happy to b? Inter ruple* whenever th* isten option has any pertiaenoy to th* question; bnt I fcav* no ld*a of being Interrupted at an nnworthy ac vantage, or whenever the thing Is oat of the House, or oat *f th* discussion. The Missouri Compromise. A LETTEK 1HOM BJS.N'ATOH DIXON, OK KENTl'CKT. WA.siuxiTo.v, Jan. 28, 136 1. To mi F.iiitoe of Ttn Loubvilli Tusu.? In an articl* hsaded " The Nebraska Bill," which ap pealed In your paper of the 2fth lest., in speaking of my coarse on the question* involved in It, you use this language : ? It seems that th* bill is to mast wllh samo opposition in CoBgrses, ortmdeiot tho rankao' tb* 'r* "toilers and aboliiioa iata. Mr. Dixon, of Kentucky. baa joined banda with Mr. Sumner. of MaisachusoUs, one of >he moat pestilent abolition aiitators in the wiisle Union,] in'oDpoaitloa to a Territorial bill embodying th* aclrriof the c jmpromiee, taking the die I union of slavery out of Co agrees, and leading tho queation ot alavery to b* decided by the people of th* Territory. No thin a better eonid be expected fr*m Mr. Busner. tor h* ia an avowed agitator ; but wa oan ragard the poaition assnmod by Mr. Dixon ia no other light than a determination to disre gard tho known will of hia oenstitnenta. Agitaii >a will on <lHittionably blight the truita cf the oompr^miaa. For the unmanly pnrpoae of embarraaaing th* national administra tion, Mr. Dixen is wUUbr again to raise that whirlwind of sectionalism wbich bad w*ll nigh swept away our inaiito 'ions. Will this axeua* latisfy th* whin party of Ktatueky f Will th* whig preaa of th* Stat* be siient sp*staior* f i h* luoceasor of Mr. Clay is assaulting tin noblest aoalsvsnant ot hi* life? 1* attempting to mar tb* majoatio nroportiona of the preudwt tneanmentof hla greatneu Speak out, gentle men editor*, and laah Mr. Dixon into a prsper resveot tor th* aentiaant* of >h* party that tUoted him. Now, air, as I take It tor grafted that yoa would not Intentionally ml ? re present either my motlv** or my me tiona upon a subject ao Important to the cjuncy u tia Mil now before th* 9*ont* to organii* tb* larritory o' Nebraaka, I haw thought it due to myaelf, to you, and to truth, to call your attention to th* prLncipl** in to* bill embracing the aubject of slavery, as reported by ia iXiaglas, the chairman ol the Committee on Tarri. > u. ?ne amendment of the bill offered by me, and the i > * quent adop ion of tb* substance of that amandine . . a be committee tb* first sMtion of tb* bill, after defining th* bounds its of th* Territory, daolare* " That the jam* shall b cr*at*d Into a temporary government, by the name of th" Territory Of Nabruka; and, when admitted as a dtat* or Stat**, th* said T?rritory, or any portion of th* sama, shall M r*o*ivsd into th* Union with or wlthoat slavery, as their constitution may prescribe at th* time of their admisaloB " Th* 21 at section provide* ' that all quasi Ion* pertain ing to slavery in th* T*rritO|rte? and In th* a*w State* to be formed therefrom are to be left to th* d*oision of th* people r*?lding th*r? is, through th*ir appropriate repre stntetivss." It will b* recollected that th* wholt of th* territory err.bracoi within th* provisions of the bill ll*s north ef 3G 80 north latitude, and that slavery In It is for*v*r prohibited by the eighth section qf th* ast commonly known as th* Missouri oom promise ait, whlsh declares "that in all that territory oeded by Franc* to the United S'atss, under th* nam* of Louisiana, which ltes north of M 80 north latitude, slavery aad is voluntary s*rvltsd*, otherwise than In the punishment of ori^ae* whereof tha parties shall hav* been duly convict*d, shall b* forever prohibited." It will at onco be perceived that so long as this ast re mains in fore* sltvary must b* excluded from the pro posed Terrltoriee. The bill, as reported by the commit tt*. repeals it tn the ex'rat only of allowing the people living within the limlw nf such dtatcs as may be formed out of said Territories to have or not to bar* slavery, at t&eir const tntioc may prasenbe at tbe time of their ad mission, and also of exteu llrg to th* peopl* living within tL* limits of raid territories before organised into Stat**, th* lik* privil*g* Frorr the provisions in tho bill above alluded to, It will appear mati'O*' that, units* th* eighth section of th* Mtwouri ooaproxito ast Is repealed, no eiilMn living wttbin aslavrboidlog Hut* oan emigrate to said T*rritori?* and earry al jng with him his slaves until after th* peopl* living within th* *am* ahall hav* mat together, and through th*lr appropriate r*pr*-?nutlr*a, decided wbethsr slavery stall exi?t or not. Under this state of th* csm, no or.* eouM doubt that the decision would be against the slaveholder; for as th* laws op to this point would exclude all sKvehollers fram th* To.-rl torio*, whilst it would admit abclitloniats, free soilars, fort ignore, and all others opposed to aUv*r?, the right t? decide tho qaoatlon would bo cot flood alone to tho op ponents of slavery and to those opposed to Its eomiug into th* Tsrritoties. Tbat this would render tbe provident of tb* bill at re ported by th* Committee w.iolly inoperative, so far at tbey wtr* intended to ben>flt the p?<ipie living within th* limits of tho slaveboldlng States, there oan bo no shadow of doubt, and amount to tb* loavlng of the whole que* tion, so far as any practical leanlt is to bo attained, pre cieely as It now exlat* under tbe provisions o' tho Mis souri otmpromiso act. It promises the subatanoo, bat secure* only the shadow, to th* paopi* of th* S >uth "It keeps he wore of ptomiso to the *ar aad bre^ka it to th* b< pe,'' whilst all that Is leal and valuable ia left to o* appropriated by the p'ople living within the limits of tb* SU to* in which no ?lavery exist* iho objtotioni taken by mo to th* bill wart entertained by every Southern man, *o far as I can learn, in both toaeea of C mgre s. wlieth*r whig or c'emf.orat; and to remove tbeae I offered tbe amendment wblsh teem* to have giv*n so muoh of far c* to yon, ar d vhlofa, aa I have before laid, was sub sequently in eubataooe ado/ted by tb* o*ntml;te*, and incorporated into the bl 1. Tbat amendment r> pools so much of th* Missouri com promts* act as "forever piohlblts slavery north ot thirty six negre?s thirty minutes nor h latltnoe," by Coolarlcg "that it shall not be so construed as to apply to th* Terrl tor y cmttmpUted br this act, or ti any nth*r Terri tory tf the Utt'.ai' S ates, but thai the cititens of the stveisl H'ates or Tor: it lie* s'isll be at lioerty to take and hold tneir rlavts within a y of tha ferritorles of the I' iUd S ates or of tbe rtates t ? be formed tbsrefrom, as If the ssitl act enti lei a* a'orfHail an 1 approved aa aforesaid had never been passed " Thl am in m?nt does nothing more nor kss than lepo^l the Miaaouri conpro mien act. so far as s avery is concerned, and leaven the whole cuesll' n as to tbe right of the citisjn* of the slaveboloitg States to oarry tneir alaras into said Ten I tr-rj, jnst as it woul! have been if the restriction oou taln?cl In lie Ml-eouri ccmprcmine ait nad never been ertatsd by Cotg:*rs or, ia other words, it Ceslsres Con gTettdonalnon interfersnce with the aabj-int of sla'ery, b ,tU in tb>. Ctstee and Teril'o. lea ot tbe United Stat -a, s ct Mil es to the citixens of the (.lave hol^in; Sta 10* au equal right wl'.h th* citixens ot tb* nou slavcholding States to Oiov* into said Territory, aad wben tbera tu be i*ot r* In their p*iron* atd p-r, party, wheth*ir tjieir iropeit) oonrists In slave* or In anything els*. Now, the amendment agreed upon by tbe com<nlttee, and about which I was oonaallOl before It wo* offered, not only received my entlr* approbation, bat, as I before rtmaiked w>s in subslsnee thtt pr*vionely <11 red by me It declares that "the constitution, an ' all tbe laws or the Ueited 8 at** wblsh are not 1 ically Inapplicable, shall bav* tbe asm* fore* and effect within the said Ter rlti ry nf Nebraska as eltewhere within tbe United Siatas, except tbe eighth section '?! the act preparatory to tbe aJ. mirslon of Missouri Into th* Union, approved March 8th, 1820, which was superxded by th* pritolplee of the legis lation of 1860, commonly called the Omprom jse measures, and is hereby declare! moperatlv*," You will not d*ny that tb* amandmtnt off 'red by m?, ?nd this amacdmem afterward* agreed upon by tbe *om mlt ee, are In tub.Unce the tame. Tbey both alik* re peel tbe Mi> sen rl enmpromiee act; and if the oao is oal cnlab d to egltat* th* question of slav*ry, th* otn*r can not be lea* likely to be so An<- yet, becaueo I opposed th* bill as originally report ed by tb* committee, and propoeed to remedy Its defects by ? ff?rfng an ameadmeut which I* approved of by the whole Southern delegation In both houses of Congrose, you hav* cot only denounced me a* aa agitator, and call ed \ pon til lb* edlto s of the Btate to 'lash mo lato a prorer r**p**t for the sentiments of the party thateloet edme/'bu'. iharged me with "asoooltt'ng my**lf with Mr. Sumner, of Muucha'etti (wbom job style a m >it ie tllent aboUtloaist.) for tha unmanly purpose of e n bairastiig the national adinlul ??r?tit n, ?ni w;h m aa t leg the cobleet achievement of Mr CUjr and attempting U mar the uiajeetia proportions of ths pr unci eat inoouanat of bis (ttxtr ????." You will surely, Mr. EM'or, pareelrt that if I htve at tempted to embarrass the na tonal aumiuistrattoa, Jutge Druglas, and tbe ?oommlttw at the boa 1 of whlan ha pre cirttn, btn attairp'ed to doth* samerhieg, bj incorpoiat lug l?to tkelr bill tbe ameni m nt which prop eea to do precisely what n.ine did. and that If 1 am an agitator, he and thote with whom b? fa asaoc'ate 1 oaan >t b- coa-ller eri Ies< so. And, unless lam g-eatly in alnf rwnl, tao I'reeid* at aoa hit Oabinot ata agitators al<*o;forii i<*ev?rr whan bvrerald by bia friend* that ba and tany are io faror of a total repeal of the Missouri eom pro ?i?? ait, asd tbat they give thalr hearty approval to the aoi-ndment agreed upon by tbn comaii.tee. So far a ? rrgarda the eharu? that I a n ? attainting tbe noblest aohieveni-ut of Mr Ola;," I can euly a?/ tist, Whilst 1 ft-Dcratn the mam irt of thai great mil, and would go as far aa any u.aa living tn pretest bta fame and hia great reputation for patriotism and devo tlon to hia ecuntry againat everv a??ault, yet. when I 0 "Date or the olrcuinatancet ua!er wbi.hthe Hi noun compromise act eas naaaed, the nere alty abich drove bim to prop'xe aud urge upon C >ngr<st Its adaption as tbe btst he could do for the alavthol lor at the t me; an J when I fur her consider tr? icju?t|a? it do?a to the ell *er a of all tbe alaTeholdlnir States in depriving them of equal prtTi leges wita tbe dtiiana of thi oiher dtates, to wit, of emigrating to the Terri'oriet of the United Sia'ea, and carrying alosg with them their prop?rtv, ael when there of betrg shields by tba broa 1 mantle of the f#de ral ecnati u'lon, whlob throve its s-gla alike a'ouod the cit z*na of all thte great republic, whether in tho States or Territories, asd protects iheai bo'h in their per nni ard | rnpeity: and ?ben I fa>tber ooikider that the great principle tattled In the eompmnitre of 1SS0 ett t"at of Lcigreuiooal nrn iuterfaiaroe with the snhjait of ala very, bjth in the States and Territories, ?rd the-. Mr Clay hlmaelf wae tba auber of ibis principle, I feel taat I am doing no ir juatice to his mun ty cr to hia fatn?. whea I urge its application to the Territories in qaattlon Yoa will now nnt*er?tand that my objeat wa< aot to agitata or to emiarrau tbe uaMonal administration, bat to carry out a principle aettled br tha oompromlae m?a mres of 1SS0 by applying it to tha Territories lying north of 16 cegreta 30 minutes of north latitude tn\t he btll as < riginaliy reported by the commit ?a did u >t ol'y do this, la evldeeo d not only in the fan that it wa< not spprovtd by tba memoera from tha slavehoMlng States, bnt th it the committee themselves afterward* amended 11 by inerrpoaating into it tha principle! of tha amendn ent i ff?iad by me. The Southern members saw, as all others must rae. that whilst the bill, as reported by tbe committee, profrstad to sustain tha rights of the South, it was in Not a betrayal of tbem and a corert ear renter of every elaveholder to be aacrifloed at tha feat of bia more wily and oanning Northern opponent. If to ar reatauch a jolioy aa this? if to save the slaveholder* of Kentucky at.d tf tha other alaveholdlng States, from tbla attempt on tha part of those who profeea to be the leaders of tbe adainiatratlon, to bind them hand and foot anC give them over to the tender mercies of tforth em free rollera and Northern fanatics and absUticnlats, is an nnmaaly attempt on my part to embarrass the na tions! administration, and a determination to disregard the known will or my constituents, why let It be no; I plead guilty to the charge and take the rasponlblli y. With tba hopa that yon wl.l do me tha j'istloe to pub lish this in j our nest paper, I remain reap*o'fallr. \o., ARCHIBALD DIXO*. Colt's Patent Kxtcnslon. TO TBE EIIITOB OF TBI NIW TOBK DIRALO. Bik ? In the Hrrald of the 23d inst., a letter In reference to Colt's extension appears, signed Yy Horace H. Day, in which that individual endearors to arert the sonscqnencM of mj exposure of his at tempt to " levy black mall'1 upon Col. Colt. To so much of tbat letter at attacks me personally or professionally, I have of course no reply to make. It is a painful, but a necessary incident to the other wise agreeable profession of which I am a member, to inour the hatred and vengeance of those violators of the law whose offences have brought down upon them ita punishment ; and if I should descend t) a personal controversy with every convicted law-break er to wbom I have applied the "scourge of justice," I should find but little time for any other pursuits Ur. Day, however, gravely asserts it ta be his opinion that the fact thut I am one ol the "principal counsel" of Mr. Goodyear, is answer enough to make to me, and that if it were not for bis desire to injure Col. Coltrn extension, he should make no other reply. Hia motive is certainly an amiable one, especially as Mr. Day assuies yoa that, "he has no personal in terest in tie matter," except such as may arise from the fast thai I am counsel fur Qoodyear. It is true, however, as stated, that 1 have devoted a very con siderable attention and time to protecting Mr. Good year's property from Mr. Day's piracies, aud Mr Goodyear 's fame from his slanders, and with a suc cess which Mr. Day's complaints show to be cogt plete. These efforts, too, have been mado in am ciatioa with soma of tbe able?t lawyers of the coun try. and I can well bear tbe reproach of being found in Buch compaay, and in such a cause. Moreover when I find Mr. Day publishing such a letter as that of the 17th, (and, least it might pass unnoticed, re calling public attention to it, and reaffirming it in his let;erof the 23d,) in which he informs the country, with tbe air of aa injured and despairing patriot, that there are "no honest men in the Cabinet ?that the administration is engaged to "back up the swindles" ?tbat gentlemen of the character ana station of the Secretary oi War, Gen. Armstrong, Major Harris, ai d the tike, are a " band of pirates and robbers" I should suspect myself oi some crime, or rear that others would i-uapect me, unless similar epithets were applied to me by the same person wnenever he snould speak of me. I pass, there 'ore , this part of the case, with tbe sincere bipe that I may never se con duct my own or my clients affairs, mtuer personally or professionally, as to incur the ojproDrium of Horace H. Day's praise. Tee exteusion of Col. Colt's patent is the object I have to attain. Mr. Day concludes his letter by an uttack upon the application, which, like all tbe other attacks he has made, is devoid of any resemblance to tratii. Finding, as be says, that tbe statement* in my letter were likely to " aid me in my extension project," he tries to find some one of then which is capable of being contradicted, and he choses the tin-t? which was tbat Col. Colt was not applying to Congress to extend a patent already rejectccl by the Commissioner, but another one for a different sub ject, and he arraigns that statement witb the air of a man about to refute it. " Let us see," says Mr. Day, "whether that is is s?." When I read so far I began to fear tbat I had myself made a mistake, and really did not kn,?w what Colonel Colt was asking tor; but In the next four lines the falsity ot the tormevchargcs made against Col. Colt is admitted; and I am advised that it would have been much better for me to havt joined with tho*e who uttered it aud carried out the de ception than to have corrected it ? tbat is to say, that he was told, after nil, to help Colt, and row, against the advice of his friend Day, he is ruining its most excellent effect by contradicting it. However, it would be ungratet ul in me not to thank Day for his advice, and to assure him that nothing but that par tiality for truth which has for years prevented me from following any of his counsek could now hinder irom taking it. Having thos failed to sustain any of the fonr false statements deliberately published to the country, Mr. Day " stickB his last knife" with the fury of despair. He has got one charge now which he is determined shall be true. He says that, in applying to the Commissioner to extend the patent or 1?3!), Col. Colt charged it " with au the expenses," aud attributed " all his profits to the pateut of 1836," and that now he " attempts to apply bis expenses to the patent of 1*36, and his preflts to tba patent of 18311." After eoivicting a man or four delltierate untruths, it is perhaps unnecessary to tay anything more in regard to bis fifth statement, than that his consistency in mendacity forbids his reader tt believe tbat, at this late moment, be will begin to tell the truth ; hot lest the character of the opposition to Col. Colt's application may )>e unknown to some in nocent reader of this laat charge, I reel bound to re fute it, as I have all the others Now it is not true that, in bis application to the Commissioner for the extension of bis patent of 1839, that patent was " charged with slJ the e*]>ensea.'' On the contrary, tbe whole expenfes shown on tbat applicat on, as any one may eee who will read the account whxh the law require* to be filed in tbe Patent OHlce.were $2(10,000, aud the patent of 183!* was only cnarged with |ii0,000, or less than a quarter of them. Arid it is not true that in the present application to Con gref* Col. Colt attempts to apply uis profits " to the patent of I83H;" but, on the ooatraiT' it is fre?ly ad mitted that every dollar whijh has been realized is attributed to the very patent wtiich he now seeks to ex'ei d, although it coet Col. Colt seventeen ve^rs of hard labor, and fortune# in money, to extract profit* from it. This is the fifth delibf rat? false charge made by Mr. Day and his " knife sticking" friend In W?h tor against Col. Colt, ar,d not one word of trulb has jet appeared from them. My only fear now is, that if they should begin to state the ta ts as they are, it would so dif credit them tbat no one would believe the truth. No one can iorm a correct idea or what rritidacity i? till he has has re*d ' Day on Colt's Patent," and I commend that ingenious ptr'orm ance to the careful attention of the curious In the ait (d "knife sticking: ' i, can be found in a series of letters turn Washington and various newspapers, comn em ing the cav alter the " hlaok mail" export' men1 failed, aud ending (including the attack on the adtniiiictiatlon generally.) on the 23d inst. with the letter In tbe H shai.d of that date. Finally, in order to demolish every pretence in Mr. Dsy s letter, I now publish the letters of Hon. Jeremisb Clemens, Mr. Weller, and Mr Jadson on this wbject Mr. Day forgot that before be ever msde his proposition to me, he tried his ex^erinents on twoof tl.e-e gentlemen, and upon sereril others, wh(*e testimony could be given if Day's own ac count of ihe matter were not /Wo He tt. T liete ge-? tltmen all referred him to me, and finally be oame. lie diil not inform thene gentlemen exactly what his teirns were, but he offlsred to procure the extensions of all tbe patents which he (Mippowafl wer^ p'ndio^ before C "tigress, if be coold be utiifled. How con Meteut Mr. Pay's (ear that I wxiid not "converse with him,'' as lie expressed it to lfr. Clemen*, before he (-Ailed on uie, li witn the stutemetiU in hit letter oftheiilfd, let others deside. lluw probable it is, that when Day oame fnnA Washington with the In tention of offering auniething to me, it all at once happened that tlie rase was rert rued , aui 1 offered something to him, 1 should be willing to auhaiit to | Day himself. But enough of this? here are the letters: ? WaSHIBOTO.* ian 21, lS'-4 Dsas Sir? Id rsp'y to >our Inquiry, I here to ear iliat acme llin* elac? a friend &al.?d U|.oa m* lo 11x4 sir* It 1 ? uactODt of CcL Colt's o*uoeel; and up?a mj re?lyle? lb UiS sffl.inatlve, be rem* *?d that H-mnU, l>?y ??' hero for th* purjo?? of oppo-lng a btl th*? p-nrlng for tl?* exi*Daio& ui Cull's p?'?i t, but tb*' if 1 woeil.l fee Liin bo belUted a r?ewcnable com prowl* might be elfeet. ad. I rapl'ed that I had no authority firm 0)1- Colt to male arrangement* ?f any sur'- taa> he r?i *d upon the juslioe of Liu. c*e*, and **p-et*d nothing wore from uie than to ?** that It was fairl / preseetoa, and guarded against interested misrepresei/tatl >a* from Infringer* 'r oibet* Finally, howet*r, 1 consisted to cm.v?r*i? w?th Mr bay If bs would call up jn me for that purpos* Huh sequently Mr I)?y did oall upon m*: I r*oiar?e4 to biui tbat 1 understood h* desired to cont*r*? with me upon t kiw subjeot of Colt's patent-that 1 undersold hehai uo oppoeilUa to Co). Colt, butj,that bs feared If hi? bill should ra.s it might aff-et others la whleh he (Pit) wa* interested? that I bad also bee* told ?hat his obj .0* la **ki> g id inteitiew *lth m? was to effect an amlcab!* Herspllsd, "You have the whol* story " I than tald, "1 must k; ow what you want, and what you expect from mi, bsfore I can give yoa any aasw*r ai to the probabilities of making lacb a compromi** " He eald that ha bad bean prevented from aoeing me as eoon as ba desired? tbat he bad an engagement at tbat h-<ur. and could not gat through with all h? had to say In time to keep it? addini that ha was going to New York taat night, but would oall again before hs started I told him that you ware 1b New York, and tbat he had better see you. Be esprosaad feara that you ?ould not converse with bin 1 told bim tbat If hs had any reasonable pro poeitioos to make, he might disuiu suob appreaeosious; bus to make things certain, I would write to advise yoa to Me bim. He 'aid he should aak nothing unreaauoabla, an ?b?u he bad etated hu oase, you wjuld yourself b> of tbat opinion. He addedagtoi leal about hii lofla ? nee over the House of Representatives, letter writers, newspapers ka , to wbich I paid no atteatloa. I did a"t ?ee him agtin uutil after he ntst you in New York. He did not oall at tbe time he had appointed, leamsd tbat heoalled ab">ut haif an hour latar; bat, hav tog aaothrr engagement, I did aot wait for him, and did not sea him. When I did learn the exaet nature of Mr. Day's propo sitions I at r nee agreed with you that it would he dis graceful SDd ii?hor?rable to accede to th?m Very truly your friend, JKRK CI.EHKN3. Nsw York, Jan. SS, 1854. Eiiw?rd S. PicKKBeoit, E?g , N?w Yokk:? I kabSik? In answer to your r?qu??t I hare to state that when in W tshlngtoB, either la the lat*ei part of Da o?n bet or early part of tbe present month, Mr. Horaee H Day enUred into sonTersatioa with me, at the Na tioial Hotel, on the subject of the extaaslon of tbe 8olt an( other patents by Congress. Ib tbs coarse of his te marks I understood him to ? ay, that If an arraageiasBt bad b'en, or should be, made to protect his Interests la tbs ladia rubber bukatsa, hs would aid, and o inld satisfy tbe partle* that by proper management ha could insure the extantioa by Congrees of all these patents. Ai no Intimation of seoracy was aads? bat, oa the contrary, presuming that the parties interested In the applications to Coagress should hs mads aoqu tinted with tie Tisws and the laftuenoes be eoald coatroi? I did aot hesitate In c rmmuaioatiag to you the purport of hid re marks ob that subjaet. 1 can cot pre teed to gift Mr Day's remarks in full, aot baring any personal or professional ouunecelon with any application of the kind before Cjofiess to indues iptoial interest, but 1 am rery sure as to tbe general tenor of his remarks, and I feel suie that I hate not orsrstated them. Yours, truly, &o , UdAS. M KEU.LR. Nkw York, Jan. 24, 1851. Edwd. N. Dickiksox, F.-q ? Diur Si? ? In reply to yoar inquiry whether the state meats of H H Day's lerer, In the Hsraik of the Si3d so rar as th?y relate to me, are true, I bare to say they are falsa. Tbe only conversation* which I bare erer held with Il-iaoe H Day on the subjeot of the extension of the Hay ward or sulphur pateat, were tech as followed propo siiions by him to procure the ex'eneion of that patent Duriiff the last six inottbe Day has maie maay appli cations to me for re'esse of the jidgmett of tbe aoart agaloht him for infrlcgenisnt of tjooityear patents, baxed upon the proportion to join with Hay ward In procuring toe exteusion of bis pateat, and to be admitted as part outer of an interest therein. These fasts 1 should not bate felt j istihed in thus disclwlng, unle s Day ha 1 opened them by b in statements in tlia letter attacking you butlihould be doiog tojuatice to the (<artiea coa cerned 10 withhold tbem. The last communication whioh Day wrote to me wa< abv ut the eid cf I"ecember, when hit clerk Sailed upon ice alth a telegraph from Day, from Washingt'-n, t? questing 0.e at ouce to go to Washington, trie objeot of which war aot stated. In regard to the denial published in the I'nion of the J2<h fnst , I hate to eay that Its publication was au ho PBsrd by me in rf ply to a written request from joa. It is proper to add, by way of explanation, that Mr. Ocot'year owaed the flrn term of Hay waid's sulphur pa tent,' but has no interest in Its txtension. The extectit'B of Ueodyear's patent bai never at any time been the i.ub.iect of liscureionatell oetweeo meant) Day. Tbat patent is still In Its Hist term, and haa some jears to tun. Mr. Goodyear Is ia Europe, and 1 hate no knowing* of his tie e? ji Intentions In regard to Its extension. Yours truly. WILL'AM JUDJON. Harlng thus refnted every charge which has been I made from beginning to end, I trust that hereafter, | wben any objection fa to be made to Col. Colt's ap plication, it will at least bear some distant resem blance to truth, and be supported by some reason, which is better than "black mail." Your obdt., Eow'd N. Dicikbsom. 57 Chambers street, New York, Jan 27, 1854. American Genius. List of Patents issued from tbe United Hta'es Patent (?flioe for tbe week ending January 31, 1354? eash bearing that date:? Henry T Anthony, of New York, N Y ?For Improve met t In presses fur making mlala'.U'e oases. hbilander H B*neoict, of Stiacuse, N. Y ? For lm proved < sgoeneoty pe plate holder Encs Boughtoe, or East U.ooaBeld. N. V ? l or imptovs m>r>t In cultivators William B.^yd, of Oarretts tills. Ohio- For Improved mode of fixing likeneeres in monnments William Cleveland, of Oraage, N. Y.-For improvement lu :? uctsin pens William 0 Davis cf PiMfbarg, Pa ? Fsr improvement in p eeses for moulding ties*. &mael I.. Deut.y, of Chrif-tiana, Pa ? For improvement in olvide^ railioad axles. Cyrus J Fat. of North Unsoln, Ms ?For Improvement in w>ttcn pres'es ? E'eai-r W. .lor.nh' n of Perth Am'ioy, N. J-Frrlm pr^vement in ia> c Ills Hatve) I.-afh, of Rcston, Macs. -For Improvement in nropel'.ers. , f oc mas ljongking, of Brookltn N.Y.? For i n pro ted ? ppnatns for cleaning ard oufli n< dsguerrrotype pla'e*. r. o Cutler, of J^rsiy City, N. J -F.r impr^Ttmsnt ia quar s ciu'hers Harvey I.uli. of South Coventrv, Unn , as?Unor to Har v.v I.ull and Richard Porter, o' Wbee ing \ a.-For im pi" ttmect in reutter hlBT'S Ante dated Jaa 1 1 8^4. Jatue* Mc< arty, o' R?ading, Pa ?For improvement ll roll- rs for szaibrg the edges of tbe i-kelpi for lapwelled tubes. John L L Morris, of R'adtng, Pa. -Fer Improvement in t/am hammers Charl.s (i. Pags of Washington, D. C.? For Improve II ?nt In eleitro msgoetic ei g'nes. Pateated in I jglaad, Mae 3, 1861. Wm. Palmer, ef New Yoik N Y ?For Improvemeats lu eater sauger for steam b llers, Ebenestr G I'omeroy, of Pittsburg, P?.? For improve meet ib manufacture of sbeet iioa. Benjamin Urderwood, ef Brooklyn, N T ?For Improve ment in the conitruc Ion of prlntlag ble'k*. Frederick J Thring, of New York N Y. ?For Improve ment In eai pet bsgs. Mw?rd Town, of Jersej City, N J ?For improved ma chine for psg'ng books. Peter I. Weimar, of Reading, Pa ? For iqpprovemeat la steam bsmmsrf. ...? > Isaac I. Difkinaor, of Richni nd, Ind.? For improve meut lo churns _ . Is! Roj t) Whit?, of jhicopee, Masi.? For Improvsmsnt in 'utni'ur* castors . , , _ Hs isst'K ?Samuel G. Dasdal*. of Bnhmood, lad ? For apparatus f r opening and closing gates Patented Oat. 11 l?63 Db-ions? Wm Rssor. of CncinnaM, Ob lo. assignor to Wm. and R P. Reaor * Co., of rami place? Fjr design for CI) BOO 't11!# Crnrad Harris *nd Paul W Zolnar, assignors to Alexan der Bradley, of Pituburg, Pa.? For design for cojkiug Peter Bel be it of Plttsbnrg, Pa , assignor to Alexandtr Kratiley of same plaee? For design for c Kkitg stove. Hirers and Ilnrbors. [From the Washingtoa Iatell genoer Jaa 31 J K ght weeks of th* setaion of xmgress hating pa-i?d an? no bill reported for appropriations for tbe imp vs ment of rlve-s and harbors, solioltude is express- ' in various quarter) as !o the p-obabUMes of aotlon dn-in r th? pieeent leeslnn, and tome Inquiries have been adJr>-<"> 1 te us u;ob .te aabject wh'cb we should be gia<l o ai.se - If we cunld. lbeaubj-ct elislted some remarks In the Ssaats or Thursday last, Ib replt to ao lrqqiry by vfr R-U **i- > - the Omr>ittee on Commerce ia tnat hody m-?u'. t" rn>k a r?p< rt without waiting the antleo '>f t^e If 'U e 1' K prei 'ntatnee r There^lyof the chai man, Mr Hamlin. Inrieaied a diepopl.loB on tha ,art>.f tie eenm tt<? ti await the motemsnt ef tha Hon>e, as all appn>Beiatiotis OU|l.t >0 originate In that brsneb; th ne?i to?-e ha sometlBe* been, Mr H. said, bl!l? rejdrted lu favor of appropriation* for ?nsh worte as tbs Ippl river aa1 oil e a of a general (baraoter Mr Hsl, r*fe-rel t > the wast* which 1 e lay a produced la worke s mmenr?d aad left unflnlshed frr want of *ne?u*. aed urg?i tbn Impirt aure f f early legislatlcn. But tbe icq->i,y andemt-rea ti?D Ibereon lesullal in no assurance tha'. a general bill ?i nld be reported to the .Stoats. Early in the se**loc a mo i n w?* made In tbe H?*ee e' Hepieeen'atlvee to have a b.ll r?p rrteKl making anp o,ri alien* for tbe ooapletlon of worka anthoettvl u t the last Coigressacd Btwla^rg-ese of oonstrnivinn: bat that was eefsried, and the whole aubj et is tmfo e the Ci.u mitte* on Omaeroe, aald to be 'avorab * to Impr^v m> ma cf a national charaatar Th* report Islokei for wi h bo small degree of lnt*re*t th* table plven below will sbow the eg(te;ate awioont ? nnoally (pproprialad dorlng a period of tnf'te aln* >e*r?, the pun i'attoa of whltb may be aeseptabh t ? ojr readers at tbi* tlm* le January, IK47, by a reaolution of th* Senate a ?t'l waa mad* upon the Secretary of War for "a *ta'*m*nt if all tbe appioprlatlon* mad* tot tla* o .nstruitton and re pair of ali road* fortification* an' haraoes, and Tor t>i* Improvement cf viver*. In each and all e* the .ita'ee an 1 Tarntoil** of the United Mates, showier th* amottat and period tf*aeh appr>prlatioa and at pea Mtnre " In eoaapHaane with thie eall, a ?totan>*at eras pre ml re 1 kj Col ] } A>?i? ib >? 0: Hit T!o^ .k; . w I Earl mm*, exhibiting the argrefat* appropriation la ?M> I ntt : al*o a recapitulation akowlag, m Jar aa prntloiM% la what States the expeadltare* bar* bMi made. 1 satement of the amount* alac* appropriated woaM be of interest to th* pakiii at this moment. Aaonrre ArraoraiATKD ta aai h Ybab 1808 ?4?,44# Mr. Mokditon't Jdininutroti'm 181 0 (40 904 181 1 60 000 1812 30 000 1816 100 000 1816 10 000 181 7 4,060 J5t.?J0 Mr Monroe' < Adm\nittrati m 181 8 8<" 0*8 '873 Hi.UiO '824 l".i J?)0 mi> 176 7ia 703, ?a Mr. A lam*' Jdminutralinn 1*26 as I 263 ,8'?' 83s Ml U'-H - *1,0 JO, 1XJ J"*' I 608 660 l,3ll,?T? (!tn Jamkimt't A' niumrj'ian ,sr0 ?73,60? 18i,l 0-6,31 ( '88? .. 1,316 COS >*?8 1, 16?, 411 1884 1,641,631 18H6 1 863.348 183 6 1.8H7.630 183 7 1,768,^18?10,681,874 Mr. Van /lurm'l Adminutratiim. ISffif ?3,0*7,044 1839 60,600 1841 71,000 3,331,644 Mr. TyUr't AdmiHiitratitm. 1S43 8100,000 1843 330,000 1*44 698 600 H46 60,000 1,076,4 JO Total tluileejlu Ricaiitclation. Mais* ?27?,IT? New Hampshire 10,000 Ma*saohui>ett* 636 148 Vermont. 101,000 Khore Inland 83 000 1 oeoectlout 160,407 aw York 1,881. 11* > aw Jersey 38 981 1 enssy lranla 107,981 lernsylvania and Delaware 88, 41> I ? lawara 1,038,884 M.ijland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia 1,901,38V OsrvlanC , 65 008 Virginia 26,088 N'ar b Carolina 270 00# <?-< rgia 343,048 V If I Ida 387, Til A lebama 204 OTT ?JU alsalppl 46 608 Iyonisiaaa 717,108 T-nnessee ll.wj# Kentucky and Tennessee 166,008 Ark ansa* 486 008 Mirsouil and Arkanaa* 100,000 MUeourl 76,008 trtatas through wbieb tba Weatern rivers put, (Ohio, lUcNlaaippi, Mis*ourt aad Arkaniaa,).. 1,698,000 Icoiana 1,370.788 Illinois 993,601 Onlo 1,617,681 hicbigan 646,714 Wisconsin Territory 167,808 low* Territory 16 000 Total J 817,198,41T * The million fcf this Hum wa* (or tba Ch**apaak* aad Ohio Canal. f The appropriation law of 1838 rlrect*4 that bat a i ortlon (not exceeding one half) ot an oasis appropriate* i-hould be expanded in that year. 1 I rac'ioi.* of dollar* art omitted In there earn*. [ilia hddiu ex p? need lor fortiboatioax ware ambraoad is u bejaiate report J Tlie Segar Trade. TO ALL IKTBK86TKD IN TUB HSU AK M ANl'FACTtJUIN# DITHINESH. \Va, tha nnderalgnad, in oommon with the tr*4e at ixiga feslin* the necessity of soma a jtton baring for it* objeot aobaek totbe now heavy aai constantly increasing importation of foreign eeiara, and with th* aortas of aoma ? f the beat minds lu tae trade, do heresy call i onraa* t on of the whole eager manufacturing interest ol tail aai the adjoining State*, inducing >egar Isaf growers. d^alara, manfae'urejs, argar maker*, and ? ag?r box mannfacturonk t > be held at Albany, Tharaday, Kebraary 16, 1804, at 18 o'clock A. k When it i* caul tared that in tbrse Herman cltia* which ate now flooding thi* oountry s>it i >egsra, tba prloeaC boxes la $6 jar hurctred. an.' not, as with oa, >12 and 818 ?of boxing 13K c?nta p'r tb<iuaaad, ioaUad o' 68 oaatl atid 76 ccnta? of atripping, par weak 37 % ctnU, in plaaa o: 81 Kb anc $2? ami that tbe prioe of aakltg >a,ar? 1a 81 irr tboua*i.d instead bf 86, tog?thar with the faot that t efjatltb tobacooaa are admitted duty free, wahare aa ooca>lcn of tuririao whan toll that, after paring tba ir lliag duty now iuipoaad, they art able to jtlar thatr *>am at a prioe ?a lo? as to p-eolnds the hope of a *ua cerafnl compaUiion by the Amaiiean irannfaoinrar. Again In riaw of tha faet t lat those eitias hara long acd tarcexafolly prosaiated sommeree aad manufaotara, ?r>d tbeieby evicctd to tha world tlieir ability of adapt lrgthemseres to tba wants and habit* of tbalr cu* aairra, we ahoull not winder, but tha ratbsr be pra (.aied to baliava. when U Id that they bare studind our style of manufacturing sagara ho sucoe^stally a i ta rea der It almott impoanible to distinguish thrir. from otua. With aaob faot* before us, It will bs an easy matter for every ma to perceire the ultimate fate rf tba segar maa nfacturmg inteia>t of this oonatry. un'e?a aomatbiof la doc* to ebaoga tba prraant oourae of things Tba utility of a convection of th* trade, it is thought, wi 1 be s; parent to all, by reason of tba fact tha'. it i* difficult to arouse to ngoroi* and uDltad am ion any -'yr of mm wltboat son.e public demonstration. Tta propoaed rerii-ion cf tbe tariff luring tha preaaaA t.eaMoa of Uocgiass i? the only thing that has markad ?he time speelflxl in this circular If we wish a ohaaM iu tbe t*r:l1. more f?Torable to our busipe-s, now 1> the tin e to mora in tha matter. A* the ffceeent Congieai settle* th* duties oa impirti. *o, without doubt, wil they remain duticg the term of tbe axistio* administra te n ; in a word, wa must r.trlka now, or sutler four year* li nger, and that, tee in a siansrr and toaaaxtaatof vblsh tba preaent is bat toe prelude. Lest some should look on a more at this kind aa pro r icing but tittle from tba fact that a few years alnae a petition was eucolated and forwarlsd to Cjngrsas In na 'frfDC* to this same snbjeot, and failed to indnoe that htdy to take action la tba matter, it may not bs ami** to state, first that I'gDaturesto that petition ware eo lloited from these in the trade only; whereas, it I* thought, if ibe nau a of all in tba traile, ttgatber wit* their liieods. were sesnred, this would ?welia petitloa to a sire thai wu?l command re?pect. Second, tuat pe tlilon was sent In at a time wben tbe tariff wai not ba?>4 revlied, sod it could hardly b? axpsctad that Coegraea would (tiitarbthe r?ta of duties for sn? inten s', onW. While i' would be improper for us to anticipate tue na tion of the eonrention, yet we may be allowed to remark tliat pier* of prooe<*ure haro bei-n sujgaited which, (la tbe ab. enre of better ones,) if oarrie i out, It is tkuagM would stctue to the trada tbe protection It so muell n tdv It will b> (bs>rved that the only lubjeot p-opoaed for consideiation at this conree ton U tba evil resoltiaa to the trade from th? heavy importation ef aegarn, aad It* teased}. The qu'stion for all to ask themselves Is not, "Will wa certainly secure an insreasa of dati on fore gn segars by atteac'iBg this nooTentlon bat, ''Will wa surrender ay the segai Intaiest rf this country to foreign nation*, withint a atruggl* f" Believing that lomethiag shonld he dona, aad that ai wethlng aan be done, we here leaned this sail, trasttag that It will meet with the riew* of all, aad *li*tt a full and hearty r*spon?*. (HI* b?1 by aaarly two hundred sagar manufacturer*.) TILES RAFBIC. THIRTY-THIRD CON6REIS, FIRST SESSION. Senate. / WAeiuvciToa, fab. 1, 18M. ASTl HLAVtKY IKTmOI F*OX I'lSHSTlVAKIA. Mr. Simmk, (free soil) of Mass , presented a peWttoa from iancaster county, Fa., praying that Congraaa woaM prevent tbe tntrodaotioa of alavery into territoriaa aow irta aad 1) lag north ef 86 cO Laid on th* tabl*. rmurortib mhoval or hxcsb<t oa th* steal, atrrioa on raaB* uxhtui. !toauiAiio!VH Mr. Hi.mn.i., (dem ) of La., offer td a resolution dlre*t lo| tbe Committee on Jadlciary to inqnire Into tae expe diency of emeaitDg the rules of the Saaate so a* to re lease tha la junction of *ecresy upon final aetioa ay** all nomination*, retaining that secraay upon all debatee aad proceedings on snob aominatloa*. Mr Suinx said experience had shown that th* rale of i bse ving sen*sy aa to the final result of the Saaete'a act It. n onoomlnatians, was impracticable A recent *a?a t ad attracted much attention, and nest morning tha public w*s as-are bow each Seaatoi bad voted. Mr Ci AtrsiM (whig; of I)el , said he di t not thlak th*r* ? aa any t tug in tbt* ruiae which prohibited a Senator rr. ? disclosing tbe rasul's at wbica the Sena'" bad M lived oa lob. i nations, such as that it was rejected or ooa b ti.?d. Such matters ba<l never be*a supposed to fee rti it, Jin bar. always xupponed a Seuator ooaid state b' ? be hid v? '?d himself, but not how others had voted. Vr. Wai i kk, (dem ,) of Csl , srka In favor of ameadiair Ue rti es by alio sing jsrorn reporters to h? pre sot d?ria? I' setaHre se^eioo. in order that tba dsbai-s might k- < it t i' bed aa wall a* tie Vutas when tha U iyctua ef >?"i?j wa? removed ^ *-i i rs Uaik.ih miPUL Bin i* ae<? CtAVTOx, mad* fu *1 er r> DI rke, after wl.iah tbe re?>lu Ion wa> amaaded fo as todlraet an laijolry as to whether the rule* r-qair*4 ar\ ao.erdn ei.*, and, if so, what, aa i then the r . da'Joa ? ae adop ed. i ki miiosi roa a *Afn?At rociroat at nmAi>?LPmA Mr lUoi hk/ii, ( eu ,) of 1'* , offered a reeolutiaa, directing is >, iry a? ta the proprtaly of ati horli ng the Seweia ) o( ts ar to oountiuui a ualioeal foandiy ta I'eoa ?j isavla. r*k AnrKSMOkv laa.Nsta ohmixnt Mr Pa?iii?, (dam ) of M?.; /r im the C .mm.ttae oa 0 Riaierae, reported a i til wan'hortva tie issae of Ameri eau reglet?-re to the rentals o?ned by t i* 4o**Kaory fraa> ? it On. pa: y, au> user |o the transportation of paaaeo g>r end lr<ig%t bat*. en ports on tba Atlantis aad 1 snflc itn <TTvr*?inp ttr cniinaxv miw annoau, wro. Vr BfTiKH (rt?ta ) ? f S C , reported back tha Hoare bill to eecoie ih? right of citiien<bip to chiidrea of I i red fitates tlilaent born oat of the Haiti thereof, rep, a n.etidlr.g 1ha theie w rds b? strusk ou' ? 'Tba. ar j *or an n errted, or who shall be married to a olt se i ? f tba Unites St>tes, shall te desme l aud takea to be a cittrsa." Manv petitions acd rep< rts war* then preeeatad. tux <-n.?i or an rawi, ma via* >ri nxvatoa, was then taken up and Mr. Wn.naan (dem ,) of KB, satpeited the views of the maj .mj of tbe ootaiBltteai tfa? the MmttaMon In tba ?onss t-ntWi ttal'ed nnte ?<? Im wil.. u. , I..--. wa? sMaa <se a<ea ywaag