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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMKB GORDON BEIIIETT. PttOfKIKTOK AMD ?DUU* mm h. w. ookKU er mn.v9M am* na??ac bt?. 7b'.RM$ cmJk tn advance Tift PlIlV hERJLD 1 etnti p*r copj-|7 p#r Annum TBS W'E?JU. Y HERALD every Saturday at ??? ?*f? <* ? ?r Ktper ontmn ; fA* Kuruprun Edition per oil l? any wan of Great Britain , uW 16 to any part of Oe Vmmjyte t f)Ow mW?^< pu.liiw JLV IffTKltS bf mail for S* tnrriptunu yr mth JfL'er Oi+rmrnh to be p<4t and, or (At (xxUnyc viil be deducted j rum rimitled. WOLtrNTJRY CORKESPOSDESCE, tmtavJm torn ! nrv? eoticitcd from an u jeur rter of the toorld i if wed mil toe liber alt aid for ?-(K B ronnic* ? oKKtifJuo"" ?li r*BTicvLi>i.v ?i?;ur[H to mi. *I-L L?rT*R? MB ?|[?T vr . .. nr. J. *0 NOTICf. taken ofanonyvtou* eommunuatkm. H e do ?mat return (Am< re rcted JOB PHfMlMa vtxrvted with netUnen, tfhva.nest, and 7dVEKTISEIIK\TS reneteed everyday. Volant Itfc, So. *8. AMliaBBANTH TBI* BYBJUKO MVUT 7UKAYBI, Bower*? Uwoui Ton'i Oun. n oa?wav TUtiTRI Bretlway? Littlb Toruii* ????? 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Ike United Btatea mall ateamihlp tioorge Law, Captain ?oGowaa, wUl leave this port to merrow afternoon, At two ?'slock, tor A ?p in wall. The ?.11. for California and other part* of tke Paolflo, Will tlOM At DM o'clock. the Maw Yor* Wrkklt Hsrald, CallfornU elttloo, oou 1 the l?teet Intelligence from aH parti of the worli, will ka published At ten o'e ock to morrow m >mlng. ? -ji- aoplM alapenee. Agents will please send la m*r aritra a* early as possible. The M?wi. Mock of our spa 3? is to-day necessarily devoted to B Y*ry full report of the proceedings at the anti-Ne fcraska gathering at the Tabernaole last night, to wbich is appended sketches of the transactions in ^?n?r meetings elsewhere. We have commented Bt length on the subject in a leading editorial. The mails of the steamship Canada reached the alty about two o'clock this morning? too late to ena We us to give very extended details of the news this morning. We however make room for much inter esting information that had not already been furnished fry telegraph from Halifax, and shall hereafter pub lfeh our letters and such other matter as may be dremed of importaace. From the synopsis of the debate upon the war question in the British Houjfe of l^rde. it will be seen that several of tie honorable gwtlemea echoed the belief that they were on the are of a geaeral war in Europe, and that there should }e bo 4elay in fully preparing for the emergency. Notwithstanding the extreme caution ot the Cabinet Ministers, their remarks tcuded to confirm the ira psesslon that the crisis had arrived, and that the great probleBi of peace or war would be decided in ? ahort time. The Collins steamer Baltic, which is ?early dul at this port, will, It is expected, bring news that will set all doubts at rest. The rumor that Bmith O'Brien, the exiled Irish patriot, had escaped from Australia, is contradicted by a letter from that gentleman himself, dated Oct. 1, In which he declared that, having no intention of escaping , he had received a ticket of absence for six months. Bo tar as the welfare of the people is concerned, it would have been about as well for our State tagisla tan to have followed the example of Congress, by ad Jeorsing over ff*A Friday till to-morrow. The case of the contestants for a seat from this city was the only jmm tt?r actually disposed of by the Assembly yester day. Mr. ClaA, soft shell, was ousted by a vote of neventy-seven to nine, and Mr. Maguire, hard shell, wax authorized to fill the peat. by sixty five to twenty one. The former gentleman, however, can oonsole himself for the disappointment with the fact that he has drawn pay for half the eession. The contested case in the Senatt Is still In abeyanoe. Owing to the fact that the initial G. was placed in the centre of Adam Storing's name, on a portion of the tickets fat the Eighteenth district, a certified of election was given to Mr. Blakely. a whig, although it waj apparent that the friends of the former gentleman, who is a democrat, were largely in the majority. On reference to our despatch, it will be seen that an other projcct haa already been started to take moie money from the people for canal expenditures. The ottiKeoa of Buffalo desire a number of bridges bnilt, ?t an expense of some thirty thousand dollars, over the (An a Is in that vicinity. Should their request be granted, all the other cities and tovns i a the State through wbich the canals pass, wiU demand similar favors. No matter: the people are rich, and mllli >ns are nothing to them, as was prived by the result of the election last Wednesday. By the way, it is inti mated that some of the whig! at Albany are quite indiguant becauae'Mr. Clinton, a national democrat, baa tAken the wind out of their sai ji with regard to tke preparation of a bill for the completion of the caaals. We may expect a lively controversy on this qwstion before the close of the session. Th# Senate passed several bills of no general importance. We elsewhere publish biographical sketches of all the gentlemen who have served as United States Se iiAtors for Maine, together with a variety of interesting incidents connected with the history of that State Those deairons of keeping fully .postci up with re gard to passing events, should not fail to peruse these reminiscences, and also to preserve a copy for tke future reference And instruction o' their childrea A dinner was gives to Capt. Watkins, commander of the late steamship San Francisco, by the ship rwners of Boston, yesterday. We regret to state that there was an increase ol forty one in the mortality of the past, as compared with the previous week. According to the official report of the City Inspector, the whole number of deatl s for the week ending yesterday, was five hun dred and thirty seven, of which no less than 71 were produced by consumption: convulsions, 42? ' only two adults: croup, 13; congestions, 21; diarrh<r?, It!; dropsies, 32; fevers. 47 cases, of which 2ti were scar let; inflammations, 72; marasmus, infantile. 18; pre mature births and stillborn, 44, and small pox. 42. Thto shows^t di rease of fifteen in the last named disease, which, in reality, is the only sickness of an epidemic nature in our city, and this would no doubt speedily diminish, if not altogether disappear, were the proper precautions adopted. While upon the subject, it is pro|>er to remark that New York is not by any me* * the enly city in fected with the small tox. This dreadful pestilence is raging In almost every place of note in the coun try, and doubtless will continue so to do until the Legislatures take the matter in lnud And nuke it ob Igatory on the local authorities to see that every per son is vaccinated, and re-Yacsinated whonevcrocci ?ion may require. Perhaps none, so far as bu?ine 4 is concerned, are more immeciAtely affected by the fa t of the existence of this disease than our mcr^autile e^Tmnnry, whose trad* must suffer Hrge'y, for the Mju. ob ih?t ouunUy people hare the utjioat Urced, the Moat perfect bo'/rw, of this loathsome pest Tb? sum may be said < A our sister elty, Philadelphia, where from omII pox are recorded weekly. Watt merchants to take ttie swtter in hand and aae their influence ?? seem* the passage of a law enforcing vaccination, they might do much towards ridding is of the abomination. As fx the terrible mortUity caused by consumption, convulsions, inflammations, Ac., that is accounted for by the fact that the paat work has been by far the severest of the aeawn upon persons whose long* are affected. The dense fog in which we were moat of the tine enveloped, or, as it were, completely submerged, combined with the circumstance of the frost evaporating from the ground, rendered the atmosphere damp and chilly, and extremely unhealthy, particularly to foreigners. The mortality among adult Americana continues so small as to excite the surprise of every one. On referring to the record we find that three hundred and forty-four of the deceased were boys and girls, nearly all of whom wen, of course, born in this country; while of the total num ber three hundred and seventy-three are classified as natives of the United States. From Ireland there were 66; Germany, 38; England and France, C each; Scotland, 7; West Indies, 3; Switzerland and Italy, 2 each; British North America, 5; and Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Isle of Man, aud South America, 1 each. Only one person died in the Second ward, while forty-one died in the Sixth and fifty in the Twelfth. The Sooth and West are fast regaining their noto riety for horrible Bteamboat disasters. Scarcely a day parses that we do not bear of loee of life fcy burning, siKkiDg, exploding, or othir accident* on toe waters of those regions. T&o or three persons were lately killed by a collision between two steamboats on the Alabama river. Wm. Ransom has been awarded a verdict of four teen thousand dollars against the Erie Railroad Com pany, by the Supreme Court, for injuries received by a-eollL-ion at Chemung, last July. A fe* more ver dicts like this would have a tendency to greatly di minish the number of railroad accidents in this State. The trial of James Saunders fcr riot in the Ninth ward, on the Fourth of Ju^last, was continued yes terday in the Court of General Sessions. A large number of witness were examined for the defence, among them several citizens not members of the society of wbioh the defendant was marslal. Their testimony tended to show that the defendant en deavored to prevent the riot as much as possible, and that the polite and other citizens were the origi nators of the disturbance. The Chinese interpreter? Leong Aghev? has written us a letter relative to the affairs of the dramatic company, which we give in his own words. The following are simply the headings of a few of the most interesting articles with which our columns are crowdcd this merniog:? Description of the inka. bitants, animals, resources, climate, Ac., of the island of Papua, or Neiv Guinea ; the Alleged Preparation* for Arming Russian Privateers in American Ports ; Another Queer Letter from "the Man who Nominated Frank Pierce;" Washington Territory and Califor nia Correspondence; Medical News; Religious, Poli tical, Commercial and Miscellaneous Intelligence, Ac Pi ogre of the Ncbriubi Campaign? The Meeting Lut Evening. The second attempt or the New York anti elavery party to kindle some show of enthusi asm among the opponents of the Kansas-Ne braska bill has proved ae abortive as the first. Last evening s meeting can have rendered no service to the cause. The Tabernacle was full, indeed, and the audience very patient and good humored : Mr. Blunt was as prosy as usual, Mr. Hale as funny aa is his wont, and Mr Beecher as fanatic as he always is. But new light thrown on the question there was none. No arguments were adduced that have not been refuted over and over again : no points made that were not borrowed from the debates in the Senate. If the audience of last evening waa composed of men who are in the habit of reading the newspapers, the speeches must have seemed very stale repetitions of threadbare ar guments: if the bulk of Mr. Blunt's hearers relied upon him and his coadjutors for their in formation on the subject, their notions of the Missouri compromise and tbe Kan?as-Nebraskti bill must be tolerably confused. We should like to ask any of the gentlemen who made the Tabernacle ring with applause last evening what they would say if Congress were to at tempt to legislate slavery into the future State of Minnesota? If any Southern Senator in some future Congress were to introduce a bill declaring that the new State -Minnesota - should only be admitted into the Union on the condition that he and his friends should be allowed to migrate thither with their slave 1-roperly? What an outcry we should then hear about the independent rights of the States, and the tyrannical assumptions of Congress ! IIow the West would ring with de nunciations of the arbitrary impudent attempt of the federal authorities to wrest from the new State her inalienable rights! And yet this is precisely what the speakers of last evening would have Congress do with regard to Nebras ka. It may do very well for Mr. Hale to.tell a public meeting of abolitionists that the ordi nance of li87 was a prohibition of slavery, and was formally recognized as such by the First Congress: but evtry man who is well read in the history of the country knows that that ordi nance was in point ol fact inoperative from the first ? that for a period of several years, the whole Norwestern Territory was slaveholding territory, and that the States abolished it when they pleased. So we all know that the First Congress ratified the ordinance simply from a desire to avoid disputes and strife. Our early fathers saw the dinger of splitting on the rock of slavery and allowed the ordinance to pass, trusting to future statesmen to correct the error when the foundations of the young republic were more firmly established. Most of us know too? though perhaps Mr. Hale does not- that in ratifying that ordinance as the grantor of the territory. Virginia expressly omitted the sec tion prohibiting slavery therein. Fallacies so easily exposed as these of Mr. Hale's might be safely left uncontradicted. They roceive a practical refutation from the striking coldness with which his efforts and those of his party are received by the community at large. Indeed, nothing is now clearer than the fact that an excitement cannot be got up on the ques tion of Nebraska among the conservative portion of the North. A few isolated journals here and there, which have hitherto advocated the conservative whkr ?jfic jn poijtjC!li j,ave )>rok,,n ground against?. Douglas's measure; but in every instance their opposition has been mark ed by hesitation, timidity, and every symptom of reluctance and self-distrust. The noaent ' they abandoned the field of calm discussion, they found themselves fighting side bv side trie open foes of the I ?j?n : and "a:, i.? ?t.-ctivc aversion to so repulsive an alliance mmnd.au ly comp, II, d them to draw back No have heard threais and ominous predic '!' S thc SCUP' >'"? tremendous ? - -i.< nt which the Ncbra-ka |.;u waa ti)C (,a.c ' e Nor b: we have been warned to prepare rs for R "'niggle com, arid to which i"i <T!'U ?n ot ISiWO was but a skfrm*,: ?!, .. fountry Ins been called to witness th u U?w* watc.ut l*iaoa~tkQ aMitbnfcts -were not guilty of the dreadful itrfft that was about to commence. About a mofltb hu elapsed sine? theee awlhl warnings irere first shouted in oar em. Daring the whole of thi? time, the Nebraska bill haa beoa fairly and squarely before the country. Northern men and South ern men, Western men, and men from the East have read, studied, ay.d discussed it. Editors have published it, ?.nd canvasscd it in every sense; hundreds of thousands of articles have commented on its or ierits. Where is the excite ment ? Where ar e the signs of the thunder storm that was to burst on us ? Where arc the levies for the war that it was to pro voke? Alas, ft seems it was but a mountain in labor after all, and the meeting of last even ing was one *(f the smallest of the litter of mice. Look where* you will, and who are the men whose voters are raised against the termination of the slavery controversy by the formal and definite establishment of the non-intervention policy"? Do we find among them old conserva tives of either party ? Can they count in their ranks any of the men to whom the country looked for patriotism and public virtue in case of danger to the Union ? Is the mercantile community represented in their host? Have they anything more than a faint sprinkling of wealth and station on their side? Can the boldest falsifier of the band claim as theirs auy uubetantial portion of the thew and sinew of the land, the workmen, mechanics, operatives, and sons of toil ? A thousand voices from every city, every country village, every hill and plain indignantly answer No ! From Chicago to Boston, the only indivi duals who have openly taken the field in any numbers against Mr. Douglas's bill havff been the abolitionists and the free Boilers ?parties whose opposition was bo essential to the success of the measure, that had it been wanting, every one would have sus pected Mr. Douglas's sincerity. We Bhall not do the glorious old city of Boston the injustice to suppose that the speakers who occupied the time of the meeting those on Thnrsday can be regarded as representing either the respectabi lity, the wealth or the intellect of the capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Rev. Amos Tuck, and the Rev. Theodore Parker are no doubt very worthy members of society ; but till Choatc, Wintbrop, Bigelow, Hildreth, and others whose names will at onoe suggest themselves to every mind have spoken, we think we may safely say that the Bay State has uttered no word. Her fame stands too high to allow ub to suppose that on this momentous oc casion 6he has chosen the Reverends Tuck and Parker to be her organs. What is true of Massachusetts is still truer of New York None of us would ever think of contesting the high social standing and individual worth of either our Irish friend Judge Emmet or the in defatigable Mr. Girord ; but really they cannot be supposed by any one on this side the Alle ghanies to be empowered to deliver the senti ments ofNew York on a great political ques tion. Much less can the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher or the brothers Blunt aspire to that honor. The former is notoriously identified with the most ultra section of the abolitionists ; the latter have had the misfortune to play subordinate parts in political party strife for many years, and are very uulikely men to be entrusted with the delivery of the sentiments of any public community. Who, then, are the opponents of the measure ? Neither New York, nor Boston has registered its dissent ; the country is silent : east and west look on with indifference ; who are the real eaemies of Mr. Douglas's measure t Some of their names we have already men-' tioned. Their allies, like them, belong to two classes; they are either free Boilers abolitionists, or broken down politicians, who are ready to es pouse any side in the hope of regaining their Pa radise lost. What need we say of such men as Henry Ward Beecher, John P. Hale, John Jay, John G. Palfrey, and their coadjutors in the Se nate? Seward, Chase, Sumner and Wade? Why, their names have been household words in the newspapers for ages. We knew half a dozen years ago, that they had sworn to uproot slavery, and would try it on each and every opportunity. Can we wonder that they avail themselves of the Nebraska pretext? And when we find that they stand alone at the head of a far Bmaller party than they_ led in 1848, when we sec that conservative men on both sides shrink from contact with them, and keep themselves carefully aloof from their move ments. can there be a doubt of the failure of the plot to overthrow Douglas's measure ? Shall we not pronounce the threats of the anti-slavery men mere idle bombast, and langh at the grim faces with which they buckle on their armor for the imaginary fight ? The Awful Condition or the Streets or New York. As oar late respected Street Inspector has disappeared in the mud. and no better chance exists for hiB successor, we have at last conclu ded to make report upon the state of the streets and the general physical condition of the city, for the information of the new reform Common Council, who seem to have no time to attend to anything hut their own nffa;r.?, such as eating, drinking, talking, and ihe spoils. Let ub begin, then, down by the Battery, go ing along Battery place and taking a look up Greenwich, Washington, and West streets, aa they have existed during the past week, and as they will again appear on the next "soft 'day Battery place is one of the most used thorough fares in the city for drays and all kinds of heavy cartage? as it "is almost the only practi cable channel of communication between the wharves on the North river side and the whole eastern and southeastern portion of down town. Well, in Battery place the mud in soft wea ther is kept by the continual stirring up of wheels and hoofs, in a sort of semi-liquid state, about the consistency of hasty pudding. It is here from three inches to a foot dppp; and from Broadway to the river there ha* not been during the week, before the frost of Friday night, a point where you could cross into the Battery' without going in over your India rub bers. To reach the Camden and Amboy depot, or the Port Richmond boat, wa* almost impos sible ? literally bo ? without wading ancle deep in this liquid mud. From the best information we can obtain, there has not been a broom or cart seen in this neighborhood for six months past. There are several taverns and eating houses here, and of course all their ashes. lemo.i peel, and other rubbish, lies iu little mouuds along the gutter. Greenwich street we partly described some time ago ; but it bus, like its neighbors, bt in gi owing worse and wor?. Here, a id in Wu-h;UK:' n ai-d West stt'it* it is poiTosHy i w fill The mud in ihe riv i.lle of t'ie str*."." - !.;? to ?.! : :i' * cf t!i ? ;r.;y v, ;.i. u-i.l on < i;ch >, when Uie ,:V;er 1. ml!, - ?? a ct'iiuiuoup mound of a:bofc rnamuc from stables, mod other wmIm filth, baked solidly together, and evidently undisturbed tor months. Every warm apell it thaws a little, and sends np such clouds of reeking and nauseating odors that it Bakes one sick at the stomach to pus along, even im winter. The first warm flash of spring mast produce the most frightful malaria here. The little side streets ? Thames, Hector, Albany, Liberty ? in fact, all the way up to W ashingttn Market ? are, if possible, worse than those we have described. They are full of deep guilty s, into which the wheels splash, sending the mud flying, and spattering the doors, windows and walls of the houses and covering the narrow sidewalk with layers of mud. And then, think of the basements and cellars in all this neighborhood! ? all thickly inhabited, too, by poor, filthy, ignorant emi grants and negroes, with no conveniences in the yards, no water, nothing but the floor and the street for every thlDg! The Hottentots are infinitely better housed and lodged. We noiq|^pproach Washington market ? the very pink-hole of the city. For a wide space around it. you encounter nothing but hills of muck and rubbish, composed of rotten cab bages and other vegetables, the offal, the fish scales and oyster shells, and the general excre ments of the market. Inside, everything is so close and unwholesome, so crowded and mixed together, that to put one's nose in for a moment s enough to give a man a distaste for his meals for a week. The passages and walks, when we waded through them on Thursday, were afloat with the Bame liquid mud we' have described; and on three sides is a regular cordon of manure and the remnants of horse feed, charmingly diversified with swine's hoofs, clots of hair, and tails and fins of decayed fish, the whole arranged in picturesque little hillocks, like one of 's pictures. Carts and wagons, boxes, barrels, and every imaginable sort of ebstruction, crown this rampart ot putrifying ordure, and complete the eheoaux de friae by which our principal household market is bulwarked. But behind the market, jutting out upon the river, there is another long, dirty, narrow, dark shanty, filled with dead hogs and other delicate comestibles, and kept in a still more disgust ing state than the market itself. It is impossi ble to convey any adequate idea of the abomi nable filthLness of this place. It makes us shud der to recall it. All around the eastern, north' ern and southern sides oi the market, the opposite sidewalks are almost entirely covered with open barrels of mackerel, pdrk, cheese, butter and other raneid and rank smelling commodities, filling the air with a compound stench, and leaving only a narrow winding path tor the pedestrians to twist 'and wriggle along among them. This description will ap ply, with slight variation and considerable abatement, to every market in New York. It is actually astounding that any city composed of cleanly and respectable families, in any ra tional proportion, can put up, year alter year, with such a state of things. Passing from the market, we plnnged again into the mud, and entered upon a region which, nearly one whole year, was absolutely blocked up by tho buildings going up or being pul'ed down. Barclay, Murray, Warren and Chambers streets, and Church street as far as Chambers' ! were all this time impassable for vehicles, and almost so for foot passengers. The entire streets, sidewalks and all, were covered with rubbish and building material* ? the rail cart were withdrawn, and ended their trips at the corner of West Broadway and Chambers ? the rails were broken short off in several places, and the whole region appeared like a small section of Moscow after the conflagration. This state of things is now partially remedied ? though still the whole of this neighborhood is an outrage and a disgrace, and threatens to remain so for an indefinite period. Of the side and lateral streets running np town, west of Broadway, we can only say that if they are not all as bad as those we have de scribed, it is because they are not so much fre quented, and because their populations are more cleanly and decent. The avenues, especially from the Sixth to the North river, are, however, bad enough to make up. Most of the buildings on the avenues are tenement houses, with shops in front, and the upper stories occupied by nu merous families, with only a narrow hall and a mere hand's breadth of yard for all. Generally these houses have no drains, and consequently no communication with the street Bewer. The inmates, therefore, of necessity arc compelled to throw their slops and garbage into the gutters ; for, should they even attempt to keep a slop-barrel on the sidewalk, it would be of no use. as the scavenger carts never come along. As to the avenues on the eastern side of the city, some of them arc infinitely worse ; especially the Third, above Forty-second street, where the building of sewers and the excava tions of the railroad company in changing the course of their track, have not only torn up the pavement, but left yawning caverns and unde fended abysses, into which carriages and horses are daily plunging. On Friday no less than three vehicles were precipitated into these pits, and it was a miracle that lives were not lost. As it was, two wagons, a carriage, and a valu able horse, were destroyed, and several per sons seriously bruised. The Street Commis sioner has been directly appealed to on this subject, but he declines to interfere. In nearly all the cross streets above Four teenth, a great deal ot building is going on ; and such is the well known neglect of the street department, that builders impudently tear up the sidewalk and leave a whole block impassable tor months, because they know that nobody will trouble himself to interfere with them. In Twenty-fourth street, between the Eighth and Ninth avenues, and in Twenty fifth, between the Seventh and Eighth, the foot way has been all winter absolutely impassable. In the latter street, a church is being built on one side, and a row of new houses dircctly op posite, and the church seems to have vied with the layman to sec which of them could most completely impose upon the convenience and good nature of the neighborhood. In fact, in many of these streets it is impossible to go on foot from one avenue to another. Neither thqy nor the avenues have been touched by hoe or broom during the whole winter. As to Broadway, everybody knows about that. It depends entirely on the state of the weather whether you can get in or out of an omnibus without wading through the mud. It is the tame with Fulton street, which is one ot the most crowded and important thoroughfares in the city. Nassau street is. for a good por tion of its distance, a great niu^ gullcy. now bankt d up on this side now caved in on that. AH summer and winter the old Bible IIou-o improvement blocked up the west sidewalk ; n id now the rebuilding on the corner opposite our office threatens another six months' stop page of loot travel, as every inch of the side walk is torn up. for the purpoee of digging the c?llar. Beekman street will take Another six months before it can serve at all as a thorough fare ; and the whole newspaper district, be tween Fulton and Spruce, Broadway and Wil liam, is a vast mud hole. We ought to have reserved our strongest ex pressions to characterize the condition of Cen tre and Pearl streets, and the crossways which pass them. From the slope of Centre street, past the Tombs, the market, and so on through Broome street to the Bowery, in cluding the whole of that dire space bounded by Chatham street and the Bowery on the south and east, the instant the frost relaxes its icy grasp it is all one uninterrupted quagmire of filth and abomination. The physical horrors of that locality would turn the stomach even of the "Hot Corn" man himself. We do not in tend to describe it at present, but merely to in dicate this as well as -the other terrible quar ters of the city, and to point out the nuisances which it is a matter of life and health to the citizens to have abated before the warm weather sets in. Little better is the whole East river side of the city, from Peck slip to the Dry Dock. In the vicinity of Catherine market, stretching away behind the National theatre, there is a region where the streets are, at this moment, of no use whatever as thoroughfares? not even drays can possibly make their way through them. The whole neighborhood is squalid and vile, consisting of little shops and sailors' lodging houses, many of them in cellars, and the whole in every way uninhabitable for de cent and Christian people. We have been through entire streets there in which there is not one decsntly inhabitable dwelling; and yet the whole district Bwarms with population. Further along the East river, lined as it is with rotten wharves scolloped with mountains of rubbish and filth, the streets are all in the same state. In fact, there is throughout the city no mitigation to the horrible 11th and de graded physical condition of this metropolis. In any other country, any other government under heaven, we do verily believe that such a state of things would cause a revolution. Here* however, we are better natured. We wade pa tiently through the mud when the weather is thawing, and look hopefully forward to its freezing up. When the warm weather comes on, and the bills of mortality begin to swell by hundreds per week, we stuff our noses into our pocket handkerchiefs, send wife and children to Long Branch or Saratoga, and trust to luck for taking ub safely through the sum mer. Meanwhile, we cheerfully pay hun dreds of thousands of dollars a year for cleaning the streets; and there you may see, all neatly entered on the Street Inspector's books* that the streets all have been cleaned according to contract, and that everything is all right %nd tight. Meanwhile, we challenge proof that, in the portions of the city through which we have just taken yon? faintly sketching the .state of things as we passed along ? there is seen a scavenger or a cart on an average of once a month ; while, for the most part, the vilest and most abominable quarters, where the pestilence breeds and death lurks in every poisonous cave and corner, the mud *nd obscene offfel with which the streets are encumbered is not dis turbed from one year's end to another. How long is all this to last ? Popular Education? Our Public Schools. We have now lying before us an interesting document emanating from the Board of Educa tion, which in its facts and figures bears con clusive testimony to the effective character of the system upon which our evening schools are based. In the annual report of the executive committee charged with the superintendence of this branch of the institution, we find a state ment of educational results for the past year, which cannot fail to prove in the highest de> gree satisfactory not only to the advocates of the Bystem, but to the friends of humanity in general. In devising a scheme of popal&r education which would adapt itself to all the conditions and requirements of the classes which it was intended to benefit, it became evident to reflect ing minds that vast numbers would be exclud ed from its advantages, unless some effort were made to reconcile its rules with the demands which the daily necessities of life make upon the time and attention of the artizan. It was wisely resolved to give such comprehensive ness to the system that not only would the children of the working classes, but the parents themselves be induced to benefit by it. By thus extending the scope of the original plan, there was a high moral purpose to be gained. The opportunity of intellectual culture and re laxation afforded to the artizan after his day's toil, would, it was hoped, have the effect of withdrawing him from the demoralizing as sociations of the rum shop or shilling thea tre. It was in fact the practical application of the theory enunciated by Sydney Smith, "that the true way to attack vice was to set up some thing against it.'' In this Vpirit, and with these objects, the ex periment of evening rehools was tried. It was hazarded with a good deal of doubt and hesita tion, from the many objections that were raised against it: but the results, as demonstrated in the document before us, have completely falsi fied the predictions of those who endeavored to throw cold water upon the schcme. The expe rience of the seven years during which they have been at work has shown not only the vast practical benefits that are to be derived from them, but their gradual extension proves that there is no limit to the system of utility in which their operations are carried on. The project ih first acted apon by the Board in the winter of 1847? *48, with six schools, regis tering 3,224 pupils, and an average attendance of 1.224. In the second year Beveral new schools wero added, and the number registered was 6,796, with an average attendance of 2,190. The best ratio pf .attendance was that of the first year, the propertion being as 1 to 2.63 of the registered number, whilst the lowest rate since the establishment of the schools was that of the second year, being only 1 to 3.18, Dur ing the last two years the ratio of attendance has been better, that of the last term showing an average increase of six hundred over the term Hhmodiately preceding. The total num ber of schools under the care of the committee is now twenty-five, and in the term just closed there were registered, ol male pupils 7,061. and of female, 2,2 "?2; at the colored male school 130; at the colored fennle school, 124. The whole numbe r regi-tered wan 9.313. and the average attendance was 3,319. or 1 to 2.80 of the registered nuuibt r. This is the best ave rage, With the exception of the first term, which bus been presented by any report. One of the most gratifying and important ft attires in the working of the*e schools is tho value which appears to be attached, even by adults, to tlje testimonials granted by the com mittee to thoae pupils who distinguish them selves by their proficiency and regularity of attendance. It proves that there if amongst the very poorest and most toilworn classes of the community more honorable ambition than they are nsually given credit for, and that it only requires to be stimulated by proper incentives to direct it towards objects that will advance not only their moral, but material condition. That the reaction of this system upon society must be wide spread and beneicial, it is scarcely necessary for us to point out It will not only contribute to diffuse the blessings of education amongst all classes of our people, but it will place the relations of the employer and the employed in a more satisfactory position. The former will obtain in this diploma a moral guarantee for the good conduct and punctuality of bis workmen, whilst its possession will more readily throw open to the latter the avenues of industry. It is clear that the man who can exhibit such a proof oi his self-denial and anxiety for improvement will always obtain a preference over those who are too idle or too depraved to profit by the advantages which these schools hold out to them. The nativities of the female pupils, of whioh a tabular statement is given in this report, present one curious feature which will be found some what at war with prevailing prejudices. Of the different nations inscribed on the register, the Irish are the most numerous, exceeding even in this respect our own countrywomen. We recommend the fact to the attention of our M No Irish need apply " advertisers. . "V\ c regret to find that the number of female pupils bears so snail a proportion to that of the maleB. Between the ages of 16 and 2i, for in stance, the proportion is only 658 females to ?2,756 males, or little better than one to four* The importance of attending to the mental cul tivation of their female children, cannot be too strongly impressed upon the working classes. It is one of the most powerful safeguards that they can set up against the vice and demorali zation by which they are surrounded. Napo leon once said to Madame Gampan : "The old system of education is good for nothing. What do young women stand in need of, to be well brought up in France?" "Of mothers," answer* ed that lady. "You are right," replied the Emperor. . "Well Madam, let the French be in debted to you for bringing up mothers to their children." We would do well to profit by the moral of the anecdote. Rcsbian Privateers from United Staths Ports. ? In an another part of our paper will be found an article from the Courrier des Etat? Unit, respecting the supposed real objects of the visit of certain Russian officers to this country, which was announced In the Hcrald a short time sinoe. It is broadly iiITIi ii^l that these agents, who arrived here ostensibly to superintend the construction of some screw pro pellers for the service of the Emperer, are in reality engaged in making preparations for the armament of Russian privateers in the ports of the United States. Our contemporary appears, greatly alarmed for French commerce, ^ut we shall probably have something to say on the x subject to-morrow that may have the effect of tranquilising his apprehensions. Vlia Extradition Cut Again. TBI mSONSB ATIBMPTLNG TO EXTRADITE BIM8SLP? ? ? CBASB IN TBI PAHK. Alexander Hellbronn, whose extradition has been sought by the British government, and whe, daring the legal" proeeedlngi which have been reoeatly going on la tha oourte, has been permitted to go at largo attended by an officer, nude ea attempt to eeoape yesterday morning. It appcan that while with deputy offioer Phillips, crossing tha ? Park about 8 o'clock, they were met by Mr. Bat* teed, tha prisoner's conssel, who told the lattar that he wished to fcave a short pri 'ate conversation with Hellbronn. Officer Phillips accordingly left them for a fow moments, and wbon he returned, he founditha the prisoner was running towards Btoadwaj. Aa exciting chase ensued, which was shortly joined in by Thompson and De Angela*, two depo ties, who at thli moment luckily came up, and the former sMjeeded in capturing Hellbronn. It should be remarked here, that the Supreme Oourt hare not yet decided in the ease, and that it is the determination of the United State Marshal to icod the piisonsr off in the Pa si He, BIS DEPAXTVBI BT TBI PACIFIC.. Hellbronn wae delivered yesterday into the hauls oC ths English cficlals, oa board the steamship Pacilo which left this port at twelve o'clock. He was takes down to the pier foot of Canal street by the U. S. Mtnha) aad his deputise. Some apprehensions were entertained tbat an attempt would be made to reseus him; but tharc wae no dis'.ubanoe of any kind, aad although a ooniidor able number of persons were collected oa the pier, there wss not the slightest ezcltemi nt. Marine Affair*. Tbi Steamship Africa ?The tfforti of the (team tag*, ud ether meaaii ued to Boat the Africa, have hitherto beea unauccestfal, and she remains In about the same poeUioo at last reported. Owing to this asaldent ah* will not leave on Wednesday, her appointed aallng day The ateamship America will lea re Boaton on that day instead; conisqaently there will be ne European (teaoMX from New York until the departure of the Hermann next Ha'urday. Want of time prevented the America haiag brought around to take the Africa's place from this city. Tub Cuprn 0?iT Rkttbuc ? The Boston Atom sayr that Oapt. L. Vt Key, formerly of the ship Republic, has bad an cflftr from a foreign houre to rebuild his ship aa a a learn frig it* and would laare Baa ton on Saturday in the new eilpprr Lightning, for IiTeipool, to make the neeaa larj arrangements Theatres and Exhibitions. BowiRT Thbatrb ? Toe drama or " Uscle rod's 0*M? " oommasrea the sixth ?eek of its suceeaafnl run on M nday eier.lcg and it will be eootlrun*: tbrmgho it the week. The performance of Uncle Tom by T. D. Rio* la univer sally admired Broadway TmtAT*r? " A ML'sumcer Night's Dream n remslca on tb? bl'ls of tbli boose for the whole of thla week It wH be played on Menday, in ooejanctkra with a popular farce The rpastacle part of the piece walks admirably. Br rtos's Thritsb ? Shakspeare's immortal eomedy, ?'A Midsummer Night's Dream," la to be give a on Monday eveairg, with its greet east and all the Mendelseohn music Mr Burton's performance of Bdttom, the weftfef, la a maaterpUee of acting. Natiotal Tiiiatbb ? 'Untie Ton's Qabln" Is to be eoa tlnued at the National dating tbia week. It will be given on Monday evening On Monday afternoon. Mr. 8a oa deia' moral draira of ' Tim Gambler" la the attraction. Walla ex's Trxatrb ?Mr. Brougham's comedy, "The Qsme of Life," i? to be given ?n Mocday evening, at the reqoestof many ef It* admirers. The a?at little place, "A Holdlar's C unship,'' la to precede the oomedy. Rabxi n's Mrsim ?The drama called *' Hot Ocrn" la to be p'a.ve<i on Monday afternoon, and In the ereeing the favoiite pl?ce. "The Old Folka at Home." Both of theee fl'eea are >iy H J Ctnesy, a popular author la addi tion to these performances. tbe v a rime curiosities at the Museum will be on exhibition day and evening. Broapwat Mb*agbsib ?The whole city is flocking tc see the IJUipu'lsn K rg The little feiow weighs lean than six pound s, ard is in perfect health. The diemess Tales, and man? olher curl .sitles. are also to be seen. Pir.woa Bin 7 will reinaln at the 4turveeaat Institute orly a week lurger. His exhibitions of magic and fan trt)rf|Dt<ro are v??y Intares'lcg. Omen's H:\*TRinji No 471 Broadway, are haviag crowded hou-?> e?i ry Light. 8- veral novelties ersan n< tinned fer this wet, aad Mcniay'e programme la full of good things Weob's Mib.-tkiu ?At thl? hall, 414 Broadway, on M Lday a new . pr.a "Land Bar da '?ham Muoey Al. tre com, any appear la It, and eomath ng vcy rich lr expected. Chiblsb Fail ->Tne "Bohemian OlrL" a flew harlosque. is to he riven oa Monday. bv the Ilaokley'a Minstrel*. They Lave heretofore been h.gbly successful. Personal Intelligence. James H. B-a s publisher of '.hr timttm Pn>'; <;*irga T. Coeer'r, II *'r?" p lVcbin, New Ilir 'tsk, were am n* tbaariivala je>tf rday a*, the C;opsr Heuae. Broad way DUPAKTrKKS. f?r Llvsrwol left's ? t > Pacific? r, H Herpard Hoarer t! llltaubx N \ ; J fe U-T'lik, l?r aad Kri W I! Km;, N Y; II A nn'? M V; 11 ants .e, Jp, K ft B Detkfiiw, J g K? ?rj Cept Al .iw^fth. Lewie 8 >.ery, bakrer ol SeMattn n II J btr>. So; Mr Kimmoth. NVnrk", i 1> Kiiu'ali, t Smith, F M l.arak. tiiaa Sn.it * (mt.i, %? a" 4 t?-s Vf "".MO ?:ai?-, K U P>rry 11 a Kli*. *r Jaree, * ?'?. Ji rr Ki . Iloath. rjoek, Kr an i M.-- J ifuw arl, A.r? Vsrtier, N t ; Luuts >att L A AdJLn?wn ?a*laa4; Kebsrt J*rianls M . Wn Aldjldae, MT; Wm Uugsial, Mg