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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 26, 1854, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1854-02-26/ed-1/seq-2/

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?egatiattoa viu tha Paoiaaalar steamship Compaay to I
oomnj troop*.
THK VERY LATEST.
|t*i*i*aj>h:c rmoM lomkwtu uvw> 01 |
Ijvirpool, Saturday, Keo. It, 1861.
[KrxMB the London Morn la* Po?t ]
8r. P*TitR!<iiPM, Feb 1 1864
Til* excitement ni r*ry greas. The ear part y ?u
Mry enliia?la?tic, and tt* pease petty aaxloui.
Nothing bad tnupired la officii' clialea.
Tha hmperor wa? Buffering from aa ettaok of bile, ao
?naapeeiad by firn. Tie preeenoe of goat fU alio IUI
PnM
Aurua* of Um> 3d ?aj toat the fact of a*r*ral par
?hwi of lallaw indi- led that there are eome op*iatora
who atili <oabt the probability of a blockade.
Kxoheng* ooa tinned with a da dining tendenoy, and
vaa quoted at 38'*'.
Viunu, Tbareday, F?b 9. 1864.
Coast OrlciT left yeete day for St Petersburg
Losiiow. Saturday, K-b 11, 1864.
The IVmu oadentaaria that three battillona i f giarla
with all tegtmenle ef the line, are under or>'era to embark
for the Koditerraaetn oe the 18. h of the present month,
Thair daetinatloa In the flret Latlauoe, will probably be
Malta.
The Tm, ft alio a'atee In a leading article, that the pre
seat itata of the Kaeter* qvatlon la thie? If th?
German Poeere, and la particular Aunt:*, adbere to
thair eagegtuienta with tae Weatem State* thechaooM
Ok praea art aired ; but war if It brraki oat. would
be litmtfc in extent end abort in t'u'atloa. If, on the
?onlrary, it libould unhappily turn out that K??le baa
oeerpuwen d the lni'eren-'eaee and Bounder p >lioy of the
Citmau SUtei. ?ir ia not oi ly uevi'eble, bat It maat
arebiue a m. re <?oi-ral and aggravated eharaotar
Oa tbia rital polat It 1a aweluvlf eaeenvlal that all
anoertaluty be r*moTed with >he leant possible delay.
If poeetble, the fillnrlrg will poceed on tha 18th o
19th ?Three battalioci of Cuarda, the 7tb, 2Ut>, 331 and
79th Ragtmeate of Fo^tiSicjod Battalion Kifl ?, foir oom
paniea of artillery, fa* otbere will follow at aoon as
the traaiporta eta be got real y. It U elea intended to
?end on*, at Inaet three r<giio*nta of cavalry At leait
twenty (hip* ef the largeat tonnage Will be required to
QonTey the troops and ?opp!lea
Th* government have o aimed the service of the 'mall
aootract ateaiaera. The Timet alty ertiole atatei that the
government hare taken from the Peniuialar and Oriental
Uotnpany the steamwH Himalaya, Kinoo, ant Manila.
Th* Herald repeat* , with oontldeace, that the nuaaber
of Urliiah troopi to be daa -a oh-1 at onoe it 1U OOr of
fleer* aad men; but as inaoy tr re will b* held in readi
aria should they be isqul ad
Pali Friday, Feb. 10, 1864.
Tin Bourse w?? fi.-ro, without ranch buaia.'aa. Threea
alraeJ 08 80; Fuur at d I'aWe- 87 90.
Th* India an.l Australia mails arrived a*. M tree ilia* at
teo o'clock oo Friday afternoon.
M A.R: Sli.I.KS.
There was a conair'erable ceeltne ia wbea' and flfty
to lizty ahl/ loada wer? a k>?( t? be ceni to Kn^land.
THE GOSSIP Or SUROFZI.
Our Pat la Correnpondei>ce.
Panm. Feb. 7, 1X54.
The Qu ten of Great Br tain's Speech im Paris
Feeling of the Emperor as to tht If#' Question ?
Tht Visit of Prince Napoleon to Be'gium?
Prince Jerome's Gra>d Bull? ErjAanat on m the
Monttevr of the Gaie'y of th Court at the pre
stnl Vrisit? Grawl /tuning Party? AmwbU
and Fascinating Manners of the Emp ess? Her
Good Heart- The Emperor m Leading S:nngs
? Our Ambassador ?? a F<x.
The Queen of Great Britain's speech ba* given
great satisfaction here, inasmuch a* it has in the
fac? of the world professed complete allegiance to
tbe entente cord at with this country, and if it uu
diaguiaedly exhibits regret at the pofible rjpt'ire f
a loog peace, it distinctly call- upon the pe >t?le '?><
arm.
Nothing less than this was certiitily expee'ed. hu?
all soits of rumours were afloat, detracting the ,>ui
li: mind. At one time it was stated tn more tha i ou
well informed co'erie that the autograph U tter of
the Czar to the Emperor of the French ww so i?I ?u
aible that even Louie Napoleon >egan so wavir; hut
it is now understood that although soms mo
mentary hesitation might possibly have insinu
ated itself among the Council there was never
any in its chief. It is known that the Km
peror dots not look upon the troubled state
of the political arena without disquietude, but
li accompanied by no dismay. His natural clear
aense, his veneration for tbe recorded opinions of the
Great Napoleon, aud last, though not least, the fatal
ism which hw lent ho powerful a bias to all the acts
of his strange romantic life will keep him straight
and steady in the course he has once determined tj
pursue.
But to return to the Queen's speech. The anxiety
which on the day that it arrived exhibited it-elf to
eatch a passing word which the submarine telegraph
might convey, caused its office to be thronged with
crowds of eager persons who seemed to think their
individual happl* ess depended on the issue. The
Bonne about two o'clock became almost impassalde,
aud more than once it wau stated that If. KU*ele(T
had quitted Paris. Towards four o'clock the office
of Messrs. GaJignani was be^ie^ed by the K gli-h
resident* demanding the evening edit.ou of the Mes
senger. but by this time th?* paragraph which con
tained all the really Interesting matter ha I arrived, j
and waa in everybody's mouth. It immediately
produced a alight heaviness in tbe fuuds fr > n its
warlike tendency; but the efl'ect was nut such as
would have followed an anticipated intelligence.
At one time, when it became kuown that the
Emperor of Russia had written so earnestly to L.niis
Napoleon, and without success, a presjoiption arose
that at laat tbe Czar would retire from the dinger- i
ous position he had chosen to occupy, and hopes of
a peaceful issui- began to dawn on men's minds. H i .
this waa only a temporary aspiration. The fact of J
M d'OrlofTs arrival at Vienna, aud his subdue, t
ii.uutu n to visit Berlin, began to impress strange
suspicions and misgivings on the pop ilar mind- Tie
G? nn *u Powers have never been cordially trusted
and a belief is current that * secret treaty exists he
tween Au-tria ai.d Rusaia that troops shall be per
mitted to pass through the former country while it
still pmorri a nominal neu'rali'y. This of cmre
would settle the quest ion ax to the fidelity at AtM>
tria. and tne war. in all probab'.lty, would cnange its
character at once. Tbe revolutionary spirit woald
lift up ita hydra head and Canning's war of priuci
pies comment hi earnest.
The general p >licy. then, I mny unhesitatingly
state to be that the die ia well nigh ? ut, that war is
inevitable, that the Czar can not ir be would draw
back, that at present he has but one objei t in view,
which is to gam time. . .. .... .
1 saw a letter this morning dated the 15th from
the Baaspareil, the English -team frigate em
ployed in the Enxtne in protecting the Turks
while oonvejing troops and reinforcements to Ba
toum, Ht. Nicholas and Tre ilzond. and there can be
no doubt that the Saltan ia receiving very substaa
tial a*?istanre from his powerful allies, the French
and English, ?t i?. t.
The visit of Prince Jtrome Napoleon to King
Leo old ia a subject or great interest in the pre
sent crista. The delicate poaMon of the Belgian
king. Willi his Austrian alliance, his Cohnrg pres
tige, and his Orletaist connection, cannot be over
rated, aad the fact of his receiving tbe nephew of
the (ireat Napoleon as a friend ami guest ia one of
the singular phases or the period iu which we are
thrown. Reports are current that in ca?e of Prus
sia or Austria withdrawing from tb? coalition, a
request ia to be preferred for Fren th troops to be al
lowed a passage through Belginni. If ?uch a re
quest be made, it la difficult to see how l?o|r>l 1 cm
re! use, in spite of his Austrian alliance; but there ia
little doubt his Belgian majesty willv.it? it a very
bitter pill. There I* such a strange affinity t^twixt |
the people of the two countries, such an attraction,
perhaps I should a^y, on the part of Btlgiom towards
France, wboae laws language and cunency are all
her owa, that there is no knowing what seeds a
passing army of Frenchmen might uot have behind
Ahem to geminate
lue JmmMw publi hes the monthly ra vurni of
the price of wheat in the different market of France.
The highest averase prise ia 33f. !>Ic. per hectolitre,
in the market* of Br u gee. Arras Rone, Soissons, ,
Paris and Rouen; auu the lowest price in 2i)L47c.. in
those of Toulouse, Gray, Lyons and Mam-illes. The i
avenue price for the wool** of Franco ia 31f. 94jc ;
being If 444c. higher than last month.
A medutal journal of Vienna states that the nan- 1
ber ot sick amongst the Russians in Wallachia is ten
per cent, and iu certain localities 36 per cent.
Priice Jenme Napoleon, on Sunday evening, being
the anniversary oi their marriage, gave a
grai A ball w< the Emperor and Empress. The state
apartmentsol the Patau. Royal were drened up with
>*plend r, ai d by half pat*', nine n?*rly all the gue.su
h?j arrived A.!' the ministers were present, with
the exception or Marsh U oe 8t. A<--taad. whose health
d<ett not permit bim to take part iu any J tit at pre
sent, alKj neary the whole of tae corps diplomatique,
the general officers now in Pans, and the principal
gereontticexof the great bodies of the State. The
rano Duchess of Baden was introduced, a little be
fore ten o'clock, hy Prince Jen me himself, into the
gra"d gallery, which was then thrown open, and of
which three Hides were almost Immedta ely occupied
by y ung and beautiful women, the fourth Hide being
lull vacant for tbeir Maj sties tiud the i nperiat suite.
At ten o'clock Prince Jerome, Prince N-tpoieon, and
tbnr households. received their Majesties on the
grand t-taircate. and conduced them to the chairs of
tate rt served for them. Dancing then commence^
their Majesties taking part in the drat <|tiadnl!e.
The Emperor, in the coirse of the evening, con- |
versed frequently with the niiiii>-tera, and in par- |
titular witn M. Drouyn de L'Huys, and likewise
with Prince Napoleon Towards twelve o'clock
their Majesties proceeded to the room in which a I
magnificent flip ner was laid out, and af>er partaking
of some refreshment returned to the Tuiierles. The
bull (outlined until tb/ee o'clock Iu the morning,
* tier, the guest* withdrew, charmed with the spleu- i
doi of the fett.
Apropos of balls, the Monittitr, the great official
journal, has deemed it necessary to put forth an
article in which ic instructs the iguorant mind th it i
such fitr* are given in order to cause the outlay of |
money? that it in for this reason tbe Emperor has i
msbud i'h a more costly form of joitume in The |
guests, and of an official one in the various employes, j
whose sa'arie- are augmented that tbey may dis- |
pen. e their incline with a liberal haul, living ia a |
state worthy of the dignity of their posiiio i, and I
encouraging by their expenditure the various pr>
ductive nits which are supported by refined taste !
bl.d luxury.
A few "days ago his Maje-ty, accompanied by '
Count Bicciochi.M Fould, the Marquis de Tron- 1
longeu, Count Ney Prince de Me rternich. Lord Caw- I
Jey , and Count d? Calve, arrived about 12 o'clock at j
the prci-erve of Conllana. where we<e already as- j
Hcmbled the various keepers of the forest and one
bundled and thirty drago ns. The battue tben com
menced at once, and lasted nearly five hours, during
which time six hundred and eighty one head of game
was brought down, of whlob ten" were sta<s, sixty
four 1 ares, fifty-one pheasants, As., Ac. After about
two hours exercise the sportsmen partook of a lun
cheon of cold meat, spread without ceremony on a
taint; cloth on the ground. The guns were then
[ again resumed, and the scooting continued until
; about 6 o'clock, \rheu the signal to desist was given.
| The whrle party arrived in Pans at 7 o'clock, de
lighted with their day's sport.
I The Emprefs of the French, who never loses an oc
! casion of testifj icg the goodness of ber heart, lately
had her attention dra*n to the circumstanoe of a
poui H 'liiuo, who in order to :upport her children,
and her aiii. g husband, was fn\nd to ha^e been
working in male atiir* on the eaith works of the rail
way eoiistruc'iiig in the Drome. Her Majesty has
placed herxli in conununiaation with the Prefect,
and two of tbe woman's . hi'dren are to ba brought
up at the Empress's charge in a position united to
tlieir station iu liie. Tbe chduren consist of a girl
and a boy, aui her Majesty's desire is that the form- |
rr be brought up to batnU of careful industry, the
l?t or us a good and able workman.
Every one nr. in fact, charmed with tbe lair Eu
genie. At th<- private bails, which take plsica almost ;
every week at t tie Tuilcries, she distinguishes herself
by an ea-y, cheerful hospitality that wins every
l.i ait. There is un abnndm about her on these oc
ea-ions, wbi :b is peculiarly captivating. Daring ;
the cotillon, tbe othtir night, she obliged the young i
lad:e< to lead l'crth his Imperial Majesty, to make i
h'm do his devoir in the dance, like any other gallant j
cavalier; aud wl.en some worthy sailor, with legs !
belter suited to the sea than the falle de daice, seem- J
ed a little gnvche, her Majesty herself condescended
to lead the forlorn hope and be bis partner.
Sorni little tun is excited in consequence of Mr. 1
Ma-oa, tbe Minister of the United States, being to
tally unacquainted w>Mi the Freiich language, it
secuis that a few evenings auice being at a soiree,
the boroiable ge:itlc man had forgotten his pockst
haialKen h.el, when naturally he had recourse to the \
servai't, boiiiiiig Uclore his eyt-,, at rh ? airafrtunr. a ^
five lranc piece, while heexciaimed "handkerchief!" |
I Tee svivmt took the money but. bewildered, ruabed j
into tin. apartments of au Euglifh Baroness for ex
I p auation, who suggested hio taking nmourh/nr from
ti e waidrobe of hi- master, as a loan to the Minister
' in bis u fficulty. But or this being done it did not
prove satirtaot ry to Mr. Mason, who exclaimed ?
"No, no! >i.?y, buy!'' Again the Frenchman was at
'an It. acd had recourse to the Bareness, when he de
fended aud b. light the Minister a fine foulard for
, th'te frar ca? no doubt aapieotly ex|iectit<g the re
| o lining two as udou'tur for HUNK M once
j im re he was fated to have recoun-e to the Baroness, ,
I .. ougb this time it was to protest that if the Minister '
? 'i not understand French he bad a perfect pen-ep- '
lion, nevertheless, of French money, for that he had
received the change wit"1 a'l tbe exac itude of a
banker. So it is to be hoped that as regards the
main i him neither the interest of the U nitei States,
nor of the Minister personally, will suffer from his
ignorance of the language.
Oar Berlin Correspondence.
Brklik. Jan. 20, 1854.
Puicha.ii of Jth/le Bay by Prussia ? lit Importance
to Her Political as well at Commercial Interut t ?
Firm Ituposii'on of the Court ami People of
Prussia to A'lhert to the Engl-.'h and Frenth Al
liance? Jotinna IVugner, the Great Prussia* Can
tatrice? Baron Humboldt ? Dr. Stahl * Lectures.
The principal feature of interest in the news that
I have to communicate to you, ia tbe fact announced
in the Ministerial m siw^e delivered on tbe 'Jth inat.,
at the opening of the extraordinary Diet of Olden
burg. and which formed tie subject of a secret sea
aico of the Second Chamber of Deputise in Berlin,
during the last week, ?!*.: the conclusion of a treaty
between tbe Grand Duchy uf Oldenburg and the
kingdom of Prussia for the sale to the latter of the
Jahde Bay. on the North Sua. lor the purpose* of a
harbor for ships of war, together with adja
cent lands for the erection of stocks, sh pbo'idmg
jardf. Ac. Prur.iia receives not only a Meet station,
buttwj provinces in alditioi., with full national
power to tbe establishment of a military haroor. and
also the necen-^ry fortification*. These provinces
roibiht <-f four tliontand morgen, or acres of land
This treaty is date! July 20, 1853, with a suascqneat
rider atbiched to it, bearing date 1st December, 1853
The pore hare price of tbe Bay, with all the appur
tenances, is -aid t j U five hundred thousand thalers,
and it ia also taid the Seiond Cnaicber voted the
amount withont delay, and unanimously. To a per
son who understands '.he hiitorv . geography, and pre.
sent condition of Europe, this movement wlU appear
of momentous and universal interest. It is w? 11 known
in what a feeble state the Prns-isn fl> et h-ts hitherto
exi*ttd.' With no stati >n hut ^e Eist Sea, there
wtw no hope or possibility < I its assuming new life.
It must have remained f>r all universal |>ob;ical relt
ti> i s entirely power.c-s so long as it h*d its hurl. t
m this sea alone, and c juld < iiiy be ot any powible
imp rtanc? in east i f a ?->tile attack in mat direc
ti< o upon Pru.?- :m te rritory. The Kast Sea ia an
inland sea whose water* may tie ooununded by
Riittia, and ita entrance by Denmark ; and ?o far as
It Ir h.nuded on the provinces of Russia, Sweden,
and Denmark, so far is it of only limited n-iecial ira
portanr* to Prussia. So f'V as Denmark under the
Ercte tioo of Hnsaia commands the er.t<ai:ce to the
.net baa und the connecting r. ads. ia the Prus
sian fleet blocked up, and there is no tree p usage in
and ont t<> an interoou^fl with the *:rid opoiwthe
open waters. Those fact* will show t e im:?irWnce
of Pnnwia bavins a harbor in the Nort'i B-a.
.lah V Hay is prol>ably tbe be*t leaaiion that could
be <-hOf-en for tbat purpose. It ia said, we know not
on what authority, that Raasiaa irflueace was used
to .rovent this project At all even's, its eiracta
wi. I- reach far neyond I'russiau intents aloie.
8V will now have the power to rejiel that
ta nt of wraki mm tha* has lieen Indulged to
wu lier Rovcrr.n en'. with some decree of troth
Tl e aca i* open u> her. a, id whatever this contribu' *
U? 1 er political Muoct will be *> I ar a counter?*!'-*
to Kussian ts.wer, and will impart steadiness to
Kuiopean politics, arid confidence to the world, tier
man commerce haft ita ontp.<st on the North Sea
in the da vs of the liansealic I/eagne; and who can
s?\ that Germany may not yet vie with tb? republio
of 'the nineteenth century, on rlie open waters, aaitdid
with tbe republic* ?f the fifteenth? If commerce
bt hcnceforth made a chancel for the -.uri>lua
la' or of PnuwU. a double object will have
beeo paired. A change at l?a?t has come over ita
commercial dream of agts. The Prussian journals
are exulting in the pro*j>e-u this purchase h aids out,
and speaking of a revival of buried greatness. Since
184> Prussia Mas commenced the gradual form ttion of
a ullittiy Meet. The work instill in progress, and will
undoubtedly now receive a new impulse. This sub
ject la of more importance at present, from the fact
of ita be tax stated that Knsaia, not content with ex
tension in one direction, ia negotiating far the eeasioa
f a email obscure island ia the Baltic, now uader til*
government of Denmark. The w!&n<l contain* but
a few thousand inhabitants, and ia unfit for agri
cultural purposes. Of course its importance woald
only consist in its being made a military outpost, fur
winch U is admirably adapted.
No doubt u longer left in the mimls of Prussia and
Austria as to t be desigoa and character of the Cz*r
of Kussia. Thuagh you see papers in Berlin a* lu
Vienna that Keek to Rive aid and comfort tj ttie Bus
siau cause, that low multiply Bussiaa victories ami
now invent protests against France and Kugland,
yet the government* will uudouhtedly remain Arm.
Of Prussia in particular, can we fay that it* neu'.ral
character wens to be determined in the minds of the
people >*s well a* in the purple of the government,
thus iiH .rduig a double guarantee for the peace uf
liunjje.
Governor Vroom, the honored Minister from y >ur
governm ent to the Court ot PrusMa, ha* taken a
commodious house Lot far from the Berlin Broadway.
He came to Berlin under quite embarrassing circum
stance; , no one of the former legation remaining,
and tiew duties t? be entered upon wP.h an entire
unacqualntance witn the necessary larguages. How
ever. I am now happy to Kate, the duties of his of
fice have fallen into regular system, and the rough
places h?ve in s oce measure become smooth. To
those who know Governor Vroom, it is unnecessary
t ) s?y that his appointment reflects honor upon his
government. He possesses judgment and penetra
tion, and what is infinitely more Important, integri
ty ai d a nighlv honorable and rehgioua character.
To this are added an unassuming urbanity of manner
and a general affability of intercourse. He does not
belong to the class of amcrnimloos and unprincipled
place seekers that is rapidly bringing American
politic* under the contempt of the world. His present
nigh office came to him unexpectedly and unsought.
This fact reflects as much honor on the government
as on the man. On the 24th dav of December the
| Ametican Ambassador gave a Christmas diuuer to
the American legation, consisting of Messrs. Wise,
Reoietary: Porter, Vro m, and Ingham, Attaches.
Delicate dishes with generous wine, and a free, un
foiuiai iutet change of thoughts ai'd feelings, made
this i ceasion what such a meeting should be On
t'^e 31st day of the same mm th he likeiri-? gave a
select American New V?ar dinner. There was
preecit. amongst others, Mr. IJurton, of Connecticut,
who has been travelling in Norway, Sweden, and
Denmuk, nod is preparing to return to the north
aru conn lies upon the arrival of the long days
Of Americans passing the wintar in Berlin, there
sre, perhujis, a little more than the usual nflmber.
The majority are here for the purpose of learning the
language, mid they listen to lectures at the universi
ty Among the present visiters are Professor Porter
of Vale College. Professor Allen of the Western Col
li ge at Antioch, Kev. J. Bige.low of Rhode Island,
| Me-ers. G. uml 8. Bigelow, Young, Abby, and Wil- !
I cnx of Massachusetts, Chapman and Burton of Con- 1
! necticut. Porter of Pennsylvania Dr. Abbot and lady
and G. Draper of NewYflrk, Cooper of Ohio, Ac.
i There are u Tew others who have not paid their re
B| leots to ttie American Minister, and whose name*
] are, therefore, unknown to me. There are, we be
| lieve, ii eluding the family of Gov. Vroom, in all, !
thiity Americans just now in Berlin. There will be
a greater number of ?? ' ouit travellers fr.<m your
J country as the spring opens.
The gay season has fairly set in with the month of
January, Mid the Opera is in full tide of success, j
Tbecantatriceof Germany, FrtuleLn Wagner, known |
in London alike by her ta'lents, and by the great, the
atrical esse which she had with Lumler, by her |
amazingly powerful aid perfectly coutruled voice, i
and her superior lersonutim of character, never ,
fai's to fill to ove'fl ??ving the elegant and spaci.nis
Opera Ilonse of Berlin. Her engagement continues
during the writer. The celebrated danseuse from
the Madrid stage, Senor* I'e^ita de Oliva, miss ia j
the theatre. The diplomatic eniertainuierts have
been introduced by a ball from the Russian Miu-tcr,
on the occasion of the birth lay of his royal ma-tor. ?
It fully sustained the high character of Russia for
such luhiiifestaiious. Among tlie most observed in
attendum e, was the scho;ar, par excellence, of the '
worlo, Alexander Humb >t?l .. Sligbt'y bowed with
liis .tdvaiit eu age. although still in r. bast health,
and ci ven d with his honors, be moved in the midst
of tbe brill >aut assembly without a superior either in i
true poliieness or graceful ease. He is buBily en- 1
gaged with the revision of his nninerous works, and
with the superintendence of the publication of the
wntings of the late French philosopher. There wa?
a magu'fieent d.nner (not a New York supper,) at
the mid-hour of the night, after which the aaneing
was resumed. The 1'russiun Chamber of Deputies is
now in secR'on, having not done much m->re than to
organize before the Holidays. Nothing of general
interest has yet transpired. A prominent mem Iter
and a leader of the royal p?rty in Prussia, is Dr.
Btahl. He is one of the most aMe speakers the
Chamber contains, and undoubtedly exerts a wide
influence. He is a person of pleasing address, ami
Eesi-esi-ts consideiable political and genetal know
..amted to a shrewd observation ot men. He
reuos lectufes attbe University iy>uu he V"tcauic con
tinental quaetton, "Ike doctrine and di-pooluoi^of jur
i tits in Church and Htate; an J in some degree, from
! hi- personal character an 4 po?ition, bat un
j deubtedly chiefly tn m the nature of his subtest, hli
le> tines are constantly thronged with old aoj young,
j scluler and civilian. As he is considered to speak |
j not only the opinion, but through the direction of the j
i government, ti e views be presents are full of interest, |
\ and entitled to particular examination. The founda- j
ti< n upon which be builds his arguments, is simply ;
this:? The authority of the king, as well as that of I
the aristocracy and the church, proceed directly from |
the Ihwr of God and nature; and when man lifts his |
hand against them he violates moral 'aw. His allu- !
sions to the three great countries of tbe world, which
have somewhat disregarded these laws? England,
France, and America ? are frequent, free, and fall.
One of his philosophical reflections u|*on the condi
tion cf France may be : ew to you, and may be in
structive as throwing li*<ht upon the hi'herU) obscure
subject of tbe French character, and the causes of po
litical changes in that cou* tiy. It is 'his? that La
I fayette went to America, imb'bed the ideas that were
rife in that country, came bark with them to his na
tive land, snd they have "-ince been producing their
Isgitima'e fruits in France Dr. Stohl's lectures are
listened to with the greatest interest.
The Prince and Princess of Pnissii hava just ar
rived in Be.tia for their month's residence. The
| King Is also soon expe ted from bis palae of Char
loitenbiirg In rny next I may uive you some account '
of the royal eiittrWu mi nts that will follow upon
these arrivals. The seat her heie coi tinues mild for
| the month of January. Wii.hxlIC.
Our It" Ian ( orri >pondrnre.
N*phii, Jan, 21. 1F34.
Mr Carroll Spe?ct. oitr JVftc Minister to I'wkry ?
i The Sarartac's Sa hnz Qualities? Succe** at the
i Ojirra "J Mr*. E scot I. the American Prima
i Dorna, nnd of Mr. Si/utres. the American Ttnor.
Nap'ee, for t his seaiton of the year, does not pre
gent such a lively t-c< ne as it has oo some former
years. Arotiican visiters are fe*-, but what 'here
are of them are ot a diplomalic character. We have
Mr Nsrriugtr, late Miruster to Spain; Mr. Marsh,
late Minif-ter rvsident lear the Snnlime Porte, and
Cairoll Sptnce.the newly app< itited representative
to Turkey, who is on botrd the steim frigate 9a
ranac. What hia recnrajnenditions were to cause
such an appointment would be hard to find out.
The offi?*rs of the Saranac have not a very exalted
opinion of bloj. though he would make them believe
that he was the right hand man to the admleistra
I tion. It was be who told t he administration the
, view thut should be taken of the Kwzta question,
1 wbtu tliey were in a 'rightful dilemma. But our
?'(iiiitry has gained nothing in the exchange of Mr.
Mar*h.
Tin sarntiac is a fli^e steamer, aud does credit to
our coun'ry ; her ermines xt'ract a good deal of at
i te-'i( n. ai'rt, I am glsd to say. are in perfect order;
ri"t tl.e sMubie-t ncrdent has occurred tnttiem since
I e It '1 'lit I'nited S'ates, a* 1 am informed, though
I - lit- esi'triei i*d vf rv heavy weather. The ouiy
fault the ( flic*!* find with her i- tbatnhe rolls frl.;ht
' i wing to her i]SP>t>'v heavy ba't^ry, and
! Iii avy masts aild span. She is <? mmaiided by fhe
| ? lakt Captah l.ong. wlm c mmvided tl'e Misais
I ?<|jpi while oh '.bi Kossuth mission, and who is d I
Sf tvdly o? eof ti e most popular offiaers in the navv.
a >?< it se?n<s to be the gei.ernl opinion thai he will
command 'he squadron after the exjilratiin of Com.
Strrgham's command, which has already nearly
exTiired.
Naples i? the place to bear the finest operatic
music. Here are found the most critical audiences In
' th?' wor'd. To succced in Naples is sufficient to j
ensure the fortunate artiste success throughout the
world; but. Strang* to sav, tbr two most fortooate
and suves-fnl tinners are American*. Madame E*
cott, the pr iiui ilonmi at the Nuovo, Is received
? >>h the peater* Mip'ause, and seems to be an idol
with (he N?apo|itan public. She has been several
year*. in Italy, for the purp we of acquiring the Ian
gua;e and perfecting berself in th? musical art.
She has a fine soprani voice, a tro-sl fipire, excels as
an actre** and there is auimatioti anc expressive
rev. aliout her that yon ssidom see in a ;>< w donna.
-be ha* weeived bf uqnets and presents from the
Royal ramify. II ?r greatest success has been in the
oj*>ras of Ntrma," " Elene di Tolo?a,v " M'nive
di Feinberg.'' '? Harler of Seville," and " Eliair
d' A mors." Every night she is called before the
curtain ? one evening: no lens than eighteen tim^s.
She has offers, a? poon a?btr engagement i? up at
tbe Nnovo. to the flan Carlo; I, a Scala. at Milan,
and also at the Pergolo, at Florence; bat she pre
fer* to go to her rstlve country ^ith her voice fresh,
I rsther than to wear it out on tbe Italian ftages.
Then Mr. Squire*, (aVertuinUr) a t*nor. ii as
tonishing the Neapolitans; his debut 'est. eveuing . in
the Trovatr.re, was very successful; he is called the
first tenor already in Italy. His sti ? e?s is certain;
and the demonstration made by a crowded boose,
who listened to him with breathless attention, shows
truly that hi* repetition with ao Italian audieoce
mm
Flombcx, Iialt, Ju. ST, IBM.
Jfa+, ri<x>?tx-I?fl?ew? of Politic* <m Social Ufo
IMtvf America** *? Flortmce ?1V Ftoroatm*
Cl*ma'*? gducotton?CbH oj Apertment?-Vu Oporo,
I vlll tot atMmpt a tottor political MM, ?
Im* <ha agltatlen U ?o great ft* to mako *aa an *y*
.it..*** Florentine resident* ui la blto*ful Igooraao*
of ,u tb* doing* of tho*a la authority. W* kaow ft*
l,V to. toe, of lb. ..?tlme?t* of ho peopto Wh.Urer m.y
be tiouibt m poll ti ?*1 mattar* eery goad. o?ro UUkn
to r?f?r t > nothing touohlog upon them U *on?*r*ation In
,,>,?e. wh*r* men mo.t d> e?gr*gate. For ought 1 know
to th* eontr?ry, the Italian* ?. mil eo?**"t J"
a,.aop?ly of political power exerol*ed by th*
A elcerun* ? ft" Amariean will oooft.tou.Uj 4Uplay a.
, u1br?.k of ill-humor againat hi* *o?*?ltod oppr***or*, but
b, w f.r bl. bftrmlM* anathema* ar* lnt*nd*d to *6ft *o?p
bin republican ftodltar It U difficult to *ay. A r. |*
?; rrfttiun I? Ta*oany ha* brought my m-4 oo^
eltu'en tbftt the ,-opI* of Taiiftny ft" indiff.r.nt ftbout
it tot unworthy ol any ?or* powor.
Nor, jaoging from th* numb*r of our eountrym.n *o
journl'ng here thta winter, do*. diepoti.m eeem tobeeorr
pr.?.nt to our lepubllaan Bea.lbtlltla*. 1 cannot oomo at
? register of aU th* American* raeldaat la Flor*nc*, and
unit thereto* troit to ny memory la tbo *ubj Haod li*t,
?blob 1* only Intended to lnolado tho** who remain for
tbo naftoa, or tbo mol.ty of it, and not tb. thousand and
on* f "'"I through M route to and from Rom*:?
II r.m Power* and family, Oblo; J_T Hart, Kentucky;
Mr. Jmooo, M.lne; Kdwl. Whlta and family, New York;
J RoberUon ftr<l family, Dtatrlot of Lolumbl.; Mr. Al*i
.ndar and family, M?*ftftobueett*; Mr T Buoh.nan R'*d
.?id f.mily, P.Bo?yl*aiiU: Mr Tatt, Ohio; Mr. K.llogf,
V.wJ*'*ey M Rua?*ll. M.??aabu??tt*: Mr. Nloaol* and
faulty. New York ; Mr Goald, Peeuayleaaia^
Tne.boee ai.arttft., tba three flratnuned being iculp
"Sr Tr^c", ??*?mily. V.W York; F G Stawn*
fanil'. M??eftchu?*Ma; A. A Lftwr.no* ?ndf?miljj Ma*
?? ->un?itn ; Dr. Lonkwood, Doi^iJUU#^ ??y ; W mC
K^ul.j ?od family, N*w J?My; Willi* HU' a^d tomllj,
N?? York, Mr Bjulton, and fimlly, MM*aohu?.tu, Mr.
CO. ..<1 f.mily. do; Mr Paifc.r and f?mllj, do;
Mr B < i ?nd family. N.w York; Mr*. Jon** ?nd d?ugb
M.MftobnMita; Mm u u7
Yi<k Urn Pfga* ?.iu\ familv, Dlitrlct of Columbli. Mr
J., ?ii ?o? f.mllr, Ml?* H.U.burcon, Mi?* Hill, Mr.
xirlmtiki, Mr damn?r Mr MiUlnrd, M"*aoha*.tU, |
\.r H.z*.r, LnnltUaa M.jor P K?ar?.y, Mr. B?rg ami ]
farllT N*? York; Mr. Mer.rlaad Mr. N.wton, Vlrgtolft;
Mr O ? r*d. LinuUnft; Mr?. Blunt and dangaur, New
M?iy eom. b*r* for th? *uppo*ad adrantu** of *11
or ?fuefttion for ehil ren, or of ?*o?*my of HrlBg;
T.< .bow bow Kr tbee. ft?'T.oV.g* .re well fouod^d, I will
?t?t- my eip?rl?roe on e.eb of the*, p >lnt?, for Jb? ?atl.
fftetloa of ?Lob . f yi'ur reader* a* may oontaaplat* oom
In* to iMid* in Flo .no*. . .. ....
T?e wlai?r rlim.te. thou?h mor* moderate than that
cl ibe CnlUd Sul? i* not nuited to tb* pulmonary la
?.lld Tbe orjL*Mf'f th-< atm"*pbHr* o?u**? the prera
l?r i wind*, wbicb ftr* from the *oow *lftd Boantalo*. ?ft
br ?eT?re'y felt; but tn tn? wbola, th* winter* ?r* plea
t.i tlv bracing .u'umn and tpring ar* uo.iiep'lon.bl.,
inuiiuer i? free of the extreme seat of our oitto*, th*
bli rta being alway* somforiably oool
For ^neattra in .rt, aod 'or branoha* of f*mal* *dus?
tioio teiinftu m'>n>'Hbm?nte. Florenoe offer* *xo*Ue#t
ftdvftBUg'* Chdiren m.y bar* prlrmte InetruoUon on
iea-( naole term*, but girU ara rar*ly *ent to publi*
"i^ul now *t?t* tbe eo*t of tk* me*t important articl**
?f l' IWnt of rurnl?b*<3 ap?rtm*nt*.? Baoh*lor* mar hire a
eb.mber frt m three to 0*e dollawa month A *hamb*r
ftn.' MtttDB TO. in from fl?. to twele* dollar! a moith, ac
?or .1 rg to ?H??tlon A family of flr* or *ix penon. aan
pr? ute a ooiafortftbto ftp.rtt.ent for .boat f2? per
ttootb ?xwpt I" crtj^n f.Torite* ltueti .n?, win* tka
T?',f .n- Br.rly doubto. TUen by the ye?r. ft ra?p*eta
b/? fftn.lly ecmnliing eeororay, o.n hire ?n ap.rtmen
r. nt. nlrg t?? parlor* a dining room, fonr or Ore oham
here, kit hen ke , for *20 per month, or leM A oom
m 'Ituf ftpftrtcient in ft fa.blon.bl* eltaatioa, *uit*d
t?. . lamliy of nyle. and wealth, will eoet from fifty
to -i*ht? doll?r? uer mouth during the *a.*ou? that I*.
It. m ue'-ober to May A familj ?*p?^ to
tb^if ova ?pwwt0 AM rent a tuite of ffom ?Igat to
t??l?e room* for from fifty to t?o buudred dol ar* per an
nao Akit i ce Luodr?d and tw?'.y dollar* U the r*nt
oi . mlt, of t*n ?o<.m? fa?or?bly but not faeblonaoly
** X*Eiiuoatlon.? ' Tb* *taodard pile* to tr.mtont Tl?lt?r*
for *b honr'e l**?on In mo>ia, Uagu.ge or driwiog, U Or*
pi ii la (A paul of Tu*cany 1* Ma ard a half *ent* of oar
?U-..POT ) Rr.mana. th* clebrawd uukir of ilnglog,
anr Krane. pianUt, get doubl* tbi* *nm. V*ry tow, bow
?*?r i Ki. ud to a*k aomuob a> flr* pent* In Italian or
Frtn ;h voit learner* pay for ? le**oa of an nour d.ily.
At*, rr eix eolUr* a month. The ehargM of *om? ara ?tiU ,
lea Some plan lit* of fair rapuM gl?a l*e?on* for a paul
an hour, if a promUa of two or three montfc* oonUnoano*
U loaianued. Th* rant of piano* i* threa or fcur d.ilara j
ft iofcth, or twecty fi?* dollar* a yaar. Tb*r* i* a good
boftralog and d.y tobool for boy*, under the man*|em*nt
ef ciwii* traober*, where th* eharge* ar* mooer.M. At .
tehto!* fer girl* two and three dollar* a month are a*k.d. |
Tbey proftee to te?eh a great eariety of n**ful and orna
menal br.oabee o' art aod literature; bot prteaU In
?truetion U uanally preferred for tomato* throughout
KU3?Tbe T.ble ? B.-eakfaat at a ca/f,(for a dugl* pareoa.)
erseteting of a pot if ooBee.wlU .ugftr ftnJ mfik^oU .nd
bn'ter, with two egg*. 00*U about n p.nl. Ula"*['
tm t d'koU, It ova pftuto, ?t a trattoria, from on* to thraa
Zu f rb. l.*t named *um to luolud* a pint of Mtlea
true A f.mily not wUhisg to oook at home oan h*T*
KiD.er **nt from a trattoria for two pauU p*r bead, not
iBclurtin,- bread or wlna la the market the fallowing
.re .bout the preeent rate* of oh.rgea, *tat*d in the cur^
iai Cj end mratore of the United ttatee :-B*f, I0? per
lb turhflj and fovlfl, 10c. i lamb, 8e ; po.'k. Tja?f aod
duck, lie bread. 4o ; potatoee, 3Xo., rloo. mMoarool
Md<tber i.?e?. ?o per lb Toe laet named artiole* ara
h-KBer tb^o iieu.l; breal marly doubto.
M ?ee!Ucecu* expoBeet ?The e?rj paid to **r?ant*
by the iiallana.acd tbo*e paid by ioreigu*r.inmo*toa*a*,
partleuUrly n*e oomer*, dlff-r greatly The tot rarely
.1*. a w-jmftB more than t?en y or thiry
b* her w .rk. F-relgoert u?uftl y pay double, eometlme*
even mere. The ountom 1* for the hl-ed pera^ae to ff d
thMr owb bread. ?lno, and wa*hlng Mala* til the
? are* ueuftHy of oook* ?nd waiter*. They get from th*
jtali.b* from two to ?** dollar* a month, but now
eomer* m?*t expect to hare to pay ne.riy
dcuble ibat rate. Hank hira, two paui* ? (*
tve ft r*t boor and two paul* for *eery hour after.
Th" exoluetf e n*e of a rather atylleh ttmont, conetatleg
of a rair of home and ooaabman, with two
out op o aad one elo*d, eaa be hired to* ab^ut ttftr dol^
Ur* a month, wKfcout ?sy extra expente A box at tha
Or*V pjeia foi one ngbt ooaU from AO to 12 p.uto, ft^
eordiag to tbe roe. Adm?a*too to perquotto. tbi** paul*.
A b< x ftt i he a *f nd opera o>?t* from 25 ro 8 paul*. a*rt
ndmltaion tea p*nl. 'n tie minor ha.tre*, what* opera*
are if ten a part of tbe eBterUnmaet, the ?d mine ion 1*
otlf ft b.l' paul. Seaeen KimletlOD ticket*, or box?* for
the Maim or for the jeftr, m.y be had for ft *omp*ra
tifeW em.ll euro H?re people fttteod taeatrloalperform
.?oeefr>m noileee ft e*>nomy. Tna poor lod It mora
?con n tea. to p?y for a aaaeon tlek?t for adml?rtoo into
the p t of a minor the.ire, aad tbei* pw flee hour*
?eery reining, i ban to be put to the expen** <-f flra and
liirhu for the *ime tim*. Tb* ? iitber elate** find It a tea*
niorey and tri ubla to bar* a comfortable box at tha ope
rato iac.ee their frien<Ja In in tb* *T*nln?. au'l ihu*
?end I' nie lecepiion*. wbioB do not prefftll with than.
in much 'or tha ?jpeoe?* of HtIok in Florenoe My ex
peiler.ee l'ae? m? to think th?t a f.mily with a *m?ll ln
ertne. t.y taelfe Iniirtd doll.r* and under, can ?om
m.nd n.ore eubat.oital etmrort* In mo*t of the l*eg*
t waa of tb. United Slaiee Not that onaa leoome mo
derate in thete time*, .ftj M M or $0,000, one tnfty h?T*
lu lurlee .nd .*< )e here i ot to b? h?d for ft much
mm ?t home With ai. Inc >me of threa thou*?od dollar*
. parent may gNe hie daughter the beet .dranUga* in
female aecompll-bment*. aad have tbe meaoe of
tn rtyle and with tbe luxurie* ftod ojm'oru of tha** of
dootle the tnooir.e In a toige city of the Dnltad 8 ate*?
thit le. oommidlou* ap.rtmente, a carriage, a box at the
"Tbe idea ?* the aoelaty he;* m.y b* !orm?d by th*
liat I rare gifts, "hlcb oaly comprit** about on* hair
the Amerie.na n-ually In Florenoe, other* b?ing Tletter*
bf re for .few d.y* cr a few w*.k?. Th* number of Ear
lab I* raatly larger ? aot It**, It to HUm.Ud, than 1,000
pertcae, ot .11 r.i.h* .no joadltion* la life. There ar*
t?o ProUatant ehn cbe* where tbe eerrloe* are In K?g
lieb, one 1-tlfkBlatis, tha oth*r Kpieoopal. It.li.ne ar*
?-'ror t.et. in ibe eooi*ty o.' foreigner*, except at tha
b lie of the ?;.td !>nke or eoma other grand pareon.g*.
T rrt Duni*>w ef Fr^ocn.
DIM ? .pi' Rcwaee raaiding here, and mixing In th* for
? tn xiciety
Oar Egyptian Correspondence.
Ur tbk Niti, Dec 19, 1S53.
Tlir Herald in Egypt? TravtUing Amerttans, and
Ham> they Travel? The Star Spangled Banner in
J-'b vpt ? I) i monstrat t on.? for Captain 1 1 graham
uf d America at Alexandria ? F\r $t Impre.inont
? Dragomen ? Donkey B?y >, and Barks ttsch ?
Up the Nile to Cairo by Dababruh ? American
Trade utth Egypt ? Tfie Doteh Riding over
Live JMffi ? The Presentation of our Com yd
General to the Pacha, or Pipes and Coffee for a
Dozen? Ohtm rat ions on Th:ngs in General.
Before thix letter reaches you the writer will be
tip the Nile and half way back; therefore thia letter
ia co dated, though actually written at Shepherd'*
Hotel, in Cairo, (El Masr, as the Arabs call it.)
Y our ever present paper found its way to ua out
bfre near sunrise, to our gTe?t delight, a few days
siru p, tbe new Consul General bringing some op
with him, wbich put me in tbe notion of scribbling
sou thing for it my f elf. If you don't choose to
print raj rambling reflections, posterity will suffer?
that'" all.
There are a goodly number of Americans in
Ei Tpt this snmmer. In fact, they outnumber the
travelling English; and the sUr spangled banner is
fart incoming a familiar ohjeot to the interesting
population of this rich delta, via the Egyptians,
Arab*, crocodiles, mosqoitos, and travelling tourists,
from the volatile Frenchman , who talks to everybody,
down to tbe wturnine Englishman, who preserve*
bis "talent for silenoe" with national obsticacy.
Every dababrlch, or Nile boat, chartered by Ameri
cans float* the star-spangled banner, and it gives
an A merle tui a warm feeling about his left side when
be sees It flaunting in the breesa under the bright
bine sky of old Egypt. TfcfCl c?not bow be lea
than fifty Americans up the river, and more of oa are
coming. Pot ably these surveying parties may be
paving the way for annexation, thonsrh the revelling
in tbe hails of tbe Ptolemies would not pay to any
but those who possess a fondness for bright sunshine,
squatting on divans, strong coffee and mild tobaceo.
Smoking, squatting and squabbling are the ohlef em
ployments of the natives, while the industrious fleet
could not hold a candle In activity and energy to tha
entire insect population of the country; tbe only in
dustriom population it possesses.
Our party reached Egypt at a most favorable time
to see the bights. The great religious festival of the
retnrn of the pilgrims from Mecca, ani birthday of the
prophet, was near at hand, and our new Consul Gene
ral, Mr. De Leon, having arrived soon after, we had
also an opportunity of seeing Abbas Pacha, the
reigning Viceroy, and the ceremonies of a presenta
tion?a very ceremonious business out here, the
Pasha insisting on keeping up the old state of Eutern
potentates.
On tbe arrival of the St. Louis at Alexandria, which
brought out the Consul and his friend, Dr. Flint, of
Maryland, two popular demonstrations were made to
Capt Ingraham, and America generally, by enthusi
astic foreigners in that city. They first assembled in
front of the hotel where tbe Consul was entertaining
his friends of the St. Louis, and serenaded the party,
calling loudly for Capt. Ingraham, and shouting
" Viva* for America, the home of the free," " the
land for the oppressed, " Ac. They kept it up so
long and so londly that Judge Jonee, the old Con
sul General, finally stepped out on the baTcony
and made them a short speech in Italian, after
wh!ch they shouted more strenuously, and tbea
quietly dispersed. The crowd was quite a large one ,
and looked like a respectable one. Capt. In*nham,
whose modesty is only equalled by his c ? irage,
seemed rather annoyed by kthese loud de n. lustra
tions. But his trials were not over; for on the next
night the manager of the Italian theatre gave an in
vitltlon to the new Consul General to attend the
theatre with the officers of the ship, which was ac
cepted. After the first act, a fine looking man in
tbe pit rose up and read a welcome to Capt Ingra
ham, and the Americans generally, which was ac
knowledged by their rising up. The applause was
deafening. Cheers were given all round, and finally
an Ameriean flag was waved from one of the upper
boxes, upon whi:h the building was nearly unroofed
by the vtctu of the audience. Capt. Ingraham and
Mr. De Leon? both Sou'h Carolinians, by the way?
responded to these enthusiastic demonstrations by
rifine up and bowing to life assembly, which num
bered pretty women aa well as bearded men. On
the whole it was very gratifying to our national
{iride to see each marks of respect paid in this far off
and to eur country's flag and its representatives.
Capt. Ingraham and his government nave both rea
son to be proud of the sensation his noble act and its
endorsement bave occasioned, nos only in the West,
but in the far East, and wherever its echo has rolled.
If there were any Austrian sympathizers there tney
sung small, and John Bull, we thought, looked lees
consequential than nsual.
I tell you, Mr. Bennett, an American citizen now
stands A No. I throughout the East These people
don't regard palaver, but they do admire pluck, and
they believe now that Brother Jonathan is not to be
trifled with. Bnt I am playing a tola on " Yankee
Doodle," when you expest variations on Egyptian
airs. Forgive me, and I will give you my " Nile
Notes,'' though not comparable to thoae of Howadji
Curtis, who bas daguerreotj ;?rd this couutry as none
bnt a Yankee could. Bat is k a few Boston notions,
and some affectations of style, that book is about the
best guide book a traveller can bring with him into
on the dragomen in red slippers
who waylay the voyager at Alexandria, is painfully
true.
this land of the sacred beetle
We " took the fatal plunge" at Alexandria, ana
bear testimony to the troth of the Hojradji's warn
ings, and if j on go farther you are apt to fare worse.
The dragomen and the donkey boys are tsrj addi
tion*! plagues to the old plague* of Egypt, all of
which v6 yet i? force ? the iocnsta, in the shape
of natives, devouring "everything green" with
wonderful voracity.
The first Arabic word you learn la batkscitch,
which means money, and tne same word is dinned
into your ean all the time and every where, from a
whisper with a supplicating gesture in the streets,
to a scream with hostile demonstrations at the
Pyramids and In the desert. The Turks, w?iu are
lords of the country, are a fine looking set of man;
the elder still retain their nation ?1 characterUtiss
and dress, but the Europeaniaed Turk is not an im
provement m the anim&l. The Arabs and Egyptians
are a very vagabond looking set generally, with
n any rags to their backs; while the women seem
careiulor concealing nothing but their races, and
ibe> usnerully are facea which ought to be hidden.
Bnt I may give you a separate chapter on charac
texutica, after seeing more of the people. At pre
sent my experience is limited to the donkey bo*-,
dragomen, and the usual swarm of beggar* tnat fol
low the footsteps of strangers. Alexandria our
party did not atop at long, preferring to Btndy it
when we oame back, being very anxious to see the
Pyramids. Accordingly, we chartered a Nile boat
or dababrich, (the small ones are calle.t c&rrglas,)
In preferenca to taking tha steamboat, which takes
thirty -eix hours to go up, and costs ?3 or $15 per
man. The boats are not only small and without
deeping places, but you have to be to?ed up the
> canal forty miles, and changed into the steamboat ia
the cold gray of the morning, much and moi
! quito bitten in the interval. Fur the Nile b <ats, the
i price charged varies entire y with the creJutity or
sharpness of the traveller, and hia trust in drago
men. Americana generally know what they are
about, and the class who come to Egypt are gene
! rally men of intelligence, and hard ?' to do." They
1 have some ot the best boats rh>s year, and at reason
{ able prices for this place, where everything costs
1 just snout double or treble what it would at home or
! in Eiirrpe? living included. Just think of an im
provement on Astor House prices in Alexandria and
Cairo; but it is so, the oldest inhabitant sighing over
the good old times, before " the Tranait " and travel
lers made a thoroughfare of Egypt, and the Arabian
nights, (a><d days,) as costly as those of the Prin
cess Scbezerade. Traveller* ?'.o have to lay in a
stock of provisions for going np the Nile, are amazed
at the prices demanded for the necessaries of life?
I and the inhabitants don't fan much better. Why
Brithef Jonathan has not opened a large trade witn
this port of Alexandria astonishes all of as who see
the opening, and as there are some business men
among as, we hope their reports may induoe that
enterprising individual to improve it.
I am told that only two or three American ships
touch here in the course of a year, and there is actu
ally no trade worth talking about between the two
countries. Some American notions, such as ice,
rocking chairs, furniture, Ac., were once aent out
from Hoc ton, and realized very handsome profits ;
but it stopped there. Now the demand for ice is
very great, and very high prices paid for congealed
snow, brought from Trieste and Sicily. Think of
that. Fresh Ponders and Wenham lakers ot Boston!
Good Havana segars also would go off like smoke,
the Manila cheroots Having the market here, aad
ct ring as much as Havara.
Hut business is not my business at present. Now
or the sights. We hive seen the D.wch. If yon
wm t to know what that it, you will find a good de
?ciiption or it in Warburtont book, "The Crescent
sno Cross." It is a religious festival ending by a
I'inp procession, and the riding over a pavement of
livinfr men by a Sheik on horseback On thin occa
sion the ride was a long one of at least two hundred
jan's, bo > h brutes (the man and horse) being very
neuiy. and the latter shod wit 3 iron, in the Turkish
fash-on, the shoe being circular The poor wretches
rusheii forward, or rather were dragged on by others,
set mingly omnk or srupifled. and were packed down
solidly, and over their prostrate bodies rode the
hii. in u) Islam, with a great green turban on his
head. lie, too. seened stupifled, (probably with
oplnm.) and one man on each side held him on and
dragged forward the horse, who seemed more re
luctant tbari any concerned in the cere<nonv. His
very reluctance, however, made the pressure heavier
on the bodies beneath bim, many of whom must have
been crushed. Bnt the crowd cl<*ed In as he passed,
and bore away the scarcely conscious victim* ? some
writhing and Uaming at the mouth like madmen,
others stretched out like corpses. What injury was
done is Imp- ssible to say ; tint all could not have es
caped. I, myself, saw tlx bloody foam oozing from
the lips of some thus born<- away. Whea the Sheik
demounted. some of ns forced onr way up to h m.
He presented the appearance of a drunken man,
swaying ficm side to side ** he stood, and his
eyes perfectly lustreless. Opium, probably, or
haeciecb, bad prepare* him for a task from
which our common humiiut* v revolts. The
hcrse was probably the only animal among them
that preserved bis reason in this sad mummery.
It was the most sicketing and saii lening sight that
my eyes ever l>e)ield? aiaodern relie irs%l of the pro
gress of the Car of Juggernaut, over which our boy
hood has often shuddered. No man ? ho has ever wit
ne?*-ed it once can ever forget it, or rtedre to see it
again. Snch a profanation of the holy name of
religion, such an outrage on the reason of
msn, and on the sanctity of the shrine of a
heman soul, modern civilization seldom witnesses
There were several Englishmen and ab-mt eight
or ten Americans in Cairo at the time, all of
whom were present, and equally disgusted. It is,
probably, ns more than justice to add that this spec
tacle was not witnessed by the Pacha of Egypt, or
any of his high dignitaries. The devont Mnasnlmen
vf the higher glass tolerate, bnt do not approve o
(
Ihkiwemony, which ia a device of priestonft; bat
the Wgottei and brutal populace relish it. and tiiere
fore it ia permitted.
?f.i.IB?re.f*Iieeftble was presented two dan
r?Li.? ceremony of the presentation of our new
??^l2"**aJ? Mr. De Leon, to Uie Viceroy -an af
what are f?e' ^ representatives of
the first clasa powers are received in
regarded ? My deviation from it woald be
and would weaken tbe
diplomjalc ?ftjGT'SfSjil "b" " If"* ?W>
mere Action of tre?tiS*Ww ^"bliue ft"* **** ?
in fact, the present Abbas PaphaT8? foundatiooa
eases resisted succeHrfniu th- ^ having in repeated
u, ,m> iS TT2K*4!3as
ter of the railroad now oooatrur^w ? . ?*t"
and A'exandria, a third of which wifl be on^i
months more? they say. open in tiro
Ail the Americaiis in Cairo, includinr a nut.
brought up by the Consul- General , consUt?*VoS
tain Lewis Carr. of Philadelphia; Mr. DitoorTof
1 ork, and Dr. J. M.Flint, of Maryland, having ex
pressed a desire to see the ceremony, arrangements
were made with reference to the request. E&rlv on
^ d*7' *he rach? ?ent his splendid
v i. * retinne ?f w,'diem on foot and
on horseback, with music, to Shepherd's Hotel
thdMHend*0 asul8 were lod?m?. f? them and
?About midday the party set out for the palace:
and as it may interest friends at home, I give you
S2-2SBe,/tte^hole- Inthe flnrt carriage rods
the old and new Consuls General, Judge Jones and
mli. r.^Dl,acTpan,ed b* Vice Consuls, Drago
d te^dTrnTh ' 411 ^ uni,orrn' which canYbe
e vfS^n?, ' M everybody knows who has
Eastern tobacco or coiled np his legs
Ho-Im" ? a d^an- Then fo"owed the AmerioS
T'f :-Mr. Ward aud Dr. J. M. Flint of
Kew'y^ k ? M?" VMf; Pel'aud Mr Rodenwald,
ew X or* , Mr. Yeatman, of lenneHsen ? Ur
Green, of the American banking house in Paris*
burgeon GeSiaft ^"^an^aTrSi
gTae^a^"d1tehmknh0^)~a11 up Nil? bouad
o^wk?? was? ssa
?TK0f th? PiCtUrea KillSS Hi
Uon of the "Thousand and One Tales," Seoa^d.
Hwmed to excite great interest amongAK
lie vers, who saluted us courteously as we rode
along. Arrived at the palace, which is onl g^d
scale, and very Eastern in its arrangements? the
only furnitare being divana extending around the
Wltb splendid coverings, and the floors and
ceiling of curious mosaic and carved work? we
found a ong row of officers drawn up awaiting m
p^w? Jhr^n?h ^ese, ushered on by some of the
Pacha s head men, we traversed long suits of anirt
nents and galleries, and found oureelvea in the
AUhe *^i?f ^1ceptu?'ln 4116 Presence of the Pacha,
dim in rtl,e apartment, squatted on his grand
?,? corner on an embroidered ouhhion, he
118 ?ost courteously and with many smiles
motioning the new Consul General to the seat on hla
| right hand, the retiring Consul bitting next, and the
4?kng seats at one tide. Judge Jonea
A round, and then chibouques were
thTttJ iJS6 m08t maSniflcent I ever beheld,
?frv . ^ ornamented with gold fillagree
ThoL ? with circlei of diamonds.
^d?d ,to ^e Paoha and the two Consuls
were particularly splendid; but at leart a dozen of
fohaUn? Prcf?c^' at wbicb ftU h*Qds vigorously
8Ufcoe; The? entered the atteu?
wemS ZSEF? Blf? of eg* shells, filled with what
ream, gf?nlld8 10 the "ninitiated, bnt in
cha. K^fhR f Vlf? expression of the berij of Mo
"ny ?P* WM presented in a
Si. -i i L also enerusted with precious stones.
Sipping in sflence then ensned. Tnen broke the si
lence the eZ'Consn], Judcre Jones in Fran*)* /.An
dered into Turkish by the interpreter,) giFimr th#
BS?' the s^^on ? taking hi/ ft id
introdncing his successor. The Pacha annirenJi
*?me mediam> ln the same style? torn*
Plimenting the retiring, welcoming the racc*d
SlSS?' Md chM?ia* the farmer to bear KhS
Personal reepecu to the President of the United
The new Consul then made (in English) a few n.
marks to the Pacha, which were also interpreted by
tbe dragoman, expressing his pleasure that he had!
cato OMP tobear the greetings of Young Ameri
Si, v ??? 1111(1 touahing on the eue with
which the commercial relations of the two countries
could be increased. A copy of th?e re^STS
a hri. V ^,hMlded in;u The Pacba tbea commenced
ml n!i^i Oon> through hi* interpreter, with
Mr. DeLeon, who carried it on in Frenoh with that
fractionary, of which we only could catch a few
chtefll' we forwards understood consisted
He tofd M? about our country, President, Ac.
ilia son, a young man about six
i^#' * 0 Waa "'nister of War, was
Stefe AWLS? ft,
jifssrifir ?s
_s bead, of a red col sr? which fa universal iv
S?i" tere- H. f free is intelligent, beard gray'
?w?ire a frenchman than a Turk, and
rr^ib^^gUa,5e fl?ently. The Pacha is a regu
lar Turk of the old school, very stout, with a re!
fUe 'v?? Hng ejel He ,B ftbout f?rty
"f f?e, and a grandson of UMiemet AH,
till #1 of the male line always sw . eeding to
tT He k f" to be bigotted , uodTot
^al to Europeans, though very polite His rule in
th?i bat the ,orelKn Consuls are abso,
I m? I f ?,'B wy*? Md ?beck him constantly.
F? A nJ- PtCy w ?nr?Pean3 are perfectly safe in
Egypt now, thanks to their influence, line case
would be very different otherwise. When we rose to
?.td?u* mh at th* Consul-Oeneral.
I1 v? 1 be twinkling of an eye had In
vest, d him with the " sabre d 7io??mr"a bamscM
acimt ter. At the door down stairs we found an Arab
M ? M fine trappings could make him,
} j ^ ve'vet saddle aid gilt finery who nre
cfded our ride back, prancing uU
great admiration of the natives- another part of the
suitiM- D7thp?f WfUse th?8e wo*,d 1)6 considered in
ffi.? our government has allowed it in
hi r?LW g ft* ?aking obligatory on
the Consul to follow out all the usages bv navin/ont
rettw^0!! Hur^to a" the Pacha's olficers and
d!?r hni Wt e Kifta "? made toc?t very
dfar' h?,1 'b's i? always tie case with Eastern pre
^ the only thing you get grMis
Thin Hi 0f tbe ? nest quality, and in great proC:
iTtl? w ? another snow at the hotel? the Min
^ ?mU in the foref?^ Consuls General
s>n?!hg d feather, to make their formal calls
Pon.n rJ p??fen, Austrian, Ac. The English
ff thiir n^? Mr. Bruce, had not arrived. Some
k ^ nniforms were very splendid. Then
herd" tLd nrt rh?Hd np.w1lb a d'nner at She p
rate "ota bad one either.) with the two Con
wh?r-il a? I ^len 10 a 1 the Americans in Cairo, at
which Americanism wa< strong and fervent and
hame and fHends not forgotten. Then we d \rted
u ? y mclined, preparing, not to weieh an!
E?nt aTt Sm" 1 8ny' bnt for Upper
^P^ I am averse to personalities I will not J?*
re?aiJDtoPth!,0?al opinio,lB or of 'my friends In"
regard to the two representatives of our countrv
here, past and present; but they know, or oui?ht to
tonWbat ^ th,nk of them. "Nnf sed'' -afte?
drinking a man s wine it is not polite to abuse him
and flattery would be in ttill worse taste. '
r.trT'.^ .K ^ Bomtthiig about the sights at
tht?,Mn6 "feta on the Nile, which surpass
Liit f h'atA ^ *** ?Qoal those of our own country;
hut I have spun such a long yarn already that f
haven t the conscience to mike it longer besides
n^M^0" 0f 4,1 'bis s;ribbling, which Iharedow
n mall pieces, as yon ?ee on different scrans of
?x?smM m! M9i8^nce ? and coffee^ has
Tf von Tit it if.*' mDCh ?tbiB '?t^r wlH th? readers,
ni.h^uhuJ "J- U y?n don't think it worth
^.n caP.,8n5Prea8 lt' of courie. Isn't that
\oS hi'J ? r ??nnett? Bnt until you come out here
7^ ?^ beOer encourage me to give you inklings, as
t T .flirr11? fi.'t?r and "Priag here to a certain
nh'l^f r,f ?K ? crocodiles and mommies at Mem
bv 5,1, J,"* b,rd" and "o"" bave shaken hanfe
b^ hat we fMl^ /PoJ?r '"**"*'? American out
any quarreL m,y *" disturbnl by
Segar fluiurwtnren' fleeting.
At ? neatly of the Wfti utt'icinn, held >t UUo*
on Taa.da; ?mb| l??t, piniut to nottaa, for lk< fir
poea rt nUfjr*D? tb? prneeadlog* o* tha ooBT?ntto? twM
at Albmyon the lflth tout . I, wiiktas ?h appointed
Chairman, J H How* sad E Salpaath Visa Praaldeeta,
and H i.'uiek -VeratatT.
On mi Jon Vwti. Jubm Hitmat. W. B. Pleroe , and
W. H. 4fr?ord ?* -* appointed a eemmlttee to "r?'t ra
aoln?ua? 'or tha oon?tder? ilna nf tha BnUo( Tae ojta
miltee, after a ehort net ??, ra ported the folliaiaf
R?er,!??d, That ?? > l?bly ippmee of theaotiin taken at
tie 0"i '?>t oD of the meker? tad mana'asturara
held it Albaey oa the 18th inat.
Ren Itafl. That we ?UI oarrr out >h? aplrlt and Infant I
of tba >>-?olatien? than adopted, to the fail extent of oar
ability
BfciWaa. That we tevmniend a foil and he?r?y eo
operaorn of th* tia^a wl'h the neutral e irntrltt'e, inoar
rile* < nt tha plaae reoornr.enr'ed by that eonreBtloe
Th* >?eoln**oa? were nranlmotui? adopted.
A rn mittea ??? appointed to ciraalate a peHM-w ma
noru Itlng Coogme to lay a doty of fotty a- ate per
posed d m?n Imported from forelin eonotrle*. TM
o, tntrf ee ooeelttj of W. B Ballon, W. Brtan, end A.
?tttehlera.
The ti eetlne m adt'raaeed by Maaan Wtlklne, Plera*
a> d oti et?. who etrrrply u'ted tha o?oea?1 1 t of united
actios, *b order to re nt tha eieernecbmaati' of foreign
Inportktioaa,
Tba thanke 0f 'be meeting were ?anted ti Mr Pioroa for
1 te a ?'!?? laVore in behalf of tha eraft a tea to Jteeph
^enedint, K q , who brought tha p-owdinfe of tha AN,
btoT tn>etUK to tba notl-e of tha l^gtelatare.
On n otion It ?*e r?eui?*', that tha proieediBfB of thia
mea*f> ? ?a pnhllthed In the olty paper* ud la tha Naw
Yo>k Hmii)
Tim aeetug then ad j turned.

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