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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
? WHOLE NO. 6396. MORNING EDITION-MONDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1854. PRICE TWO CENTS. ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. 4KJR LONDON AND PARIS CORRESPONDENCE, The Position of the Buiu-Tnrkiiii Question. rm iTTUPTE0 (omraiKT in nun. Tiews 9f the English and French Press. ACTIVE PREPARATIONS FOR WAR. HOPES OF PEACE. market circulars. Ac., Ac., Ac. Our London CorrtqwndtM*. London, Friday, Fab. 10, 1354. rHm WAS IN TBI *4?T? THS OOMSINBD FLSSrS? tuKsHaAUY AMO.NG8T til GRMKKS? UBNTK 4L If IfcUf*? AUSTRIA AND PKU8SIA ? OSNBKAL INTSLM U*NCB? SfOCKH. 'l'he present; mail does not tike oat much addition at news. We are still in statu quo. It appears that tii?. return of the combined fleets to the Boephoraa wa* contrary to the express wishes of the English and French Ambassadors, and they hare been order ed 1,-u' k again to the Black Sea. The Turkish Ad miral was, at the last advises, (Jan. 30,) preparing a/i exi?edition to take arms and ammunition to the 1 urkiah army in Asia. The most important news is the disoovery of a conspiracy got up by Russian agents to excite the Sieeks to revolt against the Sultan. A number of arrests have taken place at Constantinople. From Athens we learn that the standard of revolt had ac tually been raised. How long will Russia be allowed U> try her hand at every means she oan think of to overthrow Turkey, whilst Englaad and France are continually declaring their intention to maintain the Integrity of the Ottoman empire ? There has been a ministerial crisis at Constantino ,p!?. Tbe Seraskier and Capndan Pacha have been 'replaced by Riaa Pacha and another Turk, both sup p<wed to be more favorable to peace. Redsohid Pacha, however, still remains at the head of the ministry Omer Pacha is laid np at Widdln with typhus fever. W'r.h the exception of skirmishes, there has been no regular fighting at Kalefat since the battles of the tiih, 7th and 8th January. There can be no donbt that England and France are gmiring active preparations for a war with Rus sia. a glance at toe columns of the London papers will convince you of this. Ten or twelve English regiments are under orders for Constantinople, and sloic of the fine steamers belonging to the Penin sula and Oriental Company will be chattered for eon keying them. <;ount Orloff left Vienna last Wednesday for St Pcersburg, having friled in his mission? at least so we are told. But there are rumors that he bean baca to Bt. Petersburg a promise on the part of A us. Um and Prussia to remain neutral. Now, it is quite iuifiOosible for Central Europe to remain neutral, pwcti! between East and West. Buch neutrality would be tantamount to a participation with Russia C?otrai Europe is tilled with all sorts of combustible matter, which tbe torch of war would soon set in a U?*e, and if Austria does not oppose Russia she iiuat look to herself. Let us take Poland, for in stance. A Polish legion is under formation In Tur key, and will be commanded by General Wysocki; but tbe General delares, in his proclamation or circu lar, that the ultimate object oT the legion must be the regeneration of Poland. And with Poland rising, wouid Hungary remain tranquil? General Ktapka baa turned Mabomsdan that he may have a command on the Austrian frontier, and hundreds? I might say thousands? of gallant Hungarians are fighting with the Vurlu. Of Lombardy it is needless to speak. Tbe Italians are ready to rise at a moment's notiee. Austria haa it in her power to prevent a European war by declaring against Russia, and it would be tnc kindest act she could perform towards her "dear Imperial brother." Curiously enough, there is now a tUk about Austria and Prussia offering their media tion between Russia and tlie Western Powers? in piaiu English, that the two German Powers intend to back out of the Vienna protocol. To-night Earl Fitzwilliam puts a question to the government, demanding information respecting Count '.Onolfs mission to the German courts. Lord Claren dou will have to explain. lu the Commons Mr. French has given notice that be will ask whether it is true that the English and French fleets returned to Constantinople contrary to tku wishes of the Ambassadors? At all events we jOiall hear something. Austria is concentrating a large army on the Ser vian frontier. The Turkish ambassador has thought h, co ask an explanation. Count Buol simply ob served that tt was a precautionary measure. According to the Standard, two or three Ameri can offieers had arrived at the headquarters of the Ouoman army. Toe Overland mail is telegraphed. Burmah still appears to be in a very unsettled state. Our officers am continually being assassinated. In China the imperialists seem to be gaining ground. 8ir Charles Napier will, it is said, take command of the Baltic fleet. jcuny Lind has suddenly changed her mind, and S d, uot oome to king In London, as had been au ixMUHied- The great case, Lumley vs. Gye, in which Luausy claims *30,000 damages for the lues of Wag a* < s services, comes off next week. Gye will open C vent Garden Opera House in March. Mus Cuahman is drawing good houses at the Hay ?Hllfit. R Loudon is quite full now, and the parks offer a gay ??.<! lively appearance. Albumabi.s mtrkit, Piccadilly,* Friday, Feo. 10, 1H54. j 'i he New Crystal Palace at Sydenham ? Maritime Last* of theCoastof England? PrinctOorlscha ku/f? Russian Intrigues in Paris? The Tele ' graph m France ? Town Gossip ? The Theatres, *c., +c. That magniflcsnt fairy-structure ? th? New Crystal Palace at Sydenham? which In beauty far exceed! the splendid building In Hyde Park, ?inch contained an exhibition of the world'* indus try in 1861, U fast approaching completion. The Ksyi-tian, Italian, Mine it*, and other courts, are now in a state that faiily gives an idea of their fuuiro grandeur. The geological portion, with all t?4 wmdrooa resutcltat.on of pre-Adamite life, win tuivaiiccd progrcw, and the grounds, though still in tlie roigh, are suflleiently marked out to show what W? will when oempicted and adorned with the wftluie of summer. We know that every exertion l? being made in all quartern to hasten on the prepa rations for spring, and it ban been announced by the jm .i.atcers that they will be prepared to open it on M ?> the Queen "a birthday when it is hoped that ryslty will take a part in the opening ceremonial. ! Ttie prevalence of eaiterly winds is always ex tamely disastrous to our shipping, especially thoee er'iuagtd In the coal and coasting service, which are new. too wall provided with hands. The last month, W<rever, has been more disastrous than any period Vii' wn within the last sixteen yean, and upwards of :-??> losaes of rebels have been reported at Lloyd't, with a sacrifice of about 800 lives. This te terrible; and the thought in more dreadful when we consider that if the same sum that has been spent in military works had been expended it) providing harbors of refuge? for many of which there are great facilities ?all this sacrifice of life and property would have been saved, and the prioes of coals and other articles got coastwise would not have been so awfully in creased as they are at present We look to the legislature for redress in these matters; and with a man like Mr. CardweB at the helm of trade, we ex pect that some measures will, ere long, be adopted to prevent for the future this very unnecessary sacri fice of life. We must not suppose that the Russian army are lying altogether on a bed of roses. The latest intel ligence from the Pannbian provinces informs as that Prince Gortschakoff does uot enjoy amongst his troops sufficient confidence for the important part j he is called on to plav in the approaching campaign. He is, no doubt, a good artillery general; but when in command of the army in Poland he never gave any proofs of his taJenU as a strategist. The troops too, are ill ot dysentery-djing, like sheep of the roc, in their encampments; and, in addition, the supplies of provisions aid forage are forwarded m?t irregularly, tnu* adding not a little to the su?' Wrings of the Russian army. The tro ops, moreover, ar* well affected to their country's cau*e. How cau serfs feel otherwise ? And we ap prebend, under all circumstances, that there is little to faar from Russia; and Ikrlen is there need for the eighteen regiments that are said to be under march ing orders from England for the seat of war. Tne Czar, in fact, is a bully, and, like all bullies an arrant coward. We apprehend the war will be a frnort.if not a merry one. The burning of villages in Wallachia and Moldavia, the oppression of poor unhappy peasants, is good sport for the troops just now; but they will have a different game to play when they come hand to hand with French and hDglieh soldiers. Nodoubt there are plenty of intriguanti on the aide of Russia in this great metropolis of ours; but thanks to our utter repudiation of the Mouchard HV w not b0 ca*y to And them out In Paris it is different; and hence we find that at a certain office in the Boulevard des Italiens, which the Rus sian agents made theu- rendeavous, for the purpose ?f getting news?true or false? to be hawked about the Boone,- in the eafes and clnbs, a seizure of papers has been made, much to the discomfiture ^kP1^1 concerned. This mrnn, we under stand. has had the desired effect- hs* we ctnnot hear that any prisoners have been taken. We never tiooght that Louis Napoleon was de posed to allow much liberty for the expression of puolic opinion by the press, but certainly we were not prepared for an official order dictating silence on particular points. The Minister of the interior hai now written to the prefcts of the different depart ?T^if ' them to forbid the journals to ?P*K **th?r of the movements of troops, of any preparation for war, or even of the court balls, ex cept n such language as has been used by the pitniUur, They are also forbiddet to speak of the increase in the price of corn, or to cast any doubts on the success of the approaching harvest a cir cumstanse that, no doubt^'has S ffKSS of the food riots at Perigueux and other places in toe provinces. Louis Napoleon is a shortsighted politician : gagging the press may do for a time, but a more liberal pelcy would secure him the lore ?ni'h'TiP le, which is a far better safeguard than all the ordonnance* and all the police he can master. _. ?.oar qountry secret despatches are constantly ^t from town to town-from one end of the conn . other? and no government or police ever attempts to interfere. In France, however, it is route ourr* chose; the government there will be re sponsible for the conveyance of no secret messages whatever, and orders have been given to report all despatches, and point out to the judicial authorities all loat teem to be false or suspicious, or ot a natsre r^n Tn, lhe pul?'ic P*?* or f*7or limit specula ,H ''uUe 48 bad as that policy wbichgain public opinion through the press, um we only regret policy of the measures he is adopting. kJ v, 1 new novel h" Inst been published by Hurst A Biactett? Colburn's successors? and is making a considerable stir in that section of our countrywomen who are fond of light reading. h^F?! ?. the.hll,tery of a disappointed I heart, and the authoress has treated the sntfect eon omore. The story is capitally told, the knot of the fable most ingeniously knit, and the work shorn ?i ?hCWn8,(^W? taTenl,on- The incidents are not of the usual hackneyed ordsr; and, in short, I na7*,ted *Iith 8PWt. ?xUWting, also, not a Utile knowledge of the world. It is rapidly be coming popular here, and wa believe that if will be come so also among our transatlantic brethren. t V!Sy one hM hnri of wJld's great Globe in Leicester square. Well, this establisament has been taken by a joint stock literary association, who are determined to make it available for scientific pur poses, and are resolved to make such alterations la tne arrangements as may eonduce to its real useful ness as a place of education in geography. Good *> ">e concern? and we wished speed to the undertaking, which has aU the ele aentsof success, sad cannot fail, if only the projec tors be true to their original purpose ? that of ad vancing the interests of geographical science. G v new" to communicate. 6 -ta ?starTia? ???'n at Drurr lane, in Howard Payne's singularly bad play of " Brutus," as well as in several other charictis. Robson hL ,de?ded h,t" at 0,8 0?7?nP?c. under our " W|K*n : *nd a new pieoe, called Euatache, has appeared at the Surrey, with We un<?erstand. moreover, ihat n P"!Par*tion ?'? the Princess s, to be produced next week, with Charles Kean fer Gloster Heaven save the mark ! Miss Cushman is doinx wonders at the Havmarket, in " Faxio" and toe with^mVh "d Mathews has lately met with a mishap? whether by being tapped on the ?hculder^or otherwise, we know n<*_but it is quite certain that his theatre has been cleaed quite unexpectedly within the last few nights. Our opera u2TwiS*h * ht>P^ ? he*r the 8tl*iD8 ot Jenny t 10 Ti8it En?'*?d ; but it ap pears that the Swedish government are not disposed to allow her to warble in Saxon land, as being con traiitv PTh?.P"'in?K?lrei?r0visl0D* of *n arme<1 nen" h? i* T M * bitter disappointment wo "''P? for betler more Ln5 k! s meanwhile wish her all health and happiness with her youthful spouse. The onlv Sot towtriellt sh t oon"PUDio?t? '? aoent Win / . r tneatneals. Shakspeare s "Tempest" was ner 0nA wf*dajr prosp*ro, C. Kean ; ?>r dinand, A. Wigan ; Caliban, Vt'ebster ; Trinculo Thta i ihe St 4U?V ,,4rtlejr : Miranda, Miss Heato inls is the last performance for the season and we believe that all parties are highly satisfied with their engagements. The celebrated S lT Mr fT' (wi!h hla ta'ented little wife,) has re turned to tos-n from Paris, aid will anwar neV^ at the Exeter Hall concern, for the trifling remuneration of ?00 per night. Mr. Albert hnuth s Mont KJanc is still the rage, and Mr. Charles l.ambe Ksnney s entertainment of Constantinople is rising in public favor. Miss Adela Rochelle bu 0hUm.n? at Bri?hton- On Monday, a new drama, in thres acts, with a prologue, is to be nro I'S'u k1 w|ymp?c, with Messrs. Wigan, Emery wid Hobson, and Mesdames P. Horton and Wigan la the principal parts. Mr. E. L. Davtn|>ort and Miss ina?;/ w Sgwretd0i?.* W(,odeM in thc provinces, in Mr. W. R. Mark weirs tragedy of " Louis \r." eryonrs, Don C.ksar. Our Pub Correspondence. Park, Thursday, Feb. 9, 1854. The War Question? Grand Conclave of the Minu ter*, Marshals and other Military Chief* of /Yanrf, Presided over by the Emperor? Abstract of His Majesty's Speech? The Effective of the Ertnrh Army About to be Raised to 550,000 Men ? Passage of British Sailors Through Franceon their Way to the Stat of War ? Another Grand Ball at the Tuilmet ? Scraps of Court News ? Military Ovens? Discovery of a New Metal. We seem at length to hare arrived at one of those strange eventful epoch* when toe mind instinctively pauses to reflect on the probabilities of the future ? whether the sunny beams of fortune will shed forth their genial, life stirring rays, or whether, with coy or sinister aspect she will linger in those shady groves where, it is said, the flckle goddess love* to disport bertelf. The mingled yarn of diplomacy baa, In fact, been rtm off to Its last thread : or if some stray and tecreant filament has slipped from the wheel, it is henceforth entwined in the fingers of these weird sisters in whose hand* the dire behests of fate are deposited. From Eaglaod and France the Russian Kovoys have departed The mi?ion of Cooat Orlaff the intimate friend and confident of the Cur, has broken down? that is, the " conference" will have none of his counter project The voice of Great Britain, the land of j our sires and of the tombs of those whose Wood ia in your veins, has by this time been beard by her Parliament throughout the length and breadth of Europe, and its fiat is the determination of a people, " slow to wrath and of great kindness,'' to be trifled with no longer. This day a courier passed through Paris? the scene, in other days, of events on whiah the world baa turned as on a hinge? on his way to St. Petersburg, with instructions from the British Ministry that Sir George Seymour should at once cease all diplomatic relations with the Imperial Court of ltoaaia. At the Foreign Office he waa joined by an agent, bearing commands of a precisely similar nature to General Castlebsjac, the French Ambassador. The Emperor of the French, too, has held a solemn conclave, at which his Ministers, Marshals, and the chief officers of his empire, were present. At this meeting all diplomatic reserve waa entirely laid aside. The warlike resources of France formed an animated subject of discussion, or, I should rather say, cf con gratulation, for their entile completeness and extent were unanimously subscribed to. liis Majesty is understood to haveapoken with great firmoets and with unwonted freedom. The ground of titration from the commencement of the dispute oji ctrning the Holy Places, the recal of M. Lava Teite. the appointment of M. De la Coar, was rapidly ( ar^d over. The determined purpose of Russia hem the rv trtt of Prince Menscbikofl'on the scene? the impossibility of shaking her evident purpose, or, as witnessed in the flagrant a ".tack and carnage at Sinope, of trusting her repeated protestations, were dispassionately but clearly demoustrated. And now, Mid .toe Emperor, seeing that at last diplomatic i relations between this country and Russia hare ceas ed, it is time that we devote ourselves with every energy we possess to meet her on that field where r ranee has never shrank from encountering an enemy, be he whoa he may. .w,<t?lorrow ul?.kno*n that decrees will appear in the Monueur calling out the remaining ?moiety of the contingent for the veara 1849, 1850, and the whole of the contingent for 1853? in fact, raising tie effective army of Prance to 550,000 mea. Parlsitself A^e!Ilnt? f millUl^ cUalitr. 300,000 havrasacks, 40,000 shirts, harness sad artillery equipments to an enormous extent, are only some of the orders given. Communications from the departments show that there everything is bnstle and activity? that many Mldiefs are already in motion, proceeding towards the various depots assigned them, and that trade is beginning to feel all the impulse such a state of political agitation necessarily affords it. To-day it is said that an occurrence of a most unprecedented nature took place, namely, that 800 British blue ju! ^.pas!^ through, duly officered, rn route to !bere t0 ,hlP for Malta. If ftuch be ?peaking evidence of the urgency with which the British government is performing S? great drama now in its inauguration. There is likewise a report that 100,000 men, an Anglo French army, will be seat to Mitylene. Seve ral French officers of high diatinotion in their profes sion sailed from Vama on the 17th of January. In Pans there is the greatest stir and excitement among the miliUiT. A new life seems about to dawn upon them. Nothing but old stories of the Empire will now do over the evening weed, mingled wi& hopes and strange conjecture* about the future. In every society the opinion prevails that war is aa good as commenced-tbat Knssia will herself make a solemn declaration to that effect, and that, the scab bard once Hang away, it will be long, very long, ere it again find a sheath. Here abd there yon occasion ally meet sensible men. who tell you that the Empe ror ot Russia's position is so isolated, so false, and so weak, 'hat war is logically impossible, and that they never will believe In It till the noise of the great gain booms in tbeir mr*. They ask U iteen he snp?**d that the merchants and nobles, shut oat an i starved as they will be when the finest British flee; that ever fluted ? its waters infeata the Baltic, will submit to the headlong passion of the Autocrat. Their opinion is, in fact, that Nicholas will shortly have to endure the fate of Paul, and that a "twisted 'kerohief " will stem the blood of the thousands who are now hurry ing on to the promised scene of carnage. News is expected daily from Kalefkt, where the Turks have concentrated their force* in great strength, and from whence It is supposed a da mi at Bucharest ia intended. Omer Pacha, however, baa unfortunately fallen into a bad state of hsalth, which may oblige him to cede the command for a while. It would be matter of seriomi regret if any such cir cumstance threw a chance in the way of the Rusaiana just now. The successful sonduct of the Ottomans has had so important an effect in placing their quar rel in an advantageous lignt before the world, that it would be a pity they should lose any of tbelr prmtige now, at the eleventn hour, when giants are about to place their shields before them. ? A WM 8lven but night by their Majes ties at the Tuileries, and all that the most brilliant illumination, the richest habits, the gayest and most varied toilets, the sweetest strains eT harmony, and the most cordial, graceful and princely reception could offer to make it a scene of courtly joy and festivity was there. But there was an obvious gra vity in the deportment of many whoae official rank and gallant presence rendered them necessarily ob jects of observation. Whenever there was a possi bility of doing so, groups formed themselves togeth er, and the word " gutrri" might continually be heard to issue from them. The Emperor himself, spite of efforts to the contrary, could not dUgnif tne thoughtful expression of his features; but it wa? only the sunny face of the beautiful Empress that brought back men's minds to the proper business of the evening? a business of love and admiration , of Invitations have been sent out, however, for two bah costvmls ? one |for the 19th and the other tor the 28th Inst? and ladies are apprised that the same dress will be admissable on both occasions, should they desire il, the fact really being, that not only on the ground ot expense, bnt on that of personal feel mg, there is considerable difficulty in getting un the novel fittt at Uie Palace. The French are them selves an eminently witty people, and their sense of the ridiculous is so acute that they have a morbid horror of being a cause of wit to others. Their halt ma*qv*? tbey are accustomed to, and all tiie romp and ton which are characteristic of them ; but a M cotfumt, in which they are to personate charac ters of a former century, with all the gravity beooming the grand saloons of the Tuileries, is what is altogether new to them, and a dread lest in such a position they should become obnoxious to the Bak ing Are of their own "charivari." is said to be the reason why the success of these /<?/? has not hitherto corresponded with the efforts which have been made to give tbemle/af. Bnt tbe most strenuous endea voraare being exerted that tbe 1 9th and 28th shall prove worthy of the occasion. The Kmpercr and Empress visited the Theatre Pran^ais last night. The performances were "Lee Minnies Bavenles," and a one act comedy by M. Scribe, called " Mon Btoile." M. Kressant maue his in the former piece. Prince Jerome is making preparations on a large scale for a summer palace at Havre; large bodies of workmen are constant j employed. For some time past, at the extremity of the Rue Jean (.oujon, on a vacant piece of ground extending to the Cour de la-Reine, three or four tents have been them have been built ovens made v ^: .Ll them la being baked at present a sort of household bread for the aollien, of such a descrin ?? woold serve admirably for campaign pur Tb? men *re obliged to come in mm by gadea to exercise themselves In tbe use of these ?me bread thus .made was yeeterday. for the flrst time, distributed to the soldiers, who ap peared much pleased with it. A singular seizure has just been made by the em ployes of the oetml at the Barriere Bt. Deni?. A covered cart cami n,., Mie driver of which stated that he bad nothing io declare, but one of the em jilojes on looking into the vehicle found lying In the bottom of it nine large cannon balls and several shells. These, as well as the driver? who says that he round them, and was bringing them to Paris to sell for old iron? were taken before the commissary of police. Yesterday five hundred and forty Germans men, women and children, left for Havre, by the railway, to embark for America. A fire broke out jeeterday in tbe rabmet dt. loUttie of tbeMarquiiede la Grange, nie des Nauseate*. It was rau.?ed by a muslin drew having accidentally caught fire from a candle, and it spread with such rapidity that before it could be ex tingutsbed damage to the smoutit of <>000 francs was done. A very remarkable discovery has just been an nonncea to the Academy of hcienoe* by M. I>um?s. He stated that M. Haint ('lair Dtvllle had succeeded in obtaining from clay a metal as white and brilliant ifi i!*' .M *U*?We as gold, and as light as glass, it is rosable at a moderate temperature. Air and di'un do not affect it, and it is called "aluminum.'1 ft j retain* Ha brilliancy, and is not afferted by nitric or ' sulphuric moid, eitber s'ronp or diluted, if the tem ] perature be not raised, it ia only diwolved by very I not chlorbydic acid. Several specimens of this me tal were exhibited to the Academy, and, on the pr> portion of Rtron Thenard it waa voted unanimously that a unfBcient sum should be placed at the diapoaal of M. Saint Clair l)eville, to enable him to make ex periments on a large scale. 11. One to, formerly a chef de Bureau in the Minis try of Foreign AfBurs at Madrid, haa been named Mmiater Plenipotentiary of Spain at Waihington. It ia said that all the Bnaslan resident* have been ordeivd to qnit Paris, with the exception of tbe Prin cess Lieven, in whose favor a special exception haa been made. ?n BU&OFBAOT WAft. VIEWS OF THE ENGLISH PRESS. [Praia tfc* L?*caa Caroais * Fab. 10 J Until further information arrives, it will be impos sible to appreciate correctly the change which ap pears to have taken place in the Turkish Ministry; bat, so long as Redsehid Pasha remains at the head ot aflkiis, there is no danger that the Perte will abandon the policy painted oat by its Western allies. It may be remembered that several previous official changes have taken place since the commencement of the present difficulties; and Rtea Pasha, whose appointment ia mentioned in the telegraphic des patches, has, on different occasions, resigned and resumed his place in the Ministry. The removal of the Seraakler, who was the reeognized bead of the war party, has, perhaps, given rise to the statement that the modified Cabinet is favora ble to a compromise with Russia. It is, how ever, far more probable that the ministerial crisis has been cauasd by personal dissensions, or by disputes ou questions oi detail. It is well known that Russian agents have been busily occu pied in attempting, by individual corruption, to form a party at Constantinople in favor ef direct and separate negotiations with St. Petersburg. Prom the time when Peter the Great escaped captivity or death by the use of similar means, there have always, unfoitunately, been Turkish functionaries ready to accept bribes from the hereditary enemy of their country. Of lata years, however, the national spirit haa both revived and purified itself ; and the traitor who should sell the last hopes of Ottoman independ ence would not only risk his life, but wonld find it impossible to accomplish his objeel The Turkish population has not taken arms for the purpose of throwing ifcelf on the mercy of Russia, at the will of any minister : but it ia perfectly intelligible that political partisans should bandy accusations of tteaaon. The retirement of the Seraskier, and of one or more of his colleagues, may not improbably have been occasioned by differences of opinion as to the conduct of the campaign, and as to the extent to which the o(>eration* ot the war are to be controlled by England and Prance. It is obvious that the two gieat powers cannot enter on a serious straggle without securing to themselves the choice of ending it when their ooject shall have been accomplished. A Turkish statesman may justifiably wish to recon quer the ancient frontier of the empire, but it is tor no such purpose that the Allies are arming by land and by sea ; and a disposition on the part of the new administration to confine the war to objects ia which the support of the Western powers can be reasonably expected, may easily be represented, by party opponents, as indicating a spirit ot compromise with Russia. It is evident, however, that the solititude of the more prudent of the Sultan's advisers to identify the policy of the Porte with that of its allies, by restricting its action to objects which England and France are prepared to enforce, is as far as possible from implying a wil lingness to make any concession to the enemy. The result of the prsaent suspension of operations in Asia coa scarcely fail to be advantageous to the ??toman cause. The passage of the Russian reiu forrements is checked, while the convoys of the Turkish transports are actively moving from Con stantinople to Trebizond and Batonm. Kurech.d Pacha is energetically reorganizing the demoralised lotce which was rendered useless in tue late cam paign, through tb* Incapacity of its chit fa. Above nil. the Circassian* are laying in stores of arms and uuinuuition, and preparing, with new hopes aad uuoer uappit r awipices, to recommence their cease less war against the iuvader. Official Information col firms the general impression that, if the Black Sea is closed to the enemy, and the war vigorously pushed, the Russian territoiws in Georgia must be severed from the empire. The demand for troops on ail the frontiers of the Czsr's dominions, will effectually prevent the despatch of any consider able foree to repair Prince woroniow's looses ; and sufficient proof has been given that the Court of St. Petersburg can place no reliance on the promised di vensienby Persia. Even at Teheran corruption is pow erless against national settlement. As repards the pros pects of the struggle on the Danube, general satisfac tion will be felt at the announcement that Omer Pacha is once more able to undertake his duties; but the statement tbat the Russian army has already lost upwards of 30,000 men excites a more mingled feel ing. The sufferers are never, in such cases, identical with the wrongdoers. Yet, so long as Russian armies, at the bidding of a restless potentate, disturb the peace of the world, the losses which they suffer are, on the whele, a benefit to humanity. The unavoid able paradox of feeling which arises when so much evil becomes a cause ror congratulation, revives it self into indignant contempt for the criminal who is singly responsible for this wanton and useless war. The alleged determination of Austria and Prussia to remain nentral is nothing new. The material fact to be cossidered is Count Orlofl's failure to obtain a pledge of neutrality. Tbe solicitude mani fested by the Court of Vienna to reaiain on terms of amity with the Czar, bos always been accom panied by a protest, express or implied, against that territorial aggrandizement which, having formed the original object of tbe war, is now temporarily accom plished. When Count Buol assured the allies, at dif ferent stages of the negotiations. of his implicit re lisnce on tne imperial premise to respect tne integ rity of Turkey, ne undoubtedly intended to obtain security for the fulfilment of that promise by putting tbe goud&un of the Czar to a practical test. Tbe repeated-declarations of the determination of Austria to resist all territorial aggrandizement of Russia, are fully entitled to the confidence of Europe; for they pledge the Cabinet of Vienna to a policy with wkioh its interests and its honor are alike identified. There is little fear that any Austrian statesman will ever acquiesce in a transaction which would close the Danube to Germany. Russia, however, has nothiog to gain by tbe war, if her old frontiers are to be maintained; and. therefore, when the Principalities are finally evacuated, peace will be in view. Until that result is attained, it is certain that Austria will watch the invader with hostile vigilance. It would he a wiser and safer policy, on the part of tbe great German Courts, to avert the outbreak of the war by throwing their weight into tbe scale ; , but it is tair to recollect that England and France have not yet finally committed themselves by acts, other Powers may naturally wrait until events have proved war to be unavoidable ; aud they may tben, in order to prevent its continuance, deter mine to render tbe stronger side irresistible. The decision of Prussia may, perhaps, be practically given when operations commence in the Baltic. The North of (iermany will rejoice at any humiliation in fllcUd on the flag which has so loog mecased the in dependence of tbe country; bnt it is possible that tnt re are still believers in the omnipotence of the roar, who will only be converted when the Western fleets are dominant in the Nortb as well as in the Ka?t. Of tbe good will of the Cabinet of Berlin we have already abundant proofs, and circumstancei may soon occur which will call forth its active co operation. Rarely has so just a cause coincided with to visible a preponderance of strength, and tbe re sult of tbe impending conflict is only doubtful in so fsr as all future events are uncertain. tricro lbs Ix adoa Glob*. Fsb 10 ] We need scarcely repeat tbe caution which we have so often given, not to lay too much stress on reports from the Ka?t merely iwcoute they are re cent, and not to admit the supposition that tne course of a flairs can be twisted by any sudden caprloe or accident, such as might satisfy an Alexander Dumas and u<- traders of his romance, bat such as seldon happen in real life, and never, it may be said, iu the action of great States. The announcement tbat Me bemed All Pacha had been dismissed from the minis try, to be replaced by Riza Pacha, has given rise to several constructive interpretation* <>f that act, is indicating that the Porte ia willing to effect a compromise with Russia. The reason for this construction is, that Mebemet All was regarded as bead of the war party, and Riza Pacha formerly was attached to the Rmo-ian in terest ; bnt the eniy solution ii, that while some degree of Saracenic abruptness is still possible in tbe succession ot the Sultan's Ministers, and while perso nal rompetition for power gives advantages alter nately to ore or the older, there are well understood reas-ns ef immedate force tor the transfer, t he real of Mehemea Ait for pn.secntlng tbe war is undoubt < d. He was allied with the Ulema party, who treat ed the war as a religious question: bnt it Is well known that his administrative capacity is not equal to his zeal. If Ri*a Pasha was lormerly favorable to tbe I!u??an influence, it might be froai a svmpa'.hy with tbe absolute and vigorous charartcr which Rus sia-i proceedings must seem to hear ia that quarter ; but we believe we are correct in saying that among*. genuine Turks there is now no Turkiah party ; and Kin i'attba is appointed tor his greater energy and capacity in administrative business. Several explanations have been given for the re turn of the fleets to the Dardanelles. The new state ment, that they are about to set out again in charge of a convoy of stores and men, speaks for itself. But iD truth, the official papers recently published show that the Ambassadors and the Admirals have acted so conscientiously in the performance of their duties, at a time when tbey were subject to misconceptions, that we may expect very satisfactory explanations of the last naval manoeuvre. It is by no means im possible that a Russian fleet may ultimately fall into the bands of the Admirals more readily if that fleet were fixed off Seba?to|jol or any other Russian port. The latest authenticated events are certainlv not favorable to Russia. From the premature explosion of the Rusao Greek oonspiracy in Christian Turkey, to the departure of Count Orioff from Vienna without that succeea which could have continued the delu sions of the Czar in overrating his own influence, the tendency of the most recect occurrences has been to encourage Turkey more than ever to tustain her position in Europe. (From tka I.ltorporl Mali, Feb 11. J It is now admitted that what was originally ou'y a rivalry between Napoleon and Russia, as the re spective champions of the Roman Cttholio and Greek churches, far the favors of Turkey, has been by mismanagement or worse intention, converted into a ijuan war between Itmsia and Great Britain, the repiesentatives of two Protestant churches. This may have been the inevitable result, ot a coalition ministry, in which so much nas to be conceded to opposite principles, that the action is referable to no principle whatever. But to whatever it may be re ferred, It cannot be denied thai Great Britain has been dragged by the coalition ministry through the dut into a position in ubich she cannot remain, and ca l neither advance or retreat without dishonor. [fnm th* MkDntanur Exant?*r. F-b 11 j The state of the relations between Russia and the Wcttern Powers has undergone no change that im Slies any probability of a pacific settlement. Count irloft, we are informed by telegraphic despatches, left Vienna on Wednesday last, and the failure of his mist ion in securing the alliance ot Austria, or the acceptance bv the Four Powers of the linal proposi tions of the Czar with regard to the Turkish question , may be considered as decisive. The preparation* making by France and England for war show that both these governments have surrendered all hopes of peace, and are putting forth thtir energies for a now imminent and terrible struggle. It is asserted that Pruisia and Austria have given assurances of their determination to remain nentral in the conflict, under all circumstances: but this statement is said to be in complete contradiction with the known and avowed intention of the two Northern Powers to maintain a passive attitude only so long as Russia re trains from any act directly threatening the integrity of the Turkish empire. There has never been the slightest difference between the Four Powers as to the policy of preventing Russia from actually ac quiring additional power or territory in Turkey; and Piuseia acd Austria have preserved their neutrality up to this point, in the belief that Russia, througn their interposition, might be induced to accept or propose terms that would obviate the calamities of war. The attitude of the Western Powers, as well as the haughty and unconciliating nature of the final requisitions presented to the Vienna Conference by Count Orion, must have satisfied Austria that all chance of a diplomatic compromise is at an eud. What course she may now take it is impossible to conjecture; but it is most improbable that she would give any distinct pledges of neutrality to Russia, in face of events that may seriously involve her material and political interests. A " Russian con quest of the Danubian Principalities would confer upon the Czar complete control over the navigation of the lower Danube, and thai jeopardise the com mercial interests of the central and eastern portions of the Austrian empire. That she will not braak with Russia except in the last extremity, may lie readily believed ; but such a war as now threatens her frontiers would inevitably compel her to take sides for or against the Czar. A distiaet declaration un the pait of Austria, that the moment Russia cione* the Danube live would be prepared to co operate with France and England, would in all pro bability dec tee the quehtlon of peace or war. Whe ther or not such a de darition has been made or im plied to Count Orloff, remains among the 9ecreta of diplomacy ; ard the next move in this neat game of imperial audacity and strategy, will afford some clue at least to the nature of tlu> communications thtt have taken place between the confidential represen tative oT Rufhia and the Austrian government. The most Important event, whhh has given rise to fresh conjectures and speculation with reference to the Eastern question, is the chance which the latest advices annouxce ai having taken place in the Turkish Ministry. The Seraskier and the Capudan j Pasha have been removed from the government, and ' their displacement has originated rumors of various kinds as to the causes which have produce i this rupture in the councils of the Hultan. Their successors are said to be favorable to a compromise with Rus sia, and some great modification of the policy of the Porte is supposed to be portended by the rearrange ment of the Divan. Roth the retired ministers, how ever, are known to have been at the head of the old Mussulman party? eager not only for war, but fanati cally bent upon projects which neither France nor England are likelv to countenance. As Minister of War, the Sera skier of course bad the direction and control of the whole militai7 forces of the Ottoman empire ; and as the leader and representative of the fanatical war party, *uch a position conferred powers that might have seriously complicated the difficulties with which France and England have to deal. The Allied Powers, in all probability, have been anxious to place the War Department of the Turkish government in hands that were not likely to involve thetu in responsibilities beyond their control. This change in the Turkish Cabinet has, no doubt, been brought about by the indirect action of the French and British ambassadors, and implies nothing more than a guarantee for the virtual supremacy of their advice and guidance in the con duct of a war, the success of which depends upon the co.eperation of France and England. Such an ocjur rence at such a time opens a ready fieltf fir conjec tures: but whatever may be the ulleged reasons for the dismissal of these ministers, there is no ground for believingthat it will lead to any compromise with Rosaia, or that it means more than a formal identifi cation of the policy of the Porte with that of France and Eogland. The real dsnger of the Turkish empire lies much less in the aggressive power or spirit ef Russia than in the state of her own population. The supremacy of less than a million Muaeelmans over twelve millions of Greek Church Christians, whose traditions and sympathies, both of race and religion, are more or lew favorable to Russia, is an clement in the ques tion that we have over and over again urged as fraught with more serions difficulties in the way of any tuccessful foreign intervention than the actual militair strength ot Russia. The moral power which Russia p?ssesses and wields orer a very large portion of the Clul-tian subjects of the Saltan, is the heciet of her strength, and the main instrn irent of her polioj in Turkey. Neither the fleets nor the armies of Franc and England cin cope with *bi? internal ally of l!u?sia. We are on the eve of a fierce war for the defence of Turkish sovereignty ai d the lerii'oiial integrity of the Ottoman empire. What if we should find . when tn the midst of ii . that the great bulk of the Christian population of Turkey were in open revolt against us, and on behalf of Rus ?is? The latent intelligence brines accounts of a for midable conspiracy against the Turkish government, which is said to Have been Incited by Russian agents, but the strength or which is undoubtedly derived from the secret sympathy and co-operation of the Chris tians. This conspiracy has been discovered by the Turkish police to extend to Bulgaria, Janina Halo nica, Smyrna. an1 the principal islands in the Archipelago. A Greek priest has lieen arrested at Widdin, and forty four Christians of position and influence at Constantinople are implicated as chiefs and leaders of a secret society spread throughout the Ottoman dominions, and organized in concert with and for the purpose of promoting the designs of Russia. Four out of the forty four conspirators arrested at Constantinople are said to be Russian officers, and one of tnem a Russian postmaster general, formerly employed in the I/evant. The lead ers of such a cansplraiy'may be captured and crush ed, but the' secret societies still remain; and with a Russian army on the south side of the I>anu1ie, it is by no means improbable that the great bulk of the Greek Church Christians would at once spring from cor spira torn Into insurrectionists on behalf oi Russia, in the event or any signal victory of the Russian srirv over that of Turkey. What, in such a case, would be the position of France and England? These are no imaginary difficulties: ror the fact of such a conspiracy as has U*n detected in Bulgaria and at Constantinople, with ramifications throughout the whole of European Turkey, proves that the danger ii a real one, and may meet us the moment actual war w fairlv commenced on Turkish territory. We *re rushing blindly and impetuously into a terrible strug gle, neither the chances nor the cost of which have been calculated; and already we see In this partial revelation of the widespread disaffection of the Chris tian jKipii'a'ion oi Turkey, 'be smouldering J. torns of that universal hatred oT the Matiomuii'lan joke which oar (leeteand armiee cannot extiuguiali, b<4 which may eventually be found more fraraidabie to the throne of the Hnltsi tbi^ ill tbe ar'.i'J:* t'OW er an4 resources of tbe C?r OPINIONS OP THE FRENCH PRESS. [Kioss the Puii Peyst >?b. 8 ] The Kmperor Nicholas bad reckoned on Austria and l'ruBKia, as he reckoned on the non Agreement or France and England, and it in on that conviction that he had founded hia hopes and established bin policy. He has been mistaken. Austria and Pins ? P'onoonced against him, by the eagernwa with which they have joined in negotiationslhvor* ble to Tarkey, by their signature or the first note of A lenna, ana by their signature or tbe protoeel ef December 5, and that of January 13. Bat as th'rt in do illnfiion which obstinacy and self love do not generate, the Kmperor Nicholas hoped te be able to determine the courts of Vienna and Berlin to give a marked contradiction to all these acts, to detach them from the Western Powers, and to unite then more or less directly to the Russian policf. Such was the object of Count OrlofTs mission. The efforts to procure suceess in that wild enterprise are beyond imagination. All the cords of self- love, interest, tear, and ambition weie touched to induce the German States to enter into the sphere in which Rutwia mores. An extension of territory, it is said , wan spoken of in esse of alliance and co-operation. To re mo re tbe Austrian interest, a promise was gireu, as the report goes, to concentrate all the efforts of the war to wards Asia, endeavoring thus to ahow that Rogimi alone could 1* interested in that movement, which might menace from a distance her Indian possee s ols. Austria was made to understand that she had no other support but Russia in the hypothesis of new r< volutions and of u new rising of the nationalities composing her empire. All these efforts have failed betore the prudence of the Emperor Francis II, and of the King of Prussia, and before their inflexible determination not to desert the cause ot European right, which most undoubtedly is not that of Rmsua. Neither Austria nor Prussia wants to extend tbe limits of its territory to the prejudice ot any modem State, lor they arc well aware that the first step made in that direction would be the annihilation of all tiie treaties which constitute the equilibrium of Kutope, and would throw the door open to every an b'tion, to the right or force, and to valuable chancee or success. Neither Austria nor Prussia allows herself to be caught by the promise of the Czar to carry the war exclusively into Asia, for they know well, and it is, in fact, what is taking place, that nothing oan prevent Omer Pacha, and perhaps the allies of Tur key. from assuming the offensive on the Danube, and from forcing the Russians to a serious struggle on that point. Neither Austria not Pruaria baa need ol Russia to put down again tbe revolutionary spirit. It the revolution is put down in the whole ol Earope, it is not, we can amnn it loudly ? It is not to Russia [ that tkat circumstance is due, but to France, to the genius and firmness ol Napoleon III., who has medt the very elements, on which the demagogical party seemed to rely, co-operate in tbe taivatien of order and in respect tor authority. It is again France, which, united to | England, defends in Earope the conservative principles, which Russia compromises and menaces. Such being tbe case, Is it neoessary to sav which of tbe two alliances it is which presents the best guarantee against new demagogical at tempts ? To all thef? insufficient means, contrary to reason and to the interest of tbe German States, there appears to have been added another, which must have deeply wounded tbe national dignity of the statesmen of Vienna and Berlin. It is posi tively affirmed that Count Orloff, in asking tbe two gieat German powers to give at least n friendly declaration of neutrality, offered then tbe support of Russia to protect their terri tory, both by sea and by land, against the chances of that neutrality. If that proposition was really made, it shows a strange disdain for the powers to whom it is addressed. We cannot can* ceive anything more Insulting than this hangh% promise of protection made by Russia to the States of Germany. Can it be that Prussia bas need of the armies of tbe Czar to deiend her frontier* and pro tect her policy? Can Austria require Russian troops to consolidate her independence and her sove reignty? If the German powers declared their neu trality they would have sufficient force to maintain tt, and they would besides find sufficient probity in t&e Western governments to respect it. Coached in inch terms. the proposition of Count Orioffand tbe idea ot the Emperor of Russia would be evi dently an insult for Germany and for tbe Western powers; for the farmer, became it would be to consider them as under the dependence and guardisa i'bip of Run-ia; and for the latter, because it woidi be to conceive them capable of interfering wtih n declared neutrality, and of so violating tbe right of nations and the right of treatise. M. de ManteuflU received with a natural emotion this dngni? ? communication, and he replied to it with thn dignity and energy which become a kingdom such as Prusrtia. In Austria the attitude or thn government appears to have been neither lea de cided nor less significative. The letters which we receive from Vienna state that la hct the Emperor Francis Joseph declared formally to the ftsar'a envoy that If tbe Russian troops passed the Dn r.ubc, Austria would .then sot consult anything but her interests and her national honor. And as if to sanction in an irrevocable manner the resolution net to sacrifice to a Russian alliance the interest of Enrope, the conference of Vienna, having on the in stant had the reply made by the Czar to the note of Jan. 13, and the counter-project transmitted in his name by Count Orloff submitted to it, declared them iuadmtasible and rejected them untaimously. In face of these decisive acts, Count Orlofi must have comprehended that tbers remained no hope of con verting tbe German cabinets to the Russian policy, and according to tbe news which we received yes terday, be must have returned to St. Petersburg without visiting Berlin. Such, thsn, is the present cit ation. The obstinate Infatuation of the Emperor Nicholas has only served to prove in a more striking manner his isolation In Earope. His diplomatic re lations are interrupted with France and England; bis agents find in Germany only coldness and dis trust, those two formidable symptoms of hostility; his acts excite everywhere the reprobation of pubuo opinion: his armies, so boasted of. experience on the banks of the Danube an energetic, resistance and even very decided checks; do not all these fiacts, id flee, tell him that he is on the brink of a precipice in which fame becomes buried and in which empires are sometimes lost ? It Is still time to pause; Europe still holds out to him a friendly hand; she has stated the conditions on which peace maybe mide with honor for all parties; these conditions, which she baa a rigbt to impose by forse. she offers once more by conciliatory means. Tbe Emoeror Nicholas can still accept them without humiliation. Who caa affirm that hereafter it will not be too late? I F> im tbo Ptria Karri#. K?S 8 ] One glance at tbe map of the Danubian provinces is sufficient to show the strategic importance of thn offensive mov< meat just effected by Omer Pacha, according to the last telegraphic despatches. Tbs great valley through which tbe Danube runs is later nected oo both sides by a great number of rivers and torrents, descending irom the Balkans and the Car pathian mountains. Oltenitza. as well as Bucharest, is situated in one of tbe valleys watered by the Ardglcb and the .lalomnitza, twelve leagues from tbe capital of Wallacbia. Bucharest is covered by lie CMitie of tbe Rust 'an army, which is mucn weakened, in order to reinforce the right wing, mn nt u-viing on the side of Kalefat, aiore thin forty leagues rroin the capital ; the left wing occupies Urn etvinns of Galatz, lorty-Uve leagues distant. If < >mtr Pacha, therefore, with the SO, 000 men makes a dfc-b on Buclmiett, the two wings of tbe Russians will have sga nst tbem not only the disadvantage of In ing at a distance if they wish to march to the re lief of the capital, but they wtll have to cross all the iftfenredlste rivers. Omer Pacha has already given -imng proofs or bis superior tact in hia late opera te i.s. It h not irom nuiniiers, but from his tactics, i tut Turkey has be< n able to preserve oo the Danube ii ficsition "which has neutralised all tbe efforts of p.'tce Gortschakofl. His movement on Bucharest, under the above circumstances, appears very pro liable, ai d the next despatches will doubtless bring is accounts of some signal success gained by Omer Pacta. [ f rom tbs Parts OmUtiMrml, F?k. * | The Con*litution*ri terminate* it* remarks on tha relation* of Russia with the neighboring States. la the present article it alludes chiefly to 8wedei and 1>< nmark, ahowlrg the Interest that tbey bare in the succese of an attempt to lower the power of Rnaria. and the probability that there in of tneir endeavoring to profit by the flnrt farcrabie opportunity to noanr the territory and influence wbich tuey hare lost. The CVw.?f nntumrifl goes further than it haa ever <?cne hince the commencement of the existing dispute i n the KaMern question ; for it expreawa an opinioa that If there be war between Rtuaia and the great \v c?tern Powera. the latter will not confine tun neivtstotbc protection of Constantinople, hot will endeavor to restore the different nationalities which i. -la ba< pot down. It says : ? "If awai should break oat between Rossis and the Western Powers, they will not evidently content tr.*mselve< with saving Oonstantinnp'c: they will yrevent the recurrence of similar perturbations of the *?eurity cf civilized nation*, and wl'l tate tbeir pre Htii ns for the future. This will bt ea?ly acc-xa piiihed. when, with their cannon t^ey shall have srapped the factitious bond* which hold together the y eteregeneons element* of the Russian e?pue. Kaw for vensea&oe, we shall then see revive the nationati tUs which the Russian yoke has bowed down, but naa not destroyed. Polsod, proad of her b-roic st niggles and !oog stiffirMut* : tV f -une*. wit"1* under the influence nfthe Mcwcovite policy the nati v% fopa'atim hmlimintshed one half in fltty jeam; A*?l