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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 27, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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The Position of the Buiu-Tnrkiiii Question.
rm iTTUPTE0 (omraiKT in nun.
Tiews 9f the English and French Press.
market circulars.
Ac., Ac., Ac.
Our London CorrtqwndtM*.
London, Friday, Fab. 10, 1354.
'l'he present; mail does not tike oat much addition
at news. We are still in statu quo. It appears that
tii?. return of the combined fleets to the Boephoraa
wa* contrary to the express wishes of the English
and French Ambassadors, and they hare been order
ed 1,-u' k again to the Black Sea. The Turkish Ad
miral was, at the last advises, (Jan. 30,) preparing
a/i exi?edition to take arms and ammunition to the
1 urkiah army in Asia.
The most important news is the disoovery of a
conspiracy got up by Russian agents to excite the
Sieeks to revolt against the Sultan. A number of
arrests have taken place at Constantinople. From
Athens we learn that the standard of revolt had ac
tually been raised. How long will Russia be allowed
U> try her hand at every means she oan think of to
overthrow Turkey, whilst Englaad and France are
continually declaring their intention to maintain the
Integrity of the Ottoman empire ?
There has been a ministerial crisis at Constantino
,p!?. Tbe Seraskier and Capndan Pacha have been
'replaced by Riaa Pacha and another Turk, both sup
p<wed to be more favorable to peace. Redsohid Pacha,
however, still remains at the head of the ministry
Omer Pacha is laid np at Widdln with typhus fever.
W'r.h the exception of skirmishes, there has been no
regular fighting at Kalefat since the battles of the
tiih, 7th and 8th January.
There can be no donbt that England and France
are gmiring active preparations for a war with Rus
sia. a glance at toe columns of the London papers
will convince you of this. Ten or twelve English
regiments are under orders for Constantinople, and
sloic of the fine steamers belonging to the Penin
sula and Oriental Company will be chattered for eon
keying them.
<;ount Orloff left Vienna last Wednesday for St
Pcersburg, having friled in his mission? at least so
we are told. But there are rumors that he bean
baca to Bt. Petersburg a promise on the part of A us.
Um and Prussia to remain neutral. Now, it is quite
iuifiOosible for Central Europe to remain neutral,
pwcti! between East and West. Buch neutrality
would be tantamount to a participation with Russia
C?otrai Europe is tilled with all sorts of combustible
matter, which tbe torch of war would soon set in a
U?*e, and if Austria does not oppose Russia she
iiuat look to herself. Let us take Poland, for in
stance. A Polish legion is under formation In Tur
key, and will be commanded by General Wysocki;
but tbe General delares, in his proclamation or circu
lar, that the ultimate object oT the legion must be the
regeneration of Poland. And with Poland rising,
wouid Hungary remain tranquil? General Ktapka
baa turned Mabomsdan that he may have a command
on the Austrian frontier, and hundreds? I might say
thousands? of gallant Hungarians are fighting with
the Vurlu. Of Lombardy it is needless to speak.
Tbe Italians are ready to rise at a moment's notiee.
Austria haa it in her power to prevent a European
war by declaring against Russia, and it would be
tnc kindest act she could perform towards her "dear
Imperial brother." Curiously enough, there is now a
tUk about Austria and Prussia offering their media
tion between Russia and tlie Western Powers? in
piaiu English, that the two German Powers intend
to back out of the Vienna protocol.
To-night Earl Fitzwilliam puts a question to the
government, demanding information respecting Count
'.Onolfs mission to the German courts. Lord Claren
dou will have to explain.
lu the Commons Mr. French has given notice that
be will ask whether it is true that the English and
French fleets returned to Constantinople contrary to
tku wishes of the Ambassadors? At all events we
jOiall hear something.
Austria is concentrating a large army on the Ser
vian frontier. The Turkish ambassador has thought
h, co ask an explanation. Count Buol simply ob
served that tt was a precautionary measure.
According to the Standard, two or three Ameri
can offieers had arrived at the headquarters of the
Ouoman army.
Toe Overland mail is telegraphed. Burmah still
appears to be in a very unsettled state. Our officers
am continually being assassinated. In China the
imperialists seem to be gaining ground.
8ir Charles Napier will, it is said, take command
of the Baltic fleet.
jcuny Lind has suddenly changed her mind, and
S d, uot oome to king In London, as had been au
ixMUHied- The great case, Lumley vs. Gye, in which
Luausy claims *30,000 damages for the lues of Wag
a* < s services, comes off next week. Gye will open
C vent Garden Opera House in March.
Mus Cuahman is drawing good houses at the Hay
R Loudon is quite full now, and the parks offer a gay
??.<! lively appearance.
Albumabi.s mtrkit, Piccadilly,*
Friday, Feo. 10, 1H54. j
'i he New Crystal Palace at Sydenham ? Maritime
Last* of theCoastof England? PrinctOorlscha
ku/f? Russian Intrigues in Paris? The Tele
' graph m France ? Town Gossip ? The Theatres,
*c., +c.
That magniflcsnt fairy-structure ? th? New
Crystal Palace at Sydenham? which In beauty
far exceed! the splendid building In Hyde Park,
?inch contained an exhibition of the world'* indus
try in 1861, U fast approaching completion. The
Ksyi-tian, Italian, Mine it*, and other courts, are
now in a state that faiily gives an idea of their
fuuiro grandeur. The geological portion, with all
t?4 wmdrooa resutcltat.on of pre-Adamite life, win
tuivaiiccd progrcw, and the grounds, though still in
tlie roigh, are suflleiently marked out to show what
W? will when oempicted and adorned with the
wftluie of summer. We know that every exertion
l? being made in all quartern to hasten on the prepa
rations for spring, and it ban been announced by the
jm .i.atcers that they will be prepared to open it on
M ?> the Queen "a birthday when it is hoped that
ryslty will take a part in the opening ceremonial.
! Ttie prevalence of eaiterly winds is always ex
tamely disastrous to our shipping, especially thoee
er'iuagtd In the coal and coasting service, which are
new. too wall provided with hands. The last month,
W<rever, has been more disastrous than any period
Vii' wn within the last sixteen yean, and upwards of
:-??> losaes of rebels have been reported at Lloyd't,
with a sacrifice of about 800 lives. This te terrible;
and the thought in more dreadful when we consider
that if the same sum that has been spent in military
works had been expended it) providing harbors of
refuge? for many of which there are great facilities
?all this sacrifice of life and property would have
been saved, and the prioes of coals and other articles
got coastwise would not have been so awfully in
creased as they are at present We look to the
legislature for redress in these matters; and with a
man like Mr. CardweB at the helm of trade, we ex
pect that some measures will, ere long, be adopted
to prevent for the future this very unnecessary sacri
fice of life.
We must not suppose that the Russian army are
lying altogether on a bed of roses. The latest intel
ligence from the Pannbian provinces informs as
that Prince Gortschakoff does uot enjoy amongst his
troops sufficient confidence for the important part j
he is called on to plav in the approaching campaign.
He is, no doubt, a good artillery general; but when
in command of the army in Poland he never gave
any proofs of his taJenU as a strategist. The troops
too, are ill ot dysentery-djing, like sheep of the
roc, in their encampments; and, in addition, the
supplies of provisions aid forage are forwarded m?t
irregularly, tnu* adding not a little to the su?'
Wrings of the Russian army. The tro ops, moreover,
ar* well affected to their country's
cau*e. How cau serfs feel otherwise ? And we ap
prebend, under all circumstances, that there is little
to faar from Russia; and Ikrlen is there need for the
eighteen regiments that are said to be under march
ing orders from England for the seat of war. Tne
Czar, in fact, is a bully, and, like all bullies an
arrant coward. We apprehend the war will be a
frnort.if not a merry one. The burning of villages
in Wallachia and Moldavia, the oppression of poor
unhappy peasants, is good sport for the troops just
now; but they will have a different game to play
when they come hand to hand with French and
hDglieh soldiers.
Nodoubt there are plenty of intriguanti on the
aide of Russia in this great metropolis of ours; but
thanks to our utter repudiation of the Mouchard
HV w not b0 ca*y to And them out In Paris
it is different; and hence we find that at a certain
office in the Boulevard des Italiens, which the Rus
sian agents made theu- rendeavous, for the purpose
?f getting news?true or false? to be hawked about
the Boone,- in the eafes and clnbs, a seizure of
papers has been made, much to the discomfiture
^kP1^1 concerned. This mrnn, we under
stand. has had the desired effect- hs* we ctnnot
hear that any prisoners have been taken.
We never tiooght that Louis Napoleon was de
posed to allow much liberty for the expression of
puolic opinion by the press, but certainly we were
not prepared for an official order dictating silence on
particular points. The Minister of the interior hai
now written to the prefcts of the different depart
?T^if ' them to forbid the journals to
?P*K **th?r of the movements of troops, of any
preparation for war, or even of the court balls, ex
cept n such language as has been used by the
pitniUur, They are also forbiddet to speak of the
increase in the price of corn, or to cast any doubts
on the success of the approaching harvest a cir
cumstanse that, no doubt^'has S ffKSS
of the food riots at Perigueux and other places in
toe provinces. Louis Napoleon is a shortsighted
politician : gagging the press may do for a time,
but a more liberal pelcy would secure him the lore
?ni'h'TiP le, which is a far better safeguard than
all the ordonnance* and all the police he can master.
_. ?.oar qountry secret despatches are constantly
^t from town to town-from one end of the conn
. other? and no government or police ever
attempts to interfere. In France, however, it is
route ourr* chose; the government there will be re
sponsible for the conveyance of no secret messages
whatever, and orders have been given to report all
despatches, and point out to the judicial authorities
all loat teem to be false or suspicious, or ot a natsre
r^n Tn, lhe pul?'ic P*?* or f*7or limit specula
,H ''uUe 48 bad as that policy wbichgain
public opinion through the press, um we only regret
policy of the measures he is adopting.
kJ v, 1 new novel h" Inst been published
by Hurst A Biactett? Colburn's successors? and is
making a considerable stir in that section of our
countrywomen who are fond of light reading.
h^F?! ?. the.hll,tery of a disappointed I
heart, and the authoress has treated the sntfect eon
omore. The story is capitally told, the knot of the
fable most ingeniously knit, and the work shorn
?i ?hCWn8,(^W? taTenl,on- The incidents
are not of the usual hackneyed ordsr; and, in short,
I na7*,ted *Iith 8PWt. ?xUWting, also, not
a Utile knowledge of the world. It is rapidly be
coming popular here, and wa believe that if will be
come so also among our transatlantic brethren.
t V!Sy one hM hnri of wJld's great Globe in
Leicester square. Well, this establisament has been
taken by a joint stock literary association, who are
determined to make it available for scientific pur
poses, and are resolved to make such alterations la
tne arrangements as may eonduce to its real useful
ness as a place of education in geography. Good
*> ">e concern? and we wished
speed to the undertaking, which has aU the ele
aentsof success, sad cannot fail, if only the projec
tors be true to their original purpose ? that of ad
vancing the interests of geographical science.
G v new" to communicate.
6 -ta ?starTia? ???'n at Drurr lane, in
Howard Payne's singularly bad play of " Brutus," as
well as in several other charictis. Robson hL
,de?ded h,t" at 0,8 0?7?nP?c. under our
" W|K*n : *nd a new pieoe, called
Euatache, has appeared at the Surrey, with
We un<?erstand. moreover, ihat
n P"!Par*tion ?'? the Princess s, to be
produced next week, with Charles Kean fer Gloster
Heaven save the mark ! Miss Cushman is doinx
wonders at the Havmarket, in " Faxio" and toe
with^mVh "d Mathews has lately met
with a mishap? whether by being tapped on the
?hculder^or otherwise, we know n<*_but it is
quite certain that his theatre has been cleaed quite
unexpectedly within the last few nights. Our opera
u2TwiS*h * ht>P^ ? he*r the 8tl*iD8 ot Jenny
t 10 Ti8it En?'*?d ; but it ap
pears that the Swedish government are not disposed
to allow her to warble in Saxon land, as being con
traiitv PTh?.P"'in?K?lrei?r0visl0D* of *n arme<1 nen"
h? i* T M * bitter disappointment
wo "''P? for betler more
Ln5 k! s meanwhile wish her all health
and happiness with her youthful spouse. The onlv
Sot towtriellt sh t oon"PUDio?t? '? aoent Win /
. r tneatneals. Shakspeare s "Tempest" was ner
0nA wf*dajr prosp*ro, C. Kean ; ?>r
dinand, A. Wigan ; Caliban, Vt'ebster ; Trinculo
Thta i ihe St 4U?V ,,4rtlejr : Miranda, Miss Heato
inls is the last performance for the season and we
believe that all parties are highly satisfied with their
engagements. The celebrated S lT Mr
fT' (wi!h hla ta'ented little wife,) has re
turned to tos-n from Paris, aid will anwar neV^
at the Exeter Hall concern, for the
trifling remuneration of ?00 per night. Mr. Albert
hnuth s Mont KJanc is still the rage, and Mr. Charles
l.ambe Ksnney s entertainment of Constantinople
is rising in public favor. Miss Adela Rochelle bu
0hUm.n? at Bri?hton- On Monday, a new
drama, in thres acts, with a prologue, is to be nro
I'S'u k1 w|ymp?c, with Messrs. Wigan, Emery
wid Hobson, and Mesdames P. Horton and Wigan la
the principal parts. Mr. E. L. Davtn|>ort and Miss
ina?;/ w Sgwretd0i?.* W(,odeM in thc provinces,
in Mr. W. R. Mark weirs tragedy of " Louis \r."
eryonrs, Don C.ksar.
Our Pub Correspondence.
Park, Thursday, Feb. 9, 1854.
The War Question? Grand Conclave of the Minu
ter*, Marshals and other Military Chief* of
/Yanrf, Presided over by the Emperor? Abstract
of His Majesty's Speech? The Effective of the
Ertnrh Army About to be Raised to 550,000
Men ? Passage of British Sailors Through
Franceon their Way to the Stat of War ? Another
Grand Ball at the Tuilmet ? Scraps of Court
News ? Military Ovens? Discovery of a New
We seem at length to hare arrived at one of those
strange eventful epoch* when toe mind instinctively
pauses to reflect on the probabilities of the future ?
whether the sunny beams of fortune will shed forth
their genial, life stirring rays, or whether, with coy or
sinister aspect she will linger in those shady groves
where, it is said, the flckle goddess love* to disport
bertelf. The mingled yarn of diplomacy baa, In fact,
been rtm off to Its last thread : or if some stray
and tecreant filament has slipped from the wheel,
it is henceforth entwined in the fingers of these weird
sisters in whose hand* the dire behests of fate are
From Eaglaod and France the Russian Kovoys
have departed The mi?ion of Cooat Orlaff the
intimate friend and confident of the Cur, has broken
down? that is, the " conference" will have none of
his counter project The voice of Great Britain, the
land of j our sires and of the tombs of those whose
Wood ia in your veins, has by this time been beard
by her Parliament throughout the length and
breadth of Europe, and its fiat is the determination
of a people, " slow to wrath and of great kindness,''
to be trifled with no longer.
This day a courier passed through Paris? the scene,
in other days, of events on whiah the world baa
turned as on a hinge? on his way to St. Petersburg,
with instructions from the British Ministry that Sir
George Seymour should at once cease all diplomatic
relations with the Imperial Court of ltoaaia. At the
Foreign Office he waa joined by an agent, bearing
commands of a precisely similar nature to General
Castlebsjac, the French Ambassador.
The Emperor of the French, too, has held a solemn
conclave, at which his Ministers, Marshals, and the
chief officers of his empire, were present. At this
meeting all diplomatic reserve waa entirely laid aside.
The warlike resources of France formed an animated
subject of discussion, or, I should rather say, cf con
gratulation, for their entile completeness and extent
were unanimously subscribed to.
liis Majesty is understood to haveapoken with great
firmoets and with unwonted freedom. The ground of
titration from the commencement of the dispute
oji ctrning the Holy Places, the recal of M. Lava
Teite. the appointment of M. De la Coar, was rapidly
( ar^d over. The determined purpose of Russia
hem the rv trtt of Prince Menscbikofl'on the scene?
the impossibility of shaking her evident purpose, or,
as witnessed in the flagrant a ".tack and carnage at
Sinope, of trusting her repeated protestations, were
dispassionately but clearly demoustrated. And now,
Mid .toe Emperor, seeing that at last diplomatic i
relations between this country and Russia hare ceas
ed, it is time that we devote ourselves with every
energy we possess to meet her on that field where
r ranee has never shrank from encountering an
enemy, be he whoa he may.
.w,<t?lorrow ul?.kno*n that decrees will appear in
the Monueur calling out the remaining ?moiety of
the contingent for the veara 1849, 1850, and the
whole of the contingent for 1853? in fact, raising tie
effective army of Prance to 550,000 mea. Parlsitself
A^e!Ilnt? f millUl^ cUalitr. 300,000 havrasacks,
40,000 shirts, harness sad artillery equipments to an
enormous extent, are only some of the orders given.
Communications from the departments show that
there everything is bnstle and activity? that many
Mldiefs are already in motion, proceeding towards
the various depots assigned them, and that trade is
beginning to feel all the impulse such a state of
political agitation necessarily affords it. To-day it
is said that an occurrence of a most unprecedented
nature took place, namely, that 800 British blue
ju! ^.pas!^ through, duly officered, rn route to
!bere t0 ,hlP for Malta. If ftuch be
?peaking evidence of the urgency
with which the British government is performing
S? great drama now in its inauguration.
There is likewise a report that 100,000 men, an
Anglo French army, will be seat to Mitylene. Seve
ral French officers of high diatinotion in their profes
sion sailed from Vama on the 17th of January. In
Pans there is the greatest stir and excitement among
the miliUiT. A new life seems about to dawn upon
them. Nothing but old stories of the Empire will
now do over the evening weed, mingled wi& hopes
and strange conjecture* about the future. In every
society the opinion prevails that war is aa good
as commenced-tbat Knssia will herself make a
solemn declaration to that effect, and that, the scab
bard once Hang away, it will be long, very long, ere
it again find a sheath. Here abd there yon occasion
ally meet sensible men. who tell you that the Empe
ror ot Russia's position is so isolated, so false, and so
weak, 'hat war is logically impossible, and that they
never will believe In It till the noise of the great gain
booms in tbeir mr*. They ask U iteen he snp?**d
that the merchants and nobles, shut oat an i starved
as they will be when the finest British flee; that ever
fluted ? its waters infeata the Baltic, will submit to
the headlong passion of the Autocrat. Their opinion
is, in fact, that Nicholas will shortly have to endure
the fate of Paul, and that a "twisted 'kerohief " will
stem the blood of the thousands who are now hurry
ing on to the promised scene of carnage.
News is expected daily from Kalefkt, where the
Turks have concentrated their force* in great
strength, and from whence It is supposed a da mi at
Bucharest ia intended. Omer Pacha, however, baa
unfortunately fallen into a bad state of hsalth, which
may oblige him to cede the command for a while. It
would be matter of seriomi regret if any such cir
cumstance threw a chance in the way of the Rusaiana
just now. The successful sonduct of the Ottomans
has had so important an effect in placing their quar
rel in an advantageous lignt before the world, that it
would be a pity they should lose any of tbelr prmtige
now, at the eleventn hour, when giants are about to
place their shields before them.
? A WM 8lven but night by their Majes
ties at the Tuileries, and all that the most brilliant
illumination, the richest habits, the gayest and most
varied toilets, the sweetest strains eT harmony, and
the most cordial, graceful and princely reception
could offer to make it a scene of courtly joy and
festivity was there. But there was an obvious gra
vity in the deportment of many whoae official rank
and gallant presence rendered them necessarily ob
jects of observation. Whenever there was a possi
bility of doing so, groups formed themselves togeth
er, and the word " gutrri" might continually be
heard to issue from them. The Emperor himself,
spite of efforts to the contrary, could not dUgnif
tne thoughtful expression of his features; but it wa?
only the sunny face of the beautiful Empress that
brought back men's minds to the proper business of
the evening? a business of love and admiration , of
Invitations have been sent out, however, for two
bah costvmls ? one |for the 19th and the other tor
the 28th Inst? and ladies are apprised that the same
dress will be admissable on both occasions, should
they desire il, the fact really being, that not only on
the ground ot expense, bnt on that of personal feel
mg, there is considerable difficulty in getting un the
novel fittt at Uie Palace. The French are them
selves an eminently witty people, and their sense of
the ridiculous is so acute that they have a morbid
horror of being a cause of wit to others. Their halt
ma*qv*? tbey are accustomed to, and all tiie romp
and ton which are characteristic of them ; but a
M cotfumt, in which they are to personate charac
ters of a former century, with all the gravity
beooming the grand saloons of the Tuileries, is what
is altogether new to them, and a dread lest in such
a position they should become obnoxious to the Bak
ing Are of their own "charivari." is said to be the
reason why the success of these /<?/? has not hitherto
corresponded with the efforts which have been made
to give tbemle/af. Bnt tbe most strenuous endea
voraare being exerted that tbe 1 9th and 28th shall
prove worthy of the occasion.
The Kmpercr and Empress visited the Theatre
Pran^ais last night. The performances were "Lee
Minnies Bavenles," and a one act comedy by M.
Scribe, called " Mon Btoile." M. Kressant maue his
in the former piece.
Prince Jerome is making preparations on a large
scale for a summer palace at Havre; large bodies of
workmen are constant j employed.
For some time past, at the extremity of the Rue
Jean (.oujon, on a vacant piece of ground extending
to the Cour de la-Reine, three or four tents have been
them have been built ovens made
v ^: .Ll them la being baked at present a sort
of household bread for the aollien, of such a descrin
?? woold serve admirably for campaign pur
Tb? men *re obliged to come in mm by
gadea to exercise themselves In tbe use of these
?me bread thus .made was yeeterday. for
the flrst time, distributed to the soldiers, who ap
peared much pleased with it.
A singular seizure has just been made by the em
ployes of the oetml at the Barriere Bt. Deni?. A
covered cart cami n,., Mie driver of which stated
that he bad nothing io declare, but one of the em
jilojes on looking into the vehicle found lying In the
bottom of it nine large cannon balls and several
shells. These, as well as the driver? who says that
he round them, and was bringing them to Paris to
sell for old iron? were taken before the commissary
of police.
Yesterday five hundred and forty Germans men,
women and children, left for Havre, by the railway,
to embark for America. A fire broke out jeeterday
in tbe rabmet dt. loUttie of tbeMarquiiede la Grange,
nie des Nauseate*. It was rau.?ed by a muslin drew
having accidentally caught fire from a candle, and it
spread with such rapidity that before it could be ex
tingutsbed damage to the smoutit of <>000 francs
was done.
A very remarkable discovery has just been an
nonncea to the Academy of hcienoe* by M. I>um?s.
He stated that M. Haint ('lair Dtvllle had succeeded
in obtaining from clay a metal as white and brilliant
ifi i!*' .M *U*?We as gold, and as light as glass,
it is rosable at a moderate temperature. Air and di'un
do not affect it, and it is called "aluminum.'1 ft
j retain* Ha brilliancy, and is not afferted by nitric or
' sulphuric moid, eitber s'ronp or diluted, if the tem
] perature be not raised, it ia only diwolved by very
I not chlorbydic acid. Several specimens of this me
tal were exhibited to the Academy, and, on the pr>
portion of Rtron Thenard it waa voted unanimously
that a unfBcient sum should be placed at the diapoaal
of M. Saint Clair l)eville, to enable him to make ex
periments on a large scale.
11. One to, formerly a chef de Bureau in the Minis
try of Foreign AfBurs at Madrid, haa been named
Mmiater Plenipotentiary of Spain at Waihington.
It ia said that all the Bnaslan resident* have been
ordeivd to qnit Paris, with the exception of tbe Prin
cess Lieven, in whose favor a special exception haa
been made.
[Praia tfc* L?*caa Caroais * Fab. 10 J
Until further information arrives, it will be impos
sible to appreciate correctly the change which ap
pears to have taken place in the Turkish Ministry;
bat, so long as Redsehid Pasha remains at the head
ot aflkiis, there is no danger that the Perte will
abandon the policy painted oat by its Western allies.
It may be remembered that several previous official
changes have taken place since the commencement
of the present difficulties; and Rtea Pasha, whose
appointment ia mentioned in the telegraphic des
patches, has, on different occasions, resigned and
resumed his place in the Ministry. The removal of
the Seraakler, who was the reeognized bead of the
war party, has, perhaps, given rise to the
statement that the modified Cabinet is favora
ble to a compromise with Russia. It is, how
ever, far more probable that the ministerial
crisis has been cauasd by personal dissensions, or
by disputes ou questions oi detail. It is well
known that Russian agents have been busily occu
pied in attempting, by individual corruption, to
form a party at Constantinople in favor ef direct and
separate negotiations with St. Petersburg. Prom
the time when Peter the Great escaped captivity or
death by the use of similar means, there have always,
unfoitunately, been Turkish functionaries ready to
accept bribes from the hereditary enemy of their
country. Of lata years, however, the national spirit
haa both revived and purified itself ; and the traitor
who should sell the last hopes of Ottoman independ
ence would not only risk his life, but wonld find it
impossible to accomplish his objeel The Turkish
population has not taken arms for the purpose of
throwing ifcelf on the mercy of Russia, at the will
of any minister : but it ia perfectly intelligible that
political partisans should bandy accusations of
The retirement of the Seraskier, and of one or
more of his colleagues, may not improbably have
been occasioned by differences of opinion as to the
conduct of the campaign, and as to the extent to
which the o(>eration* ot the war are to be controlled
by England and Prance. It is obvious that the
two gieat powers cannot enter on a serious straggle
without securing to themselves the choice of ending
it when their ooject shall have been accomplished.
A Turkish statesman may justifiably wish to recon
quer the ancient frontier of the empire, but it is
tor no such purpose that the Allies are arming
by land and by sea ; and a disposition on the
part of the new administration to confine the war
to objects ia which the support of the Western
powers can be reasonably expected, may easily
be represented, by party opponents, as indicating a
spirit ot compromise with Russia. It is evident,
however, that the solititude of the more prudent of
the Sultan's advisers to identify the policy of the
Porte with that of its allies, by restricting its action
to objects which England and France are prepared
to enforce, is as far as possible from implying a wil
lingness to make any concession to the enemy.
The result of the prsaent suspension of operations
in Asia coa scarcely fail to be advantageous to the
??toman cause. The passage of the Russian reiu
forrements is checked, while the convoys of the
Turkish transports are actively moving from Con
stantinople to Trebizond and Batonm. Kurech.d
Pacha is energetically reorganizing the demoralised
lotce which was rendered useless in tue late cam
paign, through tb* Incapacity of its chit fa. Above
nil. the Circassian* are laying in stores of arms and
uuinuuition, and preparing, with new hopes aad
uuoer uappit r awipices, to recommence their cease
less war against the iuvader. Official Information
col firms the general impression that, if the Black Sea
is closed to the enemy, and the war vigorously
pushed, the Russian territoiws in Georgia must be
severed from the empire. The demand for troops
on ail the frontiers of the Czsr's dominions, will
effectually prevent the despatch of any consider
able foree to repair Prince woroniow's looses ; and
sufficient proof has been given that the Court of St.
Petersburg can place no reliance on the promised di
vensienby Persia. Even at Teheran corruption is pow
erless against national settlement. As repards the pros
pects of the struggle on the Danube, general satisfac
tion will be felt at the announcement that Omer
Pacha is once more able to undertake his duties; but
the statement tbat the Russian army has already lost
upwards of 30,000 men excites a more mingled feel
ing. The sufferers are never, in such cases, identical
with the wrongdoers. Yet, so long as Russian armies,
at the bidding of a restless potentate, disturb the
peace of the world, the losses which they suffer are,
on the whele, a benefit to humanity. The unavoid
able paradox of feeling which arises when so much
evil becomes a cause ror congratulation, revives it
self into indignant contempt for the criminal who is
singly responsible for this wanton and useless war.
The alleged determination of Austria and Prussia
to remain nentral is nothing new. The material
fact to be cossidered is Count Orlofl's failure to
obtain a pledge of neutrality. Tbe solicitude mani
fested by the Court of Vienna to reaiain on terms
of amity with the Czar, bos always been accom
panied by a protest, express or implied, against that
territorial aggrandizement which, having formed the
original object of tbe war, is now temporarily accom
plished. When Count Buol assured the allies, at dif
ferent stages of the negotiations. of his implicit re
lisnce on tne imperial premise to respect tne integ
rity of Turkey, ne undoubtedly intended to obtain
security for the fulfilment of that promise by putting
tbe goud&un of the Czar to a practical test. Tbe
repeated-declarations of the determination of Austria
to resist all territorial aggrandizement of Russia, are
fully entitled to the confidence of Europe; for they
pledge the Cabinet of Vienna to a policy with wkioh
its interests and its honor are alike identified. There
is little fear that any Austrian statesman will ever
acquiesce in a transaction which would close the
Danube to Germany. Russia, however, has nothiog
to gain by tbe war, if her old frontiers are to be
maintained; and. therefore, when the Principalities
are finally evacuated, peace will be in view. Until
that result is attained, it is certain that Austria will
watch the invader with hostile vigilance.
It would he a wiser and safer policy, on the part
of tbe great German Courts, to avert the outbreak
of the war by throwing their weight into tbe scale ; ,
but it is tair to recollect that England and France
have not yet finally committed themselves by acts,
other Powers may naturally wrait until events
have proved war to be unavoidable ; aud they
may tben, in order to prevent its continuance, deter
mine to render tbe stronger side irresistible. The
decision of Prussia may, perhaps, be practically
given when operations commence in the Baltic. The
North of (iermany will rejoice at any humiliation in
fllcUd on the flag which has so loog mecased the in
dependence of tbe country; bnt it is possible that
tnt re are still believers in the omnipotence of the
roar, who will only be converted when the Western
fleets are dominant in the Nortb as well as in the
Ka?t. Of tbe good will of the Cabinet of Berlin we
have already abundant proofs, and circumstancei
may soon occur which will call forth its active co
operation. Rarely has so just a cause coincided with
to visible a preponderance of strength, and tbe re
sult of tbe impending conflict is only doubtful in so
fsr as all future events are uncertain.
tricro lbs Ix adoa Glob*. Fsb 10 ]
We need scarcely repeat tbe caution which we
have so often given, not to lay too much stress on
reports from the Ka?t merely iwcoute they are re
cent, and not to admit the supposition that tne course
of a flairs can be twisted by any sudden caprloe or
accident, such as might satisfy an Alexander Dumas
and u<- traders of his romance, bat such as seldon
happen in real life, and never, it may be said, iu the
action of great States. The announcement tbat Me
bemed All Pacha had been dismissed from the minis
try, to be replaced by Riza Pacha, has given rise
to several constructive interpretation* <>f that act,
is indicating that the Porte ia willing to
effect a compromise with Russia. The reason
for this construction is, that Mebemet All
was regarded as bead of the war party, and Riza
Pacha formerly was attached to the Rmo-ian in
terest ; bnt the eniy solution ii, that while some
degree of Saracenic abruptness is still possible in tbe
succession ot the Sultan's Ministers, and while perso
nal rompetition for power gives advantages alter
nately to ore or the older, there are well understood
reas-ns ef immedate force tor the transfer, t he real
of Mehemea Ait for pn.secntlng tbe war is undoubt
< d. He was allied with the Ulema party, who treat
ed the war as a religious question: bnt it Is well
known that his administrative capacity is not equal
to his zeal. If Ri*a Pasha was lormerly favorable to
tbe I!u??an influence, it might be froai a svmpa'.hy
with tbe absolute and vigorous charartcr which Rus
sia-i proceedings must seem to hear ia that quarter ;
but we believe we are correct in saying that among*.
genuine Turks there is now no Turkiah party ; and
Kin i'attba is appointed tor his greater energy and
capacity in administrative business.
Several explanations have been given for the re
turn of the fleets to the Dardanelles. The new state
ment, that they are about to set out again in charge
of a convoy of stores and men, speaks for itself. But
iD truth, the official papers recently published show
that the Ambassadors and the Admirals have acted so
conscientiously in the performance of their duties,
at a time when tbey were subject to misconceptions,
that we may expect very satisfactory explanations
of the last naval manoeuvre. It is by no means im
possible that a Russian fleet may ultimately fall into
the bands of the Admirals more readily if that fleet
were fixed off Seba?to|jol or any other Russian port.
The latest authenticated events are certainlv not
favorable to Russia. From the premature explosion
of the Rusao Greek oonspiracy in Christian Turkey,
to the departure of Count Orioff from Vienna without
that succeea which could have continued the delu
sions of the Czar in overrating his own influence, the
tendency of the most recect occurrences has been to
encourage Turkey more than ever to tustain her
position in Europe.
(From tka I.ltorporl Mali, Feb 11. J
It is now admitted that what was originally ou'y a
rivalry between Napoleon and Russia, as the re
spective champions of the Roman Cttholio and Greek
churches, far the favors of Turkey, has been by
mismanagement or worse intention, converted into a
ijuan war between Itmsia and Great Britain, the
repiesentatives of two Protestant churches. This
may have been the inevitable result, ot a coalition
ministry, in which so much nas to be conceded to
opposite principles, that the action is referable to no
principle whatever. But to whatever it may be re
ferred, It cannot be denied thai Great Britain has
been dragged by the coalition ministry through the
dut into a position in ubich she cannot remain, and
ca l neither advance or retreat without dishonor.
[fnm th* MkDntanur Exant?*r. F-b 11 j
The state of the relations between Russia and the
Wcttern Powers has undergone no change that im
Slies any probability of a pacific settlement. Count
irloft, we are informed by telegraphic despatches,
left Vienna on Wednesday last, and the failure of his
mist ion in securing the alliance ot Austria, or the
acceptance bv the Four Powers of the linal proposi
tions of the Czar with regard to the Turkish question ,
may be considered as decisive. The preparation*
making by France and England for war show that
both these governments have surrendered all hopes
of peace, and are putting forth thtir energies for a
now imminent and terrible struggle. It is asserted
that Pruisia and Austria have given assurances of
their determination to remain nentral in the conflict,
under all circumstances: but this statement is said
to be in complete contradiction with the known and
avowed intention of the two Northern Powers to
maintain a passive attitude only so long as Russia re
trains from any act directly threatening the integrity
of the Turkish empire. There has never been the
slightest difference between the Four Powers as
to the policy of preventing Russia from actually ac
quiring additional power or territory in Turkey; and
Piuseia acd Austria have preserved their neutrality
up to this point, in the belief that Russia, througn
their interposition, might be induced to accept or
propose terms that would obviate the calamities of
war. The attitude of the Western Powers, as well
as the haughty and unconciliating nature of the final
requisitions presented to the Vienna Conference by
Count Orion, must have satisfied Austria that all
chance of a diplomatic compromise is at an eud.
What course she may now take it is impossible to
conjecture; but it is most improbable that she would
give any distinct pledges of neutrality to Russia,
in face of events that may seriously involve her
material and political interests. A " Russian con
quest of the Danubian Principalities would confer
upon the Czar complete control over the navigation
of the lower Danube, and thai jeopardise the com
mercial interests of the central and eastern portions
of the Austrian empire. That she will not braak
with Russia except in the last extremity, may
lie readily believed ; but such a war as now threatens
her frontiers would inevitably compel her to take
sides for or against the Czar. A distiaet declaration
un the pait of Austria, that the moment Russia
cione* the Danube live would be prepared to co
operate with France and England, would in all pro
bability dec tee the quehtlon of peace or war. Whe
ther or not such a de darition has been made or im
plied to Count Orloff, remains among the 9ecreta of
diplomacy ; ard the next move in this neat game of
imperial audacity and strategy, will afford some clue
at least to the nature of tlu> communications thtt
have taken place between the confidential represen
tative oT Rufhia and the Austrian government.
The most Important event, whhh has given rise
to fresh conjectures and speculation with reference to
the Eastern question, is the chance which the latest
advices annouxce ai having taken place in the
Turkish Ministry. The Seraskier and the Capudan j
Pasha have been removed from the government, and '
their displacement has originated rumors of various
kinds as to the causes which have produce i this
rupture in the councils of the Hultan. Their successors
are said to be favorable to a compromise with Rus
sia, and some great modification of the policy of the
Porte is supposed to be portended by the rearrange
ment of the Divan. Roth the retired ministers, how
ever, are known to have been at the head of the old
Mussulman party? eager not only for war, but fanati
cally bent upon projects which neither France nor
England are likelv to countenance. As Minister of
War, the Sera skier of course bad the direction and
control of the whole militai7 forces of the Ottoman
empire ; and as the leader and representative of
the fanatical war party, *uch a position conferred
powers that might have seriously complicated the
difficulties with which France and England have
to deal. The Allied Powers, in all probability,
have been anxious to place the War Department of
the Turkish government in hands that were not
likely to involve thetu in responsibilities beyond
their control. This change in the Turkish Cabinet
has, no doubt, been brought about by the indirect
action of the French and British ambassadors, and
implies nothing more than a guarantee for the virtual
supremacy of their advice and guidance in the con
duct of a war, the success of which depends upon the
co.eperation of France and England. Such an ocjur
rence at such a time opens a ready fieltf fir conjec
tures: but whatever may be the ulleged reasons for
the dismissal of these ministers, there is no ground
for believingthat it will lead to any compromise with
Rosaia, or that it means more than a formal identifi
cation of the policy of the Porte with that of France
and Eogland.
The real dsnger of the Turkish empire lies much
less in the aggressive power or spirit ef Russia than
in the state of her own population. The supremacy
of less than a million Muaeelmans over twelve millions
of Greek Church Christians, whose traditions and
sympathies, both of race and religion, are more or
lew favorable to Russia, is an clement in the ques
tion that we have over and over again urged as
fraught with more serions difficulties in the way
of any tuccessful foreign intervention than the
actual militair strength ot Russia. The moral
power which Russia p?ssesses and wields orer a very
large portion of the Clul-tian subjects of the Saltan,
is the heciet of her strength, and the main instrn
irent of her polioj in Turkey. Neither the fleets
nor the armies of Franc and England cin cope with
*bi? internal ally of l!u?sia. We are on the eve of a
fierce war for the defence of Turkish sovereignty
ai d the lerii'oiial integrity of the Ottoman empire.
What if we should find . when tn the midst of ii . that
the great bulk of the Christian population of Turkey
were in open revolt against us, and on behalf of Rus
?is? The latent intelligence brines accounts of a for
midable conspiracy against the Turkish government,
which is said to Have been Incited by Russian agents,
but the strength or which is undoubtedly derived from
the secret sympathy and co-operation of the Chris
tians. This conspiracy has been discovered by the
Turkish police to extend to Bulgaria, Janina Halo
nica, Smyrna. an1 the principal islands in the
Archipelago. A Greek priest has lieen arrested at
Widdin, and forty four Christians of position and
influence at Constantinople are implicated as chiefs
and leaders of a secret society spread throughout
the Ottoman dominions, and organized in concert
with and for the purpose of promoting the designs
of Russia. Four out of the forty four conspirators
arrested at Constantinople are said to be Russian
officers, and one of tnem a Russian postmaster
general, formerly employed in the I/evant. The lead
ers of such a cansplraiy'may be captured and crush
ed, but the' secret societies still remain; and with a
Russian army on the south side of the I>anu1ie, it is
by no means improbable that the great bulk of the
Greek Church Christians would at once spring from
cor spira torn Into insurrectionists on behalf oi Russia,
in the event or any signal victory of the Russian
srirv over that of Turkey. What, in such a case,
would be the position of France and England? These
are no imaginary difficulties: ror the fact of such a
conspiracy as has U*n detected in Bulgaria and at
Constantinople, with ramifications throughout the
whole of European Turkey, proves that the danger ii
a real one, and may meet us the moment actual war
w fairlv commenced on Turkish territory. We *re
rushing blindly and impetuously into a terrible strug
gle, neither the chances nor the cost of which have
been calculated; and already we see In this partial
revelation of the widespread disaffection of the Chris
tian jKipii'a'ion oi Turkey, 'be smouldering J.
torns of that universal hatred oT the Matiomuii'lan
joke which oar (leeteand armiee cannot extiuguiali,
b<4 which may eventually be found more fraraidabie
to the throne of the Hnltsi tbi^ ill tbe ar'.i'J:* t'OW
er an4 resources of tbe C?r
[Kioss the Puii Peyst >?b. 8 ]
The Kmperor Nicholas bad reckoned on Austria
and l'ruBKia, as he reckoned on the non Agreement
or France and England, and it in on that conviction
that he had founded hia hopes and established bin
policy. He has been mistaken. Austria and Pins ?
P'onoonced against him, by the eagernwa
with which they have joined in negotiationslhvor*
ble to Tarkey, by their signature or the first note of
A lenna, ana by their signature or tbe protoeel ef
December 5, and that of January 13. Bat as th'rt
in do illnfiion which obstinacy and self love do not
generate, the Kmperor Nicholas hoped te be able to
determine the courts of Vienna and Berlin to give a
marked contradiction to all these acts, to detach
them from the Western Powers, and to unite then
more or less directly to the Russian policf. Such was
the object of Count OrlofTs mission. The efforts
to procure suceess in that wild enterprise are beyond
imagination. All the cords of self- love, interest, tear,
and ambition weie touched to induce the German
States to enter into the sphere in which Rutwia mores.
An extension of territory, it is said , wan spoken of in
esse of alliance and co-operation. To re mo re tbe
Austrian interest, a promise was gireu, as the report
goes, to concentrate all the efforts of the war to
wards Asia, endeavoring thus to ahow that Rogimi
alone could 1* interested in that movement, which
might menace from a distance her Indian possee
s ols. Austria was made to understand that she had
no other support but Russia in the hypothesis of new
r< volutions and of u new rising of the nationalities
composing her empire. All these efforts have failed
betore the prudence of the Emperor Francis II, and
of the King of Prussia, and before their inflexible
determination not to desert the cause ot European
right, which most undoubtedly is not that of Rmsua.
Neither Austria nor Prussia wants to extend tbe
limits of its territory to the prejudice ot any modem
State, lor they arc well aware that the first step
made in that direction would be the annihilation of
all tiie treaties which constitute the equilibrium of
Kutope, and would throw the door open to every an
b'tion, to the right or force, and to valuable chancee
or success. Neither Austria nor Prussia allows herself
to be caught by the promise of the Czar to carry the
war exclusively into Asia, for they know well, and
it is, in fact, what is taking place, that nothing oan
prevent Omer Pacha, and perhaps the allies of Tur
key. from assuming the offensive on the Danube,
and from forcing the Russians to a serious struggle
on that point. Neither Austria not Pruaria baa need
ol Russia to put down again tbe revolutionary spirit.
It the revolution is put down in the whole ol Earope,
it is not, we can amnn it loudly ? It is not to Russia
[ that tkat circumstance is due, but to France, to the
genius and firmness ol Napoleon III., who has medt
the very elements, on which the demagogical party
seemed to rely, co-operate in tbe taivatien of order
and in respect tor authority. It is again France,
which, united to | England, defends in Earope the
conservative principles, which Russia compromises
and menaces. Such being tbe case, Is it neoessary
to sav which of tbe two alliances it is which presents
the best guarantee against new demagogical at
tempts ? To all thef? insufficient means, contrary to
reason and to the interest of tbe German States,
there appears to have been added another, which
must have deeply wounded tbe national dignity of
the statesmen of Vienna and Berlin. It is posi
tively affirmed that Count Orloff, in asking tbe
two gieat German powers to give at least n
friendly declaration of neutrality, offered then
tbe support of Russia to protect their terri
tory, both by sea and by land, against the
chances of that neutrality. If that proposition
was really made, it shows a strange disdain for the
powers to whom it is addressed. We cannot can*
ceive anything more Insulting than this hangh%
promise of protection made by Russia to the States
of Germany. Can it be that Prussia bas need of the
armies of tbe Czar to deiend her frontier* and pro
tect her policy? Can Austria require Russian troops
to consolidate her independence and her sove
reignty? If the German powers declared their neu
trality they would have sufficient force to maintain tt,
and they would besides find sufficient probity in
t&e Western governments to respect it. Coached
in inch terms. the proposition of Count Orioffand
tbe idea ot the Emperor of Russia would be evi
dently an insult for Germany and for tbe Western
powers; for the farmer, became it would be to
consider them as under the dependence and guardisa
i'bip of Run-ia; and for the latter, because it woidi
be to conceive them capable of interfering wtih n
declared neutrality, and of so violating tbe right of
nations and the right of treatise. M. de ManteuflU
received with a natural emotion this dngni? ?
communication, and he replied to it with thn
dignity and energy which become a kingdom
such as Prusrtia. In Austria the attitude or thn
government appears to have been neither lea de
cided nor less significative. The letters which we
receive from Vienna state that la hct the Emperor
Francis Joseph declared formally to the ftsar'a
envoy that If tbe Russian troops passed the Dn
r.ubc, Austria would .then sot consult anything but
her interests and her national honor. And as if to
sanction in an irrevocable manner the resolution net
to sacrifice to a Russian alliance the interest of
Enrope, the conference of Vienna, having on the in
stant had the reply made by the Czar to the note of
Jan. 13, and the counter-project transmitted in his
name by Count Orloff submitted to it, declared them
iuadmtasible and rejected them untaimously. In
face of these decisive acts, Count Orlofi must have
comprehended that tbers remained no hope of con
verting tbe German cabinets to the Russian policy,
and according to tbe news which we received yes
terday, be must have returned to St. Petersburg
without visiting Berlin. Such, thsn, is the present
cit ation. The obstinate Infatuation of the Emperor
Nicholas has only served to prove in a more striking
manner his isolation In Earope. His diplomatic re
lations are interrupted with France and England;
bis agents find in Germany only coldness and dis
trust, those two formidable symptoms of hostility;
his acts excite everywhere the reprobation of pubuo
opinion: his armies, so boasted of. experience on the
banks of the Danube an energetic, resistance and
even very decided checks; do not all these fiacts, id
flee, tell him that he is on the brink of a precipice in
which fame becomes buried and in which empires
are sometimes lost ? It Is still time to pause; Europe
still holds out to him a friendly hand; she has stated
the conditions on which peace maybe mide with
honor for all parties; these conditions, which she baa
a rigbt to impose by forse. she offers once more by
conciliatory means. Tbe Emoeror Nicholas can
still accept them without humiliation. Who caa
affirm that hereafter it will not be too late?
I F> im tbo Ptria Karri#. K?S 8 ]
One glance at tbe map of the Danubian provinces
is sufficient to show the strategic importance of thn
offensive mov< meat just effected by Omer Pacha,
according to the last telegraphic despatches. Tbs
great valley through which tbe Danube runs is later
nected oo both sides by a great number of rivers and
torrents, descending irom the Balkans and the Car
pathian mountains. Oltenitza. as well as Bucharest,
is situated in one of tbe valleys watered by the
Ardglcb and the .lalomnitza, twelve leagues from
tbe capital of Wallacbia. Bucharest is covered by
lie CMitie of tbe Rust 'an army, which is mucn
weakened, in order to reinforce the right wing, mn
nt u-viing on the side of Kalefat, aiore thin forty
leagues rroin the capital ; the left wing occupies Urn
etvinns of Galatz, lorty-Uve leagues distant. If
< >mtr Pacha, therefore, with the SO, 000 men makes a
dfc-b on Buclmiett, the two wings of tbe Russians
will have sga nst tbem not only the disadvantage of
In ing at a distance if they wish to march to the re
lief of the capital, but they wtll have to cross all the
iftfenredlste rivers. Omer Pacha has already given
-imng proofs or bis superior tact in hia late opera
te i.s. It h not irom nuiniiers, but from his tactics,
i tut Turkey has be< n able to preserve oo the Danube
ii ficsition "which has neutralised all tbe efforts of
p.'tce Gortschakofl. His movement on Bucharest,
under the above circumstances, appears very pro
liable, ai d the next despatches will doubtless bring
is accounts of some signal success gained by Omer
[ f rom tbs Parts OmUtiMrml, F?k. * |
The Con*litution*ri terminate* it* remarks on tha
relation* of Russia with the neighboring States. la
the present article it alludes chiefly to 8wedei and
1>< nmark, ahowlrg the Interest that tbey bare in the
succese of an attempt to lower the power of Rnaria.
and the probability that there in of tneir endeavoring
to profit by the flnrt farcrabie opportunity to noanr
the territory and influence wbich tuey hare lost.
The CVw.?f nntumrifl goes further than it haa ever
<?cne hince the commencement of the existing dispute
i n the KaMern question ; for it expreawa an opinioa
that If there be war between Rtuaia and the great
\v c?tern Powera. the latter will not confine tun
neivtstotbc protection of Constantinople, hot will
endeavor to restore the different nationalities which
i. -la ba< pot down. It says : ?
"If awai should break oat between Rossis and the
Western Powers, they will not evidently content
tr.*mselve< with saving Oonstantinnp'c: they will
yrevent the recurrence of similar perturbations of the
*?eurity cf civilized nation*, and wl'l tate tbeir pre
Htii ns for the future. This will bt ea?ly acc-xa
piiihed. when, with their cannon t^ey shall have
srapped the factitious bond* which hold together the
y eteregeneons element* of the Russian e?pue. Kaw
for vensea&oe, we shall then see revive the nationati
tUs which the Russian yoke has bowed down, but
naa not destroyed. Polsod, proad of her b-roic
st niggles and !oog stiffirMut* : tV f -une*. wit"1*
under the influence nfthe Mcwcovite policy the nati v%
fopa'atim hmlimintshed one half in fltty jeam; A*?l

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