Newspaper Page Text
Or. Loon, Feb. 21, 1864.
Tin Gadsden Treaty Territory? A Journey North of the Gilm ? Interior of Sonora ? Tha Buildings, Cultivated Lands, and Mtnu?The District from El ftuo to Vera Crux? Railway Facilities? Soundings m the Colorado? Harbor Accommoda tion. In eonssquence of the inclemency of the season I k?t received no news of much interest from the mountains or the plains for several weeks, and no thing of a local character has occurred which would attract the attention of your readers. I have had the pleasure, for several days put, of an intimate social intercourse with Major Stein, of the army, who for the last eighteen months haa been stationed in New Mexico, and for twelve months of that period waa in command at Fort Webster, a post near the sources of the Gila river, and in the territory occupied by the Apaches, the fiercest and most powerful ef the border tribes, who have for two cen tunes subsisted by periodical incursions into the Mexican frontier provinies. In his efforts to keep this and neighboring tribes in order he has traversed the country for many miles north of the Gila, along the line of the Colorado, and tar into Sonora. He carried with him the best aapa which could be fur nished from the Topographical Bureau, and he has marked upon them the errors he detected, and added the names of many localities hitherto unknown to em geographers Contrary to the popular supposition, he assures me that this whole district of country is interspersed with vast spaces of great fertility. The mountains are not continuous ridges, or chains, but irregular do* tacbed masses, and between them are broad rich valleys, admirably watered and abounding in fruits and succulent grasses. He describes the climate as being delightful. The skies are usually clear: the sun pours ever the hills and vales a flood of brilliant light, and the air is pure and invigorating. It is never sultry, and the nights are always so cool that blankets are indispen sable. There are the ruins of numerous ranches in the southern valley of the Gila, in the Province o' Sonera. They are from five to twenty, and even thirty miles square, which were originally granted by the Mexican government to Spanish grandees for military services, or in consideration of money pftid* Some of them have very ooetly improvements upon them of stone, consisting of tasteful buildings, and walis for gardens and orchards. Of late years the Mexican authorities have been unable to afford ade quate protection, and the occupants of these princtly estates have been compelled by the northern hordes of Indians to abandon them. Even yet, ho trover, the buildings and walls are in good oondition, the Indians not finding their acoouut in laboring to destroy them, and, in spite of their exposed and neglected condition, some of the orchards yield good crops. In their flight the inhabitants abandon ed large numbers of their cattle and hones, and these, having ran wild, have'multiplied into hundreds of thousands. Tbe Indians north of the Gila make regular spiing and fall hunts into Sonora to lay in supplies of meat. From El Paso to Santa Cruz, neirlv due west, the diatanoe is about one hundred and eighty miles, and from tbe latter place to the he id of the Califor nia gulf the distuioe is about three hundred and forty miles. The Major assures me that there is absolute ly no physical impediment to the construction of a railway the whole distance. There is a barren space to cross of some sixty miles between El Paso and San ta Cruz, where timber cannot be obtained, but with this exception there is timber of tbe most durable kind in the greatest abundance. He describes that region as an open plain, dotted over with conical peaks and interrupted ridges, and as being one of the most fertile in the world. Gold, silver and copper are found in many locali ties, but tbe space which is supposed to be the rich est in gold stretches from Santa Cruz northward some forty m' lea beyond the Gila. This region he believes, from the best accounts he has been enabled to collect, will be found more productive than the mines of California. Last year a trader from New Mexico, with seven wagon loads ofgoods, undertook to make the journey into Southern California and Western Sonora. He was fortunate tnough to reach the Gila some two hundred miles above the bead of the California Gulf. Hera he constructed a flat boat large enough to car ry his goods, and floated down to the mouth of tbe Colorado. He was convinced by repeated soundings that a steamboat of three hundred tons burthen might atcend to that distance without difficulty. At the mouth cf the Colorado he traded off moat of his as, and then followed the eastern shore of the about forty miles, where he discovered an a 1 mi ranle harbor, surrounded for many miles with fertile land ? indeed, to all appearances, that description of land was illimitable ? yet, strange to say, tbpre were bnt few inhabitants, and they were wretciedly poor. Such is, in brief, the character of the country which we shall obtain if the Gadsden treity is con summated. 1 dive it only in brief, for it would re quire a pamphlet to embody all tbe foots related 'o me by Major Stein, whose integrity and intelligence are unquestionable. He is now ordered to Texts* and from thence will, no doabt, soon be transferred to his old pest, or some other either in Western New Mexico or Sonora. He has kindly promised to keep me posted up in regard to the progress of even b there. X. The Onondaga Comnty Harder [K-om thr rtjtaeuae Republican, Fej. 24 ] A horrible murder was committed in this county last Light. Tbe particulars m current here are that a man named Alfred Fyler, residing at Split Rock, four or five miles from this city, sold a span of horses here yesterday lor $400 in cash, and returned home with the money. Aboat midnight he and his wife heard a noise in the cellar, and got np to ascertain tbe oanee, his wife preceding him or going to a different entrance. Directly lie heard the report of a pistol and a i cream from his wife, when he was immedi ately attacked by tbe ruffians. He succeeded in escaping to his father's, a short distance, and Dr> cured help. On returning, he discovered the body of his wife shot through tbe heart, and the house rob bed of the money. Two Irishmen wbo had been in his employ are suspected, as they are missing. The news of the mnrder was conveyed to Coroner Baal, of this city, early this morning, when he, in oompaoj with teveral officers and citizens, proceeded to the scene of the tragedy. On entering tbe sittiug room Mr. Baal saw the body of the deceased lying upon the door, with the throat cut from ear to ear, a pistol wourd and many ether wounds on ber body, and two of ner fingers nearly cut off, apparently in attempting to defend herself from the assassin. She lay in ber night clothes, not having been dis turbed since tbe discovery of the murder. She was tweaty-nine yean of age. fler husband, Alfred Fyler, is thirty-two years of age, a large, handsome man, with large black whiskers and oair; he is quite a wealthy farmer, and is one o: the most respectable citizen* in oar county. Tbe ooroner summoned a jury, before whom the following testimony was delivered: ? Alum Fyler. ilk bus hmo ut toe deoe?ae<l, being aworo, i*jk? 1 tu waked up by tM ioim uf what ] ?c >nt ?np<oaad to be eata, batmen 11 and 12 o'ofcwk l**t n*gbt ; af tar war da Mara a s in in the oeilar; lietenad aad told aotniag tor kh? time; after avail* beard a aatee like tbe opening of doori; got np and want into tbe baiter J. imdi ohalr move la tba kltato; beard par see* whlapenag, but oouM not dls'lagataO what ?? said; 1 thaa aow o iigat la the kitting ioa?n; pa*aal oat from the kitshoo to >b* wondhoure alia astbUg tit m j abiri oa, t*D proea tded to tba b mi of my fa '.ber, a hundred nirtt elttant; was gone mai minntei; rammed with my lather'* hlitd Dti, F-edatiak, wbo tr?t refnaed to g > la aal*** thera waa a light. I want la aa.1 th-n (tinok a hfht weat down oallar nod roeno* to the ait'.log r?> m. whore 1 dlaocvared my wye oa tbe U'tor. eeau; my aired girl waa a bar btdroon a.nea Irigbwaed nf aoo. flee years old waa ia beo la tb* ?me rjoca arl'.h m?*?lf and wife; wbao I re'urooe, tbe hoy raid tbat a man bad l*akk*d mother, 1 beard my wlie ? orra.m ?1H I ief. toe bona*; tba boy aald be beard tbe rapor: of a platol. Mary l^anun**? Ha>e workal for Mr /yler durloj th? laat year: laat algbt, between 11 atd '.8 o'aJuc t, heard parrot* wbiapeilig to tbe houee; h**rd Mr*. Fyler cry ?order, and tfien heard tbe report of a p'atol; Mre. hbr aalkd oat for "Alfred" prerioca to tba report; Haary. the little boy, w*a orytog, and came to my room aao got Into mj ted; wa were mac h f right* and, and , eoveted oar baa.a, tbara waa a light la the sitting room; aiy dcor opened into tbe *ltMag roam, beard foatatapa .a the float noon; I want to bwd at 9 o'elook; Mra. Fj'.at waataan I* bed; Mr. aad Mr* f rier were oa good term*, aad appeared aa friendly a a aanal Haary fyler, taa aoa, aaoat Ire yeara old, waa called, aad toy* i waa waked ia tba algbt taw a mao ataadlog la froat of mother'* bed, ttanMag bar; told ban to atop; aaa't tell wbo It ?**; be bad oa no aa* ar bat ; mar* waa a Mfht la the bedroom; I told the saaa I woald go aad tall Mary; aa ba t large bleak waiikan aad b ask bair; at bar i heeafOB; tbe mao hade platol; betook rat or'* knife aad i tabbed natter; be found tba knife la athar'a poak et, I raw bin bare fatarr'a katfa, motnar nail, -Dja't Alfred ;' ' when I law tbe mta killing h*r I sal. ad latlxr; than I w*at Into tba room with Mary aad Fraaeaa; aw Mood oa tbo floor; did *ot *t*p la l^i the man had waia hai* loaf aa Pa a, d>r not **a wbara the man waa i to; ise aaadieai . ek waa father'*; tba kali* wa* throw a oa taa fear; knife abuwa I* father's. (Hare a large aad 1 ^ Madad Bpaaiah knife aaa exhibited to tba boy aa*. ideau I'd b> blaa It waa foaao by oae of tba orrman aadar ?taa? la tba bedroom tbt* Boraisg eloaed, tod wita ao bload oa It ) A ehig tbat had been fired wai found in the bed by one of the jurors, and a new common bullet on the flow under the bed where Mr. and M:a. Fyler *ie,->t. <<reat excitement prevails in tbe vicinity of the , murder. Early tbis morning tracks were seen in the aaow from tbe house, through tbe lots towards Split Rock, as of two individuals running for tome aasis- , tance. Owing to the drift the track was kxt, bet ' ' oiecovered further on, as of two persons : walking. ^ The facte e icited were deemed sufficient to war rant the arrest of fyler, the husbawd of the m^r- ! dered woman, bn hired girl, lla-y Cummiwrs, atul hfi two brctfttrs, Ukkwfaod Edvard. bl?t?NlB| ft rm CUmu [Fro* tk? Porttkixl AdtartlMf, M. M ] Letters have been received in this city by a 5"??* I of one of the officer?, which we t??ve been kindly al lowed to look at, which state that the following was the disposition cf Com. Perry'* Japan squadron on the 10th of December, the day the overland mail left Hong Kong. ? . . , United States steam fHgatee Busquehanaah ani Powhatan, and ships of war Haw aiian and Ply mouth at Hong Kong; steam frigate Mississippi and steamship Supply at Macao; sloop of war Vandalia, and storeship Southampton at Loo Choo: and sloop of war Saratoga at Shanghae. The Commodore purchased a small English steamer, The Queen, to Be before, and for the protection of the American factories at Canton, and the American schooner Brenda to protect American residents at Amoy. One of the ships, probably the Plymouth, will be stationed at Bhangnae when the squadron moves North in the spring. Lieutenant Taylor, of the Mis sissippi, has been ordered to command The Queen. The steam vessels have all been fully ooaled, and all the ships are ordend to hold themselves in constant readiness and full provisioned for a six months cruise. It is thought the Commodore will make an early start for Loo Choo, and after some exercise and drill proceed to Japan, in March or April. The storeship Lexington is said to have arrived at Manila Bay, in the Straits of Macassar, and was dally cxpected at Macao. As she brings eut the railroad, and other Kmts for the Emperor of Japan, her arrival had anxiously expected. Col. Marshall was at Macao, awaiting his successor. The report was that the Emperor of Japan, the " meets," or spiritual Emperor, was deaa. Ring ^ld's exploring squadron was also expected ti join season to sail with Perry's squadron tor Jeddo. The Governor of Hocg Kong and the English Admi ral have orders from their government to facilitate by every means in their power a successful result to Com. Perry's mission. The French commodore is reported to have similar orders. The Russian Ad miral was at dhanghae with his squadron, having recently returned from Nangasaki. The prospect of the war with Turkey involving England and France against Russia was very annoying to him, situated as be was, so far from home, and with a torce so in feiior to those Powers in these seas. The United States squadron is the largest In China, both in num ber of vessels, tonnage, and weight and force of metal. Several vessels would return to the United States after the visit to Japan. The Susqnehannah and Saratoga have been more than three jears in commission, and the entire crews are on one quarter extra pay as a consequence. And the Plymouth has been out nearly as long; her cruise will have extended beyond the usual three years before she can be put out of commission. Of course there will be no occasion to keep the storeships out when the squadron is reduced and the Japan bad ness is settled. Com. Perry has had the cabin of the Susqnehannah splendidly fitted with silk, damask and gold, it was said for the reception of the Japan dig nitaries. Having landed to present the President's letter, It is asserted to be his intention to insist upon the Emperor's reply being brought on board to him. His lanaing near Jeddo, and the reception of the let ter on shore with becoming ceremony, is considered a great break down on former customs. The squadron was generally very healthy. There was no serious sickness on board any of the ships, the prevailing complaints being intermittent fevers, dltfrnusas at influenzas. Spanish dollars, whi- n at as high a premium as 40 per cf a, aud from 70 to 80 per cent atStuuu at, only 25 per cent at Canton when the ma il left. This reduction in value was consequent up< he Chinese officials having issued proclamation ting that duties. Ac., might be paid in any ft igu money, according to the weight and alloy. The business of transporting emi grants to San Francis :o was still going on, and American ships were largely engaged in it. A regular monthly line of packets has been started, and the tint ship, the Stephen Baldwin, sailed on 4th of December, with a cargo of sugars and some two to three hundred passengers. While at the Bonin Islands, tbe Plymouth had the misfortune to lose one of her lieutenants and thirteen men, with one of her boats. In a typhoon. The party in the boat left the ship in the morning, on a turtling and hunting excursion, and while absent a severe Be sprung up, in which it was supposed they ivero t, as they were not seen or heard of afterward. The gale, which the Plymouth rode out in a snug harbor, with five anchors ahead and lower yards and topmasts down, and dragging at that, is de scribed as truly terrific. The officer's name was John Mathews, an excellent and correct officer, who had been three years upon the station, and last year re ceived bis lieutenant's commission. The names of the boat's crew are not given. Several sick and dis abled seamen belonging to the several vessels of tbe ! squadron were sent home In the Courser, which ves sel sailed for New York aMut the 1st. Commodore Perry was still living on shore at Macao, but was soon to move on board his flag-ship, the Mississippi. The insurgents still held Nankin, and it was reported the Emperor intendel to march against them in person. Amoy bad been recaptured by tbe imperialists from the rabble that held it. Shangbae was still In the handB of the Cantoa sugar broker's mob of patriots ; but it is said they woald be bought or bribed by the imperialists to gain tbe city into their hands. The trade of Shanghae is already greater than tbe trade with Canton previous to the English war, and the trade with Canton is nearly as great as it ever was at any time, before or since the war. Teas centinue to oome in slowly, in consequence of the internal troubles, and vessels find it difficult to complete their cargoes; of course, freights are low. The 10th of December wai the coldest day of tbe season at Hong Kong, the thermometer standing as i low as flfty-flve degrees, and the weather cloudy, 1 raw and chilly. The high rates of osean postage are complained of, as bearing particularly hard upon the seamen ot oar navy and mercantile marine, as they are nearly de prived of hearing from their friends altogether in consequence. Commodore Perry had recently to pay twenty -five dollars on a package of four newspapers, not done up with both eads open, as the Post Office laws require. It was charged letter postage. [From the Norfolk Bmid 1 A geatlsaua la this o:ty bu obiigicgly fnrolthed a* ? iih tB? ullowlng extract of a Ittto - rr<ma friend ?f hi* oft btird the U. 8 iloop cf war I'lymoatb. (om of tbeEertlidla tqnadroo,) oonteUlrg the flrat Informa tiuo v* htn iron cf the lot* of a Lieut*oec.t tad bott'i ?row of fourteen mm, bel'naring to that ?hip:? Uxitd) Statu Ship pltwoi-th, \ AT fKA, Not 30. 1860 J 1 deeply regret to ba obliged to report tha lo<a of Lleat. John Mtithawa, with a bjat and foaruao ratn Ha *u loat ob tha 28d of Oatober, II tha Biaia Inland* Ba left the (hip la the .'ereaoon oo a HtMi>? aad mooting exour akin, and a few booisaft?r hi-t flapari ore ? moat irlghtfnl ?no terrific typhoon arote, la which no boat Mala po?l bly ham liven, and 'lb tnppoaed that ana wae eapalied and all haoca drowned. No tracee of tha boat or orew ecald be fi and. ibo?gh aenrcb waa oalotaLnel for a week after the sale bad .ub?i.',?J Aa joa nay?uppo?e. a deep gloom waa oatt opon the ih'p, nor bare *e jet rroorered from the ?h.ok. Mattb?wt waa nnlveraally be I o red and rerpected. Be wa<i a whole ton led aad ala(le h?arted tb aa, a warm friend aad agr?*eble ?blpmata. nod fr^ra toe rapt tin tj the yoaageet hay on board, all feel that tbey have loat a Iriead, an% the aervfoe a uatfnl aM mi tfteunt t Batr I 1 The Turklib War In tha Itlinata Lagle l aiure i 1XTSKDINO TBI rUNCIFLIS OF TH1 MISSOURI 0OM j rkOMlfB OVBB TkMHITOHY At QUI HID BY BUS-UA. I On the 15th inst. Mr. A. H. Nnon, from McHsnry coanty, one of the most talented members in the lilino.s Legislature, offered in the Home of Hepre swtativcs the following preamble and resolution*, protesting against the progressive poliey of the Czar of RuHaia, and aaking the extension of the principles ot the Missouri compromise over all the territory which Nicholas may hereafter acquire, by cooqoast or otherwise. Here they are: ? Wbeieas. (rest dlatarbaaaaa have arlaen la the Old World la oon?rqnanoe of tba refnaal of the Ct >r of Ka-eia to aeoapt tba rote of tha Allied powers, aad tha aa ??e qnent inraeion of Turkey by that power; aad wheraaa, we believe that It Is tha mantfeat lnteattoa of the Ca r to dntroy thaaatloaality of the Ta'ktak empire, aad aaaex Its territory to the empire of Kaaala, tharehy creating a daEgereaa monopoly, and eadtagerlag the aaleaaa of power la Europe, aad tha p?ace aad hertaoey of the world; aad wbereaa ?e deem It tee Imperative dn-y of ttls legislature to pro aat at alaat tba af.ire.aid a?rae ny? p Hey of be C i?r, ao wbereaa ?e beil?ve It w.a tke doty of the exeeaitve of Eostla to nave agreed to the nl kDaVnm of Tntkey, as reeomaisaitad by the neatral powess; aad whareaa we cannot, with doe regard to onr honor, aad oar aatojedeau, aatmly aabalt to the aaaex atlon of aoy mora territory to the era pi re of Kuarla. be lleviog th >t the empire la already aoaslentiy large? Therefore, be It ReMitvad by tba Honte of Repraeeatatlree, the Senate err earring tharela. That the eonree piraued *>y tba Omar of Rottia opon the Tarkiah qaeetloa meeia wlta oar an qoa l#ed disapprobation Krao vrd, That la oar epinioa It waa the daty of the exeeatlve of Rnana tn t eve agreed to tbe nltuaatam of Tarhey. aad tattled the qneetioa am ue baata therein prr-potad Reeelvtd, That we aie oppoeed to tba annrxatloa of a ay mate territory to tha tmpwe < < Kanaia. deemlt r It laaoa tlateat with our in ta reel aad the pregreae uf damoaraey la Etuope. Raeoivtd. Tba' the raar be rsepeetfnlly irqaMtod to evsena e tbe Principalities as 100a aa be a kail reee.ve a aepy of three resrlattoas. Kesrdved. That wa look opoa tba Prima Mlalrt-r, Neeeel rod* aatatlrely unfit for < ha potltloa e ocoaptea, aad weald mgm that ba ba Immediately dlamlaeed. R? solved. That If tbe (overnmeat of Hnsela aball atill Adhere to the poliey of aaaexla? rorA>y afier tbe receipt of tbaaa reaalattoae, wa woa>d reepaattully ssgfeet, wlta all defareaoa to tha rigbt of that Paver, that tha prta elplee of the Mleennrl rompraalae oa ex ended over all toRttory acqn<ied fram Tart ay. Seeolved. That tka ?r?ernor ba rrqolaed to foreard to the aforaaald Catr a top y of tha abava raailailooe Lrfgal IataUtoaBM Srrtaas Corwr or not U?rm> Sr^voa, Fab 9t ?A 0. Fair, , or New Yeik, waa Mmittad aa attarasy aad eraneUur c f tbiwOoart No. M. Jeae M. Oar roll phkla Uf la trrar, ea. Leeeee of Seorga W. Oar roll at al The argument of thlaea ass was snattonad hp Mr. ftttwrdy Jot at on for i ha dvfradait la error, aad eoaaladw by If. ? jkletlff la ?ror. A-jooraad, ikuatK Ux Jm \ InUUIfwiM from Hoalll IwmIm. The Booth American Steamship Company'! steamsr Lusitania, Capt. Brows, on ner return voy age from the Bruits to Liverpool, pat iats Pwllheli for coal, and landed her mail*), which reached Lirer pt ol on the 10th in?t By this arrival we havf dates aa followa Buenos Ay res, Dec. 31 ; Pernunbuoo, Jan. 13 ; Bthia, Jan. 31 ; Rio Janeiro, Jan. 10 ; Montevideo, Jan. 3, from which we make the follow ing extracts : ? We regret to state that the English steamer Argen tina, employed to convey the mails along the coast of Braail, had been totally wrecked. She left Monte video on the 21st December, for Bnenoa Ayres,ani on clearing the bay, suddenly struck on a sunken reef, and went to pieoes. She had 4T passengers on board, all of whom were saved. The American frigate Constitution was off St Vincent on the 26th of December, with a captured slaver. [Probably the H. N. Gambill, sent to this port? Ed. Hik*ld.] The Buenoa Ayres Packet says Unfortunately our politisal relations do not present the same un clouded horizon. We foresee, if not the likelihood, the possibility, of a new collision with the sister provinces. From the interior provisoes we have a confirmation of the oomplete defeat of Gotierres. In following up their advantage the forces of Santiago, under the immediate command of Governor Taboado I and Colonel Rojo, had entered the province of Cata marca; and report says, the Minister of Government of Catamarca bad made his escape toward! the province of Csrdoba. From the Oriental Republic we learn that the bloodless and tearless revolution had degenerated into a fierce and exasperated struggle, which threat ened to endanger the very existence of the State. MAKKirf. The commerelel aocoanta are ?stUfMterj. licisce avbss ? rha demand for Imported goals was aot aattv*. Eccbaog* Otis 84. Freight* To Koglaad : Hides (-Oa ; try hid** 100*.; tallow 70* ; tall** in boxee 80s ; tele* wool 47a. Ad.; balsa hair 47a. (in., primage i pat mil R*hu ? Imixrte ? Coal : A cargo had arrived tor the Rojal Mall S'eara Cj0in?nj ; toera *M none to Aral haa?a, and prloea nominal. tha article eootmoea to demand SIot.? Three *eT?o?e bed airieed from Amertaa, one from R'cbmond, 2,89J hb ? aed too bait bble had ??eea die 8n??a of at $27 6(>0 per bbl. ; oaa from Philadelphia, 2 620 ble., ha* been Mild la part. The thi'd, from Baltimore, oot Id Um market, the Teaael baring been pat iato quar aatlaa Iron.? Of 8e?dlab a lot <a? offered at SO 200, bat r V faiied; It haa ?iaea b??o dlapoaed of, bat :he pttee baa aot iranapi-ed. Several lota lama a la Aret baade. A lot of Erfllfb ia aI?o reported aold. bat the prloe la aot kaowa Expnrta ? Soger; Trte a-rlrel* cn'.iou* "mail aad tbe prevalent i pinion ??? that tha yaar'a crop woo'd be abort H>M?re Cemanri SI 900 'or bro?ne aad S- 390 f r err for a hi tee, at vhlcb, ei-hange tl\, tsey would utand In 17a. 81 and 21*. 40. per owt. free on board, as elusive o* freight. Cettoo: N? da mend for export; considerable demand for tbe manufeetnrita of the province, at llaint pnoet, atd latterly purcbaaea bare been effected for Hlo Janeiro at SO 400 per arr . at which, exchange 21 it woald coat C DO per lb ftee oa board, freight excladeu. Cuffee Id briak demand: anppllea come la eparfogly; ralne tff. cted at SI 100 per arr., at which Kxo iaoge 27 V, the article atanda la 40a Id. per cwt free on board, with out freight Exebange ? Traniaotlona hare been effected at 27X and 27,V, according to tens a of payment. PBa.v'AMFrco ? Import* srnre extenair* nine veaaela ha>>ni< reacted oar port with 'ore'ga eargoe*, eii : 2 with -flirr acd unmlrlea Horn I'Oiiad?lpbla; 4 with general oar imw? S Inn Liverpool, 1 Horn Hambu-g aad 1 from Havre: 2 with ooele? 1 from Newport a?d 1 from Liver pool; and 1 with ooc flab from Harbor Graos. Kiicnilve Mall Robberies in Connecticut? An eat ot the Kobber. [From tbe New Hevaa J-oroal. Feb. 26 1 For several weeks past depredations on the Post Office Department have been carried on, on a large sca'e, between this city and Hartford, embracing lostes from other points, and large numbers of letters ?some of them containing money and drafts to a considerable amount? have been missing. The gene ral mail agent of the department, J. Holtrook, Enq., having been notified of the fact, has been in this city, and in connection with Dr. Thomas, oar poev m aster, and Mr. Hammeraley, the postmaster of Hartford, has bees unremitting in his attempts to ferret out and detect tbe perpetrator of the robbe ries; and last evening .succeeded in detecting him in tbe very act. Certain facts having led to the belief that Mr. R. A. Smith, local baggage master on the New Haven, Hartford and Springfield road, was the guilty per ron, experiments were made for his detection, which have reunited in his arrest, under circumstances which fasten tbe guilt npon him. Yesterday evening, when the mail for the North, which leaves this city in the 7-10 express train to Springfield, bad been made op at our office, and sent over to the depot in the care of Mr. Smith, Mr. Hol brook stationed himself in a car under Chapel street bridge, irom which hewatcbcd the movements of the suspected man; who, soon after be had received the mails, was seen to place them on a barrow, and wheel them to an out of the way place on the north end of the platform, when he in a most dexterous manner unlocked one of the bags, and took fiom it several bundles of letters, which he put into Ms pock ets, and then returned tne narrow to hia baggure room, to await the appeuunce of the train from New York which connects with the up train for Hartford, and which bad not yet arrived. Mr. Holbrook then procured the assistance of Capt. Bissell, of the police, who arrested Smith, and on searching him there was found npon his person tbe large package of letters made up here for Hart ford, and also for distribution, and a number of pack ages for other offices mule up in this oity. Alter the search Smith was taken to prison, where he now remains. On a subsequent search of his private desk and trunk in the baggage room, a large number or poet bills, envelopes, letters, drafts, checks and notes to tbe amount of rome (30,000 were found. Also upon his person were found about fcfcOO bank notes, em bracing the money contained in several decoy pack ages placed in the mail by Mr. Holbrook. Smith has heretofore borne a good character, and has been in the employ of the Springfield road, hav ing enjoyed the confidence of bis employers. Pre vious to his occupying that position, be was the keeper of an oyster sa oon in this city. Tbis detection Is very gratifying on some accounts, as it relieves many persons connected with the Post Office Department, who have been very naturally snspected. Dehlta Webater Ordered to L?rt? Ken tacky PUBLIC MEETING IN LA ORANGE. At a meeting or the citiaena of Oldham county, Ky., held at the court house in La Grange, on Mon day, February 20, 1864, it being county court day, Dr. J. Bondurant waa called to toe chair, aad Dr. I. M. Suggitt waa requested to act aa secretary. The object of the meet ng waa then explained by Samael E- Dehaven. Meaars. O. Gibson, ^M^jor Tarl ton, and R. W. Vance, were appointed a committee to draft resolutions expressive of the feelings of the meeting. The committee, after a abort absence, reported the following preamble and resolutions, to Wit:? Wnrtu information has been received by as that Dot li? W? hater, a rwidont of Trimble eointy, Krai oaky, Is strorptly inspected rf eidiog and abettisig iUtm to e<ea*a fiom thetr masters, and tbat ui1 Iishlla WaMter M ball* rod to be eoacfcted ?ith a gang of abolitionists, thai* nbjeet bring tbs abdneilno o' slaroe: And whereas eeveral alaves bare bsan ran off fro? tbslr misters llvtag Mar st 14 Dahlia W?b>t?r, > loco bor rosidenoe to ?aM eona ty, It is believed. through Iks leetromeotaltty of said Iieblia Wobster, and tbosa ooooscted *itb her? Njw, therefore, ba It Reaol , Teat whilst we regret tba aeoessily or rlolat ioi KeataokLhoapitalltr, >ald Miss Webeiar Is posiuvwly rvqnastsd to iteva oor state Resrlvad, Tbat a committee of Are ba appointed to eoe far with the ettiiam of tba eojotalng ooaoilo, as to tba safest meihoo*f pioteetlngoor property, la tba event of oar raqaeei act boiag complied with. Reeohred. Tbat a reaetirg of tha elf sen* of 01 <hem, H?nrj, sad Trimble. ba bald at Bedford oa tba M Moaday la March nait, to pro? ?u:a tba matter to a tar miaatloa. A. TAR '.TOW ) R W VANCI. ; Oommlttee. JOBIf 0 (tIBSON, I In arcordaooe with the aecond resrfution. Messrs John Gibson, Samuel B. I) e haven. Benjamin Rounere. and F. H. Bar boar, were appointed a committee of conference. It was also Resolved, Tbat a eopy of tha proessdtags of tha meeting be rigaed b< tba Praeideat aad Besretaiy, aad Hit to Miaa Dahlia Wabatar. ?srlns aflbira. Nous Coyprci or Cai*aw 9roc trm oe m AatABOna? Tba aaaaisc lattar from Uaptaia Watklaa to Meeere '/are (a k Go tpaeks volamee in favor of Oaptaia Stooffer. la addition it ??; ba teeatlooed, to tha aradlt of 'ba galaat Cap tela, that Major Wy?e baa stated to Meaers. Zerega a Co , tbat wh?a ba waa appealed to So know ho* mash h* won Id aharco for his vassiT ha replied ha woald not aaoapt of aor make nay hargata-taet If ha did aa tha owaers of tha ?blp woold tors bin oat of tha vasal ? hia object was to save lira, aad tbat ha woald save than all aad at all b?i*id?? ? Nrw Yosu, Fab. 22, 18*4. Mv***. Zssans k Co. Data t-isx? I trail of tba earliest opportunity siaas my ratera from Liverpool to ratarn to yoa my heartfelt thaaks (or the assistance glvta by yanr ship Aataretie to tha eteemer San KraooUoo aad bar aa.'oitaaete passes sera oa the oeeaalow of bar wreck, aad also for the great (ladatss extended by Captain Stonffer aad hia rflsseato every iadivtdaal reaenao bj him while they ooatirfaad oa boaid tf bis ship. Ba waa aaweat led la hia exertlowe far tbslr comfort. aad did everything that paaetbly aoald ha d< no seder tba slreamataeeee to promote their welfare; aad he, as wall as tha Oaptaiaa of tha Three Bella aad K ilby, eapaged In the rescaa, so a tba mora entitled la the thanks of ell as they aatei from motlvae of hemaaity rely, end withcat the sllfhtsat wish or hope of reayiag aay pareoael adveatace from tbetr atertioae. lam hepp) to laara that the govsrasseat aetad so Kmptl) aid Ilbvrallv Uwarda the owners of tha Throe le sad Kllky ; and as tha servteee of the Ai taretie aad b?r eflNM aad crew were eijoally ee arduvas aad *? eaitoaa aa three of the others, 1 trast tbat bar owners will aot ba overlooked. I remaia, dear ?tm, jonrs, roe peetlolly, (Sifaed,) Ja WaTKIMA ?aprtme Caart. B?f..re jodga Clerha. ft* iB ~ William H4lmon M (Mm CharMeft.? la this ea?a the Jmry had aot agreed apoa their verdlet at tha rising of tba Court, aw ! a arabd verdiet waa ordered. Court af flmiri hahui, Bafor* HU Hom SMoriw TlQoa. ?BKriDCI or JAMS IIUNDBBS, HiHHiL OF TBI jjvcixnt omon of Hibernians, fob riot on TBI FOUBTB OF JULY LAST. rib. U.-TM Oourt nhmI its itttiag to lu it tha aiulhou, wkM It *m aadantood that Jim SMadara, Muital of tk* Aaeimt Ord*r of Hlbaralua, would r* **tr* Ik* mtwo* at th* Goirt, b* having b**a aoa vtotad laat waak af bring a partiolpMt i* th* "Fourth of Jaty B1*L" Tk* aourt no*i na erowdad to ml* by th* frland a of th* dataadMt aad oarlnu lookara oo, Ml a graat aanaatloa ?u prodacad whan th* amtaaoa of tha Oourt ?m pronowoad. Th* dafradant appaarad in aontt hi oompMj with hia brothar, bla oonnial, Md tareral o hla moat iatlmata friaada. At IS o'okwk tha hunI for Mr. Sauadera laid thit k la aUaat m r**dj to r***?T* th* aaafeoa* or tha Ooart, bat pravtoaa to lta balag prooouaoad ha wlahid to raad m affidavit piwpand by him aad ivora to by Mr- 8aaad*ra, daelarlag hla aatlr* lanoanaa of th* atladimaaaor of whloh h* stood MBrlatad by a Jury of hla fallow oltlMaa. Ha than raad th* followlni affidavit:? City and County of New York, *t ? Jam*a 8m* era being duly iwors, eaja tbat the teallmony given agelnat him by tbt polio* msn ud other*, open the trial of this mm, Imputing to him tke in of language of threatening Sat Edwin J. Carpenter, upon tha 6th da y of July, daring the dlaturbeno* that ooearred la tha Ninth of thla city upon that day, la wholly without founda tion, and abac lately and unqualifiedly an tine. Deponent ?ay? that upon tha aatd 6th day of July ha did not, npon any cceaalon, make um of any language of dirnepaot, even toward* th* policemen that war* engaged In that dlatarbM**; that by every means la his powar ha, to hla beat anility, and in tha ?nrilia of hit beat judgment, en deavored to maintain quiet and to rwtore order among the aaitaa of th* people that were there aaaombled. That tie only order* he gave daring that nnfortonate day were to tha pera*n* snd*r hla nominal eootiol aa Marshal of tha day, to heap wltnln th* rank* of prooeaaion, and tot allow theaaelvea to provoke a braaah of th* p*ae*, or al r lew tbemMlvM to be provoked into kdj not not comport lng with good aitizaaahle. That thla depmeat verily b* li*v?* that it to* polio*m*n had not pnjadgnd th* quM tiontf th*guilt or l*nt o?no* of tb* persjue *ogagwd ia th* ?fftay, and made itdiaeri ruinate slaughter a pun the ID em b*a a of th* )roo***ion, and tak*n ltd** afeiuet theon with th* pen on a whom thiy were defending thenuaiva* againet, no ?*rion* braaoh of tha pane* would have oa enrred. Depot eat farther i?y>.that be has b?eo for twelve yaara and npwards a resident of the elty of New York; that h* ha* n*v*r b*sn gutty of th* smalteat lo irs atton of tha law* of this oountry, to which, year* ago, ha gave hia volnntary allegiance, and who** honor he la me i* i**dy to proteot and oheriah from harm than h* la anxious lor his bodily comfort or safsty . Taat until now no lmp**ehm*at ba* *v*r r*an mad* of hi* conluot ?h a cltiteL, and that aid* by aid* wirn tbe v*rdle'. of th* jurv in this sasa, pronounced upon tha teatimony of peraona whom he at lent believe* to ba " swift to shed ianoc.nt bloed," h* desires to enter tble public and (worn proteat of his InnoMoaa. Depone* t further eay a, that In the ab sence of hia (Cepon*ni'?) oounaal from th* oourtroom, th* District Attorney, in bis summing up to th* jury, atated that h* wa a inform** by th* eoun**l foi thla deponent that deponent had admitted hia guilt in thi* oaa*; and th at If h* (th* District attorn*? ) eouid *Ute what depon ?nt'a oouna*l atated to him, It would appear to (he Jury that tha proteetatian of belief mad* by deponant's oouu a*l of th* rath* inno**oo* of d*pon*nt mlgat not weigh In their mind or judgment. D*pon*nt says that ha never authorized any statement of hla guilt: that he never mndoasy; that h* ha* no guilt to confea* oratonafor; that h* ha* been informed by hla raid oonnsel that na such itatement was *v*r mad* by him to th* Dlitrlot At torn*y ; and that lnsamnoh aa the jury or tha ooort, in tka aba*noa of d*pon*nt'a oounaal, might have supposed th* statement true, A* aow, under hia oath, mak*i thla denial thereof. iaMHJ HaL'NDEKS. Sworn. In op*a court, thii 36th day ot February, 1864, fUarr Vs.ndibvoobt, Cterh. Th* defendant than belrg ask*d by th* ol*rk, Mr. Van deravt, if bo had anything further to any why tha a*n taaea of th* Orart should not be pronoun o*d against him, rapllsd la th* Mgativ*. His Honor tha Recorder the a roe*, and ia pronouncing judgment mate tha following remarks Ia thla eaaa two aeversl trials have bean had, oaa of th* defendant, Jamea Saondera, aad th* othar of *uoh of th* other defendant* aa w*r? put on trial. Th* trial of Jam** Saunders, whleh has b**n a fall and ourerul on*, baa results* la bis oonvto'ion b? th* verdict of a jury cf the offeaoe of riot? an offenoe though ola' sed as on* of Interior degree, yet really serious fearful and dangerous in Its ebaraete r, leading to wrongs often of extreme magsltnd*. ia som* o*ee< not *nly to th* vio lent la jury to th* p*r*on aad destruction of property, but <o th* aeerlflee >.f human life. When one* a mob of excited m*a ia con diet i* collected? whan one* th* tor rent of angry f**llng and angry action is aet flowing, who aan saaaaaxe the extant of wrong, who can limit tha vtolenoe to which it shall extend T The atranger aa well as tha effenaiag individual? the laoaoent, the weak aad the h*lpless, as well aa the culpable aad tb* strong usnally bcoom* Involved la th* vortex, us l*aa tha wllo current ba stoppec by a superior powsr. Of this the present ess* furnishee a pain'ul il! uetratloa. By th* proof* la tb*e* trials It appears that oa th* morning vt toe fifth of July laat 1* bouor of th* naaiveraary A our independence, (th* Fourth having been denday,) a pro evasion of the member* of a beeev >lea s naeociatioe Including about five buadred peraona, of which En e? non Mr. 9annd*rs wee Grand Marshal, ?u pvu g cowa from th* Eight avenue Into Badsoa stre*t, nal, with tee ?xceptti a of teelve or flft**n of It* members, had peeied Into tbat etr**t b/ or at Abingdon square, aad that at tbat plaoe, between that small number aad the others who had parsed that point, thsre waa a apaoe of about '? aa feet. The proMaaUn ha i appropriate laanera, wa* arranged into divisions and eeotloae uuer eerui-. of flows. ?a<j dlieo lions ware glvan aa 10 i> a oondnct. In cluded in theae direction*. as appeara by the proofs oa the trial of Carta tie at d others, the flrat trial had. waa an order to allow ao ataiaa or osalbosea to pas* th* pro aeailoa wlthont their liberty. Thl* order, aa understood, I am Inclined t* think vat a ma'erlal nana* *r (he dtffl anlty which led to the riot. Aa omalbae with pasaso |?*i had far about twenty miiutee been waiting on tb* east *id* of Hudson atreet for th* pre* Melon to paaa. The dtiv*r, oa obeerviog th* spa**, attempted to drivt throoghli la order to proved on hi* war Tha a pen* was more than auffleiant for him to do ao. The paaeage re quired but a moment, obvlonaly not time enough to eauM incoavenlraee or delay to the prooessloo. it wae said by oa* oa th* flrat trial tbat la *o doing offensive aad oppro brtou* asprcssions fell from tha driver, though he atld tbat he gave not the slightest odanM to aayona.in the prooewien. Whether thla ba ao or aot, tka ant, the manner of doing It, or both, aoma of the pereoae in the prooeaeion reaent ed; aad then flrat began that ill faehag which it le res awabl* to believe a very trifling amount of dleorettou nod kindly influence would have allayed Unfortunately, no wlae or friendly spirit of suffloisnt strength wae at band. After some remark*, some o f the members seis*d aad vlo leatly beat the horses; some surrounded the stage; som* got np on the box aad beat the arlvsr, aad triad to pall film off; the stage la the straggle being vtoleotl. urged aoroM to th* w**t a d*ef Hudson atreet, aear the eeiaer of Trey street, wh*a the poll itrap gave way; two ot tbe member* In the meantime, having got into to* omnibus, aad on*, having from th* tear climbed over to the top of the stage, all tutting In their attaok nn the driver, who wae violently beaten and waa etruo* with a stone. Numbers of tha Society and tha defendant re turned to th* se*n* of disturbance, and ao in bare assls'-erf ia tb* vloleaee. The pasaeogere fled from the atage, aad nne of tliaa, a woman, fell on the aldawalk ia getting out. At length the poll atra* waa reatorei, nod by tbe aid or Mr. Kelley. the pollie oBear, the atage waa driven away, and the drtver reaoaed Culpable ae th* ooaduct of ibeae mirguidad maa to thl* time waa, bad tb*y have sensed hare, aad have gon* quletlr oa their way th* r**olt would have b**a very difl*r*a: from what was tbe unite ate really. Bat aot ao. Th* vlolance wai eoe tinned, aad waa extended to aueh of tbe cltizeaa as lster vesed er lateroeded agsiaat tb* attack oa th* ateg* driver, or ae hia aaeallaata believed did ao Additions! numbera of thoae in the proeaaaioa returned, aad nailed with the other membera la tha ooafliot. Sash of the pe lieeeoen of th* Ninth dlatrlct who Sret arrlvtd, aad a tew of those of the SixtMath whor*aebfd th* scan* about tbe asm* time, eadeavorad by admtnltion aad persaadoa to reator* peate aid ladao* the coobstaat* to retire. Their effort* were uaau<e***f*l. I'b* riot laerea***; Bomber* rcahad dowa Troy etre*t, aad weat quit* to a* thane a treat la *hs**of thoM agalaat whom the attach wa* dliaeted. Br lake aad atnaaa were violently thrown, sad person* ware knocked dona aad beatea. Thla waa th* oonoitioa of th* riot whaa tha Ninth olatriat polio* anlveo ta lore* Tbeir flrat endeavors enra. ay resso* ?-le icea> a. to iadaee tbe parties eegsssd la this vlol?no to reapect the laws sad to dt>per*?. Ieet**d of me*tla< with compliance they eacoaatered reeletaooe. aad p*r aoaal viola ace also aad wee* oom polled to apply forae 1* return The affair by thla time had aeauaad nn aiaralng anpeeraaee Tb* body cf men th*o ia ot*a vloleaee aid disorder were meay fold more aamaroaa than the poiloe force, aad powarfu ? nd aev*re efforta of aee*Mlty had to be, and properly were, made to *upp-? as tne dlsturbare* Ta? poliee foree did, with M?rgv and rwK.lutl m, ae w?? th-ir duty, ?** their pow*r aad aoonmptiai tb* usk It hs< b**a raid that 1b*y need unc*ce*eary vlolooo* I think ? Mvoaaondy. With men aetfag with -pen daflaece of th? | authoritit*? openly brnaalag tbn pnblis p??ce aar rendered ap to the dominion t f bitter ptesloo*? striking ; dowa all agalaat whom la their moment of phreaty t bey directed Ibetreamit;, aad In large number* a? tat log eeab other; epnralag the adaoaltioM aad reqneats of tee pollM feme, aad aneweiiog them with per- on a I aasamts; lB fact, render lag aeeaeaa rj by their eoadact, the employ ment cf th* ket aad atera icourre of power? it canuot be *ip*et*d that th* for** thaa u**d waa to b* *mpl->ysd I'gbtly. Th* remedy of **eeaalty la a severe one, aad the application of It Inevitably lejurtoua to tbeM wbo, by their conduct, have Bade It rvqnialte Oa looklag over the proofa on the several trial*, I flod, among other in at*a*M of vloleaee. tbe foUowlag Mr. Parker, a aitia*a, w*e atrneh by a brickbat; aa jld gea#*enaa we* k soaked down, and Mr Wood, who attempted t > a*etet him, wee for that ttaeea cbaMd; Mr. N*gl*, a ettiaea, waa etruok; Mr. ?rylaad waa knocked dowa eeeMleea. Mr. Reeve* wa* knocked down, received a black eye. and wa* ahaaed dowa Troy atieet; Mr- Roaoh wa> knocked dowa; oaa B*B *a* knoekad dowa 1a tbe a utter aad hoatea; aad of ' tbe poHea, Lieut. Behrtng wn* (truck ove* th* *y* with a bitch. Mr. Gambling wa* *trn*h oa th* taa-i, Mr. McPher | son wn* kaoek*d dnwa aad kicked, Mr. * okvrmaa wa* a* aed by the throat, aad Mr. Clark waa kaoeted dowa. Tb> ae faete, nad the cxtoat ta aamaera, aad exeiton^nt of the mob, demonetrate that tb* riot waa *u*h ae to <te waad *itraoMiaary prowptaoM aad *n*vgy for it* sap prMaloa. It I* aaid tbat many of the member* auflbeed eev**e bodily lnjuri** la th* one flirt, aot only from tbe |?M*e. bat frrm pareewe *laimiag that tn*y worn aMlag tha peMee, when really th*y w*re dia orderly m?a. who ?"??5*4 aad beet the aeabw* without oanse la a riot ?* 'enbt meay nawmthy aa* bad m** with bad matlvM will, under food preteaae*. nlngl* in it. Th* d*e*iu*tiaa of the baaaer. a* ahowa by Ue proof oe the tret trial, aeeme to have bM* a waa too aet deae by saeh ?en ; bat thla le aot a jnaUOaatioa for the wrowga eom ?itted by tbe aeausod. It I* to be lamaated that 1 he per petra-ore of th* wieked aot I have kiaaWoaad have aot Wea broaght Mfutlre. Tble eeaaot aheago the ekms tor of tha wro*|> coae by the eoadaat of thee* u*d*r *oa* vfetloe , they are aiOl amaaakle for their mledeada. keeaa** ea* of th* lagMnti tf MM oOm# rn ttot ted MB with W4 mottm wmf miagl* in tt, atffl mom IS* HMQBSibUlty of ???? who IT- iTiTT. saooarag* ?r coalian* th* disturbano*. IiltiiMllM Court, ia awerdug pnUhl? t is the iim, bu i i lscretlosery P??"; l?t ik?t power hu to bo exer slsed wisely ul prudently. though lomiMlr, bavlag la view tho mHi at pablie justlo*, I bo trtadiaatioo of tUo lawe, and the rightful security of society- It ia trae that la exeraialag this pow*r tt (ho old take lato ooaaldaratioa all joat grenade of mitigation a a trail aa etreamstaaosa of aggravatioa. Thia aaaa 1 ham endeavored to eoosllar with all reasonable laaiaaoy consistent with tha lataat of tho law* Fbit, retarding It aa a oaae, ia rafaranoa to tha paitlee uodar ooavtctloe, aa ooa la whteb taa riot wat ait got op by preeouoerted arrangement aatarior to tha pro eeesioa, bat aa harlag for tta Aiat hum tha Interruption which loma of tba members ocnatdered that they en countered, aad tha impression that thay war* justi Bad ia rs Mating tha eondnst of tha driver ia dri ving through tha proeesstee, aad taking lato via* tha faat thai nothing ia presented to rebut tha preaump Uoa that on til this act tho character of tha partlaa ucder ocnviotlrn vara maa of good character: aad seeoally, regarding tha posittoa of Mr Saunders lallrtdaaUr Hia position was that of Gtaod Marshal? that la to aay, tha chief officer o.' tha procession? a position of traat and leepoeslbiilty: hi* orde.s or dlraottona, probably, there fort, bad much influence on tha mam barn of it Hit oon duct on that ceoaaiga has boaa railoaaly atatad by the respeetlve wltneasaa. It appear! by ail the taatimony that bo setarned from tha head of tho procciaioa, aad that ha areot to oaar tha stage, and west la tr y street, where tha 0gbt was proceeding. Several of tba wit cesses on tha part of tha prosecution allege that ha em ployed 1o thote engaged ecouraglng and severe, and Maa of thorn allege profane expressions, directing them, In effaot, to commit iMmM oa tha policemen; aad one witness says tbay obeyed hie ordara. They allege that ho *as repeatedly requested to get hia men la Uaa aad to retire; buttbli he did not he?d Tha detail of tba rati ons acta and axpressiocs alleged to be u?ed by him Is oa ueoessary hero. On the other hand, several wltnaaaea oa hia part have testified to his directing the maa to form aad go oa, aad bis eatraatiag some ot the effioers to as sist him la getting tha man to maroh on; aad it ia es tablished that aheo arrested his behavior was orderly, becoming, aad correct Tho jury have paaied npon theea faots for aad sgaiaitbim, ana by their rccoamealetlen to mercy evidently, though th?y hare found his condusC to be riotous, yet considered th?t some port.on ot hi* esse was to be coraiderad favorably Thar* is so no thing, too, to te considered, taat la the excitement of tbe moment the precipitate, too unjust beliaf of undeserved ill treatment, bis a>ral uosltiiu, and h ? leellnga go; the better of hie judgment Kiom hia position as Marihal of the society ha had in Haene* over the whole tudy of tbe proeesalsn. His word was eneoarsgement. and hli directions wure material t j tbe moves enta of his men at that moment Whether he acted with bis men In endeav. i log to break the pease. or whether be triea bv ble wort* or a<tlon* ti mtlntain It, was a matter or the jury te dispose of. When once the pcltoe aril red? what onoe they directed the orowd to dla parte? It wai tbe doty of Mr. Sauudars either at once to tatlre or arrange hlmKslt on tb* ?im? side witl tbe pul lic authorities. for tbete neutrals ?e'? no longer kuiwn or aekoowledgad. Dl! ba do this? When dlil he de tt? It ia true that after he was srr*ated he b?haved himself in a very becoming manner From the evidence of one of tb* witnesses for tb* proeeoutlon it appears that the Mar ahal rode bath from the head of the procesalon to th* i ear, reached tha stag*, wber* be was engaged ia en eourasing th* rtotera not to let tb* vebisle pase, and in fact directing bia men to commit violence oa th* driver? In feat, direst ing them to attack the police and on one occasion directing them not to allow tb* police to take awsy a maa whom thev had arrested. Did h* ns* the power he bad the laws woald have been preserved. On th* part of the deteace, It was shown tbat be directed bis men to fa l Into Ihtlr ranks, acd oa* Witness said that he entreated tha maa for Hod'a aaka to fall Into thalr ranka But where did h* do It? It was not In Troy atreet. He eld It wheo it wa? too lata. Wbea tb* man aaw tb* affett produora by his Indiscretion, he endeavored to make some aUowaace for his ml>oonduot by allaylrg the riot at muoh ax poarlbl*. As wall mlgdt a man bring ont a casnon in a public plaoe for target purports, aod whan, by th* exploalon.lt perhaps killed many lanoeant peraona. aay that he did not apply th* matoh with tb* ioteatioa of hurting anybody. Th* verdiot *f th* jury plaocs him in the position he bow staads, aad it is tb* duty ?f tb* Conrt to ie* tbat tbe lata of th* land la ?aforoid. However, his ooodoct when the riot was quelled was orei liable aid becoming ; while, oa th* toatrary. It doea stand out tbat there were maa on the sidewalk who. I am sorry to aay, were devoid of all self raspeot, who offered oppiobrloot epithets la relaUra to th* dafandaat. Nevertheleaa, all these oscurraaoae are to be expeoted wnea once a riot or dUturaaoo* of that aatai* gets usder way Tb*?* disturbauoas are frarfal, and it Is vair 10 limit tbe line of their 1 jirlous oonae quercea Fortla different actions of eaoh maa, under tueh exciting eircumi taa tee, when ooc* violraoe Is aroused, ne man can roach, or tell how far outrage may extend. It la like aaylsg to a rapid stream of water. "You shall not flow." Tha Court baa had aa affidavit from tba defendant, declaring his entire innoaenct of aay participation la the riot ; that loatead of *ne^u. -aging th* rioters, h? endeavored to keep them ia their liaes. to obey the lawe i t trie land and ti supprees tb* riot ss far as it lay In his power. Th* circomsttnoaa were suoh. howerar, ae warranted tha jury In god lag a rardict of guilty. Tb* jury hare recotarosnded him to tha meray of the t ontt, aad that la a consideration that should never be dltiegarded. But juries, by reoom neo^aMoa ot meray, don't maaa that no punlihment should ba latlioted fo* ?ueh gtava and aerlona acta. It ia really extraordinary tbat so litt'a Injury reanlted to tba persons of tboa* *n gtgau la lb* riot. Sill the riot ended tary earioutly to tbose aider hte cbarge, and from the want cf good Wot oa the pi rt of tha polloemea wbea th* ri >t was qmll'd. it may, bowtver. be a 'a ted with eoma propriety that he was placed In a at vel p-Mttloa h* nt t<rn wore* rn that oe^tilxa which In a calmer mom?ut be wc.uld rot he like'y to think cf He, hnwavwr, bad tbe coatrol of tbe entire pr ceastoa aad muat. tMref ire be respcaalble for their acta. Tha trlal.lt la tru*, baa been a prefaced ere but la refer*noe 10 tbat, an pre judice ahcalil be attached to blm, f jt It Is tha right nf taa fcnw, and he le juatiftad if ba thinks ba oaa make matilVst bis lEnocenc*. to csa all tbe means tb* law *111 allow hm ia to dtlog Looking at the case In all its bearing-, regarding the great numbers of th* soclaty, rtgtruirg the peculiar pi ltion of toe driver, regarding a>! tow otrcumatancss that surr^nnd th* eaa*. still tha rlsbtsnr li* commnrnty a-a to tv* takea Into oonaldera tlrn. tsit tbe law* "f the lend are to be v.nlleated. When offence* are committed which sbak* tb* peace of society. It is, iadead, no time thee ro aay tbat tbe offeaderx then convicted are to be l'fhtly peals hed In nroaounoiog tb* sen anew of tbe C urt It Is a paleful duty I do it with a view of reachieg what I beller* to be the right which the public demand, aad. oa th* other haad, to s*e that the sentanc* Is not unnecessarily serere. To raarh tbat end tbat public jasttoe demands, th* law dives tb* Cburt th* power to ten tana* yon to twelre months inprlsoaaent lo th* pealteDtla'T, and floe yon ?260. This punisment I will nit extend. 1 will take lato consideration th* receommendatioa ol the jiry. and will mltlgata tb* sentecc* aa far a* th* law will justly allow. Tbe sentenc* of tb* Court la this case is. that th* prisoner be crnflmd in tb* Pent tntlary for four months. Tb* piiroaer was then takes io'o custody by ther ffijiira of tbe law, acd oonreyed 10 tb* Tomb* by c ffloar Harls Tb* GrBBd Jnry thaw eats red tb* Court, aad after <*ell vering tb* remainder of tb*lr indictments to lbs Court, among which was oaa indicting W. B H?ye< and his wifa, for th* murder of P.*. Lateoer. ware discharged for tb* Urm, with th* thank* of tb* Court for th*ir alllgant at tention to tb* public business. Superior Court. Beforn .lui'ge guaeorth. Fn 26 ? rktwu aft. the !f<no Fork and Kris, llailrnad Umy??iy ? uompiaini Ml (f-'h ih?t the da fetdanti, on th? 2itb of Febroa-y. 18C1 fur aalue r? eeleefl. eoseejed tbe plaloilti in a bo*- fr m the ?rtty of New York to Jerae y Cfty. and did ib?re reoeiae r?i a into tbelr ear* to conT?y Llm v> Kite ire; tba*. ia om'eqaenoe of the netligence and MfvlMWNa ? ' the empl Jel of t,e Cefecdanta, ib* ear lo wbi'h pian'ifT <i< veered ran off tbe tiack sear the town tf Oawego. aod came iot>eo'il ?ion with an tlrr c?". vh?reby tb? pUlitff bad bill's broken, bla fc'aa out open an ; a;nll frastnre I, fce . and waa preveD'ad from attrcdln* to bie ofwwarj baaineaa for the apare of fifteen weeka. Tbe ^aroajr a ?a? laid at >10,000. The deVaee ret op waa tbat p aiotiff bad paid do far*, an '? Intended to tra'el to the aim any 'a aara and avoid payment; that be waa there uadar 'alae preteaoe aa a newrbody, and tbat, la flne. no ootraat bad been eo tared Into batwaan pUintift and drf*odeeta The latter fortbar denied tbat their offiaere hat b?en gail'v o" negligeece, ?? tbat the pialattO had received any injury afcateeer. Tbe jury oonld sot agree upon a aeidlet. DICKIOK8. Etfoia Chief loatlce Oakiey. aad Jadgea Campbell, Boa wor'b, Hoffmen and 'loieon Fin M ? tnkn Urowtr n Jo An Lajargr? The coeta to be ad.mated on appeal aa againat de'enden-ji fitir O Rectum t*. Jrmatfuin Wait ? Jadgmeat raaeresd and rrport ??t aside; eoeta ablda event (imir C Siturl" n /fr&er : June i, Impleaded Jm mrt Hi, urn ? Vefto* aet a?lde and jn'tnaat for defendant Tktmai Dmham dc , ta. /Imry Wat> t-man, <fc . Jadg mant revarasd, and bcw trial ordered; saati to sblie aitit 7V ma< K Darii dt , n t\t Mayor, itc of Sew fork? JaCimeat affirms with eo'ta Jamm Mttrt dc >< Job a /"at?v, d< ? .lodgment of Hpeciel Tar<n ? Armed Ihtmi M Patrldyr, dc., a Joijh T Q&rrt, dx ? Jadg ma at for defendant. JoninB /htm modi m Leuii Hurg- Jodgmeat of fpeclal Term affirmed. htrman C. Chapman w Brvry A Kml, ,(c ?Jadg meat on report of referee affirmed United Rutai Huahal'a flfllrr. rn. H ?John Beaaho Jamea M Uar aad i.eorg* Mnraat vara brongbt up on a charge o> ataaliog clothing, on the lOtb Norrmbar laat, on bonad the able BaaaHa, loeaph A Ballej, maater, aad van committed for examination. Dabino Oitsaoi. ? Tbe Methodi?t Epincopft! church at Cheater Fwtoriea, waa blown np un the evMiing of Um 22d inot, by a keg of povder being )ilac?d In tt and fired with a clow match. Tba Are wan eztingniahed, bat tbe church and fixture* an a Steel wreck, the Injury being no great that It will impoMible to repair the building. Tbe caune of thia outrage probably lie* in the fact that a " Canon league" (tempa nuice), recently formed in Cheater Factniea. had held their meetiaga In the church. We mar ben remark that the league had a Fund of 160,000, taxable at one per cent, per annum, for the purpone of maintaining tbe Maine law in that Tillage, acd they an not to he deterred (torn effecting their object by ?3h lawiem deed* aa thin. The aeleotmen bare r.fltnd a reward of *200 for the detection and conviction oTflte rascal* who perpetnted the wanton outrage upon the church property ?Sprmnfidd (Mas*.) RtpuUiean, Ftb. 24. A DaiAnrrL Occrnmtci.? About a week rinoe the iwelting of Mr. Jamea Harrey, of Bulloch coun ty, waa contained by fire, with hi* wife and Infent only thne weeks old. Mr. H. had gone oat to woik in one of hia Ac Ida after breakfast, Tearing his wife aad child In bed, and after be had been gone for some time, looking In the direction of hia boon*, be eaw It enveloped in flames. Hn trying to Um nacne ot hia little family, be dhcoverad neither Man nor ?ouad of ttam. A few charred bonea of the were the only aad evidence at the melancholy fefeof bertel/ and cblid. ? 8avaim*h JVtwf, Ftt>. VI, *%? ? ? 5M!r- "* o^sr? ssxjsss,'?k^- " ^-?skE? s.ts epprojedll.reha, 1120, adn.lttad tl. 8UW SESTl Into thia I'aioe, tolerating elavery therein. ud ?wUta^.h Zr*' d?oUr?d that i.ruluatarw eerrltuie ahouid ore?e' bo exeladed fro* ail that tarrf *?7 '/'?f ?orth of thirty six degn** thirty rainnUa ? auj ???,,?*. effort. are no* b*i.g * ad. toi2rtl?^!L "**? of ?? a*t of Coagr*ae to orfaalie Um Territory at N.braeka, with p r on r oat allowing the aiibM of i7t0l. no a,y aerrttud. north of thlrT?*, d.|rJ?thWy ?u 'yr,L"?z*"*r< ?? <*? or '*? gw! l. ??mbly c F.nnaylvaala, too rn-rip of eooh u ut would be inexpedient, ??d a menlfeet rlilatioa of th* Km"? "sTIS1"? ?Wr?7*4 ?. ??M-TMnhn. heo 1 K#?o|??d, by tb* DmiIi h4 Bourn at Urn ???? Utlr?t of the OoiDBioovMlth of PannliulL ia^nNeerTl *?aembly met, That lb* G?irnl |?l2?w? ? t '*rn*4('T aod k irmnly protect* inlait th* rmii or that ate'lon ?f ,b* aet of minutae. h of thirty.*!* degne* thirty ?oprf thJ'fwtotaJ 6mr h* "*<1 *? trMMlt * The V^S^SgS^W*^ Sth i?tre:intrcduced 111 Rfw iTfd, That our liberty and '-?< .. - rro?.?o,r^? Mft?4 itr-'T.Ef leg?-tb. birthright of k*?T' ?2??? " th. blood of our .??.,?? SJftTfffc exUnd.d to futur* generation., aodnoTiZ^i ,SLi? to be applied to thi? po.er in the ?*** Territory of the United State., of efSSTa^hrrttiiS government or a Stat* ooe.t.tuUoa; pro,"* Yha^o? I i^rtT-w^^Vtu^r^ l ibe'bwia or ?"mccrt"f "J" ^ iaititutisai whien*?i?*at ? oar orfed tod sItmi ???>? i tyth.r-gbtto *' ??* ?*??, Without limitation. rwtrtctto2Tw t ry *' '*** obfdlenoa to the oonatltutioa *f our ojuo K*?ol??d Th.t the In.tltutlon of .laT.ry wai ooe o? ?*?. principle ?uhj?ste of oompromiii embraead la the oom?u tuiiRUt ? ' g^gra^nioal liue upon taa right oft no people to fotm ?uah a goTcrameat ae ther ??* tegerd to the cue., Ion of rl.?" " a^?o2Vlon?I? ? ? that Mored ?|,lt ae a .imilar raetrtatU queftlcn tf g< Ternment-U,. .i?? ?k er2? if - JSI re?gDl??.i by the oiaatltutlon of the United State*. Beeolvrd, That thle pnnolple i? contained and oairiaif out In tb* N? bratka bill, olhr-d Tn^oL^J^Ti!? I sited Statu by our dUtlaguUhfd Senator^UohaL^ Ik>ugla?; that we appro*, of ?al J btll and' t^iT-m ?uatain our Senator i hi. .dro5.o; of ih.Vrn^ iKTl'MKBHihli UDfINO AT HilTFORIt rnw? t ^ei?1l0TlDg ''"o'otiona were paoed at the meet ing held in Hartford on the 24th uut..? ni<?* Retolved, Tnat while the aat of laon i~ n.. , .Jon of Hkaourl, ?? with a .larery I. part of tb* Lrrttory o.d*4 by pS2m .Z? tb* Urn* K'D?; ally dliapprortd, it haa ilno* V ? ?????. of mu'uaf^a<?.:lnnTLf ^!r*f.ryr<W? wand U?id ,acr.d an 3 UrU,:ab.* by thr^pJ*S?th2 R?toW.d, That the aoti now peadiag before "inrm t tb. T.rii'oriM of kJJL.^TnT bratka, with ap-oTlnion antulltoir the lion of tb. act Tf 1820. ^d i^ XoTn " ? brfaab oTpiihSS ^ Oagrait wrrn* to on* party to th* eoninmw 1/ L1 "0 fraught w.thdanp.r. and .rilj th* oon aaoa*aaifdf I wbloh no ? t* eao fot>a*?. ""equeaee* or i-f^SJO^M.J o*llh" ,'b5???Uo? o' th* eocnpromii* a*t invalidate the ccmp'^^uonm * !}? ?i~ra aoaautn *h"t,r un> ,r WcloU. ?^^^p?t^rr.^p?s,?bvo.rut LS9Er-?Ki^ stK'S: -? "?? ? .A5''^S3l5,tSi"S-a-7??^ beld ? *~?jj ?bell ?srr*lt* a acr "?^ *aM L'T." " *? p';f?'^NoV wh?r*aa tba laUcuue'i in of ^ Z?%LZ? I R*foJ>*d, that a* member- of tfca ? ?? . peny, we view ?itb <lf-iiV..,?, A * **"**> deno*ra>j? Nebraska bill t. tbe 8*?atl oftA. **? "? denjcerat ; that eaid b^i 8u,*^7 ? North ?*?.. o- tb. ~TurTiL%?\Vt 72'** br **? I Down tifftmcr f f |k# *ot 4li ??%<? la mm y WllttoM pUitorm? it d*#ni?'f j ,?r<l,tUB th* ?be ^'h-U a^,a?^7tLjT^t^r^ w" *cu h to 'be Vorth? i# a 01 ^ " Ml??cu.i Com prom lee" JSd cf ">* | and therafoi. L I b.?,m* a mtaiura of th* nati ?al d.^er^t^,'^' Submitting the Prohibitory Liquor tton to th? People, In PeniujriTuto The following bill, which it irill be sees submits the question, prohibiting the sale of liqoon to the people prevkraa to the pa wage of the law, wu in trcdnced in the House of Representatives of Penn sylvania on the 20th instant:? An Ad /irvviamg Jvr a xuCe of the people uptm the imbjed "f a Uw rn Mitutg the me of uUbttcatme wtttos iXu Commimtcta Uh Whrrtaa, It b rrprw* nted that a large lutar. If Ml a major it;, of tbe atMtaaa of ttala Cossssoa wealth, an draaly Impraaaad with tha naoaaatty at the peas ago of a pobibitor) liquor law; tad to tha and that aa umIi takabla nirtii on of 'aid allaga.1 opinion mar ha Bad, It i* proper ani rljbt that tbero etould ba a aabmlaaloo of lb# qntaUon to a voto of tha people at the balkn boa; therefore. 'roil on 1. Ba It reseted by tha flaaata aad Boaaa of R?pr?Mnt?ftTMi of tha Coamoawealta of Peaeiylraaia, In G>a*ral A ratably mot, and it I* hereby await*! by the authority of tba aama. Tiatl*. aball be the duty o' all cflleari BBtborlaad by law, to fa man ballot boiaa, aad bold tba c cart 1 rlwl'i oath* 2d Toe*1 ay at OaMar nait. to par'omi all tba dotlaa aad recatre aad make it* Ilka ratal aa of tha ti ok at* haraiaaftar mantleaed, aa they ar? author Ltd to do ta all raapaeta la reletfca to a rota akrn aad rataiaad for tba (ioverBorct the Comawa waaltb, ?o tbat tea raaalt ahall ba made kaowa to tha Bait Lrglalat are; tbat la to aay, of tleketa labelled aa tba ouia?. a, "Liquor Law," aad printed oa the in?lda, "For tha rala of (.iqu"ra." tr ? Afaloet tba rale of I-tqaora," one of afcieb oaly may ba voted by erery qaahged voter for ?arh a'actlon diatrlet or praoteot. xaatioti i. Tbat if tba majority of aaah Titers la tha whole riiat* (ball Vote tha t lake I " A?aJa?t the aale of Uqacra," It abali b? takea aa tha prayer -f rash majority, for the taactir out by the bo it I?gi-I*tara of a prohiM lotr law (or tba Stat*, an giving area majority, of the ebaras ar "r>l1o?irir to alt:? Teat aU aalea of aplrltoaa, rlnoaa. aa<! malt l'qo>r*. asaapt for maebaaiaal ehemt eaL madloal aad aaoremeetal parnoaee, ihall be wholly p" blMten ar.4 anforead by all aaadfal provisoes, ta mah* iLa aama tfUa'taa afalaat frsada aad evaelows, aad by flnaa abd in p'<*< amf ata la mancer, aot to vloiata aay I io? i>ion of iba oooatueiioa of the State of P?a ay tvaola or of the I'al'a.' S'a'aa The Malt Iprlnfi of Oneede|i Tbe annual report (Document No. 60) of Vm Su perintendent of the Onondaga Salt Springs, which has Uen pretested to the House of AeeeMy at Albany, is a very valuable paper. It exhibits a clear statement ol the yield of the springs, the Hate ef manufacture of the salt, and the oondittaa of tha works daring tbe past year. Tbe entire qoaattty ?f salt manufactured and Inspected on tba salt reser vation! during the twelve months was frn million four hundred and four tboosand five hundred and twenty-.'our buabels. which is duly ijatiHwitiil amongst Halms. Syracuse, Liverpool, and (ieddea. The rt venue received by tba Sunerintendent during the year wee, for duties, rents, flnea, aad sale at old salt logs, $.<4, #84 49, which was duly diaortted in tbe Salt Springs Bank, to tha credit orthe Stole Tree surer. Tbe market for salt opened at nine shil lings per barrel, and with tbe exception ef a tempo rary advance In November, remained uniform. Tba business vie ded a Itlr equivalent far tba oasHal in vested. Tbe activity of the market led to toe erec tion of thirty -nine blocks during the last year; of these twentf one are to the first ward, three ta tba second ward, twelve at Liverpool, aad three at (ieddaa? making tbe whole number oa tba isesisa tion two bnndred and thirty nine. The solar aa* works wan also extended. A RAiLBoanCaa wirnorr VYhbbu. ? Wednesday afternoon, when a long freight train over tbe North ern Road reached Lowell, it wae discovered tbat one of tbe can was mmtu wheels. It was sabasamnly ascertained tbat the accident occurred at Nora Chelmsford, when two leactba ef rails (thirty- six feet) wen detached from their connection. Twenty, four oars passed over this break in satety, aad with out attracting the notioe of any one oa the Ma. Tbe oar without wheels hung safely by fte CfnnllMm ? LowU Couritr, Fkk H. F ^