Newspaper Page Text
NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES G OH DON liENltETT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. VWAAA,VWV^A.VWW* OFFICE N. V. CORNER OF FULTON AND NA8SAC PTS. TERMS, eaih in advance. Th rr/JLY HERALD 2 cenf per ?w>y-?7 per annum. THE WEEKLY HERALD every Sa/lg&ir. ?f ?* <"'**> 1 ii y, or $3 per a mm mi. the European h'tttt-m W per an num. to oi.vf.'irtaf l./?U a?d*5 to any part Oj the l il of nci'A t? iticludt pottage ALL LETTERS by mail far Subtertmtioru nr mtk advcr- i t nli to be poet pah , or the po,ta?e mil b deducted from ? **jVo' v'o 7'JC 1" 'tc ke r of at.onymout commun'cation . Wt do*. not r?<?m fA<w# rejected. __ Tolnuit MX AMUSEMENTS TO MORROW EVENING. BOWERY TIIEATRF, Bowery? Cwci,? Tom'i Cms., BROADWAY THEATRE llroaUwa. ? Mv Young * AMI A. OLD I'klkKUA- Midhummic ... Nisht'* Dri ah. Bl'RTON'8 TI1EATRB. Chamter? ?lr?et ? A Mid? cnnl Niuu. ? UmtAM? Wanted, a Tiiui iaku Milline u NATIONAL THEATRE, CbtihiB street ? A Awnnm . Six 1-LOi 1.19 or Ckih*? Evening, L'm:le Tum i WALLACE'S TBEATRE? Broadway? Lov* rcifc Lav* ? Tin. i. . u Cvfts. AMERICAN Ml'SEl U ? Aftenu-on, Si* D nun or CkiMB? Evcuisf , Tuk Oui Uucw-tuv. BROADWAY MEN AUEKlfi ? Wlmfi'tia* kn?-Mia vera I.auv am) Living TkAWM Aximali. CnPISW? AMERICAN OlttKA HOCi-TE, CL> Broad way ? ElMloriAN HtUIUli IVl'HUIITT't Mj.mthii. WOOD ? MINSTRELS, Wo?"? Miostrel Halt. Ml Uroad *t] ? ETH?Or>A> UlMTKIMV. BIOKLKYS OTKX.A HO/'SE WW Broadway? Bick la* h Btuiopean Oi*?wa T?ovrc. BANVIKD'S GEOBAMA iJG Broadway? Pi nir aha or rut lluu Land. I HEMS1I GALLERY, ?S liruadway ? Day and Night. ?IGNVR BLITiS SlufTBAiiT Institute, SS9 Broad WAV BRYAN GAI.LEEY 0T CHRISTIAN ART- S43 Broad ? ay . _ ? WCE.E WORLD ? 577 and 379 Broadway? Afternour a>.>i EvMiing. lltw York, Sandny, March 5, HID! WIT)!! HID!!! "Wo the Proplr of New York Oly. Many sensible ptopAt have arrived at the coiicIh sion that some radical change in the municipal g?v ? ?rnmtiit of this city i*. indispensable. It is a neces sity. The people have uothing to hope fur from the present city government. It is necessary, then, that the jieople should take the matter into their own hands. It is, therefore, recommended that the peo ple of New York do assemble in the Park cn Mon day afternoon, at four o'clock, to consider the pro tent state of affairs, ami to take snch preliminary measures as will lead to a renovation of the city, and make it as distinguished for clean and welll-Iighted streets, as it. now is for liberality, wealth, and com merce. To the Park ! The New*. A very full account of all the circumstances con nected with the fatal steam-boiler explosion in the ear factory of Messrs. Fayle & Gray, of Hartford, Oonn., is published elsewhere. Our reporters have furnished a description of the building, revised lists of the killed and wounded, the testimony taken at the Coroner's inquest, and a painfully accurate statement of the scene at the rpins. It is thought that the sudden pouring of cold water upon the heated metal of a new boiler, by the deceased engi neer, McCune, generated an amount of gas jvhich caused the boiler to explode. Measures have been taken by the citizens of Hartford for the relief of UDe wiuuna oiiu vi ui uic vtvt4ui ? n;3u?... persons are known to have been killed, and over thirty wounded, either severely or slightly. Oue of our special reporters is still at the scene of the catas trophe. We elsewhere publish some additional and very interesting particulars concerning the melancholy fete of Dr. Gardner, who was last Friday pro nounced guilty of perjury, and sentenced to ten yeers imprisonment in the penitentiary, the pro nunciation of which startling announcement he survived but a brief period. The general supposi tion is that he committed suicide by swallowing j strychnine; in confirmation of which belief his body ' is reported to have so completely altered in appear- , ance that his most intimate friends could not 1 have recognized it. He laid in convulsions for three hours, being conscious at intervals, and declaring that he was innocent of the crime. The cause of his terrible finale was a demand upon the government for $700,000 for the loss of his al leged silver mines in Mexico, and on which claim he was awarded $428,740. The Doctor's brother, Chas. K. Gardner, is said to be extremely ill. Owing to the great length to which the United States Senate protracted its session, we were un able to procure the closing proceedings in season for a large portion ot yesterday's edition of the Hf.kai.p. We to-day publish the continuation of the very warm and exciting debate between Messrs. Douglas, Chase and others, together with the vote on the final passage of the Nebraska-Kansas bill. It is a somewhat singular circumstance that at the hour the vote was taken, (five o'clock in the morn ing,) the Senate precisely one year before was en gaged in discussing the measure, which was de feated, for the organization of the Territory of Nebraska. The House adjourned from Friday till to-morrow, and the Senate till Tuesday. Special attention is directed to the spicy tele graphic despatch from Washington relative to the Nebraska question; also, to the peculiar letter from the " Man Wot Nominated Gen. Pierce." Hon. Geo. E. Pugh has received the caucus nomi. nation for United States Senator of the demo cratic members of the Ohio Legislature. He is a popular young lawyer, a progressive democrat, and j a favorite among the inaases. He will succecd Senator Chase, who was elected by a coalition of democrats and f'reesoil votes, and whose term ex pires next March. The steamship Empire City arrived last evening from Aspinwall, with the California mails of the 1st nit., and later news from Central and South America and the British West India* The intelligence rela tive to the progress of the American, English awl French Darien Surveying Expeditions, will attraot the attention of all who take an interest in the de" velopement of the extraordinary resourced of this Fast continent Although the different parties seem to agree n the opinion that the route is impractica ble for a canal, and the exact object of their mission has proved of no benefit, their notes contain a va riety of useful and instructive, combined with ro mantic and curious, information. We have files of Jamaica papers to the 26th nit* Cholera had re-appeared at Kingston. It first showed itself in the Lunatic Asylum, and of a very fatal type. Two or three persons were also taken ill in the public hospital ,and seventeen deaths had oc curred in both institutions up to the last date. It was thought that a sailor from a Halifax vessel had communicated the disease. The " Responsible Gov ernment bill" was in Committee of the House of As sembly. The taxation plan, in force on the Island, and t lie rate of import duties, will be somewhat af fected by this measure. The Rev. Samuel O Ugh ton, pastor of a Baptist church, had had serious differ ences with bis congregation, and the chapel was closed. R.C.Thompson, an eminent merchant of* Kingston, had died. The weather was very fine. D&ti s from Belize (Honduras) comc to the lath ult. Cholera had almost disappeared. Isabel and Sun Thymus had been visited by the epidemic. Tiie steamer which reached Kingston from Belize JttpngLt a uctachniciit of Biitiali artillery, and had a Ja:gt si ni in gold on freight. Tl e wheels of legislation are still revolving very slowly, notwithstanding that the last half of the aufciou is fast wilting away. The Senate yesterday pared a. Mfi V> increase the number mfrjN^UJlu IHiblic jnd OOmnrfi^onerB of DeedB la this cttj? forty ' / the former and seventy-five of the Utter. Kotk * was g*en of a bill to provide for the tuition ?nd imppdTt of the indigent blind persona in the JJ?rw Y?rk Institution. Senators conti nr * exceedingly suspicion* that al. m not ' I yiA respecting the offlcia' ? onduo . of the fc.De ?dcmo<fiivfic State officers. They have instructed the special committee on the subject to report whether the late Auditor did pay out moneys con trary to>4aw. After a long debate, the original reso lutions for the amendment of the constitution, so as %o provide for the punifehmeift of persons found guilty of bribery or being bribed at elections, were ordered to be en grossed. The great feature of the day in the Assembly yes terday. was the introduction of a preamble *nd reso lution bewailing the udoption of the Nebraska Kansas bill by the United States Senate. It is de clared that the time has come when it is necessary to talie action for the preservation of the very erist 1 cncc of freedom itself; and the several States and Territories are, therefore, erjoined to send delegates, at? many as they have representatives in the national Corgress, to a Council of Freedom, to be held in Albany on the 19th of nest April. In addition to a variety of interesting information ?wilh repaid to State .politics and business in the legislature, our Albany despatch contain* the bill far clouting a Board of ?Commissioner for making estimates and assessments for opening, widening and otherwise improving our streets. It was this -measure, it will l*? recollected, which induced the ?ComuM n Council to send a special delegation to Albany to protest against any action on the subject, for the reason thai they considered tfce matter as belonging exclusivcly to the city fathers. Not being able to arrive at any definite conclusion as to the exact object of their mission, the Council Com mittee very wisely resolved to return heme yester day afternoon. The committee of tho Maryland Senate have una nimously reported against the proposed prohibitory liquor bill, and there is consequently no chance for its passage. Owing to the remarkable procrastina tion of the Legislature of this State^upon the subject the friends of the Maine law arc beginning to despair of its adoption at this session. Although it is an admitted fact on all sides that everything has been said that can be said with regard to the matter, the members of tftie Senate continue to de bate the question from day to day , apparently for no other purpose than ta.avoid taking the^nal vote and tires sealing their political fate, for good or evil, for years to come. Instead of imitating the ex ample of the dodgers on the Nebraska question in the United States Senate, they should boldly face the music at once. Great excitement was produced in Rome yester day morning, by the .discovery of several dissected bodies in the Medical Institute, while the firemen were engaged in extinguishing Uames that had been kindled by an unknown female. The people became greatly amazed, hurling the remains from the win dows, and threatening the members of the Institute. After much difficulty the police succeeded in res toring order. A .middle aged woman, calling herself Mrs. Har rison,. whose husband is supposed to have deserted her, voluntarily starved herself until she died, at Hartford yesterday. According to the official report ef the City In spector, the total mortality of the past was the same as on the preceding week? being four hundred and eighty-four? and what is also quite remarkable, is the renouncement that twenty-seven persons died of t mallpox in each week. Among the chief causes ot death we notice that consumption swept of 63, be ing a decrease of 10 ; convulsions, 48; croup, 19; congestions, 1?; dropsies, 31 ; fevers, 31 .cases, ol which 14 were scarlet; inflammations, 50.; anaraa mus 24; premature births and still-born, S!J. 01 "he "deceased there were natives oi mc unweu States 31.1? only nine more than the number ol children who died; Ireland, 94; Germany, 40, and England, 15. Advices from Rio Janeiro to January 17, state j that coffee was Ann. but that the stock had accumu lated and prices receded. The dense fog in which this section of the coun ' try was almost continually enveloped for the forty eight hours previous to last evening, when the mist disappeared and the sky became clear, no doubt greatly retards the arrival of a large number of vessels which are fully due at this port. ?e"cr?w steamship Glasgow, from Glasgow on the 15th ult., did not arrive till last night. She brought no news whatever, although she left one day after the Andes. The Nashville, from Havre, via Southampton, on the 15th, with one day later European news, had not ar rived at three o'clock this morning. The Alps, from Liverpool on the 18th ult. for Boston, has been out nearly fifteen days. The Atlantic, with Liverpool and London dates to the 22d, is about due, and the Asia, with advices to the 25th, will be due at HaL fax to-morrow or the day after. The Atlantic wUl most likely reach port in season to enable ua to pul| lish her news in to-morrow's edition. Ntbruka and the New Hampshire Election? The Administration Clawing off. On the fourteenth day of this month an elec tion comes off" in New Hampshire for Governor, Senator, State and County officers. The whigs, seizing hold of the Nebraska question, have taken the field with unusual spirit, and are prosecuting the campaign against the adminis tration party with an energy which has pro digiously frightened the Cabinet, the Cabinet organ and the President ; and so they are back ing out from Douglas and clawing off from Ne braska as fast as a terrapin with a coal of lire on his back. Tha Washington Union of yesterday, after having made Nebraska the shibboleth of the party for a whole fortnight, declares explicitly that it does not regard the support of the Ne braska bill as a test of democracy, or opposi tion to that bill as antagonistic to the adminis tration. Elegant! Our telegraphic advices sug gest that this beautiful concession to the free Foilors is due to the management of John Van Buren at Washington ? that the con dition of the softs in the House, for voting < for Nicholson as their Printer, was that > the administration should formally concede j to the free soilers the largest liberty upon the I Nebraska question. In other words, according to our information in the premises, the princi ple was sold for the spoils. The administration sold out its right, title and interest in Nebraska for the free soil democratic votes of the House for Printer. Our own opinion, however, is that General Pierce knows from experience, the New Hamp shire democracy are strongly tinctured with free soil principles, and that thore is great danger that New Hampshire may be lost should Franklin Pierce prove treacherous to his New Hampshire democratic free soil brethren. In order, therefore, to save the State, he has re solved. as we ltelieve, upon the other extreme ? of treachery to Douglas, Cass and the South ? the very thing which we have all along predicted would 1?e the ease. We have repeated this pro diction from day to day, knowing the hold which the Van Ibirens. the Cochrane*. and thu> whole Buffalo troupe of negro minstrels, have upon tiie administration. When you have a man tied to a contract, in black and white, he may be commaudcd. The New Hampshire election ha* hur ried up the fulfillment of our predic tions much pooner than we had ex pected. The case is pressing. It will not do tor the administration to lose Hampshire a twelve-month alter the inaagnration. Let the ' South be sacrificed ? let DoagUe be eat adrift, let Daw go to the dogs, let the Nebraska bill be tmnk In the Dismal Swamp ? say the Cabinet, ! rather than we should lose New Hampshire. ' An ! between treachery to the South and treach ery to the New Hampshire free Boilers, be it remembered that " a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.'' And so the Cabinet organ > sings the song of democratic harmony to the music of the Evening Pott and the Albany At lat. Every abolitionist, therefore, as well as every free soiler who votes the democratic ticket, is a " good enough Morgan till after the election." We are, however, admonished that this new wire of the Cubinet organ is intended for the benefit of the administration in the South. It may be that this Nebraska bill will hang fire in the House till after the New Hampshire elec tion. la this exigency, should the election be a decided administration triumph, it is suggested to us that it will be used to bolster up the bill in the House; that the result of the struggle is to be construed as an expression of the people of New Hampshire in favor of the bill, and may be conclusive in getting it through. There is no doubt, at all events, that a democratic defeat in New Hamp shire would be regarded in the House as a vote of the people against the Nebraska bill; and it j is not impossible that, after gaining a victory from a general amnesty to the free soilers, ?they, if expedient, may be formally kieked out of the party, to conciliate the South again. They will have been used, and they may be thrown away. But we adhere to the theory that in this am nesty to the free soilers, the administration is returning to first principles ? that the object is to betray the South, and to leawe Cass and Douglas fast in the mire. Hear what dulcet -strains the 'Concord Patriot sings to sweeten the dose to the okl free soil associates of the President in New Hampshire. Say* the Patriot, . speaking of a good free soil democrat: ? He sets that the Vebraxka question, as now before the .^Senate, is supported about equally, and opposed about . ?equally, by w luge aud democrats. He kuuw s not yet in what shape the bill may finally paaa ; and he know* that he has the uoquestioued right to think as he pleases .about this question, without censure or rebuke from this quarter or that. This .measure will not be permitted to diTide the members of Jhe democratic party, any more *hpn the question of granting 160 acrea of land to actual settlers. What a distressing and dirty bit .of special ?pleading for free soil votes is this ! .But we .rather suspect it is dished by the votes -of the two democratic New .Hampshire Senators for the Nebraska bill. The New Hampshire voters may think as they please, so they only vote the administration ticket. So thought Messrs. Wil liams and Norris in voting for Nebraska. What a pleasant compliment is paid to them after having thus voted, in the suggestion of the Cabinet organ that they night have voted ac cording to their own conviations without being turned out of the party ! .Why this information was not given to tham before, we leave to be answered between the South and New Hamp shire. In summing up the issues of this new am nesty to the free soiler? on the Nebraska bill, one of two things is certain : It U either an act of treachery to the free soilers or to the South. One party or the other mast be betrayed, and both may he in the end. If the Nebraska bill is brought to a vote before the New Hampshire eiecuou ur il. u?k, u.. r..ort,i)iniu^ l?* creased that it may be swamped ; if the votv is delayed beyond that election, the result of the election will enable the administration 'to take either side of the question, as the election may go. Pass the bill before the election, and the administration may be blown up in New Hamp shire. Delay it till after the election, and tbe result may be different. We should not be sur prised were the bill held back, nor at all aston ished, (provided the election is anti-administra tion,) if then the House were to kill Nebraska by authority. In the meantime, between supporting Ne braska, cottoning to the South, and juggling with free soilers, the prospect enlarges of swamping the Senate bill, and leaving Doug las and Cass up to their armpits in the quag mire. There is open treachery in this free soil amnesty. Let us see how it will work in New Hampshire, and how it will work in the House. What a happy President, in his day, was Capt. John Tyler 4 Position and Progress op Spiritualism. ? Judge Edmonds is pursuing his triumphant ca reer in the West as the triumphant apostle of the new spiritual religion. His lectures are well attended, and everywhere a strong desire is evinccd b y the public to hear and Investigate the doctrines of which the Judge is at least the John the Baptist if not the Mahomet. So far we imagine that he and his co-epiritualists have every reason to congratulate themselves on the success of their creed. It has procured them no ordinary share of notoriety, and as Judge Ed monds and those lesser though shining lights, Mrs. Fish and her daughters, can testify, has brought them likewise the more substantial benefit of dollars. In this latter re spect, Judge Edmonds and his colaborers differ from the Apostles. We are not led to believe that Peter or Paul charged an entrance fee for t.dmission to their lectures on "the Un known God:" nor does it appear that, beyond the bagatelle of half a dozen wives or so, Ma homet cleared anything worth mentioning by his religious mission. We are more practical in thet-e latter days. Brigham Young's seraglio, according to all accounts, is much better fur- j nithed with female beauties than Mahomet's j was, and besides, he has excellent farms, a snug house, and a variety of other creature comforts, j Mrs. Fish has exchanged a very precarious live lihood at Rochester for the best rooms at hotels, and ha* doubtless a nice balance in some bank er's hands. Judge Edmonds goes through the world preaching the advent of his new reli- j glon to enraptured audiences at a quar ter of a dollar a head; and laying by enough in his western tour to live quietly in communion with the spirits of Socrat.s and Plato for a year or two at least. This is not the only point of difference b .'tween Judge Ed monds and the precursors or apostles of all for mer successful religions. The Judge s>ems to have some very inconsistent and unruly mem bers in his flock. We do not allude to those spiritualists who are amusing Congress in its idle momenta by making Washington, Clay and Calhoun vote on the qnoetions of tho day; they hardly suffer by comparison with the member* u ho vote in person. But when the spirits be gin to infringe the banking laws as they did at Chicago the other day, or pick locks as they tri< d to do here, wo think it is timo to call Judge Edmonds' attention to the fact. After he has done lecturing thj Gentiles, couldn't ho manage to spare time for one short letter to his brethren on that estimable virtue of the old CLrtetian religion ? common honesty? Tm Ga*d?* A Cksn ro? ou88.-' We gave y eater day a briefranmnghis- | tory of the Gardner fraud from its inception i to its fatal termination with the violent Belt murder of the criminal in his cell on Friday last, the day of his conviction and sentence. For the more precise information of our readers, upon the character and pretensions of Gard ner's claim, we copy from the Herald of a year ago a statement of facts from Hon. Henry May , the principal of the government counsel, and the chief of the first government commissioners despatched to Mexico in search of the mine, af ter the claim had been allowed and the money paid out of the Treasury. The following is the substance of Mr. May s opening address to the jury, at the commence ment of the proceedings against Gardner, in the United States Circuit Court at Washington, on the 11th of March, 1853 i He described this a* the boldest, llMMt ' "?c0 cessful scheme of fraud ever perpetrated a^ninat the 1 government. Hie dignity and respectabi My o the Urited State* irovernment, in the eyes of the world, were at "stake oiTthe innue. He Rave a succinct history of the case and then stated wliut the prosecution expected to I frov'e I.r Gardner. In a memorial to the Board of < ^ | niissioaers, stated that early in the year 1844 he was la reel v engajred in mining operations in the State of San i Luis l'otosi Mexico, ?>mployed five hundred laborers, and i had upwards if th^e hiu/dred thousand dollars invested ! establishment, his pro,>ertv having Wn des^Hed Mexican soldiery ; that snid ml?es were worth hall a mil lion and would have yielded him fifty thousand dollars ' wr 'annum The accused Med with this memorial depo I iitiou* purporting to coine from arsons residinu m Mexico iioinit to show that he owned said mine. The I "sue was on the truth or falsity of these a?erl lion. 1 The United States affirmed, and expected to prore, that every ,-tatonient in the memorial, and every paper pre sented hy him, was W^romWn^^l-W tiction and invention. G*rdner received frOm UwUnitod States as the fruits of the fraud, $428,750. lhemine was so vaguely located that it could not bo found by the commissioners, although they offered *600 rewardfor it that i.ervms whose names were furnished as evidence oT title eouW not be found in Mexico : that every ??? of tbe dei ositicos was made In Washington , tiie title was manufactured here; that Pr. Gardner wajr . ipoor -dentist and never could have worked such a mhie ?? J" tcribed ? that he was practising dentistry and peddling small wares on the l'aclttc coast, hundreds or thousands of miles distant, instead ; that the mine, the title, tb . seals and signatures of public officers In Mecioo, were all forged. < Now. since the verdict of the jury and the sentence of the court, the question arises, would this young man Gardner, or could he, single handed, have ventured upon a fraud of such gigantic dimensions, and requiring the mass and the variety of legal papers, -vouchers, re cords and evidence, which this case called for to make it even ;plausible before the most stupid l oard of commissioners in the world? No. Had. he possessed the .confidence to undertake the tack alone he had not the legal experience and knowledge necessary to make out his pa pers. He was not a lawyer, nor, had he been a lawyer, could he, without the aid of other law yers, have provided against all the salient points of dotection which a fraud so naked and bold required to be guarded. The inference, there fore, is j>erfectly rational that Gardner had the aid of older and keener legal heads than his own in .making out his case. In addition to this, he had contingent advances of money made him in advance of his award, which, to gether witii the manufacture of his papers, form a proper subject for a searching investigation by a committee of Congress. . We have been informed that an equally fla grant imposition as this of Gardner was per petrated upon the treasury under an award from the same Board of Commissioners to a certain Dr. Meiere, an adventurer of the same school as Gardner, and a friend of his in Mexico. Meiere s claim was for losses incurred tu lue "f ul- "??**? - e"nai : silver mine, in a part of Mexico where no quicksilver has ever been found. With the aid of Gardner and his allies, however, Meiere obtained an award of $153,000 indemnity. Poor Gardner is said to have got a large fee for his services; but, with the bulk of the money, Meiere decamped again to Mexico, to enjoy it beyond* the reach of the law. He was seen about two years ago by a gentleman from the United States, and being informed that there was an indictment out against him for his fraud he coolly replied, "Well, I have got the money, catch me if you can; and when you get back to Washington tel Uncle Sam, with my com pliments, he is a d d old fool, and may go to the devil." Meiere was like Joe Bagstock? he knew "what he was about. Let him alone. You don't catch Joey B." But how arc we to account for this fatuity of Gardner in waiting upon bail a three years prosecution except upon this ground: his counsel and agents were among the most prominent men in the country ; they had shared in the spoils; and between bis money and their influence he must escape. Upon no other hypothesis can we account for his hardi hood through all this lengthened and threaten ing prosecution. Has the man who applied the match been destfoyed, while they who furnished the ammunition and prepared the infernal ma chine hare escaped to reve^in their share of the booty? Let Congress appoint a competent committee of investigation, with power to send of prersons and papers. Public justice, public morality, and public opinion, demand it. The Recent German Anti-Slavery Meet ing ? Qukkr PROCEEDiNas.-r-We suspect that our excellent friends the Germans, who have j hardly bad time to get over the excitement into which Bedini threw them, did not clcarly un derstand the object of the meeting at Washing- . ton Hall on Friday. We are more than half inclined to believe that they took it for an I anti-Maine law meeting. The most prominent j banner at the meeting was one inscribed " No ! Maine liquor law;" and the conduct and de- j mennor of the audience showed clearly that, whatever their opinions on the Nebraska ques- i tion, they were dead against any interference with their liquor. The Germans, as a general rule, very wisely let the negro question alone ; while, on the other hand, they are faithM to their hereditary traditions in the matter of lager bier and grog. If the truth were known, we shrewdly suspect that the resolutions which, in the language of the reporter, were "received with hearty applause and adopted by acclama tion" were understood by five-sixths present to be a protest against the Maine law. Organized Incendiarism ? Startling Disclo sures in Brooklyn. ? The evidence of Patrick Cavanagh, before the Mayor of Brooklyn, pub lished in yesterday's Herald, throws a good : deal of light on the destruction of property by fires in that city. Cavanagh swears that he was j hired by John McCarty. the owner of two houses in Brooklyn, to set fire to them for the purpose 1 of obtaining the amount of the insurance he had , cfl'ccted. and gives a minute description of the means to be employed for the purpose. We fan- ; cy that similar cases occur oftener here than in Brooklyn, and recommend our police officers to turn their attention to the subject. The insu rance is not always the object sought by the in cendiary: the herds of rowdies who are always to be found at fires, and are so exceedingly active in helping the householder to carry away his fur- j niture, are probably more frequently concerned in fires than the proprietors of bouses. We are . thoroughly convinced that a very large propor- , tion of our ires arise from this cause. A core might be expected from greater vigilance on the part of the police, and a more searching inquiry into the cause of each fire by the civic authorities and insurance offices. The Women's Rights Movement.? We begin to think we have laughed long enough at the follies of the females who are carrying on the woman's rights movement in this country. Barely a couple of hundred in number, this de voted band of ladies have managed to keep public attention riveted upou them for some years, and have degraded the name of Ameri can woman throughout the world. The good nature of editors and a false feeling of gallan- j try among a majority of the rougher sex have suggested a smile where a frown would have been better suited to the case: and the women's rights advocates, flattered by finding them selves so conspicuous, and nurturing the grati fying belief that they were martyrs to the cause of human progress, have grown in bold ness as time passed over, and arc now actually engaged in bearding the Legisla ture at Albany. It is time that this delusion should be dispelled. We have never seen a paper or heard a speech from a woman's rights woman that would have been entitled to the slightest notice had it been uttered by a man ; and by far the bulk of the performances ac credited to the priestesses of the woman's rights creed would have created inextinguishable mer riment had it been possible to trace their pom pous absurdities and inflated verbiage to a legi timate wearer of the breeches. If in fact we were to judge the question by the share of in tellect displayed by the females in this contro versy, no one could hesitate in pronouncing our present social system as by far too liberal to the sex. The ladies however have not con tented themselves with talking nonsense in words a yard long. They have organized themselves into revolutionary committees, gabbled by the hour upon the best means of disturbing the public peace, shocked the modesty of their sisters by assuming male garments, and in very many in stances abandoned husband and children for the sake of their favorite chimera. Now this sort of thing has lasted quite as long as is fit or proper. We have no wish to interfere with the liberty of the subject, but we do think that these ladies, their families, their sex, and the community at large would be benefitted if means were taken to put a stop to any further exhibitions such as those to which we refer. Of course, in view of the past, but one means of attaining this end can be suggested. The women's rights advocates must be treated as lunatics, and confined in an asylum. The peculiar form in which the ma lady has assailed them entitles them to a sepa ration from ordinary insane patients: the Le gislature at Albany should appropriate a special building for their accommodation. A skilful phy sician would readily devise a course of treat ment, suited to the features of each case. Some might try the cold water system, with every prospect of success; mental employment might cure others; and many would doubtless improve if a humane delusion were practised on them, leading them to believe that matrimony was not utterly hopeless. Low diet and active exercise in the open air might we think be serviceable to most: and relief might likewise be geirernnj Mpww* pubory nursing, for which babies could be readily hired in the neighborhood. Under the application of these means, we think these poor creatures might soon be restored to health and sanity. We strongly recommend the subject to the Legislature. They need be under no apprehen sion as to the cost of the building for the a*y lum. For as soon as the female patients were cured, the wards might be converted into an asylum for the reception of male lunatics of the same character, suoh as abolitionists, spiritu alists, See., and would be very likely to remain a permanent institution. The Present Condition of our Streets. ? We appeal to that portion of oar citizens who have been able to get the mud out of their eyes to wake up and view the aspect which the city now prefients, and also to consider the result of such a state of things which experience teaches us are inevitable. The surface of the island is covered with an alluvial deposit varying in depth from one to six inches. An analysis of this deposit will give a large per centage of vegetable matter, in various stages of decomposition. The pro cess is rapid ? the atmosphere is impregnated by noxious gases ? pestilence stalks in our midst ? it slays its tens of thousands. The peo ple bow to what they call the will of "Divine Providence." They forget that this same power has given them the means to prevent the slaughter. No sane man can doubt that our mortality bills are swelled by the nasty condition in which we live ? no, vegetate. The men trot about the street with mud up to their knees; the women who are brave enough to venture out find that even long boots will not protect them from the incursions of the samo monster, mud. Mud in the parlor ? mud in the hall ? mud on the sidewalk ? mud on the clothes? mud in the eyes ? mud in the stage ? mud in the cars ? mud in the theatres ? mud on the breakfast table ? mud in the saloons ? iu fact, a great sea of mud threatens to envelope us all, and send the island of Manhattan to look after the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. We opine that if seven just men were necessary to save us the candidates from City Hall would receive a severe black-mud-balling. The people stand viewing the great lakes of mud ? tbey see daily swamping* and adventure 4 more perilous than those of Captain Cook of Otahcitan memory ? and they are idle. What is to be dene f Let us see. A meeting was called to be holden in the Park yesterday afternoon, at which time the citizens could agree upon some measures for relief. But such was the state of the weather and the nasty condition of the streets, and even I of the Park itself, that nothing like a mass, ! meeting could be got together on such short ! notice. It is now proposed that this meeting shall be holden on Monday afternoon, (6th.) We again appeal to the people to use this legiti- j mate and constitutional means to obtain their I riglitr ? to secure clean and well-lighted streets ! Tlicy may meet and appoint committees of i safety with full power to act for tlu'tn. The , m< mont these committees go to work the citizens will be in a fair way to bring about the accomplishment of their (tatfres. The salvation of the city, the health of its citi zens, and the commerce of its merchants, de pend upon the prompt action of thf people at this crisis. We know that Philadelphia mer chants have sent circulars to Western and Southern trader*, informing them of the pre tent condition of this unhappy community, an<? I warning them that if they cone to Now York f to buy goods their lives are in danger. This has already affected oar trade, and it is hat the beginning of the end ? Tbufl bad begin*, but worie remains behind I It is useless to look to the municipal authori ties for aid. They are " authorities" without any authority at all. Nobody has a right to command anybody. Everybody is at the "head of a bureau." The Mayor can do nothing ? the Aldermen can do nothing ? the reform Councilmen confine themselves to the 'discus sion of points of order and oysters on the half shell ? and it seems that our Bystem of govern- ' ment is artfully contrived to defeat the very < ends which it should bring about. This is the plain state of the case, and we say S again, it must go to the people ? the people ? f the people ! The people are always right when they go to work calmly and deliberately to re form great nuisances. When the popular sen timent is once aroused it sweeps away all obstacles, and rushes on like a mighty current,, cleansing and purifying everything in its , course. ? The way having been pointed out, we trust the people will come forward and go to work ' at once. The summer approaches ? think of the 1 cholera ? think of fevers ? think of your com merce ? think of the civic honor ? and clean the streets ! Anti-Slavery Movements. ? We understand that a new anti-slavery movement is about to be set on foot in this city, and that it will con trive to combine literature with abolition..^ Senator Cooley we understand is to preside i over the organization, and several literary men | have premised their valuable aid, assistance and $ upport. We understand also that the Hem. f John A. Dix has written three letters givinghis ' reasons for opposing the Kansas-Nei.raaka bill ; | which letters are not to be published until cer tain significant events occur at Washington^ We are at loss to understand this discretion on ; the part of Mr. Dix and his ???respondents, and ; wonder the letters have not yet appeared in | print. Hitherto, the politicians have allowed ! themselves to be eclipsed by the social revolu tionaries in this Nebraska business ; they have , some leeway to make up before they can com pete with Mrs. Stowe, Rev. Theodore Parker; < William Lloyd Garrison and Henry Ward Beecher. Public Lands.? The lobby of Congress is swarm- j | ing with hungry speculators, anxious to get a good slice of Uncle Sam's vast domain. All sorts of rail* ; road projects are presented, and various contem- : plated improvements made np, for the purpose of i getting grants of land ranging from fifteen to thirty) miles in width, and from one hundred to one thousand miles in length, direct from Congress. There ara already applicants enough to use up all the public lands belonging to the government, in every one of ! the Western States. These cormorants are not sa tisfied to let the grants of lands in aid of the con- " st ruction of railroads pass through the regular chan nels? the State governments ? for they know that all the swindling concerns got up merely for obtaining* land would find no favor with the State authorities, ' and the opportunity for making a great haul itould be tflittle value. Their applications are therefore dirflt to Congress. The right of Congress to grant - public lands direct to railroad companies has very justly been questioned, and we have not on record it ' precedent in favor of such grants. The President pret ty clearly defined his position on this subject in his last v message to Congress, in alluding to the construction v ? rmao* nttuiuaa , ,obb ^ erce can be created to carry any of the buis now oe oie Congress through, we have no doubt the Presi dent will interpose his veto. If not, the door is opened for all time, so long as there is an acre of oof w | public domain left for outside speculators to enter and help themselves. The proposition now before Congress, to grant all the public lands within the imits of the States to the government of each, for aiding the construction of railroads and other pnblio improvements, is the only sound and sensible one. Such grants have been made before, and should, in justice to the new States, be made again. The State authorities are the best judges of the character and Importance of any contemplated work, and can there- ' fore aid it or not, understanding^. We trust, there fore that Congress will place any distribution where it justly belongs ? in the hands of State legislatures. Marine Affairs. Tm SmtMsiur Baltic, Capt. Comstock, left at twelve o'clock yesterday for Liverpool, with one hundred and sixteen passengers. Th* Steamship Northern Light, Capt. Churchill, left yesterday for San Juan, Nicaragua, with a large number of passengers bound to California. TBS New Stum ship Cub Morgan, Capt. Forbes, intend ed for the mail service in the Gulf of Mexico, departed yesterday for New Orleans, to take her place in Harris & Morgan's tine. Quick Trip of tot Piiotboat Geo. Snows.? The follow ing is extracted from a letter dated Omoa, Honduras, Jan. 21, 1854. The Geo. Steer* arrived here yesterday, haying made the passage from New York in thirteen days twenty hours. We sailed by everything we saw, had forty-eight hours calm, and made the shortest passage on record by lone odds. To th* Fnrro* of th* Nsw York Hkiuld? Ihar fin ? Under the head of "Maritime Intelligence" in your paper of 2d inst., appears a notice to this effect : " Ibe revenue cutter Forward was run into at Lewes, Tel., during tho storm of 20th ult., by steamtag Thun derbolt, and nas so badly injured that she will nave to proceed to Philadelphia for repairs." This statement is totally incorrect, as an account of the circumstance will convince you. On the occasion above referred to, the steaintug waa lying at anchor about half n mile to leeward of the cutter. At the height of the gale, the cutter dragged her anchor and drifted directly athwart the steamer's bow, and the damage sustained was en tirely owing to the carelessness of her officers, who ne glecting to have h er sufficiently moored. ' The damage would have been infinitely greater, and the cutter priibibly sunk but for the exertions of the officers anil en w of the Thunderbolt. As the notice referred to will have s tendency to retlect against the character of the officers of the stcamtug. will you please publish this statement in vindication. Yours, truly, JAS. J. MASON, Master steamtug Thunderbolt. Philadelphia, March 3, 1851. So paragraph eomplnined of was extracted from a delphia pa | er. ? I d. N. Y. Hsraid.] Court of General Sessions. By the politeness of Mr. John H. Whitmore, the efficient clerk of the City Frlson. we give below the calendar of I risoners for General Sessions, for March term: Grand larceny 20 Arson 1 eliciting emigrant pas- Disorderly house 1 sengers without license 2 filing obscene prints. ... 1( False pretences 4 Malicious mischief. .... ,. 1 Burglary 5 Bigamy 1 Murder 7 Attempt to kill 2 Acc^isory to murder 2 Robbery 1, Manslaughter 1 Kmhczelment 1 Forgery 1 * ? Abandonment 3 Total 51 Felonious nssaut k bat'ry 2 Common Plea*? OenersU Term. DECISIONS. KeloUat tut. Murphy and olkert. ? Dait, J.? 'In an action hy ti e landlord to recover the possession of the premises leased, for a breech On the part of the tenant of a covenant to ir.su re. a neglect of the tenant to insure for fourteen davs from the commencement of the term, is a breach. An insurance effected on the premises by a sub tenant in his own nnme, is not a compliance with the covenant on the part of tenant to keeji the premises insured for the, benefit of the landlord, thero being no privity between the landlord and the sub-tenant, ana the insurance effect ed by him not being available to the landlord. Stgfte tt. Dntkrr. ? Woodbcff, J. ? Where an execution was levied on pioierty of a defendant, in execution, and a third person, on consideration that the defendant in exe cution will sban< on the levy, promises, by parol, to pay the judgment debt, such promise is void under the statuto of fiau< s. In p declaration Bpon such promise it is not nrcese?rv to aver that the promise is in writing. The statue or fniiids has Introduced a Hill of evidence and not am wrote of 1 1" ding, and a denvirrer to such a declaration oi thut ground cannot be sustained. Dnr'i n<)/< n itntl Jacl ??*. MrCnnn ? I no Kara V, J.? A peiol promise to pav for work contracted for by a third patty, made after the performance of the work, is void under the siatute of frauds. A promise to pay for worlf and materials ordered by a third person, which the plain tiff referred to declines on hts credit, and which he afterwards <Vlivercd on the credit of the part* pro mising. if mlidl T S Ktrr w. Ricr ? Inoraha*. ,! Vo notice is necessary of i the intention to examine the assignor as a witness, ?*?