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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 05, 1854, Image 4

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TERMS, eaih in advance.
Th rr/JLY HERALD 2 cenf per ?w>y-?7 per annum.
THE WEEKLY HERALD every Sa/lg&ir. ?f ?* <"'**>
1 ii y, or $3 per a mm mi. the European h'tttt-m W per an
num. to oi.vf.'irtaf l./?U a?d*5 to any part Oj the
l il of nci'A t? iticludt pottage
ALL LETTERS by mail far Subtertmtioru nr mtk advcr- i
t nli to be poet pah , or the po,ta?e mil b deducted from ?
**jVo' v'o 7'JC 1" 'tc ke r of at.onymout commun'cation . Wt do*.
not r?<?m fA<w# rejected. __
Tolnuit MX
BOWERY TIIEATRF, Bowery? Cwci,? Tom'i Cms.,
BROADWAY THEATRE llroaUwa. ? Mv Young *
AMI A. OLD I'klkKUA- Midhummic ... Nisht'* Dri ah.
Bl'RTON'8 TI1EATRB. Chamter? ?lr?et ? A Mid? cnnl
Niuu. ? UmtAM? Wanted, a Tiiui iaku Milline u
NATIONAL THEATRE, CbtihiB street ? A Awnnm .
Six 1-LOi 1.19 or Ckih*? Evening, L'm:le Tum i
WALLACE'S TBEATRE? Broadway? Lov* rcifc Lav* ?
Tin. i. . u Cvfts.
AMERICAN Ml'SEl U ? Aftenu-on, Si* D nun or
CkiMB? Evcuisf , Tuk Oui Uucw-tuv.
BROADWAY MEN AUEKlfi ? Wlmfi'tia* kn?-Mia
vera I.auv am) Living TkAWM Aximali.
way ? ElMloriAN HtUIUli IVl'HUIITT't Mj.mthii.
WOOD ? MINSTRELS, Wo?"? Miostrel Halt. Ml Uroad
*t] ? ETH?Or>A> UlMTKIMV.
la* h Btuiopean Oi*?wa T?ovrc.
BANVIKD'S GEOBAMA iJG Broadway? Pi nir aha or
rut lluu Land.
I HEMS1I GALLERY, ?S liruadway ? Day and Night.
?IGNVR BLITiS SlufTBAiiT Institute, SS9 Broad
? ay . _
? WCE.E WORLD ? 577 and 379 Broadway? Afternour
a>.>i EvMiing.
lltw York, Sandny, March 5,
HID! WIT)!! HID!!!
"Wo the Proplr of New York Oly.
Many sensible ptopAt have arrived at the coiicIh
sion that some radical change in the municipal g?v
? ?rnmtiit of this city i*. indispensable. It is a neces
sity. The people have uothing to hope fur from the
present city government. It is necessary, then, that
the jieople should take the matter into their own
hands. It is, therefore, recommended that the peo
ple of New York do assemble in the Park cn Mon
day afternoon, at four o'clock, to consider the pro
tent state of affairs, ami to take snch preliminary
measures as will lead to a renovation of the city, and
make it as distinguished for clean and welll-Iighted
streets, as it. now is for liberality, wealth, and com
merce. To the Park !
The New*.
A very full account of all the circumstances con
nected with the fatal steam-boiler explosion in the
ear factory of Messrs. Fayle & Gray, of Hartford,
Oonn., is published elsewhere. Our reporters have
furnished a description of the building, revised lists
of the killed and wounded, the testimony taken at
the Coroner's inquest, and a painfully accurate
statement of the scene at the rpins. It is thought
that the sudden pouring of cold water upon the
heated metal of a new boiler, by the deceased engi
neer, McCune, generated an amount of gas jvhich
caused the boiler to explode. Measures have been
taken by the citizens of Hartford for the relief of
UDe wiuuna oiiu vi ui uic vtvt4ui ? n;3u?...
persons are known to have been killed, and over
thirty wounded, either severely or slightly. Oue of
our special reporters is still at the scene of the catas
We elsewhere publish some additional and very
interesting particulars concerning the melancholy
fete of Dr. Gardner, who was last Friday pro
nounced guilty of perjury, and sentenced to ten
yeers imprisonment in the penitentiary, the pro
nunciation of which startling announcement he
survived but a brief period. The general supposi
tion is that he committed suicide by swallowing j
strychnine; in confirmation of which belief his body '
is reported to have so completely altered in appear- ,
ance that his most intimate friends could not 1
have recognized it. He laid in convulsions for
three hours, being conscious at intervals, and
declaring that he was innocent of the crime.
The cause of his terrible finale was a demand upon
the government for $700,000 for the loss of his al
leged silver mines in Mexico, and on which claim he
was awarded $428,740. The Doctor's brother, Chas.
K. Gardner, is said to be extremely ill.
Owing to the great length to which the United
States Senate protracted its session, we were un
able to procure the closing proceedings in season
for a large portion ot yesterday's edition of the
Hf.kai.p. We to-day publish the continuation of
the very warm and exciting debate between Messrs.
Douglas, Chase and others, together with the vote
on the final passage of the Nebraska-Kansas bill.
It is a somewhat singular circumstance that at the
hour the vote was taken, (five o'clock in the morn
ing,) the Senate precisely one year before was en
gaged in discussing the measure, which was de
feated, for the organization of the Territory of
Nebraska. The House adjourned from Friday till
to-morrow, and the Senate till Tuesday.
Special attention is directed to the spicy tele
graphic despatch from Washington relative to the
Nebraska question; also, to the peculiar letter from
the " Man Wot Nominated Gen. Pierce."
Hon. Geo. E. Pugh has received the caucus nomi.
nation for United States Senator of the demo
cratic members of the Ohio Legislature. He is a
popular young lawyer, a progressive democrat, and j
a favorite among the inaases. He will succecd
Senator Chase, who was elected by a coalition of
democrats and f'reesoil votes, and whose term ex
pires next March.
The steamship Empire City arrived last evening
from Aspinwall, with the California mails of the 1st
nit., and later news from Central and South America
and the British West India* The intelligence rela
tive to the progress of the American, English awl
French Darien Surveying Expeditions, will attraot
the attention of all who take an interest in the de"
velopement of the extraordinary resourced of this
Fast continent Although the different parties seem
to agree n the opinion that the route is impractica
ble for a canal, and the exact object of their mission
has proved of no benefit, their notes contain a va
riety of useful and instructive, combined with ro
mantic and curious, information.
We have files of Jamaica papers to the 26th nit*
Cholera had re-appeared at Kingston. It first
showed itself in the Lunatic Asylum, and of a very
fatal type. Two or three persons were also taken
ill in the public hospital ,and seventeen deaths had oc
curred in both institutions up to the last date. It
was thought that a sailor from a Halifax vessel had
communicated the disease. The " Responsible Gov
ernment bill" was in Committee of the House of As
sembly. The taxation plan, in force on the Island,
and t lie rate of import duties, will be somewhat af
fected by this measure. The Rev. Samuel O Ugh ton,
pastor of a Baptist church, had had serious differ
ences with bis congregation, and the chapel was
closed. R.C.Thompson, an eminent merchant of*
Kingston, had died. The weather was very fine.
D&ti s from Belize (Honduras) comc to the lath
ult. Cholera had almost disappeared. Isabel and
Sun Thymus had been visited by the epidemic. Tiie
steamer which reached Kingston from Belize
JttpngLt a uctachniciit of Biitiali artillery, and had a
Ja:gt si ni in gold on freight.
Tl e wheels of legislation are still revolving very
slowly, notwithstanding that the last half of the
aufciou is fast wilting away. The Senate yesterday
pared a. Mfi V> increase the number mfrjN^UJlu
IHiblic jnd OOmnrfi^onerB of DeedB la this cttj?
forty ' / the former and seventy-five of the Utter.
Kotk * was g*en of a bill to provide for the tuition
?nd imppdTt of the indigent blind persona in
the JJ?rw Y?rk Institution. Senators conti
nr * exceedingly suspicion* that al. m not
' I yiA respecting the offlcia' ? onduo . of the
fc.De ?dcmo<fiivfic State officers. They have instructed
the special committee on the subject to report
whether the late Auditor did pay out moneys con
trary to>4aw. After a long debate, the original reso
lutions for the amendment of the constitution, so as
%o provide for the punifehmeift of persons found
guilty of bribery or being bribed at elections, were
ordered to be en grossed.
The great feature of the day in the Assembly yes
terday. was the introduction of a preamble *nd reso
lution bewailing the udoption of the Nebraska
Kansas bill by the United States Senate. It is de
clared that the time has come when it is necessary
to talie action for the preservation of the very erist
1 cncc of freedom itself; and the several States and
Territories are, therefore, erjoined to send delegates,
at? many as they have representatives in the national
Corgress, to a Council of Freedom, to be held in
Albany on the 19th of nest April.
In addition to a variety of interesting information
?wilh repaid to State .politics and business in the
legislature, our Albany despatch contain* the bill
far clouting a Board of ?Commissioner for making
estimates and assessments for opening, widening
and otherwise improving our streets. It was this
-measure, it will l*? recollected, which induced the
?ComuM n Council to send a special delegation to
Albany to protest against any action on the subject,
for the reason thai they considered tfce matter as
belonging exclusivcly to the city fathers. Not being
able to arrive at any definite conclusion as to the
exact object of their mission, the Council Com
mittee very wisely resolved to return heme yester
day afternoon.
The committee of tho Maryland Senate have una
nimously reported against the proposed prohibitory
liquor bill, and there is consequently no chance for
its passage. Owing to the remarkable procrastina
tion of the Legislature of this State^upon the subject
the friends of the Maine law arc beginning
to despair of its adoption at this session. Although
it is an admitted fact on all sides that everything
has been said that can be said with regard to the
matter, the members of tftie Senate continue to de
bate the question from day to day , apparently for
no other purpose than ta.avoid taking the^nal vote
and tires sealing their political fate, for good or evil,
for years to come. Instead of imitating the ex
ample of the dodgers on the Nebraska question in
the United States Senate, they should boldly face
the music at once.
Great excitement was produced in Rome yester
day morning, by the .discovery of several dissected
bodies in the Medical Institute, while the firemen
were engaged in extinguishing Uames that had been
kindled by an unknown female. The people became
greatly amazed, hurling the remains from the win
dows, and threatening the members of the Institute.
After much difficulty the police succeeded in res
toring order.
A .middle aged woman, calling herself Mrs. Har
rison,. whose husband is supposed to have deserted
her, voluntarily starved herself until she died, at
Hartford yesterday.
According to the official report ef the City In
spector, the total mortality of the past was the same
as on the preceding week? being four hundred and
eighty-four? and what is also quite remarkable, is
the renouncement that twenty-seven persons died of
t mallpox in each week. Among the chief causes ot
death we notice that consumption swept of 63, be
ing a decrease of 10 ; convulsions, 48; croup, 19;
congestions, 1?; dropsies, 31 ; fevers, 31 .cases, ol
which 14 were scarlet; inflammations, 50.; anaraa
mus 24; premature births and still-born, S!J. 01
"he "deceased there were natives oi mc unweu
States 31.1? only nine more than the number ol
children who died; Ireland, 94; Germany, 40, and
England, 15.
Advices from Rio Janeiro to January 17, state j
that coffee was Ann. but that the stock had accumu
lated and prices receded.
The dense fog in which this section of the coun
' try was almost continually enveloped for the forty
eight hours previous to last evening, when the mist
disappeared and the sky became clear, no doubt
greatly retards the arrival of a large number of
vessels which are fully due at this port. ?e"cr?w
steamship Glasgow, from Glasgow on the 15th ult.,
did not arrive till last night. She brought no news
whatever, although she left one day after the Andes.
The Nashville, from Havre, via Southampton, on the
15th, with one day later European news, had not ar
rived at three o'clock this morning. The Alps, from
Liverpool on the 18th ult. for Boston, has been out
nearly fifteen days. The Atlantic, with Liverpool
and London dates to the 22d, is about due, and the
Asia, with advices to the 25th, will be due at HaL
fax to-morrow or the day after. The Atlantic wUl
most likely reach port in season to enable ua to pul|
lish her news in to-morrow's edition.
Ntbruka and the New Hampshire Election?
The Administration Clawing off.
On the fourteenth day of this month an elec
tion comes off" in New Hampshire for Governor,
Senator, State and County officers. The whigs,
seizing hold of the Nebraska question, have
taken the field with unusual spirit, and are
prosecuting the campaign against the adminis
tration party with an energy which has pro
digiously frightened the Cabinet, the Cabinet
organ and the President ; and so they are back
ing out from Douglas and clawing off from Ne
braska as fast as a terrapin with a coal of lire
on his back.
Tha Washington Union of yesterday, after
having made Nebraska the shibboleth of the
party for a whole fortnight, declares explicitly
that it does not regard the support of the Ne
braska bill as a test of democracy, or opposi
tion to that bill as antagonistic to the adminis
tration. Elegant! Our telegraphic advices sug
gest that this beautiful concession to the
free Foilors is due to the management of
John Van Buren at Washington ? that the con
dition of the softs in the House, for voting <
for Nicholson as their Printer, was that >
the administration should formally concede j
to the free soilers the largest liberty upon the I
Nebraska question. In other words, according
to our information in the premises, the princi
ple was sold for the spoils. The administration
sold out its right, title and interest in Nebraska
for the free soil democratic votes of the House
for Printer.
Our own opinion, however, is that General
Pierce knows from experience, the New Hamp
shire democracy are strongly tinctured with
free soil principles, and that thore is great
danger that New Hampshire may be lost should
Franklin Pierce prove treacherous to his New
Hampshire democratic free soil brethren. In
order, therefore, to save the State, he has re
solved. as we ltelieve, upon the other extreme ? of
treachery to Douglas, Cass and the South ? the
very thing which we have all along predicted
would 1?e the ease. We have repeated this pro
diction from day to day, knowing the hold
which the Van Ibirens. the Cochrane*. and thu>
whole Buffalo troupe of negro minstrels, have
upon tiie administration. When you have a
man tied to a contract, in black and white, he
may be commaudcd.
The New Hampshire election ha* hur
ried up the fulfillment of our predic
tions much pooner than we had ex
pected. The case is pressing. It will not do
tor the administration to lose Hampshire a
twelve-month alter the inaagnration. Let the '
South be sacrificed ? let DoagUe be eat adrift,
let Daw go to the dogs, let the Nebraska bill be
tmnk In the Dismal Swamp ? say the Cabinet, !
rather than we should lose New Hampshire. '
An ! between treachery to the South and treach
ery to the New Hampshire free Boilers, be it
remembered that " a bird in the hand is worth
two in the bush.'' And so the Cabinet organ >
sings the song of democratic harmony to the
music of the Evening Pott and the Albany At
lat. Every abolitionist, therefore, as well as
every free soiler who votes the democratic
ticket, is a " good enough Morgan till after the
We are, however, admonished that this new
wire of the Cubinet organ is intended for the
benefit of the administration in the South. It
may be that this Nebraska bill will hang fire in
the House till after the New Hampshire elec
tion. la this exigency, should the election be a
decided administration triumph, it is suggested
to us that it will be used to bolster up the bill
in the House; that the result of the struggle is
to be construed as an expression of the
people of New Hampshire in favor of the
bill, and may be conclusive in getting
it through. There is no doubt, at all
events, that a democratic defeat in New Hamp
shire would be regarded in the House as a vote
of the people against the Nebraska bill; and it
j is not impossible that, after gaining a victory
from a general amnesty to the free soilers,
?they, if expedient, may be formally kieked out
of the party, to conciliate the South again.
They will have been used, and they may be
thrown away.
But we adhere to the theory that in this am
nesty to the free soilers, the administration is
returning to first principles ? that the object is
to betray the South, and to leawe Cass and
Douglas fast in the mire. Hear what dulcet
-strains the 'Concord Patriot sings to sweeten
the dose to the okl free soil associates of the
President in New Hampshire. Say* the Patriot,
. speaking of a good free soil democrat: ?
He sets that the Vebraxka question, as now before the
.^Senate, is supported about equally, and opposed about
. ?equally, by w luge aud democrats. He kuuw s not yet in
what shape the bill may finally paaa ; and he know* that
he has the uoquestioued right to think as he pleases
.about this question, without censure or rebuke from this
quarter or that. This .measure will not be permitted to
diTide the members of Jhe democratic party, any more
*hpn the question of granting 160 acrea of land to actual
What a distressing and dirty bit .of special
?pleading for free soil votes is this ! .But we
.rather suspect it is dished by the votes -of the
two democratic New .Hampshire Senators for
the Nebraska bill. The New Hampshire voters
may think as they please, so they only vote the
administration ticket. So thought Messrs. Wil
liams and Norris in voting for Nebraska. What
a pleasant compliment is paid to them after
having thus voted, in the suggestion of the
Cabinet organ that they night have voted ac
cording to their own conviations without being
turned out of the party ! .Why this information
was not given to tham before, we leave to be
answered between the South and New Hamp
In summing up the issues of this new am
nesty to the free soiler? on the Nebraska bill,
one of two things is certain : It U either an act
of treachery to the free soilers or to the South.
One party or the other mast be betrayed, and
both may he in the end. If the Nebraska bill is
brought to a vote before the New Hampshire
eiecuou ur il. u?k, u.. r..ort,i)iniu^ l?*
creased that it may be swamped ; if the votv
is delayed beyond that election, the result of the
election will enable the administration 'to take
either side of the question, as the election may
go. Pass the bill before the election, and the
administration may be blown up in New Hamp
shire. Delay it till after the election, and tbe
result may be different. We should not be sur
prised were the bill held back, nor at all aston
ished, (provided the election is anti-administra
tion,) if then the House were to kill Nebraska
by authority.
In the meantime, between supporting Ne
braska, cottoning to the South, and juggling
with free soilers, the prospect enlarges of
swamping the Senate bill, and leaving Doug
las and Cass up to their armpits in the quag
mire. There is open treachery in this free soil
amnesty. Let us see how it will work in New
Hampshire, and how it will work in the House.
What a happy President, in his day, was Capt.
John Tyler 4
Position and Progress op Spiritualism. ?
Judge Edmonds is pursuing his triumphant ca
reer in the West as the triumphant apostle of
the new spiritual religion. His lectures are
well attended, and everywhere a strong desire
is evinccd b y the public to hear and Investigate
the doctrines of which the Judge is at least the
John the Baptist if not the Mahomet. So far
we imagine that he and his co-epiritualists have
every reason to congratulate themselves on the
success of their creed. It has procured them no
ordinary share of notoriety, and as Judge Ed
monds and those lesser though shining lights,
Mrs. Fish and her daughters, can testify, has
brought them likewise the more substantial
benefit of dollars. In this latter re
spect, Judge Edmonds and his colaborers
differ from the Apostles. We are not led to
believe that Peter or Paul charged an entrance
fee for t.dmission to their lectures on "the Un
known God:" nor does it appear that, beyond
the bagatelle of half a dozen wives or so, Ma
homet cleared anything worth mentioning by
his religious mission. We are more practical
in thet-e latter days. Brigham Young's seraglio,
according to all accounts, is much better fur- j
nithed with female beauties than Mahomet's j
was, and besides, he has excellent farms, a snug
house, and a variety of other creature comforts, j
Mrs. Fish has exchanged a very precarious live
lihood at Rochester for the best rooms at hotels,
and ha* doubtless a nice balance in some bank
er's hands. Judge Edmonds goes through the
world preaching the advent of his new reli- j
glon to enraptured audiences at a quar
ter of a dollar a head; and laying by
enough in his western tour to live quietly in
communion with the spirits of Socrat.s and
Plato for a year or two at least. This is not
the only point of difference b .'tween Judge Ed
monds and the precursors or apostles of all for
mer successful religions. The Judge s>ems to
have some very inconsistent and unruly mem
bers in his flock. We do not allude to those
spiritualists who are amusing Congress in its
idle momenta by making Washington, Clay and
Calhoun vote on the qnoetions of tho day; they
hardly suffer by comparison with the member*
u ho vote in person. But when the spirits be
gin to infringe the banking laws as they did at
Chicago the other day, or pick locks as they
tri< d to do here, wo think it is timo to call
Judge Edmonds' attention to the fact. After
he has done lecturing thj Gentiles, couldn't ho
manage to spare time for one short letter to
his brethren on that estimable virtue of the old
CLrtetian religion ? common honesty?
Tm Ga*d?* A Cksn ro?
ou88.-' We gave y eater day a briefranmnghis- |
tory of the Gardner fraud from its inception i
to its fatal termination with the violent Belt
murder of the criminal in his cell on Friday
last, the day of his conviction and sentence.
For the more precise information of our readers,
upon the character and pretensions of Gard
ner's claim, we copy from the Herald of a year
ago a statement of facts from Hon. Henry May ,
the principal of the government counsel, and
the chief of the first government commissioners
despatched to Mexico in search of the mine, af
ter the claim had been allowed and the money
paid out of the Treasury.
The following is the substance of Mr. May s
opening address to the jury, at the commence
ment of the proceedings against Gardner, in the
United States Circuit Court at Washington, on
the 11th of March, 1853
i He described this a* the boldest, llMMt ' "?c0
cessful scheme of fraud ever perpetrated a^ninat the
1 government. Hie dignity and respectabi My o the Urited
State* irovernment, in the eyes of the world, were at
"stake oiTthe innue. He Rave a succinct history of the
case and then stated wliut the prosecution expected to
I frov'e I.r Gardner. In a memorial to the Board of < ^
| niissioaers, stated that early in the year 1844 he was
la reel v engajred in mining operations in the State of San
i Luis l'otosi Mexico, ?>mployed five hundred laborers, and
i had upwards if th^e hiu/dred thousand dollars invested
! establishment, his pro,>ertv having Wn des^Hed
Mexican soldiery ; that snid ml?es were worth hall a mil
lion and would have yielded him fifty thousand dollars
' wr 'annum The accused Med with this memorial depo
I iitiou* purporting to coine from arsons residinu m
Mexico iioinit to show that he owned said mine. The
I "sue was on the truth or falsity of these a?erl lion.
1 The United States affirmed, and expected to prore, that
every ,-tatonient in the memorial, and every paper pre
sented hy him, was W^romWn^^l-W
tiction and invention. G*rdner received frOm UwUnitod
States as the fruits of the fraud, $428,750. lhemine
was so vaguely located that it could not bo found by the
commissioners, although they offered *600 rewardfor it
that i.ervms whose names were furnished as evidence oT
title eouW not be found in Mexico : that every ??? of tbe
dei ositicos was made In Washington , tiie title was
manufactured here; that Pr. Gardner wajr . ipoor -dentist
and never could have worked such a mhie ?? J"
tcribed ? that he was practising dentistry and peddling
small wares on the l'aclttc coast, hundreds or thousands
of miles distant, instead ; that the mine, the title, tb .
seals and signatures of public officers In Mecioo, were all
forged. <
Now. since the verdict of the jury and the
sentence of the court, the question arises, would
this young man Gardner, or could he, single
handed, have ventured upon a fraud of such
gigantic dimensions, and requiring the mass
and the variety of legal papers, -vouchers, re
cords and evidence, which this case called
for to make it even ;plausible before the most
stupid l oard of commissioners in the world? No.
Had. he possessed the .confidence to undertake
the tack alone he had not the legal experience
and knowledge necessary to make out his pa
pers. He was not a lawyer, nor, had he been a
lawyer, could he, without the aid of other law
yers, have provided against all the salient points
of dotection which a fraud so naked and bold
required to be guarded. The inference, there
fore, is j>erfectly rational that Gardner had the
aid of older and keener legal heads than his
own in .making out his case. In addition to
this, he had contingent advances of money
made him in advance of his award, which, to
gether witii the manufacture of his papers, form
a proper subject for a searching investigation
by a committee of Congress. .
We have been informed that an equally fla
grant imposition as this of Gardner was per
petrated upon the treasury under an award
from the same Board of Commissioners to a
certain Dr. Meiere, an adventurer of the same
school as Gardner, and a friend of his in
Mexico. Meiere s claim was for losses incurred
tu lue "f ul- "??**? - e"nai :
silver mine, in a part of Mexico where no
quicksilver has ever been found. With the aid
of Gardner and his allies, however, Meiere
obtained an award of $153,000 indemnity.
Poor Gardner is said to have got a large fee for
his services; but, with the bulk of the money,
Meiere decamped again to Mexico, to enjoy it
beyond* the reach of the law. He was seen
about two years ago by a gentleman from the
United States, and being informed that there
was an indictment out against him for his fraud
he coolly replied, "Well, I have got the money,
catch me if you can; and when you get back
to Washington tel Uncle Sam, with my com
pliments, he is a d d old fool, and may go
to the devil."
Meiere was like Joe Bagstock? he knew "what
he was about. Let him alone. You don't catch
Joey B." But how arc we to account for this
fatuity of Gardner in waiting upon bail a three
years prosecution except upon this ground:
his counsel and agents were among the most
prominent men in the country ; they had
shared in the spoils; and between bis money
and their influence he must escape. Upon no
other hypothesis can we account for his hardi
hood through all this lengthened and threaten
ing prosecution. Has the man who applied the
match been destfoyed, while they who furnished
the ammunition and prepared the infernal ma
chine hare escaped to reve^in their share of the
booty? Let Congress appoint a competent
committee of investigation, with power to send
of prersons and papers. Public justice, public
morality, and public opinion, demand it.
The Recent German Anti-Slavery Meet
ing ? Qukkr PROCEEDiNas.-r-We suspect that
our excellent friends the Germans, who have j
hardly bad time to get over the excitement into
which Bedini threw them, did not clcarly un
derstand the object of the meeting at Washing- .
ton Hall on Friday. We are more than half
inclined to believe that they took it for an I
anti-Maine law meeting. The most prominent j
banner at the meeting was one inscribed " No !
Maine liquor law;" and the conduct and de- j
mennor of the audience showed clearly that,
whatever their opinions on the Nebraska ques- i
tion, they were dead against any interference
with their liquor. The Germans, as a general
rule, very wisely let the negro question alone ;
while, on the other hand, they are faithM to
their hereditary traditions in the matter of
lager bier and grog. If the truth were known,
we shrewdly suspect that the resolutions which,
in the language of the reporter, were "received
with hearty applause and adopted by acclama
tion" were understood by five-sixths present to
be a protest against the Maine law.
Organized Incendiarism ? Startling Disclo
sures in Brooklyn. ? The evidence of Patrick
Cavanagh, before the Mayor of Brooklyn, pub
lished in yesterday's Herald, throws a good :
deal of light on the destruction of property by
fires in that city. Cavanagh swears that he was j
hired by John McCarty. the owner of two houses
in Brooklyn, to set fire to them for the purpose 1
of obtaining the amount of the insurance he had ,
cfl'ccted. and gives a minute description of the
means to be employed for the purpose. We fan- ;
cy that similar cases occur oftener here than in
Brooklyn, and recommend our police officers to
turn their attention to the subject. The insu
rance is not always the object sought by the in
cendiary: the herds of rowdies who are always
to be found at fires, and are so exceedingly active
in helping the householder to carry away his fur- j
niture, are probably more frequently concerned
in fires than the proprietors of bouses. We are .
thoroughly convinced that a very large propor- ,
tion of our ires arise from this cause. A core
might be expected from greater vigilance on the
part of the police, and a more searching inquiry
into the cause of each fire by the civic authorities
and insurance offices.
The Women's Rights Movement.? We begin
to think we have laughed long enough at the
follies of the females who are carrying on the
woman's rights movement in this country.
Barely a couple of hundred in number, this de
voted band of ladies have managed to keep
public attention riveted upou them for some
years, and have degraded the name of Ameri
can woman throughout the world. The good
nature of editors and a false feeling of gallan- j
try among a majority of the rougher sex have
suggested a smile where a frown would have
been better suited to the case: and the women's
rights advocates, flattered by finding them
selves so conspicuous, and nurturing the grati
fying belief that they were martyrs to the
cause of human progress, have grown in bold
ness as time passed over, and arc now
actually engaged in bearding the Legisla
ture at Albany. It is time that this
delusion should be dispelled. We have never
seen a paper or heard a speech from a woman's
rights woman that would have been entitled to
the slightest notice had it been uttered by a man ;
and by far the bulk of the performances ac
credited to the priestesses of the woman's rights
creed would have created inextinguishable mer
riment had it been possible to trace their pom
pous absurdities and inflated verbiage to a legi
timate wearer of the breeches. If in fact we
were to judge the question by the share of in
tellect displayed by the females in this contro
versy, no one could hesitate in pronouncing our
present social system as by far too liberal to
the sex. The ladies however have not con
tented themselves with talking nonsense in words
a yard long. They have organized themselves into
revolutionary committees, gabbled by the hour
upon the best means of disturbing the public
peace, shocked the modesty of their sisters by
assuming male garments, and in very many in
stances abandoned husband and children for the
sake of their favorite chimera. Now this sort of
thing has lasted quite as long as is fit or proper.
We have no wish to interfere with the liberty of
the subject, but we do think that these ladies, their
families, their sex, and the community at large
would be benefitted if means were taken to put
a stop to any further exhibitions such as those
to which we refer. Of course, in view of the
past, but one means of attaining this end can be
suggested. The women's rights advocates must
be treated as lunatics, and confined in an
asylum. The peculiar form in which the ma
lady has assailed them entitles them to a sepa
ration from ordinary insane patients: the Le
gislature at Albany should appropriate a special
building for their accommodation. A skilful
phy sician would readily devise a course of treat
ment, suited to the features of each case. Some
might try the cold water system, with
every prospect of success; mental employment
might cure others; and many would doubtless
improve if a humane delusion were practised on
them, leading them to believe that matrimony
was not utterly hopeless. Low diet and active
exercise in the open air might we think be
serviceable to most: and relief might likewise
be geirernnj Mpww*
pubory nursing, for which babies could be
readily hired in the neighborhood. Under the
application of these means, we think these poor
creatures might soon be restored to health and
We strongly recommend the subject to the
Legislature. They need be under no apprehen
sion as to the cost of the building for the a*y
lum. For as soon as the female patients were
cured, the wards might be converted into an
asylum for the reception of male lunatics of
the same character, suoh as abolitionists, spiritu
alists, See., and would be very likely to remain
a permanent institution.
The Present Condition of our Streets. ?
We appeal to that portion of oar citizens who
have been able to get the mud out of their eyes
to wake up and view the aspect which the city
now prefients, and also to consider the result of
such a state of things which experience teaches
us are inevitable.
The surface of the island is covered with an
alluvial deposit varying in depth from one to
six inches. An analysis of this deposit will
give a large per centage of vegetable matter,
in various stages of decomposition. The pro
cess is rapid ? the atmosphere is impregnated
by noxious gases ? pestilence stalks in our
midst ? it slays its tens of thousands. The peo
ple bow to what they call the will of "Divine
Providence." They forget that this same
power has given them the means to prevent
the slaughter. No sane man can doubt that
our mortality bills are swelled by the nasty
condition in which we live ? no, vegetate. The
men trot about the street with mud up to their
knees; the women who are brave enough to
venture out find that even long boots will not
protect them from the incursions of the samo
monster, mud. Mud in the parlor ? mud in
the hall ? mud on the sidewalk ? mud on the
clothes? mud in the eyes ? mud in the stage ?
mud in the cars ? mud in the theatres ? mud on
the breakfast table ? mud in the saloons ? iu
fact, a great sea of mud threatens to envelope
us all, and send the island of Manhattan to look
after the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. We
opine that if seven just men were necessary to
save us the candidates from City Hall would
receive a severe black-mud-balling.
The people stand viewing the great lakes of
mud ? tbey see daily swamping* and adventure 4
more perilous than those of Captain Cook of
Otahcitan memory ? and they are idle. What
is to be dene f Let us see.
A meeting was called to be holden in the
Park yesterday afternoon, at which time the
citizens could agree upon some measures for
relief. But such was the state of the weather
and the nasty condition of the streets, and even I
of the Park itself, that nothing like a mass, !
meeting could be got together on such short !
notice. It is now proposed that this meeting
shall be holden on Monday afternoon, (6th.)
We again appeal to the people to use this legiti- j
mate and constitutional means to obtain their I
riglitr ? to secure clean and well-lighted streets !
Tlicy may meet and appoint committees of i
safety with full power to act for tlu'tn. The ,
m< mont these committees go to work
the citizens will be in a fair way to bring
about the accomplishment of their (tatfres.
The salvation of the city, the health of its citi
zens, and the commerce of its merchants, de
pend upon the prompt action of thf people at
this crisis. We know that Philadelphia mer
chants have sent circulars to Western and
Southern trader*, informing them of the pre
tent condition of this unhappy community, an<? I
warning them that if they cone to Now York f
to buy goods their lives are in danger. This
has already affected oar trade, and it is hat the
beginning of the end ?
Tbufl bad begin*, but worie remains behind I
It is useless to look to the municipal authori
ties for aid. They are " authorities" without
any authority at all. Nobody has a right to
command anybody. Everybody is at the "head
of a bureau." The Mayor can do nothing ?
the Aldermen can do nothing ? the reform
Councilmen confine themselves to the 'discus
sion of points of order and oysters on the half
shell ? and it seems that our Bystem of govern- '
ment is artfully contrived to defeat the very <
ends which it should bring about.
This is the plain state of the case, and we say S
again, it must go to the people ? the people ? f
the people ! The people are always right when
they go to work calmly and deliberately to re
form great nuisances. When the popular sen
timent is once aroused it sweeps away all
obstacles, and rushes on like a mighty current,,
cleansing and purifying everything in its ,
course. ?
The way having been pointed out, we trust
the people will come forward and go to work '
at once. The summer approaches ? think of the 1
cholera ? think of fevers ? think of your com
merce ? think of the civic honor ? and clean the
streets !
Anti-Slavery Movements. ? We understand
that a new anti-slavery movement is about to
be set on foot in this city, and that it will con
trive to combine literature with abolition..^
Senator Cooley we understand is to preside i
over the organization, and several literary men |
have premised their valuable aid, assistance and $
upport. We understand also that the Hem. f
John A. Dix has written three letters givinghis '
reasons for opposing the Kansas-Nei.raaka bill ;
| which letters are not to be published until cer
tain significant events occur at Washington^
We are at loss to understand this discretion on
; the part of Mr. Dix and his ???respondents, and
; wonder the letters have not yet appeared in
| print. Hitherto, the politicians have allowed
! themselves to be eclipsed by the social revolu
tionaries in this Nebraska business ; they have ,
some leeway to make up before they can com
pete with Mrs. Stowe, Rev. Theodore Parker; <
William Lloyd Garrison and Henry Ward
Public Lands.? The lobby of Congress is swarm- j
| ing with hungry speculators, anxious to get a good
slice of Uncle Sam's vast domain. All sorts of rail* ;
road projects are presented, and various contem- :
plated improvements made np, for the purpose of i
getting grants of land ranging from fifteen to thirty)
miles in width, and from one hundred to one thousand
miles in length, direct from Congress. There ara
already applicants enough to use up all the public
lands belonging to the government, in every one of !
the Western States. These cormorants are not sa
tisfied to let the grants of lands in aid of the con- "
st ruction of railroads pass through the regular chan
nels? the State governments ? for they know that all
the swindling concerns got up merely for obtaining*
land would find no favor with the State authorities, '
and the opportunity for making a great haul itould
be tflittle value. Their applications are therefore
dirflt to Congress. The right of Congress to grant -
public lands direct to railroad companies has very
justly been questioned, and we have not on record it '
precedent in favor of such grants. The President pret
ty clearly defined his position on this subject in his last v
message to Congress, in alluding to the construction
v ? rmao* nttuiuaa , ,obb ^
erce can be created to carry any of the buis now oe
oie Congress through, we have no doubt the Presi
dent will interpose his veto. If not, the door is
opened for all time, so long as there is an acre of oof w |
public domain left for outside speculators to enter
and help themselves. The proposition now before
Congress, to grant all the public lands within the
imits of the States to the government of each, for
aiding the construction of railroads and other pnblio
improvements, is the only sound and sensible one.
Such grants have been made before, and should, in
justice to the new States, be made again. The State
authorities are the best judges of the character and
Importance of any contemplated work, and can there- '
fore aid it or not, understanding^. We trust, there
fore that Congress will place any distribution where
it justly belongs ? in the hands of State legislatures.
Marine Affairs.
Tm SmtMsiur Baltic, Capt. Comstock, left at twelve
o'clock yesterday for Liverpool, with one hundred and
sixteen passengers.
Th* Steamship Northern Light, Capt. Churchill, left
yesterday for San Juan, Nicaragua, with a large number
of passengers bound to California.
TBS New Stum ship Cub Morgan, Capt. Forbes, intend
ed for the mail service in the Gulf of Mexico, departed
yesterday for New Orleans, to take her place in Harris &
Morgan's tine.
Quick Trip of tot Piiotboat Geo. Snows.? The follow
ing is extracted from a letter dated
Omoa, Honduras, Jan. 21, 1854.
The Geo. Steer* arrived here yesterday, haying made the
passage from New York in thirteen days twenty hours.
We sailed by everything we saw, had forty-eight hours
calm, and made the shortest passage on record by lone
To th* Fnrro* of th* Nsw York Hkiuld?
Ihar fin ? Under the head of "Maritime Intelligence"
in your paper of 2d inst., appears a notice to this effect :
" Ibe revenue cutter Forward was run into at Lewes,
Tel., during tho storm of 20th ult., by steamtag Thun
derbolt, and nas so badly injured that she will nave to
proceed to Philadelphia for repairs."
This statement is totally incorrect, as an account of the
circumstance will convince you. On the occasion above
referred to, the steaintug waa lying at anchor about half
n mile to leeward of the cutter. At the height of the gale,
the cutter dragged her anchor and drifted directly athwart
the steamer's bow, and the damage sustained was en
tirely owing to the carelessness of her officers, who ne
glecting to have h er sufficiently moored. '
The damage would have been infinitely greater, and the
cutter priibibly sunk but for the exertions of the officers
anil en w of the Thunderbolt. As the notice referred to
will have s tendency to retlect against the character of
the officers of the stcamtug. will you please publish this
statement in vindication. Yours, truly,
JAS. J. MASON, Master steamtug Thunderbolt.
Philadelphia, March 3, 1851.
So paragraph eomplnined of was extracted from a
delphia pa | er. ? I d. N. Y. Hsraid.]
Court of General Sessions.
By the politeness of Mr. John H. Whitmore, the efficient
clerk of the City Frlson. we give below the calendar of
I risoners for General Sessions, for March term:
Grand larceny 20 Arson 1
eliciting emigrant pas- Disorderly house 1
sengers without license 2 filing obscene prints. ... 1(
False pretences 4 Malicious mischief. .... ,. 1
Burglary 5 Bigamy 1
Murder 7 Attempt to kill 2
Acc^isory to murder 2 Robbery 1,
Manslaughter 1 Kmhczelment 1
Forgery 1 * ?
Abandonment 3 Total 51
Felonious nssaut k bat'ry 2
Common Plea*? OenersU Term.
KeloUat tut. Murphy and olkert. ? Dait, J.? 'In an action
hy ti e landlord to recover the possession of the premises
leased, for a breech On the part of the tenant of a covenant
to ir.su re. a neglect of the tenant to insure for fourteen
davs from the commencement of the term, is a breach.
An insurance effected on the premises by a sub tenant in
his own nnme, is not a compliance with the covenant on
the part of tenant to keeji the premises insured for the,
benefit of the landlord, thero being no privity between
the landlord and the sub-tenant, ana the insurance effect
ed by him not being available to the landlord.
Stgfte tt. Dntkrr. ? Woodbcff, J. ? Where an execution
was levied on pioierty of a defendant, in execution, and a
third person, on consideration that the defendant in exe
cution will sban< on the levy, promises, by parol, to pay
the judgment debt, such promise is void under the statuto
of fiau< s. In p declaration Bpon such promise it is not
nrcese?rv to aver that the promise is in writing. The
statue or fniiids has Introduced a Hill of evidence and
not am wrote of 1 1" ding, and a denvirrer to such a
declaration oi thut ground cannot be sustained.
Dnr'i n<)/< n itntl Jacl ??*. MrCnnn ? I no Kara V, J.? A
peiol promise to pav for work contracted for by a third
patty, made after the performance of the work, is void
under the siatute of frauds. A promise to pay for worlf
and materials ordered by a third person, which the plain
tiff referred to declines on hts credit, and which he
afterwards <Vlivercd on the credit of the part* pro
mising. if mlidl T S
Ktrr w. Ricr ? Inoraha*. ,! Vo notice is necessary of i
the intention to examine the assignor as a witness, ?*?

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