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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 06, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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WHOLE NO. 6403.
,ou of Orer Three Hundred Thonsand Dollars
? Worth of Propeity.
nvE la&ge Bvnonros in budts.
&c*t Scc*f &c*
Yesterday our city *>? visited by another one
' those disastrous coniagmtiflni, which daring the last
Winter have swept away so many millions of dollars
of property. Abeut two o'clock in the morning,
of ths officers of the Second district police, saw
lag from the basement of the large bindsry
!?. I Spruce street, and the alarm of lire immediately
Bounded over the city.
A ? usual, the firemen were on the ground almost before
?* first notes of the HaU 1*11 had died away, and imme
diately several streams of water were fallir upon the
pames. Notwithstanding the exertions of the firemen
A the police, the fire continued gradually to increase
itil half-past three o'cl< <*k, when the entire building
enveloped in one l>laie. With the rapidity of
?lectricity the flames communicated to the adjoining
Buildings, and beiore 4 o'clock five of the largest estab
its on Spruce street were adding to the conflagra
|w Many of the floors of these building* being (\llej with
and other combustible materials, accounts for the
pid increase of the fire.
The five buildings which were consumed were Nog. 8,
?0, 12, 14 and 10 Spruce street; and several of the new
luildlnga now being erected ou Beekman street were mora
damaged by the falling of the walls of the burning
|nin* which adjoined them in the rear. At one time
urtng the conflagration, the scene was grand. All of
?turn buildings being on fire at one time, a tremendous
eet of flame rose above the block, which lit up, almost
kith the light of day, the lower part of the city and a
iter portion of Brooklyn. The East river was iUumi
?ated from Coriaers Hook to the Battery, and the various
star eraft plying to and fro upon the sparkling waters
ere lighted on their way by this grand midnight torch.
At about o'clock, when half the block from a dis
nce sotmif fl 1b a blase, it was feared that the conflagra
?bn would be more disastrous than any which visited us
luring the peat few months. Not only the entire block
a while eeemed In imminent danger, but the wind be
rather high, carried the living coals to a great dis
ob the roofs of houses and on the heads of specta
l threatening conflagration to more blocks than one.
ut' adjoining No. 16 was a large six story brick building,
hoccupied and unfinished, which stopped the progress of
Are, affording nothing for the devouring elements to
I upon. On the Beekman street side, the consuming
were joined by unfinished buildings, which
?so stopped the progress of the flre in that direction,
lot for this fortunate boundary by mere shells of houses,
we Is so conjecturing where the conflagration would
kve ended.
The Sre originated in some rags stowed away in the
isement of building No. 8 Spruce street. The cause of
, or how the flre came there, Is yet not known. While
* lim-rn were raging fiercely, the report spread that
Jtriol was stored in one of the bouses, which caused
iueh sensation among the firemen.
There could not have been leu than three hundred
Musand dollars worth of property destroyed. A valu
|bl* stock of paper was in two or three of the buildings,
eeveral large steam presses were buried beneath the
The Harpers came in for a share in the loss, of
?ot less than 960,000. There seems to be some fatality
present hanging over them. But a little while ago,
|?3r entire establishment in Cliff street was laid in ashes,
lend sweeping away at one fell swoop, over
latf a million of their property. And now, before the
of their former site have hardly grown cold, $50,
D0 smre of their property Is enwrapped In flames.
We lave gathered as near as we could amid the ercite
aad confusion of yesterday, who were the occu
|aattof each building destroyed, the loss sustained and
e amount insured.
Batment was occupied as a storage for rags, In which
he fte originated. Loss unknown.
Firs floor? Occupied by John O. Hein, leather and find
ng stre. H*^ a large stock on hand. Total Joss, $21,000.
for 914,000 In the Market Company, of this city ;
, of Utica, and Etna, of Harford.
fourth and fifth floors? Occupied by O. Bur
fcttck,.feed Jc Co., publishers and bookbinders. Every -
Khineras consumed, total loss being 830,000. Insured
Ifor It, 000, in the Washington, Hamilton, Market, and, |
lorani companies. Mr. Burdick was the last who left
Ihis sto? on Saturday night, when everything was right
in the lilding, so far as he knew.
Thini story? Occupied by Ira Porter k Co., sash and
hllnd auiuf actory ; lost his entire stock. Value unknown.
Not tared.
Bests these, there were also in the upper stories of
this biding, F. Putzman, importer, whose loss was not
iBOtg T. Kelly, commission agent, loss 8600, not in
aurtd. H. Goebler, mechanical instrument maker, ion*
?VCOtnsured for $8,000, in the Equitable Flre Com
BUnUJINO no. 10.
The Mement was occupied by Mr. Spinning, rag
jletler. Total loss of stock ? value not known.
Firstloor.? James H. Benedict k Co., commission rag
aid pap warehouse. Loss of entire stock, valued at
$10,000 Covered by Insurance.
Secon floor.? Occupied by the newspaper The Inde
pendent,!. H. Ladd, proprietor, and Rev. Henry Ward
3eeche editor. Total loss or press, type, cases, sheets, ]
.fcc., abt* $1,600. Said to be uninsured.
Third oor.? T. E. Jones, bookbinder and publisher.
jto lost a his stook ? value not known. No Insurance.
Fifth tor and portion of third was occupied as com
1 oeinf rotas by 8. W. Benedict, whose loss In type, fix
tures. ?#. was $26,000. Insured for $17,500 In various
city eo??anles.
Feurtl floor. ?Edward O. Taylor, bookbinder. Total
loss of stik, valued at $7,000. Insured for $8,000 In the
"Metro poll \n Company.
Also upa the upper floors of this building were the
ofloes >f tie Banner qf the Union, and American Artitan,
evnftdbr .ohn Bullock. Loss In type, fixtures, engrav
togs, smotype pistes, Ac. $2,600. No Insurance
Bailoigs Nos. 12 and 14 were joined into one and occu
pied as Mows ?
Bsscnat* By J. Priesley, rag dealer, loss $1, >00,
Insured >r $1,000; and by McBean, whose loss is not
^FtoSt oor? Br Alexander Montgomery, publisher and
aropriefr of the Pictorial Timet. The total loss of plates,
*fpe, sluts, fcc., was $20,000. Fully insured in the La
jarge sfl other insurance companies in the city. The
a* here was similar to that used by the London
lOai fraff JVew, stamping both sides of the sheet at the
iniant, and said to be the only one of the kind In
eoukry. It was buried beneath the ruins.
aeoun^ooT By Thompson, Bank Note Reporter. Total
lor J of Mumps, sheets, plates, type, press, kc. The value
*f proprty !??* 11 not known, but It is said to be very
heavy. Could not learn If Insured.
Third loor? by James D. Torry, printer and publisher.
Loss abut $90,000. Insured for $10,000. Lost two
Adams nd two Fans k Rnssel's steam presses.
Fourtl and fifth floors? By C. W. Benedlot, printer
and pubisher. ToUl loss $10,000, covered by Insurance
in city ompanies.
Chart* Scrlbner, bookseller, had stowed away in the
Ipfta of Mr. Benedict stock to the amount of $3,000. A
total loss
Bunoe, Brothers k Co. had stock also stowed away in
|thes* lof s to the amount of $600. Total loss.
Turney k Brothers, stereotype rs, occupied a small
building in the rear of these, which was entirely de
?ptroyed. Loss, $2,500. No Insurance.
Btnu>i*a no. 1$.
First fleor? Occupied by J. L- * Co., paper ware
house. Most of thU stock was saved. There was some
goes, but amount not known.
and third floors? Occupied by J. D. Torry,
printer, whose loss is stated in account of buildings Nos.
]2 aad 14.
Fourth floor? By J. J. Reed, printer and publisher.
R000. Insured for $0,000.
tory? By Joseph T. CroweU, government
Lislw|fM the Poet Office Department, loss $90,000.
Covered by Insurance
In addition to the abor* low the Harper* had $60,000
worth of plataa, sheets, Ac, atored in theae building*,
which waa a total loaa.
No. 22 Beekman street waa injured by the falling in of
the rear building on Spruce atreet, and by water, to the
extent of $6,000. It waa occupied by Alderman William -
bon for the Ditpalck printing office. He ia fully iniured
in variou* city companies ? on hi* ?tock, 916,000. and on
the building, $6,000.
No. 24 Beekman itreet, unoccupied, and owned by
Dudley Percae.and leaaed to Jarae* O'Conor, waa damaged
to the extent of $1,000. Fully insured.
No. 18 Beekman atreet, unoccupied, aad owned by
James Holden k Co. ; lotta about $1,600. Fully inaured.
The building No. 8 Spruce atreet belonged to Horace
Brooke, and waa fully inaured. No. 10 Spruce atreet was
owned by Dudley Persae, and waa also fully inaured.
Who were the owners of ihe other buildings we could
not learn.
Name*. Lot*. Insurance.
In baaemant of No. 8 ?
John G. Hein $21,000 $14,000
Burdick, Keed & Co 30,000 12,000
Ira Porter k Co ?
F. Putzman ?
T. Kelly 600 _
H. Uoebler 7,000 8,000
W. Spinning ? ?
James H. Benedict k Co 10,000 10,000
Jndepindenl 1,600 ?
T. E. Jones ? ? ?
S. W. Benedict 25,000 17,000
Edward G. Taylor 7,000 8,000
John Bullock 2,600 ?
J. Priestly 1,600 1,000
McBean ? ?
Alexander Montgomery 20,009 20,000
Thompson's Bank JVote Reporter ? ?
James D. Torry 20,000 20,000
C.W. Benedict 10,000 10,000
Charles Scrlbner 3,000 ?
Bunce, Brothers k Co 600
Turney, Brother* Co 2,600 ?
J. L. Fage&Co ? ?
J. J. Reed 12,000 6,000
Joseph T. Crowell 20,000 20,000
Harper k Brothers 60,000 ?
Alderman Williamson 2,100 2,100
James O'Conor 1,000 1,000
James Holden & Co 1,600 1,600
Total $268,100 $131,100
Besides this there is the value of the six buildings,
which would carry the amount of the losa somewhat be
yond the three hundred thousand doBar* ? the amount
which we have set down at the head of the column.
The burned buildings were all of brick, fire stories
high, and filled with stock and goods from the basements
to the roofs.
The heat of the flames was at timea so intense that it
would almost scorch any one to remain in Spruce street
in front of the lire.
Robert Allison, a policeman, was badly burned about
the face.
Assistant Foreman Smith, of Hook and Ladder No. 1,
was also seriously burned in the face. These were all the
accidents which we heard of.
Yesterday thousands flocked to the scene of the disas
ter to witnesa the rnins. The walla yet remain standing,
and great relumes of smoke yet roll np from the ruins.
Within the space of a few hours the fruita of years hare
been swept away. But in such a city aa this such disas
ters are quite common.
The Women Galled to the Rescue.
The Providence of God has brought our nation to a
crisis of movt solemn interest.
A question is now pending in our national legislature
which in most vitally to allect the temporal and eternal
interests not only of ourselves, but of our children, and
our children's children', for ages yet unborn. Through
our nation it is to affect the interests of liberty and Chris -
tianity throughout the whole world.
Of the woes, the injuwtlce and the misery of slavery,
it la not needful to speak. There is but one feeling and
one opinion on this among us all. I do not think there
is a mother among us all who clasps her child to her
breast, who could ever be made to feel It right that that
child should be a slave; not a mother among ua all who
would not rather lay that child in its grave.
Nor can I believe that there is a woman so unchristian
as to think it right to inflict on her neighbor's child what
*he would think worse than death were it inflicted upon
her own. 1 do not think there is a wife who would think
it right that her husband should be sold to a trader, and
worked all his life without rights and without wage*. I
do not believe there is a husband who would think it
right that his wife should be considered, by law, the
property of another man, and not his own. I do not
think there is a father or mother who would believe it
right were they forbidden by law to teach their children
to read. I do not believe there is a brother who would
think it right to have his sister held as property, with no
legal defence for her personal honor, by any man living.
All this if) inherent in slavery. It is not the abuse of
slavery, but the legal nature of it. And there is not a
woman in the United States, when the question is fairly
put before her, who thinks these things are right.
However ambition and the love of political power may
blind the stronger sex, God has given to woman a deeper
and a more immovable knowledge in those holier feelings
which are peculiar to womanhood, and which guard the
Karredness of the family state.
But though our hearts have bled over this wrong,
there have been many things tending to fetter our hands,
to perplex our effortB. and To silence our voice. We have
been told that to spuak of it was an invasion of the rights
of other States. We have been told of promises and of
compacts, and the natural expression of feeling has, in
many cages, been restrained by an appeal to those honor
able sentiments which respect the keeping of engage
The warm beatings of many hearts have been hushed,
onr yearnings and sympathies have been repressed, be
cause we have not known what to <lo; and many have
come to turn a deaf ear to the whole tale of sorrow, be
cause unwilling to harrow up the soul with feeling where
action was supposed to be impossible.
But the time has now come when the subject is arising
under quite another aspect.
The question is not now, Shall the wrongs of slavery ex
ist, as they have, on their own Territories ? but shall we
permit them to be extended over all the free Territories
of the United States? Shall the woes and miseries of
slavery be extended over a region of fair, free, unoccupied
territory, nearly equal in extent to the whole of the free
Nor is this all. This is not the last that is expected or
intended. Should this movement be submitted to in
silence? should the North consent to this broach of
solemn contract on the part of the South ? there vet re
mains one more step to be apprehended, viz. .the legaliz
ing of slavery throughout the free States. By the deci
sion of the Supreme Court in the Lemmon case, it may
be declared lawful for slave property to bo held in the
Northern free States. Should this come to pass, it is no
more improbable that there may be, four years hence,
slave depots in New York city, than it was, four years
ago, that the South would propose a repeal of the Mis
souri compromise.
Women of the free States I the question is not, Shall
we remonstrate with slavery on its own soil ? but are we
willing to receive slavery into the free States and Terri
tories of the Union ?
Shall the whole power of these United States go into
the bands of slavery? Shall every State in it be thrown
open as a slave State? This will be the final result and
ixMue of the quention which is now pending. Tills is the
fearful chkik at which we stand. And now, is there any
thing which the women of our country can do? Oh, wo
men of the free States, what did your brave mothers do
in the time of onr revolutionary struggle? Did not liberty
in those days feel the strong impul.se of woman's heart?
Never was there a great interest agitating the commu
nity when woman's influence was not felt for good or for
evil. At the time when the struggle for the abolition of
the slave trade was convulsing England, women contri
buted more than any other laborers to that great triumph
of humanity. The women and children of England, to a
great extent, refused to receive into their families the
sugar raised by the suffering slaves. Seventy thousand
families refused the use of sugar, as a testimony ef the
abhorrence of the manner in which it was produced. At
that time women were unwearied in passing from heuse
to house distributing tracts and books, and presenting
the subject in families.
One lady alone, called on and conversed in this way, with
more than two thousand families, and others were not
behind her in their labors.
The wetnen all over England were associated in corres
ponding circles for prayer and for labor. Petitions to
government were gotten up and cigned by women.
During my recent visit in England, I was called to the
bedside of an aged mother in Israel, whose prayers and
labors on earth are well nigh ended, but who had borne
this sacred cause in her heart from the very commence
ment. I was never more impressed than when, raised
in her bed. with quivering lips and streaming eyes, she
lifted her hands solemnly in prayer to God that He would
bless tlie labors for the cause of the slave in America,
and at last bring on the final abolition of slavery through
the world.
Women of America ! we do not know with what thrill
ing earnestness the hopes and the eyes of the world are
fastened on our country, and with what intenseness they
I desire that we should take decided ground for universal
i liberty. This sacred desire is spread through the lower
and working classes of other countries, as well as through
those in higher ranks.
When I was in England, although I distinctly stated
that the raiatng of money was no part of my object, and,
1 on account of the stats of my health, declined to take
any responsibility of that kind, yet money was actually
pressed upon me unsolicited, from the mere Impulse to
do something for this cause. Most affecting letters were
received from poor working men and women, enclosing
?mil itai la postage stamps, for tl?U object.
Nor h*? this fe?lin^ been confined to England *k>u?
'n MTAnce, Switzerland and Germany, there has been t.
Mm* deep emotion. A lady in Stutgard undertook to
make a collection for an American anti-slavery fair, and
while contribations from all rank* freely flowed in, a
poor peasant and his wtfe in the neighborhood took down
from the walla of their cottage two prints, probably the
only superfluities they possessed on earth, and sent them
to the collection.
During my stay, I heard front Christiana of all denomina
tions how deeply their souls bad been moved in prayer for
America, in view of this evil. A Catholic lady, from the old
town of Orleans, wrote of her intention to offer special
supplications after the manner of her faith. In a circle
of Protestant pastors and Christians in Switserland, I
heard the French language made eloquent in pleadings
with God that America might have grace given her to
right the cause of the oppressed.
Why all this emotion in foreign lands f la it not be
cause the whole world has been looking towards America
with hope, aa a nation especially raised up by God to ad
vance the cause of liberty and religion ?
There has been a universal expectation that the next
step taken by America would surely be one which should
have a tendency to right this great wrong. Those who
are struggling for civil and religions freedom in Europe,
speak this word slavery in aad whispers, aa one name*
the fault of a revered friend. They caa scarce believe
the advertisements which American papers bring to them
of slave sales ; ol" men. women, and children traded like
cattle. Scarcely can they trust their eyea, when they
read the laws or the alave States, and the decisions of
their courts. The advocatea of despotism hold these
things up to them, and say, "See what comes of republi
can liberty I" Hitherto the answer has been, "America
is inure than half free, and she certainly will, in time,
repudiate slavery altogether."
But what can tliey *ay now if, just as the great strug
gle for human rights is commencing throughout Europe,
America ojens all her free territories to the most unmiti
gated despotism? This will be not merely betraying
American liberty, but the cause of liberty throughout
the world.
And while all nations are moved in view of this subject
of American slavery shall we only be unmoved? Shall
even tlie poor laboring man and woman of Europe be so
pressed in view of the wrongs of the slave as to inquire,
"What can we do?" and we wives, and mothers, and
sisters of America, sit down content to do nothing in
auch a crisis as this ?
What, then, is the duty of American women at this
time? The first duty is for each woman for herself
thoroughly to understand the subject, arid to feel that as
mother, wife, sister, or member or society, she is bound
to give her influence on the right side.
In the second place, women can make exertions to get
np petitions in their particular districts to our national
Legislature. They can take measures to eommnnicate
information in their vicinity. They can employ lectur
ers to spread the sybject before the people or their town
or village. Ihey can circulate the speeches of our mem
bers in Congress, and in many other ways secure a full
understanding of the present position of 'our country.
Above all, it seems to be necessary and desirable that
we should make this subject a matter of earnest prayer.
The present crisis in the history of the world is one
whicn calls upon all who believe in an Almighty Guardian
and Buler of Nations to betake themselves to his throne.
A conflict is now commencing between the foroes of
liberty and despotism throughout the whole world. We
who are Christians and believe in the sure word of pro
phecy, know that fearful convulsions and overturning*
are predicted before the coming of Him who is to rule the
earth in righteousness. How important, in this crisis,
that all who believe in prayer should retreat beneath the
shadow of the Almighty!
It is a melancholy but unavoidable result of such great
encounters of principle that they always tend to degene
rate into sectional and personal bitterness. It Is this lia
bility which forms one of the most solemn and affecting
features of the crisis now presented. We are on the eve
of a conflict which will try men's souls, andjstraln to
their utmost tension the bonds of brotherly union whleh
bind this nation together.
Let us pray that, in the agitation of this question be
tween North and South, the war of principle may not be
come a mere sectional conflict, degenerating into the en
counter of physical force. Let us raise our nearts to Him
who has the power to restrain the wrath of man that he
will avert these consequences, which oar sins, as a na
tion, have so justly deserved.
And as far as our social influence extends, let us guard
against indiscriminate bitterness and vituperation.
Doubtless, there are noble minds at the South, who
do not participate in the machinations of their political
leaders, whose sense of honor and justice is outraged by
this proposition, equally with our own.
While, then, we seek to sustain the cause of free prin
ciple unwaveringly, let us hold it also to be our true
office, as women, to moderate the acrimony of political
contest, remembering that the slaveholder and the alave
are alike our brethren, whom the law of God command
us to love as ourselves.
For the sake of both, for the sake of our dear children,
for tlie sake of our common country, for the sake of out
raged and struggling liberty throughout the world, let
every woman of America now do her duty.
Our Filthy Streets? The Duty of the Board of
[From the Sunday Atlas, March 6.}
An indignation meeting of the citizens is talked of, to
take into consideration Die horribly filthy condition of
the streets; and since the coinbincd wisdom of the re
form Common Council cannot devise a way to relieve tho
people from the thraldom of mud, it is proposed that pri
vate subscription* be raised to pay the expense of having
it collected and deposited in front of the several dwell
ings of tho members of the Common Council. That is a
capital idea. People may talk as much as they please
about dirty streets, and the newspapers may "bV>w,"
but the mud in the thoroughfares cannot be disturbed,
according to the "reform charter" and the ideas of Comp
troller Flagg, for some time to come, unless the Board of
Health take hold of the matter as a sanitary measure,
and order the filth to be removed under the direction of
the City Inspector. The Board of Health, thank God,
have a power, if they choose to exercise it, that Mr.
Comptroller Flagg cannot disregard. That body can
have the streets thoroughly cleansed in a week, if tho
Common Council cannot; and unless they are cleansed by
the City Inspector, it is not at all probable that a single
load of mud will be removed from the streets, at the pub
lic expense, before the first of May.
[From the Sunday Dispatch, March 6.]
The press and the people on all sides are loudly com
plxining of the condition of the streets. New York has
long been famous for the filthy condition of its highway*.
But their present condition is worse than they were ever
known before; and liow could it be otherwise? During
the last three months the mud and filth has been allowed
to go on accumulating till we now find it knee deep in
every part of thenity.
- Why is this? Under the charter of 18f>3 the Commis
sioner of streets and Lnmps was compelled to give the
work out by contract ? the contractors failed to do their
duty? and the Superintendent of Streets alleges that all
he can do under the contract for the money these con
tractors agreed to keep the streets clean for ? is to re
move the coal ashes 1
The aldermen are powerless under the fourth section of
the same charter, which provides that nil acts, resolu
tions and ordinances involving the expenditure of money,
must originate in the Board of Councilmen. And the
latter branch of the Common Council must first get rid
of the old contractors before they can act, and even then
the work must be done by contract, after advertising ten
days for proposals !
The only plan wo can see to get out of the difficulty at
once is, for the Mayor to call a meeting of the Board of
Health, and let that body, which is, we believe, the only
one having the power, order the immediate cleansing of
the streets. It would be perfectly proper for that body
to do so, as much longer delay will undoubtedly bring a
pestilence on our city.
We are induced to make this explanation, that the peo
ple may see just how the matter stands. We know that
the Common Council has been busy for the past two
months, trying to get this matter regulated, though we
do not believe, under the law as it now stands, that it
will ever be possible to effectually clean our streets. To
prevent bad Aldermen from robbing the city, the Legisla
ture has tied up the hands of the officers whose duty it
should be to manage the local affairs of the city so that
they cannot act.
Before our municipal government can be made what it
should be, the whole power of managing the city govern
ment and appointing and regulating all its city officers
must be put back into the bands of the Mayor and Com
mon Council; and if the people will not pay attention to
the selection of proper men to fill the offices of Council
men, Aldermen and Mayor, they must make up their
minds to be robbed, as they deserve to be.
W 111 la msbnrR City Intelligence.
A BurrAi Oitkaok and Br *ai art. ? On Saturday after
noon Captain Donovan and officer Sherman, of the First
ward, arrested a young man on a warrant charging him
with burglary, on complaint of a Herman named Jacob
Bote, who resides in South First street, near Seventh
street. It appear* that about one o'clock on Sunday
morning, the 26th ult., Mf*. But* heard a knock at the
door, and on opening it a party of some twelve or four
teen well dressed men rushed Into the house, with short
clubs |in their hands, saying that they were policemen.
Mrs. B., (who Is in delicate health and about to become
n mother,) remonstrated with the ruffians, when one of
the party seized her by the throat and dealt her a pow
erful blow in the fnc, wblrh knocked her Insensible to
the floor. After tin* v. ii" hi i on the floor the party
broke open an inner vr.n lacked the room, an<l car
ried away $6, a pair ci boots, some shirts and other
wearing apparel. The ufl'uir haa been kept quiet daring
the past week, in hopes that the perpetrator* of this vil
lainous outrage could be discovered and brought to jus
Marine Afflrira.
Trr. steamship Baltic, for Liverpool, anchored at the
Southwest Spit on Saturday, and did not procced until
nine o'clock yesterday morning.
Thk t*r*A?Hir Sta*'ov thk Sot'TB, Capt. Marks, arrived
yesterday from New Orleans, bringing us a copy of the
ricoyvne of the 26th ult., in advance of the mall.
Court Calendar? This Day.
Rrnm Cocar ? Special? Nos 1 to 15.
Cinourr Coo*. ? Nos. 174, 190, 192, 195, 20, VA, 1CT,
208, 211, 176)4, 218, 204, 205, 168, 102.
Covmor Pmus. ? General term for motions and argu
8n ration Cotrwr (two branched. ? Nos. 17 B, 74, 72, 01,
167, 886, 598, 534, 626, 5*. Aft, 684, MB, 641, *542,
548, 546, 547, 80S, 81, 8*?, ?8, 649, 550, 552 to 660,
663, 568, 564, 666, 66*, l&X.'w, 'w, MS, 8W, 467,
606, 588, 604, Ml, 490, 45%.
The gnkldf-Hltlory or the Cm??1 The In>
qnMt, and th? TtitJmonjr taken Thereat.
W-iamsarux, March 8, 1864.
The te wiU liaTe already conveyed to you the
traffic dtm '**ement ot the Gardner drama, which In ita
several stagt before the country for aome
couple of year. But 'our ???ders will expect something
more the U ,?e though thrilling: announcement that
"the jury in the t cane came into court to day
with a verdict of gu. George A. Gardner, on
the indictment for per. 1ur7- Jud8? Crawford thereupon
aentenced the priaoner t ** year* imprisonment in the
penitentiary of the Distric * of Columbia; and immediate
ly afterward the unfortunat ? ?ouvict took poiaon, from
the effects of which he d. ?ft?r M??g la con
vulsions for three hours." Th? drama in which
George A. Gardner was the *ita(ipal actor, waa
one in which the people of United States
took an intense interest, as well 1 rrom the ingenuity of
the plot, the various phases which i assumed in its de
velopement, the perhonages (some of them high in office
In the goverr ment) who were complicat. ^ it, and the
success with which, for a time, fraud t rtumphod over
right and jostice. I would not say a bar ^ word of the
defbd. He waa a man of great talent and ability, who
might have earned for himself distinction a. ^ indepen
dence had he attempted to carve out an horn vable des
tiny; but he yielded to the temptation with whk "h, iu an
inauspicious hour, his evil genius lured him to. It >pould
be a needless affectation to attempt to impose on our
selves, or on the public, with the probability, or ovenr
possibility, that, after all, George A. Gardner wa#
the victim, as it was sought to bo repTesei'tf
ed, of a combination of unfortunate circumstance. t
or of malicious enemies. There is no use now in endeavor
ing to interpose a scren between his memory and guilt.
He has, ere this, stood before the Great Tribunal; and le
gal quibbles and hollow sophistries no longer avail him
aught in this world, or that to which he rashly hastened
" with all his imperfections on his head."
The story which, after the Mexican war, George A.
Gardner concocted as to the valuable mines, mining
utensils and property, which were lost to him in that
conflict, and the various deeds, documents and vouchers
purporting to bear the seals and signatures of Mexi
can officials, with which he corroborated his story, and
successfully imposed on the commissioners appointed to
settle the claims of citizens of either country ? the adroit
ness with which he perfected all the proofs requisite to
substantiate bis claim, and the success which crowned
his schemes to the extent of receiving from the Treasu
ry 8428,740, (his original claim being 8700,000,)
stamp him as one of the most remarkable criminals that
history records, and throw around the whole case the
mantle of romance, almost putting it beyond the range
of credence. But this is but another verification of the
line which has grown into a proverb: "Truth is strange :
stranger than fiction."
nr. uaraner aia nox, nowever, depend entirely npon
the completeness of the chain of evidence with which he
backed up hla claim, but ? another curious feature in this
strange case ? he procured the legal services of a gentle
man who, before the conclusion of the matter, became
one of the Cabinet Ministers. I mean Mr. Corwin, Secre
tary of the Treasury ? to whom he paid a large per cent
age of the claim, amounting, it is said, to some seventy
five thousand dollars, and who may be said to be the only
person that baa reaped a luge harvest of gain from this
stupendous fraud.
It is difficult to believe that a shrewd, penetrating law
Jer, having necessarily the confidence of his client, could
ave possibly prosecuted such a claim without having
detected the evidences of fraud which afterwards mani
fested themselves, or at least without having liad his
suspicions excited. If he did detect, yet failed to expose
them, he was derelict of his duty in his double capacity,
first of advocate, and afterwnrds of offleer of the govern
ment, and is morally, if not legally, a particepx crimin U
Put whether he was so or not, now that the fraud has
been exposed be is bound in honer, as well as in law, to
refund to the governmeut that which be improperly de
rived from the guilt of his client. It was not a simple
fee that he received : if so, he would have a right to re
tain it. It was a certain stipulated share of the spoil so
fraudulently extracted from the government, and this he
is liable to be compelled to disgorge, even as the princi
pal culprit himself was liable. If he was cognisant of
the fraud as a lawyer, then he mnst have been guilty of
a violation of his duty to the country, when, aa Secre
tary of the Treasury, be endorsed the decision of the
George A. Gardner was a native of the State of New
York, and was about thirty-Bin years of age. Previous
to the breaking out of the Mexican war he bad resided in
that country, following the avocation of a dentist. He
spoke the Spanish language as purely as a native, and
thus was able to escape the fate which might have befal
len him in the then excited state of the Mexican nrind,
had he baan known to be an Americano. Some time after
the treaty of Guudalupe Hidalgo was concluded he ap
peared as the claimant ef some six hundred thousand
dollars, as compensation for the losses which lie pre
tended to have sustained in the breaking up of his min
ing operations. Under the circumstances which I have
detailed, that claim was to a certain extent successful.
The commissioners awarded him some three hundred
thousand dollars, though be has stated that the sum he
actually received did not exceed one hundred thousand
dollars ? the balnnco of the sum having gone to satisfy
the legal gentlemen who were sharers with him in the
golden speculation.
The tircnmstance which led to the detection of the
fraud was one of the not least curious in this remarkable
cu.se. A decision under the same commission had been
awarded in favor of the Messrs. Hargous for some hun
dred thousand dollars. There was no question as to the
legality and fairness of this claim; hut on some technical
grounds ? waiting for the receipt of a document from the
Mexican government, I believe ? its payment was retard
ed. The principal counsel in the prosecution of this lat
ter claim, and who had been also an associate counsel in
the Gardner matter, endeavored to procure Its immediate
satisfaction out of the Treasury of tne United States; and
for the purpose of effecting that object he ventured an
intimidation of the Secretary, threatening to divulge the
secrets in the Gardner matter, if the award in favor of
the Messrs. Hargous were not immediately made. The
affair thus got wind, and President Fillmore took it up
warmly, and insisted on a thorough investigation. A
close scrutiny and some inquiries established the fact
that the whole claim was fictitious ? that the rich silver
mines were nothing more nor less than Chateaux
en Jtnagnr?' that the signatures and seals of the Mexi
can officials were fabrications, and that the commission
ers and government had been egregiously cheated. An
embargo was immediately laid on certain moneys, the
proceeds of the fraud, which Gardner had Injudiciously
left in bunk. A criminal prosecution wms instituted
against himself for perjury, and a civil suit for the re
covery of the money; and criminal prosecutions were
also instituted against his brother, John Charles Gard
ner, for forgery and perjury. These suits have been
pending for nearly two years. In the meantime commis
sions have been sent to Mexico to hunt after the mines,
and returned without finding them, having narrowly
escaped being murdered by banditti ? another curious
phase in the ease ? and to-day the protracted trial of
George A. Gardner, on the charge of perjury, was
brought to a close in the Criminal Court of this city, by
the rendition of a verdict of guilty, and by the sentence
of the convicted criminal to ten years imprisonment In
the District penitentiary.
Upon the news of the conviction and sentence followed
fast a rumor of dreadful import : that the unfortunate man,
in the desperate circumstance in which he found himself
placed, bud taken a dose of the deadly poison known as
strychnine, and was then in the agonies of death. This
rumor intensified the sensation which the termination of
the remarkable care had excited; and again came that
thousand-tongucd rumor, he was dead. It was too true.
Immediately after his sentence and while still in court, he
had accomplished hla resolve unobserved, or at least un
noted st the time, and before he had been more than half
nn hour in the guardroom of the penitentiary nought re
mained of the guilty and unfortunate Gardner but a de
serted tenement of clay. Resolutely, aa will be seen by
the testimony which 1 hereafter annex? unflinchingly, and
without divulging his secret, did he meet his death, none
knowing from his Hps of what he died. His brother was
with him, and he alone would seem to have anticipated
and known the secret of his tragic end. He told the at
tendant jailors that It wns a nervous affection to which
he was subject, and which no medical aid could affect.
Thus died George A. Gardner ? sternly, resolutely, un
yieldingly taking that dreadful "leap in the dark." I
saw his remains spread upon the pallet where he died,
In the n t'.e guardroom of the dingy Jail. I saw Innui
sltive <>ck stare callously at the mystery, but none shed
a ttiir over it; and I followed the .Coroner, the lawyers,
the jurors, and the witnesses up the narrow stone stair
case of the prison ? which is a disgrace to the District
of Columbia ? into a square white washed room, into
while some chairs ? a?t enough to accommodate its oc
cupants ? were hastily gathered from the guard room
and hall, and which afterwards received the addition of a
table hardly large enough for one person to write at.
The inquest was presided over by Mr. Thomas Wood
ward, the Coroner, assisted by the United States District
Attorney, P. B. Key. Messrs. Bradley and Carlisle, who
had been counsel to the deceased, attended on behalf of
his relatives. The jury was composed of the following
gentle men; ?
Thos. C. Msgrudcr, Jonathan W. Barniclc.
l^onard Storm, Wm. R. Plowman,
Richard H. Riddirks. Jonathan Gittings,
Richard McLean, Alman Baldwin,
Robert C. Storms, Henry C. Baldwin.
William I>ord, Wm. F. Boweo.
The first witness examined was
E. M. Chapin, one of the Marshsl's officers.
Mr. Key?Mr Chapin, jnst state to the jury, in your
own way, what you know in relation to the dea'th of Geo.
A. Gardner, and the circumstances prior to his (teeth, aa
near aa yon recollect them
Witness ? I first saw Dr. Oardner thia morning, standing
lit the corner of Mr. Bradley's rwkkeaoe ; 1 was then on
| my wsv to Mr Carroll's hrnise, to convey a mesaagt ' troa
the Court tbat it *m sitting: and I informed him (Q*?,
j A. Gardner) that the court waa sitting and waiting fo '
i I them (meaning himself and counsel) ; he came over to
the court room by himaelf; that was about twenty min
utes after the court wua opened; it abould have opened at
10 o'clock, but wai not until near 11 o'clock.
Mr. Key ? State what occurred after that.
Witnea* ? 1 came orer to the court and remained there
till after the jury wma brought down; I brought the jury
down; the jury gave in their verdict; immediately after
the rendition of the verdict of guilty, he waa ordered by
the Court into the custody of the Marshal: I, as one of
the Ma rah al' a deputies, took charge of deceared; I sat
near him for a few minutes, and spoke to him; and as the
court waa about to adjour immediately Mr. Bradley spoke
to me and said that deceased was desirons of proceeding
at once to the jail, and asked rae to try and prevent
spectators from seeing him; I said ' certainly;' he imme
diately left in my custody and that of one of the jailors of
the court; I should have' said that the sentence was pro
nounced before this; the sentence wns hard labor in the
United States penitentiary of this District for the term of
ten years, to take effect from the rising of thj
Circuit Court; I left the court room with deceased,
followed by one of the bailiffs of the Court, Henry Wilson;
we proceeded to the outer steps of the building; I am not
aware of anything being said by any of the party until
we were some distance from the steps; in the court house
yard, or lot, I made some remark that it wap an unplea
sant duty which I had to perform, and that I presumed
he *as fully aware that I was doing my duty simply an
an officer of the Court, to which he readily assented ;som''
remark was then made about the weather, that it waa a
pleasant morning or something of that sort; we proceeded
on to the jail; I cannot now recollect that anything els
was said till we came to the jail; we passed a few
minutes in the front room; in passing 1 asked him
to walk in to the guard room, where his body is
now lying; he took a seat there, and commenced
writing a letter on a piece of paper; I don't know
* lietl er he asked for materials or not; they were iu
<he rr< n>, I believe; either while writing, or just prior
io seating himself at the table, he took some papers on
? t Ins pocket, which he tore up into small pieces and
thiew into the fireplace, wherethere was a fire burning
try uttention was called to this from the fact that Mr
Smith (the jailor) ca&ed my attention to his burnin
some paper, but my impression was that it was inrmate
| rftfl ; they linked to me Kko bills or receipts, or something
! oflhatsort; 1 do not recollect that anything particular
occurred, I tltink he said that his situation or position
w*s hard; I said I felt for him, that his condition
asnst be unpleasant or desperate; he continued writ'ng
Iris letter till be finished up and scaled it; he turn
th? appearance of putting a subscription on it;
be paused a moment with the tetter in his hand, as if in
the act of thinking what he sheuM do with it ; he the*
put it in his pocket; I did not see its address.
Mr. Key? What has become ef that letter or the
wi? ^?ronfr? ?h, they hare been examined.
Witness? I Mw him write the letter and not it in hi.
pocket ; Mr. Smith went into the coart liovse a few mn
othI in'thr.^4' 'eaT'ng Mr Bfroh (wother of the jail
or*; in the audience room; myself was the oaiv Demon in
the room where his body now lies; I nmde soinetwmnrir
about his room being prepared for him; he said he wis
ready to go to it when ne had finished his letter- h? i
seemed to have the impression that be was keen
ing me waitiag ; I told him that the room !!?.
not quite readv ; he said, " very wen " hi
seemed to apologise to m* to? l^pL
waiting ; he had finished his letter when he said he was
ready to go to his room, and hail put it in Ms pocket ? he
asked for a glass of water; Mr. Birch irave It tn Him
went out; f saw that he
on his overcoat still ; I remarked to him that perhaps
litUe.^T nil* T' fnd that 1 had better** in*!
little air Ik. Birch stepped round and fixed the Vene
tian shutters so as to let air in ; in a few minntee he ask
ed again for a drink of water; I gave it to him* am) h?
took a sup of It ; I asked him if he felt faint ; forked
Tery pale, and perspiration was on his brow IS
head ; he said he did, a little, but that it waeonlr?.
ftfi.r iw' Vi?1 he,W0?1J be much better in a minute
after drinking the water he said he felt better- I imde ?'
!Z?\ t0 -hi? tUt ; his clothing"
almost too nice to wear in his ccll, and that it woaU be
fnr bim to change liia clothing, as the c. H was
?it1Cr,88Jb(M}'' }1P Baid " didn't make much differed
W? X"? u clothing he had on now; in a few mtoutes
after that he attempted to raise the giass of water that
was standing on the tabic before him; he was then sitting
in an ordinary chair, with back, but no sides; he wm
sitting with one arm on the back of the chair and tho
Other on the table; he attempted to imJuKtaJS
fcS wit" S -4, 11 a?wn; bo did not h?t it
fall, but it came down with a strong blow on the tattler
he was nervous and felt as If he would faint; I stepped ui
5 <? "?i?t bim: I asked him if he felt fairJTta
said he did, but that it waa only momentary; I assist? 1
him in raising the glass to take a drink of water ; he7e
the glass down again on the table, and I resumed m
stand in front of him; I do not recollect that there wa.
anything then said, but the first thing which next at
wV,a noi,e>. ?? "t something falUn r
? ^rj, k'?K ? I looked, and found him prostrate on his back -
he had gone suddenly over, the back of his head strikln
the corner of the desk ; his head wa* then lyinir on tha
floor, with his legs outside the chair; he had slipped ririi
over the back ; I raised hiin. up, put my arm around h
m in th? c,hair; 'w continued convulse
: hh *rn was strung and inflexible, but in a
moment he seemed to relax, ami he felt a consciousness
of where he was; he asked me if he had cut his head? .
feeing spots of blood on mr hand? I told hid he had bu
the hemorrhage was very light, and he evidently saw so
as he looked at the spot which fell upon his sleeve; f think
I asked him if he had not better lie down; he said "von 1
need not trouble yourself about any bed I called in Mr
Birch when he first fell, and he assisted me in holding J
him in the chair and bathing bis forehead with water* 1
L?rt11^ t0, W th?V beforei WM he wa, muecrh
hurt, /though I knew he was depressed a little, which I
thought was from weakness and excitement) , he asked me
if we had any brandy in; 1 told him we hid not Vthls
was i after the closing up of the letter and before the se
t0 flfS w*,er- 1 think.i) but that if he
desired it I could get him some: I called a servant and
when 1 was getting some money to give him. he pulled
out money himself? a quarter dollar? and saii I should
not pay for it; I gave the money to the boy and told him
to buy a quarter's worth of brandy.
Mr. Kees ? What time was that?
Witness? Very shortly before the fall; ho did not fall
before the boy had time to be back: I raised the deceased
up, and when he came to himself he spoke about the
, wound on hia head; I ordered gome one to brinir in a Dal
let which I had seen lying in the passage, and saicfto .
him that lying down was much better than sitting nn
they brought it in, and I asked him to lie down; he said
he would do well enough there, or something of that kind
it was a slight objection though; he did not want to give'
the trouble; I bathed his forehead, and got him some
spirits of hartshorn: before holding it to his nose I told
him that it might be too strong, and he pullod out his
pocket handkerchief, and told me to unstop the bottle
which I did and put somo on the handkerchief
he said he felt better, and made some pleasant remark ;
1 moved him to the bed; 1 saw that he was exceedingly'
nervous, and that there was no tellliug what moment
another spasm might come on; I took it to bo a form of
epilepsy when I first saw him affected by it; he removed
to the bed and sat on the side of it; I asked him to have '
his frock coat taken off; he had taken off his over coat
before writing the letter; he objected to taking it off I 1
thought thtt all the time hia general objection was more I
that he might be giving tronble thnn anything else; I I
wanted to take hia neck tie off, so that he could respire !
more freely; he said he could take it off himself, and '
he took it off this way, (witness here described the man
ner;) I bathed his forehead, and got him some cam
phor; in the meantime, either at the time I first set him
on the bed, or just before his brother, Jolui Charles came
in; I spoke to him and he spoke to me; I told him I thought
his brother was affected with something like spasms but
he would be better in a few minutes; I understood him
to s8y that deceased had had a similar attack to thijouce
before: one 1 think in Mexico; that he had fallen down
some precipice and injured his head; in a few minutes
another paroxysm raine <m; he was brought to be con
scious; while standing at the bed he conversed with his
brother in some language unknown to me; it seemed to
lie Spanish, ami his brother sat down ; this was before the
third paroxysm , he conversed with John Charles in a
language unknown to me; the latter went to the table I
and wrote down something on a piece of paper; he then
came lack to th*1 bed, and they conversed again*
some part or it was in Kagllsh; I think I heard
something about Dusne street, in New York- it ap
peared to me as if he was giving John Charles
the description of a locality or some person in New York
my impression was that Jo'xn Charles was writing as bis I
amanuensis to somebody in New York ; he wrote one or two
words ou a piece of paper, which 1 did not read thourt it :
lay there for some time ; be deceased took from his coat
pocket several articles which he handed to John Charlea;
'think from the appearance of it that something which
he took from his coat poaet was the letter he ha J writ
ten when he llrst came bo the jail ; 1 resisted John Charles
In unloosening his neck eollar and tbe collar of his shirt,
and unbuttoning down ene or two of hia buttons. ; I think I
his undershirt was lo-ten*) to give him respiration an,'.
* , . b-??dy dime in somewhere abor> .
this time; I took the flask and poii>vdouta pretty moderate ,
sized, dram, with some water, and he declined taking it,
but did not assign .?ny reason far It; it seeued to me that !
by putting my harul upon hits, at tho touah of my fxager,
it threw him into trepidation and convulsions, and slight
jiaroxysms; I tlio*ght it ratUer singular that he (declined
the brandy and vmter, unices it was tlyit he had * difll
culty in swallowing; | thiufc I brought the bran-Jy to him
more than oner* iu the meantime, 1 had fnrM a little
cemphor; he p ?t it to hia nose and smelled of it.
to UMtify tluit he sent for the pkysi
cisn of the jaii; hot ho- aot coming soon, weut in march
of one hlmsrtC and met Mr. Bradley an.! Mr. (irlisle
whom he tvM of the oondition ef his prisoner- when hs
ieturne<l he was deej.
Mr Taniiil Smith, the jailor, was n?-*t examineel, and
giive a , i -jJlar detailed statimen; tso too, Imiac Hirch
Jtobert Haters, aad Charles BelL Jahnsow Simons an.1 o'
\ v *VeI?Uy t<,"li0^ th?t they were standing in tbo
court when M?. (tardner was sentenced; that he rot
a rUs of water; that he stooped hia heed as iflettine a
i.ieco ef tobacco ont of his month; that they then saw
him with one band take something out of the other, and
put it Into his mouth ; then take another sup of water; let
then set Uie glass down.' sup of water, and
man '^ok^be pol!?r>rL " ^ M ^ tin" 0,8 unf?rtuu*^
, Al '"quest was adjourned to 10U o'clock
A .U. Saturday morning, when the doctors who held the
e*s*nlnation will give their testimony^
Tlie jury were discharged for the present, with an ad
monition not to hold conversation on the subject Heirara
rii'vr1 cor,oner- }kw^n- j"""? uTwit^
groped their way down the BP'.ightlj and unhfhted |tga?
staircase, paaaing on their way cells, at thS *?22?
J of w hlch groups of colored women grinned aW* janffcai
horribly. Sad and sickened at the acene* I had Wk'tMMM,
I walked to my hotel and aet down to writ* tb? iiiaBB
*h:ch I now close.
W ashiivotoh , March S, 18M
n 8 P?Rt mortem examination held thia morning an tha
body >''' George A Gardner established nothing po?l
tively a* ' to.th* cau?? ?f death. All the doctora, however
agree in b ^li^ving it wa* produced by strychnine. Tha
content* of ~e ,tl"nach and a white powder found an hi*
peraon have i handed to I)r. Breod, of the Patent
Office, for analj the inquest aland* adjourned till
The Pane T*1 ?r ?r. Gardner, &c.
q VLlo&Armc.
W ahiiinoton . March 6, 1854.
The funeral of the late . Gardner waa attended, this
afternoon by only a small number of peraonal friend*.
Hi* brother, John Charles 0a? *? present, thus ti
llering the impression that he absconded. The re
port that be had left the city art ? from W* answer
ing the Coroner's summons on Sa *urday, and from tha
equivocal conduct of hia brother-in "'**?
The suicide and ita attendant circu 'instances form tha
chief subject of conversation here; an ^
probable and improbable rumors in re la ^on the mat
ter. There if mnch curiosity to learn content* *f
the letter written by the Doctor, and han tod t? hia b*e
ther just previous to his death. It Is said ***** *h? totter
will be produced at the inquest, on Friday n< ***1 ?* wM*
timo it is understood that Charles Gardn*r wi. ^ ^
the coroner's jury.
The latest from Washington.
WAerawttTOn, March &, ISM.
It is understood the Senate Nebraska bill, when it W '
reported to the House, will be referred' to the Committee
on Territories, and that it will remain there for the pn
sent. Meantime, the Nebraska hill already reported
from the House Committee on Territories will he consid
ered in Committee of the Whole, and all the discussion
will take place upon that bill. Whenever it is aeoar
taioed that there ia strength enough to pastrit, the Terri
torial Committer will then report back the Senate hill, and
press it through under the operations of the previa**
question. The advantage of this plan lies in the fadfc that
the moment there is a majority for the bill, dic^uwtatn en
1C can be 'stopped; whilst, if it was in Committee ef the
Whole, the previous question could nut be made avail*! to.
Mr. Dean openly aveflrfe that the article in thr fet Kt
abandoning the Nebraska bill as a test question, waa tt ?
result of a bargain, without which Nicholson' couM mm *
have received the printing. Mr. Dealt has played' fcft '
cards cHverly, But what era be said of the 'morality *C
the admidistration and its organ 7
Hall Vatlorea.
Bjr.TiMORK, March 5, 18H.
We ha?* no mail to-di.y boyond Wilmington. Thar '
damage to<the railroad at tlurSewth, by the freiheta fit
renta the raring of the trataai Three New OrleaM mtKm
are now da?r
PRonniOM*, March 4, ISM.
The cotton market cloned to-rtAy with a Arm fwNa|.
The wool market continues rafner dull, although jiilnaa '
are fully sustained. The sales of the week amount to
67,300 lba. Printing clotha are- 'without change to -
prices. Sales of the week 44,500 pieces.
Naw OKdum, March 1. ISM.
With a large' export demand, prices for cotton arc ?
stiffor, but not jruotably higher. Tm sales to-day foot ap
12,600 bales. Trie late news from Earope haa caused ? -
decided decline iff the prices of wheat and flour. (M
Ohio flour sella at 90 75 a 97 per M>L, and fair irkaad
commands 91 00 per bushel. Exchange? Sterling ex
change, 7 % n R per cent premium. Rates on New Yerk
are rather higher. Freights hare slighter advanced within >
the laat day of two
Otty Intelligence.
Yesterday afternoon J. S. Orr, otherwise known aa tte
"Angel Gabriel," held forth to a large crowd in the Putt
in front of the City Hall as usual. A few blasts from hia
trumpet soon brought together a large nwmber of people.
A melody waa then gi'*n on an accord eon by his secre
tary, and then Gabriel commenced, and during hia dia
course he made Nome violent attacks on the Catholic re
ligion. During these attacks some one, supposed to to
an Irishman, exclaimed in a loud voioe, "la there aay
Americana present?"
"Yea," replied a Mr. William W. Morris, "I km one:"
and almost instantly with the reply a fight ensued. u>
which William Early, of No. 165 Leonard street, receive*
a tevere beating on the head and face. Officers Mc
pherson, Reed, De Voe, and others of the reserve*
corps, rushed into the crowd to stop the fighting,
lend arrested Mr. Morris, Thomas C. Raker, Richard
Moore, and one or two others, charged with committing
the assault on Mr. Early, who is said te be an Irishma*.
The accused parties were conveyed into tbo office of the
Chief of Police, where Judge Bee be heard the case, and
took complaints charging Moore, Morris, and Baker, with
assaulting and beating Early. The Judge, on the evi
dence adduced, required the defendants to find halite tte'
sum of 9800 each to answer the charge. The require*
ball was given, and the defendants were liberated from
custody. Gabriel by this time bad concluded hia addraea
and started across th? Park, followed by a crowd of
several hundred persons. The police followed on to mm
that no one molested him, until he took one of the Eighth
avenue cars. Mr. Weat, we understand, preached for a
short period In an open lot In Fifteenth street, and thaa
left, attended by the "Guard of Liberty."
Accipfnt on thi Ha n ? Riii.ro ad. ? Yesterday after
noon a laborer named Michael Gerachty, employed at the
Harlem Railroad depot in Thirteenth street, was severely
Injured by having been jammed between the cars and the
parapet, "resulting in a fracture of the arm, and severe
wounds nnd contusions, but from which he may recover.
I>r. Kinnicr was called in, who. after having attended to
him, recommended his removal to the Hospital.
Hkbriw BKNKVounrr Society, N. Y? At a meeting of
the Board of Directors, held on the 19th of February,
1864, the followi: g resolutions were unanimously
Resolved. That a committee of lire be appointed for the
pnrpose of drawing n| resolutions expressing the rscret at
t Me Board nt the demise of the late Jii'lah Touro, ana that
the said committee accompany the remains of Mr. Toaro to
thi-ir final resting place, In Newport, R: I.
'I he President their appointed Messrs. Simeon Dreyfou*,
John I>evcy , Dane Hubcr, Jacob Macit, and Henry Davison
on that committee.
At a meeting of Ike Board hold on the 1st of Mareb,
the committee submitted the following resolutions, which
were tinanimou-4y adopted ?
Whereas, it has pleased the Almighty to terminate the
mortal csr<jr of oar mnch respected and worthy co-religion
ist, Judah Tnuro. of New Orleans- therefor*.
Resolved, That this Bosrd In deeply snd painfully im
pressed with the irreparable loss sustained by the Jewish
( i mmunity and the world at ls.^e in the demise of thehe
Iste lamented fH?nd.
Resolved, That the late Judafe Touro waa endeared te alt
who knew him. for his unoitentr.tious manners, kind dispo
sition. and iaanmerable act* of charity and IbansTOlsaOO.
wlthont reference to creed or dime.
Res'dved, That this society will forever sherish sad vene
rate the name snd memory of Jadah Tooto, for his maaM
cent bequest ef 95,000 in aid of the funds of this Institution.
Resolved, That ss s further mark of rsspeet to the ee
cessed, the members of this society be requested for atten*
and join in sueh fnneral procession as shall he adopted, ap.
the varices. delegations iu this city for-?he purpose.
Persopsl InteUlgencc.
Among the passengers by the Otitic, which left thi*
port on Saturday, are ex- Alderman Wesley Smith, of thi*
city, and Mr. Grumwald, one toe Rnaainn ofleera ahoat
whom so much hat been said in relation to privateer*.
We understand thit Mr. Smlt J luis matt* a contract with
the Buseisns to supply that (overnmeat with ship timber
to the value of 9900.000, n-jtl that his trip to Bnrope wittfc
Mr. Grumwnld hi to complete the srsangemeat with tte
Hon. E. C. Marshall, M.C., California; T. Maple, OL;
Theodore Townsend, Albany: Archibald Mackrae, u. & '
Navy; Jo ;enh Carson, Baltimore; DaolelCashman, News - *
Yoik; J. M. Tobin. England, were among the arrival^
yesterday at the Metropolitan Hotel.
O. M. Thomas, Louisiana; R Cohen, Georgia; IX C*f
Guinniss. New York, were inioBg.it arrU uV yesterday
at the Preacott.
A. Erickson, Rochester; Captain Edwards, Buffalo;
Gen. Follett, Albany; E. Baker, Albany: B. Wiaaria
Hnngsr; I). M. Falrpa*. V?., J. W. Bcoho, Boston; 3Tw.
Oram, Baltimore; Dr. Roberlaoo, Cambridge, arrived yea
terday at the 6t. Nicholas.
Messrs. J. H. Mulforn, Columbia; J. J. Smith. Buffalo
Geo. Phillips, Glasgow: W. O. McCsnen. do.; H. Mellsa
sin, do. ; 8. P Morris, Philadelphia, arrived yesterday at
the Art or House.
Ex President Fillmer* and ex Postmaster Hall were la
Columbus, Ohio on the 2d Instant. They were waited am
by members of the l egislature, who escorted them to tte
House, where they reoolved the courteelee of the State.
From Usrre and|9outhamptoa, In the steatnsMn Kutvllle
| ? W Taylor, N (lerstent, erg, M Sassrae, T( Van Eaton, la
Itlsdlner, M Itrnhl, I Lallenland. A Carpeatlar, J lobar to.
M Hendean, lady and Aohildren, Mrs Caron, C OuthwJi
Denengic and lady, M Donengine and lady, A Oppsnhetm, T ,
' Diner, A Tallorp, B Dealnara, I< Mognard, Om Ht|>lttt?n. -
W H k.vlll., lady and S children. J^armi.
I lm ,blp "t Patrick? Capt R ? Baldwin,
rro?N?w Orleans, ia steamship Star Ks th*Se?to-*f A
Weeks, * B Godwin, John Owen/ 1) H r.?.ald H Mitnaa
loV.^.'tMd ' ,T'" W '

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