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IHP0BTA1IT FROM CUBA.
fhe iili urn of the Black Warrior by ! the Spanish Authorities. Authentic Particulars of the High Handed Aflkir. THE LIBERATION OF THE AMERIC AN SAILORS, Ac., Ac., Ac. Our Havana Correspondence. Havana, Feb. 37, 1851. liberation qf the American Sailors ? Political Calculation* , qf the Auttiorities ? The United States Consulate ? Visit to . the Sailors on Board the Fulton ? Revised List qf their ! Ifm net? Incidents of the Affair? Runners from Spain? ! The Xmemeipado System ? A Kev> Tariff? The U. S. Steamer Corwin. When justice gets fairly waked up in Cuba, there Is ?o more "pooo, poco;" so the nine prisoners were shored oat of prison on the 23d, their release having been de termined the day previous, under intimation fro m the Captain-General that further delat would be pressing the inaugural doctrines into the ground, which would jbe imminently hazardous to the public safety just at this . time, as the children of that mercantile fllibustero, John | Bull, were getting their blood up. It is reported from : the palace, also, that from recent correspondence on the j*rt of the Acting Consul, it was feared that the govern- ' Stent of the United States was only waiting a clear re- ! fusel to deliver, or a condemnation, to make it an ex Base or pretext for giving a Mississippi flood from tho Routhweut that would submerge the present political oon fiitlon of the land, and leave a position of better or ganic principles, which would be very unacceptable t the pockets of the "axe grinders" of the palace out here. The idea of the home squadron had some efTect, not that the foroe was of any consequence ? not at all. We have the Perl* frigate to look at up the harbor, an ?everal other worn out brigs, schooners, and stearaors, that would make desperate battle if they had an 'honora ble chance; but the demonstration would encourage the faint-hearted among the people, and might be mis ?S.tlhof t.'p" I'? ??">??"?" JiJ "'''J ?*' v?t^l illation to the soil I did feci a little uncom ^JlLhU one of the representatives of the great portable that one gut should condescend to democracy of the Empire two ?u it peek ^rmls^onto"^^ and. lew the , am ^ ^ ks^&ts ? u?. ?itu?. *??* "iStttSte^^SSS' 1>, il? mW?? toet, SlSf'Jr-.gr ,,br JLihbi a iMLl Cubano at dinner, on the 22d, he gave a Ws "hotel, l4 ' 0f George Washington," with a feast to Jtoni.?cn^vuent and touclilng introduction, ffihwas wqeU received by thegue.t.at table, and the United States' war steamer a""s."4 z *TSu thrir consent relit ion, all. the facts hardship, in trying to got f roe S h??sseffi the Spaniards who held them in con ?ttaint They had incidents enough In their voyage, t* inade th'an "Riley's Africa" story-lost from P*?, I autnose and almost from memory, rheir a*??8-" .J" spivea are William Freeburn, of Philadel ^v."^iln!m He^Vv of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia; Jno. Jledilff of England; Charlea Robinson, of Canada. Wd-^ ??>; SSSittV'ttoiS', ??&? wgfdj S'liiT^obertion and the charity of their countrymen, liny much doubt whether they would aU have endured oay83?s? ? P?-'? c??> ? ssfsisr: ? as?! waMsS^tfSSarsB SssSSiSSS S55SS so that they might not fSrtfJSnSS of prison discipline. It 1. 5r^A2V"SSr difficulties easy with a two doliai j?*rc, and save your ?elf man v weary hours of delay, even umtor the dean handed administration of Gen. Pozuela. The British steamer Teviot, from St. Thomas, with mails and passengers from Southampton, came into port on the 25th? three days in advance of that^i nothinr of Importance in the way of news, sav ms *oforted that the health of the Columbia had i^ nrovea and that sho would be here shortly. We have newsaai^actured here, in imitation of the wares of motherland, that our vhrtuous Queen had been com nelled to fly from 8pein. How derived no one knows , but Jflml that many are firm believer* in its dealing in so strong a line of l^hmwt. she eonld not forego the principle, *nd J*tire? ^g^fty to the stot;. coSSe " ^*J5o? (few), ?1^.?T yor forty -seven years, under cover of all. Mr TkWmnlt who was relieved from duty? suspended from SMMiSrfS toSlbas?~? restored, and assumes ^tCe^nhiw?emS?oyn, under advisement of the HMnelers of our treasury, a revision of the tariff for rSsk which is to have sucii discriminating features as tL wm^ercial advantages In favor of Euro . ..n^T-Vr- against the Ualtod States: the morement *5^i-u?tmore than cxcceding the total of all others, ^ IT the cause Ay they should pay the wStor tonus for the sustoinment of royal purity and 5? i?hle? at Madrid. You will find tho subject gently in thTUsue of the Diario of tho 24th inst., -htoh U the commencement of the cover of the injustice to the nation that ha. forced the commerce of ^hewUor^wle^ed from the Spanish prison are pre aiarinaa protest against the aetion or this government In thJfr injust seizure and Mention, which has been ^sS^"JSTaarsici?3K ^^a^^chfaf th^cuu cU.rtto h?, royalty" afloat, and r iTntr Wo*t from ft ?*rvoy of soundings oi SS^f w*y?! 2c. amimg th? ia thai viclaity , "uyl will play the dee pees leads on herreturn. n inrtHuro both at the east end of the island. The Blade Warrior expected .very moment. Commer ^^B^kVrrior entered prt JWs .mornlcg a" thfearUest permitted hour, having arrived in the oWng light at midnight- She ? ? ake in two hundred tons of aoal, which wlU detain no ?* the assurance to you that we are Uving amid hopes and fears, not likiag tho Portugal proposition of ?*tr^ony. the payment to England, nor the consequent P?>~tion that she is to extend over us. Her embraces of love we derm premonition of sudden death. In the mean time we pray to be delivered from the " wolj in sheep a oloth iri " and aU others that would devour us. 1'pee you get various versions ot the same thin* from thU nuarteTTbut truth "unadorned is adorned the ^StVa tUt you will find, unmixed, of 'our disinterested Havana, Feb. 2T, 1864. ^reraUfKf of the Secret S yttcm?Tkc American OmtukUe IirftUed AUetnj>t to Introduce Chiume m Cutter? An Or *er Ajfaiiut theatrical Enoore*? Patent* , *c. The " secret system" is so universal here that even the gentleman employed at the United States consulate appears InnocuUted with It. Thus, although I was at ?he consulate late on the evening prior to the departure Of the Isabel on her last trip? and it is known I corres pond with the Hbui.d ? vet not a syllable was said to me reapveting the " order" which had been given lor the dis charge of the American seamen who have so unjustly been detained in '? tlurance vile" here, on the charge of having bean engage i in the African slave trade on board the Jaaper. Upon my complaining next morning of this Mat of courtesy, the reply was: " We thought it ought tot to be known to the public until the government was ( f nade acquainted with It.'- Truly, very republican la such m ideal However, as the fact was known to the officers If tbe Fulton steamship, (on l>oard which vessel the I tltora now art,) I am in ho)** the readers of the Huuu> ?fe*Hw*ir been made acquainted with th<> fact; and I | ohttt nw-ntlon my not having transmitted it to you by ! be Isabel, in order to show the difficulties which an? i hrowa in th? way of the correspondents of the press in C?t. erw the United consulate, which Is | the l*at place where such a matter should hare hc-n kept secret from Americans, who took so much interest in the subject; but even there a secret and a mystery were made of a matter which ought instantly to hare been freely and gladly communicated to every American in this city. Are you aware an attempt is being wade to CUuia iee Cuba Y Why not China-lie as well aa Africanize ? Could it not be managed to get up some excitement and political capi tal upon the threatened introduction into thia island of large bodies of indented Chinese pagans t A mission to Cfenton at the expense of Uncle Sam would just suit your correspondent, who, in addition to his official duties, could write interesting letters for the Hxiuld from the court of the Brother of the Bun 1 Pray think of thia, and see what can be done. An order has been issued forbidding the demanding of re petitions of scenes or parts of scenes at the theatres, which practice, it la stated, nas " been observed with disgust," and is oontrary to good manner*, besides being so fatigu ing, in this climate, to actors, singers and dancers. Is it that the Marquis de la Pezuela u thus considerate to- j wards artists in return for the free admission of himself, wife and suite ? 'Twonld almost seem that such was the case. Two other patents have been (granted to Don F. P. Del gado? one for a composition which gives the appearanoe of marble to any substance to which it is applied; the other for a planing machine. I do believe that some such composition has been applied to the bones of Columbus , which are exhibited at tne Cathedral here In a glass case. There Is literally nothing new here. The carnival com menced yesterday. It lasts here but three days. Ex cepting balls on each night, ronts at private residences, and a few masquerades In the streets, there is no differ ence from any ordinary occasion. How different from the Roman Catholic cities on the continent of Europe! Should I learn any news on my way to the agents of the steamer, it shall be added in a postcript. GUALTEEUO. Havana, Feb. 27, 1854. | Jhe Weather in Cuba? Contrast between Havana and Xev> York? Enjoyment at the American Hotel*? Want of the Herald? Great Joy on the Receipt of One? The Liberated Sailor * and their Liberating Friend s ? Fate of Domin guet? Carnival Week? Departure of Archbishop Hughe* ?State of Hit Health? Political Surmise*. In this magnificent climate tiiue really film, and I can hardly realize that three month* have passod since my artiial. When we rend of the cold weather, snow storms ice and fog-bound harbors of your latitude, we can scarce h imngine tluit you are but four or fire days sail from hp. But It is stranger still that the pleasure and health set king people of the North are willing to suffer the in conveniences and injuries of your intensely cold and changeable climate, when another, so beautiful and bene ficial, is near them. Havana, and in fact the whole Uland, is unusually healthy, and the weather usually fiae. Tfc ' American hotels are well filled, and New York has a Air representation. One thing, however, is wanting, ai it proves a serious drawback to all our enjoy ments. Wo have boys that hawk oranges and all the delicious fruits of the island through the streets; but we never hear them cry "E-RA-l-D, the morning E-R-a-l-d? only two cents " But then when wo do get a Herald, we set a true and proper value upoii it. Talk of raising the price to three cents ! Why, we are glad to get them at any price, and consider them cheap. Wliv, a New York Herald is a perfect lux ury. If we are fortunate enough to get one on board of the steamers, we immediately secreto it In our bosoms, away from the vulgar gaze of Spanish officials. Wo steal to our closets and commune with it, every line, every letter, advertisements, deaths, marriages? alt are greedily devoured. We sleep with it under our pil lows, and dream over its contents, and of its bold Ameri can sentiments. I sometimes go into "Carborya's," the headquarters of Yankee sea captains. There you will And the Journal of Commerce, Courier and Enquirer, and once in a while you will see a Tribune. These pa pers, of course, are all read with more or less interest; but let it be known where the Herald is about, and you will see a dozen or more watching and waiting for a chance, and probably two or three reading it over the shoulders of the fortunate possessor. The American prisoners havo, after a delay of nine months, been released, and are now on board the steamer Fulton, lying in the harbor. They were first condemned to four years hard labor In the "chain gangs," but rumor says that certain despatches, brought out by ex Comptroller Wright, have effected their release. Mr. Wright has not accepted the office of Consul of Havana, nor does he intend to. A few days before the release of the prisoners I saw them in their cell, and told them what I had seen in the papers relative to their case. "For God's bake." says one, "couldn't you just pass ns in a Hkraid, so that we could see what was going on In tho world ?" I was compelled to refuse them for my own personal safety, but gave them all the nows I possessed. They seemed very grateful for the attentions paid them, and they all say, "God bless Mr. Bennett of the Hkrald, for the interest ho takes In our case. ' ' And to this Interest mainly are they Indebted now for their release. Nine months have thev been incarcerated, and little ot no at tention was paid them by our government until the Herald took up the matter. Will Mr. Marcy deem it most important to spend time In preparing another "buncum" letter, or in demanding propor restitution for the time tho poor fellows have lost in prison, and for the money taken from them ? ..... lH>minguez, the wretch who stabbel his wife, the I l retty actress, is to be garroted in a few days. It is not ti ue that he killed her in a fit of jealousy; but it is true i th ut he murdered her bccause she would not consent to prostitute herself to one high in authority, so as to uecuTe aosue favor for himself. . .. YpiMIav was tho Sunday of Carnival week, and the day was celebrated in the usual way. Parties of masquer aders thronged the streets, and the 1'aueo was honored with mora splendid turn-outs than on any former ilay of the season. In the evening masked balls were glveu at the Lyccum, Escaunlza*, Vlllcnueva teatro, and at other places. The opera at the Tacon was a perfect jam. Archbishop Hughes left in the steamer Philadelphia on the 24th for NewOrleans, much Improved in health. H ? has been one of the lions, and in theatrical parlance ha ' played to full houses. The Captain General tendered him his summer residence at the head of the Passeo de Tacon, and showed much respect and love for our head of the The American steamer-of-war Fulton is now here, wait ing the arrival of the Commodore. This Is the first Ame rican man-of-war seen in these waters during the past nine months. , , There is no political news of importance in town, or course there are many rumors, as usual, but none that can be relied on. , I understand there is much shaking abont the palace, in conneauence of certain news from Spain. It is very evident that the "rats are leaving the sinking ship. The Queen's agent here is disposing of her slaves and other property, and no one doubts for a moment of the complete and perfect yielding to British power; and un less "Young America" interferes i.* xrnmntlv the " .....icvi uusuny" of this isiaad is?? Irw JUcti colony of ~G rout Britain. How Viil tMtftQ" "XMkMiMtiP- jSrno. Havana, March 1, 1854. The Black Warrior Again ? Another Appeal to Government ?An English Steamer Cleared, mth Cargo, vn Ballast. The Black Warrior has been detained by the authori ties here, because she had entered and attempted to clear in ballast, when she had cargo ^cotton) on board. This has been the continued habit with steamships here. But a few days since, the English steamer Teviot cleared in ballast, when she had a cargo on board for Vera Cruz. Tlic Black Warrior has been abandoned, and the United States ship Corwln des|>utched with her mails, &c. , &c. My letter of yesterday, of course you will receive by her . , , Will not the United States government see that the Spanish government pay for tho Black Warrior? Time presses, and 1 am unable to offer comment upon this outrage. GUALTERIO. Havana. March 1, 1854. Seisvre of the Black Warrior? Previous Entry of the Ship with Cargo as Ballast ? The Late Aggression ? Spanish Revenue Lau>? Abandonment of the Vessel by her Officers ? Their Departure from Havana in the United States Steamer Corwin ? Trouble to other American Ships? Hie Black Warrior and United States Steamship Fulton. This U a glorious country, and we are an infinitely tall people, with something new everyday under the sun. The Black Warrior is abandoned by Oapt. Bullock to the viceregal government of Cuba, under a newly-invented line of aggression *ot up by a law advisory organ of our new government, and particularly clinging to the revenue department. The Black Warrior has previously entered this port, nnder the present administration, with cargo in as bal last? tlie cargo having for destination Mobile or New York ; rnd none taken or discharged in Havana was, de facto, ballast, for all intercourse of the vessel with thii port. It was so speed and understood before the pro' prictors would undertake tho responsibility of engaging Ui the businesa. It was dona with confidence in Spanish faith and Spanish honor, and justified by constant ac ceptance and action under every branch of the govern ment here since the establishment of the lino, avid by tiieee very objective creatures themselves, in tiie last previous voyages of the same steamer, and ot constant practice with all other merchant steamers that have oc casion to call at the Havana. But now it !? aseumod that tlx entry made In ballast la not In conformity to law? that the merchandise should have been specified, fcc.; under which allegation seizure If made, and the vessel abandoned. The law explicitly says that forty-eight ltours after dropping anchor a visit shall be allowed for correction of any errors that might be ascertained in the manifest, which they (the agents) offered to make, in conformity with the sudden determination of the officials of the government. But in reply to this it was declared that the vessel had lieen cleared two days before arrival, which was In conformity with a custom established by tho same authority, In order that if tho vessel should arrive on Sunday, or other days when there could be no Custom House entries and clearances, that each vessel expected ? regular steam packet ? might not lose time. The gov ernment were advised tlmt if they undertook to discharge the steamer she would be abandoned to them. As they are non-paying Tnd non-accounting people, it was too good an opportunity to let pass. So tho Black Warrior will soon be towing the Geor gians anil Susan Loud about In the Mediter ranean. perhaps, In search or pursuit of Spanish honor, 'hie steamer Corwin leaves this evening for Chsrleston, with the officers, crew passengers and mails of the Black Warrior, which the Messrs. Livingston ma v consider well sold, if they ever get the money Ihree other vessels? ell Americana? are picked up in the same way, and from following practices established by the administration officials of the Itevenue Depart mcnt themselves ? for landing gooJs without a permit I ic law savs " that all vessel* shall discharge theic | cargo** on permit* from the Custom FIouoo, which mnst I be grunted in forty-ei^ht hours after entry of the vessel ; tlmt if such permit ii not grantwl in the time Riven, the ! captain shall or may discharge hi 8 cargo upon the wharf." I Under this ease. precisely, the brig J. S. (Sittings waa yM | terday fined n thousand dollars, which they refuse to pay, anil the government holds her in bond*. Tha barks C. B. Hamilton and 1'acific have been seized under aimilar pro visions of law and justice. This is all very nica ? all American stock, in an unaccountable banking bankrupt establishment. It is a good ways to Spain, and the account la easily set tled here, by applying the national code to outlawed com mnnitira, to protect from the blow, at the point from whence it waa given. 1 sliall be able to five the progress of discharge and trial by the Philadelphia. Capt. Watson, of the United States steamer Fulton, was anxions to take the Warrior, after abandonment, un der Ills guna and in tow to sea, and then report the fact to this government ; but it was objected to, as not justified by the wrong done ; but I think it would have topped the Koazta case, In protection to our Urge com mercial Interests. H. Havana, March 1, 1854. Further Particulars of the Block Warrior' t Seintre? Cause* and Consequence t of the Act? A Call on the Presi dent and Cabinet. The Black Warrior has been seized as a prise, by order o t the Captain General, and the steamer Corwin sails this afternoon at five o'clock, with her mails, for Charleston. The Black Warrior has been abandoned by her officers and crew under protest, and is at this moment in full possession of the Spanish government. I will not attempt to give you all the rumors afloat relative to the matter; they are very contradictory, and some are highly exag gerated. The facia arc bad enough, and are, simply, that the vessel came here on the lftth, as usual, to land and take passengers and letters only. I believe sho is entered and cleared in ballast; but, inasmuch as she has cotton on board us freight ? although it waa not shipped for or in ; tended to be landed here ? yet the authorities make this the excuse for condemning her as a smuggler. It is pos sible that the act may be in strict accordance with the Utter of their law, but it certainly is in direct violat.oa of the spirit, and also the usage and custom of all nation'* and all time. The agent of the Black Warrior desired, so as to satisfy the authorities, to. alter the manifest in c nformity with their pretended wishes, but he was not permitted' to do so; the prize wa? not to be lost so easily; and this opportunity to demonstrate t? the American government the perfect contempt in which they are hoM y the Spanish rulers of this island was not perm ttc l to jiass. In this affair there is something more than the in -re question of cotton or pig Iron for oallast; there is soma thing beside tonnage duties in it. Bucked by England, the controlling power here, the Captain General will in sult and spit upou Frank Tierce, as Canedo did upon Fillmore. Captains-General have to do something bold to keep in favor with their ever changing government at home, and it seems t?s if the American people were made ttpresily for them. A ladv at my elbow says the Americans prove themselves " the' best of Christians ? they not only allow ! themselves to be smitten upon one cheek, but they ! smilingly turn the other." i Will President Pierce recollect tho remark he made I just previous to his inauguration, when the shot was fired across the bow of the same Black Warrior by a Spanish brig ? That remark was heard and registered, and now let us see if he will keep his promise. I In conclusion ? for I have but a few moments before | the closing of the mail ? the great desire of this govern ment is to cripple, and prohibit if possible, the frequent I intercourse with the United States. I The British lion has her paw upon the island, and if i the American people do not resent this outrage, farewell Cuba. YOUNG AMERICA. Statement Of the Seizure of the Black Warrior. Cop.r of a letter received by Messrs. Livingston & Co., agents of the New York and Alabama Steamship Com pany, from Charles Tyng k Co., agents of the steamship Black Warrior, at Havana : ? . Havana, Marcli 1, 185t. And now, agreeably to the promise made in that letter, I proceed to givo you some items of information respect * ing the seizure of that steamer (Black Warrior) by the authorities, of which you, will probably ha vo heard ere this reaches you by telegraph from Charleston. The Black Warrior entered this port yesterday morning (28th Feb.) at about 7 o'clock. Capt. Bullock reported to the boarding officer when he enterod. giving his manifest, as : usual, in which it was slated, as it always has been, that | she enters in ballast. As we were expecting the steamer ; on Sundiv, the 26th nit., we, as we have always done, i and as is done with the otlier steamers which come here, i entered and cleared her before she arrived, making the i entrance and clearance on Saturday, the 2?>th ult. When our clerk went to the custom-houso yesterday morning to i get the necessary paper to the Captain of the Port, in or der to allow the ship to pass the Moro, it was refused, and he was informed tliat there was an informality in the i entry, and the ship could not leave. Mr. Tyng was in the i office at the time our clerk came back to inform us of the state of affairs, and the writer immediately went to the I custom-house to seethe chief officer. He informed us that ! the hoarding officer had attached a note to the m*ni : fest of the captain, saying, 'The ship has en tered in ballast, and brings four hundrol bales of cotton for Now York." The collector or administrator said to us, the captain should have entered his cargo in transit, and not have entered in balinst. We replie I. that as far as regards Havana, she is ill ballast, Shu nil tlier brings cargo to Havana nor takes it away. It in it ters not whether her ballast be bales of cotton or st mo. We claim that the entry is correct as made, but wh ?;:ier correct or not, if you say it is not correct, we cUiui to take advantage of the twolve hours allowed to al! voj.cU to make corrections and additions to the uianifoU. lie told us he had already written a note to the Inte i I uro about the affair, and expected an answer at once, b it a 1 vised us to see the Intendante. We went to ths liiten dancy. and found that the Intendante was at h <mo lick. We went to his house, found there a young m tu, win) told ub that he had brought a note from tho Inteuiiaey to the Intendante. and was waiting an answer; a larva it soon came in, bringing a note for the young man. We asked the servant if we could see the Intendante. He said j we could not ? that he was sick in bed. We accompanied : the young man to the Intendancy, and saw the note : handed to the head officer. We left our clerk at the In tendancy, with orders to wait until the note should be sent to the Custom House. He soon came to the office, raying that the note of the Intendante had been seut to the Custom House. The writer and our clerk went at once to the Custom House. We found the Collector read ing the note. He handed it to the Deputy Collector, At rastue, and the deputy read it to us. The tenor of the note was, that the entry made was not a true one; that the ship was responsible, according to the law; the goods on hoard should be confiscated, and a fino equal to double the value of the goods imposed. The writer returned at once to the office, and found that ill. X/uff had lejt to. HQ. to til* C?? >*11 protf st again -t Mr ?? >gu?n. the purser Ulnl the Writer, went at once to find Cant. Bullock; not finding him, we returned to the office. We then started for the Consu late, met Capt. Bullock on the way, as well as Mr. E. P. Pogers ; we all wynt to the Consulate, found the clerk drawing up a protest. The Consul and Capt. Bullock went to see the Captain-General ; he saw the Consul, but refused to see Capt. Bullock. A memorial was left with him about the matter. About 3 o'clock, it being past custom house office hours, a servant brought us a card of the "Administrator," and said he would like to soo us at once. Mr. Tyng and myself went at once to his rooms; he showed us chairs, and commenced conversation, say ing thot he regretted much this state of things, but he liad done everything in his power to avert it. Ac., and concluded by saying that if we. as consignees of the ship, after taking Out the cargo, would give a bond holding our selves responsible for any fine, or other damages which might be imposed on the ship, he would then (after taking out cargo) allow the ship to proceed. We told him we would puy any small fine of $9 or $10. the same as was paid for the mistake ma le about the three boxes of npples for l'arejo on a previous trip ; but as for giving a bond for $80,000 or $90,000, which would, according to his statement, be the probable amount, we should do no such thing ? that in case there was a mistake in the , entry, or auy difference whatever, we claimed the usual twelve hours to correct the manifest ; tho collector re- ( plied that no addition or correction could be made to the manifest; that having asked for the clearance visit, we conld not take advantage of that rule ; to correct the manifest. But wo said we asUed , for the clearance visit last Saturday, before the , ship was here; and wo could not know what entry the Captain would make. He said, ' np matter; in making that petition, you lose your right to make the ootrection. I Mr. Tyng took out his watch and sai l. I request you geB- I tleinen, (for the Commandant do r.osguardo was also j present, having come in soon after the conversation com menced,) to take notice that on this day, at half past three o'clock, It being within the twelve hour* allowed bv law. 1 requested permI<sion to correct the manifest of the ship Black Warrior. The Collector replied, "Very good." and I request you also to take notice, that I, oil this dav, and at the same hour, refuse your request; be cause, having asked for the clearance visit, ( ritili de I *oitda,) you have lost the right to make any corrections, j We as keil w hat he should do, and he said that he should discharge the ship. We replied that we protested against the whole proceeding, and that the first bale of cotton, or other good*, that come out of her. should be Hken by him under his own responsibility; that wo should aban don vessel and cargt) and hold him and his government responsible for the consequences. At about 4 o'clock, an officer of the customs came to notify us that the chief of the carabineros, (inspectors,) was on board the steamer, and they should begin to discbarge her at once, aud re quested us to send some one on board to attend to the discharging of the cargo. We replied that a memorial had been handed to the Captain General on tho subject; that we should not dis charge the ship? that for anything the chief of the carbl- i neros might do, we should hold him and hie government responsible. He left, and went at once on board the steam er to report to his chief. About five o'clock came another officer, saying that the .collector had sent him to say that ? they were about to commence tho discharge of the ship. We replied, as to tho other officer, that we should not send any one to attend to the discharging; that we pro tested against the whole proceedings ; fnat when the Srst bulc of cotton came out, we should almndon, and hold him and the government responsible. We heard no more from them last night. This morning, the Collector sent a mutual friend of his and ours to us to say, that if after discharging the cotton, the Captain would agree to pre sent himself, whenever the government should call for him, they would then let the ship go in ballast. Mean- 1 while the chief of the carabineros had opened the hatches and began to take out cargo. Not a man of the ship was j ' allowed to lend tho least aid or assistance, as Captain Bullock, by advice of the Consul, as well as of ourselves, had given such orders. Vh?n they commenced to break out cargo, Captain Bullock hauled down his flag, abandon ed the ship to them, and went witli hii crew and officers on board the i nited fcttates steamer Fulton 1 he Consul has written a statement of the whole affair to the govern ment at Washington, and despatches the Corwln. a coast survey steamer, with the despatches and letter* intended for the Black Warrior this afternoon, for Charl'-stom We aro supported in the course we have taken, as also is the < aptain, by the opinion and advice of the Amei ican Con sul ? by that of Judge Wright, former Comptroller of New York? by several eminent lawyers, now herefrom the States, and by the merchant* generally We regret much these circumstances. but hare done the best in our | Cwer, and have t?4<en the bout advice with regard every step we have taken in the matter. When we recollect tin thirty-six different times this ven sel has entered the harbor, and always iu the name j wny. and tlrafr+he stenuHTs of the G<-<?rge Law and other* lines have probably entered at leist three hundred time* ' in the came way ? more than this, that steamers of the Law line actually tran?fened full curious from one at earner to another, under the eye of the officers of the B eminent, and both vessels entered and cleared in bal ? we are sure that our go\ eminent will protect your interest aa they ought, and tlte Spanish government be made to pay dearly for the work or yesterday and to day. We shall continue to use our efforts and that of our friendirto bring thia matter to a satisfactory settlement. , Respectfully, your obedient servant, CHARLES TYN'G 4 CO. The Charleston Mercury of the 6th inst. says:? Some forty passengers were on board the Black War rior, who were not allowed to quit the ship, their bag gage being locked up by the authorities: and the ser vants having gone on board the Fulton, they we.-e put to j very great inconvenience. ? TELEGRAPHIC. Important from tVaihlngt^n. OFFICIAL DESPATCHES COXCERNINO THK SEIZURE OF THE BLACK WARHIOB ? STKONO MEASURES TO BE RECOMMENDED. BTC. Washington. March 0, 1854. | Despatches were received this morning fully corrobo rating the circumstances attending the seizure of the Black Warrior at Havana. .It is said that the President contemplates sending the despatches to Congress, and recommendiug, aa the only method by which a stop can he put to the outrages committed by Spain against our citizens, that our neutrality laws with that country be suspended, and remain so at the pleasure of the Exe cutive. We cannot say whether this intention will be carried out or not. for under this administration almost every thing fizzles out. If it were to be carried out, however, it is easy to understand that private enterprise, which would then cease to be ''piracy," would, iu leis tha i sixty days, wrest Cuba from Spain, and put an oud to Spanish power on this side the Atlantic. Interesting from Honduras. OUR OMOA CORRESPONDENCE. Ohoa, Hondiras, Jan. 22, 1854. Arrival of Schooner George Steers? The Proposed Iii'er Oceanic Railroad ? Affair! Between Honduras and Ouate m ala ? Guardiola, l'the Tiper," on Mr. Squicr ? Hosti lity of Guatemala to Americans. ?fc., tfc. Little hns occurred here since I wrote to you last, to change the aspect of affairs. The most notable Incident is the arrival of the schooner George Steers, from New York, in the unprecedented short time of a little more than thirteen days. She brings out Amory Edwards, Esq.. President of the Honduras Railway Company, who left this morning for Comayagua, the capital, where he 1 is gone with the local agent of the company to arrange for the commencement of practical operations on the line. The proposed work will be one of Inestimable benefit to this State, which, in the variety and value of its re sources, exccis any other portion of Central America The lino of the road lias already been surveyed, and but little remains to bo done before putting it under con tract. It Is to start from Puerto Caballo, a large and unexceptionable port about ten miles to the eastward of this place, and from-jhence follow up the left bank of the river t'lua to its junction with the river Humura. Here it will cross to the right bank, and continue up the valley through the great plains of Espino and Comayagua to the summit, about twenty miles to the southward of the capital. Tnence it will follow diJWn the valley of the i River Goascoran to the great bay of Konseca, wliicli Sir Edward Belcher, in his voyage around the world, has ! pronounced to he " the finest port, or rather constella- ! tion of nort?, in the entire Pacific Oeean." I undrretacd from Lieut. Jeffcrs, of the U. S. navy , I who had charge of a considerable portiou of the survey, i that the line ol the road varies hardly perceptibly from a right line. Its total length from anchorage to anchor age, is 147 ni lies, which muv be reduced to less than 00 if the river Clua is made use of, as it can be, if desired, j for upwards of 60 miles. This magnificent stream is the ] largest in Central America, and carries seven feet of ; water for about sixty miles from its mouth. It is bor- i derod by the finest mahogany and rosewood forests In the world. Beautiful marble, equal, It is said, to the 1 famous Carrara marble of Italy, Is found In exhaustless quantities on the line of the proposed road, and abun dance of yellow pine and oak cover the hills bordering it. All the materials requisite for building tho road, the rails ?lone excepted ? exist on the spot, while the requisite i amount of the right kind of labor may bo obtained from the mahogany cutters, who are unquestionably the hardiest and best organized class of laborers to be fouud under the tropics." These circumstances are eminently favorable for the Honduras company, which is also fortu- j mite in having a charter more liberal thau has yet been , conceded for any aimilar purpose. The ?eorge Steers remains in port for the purpose of conveying to New Orleans the newly appointed Envoy of this State to the .American government. This gentleman is expected to arrive dally. The quasi war between Honduras and Guatemala Ls still in statu quo. There has never been a formal declara tion of hostilities on either side, tho collision resulting, as I have explained in my previous letters, from the , marching of a Guatemalan force into the territory of Honduras, under the pretext of arresting certain political refugees. This force committed atrocities which j are almost incredible ? violating women, murdering meu. and destroying proj>erty. Honduras demanded redress; I this being' rofused, she* retaliated by capturing the do l??rtment of Chiquimula.but without outraging namnnity by any of the excesses which had marked the foray of Guatemala. The Honduras force, however, wm too small to hold the department, and was obliged to fall hack, ex posing some of the frontier towns of the Stats to the | 1 ? lality of the Guatemalan soldiery, if the barbarous ; 1 .des whom Camera has raised up to be the blind execu tors of his will can be called soldiers. The government of Guatemala professes to desire peace, hut mufes to treut. the real object being to gathor strength for an invasion. Meantime, Carrera has taken 1 into nls service a man named Guardiola. one of the tj-pfUiados of Honduras. This man is notorious for his crueltv. nnd some years ago received the 1 designation of '-The Tiger of Honduras. '' He I has a small faction in the State to whom he addresses the most inflammatory appeals. A large number of these, sent to the care of the British Consul in Hoadaras, have just bMa intercepted by the government. One of hia pa pew, marked by unusual virulence, after roundly ? nouncing the government, has this paragraph:? "But all thia. and even this bad and untoward admin istration, were excusable in comparison with the atro cious act of introducing the Anglo-Americans, by means ! of a treaty with the well-known Squier, of fearful influ ence, under pretext of constructing an imaginary and impossible railroad from the northern ports to the bay of Fonseca. Even now the papers of New York and other parta are speaking of this; and it is fearful to think how soon adventurers mav arrive to begin the invasion of Honduras and Central America I" The spirit which runs through this manifesto is only a feint reflection of the sentiments of the party dominant in ' ? the so-called republic of Guatemala. I have before me a copy ' of a letter written by the Secretary of State, M. J. Puvon, i (who, by the way was private Secretary of tho notorious ; Chat field,) in which he proclaims what he calla the "true policy" ot Central Anmerica to be ? "To drive out the | vngabond foreigners, and proclaim a strong government." i , " Unless thia is done," he continues. '? the country will ' remain In anarchy, and be taken by the Yankees !" The official paper of Guatemala blows its penny trumpet to the same tune, and can find nothing too bad to say of the United States and its institutions. Mr. Cushing comes in for a special share of its denunciation I send you a copy of the paper containing the demolition of your Attorney General, which ia rich enough to merit trans lation. Gen. Cabanas is at the capital at the head of two thou sand men; and Carrera is reported at Chiquimula. with Guardiola, at the head of three thousand men. waiting for a favorable moment to break the existing armistice. He receives constant aid in the way of arms from the English at Belize, who dread nothing so much as the per manent triumph of American influence in Honduras. A. B. OUR BKI.1ZK COHKKSrONnSXCE. Bkm/jl Hon., Feb. 12. 13M. The Cholera at Belize ? Peculiarity of the Epidemic ? A Horn amoiujul Doctor/ ? A BupiiJ Clergyman at a llom'opt thtit ? Imprimmment of his CrxvJj utor ? The Mahopiny and Provision Market* ? Ori-f for the Han Franc i too Vic time ? Belize 1'oliiict. I avail myself of a ven?ol which leaves thia port for Bo*tou thU morning, to write you concerning the cholera at this place in particular, and other matter* in general. As regards the epidemic. I a:n happy to be able to writi that It has nearly subsided. It baa been at yet confined exclusively to the Indians. tlie Spaniards the negroes and a few colored persons ; snl al though it haa been very fatal to nearly all who hare had It, yet It in a different disease altogether from the Asiatic cholera which visited your city in 1832 and 1840, or the cltv of New Orleans last year. The vic tim* to tl?e disease here this season have died, some of them in a few hours ; yet they have mostly been f ree from crampa, had but little bowel attack and retching, and were apparently free from violent paint. The ap pearance of the disease here caused general alarm to the inhabitants, and some of the most fatal cases were solely attributable to fear ; this state of excitement ami fear has caused some persons to attempt to make money by vending preventives? others have sold cures, others practiced medicine and prescribed for the suffering; while the Rev. Alexander Henderson, a Rabtist minis ter, and his assistant,- Mr. Frederick Crowe, have at tempted practising on the homeopathic system, and If they have done no good, I imagine they lia\e done very little, * any harm, to an* who may have liad the, prevailing disense Yet Mr. F. Crowe has managed to get hims< lf in jail for ten day?. ami both Henderson and Crowe have the whole medical faculty, the Board of Health, and the majority of the vslioie community, against them. I should not hare al luded to thia matter at all, were I not sure an attempt will be made by these two gentlemen to get up sympathy for their cuuse. by a cry of persecution. through the me dium of the Baptist papers in New York. Kngland and Scotland. Our market' for mahogany, logwood. Indlgn cochineal, snrsnpariUa and hides is very active, anil price* range still higher than when I last wrot" you. None of th m? articles can be bbugbt as low here now at they ar.? selling In tour city. Our provision market is also very brink, and prices ar? high. All provision* and merchandise are piying g.iod pro Ms, snd ? ? the bark Gulet (a New York packet; bas been chartered to go to Liverpool, we expect a grea? scarcity bore before she c,\n fo tb-re ?nd bici. Tills fs tHc sixth American vessel which bu l>eeo sent to England, ins toad of Ne* York, for which port they were origiiuillv Intend ed. Th. rauw of this ll, wood in high in iiU^Wad, without duty ? it is low In the Cnlted Stat"*, with :i duty of twenty per cent; and what is wnr><i tln?n all, iu Eng land the 1< on Measurement in only three to tun ju-r rent, while (anew York it i? from twenty to fifty per cent. Your measurer* and sealers ? thev seem to be one In Interest ? may bluni. tlwni? lif s for "the loss of the nbvFenx cargoes, nn. 3 should wood UtuM very high i the fault if theirs al<>ue. The news of the lo-.u of the stunner San Francisco | caused a deep and Kett led gloom on the people here, au I 1 all deeply deplore the lo? - of so many live-, and earnestly : hope that tho*e who were UiKeu od the vessel all arrived hafe to land. General Cass' course in the United State* Senate U not very pelateable here or in this neighborhood. Queen j Victoria'* subject* think it a monstrous doctrine that , theyorimv other Tower shall not be allowed to colon'ue . any piirt of tliia continent und repudiate the M' uroe doc j trine altogether. Some of our citizens here imagine that Great Britain la not only the best, most enlightened, and wealthy nation in the world, but that she ha* the most liberal and bout government of any nation on earth. Since my hist there is nothing new from the States of ' Central America or the Mosquito Coast. The cholera lias broken out at several of the neighbor ing towui, and at Truxlllo. Omoa. and RuaUn TRAVELLER. THE SIXTH AXD EIGHTH AVENUE RAILROADS. Superior Court? Special Term. Decision by Judge Hoffman. vrM 27 1 homaM Hoi* and David D<xler, on beha j , dr., aqainst The Eighth Avenue S' iiUrti ami other*. ? Mr. (Jalbraith and Mr. h. Sanlora for nlnintlffs Mr. WUlard for the Eighth Avenue Railroad CVmjiia nv M r . J Authon for James 8. Llbby and others. '11? case comes before the Court on an order to show cause why the complaint should not be amended as pro h ' the copy annexed, and why the sun^mons shonUl not be amended by inserting among the: mimes i ofj the d fendants therein the words, "und the Sixth Avenue Rail road Company," (In the city of New York.) without pre judice to the injunction order already mado In the action, also, whv a further Injunction order should not be made, , as prayed for in such proposed amended complaint, or whv such further order should not bemade as should be . just. The application, then, comprises three distinct po nts or objects. One or these is a more addition or substitu tion of a party; another Is the Insertion of allegations In the amended complaint of a supposed material character, not necessarily connected with the introduction of the new partv. the third is the granting of a new and mor extended injunction order than that now in force. Fjrst ^ As to the first, tli* case U free trom difficulty. Se.tral individuals named were made parties to the original conr pUint a. persons associated together with others, and managing and using a railroad In ^hecUyofNewYork, and doing business under the name and rtVle of the . Utl Avenue Railroad Company. Those4ndl\ Idnals jm t In an answer, in which they stated that the association called the Sixth Avenue Railroad Company had been dissolved, and on the 30th or 1'ecemt.er. 1851. had transferred all their property and right, to a corporation called t ie Sixth Avenue Railroad Company in the City of New York." This, theu. Is merely the case of a necessary party, discovered by the answer ot a defendant. An amendment to bring such party In without ar reting an injunction Is matter of course In such a case, where nothing more is requisite than an allega tion appropriate to show why he is a .party. \lce Chancellor Seiultord adopted the rule stated in Hoffman s Practice, and held that an amendment of an injunction i bill made by leave or the court would not affect an in ? junction even if the order did not express that it was without prejudice. (Selden vs. JmnUn, 4 Sand Ch. Rep. 570, 1 Hoffman's Prac. 301.) Nor Is it an objection to the allowance ot this amendment that the record will then present together the original defendants who disclaim all title and the additional defendants in whom it is vested. It would be unnecessa ry perhaps premature, for the plaintiffs to move to strike out the former defendants until the new parties aro ad mitted. It is not absolutely certain that they may not be still retained. It will be a matter of disclaimer it they are retained in the amended complaint. Then Is when they will have their costs and may move to dismiss the uction as to themselves. Second? The amend ments proposed which fall withiu the second class are these:? In the original complaint it is stated that by ^ rea son of certain resolutions, passed in the month ot July, 1861. and subsequently, permission was givon to the as Foclntions called respectively the Sixth and Eighth ave nue Railroads, to lay a railroad track through certain slrcet* or the city, commencing at the intersection ot Chambers street and West Broadway, itc. It is proposed in an amendment to set out these resolutions at length. U this was a bill in equity before the Code it would have been a matter of course to have set them forth in that manner. The old orders of Lord Covontry (Braine s Or ders OP) have not boen interpreted as prohibiting the set ting out rfn instrument verbatim which lies at the foun dation or a complainant's right, or aids iu its intelligible assertion. (See 1 Daniels' Practice, U45.) For example, ff letters are relied ui?on as constituting an agreement, they may be set out at length, (fi Mad. Rep.. 17.) I do not understand the Code to interfere with tMa rule. These resolutions aro not merely evidence of the facta alleged, but contain the facts themselves. Thev are not mere conclusion* of law, and I do not think thein chargeable with redundancy. When a pleader states that certain re solutions contain a grant or vest a power, and u.ksa court to act upon them, the natural demand h for their exhibition. Then the questions are, whether the intro duction of the resolutions by amendment of a sworn complaint makes a new case, or one conflicting with the old one; and next, whether such n new or repugnant case can now be made by an amendment and yet the ex i latins injunction be supported or one allowed. The carol ul opinion of Vice Chancellor McCoun in Ver plauk vs. the Mercantile Insurance Company (1 Edw. Ui. Rep. 40) has been the leading case in our court since it i wan pronounced, and the nummary of it is, that a party, undir the privilege of amending, could not so vary a sworn bill as to mako a new case; that material an 1 sub stantive statements which had been sworn to could not lie stricken out. though they might bo corrected by the addition of explanatory and supplementary state mints. with leavo of the court. It deserves notice that a bill not sworn to might be amended in any i articular and to any extent, even so as to m u.e a totally distinct end repugnnut case. (Hall vs. Pom fret. Paniels' Reports. Ill; Rikey vs. Kenimls. 1 Beatty s Repoits, 318.) We should, however, observe, that a sub poena which brought a party into court was to answer to n bill exhibited against him. What that bill might be ho ascertained upon procuring a copy. But under th|? 0 de the summon* in to state either that the plaintiff will tnUe judgment for tho sum specified, or will apply to the court for the relief demanded in the complaint (sec. 1??). und where the complaint Is not served notice or tho place at which It is or will be tried must be given (sec. 130). So the complaint Is to contain a demand of the relief to which the plaintiff thinks hlmseK entitled. ThU shows that I >efore appearance, at any rate, the plaintiff cannot amend as or course so as to substitute a new and differ ent cause of action in the nmended pleadings, (Field vs. Stone 8 Howard. 4?); and as th ? summons cannot be amended without leave of the Court, amendments making a new case and for a different relief would s.-em irregular. (1 Code Rep. N. S., 167.) At any rate, whether amended before appearance or answer, a service must be made of the amended pleadings, and the time of th? defendant commences trom that period. (Sec. 172 k 1 Code R^P'' 37; see also 2 Sandrord, S C. Rep. Ml.) But uuder the 173d section or the Code, as amended in 1862, au amend ment may be allowed by tho court by inserting other al legations material to the case; and the clause that the amendment shall not substantially change the claim or derence is confined to tho confirming of plead ings to the facts proved implying at a trial Justice Haines (in Boards lev vs. Storrer. 7 Howard. iW) treats the case as non permitting the insertion of allegations which may changa entirely the cause of action. Before the amendment, Justice Dalv. of the Common PI -as, held that the Code was to be understood in the way in which It is now amended. (Chapman vs. Webb, 1 Code Rep. N. P. 388.) Tho cause of action ma v be changed, if the claim, vu., the particu lar relief demanded, remains the same. It is ob ? lous that a new case may be made In an amended complaint, which shall not be so contradictory to the former case as to Involve the party swearing to each In Wsehood. Of course no court would grant or sustain an injunction when such was the alternative. I thinlc, as the law of 8"j n'^ meut now stands, this may be safely stated as to the effect of amendments upon an injunction. If they tend to iiiip nort the ground on which tho injunction rost* by other facta or matters, thoy aro or course admissible, and will not affect it. U they tend to supply other ground* in which it may l?e sustained, not Involving a contradiction or sworn allegations of fact, they are ulso admissible. And ir (with the like qualification, ) they rurnisli reasons, not only ror continuing, but tor enlarging the Injunction, they m?v be allowed. Thus, ir the Court can conclude that Vn?i the original complaint been in the same form as it will beV am -nded, the Injunction could have been al lowid as it stande. or a more extended injunction would have boen made and no contradiction or toets exist, I think tho rmendment may Ihi admitted, and may properly in rtiieiu e the question or tho injunction. There will be left 1 ne case which may jioMlbly arise, when the amendment rr moies entirely the foundation on which the injunction order proceeded. but substitutes another and sufficient one. I 1 1 annot but think that. In such a cane, our course of prac tice prevents the injunction from becoming vacated, and that the defendant must still apply to dissolve it. And then lh" rules upon reviving an injunction which had dropped upon amendment, or been dissolved, will apply. A si eclal motion was necessary. (Eden on Injunction. 01 ) So in on a supplemental bill, the original Injunction did not fall, or Ir It had boen dissolved it could be re newed. (Darcy vs. Sumner, 2 Molloy, 360; tanning vs 1 'ir.hani. 4 John. C. R. . 36 ) It may be added. in Rliut^ tion or this subject, that it was long a settW rule or t 1 Court of Chancery that an amendment of a hill caused all process of contempt to lie at once discharged. Am?"? Mr. Ktifrden's reformations of the low was the act of 1st Will lan^ IV.. cap. 88, by which, when a defendant was brought to the bar on process of contempt thx' Court might au thorite an amendment without its operating as a discharge of the contempt. (Sugden acts, by Jemmltt, I^n don 1830) Tee ting the proposed amendments now under consideration by these principles. It I* plain that it contra dicts nothing of ract contained In the original complaint. It Is equally plain that It does not change the groand on which the Injunction was allowed. It may be that by raising another quostlon. vlr. as to the legality of the act of the corporation. It may strengthen the plaintiffs rl?ht to relief In the identical form In which It was granted. Certainly It cannot weaken It. It may sugg^t and require that the Attorney General be made a party That could not affect a proceeding warranted by what was in the original complaint. The plaintiffs aver that It will enable them to raise the question ol legality of the act or the corporation. It is admissible as au additional ground or the same relief because It does not 'J , tho cause ot action on which the lnterjsisltion of the Court has already been had. I do not see arty sufficient, objection to the other proposed amendments In the state ments down to the words "other streets, at the close ot the tort y-slxth tolio. But the passage t rom the words "the plaintiffs further show," at the end of the forty sixth folio, tc the words -pavers of said city. In the fortv -ninth tolio are mere conclusions or law, or argu ments. And the Court should not allow by amendment wlial It would strike out on motion The amendments respecting the certificate or incorporation or tho Sixth Avenue Railroad Company is proper within the rules laid down. I am very anxious to guard against the supposi tion that any woid I have used implies that I think the extended injunction prayed for should be allowed. I in timated #t the argument that it was l>est to lea -e th'i discussion of that point unt.l the Sixth Aventw Raihoal Company was in court to l>e heerd upon it, if th? aji -.id mcnt should b<? i".owed HIGHLY INTERESTING FROM ALBANY. THE TEMPERANCE CONTROVERSY. AVWWSW V W. \ v ,"A\ Great Remonstrance from New York. Final Passage of tie Bill by the Seuat#, die., die* Ac. Our AlbMf Correspondence. LEGISLATIVE BUSINKS8 ? THE TKMPHRANCE BILL OR 1U.U1.11 TO A THIRD READING BY THE 8KNATR ? THE NIAGARA FALLS SHIP CANAL, ETC. Albany. March T, 1?M. The Maine liquor bill, which ha* consumed more tlnae in its consideration than any other legislati re matter dur um the session, wus ho far disposed of by the Senate this morning as to encourage the belief that not more then another day will be waited in that body. The question / this morning was upon agreeing with the report of the Committee of the Whole, as submitted yesterday. It KM called up by Mr. II. 11. Clark, aud moved by Mr. Field to lay on the table. The latter motion was lost. Then the , Senate began to vote upon various amendments which had been proposed, but lost in committee. The fleet was to submit the law to the people This was lost, S to 15. The next was to strike out the twenty fourth sec | tion, which disq ualitles dealers in liquors to Bit on jurieff. i This wae also voted down, 11 to 12. Then the quae tion was taken upon striking out the first day of August, M | the time when the law shall take effect, and insert the first of February ? lost, 11 to 18. Then to insert the first day of December; also lost by 9 to 14. .Several other amendments were proposed, and all regularly voted down, except a flight one proposed by Mr. Putnam, which was adopted No farther propositions 'to amend being made, the President, Lieut. -Governor Church, announced the question to bo in agreeing with the committoe in their re|iort. Mr. Putnam took the floor, and spoke for half an hoar in strong opjiosition to tbo bill; and though an unbe | liever in the practicability of arresting Inteinperanoe or 1 sustaining llie law, he felt disputed, nevertheless, to rote for the bill, for the purpose of touting the question, end | of allaying public excitement, which has risen to a tor nado, sweeping through the State. Very few of its oppo i nents wore prepared tor hi* declaration to vote for It. He wa- followed by Mr. Whitney in nearly the *ame ! strain. This Senator tuid lie should vote for the bill, in order to quiet agitation: and wan willing it should be ' tested, in order tliat its friends may discover ' that they have over reached their object. Ha * said thnt* he was a daily witness of the evils of intemjierancc in the city of New York ? under mining the morals of the people ? the political system hee become subservient to it. He had been solicited by se veral of his constituents to oppose the bill giving the people power to elect the chief of police, as it would throw bis flection in tho hands of rowdies, drunkards and thieves. The streets of Now York are degraded bp intoxication, and its deleterious offects are fell more sen sibly there than any where else. He did not, howover, believe that the present bill would produce the beneficial effects its friends anticipate, and was well convinced it never could be enforced in the city ; still he was willing that a trial might be made, so tliat the friends of tempe rance may carry it out if they can. Ho would leave its constitution lity to the courts, as the Legislature is not presumed to be composed altogether of lawyers. He ha4 not been sent here as a judge of the constitution. Thie law will be carried before the courts in less than sin months, and one month after that a decision will l>e had. As for his own constituents, Mr. Whitney believed his district would denounce him for voting in favor of the bill. He was satisfied that a prohibitory law ef some kind was demanded by the people. Tho good of society ? the poor miserable drunkard who rolls in the kennels ? all plead for mercy by which they may be res cued and reclaimed. Ho confessed himself a moderate drinker, but was w iiliug to forego it to advance the pub lic good, because private feelings must yield to the gene ral welfii re of the people. He concluded by stating hie belief thnt the seventeenth section, which authorises the searching of premises, could never be euforced peaceably in the city of Now York. 1 his confession to rote for the bill was received with as much surprise M was that made by Mr. Putnam. Mr. Crosby and Mr. Pratt spoke against the general principles of the bill, and Mossrs. Butt- and Danforth in favor. After all debate had ceased, tho question upon agreeing to the report was taken, and decided in the a (Urinative, as follows: ? Ayes ? Messrs. Bishtfp, Bradford, Butts, M. H. Clark. Z. Clark. Danforth, Dickinson, Field, Halsey, Hopkins, Putnam, Richards. Robertson, SherriU, Walker. Williams, Whitney ? 17; 14 whigs, 3 democrats. Noes. Messrs. Barnard. Burr. Brooks, Crosby, Hitchcoek, Hutchins, Lansing, Pratt, Spenser, Watkins ? 10 ; four whigs and six democrats. Those who were absent are, Messrs. Blakelev. W. Clarke, Dorrane, Monroe and Yost, 6; all whigs. When the vote is taken on the final nee sage of the bill, it will receive two, if not three, more tnan tho seventeen mentioned above. The election bribery amendments to the Constitution were taken up and passed, with only three negative votes, ?if.: Messrs. Hitchcock, Dauforth anl Lansing ? all de mocrats. Nearly the entire session of the House was spent upon tho dissccion bill, for the benefit of young surgeon stu dents, nnd the medical profession in general. Every member seems qualified to speak upon th? subject; hence the protracted debate. No vote was taken, but when there is. a majority will declare in its favor Perhaps there was no greater speculating scheme lob byed through the last legislature than the Niagara Ship Canal Company, of whicli Hemati J. Redfieid nnd George Taw are among the celebrated individuals named as it* directors. The passage of the bill was strongly opposed by several of the ablest members of both houses, but the influence of tho lobby overpowered them. The schrme was exposed as impracticable, as the canal could never bo constructed, and that the capital necessary could never be obtained. Ths capital stock was to be five millions of dollars, divided in shares of ono hundred dollars each, and the commissioners were directed to open subscription book by the 1st (lay of June but. One or the sections authorized the company to accept from the general or State governments any grants of land for the purpose of assisting in the construction of seid ship canal. Since the passage of the bill there lias !>een very little ef fort made to obtain subscriptions; but instead of which agents have l>een scouring tlioWestern countryin obtaining C-titlons. asking Congress to give large amounts of publie nds. A number of these wero accordingly sent in. and they were referred to the Senate Committee on PubUs Lands. That committee, through Senator Stuart, of Michigan, on Thursday, the 2d dav of March, reported back the memorial asking for the land, and asked to be discharged from its further consideration. Mr. S., in making his report, said; ? ''The proposition whieh is put forth in the memorial can never, I think, meet with any favor in the Committee on Public Lands, and I am equally confident that It cannot in the Senate. There is a oom pany authorized, under the authority of the State at New York, to construct a canal around the Kails of Nia gara; and it is now asked that Congress shall make a donation of public lands for the same object. The case of the St. Mary's canal is referred to as a precedent but it will be seen at a glance that the two are en tirely unlike. The bill in that case authorised the selection of lands in the State of Michigan, to be selected by that State, which could control tbem, for the pur ines of the construction of the canal; and by legislative action it has carried out the object of the grant, and pro vided for that canal being made a public thoroughfare upon certain terms. There is not a foot of public lend In the State of New York. There is no indication to whom we shall make the grant; and if you should grant lands to the State of New York, you would give that State the right, as a trustee, to select the lands in any lnnd State of the Union." The committee was discharged from its further consi deration. Senator Walker, of Wisconsin, stated that he had Instructions from the Legislature of his State to in troduce a bill granting a certain quantity of public lands lying in that State, to aid in the construction of th? Niagara canal. If several millions of acres of pubHe lands cannot be obtained, then there will be no ship n nal to oppose the Welland. LEGISLATIVE BUSINESS? CROTON WATER RATH HARBOR ENCROACHMENTS ? RECEIVER OP T I Tilt THE GERMAN TURNERS? STATE PHISON FINANCW, ETC. Aiba.vt. M?rcl? 8, 1864. A stranger yinitlng either house of tho Legislature this morning muit have thought that two mora smiabla Uxlici of public men novor met together. B?? uom was proceeded with with the utmo.it order and de corum. an>l matter* of local important*.- were dUooeeiJ of without a why. or wherefore, or exciting th? leaat dis cordant f< cling worthy of note. Id the S nnto, Mr. Barr introduced a hill amending the act of laat aesaion relating to the collection of Crotoa water ratee, by striking out the wor<l? " ten per oeat,** and le*v|?g ?? fifteen per cent," as it stood previoualy. HI* bill waa ordered to a third reading, and will likely be adopted to morrow. The bill preventing further encroachment* on the har bor of New York waa taken up In committee. Mr. Hutchina moved to strike out a portion of the preamble aa contained in the first section. Mr. Brook* oppose*, and tlx* motion waa lost. After the seoond section waa read, Mr. Hutchina moved to riae and report progress, for the reason that he deaired to otter several amend ments to the bill, and not beinf aware that It waa ia tended to call it up to day, had not perfected his amend menta. Mr Brooks said If any action waa to be had on the MB during the present so salon It ahould be had now. Ito bill bad been before the Senate and on their 6 lea for a whole month; the subject waa of such Importance that the attention of the Legislature had been called to it by the executive ? a committee had made personal Inspection and majority and minority reports had been aubmitieC But if the Senator from the Second, (Mr. Hutchina) waa not prepared for discussion to-day. he waa willing to let it lie over for a day. Some remark waa made la relation to the aecoad section, and Mr. Brooks moved to strike It out. The section waa thus: ? The Commissioners are report to the Legislature from time to time. aad aa aeosi aa practicable, and at least by the first day of Jannarjr I next, tlie result of the information thus obtained. aa4 the evidence upon which the same shall be founded." ' Without taking any quostion the committee rose. XW subject will be resumed to-morrow. At twelve o'clock an executive session waa held. No taries con tinned for the city of New York: ? John H. White, E. I>elafield Smith. .lirah Bull, and William B. Smith, and other* in various other c,>nntffh 1 In the House, a communication waa received from Har vey Hart. Receiver of Taxea in New York, tn anawer to In quiries made by the House. Mr. Conkling moved the printing of it. Mr. I'atcra objected on account of ita being merely a local mttber, and no other portion of tho State luterested but the city. Mr. Conkling replied that tk* i city of New York paid one-Aft'u of the taxea la the whole i Slats, iaX U: Lc|XA'.ti<3 q v^'ai tj Uj the