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NEW Y ORF^HER ALD.
JANE8 GOP. DOW BKSHKTT, PROPRlf ^OR AND EDITOR. OPf ICE *? COR.* /y? of FULTOM AND NAS8AE STS. VahuM XEK . . Wo. 88. ^/CSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY, THEATRE, Bowery? Duct" Tou t Ca?i*. BROA j(W A V THEATRE. Broadway? DoMiKiqv? THI *ome?^id_a Miusvmmku Nioht's Driam. P/TRTON'S THEATRE, Cliacslw" street? Th* Uaoill '-?/h U IJ?kT Sl>Cl*TY. Chatham ?treet ? A tier noon WATIONAL THEATRE. Chatl >nd HmuUKi Unci.* Tom's Caw*. TAM'ACK'S THEATRE ? Broadway ? Lovxsoa Lots ? 1 A Tiittt Pnoi cr Bi-hixkhh. AMERICAN ML' SEC M? Afternoon And 'Evening? The ?u UklWMT. BROADWAY MENAUBRIE? I.iu.ipvtian Kino ? Mam moth Lauy abu Livmtj THAimD Amkau. CHRISTY'S AMERICAN OPERA DOUSE, 472 Broad W?J ? Ethiopian Mklocich by Christy s Eiidtheli. WOOD S MINSTRELS, Wood's Minstrel Hall, 444 broad HAJ? 1-iHlOHtA.V JiiNSTllBI.SY BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOU^E, S33 Broadway-Bioit ftHY'M Elhl.'UlAM Or cm A Taovpb. BAN VARU S GEOKAMA, ?K? Broadway? Panorama o? iui Holy La.id BUKNISH GALLERY1W3 Broadway? Day and Night. HONOR BLITft? Brookia % I WSTrTUTB. ' BRTAN GALLERY OF CHRISTIAN ART? (*43 Bread W*J. WHO! H WORLD? 377 and 379 Broadway? Aiternecn Mad ?vtuui?. Xcw York. Snt u relay , March II, 1W4. One Wr*k's History. The Wkkkiy riKR-im, containing a complete cpiUiuir of one week's intelligence from all quarters of the world will be published at nine o'clock this morning. Pric.' sixpence. To Im> had At the counter in wrappers and ?-ady for mailing. The Newa. Our intelligence from Washington this morning is highly important. It is gratifying to learn that the administration and our representatives in Congress are no longer disposed to tamely submit to the fla grant insults and outrages j>erpetrated upon the persons and property of American citizens by the Mtlioritieti of Cuba. Our correspondent states that the government is extremely indignant conccrning the seizure of the steamsj^ip Black Warrior. The Cabinet has been consulted, and the President will probably transmit to Congress a strong message on the subject, next Monday. By way of preliminary preparation the House unanimously adopted a reso hition, yesterday, requesting the President to fur nish all information relative to the seizure of the Black Warrior, and other violations of our rights by the officials of Spain. Immediately after the pas cage of this resolution Mr. Dean gave noticc of his intention to introduce a bill repealing our neutrality laws so Car as they relate to Spain. As Mr. D. is the organ of Secretary Marcy in the House, this move ment may be considered as indicative of the policy to be recommended by the administration. On refe rence to another column it will be seen that the pre sent leaders in Ok] Tammany have already sounded the war ciy. * The House, in Committee of the Whole on the bill granting lands for the construction of a railroad In Minnesota, clinched the amendment granting the proceeds from the sales of the alternate sections within the railroad tract to those States that have not hitherto received national assistance on their works of internal improvement. The vote on this proposi tion was ninety-five to ninety; but this manifestation of meting out a little justice to the old States, proved to be merely an ignus fatuus ? a shadow without eubstance? for the very next move was the tabling of the bill, by one hundred and twenty-six yeas to Bixty-six nays. The House has thus given the quietus to one of the Senate's great railroad land projects. The war between the two bodies concern ing the disposition of the public domain has now fairly commenced, and it is barely possible that the Senate may retaliate by defeating the frCe farm bill. A very exciting and somewhat angry debate ?prang up in the House on a bill granting three thousand dollars for the relief of the widow and heirs of Elijah Becbe, whose property, including many hogs, was destroyed by the Indians. Mr. lAne, of Indiana, intimated thnt Mr. Sollers, of Maryland, was desirous of moulding opinions for his constituency. One word led to another, until Mr. L. declared that lie did not represent a State where five negroes were considered equal to three white men. This insinuation aroused the indignation of Borne of the gentlemen from the South; the body was instantly in commotion; several members were fonnd speaking at the same time; the Speaker in vain endeavored to preserve order ; his de cision declaring the gentlemen out of order Was overruled, and ^for a whll? - ov??;rai and indiscriminM" * ?a1"' 1,ave been reasonably Unvc.wMva. Fortunately a motion to postpone the Babject prevailed W1P Prder was restored, no doubt to the great relief of the f 'fll'd, and the satisfaction Of the dignified portion of the 'ucpibors, if any there were, present. Little business was transacted in the Senate yes terday. Most of the session was spent in the di> cushion of unimportant private bills, ijome ten of which were passed. " l?ow6 One of the member* of the Cabinet is said to have been daily in attendance in the House dur ing the week, urging upon members the importance of passing the Nebraska bill. While upon the sub ject, let us not forget, among the numerous opposi tion movements, that a romon trance, signed by thirty-five hundred of the clergymen of New Eng land, is on its way to Washington. The Coroner's inquest on the body of Or. Gardaer was concluded, and the jury rendered their verdict yesterday. The testimony taken confirms the state ment that the deceased most undoubtedly committed nicide by strychnine and bruchnine, both substances having been fouud in his stomach and on his person. By the way, a resolution was introduced in the Hoase yesterday instructing the Select Committee on the Gardner fiatd* to extend their researches to all other supposed frauds on the * Treasury growing ?nt of claims awarded bv the commissioners to settle demands upon the government for the loss of pro perty by American citizens in consequence of the Mexican war. Lieut. Maury, of the National Observatory, is the greatest discoverer of the age. It was he that dis covered that Memphis, in Tennessee, upwards of a tbotuaiid miles from salt water, was the very iden-. tlcal place for a navy yard. He proved it mathe rooticalhj^J^Il there the navy yard Is. The great ' ..iA>rameiii?tion for Memphis was, that " it is above the pint of the ysller fever," and above the reach of the enemy. To be sure a vessel of war can never be got up there, and never got down if built there, except in a freshet; bnt Lieut. Maury proved that Memphis ought to have a navy yard; and there it U The same worthy officer has lately proved that the Mississippi river runs into the Amazon, and thnt our commerce ought to tnke the same direction; and lastly, he has shown that between the banks of New foundland and the west coast of Ireland the bed of the ocean is graded on purpose for a submarine telegraph, and that It mu-t be built to keep us posted up during the forthcoming European war. Success toL ,icut. Maury and the telegraph. Our State Senators having dispo-od or tint r (fitinjr topic of debate the liquor bill, are d: -? ?> . ?! to imitate the cxcmplc of their prototype* in th > n > tional Congress nf.er the adoption of the \ V Kansas bill, by taking a few days' r' st. The mom' of the 8er i.te ye terday resolved to proceed to i',r; ? State Lunatic Asylum at Utica to day. A enr > i? memorial was prevented yesterday, In which Me*sr . , Clark slid Barnes, i>. potior and agent of the Clin- 1 ten prison, arc charged with gross malfeasance in j rffice. The affair promises to lead to Rome singular revelations in connection -with State prison manajje mcnt. Some queer developtments concerning the cnoi mons expenditures npon canals will soon be maik, if the late repo ' of the Auditor is duly acted on. r? the couwe of the day various bills were pasted and otherwise disponed of?among them se veral in which the people of this vicinity are greatly interested. The Assembly referred tik prohibitory liquor bill to a select committee, and a resolution was adopted ordering the final vote to be aken at noon ou the 22(1 inst. Appearances now ndicate that the dis cussion of the subject will be extended greatly be yond that time; and, under the circumstances, little surprise will be man fesied f the bill Bhould be even tually killed by procrastination. Both branchea of the Legislature followed the example of Congress by adjourning till Monday. The popular branch of th : New Jersey Legisla ture has passed the bill lim t n# the monopoly of the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company to fif teen years. We elsewhere publish some additiona' intelli gence relative to the Greek insurrection, brought by the steamer Asia, which reached Boston yester day morning, together with a ser es of very inter esting letters from Paris and Copenhagen, and the k<ader from the last Loitdon Times on the war. In connection w th the offlc a and spec al reports J of the proceeding of our municipal leg lature with regard to the filthy cond tion of tin itrecta, we to day publish the address of the i eople's committee to the people of New York on the same subject, all which will doubtless be perused with great attention by every friend of health, cdeanl ness, and decency. The Board of Councilmen, it will bo seen, adopted a lengthy report, setting forth that under existing circumstances it is exjiedient to cancel all the con tracts for cleaning the streets ? only one of which has been fulfilled ? and to advertise for new propo sals, in accordance with certain specifications divid ing the city into nineteen cleaning districts. Let the good work progress. In the Board of Aldermen last evening, a com munication from the Board of Councilmen was taken up, praying the Legislature to authorize an additional apportionment of $100,000 to be placed at the disposal of the Health Department for the clean ing of the streets. This sum was thought too high, and after some discussion on the amount that should lie appropriated, the sum wjs finally fixed at $75,000, and the resolution in its amended form was sent back to the Board of Councilmen for concur rence. There was very little business before the Board, and the Aldermon amused themselves by de bating for an hour whether it was parliamentary to ? " lay a motion for the previous question on the ta ble." This was at last decided in the affirmative, against the ruling of the Chair. A man named Patrick Toomy was killed, and some others seriously injured, on the New York and Erie Railroad, last Thursday night. The cars of a milk train became disconnected near the Sufferns de]>ot, and when the engineer backed, on a de scending grade, the deceased was caught between the cars. This is the third or fourth accident that has occurred on this line lately. We also learn that a locomotive on the Hudson River road exploded at Hudson last evening, killing the engineer and badly injuring the firemen. The engine was completely shuttered. The investigation of the coroner's jury concern ing the recent mysterious murder of an Italian refu gee in Williamsburg was concluded yesterday. James Antoui, employed as a sugar refiner in Duane street, has been arrested on suspicion of being the murderer. An ice-pick, left sticking in the de ceased, and believed to have been in possession of the prisoner, led to the arrest. William Brennan, whose trial for causing the death of Michael Horan has occupied the attention of the Kings County Conrt for the last four d tys, was found guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree yesterday. On reference to our reports, it will be seen that there was a very general falling off in the prices of stocks in Wall street yesterday. Cotton was firm; and the rates for good brands of flour varied bat little; Southern brands, however, tended downward. It is hardly probable that the present high prices will be maintained for any great length of time. The ice in the river at Albany was on the point of giving way at the date of our la3t despatch. This will soon be followed by the opening of canal navi gation, and then we shall have such a rush of flour and grain to the seaboard as will astound dealers. No less than thirty-three thousand bbls. of flour and sixty-eight thousand bushels of wheat have been ex ported from Baltimore during the present week. In addition to a variety of interesting miscella neous matter, to-day's inside pages contain a politi cal letter from Concord, N. H., Habeas Corpus case in the Supreme fonrt, Commercial and Theatrical news, 4c. Tile Nebraska (Im ntlon l? ? ? -~*m *nd New tlUlipdllK. The Kansas-Nebraska bill having passed the Senate by a l?rge majority, i- now under a sort of armistice before the Ilouao of Representa tives. awaiting the issue of the New Hampshire election. But although the discussion rests for a brief space in Congress, the subject does not and cannot rest ? the agitation is going on. and mu?t go on. till the question is settled, and set tled upon the fixed and permanent bi-is of the couEtitutioUi The agitation, thus far. has JPO-tlv of a purely abolition or free soil character. There have been some mattering, .spontaneous anti-Nebraska meetings in New England, New York, and the Western States. We have had two or three anti-slavery assemblies at the Tabernacle, gotten up to order by the free soil and abolition cot rics of thi-> city ; but though they were full of "Found and fury." they ''sig nified nothing."' Within t ie last three diys a protest again>t the Nebraska bill has been pub lished, signed by one hundred and fifty of the clergymen of the various Protestant denomina tioiH of this city and Brooklyn ; but the clergy know very little of political questions, and their influence, one way or the other, is al ways overshadowed and merged in the party organizations of the day. The two old parties i which have for some time been undergoing the processes of dissolution, will be entirely broken j up on this Nebraska question, and a reconstrac- j tion vfill follow, changing from bogbining to j end all outstanding Presidential estimates fin* j the succession. The clergy, acting upon what j they consider to be the fundamental abstrae- ! tions of morality and religion involved, over- ' look the drift of the political revolution going on. and the causes which control it, as ..inch as they scera to forget the great constitutional issue at stake. They must be borne away by the pressure of the great question in its practi cal ben rings, either to the right hand or to the left. Th' cl.rgy are but a waif upon the waves. Thti- far the two great de nor.ilitccd .? n 1 dis organized old controlling politic *1 p of the country have ii id vcrj little t > do with thi Nebraska agitation. There have b n some popular meetings here an! there, i nd resolu tion have been pn -od by cert in Ml' L *gts i tin c against the Nebraska Mil; 1) it the priil cipd igitator outside of Congr :?* lnve been such political adventurers as John P. Ilale. (Irecley, Brvi ni the rmop.int abolition ist?, a id the fi <. e i ll fa*, 'l iies, and the Buffalo pitUforai (dgiins of Gen. Pierc ? and his C.i bino t. The b; 11, howevtr, v. ill be opened in a few days, nd the Northern democracy will b : compelled to show their hands, from New Hampshire to Iowa, upon the muin question. Next Week two big1 ly important political movements arc to come olf in this metropolis > We allude, first, to the democratic meeting in ] Tammany Hall, appointed to take place o a the j evening of the 16 th instant, in favor of t'^e Ne braska bill, under t!:e pronuneiamei ito of a l?re majority of the soft shells of ( JM Tam many; and, secondly, to the publ'/c anti-Ne braska meeting appointed to corrie off in the I Park, 09 the 14th and 15t'j, under, the au- pices of the anti-Nebra ka eoft shells, t^e Van Bur ens, the Bryants and ot'.er , no do'ibt acting under the wcret instructions or 'Advices of General ' Pierce and his Cabinet, and kitchen cabinet, at Washington. A third movement, involving a more enlarged action of the Northern democracy, is to come <tff with t e New Hampshire election of Tuesday "next, ti.c 14t'j instant. These three days? 'the 14th. 15th and lGth ? may be called the Idea of March on tl.e Nebraska question. Tlw bard shells of the Stuyvesant Institute were the first to move in behalf of a public democratic expression in support of the Nebras ka bill ; but entertaining serious doubts of the good faith of the administration, they lmvocon cluded to give the soft shells of Old Tammany the privilege of leading off. And Tammany ; having responded, with a really surprising ma-? i jority, in support of the pending repeal of the ' Missouri line, we may safely assume that no I cll'ort will be spared to have a thundering meet ing in the Old Wigwam on the 16th ? a model 1 democratic demonstration, which will put the i ball in motion lor Nebraska and the constitution throughout New York, throughout New Eng land, and all the Northern States ; and which will carry everything before it, sweeping out all the unclean materials of abolition and free foil from the ranks of the party, from stem to stern. Meantime, the Van Buren free Boilers of 1848, received into favor by the administration, and elevated into the highest offices and the high est confidence, have resolved upon a bolt, which shall forestall and destroy the moral effect of the Tammany n ove t ent. Ilence we find the call for the popular meetings in the Park, of the 14th an 1 15th, in a Ivance of the Tammany meeting, and very likely the Pre sident and his Cabinet h ivc had a h ind in and a hearing upon this Van Buren programme, which, if not Bilenced in time, miy result in very con siderable mischief. It is very true that the Washington Union gives out that the President will require all his office holders to go for the Nebraska bill ? that the administration advo cates it on the ground that the measure is founded upon the non-intervention principles applied to Utah and New Mexico in the acts of 1850; but all this is for Southern consumption. As in former years, General Pierce remains a vacillating and feeble politician. He is not to be relied upon in a great radical movement, full of the mighty responsibilities of this Ne braska question. Let, then, the Union soft shell democrats of Tammany Hall take hold of thirissue simply as a great constitutional issue; let them meet the free soilers face to face, and, grappling the bull by the horns, lead him out to the sacrifice upon the altar of the Union. The New Hampshire election is befogged by the vacillations and gyrations of the adminis tration. Nebraska is the question before the democracy among the granite hills, and it is not the question. The President must be set down for it ; but he must not be mixed up with it. All are good democrats, and vote the democratic ticket ? good administration democrats, till after the election, any how. Let that be understood. And yet, the New Hamp shire democracy, disregarding the cowardly trimming and dodging of the administration, ought to meet the issue like men ? yea or nay ? instead of being influenced by the miserable and treacherous-policy of Gen. Pierce, Gen. Crush ing and Marcy. Let every man in New Hamp shire show his hand, yea or nay. The issues involved in this Nebraska bill must inevitably shape out the re-coustruction of all the parties and factions in this broad couutrv for the succession and ttwtmies,. au^ the policy of government and the destiny of TTn'inn for the next twenty-five years. The principles of the bill before the House are vital and radical. They rest upon the plain letter and spirit of the supreme law of the land ? the only basis upon which the slavery agitation can be put to rest, and upon which the Union can alone be preserved. Upon any oth.-r basis, the agitation and exasperation of the South will ! continue till the Union is broken to pieces. The first object is to remove this slavery agi- I tation out of Congress. This the Nebraska bill j proposes to do. Under the constitution. Con- ! gress has no more right to interfere with the ! institution of slavery than with the question of j religion, Qyer religion and over slavery the Supreme juris lict'ion is among those powers re- i served to the States and the people. Let this ! power over the slavery question be restored, i then, where it belongs, and there let it rest. As long as Congress usurps this right of jurisdjc- I tion over this subject, so long the unholy alli ance between the British aristocracy and our anti-slavery societies will be supplie 1 with capi tal for inflaming the North and the South to the ultimatum of dissolution. Nothing less than the violent disruption of the Union and the destruction of all our hopes of its march to greatness, grandeur, and glory, is contemplated . by our anti-slavery agitators. Let them be si- I lcnced by the voice of the honest Union-loving people throughout the laud, in support of the bill before the House. In this view we await the is*ue of the New Hampshire election and the Tammany and anti- j Tnmmany meetings of uext week with deep ! anxiety and interest. Let the New Hampshire i democracy, disregarding the dodges and shuf- ' flings of the administration, speak out for the , Union and the constitution ? let Tammany Hall I do the same tiling with a will, and, cleansing i herself of the abominations of the Buffalo plat- ; form, and all its adherents, lay the ground-work for a reconstruction of the party upon a clean constitutional and national platform. The crisis is upon us. and the day for action is at hand. Tiik Dariex Smr Canal.? We published late ly. authentic account of the D.irien exploring expeditions ? one under Comm mder Provost, of the British hip Virago, which tin ted from San Miguel en the 10th of December, and another under Lieutenant Strain, of the United State Navy. from the Atlantic . ide. It is somewhat oniu.-ing lo hear now. that ntWa hington these statements arc belLved to k fabrication", be cau.'O the government has received no intima tion o( the uinc, Is it such :in uuumi I occur rence that the Hkbai.d should receive intelli gence in advunoe of the administration? We imagine not. But from the particul irs given, especially in the report of Messrs. Kennish and Nelson, it is not difficult to see that they bear upon their face the impress of truth. Their statements have been confirmed by other intel ligence of a still Lter (late. pRoetiE&i of the Liquor Prohibitory Bill, j The p&wage of the prohibitory bill through the | Senate will probably soon be followed by a similar evidence of Maine law principle on the part of the House. The only point on which there seems to be any reasonable ground lor doubt is whether the Governor will defeat the abject of the friends of the prohibitory law by the exercise of his constitutional veto. That he j may do so, appeai-s generally to be apprehended by the oae party and hoped by the other. A veto would certainly create a very considerable 1 excitement among both parties at the next 1 election, and would be more likely to resuscitate t Gov Seymour? whoBe political career must I otherwise be regarded as on the point of clos ing? than a tacit acquiescence in the views of the tcmperance leaders. A peculiar feature of the anti-liquor agitation has been the violence displayed by the unscru pulous organs of the prohibitory law. It has been ' usual with them to denounce their opponents as ! corrupt, drunkards, profligates, habituates of ! grogshops, &.C. Even Thurlow Weed, who is i not himself a very mild or scrupulous indivi dual, can no longer endure the attacks which . are made on the opposition in the Legislature, i and denounces in terms of unmeasured severity 1 the attempt which is being male to spread through the country the belief that the resist ance which the bill meets has been stimulated by corrupt agencies, llowever this be, the measure is now in a fair way of becoming a law There can be no question, if it docs, but that it will create a tremendous agitation among classes of our citizens which have hitherto taken no a?tive part in political move ments. The law professes to be founded on high moral and religious principles ; but this does not deprive it of its unconstitutional aspect ; docs not prevent its being a revolutionary at tempt to interfere with the private business of a large class of freemen. Temperance is doubt less a most praiseworthy habit in all classes of society ; but the extent of intemperance pre vailing among the American people is far exag gerated by the prohibitory law advocates. The bulk of society is temperate ; drunkards con stitute a very 6mall fraction ot the whole. And it seems a very singular system of legislation to subject us all to inconvenience for the sake of this insignificant minority. The passage of the Maine law in Maine broke up all the existing political cliques aud parties in that State ; and now, we are told, it is actual ly a dead letter in the towns. No prohibitory law, however stringent, can ever be carried out in NcwYork or in any other of the large cities of this State. It can only lead to quarrels, dissen sions, and possibly to riot and bloodshed. How ever, the temperance fanatics secin to hold supreme Bway at present. We can only wait and see what time will bring forth. The Legislators, Ac., of California Wiio and What are They ?? We have received from California a statistical chart of the Senators and Representatives in Congress from that State, and of the State officers, Senators, representa tives and officers of the ilfth session of the State Legislature, which convened at Benicia on the 2d of January last. It is a document of pecu liar interest, and giv<^a tolerably clear iusight into the character and composition of the men who form the official army of that State. Lvery occupation and profession is represented there in. The merchant, the lawyer, the meohauic, the laborer, the actor, the farmer, the miner, and the printer, furnish in nearly equal propor tions their quota. At the head of the list is Governor Bigler, brother of the Governor of Pennsylvania, and a printer by profession, I though it is doubtless many years since he worked at his trade. He emigrated in 1849 from Illinois, but is a native of Pennsylvania. The Lieutenant-Governor, Samuel Purdy, a native of thiB State, was a merchant, and emi grated in the same year. The Comptroller, Samuel Rn?. n orn Tennessee, was a miner $ the Treasurer, S. A. McMeans, from the same State, a physician ; the Surveyor-General, S. H. Marlette, from New York, a civil engineer; the Superintendent of Public Instruction, P. K. Hubbs, from Pennsyl vania, a miner; the Secretary of State, J. W. Deaver, from Virginia, a lawyer, of which profes sion the Attorney-General, J. R. McConnell, from Kentucky, of course is also a member. Of the State Senators eight are natives of New York, three of Pennsylvania, two of Georgia, two of New Jersey, two of Ohio, one of Alabama, one of California, two of Vermont, five of Tennessee, one of South Carolina, one of Virginia, two of Kentucky, one of New Hamp shire, one of Ireland, one of Maryland, and one of Maine. In the Assembly, as in the Senate, tfeW ijj a larger number of natives of New York than from any other State, while Missouri comes next. Among the occupations of the officers of the Senate is one which we have never heard classed befor#, but which we sup pose is peculiar to that land of adventurers; it is denominated in the list "outside chances," and tne person who formerly possessed it is the present incumbent of Scrgeant-at-Arms. As there is a great resemblauce between the two occupations, it is fair to presume that his out side chances will not be neglected in his new office. Musical Intelligence. ? Every one has been remarking the utter dearth of musical enter tainments which has prevailed during the win ter. Wc have had no opera, no concerts, no leading artists here. The theatres are open as usual, and '? Uncle Tom's Cabin.'' old plays of the Elizabethan era. and other shows have drawn crowds ; but in musical art, the nigger minstrels seem to have been the highest effort that lias been made. This state of things cannot la-f long. Two theatres each capable of containing from three to tive thousand persons, will 1)2 opened in a few months ; and several expedi tions have already gone out Or been sent by managers to Europe to procure the first talent to commence an early season In both. It is stated that Mr. Corby n has been in Europe for some time, engaging novelties for Mr. Niblo ; wc have heard nothing either of the direction or the success of his efforts. Max Maretzekhas likewise gone to Europe.it is supposed on ac count of Mr. Phelan for the new opera company, j Ilis object, it is rumored, is to engage Mile. Cruvelli with some distinguished tenor and basso, for that establishment. Mr. Ilackett i Btill hero, and it is stated that ho still possesses nn engagement with Mario and Grisi ; but we doubt much whether it will ever be fulfilled, as Grisl'l n;re, her affection for her children, and her aversion to the sea are likely to induce her to look upon a transatlantic engagement with great aversion. It is said that the new opera company had some nego tiation with Mr. Ilackett in relation to their house, and that they asked from three to five hundred dollars a night, together with 250 i choice ecats for the use of the families of the stockholders. This has been estimated to be I equal to one thousand two huudred dollars a night for rent alone ? a mi in which no opera ! under any rigime or with any combination of talent could ait'ord to pay. Meanwhile speculation is rife on the success of the agenti who ! tvve gone out to Europe. A j war between tie Western Powers aud Russia would undoubtedly drive the highest artists to thiB country ; ft r, 'mid the clash of arms, the aristocracy cf Europe will have something else to attend to besides the opera, music, and the ballet. At all events, In m t'iC authority i of the agents, and the prodigious eti'orts which are being made to fini. h the houses and make tLern wirti.y of the ccuntry, we have a right to expect something extraordinary iu the way of operatic entertainments either from the new opera company or Mr. Niblo. Discipline in Scuools ? A Giikat Reform Demanded. ? We extruct the following para graph from one of our rooming cotcmpomrio*, in reference to the mode of discipline practiced ' in the schools of Williamsburg, which will apply pretty much to our whole country, and all our educational institutions: ? Mr. Reilly states that almut a year ago, lie took his lit tle boy, then attending school, to witness a processinu, and ?>n the following day, the teacher, supposing that the child played truant, punished him. The boy was struck ao severe a blow on the wriBt or urra, that four weeks af ter he was unahle to rttf? his hand to his head. Very recently, one of his daCAin was again punisliol Jn tho sihyol, and a \ery ne\afr; wound across the palm of the chiM's hnnd inflicted. He went to the schi ol to rem in - strate, took the child up to the room of the principal teacher, and showed the injured hand, which the fem: !e teacher by whom the blow was struck, acknowledged ha v - ing given. Mr. Reilly said it was not to her credit, and a n altercation f<>llowed, the principal taking part with th? ssistant. Mr. Keilly said he considered he was the ag grieved party, and entitled to legal remedy had he chosen to apply for it, and that bo was much surprised the ag , reesers had turned complainants. This barbarous, inhuman, and atrocious sys tem of flogging, is a brutal institution, handed down to their posterity by the barbarous and piratical Saxons, our enterprising ancestors. It doeB not exist in France. Tnere, in their schools, academies, and colleges, we lind a sys tem of discipline founded upon the humane ani rational policy of uppe ding to the moral sensi bilities of the scholars. There the, young lad or miss is punished by penalties which reflect up on their sense of honor, while, on the other hand, they are encouaged to obe lience and emu lations in their studies by proper rewards of merit and distinction. Between the tcach ers and their scholars in France, we see the good relations existing of mutual con fidence, affection, and respect. And it is all the result of the geniul policy of discipline which exists among them. It makes the young lad thivalric, generous, frank, truthful and man ly. Contrast this enlightened system with the brutalizing practice in schools, of flogging, kick ing, beating, mangling and mutilating which prevails in Germany, England and the United States, and it becomes beyond the power of lan guage to express our loathing, abhorrence and disgust of thiB ravage and wretched rule of dis cipline. We have a striking example of the effects of this brutalizing system in the death of an other wise worthy teacher at Louisville, and in the in carceration in prison, awaiting their trial for his murder, of two youths who otherwise have the character of amiable and promising young men. But the effects of this debasing practice may be seen nearer home, in the gangs of bullies and ruffians which infest our streets. And as long as flogging, maiming and mangling con tinue a branch of our system of education, so long will it develope the brutal propensities of our scholars. It is nothing but a savage, bru tralizing and disgusting practice, and there in no rational excuse or pretence for it whatever. We have abolished flogging in our navy, where the recipients of it were hardy men ? abolished it because of its bru tality. Shall it be continued in our schools, where the victims are children, and where the punishment often cripples them for life, and deadens and brutalizes their moral sensibilities? No. Let the work be commenced for a thorough reformation upon this subjeot, and th.a result will soon appear in a higher, nobler and more manly race of young men, and in the rapid reduction of the ruffians, rowdies and gallows birds which infest the community. Institutions for the Relief of Servants. ? We see that Bishop Wainwriglit and others are moving in behalf of an institution for the relief of servants, especially servant girls. It is pro1 posed to establish a sort of central intelligence office, for the purpose of procuring good ser vants good places. This may all be very well; but from the experience we have had in all ex periments of this kind, the most t>f the benefits which such such an institution will coufer will be reaped by the managers, secretaries, trea surers, and so forth, of the establishment. The truth is, a daily journal like the Herald, with its 'daily circulation of fifty or sixt thousand copies among all classes of our people ? em ployers and employes, high and low, rich and poor, Catholics and Protestants, whigs and democrats, native and adopted citizen? ? is the best intelligence office for servants of all descriptions; and for those who want ser vants, as well as for servants who want situa tions. Thus, at the very reasonable charge of from twenty -five to fifty cents each, one. two, and sometimes nearly three hu.ulre I. servants in a single day procure situations, by the simple processor a small advertisement inourcolumis. This is the simplest, cheapest and surest plan for procuring good servants and good situa tions. All servants' intelligence offices, and boniding houses. A c., operate more for the relief of the managers than for the benefit of the .ser vants in whose behalf they profess to be estab lished. The Herald is the best institution, and the cheapest, for the relief of situations that want servants, and of servants who want situations. Let them come along ? we have always room for them. We take great pleasure in thus being so useful to the community as we are. Those honest and industrious girls ? the chambermaids ? and all others concerned, whether for good plac es or good servants, can find no institution in their ; behalf equal to the New York He kald. Nothing I like it. ; Benefit Concert.? (hi the 22a instant, the | congregation of Calvary church intend to give j a benefit concert to Madame lJouchelle. who ha< been for the lart three years, the leading vocalist ; ? of their choir. 1 he efforts which are being made, j ' and the popularity oi Mine. Boiuhelle would load I one to Mippo.-e that the concert will l>e highly j successful. It will be recollected that Madame | Houchellc i? the hitter of one of our most dis tinguished composers, Win. Vincent Wallace; ' and that *ht* is known a.' possessing a very fine and highly cultivated voicc. She will have, i no doubt, a bumper house. On the same occasion, a young lady of great promise as a vocalist, and a pupil of Madame Bouchelle's, ! will make her debut ia some du$ta with her jireceptree* Violation of the Law bt thk Posthastes Gknekal. ? We understand that the Poatmaeter General at Washington has dccided, contrary to the Congressional statute, to give the Post Office advertising to a journal not possessing the largest circulation of any published in this city. This decision is a direct violation of the law, which directs iu plain and simple terms that the Post Office advertisements shall be pub lished in the journal whose circulation is the largest. Two journals competed for the adver tising of the New York ofiice, and' one of the two, the Herald, proved by affidavits that its circulation exceeded that of its rival by soma ten thorn and copics daily. Yet by acute legal quibble or subterfuge, the Postmaster here and the Postmaster General at Washington decided iu favor of the latter. We have no remedy ia the present state of the executive at Washing ton. But we thall, at our earliest leisure, pre pare a succinct and careffll memorial to Con gress, setting forth the premises, and calling on that body to review the law, and make such amendments as may place it out of the power of the Postmasters to violate its spirit, as it seems they may no% do w ffti impunity. Tuxnage rtrrv o.v Amxukum Ybssxl* at TloxDrsus.? We have teen a letter, dated Truxillo, January 13, ipom Mr. K. l'rudot, consignee of the Boston brie Helen Jane, to tin* Collector of the Customs, remonstrating against au increased amount of tonnage duty leviod on that yea tel. It seems that a new edict was issued, douliliDg I hi* rates, and .Mr. Pi ,idnt protests against pay ment in thin instance on the ground that the litlen, Jane was anchored in port gome thirty-six hours pre vious to the publication of t ho law. Independently of the particular facta of the case, he believes that the policy which would estabtUu eight reals on foreign when there are only four on national tonnage, is IU ad vit-ed, and limt, under the treaty of 1826, the shipping of North America ? n country which has ever been friendly towards Central America ? is entitled to the Fame privileges and exemptions as native shipping. The Allying Packet Ships "Waterloo aiidT LcvlntU.ui. Among the many vessel.! of every class it has boon our painful duty, during the part winter, to record as lost or missing, are the two splendid Liverpool packet ships Waterloo nnd leviathan. Both these vessels cleared oa the name day, (the 19th of List December.) frt>in this port for Liverpool. The Waterloo Batted .on the 23d of December, and the Leviathan crossed the bar on the same day, and both undoubtedly experienced the tremendous weather of the 30tli of the nuine month, which strewed our coasts with so many wrecks. An arrival at Liverpool, a few weeks tubsequent to their Killing, reported seeing &. vessel in distress:, dismasted, and apparently endeavoring to make for the Western Islands, which was thought to resemble the Waterloo, bat our latest dates from those places mention nothing of her. or of the arrival ttyne of any similar vessel. Of the Leviathan, her sailing hence is the last heard of her. The Waterloo was a very fine vessel, of 1,000 tons bur then, and had been trading between this port and Liver pool, as a regular packet, from the time she left Messrs. Westervelt and Mackay's shipyard, in 1836, to her de parture last December. She was owned, (or principally so,) by Messrs. Hermit & Carew, of South street, and wa? oommanded by Captain Edmund Harvey, of this city, a. very experienced sailor. The following were the names of her officers and crew:? Captain ? Edmund Harvey. First Mate ? Wm. Richardson. Second. Mate ? Robert Maddocks. Carpenter ? Thomas Ireland. Steward ? Wm. H. Garribranco. Cook ? Wm.' feel. Seamen. Jas. Bennett, nenry WMkins, Wm. Douglass, John Samson, George Beed, Thos. Fleming, Thomas Stone, Ebeneter Lane, John Brown, David Sanders, Thos. Summons, John McCawley, David ltohin: on, John Kinsley, John Nichols, Michael Driscoll, Jas. Roberts, Louis Roberts, John Riley, Wm. McCarty. She had no cabin passengers, but we believe there were two or three in the steerage, whose names are not ob tainable. The cargo of the Waterloo was composed of 2,500 bar rels of flour, 10.CS7 bushel* of wheat, 193 bales of cot ton, 19,740 pounds of cheese, 1 cask of manganese, 1,024 barrels of rosin, ? and 6,720 staves, ""valued at about $06,000. The vessel, which was valued at $45,000, was < overed by insurance in Wall street. Her freight money was $16,000, and was probably insured, as well as the cargo. The Leviathan was one of the finest of our noble packet ships. She registered 1,207 tons, and was net more tha&.> three years old, having been built at Nowoastle, Maine, for the Liverpool trade, in I860, and was worth about $72,000. Her owners were Messrs. Stnrges, CI carman k Co., of Wall street. She was commanded by Capt. Rnfua Knapp, a first rate seamen, nnd most worthy man, who - has left a wife and seven children. Her first officer wa? Mr. Thomas S. Underhill, of this city, who has also left a family. The number of souls on board the Leviathan when she sailed from New York was twenty-nine, in cluding two passengers. The following are their names:? Captain? Rufus Knapp. First Mate ? Thomas J. UunderhiU. _ Second Mate ? William Smith. Third Mate?Vf. H. Place. ? Carpenter ? Edward Hulse. Steward ? Alfred Erey. Cook ? James Betts. Seamen. John Berry, Stephen Marshall, Humphrey Davies, John Jones, Cli a rles Coe, George Farley, Thomas Nolan, Henry Eink, Thomas Adams. Charles Phoenix, James Wilson, George Smith, William Somers, John Burns, ? William O'Neil, Denis Miller, James Thomas, James Blake. Boy*. William Boland, Patrick Cummings. One of the passengers was Mr. Fallon, of St. John's College, in this State, who was going to Galway, Ireland, for the benefit of his health. The name of his fellow voyager we could not learn. The Leviathan's cargo was valued at about $200,000, and consisted of the following articles : ? 668 bales of cot ton, 34, 7 64 bushels of wheat, 4,872 barrels of flonr, and 7,200 staves, the freight of which was valued at $20,000, which, with the cargo, we understand is covered by in surance. The vessel is fully insured in the Wall street oflices. So long a t imo having elapsed since these vessels de i orteii ? upwards of a hundred dsys ago? hut little hope is le!l of their safety. It is probable they were dismast id, or otherwise severely crippled in sails or spars, and s| rung a leak during the very severe weather that burst upon the Atlantic a few days nfter they left port, and as a | ' rtion of each cargo consisted of a largo quantity of nheat in bulk, which would swell a great deal on getting wet, it might possibly have started the planking and ilioked up the pumps, thus rendering them helpless hulks npon the water, and that they afterwards foun ded, leaving not a soul to tell the tale. Marine Affhlr*. Forms' Rio ? Extract from Opt. A. 0. Fletcttt'f letter of Marcli 3d, after a voyage to Liverpool in the C. Grinncll In answer to vour letter of the 1st, I assure you that nothing would induce 1110 to have the rig changed. 1 had the heaviest Teat her coming to the westward that I ever txicrienced on the Atlantic, and had a chance to test it well. My lie Kt canvass was nil my topsails reefed and sot, inuUing five topsail' ? and when this was too much we had no trouble in taking in the upper topsails, as anj five men could stow them. My topgallant sails can he I urlcd by three men at any time, and generally by two. As a proof of the satisfaction given by the rig to my owners, Mr. Cornelius (Jrlnnell has contracted for a ship of 1.700 tons, to hare the new rig. I proved tho advan tage; of the new rig in hauling oil from Fandy Hook in a sn. w stoim. which 1 did under five reefed totalis, my fore and aft stormsails, courses furled. At midnight a heavy gale; furled the upper topsails with compara tively no trouble. Had the sl ip l?een of the old Hg I should have hauled off Tinder double reefed topsails, and during the night should have lo -t thorn, as my comrade did. who hauled oil at the same time. It was the worst "nlgnt 1 ever saw. My pilot fell in Iotb with th? rig, and s<< did the captains of the wrecked ship brought home by n o. One of them, who snw the C. (irinnell fitting out, at d then laughed nt the rig, now says that he rill nev<?c have anything el n if he can avoid It. It would not do to ulter the Forbes' rig and spoil It, and then condemn tho principle. I have no doubt hut that the underwriter* of New York and Boston would have t-aved many large losses if the ships had heon fitted with the new rig, andl that many cases of suffering among their crews might have been avoided. The great scarcity of seamen ren der It more necessary to have the new rig than ever ^ before. VI The (Jovernor of Rhode Island has appointed Friday, the 14th of April, to be observed throughout the State M l> U*J Of fluting and prayer.