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JAMES GOB dor B1HN1TT, PR0PR1F A0R and EDITOR. Orrici n. ?. cok' or ftlton and nassau bts. W /USEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY, THEATRE, Bowery? Citclb Ton * Cabiw. BROA i1FAv TnKATRE Broadway? DOMIBiqTJB THI MlDil MKKB NlOIIT ? DUBAI*. 'j/TRTON'S TIIIATRE. chambarl street? Th? LinoBftl ""?Ol U U*?T Sociaty NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham utreet ? ACternoon Mttl Evening. Uxci-b Toil'* Cabix. WALLACE'S THEATRE? Broadway? to Y? bob. Loyb? A I'FETTT PlSOlC cr Bv?INK8?. AMERICAN MUSEUM ? Afternoon and Evening? Thb Cll llgtVKT. BROADWAY MSNAUKKIE? I.1I.UPVT1AR Kino? Mam HUTU Lady aku Liyino Traikbo Ambam. CHRISTY'S AMERICAN OPERA HOUSE, 472 Broad way? Ethiopian Mkiooica iv C'hiutt i Minrthelb. WOOD S MINSTRELS, Wood'* Minatrel HaII, Hi Broad WAjf ? Li'HIOlltA.N UlNlTllBLSY. BUCKI EV S OPERA HOUSE, 530 Broad way - B.ob aav'H Ethiopia* OriBA 1'iovfb. BAN V ARI>'S GEORAMA, KKi Broadway ? 1'anor aha or ?u Holy Lash. BUENISH GALLERY. SKI BroAd way-Day and Ni,sht. ?1GNOK B1.1TZ ? Brooklv i Ikhtitittb. 'BRYAN GALLERY OF CHRISTIAN AIU-,s*3 Bread way. WHOLE WORLD ? 377 and 379 Bruadway? ?ad Evening. Sew York, Saturday, March 11, 183ft, One Week's History. Tin AVkt k i v Bkkud, cuttaiuin^ a complrtr cpi&oiai1 of enr week's intelligence from all <|uartors of the world, will be published at ni?e o'clock. this morning. Pries sixpence. To be had tt the counter in wrapper* and ?-ady for mailing The New*. Our intelligence from Washington this morning is highly important. It is gratifying to learn that the administration and our representatives in Congress are no longer disponed to tamely submit to the fla grant insults and outrages i>erpetrated upon the persons and property of American citizens by the authoritieu of Cuba. Our correspondent states that the government is extremely indignant conccrning the seizure of the steamship Black Warrior. The Cabinet has been consulted, and the President will probably transmit to Congress a strong message on the subject, next Monday. By way of preliminary preparation the House unanimously adopted a reso lution, yesterday, reque.-ting the President to fur ni?h all information relative to the seizure of the Black Warrior, and other violations of our rights by the officials of Spain. Immediately after the pos tage of this resolution Mr. Dean gave notice of his intention to introduce a bill repealing our neutrality laws so far as they rcJate to Spain. As Mr. D. is the organ of Secretary Marcy in the House, this move ment may be considered as indicative of the policy to be recommended by the administration. On refe rence to another column it will be seen that the pre sent leaders in Old Tammany have already sounded^ the war cry. The House, in Committee of the Whole on the bill granting lands for the construction of a railroad iu Minnesota, clinched the amendment granting the proceeds from the sales of the alternate sections within the railroad tract to those States that have not hitherto received uational assistance on their works of internal improvement. The vote on this proposi tion was ninety -five to ninety; but this manifestation of meting out a little justice to the old States, proved to be merely an ignus fatuus ? a shadow without substance? for the very next move was the tabling of the bill, by one hundred and twenty-six yeas to ?ixty-six nays. The House has thus given the quietus to one of the Senate's great railroad laud projects. The war between the two bodies concern tog the disposition of the public domain has now fairly commenced, and it is barely possible that the genute may retaliate by defeating the frtfe farm bill. A very exciting and somewhat angry debate sprang up in the House on a bill granting three thousand dollars for the relief of the widow and heirs of Elijah Beebe, whose property, including many hogs, was destroyed by the Indians. Mr. Lane, of Indiana, intimated that Mr. Sollers. of Maryland, was desirous of moulding opiuions for his constituency. One word led to another, until Mr. I* declared that he did not represent a State where five negroes were considered equal to three white men. This insinuation aroused the indignation of some of the gentlemen from the South; the body was instantly in commotion; several members were found speaking at the same time; the Speaker in vain endeavored to preserve order ; his de cision declaring the gentlemen out of order wu overruled, and ^for a whil? " .... . , . ? , . nave been reasonably a motion to postpone the tobject prevailed ftllO Prdcr waa restored, no doubt to the great relief of the ttnd the satisfaction Of the dignified portion of the ncjn'^rs, it any there weie. present. Little business was transacted in the Senate yc > terday. Most of the session was spent in the dis cussion of unimportant private bills, wme ten of which were passed. '"'SomC one of the member* of the Cabinet is said to have been daily in attendance in the House dur ing the week, urging upon members the importance of passing the Nebraska bill. While upon the sub ject, let ns not forget, among the numerous opposi tion movements that a remon trance, signed by thirty-five hundred of the clergymen of New Eng land, is on itH way to Washington. The Coroner's inquest on the body of Pr. Gardner was concluded, and the jury rendered their verdict yesterday. The testimony taken confirms the state ment that the deceased most undoubtedly committed aoicide by strychnine and bruchnine, both sn1>stances having been found in his stomach and on his person. By the way, a resolution was Introduced iu the House yesterday instructing the Select Committee on the Ganlnr r frauds lo exb-nd their researches to all other supposed frauds on the Treasury growing ?ut of claims awarded by the commissioners to settle demands upon the government for the loss of pro perty by American citizens in (onsennence of the Mexican war. Lieut. Maury, of the National Observatory, is the grcatet-t discovert r of the age. It was be that dis covered that Memphis, in Tennessee, upwards of a j thonf and miles from salt water, was the very iden tical place for a navy yard. He proved it mathe matically ? there the navy yard is. The great Jr&fmrii.Mtion for Memphis was, that " it is above the pint of the yaller fever, and ai?ovo the reach of the enemy. To be sure a vessel of war can never be got up there, and never got down if built there, except in a freshet; but Lieut. Maury proved that Memphis ought to have a navy yard; and there it Is. The came worthy officer has lately proved that the Mississippi river runs Into the Amazon, and that our commerce ought to take the same direction; and lastly, he has shown that between the banks of New foundland and the west coast of Ireland the bed of the ocean is graded on purpose for a submarine telegraph, and that it mu*t be built to keep us posted up during the forthcoming European war. Success to Lit tit. Maury and the telegraph. Onr State Senators having <li-po-ed of th it. cx <fitlng topic of debate the liquor hill, are uiq tied to imitate the example of their prototypes la tho na tional Congress after the a<l option of the Noli- ' .1 Kansas bill, by taking a few days' rest. Tho mem' rs of the Sem.te ye terday resolved to proceed to tin ? State Lunatic AsyWrn at Utlca to-day. A enr ns memorial was presented ye -tei'dey, in which Messrs. , Clsil- and Barnes, in pec tor and agent of the Ciin- ! ton prison, arc clwrgcd with gross malfeasance in I effice . The affair promises to lead to somo singular j rcrveletions In connection with State prison manage ment. Some queer developt menta concerning the cnoi moos expenditures upon canals will soon be made, if the late rcpo ' of the Auditor Is duly acted I on. la the course of the day various bills were i pawed ami otherwise disposed of? among them se veral in which the people of this vicinity are greatly iutr rested. The Assembly referred tfc prohibitory liquor bill to a select committee, and a resolution was adopted ordering the final vote to be taken at noon ou the 22d inst. Appearances now iid;cate that the dis- < cushion of the subject will be extended greatly be yond that time; and, under the circumstances, little surprise will be man' Tested f the bill should be even tually killed by procrastination. Both branches of 1 the Legislature followed the example of Congress by adjourning till Monday. The popular branch of ih' New Jersey Legisla ture has | assed the L.U 11m t ng the monopoly of the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company to fif teen yea i s. We elsewhere publish some additiona' Intelli gence relative to the Greek insnrrecton, brought by the steamer Asia, which reached Boston yester day morning, together with a ser es of very inter esting letters from Paris and Copenhagen, and the lender from the last London Times on the war. In connection w th tlic offlc a and spec al reports of the proceeding of our municipal leg lature with regard to the filthy condition of tli3 >trcets, we to day publish the address of the i eople's committee to the people of New York on the same Rubject, all which will doubtless be perused with great attention by every friend of health, deanl ness, and decency. The Board of Councilmen, it will bo seen, adopted a lengthy report, setting forth that under existing circumstances it is oxitedient to cancel all the con tacts for cleaning the streets ? only one of which has been fulfilled? and to advertise for new propo sals, in accordance with certain specifications divid ing the city into nineteen cleaning districts. Let the good work progress. In the Board of Aldermen last evening, a com munication from the Board of Councilmen was taken up, praying the Legislature to authorize an additional apportionment of $100,000 to be placed at the disposal of the Health Department for the clean ing of the streets. This sum was thought too high, and after some discussion on the amount that should be appropriated, the sum was finally fixed at $75,000, and the resolution in its amended form was sent back to the Board of Councilmen for concur rencc. There was very little business before the Board, and the Aldermon amused themselves by de bating for an hour whether it was parliamentary to ? " lay a motion for the previous question on the ta bic." This was at last decided in the affirmative, against the ruling of the Chair. A man named Patrick Toomy was killed, and some others seriously injured, on the New York and Erie Railroad, last Thursday night. The cars of a milk train became disconnected near the Sufferns depot, and when the engineer backed, on a de scending grade, the deceased was caught between the cars. This is the third or fourth accident that has occurred on this line lately. We also Icarn that a locomotive on the Hudson River road exploded at Hudson last evening, killing the engineer and badly injuring the firemen. The engiue was completely shattered. The investigation of the coroner's jury concern ing the recent mysterious murder of an Italian refu gee in Williamsburg was concluded yesterday. James Antoui, employed as a sugar refiner in Duanc street, has been arrested on suspicion of being the murderer. An ice-pick, left sticking in the de ceased, and believed to have been in possession of the prisoner, led to the arrest. William Brennan, whose trial for causing the death of Michael Horan has occupied the attention of the Kings County Court for the last four d iys, was found guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree yesterday. On reference to our reports, it will be seen that there was a very general falling off in the prices of stocks in Wall street yesterday. Cotton was firm; and the rates for good brands of flour varied but little; Southern brands, however, tended downward. It is hardly probable that the present high prices will be maintained for any great length of time. The ice in the river at Albany was on the point of giving way at the date of our last despatch. This will soon be followed by the opening of canal navi' gation. and then we shall have such a rush of flour and grain to the seaboard as will astound dealers. No less than thirty-three thousand bbls. of flour and sixty-eight thousand bushels of wheat have been ex ported from Baltimore during the present week. In addition to a variety of interesting miscella neous matter, to-day's inside pages contain a politi cal letter from Concord, N. H., Habeas Corpus case in the Supreme fkrart, Commercial and Theatrical news, 4c. The Nebraska Question ip ? ? '~"k *,,d New tumpihlrt. The Kansas-Nebraska bill having passed the Senate by n l?rge majority, i- now under a sort of armistice before the House of Representa tives!. awaiting the issue of the New Hampshire election. But. although the di.-cussion rests for a brief space in Congress, the subject does not nod cannot rest ? the agitation is going on. and mn?t go on. till the question is settled, and set tled upon the fixed and permanent basis of the conEtitutioji, The agitation, thus far, has JP0;tlv of a purely abolition or free soil character. There have been Fome scattering, spontaneous anti-Nebraska meetings in New England, New York, and the Western States. We have had two or three anti-slavery assemblies at the Tabernacle, gotten up to order by the free soil and abolition cot rics of thi-* city ; but though they were full of "found and fury." they ''sig nified nothing.'' Within t ie last three d iys a protest again-t the Nebraska bill has been pul> lished. signed- by one hundred and fifty of the cl< rgvmen of the various Protestant denomina tions of this city and Brooklyn ; but the clergy know very little of political questions, and their influence, one way or the other, is al ways overshadowed and merged In the party organizations of the day. The two old parties which have for some time been undergoing the processes of dissolution, will l>e entirely broken up on this Nebraska question, and a reconstruc tion \fill follow, changing from begfcniing to end all outstanding Presidential estimates for the succession. The clergy, acting upon what they consider to be the fundamental abstrac tions of morality and religion involved, over look the drift of the political revolution going on. and the c .uses which control it, as much us they M em to forget the great constitutional issue at st ake. They must be borne away by the pressure of the great question in its practi cal bearings, either to the right hand or to the lelt. Th clergy are but a waif upon the waves. Thus far the two great de n oral iced .? n l dis orga' .1: ? t old controlling politlc.il p riles of the country have hud vcrv little t> do with thi Nebraska agitation. There lrnvo b n so.ne popular meetings here anl there, end resolu tions have been passed by cert In St t ? Legis lature?' ngnin -t the Nebraska bill; but the prin cipal agitator? outside of Congr ss lnve been h h political adventurers as John P. Ilule, Gr< el' y. I r . nl the rampant . bolitionisK and tic fn e i oil favorite*, and the Buffalo fin '.form organs of G< n. Pierce and his Cabinet. The I): 11, however, will be opened in a few days, and the Northern democracy will bj compelled to show their hands, from New Hampshire to lown. upon the muln question. Next week two hig! ly important political movements ore to cootc off in this metropolis. We allude, first, to the democratic meeting In Tammany Hall, appointed to take place o a the evening of the lGtli in.- taut, in favor of t'^e Me brat-ka bill, under the pronunciamei uo of a l^pce majority of the soft shells of < Jld Tain- j many; and, secondly, to the publ/c auti-Ne- J braska meeting appointed to conje oil' in the Park, oq the 14th and 15tb, under, the auspices of the anti-Nebra kn soft slella, t/e VanBurens, the Bryants and ot'.er , no doubt acting under the secret instructions or vices of General Prerce and his Cabinet, and kitchen cabinet, at Washington. A third movement, involving a more enlarged action of the Northern democracy, is to coine?jlf with t e New Hampshire election of Tuesday next, the 14t'a instant. These three days? the 14th, 15tk and ICth ? may be called the Ides of March on t'..e Nebraska question. Tlw bard shells of the Stuy vesant Institute were the first to move in behalf of a public democratic expression in support of the Nebras ka bill ; but entertaining serious doubts of the good faith of the administration, they liavocou cluded to give the soft shells of Old Tammany the privilege of leading off. And Tammany having responded, with a really surprising ma-? jority, in support of the peniing repeal of the Missouri line, we may safely assume that no effort will be spared to have a thundering meet ; ing in the Old Wigwam on the 16th ? a model , democratic demonstration, which will put the ! boll in motion for Nebraska and the constitution I throughout New York, throughout New Eng land, and all the Northern States ; and which will carry everything before it, sweeping out all the unclean materials of abolition and free toil from the ranks of the party, from stem to stern. Meantime, the Van Buren free Boilers of 1848 received into favor by the administration, and elevated into the highest offices and the high est confidence, have resolved upon a bolt, which shall forestall and destroy the moral effect of the Tammany novevent. Hence we find the call for the popular meetings in the Park, of the 14th an 1 15th, in alvanceof the Tammany meeting, and very likely the Pre sident and his Cabinet h tve had a li tnd in and a hearing upon this Van Buren programme, which, if not Bilenced in time, miy result in very con siderable mischief. It is very true that the Washington Union gives out th.it the President will require all his office holders to go for the Nebraska bill ? that the administration advo cates it on the ground that the measure is founded upon the non-intervention principles applied to Utah and New Mexico in the acts of 1850; but all this is for Southern consumption. As in former years, General Pierce remains a vacillating and feeble politician. He is not to be relied upon in a great radical movement, full of the mighty responsibilities of this Ne braska question. Let, then, the Union soft shell democrats of Tammany Hall take hold of therissue simply as a great constitutional issue; let them meet the free Boilers face to face, and, grappling the bull by the horns, lead him out to the sacrifice upon the altar of the Union. The New Hampshire election is befogged by the vacillations and gyrations of the adminis tration. Nebraska is the question before the democracy among the granite hills, and it is not the question. The President must be set down for it ; but he miiBt not be mixed up with it. All are good democrats, and vote the democratic ticket ? good adininUtratiou democrats, till after the election, any how. Let that be understood. And yet, the New Hamp shire democracy, disregarding the cowardly trimming and dodging of the administration, ought to meet the issue like men ? yea or nay ? instead of being influenced by the miserable and treacherous-policy of Gen. Pierce, Gen. Gush ing and Marcy. Let every man in New Hamp shire show his hand, yea or nay. The issues involved in this Nebraska bill must inevitably shape out the re-coustruction of all the parties and factions in this broad couutrv for the succession and iU*:* awsiniics* and the policy of government and the destiny of TTnJnn for the next twenty -five years. The principles of the bill before the House are vital and radical. They rest upon the plain letter and spirit of the supreme law of the land ? the only basis upon which the slavery agitation can be put to rest, and upon which the Union can alone be preserved. Upon any othjr basis, the agitation and exasperation of the South will continue till the Union is broken to pieces. The first object is to remove this slavery agi- i tation out of Congress. This the Nebraska bill | proposes to do. Under the constitution. Con- i gress has no more right to interfere with the institution of slavery than with the question of | religion. Qv<?r religion and over slavery the | gopremc jurisdiction is among those powers re- i served to the States and the people. Let this power over the slavery question be restored, i then, where it belongs, and there let it rest. As long as Congress usurps this right of jurisdic- i tion over this subject, so long the unholy alli ance between the British aristocracy and our anti-slavery societies will be supplie 1 withcapi- , tal for inflaming the North and the South to the ultimatum of dissolution. Nothing less than the violent disruption of the Union and the destruction of all our hopes of its march to greatness, grandeur, and glory, is contemplated by our anti-slavery agitators. Let them be si- ! lcnced by the voice of the honest Union-loving people throughout the laud, in support of the bill before the House. In this view we await the issue of the New Hampshire election and the Tamnianyand anti- j Tammany meetings of next week with deep anxiety and interest. Let the New Hampshire democracy . disregarding the dodges and shuf flings of the administration, speak out for the Union and the constitution ? let Tammany Hall do the same thing with a will, and, cleansing herself of the altominations of the Buffalo plat form. and all its adherents, lay the ground-work for a reconstruction of the party upon a clean constitutional and national platform. The crisis is upon us. and the day for action is at hand. The IVmmkn Ship Canal.? We published late ly. authentic account of the Daricn exploring expeditions ? one under Comm.mder Provost, of the British liip Virago, which started from San Miguel on the 1 0< li of December, and another under Lieutenant Strain, of the United States Navy, from the Atlantic . ide. It is somewhat amusing to hear now. that at Wa hington the e statements are bclu ved to be fabrication-', be came the government has received no intima tion oi the ainc. I-> it : itch an 111111 u 1 occur rence that (lie Herald should receive intelli gence in advance of the administration? We imagine not. But from the purticul irs given, especially in the report of Messrs. Kennish and Nelson, it is not difficult to see that they bear upon their face the impress of truth. Their statements have been confirmed by other intel ligence of a still lutcr (lute. pRoettK^H ok the Liquor Prohibitory Bill. The parage of the prohibitory bill through the Senate will probably boon be followed by a 'similar evidence of Maine law principle on the part of the House. The only point on which there seems to be any reasonable ground for doubt is whether the Governor will defeat the object of the friends of the prohibitory law by the exercise of his constitutional veto. That he I may do to, appears generally to be apprehended by the oac party and hoped by the other. A veto would certainly create a very considerable ' excitemcni among both parties at the next election, and would be more likely to resuscitate Gov Seymour ? whose political tiareer must otherwise be regarded as on the point of clos ing?than a tacit acquiescence in the views of the tcmperance leaders. A peculiar feature of the anti-liquor agitation has been the violence displayed by the unscru pulous organs of the prohibitory law. It has been I usual with them to denounce their opponents as ! corrupt, drunkards, profligates, habituates of ; grogshops, &c. Even Thurlow Weed, who is I not himself a very mild or scrupulous indivi dual, can no longer endure the attacks which are made on the opposition in the Legislature, 1 and denounces in terms of unmeasured severity 1 the attempt which is beirig male to spread j through the country the belief that the resist 1 ance which the bill meets has been stimulated by corrupt agencies. Ilowever this be, the measure is now in a fair way oi becoming a law. There can be no question, if it doe ?, but that it will create a tremendous agitation among classes of our citizens which have hitherto taken no active part in political move ments. The law professes to be founded on high moi.. 1 and religious principles ; but this does not deprive it of its unconstitutional aspect ; docs not prevent its being a revolutionary at tempt to interfere with the private business of a large class of freemen. Temperance is doubt less a most praiseworthy habit in all classes of society ; but the extent of intemperance pre vailing among the American people Is far exag gerated by the prohibitory law advocates. The bulk of society is temperate ; drunkards con stitute a very small fraction ot the whole. And it seems a very singular system of legislation to subject us all to inconvenience for the sake of this insignificant minority. The passage of the Maine law in Maine broke up all the existing political cliques and parties in that State ; and now, we are told, It is actual ly a dead letter in the towns. No prohibitory law, however stringent, can ever be carried out inNewYork or in any other of the large cities of this State. It can only lead to quarrels, dissen sions, and possibly to riot and bloodshed. How ever, the temperance fanatics scein to hold supreme sway at present. We can only wait and see what time will bring forth. The Legislators, Ac., op California Who and What are They!? We have received from California a statistical chart of the Senators and Representatives in Congress from that State, and of the State officers, Senators, representa tives and officers of the fifth session of the State Legislature, which convened at Benicia on the 2d of January last. It is a document of pecu liar interest, and giv<^ a tolerably clear insight into the character and composition of the men who form the official army of that State. Every occupation and profession is represented there in. The merchant, the lawyer, the mechanic, I the laborer, the actor, the fanner, the miner, and the printer, furnish In nearly equal propor tions their quota. At the head of the list is Governor Bigler, brother of the Governor of Pennsylvania, and a printer by profession, though it is doubtless many years since he worked at his trade. He emigrated in 1849 from Illinois, but is a native of Pennsylvania. The Lieutenant-Governor, Samuel Purdy, a native of this State, was a merchant, and emi grated in the same year. The Comptroller, Samuel BpU, from Tennessee, was a miner ^ the Treasurer, S. A. McMeans, from the same State, a physician; the Surveyor-General, S. H. Marlette, from New York, a civil engineer; the Superintendent of Public Instruction, P. K. Hubbs, from Pennsyl vania, a miner; the Secretary of State, J. W. Deaver, from Virginia, a lawyer, of which profes sion the Attorney -General, J. R. McConnell, from Kentucky, of course is also a member. Of the State Senators eight are natives of New York, three of Pennsylvania, two of Georgia, two of New Jersey, two of Ohio, one of Alabama, one of California, two of Vermont, five of Tennessee, one of South Carolina, one of Virginia, two of Kentucky, one of New Hamp shire, one of Ireland, one of Maryland, and one of Maine. In the Assembly, as In the Senate, tbcre ft larger number of natives of New York than from any other State, while Missouri comes next. Among the occupations of the officers of the Senate is one which we have never heard classed befor?, but which we sup pose is peculiar to that land of adventurers; it is denominated in the list "outside chances," and the pereon who formerly possessed it is the present incumbent of Sergeant-at-Arms. As there is a great resemblance between the two occupations, it is fair to presume that his out side chances will not be neglected in his new office. Musical Intelligence. ? Every one has been remarking the utter dearth of musical enter tainments which has prevailed during the win ter. We have had no opera, no concerts, no leading artists here. The theatres are open as usual, and '? Uncle Tom's Cnbin,'' old plays of the Elizabethan era, and other shows have drawn crowds ; but in musical art, the nigger minstrels seem to have been the highest effort that has been made. This state of things cannot la?fc long. Two theatres each capable of containing from three to five thousand persons, will l>3 opened in a few months ; and several expedi tions have already gone out or been sent by managers to Europe to procure the first talenl to commence an early season iu both. It is stated Hint Mr. Corbyn has been in Europe for some time, engaging novelties for Mr. Niblo : we have heard nothing either of the direction or the success of his efforts. Max Maretzek has likewise gone to Europe, it is supposed on ac count Of Mr. Phelan for the new opera company. Iiis object, it is rumored, is to engage Mile. Cruvelli with some distinguished tenor and bafso, for that establishment. Mr. Hackett i still here, and it is stated that he still possesses ' an engagement with Mario and Grisi ; but we doubt much Whether it will ever Ixj fulfilled, as Gri.-i's age. Iter affection tor her children, I nnd her aversion to the sea are likely to induce her to look upon a transatlantic engagement with great aversion. It It said that the new opera company had some nego tiation with Mr. Hackett in relation to their house, and that they asked from three to five hundred dollars a night, together with 250 I choice ecats for the use of the families of the j stockholders. This has been estimated to bo ; > tqutl to 0Q6 thousand two huudred dollars u ni^ht for rent alone ? a -urn which no opera | under any regime or with any combination of talent could an'ord to pay. Meanwhile speculation is rife on the success ; of the agents who ! ave gone out to Europe. A . war between the Western Powers aud Russia i would undoubtedly drive the highest artists to j I this country ; fi r, 'mid the clash of arms. ! j the arit tocracy ( f Europe will have something j else to attend to besides the opera, music, and I the ballet. At all events, from the authority j of the agents, and the prodigious efforts which are being made to Gni h the houses and in:?kc ti.ein w^rtl.y of the ccuntry, we have a right to expect 8; mething extraordinary in the way j of operatic entertainments either from the new i opera company or Mr. Niblo. Discipline in Schools ? A Gkkat Reform Demanded. ? We extract the following para graph from one of cur morning cotemporaries, in reference to the mode of discipline practiced in the schools of Williamsburg, which will apply pretty much to our whole country, and all our educational institutions: ? Mr. Rcilly states that about a year ago, lie took hia lit tle boy, then attending school, to witness a procession, uud <>11 tlie following day, the teacher, supposing that the child played truant, punished him. The boy was struck so severe a blow on tho wrist or urm, that four weeks af ter he wiib unable to Ivis hand to his head. Very recently, one of hts tWwa was again puaisliot Jn tho siliyol, and a very se\urt; wound across the palin of tho cliiM's hand inflicted. He w ent to the schi ol to rem in etrate, took the child up to the room of the prinuipul Uuchcr, and showed the injured hand, which the feuvle teacher by whom the blow was struck, acknowledged hav ing given. Mr. Keilly said it whs not to her credit, aud;>n altercation followed," the principal taking part with the ssistant. Mr. Heilly said he considered be was the ag grieved party, and entitled to legal remedy had lie chosen to apply for it, and that ho was much surprised the ag , retscrs bad turned complainants. This barbarous, inhuman, and atrocious sys tem of flogging, is a brutal institution, handed down to their posterity by the barbarous ami piratical Saxons, our enterprising ancestors. J t does not exist in France. Tncre, in their schools, academics, and colleges, we lind a sys tem of discipline founded upon the humane and rational policy of appealing to the moral sensi bilities of the scholars. There the, young lad or miss is punished by penalties which reflect up on their sense of hont.r, while, on the other hand, they are encouaged to obc lience and emu lations in their studies by proper rewards of merit and distinction. Between the teach ers and their scholars in France, we see the good relations existing of mutual con fidence, affection, and respect. And it is all the result of the genial policy of discipline which exists among them. It makes the young lad ?hivalric, generous, frank, truthful and man ly. Contrast this enlightened system with the brutalizing practice in schools, of flogging, kick ing, beating, mangling and mutilating which prevails in Germany, England and the United States, and it becomes beyond the power of lan guage to express our loathing, abhorrence and disgust of this savage and wretched rule of dis cipline. We have a striking example of the effects of this brutalizing system in the death of an other wise worthy teacher at Louisville, and in the in carceration in prison, awaiting their trial for his murder, of two youths who otherwise have the character of amiable and jJTomising young men. But the effects of this debasing' practice may be seen nearer home, in the gangs of bullies and ruffians which infest our streets. And as long as flogging, maiming and maugling con tinue a branch of our system of education, so long will it develope the brutal propensities of our scholars. It is nothing but a savage, bru tralizing and disgusting practice, and there is no rational excuse or pretence for it whatever. We have abolished flogging in our navy, where the recipients of it were hardy men ? abolished it because of its bru tality. Shall it be continued in our schools, where the victims are children, and where the punishment often cripples them for life, aad deadens and brutalizes their moral sensibilities? No. Let the work be commenced for a thorough reformation upon this subject, and thj result will soon appear in a higher, nobler and more manly race of young men, and in the rapid reduction of the ruffians, rowdies aud gallows birds which infest the community. Institutions for the Relief of Servants. ? We see that Bishop Wain wright and others are moving in behalf of an institution for the relief of servants, especially servant girls. It is pro posed to establish a sort of central intelligence office, for the purpose of procuring good ser vants good places. This may all be very well; but from the experience we have had in all ex periments of this kind, the most t>f the benefits which such such an institution will confer will be reaped by the managers, secretaries, trea surers, and so forth, of the establishment. The truth is, a daily journal like the Herald, with its daily circulation of fifty or sixt thousand copies among all classes of our people ? em ployers and employes, high and low, rich and poor, Catholics and Frotestants, whigs and democrats, native and adopted citizens ? is the best intelligence office for servants of all descriptions; and for those who want ser vants, as well as for servants who want situa tions. Thus, at the very reasonable charge of from twenty-five to fifty cents each, one, two, and sometimes nearly three linn. Ire 1, servau's in a single day procure situations, by the simple process of a small advertisement in our columns. This is the simplest, cheapest and surest plan for procuring good servunts and good situa tions. All servants' intelligence offices, and boarding houses, A-c., operate more for the relief of the managers than for the benefit of the ser vants in whose behalf they profess to be estab lished. The Herald is the best institution, and the cheapest, fur (he relief of situations that want servants, and of servants who want situations. Let them come along ? we have always room for them. We take great pleasure in thus being so useful to the community as we are. Those honest and industrious girl? ? the chambermaids? and all others concerned, whether for good places or good servant*, can find no institution in their behalf equal to the New York Uxiiald. N'othin ;? likelt. Benefit Concert.? On the 22d in-tant. the congregation of Calvary church intend to give a benefit concert to Madame Bonchelle. who ha^ been for the lact three years, the leading vocalist , of llieir choir. 1 he effort which ore being made, and the popularity ofMme. Bonchelle would lead | one to Hippo- e that the concert will In? highly successful. It will be recollected that Madame j Eouchelle i1- the . i*ter of one of our most di*- j tingui&lied composers, Wm. Vincent Wallace; and that hlie is known at possessing a very fine and highly cultivated voice. She will have, no doubt, a bumper house. On the same occasion, a young lady of great promise as a vocalist, and a pupil of Madame Bouchelle's, will make her debut in some duets with her jrecoptree* Violation of the Law bt the Postmaster Gksbbal.? We understand that the Postmaster General at Washington has dccided, contrary to the Congressional statute, to give the Post Office advertising to a journal not possessing tlie largest circulation of any published in this city. This decision is a direct violation of the law. which directs in plain and simple terms that the Post Office advertisements shall be pub lished in the journal whose circulation is the largest. Two journals competed for the adver tising of the New York office, and one of the two, the Herald, proved by affidavits that its circulation exceeded that of its rival by some ten thousand copies daily. Yet by scene legal quibble or subterfuge, the Postmaster here and the Postmaster General at Washington decided in favor of the latter. We have no remedy in. the present htate of the executive at Washing ton. But we t-hall, at our earliest leisure, pro pare a succinct and cai cffll memorial to Con gress, setting forth the premises, and calling oa that body to review the law, and make such amendments as may place it out of the power of the Postmasters to violate its spirit, as it seems they may noW do w Ifti impunity. Tusnace Iuty on Ameki/ an Y*->sls at HoxDraAS.? We have eeen a letter, da!ed Truxillo, January 13, ^rom Mr. K. l'rudot, consignee of the Boston brig Helen Jane, to the Collector of the Customs, remonstrating; against an incrciuHxl amount of tonnage duty levied on that vessel. It seems that c. new edict was issued, doubling I hi* rates, aud Mr. l'rudot protons against pay ment in this instance on the (ground that the Helen, Juno was anchored in port some thirty-six hours pre vious to t lie publication of tho law. Independently of the particular facts of tho case, lie believes that the policy which would esiablisu ei^ht reals ou foreign, when there are only four on national tonnage, is ill ad vised, and that, under the treaty of 1826, the shipping or North America ? a country which has over been friendly towards Central America ? is entitled to the fame privileges and exemptions as native shipping. The Misting Packet Ships "Waterloo aittT LcvlntU.au. Among the many vessels of every clase it has boon our painful duty, (luring the part winter, to record aa lost or missing, are the two splendid Liverpool packet ship* Waterloo and leviathan, lioth these vessels cleared oa the same day, (the 19th of List December.) fi*Om this port for Liverpool. The Waterloo snll*A .on the 28d of December, and the leviathan crossed the bar on thesam? day, and both undoubtedly experienced the tremendous, weather of the 3Gtli of the mine month, which strewed our const ft with so many wrecks. An arrival at Liverpool, a few weeks subsequent to their Failing, reported seeing a vessel in distress, dismasted, and apparently endeavoring to make for the Western Islands, which was thought to resemble the Waterloo, but our latest dates from thoso places mention nothing of her, or of the arrival tlymre of any similar vessel. Of the Leviathan, her sailing hence is the last heard of her. The Waterloo was a very fine vessel, of 1,000 tons bur then, and had been trading between this port and Liver pool, as a regular packet, from the time she left Messrs. West ervelt and Mackay's shipyard, in 1836, to her de parture last December. She was owned, (or principally so,) by Messrs. Kermit & Carew, of South street, and wa* oommanded by Captain Edmund Harvey, of this city, a. very experienced sailor. The following were the names of her officers and crew:? Captain? Edmund Ilarvey. Firtt Mate ? Wm. Richardson. Second Mate? Rol>crt Haddocks. Carpenter ? Thomas Ireland. Steward ? Wm. H. Garribrance. Coot. ? Wm: Peel. Seamen. Jas. Bennett, Ilenry Wffliins, Wm. Douglass, John Samson, George Ret d, Tho*. Fleming, Thomas Stone, Ebeneter Lane, John Bruwn, David Sanders, Thos. Summons, John McCawley, David Robin: on, John Kinsley, John Nichols, Uicliael Driscoll, Jas. Roberts, Louis Roberts, John Riley, Wm. McCarty. She had no cabin passengers, but we believe there were two or three in the steerage, whose names are not ob tainable. The cargo of the Waterloo was composed of 2,500 bar rels of flour, 19,CS7 bushels of wheat, 193 bales of cot ton, 19,749 pounds of cheese, 1 cask of manganese, 1,624 barrels of rosin, ? and 6,720 staves, ""valued at about $C6, 000. The vessel, which was valued at $45,000, was < overed by insurance in Wall street. Her freight money was $16,000, and v. as probably insured, as well as the cargo. The Leviathan was one of the finest of our noble paoket ships. She registered 1,207 tons, and was not more thaH< three years old, having been built at Newcastle, Maine, for the Liverpool trade, in 1850, and was worth about $72,000. Her owners were Messrs. Sturges, Clcarman 4c Co., of Wall street. She was commanded by Capt. Rufua Knapp, a first rate seamen, and most worthy man, who has left a wife and seven children. Her first officer was Mr. Thomas S. Underhill, of this city, who has also left a family. The number of souls on board the Leviathan when she sailed from New York was twenty-nine, in cluding two passengers. The following are their names:? Captain ? Rufus Knapp. t'irit Male ? Thomas J. Uunderhill. Second Mate ? William Smith. Third Mate ? W. H. Place. 0 Carpenter ? Edward Hulse. Steward ? Alfred Frey. Cook? James Betts. Stamen. John Berry, Stephen Marshall, Humphrey Davies, John Jones, Charles Coe, George Farley, Thomas Nolan, Henry Fink, Thomas Adams. Charles Phoenix, James Wilson, George Smith, William Somers, John Burns, ? William O'Neil, Denis Miller, James Thomas, James Blake. Boy*. William Roland, Patrick Cummings. One of the passengers was Mr. Fallon, of St. John's College, in this State, who wax going to Gal way, Ireland, for the benefit of his health. The name of hi* fellow ?voyager ite could not lenrn. The Leviathan's cargo was valued at about $200,000, an<l consisted of the following articles : ? 068 bales of cot ton, 34,764 bushels of wheat, 4,872 barrels of flour, and 7,200 hUivtH. the freight of which was valued at $20,000, which, with the cargo, we understand is covered by In surance. The vessel is fully insured in the Wall street ofhees. Fo long a time having elapsed since these vessels de jnrteii ? upwards of a hundred days ago ? hut little hope in le'l nf their safety. It is probable they were dismast ( d, or otherwise soverely crippled in sails or spars, and s) rung a leak during the very severe weather that burst upon the Atlantic a few days after they left port, and as n i ' rtion of each cargo consisted of a largo quantity of wheat in bulk, which would swell a great deal on getting wet, it might possibly have started the planking and i linked up the pumps, thus rendering them helpless hulks upon the water, and that they afterwards foun ered, leaving not a soul to tell the tale. Marine AlYntrs. Forms' Rio ? Extract from Capt. A. G. FletcMt'c tetter of March 8d, after a vo;, age to Liverpool in the C. Grinnell In answer to vour letter of the 1st, I assure you that nothing would induce me to have the rig changed. I had the heaviest weather coming to the westward that I ever experienced on the Atlantic, and had a chance to test It well. My best canvass was all my topsails reefed and set, making five topsails ? and when this was too much we had no trouble in taking in the upper topsails, as any five men could stow them. My topgallant sails can t>c t nrlcd by three men at any time, and generally by two. Asa proof of the satisfaction given by the rig to my owners, Mr. Cornelius Grinnell hns contracted for a ship of 1 ,70t) tons, to have the new rig. I proved the advan tnj;C! of the new rig In hauling olT from Fandy Hook in a sn>.w strum, which 1 <lid under five reefed topsails, my fore and aft storm sails, courses furled. At midnight a bea\ y gale ; furled the upper topsails with compara tively no trouble. Had the ship- l>een of the old rig I should have hauled off under double reefed top?ails, and during the night should have lo t them, as my comrade did. who hanled off at the same time. It. was the worst "niglit 1 ever saw. My pilot fell in lore with the rig, and so did the captains of the wrecked ship brought home by iip One of litem, who saw the C. <.'riitnell fitting out, at d then laughed at the rig, now soys that he will never l ave anything ebe if he can avoid it. It would not do to titer the Forbes' rig and spoil it, and then condemn the principle. I have no doubt but that the underwriter* of New York and Boston would have saved many large losses If the ships had been Hlted with the new rig, an>l tlxi many cases of suffering among their crews might have l>een avoided. The greSt scarcity of seamen ren ters It more nocessary to have the new rig than ever ? before. The Governor of Rhode Island has appointed Friday, the 14th of April, to be observed throughout the State as 4* j of fasting and prayer.