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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 11, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 6

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NEW YORKJIERALD.
JAMES GOB dor B1HN1TT,
PR0PR1F A0R and EDITOR.
Orrici n. ?. cok' or ftlton and nassau bts.
W /USEMENTS THIS EVENING.
BOWERY, THEATRE, Bowery? Citclb Ton * Cabiw.
BROA i1FAv TnKATRE Broadway? DOMIBiqTJB THI
MlDil MKKB NlOIIT ? DUBAI*.
'j/TRTON'S TIIIATRE. chambarl street? Th? LinoBftl
""?Ol U U*?T Sociaty
NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham utreet ? ACternoon
Mttl Evening. Uxci-b Toil'* Cabix.
WALLACE'S THEATRE? Broadway? to Y? bob. Loyb?
A I'FETTT PlSOlC cr Bv?INK8?.
AMERICAN MUSEUM ? Afternoon and Evening? Thb
Cll llgtVKT.
BROADWAY MSNAUKKIE? I.1I.UPVT1AR Kino? Mam
HUTU Lady aku Liyino Traikbo Ambam.
CHRISTY'S AMERICAN OPERA HOUSE, 472 Broad
way? Ethiopian Mkiooica iv C'hiutt i Minrthelb.
WOOD S MINSTRELS, Wood'* Minatrel HaII, Hi Broad
WAjf ? Li'HIOlltA.N UlNlTllBLSY.
BUCKI EV S OPERA HOUSE, 530 Broad way - B.ob
aav'H Ethiopia* OriBA 1'iovfb.
BAN V ARI>'S GEORAMA, KKi Broadway ? 1'anor aha or
?u Holy Lash.
BUENISH GALLERY. SKI BroAd way-Day and Ni,sht.
?1GNOK B1.1TZ ? Brooklv i Ikhtitittb.
'BRYAN GALLERY OF CHRISTIAN AIU-,s*3 Bread
way.
WHOLE WORLD ? 377 and 379 Bruadway?
?ad Evening.
Sew York, Saturday, March 11, 183ft,
One Week's History.
Tin AVkt k i v Bkkud, cuttaiuin^ a complrtr cpi&oiai1 of
enr week's intelligence from all <|uartors of the world,
will be published at ni?e o'clock. this morning. Pries
sixpence. To be had tt the counter in wrapper* and
?-ady for mailing
The New*.
Our intelligence from Washington this morning is
highly important. It is gratifying to learn that the
administration and our representatives in Congress
are no longer disponed to tamely submit to the fla
grant insults and outrages i>erpetrated upon the
persons and property of American citizens by the
authoritieu of Cuba. Our correspondent states that
the government is extremely indignant conccrning
the seizure of the steamship Black Warrior. The
Cabinet has been consulted, and the President will
probably transmit to Congress a strong message on
the subject, next Monday. By way of preliminary
preparation the House unanimously adopted a reso
lution, yesterday, reque.-ting the President to fur
ni?h all information relative to the seizure of the
Black Warrior, and other violations of our rights by
the officials of Spain. Immediately after the pos
tage of this resolution Mr. Dean gave notice of his
intention to introduce a bill repealing our neutrality
laws so far as they rcJate to Spain. As Mr. D. is the
organ of Secretary Marcy in the House, this move
ment may be considered as indicative of the policy
to be recommended by the administration. On refe
rence to another column it will be seen that the pre
sent leaders in Old Tammany have already sounded^
the war cry.
The House, in Committee of the Whole on the
bill granting lands for the construction of a railroad
iu Minnesota, clinched the amendment granting the
proceeds from the sales of the alternate sections
within the railroad tract to those States that have not
hitherto received uational assistance on their works
of internal improvement. The vote on this proposi
tion was ninety -five to ninety; but this manifestation
of meting out a little justice to the old States, proved
to be merely an ignus fatuus ? a shadow without
substance? for the very next move was the tabling
of the bill, by one hundred and twenty-six yeas to
?ixty-six nays. The House has thus given the
quietus to one of the Senate's great railroad laud
projects. The war between the two bodies concern
tog the disposition of the public domain has now
fairly commenced, and it is barely possible that the
genute may retaliate by defeating the frtfe farm bill.
A very exciting and somewhat angry debate
sprang up in the House on a bill granting three
thousand dollars for the relief of the widow and
heirs of Elijah Beebe, whose property, including
many hogs, was destroyed by the Indians. Mr.
Lane, of Indiana, intimated that Mr. Sollers. of
Maryland, was desirous of moulding opiuions for his
constituency. One word led to another, until Mr.
I* declared that he did not represent a State where
five negroes were considered equal to three white
men. This insinuation aroused the indignation of
some of the gentlemen from the South; the body
was instantly in commotion; several members were
found speaking at the same time; the Speaker
in vain endeavored to preserve order ; his de
cision declaring the gentlemen out of order
wu overruled, and ^for a whil? "
.... . , . ? , . nave been reasonably
a motion to postpone the
tobject prevailed ftllO Prdcr waa restored, no doubt
to the great relief of the ttnd the satisfaction
Of the dignified portion of the ncjn'^rs, it any
there weie. present.
Little business was transacted in the Senate yc >
terday. Most of the session was spent in the dis
cussion of unimportant private bills, wme ten of
which were passed.
'"'SomC one of the member* of the Cabinet is said
to have been daily in attendance in the House dur
ing the week, urging upon members the importance
of passing the Nebraska bill. While upon the sub
ject, let ns not forget, among the numerous opposi
tion movements that a remon trance, signed by
thirty-five hundred of the clergymen of New Eng
land, is on itH way to Washington.
The Coroner's inquest on the body of Pr. Gardner
was concluded, and the jury rendered their verdict
yesterday. The testimony taken confirms the state
ment that the deceased most undoubtedly committed
aoicide by strychnine and bruchnine, both sn1>stances
having been found in his stomach and on his person.
By the way, a resolution was Introduced iu the
House yesterday instructing the Select Committee
on the Ganlnr r frauds lo exb-nd their researches to
all other supposed frauds on the Treasury growing
?ut of claims awarded by the commissioners to settle
demands upon the government for the loss of pro
perty by American citizens in (onsennence of the
Mexican war.
Lieut. Maury, of the National Observatory, is the
grcatet-t discovert r of the age. It was be that dis
covered that Memphis, in Tennessee, upwards of a j
thonf and miles from salt water, was the very iden
tical place for a navy yard. He proved it mathe
matically ? there the navy yard is. The great
Jr&fmrii.Mtion for Memphis was, that " it is above
the pint of the yaller fever, and ai?ovo the reach of
the enemy. To be sure a vessel of war can never be
got up there, and never got down if built there,
except in a freshet; but Lieut. Maury proved that
Memphis ought to have a navy yard; and there it Is.
The came worthy officer has lately proved that the
Mississippi river runs Into the Amazon, and that our
commerce ought to take the same direction; and
lastly, he has shown that between the banks of New
foundland and the west coast of Ireland the bed of
the ocean is graded on purpose for a submarine
telegraph, and that it mu*t be built to keep us posted
up during the forthcoming European war. Success
to Lit tit. Maury and the telegraph.
Onr State Senators having <li-po-ed of th it. cx
<fitlng topic of debate the liquor hill, are uiq tied
to imitate the example of their prototypes la tho na
tional Congress after the a<l option of the Noli- ' .1
Kansas bill, by taking a few days' rest. Tho mem' rs
of the Sem.te ye terday resolved to proceed to tin
? State Lunatic AsyWrn at Utlca to-day. A enr ns
memorial was presented ye -tei'dey, in which Messrs. ,
Clsil- and Barnes, in pec tor and agent of the Ciin- !
ton prison, arc clwrgcd with gross malfeasance in I
effice . The affair promises to lead to somo singular j
rcrveletions In connection with State prison manage
ment. Some queer developt menta concerning the
cnoi moos expenditures upon canals will soon be
made, if the late rcpo ' of the Auditor Is duly acted I
on. la the course of the day various bills were i
pawed ami otherwise disposed of? among them se
veral in which the people of this vicinity are greatly
iutr rested.
The Assembly referred tfc prohibitory liquor bill
to a select committee, and a resolution was adopted
ordering the final vote to be taken at noon ou the
22d inst. Appearances now iid;cate that the dis- <
cushion of the subject will be extended greatly be
yond that time; and, under the circumstances, little
surprise will be man' Tested f the bill should be even
tually killed by procrastination. Both branches of 1
the Legislature followed the example of Congress
by adjourning till Monday.
The popular branch of ih' New Jersey Legisla
ture has | assed the L.U 11m t ng the monopoly of
the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company to fif
teen yea i s.
We elsewhere publish some additiona' Intelli
gence relative to the Greek insnrrecton, brought
by the steamer Asia, which reached Boston yester
day morning, together with a ser es of very inter
esting letters from Paris and Copenhagen, and the
lender from the last London Times on the war.
In connection w th tlic offlc a and spec al reports
of the proceeding of our municipal leg lature with
regard to the filthy condition of tli3 >trcets, we to
day publish the address of the i eople's committee
to the people of New York on the same Rubject, all
which will doubtless be perused with great attention
by every friend of health, deanl ness, and decency.
The Board of Councilmen, it will bo seen, adopted
a lengthy report, setting forth that under existing
circumstances it is oxitedient to cancel all the con
tacts for cleaning the streets ? only one of which
has been fulfilled? and to advertise for new propo
sals, in accordance with certain specifications divid
ing the city into nineteen cleaning districts. Let
the good work progress.
In the Board of Aldermen last evening, a com
munication from the Board of Councilmen was
taken up, praying the Legislature to authorize an
additional apportionment of $100,000 to be placed at
the disposal of the Health Department for the clean
ing of the streets. This sum was thought too high,
and after some discussion on the amount that should
be appropriated, the sum was finally fixed at
$75,000, and the resolution in its amended form was
sent back to the Board of Councilmen for concur
rencc. There was very little business before the
Board, and the Aldermon amused themselves by de
bating for an hour whether it was parliamentary to ?
" lay a motion for the previous question on the ta
bic." This was at last decided in the affirmative,
against the ruling of the Chair.
A man named Patrick Toomy was killed, and
some others seriously injured, on the New York and
Erie Railroad, last Thursday night. The cars of a
milk train became disconnected near the Sufferns
depot, and when the engineer backed, on a de
scending grade, the deceased was caught between
the cars. This is the third or fourth accident that
has occurred on this line lately. We also Icarn that
a locomotive on the Hudson River road exploded at
Hudson last evening, killing the engineer and badly
injuring the firemen. The engiue was completely
shattered.
The investigation of the coroner's jury concern
ing the recent mysterious murder of an Italian refu
gee in Williamsburg was concluded yesterday.
James Antoui, employed as a sugar refiner in Duanc
street, has been arrested on suspicion of being the
murderer. An ice-pick, left sticking in the de
ceased, and believed to have been in possession of
the prisoner, led to the arrest.
William Brennan, whose trial for causing the
death of Michael Horan has occupied the attention
of the Kings County Court for the last four d iys,
was found guilty of manslaughter in the fourth
degree yesterday.
On reference to our reports, it will be seen that
there was a very general falling off in the prices of
stocks in Wall street yesterday. Cotton was firm;
and the rates for good brands of flour varied but
little; Southern brands, however, tended downward.
It is hardly probable that the present high prices
will be maintained for any great length of time.
The ice in the river at Albany was on the point of
giving way at the date of our last despatch. This
will soon be followed by the opening of canal navi'
gation. and then we shall have such a rush of flour
and grain to the seaboard as will astound dealers.
No less than thirty-three thousand bbls. of flour and
sixty-eight thousand bushels of wheat have been ex
ported from Baltimore during the present week.
In addition to a variety of interesting miscella
neous matter, to-day's inside pages contain a politi
cal letter from Concord, N. H., Habeas Corpus case
in the Supreme fkrart, Commercial and Theatrical
news, 4c.
The Nebraska Question ip ? ? '~"k *,,d New
tumpihlrt.
The Kansas-Nebraska bill having passed the
Senate by n l?rge majority, i- now under a sort
of armistice before the House of Representa
tives!. awaiting the issue of the New Hampshire
election. But. although the di.-cussion rests for
a brief space in Congress, the subject does not
nod cannot rest ? the agitation is going on. and
mn?t go on. till the question is settled, and set
tled upon the fixed and permanent basis of the
conEtitutioji,
The agitation, thus far, has JP0;tlv of
a purely abolition or free soil character.
There have been Fome scattering, spontaneous
anti-Nebraska meetings in New England, New
York, and the Western States. We have had
two or three anti-slavery assemblies at the
Tabernacle, gotten up to order by the free soil
and abolition cot rics of thi-* city ; but though
they were full of "found and fury." they ''sig
nified nothing.'' Within t ie last three d iys a
protest again-t the Nebraska bill has been pul>
lished. signed- by one hundred and fifty of the
cl< rgvmen of the various Protestant denomina
tions of this city and Brooklyn ; but the clergy
know very little of political questions, and
their influence, one way or the other, is al
ways overshadowed and merged In the party
organizations of the day. The two old parties
which have for some time been undergoing the
processes of dissolution, will l>e entirely broken
up on this Nebraska question, and a reconstruc
tion \fill follow, changing from begfcniing to
end all outstanding Presidential estimates for
the succession. The clergy, acting upon what
they consider to be the fundamental abstrac
tions of morality and religion involved, over
look the drift of the political revolution going
on. and the c .uses which control it, as much us
they M em to forget the great constitutional
issue at st ake. They must be borne away by
the pressure of the great question in its practi
cal bearings, either to the right hand or to the
lelt. Th clergy are but a waif upon the
waves.
Thus far the two great de n oral iced .? n l dis
orga' .1: ? t old controlling politlc.il p riles of
the country have hud vcrv little t> do with thi
Nebraska agitation. There lrnvo b n so.ne
popular meetings here anl there, end resolu
tions have been passed by cert In St t ? Legis
lature?' ngnin -t the Nebraska bill; but the prin
cipal agitator? outside of Congr ss lnve been
h h political adventurers as John P. Ilule,
Gr< el' y. I r . nl the rampant . bolitionisK and
tic fn e i oil favorite*, and the Buffalo fin '.form
organs of G< n. Pierce and his Cabinet. The
I): 11, however, will be opened in a few days,
and the Northern democracy will bj compelled
to show their hands, from New Hampshire to
lown. upon the muln question.
Next week two hig! ly important political
movements ore to cootc off in this metropolis.
We allude, first, to the democratic meeting In
Tammany Hall, appointed to take place o a the
evening of the lGtli in.- taut, in favor of t'^e Me
brat-ka bill, under the pronunciamei uo of a
l^pce majority of the soft shells of < Jld Tain- j
many; and, secondly, to the publ/c auti-Ne- J
braska meeting appointed to conje oil' in the
Park, oq the 14th and 15tb, under, the auspices
of the anti-Nebra kn soft slella, t/e VanBurens,
the Bryants and ot'.er , no doubt acting under
the secret instructions or vices of General
Prerce and his Cabinet, and kitchen cabinet, at
Washington. A third movement, involving a
more enlarged action of the Northern democracy,
is to coine?jlf with t e New Hampshire election
of Tuesday next, the 14t'a instant. These three
days? the 14th, 15tk and ICth ? may be called
the Ides of March on t'..e Nebraska question.
Tlw bard shells of the Stuy vesant Institute
were the first to move in behalf of a public
democratic expression in support of the Nebras
ka bill ; but entertaining serious doubts of the
good faith of the administration, they liavocou
cluded to give the soft shells of Old Tammany
the privilege of leading off. And Tammany
having responded, with a really surprising ma-?
jority, in support of the peniing repeal of the
Missouri line, we may safely assume that no
effort will be spared to have a thundering meet
; ing in the Old Wigwam on the 16th ? a model
, democratic demonstration, which will put the
! boll in motion for Nebraska and the constitution
I throughout New York, throughout New Eng
land, and all the Northern States ; and which
will carry everything before it, sweeping out
all the unclean materials of abolition and free
toil from the ranks of the party, from stem to
stern.
Meantime, the Van Buren free Boilers of 1848
received into favor by the administration, and
elevated into the highest offices and the high
est confidence, have resolved upon a bolt,
which shall forestall and destroy the moral
effect of the Tammany novevent. Hence
we find the call for the popular meetings
in the Park, of the 14th an 1 15th, in alvanceof
the Tammany meeting, and very likely the Pre
sident and his Cabinet h tve had a li tnd in and a
hearing upon this Van Buren programme, which,
if not Bilenced in time, miy result in very con
siderable mischief. It is very true that the
Washington Union gives out th.it the President
will require all his office holders to go for the
Nebraska bill ? that the administration advo
cates it on the ground that the measure is
founded upon the non-intervention principles
applied to Utah and New Mexico in the acts of
1850; but all this is for Southern consumption.
As in former years, General Pierce remains a
vacillating and feeble politician. He is not to
be relied upon in a great radical movement,
full of the mighty responsibilities of this Ne
braska question. Let, then, the Union soft
shell democrats of Tammany Hall take hold of
therissue simply as a great constitutional issue;
let them meet the free Boilers face to face, and,
grappling the bull by the horns, lead him
out to the sacrifice upon the altar of the
Union.
The New Hampshire election is befogged by
the vacillations and gyrations of the adminis
tration. Nebraska is the question before
the democracy among the granite hills, and it
is not the question. The President must be set
down for it ; but he miiBt not be mixed
up with it. All are good democrats, and vote
the democratic ticket ? good adininUtratiou
democrats, till after the election, any how. Let
that be understood. And yet, the New Hamp
shire democracy, disregarding the cowardly
trimming and dodging of the administration,
ought to meet the issue like men ? yea or nay ?
instead of being influenced by the miserable and
treacherous-policy of Gen. Pierce, Gen. Gush
ing and Marcy. Let every man in New Hamp
shire show his hand, yea or nay.
The issues involved in this Nebraska bill must
inevitably shape out the re-coustruction of all
the parties and factions in this broad couutrv
for the succession and iU*:* awsiniics* and the
policy of government and the destiny of
TTnJnn for the next twenty -five years. The
principles of the bill before the House are vital
and radical. They rest upon the plain letter
and spirit of the supreme law of the land ? the
only basis upon which the slavery agitation can
be put to rest, and upon which the Union can
alone be preserved. Upon any othjr basis, the
agitation and exasperation of the South will
continue till the Union is broken to pieces.
The first object is to remove this slavery agi- i
tation out of Congress. This the Nebraska bill |
proposes to do. Under the constitution. Con- i
gress has no more right to interfere with the
institution of slavery than with the question of |
religion. Qv<?r religion and over slavery the |
gopremc jurisdiction is among those powers re- i
served to the States and the people. Let this
power over the slavery question be restored, i
then, where it belongs, and there let it rest. As
long as Congress usurps this right of jurisdic- i
tion over this subject, so long the unholy alli
ance between the British aristocracy and our
anti-slavery societies will be supplie 1 withcapi- ,
tal for inflaming the North and the South to
the ultimatum of dissolution. Nothing less than
the violent disruption of the Union and the
destruction of all our hopes of its march to
greatness, grandeur, and glory, is contemplated
by our anti-slavery agitators. Let them be si- !
lcnced by the voice of the honest Union-loving
people throughout the laud, in support of the
bill before the House.
In this view we await the issue of the New
Hampshire election and the Tamnianyand anti- j
Tammany meetings of next week with deep
anxiety and interest. Let the New Hampshire
democracy . disregarding the dodges and shuf
flings of the administration, speak out for the
Union and the constitution ? let Tammany Hall
do the same thing with a will, and, cleansing
herself of the altominations of the Buffalo plat
form. and all its adherents, lay the ground-work
for a reconstruction of the party upon a clean
constitutional and national platform. The crisis
is upon us. and the day for action is at hand.
The IVmmkn Ship Canal.? We published late
ly. authentic account of the Daricn exploring
expeditions ? one under Comm.mder Provost, of
the British liip Virago, which started from San
Miguel on the 1 0< li of December, and another
under Lieutenant Strain, of the United States
Navy, from the Atlantic . ide. It is somewhat
amusing to hear now. that at Wa hington the e
statements are bclu ved to be fabrication-', be
came the government has received no intima
tion oi the ainc. I-> it : itch an 111111 u 1 occur
rence that (lie Herald should receive intelli
gence in advance of the administration? We
imagine not. But from the purticul irs given,
especially in the report of Messrs. Kennish and
Nelson, it is not difficult to see that they bear
upon their face the impress of truth. Their
statements have been confirmed by other intel
ligence of a still lutcr (lute.
pRoettK^H ok the Liquor Prohibitory Bill.
The parage of the prohibitory bill through the
Senate will probably boon be followed by a
'similar evidence of Maine law principle on the
part of the House. The only point on which
there seems to be any reasonable ground for
doubt is whether the Governor will defeat the
object of the friends of the prohibitory law by
the exercise of his constitutional veto. That he
I may do to, appears generally to be apprehended
by the oac party and hoped by the other. A
veto would certainly create a very considerable
' excitemcni among both parties at the next
election, and would be more likely to resuscitate
Gov Seymour ? whose political tiareer must
otherwise be regarded as on the point of clos
ing?than a tacit acquiescence in the views of
the tcmperance leaders.
A peculiar feature of the anti-liquor agitation
has been the violence displayed by the unscru
pulous organs of the prohibitory law. It has been
I usual with them to denounce their opponents as
! corrupt, drunkards, profligates, habituates of
; grogshops, &c. Even Thurlow Weed, who is
I not himself a very mild or scrupulous indivi
dual, can no longer endure the attacks which
are made on the opposition in the Legislature,
1 and denounces in terms of unmeasured severity
1 the attempt which is beirig male to spread
j through the country the belief that the resist
1 ance which the bill meets has been stimulated
by corrupt agencies. Ilowever this be, the
measure is now in a fair way oi becoming a
law. There can be no question, if it doe ?, but
that it will create a tremendous agitation
among classes of our citizens which have
hitherto taken no active part in political move
ments. The law professes to be founded on high
moi.. 1 and religious principles ; but this does
not deprive it of its unconstitutional aspect ;
docs not prevent its being a revolutionary at
tempt to interfere with the private business of
a large class of freemen. Temperance is doubt
less a most praiseworthy habit in all classes of
society ; but the extent of intemperance pre
vailing among the American people Is far exag
gerated by the prohibitory law advocates. The
bulk of society is temperate ; drunkards con
stitute a very small fraction ot the whole. And
it seems a very singular system of legislation
to subject us all to inconvenience for the sake
of this insignificant minority.
The passage of the Maine law in Maine broke
up all the existing political cliques and parties
in that State ; and now, we are told, It is actual
ly a dead letter in the towns. No prohibitory
law, however stringent, can ever be carried out
inNewYork or in any other of the large cities of
this State. It can only lead to quarrels, dissen
sions, and possibly to riot and bloodshed. How
ever, the temperance fanatics scein to hold
supreme sway at present. We can only wait
and see what time will bring forth.
The Legislators, Ac., op California Who
and What are They!? We have received from
California a statistical chart of the Senators and
Representatives in Congress from that State,
and of the State officers, Senators, representa
tives and officers of the fifth session of the State
Legislature, which convened at Benicia on the
2d of January last. It is a document of pecu
liar interest, and giv<^ a tolerably clear insight
into the character and composition of the men
who form the official army of that State. Every
occupation and profession is represented there
in. The merchant, the lawyer, the mechanic,
I the laborer, the actor, the fanner, the miner,
and the printer, furnish In nearly equal propor
tions their quota. At the head of the list is
Governor Bigler, brother of the Governor of
Pennsylvania, and a printer by profession,
though it is doubtless many years since he
worked at his trade. He emigrated in 1849
from Illinois, but is a native of Pennsylvania.
The Lieutenant-Governor, Samuel Purdy, a
native of this State, was a merchant, and emi
grated in the same year. The Comptroller,
Samuel BpU, from Tennessee, was a miner ^
the Treasurer, S. A. McMeans, from
the same State, a physician; the
Surveyor-General, S. H. Marlette, from New
York, a civil engineer; the Superintendent of
Public Instruction, P. K. Hubbs, from Pennsyl
vania, a miner; the Secretary of State, J. W.
Deaver, from Virginia, a lawyer, of which profes
sion the Attorney -General, J. R. McConnell,
from Kentucky, of course is also a member.
Of the State Senators eight are natives of
New York, three of Pennsylvania, two of
Georgia, two of New Jersey, two of Ohio, one
of Alabama, one of California, two of Vermont,
five of Tennessee, one of South Carolina, one of
Virginia, two of Kentucky, one of New Hamp
shire, one of Ireland, one of Maryland, and one
of Maine. In the Assembly, as In the Senate,
tbcre ft larger number of natives of New
York than from any other State, while Missouri
comes next. Among the occupations of the
officers of the Senate is one which we have
never heard classed befor?, but which we sup
pose is peculiar to that land of adventurers; it
is denominated in the list "outside chances,"
and the pereon who formerly possessed it is the
present incumbent of Sergeant-at-Arms. As
there is a great resemblance between the two
occupations, it is fair to presume that his out
side chances will not be neglected in his new
office.
Musical Intelligence. ? Every one has been
remarking the utter dearth of musical enter
tainments which has prevailed during the win
ter. We have had no opera, no concerts, no
leading artists here. The theatres are open as
usual, and '? Uncle Tom's Cnbin,'' old plays of
the Elizabethan era, and other shows have drawn
crowds ; but in musical art, the nigger minstrels
seem to have been the highest effort that has
been made. This state of things cannot la?fc
long. Two theatres each capable of containing
from three to five thousand persons, will l>3
opened in a few months ; and several expedi
tions have already gone out or been sent by
managers to Europe to procure the first talenl
to commence an early season iu both. It is
stated Hint Mr. Corbyn has been in Europe for
some time, engaging novelties for Mr. Niblo :
we have heard nothing either of the direction
or the success of his efforts. Max Maretzek has
likewise gone to Europe, it is supposed on ac
count Of Mr. Phelan for the new opera company.
Iiis object, it is rumored, is to engage Mile.
Cruvelli with some distinguished tenor and
bafso, for that establishment. Mr. Hackett i
still here, and it is stated that he still possesses '
an engagement with Mario and Grisi ; but we
doubt much Whether it will ever Ixj fulfilled, as
Gri.-i's age. Iter affection tor her children,
I nnd her aversion to the sea are likely to
induce her to look upon a transatlantic
engagement with great aversion. It It said
that the new opera company had some nego
tiation with Mr. Hackett in relation to their
house, and that they asked from three to five
hundred dollars a night, together with 250 I
choice ecats for the use of the families of the
j stockholders. This has been estimated to bo ;
> tqutl to 0Q6 thousand two huudred dollars u
ni^ht for rent alone ? a -urn which no opera
| under any regime or with any combination of
talent could an'ord to pay.
Meanwhile speculation is rife on the success ;
of the agents who ! ave gone out to Europe. A .
war between the Western Powers aud Russia i
would undoubtedly drive the highest artists to j
I this country ; fi r, 'mid the clash of arms. !
j the arit tocracy ( f Europe will have something
j else to attend to besides the opera, music, and
I the ballet. At all events, from the authority
j of the agents, and the prodigious efforts which
are being made to Gni h the houses and in:?kc
ti.ein w^rtl.y of the ccuntry, we have a right
to expect 8; mething extraordinary in the way j
of operatic entertainments either from the new i
opera company or Mr. Niblo.
Discipline in Schools ? A Gkkat Reform
Demanded. ? We extract the following para
graph from one of cur morning cotemporaries,
in reference to the mode of discipline practiced
in the schools of Williamsburg, which will apply
pretty much to our whole country, and all our
educational institutions: ?
Mr. Rcilly states that about a year ago, lie took hia lit
tle boy, then attending school, to witness a procession,
uud <>11 tlie following day, the teacher, supposing that the
child played truant, punished him. The boy was struck
so severe a blow on tho wrist or urm, that four weeks af
ter he wiib unable to Ivis hand to his head. Very
recently, one of hts tWwa was again puaisliot Jn tho
siliyol, and a very se\urt; wound across the palin of tho
cliiM's hand inflicted. He w ent to the schi ol to rem in
etrate, took the child up to the room of the prinuipul
Uuchcr, and showed the injured hand, which the feuvle
teacher by whom the blow was struck, acknowledged hav
ing given. Mr. Keilly said it whs not to her credit, aud;>n
altercation followed," the principal taking part with the
ssistant. Mr. Heilly said he considered be was the ag
grieved party, and entitled to legal remedy had lie chosen
to apply for it, and that ho was much surprised the ag
, retscrs bad turned complainants.
This barbarous, inhuman, and atrocious sys
tem of flogging, is a brutal institution, handed
down to their posterity by the barbarous ami
piratical Saxons, our enterprising ancestors. J t
does not exist in France. Tncre, in their
schools, academics, and colleges, we lind a sys
tem of discipline founded upon the humane and
rational policy of appealing to the moral sensi
bilities of the scholars. There the, young lad or
miss is punished by penalties which reflect up
on their sense of hont.r, while, on the other
hand, they are encouaged to obc lience and emu
lations in their studies by proper rewards of
merit and distinction. Between the teach
ers and their scholars in France, we see
the good relations existing of mutual con
fidence, affection, and respect. And it is
all the result of the genial policy of discipline
which exists among them. It makes the young
lad ?hivalric, generous, frank, truthful and man
ly. Contrast this enlightened system with the
brutalizing practice in schools, of flogging, kick
ing, beating, mangling and mutilating which
prevails in Germany, England and the United
States, and it becomes beyond the power of lan
guage to express our loathing, abhorrence and
disgust of this savage and wretched rule of dis
cipline.
We have a striking example of the effects of
this brutalizing system in the death of an other
wise worthy teacher at Louisville, and in the in
carceration in prison, awaiting their trial for
his murder, of two youths who otherwise have
the character of amiable and jJTomising young
men. But the effects of this debasing' practice
may be seen nearer home, in the gangs of bullies
and ruffians which infest our streets. And as
long as flogging, maiming and maugling con
tinue a branch of our system of education, so
long will it develope the brutal propensities of
our scholars. It is nothing but a savage, bru
tralizing and disgusting practice, and there is
no rational excuse or pretence for it whatever.
We have abolished flogging in our navy,
where the recipients of it were hardy
men ? abolished it because of its bru
tality. Shall it be continued in our schools,
where the victims are children, and where the
punishment often cripples them for life, aad
deadens and brutalizes their moral sensibilities?
No. Let the work be commenced for a thorough
reformation upon this subject, and thj result
will soon appear in a higher, nobler and more
manly race of young men, and in the rapid
reduction of the ruffians, rowdies aud gallows
birds which infest the community.
Institutions for the Relief of Servants. ?
We see that Bishop Wain wright and others are
moving in behalf of an institution for the relief
of servants, especially servant girls. It is pro
posed to establish a sort of central intelligence
office, for the purpose of procuring good ser
vants good places. This may all be very well;
but from the experience we have had in all ex
periments of this kind, the most t>f the benefits
which such such an institution will confer will
be reaped by the managers, secretaries, trea
surers, and so forth, of the establishment. The
truth is, a daily journal like the Herald, with its
daily circulation of fifty or sixt thousand
copies among all classes of our people ? em
ployers and employes, high and low, rich and
poor, Catholics and Frotestants, whigs and
democrats, native and adopted citizens ? is
the best intelligence office for servants of
all descriptions; and for those who want ser
vants, as well as for servants who want situa
tions. Thus, at the very reasonable charge of
from twenty-five to fifty cents each, one, two,
and sometimes nearly three linn. Ire 1, servau's
in a single day procure situations, by the simple
process of a small advertisement in our columns.
This is the simplest, cheapest and surest plan
for procuring good servunts and good situa
tions. All servants' intelligence offices, and
boarding houses, A-c., operate more for the relief
of the managers than for the benefit of the ser
vants in whose behalf they profess to be estab
lished. The Herald is the best institution, and
the cheapest, fur (he relief of situations that
want servants, and of servants who want
situations. Let them come along ? we
have always room for them. We take
great pleasure in thus being so useful to the
community as we are. Those honest and
industrious girl? ? the chambermaids? and all
others concerned, whether for good places or
good servant*, can find no institution in their
behalf equal to the New York Uxiiald. N'othin ;?
likelt.
Benefit Concert.? On the 22d in-tant. the
congregation of Calvary church intend to give
a benefit concert to Madame Bonchelle. who ha^
been for the lact three years, the leading vocalist ,
of llieir choir. 1 he effort which ore being made,
and the popularity ofMme. Bonchelle would lead |
one to Hippo- e that the concert will In? highly
successful. It will be recollected that Madame j
Eouchelle i1- the . i*ter of one of our most di*- j
tingui&lied composers, Wm. Vincent Wallace;
and that hlie is known at possessing a very fine
and highly cultivated voice. She will have,
no doubt, a bumper house. On the same
occasion, a young lady of great promise as a
vocalist, and a pupil of Madame Bouchelle's,
will make her debut in some duets with her
jrecoptree*
Violation of the Law bt the Postmaster
Gksbbal.? We understand that the Postmaster
General at Washington has dccided, contrary
to the Congressional statute, to give the Post
Office advertising to a journal not possessing
tlie largest circulation of any published in this
city. This decision is a direct violation of the
law. which directs in plain and simple terms
that the Post Office advertisements shall be pub
lished in the journal whose circulation is the
largest. Two journals competed for the adver
tising of the New York office, and one of the
two, the Herald, proved by affidavits that its
circulation exceeded that of its rival by some
ten thousand copies daily. Yet by scene legal
quibble or subterfuge, the Postmaster here and
the Postmaster General at Washington decided
in favor of the latter. We have no remedy in.
the present htate of the executive at Washing
ton. But we t-hall, at our earliest leisure, pro
pare a succinct and cai cffll memorial to Con
gress, setting forth the premises, and calling oa
that body to review the law, and make such
amendments as may place it out of the power
of the Postmasters to violate its spirit, as it
seems they may noW do w Ifti impunity.
Tusnace Iuty on Ameki/ an Y*->sls at HoxDraAS.?
We have eeen a letter, da!ed Truxillo, January 13,
^rom Mr. K. l'rudot, consignee of the Boston brig Helen
Jane, to the Collector of the Customs, remonstrating;
against an incrciuHxl amount of tonnage duty levied on
that vessel. It seems that c. new edict was issued,
doubling I hi* rates, aud Mr. l'rudot protons against pay
ment in this instance on the (ground that the Helen,
Juno was anchored in port some thirty-six hours pre
vious to t lie publication of tho law. Independently of
the particular facts of tho case, lie believes that the
policy which would esiablisu ei^ht reals ou foreign,
when there are only four on national tonnage, is ill ad
vised, and that, under the treaty of 1826, the shipping
or North America ? a country which has over been
friendly towards Central America ? is entitled to the
fame privileges and exemptions as native shipping.
The Misting Packet Ships "Waterloo aittT
LcvlntU.au.
Among the many vessels of every clase it has boon our
painful duty, (luring the part winter, to record aa lost or
missing, are the two splendid Liverpool packet ship*
Waterloo and leviathan, lioth these vessels cleared oa
the same day, (the 19th of List December.) fi*Om this
port for Liverpool. The Waterloo snll*A .on the 28d of
December, and the leviathan crossed the bar on thesam?
day, and both undoubtedly experienced the tremendous,
weather of the 3Gtli of the mine month, which strewed
our const ft with so many wrecks. An arrival at Liverpool,
a few weeks subsequent to their Failing, reported seeing a
vessel in distress, dismasted, and apparently endeavoring
to make for the Western Islands, which was thought to
resemble the Waterloo, but our latest dates from thoso
places mention nothing of her, or of the arrival tlymre of
any similar vessel. Of the Leviathan, her sailing hence
is the last heard of her.
The Waterloo was a very fine vessel, of 1,000 tons bur
then, and had been trading between this port and Liver
pool, as a regular packet, from the time she left Messrs.
West ervelt and Mackay's shipyard, in 1836, to her de
parture last December. She was owned, (or principally
so,) by Messrs. Kermit & Carew, of South street, and wa*
oommanded by Captain Edmund Harvey, of this city, a.
very experienced sailor.
The following were the names of her officers and
crew:?
Captain? Edmund Ilarvey.
Firtt Mate ? Wm. Richardson.
Second Mate? Rol>crt Haddocks.
Carpenter ? Thomas Ireland.
Steward ? Wm. H. Garribrance.
Coot. ? Wm: Peel.
Seamen.
Jas. Bennett, Ilenry Wffliins,
Wm. Douglass, John Samson,
George Ret d, Tho*. Fleming,
Thomas Stone, Ebeneter Lane,
John Bruwn, David Sanders,
Thos. Summons, John McCawley,
David Robin: on, John Kinsley,
John Nichols, Uicliael Driscoll,
Jas. Roberts, Louis Roberts,
John Riley, Wm. McCarty.
She had no cabin passengers, but we believe there were
two or three in the steerage, whose names are not ob
tainable.
The cargo of the Waterloo was composed of 2,500 bar
rels of flour, 19,CS7 bushels of wheat, 193 bales of cot
ton, 19,749 pounds of cheese, 1 cask of manganese, 1,624
barrels of rosin, ? and 6,720 staves, ""valued at about
$C6, 000. The vessel, which was valued at $45,000, was
< overed by insurance in Wall street. Her freight money
was $16,000, and v. as probably insured, as well as the
cargo.
The Leviathan was one of the finest of our noble paoket
ships. She registered 1,207 tons, and was not more thaH<
three years old, having been built at Newcastle, Maine,
for the Liverpool trade, in 1850, and was worth about
$72,000. Her owners were Messrs. Sturges, Clcarman 4c
Co., of Wall street. She was commanded by Capt. Rufua
Knapp, a first rate seamen, and most worthy man, who
has left a wife and seven children. Her first officer was
Mr. Thomas S. Underhill, of this city, who has also left a
family. The number of souls on board the Leviathan
when she sailed from New York was twenty-nine, in
cluding two passengers. The following are their names:?
Captain ? Rufus Knapp.
t'irit Male ? Thomas J. Uunderhill.
Second Mate ? William Smith.
Third Mate ? W. H. Place. 0
Carpenter ? Edward Hulse.
Steward ? Alfred Frey.
Cook? James Betts.
Stamen.
John Berry, Stephen Marshall,
Humphrey Davies, John Jones,
Charles Coe, George Farley,
Thomas Nolan, Henry Fink,
Thomas Adams. Charles Phoenix,
James Wilson, George Smith,
William Somers, John Burns,
? William O'Neil, Denis Miller,
James Thomas, James Blake.
Boy*.
William Roland, Patrick Cummings.
One of the passengers was Mr. Fallon, of St. John's
College, in this State, who wax going to Gal way, Ireland,
for the benefit of his health. The name of hi* fellow
?voyager ite could not lenrn.
The Leviathan's cargo was valued at about $200,000,
an<l consisted of the following articles : ? 068 bales of cot
ton, 34,764 bushels of wheat, 4,872 barrels of flour, and
7,200 hUivtH. the freight of which was valued at $20,000,
which, with the cargo, we understand is covered by In
surance. The vessel is fully insured in the Wall street
ofhees.
Fo long a time having elapsed since these vessels de
jnrteii ? upwards of a hundred days ago ? hut little hope
in le'l nf their safety. It is probable they were dismast
( d, or otherwise soverely crippled in sails or spars, and
s) rung a leak during the very severe weather that burst
upon the Atlantic a few days after they left port, and as
n i ' rtion of each cargo consisted of a largo quantity of
wheat in bulk, which would swell a great deal on getting
wet, it might possibly have started the planking and
i linked up the pumps, thus rendering them helpless
hulks upon the water, and that they afterwards foun
ered, leaving not a soul to tell the tale.
Marine AlYntrs.
Forms' Rio ? Extract from Capt. A. G. FletcMt'c
tetter of March 8d, after a vo;, age to Liverpool in the C.
Grinnell
In answer to vour letter of the 1st, I assure you that
nothing would induce me to have the rig changed. I had
the heaviest weather coming to the westward that I ever
experienced on the Atlantic, and had a chance to test It
well. My best canvass was all my topsails reefed and
set, making five topsails ? and when this was too much
we had no trouble in taking in the upper topsails, as any
five men could stow them. My topgallant sails can t>c
t nrlcd by three men at any time, and generally by two.
Asa proof of the satisfaction given by the rig to my
owners, Mr. Cornelius Grinnell hns contracted for a ship
of 1 ,70t) tons, to have the new rig. I proved the advan
tnj;C! of the new rig In hauling olT from Fandy Hook in
a sn>.w strum, which 1 <lid under five reefed topsails, my
fore and aft storm sails, courses furled. At midnight a
bea\ y gale ; furled the upper topsails with compara
tively no trouble. Had the ship- l>een of the old rig I
should have hauled off under double reefed top?ails, and
during the night should have lo t them, as my comrade
did. who hanled off at the same time. It. was the worst
"niglit 1 ever saw. My pilot fell in lore with the rig, and
so did the captains of the wrecked ship brought home by
iip One of litem, who saw the C. <.'riitnell fitting out,
at d then laughed at the rig, now soys that he will never
l ave anything ebe if he can avoid it. It would not do to
titer the Forbes' rig and spoil it, and then condemn the
principle. I have no doubt but that the underwriter* of
New York and Boston would have saved many large
losses If the ships had been Hlted with the new rig, an>l
tlxi many cases of suffering among their crews might
have l>een avoided. The greSt scarcity of seamen ren
ters It more nocessary to have the new rig than ever ?
before.
The Governor of Rhode Island has appointed Friday,
the 14th of April, to be observed throughout the State as
4* j of fasting and prayer.

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