Newspaper Page Text
NEW YOUK HERALD. !
JAMES GORDON BENHETT. PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR, OPTICS 8. W. CORNER OP PULTON AN* NA SAP 9T9. TVrm m cti ?h tn <i dt'<i m~+ THB hjlH.Y HER ALP 2 cent, per r*ft~ ' per annmm. THE WKJiKL Y HSKALt) every Sdttr ?. at 6X Yen (> per copy, or H iff annum: IA# - c/t/^n W /** mum, to f*ny part of Great briUti/^ ana * t any part M* CMARffit , Soth to \*c*ude po*tvv< I Voiaw >lont ' ? ? *?? AMUSEMENTS TH1 EVENING. BOWFRY TOKATRR Bawery- -Love's SACBirfCK ? La Ydvi u* N??-?? P"TITAM. BROA I> W \ Y TIlEf THE, Hr? dway ? Jack Ca9e? Tub SiimllvSUl. BURTON'S TUBXTRE. ( I? mbtrt street ? & BeaCx IBtkatassji? Robik , Macaib r.. NATIONAL T1KATRE CI Atham stroet ? Uncle T? j's Cabin. . WALLACE'S THBATRE, Iroadway ? Souhm i CO'/ at ?mip ? School o? Rktok.m AMERICAN MUSEUM? Afternoon ? Nioolo Pawily? Auiwia SA.'ainos? B*' nlng? The Old B>e? ebv. BROADWJTr MINAQV.lt ? Lilliputian Kins ? Ma* hoth Lady ar id Litiwo f a aimed Animals. CHRISTY'S AMERiri V OPERA HOUSE, 472 Broad way ? BnUBTiAB Ieuh -a bt Christy's Minatiiu. WOOtHSMINSTREi* Wood's Minstrel Ball, ".44 Broad wax ? . 'tis ofian MiMraiUY. BUCKW.Y'8 OPE* HOUSE, 530 Broadwiy-Buca lit'i Innoruk Ot?r.A Troupe. ST. NK.HOLAS BBTTIBITION ROOM. 4? Froadwsy CAarsuu. Viritiiu is thiiu Neobo S.tTtaTAiHEMTi. BANVABD'S GBOB AM A, 566 Broadway? Panorama -0* tva Bolt Land. RHENISH OAUJ1Y ffl llroadway-Day and Night. BBYAN GALL MX? OF CHRISTIAN ART? ?3 Broad way. WHOLE WORliB? 077 and 379 Broadway? Afternon i Mad Bvening. Wrw York. Friday, March St, 1854. r silation of the Dally Herald for the Last %Veel t? March 15? Monday 60.G40 " 14? Tuesday 51, COO ?? 16 ? Wednwiay 61 300 M 16? Thuxsdry . ,52 500 - 17? Friday ?1 480 ?? 18 ? Saturday 63,280 This statement, copied from our bo*.ks, cxMfells n dally circulation larger by many thousands than that poaaeaned by any either newspaper in Eurapo or Anrerica. Bhe Landon JYroet, the largest in England, has a circu lation of about 40,000 daily ? the Paris Comtihtfionnel, tlae greatest journal in Francc, tuia a daily ijsuo ct '25,000 as 90,000. No Other journal in the civilised wt>r!d ap proaches the New York Herald in its dailr isa ic r.mong all claases, ranks, and conditions of life, bcth in the United States and in .Europe. The New*. The Pacific, from Liverpool, arrived at tine port yesterday evening, bringing our London lilea to the 8th inBtant, with the latest advices from '.thix Conti nent of Europe. , Id ji ome respects the aspect of the Eastern question was unchanged; but we have re ceived very important State documents and news with regard to the position of all the Powers likely to be aflected by the war. We jKiblish the reply of the Russian Autocrat to the Emperor Napoleon- -the substance of which has given rise to so much speculation ? which was found less insulting than what *as anticipated. In .this paper the Czar declarer that he will only treat with the other Powers -.on the basis of the pre positions ma le by him io the Vienna Conference. , In a manifesto? also given.- -the Emperor addresses an appeal to tfce Russian people calculated to ar?use , all their fanaticism against the Turks. Some un . easiness had bton felt lest ti^e Russian fleet would ,?acape from the 3altic Sea before the allied fleets reached the Catt?>gat; and it^vas said that nine of the ships were actually firoc from the ice at Kernel, and that efforts w?e being made to ?ut a passage Virough it .at Cronstadt. A ?portion of the R itish fleet was to sail for the Baltic immediately, and thus prevent the BusRians from gainiDf the aid of Sweden and Den mark by an early disp;ay of the naval strength of the Emperor. It was also reported that Russia had refused to acknowledge the neutrality of Bweden, Taecause that Power had not interdicted a sufficient janmber of ports to the shj^s of Englanr and France. We have a curious rej)ort from the Danube, to the effect thixt two cor]>s of lhiisian troops ? one mistak ing ihe other for an enemy jn the dark ? had fought together for an Lour and a half near Kalefat. A third ?edition of the Ixmdon Morning Herald ? published Immediately before.the steamerirft ? states thut a cou rier had arrived in fx>mlon with the intelligence that the Russian.* bad t:ikui Kalefut an.l put the entin' gar rifOB ti the sword. Tfiis was noi fully credited, but the public mind was iu a state of great alarm. In England and France the most active preparations for war were being made jn every department of tVi government. Mx. Gladstone, the English Chancel lor of the Exchequer, made his financial statement for the year on the?th inst., ?nd said that Ministers had been induced to select an early day in order that foreign nations might be awart of the promptitude with which Parliament was prepared to find the ways and means for carrying on the struggle in which they were about to be embarked, and iu order that the House might be enabled fully to con sider them, as war entailed the disagreeable cooH&iucncc of increased expenditure. In this upecch it has been shown that the receipts of the country, which, in April last, were estimated ?i ?52,990,000. readied ?54,025,000. The deficiency in receipts over expenditure, ac cording to the estimates, was ?2,840,000. Govern ment could not imrt with any of the existing branches of revenue, and could not suggest any ad dition to the present indirect taxation. 8o long as the burden was beainble, government would not re sort to n lonn- The income tax was the great cH* gine to which lie should look in case of necessity, and it was therefore proposed to provide for the de ficiency by inci ending the income tax one-half, and levying the whole addition in respect to the first moiety of tfce year. In other words, the income tax for the f>*?t half-year would be doubled. The re ceipts would then be ?56,656,000, whilst the expen diture ctocd at ?r)fi,189,000, leaving a surplus of JE467,000? a new issue of ?1,750,000 Exchequer bills to be made; this amount to be repaid out of the growing produce of the revenue. The great pres sure on our columns prevents us giving a more ex tended abstract of the propositions of the govern ment. A parliament of workingmen had assembled in England, and delegates were present from all the manufacturing towns. The Marquis of Londonderry died on the 5th Inst. We have a report of the ?trending of the ship Robert Kelly, from Liverpool to New York, on the Arklow bank, Ireland. We had a synopsis of the news noticed on our bul letin yesterday an hour lief ore the steamer made her dock, by means of the Sandy Hook telegraph. Very little business was transacted in the United Btates Senate yesterday. A resolution granting the Agricultural Committee a clerk was adopted. The Deficiency bill was reported back, with amend ments, making additional appropriations to the amount of about half a million dollars. Among the items we notice one granting 126,590 to reimburse the soldiers on board the San Francisco, for losses in clothing, Ac. All idea of appropriately reward tag the brave fellows who participated in the rescue of those on board that ill-fated vessel seems to have been forgotten by Congressmen. A bill providing for the settle ment of the claims of revolutionary officers was debated and then postponed. A reso lution direct, ng inquiry as to the propriety of in creasing the pay of United States Judges and Mar shals in California wa i agreed to. An executive sesstcn of pcvcrnl hours duration was then held. Gen. hlelda occupying the time, it is understood in speaking against the Gadsden treaty with Mex loo. On glancing at the report of the proceedings it will be t ten that considcrab'o excitement an 1 ani mation existed in the House of Representatives yes terday. The morning hour was principally spent in chi. cutting the h'enute bill authorising the leasing of buildings for thereof the PTftTUBce and Unite* States CourU : u Hii'a leli'lii i. Penc ttfg a motion to reoon-Wcr the voti by wh'chV.ie S;n t.? bill forth# exun i < n <<f the va:ehot >??;; i>y^ a wu referred to tbc Ccmm fte<; <,. tl ? \Vho!o, the I'oote went into Committee oJte.uribly on Ma'i Appropriation bill. Ther'ft >< u Mr. MSHs-,fc, of Va., to? k the floor, and s] ok ? ? oppo-it'.< ? to the Nebiadtft-Kansas bill as passed by the Senah*. Mr- "Hunt, of La., follow?4 on the saae sU'e. 'P*?fce foi tU men argue that ttois mronure <would lav* the dfr/ect effect of conftBing ritavery to its prise it If&i/ ;, and would in tliot rc sp?t t be of no b.?- tit to the Scuth whatever. SI*. Bri ckA.ridge, of Ky,, . hi le to the defenoa 'Of the bill, ft id tcck sti?ng ?ro*nd aj-ainst the coarei^nr itaedky Mr. Cu'.i n* tni?? the a'legd fiiii ^ of the prope.-itii i t > rcpta' tin Missouri a:t. Mr. B.went so ftr a* to iatimatc ' chat Mr. Cutting, under the guW- of profi ? cd l'i i? Jship, 1 a 1 en<ea r red to stab th : im aroin- an 1 cfr.Mgn it to its grave. Mr. Cat* ' tiu^ will be heard to* ay. The war upo* this excit ing topic 1 spring ti < w 1'a'rly ccmmenoed, we may er rect m me Hvely, si a k in?, and occasionally very 9 if?ry dt-batts before the subject is disposed of. We regret to learu hat Major l!obl/e, Assistant 1 'Ohtm i-ter'Gener. 1, d e i of consumption inWaah I ingion yt stird -y. 1 Our legfl'ators at Albany appear t? work with in cr? a?ed vigor an the s. ssion diaws to a close, and ft ( in pri sunt tauications are determined to hurry through much of the bus'n hs that Las been accu mulating wree the commtncemeat in January. The As-etabiy y< s'.ciday insisted on its amend ment providing that the prohibitory liquor bill sliuJl go into (filet in May next, instead of December; and consequently, delegates to form a commit* "e of conference were appointed by each hooac. Both bodies seem inclined to strictly adhere to the time defined by each, and the strug gle will probably end in a compromise upon August. A numbo*- of bills were passed and many others or dered to.* third reading. Among -the latter was one in the Assembly proposing that the New York Chief of Police shall be appointed ty the Mayor, Recorder, and County Judge, and hold his office dar ing goal behavior. Those who take an interest in the details will find much to excite and amuse them in the letter from oar special corres pondent, as well as in the outlines -of the regular proceedings. According to the report of the clerk of Westches ter county, judgments to the amovuitcf one hundred and eighty thousand dollars are resting against tho ageiita of the Sing Sing prison. A fresh impetus appears to have been given to the Nebraska-Kansas excitement by the reference of the subject to the Committee of the Whale, in the House of Representatives, the other day. A despatch states that the opponents of the measure hold a large meet ing in the Capitol at Albany last evening, and we learn from Cincinnati that upwards of a thousand democrats have signed a call for a similar gathering in that place. While these movements are trans piling iu the North and West, the members of the popular branch of the Louisiana Legislature have unanimously passed a resolution deprecating the agitation of the slavery question, and declaring the compromise measures a finality. While upon the subject, we would direct special attention to the opinion of President Pierce on this important topic, as expressed in the letter of ex-Senator Clemens, and published in another column. It is expected that ex-President Fillmore will reach New Orleans to-morrow. The Common Coun cil of that city have made arrangements to give him a public raccption. Sufficient notice was not given of the necting in relation to the Black Warrior affair, held luat evening, at No. 600 Broadway. The attendance was smell, and the meeting in consequence adjourned until Mon day evening next. We publish elsewhere an account of what was done, together with a summary of the ' proceedings at a similar gathering, which was largely attended, at Mobile on the 17th. The latter meeting was very decided in condemning the act, and a long report was lead and adopted, setting forth the whole trail .-action, and calling upon the government to in quire into the wrong which has been committed, and to take immediate and decisive steps, not only to obtain pecuniary redress for those who have been in jured, but to resent the insult which has been offer ed to the country. Accounts of the serieus effects of the recent gales, or rather series of gales, continue to reach us from all qnarters. The schooner Hope, from this port for Boston, was abandoned in a sinking condition last Monday. Her crew were carried to Bofton by the ship Fleetwood. The schooner Vea zie went ashore at Cape .Henry, And was also lost, on Monday. In another column will be found ft report of the sale of the leases for one year of a portion of the slips and piers belonging to the corporation. This sale was made in compliance with the provisions of the city charter, and is the first sale made under the n*>w charter, with the exception of the Jersey ferry lea*o. We notice that the Comptroller caused some of the most valuable wliai-ves to be put up two or three together, which had the effect of shutting out bidders of limited means, and thus causing some of the slips and piers to bring less than their actual value. The aggregate amount of the leases sold, including Castle Garden, is one hundred and forty-eight thoa pand four hundred and seventy dollar*, which is more than one hundred per cent advance on the amount which these same wharves are now bring ing into the city treasury. A number of the piers that were advertised for sale were not put up in consequence of the city reserving them for dumping grounds. Home twenty thousand barrels of flour have been received from Canada since the opening of Lake On tario. Besides many columns of advertisements and a variety of other interesting matter, to-day's inside pages contain a letter from Boston relative to an nddrefs from Kossuth to the Germans of this coun try; Court proceedings; Trotting over the Union Course; Commercial and Miscellaneous News, Ac. Important from Enrope-The News by the PaclAc. The Pacific brings us the text of the Czar's reply to the letter of the French Emperor, and also another manifesto of Nicholas to his subjects. The brief sketch given of the first of these doc uments in our previous advices, convoys but an imj erfect idea of its tone and character. It is Umpi rate but firm, and states with precision and clearness the Russian view of the question Afttr complaining that every effort had been made to excite tlie fanaticism of the Turks and to deceive their government as to his intentions nnd the real scope of his demands, thus exagge rating the extent of the questions and leading to the probable result of war. the Emperor pro CC( ds to notice the assertion of Louis Napoleon, that to the occupation of the Principalities was attributable the i evil of suddenly transporting the ques I tion from the region of discussion to that of fact, lie reminds hiin that this occupation, still purely conditional, was preceded and in a great measure caused by a very important pre vious fact ? namely, the appearance of the c< mblned fleet iu the vicinity of the Dard.i n< lies ; and that. besides this, much before that period, when England hesitated to assume a Ik tile attitude, the French Emperor took the initiative by sending bis fleet as far as Salami-*. He states that this wounding demonstration was calculated to encourage the Tuiks, and to para lyse I efore-hand the success of negotiations, by giving them the idea that Franco and England were ready to i upport their cause under all circumstances. After narrating the facts con nected with the rejection of the Vienna note, and the motives that led to the dcclara tlon if w.ir lijr ^ Ottoman government, he pvoceeds lo ssy fact if France and Englnnd had desire \ \ e ce'a mu h a he id, they would at way ??t have prevented that declaratien of war, -or whe i war was ouce declared, have taten car? Chat it should have been restrained within the narrow limit to which he wished to confine it on ihe Danube, to th t he might not %e compelled by force to abandon the purely defensive system which he wished to adopt. He then puts it to the French Emperor whether the determination arrived at by the Allied Pow ers, to prohibit to the Russians the navigation of the Black Sea, or in other words, to take from them the rigtt to strengthen their own coasts, wan the w; y to f cilftatc the conclusion of peace, or whether in the alternative that the coalition had place! beftre him, Louis Napoleon would hlin elf, if he we e in his place, accept such a position. He adds, that whatever his Majesty might decide, menaces would not induce him to recede. Ilis confluence was in God and in his rij. ht ; and Russia, 'as he could guarantee, would prove her elf in 1854 what she was ia | 1812. It will be seen from the firm and spirited tone of this document, thut the Czar is determined not to yield an inch of ground to his enemies, i He chows no disposition to recede from amy of the conditions which he has insisted upon throughout the whole of the negotiations, and he seems impressed with the convic ti< n, or endeavors to make it appear so, that he has ju t;ce and right on his side. In his manifesto to the people of Russia, he briefly re capitulates the fucts that have le.l to the inter vention of England and France, and makes it a reproach against those powers that they have sided with the < enemies of Christianity against Russia, which he states is combatting for the orthodox faith. The French Emperor has also issued a mani festo, in the shape of a circular from the Min ister^ Foreign Afhirs to the diplomatic agedts of France, in which he states that the two docu ments above noticed had destroyed the last hopes that had been placed upon the wisdom of the Cabinet of St. Petersburg. It aids that the ^government of the Emperor was deeply afflicted at the inutility of its efforts and the ill success of its moderation; but on the eve<of the great struggle which the Emperor had not desired, and which the patriotism of the French nation would enable him to assist, he felt it necessary once more to disavow responsibility for results, and to place the whole weight of it upou that power which would have to account for those results to history and to God. A third edition of the London Morning He rald , issued on the day the Pacific sailed, con tained the startling announcement that a spe cial messenger had arrived, bringing intelli gence that the Russians had taken Kalefat and massacred all the Turks within its walls. It addB that the messenger was closctcd with the Queen when the paper went to press. This news was generally discnedited. At the banquet given io Sir Charles Napier by the Reform Club, previous to his departure to assume the command of "the Baltic fleet now assembling at Spithead, Lord Palmerston, who was in the. chair, proposed, in highly laudatory terms, the -health of the Emperor and Empress of the French. The toast wae . drunk with en thusiastic applause. lu another part of our paper will be found a remarkable article from the last number of the London Times, in which it is insinuated that the King of Prussia hesitates, .on personal grounds, to give effect to his engagements with the Allied Poweso. The Austrian government, respecting whose sincerity so many doubts have been expressed, has on the other handjput forth an official document, in which it declares its concurrence in the justice of the policy pursued by the Western Powers. It is stated that, in re ply to the demands of Russia, Sweden has de clared that she is prepared to defend her policy of neutrality, and has commenced warlike pre parations with that view. From the sent of war, wUh the exception tf the unconfirmed statement noticed above, there is no news of a decisive character. On the night of the 16th or on the morning of the 17th, a severe conflict took place by mistake between two columns of the Russian army, and, after fighting for about an hour and a half, they only discovered their error when morning broke. Several hundred were killed in this suicidal struggle. President Pierce nitd Ids Administration. More than a year Las elapsed since Mr. Pierce defeated the greatest warrior in this country in the Presidential field, and rose to the high est rank in the nation. At that time, his popu larity was unbounded. Men compared his elec tion with that of his predecessors ? the illustri ous fathers of the country ? and as his triumph \ far exceeded theirs, augured that Pierce's Pre- | sidcncy would be an epoch of unparalleled lus- ! trc and national glory. Nor were practical i evidences of his power wauting. The Senate | was firmly attached to the platform on which he liad been elected; in the House of Represen tatives, he commanded a clear majority of eighty-four vote?. Throughout the States North and South a feeling of confidence in his ability and character pervaded all pat ties. That such an opinion should have been formed on so slen der a basis as the vaporings of Presidential can vassers is a reflection that can hardly fail to inflict a severe blow on our pride. Such was the case, however. We knew little or nothing of Mr. Pierce. But we were, as a people, so tirmly attached to the platform on which he had been presented to us, that it never occurred to any to doubt his sincerity or to inquire whether in supporting him we were supporting the com promise measures also. A general delusion seemed to have overspread the country in re ference to this one man. Without name, with out character, without services, without antece dents, without a single striking trait or memor able exploit to commend him to our regard, he all at once sprung out of nothing to l>c the idol of the American people. Some eighteen months have elap.-cd, and he is the must disregarded if not the n.ost despised man in the country ; his. party is demolished, his majority in Congress lost his influence in the States destroyed, and even his alliance has become fatal to the best men and the wisest measures. To trace, from the lKvinning, tli * series of errors and follies which have operated thin silent revolution in public sentiment, would require more <pnce than so insignificant a topic as the character of Franklin Pierce has a right to usurp. Translated 1 y a single sweep of the wand of fate from an attorney 's office at Concord to tho Presidential chair, the New Hampshire das t had not yet been shaken from hi'' foot before ho be gan to disabuse the public mind. Idiocy it;<elf could hnnliy have explained lus ignorance of the fact that he owed his election to the Union sentiment, nnd the popularity of the compro mise measures; yet in the selection of his cabi met, ho seemed to bend all Ma efforts to destroy that sentiment and insult the memory of those measures. For his confidential advisers he chose men who were aliens to the one, and enemies of the others. No principle ? unless this wretched frowardness can be called a principle ? inspired j his choice. He took free soilers on the one hand and secessionists on the other, and strove to bind them together in a coalition that was riveted by no possible olasp but the adhesive power of the public plunder. The very first official act of Franklin Pierce was predicated on the basest instincts of human nature, and founded on a deliberate calculation that tho corrupt propensities of politicians are sure to outweigh their principles. As though to redeem this cynical slur on his class, the second act of his administrative ca reer looked to gratitude for a motive and a basis. A thought of duty never entered his brain for an instant. Sundry individuals, scamps as well as respectable imbeciles, had aided his election ; he paid them in foreign mis sions. Looking upon the foreign interests of the United States as a fund to be used by him to pay his private debtors, he sent an ignoraut country gentleman to Paris, an English social ist to Naples, an itinerant Bcribblcr to Turin, a French adventurer to Madrid, and, with the sin gle exception of Mr. Buchanan, men utterly de void of diplomatic ability to every other foreign court. Dealing in like manner with the home patronage of the- government, he seemed to avoid all imputations of entertaining any re gard for merit as a thing disgraceful. Choos ing, in preference to the staunch friends of the principles which had elected him, the leaders of the most traitorous factions in all sections of the country to be his officeholders, he gave freeh life to free soilism throughout the North and to secessionism In the South. Of course he thus broke up the democratic party far and wide. Dissension split its ranks as well in the East as in the West, in the South as in the North. For our share we were handed over to ?the tender mercies of William H. Seward. Mean while, the only point in our foreign policy which seemed to have taken any strong hold of his attention ? the subject of diplomatic attire was prosecuted with vigor enough to make us in a few months the laughiug stock of Europe. Then the Nebraska bill came up to complete our knowledge of his Uaraoter. His want of prin ciple was already conspicuous enough: his weakness and his corruption required additional illustration. They received it in ample measure. Vacillation and tergiversation can go no fur ther. Now for the bill, now against it, new pronouncing adherence -to its principles a test of democratic orthodoxy,. now declaring demo crats free to support it .or not as they please, Mr. Pierce has already exhibited every phase of sentiment in his actions, and has not convinced one reflecting mind that he is not at heart op posed to the extension of -slavery under the con ? stitution. j In truth, a stupendous revolution has taken - ?.place in public sentiment during the last eigh teen months. That revolution would probably :be developed in a manner that would astonish ,the world, if another Presidential election were now. to take place and Mr. Pierce to present himself and be opposed by General Scott. The dignity, tranquillity and honorable composure with which the one has borne his defeat, and the imbecility, cowardice, want of spirit, and corruption which the other has evinced in his triumph, present a contrast that would entirely justify any revulsion of public opinion. Disorganisation of Parties. ? The Richmond Enquirer states that the Nebraska bill has broken up the whig party North and South. This is true to a certain extent. The constitu tional principles contained in the bill came into contact with sectional prejudices that were stronger tfam mere party attachments, and the latter as a matter of course, were snapped asunder. But if the Nebraska bill has produced such a concussion in the whig ranks, it has done no less for the democratic party. The free soil appointments made by Mr. Pierce, on his ac cession to power, commenced the disorganiza tion of the democratic party here; the Nebraska bill has completed the work, and the wreck lies scattered around us. It has produced an equal shock in New Hampshire; the democratic pha lanx of the Granite State has been broken, and victory has been dearly bought. It is safe to predict a similar result in Connecticut and Rhode Island. We are much mistaken if the ?T>jiroaching elections in those States do not dis clore as great a disarray of the democratic army as we see here and in New Hampshire. In point of fact, there are certain constitu tional principles, and certain sectional mea sures. which, when they come into collision with party tactics either in or out of Congress, must prevail, and drive party considerations to the wall. It is thus that the constitutional prin ciple involved in the Nebraska bill has demo lished both the whig and democratic parties. Still if, six months hence, we were called upon to elect another President, and confide to the hands of another set of men the disposal of fifty millions a year of the public plunder, say two hundred millions of dollars for the four years, wc have not the smallest doubt that both par ties would patch up their differences, ignore past defeats, hide the rente in their character and their ranks, and each take the field with appar ent earnestness. They would each erect a ge neral platform with high sounding words, and splendid theories, and light a great battle for the same object and with the same weapons as they fought in 1852. So true is it that the prospect of public plunder in this country rises far above all the political questions of the day. Important News from Mkxtco Expected. ? Late accounts from Acapulco state that Don Juan Alvarez, an individual who seems to be decidedly oppored to the present administra tion of Mexican afTairs. was out in open rebel lion against Santa Anna, and it was believed that Alvarez had had communication with ' President" Walker's "republic" in Lower California. In case these adventurers should combine their forces, it is very likely that the whole of western Mexico will revolt. Such a revolution would include all the ports on the Pacific coast, and its results could not be favor able to Santa Anna. The Mexicans resident on the coast have seen the wonderful effect of the infusion of American enterprise and American institutions upon California; they have becomo familiar with our language, our laws and our people; and they have not been uninterested fpcctators of the sudden rise of the old Spanish residents from comparative poverty and obscu rity to wealth and station. The natural conse quence is that their prejudice against the Uni ted States lias melted away before the geaial inflnenco of gold, good humor, and good busi ness, and their old feeling of hate has ch.mgod into a desire to unite with na We may expect important news from the Pacific very soon. lUTalatlM and Uoului laflMM* In Europe I Agalnat Franc* and BngUnd. It will be seen by a letter from one of oar Boston correspondent*, that mi address to the German population of the United States was received by the last steamer, from the pen of Kossuth, on the subject of the rejection of George Sanders, by the Senate, as American Consul to London. The ex-Dictator of Hun- j gary, it seems, regards the non-ratification of | Mr. Sanders's appointment, as indicating a re trogressive tendency in the foreign policy of , our government, and as an abandonment of the position assumed by it in the Koszta affair. j The fact is a significant one, following close j in the wake of the announcement which we published yesterday, of the sale by our specu lative and enterprising countryman of George Law's dead stock of old muskets, to the Revo lutionary Committee of London. There can be no longer any doubt of the character and ob jects of the movement which is at present in progress of organization under the auspices of our progressive friend of the Democratic Re view. We have in these statements the key to the policy of abstention pursued by the Conti nental republicans, since the Eastern question began to cloud the political horizon. They have been biding their time until the moment for action arrived; and now that the tocsin of war has sounded, they have thrown aside all dis guise, and are prepared to take their part in the great struggle which is to decide tlu tri umph or permanent subjection of the princi ples for which they have so long contended. That it will be the policy of Russia to fur ther the views and contribute material aid to the projects of the revolutionary party in Eu rope, is evident from the peculiar position in which she now stands. The governments with which she was allied by old political ties and sympathies, have been compelled to abandon her by the pressure of considerations that left them no choice of action. Confront', by the immediate dangers presented by the hostility ?of the maritime powers, and the liberal tenden cies of their own subjects, they saw no pros pect of safety except in joining a movement which they hope will have the effect of absorb ing and neutralizing the revolutionary element which threatens the permanence of their politi cal systems. It remains to be seen how far this oaloulation is well founded. That which would have proved a powerful auxiliary in the hands of the ooalition, may be wielded with equal success by Russia. That the Czar will be prevented from having recourse to it by his political prejudices, or that the revolution ary party will be withheld from availing them selves of the present favorable opportu nity for action by their personal antipathy towards him, is contrary to the prevailing rule of political conduct. They will each be gov erned by their interests; and those interests point towards the necessity of mutual co-opera tion. If the coalition succeeds in crushing or trammelling the power of Russia, the triumph of the revolutionary principle will be indefi nitely postponed in Europe. This condition is, in fact, the main basis of the compact which se cures the adhesion of Austria and Prussia to the Western Alliance, and it is not in the nature of things that the revolutionary party should quietly submit to have the progress of liberal ideas thus arbitrarily foreclosed by the selfish policy of quati liberal governments. They will naturally turn to the Czar as their only hope in this conjuncture, and he must be blind to his interests if he does not avail himself of their assistance. He has feelings of resentment to gratify, as well as political objects to gain, by conciliating these new allies, and he will not be overscrupulous as to the means by which these ends are to be accomplished. Judging from the accounts that have reach ed us of the activity of the Russian agents in the European capitals, in quarters where their influence has not before been felt, we should say that the Czar has already taken the initia tive of this policy, and is already In communi cation with the chiefs of the revolutionary par ty. The large sums which it is understood have lately been placed at the disposition of the Central Committee in London, and a por tion of which has been allocated to the pur chase of George Law's stock of rusty old fire arms, are no doubt to be traced to this source. We wish we could compliment the revolution ary leaders on the acquisition; but we are afraid that the cause of popular liberty will not be much advanced by it. Fully identified as are George Sander s sympathies with that cause, it seems that he could not resist the op portunity of doing a profitable stroke of busi ness on his own account. This is the true spirit of political speculation. We look out with curiosity for the next move of the revolutionary party. Events of the first importance and magnitude will now crowd upon each other with such rapidity that we shall not be surprised to see it precipitate it self at once into the stmggle, backed up and encouraged by the gold and influence of the Czar. The latter has only to declare the inde pendence of Hungary anil Italy to set the whole continent of Europe in a flame. A more fa vorable opportunity will, in fact, never present itself to bring to a successful issue the abortive insurrectionary plans of 1848. One of the in cidents that disturbed most the equanimity of the first Napoleon during the disastrous cam paign of 1812, was the news of the conspiracy of Mallet and Lahorie. In the same political complications at home will be found the real dangers, and perhaps the destruction, of the am bitious hopes of his successor. The Liquor Prohibitobt Bill. ? A commit tee of conference will probably lie appointed by the two houses at Albany to comc to some set tlement of the difference of opinion that has arisen between them with respect to the time that the law is to come into effect. From the obstinacy manifested by the Senate, it seems probable that the Assembly will be compelled to give way. We regret this, as, if we are to have a Maine law, we think it had better be put in force as soon as possible, so that we may begin at once to see how it works. After it is part of the law of the land we recommend the Legislature to pass a law against the use of tobacco. Some few might possibly object to the prohibition of se gars, though they confer no possible benefit, and are a great inconvenience to those who dis like them : but no one can defend the filthy ha bit of chewing, and defiling the streets and tloors of hotels with salivated tobacco juice. A law lining chewors and expectorators would be in order after our wine is cut off by statute. Provision might likewise be made for the case of gluttons, and the amount of oysters, beef, mutton or poultry that a large man could coa pi;me might be beneficially prescribed. The report of tlie InKpcctorft of State Frldnn? dl*oloie? the fact tlmt of the InrRO number of convict* now in the priaona of (lie Htate, there in not ft einjfle printer, while Dearly all the otfc?r occupations are i*prea?nt*<l. I Th* Cm Goveknmcnt Crumbling to Hcwb ?The Last Stove Fallinq Awat? Our ma- , nicipul government edifice has been for some i time in a state of dilapidation, and it has al most been left without one stone upon another. Even this speedy progress towards dissolution does not satiety the great constitutional law yers of the grog-shops, and they are now very jusily engaged in bringing about the end. They desire to take away our last safeguard? the Po thecST^ appointment , he Chief of Police from the Mayor and Commissioners, and making that officer entirely ' irresponsible, by giving bis election tothepeo- *j imttVn ,8tatC<J.tha5 alar?e majority of the dele- 1 gotion from the city of New York in the As sembly, i8 ln favor of this new piece of legisla tion, and we think it very likely that such is (he case. There are many more points of re f-eiublftnce between the temperance fanatics and the rum rowdies than the people generally are aware of. There is every chance, therefore, that the last vestige of good government in. this city will be utterly destroyed, and we shall be left without government of any sort. Thus we go. We are now approaching the beginning of spring. Very soon the warm, days will begin to dawn upon us, and the health of the city will be the principal element of otu; comfort, our commerce, and our prosperity in every branch of tr.,de. But we have no gov ernment. We have sixty jabbering Council men in one branch and over twenty Aldermen iu another, who consume the time in idle dis cussion or votes merely affecting the divisions o par y; ut as to efficient government we ave none. A popular movement, commenced j by ameetingin the Park, was necessary before the streets could be relieved of the accumula I lions of nix months' dirt, filth and garbage There was no power in any of the departments to clean the stjeets, and we were obliged to. call upon the Board of Health to do an act of doubtful constitutionality, before the job could be performed. This job was done in a slovenly manner; and as the Board had only the power to give the streets one cleaning and one sweep ing and the filth one carrying-off, then the whole city was left to the tender mercies of onr most inefficient and imbecile government-*, government worse than useless. The people have begun to see this matter in the proper light, and the inhabitants of Broadway have held a meeting and appointed a superintendent 2 10 : """ *? ,trcet b >"><*?? -?? ed at the expense of the abettors. This is creditable to the gentlemen concerned. But what a commentary it is Upon the utter ineffi ciency of the present charter, and of the city gov eminent acting under it! Judging from the prl wnt aspect of things, it will be necessary for the citizens to adopt a plan similar to that of the gentlemen on Broadway. They must hold meetings, appoint committees to raise funds that th? ^ superintendent for each ward to see - that the streets are thoroughly cleaned. All this they must do at their own expense, while at | 6ame time we are paying five millions of bera^f* whtV0 ft cit? government the mem bers of which spend their time in makW ^To^n the&ch ?tber and dividing tbe "POU* To all this we soon will have to add th/?t^ inefficiency of the police dep^tment ^ he mode at present advocated by the Kro e "rchfeioTn haa b<!en "d"PteJ. ">c fmj oblted L tlT " ?Ude ? "M >>? ? r,' f" "" Pre8?*"*ation of oar live, i a coarse similar to that adopted by the Broadway merchants. ^ be under the necessity of organizing an inde STJSR *?d our For the last fifteen yew, no city h? been rate as New York, so far as the efficiency of mu nicipal government is concerned. From one million of dollars five ?n,i , , aie8 we have Increased to five, and probably this year the city ex ST - or seven milW Z Ito SZjTT the eo"na"t leteriorote., tMy ZZy " Md JV?voI Intelligence. Ynrd repairing. She had be^eUta^t*^foNMT * <**?<*<-. ZT P?rly equipped, U.t May, fnU of With IT twenty, including four offlcew, fell victim, to that dHJd* M scourge, the yellow fever, in leM than thr* After orders bad been given for the evacuation of the si earner by tbe crew? the vessel being deserted and moored off in the stream ? notwithstanding its infection, still it waa not free from the depredations of the river pirates, who visited her at all hoars, and took away everything which waa for sale available, including their, citizen's dress, and all their stock of linen, from the cap tain downwards, excepting their uniform, (which of course was not so saleable,) books, jewelry, Ac. Some of the officers and men, after being in tho hospital at Pcnsacola several months, and discharged convalescent, found thaMhey liad not been left a single change of linen, and were completely destitute. It appears that the only guard to the ship was one single sentinel on the dock, who saw nothing. It is a question whether those depre dators, after their plundering, did not communicate the fc^cr to the inhabitants of the town, thereby making it more virulent; and whether a more strict surveillance of the infected ship would not have been most advisable. The United States sloop-of-war Decatur still re mains at the anchorage off the Naval Hospital, her sail ing orders having been revoked by the Secretary of tho Navy. Her destination was for the Pacifls, but It is not now known where she will be sent. ? Norfolk Beacon, March 22. Barton's Theatre? " The Beaux Stratagem." last evening was played, for "the first time in many \ ears," Knrquhar's rather broad comedy, "The Beaux Stratagem, " cast as follows:? f ir Charles Freeman Mr. Norton. Mr. Aim well Mr. Fisher. Mr. Archer Mr. Jordan. Mr. Sullen .Mr. Moore. Boniface Mr. Andrews. crub Mr. Burton. Foigard Mr. Johnston. "Tbe Beaux Stratagem" is a peculiarly had play, a* far as the unities of the drama are concerned. Tho audi-, ence feels no sympathy with any of the characters; not one of them is entitled to respect, and though one ad mires the brilliancy of the dialogue, and for the moment i? interested in the strong though improbable situations, yet the total lack of principle and the laxity of morals displayed by the author, and all of his main characters, make these emotions give way to at least an unsatisfac tory impression, if not a positive feeling of disgust. We have two fine gentlemen ? Archer and Aimwell ? who, having spent their patrimonies, turn fortune hunters. One, by stealing his brother's title and folgnlng illness, succeeds In winning Dorinda; while the other makes a violent and undisguised assault upon tho virtue of a, . mn (Tied woman. The first, to be sure, repents; but th ? latter comes into twenty thousand pounds sterling a* the reward of his libertinism. The lady's virtue seem* to lie of the negative sort. Then we have a landlord and his daughter, in league with highwaymen, a roguish prie t and a drunken bull r. In r.rrnnging this piece for the stage Mr. Burton has "cut" mr.ch of the dlaloguo; but a few lines yet remain wliieh are ohJ< ctionable in the present state of society, and which, we doubt not, he will expunge. The play hus wit enomrh without th< 111, and though the speaking of them may mak*e the "unskilful laugh," It cannot but make the "Judielous grieve." ,, "The Menu * Stratagem" Is well put upon the stage at Burton's, and generally well aeted. Mr. Fisher's Alm Iady Bountiful Mrs. Sullen Dorinda Cherry .Mrs. Hughes. Miss Raymond. .Mrs. Buckland. Mrs. Burton.