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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 24, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 7

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Urn. ritm'* Opinion of the Webr?*fc* BIU.
IKrom the Nashville Banner, March 18. ]
iirockDiM pmtomiwT ? lwtt** raou ????
Cl.KMKNH? PKKIPENT P1MCK 8 OPUGO.H 0*' THb
NKPKAP*A BTLT,. . ?
Wf ti ke froan Uio HunUviUe Adoocmt' the following
?OI.V of a letter, recently addressed by e? beaator clf"
' wens to a gentleman of that place, ?t*tln?thlf,l|r4^J [u.
tortained by him in relation to tho Nebraafca bill. and the
grounds upon which ho in opposed to it. Those 8r0"?d*
?uo niwi -i lv the grounds which we hare occupied on the
thStSTf^na, according to Mr. Clemen,
of tli* bill M he doe.. "Bat a *.? ? dnce '
j.. Mr (Vmena, -'in a con versa: ion with a Northern
.Vn?tor anU myself, ho [PreoMent Plerco] gave it a. l.i.
derided opinion that Dou.laa' bill was a proposition In
fa> (>r of ! r**dt?m? and added that if it should pass, at
thvuok u* miffhi attorh the whole of Mexico, net another
Van Stale uwu'.d rrer com* into the Union. He expressed
.rent ntrprim at the oppotition it met with from the Sorth,
and nival tvrprix that the Sou'h should be trilling to tale
it 1 agrec4 with him fully, and could not help recurriug
ti, the htrn' .BWn by which the Greeks effected the dc
Jtruction of Troy." These declaration. or I'reaident Pierce,
according to Mr. Clemens, were not made to him alone,
#.ut iu tin' presence and hearing of himself and a Nor
ihein fc?*nator." We forbear comment until it shall
appear whether President Pierce admits or denies the ac- ,
cuiacv of Mr. Clemens' statement:? I
WatBINOTO!*. Feb. 2!>. Ipj*.
Mt D*ak Sir. ? 1 have received vour letter, in w hich vou '
?uv that soree of my Iriends are surprised at the position
1 have assumed upon the Nebraska question, and desire j
to I* made acquainted with tho grounds upou which my
>PfSdXtOTMtoMnot to bo forced into the politics 1 j
srena bv anything an enemy might say ; but tha t rule has
no application to tho miaappreWrion of friend* . lam |
opposed to tho bill of Mr. Douglas because it
utTn the avowed ground that tho peop 1* of a ' Temtoi -y^
Alle It remains a Territonr. may regulate th? .objector
slavery for themselves. This, you ^ ;
the doctrine of Gen. Cass Nicholson Utter, whii h wa.
*?pudiakd by tho ?ntire south In lM*. The whiga
charged It upon liim as a grievous politic! ?1 dftwent
Pthe democrats evaded the issue by placing "dlf1,nt
1 construction upon tho letter. Hubsequentlv at tha sc. ,
*inn of 1849-60, when General i ass avowed that the
Northern construction of hi. letter was the cnr?*t one. ;
It was at once dlf claimed by the whole bod v of bout hern ;
Senators, including the present ^MtaryofWar Judg* j
Douglas. 'n alluding to the letter, ststH that the ,
doubts entertained by the then senator from Missu ,
sippi, (Colon*! Davis.) had caused hint to be luke- !
warm in the support of General Cass. Colonel Davis
l J,Tntlv replied:? I had doubts, fears and apprehen
^wUh reached to a conviction that the Senator
'General Cass) w?a wrong upon the question of the power
.if the Territorial inhabitant.; yet, sir, I took him a s .?
?Lrnee of evils. I sav It in no terms of disrespect. The
?-mm* s? vt _ VIchj- n tn0WJ j thougbt it war. a *rong
Senator from - " ; - warmly lu.UllWd by
doctrine," kc. Colonel Dav .? .??? * ? T ? "*
Judge Butler, and Colonel King ?o fte"u?
that he never did, and never could, aubaenbt to the uoc
trine hehl by General C*,s. There waa n? ? "
?>?t 1 hib awnre of, among us ? all held that it ??s a
dangcrwa doctrine, and one which as effect " ,V ex ?
eluded us from the Terrltorlc, as the Wllmot proviso It,
Igtif 1st me add that *uch it the opinion now entertained
tfL ? ."WW ;?y? ."gy-.*!!ja
/art fine. t'? conncrt{Uion mth a Aorthern Senator an t
muelf h'nav it at hit <U*ided opinion thai %\l
if it AmMvcm* although we might absorb the whys of
, la J State would erer come into tie
Ptiiim lie expressed great surprise at the opposition it
met^ith from the North, and V?1 surprise that the
South should bo willing to take it. I agreed w ith lum
^Uv and could not hefp recurring to the stratagem by
whicli the Greeka effected the de.truction of Troy.
The oulv quotation Mr. Calhoun was ever known to
?mike was ' timeo Dawiot. et donajercntet. and if eve
there -was a timo that It should be repeated n? a warn
ins to the South It 1. tho present. A Northern
una.ked aud unsolicited, bring, forward a propos'tion
?SEffi steal away from ? A SSM rf'Sf for
attempt to atew * y citadel which has resisted
confidence of ita defenders in * de lu.ive gift which
Wo asked nothing from Congre.s-wo wanted nothing.
ut "
^inhold?SttotdwtrUieyet; and that i. the substance
' J ' lute letter t* Mr. Van Buren, about which so ranch
has Veen anld. but which no one has yet attempted to ana
fhilS oth" /objections to Mr.. Douglas' bill, whjdj t are
from tne ierr 7 Thero may be comraunlties
UrthZu? *Ht^ ? not. If true, where Is the necewity
Sr^?s^5>e??SS
sf JsaARSftSSs
tbjn ?~{I?J
au i,"Lf%rr!S.
thus will be Mvived that dangeroua citation which
.t. .Vt; 4?< ? ?
if it should impose upon onr people it
EtieusH jaatt? : ssns
^Jfis i. a misconception . The Missouri
* ' ftr, to be acouired. So far a. that compromise was
?-*ars!!rfiars
hSAaa the 40th parallel of Utitude, if we had the power,
aw6fsaS&w?if?sj55
^1?^^- 0f0Wtheeriubj0ert North, and do not care to
elaborate it. wisUtion of 1850 .lwl In point
JEESJtt lcgiidatlon of 1820, then the inser
X^ot^sfbecause it bears a falsehood upon
SSS^bTth^too^go 'that neither can rely upon tha
1^/^^ of the other I hold it to bo a good rule that
^ ^ 1* verv careful how we make compacts,
Jut?once itf 5t*? firmly, fairly and ho
lias been written In liasto, and amid con
< hope I have furnished yon with
need not aMuwryou? oadtSatS, whether right or wrong,
sirvrfes? "7
Midi. Davis, Jr., Huntsville, Ala.
Onr Boston Correspondence.
BotfroH, March 22. JH54.
An Addiwfrom Kotsnlk to the German Population of the
United State*.
1 have ,iu.-t learned that an addres? to the German
population or the United States was receired by the last
?toamer, from the pen of Ko*->uth, on the subject of the
rejection of (.eorge Sanders, by the United State* Senate,
at American Consul to London. Kossuth regard* the re
faction of Mr. Sanders as indicating the intention ol' our
government to take the " back track" in foreign policy,
and aa an abandonment of the position assumed in the
Kosita affair.
The address is written in German, and was recalled by
Br. 8. G. Howe, who ia Kossuth's confidential cone'pon*
dent In this country. The Doctor placed it in the Ii.mi I
of a learned teacher of languages in this city, ye< erilay,
for tranalation, and It will appeur simultaneously in tfie
'.erman paper and in the Dv.fl'j Commomeeolth. A en
tleman who heard it road yietcrdav, tells ne that it in a
I ?ery powerful production. AIZ-'OM A
* The Tarf.
t'NIOV COURSE, I. I. ? TROTTTNO.
"* A trotting match for SuOO, nolo heats, cam'- oil ye?
' terday afternoon over the .Union Conrwo, between if. g.
Alvarado and b. m. Fanny Van, which was won by the
latter in two straight heats. The marc was the favorite
previous to the start, at two to one. Several bets were
made on time? 2.50 being the rate nt which the speed of
the nags wg? ganged, on account of the heavy state ,of
the treek. It was as bad, If not in worse condition, from
the storm of the night previous, than we erer remember
to have seen it on a trotting dev. But few person* wit
nessed the race.
Firtt Heat.? Alvarado won the polo, nad w*s ? f ti r I ? I a
length ahead of the mam; but sho wont tip and took the
pole from him on the turn, and led a cout>le of Vnjths
to the quarter pole, In forty-five socomls. On the bsrk
?t retch he closed up, un<t w;u *t, her wheel at the half
mile pole, in 1:30. On the low?r turn he tupped her, nnd
they swung on 4he homestretch together. From the
three quarter pole to the scorn it was a nock and neck
affair, the gray getting in front a few Inches two or thm
times in coming up the stretch. Tho mate won by a
short length, making the heat in 9 ?6.
Second Heat. ? Tho mare took the lead a* soon as the
ward was given, and was never caught In ?wrJuvit. she
opened a gap of two or three lengths to Iho (guirter pole,
half a down to the half, and jogged from the drawcate
to the score, winning by thirty yards In three minutes
The gray lacked both speed and bottom.
Ths following Is the summary
Tnranuv, March 23.? Trotting match, 1000, mile heals.
named b. m. Fannv Van (to lianiesa). 1 i
p. Pilfer named g. g. Alvarado (to saddle) 3 9
TUoe, 2:5^?3:00.
ARRIVAL OF THE PACIFIC.
VERY INTERESTING FROM EUROPE.
MANIFESTO OF THE CZAR OF RUSSIA.
Important Diplomatic Circular of the
French Government.
THE CZAR'S LETTER TO NAPOLEON.
THE BANQUET TO SIR CHARLES NAPIER.
Speeches of Lord Palmtrston and Admiral \upirr.
TBS atSZB XZraUlURSCTXOV.
THE EQUIVOCAL POHITHM OF PRlH*Lt.
RUMORED FALL OF KALEFAT,
AND
MASSACRE OF AU. WITHIN ITS WAUS.
Rumored Trouble between England
and Spain.
ADVANCE IN BREADSTUFFS.
* ' ? Ml T 0 ? C M i? U II* t 0 T T 0 \ .
S T .V T E OF T II E FUNDS.
Jtc., &C-I Ac.
The tolling mail steamship Pacific, C'apt Nye, arrived
ut half past sove n o'clock last night. She loft Liverpool
at four o'clock on Wednesday afternoon, the 8th instant.
t?lie experienced heavy westerly gales, and on the 12th
and 13th a perfect hurricane from the south to west
north nest. The P. was detained several hours in a vast
pack of ice. Hundreis of icebergs were seen from her
d< ( k. The news is of great interest.
The Africa arrived at Liverpool at 2:12 o'clock on Tues
day afternoon the 7th March, and the America on the
evening of the same day.
The clipper ship Lightning, Capt. Forbes, arrived In
tli? Mersey on Saturday evening, the 4th March, after a
passage of less than fourteen days.
Admiral Cony's division of the British fleet was to sail
on the 7th or 8th of March for the Baltic.
The Russians have made demonstrations agaftst Kale
fut. As yet only cannonades have taken place.
Severe cold in Asia suspends hostilities.
Persia remains neutral, but is fortifying her Turkish
frontier. The Affghans are attacking the kingdom of
Cundnliar. Persia has offered her mediation. The Khan
of Khiva had taken refuge in Bokhara, and summoned
the neighboring Klmns to tale part in the struggle
against Russia.
Advices from Bucharest state that on the 23d ultimo a
Russian battery, between Tbraila and Matchin, attacked a
Turkish battery; the cannonode lasted five hours, and it
is said was to be continued on the following day.
According to the Breslau Gattttt, the Cabinets of
Austria and I'russU have agreed on the basis of a com
plete union, in order to pursue a common action in the
existing state of affairs. According to the London Timet
of the 8th inst., there must be some mistake in this re
port.
The Vienna papers mention a new domestic loan as on
the ere of announcement. It will be a lottery loan of the
nominal amount of fifty million florins. The shares of
250 florins will be provided with coupons, entitling the
holders to an annual dividend of eighteen florins, or four
j er cent. The sinking fund for this loan will be by
annuities of 1 and 1}? per cent for fifty years, and each
year there will be a drawing by lottery to cancel bonds
The loan is to be subscribed for in the Austrian dominions
alone.
The Marquis of Londonderry died at Holderness House,
London, on the 6th inat. He entered the army aa Ensign
Charles Stewart, in 1794, and served and was wounded in
he expedition to Holland; distingniahed himself greatly
during the whole Peninsular war, where we find his name
with approval at Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Anor, Bad*,
jos, and Cor unit a, and was especially charged with the
supcr\ If ion of King Beraadotte when that monarch was
wavering in his desertion of Napoleon. Lord Londonderry
was esteemed in private life, but did not shine much as a
statesman. The malady which carried him off was in
flammation of the lungs.
Pr. Jenkins, an eminent scholar, and Master of Baliol
College. Oxford, died Cth inst., aged 72 years.
Pixon & Co.. Glasgow, a house in the Australian trade,
have failed? liabilities ?200,000.
Alexander Heilbron, the young man cliargod with
forgery, and who was recently given up to Britain un
der the AOibui ton treaty, has been examined before the
London crimiuul court, and remanded for further evi
dence.
Lord Piilmerston stated in Parliament that Frost, Wil
liams, .Tones and two other chartist", are to be pnrdoned.
alon? with Fmith O'Bru n.
THE EUROPEAN STRUGGLE.
THE CZAR'S REPLY TO THE EMPEROR NA
POLEOX.
Tlio Paris MonUeur, in its non-official part, (rives the
following an the re fly of the Emperor of Ru-siu to tlio
recent letter of the Emperor Napoleon: ?
THH EMPEROR'S BKFLT.
St. Pcteksbi ikj, Jan. 28, (Feb. 9,) 1854.
t-nir ? 1 cannot better reply to your Majesty tluu by
repealing, as they belong to me, the wonls with which
your letter terminates: " Our relations oujrht to be sin
cerely amicable anil should l>e based upon the name In
tentions? the maintenance of order, the lovo of peace,
respect for treaties, and reciprocal good feeling." Your
Majesty, in accopting this programme hi I had traced
it, tays that you remain faithful to it. I dare believe,
and my conscience tells ine mo, that I have not exceeded
its limits; for In^the affair which has cxcited diwsion
between us, the origin of which ii not to be attri
buted to me, I have always sought to maintain friendly
t elation* with France, and I have always endeavor
ed to avoid anything which might clash with 1he
religion professed by yoor Majesty. I havo made for the
maintenance of peaca nil the concessions, both of form
and substance, compatible with my honor, and, in claim
ing for mv co- religionists in Turkey the continuation of
the right* and privileges which they have long acquired
at the price of KuMiun blood, I claimed nothing which
was not confirmed by treaties. If the Porte bad been loft
to herself the difference which hm so long kept Europe
in suspense would liave been solved. A fatal influence
has thrown everything into confusion. By proro'.ing
i/ratuHai's rnjnru/nt, by exciting thefa*atM*m of the Turin,
?rid by iter tiring their goverwmen ta? to My imtentioni ani
thermal tcope (jf my demands, it hiu ro era grated 'Keertent
of the QHekient, that the probable remit teewu to k- ??r.
Your Majesty must allow me not to enter too ranch in de
tail into tie circumstances si s they ptMdlt themselves to
) ou in your letter, In which tho*c cirjunntances are mark
ed out. Several acts on my part, appreciated with little
??curacy. according to my opinion, and morn than
one fact perverted, would require, In order to be
properly rectified, at least as I conceive, long dovelopc
ments, into which it would not bo proper to enter In a
coriespondcnce between sovereign and sovereign. For
in?t;t nee, your Maje.^tj attributes to the occupation of j
the Principalities the evil of having snddeuly trans- i
ported the question from the region of discusMon to J
that of fact; but your Majesty leave-: out of view the
circumstance that this occupation, still purely con
ditl< nal, was preceded, and in greet measure caused, by
a varv important previous fact ? the appearance of the
combined fleet in the vicinity of the Dardanelles ; and
beside this, rauoh before that period, when England
hesitated to assume a hostile attitude, your Majesty
took the initiative in sending your fleet as far as
, .Milnmis. This wounding demonstration certainly ex
, hibiti >i lit tl" confidence in me. It was calculated to
i encourage tbe Turks, and to paralvre beforehand the
| success of negotiations by Kiv,ng them the idea that
' France and Englund Were ready to support their ettse
i under all circumstances. In the same way your Majesty
I makes It appear that tho explanatory commentaries
j of my Cabinet upon the Vienna note, rendered it Impos
? sible for France and England to recommend its adoption
by the Porte ; but your Majonty may recollect tliat our
con inentarles followed, ami did not precede, the pure
' and stmple non-acceptance of the note, and I believe that
the Powers were so little seriously desirous of pence,
' thai they confined themselves to tho claims of the pure
aud simple adoption of that note, instead of allowing the
Porte to modify what we had previously adopted without
j change, llesiilea, if any point of our commentaries had
given rise to difficulties, 1 offered ^satisfactory solution to
I them at OMtl. and such was it considered by Austria
and Prussia. I'nfortnnattly, In the Interval, a part of
the Anglo Trench fleet bad alieady entered the Darda
nelles under the pretcvt of there protecting the lives
and properties of English and French subjects ; and In
order to s'lrw I he whole to enter, without violating the
ticat) of 1841, it was necessary that the Ottoman
Mjr
opinion i?, Hut if Franc > and Knglaud had desired
I rate jw much a* 1, lh?y would at any coat haw
prevented thai dootauratauu mt war, or, whan war was
once declared, have taken oare that it should have bora
restrained within the narrow limit* to whloh 1 wished
to coufiae it on the Danube, ao that I might not be com
pelled by force to abandon the purely defensive system
which i wished to adopt. But from the moment whan
the 'fork* were allowed to attaok our Asiatic territory, to
carr) away one of our frontier poaU, (?veu before the
term ttxed for the commencement of hostilities,* to
blockade Aklialttsik, and to ravage the province of Ar
menia ? from the moment when the Turkish fleet were
allowed to transport troops, arm*, and munition* of war
to our coast, could it be rennonably hifped that we should
wait pat i< otly the result of such an attempt? Was it sot
to ho huppoouU that wo Mao u Id do all we o<>uld to prevent
il? Tin- affair of Sinope wa? the result of it. That
w** the forced consequence of the attitude adopted
bv the two I'owcra, au<) the remit rertainly could
not have been unexpected. I had declared my wUli
to remain upon the defemdvc, but before war broke
out, os far as my honor and my interest* could
permit ine to do so, and so long as the war was restrain
ed within certain limits. Has all been done which ought
to have been done to prevent these limits being emoeeded?
If the c haracter of spectator, or even that of me.Hator,
was not sufficient for your Majesty, and if your Majesty
wished to become the armed auxiliary of my enemies,
then, sire, it would have been more honorable and more ]
worthy of yon to havts told me ho frankly beforehand, by
declaring war against me. Each of oh would then have
known the part he had to play. But is it an equitable
proceeding for those to make a crime of that event after
it has happened winch they did nothing to prevent? If
the cannon idiot of binopo reverberated painfully on the i
hearts of all those who in k* ranee and in England appre
ciate the national dignity, does your Majesty think that
the menacing presence at the entrance of the Bosphorus
of the three thousand pieces of cannon of which you
speak, and the report of their entry into the BUok
Sea, remain without echo in the hearts of the na
tion whose honor I have to defend? I learn from
vour ma jest- for the first time, (for the verbal declara
lions n>- de to me up to this period have made no such al
''".Vion,) that while protecting the reinforcement of Turk
ish troops upon their own territory, Ike two PowArs have
resolved to prohibit to us the navigation of the Black
Sea ? that is to sav, apparently, to take from us the
right of?trengthoniug our own coasts. I bare it b your
Majrtty to consider if that be, as you say, the tray In fad
I it a r the conclusion of peace. and if, in tit? altrrwUiic
vh iih is I'laod Or fort me, I am permitted to discuss, or
t cv to ejamirw for a moment , your proposal* for an' nr
it; istice, the immaiinte eraciuttion of the Principalities, an
the negotiation with the I'orte of a conrrnUen to be mi
milled to a conference of the tour Powers ? Would y-.u.
yourself, Sire, if you were in my place, accept iuch a pj i
tion ? Would your national fceliny allow yuu lo do to : J
Mdly anttcer. No. Allow me, thon, in my turn,
vlie right of thinking as you would think yourself.
Whatever your Majesty may decide, menaces will uot
indite me to recede. M) confidence is in Cod and in my
right, and Russia, as I can guarantee, will provo herself
in 18&4 what she was in 1812. If. however, your Ma
jesty. less Indifferent to my honor, should frankly return
to our programme ? if you should proffer me a cordial
hand, as I now offer it to you at this last moment ? I will
willingly forget whatever has wounded my feelings in the
past. then. Sire, but then only, we may discuss, and
perhaps we may come to an understanding. Let your
fleet limit Itself to preventing the Turks from sending
additional forces to the theatre of war. I willingly pro
mise that tbey shall have nothing to fear from my at
tempts. Let them send a negotiator. I will receive him
in a suitable manner. My conditions are known at
Vienna. That is the only basis upon which I can allow
discussion.
1 beg your Majesty to believe in the sincerity of the
seut<me?U with which I am,
Sire, your Majesty's good friend,
NICHOLAS.
MANIFESTO OF THE EMPEROR NICHOLAS.
Wk, Nicholas th? Fibot, Ao.
We have already informed our beloved and faithful
subjects of the progress of our disagreements with the
Ottoman Porte.
Since then, although hostilities have commenced, we
have not ceased sincerely to wish, as we still wish, the
cessation of bloodshed. We even entertained the hope
that reflection and time would convince the Turkish go
vernment of its misconceptions, engendered by treache
rous Instigations, in which our just demands, founded on
treaties, have been represented as attempts at its inde
pendence, and veiling intentions of aggrandisement.
Vain, however, bare been our expectations, so far.
The English and Trench governments have sided with
Turkey, and the appearance of the combined fleets at
Constantinople served as a further Incentive to its ob
stinacy ; and now both the Western Powers, without
previously declaring war. have Hent their fleets into the
Black Sea. proclaiming their intention to protect the
Turks and to impede the free navigation of our vessels of
war for the defence of our coasts. After so unheard-of
a course among civilized nations we recalled our embas
sies from England and France, and have broken off all
political intercourse with those Powers. Thus Knylamd
and France have sided with the enemies of Christianity
against Russia, who is combatting for the orthodox faith.
But Russia will not betray her holy calling; and If <mc
mies infringe our frontiers we are ready to meet ill ? u
with the firmness bequeathed to us by our forefathers.
Are we not the same Russian nation of whose c-<p'o:t i
he memorable events of 1812 bear witness ?
May the Almighty assist us to prove this by de ? 's
With this hope, combatting for our persecuted brelh e
follow ers of the faith of Christ, with one accord I t o.tl
Russia exclaim ? "O Lord, our Redeemer i vhom shi" wo
fear? May God be glorified, and Ills enemies scatter '!."
St. retsrsbutg, 9th (21st) February, 18*4
MANIFESTO OP THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON.
The following circular has been issued by the Minister
of Foreign Affairs to the diplomatic agent < ?f tho Em
peror
Paius, March 5, 1854.
SIR? You aie now cognizant of the answer of the Em
peror Nicholas to the letter of his Imperial Majesty, and
you have also read the manifesto which tho fonoer sove
reign has just addressed to his people. Ikepubttoationof
thtte tiro document* hat destroyed the latt hope* \ chv h m i'lhl
hare been placed upon the wisdom of the Cabinet of >ft.
Petersburg; and that tame hand which had acquired honor
by thejirmnets with which it had offered support to Et trope,
thalitn to itt foundation, now opens the way to pattions ami
chancer. The government of the Emperor is deeply af -
flicted at the inutility of its efforts and the ill success of
its moderation; hut, on the eve of -the great straggle,
which he lias not desired, and which the patriotism of i
the French nation will enable him to assist, he feels it '
necessarv once more to disavow responsibility fir results,
and to place the whole weight of it upon that Power which [
will have to account for those results to history and to
Cod. Important considerations of propriety, I know, !
render my tusk difficult; but I shall fulfil it. with th'>
corfsintv tliat I am not faying one word which is not
dictated' by my conscience. i
In addressing the Emperor of Russia in terms which I
the utmost conciliation Was united with the most noble
frankness, his Imperial Majesty wns desirous of clearing
the question of all the obscurities which kept tho world
in suspense between pence and war, and endeavored so to
arrange it that there might be no offence against the dijj- 1
nily of any one. Instead of acting upon a similar princi
ple" and accepting the friendly hand which was held out
to liim, the Emperor Nicholas preferred to recur to facts j
upon which public opinion had definitely decided, and to I
represent himself as having had to contend, from the
commencement of a crisis provoked by his government, i
with a preconceived and systematic system of hostility j
which was fatally calculated to bring ubout that state of
things which has arrived. It Is not my voice, sir. it is ?
that of Europe, which replies that never at any period did
an imprudent policy meet with adversaries more calm Or
more patient in their resistance to designs which their >
judgment condemned, and which considerations of pri
mary importance compelled them to resist.
I will not go back to past events, upon which such full
light lias been thrown, but I must once more repeat, that
it is no longer allowable to assimilate the dispute res
pecting the privileges of the Latins In the Holy Land
with tl he claim now put forward. That question wns ar- (
ranged from the very commencement of the visit of
Trince Menschikofl" to Constantinople, and it is the claim
which that ambassador raided upon one point when he j
hod obtained satisfaction upon another, which lis* roused I
the whole world, nml Inspired all the Cabinets with the
same sentiment of precaution, and the same desire for
conciliation.
Is it neces-nry to enwmerri to rill the attempt*, tfte (VI
ure of which is only attributable to an invincible obstinn :
o f Nobody is ignorant of then, ami there is not any
0! '? who Is not aware that If decisive demonstrations 1
^ i re made during the progress of negotiations, esch of I
those demonstrations was preceded by an aggress ho act
> on the pait of Russia.
I w ill only recall to recolhction the fact that if tin i
French squadron at the end of March anchored in the i
13a y of Salami', it wai because since the month of .lan'i- i
?r\ there lind 'ie< n sn immense assemblage of froope in j
I'caearahla. If the naval forces of France and England
apprenelif.l the I'artUnellcs, where they only arrived ai
<1 e end of June, it was because a Ku.'si.m army had bcun
enctimj ed on the banks of the Pruth, and lieoau^e the
resolution to croaa that river had been tjikon, and had !
been offlciully announced since the 31st <>f May. If at a
later period our fleets were at Constantinole, it was be
cause cannon resounded on the Danube; and, iu short,
if they entered the Black Sen, it was because, con
trary to the promise of acting on the defensive, Russian
vessels had left Sebaatopol to destroy tho Turkish v?
icls at anchor In the port of Slnoi e. Every s1?p which
? took, In concurrence with England, in the East,
had peaco for its object, and we did not dosiro
to interfere between the belligerent parties. Every
dny, however, on the contrary. Russia advanced
openly towards war. Assuredly, If there were two
Powers whose antecedents and whose recent rein lions
rendered it likely that they would be indulgent to Russia
and abortiva to our movements in a dispute which threat
ened to involve Franco and Creat Britain in a conUick
with the immense empire so close to them, those Powers
were Prussia and Austria. You know, sir, that the pi in
eijles by which we are actuated aro known, and that
Europe, constituted as a jury, has pronounced a solemn
verdict uj on pretensions and acts of which no apology,
however nigh the sourco whence it may emu unto, cau
now chai.ge the character. Tims, the dispute is not be
tween Fmncoand England, assisting the Porte, and Rus
sia ? it Is between Russia and every State which ha- a re
spect for what is right, and whose opinion and who** In
t crest must compel it to support the good cause,
I therefore confidently contrast the unanimity of the
great cablnots with that appeal to the reeolleejiona of
1812 addressed directly to a sovereign who had just mndo
an honorable mid powerful effort at conciliation. Tho
whole conduct of the Fuiperor Naiiolcon sufficiently at
tests that, if he lie proud of the inheritance of glory left
him by the head of Ills rsee. he ha < neglected nothing in
oider to render i is accession to the throne a pledge of the
pence and tranquillity of the KMld.
I will enly say one word, sir. of ti e msnifi 'to In winch
h's Mcejsty, the Fmperov Nicholas, announces to his
peoptetbe (^solutions tie h?? Ukeu. We^h. ta?<r?fC?
troubled, had at lon.,t been exempt from one of the evili |
which moat afflicted the world in former tiny* ? I mean
I h? wiri ni religion. Now. however, mi echo of lhe*e |
disastrous iimm in made to resound in the ew of the
Kustbn poo] If. There (? an affectation of op poking the
crobu to the erescent, and uii appeal luadt to fiQiiU* |
cUui for that support which cannot he obtained from rea
?on. K ranee and Kngland need not defend themselves
frtiin the imputation mart" acainnt them They do net
support Ialainisui against the orthodox Creek faith. Thoy
go to protect the Ottoman empire against the ambitious
covetouanoM of Ruaeia. They no there with the
conviction tliat the presence of theii snniei in Turkey
Will dost roy the prejudice*, already much weaken
ed. whicli still separate the different classes of the
subjects of the Sublime Porte, and which cannot be re
susci fated unless the appeal sent from t-t Petersburg, by
provoking hatred of rate and a revolutionary explo.-ion, I
should paralyte the generous intention* of the Sultan,
Alxlul-Medjid. For oh, sir, we seriously believe that by
giving onr support to Turkey we shall be of more use to I
tne Chi iatian faith than the got eranient which uaes it us
uu -instrument to ad . a nee its temporal ambition. Russia
is too oblivions, in the reproaches she makes against
others, that she is far from exercising in her own empire,
in reference to the sects not professing the dominant
faith, a tolerance eoual to that to which the Sublime
Porte has a good rignt to lay honorable claim , and that
if she were to display less apparent teal for the Greek
religion beyond her frontiers, and more charity towards
the Catholic religion at home, ahe would better obey the
law of Christ, which she so pompously invokes
Receive, &c., OROTTYN DE LHUY8. 1
OPERATIONS ON THE DANUBE? THR LA- ;
TEST BATTLE OF THE RUSSIANS AGAINST |
THE RUSSIANS.
There is nothing new from the Danube, so far as the
relative position of the two armiee is concerned Oper !
ations of magnitude are retarded by the bad weather,
bat a constant succession of minor encounters are re
ported. In almost all these oonilicts thu Turks are ag- ;
greesors, and generally come off victors. From all indi- ,
cations, however, the Russians, slowly as tbey move, arc ,
prevwrjp; f,-? a grand stroke.
On the 17th of February a conflict took place by mis- j
take l>etwe< n two columns vf the Rut?i?u RUB*. l'he '
Turkish positions are extended in un easterly direction as
far as the village of Cuipereeni, which is about a mile
distant from Kalefat. For several days a Turkish corps, i
4,0(0 strong, under the command of Col. Mirolai, hat |
been posted in front of this village, and in the directum
of the Russian out poet". On this corps the Russians de
termined to make an onslaught during the night of the
18th. For this purpose two Russian columns were .
brought tip. each from 4,000 to 5,000 sti ung, one by the
road which leads to Kulefat, from about t he village orScri
beri, and the other from the left side of it, from about Poij
na, (Prince Milosch's property,) to advance unexpectedly j
upon the Turk*, to surprise, enclose them, and cut them
to pieces. The Russian columns commenced their march i
at three o'clock in the morning, and by four o'clock i
reached a position from whence they were only half an
hour's march from the Turkish pickets. The socond ,
column -eems either to have missed the direction by mis
taking the road, or to have come up long after its time.
Be this as it may, the latter column, in the obscurity of
a foggy night, concluded the former one to be a bouy of
hostile Turks, and instantly opened upon tliein a terrific
cannonade, which the others, who labored under the
same mistake, returned with yet more deadly effect. ?
Pressing towards each other, it came ere long to a close
Ure of small arms. This ill-omened combat lasted lor au
hour and a half, until, when day dawned, the combat
ants saw with horror the error they had committed. The
loss in killed and wounded, in the course of this night's
encounter, is reckoned by the Russians themselves at
several hundreds. The Turks were maturallv alarmed at
every point; and at Witldin, which is but a league and a
half distant, Omer Pacha, on hearing the cannonade,
took all the requisite measures for defence. The Turkish
corps stationed at Cuiperceni stood to arms, in readiness
for action at any moment, but did not advance, ns it was
at a loss to imagine or comprehend what the Russians
were about, murdering one another in that style. It was :
not till between 7 and 8 A. M. that the Russian columns
withdrew to their respective positions, carrying their j
wounded along with them.
SWEDEN AND NORWAY.
It was reliably stated that, the Russian government I
having declared that it cannot accept or recognise the -j
announcement of neutrality on the part of Sweden, the .
Swedish government has replied that no change can be 1
made; further, that Sweden is prepared to defend that j
policy, and has commenced to make defensive pre para
tioiiti accordingly. The Russian government continues !
negotiations with Norway, but without prospect of any '
altered results, as the governments of Sweden and Nor- I
way are quite decided and united. Should Russia persist j
in refusing to acknowledge the neutrality of thu Baltic j
Powers, it is believed they will formally unite with France '
and England.
RUSSIA.
Advices from St. Petersburg are to February 24. at
which date scarcely anything was doing in produce.
Telegraphic accounts from Odessa represented business
as almost suspended, and further stated that an order
had been issued totally to stop the exportation of wheat,
i- The OazetU df? la Baltique announces, under (lute St.
Petersburg, February 27, that the Russian government
has just prohibited the export of corn and breadstuff's
by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azoff.
The government is indefatigable in its exertions to in
flame the mihds of the people. Every day processions of
priests truverse the streets of St. Petersburg, exhibiting
relics of the Saints of the Creek calendar, ana the clergy
everywhere preach to orms in support of the orthodox
faith. These demonstrations dispirit the mercantile and j
wealthy classes.
THE GREEK INSURRECTION.
A meeting of the principal inhabitants, Moslem and
Christian, or Janina, has just been held at the instance of
the French Consul, to consider how tho present Insurrec
tionary difficulties may be be>t remedied.
From the following resolutions, which wore unani
mously adopted, the scope of the proceedings will be
seen
1st. That the inhabitants of Radovit/i and Lacca be in
vited to send envoys to Janina, to discuss the complaints
mftdf by their country men.
2d. ttat OMPOmumU aad the Froneh Gonsol guarantee
the safety of these envoys.
8d. That Buleyman Bey be dismissed, or be required to
conline himself strictly within the letter of his duties.
There is no doubt of the fact that the excesses of some
of thf Turkish frontier chiefs have given a color of justice j
to the revolt. At the same time the partial nature of :
the outbreak is shown from tlie circumstance, that of a !
Christian population of 400,000. only 8,000 are In arras, '
and of these 3,000 are sympathisers from Creoce. The
Creek government disclaims encouragement of the rc- I
volt., hut this disclaimer may be regarded as due partly
to ?he presence on the coast of French and English war 1
imers.
The Greek population of Larissa, in Thessaly, is perfect- j
ly quiet, and all is tranquil in the sandjaks of Upper j
Albania.
Four Turkish and two Egyptian ships of war^very |
strongly manned, had arrived at Orfano, in the Gulf of
Contemn, and Ave other men of-wsr, one of which was
Engli-h, had run into the port of Salonica, in Maccdo- !
nia.
Ho far as our present information enables ui to judge. I
the insurrection is no longer formidable.
THE ALLIED FLEETS.
Constantinople letters of February 20 mention that the
Anglo-French convoy wlilch accompanied the Turkish
transports with troops and store* into the Black Sen, had
not returned, but was hourly expected. The naval di
vision that had been cruising in the Black Sea had re
turned to anchorage, and would not again set sail until
joined by the detachment from Batoum. The French
steamer Mogador saw a Russian fleet of six line-of -battle
ship? and several frigates at anchor off Caff a.
WAR PREPARATIONS IN ENGLAND.
Tlie preparations, for war are unceasing in England,
but call for no special detail.
Tlie workmen labor in the navy yards night and dsy,
and each ship as fitted hastens to join the rendezvous at
Spithead. The crews of the fleet are daily practiced in
gunnery and naval manoeuvres. No day is appointed for
the sailing of the fleet for the Baltic. Tho Queen will re
view the fleet ore its departure. In the land service all
is activity.
Voluntary enlistment keeps the ranks full, and govern
ment is, on its part, doing all that can be done for tho
good of the mer . An extra supply of underclothing is
provided, provisions of the best kind, medical and surgi
cal attendance of the best that has ever been sent into
the field; spiritual consolation for different sects is pro
vided, sod hist, not least, as an Englishman is naught
without his beer, a contract has been entered into to sup
ply the camp in Turkey with the best quality of porter
at :J>r< <? pence per quart ? half price.
THE BALTIC FLEET.
HWi/l l.T TO Hilt V. NAriK.l AT THK UKI'OUM CLUB
^ !< ?? -Admiral Sir ('. Napier, K. 0. D., who i* appointed
In 1b" commend of the Baltic Meet now a?s?mM(ng nt
Pp it head. was lost night ent< rtalncd at u splendid ban
I ^i,?-t bj th<' members of the Reform Club. The dinner
I Idf.k place in tho coffee room of t lie clubhouse, in 1'nll
inul. hot, owing to ita limited dimensions. nccoramoda
I ion could not be provided for more than IJOO gentlemen.
Jliii.y members of the club, however, who were unable to
obtain -eats nt the dinner table, crowded the ante-cham
b< ti< and the approaches to the coffee room, in order to
to hear tbe addresses of the noble chairman and the In
vited tftie.sta. The only decorations of the dining room
i on?if ted of the French, English and Turkish ensigns,
which weie arranged alternately around the apartment.
\ con-lderable crowd had assembled In rall-mall iu front
I of the dab, by whom Sir C. Napier, I^ord Palmerston
aud others of the guest*, were loudly cheercd upou their
arrival.
Lord l'a lmerston took the cbalr; and among the gen
tlemen prenint we observed glr J. Graham, M. P., Sir W.
Meloswoitb, It. P.. Mr. Peto, M. P., Mr. Ferguson, M. P.,
Admiral Berkeley, M. P., M. Musurus, the Turkish Miui.s
(er; Naniik Pasha, Mr. Keogh, M. P., Solicitor-General for
Jrclend; Mr. Fndlier, II. P.. Mr. Olirelrn. M. I'., tlio Hon.
W. Cowper. M. P., Sir J. I .i llie , &e. I/ird lhidley Stuart,
M. P., and 8ir I)e I*cy Kvans, M. P.. acted as rice chair
ivt?n on the occasion.
llie cloth having been drawn.
The CiuutM.w gave ? ''The health of the Queen,'' oh
-ri ving that, in so uoing, he had to propose the health of
n lady not lese distinguished for her personal virtues ?
; thofe virtues which would adorn a private station ? th.in
she vaa for t hose higher qualities which fitted her for the
I exalted J osltlon in which It had pleased Providence to
i place her. He hud to propose tho health of a sovereign
I whose throne rested upon the firmest foundations, be
I caiife it uns rooted in the hearts and affections of a grate
j ful and admiring nation.
1 he tonnt was drank with the usaal honors.
! The noMo ( 'u*ip.M.?r, In proposing the noxt toast '? His
Boyal Highness Prince Albert, the Prince of Wales, nnd
tho rest of the l!o \ al Family, '* aaid ? It Is needless, gen
tlemen. for me to remind yon of tho claims his Royal
Highness Prince Albert has upon the esteem of this na
tion. Ho li Invariably the patrojt of the arts, the unoou
rsjjer of industry, and the prowler of science? (bear,
hinr) ? and he takes the liveliest interest In everything
that can contribute to the welfare, the Improvement, and
the prosperity of the country-. (? beers.) With regard
to li's Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, early though
his years are, it la vet gratifying to *ee that he l? tread
ing in the footsteps of his parents, and that he displays
evon al.eadv those qualities the fuller det elopement of
Kuirhiii after life will, at a period, we all hope, the
_oat Q 'hear," an<J chcera)? qualify him, wh^
that tun# oomM, to conduct, M we truat he i* V?
?to. the fate m<l fortune's "f thw country (Ix>ud -
ilituUaQujiiiiit hub roM mm ?*" ?
this oountry is engnged In an allUneeof n?
tude and Importanoe with our neighbor i iu rrano* .
(Loud and continued oheeri ) It has not often happened
in the history of the world that th?.e two oomtrles har?
been so united for purpose of such energetic action. We
have bid to do, during now more than twelve moatbfl oi |
most duBoilt anit complicated negotiation*, with the so I
rereign of Prance. we havo met on hi* part with toe
greatest straightforwardness, (great cheering,) With the
Dio?t perfect good faith (hear, hear.) with the moit
Mingleminded sincerity (loud cheer*,) and with an energy
of purpose and a 'community of determination which
inspire in our mind* that full confidence tu him which,
I am proud to ?ay, he ha* always expressed in us
(Prolonged cheering.) I therefore trust, gentlemen
that ,ou will roceive with satUfactloa the toast which
Iwlsf to 'propose to you? "The h. allh of the Emperor
and Knrpn??:i of the French " (Loud cheers.) If, gentle ,
UK- u, aiiv woiUf? apoken by the subject of a U>Mt coald ,
reudor that toast mere peculiarly acceptable to English
men at one moment than another, I mav re' or yon
to those memorable word* in the speech lately delivered
bv the Emperor of the French? words which I trust will
create an epoch In ihe history of Europe (cheers) ? words
which, oouolng from the lips of the soveroign of a coun
try ^hich has not always practiced the maxim they in
culcate, may carry with them double weight ? 1 mean the >
n.enioi able expression that "the au' of conjwtt upa't, j
n&er to return again. (' I/ear,' and chr'rt. ) That, t
gentlemen, is a sentiment no less honorable to the mind ;
of the man who uttered it than reassuriug to the desti
niea of Europe ? a sentiment which, 1 trust, will not fail
to produce an effect in another country more remote
than that in which it was uttered. (Cheers.) Gentle ,
men, I trust that, the ago of conquest having passed, we ,
v^io must take an interest in the welfare anl prosperity j
of our neighbors, whom, I hope, we shall long continue
to call our friends as well m our neighbor* (loud
cheer*)? the age of conquest having paaacd, 1 trust we
may hope, for the welfare of France that its Augustan
oge is about to commence. (Cheers.) I no* h* S to l'rof
pose to you ' the health of the Emporor and Empress of
iheVwnrb (The tM*t was reched *itta loud and cou
tlaUOUB "kfjrllig.) |
The noblv Chairman again rose and said? Gentlemen, 1
have brought to vour notice one aoverelgn with whom
this country is acting in cnergetic alliance ; and 1 now
wi-li to propose to you the health of another sovereign,
who, I aui sure, must be nn object of great Interest to
this company as he Is. not only to every other man In
this counlrv", but I may say to unr; honest roan in Kn
rope. (Ixjudoheeis.) 1 wiah to propose to you the hettUi
Of bit Imperial Majesty the Sultan Abdul Medjld. (Great
cheering ) There are two circumstances which are calcu
lated, perhaps, beyond all other*, to Inspire Interest in a
man. The one is the good deeds of the man himself, j
(Clieers. ) The other is the evil doings of other persons to
wardshim. (Loud cheering ) Now, 1 must say. gentlemen. |
that In both these respects the Sultan is peculiarly enti i
tied to inspire interest in the ml nils of the men of tbis [
countrv. ("Hear." and cheers.) That he is the object of (
evil doings on the part of others is a fact too notorious ]
to rcuuired any explanation (cheers.) for there never was ,
a sovereign who was, more thnn the Sultan now is, the
object of the moat hbominaMe injustice on the part"'
otters (loud and continued cheering)? an Injustico
which is is only emailed by that described in the old
fable of i he wolf and the lamb (Cheers and laughter !
This time, however, the wolf has been mistaken (cheers )
for it Is no lamb thBt he has had to deal with. (Ke
newed cheers.] Well, gentlemen, as to the Is of the
Sultan himself? surelv. In the opinion of the members or
the Reform Club the fact that the Hultan has been a
great teformer will give him some title to their csteeui
(Cheers.) lie has not , Indeed, wounded the consciences
and the pveludlces and the habits of his subjects; he hss
been too wise to go at that speed of reform which
' would have defeated his own purposes; but, making
allowances for those ancient prejudices and tho-e rooted
habit* with which he had to deal, 1 venture to say
! that the Sultan has made greater improvements ot *11
i sorts and kinds in his wide dominions than it has falleu
to the lot of any other sovereign to make in a correspond
ing period of time. (Loud cheers.) The Sultan is now
reaping the fruits of the wise course which lie has pur
sued. for, while hi* powerful neighbor flattered himself
that at the sound of his voice and at the beck of his Hn
uer half the subject* of the Sultan would rise in rebellion,
wo have seen all the subjects of the Sultan, Christian i
and Mnliomedan, rallying round him with a common
i energy and a united patriotism, and exhibiting a specta- '
cle w-orthy of admiration to ihe people of every country
in the world. (Cheers.) There Is one act of the Sultan
which 1 think, never can be forgotten by the generous
people of England. Tn 184V?, when the Hungarians were
overpowered by the united armies of Austria and Russia,
when the bravest of them were compelled to soek retufre in
the territories'nf the Sultan, and when the Sultan, the
sovereign of a weaker State, was threatened with war
bv hi* two powerful neigbliors unless he gave up these
unfortunate fugitives to the vengeance of those
whom thev had offended, the Sultan firmly, bravely, and ;
ge erouslr refused. (l*oud cheers.) Are, gentlemen,
and lie refused even before bo wan a^urea of that 8Up
iiort from England and from France which, when once
demanded, could not for one instant of hesitation he ,
withheld. (Renewed cheers.) Merit lie to the Sultan
that he did not wait for that assurance but brave
ly and generouslv placed himself as a shield before these
unfortunate men, and said that he wonhl encounter any
extremity rather than be guilty of ? l^ejch of hospi
tality. (Cheers.) I give you. tfcen, ' The Health of the
I Sultan. Abdul Medjid," and I trust that, by the manly
support of England and France, fighting liand to liand in
his cause, thaf injustice with whlclt he is threatened may
1 be defeated, and that ho will be placed In permanent pos
' gim of those sovereign right* which he exercise* for the
benefit and the wel-are of his people. (The toast was
! drunk amid great cheering."
The 0BAIWU3? There waa a very remarkable enter
i laiucr of dinner conn onv, called Sir R. 1 'rest on, who lived
1 !n the cit v, and who. when he gave dinners at Greenwich.
1 alter gorging hi- guests with turtle, u?*d to turn round
| to the waiters and say, "Now bring dinner." Gentle
in<n we have had the toasts which correspond with the
I turtle, and now let's go to dinner. (Cheers and tangh
I ter.) Now, let us drink the toast which belongs to the
veal occasion of our assembling hero. (I*>ud cheers.) 1
i give you "The health of my gallant friend Sir Churl"*
Napier," who sits beside me. (Enthusiastic cheering.)
If, gentlemen, I wore addressing a Hampshire audience,
commuting of eoiufctrv gOAUeincii residing in tbftt coan
tr to which my gallant friend and myself belong,
I should introduce him to your notice as an emi
nent agriculturist. (Laughter.) It has been my good
fortune, when enjoying his hospitality at Merchlh
toun-liall, to receive most valuable Jnstmctions from him
while walking ov er his farm about stall feeding, growing
turnips, wire fencing, under draining, and the like.
(Laughter.) Mv gallant friend is a match for everything,
and whatever he turns his hand to he generally succeeds
in it. (Cheers and laughter.) However, gentlemen, lie
now, like Cincinnati, leaves his plough, puts on his ar
mor, and is prepared to do that good service to Ins conn
try which he will alwavs perforin whenever an opportu
nity is afforded to him. (Loud cheers.) My gallant lriend,
indeed, has made himself conspicuous on every iH-caaion,
and in every place, where he has had an opportanitv ot
distinction. (Cheeis.) I pass over thoso earlier exploit
of his vounger days, which are well known to the m"in
bers of his profession: but, perhaps, one of the most re
markable exploits of his life is that which ho performed in
that came cause of liberty and Justice in which
' l.e is now alwut to be engaged. Ill the year 1833.
when gallantly volunteering to servo the causo
of the Queen of Portugal against the encroach
merits and the usurpations of I>un Miguel? to
defend constitutionalri'/htsand liberties against arbitrary
power ? be took the command of a modest fleet of frigates
and corvette*, and at the head of that little squadron he
captured a ?quadron fur superior in force, including two
line-of-l>attic ships. one of which my gallant friend was
the first to board. 1 have been told that while my gallant
friend was h urging in the shrouds and Erring to get him
self upon the deck, lie wh* |a>ked at by a Portuguese pike
man, and we very nearly lo-t the opportunity of meeting
him here to-day at this board. (1 aughter.) But on that
occasion my gallant friend exhibited a characteristic trait.
When he had scrambled upon the deck of this great line-of
battle ship, and was clearing the deck of t!io?.- who had
possesion of it, a Portuguese officer ran at him full dart
with his drawn sword to run him through. My gallant
friend quietly parried the thruat, and, not giving himself
the trouble to deal in any other way with his Portuguese
assailant, merely gave him a hearty kick, and sent blm
down the hatchway. (Hoars of laughter.) Well, gen
thyien. that victory was a great event. (Much It ligh
ter) 1 don't mean the victory o?*r the officer who went
6nn, (renewed laughter,) but the victory over tlin fleet,
which my irallant friend took into port (cheers and laugh
ter); for that victory decided a great cause then pend
ing. It decided the liberties of Portugal; it deci'Ved the
question between constitutional and arbitrary power ? a
contest which began in Portugal, and which went on
afterwards in Spain, when'my gallant friend. Sir I>? I .ay
Evan-'. lent hi- powerful aid in the same cause, and with
the fame wee ?. My gallant friend Sir Charles Napier,
hov ever, got the f)rs? turn of fortune. and it was
1111 ii 1* owing to that victory of his that the Qieen of
Portugal afterwards occupied the throne to which she
was rightfully entitled, ancl the roitugue<-e nation ob
tained that constitution which they have ever since
enjoy cd . (CI.ec i ?) A noble friend of mine, now no
limn . whose !>>?? I greatly lament, for he was nquallr
distinguished ns a nu n, a.' a soldier, and a? a diplomat
iet ? tfie late Lord William Russell? an honor to lrfs coun
try as to his family ? told me that one ?lay he heard that
ivy gallant friend Sir Charles Napier was In the neigh
bor! o<>d of the fortres-. of Valenta. a Portuguese fort re* i
some con-Merable distance from the -quadron which he
commanded. Lord W. Russell and < 'olonel Ilare went to
see my gallant friend. mid Lord W. Russell told me that
they met a man dressed In a very easy way ? (great laugh
ter, in which Sir Charles Napier hearth- jlilnoa) ? followed
b> a fellow with t?o muskets on ittst shoulders. (Re
newed laughter.) They took him at tirst for Robinson
Cruse? (roars of laughter ) ? but who should these men
pro?e to Is1 but the gallant Admiral on my right and a
roarii c behind hiiu. Mjiughter.) "Well, Napier," said
Lord William Ressell, " what aro you doing heref"
"Why," said my gallant friend, "I am wait
ing to tal.o Valenra.'' ??But.'' said I,ord William,
"Valenza If a fortified town, and you must know lb it we
soldiers understand how fortitied towns are taken. You
must open trenches: yon mnst make approaches; you
must establish a buttery in breach: and all thi? takes a
good 'leal of time, and inust be done according to rule."
'?Oh," said my gallant friend, "I have no tune for all
that. (Cheers, and laughter.) I have got some of my
bluejackets up here, and n few of my ship's runs, and 1
mean to take the town with a letter.'' (Laughter.) And
so he did. He sent the Governor a letter to tell him he
had much better sorrender at discretion. The Governor
was a very sen-ible man, ("cheers and laughter,) and so
surrender lie did. (Cheers.) So the trenches ana the up
proaclies, the battery, breach, and all that were saved,
and the town of Valcnza was handed over to the 'Juoeu
of Portugal. Weil, thu next great occasion in
which inv gallant irh nd took a pronrfnent and dis
tingnished part? a part for which I can assure you
that 1 personally, in my official capacity, and the gov
eminent to which 1 had the honor to belong, felt deeply
indebted and oblfeod to him ? was the occasion of
the war in Syria. There my gallant friend dMiiifnlshed
himself, as usual, at s?e and on shots-. All wa< ono to
j him (laughter and cheois), wherever an enemy was to be
found; and 1 feel sure that when the enemy was foun I
I the enemy wished to Heaven lie had not Ix'cn found.
; (Crest laughter and cheering.) Well, wy gallant frlenl
1 hmded with his marines, headed a Turkish detaehmenl,
defeated the Egyptian troops, gained a very im|>ortanl
victory, stormed tlio town of Sldon, captured 3 000 oi
4.000 Egyptian prisoner*. and afterwards took a promi
nent part in the attack and capture of the important
fortress of Acre. I am liouad to any that the govern
which tad to the attack ' |?on Acre, were very "n?0*
nl^ii \ i v Um otiti ma w 1 VPi MM rwmvH of
uraciicabiln ? o( iitat lnevemout in lettora frosa nf
B" - t friend (<'h>nr? ) Well gentlemen, my railaat
wai not content with uctiag nuoceasfully the
part of admiral and the port of ;??n?r*l, bat he must
need* act the p*>t of diplunuuiat too, and with equal
luoccm Ilo went in command of part of tiie flee* to
Alexandria. lie landed there, and h>- persuaded UtkMMt
All ?o aign a convention which led to the |??,oeful MM
atioa of f?ria by the remnant of tho Egyptian form.
T>i|. measure eaveU an immense amount of human life,
and prevented a great effusion of Mood; it accomplish**
the purix,*, we had in view; and it ?>*?<?* ?yria from
the oanger by which it was threatened (Olmera.) How,
gentlemen, the sucrees of that ?????" haane uni.
uortant bearing upon the state of things which we at*
now considering, for, wherea* at that r"^r *
Kgy ut directed the resources o t ' ft
armlet? in hostile attacks upon the Sultan, the result
of the arrangement* which wore the conaeq uenoe ol ^ j
gallant friend'* auooeeaful campaign bM been W W
now see the trin.ps and shii* ol Egypt ranging IM";
fclvp* side bv side with thoee of tho Sultan, and wep?*
the 1'asha of' ftn |.t an loyal, an realous, aa weU affeetea *
supporter of hi* sovereign, aa any other subject I*
bin domiuionn. (Loud cheerii.) Wtdl, then, M*tl**
mrn, mv gallant frieud having had the goe* ?*"
tu no to suueeed in all hiH operationa, I think *?
hare good rea>on to hopo that he will be equaSy
successful for the future as he haa been in time#
past (1/jud cheering.) Aa bearing upon that PQ'Q?>
I cannot refrain from repealing an observation whien
was maile to me by a very discriminating, calm-minde*
friend of mine, who passed some time tn the Kaat at the
period to wbicn 1 have adverted, who daw a great deal *
my gallant friend, and who, when he came to town, vi
sited me to give mo au aocount uf what be had observed
in the F.aat, which, considering the position 1 then beM,
he thought might b? interesting Wlu-n I mentioned to
him my gallant friend. (SrCharie* Napier,) and praised
hi* enterprise and boldness, hi* daring and hi* intrepidi
ty thin gentleman said ?"Ye*, all thut i* very true; b*t
there 1* another quality that Hir ? harlea Napier pea
aesaes which ia a* valuable a? any of these, an I a* im
portant an ingredient in hia success 1 never saw aa?
man in mv life who calculated ao many move. before
hand" < Cheer* and laughter.) Now, gealeraenwhe*
? ? ?icul.t? hi* Move* beforehand, and haa, to
a man can ca >{.. Knirit and gtniua which are
dent of success. (I/>?d cheer.og )
The toa*l was drnnk with three times three, followed
b^5^w Received with loud and prolonged
cheering. He naid-My lord and gentlemen, l ean scaree
U find w.rdsto express to you my gratitude for the wy
hmul ome manner in which you hare received my health,
l am tatBer alngularlv situ?t<sl at thi* y?*1
have on mv left a noble lord who wa* one of the LordeeC
the Ailniiraltv when I began my career in the nary, ai*
en mv right I hare mv right lion, friend who ia now th?
I irst' lord of the Admiralty The noble lord haa enter
tained the company with some aUu*ion? to
tn nil pursuit*, ami has given me credit for having de^
v!ged some plans for Improving tho ^culture f ??
country. He baa, however, omitted one plan tnatl t*
coniniended to him a* a mean* of getting young lam*
early (Great laughter.) I will not repeat it here, hnt
1 shall l>e extremely happy to explain it to any gentleman
who will applv to me on the subject. (Laughter.) The no
ble lird haa aliio followed me to Portugal, and where he
has found all his amusing stories is quite
me (\ laugli.) On one point I must correct him, be
caii*e lie lias given mo credit which belong* to otheca.
lie stated that 1 was tho first who boarded the Portn
? UneTbittle ship. Mv K?'l??t caotaln Oapbah,
Wilkin-on, now no more, and my son, who **?
the Avenger, were, however, the first persons who
boarded that vessel. The noble lord has alluded to mf
campaign* in the north of Portugal There fortu"^"
i lv as well us in Svria, I wa* successful, and 1 hope to ft#
so in the exjiedition upon which we are now about M
embark. 1 cannot saj we are at war, because we aN
atill at peace, (great laughter.) but I suppose ?e aM
verv nearly lit war, aud probubly when 1 get Into US
Baltic I'll have an op|K.rtunitv of declaring war . , _ (Xi*?l?.
cheers, laughter, and a cry ? 1 Ih*TO, Charley . ) ?c
talnly, if I have that opportunity, 1 hope It end in*
prosjicroni war, for I may safe'y aay. that thU counfc^
never sent out such a splendid deet as wUl
for the Baltic in a very few davs. I think mv right hoa
orable friend (Sir J. Graham) und
tors at the Admiralty deserve the preatest /or
havlrg fitted out such a rteet in such a manner alter ?*
long a peace. (Cheers.) My bon. friend, the Survey*
of tie Navy, lias corrected (he faults and errors that hat
tieen committed for a great number of years; and 1 dea^t
think we could now point out a ?ingle fault ia toy Ota*
structiou of our ship*. We have enormous line of hat
tie ships that, with the screw, will face wind U(le, an?t
everv element. 1 do not mean to nay that our fleet toy* t
in order, but 1 believe, considering the officers whohaw
been aDiiointcd to it, that it vory soon will be. with tM
force then that we linve, although it is not eqnal to the
KuMian force, I believe that, ly the asaisUnce oftha
screw, we *hall be able to attack a very superior fewe,
and 1 have not the slightest doubt, when we do that,
that everv sailor and everv officer in our licet will rem?a>
the word, of Ix>rd N'ekon, that "England expeej.
everv man will do his duty." (l/>ud
lant Admiral concluded by proposing ' the health of tM
First Lord of the Admiralty," which was received with
great applause.
i THE RUSSIAN FLEET AT CR0N8TA.DT.
[Brussels letter, March R, in lonson New*.l
The itatement of the IiriTmuianct of thl* oKjr
on the authority of its Hamburg and Berlin corwapond^
ents, that measure* had been taken for ^
I portion vf tb? lc? at Cion*tndt, in order to allow theBM
I v-a . V ? ikA aaa. is now fully c9nnrmf^.
sian fleet a free ^gre*s ... rr
and them are good grounds for asserting
difficulty will lie experienced in effecting the above oV
iect ( ronatu.lt, wliich ia a regularlv oooatrurtod aoA
well-paved town, on a little Ulan.l of the Gulf of
and which commands the mouth of the Meva, j>o?aeseee
three ports, in ouly one of which, however, the fleet ry
mains during the winter months. That port to twenty
I five feet deep, is sheltered against the wind, andilld^
ended by two forts, one of which is constructed on *
rock in the middle of the gulf.
Admitting that the Russian fleet will soon be able t?
nnit its whiter quarters, the question is? in what direc
uon will It proceed? The Emperor Nicholas can scaroej^f
venture on contesting the passage of the Sound with the
English and French squadron of the Baltic; . and, after
admitting the neutrality of Denmark, he will haven*
reasonable motive for making a naval demonstrate*
against that kingdom. The latter observation, however,
does not apply to Sweden. Diplomatic oommunioatiM*
! respecting fts neutrality are atill exchanged between the
Swedish and Russian courts, and the latter? for purpose*
best known to itself? expresses dissatisfaction at the eo*
duct of the former. ... .
ihe probability, if not certainty, is, that a portion of
tho fleet, on quitting the Gulf of Fioland, will proceed t?
the Russian side of the Gulf of Bothnia, and take up ?
position In the good port of Abo. a port which is sheltered
by a promontory anil defended by a strong fortrese. The
communication between the port and important town ol
Abo and the Aland group of islands, which in 1809 were
c"?led bv Sweden 1o Russia, is facile and speedy. Several
points of those islands are strongly fortified, and there
are several good ports in which a Russian flotilla may
safely anchor. The possession of the Aland isles enable*
Rr :-?ia to keep Stockholm in awe, as well ae a consider*
b) i "ftion of tho went^rn or Sw^llih dfde of the Galfoi
Bothnia. You will not be surprised, therefore, to learn
that Great apprehensions are entertained in that oap<
tal and that the Inhabitant* live in dread of a ceeyou
the part of the Russian fleet before the British one can
arrive in the Swedish waters.
THE DOUBTFUL POSITION OF PRU8HIA? AT
TITUDE OF THE REST OF EUROPE.
[From the London Times, March 8.]
1h? language in which we have recently had occaaio*
to designate and to deplore the umbl^uous and irresolute
conduct of one portion of the Prussian government la
fully justified by the activity of Russian influence in Ber
lin. and by tlio intentions openly avowed by *eraral o?
tlic principal journal* connected with the Court party.
Far from wishing to raise up any cause of distreat bo
twoen thin country and the people of Northern (tarraany,
we are most anxious that they should occupy on thi*
great question. and in this crini * of Kuropean affair,
the position which' la due to their intelligence an .
-trengtb. But we warn that people, in a friend!
though an earnest spirit, to beware of the mon
prostration of the Court, which threaten*, perhtpt
even more than tht-y are aware, to *acrifice the in
terests and independence of the moot enlightened por
tion of Germany to Ru**ian ascendancy. The course to
be pnrnued at Berlin and Vienna in the preaent emer
geucy will proTe to demonstration whether Russian aa
ci ndiii.cy is paramount in either of those capital* or net.
HV d? not do the Prussian government the injvtlice to turn
jort Ihnt it concur* in any part of the policy qf Ammml.
It ha* condt mini that policy in dUtinct term*, and entered
into t iW? mentt abut I'M y ofipaeed to the object of it. But
the more degrading owld U be for Gaming and the Prut
'>'"11 notion, if it were poteiUe to conceive that the Kin# tf
Pru**ia hrtitoJ'%, on any personal <? rounds, to give efret.
to that * our?' rf act i in by which hi* engagement* mag he
f vtJUlrrt a tut [he polity of Nuttia defeated. We do not
lase this argument on tbc expediency of maintaining
the joint action of Europe or of rendering the fonm
of Ua-many auxiliary to the political denigna aaA
military operation* of the Western Power*. Ger
many may fairly ?ay that she ha* to con* alt
her own intereats and to be guided bv her own policjr
We are content to wait for her decision on thee*
grounds, and en no others ; for we are confident thai
there I* not *tat?-Kiuan in Germany oapable of an en
larged \k w of the state of Europe, or a man of patriotic
sentiments in that country who will not feel ere long, if
he doe* not feel already, tnut in thi* dispute the catiee of
independence and civilization 1* at stake, and that for
Germany to stand neutral in *uch a contest would be to
abdicate her position in the world. It was bnt the other
day that Count Orloff arrived at Vienna, the bearer of a
message scarcely less imperious than that which Prlnoe
Me nschikoff addressed to the Porte The Ctar demanded
the unconditional support of Auatria in exchange for Ute
protection he was ready to extend to her. The nu
communication was made to Prussia. Jtoth the Merman
Court* rejected the demand with spirit and dlgaity.
Since that time Avtlria hat continued to draw tfradity near
er to the Wetter n Power/, while Prvitia teem* paralyzed ty
the effort the hat already made to astert her independence.
?It Is true that on the return of Count Orlolf to St. Pe
tersburg the Cabinet of Vienna thought fit, In considera
tion of its own peculiar relation* with the Emperor Ni
cholas. to make a last ovrture for peace on term* tome
what different from those to which the other Power* had
previously assented; but thb communication wa* not
more successful tlun those which had preceded It, and it
only affords ?n additional proof that every form of nego
tiation. both separate and collective, had been thoroughly
1 1 led and exhausted Upon the receipt of the Ruaalan an
swer to thi* last ccheme of arrangement, the Conference
of Vienna again declared the terms required by theCm
peror Nicholas to be inadmissible. After thit there
ajrpearttoharebeen no further hesitation on the pari ef
Austria. The Brilith courier who wot the hearer of the
tummontto Nutria to eracuate the Principaiitie* wa* them
in Vienna , on hit way to St. Pe'ertburg. An Auttrian oe
tjxiJch if a timilar purport mat transmitted to (he Imperial
mini tter at that Otnirt. and it if not altogether anunim
porta nt circvmttanee that the courier proceeded cm hUJcnr
ney to St. Peterrburg with an Austrian passport, inae
much as lines the interruption of diplomatic raanane,
tomedou U > rat entertained whether the. hearer ofa B'^nm
rampart veal Id be. allowed to enter the. ItusHanacmtmcm.
1 The agreement negotiated between Turkey end the
t French ami Kn*U*b government* has, we beKeiw,
? (Uuiv^4 ro*$?w?l ?? llw ft fa*.

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