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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 29, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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WHOLE NO. 6426.
TIm Anticipated Duel between Messrs. Cut tin?
and Breektnridgr.
Hie !Vorth?-rii Opposition to tbr Itckratka Bill.
Speeches of Messrs. Bocock and Caleb Lyon
Large Number of Hills Passed.
P*IMIfwl iutrUigrntc? Market Report,
&c., Ac.. &c.
1 1n- LalMt from Washington.
Washivotox, March 28, 18M.
H?e rumors Ust night of a prolmble hostile mooting
between Mwr?. Outtin* and Breokenridge have assume J
. a more dekniie hhaj>e to-<!ay. Hreckcnridge wan not iu
the House u!l the day, a circumstance which excited con
Biderabli apprehension among the peacemakers. Hut
u Catting vns in hiB seat as usual, it wax thought that
matters might btlll be in train for sn amicable settlement.
Some moml < rs had been certainly exerting themselves
to that end. It is rumored, however, this evening, that
Cutting challenged Breckcnridg" last night, and that at
Soar o'clock this afternoon an acceptance of the challenge
was received by Cutting, through his friend Col. Monroe,
of New York: a Mr. Hawkins, of Kentucky, being the
friend of Breckenridge. If this id so, the affair will proba
bly come off early to-morrow morning at the bloody ground
? of Btodensburg.near the line between this District and the
State of Maryland. Southern gentlemen appear to think
that Cutting will not fight: but the New York " hards'*
say tliat he will prove, in their behalf, that they are not
to be trampled upou by the South, at the instigation of
the Cabinet. Messrs. Wheeler, Maurice, and the rest,
say that the day has gone by for such things.
P. S. ? It is reported that Brockenridge left this after
noon for Kentucky, having made arrangements to leave
yesterday, on account of sickness in his family.
The President fully expects that Mr. Soule will return
to the United States with the answer of the Spanish
(Government , which will doubtless be unsatisfactory. The
British and l'rench ministers here are unceasing in their
endeavors to interfere in the nutter. Mr. Marcy, how
ever, refuses to speak to them upon the subject. They
toy their complaints daily before poor Mr. Mann, the
Assistant Secretary.
The [Gadsden treaty is in a bad way. Yesterday Mr.
Butler, of South Carolina, and Mr. Clayton, called the at
tention of the Senate, in executive session, to the rumora
which were in circulation as to improper influences being
brought Fo bear by the emissaries of Santa Anna and by
parties here, to bring about a ratification of the treaty.
The President was called upon for information, and a
committee was appointed to investigate the charges.
The Union this morning has an article in favor of the
treat/ and puffing Santa Anna, but this will scarcely
strengthen the matter.
General Rusk, of Tezaa, spoke in executive session to
day in lup|?rt of the Gadnden treaty, but it is under
stood that the excitement increases among Senators con
cerning the outside stock jobbing influences concerned
in concocting the treaty.
Mr. Caleb Lyon's speech to day, in favor of twelve new
frigates with auxiliary steam power, was at once elastic
and practical. It is to be hoped the amendment will
carried and Mr. Lyons' unanswerable arguments hare
proper weight.
We have good reason to believe that in return for the
violent denunciation of the South by the whigs and aboli
tionists of New England, a movement is making through
out the Southern States to ascertain what Northern
manufacturers favor the union of whigs and abolitionists.
Something is on foot, you may depend upon it, which
will have the effcct of materially changing the tkriff.
A card in the Washington papers records the peaceful
settlement of the difficulty between Clark Mills and Col.
Washinotox. March 28, 1854.
Mr. Bboii'ikao, (dem.) of Pa., from the select com
mittee appointed at the last session to investigate the
claims presented to the Board of Commissioners on Claims
under the Mexican treaty, asked l'-aye to make a report,
fie said that after the basis of the report was agreed
a on, the Chairman (Mr. Soule) loft on a foreign mission,
without making the report. Th? remaining members of
the committee now made the report then agreed npon;
And be moved that it and the accompanying papers be
Mr. Batauo. (dem.) of Del., nude remarks upon the
general character of the decisions by the Board.
The motion to print was agreed to.
Mr. Hiwra, (dem.) of Va., moved to take up the
Deficiency bill.
Mr. P*rrrr, (dem.) of Ind., opposed, on the ground that
do time had been afforded for petitions, reports, &c.
Mr. Huntei 's motion was agreed to. Ayes, 25; nays, 10.
Mr. Own;, (dem.) of Cel., by direction of the Financo
Committee, withdrew the amendment for the purchase of
a new site for the Custom Iiouso at San Francisco.
The next amendment was one requiring all inrall* pen
sioners to rem v every twoycars, the evidence of the con
tinuance of their disability, and prohibiting the payment
of invalid pensions to any [ er*oi? holding a civil salaried
Messrs. Adams, Smxi rw, Jo.nk-. of Iowa, and WlLUtR,
opposed the amendment, and Messrs. IIuntkh, Pkarcb.
and Hamuk. supported It.
No question v as taken, and at two o'clock the bill wtu
postponed till to morrow.
BxiccnvK tresios, Rro.
The Senate then went into Kxecutivc S< - ion, and at a
quarter to 4 o'clock adjourned.
House of Representative*.
Washing Toy, March 28, 1851.
The StiasSR laid before the Honae a message from the
President, transmitting information respecting tho ne
gotiation* for the extinguishment of the Indian title*
to lands west of Missouri and Iowa.
Mr. Stanton. (dem. ) of Ky. , Introduced a bill author
icing the recovery of the assets of a bankrupt, which
bare been concealed or not specified in the schedule
rendered by him. Referred to the Judiciary Committee.
The House passed a resolution appropriating five thou
sand dollars to defray the expenses of codifying and re
vising the revenue laws.
The House then went into Committee of the Whole on
in* groom r. appropriation biu.
Mr. Yaiw, (whig) of III., said the most prominent
champion of the Nebraska bill in tho Senate, and the
leader of the column of ita friends in the House, bring
from Illinois, it might not be improper for hltn, coming
from ihe same State, to raise his voice against the mea
sure. One of the glorious traits of the Northwest was
the enjoyment, to an almost Inappreciable extent, of
the blessings proposed to be repealed by this bill. He
referred to the ordinance of 1787. He should be the last
man to deprive a sister commonwealth, hereafter tocoine
Into the Union, of her freedom In the race to glorr.
Whatever of glory or Infamy was to result from this
m unsure must be shared in part by Illinois. Ttje Missouri
compromise quieted the slavery agitation which existed
?t tha time of its passage' and by the compromise of 1850
It was said that distracting theme was Anally settled.
Furthermore, they had been told that this waa to bo the
buslnesa of Qopfiess; but it vw referred for a Northern
man (Mr. Douglas) to throw the firebrand of ducorj into j
our peaceful councils ? to revive and reopen a war no
disastrous to the peace of the Union, and of which only
G?d could toll the termination A Northern man had
anticipated the wants of the South; and now to the
chagrin and discomfiture o t the North, the South say
they will not ret use ao generous an offer, and the North
will hare to meet the responsibility for this surrender or
tl eir dearest nghta. No hand had propoaed to disturb
the Missouri compromise till thia bill waa introduce.!
He insisted this bill did not give the people of the Terri
? riBh! t0 aOTern themselves, for it appointed all
the officers and re-served the right to judge of every act
I P**?"! by the fenitori.il legislature, jn reply to Mr
Ewing, he said, if Mr. Clay were here in all his magnifi
cent proportions of manly form, and clothed in the
panopy of matchless eloquence, he would rebuke this
a. tempt to repeal the sacred Missouri compact. He
further opjMwed the bill.
Tlie general appropriation bill was bi t aside, and the
?ommittee proceeded to the consideration of the special
i w,li "1<> hill authorizing the construction of
i six first class steam frigates with screw propellers. pro
perly armed and equipped, and for altering, completing
ami launching the frigates Santee and Saline, appro
: pnating three millions of dollars for those purposes
i ^'r' Bccock, (dem.) of Va., took, the floor, and assignod
: many reasons why the bill ought to bo passed prompt
I ? ? , provided that vessels should be construct
i ed either at the government ship yards, or by pri
l vute contract. Our merchant vessels are equal to .any
j in the world for beauty and service; but as to whether
wocan get bogood for government he was not so sure.
1 rivate individuals buil<5 for themselves vitha view to
usefulness of the work, but for government in order for
the profits; shipbuilders are aa honest as any other class
or men, bill government isalwavs considered in outlawry
| ?liable to be plucked and robbed. Too many are inclin
ed to add afler tho inhibition, "Thou shall not steal"
the words "except from tho L'nitinl States government."
(Laughter.) There have been lamentable failures in
certain steamsl.ij a? the ?aa Jacinto. Allegliany, and
| Princeton; bi:? have we not also aeen failures in private
enterprises? \\h?reare the four revenue cutters built
| by private contract/ Their names stand on the register;
| and that is the letter part of them. The Erebus and
i Terror with their gallant captains and crews have gono
l down to the bottom of the deep oce.m, ttat nomtnit
! vw ro: and so of our cutters as well as those ships. The
; fan Frrueisco was of imperfect construction. He uuder
! 4i?0ji' " kill shall he passed the Secretary of
I the Navy will send competent engineers to Kurope to ex
amine the model*, and will consult competent engineers
"ere and mechanics, and have the estimates made up at
our navy yards ? in a word, he will gather all the neces
sary tacts in order todetorinine whether it will be better
to have the vessels built by coutract or some other
way. Failure* have grown out of the defects of steam ma
chinery heretofore, not in the construction of the vessel*.
He then alluded to our deficiency of vessels for service in
em< rgent cafes. It was agreed there should be an etfec
tive navy. 1 lie number of vessels of all kinds Is only
seventy-two, Ihirtv-five years is as long as vessels of
war are supposed to last. If the whole navy be replaced
in that time, two would have to be built per year to sup
ply those whehgo out of the service by uecay. In 1700
we had thirty vessels; onr population was then five mll
l lions. Now we have five times the number- We have
| added two thousand miles to our se^ coast ; besides,
I our tonnage and commerce have almost incalcula
bly increased, and yet there has been far from a
corresponding augmentation of our naval force. We
i have the requisite material on hand for the proposed six
I frigates, and an overflowing treasury. Why not spend
| some of it to strengthen the navy, instead of keeping the
j money to be squandered by means which the most reck.
less spcculatbr can devise!' It is stated by the Secretary
| of the Navy, it iV not expected that we shall keep pace
| with kngland and Franco; but we muflt have Homo regard
1 to our position, for if we should be ever brought into
' ronte5lw"h \h.em wf- should be prepared for the encoun
ter. The 1'acllic, home and others squadrons should be
strengthened. The warlike movements in the East
should warn us to strengthen our navy. Who can tell
when and where the conflict will end!" Poland, Hungary
and Italy may be involved in the strife, nation against
nation, province against province? tho sky is darkening
? ours may be 1 he only neutral flag. Let us command
tor it puch respect as may preserve it from insult. We
may avoid difficulty only by being able to command re
spect. ir we remain neutral tho treasures of China, Ja
pan and the bright Orient will load our vessels and en
rich our merchants. Commerce will take shelter under
our protecting folds? the bridal feast of liberty and com
merce will be spread, Shall we, like the foolish virgins,
fail to replenish our lamps, or like the wise ones, keep
them bright and burning, and enter in as welcome guests?
" Spain be in volt cd in those European movements*
Italy may striveJo rid herself of French bayonets; Hun
gary, Poland-? all striking for independence? -ma3r not tho
latent spurk b!xzc in Cuba, and its inhabitants' struggle
for fro. doti successfully ? The blood of Crittenden and
his murdered companions will not invalucry out for ven
geance. and Cuba may become ours without a violation of
treaty stipulat ions. Tho MaeU Warrior has been gUen
tip; but yet it may be considered necessary to take
redress into our own hands. The seuliment
of the country indicates what that redress snail be. It
is common remark that the nai y needs reform. If the
navy in in a sound condition, the country ought to know
it; if decrepit and oraiy on its feet, it is the duty of Con
gress to remedy the defect. The Secretary of the Navy
and the Naval Committees of both houses are willing and
ready to co-operate in the reform. If something shall
not be done for the navy, the just expectations of the
country will be .'.isappolnted, and the duty of Congress
will not have been discharged.
Mr. Lyon, find.) ofN. Y\, representing an agricultural
district, deeply concurred in this measure, and gave no
tice he should move for an amendment to increase the
navy to twelve first class fteiitn frigates. We live in
strange ami stirring times. The sublime idea of a model
republic, as expressed in the philosophy of Plato, never
rosmed over such a magnificent extent of country as was
peopled by its millions of inhabitants, enjoying tho
bio, sings of a free government. Lord Bolingbroko, in
later times, never dreamed of such a one, whero the
people govern themselves by the motive principle of self
povernment. During the four months Congress has been
in session, with the President's message and the re
port of the Secretary of the Navy before us, wliat
have we seen and heard? Citizens of the United
States have been imprisoned in almost every
country of the world. I,ook at Captain Gibson
in Holland, and Richmond in Hungary. I,ook
at tho outrages in Cuba? not a ship sent in relief.
Cuba should have been at once taken possession
of, and satisfaction demanded afterwards. (Applause on
the floor.) He had spoken of the model republic? he
wanted to see its acts correspond with its sayings; he
wanted to sco diplomacy carried on with vessels of war;
he wanted to see foreign ports tillod with them. Ah,'
sir, you don t know how polite it makes nations towards
our diplomatic representatives. (Laughter.) The navy
is the greatest promulgator of Christianity in the world.
I .ook at the missionary who goes to the ' poor heathen.
When he sees a sloop or a raiee, how his heart pslpi
tates when he hears the expression ? "See, there is the
riband flag? the stripes and stars of your country. Your
rights will now be protected." This is the feeling; and
we have the following declaration of the chief magis
trate; he wanted this country to live up to It. He as a
representative of the great State of New York, wanted
it acted out in spirit and truth:? "He must realiie that
on evoey sea and on every soil, in American cltixensliip
is the invaluable panoply for the security of American
rights." This is what the President says. Let us not
regard this as mere theory, but make it a reality. (Cries
"Agreed," "Agreed.") the gentleman from Virginia
(Mr. Hocock)had alluded to France and England; but was
he aware that two years ago they assumed the protectorate
ol Cuba and protection of Spain? You might as well
suppose a child would forget the mother who cradled it
in her bosom as to suppose that England will forget the
enmity and hostility she owes thi*-country. No mat
ter how soft her voice, her voice is the voice of Jacob
but her hand i.s the hand of Esan. (Excessive laughter )
He then referred to the trade of England and 1 ranee with
Kussia, amounting to twenty-eight millions of dollars
annually. This may ccrae into the lap of the United
States. Is it not important, then, we should havean effi
cient navy to protect our commerce and our neutrality ?
Contrast the navies of the world, and see how insignlfl
cant our own is. He was sorry to say that though we
have got the ri^ht stuff we have not the ships. England
has fotft hundred and sixty eight vessels, with five hundred
and sixty thousand tons. France has three hundred and
seventy -oi.e v< ssels, with three hundred nnrt twenty-two
thousand tons. He found that our navy is but as the
sixty seventh portion of the navies of Europe. When we
recollect we have 4, 000 miles of seaboard and our fish
cries need protection, and take into consideration our
exigencies at home, to say nothing of our foreign
relations, how necessary it is we should have
ships gliding quietly Into every foreign harbor,
to attend to our interests and to guarantee
the rights of our citizens! He would direct attention to
the East Indies. Wc see Christianity progressing with
magnificent results; the empire of Confucius is over
thrown, and a sovereign, y'clept tho Prince of Peace is
carrying the war to the Celestial city; a portion of the
Japan squadron has gone to afford protection in China
and every consul who writes to the Dejiartment of State
says. 1 Give us a ship here in the porta of the Mediter
ranean." Men come with every tongue; and he could only
exclaim, in the words uf the great poet, "If your nation
grasps the trident of Neptune and holds it firmly, she
will rule the empire of the world."
Mr. 1- JUXKILX, (whig) of Ind., said he was one of those
who voted for sending the Senate's Nebraska bill to the
Committee of the Whole. Although he was in favor
of non intervention, yet the provisions of that bill were
*?> odious to him that he preferred it should be con
signed to the deep bosom of the committee rather than it
should by possibility pass the House. He entered into ftn
argument to maintain his ]>oiitlou, saj ing the bill pro
posed Congressional intervention, and iliat there was In
tentional equivocation in it. the phraseology being framed
with a full knowledge that the gentlemen of the North
would place one Interpretation on it, and the South
Tlie committee rose, and the House adjourned.
Senator DoMglaa llang In Ridgy at Utlr*.
r. . j. . . . , Utku, March 28, 1854.
Sewitor Douglas was last night hung in cffiirv on the
scaffolding or the new City Hall, on Genesee street in
this city. ' N
Man Froxru to Death.
Tuk tltaniaxDS, March '28, Hft4.
A man iwmfd .T?hr. Smith was found thin morning on
IrlArut Boneli, froron to death. It is mippogrd ho wan out
gunning, n? hi* dog and gun were found b j his Hide.
The Alabama at Hawaii nah
Bavawaii, March 27, 1854
The Btewnahip Alnbama, Oapt SchoncK, arrived here
1 fjgm New VorV on f"?turd?y.
Attain In Albany .
ami al ooRRwroNDRtiaiop thr nw tork mouLD.
Aibany, March 38, 1864. |
The business of the Senate tbia morning was mostly
on finally deciding upon bills ^previoualy matured. Among
others which came up was that to repeal the Jonei Wood I
Park law. Mr. Brook* again offered his amendment!, |
* hich he had pre\ iousiy submitted. Messrs. Spencer i
and Whiting upj>osed, when the bill was read and panned !
nearly unanimously, all the Senator* voting to repeal the
law. So that speculating matter is disposed of, so far
as the upper house is concerned.
Mr. Danforth gave notice that he intended to bring in
a bill providing a salary for tho Lieutenant Governor,
aiao another making the offices of Canal Appraisers
salaried offices. From the report of the Auditor of the
Canal Department, it appears that large sums have been
expended upon mileage allowed the appraisers. He also
introduced u resolution mating inquiry into the matter;
but the Senator will scarcely succeed, because the whigs
expect to elect the next Lieutenant Governor, and of the
apt -raisers two ar* whigs, and are of the softest kind of
politic al metal.
The bill to reduce the expense of opening streets, lay
ing out narks, Ac., passed the Senate with a strong rote.
This is tne one ?Krc<-.l upon by the Judiciary Committer,
Mr. Dillon, and all the New York Senators, by which, it is
said, Mr. D. voluntarily relinquished a large amount of
ft es. Though passed quietly through the Senate, efforts
are already making either te amend it materially in the
House, or bv a system of "sharp practice" which law
yers know how to resort to, defeat it altogether. AU
tlurt is proper to state now, is that the .Supreme Judges
are engaged in establirbing rules to meet such cases.
The committee having the matter of a bridge across the
river at Albany in charge, having heard all the arguments
on ever) side, am expected to make a favorable report In ?
tiie course of a day 01 two.
'lhe llouee was very industriously engaged in voting ?
upon bills, gone forty were disposed of. When the bill
incorporating the German Turn Vcreiu Association was
taken up, Mr. Backus, a whig member from Brooklyn,
Kings county, rose in opposition to it. He moved to
recommit the bill to the committee of the whole, with
instructions to strike out the enacting clause. The stand
ing committee to whom the petitions on this subject were
referred, had given the proposition a fair consideration,
and reported that they saw no good reason for incorpor
ating the association.' It is a society of Germans. The
Turn Vereins was an association of inlidol liberals, estab
lished in Germany, ostensibly for gymnastic purpbses.
It being a secret organization, he could not, of course,
?peak distinctly of their purposes, but ho believed they
are spread throughout this country, and that they were
a political organisation; as one of them votes all vote.
An article had appeared in one of the New York paper*,
when this bill was fitst reported, stating that this asso
ciation knowing that this legislature was strongly anti
slavery in its sentiments, had gone into a pro-Nebraska
meeting, and broken it up for tb^> purpose of gaining favor
here, lie belicued his was a mistake, but they are never
theless the bullies of our German population. He was
not in faver of incorporating a secret, infidel, po
litical or foreign bully association. Mr. B. further
stated that he saw no reason whjj the Turners should
not incorporate under general laws. Another reason
which actuated him in nis opposition to the bill was,
that this society kept up a national distinction; they ara
not organized as Americans, but as Germans. One o '
two s [leeches were made in opposition to the views of
Mr. Backus, when the question was taken, and the bill
defeated. So the Turners mubt gymnastics te another
year without an act of incorporation.
'lhe bill repealing tho Jones Wood Park law came down
from the Senate, and Mr. Savage made a motion to refer
it to the Committso on the Incorporation of Cities and
Villages. This was opposed with emphasis by Mr. Conk
ling, who said that Mr. Savage was chairman of that com
mittee, and was interested in real estate which was to be
benefitted by the proposed park. Mr. Savage denied
having anv property in that vicinity;' what he held was
on the North river side. Mr. Willis discussed the
merits of the question, which was strictly out
of order, but was allowed to proceed. He was
in favor of Jones' Woods, and stated that it was
contemplated to widen the site of the Central Park by
constructing a reservoir of many acres larger than was
at first proposed. Mr. Leigh wanted a disinterested
committee appointed by the Speaker. Mr. Maguire
hoped this speculating project would not be allowed to
go into the hands of the city delegation. Not only was
the Jones' Wood n speculation, but the Central Park was
one also. It would make a wilderness in the centre of
the city ; and individuals holding property as fur n* Har
lem will be mostly benefitted on account of the rise in
building lots, whilst hundreds of acres arc sought to be
excluded from being used for useful purposes. In juotico
to the citizens of New York this matter should' not be
placed in the hands of the city delegation, but placed in
possession of a committee not at all interested. The
people do not want these parks ? they want the laws re
peated. This lobby is filled with simulators endeavoring
to defeat the repeal of the law. and for one he was not
disposed to submit to them. The bill was referred to the
Committee on the Internal Affairs of Towns and Counties,
consisting of Mr. Losler of Livingston. Nielson of Sara
toga, W illiams of Steuben, and Wilson of Niagnia, all
from the rural districts.
Ex Senator DaniclS. Dickinson and ex -Governor Botick,
were on a visit to the Legislature to-day, both appearing
in fine health and fine spirits.
Messrs. Sharp and Dultois of the Broadway railroad,
made their appearnnce this morning, as did also ex-Al
derman Bouton. They are supposed to be engaged in
lobby in'g against the omnibus incorporation.
Daniel W- Clark, who was ejected from the House, and
placed in a police justice court, is here, claiming his pay
as member of the House, from the time of his expulsion
to the end of the session.
The Hon. Peter Dawson, representing the soft shells of
the twelfth city assembly district, has been taken into
the good graces of Collector Redfield, and goes into the
Custom House, upon concluding his labors at the State
A large quantity of lumber, the property of Messrs.
Myers & Bennett, and Ward & Kaston. on Water street,
?was destroyed by fire this morning. Insured for $10,000
among Western insurance companies, including the Al
bion Company, the New York and Erie at Middle ton, Uni
ted States. Potsdam, Northern Protection, Camden, and
New York Indemnity.
Ai.bamt, March 28, 1804.
Wan put forward.
Noncits of Bii.ta. *rc.
Mr. Panpopttt, (nat. dem.) of Schoharie, gave notice of
a bill making thp office* of Lieutenant Governor and Canal
Appraif er salaried office*.
Mr. M'urrjfKT, (whig) of N. Y.. introduced a bill legal
izing ro much of the Central park as takes a portion for
reservoir purposes.
To reduce the expense of opening parks in New York.
For the continuation of Flatbuah avenue, in Kings
Repealing the Jones' Wood Park bilL
No action was had on Mr. Dickinson'a resolution calling
on the Auditor for information relative to the meetings
of the Canal Board.
To amend the General Insurance law.
To incorporate the Inventors' Business Company, Vew
The bill for the better government of the Ftate prisons,
and the hill for an examination into the affairs of .State ;
prisons, were delated in Committee, and the former was
ordered to a third reading, and progress reported on the :
nri ot i> safftv rr.\D baitkx.
The hill requiring the old safety fund banks to call in
their circulation, was made the special order lor to
Albany, March 2H, 1964.
.->vrral local bills were passed.
tub Ti RHvuuaw Hocnrrv.
The bill to incorporate the Turnvereln Society in New
York was taken up.
Mr. Bakeb, (whig,) of Montgomery, ?prosed the grant
of the charter, on the ground that toe petitioners applied
as Germans and not as Americana.
The bill was rejected, and a motion to reconsider laid
on the table.
Tlie bill for additional compensation to the Treasurer
of Kings county was pasted.
Several local bills were read and passed
Relative to the duties of Police Justicea and Clerks, and
the officers of police courts In New York.
Relative to the assessment and collection of Croton wa
ter rents.
Authorizing the National Guards to erect an armorv.
Incorporating the Inebriate Asylum.
from New Orlratna.
Nkw Ortjaxh, Mnrcli 28. 195.1
Fx -President Fillmore srrlved in thia city on Sunday,
nnd met with a warm reception.
A grand proces.-ion took place here to-dav, In honor of
the distinguished guest. The principal streets were
thr< ngcd; and much cordiality was manifested. He ma'le
a speech in the public square, which was enthusiastically
received. Be visited tlie Opera last night to hear Mad.
Son tag.
Our municipal election yesterday was attended with
great oxclleo.cnt, ifnd three men were killed at the jiolls.
The Independent reformers elocted a majority of fonr
in tlie City Council.
Private letter* from Te\as of the latest date say tliat
1'crt Belknap nt the la>-t accounts was surrounded by
four hundred Indians. The garrison was reduced to six
teen, the rest having gone In pursuit of the murderers of
the late Indian agent, ami great fears were entcrt?:ned
that the garrison would lie captured, and all within it
mjs'acren before reinforcements could arrive.
From Boa ton.
Boston. March 28, ISM.
The death of Jonathan Harrington, the last survivor of
the battle of Lexington, who expired on Sunday, was an
nounced In the House of Representatives, to-day, and ?
committee appointed to honor his obsequies, which will
take place on Thursday. The Ooveraor has ordered out
several military companies, and the Masonic Brotherhood
will also attend the funeral The peopleof Lexington are
making extensive preparations for tho ceremony. Mr.
Harrington was born ixi Lexington, and died there, at the
age of 06 years.
The Hoosac tunnel bill wan passed to be engrossed in
the House, to-day, by yeas 169, to nays 118.
The dividends of the Boston bank* for the six months
ending April the first, have been declared. The Boylston,
Freeman's, Market ai d Suffolk, givo 5 per cent. The At
lantic, Bon ton, Blackstone, Cochituate, Commerce, Eagle,
Exchange, Faiieuil Hall, Globe, Hamilton, Howard, Me
chanics', Merchants', National. New England, North
America, Shawmut Shoe and Leather, Traders', Tremont,
Union and Granite, 4 per cent. Atlas, City, Columbia,
State and Webster, per cent. Massachusetts, 31-5
per cent. Eagle, 8 per cent.
The stables of the Eastern Kailroad Company at East
Boston were destroyed by fire this morning. Ten horses
perished ia the flames.
Nkw Oklkanh, March 27. 1854.
1 he sales of cotton to-day, were 7, <x)0 bsl?s, at steady
prices. Sugar has been active, Il.tXH) hhds. having sold at
2}?c. for fair. Corn is active at 6*c.
New Oki k an*, March 28, 1854.
Tlie Africa's news lias had in effect on our cotton mar
ket. Hour is dull at 96 37 X for Ohio , wheat is unchang
ed at 60c. Men-, pork in moderate demand at previous
rates. Coffee sells at 10c. a 10 V,c. Molasses 17c. Fair
sugar 3%c. Sterling exchange is quoted at 8,*^ per cent
premium. Cotton freights to Liverpool, 13-16<1.
Moults, March 20, 1864.
The sales of cotton during the pant week, wore 17,000
bales, and the stock on hand is 147,000 bales. Middling
is quoted at S ',c.
The Invasion of Canada.
[Correspondence of the Courier and Knquirer.l
Washington, March 7, 1854.
Mr. Stoeckl, who for many years past has beon attach
ed to the Russian legation here, was on Wednesday pre
sented to the Secretary of State as Charge den AUaires ad
interim. No interpolations have passed relative to the
important rumor that the Emperor of Russia lias surrep
titiously introduced into the United States an expedition
for the invasion of Canada. I have enquired of Hon. Ca
leb I.von, who renrosents a frontier district, from which
the descent of tins Russo-American force upon her Bri
tannic Majesty's dotniuions would most probably bo
made, if at all, and aui concerned to say that he evades a
direct answor. It is a < well to recall the fact that Mr.
Lyon made a tour through Turkey last fall, and that he
passed over from Anatolia to Sebaatopol. and from that
point repaired to the headquarters of l'riuce Gortchakoff
on tlie Pneister. It is of course entirely improbable that
Mr. Lyon made any nrrangcment for the rumored assault
upon the integrity of tho British through his district, but
the colnililence to which 1 have referred is singular. The
nle of Canada aro entitled to some consideration, and
le general melee Into which, by common consent.
Christendom nppears ready to plunge, it is proper thai
fi tuti notice should be taken of them. 1 am credibly in
foimed that there are filllbusters enough along the Ca
nada lines to make an impression oven upon the ten thou
sand militia just called out by the provincial authorities,
if well supplied with Russian gold, and organized and dis
ciplined on the model of thoce veteran ''too old to der
b< rt," who have been sent among us t .e nucleus of
such a force.
Police Intelligence.
Chart;r nf Embtzzlrmcnl. ? Officer Karney of the Second
district police court, yesterday arrested a young man,
named Earl H. Chapman, on ? warrant issued by Jus
tice Stuart, wherein tho accused r.tands charged with
embezzlement, on the complaint of Mr. Samuel Ford,
proprietor of the Mercantile Hotel. No. 2 Warren street,
who sets forth in an affidavit that Mr. Clm; man was in
his employ os bookkeeper from the 18th oi June. 1853,
to the 21st day of Octolior following; >ind during that
time Mr. Ford alleges that the accused embezzled, from
time to time, sums of money averaging from $ j up to
$'.'0, amount 'og in all to about ?(?t>0, which sums In- up
prop!fl?fcd to his own use without the consent or appro- I
t attoo of hi* employer. On this charge ih.- magistrate ^
detained Mr. Chapman to await a further hearing.
A Conspiracy Amottfl the TitiUr:,. ? A few days afro n i
committee from the Journeymen Tailors' Protective 1
Union called on A. fc G. A. Arnotix, merchant tailors,
corner of Broadway and Duane street, and demanded the
n. mes of the journeymen in their employ. Their de
I nund at first was refused, but on their second call. the
I names were given: ? John Bower, John Darccy, and Ere
de-.H'k l.itUe. These three men the committee requested
Mr. Atloux to discharge from his employ, as tnev had
violated the rules of the Protective Union. The demand
wos ordered in such a positive manner, that out of fear
the men were discharged. The three men, finding they
weie purcr.ed from place to place, and una Me to obtain
work, nj plied to the District Attorney, who laid the
iase lefoie the Grand Jury, and twenty-five of the jour
ntwnen tailors ha *e been Indicted on u charge of con
si iriijg together for the purtts? of Injuring the three
men ubove named. The following list embraces the
n;;misif those Indicted: ? John Mullens, Henry Luchter,
Joi n B. Klim, Charles Tike, John Hilderbfand, John
Zimmermen, John Kirl. Thomas Road, John Donavnn,
Thomas Casey, David Colgan, James Duffy, William
Shake, Thomas Parkin, Barney Dowdge, Dennis Kyan,
James McCormick, John Lloyd. John Walker, William
Matthew*, James Bowman, John Mc \ voy, Thomas Cason,
Joseph Jennings ond John Puffy. Captain Carpenter, of
the Hfth Ward, held the warrants against the accused
parties, and the magistrate required tbein to gi\e ball in
$200 each to nuswer the charge. Twelve of them gave
Efffd* of Intrmptranre. ? Captain Squires, of the Ele
venth ward police, in making his return to the Chief of
I'olice respecting the arrest of a man named John W.
Switrgin, found on Sunday drunk, says: ?
"John had been swlggin' pretty extensively. He had
been to a funeral, and on his return tumbled overboard
at the foot ol Eighth street, and was fished out by Mr.
I'enoyer, and sent to the Police Court and fined by the
magistrate; and, in default of paying, was committed to
the Toinbe for five days."
Brooklyn City Intelligence.
Fire. ? About 10 o'clock last evening, a fire broke out
In a stable on Adams street, and in consequence of the
high wind, the flames communicatcd with an adjoining
dwelling, occupied by Adam Chrisman, which was burned
to the ground. Thence the flames spread to the building
on the corner of Myrtle avenue and Adams street, occu
pied as a grocery store by Henry A. Phillips, and owned
i by Peter Johnson. The adjoining house, occupied as a
j flour and feed store by P. P. Foote and several families,
1 next caught fire, and was nearly burned down, when the
further progress of the flames was stopped. Mr. Footo's
less reaches about $3,500, upon which there is an insur
1 ance of $1,800 on the house, and $900 on the stock, ef
fected in New York office*. The loss on the corner
house ia about $1,000, not insured. The contents
were covered by insurance. Most of the stock and
furniture waa faved, except that of Mr. Chrisman.
A fireman while engiaged in aiding to extinguish the
flames slipped from the ladder and was considerably in
jured. He was conveyed to a drug store and attended
to. His hurts are not dangerous. A horseafrelonging to
Mr. Phillips was destroyed. The entire loss will not ex
ceed $5,000. The fire originated by accident, a little boy
I having upset a lamp in the stable while engaged in cut
| ting kindling wood.
Theatre* and KxlUbltloii*.
Mm. n"""? will appear at the Bowery Theatre this
evening, bh Mr*. Beverly, in " Tlie Game*ter," with Mr.
Eddy an Beverly. A popular drama will be added, and M.
Devanl will appear.
Mr. FoKRR-T playa " Hamlet" for the last time during
hia preaent engagement. Ilia performance of thin charac
ter (a intercnting, iia he i mi Led several new point* und
novel reading*. Many of hia admirer* say that it i* hi*
greatcat part. Fee him at the Broadway.
Mr. 0. II. Akmocwh. an actor of the old achool, hn* a
benefit at iiurton 'a Theatre, to night, with the aterllng
remedy, " Speed the Plough." and a caat not often
equalled. Mr. Burton, Mr. Fiaher, Mr. Jordan, Mr. An
drew*. and other favorite* are included. Mr. Andrew*
will sing two aonga, and the entertainment conclude with
a popular farce.
Natiohai. Tiiicatv? " Uncle Torn'* Cabin," tUU after
noon and evening.""
WaliACB'S Thratrf ? A new piece from the French,
the acene laid in Rn**ia, ia to be_br<>uglit out thi*
evening. Mr. I?*ter, Mr. L Tlinmpao'n, Mra. Ptephen*
and other favorite* aro included in the cast The scenery
and dre*ae* are all new.
PARfO'M'a Mrrem.? 'The Old Brewery" this after
noon and evening.
CMURY'a Minhtkfih ? The Christy Minstrel*, 472
Broadway, give one of their excellent entertalnmeuta to
night. Go and hear them.
Woon, the manager of the popular company now per
forming at 444 Brondwnv, Is unceaalng In hi* endeavor*
to nleaie hi* patron*, the programme for to-night ia
full of noveltle*.
CiaxKMt Hah. ? Eph Horn, Brlgg* and the Buckley Min
strel* mui>t be aeen to be appreciated.. Thry give con
cert* every night at fi80 Broadway.
Thk Broadwat Mcsaokp.ik. rt37 Broadway, hold* out In
teresting inducement* to atrunftr* and citizen*. The
collection of animal* 1h fine.
TheCAMnr.ua Have Covk at No. 4flf> Broadway and
thev desire that all the people will fto there and *oe fhem.
IlAR'l'a Whom Wokid ia on exhibition, at 377 Bund way.
Postage on Letter* for Anntrnlln.
Tlie folio*. ing official notice has laauod from the Po*t
Office Pepmlment, bearing dale Maich 28 : ?
I'nrmart to authority vested loth* Postmaster -Onnaral,
aiid ty find *iih the nHvlce and consent of tho President of
the l" nltert State*. (which advice and consent more fully ap
[car l>y an Insti anient in writing thi* day Died in the de
partment.) *rd with a view to Improved postal arrange
monti with foreign government*, particularly with Austra
It Is herd y ordered, That hereafter thi single rat* of post
age on all letters for Australia, or other roreian country, to
?which the ocean transportation thereof mjy ha obtained at
not exceeding two cents a letter, t>e. and the fame I* hereby,
fixed at th* uniform rat* of live cents, excep w here, over
S.i.Hi milee, th? lowest United Status inland rate I* six cents,
when the whole rate, inland and Ml shall b? eight cent*, la
both tass* to bo prepaid.
Tlie flrat mail under this arrangement will be deapatoh
from N?w York on tbe 2vvU of April
Innrr of Jnicrt.
A tpeeiAl n eeting o the Board of Supervisors, for the
appointment of ? Commissioner of Juror# in pUce of
Hon. W. Walker, resigned, was held yenterday at 3
o'clock P. M The Board is composed of the Mayor, Re
eorder, the Judges of the Superior Court, Court of Com
mon Pleas, and 11 embers of the Board of Supervisors.
Hon. Judge Oakley presided. and Mr. Da-rid Valentine was
choeen Secretary. Judge* I)aly and Ingraham, of the
Court of Common P eas, were the only m? tn ?er* absent.
Alderman Mutt, of the Twenty first, propoied that the
Board should proceed to tlie nomination of Commissioner
of Jurors. The present Incumbent was appointed only
by a majority of two of those bodies, and he au.ipostd, to
make it legal, it was necessary that there should le a
majority of each of the three. The appointment was a
very important one, and much depe.ded upon it, inas
much ns all our jurors are summon d by him. and Hf>.
liberty, and prosperity, were concorued in the matter 01
thin appointment. . .
Supervisor Hbrhick, of the Nineteenth, said that ac
cording to the construction of th* Supervisor of tlie
Twenty first, this convention was not competent, inas
much as two Judges of the Common I'leat were not pre
sent. The name difficulty that occurred in rctcreiico to
the appointment of Mr. French was likely to nrlse at
present. He therefore moved that this convention do
now adjourn. ... _ .
Judge Oakikt said that when this law was C rat com
municated, api>oIuting a Commissioner of Jurors, there
wan one gentleman absent. No question wits then
respecting the proper organisation of that Board. Me
thought that a majority of the Judge i from hoth ?ou'' \
if not all, wereprcsent, and no doubt a majority o
Surcrvif-ora. Tiiey proceeded to make a choice, and tlie
perm in chosen was Mr. Walker. He entered upon the
duties or his office, when a meeting was again convened
in t < 'at ion to tho appointment. At that meeting the oli
Jcct i> ?reared to be to remove Mr. Walker from his pluoe,
t?nd to appoint another gentleman in liis itead. In i the
irsuiitotion of that meeting it appeared that
but one Judge of the Common Plea* was pre
sent. The question was then raised as to
tho proper organization of that Board. Several
member* of the Board who were present, worn ol the
opinion that, at all event#, under any construction that
might be made of this law, it was n,"cesKjry that * ma
jority of the Judges should be preeuut to constitute a
legal quorum. An appointment was made, however, or
Mr. litiwp* a* Commissioner of Jurors. Mr. W alkcr, con
Bidding tho appointment us illegal, declined surrender
ing his uffice. Mr. Hawes commenced legal proceedings,
which have been and still are pending. Mr. H. went to
Congress in the meantime, and that circumstance led to
his resignation. Having resigned, another meeting was
convened. At that meeting a majority of the Judge* of
tho Superior Court did not attend. Several adjourn
meats took place, and, until a formal communication
was made stating that they would not attend, when
the Board, In their absence, proceeded to make the
'appointment of Mr. French. Now thev find them
selves placed in much the same circumstance*.
In consequence of what transpired at the last meeting,
he had given a good deal of attention to the investigation
of the subject. All the Judges of the Court had bocome
united iu their views, and consultations wore held among
Ihcm: At the consultation to which he alludod, all tho
Judges attended except two ? one of the Superior Court
and another or the Common l'lea*. At tVat meeting the
matter was thoroughly discussed, the laws carefully
examined, and the meeting finally camo to this conclu
sion. In looking at the statute* they round the power to
make the appointment is given to the Supervisors, to the
Judges of the Superior Court, and also to the Julge* ot
the Common Pleas, but not to those Courts. It was
suggested that the true meaning ot the statute was
thai the gentlemen there alluded to and described,
were described as individuals, and not as in their
official station, and that the terms used were a
mere description or tho persons who were called
upon to discharge this duty? that tho gentlemen
described as supervisors are described indi\ i.lually ? that
they do not act by virtue or their official station, but arc
named ascertain persons occupying positions to whom
this right is delegated. The question arose, how was the
Board to be constituted? He was authorized to *ny that
all the Judges or the Superior Court, the .iiisige* of the
Common Pleas, with slight exceptions unite ! in the
! opinion that in order to constitute a legal Board it w is
j necessary that all tho supervisors and all the judges be
pr<s?ut. If that were true, it would be evident that there
hud been no legal Board or the Commissioner or Jurors
since the beginning. The Judges hud come to tlie oouclu
sionthat application should 1)0 made to the I. -gi. laturc
remedy this inconvenience, and that it was proper that
a resolution should be drafted.
Aldeiroan Mo".t moved that the Chair appoint a com
mittee Tor that purpo.e.
'11, e Chaih appointed Alderman Molt, j.idge I)uci\ iMid
the Pcroider, members ot aa:d committee.
The 13< Srd then adjourned to next Monday, at the usual
City Iiiti lll;;<iui'i
I>i?>kr to n:?: Eaki ok Moi'?riCA*nn.? \ dinn'-r was
given at the Metro|>olilan on Monday evening to the 'Isil
of Mountcashel, previous to hi- departure for Europe. l?v
CoL James L. Curtis of thf* ell?. The party *a! duara ,tt
reTentooneofthoMieprcadafortthir.il tit.- Lrlmd.i are
so tamed, and midnight came before the dining mom ->".n
deserted. Among tho guest* we noticed beside the noble
KrrL Sir William Boyd. Governor Matbew, British C ns:il
at Philadelphia, Col. Hamilton of the British Arm v. Jultro
Campbell, It. Woiuwrighl, Mr. S. T. Jones, tec.. tec. The
usual tousts were giveu. and responded t<> *ith happy
effect : none more so than that hi honor of tho guest
ot the evening.
TtifMottso at tjir Tapkhnaoi k this Kv*n i.w.? 1 here is
called, this evening, amass meeting ot our eiti/.eiu, at
the Tals rcacle, to gi\e expression to their opposition to
the mca?ure passed by the l ist Common Council, order
ing Albnny street to be opened through Trinity Church
graveyarU. This question has excited a great tlesl of
reeling throughout the city, and particularly among the
eld Knickerbockers, who have friend* anil reliti.-es
sleeping there. Beyond doubt the meeting t > -ny.h* will
be large and enthusiast ic, as scarcely an oil f.mily Is to
be round in the city who has not a personal interest in
this matter.
Flltis>. ? A fire broke out last nhtht in the building No.
104 I'ulton street, in the third storv, occupied by Momrs^
Wcod te Hughes, silversmiths. The fire was put out
before it roached beyond the atory in which it liad
originated. The silverware "being put away In saros,
was not injured. The stock in the lower story wa ? much
damaged by water. The entire loss by fire and water
amounted to about *1,000. Covered by insurance.
Al>ont 10 o'clock in the evening the tire broke out in
this placc the second time, and called ont tlie l ire 1 ?e
partment. It wa* exlinguishcd without much dlflbniltj-.
Ye*terday morning a lire was dlaoovered in the un
nlshcd house No. 28 West Sixteenth afreet. It * is ex
tinguished with a Tew palls of water; damage about $200.
Vesterday afternoon another fire broke out in some
straw in the stable 170 Mercer street, which was soon
extinguished with a few pails of water, before any
damage had been done.
Bfeakixg tp a Bosk Boii.t<g nmRUftmnorr.? Mr. Down
ing, the Pity Inspector, having been informed of an of
fensive bone-boiling establishment existing In Fifty
seventh street, near Lexington avenue, owned by Mr.
9. P.' Coleman, visited the premie-*, and there found the
refnae or dead animals, such as sheep and horse head*,
bones, Ac., creating an effluvia perfectly intolerable
throughout the neighborhood. Mr. Downing forthwith
required the stoppage of any further boiling, a* It be
came a nuisance to the surrounding neighbors. It ia
also said that on the carrion a number of pigs were fed,
ami aold to the butohers aa country pork. Yesterday.
Mr. Coleman, under the orders of the City Inspector,
stopped any further operations.
'AttixfiMi Scion*. ? Yesterday afternoon a boarder at
No. 100 Cedar atreet, named lloiiert Pi-ntley, attempted
his own life by cutting his throat. I*. Van Ller waa
sent for, who dressed the wound, and ordered him con
veyed to the New York Hospital. It is supposed he will
PrnwmiU Inti'lll|(?iirc.
Archbishop Hughes ia at Savannah. The Jti-piiUiran
contradicts the flllibuster opinions in regard to Cuba ne
urit* d to the Archbishop.
Hon. Malcolm Cameron, PoUmaater General ?>f
anivt-d in Philadelphia on the 27th instant, on hi? ?iy
to Wat-hlngton.
Amrrg the arrivals at the Pt. Nicholas, yesterday,
were: ? lion. J. Walcot, Wi*conidn; Judge Jones, Toxs'i;
Kllli Faker, Esq., Albany; Hon. J. O, Camp, Sandusky.
Ohio; J. J,. Mart, F>q . , London ; Hon. W. Lloyd and f.iml
ly, Liverpool; L. L. Robinson, Ktq.. Kentucky; O. Mur
ray and lady, Belfast, Ireland; Capt. Mayor and f.iinlly,
Montreal; Col. Molton, Augusta; C. }Iii>l>arl, Scben<vv
tady; IJeut. Armstrong. British ermy; I?r. Howard, l/>n
don; Robert Hunter, St. John, N. B. ; Cupt. Jamo* Day,
Hon. Thomas M. Foote, late Charge de Affaires to Aus
tria: Hon. W. Howard, Virginia; .lame* H. Kdes, St.
I/onia; Frank Moore, Boston; S. Witt, Cleveland; O. T.
Austin, ,u#n Francisco; P. T. Iisinum, Bridgeport; Prof.
Mcl-ane, Penn., arrived yesterday at the Metropolitan
H. F. North, Conn.; J. Degroot, Staten Island; Mr.
Raton, J. McKensie, H. KIous, Charles Hale, Boston; C.
Turner, Geo. , arrived yesterday at the Prescott.
From Liverpool, In the steamship Africa? Mr and Mrs
Mtyer, A TellUr, A W Manpeanx. Mr and Mr* Msrx,
Mr and Mi>* Mnrrny, Mr ana Mrs Houseman, Mrs Mr
era, Mr and Mr* 1'errin. Mr Lloyd lady and two children,
J t C'onroT and lady, Messri Rubicos, Me**r* Yeowsrd. Ron
*on*h. l'slmer. Pslne, RoMason, Litchfield, J M Tarrlsh, J
Miirrray, Natvllla. Butterheld, Kngler, Bell, J Fra*er. S Til
ley, J ( relner, J Renaud, Leokle, Cobjahoun. C Moyer, J
Levy, J Hart. J Bondreau, tiilllat J Kin* (lordon, Wilson,
A l?sndo. ('apt Stephens. Messrs A Gall, J l'arker, Hailli*,
.1 Harrreare*, WH Merrill. J Leolair, H Ramsey. A Ledysrd. I
Mr Lewl? Marehand, Mr Sears, Mr H Benjamin, Mr G B?n
lamia. Mr Ilnfrh Frater, Mr MrDonald, Mr (Sunst, Mr I) C
Vcrkin*. Mr Crawford, Mr Schnlk, Mr au<l Mrs Gordon ('apt
L IWmier. Mr geirhsrd Power, Mr Win Thumas, Mr* Mm
Thenar and four children, Mr Henry Virrian. Mr and Mrs
John Corronder, Mr John J?me?, Mr William F?*nd
Hnr. Mr Richard I'ridennc. John Slneook, Mr Mitch
ell, Mr Hocking, Hichd A Gray. Mr* L l.nnirrais. Loni*
Poullatn, Franeoi* FoaJlaia, Mrs K Taylor, Mr Albert
Barber. Mr Trem*r?
From Charleston, in ateamahip Marion ? Dr R A Kinloch,
II F Camphell nnd lady. Mr* C B Hill and child. Mr* Hen
dermn, MrsHoeUel. Miss Henry. Mis* Kelly, C M Inne*. O
I Peek, Mrs Smith Miss Smith, G Lnsadorf, J II Danforth,
Mr* Godwin, Miss Bryant, J II Henderson, G F. Dnl.ote, Jn.>
n Waley and lady, l>r Ttirnhull, A Tnrnhnll, Mr Jenkins. G
Perkins, Dr Hewing, Mis* M Gcrham. Thomas Dixon. Mr*
Chadwlrk, I Mytrs and lady. Capt Day W ? Newwmb -75
I* the ?l??taj?,
Our Lonilcn, Porta, and UoJislantiiopto
Xfo Important Xfewa from the Seat
of War.
The Preparation! for the Departure of
the British Baltic Fleet.
Special English military UMee (? Um
Bolted States*
The Bonbtftal Attitude of Prussia.
The Special Mission of General James
Watson Webb to England.
The Desire of the Western Powers I#
Conciliate the United States.
Slight Decline in Consols, Cottsa
and Breudstutife.
Ac., Ac., &c.
'lhe C'unard mail steamship Africa, Obtain Ilarruoa.
from Liverpool, arrived at 8 o'clock yesterday mornlaf
galled tl.cnce on Saturday morning, the 11th inatMrt,
at half-past nine o'clock. She Las bad a very atomy
Kulcfhl lias nol fallen. Tin- statement of the captufa
of tliat important military point, published in an extra
of the London Mmvitnj Herald received by the Pacilc,
! turns out to havi been a most barefaced falsehood. Ther
I had been no attack upon the place.
TLere is nothing Important from the seat of war.
1 Poire excitement bus l?m occasioned in commercial
j ircles by a n< tification nude by be i'arl of Clarendon to
! lnitUh uitrcbants in Riga. inloruing them (under data
J 1 ebruary ItHh) tloit in the event of war all Russian pra
I f'uee will Le liable to capture und confiscation, even if it
j 1 e the lenajid e property of Rritl-li subjects domiciled to
! Russia, and oven if chipped in neutral vessel*.
The messenger conveying the ultimatum of France ui
England to the Czar, requiring- hiin to withdraw his
troop* from Turkey within a specified period, left Viema
on Tuesday, the 7th. for St. Petersburg. Neither tht
Austrian nor the Prussian government has joined too
Western Powers In this act Austria is (till exclusively
inii nt on securing the tranquillity of the Sclavee on Mh
sides of tho Danube. This ia the leading idea of an oA
ciitl document published at Vienna on Tuesday, 7th, fat
| which the demands made by France and England oa
Ru-sia are cbaracteriied aa thoroughly just and in ac
cordance with the interests of Euro; e. It is thua added
1 that to the Us*. ? (that ia, to the preaent date) ? A oat risk
' has done her duty to Europe, and now the sole duty of
i her government !s to maintain the interests of the Eto
j pire.
It is stated that the Czar had sent what purported to
be proposals of pen to Vienna; the reception of which
i utfir.-tgnve rise to hopes of an accommodation. Tha
' London Atari says that when the prodigal* were exam
ined i> was fouml Mint they oontained all the inadmlsel
blo demands of previous Russian projects. The aapta
sentathes of F rar.ee, England, Austria and Prussia de
cided that the new project does not come up to tha re
quisitions of the last protocol to which they had set their
nam w, and that it could not, therefore, be entertained.
Cotton was irregular in quotation*, occasionally farer
j ing buyer*.
I Breadstuff* were lower.
J Consols a 01.
The market for American stocks daring the week hat
i been quiet and stea ly, with little change in prioM. M
\ ted States federal stocks and the bonds of the leadbc
States continued in favor. The market was, however, to
Mime extent affected by the political suspense by which
I the transactions In all other departments of the stock
market were sensibly curtailed. D. Bell, Son k Co. quote:
I United States 6 per cent bonds, 1806 09* a 100*
I Do. C per cent bonds, 1862. 106 a 107
I)o, fi per cent bonds, 1868 110 a 110*
I)o 0 per cent ins. stock, 1807-8. 109* a 110*
Pennsylvania ft per cents 78 a 80
Do. 5 per cent bonds, 1877 84* a 86*
Ohio 6 per cents, 1870 104 a 10k
Maryland ft per cent sterling bonds 04 a M
Virginia 6 per cent bond*, 1880 06 a M
Do. 5 per cent sterling bonds. 1888.. . 08 a 01*
Boston city d per cent, 188J 07 a N
? Do. 4>i per cent sterling bonds 102 a ?
I Montreal city fl per ccnts, 1857-8. . ?? 8? a OT
! New Orleans city 6 per cent bonds, 1803.. . 83 a W
Belvidere Dela'e ? peT ct. 1st mte con., 1877 00 a ?
Cincinnati ft St. Louis 7 per cent 1st mte.. 00 a 01
Chicago k Mississippi 7 per cent 1st mte.. 88* a 80*
Michigan Central 8 per cent 1st mte 101 a 103
Pennsylviinia Cen RK 6 per cents, 1880. . .. 08 a OS*
New York iiErie 7 percents 1st mte, 1808-0.106 a 1M
Do. do. 7 per cent 2d mte oon., 1860 04 a M
Do. do. 7 per cent 3d mte. 1883 ... . W* a ??*
l>o. do. 7 percent convertible, 1802 8d a ?
Holders in I<ondon of the bonds of the Bank of Peaaa
cols, guaranteed by the treaty of Florida, were Invited to
meet on the 11th inat. to take measures for preferrto;
their claims on the United States government.
Queen Victoria held a levee at St. James Pa'aoe on to*
8th inat, st which Mr. Buchanan presented to the Qaeaa
Mr. William H. Walsh, attach* to the U. 8. legation, Mr.
Upham, American Commissioner of Claims ocder treaty
I ?ith Great Rrltiin; Gen. J A. Thomas, Councillor; and
Nathaniel L. Iphem, Secretary of the same OommlaeloB.
The Belf^a!> Minister presented Mr. H. Solvyna, Belgiaa
| Charge at Washington. A large number of oSoers going
I on foreign servicc were presented by the Commander-in
Cl'ief and tard Raglan. Among civilians we notice tha
1 names of Justice Des Barres, of Newfoundland; Mr.
Fairbanks, Q. C., Nova Scotia, and others.
The London Olobe of the evening of the 10th iaataat
contains the following paragraph : ?
j It it nnv underrtnotl that IK' I'rnttian Cabinet hag rv
futrd to join in the alliance viih tht Western Po wars.
?Tbe Vienna Cabinet, in a despatch to the French govern
ment. states that, in presen -c of the declaration mada
by Prussia, Austria requires to be very guarded, and alea
requires time to enable her to exercise her Influence over
the Germanic IXet, so as to establish a line of polioy be
tween the German Powers In eon o mity with the policy
[ of the great Western Powers In the question ot tha
j East.
I The Kuror?nn Times of the 11th lost, gives the follow
ing paragraph. We before alludod to the fact that of
ficers had been ordered to this country on thia business
Iieut. Col Burn, of the Roval Artillery, accompanied
by Mr Anderson, of the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich,
lure proceeded to the United States fqr the pur pew at

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