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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 29, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Hamming umI reporting o? the machinery there in uw
for the manufacture of small ?nn? with the view to
- opt any ot !t whioh m*y *>? superior to that
.1. signed lor the establishment in this oo.intry
We h arn that the French government liad been
anxious te engage u? transport* several Austrian vessels
lying at Marseilles. ami the matter was therefore referred
to the decision of the government of Vienna. The reply
*aA bee* received, stating that ve**els with the Austrian
flag might be employed in any way required by the French
The advices which have come to hand from the various
f?rti of Germany, atate that the speech of the French
Kmperor, en the opening of the Chamber*, had produced
the moat favorable effect, more especially that portion of
it In which be emphatically disavows all intention of ag
gression upon neighboring countries.
Advices of the 23d ult., from Stockholm, atate that the
Russian fleet waa engaged in the attempt to penetrate
through the ire which covers the Gulf of Finland, to
pveaborg, in the Baltic Sea.
The Pope, daring a recent visit to the Ecclesiastical
Academy, after complimenting Mgr. Cardoal on the ex
cellent management of his establishment, added
/ hope thai tome adi 'outage for the Church will result from
the war which it alout to commence; I reeomUkcnd you to
q)rr up your preyert to that effect.
Accounts from Bagdad state that the treaty between
Persia and Turkey for the transit of goods by the cara
vans, had been renewed. This la a fact which ordinarily
would be of only secondary importance, but under the
actual circumstances it is very significant, because It
proves that the political and commercial relations of the
two countries are far from being interrupted, as the ad
herents of Russia would pretend.
The Count Tliibeaadeau, member of the Senate, died on
the 7tb tost, in 1'aria, at an advanoed age. He waa the
last surviving member of the Convention who voted for
ihe death of Louis XVi.
Auguste Belmont, family aad suite, B. S. Sickles, Secre
tary of the Fiuted States Legation in Loudon, and S.
Campbell, United states Consul at Rotterdam, arrived at
Antwerp oa the Tth of March, from Rotterdam.
Annexed is a list of Americans registered at the office
of 1 iviug.tou, Wellii & Co., Paris : ?
BB-atrnD run thb mw you biuld.
S.J Prime, New York. Aug Krvtng, Conn.
Irancui Hopkins, do. 8. H. Parsons, do.
W A. Bartlett. do. Hon. J. Y. Maaon and family,
Wbi. Bell, do. Virginia.
W. J. Hoe, de. Dr. O. A. Crensham, do.
A. P. Thompson, do J. K. Macfarland, do.
W. B. Bottes, do. 0. A. Peg ram. de.
.Dr. Wilkes, do. D. M. Rarrlnger and family,
?J. fi. Brewuson, do. North Carolina.
J. F. Halsted. do. C. B. King, South Carolina.
Dr. W. E. Vennilye, do. R F-. Coxe and family, Ala.
O. W. Wight, do. Walker Fearn, do.
J' Wlrtha, do. C. 8. WuUon, Louisiana.
3. 0. Baker, do. Thos. Cot t man, do
i F. Billings, do. 1). C. Baxter, do.
I'r. Green, de. N. A. Conway, do.
Samuel Young, do. E.A. More and aon, Missouri.
N. Bevereux, do N. G. Pendleton, Ohio.
/ ? Wight, Jr., Peun'a. Donn Pratt, do.
( M. WUkios, do. L. L Robinson, Kentucky.
1 8v. L. Howes, do. James F. Scott, do.
(< E. Hill, Massachusetts. B. G. Allen, do.
T>r. 11. Sargent, do. Geo. Mackay. I). C.
ti. W. Curtis, do. Chas. L. Flenchman, do.
F. W. Upborn, do. B. C. Saunders, California.
C. N. {tighter, New Jersey. J. L. Stryker, Minnesota.
Thos. H. Seymour, Conn.
Monsignor l<ediui arrived at Borne on the -7th ult. from
JS'ew York.
A letter from Vienna, of the 4th Inst., says : ?
The Criminal Court has com menced with the trial of
the ex-deputy M. Kudlish, who i* cow in the Uuited
states. Tilt, charge against him ia that of high treason,
and the public j.-oeecutor callt for the Application of the
punishment of death. The sentence will be declared in
neven or eight days.
The pig iron markot continues very firm, notwithstand
ing there ero net wanting influential parties who are
trying to keep prices down. The heavy shipments and
decreased make aro daily reducing stocks in Scotland,
which, combined with the makers boing well sold, tends
to create much confidence in those who are in stook.
Warrants rather scarce, and command 78s. 6d. to 79s.,
prompt cash; Amorican brands, 84s. Cd. to 86s.
We GcUvtaq Packet states that in the ne ghborhood of
Clifden, and iu parts of Connemara, " the cultivation of
'he potato is proceeding most vigorously."
Oar London Correspondence.
Loudon, Friday, March 10, 1854.
tevimc of tto Baltic fleet by (jueen Victoria ? The Fleet
Sailt ? The Reform Club Dinner to Sir CKarlm Napier ?
What are llis 1'owert: ? J'oritioH of Austria and Prut
?t'a ? 1h? Greek Insurrection ? Rutsian Counter- Propo
tait?Locma ? French Diplomatic Changes ? Latest from
This morning her Majesty Queen Victoria left Buck
ingham Palace for Portsmouth, to review the Baltic fleet.
The morning was dull, and a few showers of rain seem -d
to port?nd a wet day to damp the enthusiasm of the ten*
pf thousands Assembled to ?ee the great naval display,
?Which will eclipse that of last year. At noon, however,
the aun gradually forced a way through tbe clou !*, and
?milcd upon the Queen's progress. Orders had actual!/
been sent yvsterdsy for the fleet to nil immediately, in j
consequence of intelligence received of a sudden thaw in |
tbe Baltic, and that ?n attack was feared by the Russian ,
fleet upon tbe coast of Sweden. The Island of Gothland |
Is designated aa tbe point likely to be first attacked. ]
llie report that strenuous olTorta wore baing made by
the Ruaflianf> to clear a passage through the ice at Cron
xst?dt ha* been fully confirmed. A second telegraphic |
despatch was sent down to Portsmouth last night, post- j
jouing the departure of the fleet till to morrow. The
first destination is said to be Kiel.
The Hecla, Baltic ateam surveying ves-el, (English,)
Which has been taking soundings, reports that the best
feeling prevails oa the part of the Norwegian authorities.
Tbe Hecla Is the first British war steamer that ever on
tered the port of Christiansaad. ?
The Duke of Wellington, 131, left Plymouth last night.
It is thought she will go direct to the appo.ntod meeting
place at Kiel. She has been supplied with a state barge
for Sir Charles Napier. Two hundred and seventy Minie
rifles have been distributed among her marines.
Tne Reform Club was brilliantly Illuminated on Tues
day evening, throwing out in admirable relief tho classi
cal proportions of this copy of the Famese Pal.vce, at
Bome A large crowd was assemble! to witness the ar
rival of the guests to a banquet In honor of Sir Charles
Napier. Tn England nothing is done without a dinner ?
iot even a subscription for the poor. In the present in
tance tbe conviviality was not untinged with a foeling
if sadness that many of the gallant men then enjoying
hemselves may perhaps soon be sleeping their last sleep
m the soft pillows of the ocean. The banquet la of ad
litional importance in consequence of Lord Palmeraton
aking the chair, and being supported by Sir James
tiraham, First I.ord of the Admiralty, and Sir Wm. Moles
worth, another member of the government
Messrs French and Bright hare giveu notice that they
Will this evening (Friday) ask explanations as to what
?re the extraordinary powers given to Sir Clias. Napier ?
whether he has the power to declare war or not. Proba- j
l>ly tbe noble First Lord was somewhat indiscreet in the
exultation of the moment.
The position of the two Gorman Powers is still the '
Source of aome anxiety. Prussia refuses to declare herself,
and has declined to sign a convention with the Western
Powers. It most not be supposed from this that she will
Eventually join Russia. A sort of official notification has
appeared in the Berlin journals, in which it is stated
tha' Prussia, by her co-opera' ion at the conferences of j
Vienna, clearly characterised her position toward the
Western Powers Fhs will continue to maintain that
posit :?n in future, but without accepting anv obligation I
relative to an armed Intervention. Prussia will preserve
her neutral aud expectant attitude she ? ill pre-erve the
peace of central Europe to be able to act .** conciliator ,
hereafter betwoen the belligerent parti**.
Austria, on the other hand, has drawn muoV clowr to
the West era Powers, approving of sU they hsve done
SI e still, however, wishes to remain neutial Neither
Pi er has signed the last ultiaiatum sent to ft. Peters
I r. requesting a reply In six days. The Austrian of
'. ?' ' journal has also spoken out. Ia its number of
r 'ay last it says ?
> re is scarcely any hope now that war can be STold
' 1 >i?? last summons of the Western Powers is con
' 1 In very peremptory terms. However, tha4 Injunc
'? on right; of this Austria has al ways d? i
? 1 tts conviction. Anstria has hitherto shielded, on i
hand, tha general interests of Europe; on the 1
- ' r f'r?"*rved the dalles 'niposed upon her by
pfT friendship and alliance with Hv?lv It war breaks
< t, Austria will owly consult her own Interests. This is 1
) y ?w once '?*?* measure* neie??ary to make front
I .he danger* Imminent from war and lisurrMtion.
The insurrection in the Grsek provinces of Turke* has !
| stly alarmed Austria, as raroiflcatl.ns l ave been lis.
svered In Albania, Bosnia, Hcric-ci^ sn(1 ndmatla.
A s'ri* fears a Psusclavonlc mor<ment RI.e will imme
?? ?ely send * corf* d armfe to Bonta ?nd Herzegovina,
l 'er the orders of Archduke Albreeht The atn.y In
1 provinces will b? 80.000 strong
?o accounts from the Creek provinces ure al dn>
i a rising in Creek proper is feared. Many of the
1 'a i. Hirers have joined tbe !? urgonts, wl oscfo.ses
I -ereas'ng. f ngllsh and liench vessel* of war have
go "o Prerc a nnd to thr Tire - soda TntVis; army
y, t .^ceding Last 1/ to quell tbe lasamcttou U> 1 j I u?,
vfc?r? Jannlna, the capital, is besieged. Soase sanguinary
e upsgeirents have taken place.
That Kussian intrigue baa excited this rising, M a di
version in her favor against Twkey, no one d>*?btn,
though the Greek papers deny it, and declare that It la
simply a continuation of the Creak war of Independence
of 1621. The Greek government muat act with firmness
or King Otho muat look to hia crown
You will aee by the la teat newa that Russia has made
oounter propositions, and actually aent a draft of prelimi
naries of peace, offering to evacuate the Principalities
the moment they are signed. The draft was sent to
Vienna, but the conference there regarded them ai Inad
missible. A letter from Vienna thus describe.') thorn: ?
Vienna, Tuesday, March 7, 1864.
The proposals from St. Petersburg consist in counter
proportions to the peace project of the 13th January.
Russia ha* aent a draft of preliminaries of peace, offer
ing to evacuate the Principalities the moment theae are
Xho conference here consider theae terms unaccepta
ble, aa the concessions now made do not comprise all that
thi iaht project demanded.
Ctp'Jiin li lack wood, Queen's messenger, consequently
left this morhttfrroi' 8t. Pftemburg, with the ultima
tieaiuium from the Western Powers, after two days do
ten'ien hire.
The terms proposed by Russia are in no degree mora
favorable than the last overtures from St. Petersburg,
which the conference at once rejected. The Emperor
Nicholas- had no doubt hoped, by these new proposi
tions, to detach Austria from the Western Powers; but,
owing to the great judgment and i?rfect loyalty with
which Count Buol has acted, the scheme ha* completely
The Emperor Francis Joseph loft last night for Mu
The Austrian government has opened a subscription for
a lottery loan of 50,000,000 florins, at 90. It has been
very favorably received.
lhe object of this loan is to provide for the additional
You will see that a bill in the French Legislative As
sembly authorising the contract of a loan of two hundred
and fifty millions of francs, or ten millions of pounds,
was voted without a discussion On Tuesday evening the
legislative corps waited upon the Emperor at the Tuile
ries, and brought to him the law unanimously voted in
the morning to provide for war expenses
The President said ?
Sire ? We bring to your Msj? tv the law presented yes
terday, and which we have to dav unanimously voted.
On this occasion the whole legislative corps desired to
join its bureau to render still more striking in the eyes
of Europe the testimony It offers to the Emperor of its
entire conldencc and moat reaolute concurrence.
The Emperor replied: ?
I am profoundly penetrated by the emmnuemmt with
which the legislative corps baa voted this law. The stri
king adhesion you give to the policy I have adopted proves
that 1 have not been wrong. The sentiments of France
will respond to ours, for, like me, you are the elected of
unhersal suffrage.
This reply was received with immense applause, and
shouts of "Vive '1 Kmpereur I"
Marshal St. Araaud has had a relapse, bat still resolves
to take the command la the East. Should be not go It Is
thought General Baragaay d'HUliera will take the com
mand. The General baa been succeeded as Ambassador to
Constantinople by M. de Bourqueney Trent, Minister hith
erto at Vienna. M. de Target, who was shot In the leg
b.v M. Soulc, has been re called from Madrid, and M. da
Lacour, formerly Minister at Constantinople, has been
appointed Minister at Naples in the place of M. de Mau
fas, recalled.
The Duko of Cambridge, Lord Raglan, and other Brit
ish officers, are expected at Paris on the 16th. The
Duke of Cambridge will be the guest of Louis Napoleon, in
the pavilion M&rsan, at the Tuileries. The following are
our latest telegraphic despatches from the East:?
Viksna, Wednesday, March 8, 1854.
Reports are current that the Russians are withdrawing
from Kulefat.
Field-Marshal Paakiewitch has been named generalis
simo of the army on the Danube.
The Archduke Alliert will bo the Commander-in Chief
of the Austrian corps on the south-eastern frontier.
Conrmntinoi'LB, Feb. 26, 1854.
Tlie fleets are lying at Beycos.
The Pacha at (ialata has been deposed at the instance
of the Austrian internuncio.
i-'amos intends to declare ita independence.
A > rench ship of war has been sent there.
Trisixond, Feb. 19. 1864.
A division of the Russian fleet is at Sakum Kaleh.
Athxkb, March 1, 1864.
Insurrection is suddenly extending in Thessaly. Gen.
Kunjos has joined the insurgents.
The English and French ambassadors bave had a long
audience with the king.
Sir J. Church has been appointed General.
The citadel of Arta has been taken by assault.
The Turks have been beaten in several encounters with
Prevesa still held out.
Most of the English detachments hare arrived at Malta
without the slightest accident. There is one remarkable
feature in the manning of our navy ? not one man has
been pressed, they are all volunteers.
The French troops embark at Toulon on the list Inst.
From Spain news of Insurrectionary movements reach
us, hut nothing of importance has occurred since my
,ast. 1 stum, the Spanish ambassador here, has left for
Madrid. Karvae* is again spoken of as head of a new
i o-ibiuet. ?
Our Pari* CorrMpondenee*
I'ajus, Thusday, March 0, 1BG4.
The Effect of Lent on Hte AMk-Mw JUtpilwii eind
PHmtm Mm? qf<kmlrUg$ 1U D*h> if Ccmbridf*?
Mmrtiagetf the Empress' formtr I.over, Mr. HuOdlalon
? The War ? 7 he Loan ? Legislative Aitembif ? Bait de
Boulogne? Austrian Manifesto ? 1812 ? Refusal qf Swed
ish Neutrality, rfc., rfc.
The srason of Lent, which usually in Catholic countries
flings its sombre mantle over tbe ordinary frivolities and
gaieties of tbe world, baa but a partial influence in the '
city of Parii. Nominally It has a certain effect. That la
to say, as tbe season gradually draws near the gaiety 1
is redoubled; bnt the talked of cessation turns out to be 1
only a pause. Masqued and public balls veil for tho time '
i their attractions; but people have *o aooaer drawn* 1
j long breath after tbe dissipations and luxurious enchant* j
. merits of the carnival, than again they hnrry into the
j maddening vortex.
| In fact, there is but one thing which has a serious
\ effect upon the Parisian mind, and that is a thunder
storm. Wars, rumors of wars, may loom in the distance, i
revolutions may play their strange fantastic tricks, and
kings and republics alternately tit before the scene, such
things will not for s moment prevent the good people
assembling in the gayest city ia the world, dancing,
chatting, driving and jesting. But oh, let but a cloud
come lowering from the Vest, let a murmur of distant
thunder be heard, or one flashing drop of the opening foun
tains of heaven, and what a aoene takes place ! Without,
Jehus drive, and horses gallop as if for very life. Women
who are unfortutately on foot, gather up their precious
garments, and cover over their beautiful bonnets as if
the display of their nether limbs was th> ir sole ambition.
Children huddle on as if a Vampire was at their heels;
men envelope their hats la their handkerchiefs, and look
the very picture of misery. Within, the scene is little
better? a thick and troubled atmosphere perfectly mes
merise* the mcreurial French. The ladies gasp for breath,
and tnlk of asphyxia, charcoal, fee. ; the men look wild
and shake back their long hair. Pompeii, under athower
of hot ashes, could never have been more scared and dis
mayed thsn is Paris by a thunderstorm.
But from such a visitation we are, for the present,
spared, and therefore the gallant tide flows bravely on.
I rince Napoleon, who had set out on his Eastern expedi
tion and reached Dijon, has returned; he will not join
the army till April. The expected arrival of tbe Duke of
Cambridge and his reception at tbe Tulleries, have deter
mined the Emperor on having tbe presumptive heir to hi <
throne a little longer near his pereen. The event is
viewed as no unimportant episode in the roiga of a Bona
parte, and. indeed, it Is not the least among the marvels
of the times we live in, that a Prince of the blood from
haughty England should sit under the roof tree of Na
Indeed, there are reports that the Princess Mary of
Cambridge, sister of the expected Puke, may one day
find a home in the Palais Royal. Had it been NapoUnn
himself who ?t this time had sought an English alliance, j
so great Is his popularity in England that there is no s.iy
lng what might have happened. Bat the character of
Prince Napoloon Is not particularly esteemed on either
Mc'e the Channel. He has much to redeem. It was not
so much his red republicanism as his manner of exhibit
ing It, and which his present acceptance of imperial
honors does not tend to obliterate from men's minds.
Misa fneyd, a young English lady of considerable per
sonal attractions, has been requested to remove herself
from Paris, lf_only to St. Sermaln. Although there has
really been no good authority for it, the world has chosen
to be maliciously busy about some slight attentions
which the Emperor paid her. On tier presentation at a
ball at the palace, the Dttke of Basseno, the Krflperor's
(?tan>l lhamberlain, placed one of the imperial opera
boxes at her disposition . and It is said this was a circum
stance ihe Empress did not approve of. Whether the i
young lady and her friends said too much about the !
thii g, or that the Empress waa really annoyed, is not j
worth discussing but Mini Pneyd Is by particular desire I
I required to make herself scarce For my own part, I do I
i.ot think the young lady's beauty of so dangerous a per- !
fectioa as to tie worthy the honors of persecution. Hut !
it is ccrtnin that for tbe last six weeks no language of ,
c< irn eudutlon, in rcspent of her, ban beon thought ex
* rslerdny was married Mr. Haddleatcne. an English
1 gentlerean of good fumlly Rnd fortune, hut who Ik chiefly
known to fi roe from his violent passion for the Empress
?f the French before her msrr.age, a passion which? bat
that royal lovers seldom wo? !n ftll-VMttMugkt might
hsve piw4 reciprocal. The young lady who thU oo
casion has c<ind*Nirn(M to console him, is the daughter
of M. Roger du Nord, with a uui .i.ier ot ?120.000 T!ie
gtntWnuu ia forty-two. and thilad; Vw?wty-?m*, anA ol
gr4st and acoonpliahmeuts. The marriafo ?w
cehbrated at the Madeleine, in the preaonce of the Prin
ce** Mathilde. many of tlie imperial household, and many
of the great legitimist families from the Faubourg St.
Germain. Tie English Ambassadress threw a*ide her
mourn ng for the occasion, and was there. a? well an the
majority of the attaches connected with the English cm
The war, which ia to deluge with blood the water* of the
Pal tic and the lien ks of the l.anu)#, ha* been ushered in, u
you will perceive from the KnslUli journal*, by a slight
Hutbege of aiina on paper. The C'ur't allusion to the
famous retreat from Moscow lu 1812, wag not to be en
, dured, and produced such a rejoinder from M. Prouyn de
Lhuys that the Timet, the great journal of England, oalls
the parties to order, and reminds tliein that there, have
been words enough; that now is the time for dee Is; and
the "sinews" which give force to guch clinehing argu
ments are not wanting. The Legislative Chamber voted a
loan of *260,000,000 francs by acclamation.
'France," my* M. Baroclie .addressing the members,
"desires to preserve that equilibrium on which depends
the recurity and independence of all the States. For the
success of* that holy cause, 'we will march' to us? our
Emneroj's words, 'with all those whom Iniquity revolts,
villi all those who desire the triumph of the good, right
of justice and of civlliration. ' As to the resources ne
cessary to carry out efficient^ that Beat and straight
forward policy, your oommlttce would rather see them
obtained by a loan than by taxation; for it is wise, as has
been remarked, to allow the wealth of peace to defray the
expenses of war."
"As to what concerns the ulterior employment of these
resources we cannot do better than rely on the prudence
of that powerful hand which, after having so nobly
guided the diplomatic pon of Franoe, will also know well
how to gloriously handle the sword. Your committee,
gentlemen, propose to yoa, consequently, to give to the
government of the Emperor the decided pledge of confi
dence that it asked for.
" Our country, which one has dared to remind of the
misfortunes of 1812, bad no need to remind its enemies
that they had then in their favor the rigors of a winter
infinitely more dlllloult to be struggled against than their
arms. Our country could, on its side, speak of many
other glorious reminiscences, but it oonsiders it better
to create new ones.
" In aoconl with the country the Emperor was unwll
1 ling to draw the sword ; but since we are constrained to
do so, let the war be rapid, energetic, and decisin; let
: that great international surveillance exercised by the
' Western Powers over the perturbator of the repooe of
' Europe be efficacious; and onoe that the ooatinent is re
stored by our action, combined with that of England, te
I n security which will no longer depend on any person
; to trouble with impunity ? let France, satis Bed, resume
the free course of her paclSc conquests under the glo
rious aegis of the government which she has chosen for
Yesterday the whole l egislative Assembly repaired to
the Palace of the Tullerles, where the Emperor received
them in prcat state, the Empress and the Grand*D?ehess
of Baden, with all nix household, being present. They
informed him of their unanimous accordance with his
, wishes. The Emperor assured them that he merer for a
moment doubted their patriotic determination ? in that
1 ' ' they, like himself, were the elected of the people" ? aa
I answer which produced a burst of animated acclama
j tions, again and again repeated.
| In the midst of all this, no one would think the coun
I try waa dreaming of war while such incipient assiduity
1 is bestowed on the cultivation of arts which are the de
1 light of peace. The architectural improvements of
Paris are rapidly progressing everywhere. Turn to what
1 direction you will, narrow streets are disappearing,
magnificent thoroughfares assuming their places. I<e
. Palais de l'lndustrie begins to attract all eyes to ils
beautiful marble arohes and its fair< -like nroportiom.
The new Palace of Elysee, so connect* > with the career
ol Napoleon, is making great advances, and the Place de
la Concorde and the new Rue de Rivoli, are dally putting
' forth new wonders.
| Then there Is the Bois de Boulogne, the new Hyde Park
j of Paris. Workmen have lust commenced the construc
: tion of the artificial rock, from which water Is to flow for
i the supply of its new lakes and river. Nearly 1,600
workmen, 400 wagons, and 800 horses are now employed
j Is the Bols de Boulogne. There still remain 200,000
j metres of ground to he removed before the embankments
will bo completed. The new walks round the banks of ;
the lakes and river are finished and are open to the pub- j
! lie. The cast iron pipe which brings tho water to the I
rock, and which comes from the he:ghts of Chaillot, i
noroHH the plain of Passy, is completely laid down. It is I
about sixteen inches in diameter. The rock will form a :
powerful waterfall. The two islands are already termina- !
ted, and trees are being planted on them.
The beautiful Hotel de Yllle has just had a very nar
row escape from being burnt down. The National Guards, j
who keep sentry, suddenly discovered that flames were ;
issuing out, in the course of the uight, from a chamber I
in the east wing, whero some loose wood had been inad- I
vertently left. By the greatest exertions the fire was at
last pot under command, but not before it had done very !
considerable damage. Any Interruption which this may '
occasion to the civic hospitalities of this beautiful
pa lace, will Le considered a perfect visitation.
A report was prevalent yesterday which caused a de- i
pressive tencency in the money market, which was that '
Austria had published a manifesto declaring that the
policy of neutrality would be the only one she should j
follow on the Eastern question.
The allusion to 1812 by the Emperor of Russia, has i
done mere to popularise the war in France than that ex
traordinary peibonage could have dealred. hi every
one's mouth you hear sentiments to this effect:? That
Russia has nothing to boast of in the disasters which
befell the French army in that campaign; that by a
succession of victories that army penetrated the Russian
?-mplre and seized its capital ? that If It was subsequently
diaiodged by a fire, the result of aeeldent or despair, and
afterwards destroyed hy an inclement winter, seek as had
not been known for two centuries ^hat this attests nothing
of Be? fan heroism nor Ruseian power: that Napoleon was
struck down neither t>y Russia nor its government, but
leoause ? turn where he would ? he found himself en
circled bv foes. And what ia there in the position of Al
I exander in 1812 to warrant the confidence of Nicholas
that a triumph like that awarded to his brother awaP*
him in 1864 1 7 he campaign to which Nicholas now chal
lenges Iranoe and her allies will be deoldod in better
weather, and under more equal circumstances in all re
spects. He must rely upon his own army and his own
people. He has no allies lavish of their blood, like the |
Germans, or lavish of their blood and treasure, like the I
English. He must, emphatically, do all himself.
It appears, too. that the Ctar demurs to the Swedish
neutrality, and that that nation is quite ready to join the
alliancc- apaiunt him. In fsct, it seems as if It were im
possible that Russia could persevere In her isolation.
General Moore and forty other English officers arrived
at Marseilles on Saturday last, to embark for Constant i- j
nople. The last intelligence from that city comes down .
to the 2flth of February, and the combined fleets were
still at Beicos.
Our Conatantlnople Correspondence.
CoxSTAjrnnoPVB, Fab. 26, 1864
Declaration tif War? Another Engagement Between ike
Turks and Kiurian* ? Expected Attack Upon KdUfat ?
The Greek Insurrection in Albania ? Horrid Murder
Fire in Per a ? Austria and Pruttia.
The new* of the declaration of war wat brought by the
last French steamer, and was universally wall received.
The procrastinating policy of the Fjiprtlsh and French had
somewhat dampened the ardor of the Turka, in spite of
their brilliant achie\ omenta upon the Danube. They
were beginning to think that the Western Power*, after
helping to puah them into the difficulty, were determined
to let them make the boet retreat they ceuld. This de
termination on the part of the French and Engliah to
: assist the Turkiah government with men and money cannot
, Le said to be prematura. Nor does it come too soon. The
1 money chests of both the nrmlea of Ronmalia and Asia have
been empty for some time past, nor waa there much pros
pect of filling them. The winter has been very severe, and
the troops have suffered much from the cold both upon
the Danube and in Asia. This timely assistance on the
part of the English and French govern menta will be of
great advantage to the Turkish cause at the present tea
son, aa they will be enabled to prosecute with renewed
vigor the campaign at the opening of spring. Orders
liave been received at Malta to make immediate prepa
tiona for the reception of the English troops, ft is said
they will not be sent upon their arrival to the seat of
war, but will be stationed along the banks of the Helles
pont, and at the capital, to guard it against the advanco
of the Russians.
Engineers are now busily engsged in fortifying the
Tliracian Chersonesus, not only for the safety of Con
stantinople, but for the protection of the combined fleets
new in the Bosphorus. There has been another akirmlsh
between the Turks and tha Ruyians at llatchtn, upon
the Danube ; but, like ail tha rent, both claim the
victory. The engagement lasted some aix hours,
when the latter, according to Ihe recounts of the
former, were obliged to retreat, suffering severe loss.
From all acconnts we may shortly expect to hear of
another attack upon Kalofat. The Ruasians had brought
down their heavy sicgo batteries, and are making every
preparation for a vigorous assault. The Turks, however,
sre ready to receive them. They have now concentrated
within tho circle of their defences nearly 70,000 soldiers,
and 200 cannon of the heaviest calibre.
The news of the wide-spread insurrection among the
Greoka of Albania haa caused much excitement horn.
Many think that is the signal for a general outbreak
throughout the Turkish dominions. It seems that the
insurgents, at the commencement of the iaaurreotion,
scarcely numbered 400 men; bnt so rapidly haa the dis
affection spread that their numbers have already swelled
to 4,000. Emboldened by their strength, and Instigate 1,
it ia said, by RusaUn emissaries, they made an attack
upon the Turkish troopa, in which both parties sustained
considerable losses, though the insurgents were victori
ous. Following up their success, they marebed upon
/,rta, a town of considerable slse, In Albania, and took np
their position a short distance from It, at a place called
Pnnde Figadia, or Five Wells. This waa done, net onljr for
the purpose ef laying seige to Arte, bnt also to prevent
any relief from being sent from Jannlna.
Ihe excit?ment In the province of Arta is intense, and
numbers of the inhabitants are flocking to their eamp^
It is currently reported that men of position and infln
i c nee from Greece have Joined the standard of the insur
gents. Ihe leaders have Issued a proclametioif well
1 calculated to excite the revolutionary spirit of the people,
' a tranrlation of which I send you:?
W i, the unoer^tgnsd iehs' it?rts of the Province (rf Arta,
? <lrsir<>u? of M.ttina an cad to tl.e opprvenh n< ??< imn?sl
U?a* of tLc Turkuh |6v?rr.BC?t, as aU? of avenging the la
nlti ?fm4 to tMr rrlt|lti. b; their Ottoman oyyrimn,
Uw di>M ajlred im the mbi of God and their oouutry, te
?r?|re a war aimilar t* that of 1821, aor to (tut their attaoki
aaalaat thrti tyrants uetil the froedoan of their couatry be
obtained. la aiakiac thin demonatration, wa hope that the
sympathies of our free brethren la Ur?wo will lis extended
t< us. at the tame time wa expert that our brethrsn.who ?r?
cintlvd beneath the tyranny of tha Torks will rally aroaud
our atsndard, and Bght for eor altara and aor homes. Our
eacraUJmt and altered Let the remembrance of unr op
pretaieBt and the woight of our ?roBS? alienee every toajue
fckafnft it. Rhall the ? r< teent of the infidel he rained above
t I t Holy Church of Cod? Fly, then, brethren. to th? rcheae
? Mrike for liberty. Your oountry, you* rellgies demand!
your service.
Th e proclamation will, doubtless, have a great effect
Km org the Creak* throughout the Turkish empire. Dis
affected and (Uncontented, they lenjj for an opportunity
of avenging themselves for the many Injuries and Indig
nities which for centuries have been inflicted upon then*.
The war of 1M1 dimtpated the terror they had long felt
for the Turk. Russia no doubt has ha?l much to do in
this matter; deserted by the moat ef Europe, she will
endeavor to kindle the torch of rebellion within the oea
fines of the Ottoman Empire. This is but the commence
ment of an insurrection, which, if participated in by the
rest of the Christian subjects of the 8ultan, will
immediately lead to the destruction of his ~?Terrtm?*t.
Though the Christians are debarred from all civil and
military employment, they nevertheless possess the
wealth fced intelligence of the empire. To his Armenian
hkukers the Bui tan has been for some time pait obliged to
apply for assistance. Should they favor the insurrection
it wul truly become alarming. The oontinued severity of
tliu winter, and the great scarcity of provisions, occa
sioned liy the demand for tlio supply of the fleets now in
the Boaphorus, have been productive of much distress
among the poorer classes. Many robberies, aad frequent
ly murders, have been committed. But a few nights
since a moat horrible one was perpetrated. Three rob
bers, by fal*e keys, entered. during his absence, the house
of a French gentleman living in 1'era. His wife was
startled by the entrance of one of them into her chamber.
The robber, fearing alio would alarm the neighborhood by
her criee, stabbed her several times with liis dagger. The
?esvaiit, ?ho waa sleeping in the adjoining chamber,
hearing the screams of her mistress, rushed to her assist
ance. The ns?a*sin immediately threatened her life un
less ahe would show bni the place where her master's
money was concealed. Feigning to oomply, she led him
to the top of the stairway, when ahe suddenly pushed hint
to the bottom. .The neighbors, rftnalng to her assistance
fonnd tlic body of the murderer lying in the street, Bear
the door. It is yet unoertain whether he fell upon his
Cignard, or whether his friends, finding be was unable
escape, owing to the injuries received by his fall,
killed him te silence his testimony. Though this occurred
In one of the most central and populous quarters of Pera,
the body lay exposed in the streets an entire day. As he
proved to be a Greek, he was interred by the members of
that church.
Scarcely a week passes without the occurrence pf a lire,
either in gtamboul or sosoe of the suburbs, when one
does take place aad becomes extensive, many of the most
important Pashas of the goverament visit the scene of
the lira to give directions to the firemen. These confia
Etions are looted upon as scenes to be enjoyed by the
abttanta, particularly if they do not reside in the
neighborhood of them. The mode adopted here for ex
tinguishing fires is both novsl and peculiar. Water is
brought generally from a distance In small leather buck
ets swapped upon the backs of porters, and then thrown
leisurely upon the fire. Sometimes they use small en
gines, which are carried by the men. Yesterday, bearing
the cry of Yangin var I Yangin var ! ? fire there is I fire
there Is I ? 1 repaired to the soene of the conflagration.
When I arrived everything was in a state of the greatest
confusion ? men shouting, women running about without
their yashmscs, snd the dogs barking in a most terrific
,n. ner. There were about five wooden buildings envel
oped in flames, which the Para Ore department found
much difficulty in quenching with their small supply of
water. Kin lasha, Minister of War, and Mahemet Pasha,
MinUter of Marine, shortly after made their appearanoe,
and busied themselves in directing the operations ef the
firemen. The flames were extinguished after some thirty
houses had been consumed and several persons burned to ,
The steamers from the West are filled with Fjiglish and
French, anxious to ?oin the Turkish service. Those who [
are willing to tight without pay or emolument And but
little difficulty in obtaining an appointment : otherwise
they do not receive their commissions as easily. Intelli
gence has been received here that Austria has not only {
positively declined to join Russia, but has determined to
march 160,000 men into Hungary and Servia. She does this j
for the purpose of checking any revolutionary movements
there, and also to prevent any encroachments upon the
part of Russia. Prussia, too, declines an allinncc with the
Oar, and Prince Orloff has been obliged to return to St.
Petersburg without having effected anything by his mis- ,
sion. EAST.
The news U altogether unchanged from our previous
advices. The Turks were still in great force in Kalefat,
and the RiiMiana in some strength around. A body of ]
Russians were rej>orted to be marching towards the river |
tchyle, where the; have already a pontoon corps.
Parties of Turk* make incessant attacks by day and 1
night upon the Russians, harrasslng them severely.
Ad\ ices frcai (.alata, Feb. 'M, state that all the Russian I
expeditions to Bi allow had been ineffectual, the Turks !
having succeeded in constructing their batteries above i
The Kuaalan* seem to fear mischief in Bessarabia, for
the reinforcements which arrive are now detained there
Instead of being cent on to Wallachla.
The Wallachian itoniteur published a Russian decree,
Cviag effect to the forced currenoy of paper money ia
a lachla. Merchants and others who refuse to receive
the aotea, are to be considered ia a state of rebellion,
spd are to be treated accordingly.
All the newly arrived troops that have reinforced
General Luders' division, have the Greek cross on their
From Oraova, under date of Feb. 27, it ia stated that
the Russian reinforcements continued to advance from
all parts without intermission, in spite of the severity of
the weather. 80 far as tha writer could learn, however,
military men on the spot seemed to consider that more
importance was now attached to the movements of the
corps now stationed ia Bessarabia, which, (as we
noted a few days since in these columns) has been
receiving immenso accessions of strength. Ismail
is to receive a very strong garrison. Galats, Braila, i
Hlrebova, Raseova, in fact, all that portion of WaUachia
Inferior comprised in the districts of Jalomnltsa and j
Ilfov -Bucharest, being situated in the latter ? will soon be i
alive with an immense army, intended/or the invation q f \
Dtlroja and the march on Shumla. '
On the morning of the Tth inst., says a Kalefat letter i
of Fob. 9, a large foroe of Russians were descried march- j
ing on the intrenchments, consisting of seventeen bat
talions of infantry, fifty-four pieces of artillery, and four
regiments of cavalry, collected from I'ojana, Maglovits,
and the other villages iu the neighborhood. The Turkish
outpost at Tschu pertain instantly fell baok, and the
troops rot under arms in expectation of an immediate at
tack. The enemy, however, baited out of the range of
cannon, and remained for four hours in the same posi- I
tion, the General being apparently occupied in recon- |
noitering and sketching the position. Two or three hun
dred baani butuks and some regulars were sent out of the
camp, and occupied themselves during the day in
skirmishing with the Coscaeks, while the artillery ex
changed shots at intervals of ten or fifteen minutes. Is
kender Bey, though still suffering from the effects of his
fall at Psitate, scoured the country during the fore
noon with a small foroe of cavalry, and minutely
inspected every Hide of the enemy's position. It was, .
however, deemed advisable not to attack them in foroe
until more was known of their strength and intentions.
About three in the afternoon they fell back, after burn
ing all the hay and brat-hwood in the vioinity not only of
Kalefat, but of the surrounding v tllagos. This led to tke
belief tiiat they were about to retire altogether, as large
fires were also discernible ia tke direction of Csltateand
Msglovit e during the night. At ten o'clock, P. M., nine
sqcadrons of cavalry and four pieces of artillery left the
camp, under the command of Aehmet Pacha in person,
for the purpose of ascertaining if | osslble the real state
of altairs. We advanced slowly in bright moonlight,
bv sweeping the country for a distance of two miles from
tne Parube, and came upon the Russian videttes in the '
old place, about a cannon shot and a half from Goleatse
Ihcy of course Instantly fled, and the bashi buzuks, fol
io* ing hard on their track, fell in with a few more
amongst some haystacks, close to the bank of the river.
A fire of carbines was instantly oiiened along the ;
whole lino; IsLender Boy rushed to tne front, shout
ing loudly " IUeree [ lUercel Forward! Forward I" I
Forthwith followed all the picturesque confusion of a !
nocturr.nl combat: the bright Hashing of the carblnos
nod pistil-. through the gloom, hallooing, galloping, and
feneral bewildoiment on the part of everybody. It
inedout to be a fah-c alarm after all. The Cossacks
dlf1 not number moro than four or Ave, and had of course
m: t'e their escape at the earliest possible opportunity.
Infteadof advancing, however, rapidly, the order was
given to halt, and, t.. the surprise of everybody, the
artillery unliirbered and commenced firing toward the
village, whirl: it was imj ossibic to distinguish, even with
th' aid of the mo< nlight. Fhot after shot lighted up
th" pto n and w blued fiercely through the night air; but
th re was no response. The Russians would not come
out to show themselves, so we marched hack to camp,
very little wiser than when we left it, axcept that we
knew tha* Colcntze was still in existence, and that the
en my itill occupied It. but whether with picquet, or two
regiments, no one could tell. I gut to bed about three
in the morning, a little disappointed as rsgarded the ob
ject of the expedition, but delighted by the ride, as the
sir was ps balmy and soft as if it were the month of June.
Appearances now seem to Indicate an intention to re
tire on the part of the en?my. The burning of the hay
cannot be well explained upon any other ground but
their conduct is sltogcther so extraordinary that I h.vve
great hesitation in offering any opinion upon It what
ever. Run org have been very generally alloat for the
last two or three days that Omer Pacha" has crossed the
Danube, at Sistova, with thirty-fivo battalions of in
fantry, and that the Russians have consequently aban
doned their inten ion of attacking Kalefat, and are con
centrating their forces towards Bucharest. In this enne,
Aehmet I acha will advance also, and effect a junction
with Orner Pacha in or near the latter plaoe, or act sepa
rately In the west of Wsllachla. In either case there
ia hardly a doubt that he would havo to fight a battle
nearKi?jova I nm inclined to believe that the Coia
mander-in cblcf Is still at Urnmla, but at the same time
1 have very little doubt, for various reasons, that the
above repent but anticipates what will In reality very
*h( rtly take place
This division of the army Is about to sustain a severe
lor* by the remcval of Irmail l'arha, who has been ap
pointed llncbir of Anatola. lie is extremely popular
sn if. nest the soldiery, courteous and affable to strangers;
! and, though he reads and speaks no language but his
o*n, he josfessos a cultivated mind. anil, if he live, is
destined to bo one of the foremost in leading his country
; men along tl e paths of civilization. His daughters hare
been well educated, and possess many European ao
i coinpliahn ents His staff con^ilns several Hungarian J
; an'i 1 olish officers. ,
Vo have lo'ters from Kalefat to the 21st ult. They
nnr<ate >ome of the recent and rather cautious manoeu
vres of the Russians: ?
| | 1 he garrison of Kalefat had begun to give up the idea
of an attack being made on them, or experiencing any
further rnr.cyanee from the vicinity of tlieirenrmies than
their confint menl to a small semicircle round their forti
fications Ihn Russians .ndecelve l them in this particu
lar, for about noon on the 13th February, the garrison
turned out having bM war? 4 tf the advance of the
Russians, by three alum (tu. On gaining the high
ground within the entrenchments, the 'roe' could be seen
advancing from Colena, bearing the appearance te the
raked eye of black streaks en the enow. On referring
the matter to the teleaeope, the hillock whereon the Coo
sack videttee were wont to establish themselves appeared
covered with cavalry. A couple of batteries of artillery
(12 pounder*) advanced along the road to within U,600
laids, where one of them took advantage of a rise in
ihe ground to conceal itself ; the other one being
clearly distinguished by the naked eye. On the
left, the Oatacka, some two hundred in number,
threw themselves out en tirailleur. Behind them was
|.'i>Bted a ngiment or cavalry, supported by a battalion of
infantry. In rear of the centre were four or five bat
talions of infantry. One of the batteries of twelve
pounders opfniM its fire first with shells, but at this ridi
culous dliituuce they, of course, burst in the air. Round
shot were then iu>ea, and reached well into the centre
oi the entrenchments, a distance of not lesa than 3,000
yards. This amusement was carried on for about two
houra, during which time the seoond buttery having
opened its fire by alternate guns, tbejr threw in about 100
shot. To this the Turka replied by firing from two or
three pieces only, aa at best it could be only callad a
wast# i>f ammunition. The Kusaians then retired, hav
ing effected nothing whatever, but keepiag the Turks
under firm* for the iwriod ataled; and this can be the
only imaginable object for ao aenaeleaa a proceeding.
The General probably haa orders to harass his enemies,
and to keep them on the qui vim; and this ia the method
he adopts. The Turks suffered in no ruspect from this
fire, as neither man nor beast waa touched. It ia doubt
ful whether the Buaaians were so fortunate, as a picket
of Irregulara discovered traces of blood on the snow,
where the batteries had stood.
The Vienna Lloyd states from IfoBtunefro "on the
ICth ult., a fresh Turkish expedition attacked the villages
of Vasocva, to punish them for having taken up arms
against the Sultan. TlieV ice-President of the Senate. Oeorgv
Petrovitch, Bent 2,000 men to the aaeiatance of the in
habitants. On the morning of the lltb a desperate com
bat took place, which continued until thu >i ternoon,
when the Turks retired. Ihe Montcm Hni, hud sixty
men wounded and twenty killed The 1 urks lost, it U
?aid, SCO men.
The Insurrection in Epirus haa been stayed by the
energetic measures, not only of the Turkish authorities,
tut by the representatives of the Western Powers. A
letter from Malta, of the Sd. says that several of the
chiefs of the revolt have given in their submission.
Zamlt Pacha waa to leave Constantinople February 25th,
with 4,000 men for Salonioa.
The Queen of Greece is favorable to the insurgents and
their cause, and her influenoe exceeds that of the king.
From Constantinople 24th, It ia mentioned that a
French ship of tr had been detailed to quiet some ex
citement at Samoa.
T' ' Caradoc French steamer ia surveying in the Sen of
Marn.'.ia. The British steamer Niger had left for Al
Letters from Odessa, of February 18th. state that the
Bussian fleet waa still at anchor at Sebastopol. but from
time to time, w hen weather permitted, a few snips quit
ted the port to cruise along the coast. The commanders
have orders not to attack French or English shlpa, but te
resist if attacked. Treblzonde letters of February 19th.
say that a portion of the Russian squadron waa then at
The allied fleets remain at Beycos Bay.
An extra of the Journal 4e St. Piteriburp of the Sd
inst. contains an expoaltion of the progreaa of the East
ern difficulty and of the conduet of the Western Powers.
This document extends over three pages, and is an inge
nious piece of special pleading. It contains also the
Bussian answers to the circular* of the French Cabinet.
There were important movements of troops in the vici
nity of Warsaw. Letters of 22d February mention that
Urn. Pahlen had reviewed all the cavalry regiments
about to leave for the Danube. These troops were to pro
ceed by easy marches, and were not expected to reach
the Prutb before the beginning of May.
A private doe]istch mentions that three Russian ships
of-war in Trieste bad been sold, and the crews were or
dered to return to Russia bv land.
It is said that Ruaaiu will place all her forces in the
harbors of the Baltic under the chief command of Gen.
Von Berg. Prince 1'aakiewitch will command tho army of
the Lr jube, and Gen. Rudlger will be at the head of the
administration at Poland.
In Riga] Urge stores of corn are collected, but cannot
be shipped on account of tho critical state of affairs.
Travellers from the Danubian principalities have
brought to Berlin copies of^Ruasian proclamations, In the
Fenian and Bulgarian languages, and which are doubt
less intended for distribution so soon as the Russians
shall have crosxed the I'anube. As the documents could
not be translated at Berlin, their contents remain secret
for the present.
Letters from Stockholm, February 25th, state that the
Russian fleet waa engaged in the attempt to penetrate
through the ice which covers the Gulf of Finland, to
Sveaborg, near tlie Baltic.
We learn by letters from Kalisch, of the 2d inst., that
various circumstances indicated the probability of the
corps of General Panlutine shortly leaving Poland. Gen.
Paniutine la at the head of the military department at
Warsaw during the absence of Prince Paakiewitoh, whilst
General Tutachek supplies the Prince's place in all mat
ters having reference to the civil administration of the
country. A rumor was current that the guards were
shortly to leave St. Petersburg, and that their place
would be filled by the reserve of the guards and the che
valier regiment, tho finest oorpe In the army, and which
wear yellow cuirasses.
An army will be formed in Moravia, with the left wing
at Troppau, the right atOraoow, and a reserve at Olmuta.
The Archduke Albrecht will command the force.
Numerous Russia* vessels are advertised to be sold at
Hamburg. The firm of Solomon Heive have purchased
A letter from Erfurt, 4th inst., says:? The bank of this
place, which is only a branch or that of Berlin, has re
oeived formal orders not to discount any bills coming
from Russian firms, apprehensions being entertained that
uch firms will not be able to pay in specie.
Ibe King of Bavaria bas appointed a commission to
take measures for the dofence of Munich in the event of
[Berlin Correspondence (March 6) of the London Time*.]
Denmark and Sweden hare within the laat few months
attained a prominent interest in European politics, and
tlie present moment more particularly shows both na
tions on the brink of a decisive crisis. The former has
been for more than a year struggling with internal diffi
culties imposed by the task of reconstructing the funda
mental constitution of the realm, in conformity with the
Fpirit and dictates of European political necessity, but in
opposition to the feelings and wishes not only of the
Lucl ifs but also of Denmark proper. The ministry, that
baa long been in an almost unfailing minority, aud has
I -eon compelled to parley, if not to come to terns with
the opposition, (admitting them to private conferences,)
bare at last attained the climax of parliamentary weak
nets, by finding themselves in a minority of 1 to 98. The
cour?e of events is driving the King cither to a roup
d't kU or to concession to the opposition. The resolution
of thia alternative will depend mainly on the course
the approaching naval campaign in the Baltic takes.
Sweden and Norway, that have hitherto endeavored to
maintain a neutral position, will find themselves compel
led very shortly, within almost a few (lavs, to take part
with one fide or the other. Russia is already driving at
them by diplomatic means to induce them to close still
more ports against the Western fleets than are already
proclaimed as closed in the treoty of neutrality with
Denmark, and generally to refuse the ships of the oom
bined fleets the permission to provision and water in any
of her harbors. This latter demand has also been made
of l.'enmaik and requested of Prussia. In a word, what
ever the ex is ling treaty may be between Sweden and
1'enmark, with wbom Kussia reckons on having a toler
ably easy task, Sweden and Norway are called upon vir
tually to give up their neutrality.
Tee Swedish Irtet has unanimously voted tho two mil
lions Ave hundred thousand rix dollars banco that were
required by the government for tho purpose* of naval
defence. The Norwegian Storthing, it is confidently ex
pected, will readily vote its complement also, amounting
either to five hundred thousand or seven hundred ana
fifty thturand sjecie tbalers. A portion of the troops in
Drontheinie-stlft Is to be put in inarehlng trim, and sent
off through Jemtland to the Golf of Bothnia; a few oom
panies of soldiers with some gunboats, and a steamer,
a:< to be despatched to the fortress Bardohus, which is
aVo to te provided with guns of heavy calibre.
In I enmark, in spite of there being no extraordinary
ways srd means voted for cither army or.naly, some con
siderable preparations have taken place in the former but
none in the latter. Tho divisions of Infantry in garrison
in Copenhagen and Frederikshavn are to be strengthened
by : CO men each, and the battalion in Elsinore, and the
rifle* in Nvborg, by 80? men each.
A report of an approaching abdication of the Ring was
In everybody's mouth, although without any foundation.
Fn<drtland?t seems to hai e been particularly busy In
Its propagation. An act of tho Reichstag has been past
ed, in virtue of which nil transatlsntis shins and their
cargoes are to be allowed to pass the Sound free of duty,
and exempt from any fees for lighthouses or buoys, pro
\idedjthey clear in Danish porto.
Tl.e London GhronicU of the 10th of March, has the
following ? There is a long articl--' In the i'apt of Paris
on fhe Fastern question. The object is to show that in
the approaching war the commerce of France and Eng
land nave very little to dread ; whilst that of Russia, if
the war should be of long duration, must bo ruined. The
1'ays observes, that every article now supplied by Rus
t-la to the great Western Powers can be obtained by
them frcm other countries. This is quite true. The
colonies, when once they shall find that the market* of
I uroje will take their produce, will raise corn in sufficient
nbtr.dancc to supply all possible wants ; unl even Mr.
(obden, who has raised a lament about the inter
ruption In the supply of tallo^ without which, he
nays, tfce steam-engines in England cannot bo kept
going, will find that frcm South America more tallow
can be obtained, and at a cheaper rate, than from Rus
sia, or than lie could ha\ e hoped to see thrown Into the
English market. Dtdc, hemp. llax and every other pro
duction, the wle of which has enriched the noble i of
Rossis, may be grown to any extent in other countries,
and the seas will le open forth# transport to Kurope,
whilst the Russian merchants will be unable to semi out
tl.elr vjsm-Ih even for the supply of markets which 'the
wi-i will rot close against them " All this, it Is true, will
lie the woik of time; it will require many years to etfeot ;
an entire change, but if the war ahoull last only one '
ycrr, it will be sufficient to inflict a dreadful blow upon |
the irade of Kusms, and will have laid the foundation of j
a si?.to of things from which it will suffer In the future.
11. o following copy of a despatch from the English (
1 oie gn office. In anew < r to an application made by the |
Fritifn Consul nt Riga, who, at the instance of tho mer
chants of that city, bad requested information relative
to "what recoct would lie paid by British crui.iers, in
the even of ?nr, to bona Jidr British property, the pro
duce of But :a, If shipped on boord neutral vessels," wm
c'rculated at the Battle Cofea Hnn, Ltndn, oo lAlr
noon of March 9.
Fosaron Oim, M. 11 MM.
The Earl of CUmdM hju had under hi* cooaMaraW? *
your despatch of the 24th alt. roclo tiog a copy of a lat
ter from ? . of Riga, requesting to be Informed "what
ran pert would be |* id by British cruiser*. In the areat af >
war. to bona JUU British property, the pruduoe af Rassi^
if shipped on board neutral vessels. " I am to aoquain
you, in reply, that property of the description In quee
tton ? the pnKluoe of Russia aad exported therefrom by
and oa account of a British inercnaat domiciled and
trading there ? although purchased before the war. Ml
exported to England, would aot be respected by har
Majesty '? cruisers, uuleaa in pursuance of a License, or
acme t-pwdal instructions from her Majesty to the office**
of her navy.
By the law and practice of nations, a belligerent baa a
right to consider as enemies ail persona who reside la a
liosUle country, or who maintain commercial establieh
nieot? thereto , whether \heee ^eopie b? by birth neutral, '
allies. enemies, ar fellow subjects, the property of such
rrrsona exported from such countries is therefor* r*t
at mm, and. as such , lawful prise of war ; such pi o pasty
will be considered as a prlxe, although Ita owner la a na
tive born subject of the captor's coantry, and although
It may be In transition to that country ; aad lta betag
laid on board a neutral ship will not protect the property .
You will therefore lafarm whom it may concern, that la
the event of war the property will not be protected by
the consular certificate, or by any other document, hut
will be liable to capture aad coadeawatioa at priaa.
Queen Victoria was to review the fleet at Bpithead, ea
Saturday 11th: immediately after which the CoUawiag
skips, comprising the first dlvlsioa of the fleet, ware ta
weigh anchor and make all speed for a point or rendee
\ ouh, known only to the Admiral in command:?
St. Jean d'Acre, 101 guni, flagship of Sir C. Napier.Oapt.
Hon. H. Keppel; Prlnceaa Royal. 91, Oapt. Lord C. Paget;
KoyalGeorge, 110. Capt. Codrmgion; Ed&gburg, 68, Bear -
Admiral Chads; Blenheim, 00, Oapt F. T. Pelhaxa ; Hague,
69, Capt. Ramsay; Ajaz, 68, Oapt. Warden; Imperiaaae,
61, Cant. Watson; Arrogant, 47. Capt. Yelrorteo; Tre
buxe, to, Capt. Carnegie; Ampueon, 34, Oapt. Bvder;
Leopard, 18, Capt. GUTard; Krolio, 10, Oapt. NeUath;
Dragon 4, Capt Willoox. Bear Admiral Corry will prssisd
with the second division a a aoon as the ships oaa be get
ready. In the second division are the Neptune, 199, lag
ship; Prince Regent, 96; Boaoawen, 70; Valoreai, 14;
Odin, 10; Bulldog, 0; Duke of Wellington, 180; Creasy,
80: Majestic, 80; Jamee Watt. 91; Miranda, 14, ko.
Minnie rifles have been distributed to the marines. A
detachment of sappers aad miners was mi beard, far
shore service. Advices from the surveying ship llid^
dated Nyborg, Holsteia, March 8, state that the service
of surveying for the fleet* had been performed satisfac
torily, and that the Norwegian authorities had been quit*
cordial in their attention*. It la surmised that the Matt
nation of the fleet is Kiel. Franca will send tea shins ef
the line.
The greatest enthusiasm prevailed both afloat aad ea
shore. Thousands of persons from London aad else
where crowded into Portsmouth, to wltnees the sailiag
of the fleet
It is said that 8,000 British troops will accompany or
follow the fleeta to the Baltio.
The 4th English regiment, known a a "The King's
Own," waa embarked at Leith, 8th, oa board thaeiMMr
Golden Fleece. Prince Albert has reviewed the artillery at
Woolwich, of whom 1,000 are to be Immediately embarked.
They take out a siege train. A large number of ambu
lances are being prepared, owing to the auggestieaa ef the
eminent surgeon, Mr. Guthrie.
The Seventy-seventh regiment of Infantry embarked at
Liverpool, on Friday, 10th, on board the steamer Kanga
roo, and were to sail on 11th, for Turkey.
Twelve steamers were being fltted at Toulon to convey
French troops to the East. The flrst division was to
leave on the 20th inst. ; the second division the 16th of
April. Prince Napoleon, with a force of chasseurs, was
taimceed to the Greek frontier. Gen. Moore and forty
English effloers were at Marseilles on the 6th.
Marshal St. Arnaud'a pay as oommander of the Freacb
force In the East is to be 600,000 francs, with 394,090
francs for outfit.
A petition is under signature at Marseille*, praying
that France and England will decline to issue letters ef
marque, and that they will treat Russian privateers as
Constantinople letters of date February 26th, state
tliat hostilities were still suspended, on account of the
froet. Sixty pieces of cannon had beea successively
landed at Batourn and Trebisond. Persia, although she
remained neutral, was fortifying her frontiers next te
Turkey. The AfTghans have attacked the kingdom ef
Kandahar, and Ferula has offered to mediate, the Khaa
of Khiva had taken refuge In Bokhara, and has oalled
upon all the neighboring Khans to join la the struggle
against Suaala.
Austrian consular letters from Tabraei, of date begin
ning of January, make no mention either of the fall of
Khiva, er of the alliance between Russia, Qabai, Khiva,
and Bokliara. If the above paragraph be correct, the
reason is obvious. ?
[From the London Advertiser, March 10.]
It nut hare been from * wish to disturb the good na
MisKai which exists, and always should exist, be
tween this country and the United State*, that reports
have been circulated aa to the mlwioa of sge*ta frea*
tbe Russian government to New York, and of their haT
inrmet with encouragement tr cm American eitiaena.
The ladi?urt to which we rater was, that thaw
agents had been aant to the United States by the Caar,
for the purpose of contracting with ship builder* to om
struct a number of privateers, and have them fitted out
and manned a* the moat available poiate of the Allan tie
From diligent inquiry made into the troth of theee al
legation*. the only foundation for them, according to the
Niw Yob* Hxxalp, appear* to bo, that a Mr. Webb haa
orders to build one vessel, and that aome Ruaaiaa offioera
had gone to New York to superintend its oo latrnoUoo.
Tbe contract was made laat aummer, but the keel has aat
yet been laid down. Aa to the report that there were
several Buaaian offioera in the United Statea who were en
gaged in trying to have privateer* fitted out, the state
ment is asserted to be absolutely false.
We may at the same time advert, aa we do with great
satisfaction to the manner in which the Niw York Ha*au>
rcfera to these atatementa. "It is hardly probable, "
say* that journal, ' ' that Nicholas, informed, aa ha doubt
less has been by hi* Minister, of the character of oar po
litical institutions And our people, would engage in an ea
ter frire of the kind. He must know that the sympa
thiea and feelings of oor people would, in a war like that
now goiDg on in Europe, be with the people sod agaiaat
him; and that it would be impoesible to fit out priva
teers hare in oppoaition to the public will. Beaidea, aw
government would interfere to prevent any armed ves
sels leaving our ports for such a purpose." After enter
ing more into particulars, the Hb&ald concludes by say
ing: ? "There la, the refore, we believe, no truth la the
report* which have been circulated in relation to the de
signs of the Ruwian agents here."
It (bould also not be forgotten that the federal gov
ernment ha* mere than once done everything in ite power
to discourage privateering, and to terrify thoae who
were ready to engage in thin most iniquitous purauit
with the salutary threat of being treated as pirates.
Further, the American citizen must know that he i* not
at liberty to assist the belligerent operations ef any
country agsinst another couatry^with which the United
States ore at peace. The e are considerations whioh
ought to allay all apprehension among u* as to the false
rumors to which we have adverted
Apart, however, from these considerations, we may
refer to the natural sympathies of our kinsmen, the free
people of the United State*, in reference to tlie forth
coming struggle in which we shall have to participate,
against the Autocrat of Ruaaia. No one needs to bo in
formed on which side of the contending host* the good
wishes and the sympathies of the United States will be
The Crar may he credulous and mad enough to imagine
that he can, liy hi* custom and hia gold, bribe the citi
zens of the grest republic, and render them the instra
ment* of hi* pleasure. The man. bordering on insanity
and maddened with rage, may l>e foolish enough to think
that he eau find the friend* of hi* cause among a free
and tr lightened people; and he may, aa the result, send
over hie officer* and hi* commissioners with a prodi
gal liberality. If he has doae so, or intends to re
pent his experiment, he will find himself most mis
erably mistakeft. We should hope Indeed that, uadar
the prerent circ umstance, he nil! find that hia on* ,
ship, for which a contract appears to have been
tnl-en, will never have its keel laid down. We
ate satisfied that any shipbuilder in the United
i-tatea, who Is worthy of the name of a citizen of the
Union, would feeHiimself disgraced by being employed in
the service of a man who now appears in his true colors,
as the tyrant of the world. If aueh a man were not pro
secutable by the l*w of bis country, he would, if he were
oeseeaed of common prudence, avoid the damare to
which he would expose himself by losing the confidence
of hi* fellew-citlr.en*. and hia own self respect, and, per
hep*, by Incurring those still heavier penalties, which
atmctimc* fall on people in the United Statee, who ? con
duct la very much o; poeed to the wiahee of their fellow
\\e rely with perfect confidence on'tlie wisdom, th*
Anglo Saxon feeling, and the love of freedom which
belong to America, for a right course on the part of ?
our brethren in the great republic. There i* no true
American citizen who does not understand the
n.otlves by which tbe Gear of Russia is governed.
They *ee in this man tbe personation of absolutism,
whose ambition it is to trample lieneath him every
vestige of freedom in Europe And who would not be
satirfied with much leas than a world of territory,
and that world tilled wrtth miserable serfs crouching at
hi* fret. The difference lietween the republio of America
nnd the fropiro of Rnssia is not lea* than the difference
lietween lignt and darkne**, freedom and slavery; and, I i
we are n< t mistaken, some means will *oon be adopted by
our brethren on the other aide of the Atlantic to eon
vlnce his Imperial Majesty that if he wanta assistance
cut of hi* own territories he cannot eommit a greater
erTor than by looking to the United States for that
It I* almost sn insult to the fiee people of the United
h'tntea to undertake their vindication against the absurd
rhaige made against them in the report to which we
hovi n fared. We have done so, not because we deemed
it pcsfllle that any foundation could exist for theee
stntf ments, but because we know that a* there are pee
I le ready to propagate all manner of absurd rumors la
thrto < inciting time*, so tb< re are those who are ready to
bei'eve thim, and because the tendency of such rumors
is to excite prejudice and mistrust, st a time when there
is the greatest necessity for perfeet confidence among all
good men snd true, all the friend* of constitutional free
drm in all parts of the world.
[From tlio London Time*, March 9.]
It is with the nreatest pleasure, and, we may add, wife
tbe most unaffected confidence in the sincerity of Mia
writer, that we Insert a letter from General Jinee
WaUr.il Webb on the subject of privateering. The
letter leaves nothing to he d-aired, oither as to the

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