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NEW YORK HERALD.
JMIKS GORDO* BKHHKTT. PUOPKIBTOR AND EDITOR. ? ? I #mcs 0. w. corner cp kclton and wamau am. 1W. ??<* M atkxiixt. TflE tfAlI. Y HERALD 2 centi per ropy- JT prr wawi. THE WF.EKL V HF.RALI > Saturday. at 6\ rentt $tr copy, ?r $.% p<T o n rrwm . the European Cuition %i per an mmm, to any pan of Great hritain, a no 96 to any part of Uu Qmti ent hcth to include pott/i o* WLirSTJKY CC'RKESPONDF.KCE cm,1<tinint inpor M n'ln, tolirlted front a ny owirter qf the world ? if wed, rill be liberally fid for. Fohkigk Cohbmpon H?ll ABK PAHTICI'LABI.Y HK<lltntn TJ IK AX* AI.Ll.KT rma n amp Packacfi sknt <<?. ALL LETTERS by mnil f?r SnhtrripNont or io;7A adrcr Hnmentt to be pott paid, or tke pottage toil I be deluded from the money remitted. JOB r RINTlSU executed i eith vealneti, chapnen ani in patch. Volume Vr\ No. 04, AMVSEMEN TS TIITC EVENING. BOWERY THEATRE, B?vrerj~noT (At?-Viuiik BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadway? The Uki>ci?i<t ci Timci ? Siiocbini. Events. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chambcri (ireet-DAvio Cor VKHriELO ? Lai'iiuing Urr<?. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham itreet? Uwcle Ton'* Vmii. WALLACES THEATRE, Btoadway? Man amWih - Bn n uti.v k. AWVRTCAN VT7SEVM AfUrnoon? The Nic ilO Va mi s ?-Hi t Corn ? Bv?n>ag ? Thb i)ld Hhkwibv. BROADWAY MEN ACER IE? Lu.i.iwtian Kik?? Mak movm LADV A>1) Livino Uhmd Animal*. CHRISTY'S AMERIC \N OPERA HOUSE, 471 Hro?|. Way ? Ethiopian Ueloi>ixs ny Ciiitmrv'H ilitsTB-.i e. WOOD'S MINSTRELS. \Voo<l'? Wln?trcl Hall.Ui B.-oai Way ? Ethiopian Minjtb rt.av. BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, 530 Broa.! way? Buca kit ? ETUIOFKAN UVXHJL TttOUPE. BT. NICHOLAS EXHIBITION ROOM. tV> Bwadway? OAMVri'l.l. MlNNTIU'l.a IT Tlltltt N KOB'l K.XTK BT A IML.NTi. BANVARD'S CEOHAMA, 398 Broadway? Panura ?.J or MB Uoly Land. RHENISH CALLBIIY. MS Broadway? Day ?tid Nljbt. BRYAN GALLERY OF CHRISTIAN ART ? 848 Bro&a W?J. WHOLE WORLD ? .177 and 379 Broadway? Afteragoa ia4 Bvi'MBd 8H1NOR BLITZ, Commercial IIam.. Jersey f'ity. Kew York, Tlturaday, April U, 1834. Circulation of the New York Herald for 'the Week ending April 1, ISM. Monday 10,400 Tufmlay (12,080 Wednesday 52.U20 Thursday ft ?320 J'rid y. Saturday ?2,500 Sotlee to (lie Carrier*. To obviate the delay in serving the New York Herald to eubai ribero, after the carriers receive their papers from the jtre.ig, the proprietor will allow bat two hours for Wth delivery; and any earrior.who consumes more than that timo will be dismissed. and a more active man en Wd. The News. The steamship Europa is ncady due at this poi^J with two days later advices from Europe ? however, like the majority of her compccrs, she will probably ke detained beyond her time by the immense masses ?f ice encumbering the track between here and Eng land. Nothirg has been heard of the steamship City of Glasgow, which left Liverpool for Philadel phia thirty-sev :n dayH ago. It may be possible that, like the steamers Charity, Atlantic, and various other vessels, slie got wedged in among the ice, but did not experience their good fortune in finding her way out. The 8t ip Tuscarora, just arrived at Phila delphia, reports that she was fast four days in the ice. Under these circumstances there is still a hope that the City of Glasgow is yet safe. Mr. Bright has nearly recovered his health, and was able to rcsum-.* his seat in the United Senate yes terday, after an .absence of several weeks. A bill for the relief of \Villia.n C. Jones was passed, its was ulso one supplementary to the act confirming private land claims in Missouri. Bills were introduced for the recovci y of the assets of bankrupts who have ren dered fraudulent schedules, and granting Undo foi the construction of certain railroads in Missouri. The remainder of the seeeion was devoted to execu tive business. The House postponed the consideration of Mr. Bennett's I.and Distribution bill till Tuesday. Tire President was requested to furnish the official cor respondence in relation to the rejection of the exe quntor of the consulate of Trieste, and also concerning the arrest of the Rev. Mr. Richmond by the Austrian authorities. Messrs. Chandler, Wasliburne and j Jiichols spoke in opposition to, and Mr. Smith, of Tennessee, in favor of the Nebraska bill. We learn that the first batch, consisting of aboot one thousand pages, of the supplements correspon dence relative to the outrages of the Cuban authori ties upon American citizens during the last ten years, was received by the House of Representatives yesterday, with a promise from the Secretary o State that he would furnish the continuation of the documents as soon as they can be copied. The principal outrage alluded to was that upon the Crescent City and her Purser, Mr. Smith. In tead of taking a firm American position in that affair, it now appears, as was intimated at the time, that the administration then in power smoothed the matter over with the Captain General by authorizing Minister Conkling to assure him that he would not again be .annoyed by the vi sits of Captain Davenport and Purser Smith to Havana. Happily, the owners of the line were pos sessed of more fearless independence than the Presi dent and his advisers, and would not submit to be deprived of the services of Mr. Smith. Now that Congressmen are in possession of the necessary do cuments for their instruction, it is expected that they will adopt such measures as will forever after pre vent a repetition of the offences. The United States Senate still spends most of each day in executive session on the famous Gads den treaty, which, it is supposed by those con versant with the sentiment* of a majority in that body, will be rejected, despite all the pressure in the ' shape of lobby influence that spoilsmen, speculators, i and monopolists can bring to bear. In the meantime, ' Banta Anna and his imperial court arc understood i to be busily engaged in parcelling out the fifteen millions they anticipate receiving in exchange for their barren deserts. Should his Serene Highness be disappointed in this extraordinary project to reimburse his bankrupt treasury, as it is now somewhat probable he will, there is no doubt he will be speedily hurled from power, and, if he escapes with his life, sent once more into igno minous exile. The people of Mexico are ripe for another revolution? they are again panting for a republican form of government; and all that pre vents them from immediately carrying ont their de signs, is the illusion held forth to many of their chief men that they will each and all be enriched by the money now locked up in our treasury. The let ter elsewhere published throws much Additional Mght on the existing state of affairs in that sadly misgoverned and unhappy country. lfow that only six more working days are left of the sesiion, the members of our Legislature are be stirring themselves at a rate that is truly astonish ing, as will be seen by the letters from our corre-* pondent and the regular reports of the proceedings. A large number of bills were passed in both houses yesterday, many of them of considerable importance to the inhabitants of this city and vicinity. By tlio way, we observe that the bill making the New York Chief of Police completely subservient to the politi cal prejudice or social caprice of the Mayor, waa taken up and rushed through the Assembly on Tues day evening; yet this important fact escaped the attention of all the telegraphic agents of the city press. They merely mentioned the cir cumstance that the bill wa< defeated in the early part of the day, and there left th? matter, thus leading nearly everybody astray. Cor respondents should be more careful, particularly in cases where the interests of our citizens arc s > deeply involved as in this bill, which seems to have J toccfl concoctcd for the <. special accommodation of I ex-poli' emri &nd dila- . ?J po!iti< ianr. Rewl the commanii a !? n ;i s'lotlsBr cO'Omn relative to this aboTninu' '? m' uM.re. wlri h the o li reason to hope will receive its quietus in tl e Fe a'e. The Maine law is meeting with defeat in all quarters. A oli b tory liquor b il, Wilh a i roviso submitting it for mtificatioa to the people, was re. jecttd in the lower branch of the reimcylvan a Le gislature yesterday by a vote o> thirty-seven to f ixty-o' c. Ex President Fi'in o. ? met with a highly flatter ing ie< eptlon at New Oilea! h. us will be seen by the account in another column. \V learn that it is his intention to visit Charleston, where he ' as been in vited and ia expee'ed i"nr i g the sitting of the Fouthern Commercial Convention, wlrich is to a<} Hmb'e in that city n*xt Monday. i Earth .1 alwx a e a .ain ) eccming quite frequent in | the foo l.eru hemis; here. Tl e buildings and ship ! ping at Ft. Jago w e e consi lei ably shaken by h \ti a! >e*ere shoe . oa tl e ni 'lit of the 17th ulU. a <t two da s a ter ti e 1 eo:>'e ofBiracoa were b! t ? ! by s'milar t rrestrial liistnrbauces. '1 he Sing apt re Bi-Month 'y Cintu'ar to January 30 has been rcce've 1. It reports the receipt < f ; large mjorts of ; old dur n: the . ort night, coin ; prising 14,834 ounces from A istia'.'n. The rates were $20 to $29^ for bars and $28 lo $28 J per bun kal for dust. The expo:ti amoun c 1 to 1,005 j ounce-. Theimports from the a.ihipelugo did not exceed 310 bnnkals; ar.d the exports wero 1,071 bunkals; prioes for each descrption varying from $27 to #28 per bunkal, two dollars weight Property to the value of fifty thousand .dollars v.tis eunMiiued by tire in Patcrson yesterday morn ing. It consisted chiefly of mauufacturing estab lishments. Flour being in light stock, with a g:>od Eastern demand, yesterday sold at about the closirg rates current before the receipt of the Baltic's news. There was very little if anything s >ld for-export. Cora exhibited a very slight change from previous quotations. There was no alteration in pope white Genesee wheat, which was scarce. Cotton was un settled, and fee sales too limited to establish prices. American dew rotted hemp was held at $105 a $210 per ton. The lust sale of water rotted was made at $275. There was no Russian 011 hand, exoept that held by manufacturers. It is said the crop to come forward from Kentucky will be deficient, while that from Missouri will bo so large as to counterbalance t he J ailing off in t!ie former State. The winter had been unfavorable for the rotting of hemp in Mis souri, and a considerable portion of the crop, it was f>aid, would be stacked out, and remain over without rotting until the next season. Heavy snows pro vince the best rotted aid bleached hemp. The Board of Aldermen passed a great njacy pa pers last evening, and or the question of concurring j with the G'ouncilmen in f, resolution to apply to the legislature for the establishment of an additional criminal court there was i-ome debate, in the course of which there were symptoms of a minor Brecken 2-idgc and Cutting affair. Cut, like the original, it ?ended in a manner quite satisfactory to all parties. ?Quite a spirited debate occurred in the Board of CounciJlmoE on a resolution deprecating the action a'' the State Senate concerning a proposed railroad in Broadway. Interesting discussions also took place on the Central Park question and the contract for removing dead animals, for a graphic sketch of which see the special report appended to the official minutes of the proceedings. The report of the Committee on the Annual Ap poitionment was adopted at the meeting of the Board of Education last evening, and a large amount of routine business was passed upon. Our report will be found elsewhere. The Cutting .ami Bmkenrldgc Corrfipon- I device. We publish elsewhere the correspondence which passed between Messrs. Breckenridge aud Cutting, and their seconds, in relation to the rcccnt misunderstanding between them. So far as pnrtioo tfaciuxelvua ?uc concerned we have of course no comments to offer on the conduct each has thought fit to pursue. Both Francis B. Cutting and John C. Breekenridgc are well knewn to be men of honor ; and without a knowledge of the circumstances of their reccnt dimffi, any one would be entirely justified in asserting that each had demeaned himself as became a gentleman. We may safely leave the corre pondence itself to tell the tale of the ne gotiation which happily averted the duel. There is a portion of the quarrel, however, and a most material one on which that corres pondence sheds no light. In none of the letter^ wc now publish is the slightest reference made to, the real origin and cause of the dispute. From the time the offensive words were uttered to the tinal settlement we are placed in posses sion of every occurrence in minute detail ; but what took place before the utterance of Mr. Breckenridge'p speech, what motives inspired so unusual an attack on a meinberof the House. * what agency set in motion the contending pas sions. we are still left to conjecture. The omission is the more to l>e regretted, a* in comparison with these facts, the subse quent debates as to how the parties were to shoot one another sink into absolute insig nificance. It is of very little consequence to the world at large whether Mr. Cutting or Mr. Breckenridge was in fact the challenged party: the time and place of meeting, the weapon with which the deed wa^ to be done, and the distance at which the parties were to stand, are all matters on which Colonel Hawkins may expatiate with the gu^to of a veteran amateur, but which are entirely devoid of serious in terest to the public. Not -o th" original injury. It is of consequence that the origiual cause which so nearly exposed the lives of two of our be t men . hould be known. This is the only point worth ascertaining in the whole affair, llad the quarrel ended, as it very nearly did. in a meeting, and had one or both I of the parties been killed, the question would then have l>een, not what nego tiations intervened between the insult and its fruit? but what caused the insult, which caused the death of Cutting or the loss of Breckenridge? And wc must not allow the lucky result of the good sense of the parties, the judicious services of their friends, or the uiiteen hand of fortune, to divert us from this proper inquiry. To us it is as clear a< noonday th.it a man of Mr. Hrcckenridge's character could not have been betrayed into th > gross attack he made upon Mr. Cutting by the natural impulse .of his own heart, lie mu?t have ?een as well as we do that Mr. Cutting's motion was strictly par liamentary and correct: that thj mover was as he said in favor of the great principle of (he bill ; and that to impute to him treachery in what he did, or in othsr words to charge him with the basest duplicity wne neither justified by his character nor by his act. Wo cannot believe that Mr. Breckenridge was wilfully blind to those very obvious fact . He must have had -omo unseen motive ? some stimulus urging him forward insidiously to d > what his letter n tturo reproved ? :;om> maligi prompter beguiling him to play unconsciously the very part of which ho occusod his ant.igo nist. JSuoh a coincidence as this Mr. Bracken ridge coming forward voluntarily of his o-,v i accord just in the nick of time to try to crush the most dreaded leader of the national demo rat s. and with the panic How to throw the re sponmbility of the defeat of the Nebraska bill from the shoulders of the President to those of Mr. Catting was never heard of before, and may well be doubted. \ To speak plainly, in fact, no man of sense coull be persuaded that Mr. Brc kemidge's attack on Mr. Cutting was not made at the instigation of the President and to serve his purpos h. In this meridian at all events we see the hand of Pierce throughout the affair. We who know the man, and are familiar with hip tricky underhand mode of dealing, Haw his finger move from the beginning, and nailed it to the Fpot. It is characteristic of the class of minds to which Mr. Pierce's belongs to resort 4o low cunning where plain candor would an swer as well ; <uid to disregard with sovereign contempt their own and others honor and even the lives of worthy men when placed in the opposite scale to their own intercuts. It was Mr. Pierce's interest to revenge the tremendous les sons he has received from the national democrats on one of their conspicuous leaders. It was to his interest to divert public attention from his own share in throwing the Nebraska bill overboard for the pit-sent, and to make it appear that that result v.as due to another. Both these interests were served by inciting the fiery Brer ken rid-e : to the attack. They would have been still better served had the duel been fought and Mr. j Cutting left upou the field. We -sympathise j w th Jfr. Pierce on this disappointment. To those who know him her.-, these things are neither new nor surprising. To IhofQ who still believe the pitiful sto:-y tliat his assailants arc animated by personal rtvenge, Ave c< mmend the moral of the Cuttirg and Breckenridge quarrel. Let the denocratic I party in Congress ponder it well. Le them ! say ? for there are men of honor and worth a id ! character among them ? whether they can cn : dure the burning shame that the mere suspicion of attachment to so bad a man must inspire. If they can, the country can afford to overwhelm them in the same torrent of contempt bat is now threatening their master. If they -annot, in heaven's name, let them say for oice in tones that none can mistake, that they enow Pierce, and hold him as cheap as tbe.rest cf the world does, and add one more lesson to fhose which have already fallen on the head >f the creature, YVlurt Hm Congress Done 1 What has Congress done ? From the first Monday in December last, to the first weet in April, inclusive, we have a period orfouricden dar months, during which the two housee lave been ostensibly engaged in the public butness assigned them ; but in footing up the resutsof their patriotic labors thus far, we find that hey amount to nothing ? substantially to nothii. | The deficiency bill, which passed the House, las been passed by the Senate after being saddad with the additunal burden of about two m! JLions of extra appropriations, for the furthr consideration of the House ; the six war steamer bill has passed both houses ; and these, ?c ccpting a few unimportant local .or privae bills, constitute our report in answer to tlx question. What has Congress done ? With the meeting of the two houses in Decem ber last, the schedule of the public plunder laid down for their consideration was of the most tremendous and imposing dimensions, involving a grand aggregate of the spoils equal to live hundred millions of dollars, upon f a general cla.-siricatinn foikmo ? - Tor railroad I. nd s^emes, including Pacific Railroad '. . . .... ... . . . .$?-r.,00<VQt) lTWlMtl '11 land dUtitluiticn bill 75,000,00 Miss Ilix's land bill for lunatic asylums 12,500,00 Regular ?ppropriatio9i 00,000,00 Potent extensions of all kind* 2.1,000,00 Gadsden treaty "20,003,01 French spoliations 6,000,00 ?ix war steamers, sny 5,000,00 Siqj'J. jobbing conti. ct.J, public debt, extra ap rr< ' riatious, mi i-eiiancout lind pchcinei, if. vav.. 22,500,03 Total $600,000,00* With such a magnificent schedule befor< them, the spoilsmen of nil kinds had the rlgh' to anticipate a perfect carnival over the pre jected distribution of the spoils. Their plan of operations were accordingly laid down upo t* scale commensurate with the prodigiou prizes involved in this grand Congressional log rolling and stock-jobbing lottery. The Senut commenced the work in good style, passing ii a single morning railroad stock-jobbing lam grants to the amount of twenty millions of dol lars or more ; and they have now upon theii table awaiting the action of the body, a Pacific railroad bill, which contemplates a grant of lands that can only be summed up at so many hundreds of millions of acres, such as they are. Bennett's land bill and Miss I'ix's bill are both before the House, aud a lot of local Western railroad speculating projects, equal, perhaps, to thirty or forty millions of dollars. Colt's patent exten sion. Wood worth's patent extension, and various others, arc also before the House, awaiting their turn upon the calendar: aleo, the French spoli ation bill, and a variety of private jobs and contracts in addition to the regular appropria tions. The Gadsden treaty is under the earnest discussion of the Senate, from day to day ; and close behind it lies the Homestead bill, which contemplates nothing more nor less than the giving away to actual settlers nil the available public domain, probably equut to four or five hundred millious of acres. Thus it will appear that the work cut out by the two houses, exclusive of free farms to every body, covers the entire schedule of the five hundred millions of dollars of the grand pro gramme of the spoilsmen; nnd yet a lew privat : bills. the six steamer bill, and the three or four scattering millions of the deficiency bill, are all that the o Sice-mongers, stock-jobber*, land speculators and lobby men and lobby women of all the vast interests involved, have thas far >?een enabled to lay their hands upon. Even the Deficiency bill still hangs fire in the House, upon the perplexing amendments of the Senate, and will probably be cut down a million or two l?cforc it is finally passed. Here, then, at the end of four months of the session, we have only excavated six war steamers and some two or three millions of deficiencies out of the federal goldmines at Washington, positively known to contain the substantial treasures of live hun dred millions of dollars. Why this delay ? The lobby has been well organized, w< U trained, pretty well provided with the sinews of war for a month or two, and its cohorts attending both houses have been work ing like beavers. Why, then, this delay in get ting out the spoils? The reason is plain as day light. The working mac inery lias been knock ed out of gear by the spoils policy of the Cabi net, nnd by the wrangling* of t he spoilsmen in Congress from the opposite sides of the Alio ghanies. It is a trite old maxim, that "when rogues fall out honest men get their own;" but as applied to Congress, it appears that wh^n th: spoilsmen fall out, nobody gets anything. The consequence is, that things in Washington, just now, are excessively flat and stupid. Tbvre are ! no ppoils ftffoat ? obm'ness on bard, n lifj n I the lobby, 4o sprigl.tlinees in socUty, no f*ah I ionable weddi g- an 1 match makiigJ, no car ! nival of nightly fiol cs on I < iraip it < ns on the scale anticipate 1 at the beg'nn'ng f the nes Bion. Even the gamblers of Pennsylvania avenue i re sai I to complai i of the dull times, and arew itngl ke the California miners for the spring ttoo lis whi h aie to wash out the gold dust by hu if re s, and thousan 's, m i millions at a haul. The defeat of the Wise nsin railroad land jobbing bill in t e II.ubp, through the casting vote of the Speaker, was a stuuner to the land sharks; the long sleep of Colt's j atent exten sion is ominous of bad luck to that class of the gold hunters; but t' e most disastr us mis fortune to tie administration und nil the other spoilsmen, insiders and outsiders, has been this " infernal Nebraska bill," for thus, we are : informed, some of tliem h ive < penly denounced i it in the Rotunda of the Capitol, within three feet of the statue of Washington. And Veil may they execrate it as " this infernal Nebraska bill," for it has been working a famine among them, melancholy as the potato rot. How mysterious are the ways of Providence! how instructive the miscalculations and disos ters.of scheming two-penny politici <ns! This Nebraska bill was designed to place the administration " right Bide up with care" j in (he South; to neutralize the free soil ' antecedents of General Pierce ? the free soil c mposition and associations of the Cabinet; to take off the rqygh edge of "the Scarlet letter," and to reunite the democratic party upon the platform of the Cabinet and the repeal of the Missouri compromise. But though this expe dient involves the great constitutional prin ciple of popular sovereignty, it has proved a Trojan horse to the administration and the Bpoilsmen. It has been breaking up the de mocracy most horribly in Congress and in the North. It has left the administration with Cnptain Uynders as their leading champion in New York, and Mike Walsh as the rank and fde of the administration party in Congress from this great commonwealth, with thirty-three re presentatives in the House. The worst of it is, that in absorbing the attention of the two houses up to this time, the Nebraska bill has suspended the operations of the spoilsmen. The prospect, however, begins to brighten. The Nebraska bill lies quietly in Committee of the Whole. The wastage of debate has been, we trust, pretty well exhausted. Longer days and warmer weather are approaching. The rubbish will soon be cleared out of the way, and then we tfhnll have a fair field for larger ex periments of the land jobbers, patent jobbers, contract jobbers, .and all the spoilsmen. The time is.at hand for the consideration of the Home stead and Pacific railroad bills in the Senate, and for a host of Western railroad projects, lu natic asylum**, Bennett's land distribution Bcbeme, French spoliations, patents, and the re gular appropriation bills in the House. Let the Senate, in the meantime, ratify the Gadsden treaty, and give the lobby a lift. A million or two from the speculators, including Santa Anna, concerned in the Gadsden treaty, will give a powerful impetus to the lobby. The Gadsdeu treaty is now the key to the Congressional gold mines. Give the miners a start. Ratify the treaty, and call in the whole army of the spoil ?m?m to xne grand scramble for ims residue of the five hundred millions of the public plander. Ratify the treaty, pass the treaty appropriations, and the roughest of the work is done. Things will continue flat, dull and stale at Washington until there is a break into the spoils. Ratify the treaty, and let the sport begin. Tuk Gadsden Treaty ? Woiwe and Worse. ? It hae been reported, for some days past, that 1 tie correspondence connectcd with the concoc tion of the Gadsden treaty, on being laid be fore the Senate, disclosed such an extensive and complicated conspiracy t? plunder the treasu ry, that the Senate, from a sense of shame and self-respect, refused to allow the correspon dence to be printed, for f<.ar that through some mysterious agency or other, it might find its way into the newspapers. Tn addition to this, the St. Louis Democrat says : ? We licar a rumor from Washington tliat the instruc tions called for bv the Senate were obtained under nn injunction of secresy, nnd thut the Senate refused to print them for the use of its members, or to allow ex tract! to be taken from them. Wli.it kind of instruc tions were these, which require so much secrecy 1 It is rumored, moreover, that the instruction* authorized the purchase of three lines of railroad, nil outside of the United States and propose to give fifty millions for one, thirty-five millions for another, nnd fifteen millions and five millions to the (iaray plunderers for the third. Tho instructions authorize all this money to'bo paid for a railroad truck, which it is deemed unconstitutional for Congress to make. Yet notwithstanding all this according to all our advices from Washington, the lobby count upon the ratification of this Gadsden treaty ; and not without a good show of success. It is the great question amnng the outside le gislators and diplomats at Washington just now. The Nebraska bill is considered dead, and the correspondence upon the Cutting and Breckenridge imbroglio may thu* be read as the epitaph of the Nebraska bill, so that that bone of contention is substantially, for the in terim, out of the way. But in point of fact, the Gadsden treaty among the lobby members ais always been considered of infinitely higher inportance than the Nebraska bill. Upon the litter measure there are only a few little torthless Territorial offtccB depending, while io Gadsden treaty involves the magnificent sum " twenty millions of dollars, hard cash. Some ?e millions of this amount is to be set aside for ?other schedule of Gardner claims, to be ad vert before another board of commissioners ? )st likely like the Gardner board; live millions, rhaps. are to go to the relief of the lobby cnts ; others. Io brokers of Santa Anna in ishington and in Mexico ; while ten millions i to be used in putting down Gen. Alvarez, 1. Walker, and the Mexican people, and in ]ting an emperor, under the protection of the <wned heads of Europe, over Mexico and Ural America ; and that emperor, the un ftpulous and ambitious Santa Anna. orrupt as this treaty is, yet, under the psure of the lobby, or under mistaken no th of public policy, it is possible that it may Intified ? yes, it is possible that this grand hi of twenty millions may be confirmed, un dthc delusive un<l preposterous idea, of llx inhe landmarks of a lasting peace and fricntl flwith Santa Anna. But though the Senate mratify this monstrous abortion ? this naked aiahominahle iniquity ? though the country mbe kept awhile in the dark as to the of tW log-rolling and stock-jobbing in Ih thing for the pubHc plunder, it has y< to pass through the crucible by Uilousc of Representatives. The House mi appropriate before the money can bataincd. The three millions, cash down, rered by Santa Anna on the ratification, wklbrd the proper occasion lor demanding all the fact*, all the paper*, all the correspon dence upou this Gadsden bargain and sale. We shall then see whether the House u willing or Qot, for another appropriation of live millions, to settle another pack of Gardner claims ? of five millions for Santa Auna's lobby agents in 1 both countries; and ten millions to enable the Dictator to lord it over Mexico, under European j protection, in the disgusting mockery of the ; Empire of Faustin Soulouque. Let the Senate pass the treaty, an 1 let it be laid bare before the House, upon the question of appropriating the money; and then we i-h.ill be enabled to judge whether the whole of the public plunder is to be exhausted this session, or whether a portion is to be left over for the next. Let the Senate pass the treaty, and turn it over to the House upon the question of pay ing over the cash. We want to get at all the Gardner correspondence connected with this Gadsden treaty. We want the public to know all about it. Twenty millious are around sum of money. Oi'R Nkxt Statk Election. ? Our State elec tion next fall will be a curious, knotty, per plexing and astonishing afiair. We shall have a great variety of parties in the Held. There will be the liquor law party and the anti-liquor law party ; the democratic hard shell party and the democratic soft shell party : the Seward free toil abolition whig party, aud the Fillmore conservative whig party, to say nothing of the free soil party proper, which give us seven po litical parties or factions on' the course ; and then there are the Know-Nothings, who will probably constitute another independent out side faction, making eight contending cliques in the field. The three leading issues in the con test will be the Maine Liquor law, the Nosbra^ka bill, and the political destiny of W. H. Seward. It is clear that he cannot have the election all his own way, as he had last fall with the help of the administration. But Lav ing been put up by one of his organs as candi date for Governor, his faction may probably nominate him for the oflice, as a stepping stone to the Presidential arena in 185 6. If this shall be done, there will be an awful " noise and oonfusion " in this State next No vember. Such are the present indications. The European war and the Cuba question may work great changes in the course of the next six months. God only knows where we are all driving to. We are in the midst of a mighty epoch of revolutions to states, empires and poli ticians. Seward and the Van Burens, Fillmore and the Bronsons, may all be swept off in the course of events, with the Cabinet and the ad ministration, like chaff in a high wind. We can only watch the signs of the times, and, note them from day to day. In the meantime, let all hands begin to cut out their work for our next election. The Connecticut Election. ? The result of the late terrible election in Connecticut is but another bombshell thrown into the camp of the administration. The imbecile establishment at Washington is tumbling to pieces; and if the democratic party do not soon prepare to aban don the administration to its fate, they must be swamped with it among the breakers. The democrats in Congress should begin to delibe rate npon the ways and means for saving the remnants of the party, with ti?c view or some ming like a nucleus to rally upon in 1836. It is very evident that Gen. Fierce is a failure ? that his administration is already Tylerized ? that he is but the instrument of a miserable Spoils coalition of free soilcrs and secessionists, and that the democratic party of the Union can never be re-united except upou a new set of men and a new arrangement of tilings all round. Let the democratic leaders in Congress look at the New Hampshire election and the Connecticut election, and then decide upon the question whether it is expedient or worthwhile bolstering up the administration any longer, or whether it is not advisable at once to cut adrift and begin to clear away the rubbish for a democratic re-union in 1856. No time to be lost. A Sick Man. ? The Emperor Nicholas in his familiar conversations with the British Minister at St. Petersburg, aptly describes the empire of Turkey as a sick man on his dying bed. and thinks it wise to arrange the division of his es tates among his heirs, while he is yet alivet so as to prevent the fearful squabble which must otherwise ensue after his death. So with Presi dent Pierce at this time. He, too, is a sick man. and the sooner the democracy arrange the dis tribution of his politfcal effects, the better. The Emperor Nicholas is a long-headed politician. Let Ihe democracy reflect upon his advice, and act accordingly. Marine Affairs. SAILING OF THE CALIFORNIA PTEAMSIIIP3 ? SMUG GLING PASSENGERS MSCOVEREO. The Illinois, North Star and Northern light, sailed yesterday afternoon for their respective destinations on the Isthmus. All three were crowded, as usual, with passenger* for California. The former vessel had on board two companies of the Third Regimes#** MMUery , an account of whose departure we have give* ta aaother article. A despatch received from Handy Hook last night announces that the North Star and Northern Light discharged with their pilots nineteen persons who had stowed themselves away among the freight. The pilot boat No. 8 landed them on the point of the Hook, where they would have to wait until the next steamer c.iiuo up. It is said that a portion of tlio crowd appear to be q uito respectable. Amongst them arc three I idles ? one of whom >ays she was seeing some friends olT. and the steamer started before bhe could get ashore. u*UKcn. ? l here will be launched from the yard of Mr. William Perine, at Oreonpolnt, this afternoon, at half-past one o'clock, the ship Henry Harheck, of SrtO tons burthen, built for Messrs. HarbecV A Co., of thU city, and intended for the general freighting business. Mie will be commanded by C'apt. Henry True, JrT, un.ler whose superintendence the vessel was built. Pfparttrk OF Caijfornia SrRAMKRs. ? The mail steam ship Illinois, and the independent steamship North Star, lor Aspinwall, with the steamship Northern Light, for Nicaragua, went to sea yesterday, each with a large num ber of passengers bound to California. Tns Stkammiip Africa left at noon yesterday for Liver pool, with 112 passengers, and $101,081 in specie on freight. Tn? Stbamphip Baltic.? The following letter was pre sented to Captain Briggs, temporarily in command of the Collins steamer Baltic, on her arrival 4th inst. : ? SnUMBt Baltic. April 4, 1854. Capt. Cto. Brkmis ? Dear Sir ? The undersigned, poaaen gers by the Baltic on her present trip from Liverpool, at the termination of an unusually rough and boisterous voyage, are desirous of expressing their appreciation of the manner in which you have contributed to r-nder siHi voyage a most agrcttuhle one to them. Aside from the strictest performance of your duties ns master of tlie ship? duties which kept you on deck the wlioh- of five successive nights ? you have been unceasing in your ef forts to mnl.o your passengers not only comi'ortablo but happy. You have performed the part of an experienced and skilful and safe commander, und also Lh:it of the generous host, the kind, obliging friend, ond tho cour. teous gentloman. Your personal attention to the wants and conveniences of us all has endeared von to all of us. You have laid us under a sense of obligation which we shall always cherish, and can n<ner forget; wo part from you as from some old ond long valued friend, while we beg you to aecept onr earnest wishes lor your liappi- I net, sand well bclu;;, now and always. [signed by nil the cabin passengers, hotli talioi and ge ut It me n . ] Tin I:kvk: ux Citter O.uct ('u.-t!i\o returned to this port yesterday, after a cruise of four months on the Kaaieru ceasl lor tho purposm of relieving vessels in dis tiefs. During that time niiO has s.iilel two thousand three hundred and forty miles, and has hoarded two hundred and thirty vessels, as follows: ? Korty ships, thirty brigs, and one hundred and slity one sohoone.-s. ' Of this number, she has relieved and assisted o'ghteon, ] namely? cue ship, seven liuiks, fo.ir brigs aud si* ?.:hoon- I ere ? ?*'ter->t Argut (J'ortiand), April 4. THE CUTTING AND HRECKENRIDGE DIFFICULTY Tine Rtccnt Eicl(ti>g Corre?p*nide?cc be tween those Gentlemen? The Armngtmentt for a D net? Filial Settlement of the Dis pute, ?t;c. As might Lave been expected, the telegraphic synopsis which we gave yesterday f the Cutting and Breckenridge correi pocdence, has led to the publication of that corres pondence i tee If. It is as follows : ? ko. I. MM. CUTTING TO MB. lUtECKENKlDGE. Washwotok, March 27, 1844. ricm. J. C. RiuscKKMurrE? Sir? Iu the conrte ?f the debate in the House this morning, iu reply to what I considered tq bo a legitimate criticirm upon your argument, you asserted thai what 1 had said ?a? false. I now call upon you to retract this assertion, or to make the explanation due i rom one gentleman to another. This will be banded to you by my friend Mr. Maurice, who is authorized to receive your answer, and to act fur me. Very respectfully, your obediont servant. F. B. CUTTING. [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Hawkins. no. n. MB. JJRKCKENR1 t'GE TO MB. CUTTING. Washington Citt, March 27, 1864. c,R _Your note of this date, by the hands of the Hon. Jam< s Maurice, is thin moment received. llio word to w)iich vou except, having been founded on one personally applied by you to me, which I consider ed improper and offensive, cannot be withdrawn while the cause of it lcmains. * Respectfully, your obedient servant, JOHN C. BRECKE.VRIDGK. Hon. F. B. CrmNO, Washington City. [Fndoreed] Correct, T. T. Hawkins. ko. m. MR. CUTTING TO MB. BRECKKNIUTH5K. Washington, March 28, 1854. Ho*. J. C. Brbckknridce? Kir? Your note of last night, in answer to mine, waa handed to mo at too late an hour to admit then of a rc ^ Vhe rxprcs.-don to wl ieh you object wa? applied by rue in the course of what I considered to bo a legitimate criti cism upou a part of your argument, and was not intended to te personal in Ms character, nor, in my opinion, whoa considered In connection w ith uiy remark"', docs it justly admit of that construction 1 therefore have to reiterate the demand already made. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, K. E. CUTTING. [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Haw-kiss. [This letter was show u by Mr. Maurice to Col. Haw kins, who declined to receive it.], KO. IV. MB. BRBGKXMRIDGB TO MB. CUTTING. Wa-uingtox Crrv, March 28, 1864. non. F. B. Ccmsa ? Sir: ? Having received your nnte last night at a very late hour, 1 bad no time to consult a friend to whom 1 would refer the Hon. Mr. Maurice, to embrace the alter ative offered by your note, and arrange the terms of our ! ceting, until thiB morning. j My friend Col. Hawkins will present tins note, and act 1 for me in the matter. I I have the honor to remain vour obedient servant. JOHN C. BRECKENRIDGE. [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Hawkiks. ! NO. V. MR. CUTTING TO MB. RBECKENRIDUE. Washington, March 28, 1854. HON. J. C. BRBCKKNRIDGE? Sir ? 1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of this morning, in which you refer me to your friend Col. Hawkins, " to arrange the terms of our meet ing." My friend Col. Monroe, whom I have chosen for that purpose, will confer with Col. Hawkins on the subject. 1 have the honor to remain, your obedient servant, F. B. CUTTING. [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Hawkiks. no. VI. COL. HAWKINS TO COL. MONROE. Washington, March 20, 18&4. Coi.. Jambs Monro*: Sir: ? Below 1 submit the terms regulating the meeting between the Hon. F. B. Cutting and Hon. J. C. Brock - enridgo : ? The time of meeting shall be this afternoon, between the hours of 3 and 4 o'clock. The place of meeting shall be at or near the residence of Mr. F. P. Blair, in the State of Maryland, and about six or seven miles from the city of Washington. Ihe weapon shall be the ordinary rifle, commonly known as the Western rifle, which shall be charged with one charge of powder and one round ball. The distance shall be sixty paces. The parties shall stand erect, with their feet not mora than twelve inches apart. _ Ihe weapons shall be placed In the hands of the prin cipals by their respective ,-econdB, cocked, with the butt to the shoulder, the muzzle pointing to tne ground, not more than three feet from the left toe. The word shall be given In the following manner: ? Gen tlemen, are you ready? ? Fire? one? two? three ? with a pause of at least one second between the words. Neither party shall be at liberty to raise iii* piece before the word lire, or tire after the word thr.>n. If the parties are ready, r.o response shall be given; if not ready, he will respond promptly, not ruuiy. befoie tLe paTties arc armed, the word shaU be give i in blank by the second wbewhas won it, in nearly th > tame manner as it will be given when they are to Are. The choice of position and the giving ef the word shal lie determined by lot; the parties holding th? same posi t'on so long as the tight may continue. But previous to each fiie the seconds shall aghin east lota for the word. Respectfully, your ob't servant, T. T. HAWKINS. [Endorsed] Correct. T. T. Hawkins. COL. MO NECK TO COL. HAWKINS. ?\VA.-m*GTON, March*', 1851. Pip. ? I requested a htatcnicnt embodying your view* ?( the terms of the meeting of Jlr. Bi-eckenriOuc and Mr. Cut ting, with tliu hope tli?tt our views would coincide h.h to tli(> weapons, distance, &c. But us the weapon selected Is one with which m.v principal is wholly unacquainted, and the terms otherwise object ionablo, it becomes my duty to sfand on our right-' us the challenged party, anii I am under the neces' ity of proposing the following : ? }'io) osed terms of the meeting between the Hon. J. C Breckt-nridge and the Hon. V. B. Catting ? 1. Tho parties are to meet at , in the State of ? , at ? o'clock, on the ? day of March, instant. 2. Weapons to be the ordinary duelling pistols ; dis tance, ten paces' ; pistols to he held downwards, In a per pendicular direction. 8. The choice of weapons and giving of the word are each to be decided by lot, in a manner to be agreed upon by the seconds. 4. The word in to be given in the following manner "Gentlemen, are you ready?" (upon each party re sponding " ready,") " flr< ? one, two, three, halt"? not less than cne, nor more than two seconds to elapse be tween each word from " fire " to " halt." 5. Neither partv shall l>e permitted to elevate his pis tol from a perpendicular position before the word 41 flre," nor lire alter the word "halt," under the penalty of being shot down by the second of the adversary of the offending party. 6. The pistols are to be loaded with the ordinary charge of powdor and one round ball, each to be loaded alike, by some person or persons to be selected, by and under the supervision of the respective seconds. 7. Tl.e positions having been marked out by the " seconds, the choice thereof is to be decided by lot. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, ' J AS. MoNttOE. ' [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Hawkins. no. VIII. COL. HAWKINS TO COL. HONUOR. Washington, March 29, 1864 ? 10 P. M. Col. J/s. Monroe: ? fc'w ? 1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt ol your note of this date. There teems to be a misapprehension as to the relative rositious of Mr. Brocktnridge and the Hon. Mr. Cutting. Mr. ISreckcnridge, I am contideut, considers himself the challenged, not the challenging party. I never enter tained ti e idea that iny principal occupied any other attitude. Under these circumstances, I conceive that the right.* appertaining by custom to the challenged party belong to ? Mr. Breckenrldge, who stands only in a defensive posi tion, and not to Mr. Cutting, who addressed the orijin il note to him on which this correspondence is bated. I have the honor to remain, with assurances of hlglv. rcspcct, your obediint pcrxiiiit, T. T. HAWKINS. [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Hawkins. NO. IX. COL. MONP.OK TO COL. II A WHIN'S. Washington,- March 29, 1854. Col. T. T. Hawkins ? Sir ? In reply to your n-te of this date, 1 have the honor to say that, in my opinion, the misapprehension to which you allude has arisen from a misconception of the exact character of Mr. Cutting's original note. On referring to that note, 1 find that Mr. f'.itting use? the following language: ? "In tbe course of the debate in the House this morning, in reply to what 1 considered to be a legitimate criticism up< n your argument, you assort ed that what I had taid was false. I now <ji?U npon yott to retract this assertion, or m>?ko the explaiiation du" from one gc-ntleman tosnother." 1 am not able to regard this In the light of a -hall?nge, and I am confident it was not so regarded by my princi pal, nor did it seem to bo ro considered by Mr. Breckon ridge in his reply of the same date. 1o enable me, however, to speak with certainty an this point, I wish to confer with my principal, and will apprise you of the result of thut conlorence to-morrow morning 1 have tho honor to be, your obedient servant, J AH. MONROB. [Endorsed] Correct, T. T. Hawkins. no. x. COLONEL MONROE TO COI.ONKL HAWKINS. Washington, March 30, 1864. Col. T. T. Hawkins ? Sin ? I have the honor to apprise yon that on oon/er ling w it li my principal, I am authorised to Bay that the view tal;en by me of Mr. Cutting's original note as ex pussed in iny note to yotf last evening, is correct. 1 ha\e tho honor to be, your obedient servant, ' JAS. MONROE. [Endoned] Cornet, T. T. Hawkins. no. XI. COL. nAWKINS TO COL. MONROE. Washington, March 30, 1854 ? 2 o'clock. Col. .Iah. Monri K: ? ?ir_.\s you inform me in your note of this date "ihat neither the Hon. Mr. Cutting nor yoursell considers his miginsl noto as a challenge to Mr. Breckonrldge, but meiely a demand for verbr.l explanation of I < n ;unge use'', in i'.ebats, 1 have merely to refer you to Mr. Breeken ridge's note to Mr. Cutting of the 29th of March. 1 remain, with assurances of high esteem, your obedi ent servant. J. T H AWKINS. [Endowed] Correct, T. T. Hawkins. No. XII. COLONEL MONROE T;? COLONEL HAWKl*iff. Washington, March 1854. Coi. T T. Hawkins? Sin? In anewe.r to your not'- of this date, referring me to Mr. Fnckenridge's of the 27th inst. to Mr. Cutting, I havp he honor to enelose to you the reply which Mr. Cutting