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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 0137. SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 9, 1854. PRICE TWO CENTS. EffS BY T ELEGRAPH, Sreat Hacc at K'cw Orleans. QUICKEST TIME EVER MADE. |:v l)o(r ndive Fire at Juc&souvlHc, Fa., Ac., Ac., Ac. Tl?e Greatest Rate on Rccord. Xe?" Ori-Baks, April 8, 1854. eidedly the greatest four mile race on record lin Wetiooncluded on the Metallic Course, ncurthheity. mpte, the Louisiana horee, wen the purse of $2,600 ra straight lieats. e time of the first heat was seven minute* and ity-six soeonds, (7:26) : Mrt of the second heut, seven utei thirty-eight and three-quarters secon la, This is tho finest time ever made. le entries were, Lecompte, tho only horse not di. ed by J^exington in the recent great State post stake for twenty thousand dollars; Lexington, of Ken y, winner of said race; and Rubre. The latter was a need on the second heat. fore starting Lexington was the favorite at odds. I?e amounts of money were bet upon the result, which thrown the sporting community into the greatest e of excitemcnt. pat Conflagration at Jacksonville, Florida. SEVENTY BUILDINGS DESTROYED. CifAiaiwros, April 8, 1851. i destructive conflagration occurred at Jacksonville, [ida, on Wednesday afternoon. Seventy buildings t destroyed, including twenty -three stores. Tho foi ling is a li&t of the principal sufferers: ? Waver & Co., provision dealers; C. P. Oak a&d Wm. fthe, jewellers; S. N. A\ il liens, grocer; ,T. P. Sindcr , drj goods and provision* ; Bloodgoods & Bowse, do.; (.ymans, do.; Hart ridge J. Meade, dry goods; James inam, grocer; M. Hernsndet, tobacconist; C. Pewat, tioneer; L. Capella, fruits; J. Santo, do.; A. M. Reed, foods and provisions; M. lvicl, do.; A. J. Hussey, per; Win. Moore, fruit store; J. L. Hogarth, tinner; bier k Ilori, dry goods and provisions; J. L Ripley, hing; J. C. Brown, fruit store; L. B. Amermnn, dry ds; T. McMillan, druggist; T.J. Myers, A. S. Acosta, its; J. J. Howell, grocer; Joseflh Hernandez, tailor; (cwali. bakery; Geo. Flagg, jeweller; K. 11. Darloy, or; C. Polling, boots and shoe*; the Uuv oJVvco of Qeo. Call and G. W. Hawkins; the-ofllf ' .>r 1'. Ot B.irreit, iry ; McCreerv's in?urane?' ?*v,'<ti'cV: Custom ise: Mdnloshe's law offices; Cap!. Wiiley 'jrro-<i letica; jHanalian's store and dwelling; J. Meedo's ulothin * P. 1- 1 user's residence anfl law office; the printing cee of l lie hepublican ana A'cwt. The hut t was cu lly destroyed, but tho former had enough typo savod Issue an extra. J. Fiunegan's ofllce ? L- M. Folsom's uiture store. ihe total loss is estimated at $800,000, about one half which is insured ? some in New York and New Eng i offices. Depositaries of Canal Tolls. Ai.bant, April 8, 1854. the Canal Poard has designated seventy-five banks for lal toll deposits. Tho Butchers' and Drovers', KnioUer fker, Empire City, Central and Broadway banks, are iected for the Now York tolls. vlgallon on Lake Eric? The Governor's Veto. Buffalo, April 8, 1854 ice displays symptoms of breaking up, and there is rospect of the re-opening of navigation somewhat car r than w as supposed. The weather is quito warm. ?he propeller New England loaves to-morrow for up the t* via Chippewa and Wetland canal. It is believed she .1 have no difficulty in getting through. There is a >d deal of ice in the Lake near Point Albion, 'he Germans had a large torch light procession last *t, in h onor of Governor Seymour's veto. Several Kusands were out. Baltimore ami Olilo Railroad, &e, Baltimore, April 8, 1854. [he proposals for the City Loan of $2,000,000, to aid s completion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, were sned to day. $870,800 was taken at a per cent ?mium, and the. balance, $1,629,700, was awarded to siah Lee & Co., at par. ?We have no mail to-niglit south of Richmond. Departure of the (Steamship Charity. Portland, April 8, 1854. (The screw steamship Charity, Captain Pa ton, with a 11 freight of flour and twenty passengers, sailed at six clock this evening for Liverpool. The Steamship Crescent City. New Orleans, April 8 ? Noon. The steamship Crescent City, from New York via Ila , has arrived. Markets. Nkw Orleans, April 7 ? P. M. Cotton has been in mod-rate demanu to-day, at un anged rate*; sales of 5,500 bales. Middling is quoted at ?c. The business of tlio week foots up 41,000 biles, e decrease in the receipts at all the ports is now 575,000 ,lei. Flour is fiim, at $6 25 for Ohio. Corn in tnode te demand, at 55c. for mixed. Rio coffee is firm, with large business. Sales of tlio week, 10,000 bags, at 0>fe. 10Kc. The stock on ham! is 72, C00 bags. Sugar is at ^c. for fair. Freights to Liverpool are quo^el for tton. Exchange on New York is at prcm.: and ou >ndon at $?? prcm. Charleston, April 7, 1884. The shies of cotton to day wore 800 bales, at i)1t>. for iddling. The market is dull. Cotton freight* to l.ive, Bool, in American bottoms, arc quoted at j < 1 . , and in pritisli, at 7-lCd. ? ? ? 4^ Interesting from Cnrneon. By the arrival of the hark Venus, Capt. Atkinson, we ive advice* from Curacoa to the 24th nit. Th? yellow iver had entirely disappeared. Salt was telling one dot. . per barred, and very scarce. Affairs in Venezuela arc uiueltled, and another revolu tion is strongly talked of. OUt CURACOA COItKESrONDENCE. CCKACOA, March 23, 1854. faUtt Market H/]>nrtr ? Av J ) ,-i. rn 'fu'el ? l'ri-* of Salt at Bonaire ? Hit Crcr ? < (IciaX Arrioal ? Sanitary lie port. The clipper bark Venus, /tchinson master, (belonging o Boonen Graves A Co. 'a line of Curacoa pnekets,) ar rived here on the 2d inst., 10 day* from New York. The h as of several vessel- engnged in the tr.ado between ^few York and this laliflitlB 1 0MMHI quite a scarcity of mppllM. Flour was held here, previous to the arrival of the |penu* at $10 per bbl. Provisions reached a higher fltrurc than they have for ^ears. Negotiations have been entered into with a gentleman ?ell known in the State - to pen a hotel here, to V" kept upon the Anvricnnjlan The location of the house i* one of the Cnert on t!;e i. !. r. 1, an When in successful Gyeration I have no doubt but that It will l>e well patron Ired by invalids visiting the \\*< ,t Indies, and who will be induced to cr.mc here ami try the rUmaiC of the island, a* also to persons in ? (?ar"'i oi ,i southern lioni". 8ince my arrival here 1 > uve the pleasure of an in terview with the Governor, I. J. i.irnml'nsn Klsevler, Jr., mid find him tc be a gentleman, who wntches with much i:, 'crest the trade brtu- ?>n the Un to-' Hstes and the i-lnnd. He feel* mueh interesti- t in comm?rce, and I think doe* all in hi* po?-ei to give Americans facilities tor doing business in the Pute'i West Indies, Ife in frrme?l me that the prim of ?alt at Bonaire 1< to be, A ring the next year, -J' r. per bid. of 31.. bushel*. Nothing definite can be =aid in regard to thsucrop at pre sent. It there should lie no rain during the mouths of Hay and June there will without doub; be a large crop l?oth at Bonaire and Currcoa. J II Young Esq., appointed commercial agent for the Thatch West Indies, arrived h' re per lmrk Venus, and has Centered upon the discharge of his duties. Ho L..d been anxiously -looked for for seve- ?1 in-iiths l'is r<;:vp>ion lere must be very gratifying to him. The Governor wel c med hint to the island in tliu n.-v.t co.d;a) manner, and *>ur mereliant* now have the a-surnnce that ti.n 1. fairs ?f the Consulate will be conducted In a mam er which -will reflect credit upou tliu go.ernuient which hi. <cnt liim here. The heiilth of Curacoa is retnnrkably gm.d and .\meri ean vessels aro calling here daily for bills of heailit, in order that they may loud at puns in Cuba mi 1 1 .?> other island* not imectea with lever. As yet there lias been no yellow lever here, except among the whipping. "Hie commerce of the island is daily increasing, It being a depot for the Main, large quantities of merchandise (being stored here for shipment to the States anl dili'erent j parts of Europe. *** We learn from the Xratun-ille (la.) Journal, that Are ?men were drowned in Green river, near that city, a few tiaya since. They were bringing down a raft of loga, bat Joat before reaching the dam the raft went to pieces, and the men were carried over the fails. Their bodies were act recovered Two of them were brothers, by the name pf . mitb, and three were brother*, by the nam* of Dr. AfelioM*a Egyptian Antl/ aiilc j~A-tJr.uj-nc<t Mrtdng. An B'ljourned meeting of t'.o ooni-.nitifp appoints for the purcba-c of this collection wni held lilt e.'nirig, ?t tlio Stujrv Chant Inftttnte. A respectable nnmbcr of gen tlemen interested in the matter were in attendance. 11. e chair wa; taken by Dr. i'rancis, and Mr. D.ivis was cboscn secretary. The minutes of the last meeting wcro read and ap proved. The rtp rt of the gentlemen having in c'aarg" the bu piness of waiting upon tlx* Kcv. f'r. Hawks, for thepur pose of rcq.ic.-thjg him to deliver ati address upon the subject, wiis Cliea read. The Chairman, Mr. Henry T. Tuckcrman, leported as follows : ? Nkw York, April 7, 1854. Tlie committee appointed to v.ait upon Rev. Dr. Hawks and invite Mm to deliver an adii-ejs illustrative of the k'gyptinn antiquitie-, an 1 in behalf of the project to se cure them by subscription and purchase for the city of New York, have attended to the duty assigned them. Dr. Hawks, in reply to tho invitation, says: "I wish I could help the cause in the way you propose, for I wish the collection to be kept in tho country; but I ara obliged, on the score of time and health, to decline. I must give niveell nil the respite from work 1 can, for I really need it." N<t haung received the answer until yesterday, tlie committee were u r?sure\isful in their at tempt to see the Kcv. Mr. Thompson. All of which is respectfully submitted for the committee. HEN11Y T. Tl'CKERMAN. Tlie Chair said that if Mr. Thompson, who had the charge of soliciting euhacriptiona i'or this purpose, was present, they were ready for his report. It was announced that tho sum collected at present was $13,605, in Pums from ono hundred to one thousand dollars. The Chair remarked }liat it was certainty an encou raging progress. ? . . ? Pev. Mr. TiifMrsoN-sa'^ that no better mothod of call Ing public attention to this matter could bo devised than by making arrangements for a public meeting, when the whole subject could be presented clearly an 1 forcibly. It was m< ved and seconded that the former committee be instructed to continue their labors in furtherance of this object. The meeting then adjourned t9 Saturday next. A Murderous Maniac. ATTE.VI T to Ml'ItDBR A FAMILY ? A STO>KT OF HOlt UOR. [Fn m the Clev land PUiin Dealer. April 6 ] A horrible tragedy v is enacted at Rootstown, Oliio, on .he Sad ;ilt. A j.ri ue ietti r from a witness of tho fcene . uroisl the f: lio wing details: ? It seem* tii ?t Mr. Horase I.. Ennign. of Rootstown, had ri?en mi I l>e morning of tho 22d, and, without dress ing. was in the act of patting a stick of wood in t lie kite! en stove, rl en ho was foiled by a blow 011 his head. Mr. E. was Ftuiiding at I lie time near n door that open ed Into the wood shed. The door wn? ajar, and the blow wan given from some ] erson in tl <- shed. The correspondent says: ? Mr. Ensign saw no one, but placing liis hands on each siOe of his head he hastened through into his dining room .where his wife yas. He ex claimed, 'lam hilled: pome oue has split my head open with nnaxe.' lie then ran out to the door and erle<l mnrdi r. His wit'o (seeing liim bleeding, aud a gash on his lieud just above and ul.-o baok of the temple, shouted for help. Menutime tho children were awakened aud onme running in; the eldest, a son of sixteen, on coming down Mails, opened the door to the woodshed, think ing his father was in there. On opeuing the door the t>rst object tfeat I10 saw was a man with an up-lifted axe, looking like a demon at him. lie (ays, 'Caleb, what do you want of mo'." Caleb spring hack and shut the door. Dy this time a neighbor came across the st 1 cet and went to the woodhouso, when the maniac addressed h!m by name: "Donald Homing." "That is my raroe, he replied;" and, continued he, ' John Chittenden, what uro you doing with that axe?" "I | thirst for blood, and blood I w ill have," said he. Mr. E<miug tried to cool him down, and after a few minutes succeeded in goitingtlie axe. However, before he could get it away, Chittenden, who is a powerful man. sprang for the axe, and 1 ouiing being much the weaker, Chitten den wrenched it from him. ('Some of the children had ? been rent fa? help, even in their undress.) After losing hi*' fiold upon tho axe, Homing retreated to tfc? dining rcom where Horace tat bleeding, and his family around him, ) lightened very much. Iteming held tho door from the dining room, and hope 1 to keep him from that, but with the axe he shivered the door at once, when Mr. l in-iig exclaimed, "run for your lives." By this time enother neighbor got there, and on seeing what was go Jiipr en. ,-nii f, j* to i,et Iias r He. t ... .1 !-. 1 1 u lu ?hoot the mcdm in. IT pen the word being given to run, they all left, as they tl.ovght, and Eemingshut tho outer do r: but Luciuda, tlicir eldest daifghtor, (fifteen years old.) stopped to save a little brother, two and a hall years eld, who bad been aivakenod by tho breaking in of the door, and had jumped from his bed on to the floor, and stood screaming from flight. Mic caught him in her arms and reached the outer dcor ju-t in time to get her fingers pinched as Deming fclnit the dcor. She saw the wretch leap through the door, t brooch where the upper fanel had been I n ken. :-lie called to have them open the door, but by this time she received a blow from the head of the axe, which felle l her with tho little one still in her arms. Men n while, Horace had a presentiment that some child still remained in tho house, and had gone around to the back kitchen door and entered, passing into the dining rocm. There lay I.ucinda, weltericgin blood, andni ho supposed dead. Tho "outside door hail been opened. I < niirg had opened it for the chil l when she called; Chit tenden was in the act of splitting open Deming's head; Horace fprang across the dining room and seized the axe ham. le to avert tho blow from 1). Chittenden finding some one behind him. turned upon him. and in the scatflc cut to the bone on tho bock of Horace'* head. Upon that Horace t e i zed him by the throat, and i'eming by his leg, and by 11 hard struggle they got liim down, he still re taining tb" axe, and Horace still choking him. By this time the woman had called tho man back that hid gone for his rille. He carr'1, and with much difficulty wrenched the axe from him. (lie only held it by one hand;) they then got ropes sua bound him. Horace was covered with blcod. and so was the floor. After the man was scoured a messenger was posted to Ravenna for medical aid. The word liew like lightning, and a general rush ensued. Horace's head was tre famed, llis b^ain lay ex]<osed during his struggle with the man. The pulsation could be seen, but the mem biiii c w; r, not broken Tho inside of tho boue was one and cue-eighth of an ineb long and three-fourths of an inch wieo I pen th> outsiile the bone was more than tw? Inches long, besides two small pieces that were not mccturcih lit to all appearance w ill survive, but poor Ltcimla is !n a very critical situation. The bones were to drhen into the brain that tho surgf-on thought it not best to do much for her; but her friends in 'rated upon tryhg. AHer live hours tbey proceeded to dross her wound. After prcssicr tho sen I p each way, they extract ed fix pieces of bone, some an inch and over. Several of them w< re nearly buried in the brain Dr. Pratt ex tr acted them, raising tip the skull bono where . or it Was dei'MaM d. About two spoonful i of the brain escaped. Hi e dl lies in a very critical situation. "Vrtth bat small 1 ope of leer.very. This ? bitten, 'en belonged in Randolph, the town fouth of thii-; has bud fits from a chil i: an ugly tempered mnn naturally. Of late liii friends have thocght him deranged at times. Hie night previous to thi- tit 'nek he had throe keepers. He attempt oil to kin his brother, liis wife was tiireUe I to g.> about half a mile to a neighbor's to stay, in her hurry in leap ing n fence she sprained her ancle. Of course she crawled en hands and knees, ami by so doing, she proba bly eccaj ed denthj for he broke loose from his keepers, am) in pursuing her he pasted very near her twice; but the nig I t was iiark and sbo being on th j ground, he did not fee her. lie loft searching for her, and went 10 a neighbor's and called lor tho man (Mr. Ward.) Mrs. Wcnl did not recognise his voice, and replied to him that he hod ger.e after John Chittenden. "Well," sail he, with in 1 nth, -you shall go, too." She then knew his voice, catchcd the candle and blow it out. Her two daughters wi re up stairs in bed. .-lie fled up the cham ber stairs and held the d or. He smashed in a window with ;i cudgel that he carried with him; he entere 1 through the window, b .t could r.ot find any 0:10. Ho took all tho covers off the stove, throw fire about the rc( 111. and piled led olothos mid other thing.- 011 tho stove. He broke out tv o other window sash and all, an l made his exit through one of them. kf. s. Ward smolled the fire, and w ith 'ho assistance of her daughters extin guished it. All the bouse* in his neighborhood heir marks of his vi it. Ho eluded his pursuers till after he was taken at lloiacc'a- He bragged that lie lia t sent his pumicis on the wrong track. He know, ho sail, where they would go to look lor liim, but be took another road. They wanted to kill him. as he said, but sail he. "I fixed them; I thirst for blood, and blood I'll have. " I don't think he cured whose, lhero was no reason for his attac'i upon Horace; they never had nny difficulty in their lives, i can't describe the scene if 1 try. A|>fM>liitmrnts by the President. BV AtiD Willi TUB AlJVKK -l.ND COKStST Of THI 'KXATK. Charles S. Frailey, of Ohio, to be principal clerk of public lands in the General L??nd Oflice, vice E. A. Ca bell, resigned. John W. Whitfield, of Tennessee, to bo Indian Agent at the t'pper l'latte agency, vice Thomas i'ltzpatrick, de censed. Kichard C. S. Brown, of Arkansas, to .be agent for the I'uttan atomies snd Kansas Indians, vice John W. Whit field. Alois D, Ct.ll, of Indiana, to beeon3ui of the United .State: for tlie port of Antwerp, in Belgium. Alfred 11 Hanscom. of Michigan, to bo consul of the United Etiites for the port of Rio (irande. in Drisll. ? Domestic Hl?eellanjr> On the .'.1st ult.. Dr. E. E. Smith, an old resident of Painsvillc. Ohio, shot himself through the head with a title pistol. He dressed himself as lie desired to bo buried, and left directions to be buried as found, to be interred with Masonic honors, and that the children of the village accompany his body to the grave. No reason wns assigned for killing himself, other than that be was tired of living. The Ohio Legislature will adjourn on the first day of May next. A telegraphic despatch sent from St. Catherines, says that the Weliand canal Is open at Port Maitland, its entry to lake Ontario, but i?e bound at Port Qoibo.na. on Lake File. Rt'!li;lci!<i InlilllKHicf. Tlic Mariners' eliurch in Roos<*ye'lt street having fxv'n dl?pi>sed of for the purpose of procuring a more elisih^s site, public worship will Le heltl there to dny for the ln-.fr tkw< Rev. J. M. Mathews. P. I)., who preached the dedi- j cation sermon thirty-four years ago, will deliver an ad dress. Hcv. J. Mscauley, pastor of the church, will leiir<>r ' the niucteenth and hut discourse before the Young Men's j Ai-scciation of the South Dutch Church, Fifth avenue, corner of Twenty-first street, this evening. The ninth and In t of the series of sermons will l>e de livered thin owning;, in St. Stephen's church, by the Rev. I r. Pricl. This morning, at half fast ten o'clock, the Bishop will administer the rite of confirm:! Lion in the French Pro- ; tcstant church l>u St. Esprit, when a collection is to be made, the proceeds of which will be for an increase of the library ol the .Sunday school. APPOINTMENTS BV THE PROVISIONAL 1IISH0I\ To day, foienoon, at St. Esprit church, this city; after noon, .St. George's, do.; evening, St. Philip's, do. Monday afternoon, at Transfiguration church, iu this city. Tuesday afternoon, at Incarnation church. Wednesday, at Advent church. Thursday, at St. Clement's church. Friday forenoon, at St. Thomas': afternoon, at Holy Communion; evening, at Holy Apostles. Saturday evening, at St. Mathew's. INST A LI. ATI ON. The Rev. A. B. Murrey was installed as paator over the Second Congregational Society in Concord, N. 11., on Wed nesday evening last. INVITATIONS. The presbyter)- of the church in North ward, Camden, have invited the Rev. Dr. Stewart, of Indiana, to the pas toral charge of the church. Rev. .1. , Tunic i Baker has accepted a call to the Bethle h in Paptist church ia l'errvville, Hunterdon county, N w Jersey. DECLINATION. Rev. |lr. Van Arsdale, w ho formerly occupied the ;ml pit ckf tl.e PrCf by terum church in Home, N. Y.,hasdo clined the call. tuaue by the Dutch churcU of Ninth a.\enr:e and Xliirty second street iu New York, to become its pastor. DEATH IN THE MINISTRY. Rev. John Curoe, of the diocees of Brooklyn, departed this life on Friday lust, the olat of March, at the pa rochhil residence o; St. 1'aul's church, South Brooklyn. Mr. Curoe wait in the thirty-third year of his age. liisd. at Broaklyn, on Friday evening last, of a linger ing illness, which he bore with Christian fortitude and resiguation, Rov. Joiik C. GHK.V in the D3t!i year of hia age. NEW CHURCHES. The new clinrch edifice erected for the congregation une'sr the care of Rev. Wm. W. Hallewav, on the corner of Second avcni:e and Hews street, North Brooklyu, will l>v dedicated to ti e service of An i gllty God thus after noon. 'Ibe sermon will be preached by the Rev. Dr. ?Beth* ne. The Church of St. Malachy, at Fast Now York, will be dedicated this morning. 'Hie lit. Rev. Bishop Laughlin will pre acli on the oce-asiou. The beautiful new Unitarian Church, in Archdale st., Charleston, S. was do.lieated on the v'd Inst., by its pastors, aie'.ed by several clerics 1 gentlemen from various parts of the country, with imposing cer monbs, in the presence of eery large auditories. The liouse of worship recently erect ? ! by the Baptists in tlie town of linrtford, N. C., was dedicated by appro priate services, en Thursday, the Gth inst. St. John's church, in Mobile, was consecrated on the 27 th ult. I'roj a rations are in j rogress to lay the corner stone of a new Episcopal church in Staunton, Vs., eu the 2d day of May. 'Ill* Masons, Odd Fellows aud Soars of Tempe rance will participate in the ceremonies oa the occasion. The Twelfth Presbyterian church, in Franklin street, Baltimore, was dedicated oa the 2d inst. MISCELLANEOUS. Rev. Dr. Waterbury, pastor of the- Bowdoin street (Boston) Congregational Church, has been compelled to suspend lor the present his pulpit ajid pastoral labors, on account of an alVectien ol the eyes. The Uuiversalists are to erect a monument over the grave of 1 he Rev. lioaaa Ballou, a'. Mount Auburn, and propose to tsae up a collection for that purpo^o, in all their churches, on the first SabbaVh in May. The Rev. C. Polling Sn>i;h. of this city, ha^ben ap pointed Professor of Mathematics aud the N'ntutal Sciences in the Partington University, Io*a. Wo do not know whether ha is likely to accept the appointment. Ilis rame is strongly recommence I in connection with an Historical Professorship iu one of o'.ir most important institutions nearer heme. The Rev. E. C'Eecver. formeily ejf tlw Sucnnd Presby terian .uuicti, ;? N. J-. ha*. ' ecu .iisiuiosdi frutn his charge iu Ypeiiauti, Michigan. Police Intcl-'ltfciiec. ANOTHER ONE OF THE EXHIEJTOHS' AGENTS AT THE CKTSTAI< PALACE ABKESTfiD KOIl STEALING. Yesterday officer Farley, on# of the detective force a', tlie (1 vital Tnlace, under the direction of Comniandan Bowyer, arrested Francis Rafidsj ergcr. an agent of seve ral Austrian exhibitors, who. e property on exhibition was under his supervision. Some six weeks ajo this ag(nt c< mj lnined that numerous articles hail been stolen frem the standi*, and made out a bill to the company | inucunUng to several hundrfd dollars, the sum claimed ; by !iim Tor the missing property. Tho police were noti j tied, and Mr. Bowyer depute! one of his special ' men for the secret service of detecting tho rogue. Accordingly a close watch was kept, and almost every ; day Bafelsperger visi.ed tho stands with pencil and | paper, apparently very busy in taking down the list of articles to ascertain their number. About the 1st of April officer Farley met a Mr. C'olcman iu the Palace, who exhibited to him a Silunium medalion in a case, and risked for Mr. Bafelsperger, remarking that he would like to jrocure another oue of the same kind. 1 lie circumstance at once convinced Mr. Farley that Ba fe"s| erger was the rogue, and measures wore institute 1 which yesterday resulted in his arrest. The<e tnedaliona arc worth $3 apiece. Independent of 90 cents duty, they s; ill, being in bend. are only privileged to reiiain at the l'alace, and when sold tlie duties to be i aid. Ti e accuted resided at No. '2U2 Fultoa street, w lure tlie officers found, on searching his room, Ave of the stolen lueduiions, secreted in an oid boot. The first lf.i stolen were ele* en mejalions, valued at $J3; the sfcoi.il lot eight, valued at worth, in all. $57. three out of this last number l ad been purchase! of ltafel simger at $3 each, and the money paid by Mr. Farley, under the representation that .hey ?ere purchased f't Mr. Coleir.an. Tlie accused wai taken before Justice Stuart, who committed him to prison on the charge, to await a ft.ither examination. lUiftl^perger is a native ' of Austria, and at leas' -ixty years of age. He does not i a ] ear to deny taking the property, but reems to t'.iink ki was authorized bv hi? agenev to do so. A Charge rf Forcing a Deed for Land ? Sergeant Mans j fel l, of the lower poliro. yesterday arrested a genteel looking m:;n n ft toed Abel Chandler, on a charge of forging a certain quit tlaiin deed, purporting to be signed by ' George W. I'ruen, thereby convey inc a quarter section of I land stuatod in Knox county, Stale of Illinois. This deed was sold 'o George Woodman, who gold the same 1 1 Claries Whitehead. 1 he latter now prefers the charge oi forgery. It seems by the affidavit of Mr. Whit"he;n| | that Woodnmn \<as the acting agent for Alexander M. T'rui n. r.f N'c>v York, f r tho sale of Illinois lands. .Mr. | George W. Brucn die !, r.nd the property then | passed in'o the po?-e- ion of the wife of do* ceased, who conveyed the property to Alexander M. Brucn ; that on the of March, 1853, .a cer tain ijuit claim deed, signet "> v George W. Briton. and I v.itnessed bjr Oforge'Biake, and acknowledged by Gilbert | Is. Nixon, v.ns duly sent to Knox ootinty, where it wa.< re 1 cir'itd. }lj this deed, as above described, tlie I no was sold I to George V,"eo Iin; n, wl'0 a^nin sol i it to Mr. Whitehoad, at ?!j nn acie. However ^ few days after the sale, Mr. ' Whitehead discovered that it wa' i forgery. \nd so fold j Mr. Wooiiman, who admitted to hitn the fact, and in | formed him that it had been done hv Abel Cltaa lior, who I Woodman aid wa0 his co-partner in the sale of real es tate. and exliibitel an agreement to that effect Under these ciicuni t?nee?, as sworn to hy Mr Whitehead, a warrant was is-uad by Justice Osborn for the arrest of Mr. < hanc'Jcr, who was duly taken b re the Court. an l required to find Vail in the sum of $3.iK)0. The amount of 1 ail wns given aifl the accuscd liberated from custody. Jn AHrgrit FafiiUtt Mi.fdettr. ? Yesterday Constable Nesbitt, oi the Sixth ward, arrested a n\an named JefTer son Lawrence, on a requisition issued by the Governor of Ohio, in which State, according to the wan-ant, I.awr-nce stands chirgci with tl.o perpetration of a murder. Hie prisoner was taken before Justice Osboru, who detained Lim in the Tomb; prior to his being conveyed back to Ohio. Authorship of the Hnlsentnnn Letter. [From the Boston Chronicle, April 8 J Hie New York Evening J'ort publishes a letter from Its "special correspondent" in B"Ston, on the subject of the authorship of the celebrated reply of Mr. Webster to Chevalier Huisemann, the Austrian Charge d' Affaire* in 18.', 0. We do not know what authority the writer ? a bitter abolitionist, it maybe added ? 1ms for his aver ments on the subject, but we give them as wo find them, with the omission only of the "tremendous excitement" passages, which must have had their origin in the imagination only. *00**00 If there be any truth in this the public will no doubt be soon in possession of the tacts. We will only add that there nie passages In the Hulaoniann letter which a re so thoroughly and unmistakealdy Websterian that Mr. Vvereti could no more haTe given utteiar.ee to ibem than Mr. Webster could have originated cerUiii pam.ages iu Mr. Xverett'l addresses. Furtlief. admitting the framework and partial filling lit) of the letter in question to have been Mr. Everett's ? what then? The fact of its partial adoption by Mr. Web ster docs no injury to the reputation or Memory of that statesman, no more than the adoption bv Washington of Sir. Madison's outline of the Farewell Address was dis creditable to the Kather of hia Country. In re^ar 1 to Mr. Everett, no one <|i;eations his ability to mm luct a correspondence with foreign governments or their repre sentatives here; and we do not see that the authorship of the Huisemann letter would add to his clustering honors or high reputation. His memorable letter, while Secre tary of State, on the Tripartite treaty, conoerning Cuba, and addressed to the British and Krencb Ministers, belong to the same claes or category with the HyUegiaan de spatch, ARRIVAL OF THE EUROPA. i TWO DAYS LATER IKTELLIfiENOE. Tk Refusal of the Czar to Reply to the Anglo French Ultimatum. Napoleon's Opinion or the Auslo Rnsslan Secret Correspondence* Ovrrlurte of (he Czar to the French K&aperor for the Partition oi Turkey* Arrangements for the Re-opeuing of the Danube by the Combined Fleet. INTERESTING LETTER FROM OMBR PACHA. PANIC IN THE LONDON MONEY MARKET. DECLINE Iff CONSOLS, CORN, AND COTTON* Our Constantinople and Paris Correspondence, &c., ? Ac., 4c. The Ciinard' mftil' Ateamer Europa", C.ipt. I-r?tt , from Liverpool, arrived at half past three o'clock yeattvday af ternoon. She sailed on Saturday, the 25th Starch, at four o'clock in the afternoon. Advices from Constantinople state that tlio tripartite treaty between tl.e Torte and Eugland and Frrtoce was signed on the 12th uU. Between the 11th and ICth ult. there were skirmishes at KaleSat. but with blight loss of life. In the night be tween the 1st and 2d. a severo engagement took place at Podba-hl, nearShumla, in which the Russians were de feated. The Turks had 10 kllle 1 and 13 wounded; dead Rus sians were found in the morning, and as many more were drowned. /avelloa lias been proclaimed Commander in Chief of the insurgents on the Albnuian frontier. The insurrec tion appears to be extending; but tho latest accounts (rem Corfu state that the Greek insurrection is subsiding Fifty villages have submitted. 1,600 Turks lrnd lauded at Trevesn, marching on Arta. Grlvas had fallod at Jnnir.n. Other accounts, however, via Vienna., are of a different complexion, and statethut the Turks at i'revesa, had been beuteu. A Constantinople lottor of the 12th ult. announces the departure firm Baicos of two French and English frigatea, with orders to enter the mouth of the D.in.ibe, with or without the leave of the Russians. It is sts-ted that England has asked that Galipot! should be fortified, for the cmborkatlon of her troops. According to advices from St. Petersburg, tl?e Russian government proposes publishing various documents on the Eastern question. Among the documents destined for i ublicatiou are soitie letters written by I'rince Albert. Tbe Pukeof Cambridge, and a numerous staff of offi cers, left London on the 24fh ult., for tho Eust. Oa his way through France, the Puke will be entertained by the Fmperor Napoleon, at the Tuileries* Ceneral Drown bad left I ondon on tho grevioup jay. ai route for the East. Frcm Dcyrout, Syria, March 6, it was reported that the French steamer Slrieusc won missing. The marriage ef PTince Joachim Murat with the Prin cess Wsgrsm. gi and-daught( r of Marshal Bertbier, was celebrated ..I Paris. on the 2Cd ult., in the chapel of the Tuileries, Paris, In presence of the Emperor and Empress, 1 licces Jerome and Napoleon, Princess Mathilde, and tho Grand Duchess of Baden. The ceremony was performed by tl.c bishop of Nancy, Chaplain of the Palace. Ibe market for American stocks during the week had bnn in n state of suspense, very few transactions being effected. Sellers preponderate, but, as yet, realizations have not been pressed. Quotations, being merely nomi ral. are not given in detail. Tho West India mail steamer Trent, with the mails from fhngres February 23, Jamaica 26, and other West India Islands, had ariived at Southampton. Annexed is a list ef Americans entered at tho Banking llouce of Livingston, Wells & Co., Paris: ? New Yon'". ? II. McCall and family, Geo. King, Oscar Howes, A. II. Mixer, 11. A. Ehuinger, Aaron Ixtggett, C. I.. Sharpatcen, Dr. .'as. C. Ijiv and lady, C. P. Crunch. S. M. Din I.e. Lewis S. Levy, W. Corbvn, J. 11 Hilling > and family, ircd. Nash, M. D., Dr. J. W. Green, S. V. Moors, 1>. P. Howard. Ma?Jv' ( Hi's-ms". ? Joe. D. Kelley. NoM'i lUBousu. ? D. M. Barr.ngcr and family. fonn Carouna. ? Courtney L. King, K. D. Crowell. \'if.' ma. ? lhatlcs Greshum, W. R. Whitehead. At Qutcn Victoria's levee, on 22d of March, Mr. Duclir.can presented Panlel E Sickles, Secretary of Lega tion, ai d Mr. Berdan, of the United States. Mr. \V. II. Wills-It, uttache to the legation, attended the leveo. THE EUROPEAN WAR. OPERATIONS ON THE DANUBE. GENERAL PLAN OF THK PROJECTED CAMPAIGN. li e news frcm .he scat of war is very scanty. Fnglish and French officers aro now employed by Onor I'acha in arranging the details of the various projected operations. It is generally known that tho Turkish troo[snow in the Bulgarian forts and fortres es on the Black P< a, will march to Shumla in the mouth of April, iu oi-icr to make room for the Anglo-French auxiliaries, who, on their arrival, will assemble somewhere noar to I Constantinople, rnd repose for a time from the fatigues 1 of their voyage. None of the auxiliary troops will bs sent to the ! Danube, but the reserve division of tho French, under the c mmand of General Forez, will, perhaps, bo posted in Foi melia, to the outh of the Balkan. A strongly en trenched camp is being formed at Fokshany. Marshal ! St. Arnaud's quartermaster, with eight o.Uer English ai: i 1" reh olitc. i s, is at Shumla. Uir.tr l'aiha iemi.\cd his headquarter.-; fr-mi 3h ,:ula to Tt. tel. ult, on the 1Mb March. | Tlure aie several Americans in camp. An English , letter writer favs: The Turkish camp Is a perfect Dahel I of tongue f. To almost all tho diifrr-'nt races of Europe, Aria, and Africa, must now be a -Mod Americans. Like : all the auxiliaries of the Porte, tho men from the far West ?ay that tlioy have come wil.i rille, revolver and 1 towielnlfe. to defend the cau. e of civilisation au.l liu | manit} n ninst Russia. Decent Russian bulletin; announced that the Russian batteiies 1 ad destroyed the Turkish flotilla h before Nico j oh sand i'.uschtuck. Letters from the spot dcclarethat the i-hips had received little or no d-niugo from the Russian fire. I or-1 Raglan was expected to arrive at Constantinople about the 1st of April, so as to coincide as nearly as pos sible with the artival of Marshal St. A maud. A council extraordinary, whose duty it is to provide for the wants of the Turkish army and its auxiliaries, has l*cn aj pointed. It is composed of the following pachas: Bedschiu, Mehemed All, Meliemed Roushdl. Rifant, Ki/.a. and Acbmet Fethl. In Constant im-ple a new corps of men is to be formed, under the name of the New Imperial Guard. Cnur Pacha, In orier to teach more humanity to his irregular troops has offered a reward for every Russian prisoner brought in alive. pespstches fr< m Constantinople stote that the object ef On. Hurgoyne'a recent visit to Gallipoli was to plan its fortification ns an Kngllsh naval station. For the present, however, Callipol! 1s chiefly mentioned as the icndetvotis ef the French troops. Ihe Par's 1'afrie was informed that the Sultan will I lace 1,200 horaea and 1,800 mules at the service of the c> pc'litiornry force. l,i tiers fiom Constantinople. Msreh 12. state that the Fnglish steam frigate Retribution and the French steam fi j'atef aton l ad been <ent to force the stockado which the Russians have established at the mouth of the Pan ube. and w hich completely prevented the merchant ships fioni descending the rlx er, which, for commercial pnrjio m s only, they had ascendcd. If the Russians oppose the i'cs;iiiction of the stockade tho frigates have orders to open fire and pass it by force. This will probably be tho first a< t of hostilities. 1h? Information that the Russians were obstructing the river mouth was communicated in a circular from tiie British Consul at Galatz. who, on the 11th of March, announced to shipowners that the Russians were throw h.g rocks, sandbags, anchors an l rubbish into the St. George's thnnuol, and had atretche 1 a chain acro:s the t-'al na mouth. The C humla correspondence of the I .ondon lima of March 5 says:? In the night between the 1st and 2d inst.. the Russians attacked in considerable force the battery placed by Omer Pasha at Fotbaschl. in order to check the passage of the ' Russian vessels eo the P%Mb?. Futu com^aniea of Turk? ?ere immednUdy oHtVcd fo attack thorn by Ibruhim I'acn.i, serving under tli* order* of MiisU>l>ha Pacha, ur!m commands tLe right wins of the Turkish aruiy in the 1 'obrlits' Jit. lb'- oJ'fi'Ct of ?'up Russians was to spike th."> cannon a?l de?troy t! e w< rl-s; butjn this thpy were hin<k"rv<l by the \ it a city of the Turkish attaul., *o that after hall an hour'* engagement they weie all obliged to take to tkeir ships in order to avoid being driven into the I>anube. In this u II it ii ti e Turkish loss w?i< 10 killed and 13 wminded. Kighty Russian dead bodies were found in the morning, and & many were drowned. The liu man loss must have exceeded U'O. AtMatowan insignificant affair ban taken place. The Russians haring attempted to make themselves master* of an island, were repulsed, tho Turks having 1< nt one man; the Russian loss wan also small.. MOVEMENTS IX ASIA. Almost the enly intelligence wo have from Asia comes in the shape of a diary or a journey from Trebir. >nde to Frzeroutn, made by a correajiondciit of the I/indon Tines in company with Major Uonfanti, an American in the Turkish service 1 hey left Trebizonde on the 31st of .Tannery, and arriv ed at Kr/eroum on the 11th February, the entire road of route being deeply covered with snow. The travellers passed numerous parties of soldiery, bringing up guns, ammunition. Jte, and or arriving at Frzerottm found tJeii. (.uv on 'busily and zealously engaged in organizing the army under his command. ECYPT. The latest news from Egypt is t'.iat in a short time another corps of 2".ooo infantry an 1 a, 000 ho. e will u ? placed at the disposal of the Sultan. THE ENfiLTSH BALTIC FLEET. The fleet under Sir ( harlos Nupler is beiiv< r.i;>i jly s 'renpthened. Sir Charles sailed froi.i Portsinuiti mi fli? 1 I'll of March, with fifteen sail, but by this t'm the in ml et has lien made up to twenty-six sail, of ?rhi- !i tvehe .ire ships of the line." The following is a statement of this powerful Hie' ? HHV OH oF iiATTi k >nrp>?. Bkm Gum. Men. 1'ower. 1 ule of Wellington .-...181 1,100 780 I'ovfcl George 121 900 4'to ft*.' .lean d'Aere'.. 101 MM 050 Princess Royal 01 860 400 Cressy 80 "20 4<>0 Blenheim 00 OrtO 450 Rogue., ............ f.O Ofl'l 450 Aj?x ... 58 630 450 Edinburg t.... 58 630 450 PAIUMi LOR-OF ItAITIJt SUU'i Neptune liO 870 ? Monarch . .. 84 720 ? Boscawen 70 620 ? SCREW FKlCUTUj. Euryalus 50 530 .100 Impereuse 50 530 3 BO Arrogant. .. 47 450 300 Amphion 34 320 300 Tribune . 30 301) 300 Dauntless 26 300 580 Cruiser 16 175 63 Miranda 14 250 250 i l'AIUME WIlEEt. STRAMWR8 Leopard 16 280 600 Dragon 6 200 580 I Bull Do* 0 100 500 | Valorous 10 300 500 I Odin 10 100 470 ! Vulture 0 160 470 Basilik ? 100 400 i Total 1,305 14,015 0,810 The above ligures areas accurate as can 1>? obtained with , regard to tbe number of men. They uioy be slightly above or below tlio actual number* on board some of tbo ships, but they nre not materially wrong. In the course of a few days the fleet would be farther , reinforced by tbe following ships, irrespective of tho French squadron, part of which had already Bailed from Toulon: ? I INH-OF BATTLR antra. Gttnt. Gunt. St. George 121 Wate*lo> 120 CocBar, (bOrew,) 91 Nile, (screw) 01 James W att (screw) .. . 91 Algiers, (screw) 91 Pannibal 91 Princa Regent 90 Majestic, (screw,) 80 oTitru snip*. Arcbcr, (screw) 14 Desperate, (screw) ft j Gorgon, (.paddle) 0 Drive, (paddl*) (? | (enflict, (screw) S l'.oar.ruond 6 rrcmctbavs 6 Alban, (paddle) 3 ; Lightning, (padule) ... . 3 Hecla, (padile) transport. THE RUSSIAN FLEET iN THE BLACK SEA. There was a rumor at Constantinople, March 13, that the Russian fleet hail loft Sebastapol and conveyed pro visions and men to tbe fort* o:i tho Circassian coast. This is extremely doubtful. Tho steamer Sampson' and a French frigate are cruising oil 8e ja.i'.opol, ami would hare immediately communicated tho nows to thu alii d fleet. CONTRADICTORY REPORTS RESPECTING THE G1UCEK INSURRECTION. According to | ublishud accounts in the Austrian Mid Cermen newspapers tbo insurrection i" spreading: but private advices, equally reliable, frjrn Eplrus to Much 18, mnke a contrary statement. The former say that SuH and nearly all t fie southern maritime distriotsof Al bania Jiave ri.-cn: that the insurrection e.\ten>is from ouo end of tho 1'indus mountains to the other: and that Tsavillas is proclaimed commander in chief of tbo insur gent at my. Letters dated the 0th of March mention tlio taking of ! the town of Arta by the insurgent Greeks, n.nd that num bers of men bad joined Captains Kronia. and Jako, who : held postesaion of tbe districts of Armome, liemekoand ! Karditza, within twelve hours of Volo. We have, however, : two days later than the above, (to the 11th ult..) brought j to C'i nstantinojde fnm 8yra bv tho TJverpool steamer I Mi lita, continuing previous reports that the Turks had I attacked tbo insurgents at Arts, driven them across tbe ! frontier, and ouly stopped when fired upon by tbe Greek regulars. Thereare various embellishments to the above, which we need not occupy our sp.ioe by re; eating, it maybe inferred that the true state of the case is that tlw itisuncction, although temporarily suppror-ed, is far from being extinguished. Tbe letters now to band st.ile that to tho ronton trance of the aml-at-adors of the four Poworsthe Greek govern- I ment lia 1 replied, that with the smalt number of troop.i composing the army it vra ? impossible to check any gen eial movement of tho people. If severity wi re employed, tbe troi pa would probably revolt and revolutionize (Jrecce itself. The government, therefore, could not hope to interfere with success. Further statements that have come to ban 1 direct , from Albania ami Thessaly report that tbe Sultan's troops are retaking all tho positions which at tbo out- , break of the insurrection wore seized by the insurgents. | 1'esides the 5,000 Turkish t roop i landed at Volo, 2,fi00 bad lwen disembarked at l'revofH. Tho position called tbe Five Wells was again in the bands of the Turks, and the insurgent force was rapidly dwindling away. Fifty re\o'.ted villages had submitted to the Turks. NAPOLEON'S VIEW OF T!IK SECRET CORRES i PON DEN CE BETWEEN RUSSIA AND ENG LAND. [I'ri m the Paris Moniteur (official), March 23. ] We nave published tbe documents re.,|*cting tho over ture" Made to tbe English government by Russia, during tbe first portion of the last yc-.ir. The views of the lattor . Power are now confirmed by oflicinl proofs efcanating from ! the Fu-slan Chancellei ie. and from the private Csl.lnet of tbe I mperor Nicholas, and it is now siilflcicntly demon strated that the French government waa justified in characterizing the demonstrations made under the pro text of protecting tbe sanctuaries of Palestine, as design* 1 dangerous for Toil. ry and for Europe. It is now kn , wit v it n wh.it pioci - ii of 1 u jfuflgo tbe ITnjjl 'i Cabinet re fu ed to join with Russhi In any attcm; l to nni.o a ; ,ir ti'iion of t he Ottoman empire, and it is not necessary for us to indicate which of the two governments has tho ad vantage it' (bis correspondence. If tlu be in the pro posl, ions thus rep idiated by Eng !,. t. ' jro fs of ireeoshe hardihood, there are i lso in gunnsof lorgi tfuliiCFS which will e:;cite surprise. The Em I eior i-f Hu-sla ri models the map oi Europe without ment oning I russia, ?nd wiUiout taking any acco.int of Austria It bas liov u f" n !n what terms that ho reltii replies to tbe expressions of utonUhraeut which t ti ? sib tee 1 reserved, respecting the Utter Power, iusplred the Inglisb ministry. It 1 as, indeed, been asked what part Austria could ?:,ke when Buss a appropriates to her'e'f Moldavia, Wal lsrhia, Bulgaria and So r via. Equal attention lias been paid to what concerns Gr. oce. to which co'intry tlie Em j eror Nicholas interdict ?< not only tbe restoration of tlie i yrantlne empire, but all extcn ion of territory calcu h;ted to ionc!er it a powerful empiris." As to the govrrr u\ nt of the Fmj eror Napoleon, there is but one observation to make upi n the studied en lea vor of Russia to leave it out of the question in her plans of leiritorial remod ideation? which is that llussiacamo back to the French govt rnment nf'er having falhd in London, and that France, in her turn, had to decline ad vances more or less direct, which are not without rcsem llanco to those which were first mode to England. [I'rom the London Times. Mnrcb ] The Movitnir bss lost no time In confirming, by the authority of the French government, the statement which bad been published a few days before by this journal, to the effect that, on th> fa\lvr> </ a," secret arul crmhilrntial propotah nddrtMed by tlf hwipernr A i cM<u to thr' Hritul Minittrv . IhaJ Sovtrelfn lurttfl hit mvrtvre* to trane- and rtrti< ?ifrom Jmuu S'apolwn a .'imilar refutal Wo mav add to these facts, which are indistinctly stated by the organ of the French government, that these pro positions were not made by the Emperor Nicholas in per son to the French Minister ?t his court, ss they bad been made to Sir Hamilton Scvmour. but that they "were com inen'csted In conversation by M. de Kls?elnfT, tho Rus sian Min!. ter in Paris, to the Emperor of the French, vho received them *ah that cautiou which is s part of his cbarscter, and rejected them with a fi lelity to tbe great interests of-E'irope nnd to the atllnnce of tlds country, which does him high honor. Tills circum stance was all that could bo desired to complete the case agsiust the I mpeioi Nicholas, and to give the finishing ' stroke to the demonstration of bl? bad faith. In his most secret communications with the envoys of this country he affected to entertain the greatest mistrust of France? he assured &ir Hamilton Seymour that her ob ject was to embroil us all in the East, and to get posses sion of Tunis ? he uniformly maintained that too exi gencies of ftnnce with reference to the Holy Places were the sole cause of the counter demands addressed by Rus sia to the Sultan ? and he had offered a few months ha jore to support the Saltan with his forces bj sea and 1 by 1. nd against tho possibility of a French hostile ox; edition Yet, when ho found that England wtK not to be corrupt! d or cajoled. he turned without ihe 1 ? ? .; s t scruple or delay to thnt re rj lVv.i r v lie) l.i bad just before1 been treating not only ki h contempt. but with clandestine hostility. To ? Mi|!i ose that h* could win the euro# the ruler of KVance at .11 ti r pro pot ->!?.,? ru unlike those which Kugland had 1 ji. <t heforo rejected, ' he must have been prepared to I makethoco sacrifice ?< to the sup;io?ed ambition of Franco which be may have conceived to be moet calculated to <1 tain her alliance. i ryj.t nnd Candia host been offered to Knglend as the bribe b?-?t adapted to the convenient** ? f thin country. Perhaps wo could name, but we should like to know with certainty. whtt ti:e temptation was to winch t rsnce wan exposed Unle-p we are im'.?aken, it was not en >y to the dismemberment of the Turitfsh etn. pire that Kussia pointed on that occasion ; and we su-peet that she included in her ikhemM the nggundiremeut of Franco by the incorpo ration of some portion of that very kingdom which be had before peered over In contemptuous silence but which haa since distinguished itself .is the last *1 ben nt of Russian policy beyond the Vistula, TCio Kin* of Prussia, whoee con<!s%t haa lnxai regulate 1 by n<? higher principle than a seuscdess confidence in Russ. ? anil an unmanly dread of France, may yet livo li^ enough to learn that it is to ti'e forbearance of Franco thai he nwif hi.- safety. To gain her own ends Russia would hare c!iat?ereii away a province of Prussia as easily ax an irlan I in the Gieek Archipelago; and, if an alliance between Rursia and France had been established < n tiie ci mmon baiis of a spoliation of their neighbor*, that second X. l it would have been as fatal to the inde pendence of Germany as the first. Wo have not the slightest doubt that Russia was prepared, in such Ml e^ent, either to samlies her Gemma allies altogether, or teeompel them to share the booty, on terms which would have left the continent at the mercy of tho two principal conspirators. Had it not bet n for tho deliberate and honest policy of this country, and for the no le i straight forward and disinterested conduct of France, theaffatis not < i ity of the Kast, but of all Europe, would uiKjuejtio.i&blf hya been settled without asking '.he Gi.rcnan Povegp>for their orjeut "r their opinions; for we have it from tho li I s < f tiie Fmperor Nicholas hmseif, that i.e consigned the Inteisfcts ??f Au tria lo he identical with his own, and tliose of Pru ssia to d$s< rveuo notice at all. " Had citbor of :h? Western Powers consented to sacrideetho iuterest* of Germany on this question, can it be doubtod what would ba\e b en the result* Germany must either hava engaged in a de,-p rate s^ruggleon both luic tiouliers, or she loust hflvo succumbed to a policy which placed her at the feet of Russia. Ilut what return is Germany prepared to i. in k e to the Western rowers? What acknowledgment does Prussia give for this re*poe.t of her existing rights ? She tend* a! thu moment a c mji dential envoi), Ontral LinJiieim, tnSt. Petersburg, to ten der, no dovht, fre. T' aiturances of neutrality and omji d<-vcr to a J'ouer which announce* thai it unit return no antwer at all to the tt:mmtn$qf the Wedern Cabinet*, and thvi gireM the sirnal qf war. Austria, wo aro happy to learn, contiuues firm iu the course alio has hitherto pur sued in conjunction with her i\llie?. and it is not their fault if Germany is nut already united by closer ties to the policy of the Western Powers." Tlicre is no reason to attach crcdit to tlio report tliut a scparato offensive and defensive alliance has been concluded between Prussia and Austria for the purpose of maintaining an armed neutrality, for in all t lie more recent part of these trans actions the wavering conduct of Prussia has offered no inducement to found ajiy alliance on her pro mises. The real i rinciple which must ultimately make its strength felt through all obstacles, Is the publia opiuiou nnd natii nal spirit of the Guiuuiu nation , tt is that which must o.o 1l>u? di pel these uncertainties and vindicate the Independence of the country, and, al though we observe that even our own observations oa these subjects ure garbled before they are allowed to cir culate through the ( orman pr^s, we have no doublthM en tn I oh rscnjfv ami i* diffused abroiid to make the pmpte of Germany feel thai England and F* ance look to them at a/lie t in < ur common cause. While we acknov ledge with satisfaction tho effect pro duced throughout F.ropo by tlio publication of the "se eiet and confidential" coirenpondonce o: Kussiu wnb this country, we are not les i giatitiod by t'.ie additional proof It has afforded us of the sincerity of tho French alliance. The Empeior of Rus?ia, no doubt, expee'ed wlien ho challenged the British Ministers to produoe there docuonents. either that they had bee a kept secret from the 1 rench * abiiiet. or thr.t they would in some manner contiibutc to irapuirthe niutuai confidence ot the t.io States. Not only lm thi.s maliguant anticipation been uttei'y disappointed, but, on the contrary, thciaai dent has furnished to both gnvernmi ats, and to the pub lic in both countr'es, irrefragable evidence to ca.cli of the good faith of their respective ally ; and the case is ren dered stronger by th" fac't that the propositions of Rus sia were hi I otli" instances ma le separately, and sepa rately rejected. We do not hesitate t o de clare that the conduct of the Emperor Louis Napoleon in this transaction deservsdly raises him to an honorable position in Europe, and gives us reason to hop* that all his dealings uia^- be regulated by the same strict ob-ervance ot g od taiili a? a repiuseut&Uve of monarchical principles and of those sentiments which ought to be met with up n thrones, it is Impossible not to draw a contrast between the iio.^cst firmness of a so ve c :gn wl o won his crown smid "he tumult of a revolu tion, and the character which th? most orthodox iCm ptri-i' Nicholas bu earned for Integrity, or the King of i'lu'-ti i for nn enlighten) d C"n i deration of tho public interests. Ihsy bme contrived to place l.o.iip Napoleon immca nrnhly above the *o?it'on in which they stand, for in fl e di/pfts-ionote judgment of Europe the refuel he ha.- shows for treaties, an* his moderation in the ex ei cite of hi* power abroad, have done more to raue his character sed to consolidate his power tiian if he hatf imitated the exploits of his uncle, and fllied the world with his fsme. ASPECT OF THE WAR. [From tlio i.nndon Times, il irch*4.] Although no Authentic Information has yet yet been received of the Fmjeror of Russia's answer to the ulti mo turn of tlie V ' -tern Powers. [since announced bf telegraph? Fd. IIer/idI and the Intelligence published by K veral journal* on this point lins be??n in anti - patlon of ti e event, several circumstances of comparatively minor importune* m.irk the steady nnd gradual progress of events to that ea*a: tropin? which tue passion* and the obstinacy of n single man hare unhappily renclerid Inevitable, lie announcement contained in this journal that th e governments of England and France had resolved to aammon Russia to pledge herself in six days to evacuat" the Prin cipalities, on pain of n declaration of war, appears to haie reached St. Petersburg before tlio courier who was the hearer of that message; for. although we did not publish tlio fact until after his depar ture from this country, the circumstance that ho was (iin cted to go bv v.-ay ot Vienna, and wan slightly de laine! there, cau ?< d Itini to l?e longer on the road than the or linarv course of th* post. It is said, and not with out probabil.ty, t )<a t tli ? Fmperor Nicholas exclaimed, on learning the nature of tin? communication addressed [to him, lhat he could rn wer it in six minutes as well an in six dpys; but we ? hall not be surprised to And that h? ha availed himself of everv pretext to giin time; and ?o have rea?on to believe that considerable iraj ?? liuvtits were offered to retard tl > journey of the Fritish courier on his way from Vienna to St Petersburg. Tin interval hnsl een used by Russia to increase and improve her pre i u: ;iti< us for defcm e in the R.iltic proi inros a-id in Fin land, while ??he ha< exerted all her d'plonmtlc influence, no; wiibout fobc app'-arance of success, in Berlin and Vienna. Meanwhile, however, the fleot have been steadily ap proaching their ile?'inat!on. Sir < h rles Napier hiving lir.-t conveyed hi ~ jowertul squadrc n to Wingo Ssunl, favored by a southwest wind, which took tli s'.iips lo the con-t of Sweden in little more than f*. v el/ht hours, has no'i arrived at < o] enhagon. whor" he ! in '.e I at onco to pny his re.| ec'.s to the King of Deanutrk. /' t? proba ble that ere f/it> // ? '.1? I th- Flaltu , l<: Lkn belt or by the Sound, ami we h.v.e inform 1 inn that four Fi inch ships of the line, including the Autterlltz a sere* st' an > s ot ICOgi.r . ar on their w.iv fio:n To . Ion sad Hr< it to join admiral Napier's flag. In the III ick Sea the Retribution t.nd the laton have leen dot patched to leciinr itrc the mouth" of the Danube, an 1 It i* fai l to rtni' vo. if necessary hy force, the obstacles wbieh the Ituss'an- have raised at f-ilina to pre vi lit the exit of merc'-miit vessels from the rher. ft I* difficult to conceive a greater abuse of the rights of war than this at'enipt on the ) art of Rns'la to obstruct en tirely. a4 it* mouth, the navigation of one o( the great est ii\er* in Furore. roi l>y blockade, it by^endeavorin^ to Imprison between the banks of the /Hnrbo such neu tral lo* ely as mnv chance to I* there, Rus-ia herself hav'ag | r vlotislv'given an a<sirance t. at thu neutral tia.'e world rot he molested In su<h ve-sels as had not touched at Turkish porf- We Khali be happy to learn tliat amcng the .tlrrt oj -ration* undertaken i j It* cumbinnl feein are the mean/ret required tf ret/ptn the Danube, for nothing no re tberoiiihlv characterises the long cherish ed snd selfish designs of Russia thau the art Sees and calculated neglect hv which she l.as sought to cl"~ke up the mouths of that great stream. , The correspondence aud diplomatic co^rrnnlcstion# between the German Powers hove gone on >v|Mi e'tr.- -no activity for the last few days, and Colonel Mnn'eufiVl, a relation of tl'.e Prussian Minister, bus l>. en p.nsing to snd fro at express speed between lierlin and \ nwini, ard even Munich. Hut all this actl> ity on the part of tho rriissian agents is in support of a pnsslve ind motion less policy? this affected energy is tho apology for ex treme weakness of purpo?e? these effortirre intended to account for the abten e of real^nU llmt.y exertions. All that is riqulre<l to complete the absnrdi y of such a icsltionis a solemn league and covenaut between the (.eiman Powers, biuding them elves toilo nothing. The d< mand by the I'rusiian government (d^n loan of Jt.%000, 000 for military purposes, has been referred tap c*m mi/te of tvmty.one sumltn <J !hr L&ictrC bomber, rf whom six or e>(ifil Mrvg to the literal pa i.'y, and It is o<[ ected 'luit, If the government seeks to obta n a un.m.uious vote In fa vor of the measure it must be more explicit than it '"sa hitherto been. If this large ?um of money be p'/ic*. at the dlsiio^i.l of the Mlnistor of War, with no stronger en gagement thau that it Is to be use'1 against the enenilea of Oermany, what security has the country that thesa resources, which have been raised under n pretence ot neutrality, will not be em ploy eu for purpose* evi n i ^re contrary to the true dcsirei and Interests of tho at ion ? This policy is a faithful repetition oi the illsastroiia and dishonest system which Prussia commenoed by tlia treaty of Basle aud ended on the pialna of Jena. For "ten years she gtieceede l, It Is true, in pre serving her neutralitv during a F.uropean contest, in which Austria twlco braved all the hostility of France, ind Enffltod only <1 ?minted for ona uliort Interval from the elforts or war. Rut in that Interval Prussia had successively betrsyed each of her allies, an I allied hors? If to each of her enemiet. 8he tendered h r congratulations to Napoleon after the kettle of Auste litz and she availed herself of tho favor of fnaN to ,-ite ltooover, which then formed gart of UM tomF ?