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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 09, 1854, Image 1

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WHOLE NO. 0137.
Sreat Hacc at K'cw Orleans.
|:v l)o(r ndive Fire at Juc&souvlHc, Fa.,
Ac., Ac., Ac.
Tl?e Greatest Rate on Rccord.
Xe?" Ori-Baks, April 8, 1854.
eidedly the greatest four mile race on record lin
Wetiooncluded on the Metallic Course, ncurthheity.
mpte, the Louisiana horee, wen the purse of $2,600
ra straight lieats.
e time of the first heat was seven minute* and
ity-six soeonds, (7:26) : Mrt of the second heut, seven
utei thirty-eight and three-quarters secon la,
This is tho finest time ever made.
le entries were, Lecompte, tho only horse not di.
ed by J^exington in the recent great State post stake
for twenty thousand dollars; Lexington, of Ken
y, winner of said race; and Rubre. The latter was
a need on the second heat.
fore starting Lexington was the favorite at odds.
I?e amounts of money were bet upon the result, which
thrown the sporting community into the greatest
e of excitemcnt.
pat Conflagration at Jacksonville, Florida.
CifAiaiwros, April 8, 1851.
i destructive conflagration occurred at Jacksonville,
[ida, on Wednesday afternoon. Seventy buildings
t destroyed, including twenty -three stores. Tho foi
ling is a li&t of the principal sufferers: ?
Waver & Co., provision dealers; C. P. Oak a&d Wm.
fthe, jewellers; S. N. A\ il liens, grocer; ,T. P. Sindcr
, drj goods and provision* ; Bloodgoods & Bowse, do.;
(.ymans, do.; Hart ridge J. Meade, dry goods; James
inam, grocer; M. Hernsndet, tobacconist; C. Pewat,
tioneer; L. Capella, fruits; J. Santo, do.; A. M. Reed,
foods and provisions; M. lvicl, do.; A. J. Hussey,
per; Win. Moore, fruit store; J. L. Hogarth, tinner;
bier k Ilori, dry goods and provisions; J. L Ripley,
hing; J. C. Brown, fruit store; L. B. Amermnn, dry
ds; T. McMillan, druggist; T.J. Myers, A. S. Acosta,
its; J. J. Howell, grocer; Joseflh Hernandez, tailor;
(cwali. bakery; Geo. Flagg, jeweller; K. 11. Darloy,
or; C. Polling, boots and shoe*; the Uuv oJVvco of Qeo.
Call and G. W. Hawkins; the-ofllf ' .>r 1'. Ot B.irreit,
iry ; McCreerv's in?urane?' ?*v,'<ti'cV: Custom
ise: Mdnloshe's law offices; Cap!. Wiiley 'jrro-<i letica;
jHanalian's store and dwelling; J. Meedo's ulothin *
P. 1- 1 user's residence anfl law office; the printing
cee of l lie hepublican ana A'cwt. The hut t was cu
lly destroyed, but tho former had enough typo savod
Issue an extra. J. Fiunegan's ofllce ? L- M. Folsom's
uiture store.
ihe total loss is estimated at $800,000, about one half
which is insured ? some in New York and New Eng
i offices.
Depositaries of Canal Tolls.
Ai.bant, April 8, 1854.
the Canal Poard has designated seventy-five banks for
lal toll deposits. Tho Butchers' and Drovers', KnioUer
fker, Empire City, Central and Broadway banks, are
iected for the Now York tolls.
vlgallon on Lake Eric? The Governor's
Buffalo, April 8, 1854
ice displays symptoms of breaking up, and there is
rospect of the re-opening of navigation somewhat car
r than w as supposed. The weather is quito warm.
?he propeller New England loaves to-morrow for up the
t* via Chippewa and Wetland canal. It is believed she
.1 have no difficulty in getting through. There is a
>d deal of ice in the Lake near Point Albion,
'he Germans had a large torch light procession last
*t, in h onor of Governor Seymour's veto. Several
Kusands were out.
Baltimore ami Olilo Railroad, &e,
Baltimore, April 8, 1854.
[he proposals for the City Loan of $2,000,000, to aid
s completion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, were
sned to day. $870,800 was taken at a per cent
?mium, and the. balance, $1,629,700, was awarded to
siah Lee & Co., at par.
?We have no mail to-niglit south of Richmond.
Departure of the (Steamship Charity.
Portland, April 8, 1854.
(The screw steamship Charity, Captain Pa ton, with a
11 freight of flour and twenty passengers, sailed at six
clock this evening for Liverpool.
The Steamship Crescent City.
New Orleans, April 8 ? Noon.
The steamship Crescent City, from New York via Ila
, has arrived.
Nkw Orleans, April 7 ? P. M.
Cotton has been in mod-rate demanu to-day, at un
anged rate*; sales of 5,500 bales. Middling is quoted at
?c. The business of tlio week foots up 41,000 biles,
e decrease in the receipts at all the ports is now 575,000
,lei. Flour is fiim, at $6 25 for Ohio. Corn in tnode
te demand, at 55c. for mixed. Rio coffee is firm, with
large business. Sales of tlio week, 10,000 bags, at 0>fe.
10Kc. The stock on ham! is 72, C00 bags. Sugar is at
^c. for fair. Freights to Liverpool are quo^el for
tton. Exchange on New York is at prcm.: and ou
>ndon at $?? prcm.
Charleston, April 7, 1884.
The shies of cotton to day wore 800 bales, at i)1t>. for
iddling. The market is dull. Cotton freight* to l.ive,
Bool, in American bottoms, arc quoted at j < 1 . , and in
pritisli, at 7-lCd.
? ? ? 4^
Interesting from Cnrneon.
By the arrival of the hark Venus, Capt. Atkinson, we
ive advice* from Curacoa to the 24th nit. Th? yellow
iver had entirely disappeared. Salt was telling one dot.
. per barred, and very scarce.
Affairs in Venezuela arc uiueltled, and another revolu
tion is strongly talked of.
CCKACOA, March 23, 1854.
faUtt Market H/]>nrtr ? Av J ) ,-i. rn 'fu'el ? l'ri-* of Salt
at Bonaire ? Hit Crcr ? < (IciaX Arrioal ? Sanitary lie
The clipper bark Venus, /tchinson master, (belonging
o Boonen Graves A Co. 'a line of Curacoa pnekets,) ar
rived here on the 2d inst., 10 day* from New York.
The h as of several vessel- engnged in the tr.ado between
^few York and this laliflitlB 1 0MMHI quite a scarcity of
Flour was held here, previous to the arrival of the
|penu* at $10 per bbl.
Provisions reached a higher fltrurc than they have for
Negotiations have been entered into with a gentleman
?ell known in the State - to pen a hotel here, to V" kept
upon the Anvricnnjlan The location of the house i*
one of the Cnert on t!;e i. !. r. 1, an When in successful
Gyeration I have no doubt but that It will l>e well patron
Ired by invalids visiting the \\*< ,t Indies, and who will be
induced to cr.mc here ami try the rUmaiC of the island,
a* also to persons in ? (?ar"'i oi ,i southern lioni".
8ince my arrival here 1 > uve the pleasure of an in
terview with the Governor, I. J. i.irnml'nsn Klsevler, Jr.,
mid find him tc be a gentleman, who wntches with much
i:, 'crest the trade brtu- ?>n the Un to-' Hstes and the
i-lnnd. He feel* mueh interesti- t in comm?rce, and I
think doe* all in hi* po?-ei to give Americans facilities
tor doing business in the Pute'i West Indies, Ife in
frrme?l me that the prim of ?alt at Bonaire 1< to be,
A ring the next year, -J' r. per bid. of 31.. bushel*.
Nothing definite can be =aid in regard to thsucrop at pre
sent. It there should lie no rain during the mouths of
Hay and June there will without doub; be a large crop
l?oth at Bonaire and Currcoa.
J II Young Esq., appointed commercial agent for the
Thatch West Indies, arrived h' re per lmrk Venus, and has
Centered upon the discharge of his duties. Ho L..d been
anxiously -looked for for seve- ?1 in-iiths l'is r<;:vp>ion
lere must be very gratifying to him. The Governor wel
c med hint to the island in tliu n.-v.t co.d;a) manner, and
*>ur mereliant* now have the a-surnnce that ti.n 1. fairs
?f the Consulate will be conducted In a mam er which
-will reflect credit upou tliu go.ernuient which hi. <cnt
liim here.
The heiilth of Curacoa is retnnrkably gm.d and .\meri
ean vessels aro calling here daily for bills of heailit, in
order that they may loud at puns in Cuba mi 1 1 .?> other
island* not imectea with lever. As yet there lias been
no yellow lever here, except among the whipping.
"Hie commerce of the island is daily increasing, It being
a depot for the Main, large quantities of merchandise
(being stored here for shipment to the States anl dili'erent
j parts of Europe. ***
We learn from the Xratun-ille (la.) Journal, that Are
?men were drowned in Green river, near that city, a few
tiaya since. They were bringing down a raft of loga, bat
Joat before reaching the dam the raft went to pieces, and
the men were carried over the fails. Their bodies were
act recovered Two of them were brothers, by the name
pf . mitb, and three were brother*, by the nam* of
Dr. AfelioM*a Egyptian Antl/ aiilc j~A-tJr.uj-nc<t
An B'ljourned meeting of t'.o ooni-.nitifp appoints for
the purcba-c of this collection wni held lilt e.'nirig, ?t
tlio Stujrv Chant Inftttnte. A respectable nnmbcr of gen
tlemen interested in the matter were in attendance.
11. e chair wa; taken by Dr. i'rancis, and Mr. D.ivis was
cboscn secretary.
The minutes of the last meeting wcro read and ap
The rtp rt of the gentlemen having in c'aarg" the bu
piness of waiting upon tlx* Kcv. f'r. Hawks, for thepur
pose of rcq.ic.-thjg him to deliver ati address upon the
subject, wiis Cliea read. The Chairman, Mr. Henry T.
Tuckcrman, leported as follows : ?
Nkw York, April 7, 1854.
Tlie committee appointed to v.ait upon Rev. Dr. Hawks
and invite Mm to deliver an adii-ejs illustrative of the
k'gyptinn antiquitie-, an 1 in behalf of the project to se
cure them by subscription and purchase for the city of
New York, have attended to the duty assigned them.
Dr. Hawks, in reply to tho invitation, says: "I wish I
could help the cause in the way you propose, for I wish
the collection to be kept in tho country; but I ara
obliged, on the score of time and health, to decline. I
must give niveell nil the respite from work 1 can, for I
really need it." N<t haung received the answer until
yesterday, tlie committee were u r?sure\isful in their at
tempt to see the Kcv. Mr. Thompson. All of which is
respectfully submitted for the committee.
Tlie Chair said that if Mr. Thompson, who had the
charge of soliciting euhacriptiona i'or this purpose, was
present, they were ready for his report.
It was announced that tho sum collected at present was
$13,605, in Pums from ono hundred to one thousand
The Chair remarked }liat it was certainty an encou
raging progress. ? . . ?
Pev. Mr. TiifMrsoN-sa'^ that no better mothod of call
Ing public attention to this matter could bo devised than
by making arrangements for a public meeting, when the
whole subject could be presented clearly an 1 forcibly.
It was m< ved and seconded that the former committee
be instructed to continue their labors in furtherance of
this object. The meeting then adjourned t9 Saturday
A Murderous Maniac.
[Fn m the Clev land PUiin Dealer. April 6 ]
A horrible tragedy v is enacted at Rootstown, Oliio,
on .he Sad ;ilt. A j.ri ue ietti r from a witness of tho
fcene . uroisl the f: lio wing details: ?
It seem* tii ?t Mr. Horase I.. Ennign. of Rootstown,
had ri?en mi I l>e morning of tho 22d, and, without dress
ing. was in the act of patting a stick of wood in t lie
kite! en stove, rl en ho was foiled by a blow 011 his head.
Mr. E. was Ftuiiding at I lie time near n door that open
ed Into the wood shed. The door wn? ajar, and the blow
wan given from some ] erson in tl <- shed.
The correspondent says: ? Mr. Ensign saw no one, but
placing liis hands on each siOe of his head he hastened
through into his dining room .where his wife yas. He ex
claimed, 'lam hilled: pome oue has split my head open
with nnaxe.' lie then ran out to the door and erle<l
mnrdi r. His wit'o (seeing liim bleeding, aud a gash on
his lieud just above and ul.-o baok of the temple, shouted
for help. Menutime tho children were awakened aud
onme running in; the eldest, a son of sixteen, on coming
down Mails, opened the door to the woodshed, think
ing his father was in there. On opeuing the door
the t>rst object tfeat I10 saw was a man with
an up-lifted axe, looking like a demon at him. lie
(ays, 'Caleb, what do you want of mo'." Caleb spring
hack and shut the door. Dy this time a neighbor came
across the st 1 cet and went to the woodhouso, when the
maniac addressed h!m by name: "Donald Homing."
"That is my raroe, he replied;" and, continued he, ' John
Chittenden, what uro you doing with that axe?" "I |
thirst for blood, and blood I w ill have," said he. Mr.
E<miug tried to cool him down, and after a few minutes
succeeded in goitingtlie axe. However, before he could
get it away, Chittenden, who is a powerful man. sprang
for the axe, and 1 ouiing being much the weaker, Chitten
den wrenched it from him. ('Some of the children had
? been rent fa? help, even in their undress.) After losing
hi*' fiold upon tho axe, Homing retreated to tfc? dining
rcom where Horace tat bleeding, and his family around
him, ) lightened very much. Iteming held tho door from
the dining room, and hope 1 to keep him from that, but
with the axe he shivered the door at once, when Mr.
l in-iig exclaimed, "run for your lives." By this time
enother neighbor got there, and on seeing what was go
Jiipr en. ,-nii f, j* to i,et Iias r He. t ... .1 !-. 1 1 u lu
?hoot the mcdm in. IT pen the word being given to run,
they all left, as they tl.ovght, and Eemingshut tho outer
do r: but Luciuda, tlicir eldest daifghtor, (fifteen years
old.) stopped to save a little brother, two and a
hall years eld, who bad been aivakenod by tho
breaking in of the door, and had jumped from
his bed on to the floor, and stood screaming from
flight. Mic caught him in her arms and reached
the outer dcor ju-t in time to get her fingers pinched as
Deming fclnit the dcor. She saw the wretch leap through
the door, t brooch where the upper fanel had been
I n ken. :-lie called to have them open the door, but by
this time she received a blow from the head of the axe,
which felle l her with tho little one still in her arms.
Men n while, Horace had a presentiment that some child
still remained in tho house, and had gone around to the
back kitchen door and entered, passing into the dining
rocm. There lay I.ucinda, weltericgin blood, andni ho
supposed dead. Tho "outside door hail been opened.
I < niirg had opened it for the chil l when she called; Chit
tenden was in the act of splitting open Deming's head;
Horace fprang across the dining room and seized the axe
ham. le to avert tho blow from 1). Chittenden finding some
one behind him. turned upon him. and in the scatflc cut
to the bone on tho bock of Horace'* head. Upon that
Horace t e i zed him by the throat, and i'eming by his leg,
and by 11 hard struggle they got liim down, he still re
taining tb" axe, and Horace still choking him. By this
time the woman had called tho man back that hid gone
for his rille. He carr'1, and with much difficulty wrenched
the axe from him. (lie only held it by one hand;) they
then got ropes sua bound him. Horace was covered with
blcod. and so was the floor.
After the man was scoured a messenger was posted to
Ravenna for medical aid. The word liew like lightning,
and a general rush ensued. Horace's head was tre
famed, llis b^ain lay ex]<osed during his struggle with
the man. The pulsation could be seen, but the mem
biiii c w; r, not broken Tho inside of tho boue was one
and cue-eighth of an ineb long and three-fourths of an
inch wieo I pen th> outsiile the bone was more than
tw? Inches long, besides two small pieces that were not
mccturcih lit to all appearance w ill survive, but poor
Ltcimla is !n a very critical situation. The bones were
to drhen into the brain that tho surgf-on thought it not
best to do much for her; but her friends in 'rated upon
tryhg. AHer live hours tbey proceeded to dross her
wound. After prcssicr tho sen I p each way, they extract
ed fix pieces of bone, some an inch and over. Several of
them w< re nearly buried in the brain Dr. Pratt ex
tr acted them, raising tip the skull bono where . or it Was
dei'MaM d. About two spoonful i of the brain escaped.
Hi e dl lies in a very critical situation. "Vrtth bat small
1 ope of leer.very. This ? bitten, 'en belonged in Randolph,
the town fouth of thii-; has bud fits from a chil i: an
ugly tempered mnn naturally. Of late liii friends have
thocght him deranged at times. Hie night previous to
thi- tit 'nek he had throe keepers. He attempt oil to kin his
brother, liis wife was tiireUe I to g.> about half a
mile to a neighbor's to stay, in her hurry in leap
ing n fence she sprained her ancle. Of course she
crawled en hands and knees, ami by so doing, she proba
bly eccaj ed denthj for he broke loose from his keepers,
am) in pursuing her he pasted very near her twice; but
the nig I t was iiark and sbo being on th j ground, he did
not fee her. lie loft searching for her, and went 10 a
neighbor's and called lor tho man (Mr. Ward.) Mrs.
Wcnl did not recognise his voice, and replied to him that
he hod ger.e after John Chittenden. "Well," sail he,
with in 1 nth, -you shall go, too." She then knew his
voice, catchcd the candle and blow it out. Her two
daughters wi re up stairs in bed. .-lie fled up the cham
ber stairs and held the d or. He smashed in a window
with ;i cudgel that he carried with him; he entere 1
through the window, b .t could r.ot find any 0:10. Ho
took all tho covers off the stove, throw fire about the
rc( 111. and piled led olothos mid other thing.- 011 tho stove.
He broke out tv o other window sash and all, an l made
his exit through one of them. kf. s. Ward smolled the
fire, and w ith 'ho assistance of her daughters extin
guished it. All the bouse* in his neighborhood heir
marks of his vi it. Ho eluded his pursuers till after he
was taken at lloiacc'a- He bragged that lie lia t sent his
pumicis on the wrong track. He know, ho sail, where
they would go to look lor liim, but be took another road.
They wanted to kill him. as he said, but sail he. "I
fixed them; I thirst for blood, and blood I'll have. " I
don't think he cured whose, lhero was no reason for
his attac'i upon Horace; they never had nny difficulty in
their lives, i can't describe the scene if 1 try.
A|>fM>liitmrnts by the President.
Charles S. Frailey, of Ohio, to be principal clerk of
public lands in the General L??nd Oflice, vice E. A. Ca
bell, resigned.
John W. Whitfield, of Tennessee, to bo Indian Agent at
the t'pper l'latte agency, vice Thomas i'ltzpatrick, de
Kichard C. S. Brown, of Arkansas, to .be agent for the
I'uttan atomies snd Kansas Indians, vice John W. Whit
Alois D, Ct.ll, of Indiana, to beeon3ui of the United
.State: for tlie port of Antwerp, in Belgium.
Alfred 11 Hanscom. of Michigan, to bo consul of the
United Etiites for the port of Rio (irande. in Drisll.
? Domestic Hl?eellanjr>
On the .'.1st ult.. Dr. E. E. Smith, an old resident of
Painsvillc. Ohio, shot himself through the head with a
title pistol. He dressed himself as lie desired to bo
buried, and left directions to be buried as found, to be
interred with Masonic honors, and that the children of
the village accompany his body to the grave. No reason
wns assigned for killing himself, other than that be was
tired of living.
The Ohio Legislature will adjourn on the first day of
May next.
A telegraphic despatch sent from St. Catherines, says
that the Weliand canal Is open at Port Maitland, its entry
to lake Ontario, but i?e bound at Port Qoibo.na. on Lake
Rt'!li;lci!<i InlilllKHicf.
Tlic Mariners' eliurch in Roos<*ye'lt street having fxv'n
dl?pi>sed of for the purpose of procuring a more elisih^s
site, public worship will Le heltl there to dny for the ln-.fr
tkw< Rev. J. M. Mathews. P. I)., who preached the dedi- j
cation sermon thirty-four years ago, will deliver an ad
Hcv. J. Mscauley, pastor of the church, will leiir<>r '
the niucteenth and hut discourse before the Young Men's j
Ai-scciation of the South Dutch Church, Fifth avenue,
corner of Twenty-first street, this evening.
The ninth and In t of the series of sermons will l>e de
livered thin owning;, in St. Stephen's church, by the Rev.
I r. Pricl.
This morning, at half fast ten o'clock, the Bishop will
administer the rite of confirm:! Lion in the French Pro- ;
tcstant church l>u St. Esprit, when a collection is to be
made, the proceeds of which will be for an increase of the
library ol the .Sunday school.
To day, foienoon, at St. Esprit church, this city; after
noon, .St. George's, do.; evening, St. Philip's, do.
Monday afternoon, at Transfiguration church, iu this
Tuesday afternoon, at Incarnation church.
Wednesday, at Advent church.
Thursday, at St. Clement's church.
Friday forenoon, at St. Thomas': afternoon, at Holy
Communion; evening, at Holy Apostles.
Saturday evening, at St. Mathew's.
The Rev. A. B. Murrey was installed as paator over the
Second Congregational Society in Concord, N. 11., on Wed
nesday evening last.
The presbyter)- of the church in North ward, Camden,
have invited the Rev. Dr. Stewart, of Indiana, to the pas
toral charge of the church.
Rev. .1. , Tunic i Baker has accepted a call to the Bethle
h in Paptist church ia l'errvville, Hunterdon county,
N w Jersey.
Rev. |lr. Van Arsdale, w ho formerly occupied the ;ml
pit ckf tl.e PrCf by terum church in Home, N. Y.,hasdo
clined the call. tuaue by the Dutch churcU of Ninth
a.\enr:e and Xliirty second street iu New York, to become
its pastor.
Rev. John Curoe, of the diocees of Brooklyn, departed
this life on Friday lust, the olat of March, at the pa
rochhil residence o; St. 1'aul's church, South Brooklyn.
Mr. Curoe wait in the thirty-third year of his age.
liisd. at Broaklyn, on Friday evening last, of a linger
ing illness, which he bore with Christian fortitude and
resiguation, Rov. Joiik C. GHK.V in the D3t!i year of hia
The new clinrch edifice erected for the congregation
une'sr the care of Rev. Wm. W. Hallewav, on the corner
of Second avcni:e and Hews street, North Brooklyu, will
l>v dedicated to ti e service of An i gllty God thus after
noon. 'Ibe sermon will be preached by the Rev. Dr.
?Beth* ne.
The Church of St. Malachy, at Fast Now York, will be
dedicated this morning. 'Hie lit. Rev. Bishop Laughlin
will pre acli on the oce-asiou.
The beautiful new Unitarian Church, in Archdale st.,
Charleston, S. was do.lieated on the v'd Inst., by its
pastors, aie'.ed by several clerics 1 gentlemen from various
parts of the country, with imposing cer monbs, in the
presence of eery large auditories.
The liouse of worship recently erect ? ! by the Baptists
in tlie town of linrtford, N. C., was dedicated by appro
priate services, en Thursday, the Gth inst.
St. John's church, in Mobile, was consecrated on the
27 th ult.
I'roj a rations are in j rogress to lay the corner stone of
a new Episcopal church in Staunton, Vs., eu the 2d day
of May. 'Ill* Masons, Odd Fellows aud Soars of Tempe
rance will participate in the ceremonies oa the occasion.
The Twelfth Presbyterian church, in Franklin street,
Baltimore, was dedicated oa the 2d inst.
Rev. Dr. Waterbury, pastor of the- Bowdoin street
(Boston) Congregational Church, has been compelled to
suspend lor the present his pulpit ajid pastoral labors,
on account of an alVectien ol the eyes.
The Uuiversalists are to erect a monument over the
grave of 1 he Rev. lioaaa Ballou, a'. Mount Auburn, and
propose to tsae up a collection for that purpo^o, in all
their churches, on the first SabbaVh in May.
The Rev. C. Polling Sn>i;h. of this city, ha^ben ap
pointed Professor of Mathematics aud the N'ntutal
Sciences in the Partington University, Io*a. Wo do not
know whether ha is likely to accept the appointment.
Ilis rame is strongly recommence I in connection with
an Historical Professorship iu one of o'.ir most important
institutions nearer heme.
The Rev. E. C'Eecver. formeily ejf tlw Sucnnd Presby
terian .uuicti, ;? N. J-. ha*. ' ecu .iisiuiosdi frutn
his charge iu Ypeiiauti, Michigan.
Police Intcl-'ltfciiec.
Yesterday officer Farley, on# of the detective force a',
tlie (1 vital Tnlace, under the direction of Comniandan
Bowyer, arrested Francis Rafidsj ergcr. an agent of seve
ral Austrian exhibitors, who. e property on exhibition
was under his supervision. Some six weeks ajo this
ag(nt c< mj lnined that numerous articles hail been stolen
frem the standi*, and made out a bill to the company
| inucunUng to several hundrfd dollars, the sum claimed
; by !iim Tor the missing property. Tho police were noti
j tied, and Mr. Bowyer depute! one of his special
' men for the secret service of detecting tho rogue.
Accordingly a close watch was kept, and almost every
; day Bafelsperger visi.ed tho stands with pencil and
| paper, apparently very busy in taking down the list of
articles to ascertain their number. About the 1st of
April officer Farley met a Mr. C'olcman iu the Palace,
who exhibited to him a Silunium medalion in a case,
and risked for Mr. Bafelsperger, remarking that he
would like to jrocure another oue of the same kind.
1 lie circumstance at once convinced Mr. Farley that Ba
fe"s| erger was the rogue, and measures wore institute 1
which yesterday resulted in his arrest. The<e tnedaliona
arc worth $3 apiece. Independent of 90 cents duty,
they s; ill, being in bend. are only privileged to
reiiain at the l'alace, and when sold tlie duties to
be i aid. Ti e accuted resided at No. '2U2 Fultoa street,
w lure tlie officers found, on searching his room, Ave of
the stolen lueduiions, secreted in an oid boot. The first
lf.i stolen were ele* en mejalions, valued at $J3; the
sfcoi.il lot eight, valued at worth, in all. $57. three
out of this last number l ad been purchase! of ltafel
simger at $3 each, and the money paid by Mr. Farley,
under the representation that .hey ?ere purchased f't
Mr. Coleir.an. Tlie accused wai taken before Justice
Stuart, who committed him to prison on the charge, to
await a ft.ither examination. lUiftl^perger is a native
' of Austria, and at leas' -ixty years of age. He does not
i a ] ear to deny taking the property, but reems to t'.iink
ki was authorized bv hi? agenev to do so.
A Charge rf Forcing a Deed for Land ? Sergeant Mans
j fel l, of the lower poliro. yesterday arrested a genteel
looking m:;n n ft toed Abel Chandler, on a charge of forging
a certain quit tlaiin deed, purporting to be signed by
' George W. I'ruen, thereby convey inc a quarter section of
I land stuatod in Knox county, Stale of Illinois. This
deed was sold 'o George Woodman, who gold the same 1 1
Claries Whitehead. 1 he latter now prefers the charge
oi forgery. It seems by the affidavit of Mr. Whit"he;n|
| that Woodnmn \<as the acting agent for Alexander M.
T'rui n. r.f N'c>v York, f r tho sale of Illinois lands. .Mr.
| George W. Brucn die !, r.nd the property then
| passed in'o the po?-e- ion of the wife of do*
ceased, who conveyed the property to Alexander
M. Brucn ; that on the of March, 1853, .a cer
tain ijuit claim deed, signet "> v George W. Briton. and
I v.itnessed bjr Oforge'Biake, and acknowledged by Gilbert
| Is. Nixon, v.ns duly sent to Knox ootinty, where it wa.< re
1 cir'itd. }lj this deed, as above described, tlie I no was sold
I to George V,"eo Iin; n, wl'0 a^nin sol i it to Mr. Whitehoad,
at ?!j nn acie. However ^ few days after the sale, Mr.
' Whitehead discovered that it wa' i forgery. \nd so fold
j Mr. Wooiiman, who admitted to hitn the fact, and in
| formed him that it had been done hv Abel Cltaa lior, who
I Woodman aid wa0 his co-partner in the sale of real es
tate. and exliibitel an agreement to that effect Under
these ciicuni t?nee?, as sworn to hy Mr Whitehead, a
warrant was is-uad by Justice Osborn for the arrest of
Mr. < hanc'Jcr, who was duly taken b re the Court. an l
required to find Vail in the sum of $3.iK)0. The amount
of 1 ail wns given aifl the accuscd liberated from custody.
Jn AHrgrit FafiiUtt Mi.fdettr. ? Yesterday Constable
Nesbitt, oi the Sixth ward, arrested a n\an named JefTer
son Lawrence, on a requisition issued by the Governor of
Ohio, in which State, according to the wan-ant, I.awr-nce
stands chirgci with tl.o perpetration of a murder. Hie
prisoner was taken before Justice Osboru, who detained
Lim in the Tomb; prior to his being conveyed back to
Authorship of the Hnlsentnnn Letter.
[From the Boston Chronicle, April 8 J
Hie New York Evening J'ort publishes a letter from Its
"special correspondent" in B"Ston, on the subject of
the authorship of the celebrated reply of Mr. Webster to
Chevalier Huisemann, the Austrian Charge d' Affaire* in
18.', 0. We do not know what authority the writer ? a
bitter abolitionist, it maybe added ? 1ms for his aver
ments on the subject, but we give them as wo find them,
with the omission only of the "tremendous excitement"
passages, which must have had their origin in the
imagination only.
If there be any truth in this the public will no doubt
be soon in possession of the tacts. We will only add
that there nie passages In the Hulaoniann letter which a re
so thoroughly and unmistakealdy Websterian that Mr.
Vvereti could no more haTe given utteiar.ee to ibem than
Mr. Webster could have originated cerUiii pam.ages iu Mr.
Xverett'l addresses.
Furtlief. admitting the framework and partial filling
lit) of the letter in question to have been Mr. Everett's ?
what then? The fact of its partial adoption by Mr. Web
ster docs no injury to the reputation or Memory of that
statesman, no more than the adoption bv Washington of
Sir. Madison's outline of the Farewell Address was dis
creditable to the Kather of hia Country. In re^ar 1 to
Mr. Everett, no one <|i;eations his ability to mm luct a
correspondence with foreign governments or their repre
sentatives here; and we do not see that the authorship of
the Huisemann letter would add to his clustering honors
or high reputation. His memorable letter, while Secre
tary of State, on the Tripartite treaty, conoerning Cuba,
and addressed to the British and Krencb Ministers, belong
to the same claes or category with the HyUegiaan de
Tk Refusal of the Czar to Reply to the Anglo
French Ultimatum.
Napoleon's Opinion or the Auslo
Rnsslan Secret Correspondence*
Ovrrlurte of (he Czar to the French K&aperor
for the Partition oi Turkey*
Arrangements for the Re-opeuing of the Danube
by the Combined Fleet.
Our Constantinople and Paris Correspondence,
&c., ? Ac., 4c.
The Ciinard' mftil' Ateamer Europa", C.ipt. I-r?tt , from
Liverpool, arrived at half past three o'clock yeattvday af
ternoon. She sailed on Saturday, the 25th Starch, at four
o'clock in the afternoon.
Advices from Constantinople state that tlio tripartite
treaty between tl.e Torte and Eugland and Frrtoce was
signed on the 12th uU.
Between the 11th and ICth ult. there were skirmishes at
KaleSat. but with blight loss of life. In the night be
tween the 1st and 2d. a severo engagement took place at
Podba-hl, nearShumla, in which the Russians were de
The Turks had 10 kllle 1 and 13 wounded; dead Rus
sians were found in the morning, and as many more
were drowned.
/avelloa lias been proclaimed Commander in Chief of
the insurgents on the Albnuian frontier. The insurrec
tion appears to be extending; but tho latest accounts
(rem Corfu state that the Greek insurrection is subsiding
Fifty villages have submitted. 1,600 Turks lrnd lauded
at Trevesn, marching on Arta. Grlvas had fallod at
Jnnir.n. Other accounts, however, via Vienna., are of a
different complexion, and statethut the Turks at i'revesa,
had been beuteu.
A Constantinople lottor of the 12th ult. announces the
departure firm Baicos of two French and English frigatea,
with orders to enter the mouth of the D.in.ibe, with or
without the leave of the Russians.
It is sts-ted that England has asked that Galipot! should
be fortified, for the cmborkatlon of her troops.
According to advices from St. Petersburg, tl?e Russian
government proposes publishing various documents on
the Eastern question. Among the documents destined
for i ublicatiou are soitie letters written by I'rince Albert.
Tbe Pukeof Cambridge, and a numerous staff of offi
cers, left London on the 24fh ult., for tho Eust. Oa his
way through France, the Puke will be entertained by the
Fmperor Napoleon, at the Tuileries* Ceneral Drown bad
left I ondon on tho grevioup jay. ai route for the East.
Frcm Dcyrout, Syria, March 6, it was reported that the
French steamer Slrieusc won missing.
The marriage ef PTince Joachim Murat with the Prin
cess Wsgrsm. gi and-daught( r of Marshal Bertbier, was
celebrated ..I Paris. on the 2Cd ult., in the chapel of the
Tuileries, Paris, In presence of the Emperor and Empress,
1 licces Jerome and Napoleon, Princess Mathilde, and tho
Grand Duchess of Baden. The ceremony was performed
by tl.c bishop of Nancy, Chaplain of the Palace.
Ibe market for American stocks during the week had
bnn in n state of suspense, very few transactions being
effected. Sellers preponderate, but, as yet, realizations
have not been pressed. Quotations, being merely nomi
ral. are not given in detail.
Tho West India mail steamer Trent, with the mails
from fhngres February 23, Jamaica 26, and other West
India Islands, had ariived at Southampton.
Annexed is a list ef Americans entered at tho Banking
llouce of Livingston, Wells & Co., Paris: ?
New Yon'". ? II. McCall and family, Geo. King, Oscar
Howes, A. II. Mixer, 11. A. Ehuinger, Aaron Ixtggett, C.
I.. Sharpatcen, Dr. .'as. C. Ijiv and lady, C. P. Crunch. S.
M. Din I.e. Lewis S. Levy, W. Corbvn, J. 11 Hilling > and
family, ircd. Nash, M. D., Dr. J. W. Green, S. V. Moors,
1>. P. Howard.
Ma?Jv' ( Hi's-ms". ? Joe. D. Kelley.
NoM'i lUBousu. ? D. M. Barr.ngcr and family.
fonn Carouna. ? Courtney L. King, K. D. Crowell.
\'if.' ma. ? lhatlcs Greshum, W. R. Whitehead.
At Qutcn Victoria's levee, on 22d of March, Mr.
Duclir.can presented Panlel E Sickles, Secretary of Lega
tion, ai d Mr. Berdan, of the United States. Mr. \V. II.
Wills-It, uttache to the legation, attended the leveo.
li e news frcm .he scat of war is very scanty.
Fnglish and French officers aro now employed by Onor
I'acha in arranging the details of the various projected
operations. It is generally known that tho Turkish
troo[snow in the Bulgarian forts and fortres es on the
Black P< a, will march to Shumla in the mouth of April,
iu oi-icr to make room for the Anglo-French auxiliaries,
who, on their arrival, will assemble somewhere noar to
I Constantinople, rnd repose for a time from the fatigues
1 of their voyage.
None of the auxiliary troops will bs sent to the
! Danube, but the reserve division of tho French, under
the c mmand of General Forez, will, perhaps, bo posted
in Foi melia, to the outh of the Balkan. A strongly en
trenched camp is being formed at Fokshany. Marshal
! St. Arnaud's quartermaster, with eight o.Uer English
ai: i 1" reh olitc. i s, is at Shumla.
Uir.tr l'aiha iemi.\cd his headquarter.-; fr-mi 3h ,:ula to
Tt. tel. ult, on the 1Mb March.
| Tlure aie several Americans in camp. An English
, letter writer favs: The Turkish camp Is a perfect Dahel
I of tongue f. To almost all tho diifrr-'nt races of Europe,
Aria, and Africa, must now be a -Mod Americans. Like
: all the auxiliaries of the Porte, tho men from the far
West ?ay that tlioy have come wil.i rille, revolver and
1 towielnlfe. to defend the cau. e of civilisation au.l liu
| manit} n ninst Russia.
Decent Russian bulletin; announced that the Russian
batteiies 1 ad destroyed the Turkish flotilla h before Nico
j oh sand i'.uschtuck. Letters from the spot dcclarethat
the i-hips had received little or no d-niugo from the
Russian fire.
I or-1 Raglan was expected to arrive at Constantinople
about the 1st of April, so as to coincide as nearly as pos
sible with the artival of Marshal St. A maud.
A council extraordinary, whose duty it is to provide for
the wants of the Turkish army and its auxiliaries, has
l*cn aj pointed. It is composed of the following pachas:
Bedschiu, Mehemed All, Meliemed Roushdl. Rifant, Ki/.a.
and Acbmet Fethl.
In Constant im-ple a new corps of men is to be
formed, under the name of the New Imperial Guard.
Cnur Pacha, In orier to teach more humanity to his
irregular troops has offered a reward for every Russian
prisoner brought in alive.
pespstches fr< m Constantinople stote that the object
ef On. Hurgoyne'a recent visit to Gallipoli was to plan
its fortification ns an Kngllsh naval station. For the
present, however, Callipol! 1s chiefly mentioned as the
icndetvotis ef the French troops.
Ihe Par's 1'afrie was informed that the Sultan will
I lace 1,200 horaea and 1,800 mules at the service of the
c> pc'litiornry force.
l,i tiers fiom Constantinople. Msreh 12. state that the
Fnglish steam frigate Retribution and the French steam
fi j'atef aton l ad been <ent to force the stockado which
the Russians have established at the mouth of the Pan
ube. and w hich completely prevented the merchant ships
fioni descending the rlx er, which, for commercial pnrjio
m s only, they had ascendcd. If the Russians oppose the
i'cs;iiiction of the stockade tho frigates have orders to
open fire and pass it by force. This will probably be tho
first a< t of hostilities.
1h? Information that the Russians were obstructing
the river mouth was communicated in a circular from
tiie British Consul at Galatz. who, on the 11th of March,
announced to shipowners that the Russians were throw
h.g rocks, sandbags, anchors an l rubbish into the St.
George's thnnuol, and had atretche 1 a chain acro:s the
t-'al na mouth.
The C humla correspondence of the I .ondon lima of
March 5 says:?
In the night between the 1st and 2d inst.. the Russians
attacked in considerable force the battery placed by Omer
Pasha at Fotbaschl. in order to check the passage of the
' Russian vessels eo the P%Mb?. Futu com^aniea of Turk?
?ere immednUdy oHtVcd fo attack thorn by Ibruhim
I'acn.i, serving under tli* order* of MiisU>l>ha Pacha, ur!m
commands tLe right wins of the Turkish aruiy in the
1 'obrlits' Jit.
lb'- oJ'fi'Ct of ?'up Russians was to spike th."> cannon a?l
de?troy t! e w< rl-s; butjn this thpy were hin<k"rv<l by the
\ it a city of the Turkish attaul., *o that after hall an hour'*
engagement they weie all obliged to take to tkeir ships
in order to avoid being driven into the I>anube. In this
u II it ii ti e Turkish loss w?i< 10 killed and 13 wminded.
Kighty Russian dead bodies were found in the morning,
and & many were drowned. The liu man loss must have
exceeded U'O.
AtMatowan insignificant affair ban taken place. The
Russians haring attempted to make themselves master*
of an island, were repulsed, tho Turks having 1< nt one
man; the Russian loss wan also small..
Almost the enly intelligence wo have from Asia comes
in the shape of a diary or a journey from Trebir. >nde to
Frzeroutn, made by a correajiondciit of the I/indon Tines
in company with Major Uonfanti, an American in the
Turkish service
1 hey left Trebizonde on the 31st of .Tannery, and arriv
ed at Kr/eroum on the 11th February, the entire road of
route being deeply covered with snow. The travellers
passed numerous parties of soldiery, bringing up guns,
ammunition. Jte, and or arriving at Frzerottm found tJeii.
(.uv on 'busily and zealously engaged in organizing the
army under his command.
The latest news from Egypt is t'.iat in a short time
another corps of 2".ooo infantry an 1 a, 000 ho. e will u ?
placed at the disposal of the Sultan.
The fleet under Sir ( harlos Nupler is beiiv< r.i;>i jly
s 'renpthened. Sir Charles sailed froi.i Portsinuiti mi
fli? 1 I'll of March, with fifteen sail, but by this t'm the
in ml et has lien made up to twenty-six sail, of ?rhi- !i
tvehe .ire ships of the line."
The following is a statement of this powerful Hie' ?
HHV OH oF iiATTi k >nrp>?. Bkm
Gum. Men. 1'ower.
1 ule of Wellington .-...181 1,100 780
I'ovfcl George 121 900 4'to
ft*.' .lean d'Aere'.. 101 MM 050
Princess Royal 01 860 400
Cressy 80 "20 4<>0
Blenheim 00 OrtO 450
Rogue., ............ f.O Ofl'l 450
Aj?x ... 58 630 450
Edinburg t.... 58 630 450
Neptune liO 870 ?
Monarch . .. 84 720 ?
Boscawen 70 620 ?
Euryalus 50 530 .100
Impereuse 50 530 3 BO
Arrogant. .. 47 450 300
Amphion 34 320 300
Tribune . 30 301) 300
Dauntless 26 300 580
Cruiser 16 175 63
Miranda 14 250 250 i
Leopard 16 280 600
Dragon 6 200 580 I
Bull Do* 0 100 500 |
Valorous 10 300 500 I
Odin 10 100 470 !
Vulture 0 160 470
Basilik ? 100 400 i
Total 1,305 14,015 0,810
The above ligures areas accurate as can 1>? obtained with ,
regard to tbe number of men. They uioy be slightly
above or below tlio actual number* on board some of tbo
ships, but they nre not materially wrong.
In the course of a few days the fleet would be farther ,
reinforced by tbe following ships, irrespective of tho
French squadron, part of which had already Bailed from
Toulon: ?
Gttnt. Gunt.
St. George 121 Wate*lo> 120
CocBar, (bOrew,) 91 Nile, (screw) 01
James W att (screw) .. . 91 Algiers, (screw) 91
Pannibal 91 Princa Regent 90
Majestic, (screw,) 80
oTitru snip*.
Arcbcr, (screw) 14 Desperate, (screw) ft j
Gorgon, (.paddle) 0 Drive, (paddl*) (? |
(enflict, (screw) S l'.oar.ruond 6
rrcmctbavs 6 Alban, (paddle) 3 ;
Lightning, (padule) ... . 3 Hecla, (padile) transport.
There was a rumor at Constantinople, March 13, that
the Russian fleet hail loft Sebastapol and conveyed pro
visions and men to tbe fort* o:i tho Circassian coast.
This is extremely doubtful. Tho steamer Sampson' and a
French frigate are cruising oil 8e ja.i'.opol, ami would
hare immediately communicated tho nows to thu alii d
According to | ublishud accounts in the Austrian Mid
Cermen newspapers tbo insurrection i" spreading: but
private advices, equally reliable, frjrn Eplrus to Much
18, mnke a contrary statement. The former say that
SuH and nearly all t fie southern maritime distriotsof Al
bania Jiave ri.-cn: that the insurrection e.\ten>is from ouo
end of tho 1'indus mountains to the other: and that
Tsavillas is proclaimed commander in chief of tbo insur
gent at my.
Letters dated the 0th of March mention tlio taking of !
the town of Arta by the insurgent Greeks, n.nd that num
bers of men bad joined Captains Kronia. and Jako, who :
held postesaion of tbe districts of Armome, liemekoand !
Karditza, within twelve hours of Volo. We have, however, :
two days later than the above, (to the 11th ult..) brought j
to C'i nstantinojde fnm 8yra bv tho TJverpool steamer I
Mi lita, continuing previous reports that the Turks had I
attacked tbo insurgents at Arts, driven them across tbe !
frontier, and ouly stopped when fired upon by tbe Greek
regulars. Thereare various embellishments to the above,
which we need not occupy our sp.ioe by re; eating, it
maybe inferred that the true state of the case is that
tlw itisuncction, although temporarily suppror-ed, is far
from being extinguished.
Tbe letters now to band st.ile that to tho ronton trance
of the aml-at-adors of the four Poworsthe Greek govern- I
ment lia 1 replied, that with the smalt number of troop.i
composing the army it vra ? impossible to check any gen
eial movement of tho people. If severity wi re employed,
tbe troi pa would probably revolt and revolutionize (Jrecce
itself. The government, therefore, could not hope to
interfere with success.
Further statements that have come to ban 1 direct ,
from Albania ami Thessaly report that tbe Sultan's
troops are retaking all tho positions which at tbo out- ,
break of the insurrection wore seized by the insurgents. |
1'esides the 5,000 Turkish t roop i landed at Volo, 2,fi00
bad lwen disembarked at l'revofH. Tho position called
tbe Five Wells was again in the bands of the Turks, and
the insurgent force was rapidly dwindling away. Fifty
re\o'.ted villages had submitted to the Turks.
[I'ri m the Paris Moniteur (official), March 23. ]
We nave published tbe documents re.,|*cting tho over
ture" Made to tbe English government by Russia, during
tbe first portion of the last yc-.ir. The views of the lattor
. Power are now confirmed by oflicinl proofs efcanating from
! the Fu-slan Chancellei ie. and from the private Csl.lnet of
tbe I mperor Nicholas, and it is now siilflcicntly demon
strated that the French government waa justified in
characterizing the demonstrations made under the pro
text of protecting tbe sanctuaries of Palestine, as design* 1
dangerous for Toil. ry and for Europe. It is now kn , wit
v it n wh.it pioci - ii of 1 u jfuflgo tbe ITnjjl 'i Cabinet re
fu ed to join with Russhi In any attcm; l to nni.o a ; ,ir
ti'iion of t he Ottoman empire, and it is not necessary for
us to indicate which of the two governments has tho ad
vantage it' (bis correspondence.
If tlu be in the pro posl, ions thus rep idiated by Eng
!,. t. ' jro fs of ireeoshe hardihood, there are i lso in
gunnsof lorgi tfuliiCFS which will e:;cite surprise. The
Em I eior i-f Hu-sla ri models the map oi Europe without
ment oning I russia, ?nd wiUiout taking any acco.int of
Austria It bas liov u f" n !n what terms that ho reltii
replies to tbe expressions of utonUhraeut which t ti ?
sib tee 1 reserved, respecting the Utter Power, iusplred the
Inglisb ministry.
It 1 as, indeed, been asked what part Austria could
?:,ke when Buss a appropriates to her'e'f Moldavia, Wal
lsrhia, Bulgaria and So r via. Equal attention lias been
paid to what concerns Gr. oce. to which co'intry tlie Em
j eror Nicholas interdict ?< not only tbe restoration of tlie
i yrantlne empire, but all extcn ion of territory calcu
h;ted to ionc!er it a powerful empiris."
As to the govrrr u\ nt of the Fmj eror Napoleon, there
is but one observation to make upi n the studied en lea
vor of Russia to leave it out of the question in her plans
of leiritorial remod ideation? which is that llussiacamo
back to the French govt rnment nf'er having falhd in
London, and that France, in her turn, had to decline ad
vances more or less direct, which are not without rcsem
llanco to those which were first mode to England.
[I'rom the London Times. Mnrcb ]
The Movitnir bss lost no time In confirming, by the
authority of the French government, the statement
which bad been published a few days before by this
journal, to the effect that, on th> fa\lvr> </ a," secret arul
crmhilrntial propotah nddrtMed by tlf hwipernr A i cM<u to
thr' Hritul Minittrv . IhaJ Sovtrelfn lurttfl hit mvrtvre* to
trane- and rtrti< ?ifrom Jmuu S'apolwn a .'imilar refutal
Wo mav add to these facts, which are indistinctly stated
by the organ of the French government, that these pro
positions were not made by the Emperor Nicholas in per
son to the French Minister ?t his court, ss they bad been
made to Sir Hamilton Scvmour. but that they "were com
inen'csted In conversation by M. de Kls?elnfT, tho Rus
sian Min!. ter in Paris, to the Emperor of the French,
vho received them *ah that cautiou which is s part of
his cbarscter, and rejected them with a fi lelity to
tbe great interests of-E'irope nnd to the atllnnce of
tlds country, which does him high honor. Tills circum
stance was all that could bo desired to complete the case
agsiust the I mpeioi Nicholas, and to give the finishing
' stroke to the demonstration of bl? bad faith. In his
most secret communications with the envoys of this
country he affected to entertain the greatest mistrust of
France? he assured &ir Hamilton Seymour that her ob
ject was to embroil us all in the East, and to get posses
sion of Tunis ? he uniformly maintained that too exi
gencies of ftnnce with reference to the Holy Places were
the sole cause of the counter demands addressed by Rus
sia to the Sultan ? and he had offered a few months ha
jore to support the Saltan with his forces bj sea and
1 by 1. nd against tho possibility of a French hostile
ox; edition Yet, when ho found that England
wtK not to be corrupt! d or cajoled. he turned
without ihe 1 ? ? .; s t scruple or delay to thnt re rj
lVv.i r v lie) l.i bad just before1 been treating not
only ki h contempt. but with clandestine hostility. To
? Mi|!i ose that h* could win the euro# the ruler of KVance
at .11 ti r pro pot ->!?.,? ru unlike those which Kugland had
1 ji. <t heforo rejected, ' he must have been prepared to
I makethoco sacrifice ?< to the sup;io?ed ambition of Franco
which be may have conceived to be moet calculated to
<1 tain her alliance. i ryj.t nnd Candia host been offered
to Knglend as the bribe b?-?t adapted to the convenient**
? f thin country. Perhaps wo could name, but we should
like to know with certainty. whtt ti:e temptation was to
winch t rsnce wan exposed Unle-p we are im'.?aken, it
was not en >y to the dismemberment of the Turitfsh etn.
pire that Kussia pointed on that occasion ; and
we su-peet that she included in her ikhemM
the nggundiremeut of Franco by the incorpo
ration of some portion of that very kingdom which
be had before peered over In contemptuous silence
but which haa since distinguished itself .is the last *1
ben nt of Russian policy beyond the Vistula, TCio Kin*
of Prussia, whoee con<!s%t haa lnxai regulate 1 by n<?
higher principle than a seuscdess confidence in Russ. ?
anil an unmanly dread of France, may yet livo li^
enough to learn that it is to ti'e forbearance of Franco
thai he nwif hi.- safety. To gain her own ends Russia
would hare c!iat?ereii away a province of Prussia as
easily ax an irlan I in the Gieek Archipelago; and, if an
alliance between Rursia and France had been established
< n tiie ci mmon baiis of a spoliation of their neighbor*,
that second X. l it would have been as fatal to the inde
pendence of Germany as the first. Wo have not the
slightest doubt that Russia was prepared, in such Ml
e^ent, either to samlies her Gemma allies altogether, or
teeompel them to share the booty, on terms which
would have left the continent at the mercy of tho two
principal conspirators.
Had it not bet n for tho deliberate and honest policy of
this country, and for the no le i straight forward and
disinterested conduct of France, theaffatis not < i ity of
the Kast, but of all Europe, would uiKjuejtio.i&blf hya
been settled without asking '.he Gi.rcnan Povegp>for
their orjeut "r their opinions; for we have it from tho
li I s < f tiie Fmperor Nicholas hmseif, that i.e consigned
the Inteisfcts ??f Au tria lo he identical with his own, and
tliose of Pru ssia to d$s< rveuo notice at all. " Had citbor
of :h? Western Powers consented to sacrideetho iuterest*
of Germany on this question, can it be doubtod what
would ba\e b en the result* Germany must either hava
engaged in a de,-p rate s^ruggleon both luic tiouliers, or
she loust hflvo succumbed to a policy which placed her
at the feet of Russia. Ilut what return is Germany
prepared to i. in k e to the Western rowers? What
acknowledgment does Prussia give for this re*poe.t
of her existing rights ? She tend* a! thu moment a c mji
dential envoi), Ontral LinJiieim, tnSt. Petersburg, to ten
der, no dovht, fre. T' aiturances of neutrality and omji
d<-vcr to a J'ouer which announce* thai it unit return no
antwer at all to the tt:mmtn$qf the Wedern Cabinet*, and
thvi gireM the sirnal qf war. Austria, wo aro happy to
learn, contiuues firm iu the course alio has hitherto pur
sued in conjunction with her i\llie?. and it is not their
fault if Germany is nut already united by closer ties to
the policy of the Western Powers." Tlicre is no reason to
attach crcdit to tlio report tliut a scparato offensive and
defensive alliance has been concluded between Prussia
and Austria for the purpose of maintaining an armed
neutrality, for in all t lie more recent part of these trans
actions the wavering conduct of Prussia has offered
no inducement to found ajiy alliance on her pro
mises. The real i rinciple which must ultimately make
its strength felt through all obstacles, Is the publia
opiuiou nnd natii nal spirit of the Guiuuiu nation , tt is
that which must o.o 1l>u? di pel these uncertainties and
vindicate the Independence of the country, and, al
though we observe that even our own observations oa
these subjects ure garbled before they are allowed to cir
culate through the ( orman pr^s, we have no doublthM
en tn I oh rscnjfv ami i* diffused abroiid to make the pmpte
of Germany feel thai England and F* ance look to them at
a/lie t in < ur common cause.
While we acknov ledge with satisfaction tho effect pro
duced throughout F.ropo by tlio publication of the "se
eiet and confidential" coirenpondonce o: Kussiu wnb
this country, we are not les i giatitiod by t'.ie additional
proof It has afforded us of the sincerity of tho French
alliance. The Empeior of Rus?ia, no doubt, expee'ed
wlien ho challenged the British Ministers to produoe
there docuonents. either that they had bee a kept secret
from the 1 rench * abiiiet. or thr.t they would in some
manner contiibutc to irapuirthe niutuai confidence ot the
t.io States. Not only lm thi.s maliguant anticipation
been uttei'y disappointed, but, on the contrary, thciaai
dent has furnished to both gnvernmi ats, and to the pub
lic in both countr'es, irrefragable evidence to ca.cli of the
good faith of their respective ally ; and the case is ren
dered stronger by th" fac't that the propositions of Rus
sia were hi I otli" instances ma le separately, and sepa
rately rejected. We do not hesitate t o de clare that the
conduct of the Emperor Louis Napoleon in this
transaction deservsdly raises him to an honorable
position in Europe, and gives us reason to hop*
that all his dealings uia^- be regulated by the same
strict ob-ervance ot g od taiili a? a repiuseut&Uve of
monarchical principles and of those sentiments which
ought to be met with up n thrones, it is Impossible not
to draw a contrast between the iio.^cst firmness of a so
ve c :gn wl o won his crown smid "he tumult of a revolu
tion, and the character which th? most orthodox iCm
ptri-i' Nicholas bu earned for Integrity, or the King of
i'lu'-ti i for nn enlighten) d C"n i deration of tho public
interests. Ihsy bme contrived to place l.o.iip Napoleon
immca nrnhly above the *o?it'on in which they stand,
for in fl e di/pfts-ionote judgment of Europe the refuel
he ha.- shows for treaties, an* his moderation in the ex
ei cite of hi* power abroad, have done more to raue his
character sed to consolidate his power tiian if he hatf
imitated the exploits of his uncle, and fllied the world
with his fsme.
[From tlio i.nndon Times, il irch*4.]
Although no Authentic Information has yet yet been
received of the Fmjeror of Russia's answer to the ulti
mo turn of tlie V ' -tern Powers. [since announced bf
telegraph? Fd. IIer/idI and the Intelligence published
by K veral journal* on this point lins be??n in anti - patlon
of ti e event, several circumstances of comparatively
minor importune* m.irk the steady nnd gradual progress
of events to that ea*a: tropin? which tue passion* and
the obstinacy of n single man hare unhappily
renclerid Inevitable, lie announcement contained
in this journal that th e governments of England
and France had resolved to aammon Russia to
pledge herself in six days to evacuat" the Prin
cipalities, on pain of n declaration of war, appears
to haie reached St. Petersburg before tlio courier
who was the hearer of that message; for. although
we did not publish tlio fact until after his depar
ture from this country, the circumstance that ho
was (iin cted to go bv v.-ay ot Vienna, and wan slightly de
laine! there, cau ?< d Itini to l?e longer on the road than
the or linarv course of th* post. It is said, and not with
out probabil.ty, t )<a t tli ? Fmperor Nicholas exclaimed, on
learning the nature of tin? communication addressed [to
him, lhat he could rn wer it in six minutes as well an in
six dpys; but we ? hall not be surprised to And that h?
ha availed himself of everv pretext to giin time; and
?o have rea?on to believe that considerable iraj ?? liuvtits
were offered to retard tl > journey of the Fritish courier
on his way from Vienna to St Petersburg. Tin interval
hnsl een used by Russia to increase and improve her pre
i u: ;iti< us for defcm e in the R.iltic proi inros a-id in Fin
land, while ??he ha< exerted all her d'plonmtlc influence,
no; wiibout fobc app'-arance of success, in Berlin and
Meanwhile, however, the fleot have been steadily ap
proaching their ile?'inat!on. Sir < h rles Napier hiving
lir.-t conveyed hi ~ jowertul squadrc n to Wingo Ssunl,
favored by a southwest wind, which took tli s'.iips lo
the con-t of Sweden in little more than f*. v el/ht hours,
has no'i arrived at < o] enhagon. whor" he ! in '.e I at onco
to pny his re.| ec'.s to the King of Deanutrk. /' t? proba
ble that ere f/it> // ? '.1? I th- Flaltu , l<: Lkn
belt or by the Sound, ami we h.v.e inform 1 inn that four
Fi inch ships of the line, including the Autterlltz a sere*
st' an > s ot ICOgi.r . ar on their w.iv fio:n To . Ion sad
Hr< it to join admiral Napier's flag. In the III ick Sea
the Retribution t.nd the laton have leen dot patched
to leciinr itrc the mouth" of the Danube, an 1 It i*
fai l to rtni' vo. if necessary hy force, the obstacles
wbieh the Ituss'an- have raised at f-ilina to pre
vi lit the exit of merc'-miit vessels from the rher. ft I*
difficult to conceive a greater abuse of the rights of war
than this at'enipt on the ) art of Rns'la to obstruct en
tirely. a4 it* mouth, the navigation of one o( the great
est ii\er* in Furore. roi l>y blockade, it by^endeavorin^
to Imprison between the banks of the /Hnrbo such neu
tral lo* ely as mnv chance to I* there, Rus-ia herself
hav'ag | r vlotislv'given an a<sirance t. at thu neutral
tia.'e world rot he molested In su<h ve-sels as had not
touched at Turkish porf- We Khali be happy to learn
tliat amcng the .tlrrt oj -ration* undertaken i j It* cumbinnl
feein are the mean/ret required tf ret/ptn the Danube, for
nothing no re tberoiiihlv characterises the long cherish
ed snd selfish designs of Russia thau the art Sees and
calculated neglect hv which she l.as sought to cl"~ke up
the mouths of that great stream. ,
The correspondence aud diplomatic co^rrnnlcstion#
between the German Powers hove gone on >v|Mi e'tr.- -no
activity for the last few days, and Colonel Mnn'eufiVl, a
relation of tl'.e Prussian Minister, bus l>. en p.nsing to
snd fro at express speed between lierlin and \ nwini, ard
even Munich. Hut all this actl> ity on the part of tho
rriissian agents is in support of a pnsslve ind motion
less policy? this affected energy is tho apology for ex
treme weakness of purpo?e? these effortirre intended
to account for the abten e of real^nU llmt.y exertions.
All that is riqulre<l to complete the absnrdi y of such a
icsltionis a solemn league and covenaut between the
(.eiman Powers, biuding them elves toilo nothing. The
d< mand by the I'rusiian government (d^n loan of Jt.%000,
000 for military purposes, has been referred tap c*m mi/te
of tvmty.one sumltn <J !hr L&ictrC bomber, rf whom six or
e>(ifil Mrvg to the literal pa i.'y, and It is o<[ ected 'luit, If
the government seeks to obta n a un.m.uious vote In fa
vor of the measure it must be more explicit than it '"sa
hitherto been. If this large ?um of money be p'/ic*. at
the dlsiio^i.l of the Mlnistor of War, with no stronger en
gagement thau that it Is to be use'1 against the enenilea
of Oermany, what security has the country that thesa
resources, which have been raised under n pretence ot
neutrality, will not be em ploy eu for purpose* evi n i ^re
contrary to the true dcsirei and Interests of tho at ion ?
This policy is a faithful repetition oi the illsastroiia and
dishonest system which Prussia commenoed by tlia
treaty of Basle aud ended on the pialna of Jena.
For "ten years she gtieceede l, It Is true, in pre
serving her neutralitv during a F.uropean contest,
in which Austria twlco braved all the hostility of
France, ind Enffltod only <1 ?minted for ona uliort
Interval from the elforts or war. Rut in that Interval
Prussia had successively betrsyed each of her allies, an I
allied hors? If to each of her enemiet. 8he tendered h r
congratulations to Napoleon after the kettle of Auste
litz and she availed herself of tho favor of fnaN to
,-ite ltooover, which then formed gart of UM tomF ?

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