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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 09, 1854, Image 3

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oclety and Politic* In Washington? Wo. 19.
Washington, D. C., April 7, 1854.
To James Gordon Bennett, Esq.
J. Bhillington, Esq., who commenced his career
In Washington by retailing Heralds at the capital,
?nd ha* propelled his way up until he has become
he lending bookseller in Washington, transmitted
to me to-night a handsome bound copy of Shaks
peare. I have placed it upon the table, where
already reposes a copy of the Bible, the only book
1 have thus far found it necessary to travel with,
and which my wife stowed away in my carpet bag I
when I left Green Valley, New Hampshire, to come
to this delightful town. The presence of the Bible
has given a pious turn to most of the letters which
1 have written to the Herald.
Shakspeare, from my casual reading of his book,
since dinner, appears to have been a man who was
pretty well posted up for the ignorant, telegraphic
k'ss time in which he lived. Had he have been per
mitted to have held over a few lialf centuries, and
delayed his entre? into the world until the age
which produced such an illustrious trio as Franklin
Pierce, John W. Forney, and Sam Green, Jr., we
then could have instructed Shakspeare. Some of
IShakspeare's remarks, however, will apply very
well to our era, including this week especially. His
ideas of fighting out a quarrel are not bad. He had
a friend named Touchstone, who had a quarrel upon
ee vin causes, and then he and his opponent met
and separated. We can beat Shakspeare 's time, for
two of our fiiends have had a quarrel, but they
made np on fifteen causes ? eight more than
Touchstone and his opponent. But I will give you
Shakspeare's version, and then 1 will give you
that of Sam Green, Jr.
Touchstone says: " 1 did dislike the cut of a cer
tain courtier's beard; he sent me word, if I said
his beard was not cut well, be was in the mind it
was. This is called the retort courteous. If I sent
him word again it was not well cut, he would send
me word he cut it to please himself. This is called
the quip modest. If again it was not well cut, he
disabled my judgment. This is called the rep'y
churlish. If again it was not well cut, he would an
swer I spoke not true. This is called the reproof
i valiant . If again it was not well cnt, he would say
:1 lie. This is called the counter-check qttarrelsotnt,
'and so the lie circumstantial, and so the lie direct."
j Jaques ? "And how oft did you say his beard was
not well cut
! Touchstone ? " I durst go no further than the lie
circumstantial, nor he durst not give me the lie di
rect, and so we measured swords and parted."
Jacques ? "Can you nominate in order now the
degrees of the lie ?"
Touchstone ? "Oh, sir, we quarrel in print, by the
book. I will name you the degrees. The first, the
retort courteous; the second, the quip modest; the
third, the reply churlish; the fourth, the reproof
?valiant; the fifth, the conntcr-check quarrelsome;
ithe sixth, the lie with circumstances; the seventh,
Jthe lie direct. All these you may avoid but the lie
'direct, and you may avoid that, too, with an if. I
?knew when seven justices could not take up a quar
jrel, but when the parties were met themselves one
iof them thought but of an if, as, if you said so, then
I said sc ? and they shook hands and swore brothers.
Your if is the only peace maker. Much virtue in //."
To convince you that old Shakspeare was sensible as
well as correct, I can only say that Breckenridge
Sd Cutting would have both been killed and buried
-thus you see? if? if they had not made- up on
the fifteenth cause. There has been a tremendous
time here. President Pierce set Breckenridge at
Cutting, and consequently felt so interested that he
got me to go and see about it. He gave me a letter
to Ctrl. Monroe, a relation of his? that is, Col. Mon
roe being a nephew of a former President, of course,
politically speaking, he is a sort of grand-nephew
at Pi evident Pierce. I went to Jim's room, (Cut
ting called the Colonel Jim,and I suppose I must fol
low uit,) and he got me to assist. I didn't have
much to do with tne principals, as they were too
buny keeping out of the way ? running from pillar
to post, oil' to Baltimore ? then over into Jo Gale's
woods ? then down to Alexandria ? over to George
town in a cnnal bQawi">&>- ?
r - - ? .unlny assisting supervision. I read
?1 the documents. Theie were fifteen letters, and
iret they made up and parted on the fifteenth letter,
is Touchstone did on the seventh. The first docu
ment was a letter from Mr. Cutting to Mr. BrccKen
Idge, telling him that he had given him the counter
?heck qwareuctnc, which was Touchstone's fifth cause
>f a quarrel. To which Mr. B. made response th it
le could not withdraw the charge until tho can ho
)C removed. This reached the sixth, or lie circum <tan
iial. Mr. Cutting then responded in a manner t h it
vould have ended the whole matter if the second?
Hoi. Hawkins? had delivered it. Then there were
ots of letters about weapons, and terrible disputes
unong the friends and seconds. Breckenridge was
leatli on rifles at sixty paces, and Cutting could ki 11
i mosquito at ten paces. Gen. Shields said a rifle
i vas a murderous weapon. At last, when the causes
lad reached No. 15, the parties got back again to
So. 5 ? the lie circumstantial ? and then they got
imoDg the ifs, and it all ended pleasantly. Mr.
Breckenridge was satisfied, and so was Mr. Cutting,
l*ho had as live light as eat if necessary. Brecken
?idge felt ashamed that he had been made a cut spa w
f>f by Gen. Pierce to poke Cutting into his grave,
tod Cutting was quite glad to be left alive to kill
pfF the administration instead of Breckenridge, who
biad done him no harm. Shooting Northern anti
?lavery members by Southern members is not a
?)Usirtfess likely to pay in the long run. I, of course,
Sorted every day's proceedings to Frank, but he
n't like it when I told him the contents of No.
6, and that the parties had got back to the lie cir
umstantial.
When this affair was all settled, it would have
lone the parties' hearts good to have heard the com
Bents of the small private crowd that was assem
bled around one of the President's grates. There
ras the President, seated by the table, with his legs
kroseed, and looking real pretty. Close to him was
Fierce Butler, who lives and sleeps in the White
?louse? has a room in it when he is here. There
as Capt. Magruder, who is one of our chaps, and
lid Webster.
" Well, I thought Breckenridge would back down,
think he is a real coward," said Frank.
Yes, so I thought. He is a terrible coward,"
?aid, Forney.
" No, no ? he is no coward ; I don't mean that by
ny means ; on the contrary, I know Breckenridge
o be as brave as a lion, and there is no back out in
|hat breed. I meant Cutting," said the President.
" Oh, yes, of course, I understood you perfectly
ell. Breckenridge will fight his way through a
?housand bayonets, but Cutting I knew would show
|jhe white feather," chimed in Forney.
" No, Forney, I don't agree with yon. Cutting
game ; he will fight in a moment, at any odds,
there is any back out at all, it has beei done by
Ike interference of the miserable seconds," said the
?'resident.
I always told yon, Mr. President, that Cutting
brave. 1 saw him lick a commodore in his own
?dice once. If there has been no fight, it's the
onds that are to blame, as you rightly observed,
eneral," echoed Forney.
" Now, Forney, I want you to take Sam and do
hat I told you/' said the President. CoL Forney
imped up, ai d beckoned me to follow him into Sid
ir'ebster's room, at the extreme end of the building,
k'bfn we reached it he asked me to take a seat,
tys he, " Mr. Gicen, I have a great respect as well
regard for you."
" Thank you," says I, quite suspiciously; and I
Bt eyeing him, while he continued : " Tne Presi
t tells me that he has persuaded you not to leave
the 1st of April, as you propose doing, but that
i have agreed to remain, provided you can get
to respectable employment, aud that you pre
?>r a newspaper."
The President is right. I am willing to stay
provided I can Ret a situation where I can nave con
int employment ? and I would like to assist in con
cting a newspaper. I won't look at any mean
tuation, such aB holding office or being interested
contracts or plnuder. If I stay I want to do all
the square, and above board."
"Of course, certainly; perfectly right and proper,
can give yon just whut you require."
" You !"
"Yes, me. I'll tell you what it is very briefly, for
?fcnve a quiet whist party at my boon to-night, and
rank ? I mean the President ? is to bo there; and I
onld like to tell him that you are suited. It would
tify him."
1 W ell, out with it. What is the situation ?"
You may have heard that I am going to edit the
kn newspaper, the government organ?"
"Indeed!"
*Y?s. Frank ? that is to say, the President ? has
?re :onfidence in me than in any one else, and he
aitome to get rid of those infernal beasts at the
^itlei f>nd of the town, who envy me my position
rifl'the President, and take charge of tne Union;
isal am going to do it. Now, then, I want an as
istnt. You are the man."
'vbat is nil very fine, but if I stay here I must
? for the Hkkai.d."
. Of course yon will. Just what we
? II help you, and tell yon whut to write to
mkc yur letters amusing. 1 can post you all about
*higs.and make your letters more spicy than ever,
f youaie on the Union with me you can do any
thing you like up at the White House. I think you
have a son , lwve you not?'J
"Yts, 1 Lave; ;tnd a fine fellow he to."
"How would you like to have him get a midship
man'* warrant?* _ . .
"Why, he in only a little bit of a chit. He to only
three years old."
"That don't make any difference. The warrant
will keep until he grows up. I'll ask Frank the
President, I mean? to sign it for you at once, just to
show you what I can do. A doaen Senators could
not effect as much for you in a year."
"Upon my word, Colonel Forney! I am a little
weak when you come to family ? if you
"Don't say a word. Consider your son a midship
man. What's his first name? Henry, you say. I
huve it down. Now will you go on the Unicmr
"Well, I don't see any objection; but tell me what
you are going to give, and what I urn to do?"
"Will fifteen dollars a week do for the first year."
"Don't say any more. But what mn I to do/'1
"Fond of reading newspapers?"
" Extremely so."
"Very well, then. To edit the great leading news
paper of the country ? the organ of the administra
tion? it is necessary to guide and direct all the other
administration papers of the country."
"Yes, sir, I see that. Keep 'em in the harness."
"Harness to good, Mr. Green, extremely good.
But it is necessary to know whether they wear the
harness and draw. Now, I will furnish you with the
li.-t of all the leading democratic newspapers in the
couutfL and you will have to read their articles ev
ery weth when we have an article in the Union
telling the party what we are going to do ? that Is, if
the Union, in its leader, says that Nebraska is a car
dinal measure ? you must wutcli all the exchanged,
and see if they say so too."
"Yes, I understand."
"If they don't, make a note of that fact."
"If we say? that to, the President, me and you
and the rest of us in the Union ? drop Nebraska,
and go for Cuba, it will be your duty to see that
they draw with us. D ? n it, if we say black is
white, or vice versa, they must do it tjo, or spi
'em."
"What does that mean?"
"You will fee what it means when we catch a
party paper bolting from the track. As soon as w
Know it, the President will send for the democratl
Senator, 01 some of the members of the House, from
the State where the refractory paper is published
end it will be the member's duty to whip that pape
into line."
"And is that all I have to do ?"
"Pretty much."
"lyook here, Colonel; how do I know yon will keep
faith with me, if I make an arrangement with your
"Did I ever break my word with any one?
"They kind o' talk that way down to the National.
They say that a party of chaps from New York ?
George Glasier, Dick Connolly, Charley Baker, and a
few other of your Mends ? came on and made a con
tract with you for stationery, and that when they had
got all their contracts on here, alter having had a per
fect understanding with you, that you liung the whole
things 011 their hands, and they will lose some
thousands."
"Pooh, pooh ! Mr. Green. When you can catch
shads let the herrings go. Don't bother with them.
I had to do it. The House contract got talked about,
and I let it slide. They must do the best they can.
But I must be off. Wliat are you going to do?"
"Well, I think I'll try editing the Union, for a
weelL at least."
"flfcxl bye, and let's get out of this house as soon
as possible*."
And we left together and chatted merrily through
the grounds. I came up as far as Fourteenth street
with the Colonel, and then we parted.
The Man wot Nominated Frank Pierce.
G nutcmalo? Honduras*
Washington, March SI, lj55*
TO THl IDrrOR OF TH? NATIONAL In ikU.IGENCElt.
Sir? Your paper Li snti-.Ymorican and reactionary in
its policy. You arc the apologist of every government,
? particularly if monarchical, that may happen to insult
' and wrong our own. You may claim to be conservative;
but you are not ao. A man must be for or against his
country? there is no intermediate ground. Whenever he
pauses to give weight to the charges brought against his
country by her enemies, and listens to lame apologies
for the dishonor of her flag, he that moment becomes a
' traitor, and, in the eyea of every patriot, he is guilty of
an overt act when he publishes to the world the om.ina
, tions of his treason against her rights and honor, Your
course, sir, in all mattera of dispute with foreign powers,
baa been universally against your country. What apo
logy can you give for the line of conduct you pursued,
and are atill pursuing, in the case of the recent outrage
upon the Black Warrior, and the ^sJnauU ??"
Spain and tho monarchists of Europe, and the secre
enemy of aU democratic and free institutions? You
course, sir, is not only antagonistic to democracy in our
own country, but everywhere. Indeed, you seem to et
bibit the flrft symptoms of monomania on the "divin
right of kings.' '
Look at your own articlea against the republic of Il'.n
duras the'latt refuge of liberty and democracy in Centra'
' America. Honduras, with liberal and democratic princi
ples is battling alone against tho threats and encroach
ments of England and Guatemala. She has to contend
alone against the secret power of the priest s, th? ")
perinl influence of Santa Anna's minions in the other
Mates. She occupies the high position of beingtlie last
home of outraged democracy and free principles tl
Hiapa no- American governments north of ^w Granjdx
<51,.. is the city of refuge for the persecuted friends of
freedom iu tL South' Sho is striving to preserve her
nationality and her integrity free from the stain" ^ ol
" ?erviliem'' and the .chains of monarchy. She com
mands the moral sympathy of the friends^frMdom
throughout the globe. Her very position demands it or
us as a right. If the " Monroe doctrine is to be carried
out we sLuld not only yield Honduras our W %
but we should give her " material aid. She occupies the
position of Poland in the last century, and Hungary in
the present? striving to preserve her liberty and integrity
among wltiens hostile toW institutions and encroaAing
nnon l.er territory. No man, sir, but a tyrant at hea t,
and a traitor to 'liberty. cou\d refuse to yield her that
sympathy which the nofcillty, greatness, and Justice of
her cause demand. And you, sir. instead ot yielding her
that sympathy, assume Pounds againat her, Uke a course
not only antagonistic to her rights, but against liberal
institutions in Central America. \ou publish broadcast
the slandets of some lame apologist of Guatcmala and
monarchy, who writes for your i*per over the signature
of "N " Did "N." write that article of his own free
? ill and accord* or did not you request him to do it. in
order to bolster up the editorial ?
against Honduras in your p?|^ ?f the 18th February^
wpll Fir it matters not, for the truth of Uihtory can
vindicated" either Against you or any anonymous
scribbler And I will now proceed to ahow that v our edi
torial article of the 13th nit ., and the communication of
i.v "of the ICth instant, are base slanders upon Hon
Juras and miserably lame apologies for the servilea and
monar "wat^of (iuatemala, and that they give encourage
ment to Santa Anna and the encroachments of Or?**
Britain, that they are wholly anti-American and antl
: democratic in their tendencies and character. But first,
I will let vou know who I am not.
I am not a member of any lilibustering company or par
ty! I do not belong to tho Cuban "Junta;" I ne.th.r t^
lenir to tl.e "I.one Star" order, nor the order of the
I "Outal Owls." 1 am not a railroad contractor in Hon
duras nor do I own any stock in the railroad proposed
from Punta Givallo to the great bay of Fonseca. I am
sorry for it for it is the best route for a railroad across
the continent from Cape Horn to the Arc 110 ?ce?n Rnd
! through the best country. 1 do not know any of t h . eon
trading parties to said railroad, or a solitary stockholder
ta the concern. I am not influenced by pay or pecuniary
interest, as some of the corps editorial may' be, but I am
ir.llueuced only by a desire to see the triumph of free
principles. I am well acquainted with Central America.
! lam familiar with the laws and Institutions and with
public opinion, in the aeveral Rtatee. I know their so.l
climate, productions and natural resources, aa well as
their i eople. 1 know that there is a servile, m?narchlca
st.irit which pervades every State excopt Honduras, and
which is growing in strength. 1 know that there is a
Fettled hatred of everything American? of our people,
I laws and Inslitutions-in every State exeept Honduras,
und 1 know that among her mountains alone is the pat
ladlum of Ceulral American lil>erty, and that 1U only
protectors are her brave and hardy sons. They need our
moral support snd sympathy, and they must have I it.
I will now, sir, proceeed to notice tin- article or your
correspondent: He asserts that the "question of territo
rial limits tietwecn the two States of Guatemala and Hon
duras is as old as their separate independence. The p.o
?e lines of demarcation have never be?n agreed upon
Kd unfortunately, to this day, they are , still 'r suhje
of dispute between them. ' " ho#e '".l1 "VV th# fault
ouet-tlon has not been amicably settled? It is the fault
2f Cuatemala alone, who by her conllBiialenCToacl lijenU
and unifoim demand for what was not right, has >\nxen
Honduras from a settlement of the qu^tion. Theques
tlon had to remain unsettled, or Hondu.as ha 1 to sur
render her territory to the arrogant and unprincipled
! dema nds of the savage Carrera. 1 he ^ijindanesof Ho i
duraswere marktd and known prior to the royal ordl
nance of intendentsof 1786, and Honduras ha. uniformly
adh -red to her ancient limits. On the other hand, .ua
terr.ala claimed beyond the ancient boundaries, and
beyond the boundaries under the ordtnanceof l.M.Thi
unfounded claim included a considerable extent of fertile
country, extending across the whole northern border
of Honduras. By the treaty stipulations of IMS the
boundaries were to be settled according to the articles
therein contained. ,
The Commissioners of the two governments met at
Ocotepegno. The Conimhsioners of (Juatemala were ar
rogant In their demands, and claimed that the diocesan
boundary of 17P8 extended further south than the line ,
insisted upon by the Commissioners of Honduras. The
(Juatimalan Commissioners would not act outside or
Ihe thirteenth article of the treaty, which stipulated
the diocesan boundary; they would not act under the
eighth article of the treaty, which provided for reference
and arbitration in case of disagrasmr nt.
What course was then left for the Commissioners of
Honduras to pursue? The requirements of the Guate
malan Commissioners were unyielding under the thir
teenth article of the treaty: they held that they were
wholly limited to its provisions, and, consequently,
would not negotiate under the eighth article. Undvr
thefe circumstances the Commissioners of Honduras
could do nothing else with honor than tOwlthdrawfrom
the conference, which they did on ^e 24th of October,
1M7. Who was to blame in tbisf Not the Commis
.loners of Honduras, certainly, who calmly insisted on
tlelr rights, but the Commissioners of Guatemala, who
limited tHelr arbitrary action to one article only of (lie ,
treaty, time clearly showing that they did not wish an
adjustment of the matters in dispute. No; the tyrant
Carrera, with hi* hand* yet reeking in the best bloo<l of
c*"trj' America, wai meditating a blow at Honduras
with his barbarian soldiers.
The career of Carrera commenced in slaughter. He
wss the ignorant and blood-thirsty leader in a war of
,K*ln,t 8 white* and foreigner! ? far more
bloody and suctessful than that of Yucatan, when the
white* received all our sympathies. He roue to power
by murder. He crusbedthe StateofLos Altos hy b .teller
li g in cold blood the City Councihind officers of Quesal
teuango. The pathway of hi* barbarian ambition was
W:!.h "UV?ht"- Hi* K?*ernment to-day U rn?
r.tf. 1 Ik" at oT ,-ouiB Napoleon or the Ciar. He
ne iWOrd ."? con,rols lhe Assembly by the
5j?r V ,1fe * ^ember ot tllat Assembly ?,?.ke of the
power of public opinion. Currei a wa* present, hut said
nothing. He immediately left the hall, an.) returned
armed with hi* myrmidons, who filled the house and
surrounded the doors and windows with their glittering
bayonets pointed at the affrighted members. ?? Now
?il r't i?1011' " where is the force of your
public opinion? While I have these armed Indians /cm
control ft" This is characteristic of the monster His
murder', outrages, and confiscations are unprecedented
the annals of crime. The murderer or Hugo Bassi
NWW i! ?et tyery tJ'rant ba* aa apologist
Napoleon has one in the fulsome Abbot, and Carrera one
in the prosy "N." and the editors of the /nUHii/enrrr
mala inTsM k ? ?0,,du?,, *.u,i Evador invaded Guate
msla in lRftl ; but It wa* for just and righteous causes
or repeated insults and aggressions, and acts of the most
despofoc tyranny And it is not true that Guatemala
? mi. ? h i*?. invasion or warlike preparations
Utt e fielT' f a 8 V?"gu refu,<' U,iH t0 show that the
lattie field of Arada, where Currera met the invadi *
?UT^C "f Kebr^'- lB on th? frontier of C.3
of !h'? ? 4 m?t tl"'m with the whole regular force
til Li -*1' a,D<1 owin? to ? want of covert of ac
Honduras and Salvador, they
of H?1h t ? y "U"(1 made was by the troops
of Honduras, who were inferior in number aud disc!
phne to those of Carrera; besides, Car^rThU a heavy
mf n ?Un tery' outnumbered the Hondurenos t>oth in
#Tf n? l g .1 v * weI, ,u?own fact that the troops
, ASt and l,rave,t in Central America;
m.i, h officered and disciplined, those of Guate
mala luue never been able to stand against them. Hon
duras produced Morasan, almost the ?tdy great and good
man or whom Central America can ( oast. He was un '
VfC '0ll"*.ith 1>1* countrymen and the people of
Sahador, for more than ten vears
conU n','lUrnt 'l, th? a,rair "r Arada, Honduras kept
i 1 K * cbiims, aud protesting a/aiust
war k"7tT, nU'M " of G"te?nala. There was H%:,Ue
tion ?nH r, " t"U J<,C of boundaries, and crimina
Whac^,r" m,Da,tr I,rocte('ed from tfc? presses of
tw and Honduras until November, 1852. A t
nn?Vr'?nt?n ,of Guatemala made a most
dZ. Th.tl ? unfounded complaint against Hon
8t'vLinK a catutM/i, and
ill :,yr',Dil- '^dulently made one. Honduras wis
accufed of being the asylum or "lawless marauders"
that she encouraged "illegal organizations for the pur
pot e ot nuiking bornble inroads" into the territory of
ilBni^m. 1 1 *? a fa]s0 acciisntion. It was do
signed as a blow against the free institutions or Hon
duras, denying her the right of becoming the protector
Wfen't nn,d 1,bt;ral 81,iri,s who were driven by !.ar
I^mdurasrBnny ""J'lum among the people of j
?if 7lu.se? iWftlV an'1 *J' 1he r(,ruffC of polftfoi.l offenders 1
cii l!? i!i ir i?r free and enlightened institutions
rrimin.i ? offenders. She never afforded shelter to the 1
il* I i "lara?d<,? and violator* of the laws, who i
dnris l ic ,'( ,of CfrrerR *"d his Ministers. Hon- !
duras has sheltered and protected those who Ued from
Ue savage tyranny and misrule of Carrera because they
had the manliness to espouse democracy. Has she dono
moie than the United States has always doner Ha* not
our country been founde.l and built up" by those who fled
not"nr wPriTthn' t0 8C<"k f'T.edom on our 8horcs ? ""wo
Who m 1* ifi*2i.7 u ?17, P?h.tical refugee from Europe r
? J , H?!eag,,<T' Mai tin KossU, and hosts of
editors of / at,oIo8iljt of tyrants, like the
editors of the Iuldligencer, would deny Honduras this 1
togrretd"omS " ^eai t of democracy and sacred
Prroneously stated that a party of marauders,
recruited and armed in Honduras, attacked and pillajreii
?* i town of Gualan, in Guatemala, more than two
months previous to the accusations of Guatemala against I
Honduras Now, if Gualan was attacked and to to. by
Hondo?. W"ii .rrom Guatemala, and not from
Honduras. Honduras knew nothing of such lawless i
ter?n^fi"?i neithe,r h?r People nor her government coun
tenanced them. In fact, the banditti were --men iu
?atiVnoV Honduras'.^ G"ate,ual# as a pretext for the in- ;
?)andi,tl in buckram were disnerse.1? no person
in Honduras ever saw them; but the soldier* of Carrera 1
LreTfll iT f!h(an'i,m" aoro" the Honduras line, en- :
tered the rich district of Copar, destroying everything
before them shooting and butchering unarmed and de- I
fenceless men quietly at work on their plantations and '
o^"cothfnnvra?8ihi0f.w?lnen *nd children. No army I
of Goths or ) andals which swept down from the North,
? wViH bc'a"t.,ful Plains of Southern Europe, ever com!
mitted such depredat.on,, ; and yet you, sir. as the edi
tor of a public journal, openly sanction such atrocities,
bj publishing an article like that of "N. , " and by up
holding the barbarous conduct of Guatemala.
Ihi* wanton invasion aroused the Hondurenos to arms.
? ';ravc and 1'beral Cabanas? the friend and compan
ion of Moraican ? was at the bead of affairs. He gathered
an army to avenge the wrongs committed by Carrera *
Uoops, and to prevent further aggressions V>1 suirages.
marched to meet iticm' wit nQa VuTl 'organTwd"^^? ' and
cliaigesof Guatemala and hrr wanton aggressions. A
long array of .acts, showing their wrongs, aggreisions
out bv'ihfu^A a"d ?,'PreMlve conduct, was ma 1.1
,,e y??duI*H government. The reply of Rodriguez
on behalf of Guatemala, wa* based entirely upon lal o
' truth ,f**te?t,pd fart". nnfl was not supported by the
arguments " statcmtntB and the irrerragable force of it.
ioMtrr0tiy *'as negotiate! between the parties on the
1( th of April 1853. This treaty was rotiilcd by Guate
mala, after loading it with dictatorial and arrogant
ameni mcuts, which the government of Honduras could
not accept, and it was rejected. If Guatemala had
with dUono?" 1 U trt'at,y W0UW n0t bave be*n ^aded
witn ai^honoraldo ainendtncnts.
("}/. of )SM General Cabanas marched with a Wly
ritivrn troops? not renegades and malcontents, but the
W y ? Hf,uduras. who w. ro aroused to arms
ai utra^es, rapine, and murder committed at Co
n?l? . VT Guatemala, and ^net rated to Chi
' " ' . He here made a retrograde movement before
-Per or force of the enemy. He was purs-jed
by the troops of t arrera across the line, and a partial
t?fcFl -h^ 12,h' at Ocotexeque, whore
eif.'e 1 11 1 ln8tlP?ted by Can-era, alone se
curct! tlio f.untomula forces from complete defeat.
Oeneral Cabannp continued his march tc wards Lo*
(Wnl rP,".rn'f b>. tl!? forces of Guatemala, under
rrof ess ion Tli? S? T * disgrace to his education and
n> , T1,0fe troops committed the most horrible
wherever they went. Murder, robbery, and
rapine marked their pathway. They laid the country
sUuchtered8dOUW7i,,K Vull;lin?,< ravaged fields, and
? de ^nHTl? .J?'e "nimals. greeted the eye on eviry
orders ' are what "N" calls "trifling dis
But this general, " educated in the United States," was
soon complied to retrace his steps. (Jeneral Cabanas re
Hii brn Jf'n ?rcement ?f cltitcni'- Moused to arms by
lo!f i? outrages committed, and advanced towards
{'te H.H K ? General Granadas lK?t a precipitate retreat.
hHn- V S. * front'er. a?d Ca.anas was unable to
wing him to an engagement.
stIwiTt?n0"V^lar?n0f ?1iPul",,ons at Omoa finds an
apologist in N. General /avala. also educated in the
l nited ctate*. was no whit betu-r than Granada*? indeed
he was worse. After stipulating with the American Con
'f* of the Honduras commandant, that arm?,
tlie Cenrrnl .T0/' ?. tb ^ Karri??n shoubi 1* secure,
? mi pretrnde<l to find a flaw in the stipulations
H e i ?nly ?PP/'ed to the private arms, Ac., of
tl e fortress".* wT'/T 8*Ued, upon lLe b,,pt cinnon of
the ^ri?n fi '*i ' a,rainHt tho remonstrance of
the American (onsul, who, as a party to lhe stipulations
them Honduras, certainly knew how to interpret
?rdV?mrltIr',,1.d.,nye0?l,iunication '? Hitting too long
and I will defer the remainder of my reply to your corre?
pendent " N." for another occasion. V 7 G C y |
Legal Intelligence.
Cocrt OF Al'PBjkLH, April 5. ? No. 00, concluded. No. 20,
submitted. Nob. 0 and 64, called and pawned. Judgment
affirmed by default in No*. 18, 27, 62 ?nd 76. No. 65, re
ferred for April 14th. No. 66, reserved for April lltb.
No. 71. Schentctady and Saratoga I'lank Road Company,
rerp< ndents, ngt. George H. Thetcher, appellant. ? Mr W.
II. learned for appellant; Mr. B V. 1'otter counsel for re
fpondents. Pay Calendar for April 6th, 1854. ? No*. 69,
70, <2. 73. 75, 70, 77, 78, 79, 80.
April 6. ? No. 9, rentored and set down for to-day at
foot of calendar. Argumint No. 71, concluded. No. 6!?,
reserved for 13th April. No. 70, reserved for 8th April.
N<a. 72, 77. referred for fourth week. No*. 73, 75, 76,
79. 80, ja?scd.
Calendar for April 7.? No*. 81, 82, 83, 84, 86, 87. 88, 89.
90, fr3, 31, 33, 34, 46. Nor 91, 135. atruck olT. No. 78
judgment affirmed by default. No. 9, Thompson ani
other*, appellants, agt. The Mayor, ke.. of city of New
York, r?rj ondent*. ? On argument. Mr. A. L. Robert
a< n lor appallunt: Mr. K. J. Pillow for respondent.
No. 97. reserved for 14th April. No. 9, not concluded.
April 7. ? Chief Justice Penio announced the follow
ing decisions: ? No. 14, /nnnitz agt. IMxon. ? Appeal d(n
miased without cost*. Hurd agt. Hunt. ? Motion tore
atore the ap|>eal, denied without cost*. I/inU.i I). Mir.a.
apjellant. agt. Astor and others, respondents. Same
re*p?ndents, same appellant*. ? Motion to mttpend entry
of judgment denied. l)e Kotbeck and wife agt. Aator
and other*, ie*)>ondent*. ? Mot' on to dismis* appeal de
nied, and motion that the appeal be argued on point*
served in former appeal also denied. Argument No. 9
concluded. Default in No. 42 opened and cauae reserved
for April 12. No*. 81, 82. 88, 89, 93, pasned. No. 84,
Rabcock agt. Beman.? -Judgment h (firmed by default.
No. 85, reserved for ISth Inst. No. 87, reserved for 18th
in?t. No. 46, referred for 12th Inst. No. 88, Bishop agt.
Houghton. ? Judgment of general term of Common Plea*
reversed, and judgment on report of referee confirmed,
with co*t* by default. No. 9o, Waterman and others,
respondents, agt. Whitney and other*, appellant*. Ar
gued. Daniel H. Dickinson, counael for appellants; D.
Davis Noxon, counsel for respondents. No. 31, Blunt
?gt. Van Buren and others. Argued. J. H. Reynolds,
counsel (or appellant; Mr. Hadley, counsel for re*
pondent.
Rec.clation of Pcbi-io Executions in Pkns
gn.Vjiiru. ? The Senate of Pennsylvania baa almost unan
imously passed a supplement to the act regulating the
execution of criminals, which provides that the number
of person* present at any execution, including thi? sheriffs,
or coroner's deputies, shall in no caae exceed twenty Ave;
that any sheriff or coroner allowing a greater number to
be preaent, shall, on conviction, be lined $6<M), one half
to go to the Informer, and one half to the county; that
during the hours specified by th< death warrant, the en
closure where the execution is to take place shall be un
der the exclusive control of the sheriff or coroner, and
that it shall be the duty of these offlcera, or the general
deputy of either, to inflict the punishment of death in
caae* provided bv law; and in no ease shall such punish
ment be inflicted by a professional hangman, or one em
jUjcC it lily fti ;Ul I
of the Wavy.
BOTCH OF TBI HON. CALBB LYON, OF LYONflDALE,
IX TM HOUSE OF REFKB8KNT ATIVK8, ON THE SIX
STEAM FKIUATK BILL.
ki ^V.,1LUiTuYter tbe *ble advocacy and admira
ble exposition of this measure by my frien.l, the gentle
man from Virginia, (Mr. Boeock.) I feel great diffidence
in approaching it. conaideration. Having the distin
gttlihed honor to represent in part the agricultural aud
commercial interests of thousand- of the Empire 8ute
a feeling knowledge of its Im, stance shall make me its'
fearleas, though humble champion. We live in strange
and stirring times ? we live in that era of tho world
whose sublime progress wan never dreamed of by Plato?
whose wildest imagination revelled only in the model re
public of an Arcadian valley? whose law* were those of
I.ycurgus and 8olon, and whoae great national improve
ment wan the harbor of Themistocles, capable only of
floating the armed gaileyi which protected the liberties
or Athena. Hi* wan a glorious ideality, a shadow, a
Action ? oure Is the actuality, the substance, the fact
Sir, look around you? you'hehold a republic peopled by
happy millions, cradled between two mighty ocoan*
veined by navigr.ble rivera, nerved by wondrous rail
roads.* enriche<i by sands more golden than those of
PactoluH, a soi I exliaustless in fertility, and produetions
yieing with the fabled gardens of Heaperidea. while the
true patriot discovers a Minerva in every school madam -
a Prometheus In Franklin, ami a Mercury in Morse. Tho
wisdom of our fathers lit from above, has developed for
ua what so long baffled the alchymiati of yore ? tho veri
!o i? P,"0|0pher's stone ? utlie pearl of great price,"
?telf Government." Lord Bolinbroke's highest idea
of human liberty was that of a patriot king, whose
great aim should be the hapiiiness of his people; but the 1
iaV tl.'?"',and1 VPS*' wWle its patriots have
been like angels visits. Aside fr im theories, national
respect '"only won by a prompt vindication of national
honor. But what is our state at the present time/ Since
the promulgation of the following sentiment by the Chief
Magistrate of tho hepublic in hi* inaugural, "that upon
every ma and upon every soil, American citizenship is an
inviolable panoply for the security of American
a',*!1 f' HW0 Hi" con'?i.lted outrages, depredations,
and insults, tar, was this meant to bo a flourish of
fancy >? an empty though brilliant period Y Or shall we
not write it in blood if it need l?, upon the escutcheon
of that nation who dares to violate it, a- a sacred nrln- :
ciple akin to constitutional liberty 1 Citizens of the
Lnited States have beeu imprisoned, their proportv de- i
strayed, their persons insulted, in almost every country
in the world. The Hies of the State Department are
groaning with complaints. The cases of (Jlbson in Java,
Richmond in Austria, anil also those of Hamburg Naples
ard Chili; and last, though not least, the infamous Black
Warrior outia^e in Cuba? with not a solitary vessel of
war in readiness to send to resent wanton aggression. Is
this the security of American rights? Cuba should have
been taken, sir, and satisfaction demanded afterwards
The remedy lies in a prompt increase of the navy. Thi
American ieo, do are tired of "words, words, words."
rhey want acts; and upon Congress will fall the censure
if the means are not given to the government to carry
out the patriotic declaration of the Chief Magistrate in
spirit and", truth. Why. i? ? time of actual war it
would take all the vessels we have to guard the mouths of
bays and rivers, to prevent the enemy ascending and
burning our towns and devastating our countrv. It can 1
not be forgotten that this city was burnt in the last war
lie government was in a state of locomotion, and the
President narrowly escaped being made a prisoner Had
a few thousands been appropriated in time, it would have
saved millions: and we should not have tho descendants
of those who lost their all besieging with just claims
Congress for spoliations righteously due them. Would
fc ntlemen of the committee like those scenes renewed Y
hen let them remember that prevention is better than
cure. In what condition are the vessels we have ?
Why, they have been lengthened and' widened
narrowed and shortened, till, with few exceptions, little
of the original timber is left in them. ManV are
worn out, and ought long ago to have been broken up
W e want new shiris, constructed upon the most improved
scale of naval architecture. A common argument airainat
the proposed increase in the expense to be incurred? the
fear of indebtedness ; but these reasons are not applica
ble at the present time. Tho Secretary of the Treasury is
paying to such persons who had the good fortune to
make investments in our stocks 23 cents premium for
each dollar invested, and the surplus in our Treasury at
the present time exceeds 000, 000. Why, sir Noah
was thought to have made a bad investment by b'uildinir
the Ark; his squadron was a unit, but with it ho defle.t
the deluge that scourged a guilty world. Navies have
ever been tho guardians of trade, that potent clvllizer of
mankind. 8olomon imitated the Phoenecians, his con
temporaries, in shipbuilding? though his capital, Jerusa
lem, was sixty miles inland. Tho products of Egypt and
the last protected by them, made cities of the villages of
Athens, Borne and Carthage, and gave vitality during tho
middle ages to the republics of Venice, Genoa and Amalll
llio blue waves ot the Mediterranean ministerod to their '
greatness, and upon their transparent bosoms have bT>en i
fought bloody conflicts, and won the glorious victories I
which decided the successive empires of the world To
Spain her navy, under the guidance of Columbus, gave 1
a continent. The \ lskings and Normans of the North by
their superior maritime skill made an easy conquest of
Britain, who in her turn, at the Nile and Trafalgar gal 1
lantly won for herself the undisputed title of Empress of
the teas, 'lliis increase will aid iu the promotion of the
Gospel among Mahomednn and heathen nations by pro
tecting the American missionary in his laborious and ar
duous occupation Why by this lever, a nation once can
meal* now worship (?od. When some poor disciple
of Jesus, far away from his home iudopi* ihn
T.t 7?.? o .Z* r>r the sivannahs
f-j ? ?ou,h, beholds a frigate or a sloop
gliding into | oit. how his glad heart palpitates with joy
a? he galhers his little ones around him! "See there is
the ribbon flag of our own dear countrv; fear not our
rghts will now I* respected." And this is the'eatu
whether swung the Arabs or the Maronite-, the Be
douins or the l>ruse?. Mr. Chairman, an efficient navy
is the greatest aid In diplomatic negotiations. It render-*
arguments more effective in tho formation of important
tieatiec. Ah, sir, vou don t know how polite it makes
nations to the peo| le's representatives, when their har
bors are Llled with our men-of-war. Tho very air sir i<
redolent with the breath of Mars; tho sky is lowering 'for
the conflict. I pon the soil where our first parents trod
fo?X TIa i -?r d"minio" in lhc But is about to be
loupnt. llie soldiers are arming upon the banks of t h?
Kuphrates snd the Nilo, the Danube, the Lino? and the
I *?*'- ?lrf,a. Turkey, Egypt, c/r cassia, with all Eu
r._re. nnd even the empire or Confucius, under tho liirht
or the Holy 1 rinity, and the gui.'.ance of a rebel sovereign
yclept the I risco of Peace, is carrying conquest to tho
walls of Pekin, the celestial and imperial city. A portion
of the Japan squadron has been detached, to aiford our
citizens protection at Shanghai, Amoy and Canton.
Man} of the republics of South America are in a state of
Insuriectiiin; Mexico is being dismembered. With a world
in arms, should we not be prepared to protect and defend
American rights, American interests anil American honor?
I.ord < lurendon asserted upon the floor of tho british
larliament, That France and England were not only
united in relation to their foreign policy in the East, but
would also act in concert, if occasion required, in other
parts of the world." Two years ago, the?e twin allies
gave us notice that they hail assumed the protection or
Cubs, the gem or the Antilles, with the consent or Spain
And since the Clayton-Bui wer treaty, that diplomatic
enigma upon the files ot the State Department Central
America will, as a matter of course, come under their
especial supervision. What more? Why, this European
interference is to extend to those Eden spots of perennial
beauty, the hull way resting place to Japan, the Sand
wich Islands. So much for the bold avowal or the Eng
lish Lord. I pon the heel or his notification, comes a
Ira. erin the 7im<? newspaper, upon the inefficiency or
our navy its ntter unfitness for actual serv ice, the rot
tenness of its organization ; and in reading It, one would
suppose that Bo.-ton could lie sacked, New York
pillaged, snd Charleston burned, before we could
lay the keels or vessels of war to protect our
selves. Seneca says, "The wisest men are taught by
their enemies." Do not let this mftxim be lost on
us as a nation. I*t us not be blinded to tho true
state of the case. When we know the worst, we can pre
pare for it. England owes us no affection. We rival her
as ti e carriers of the commercial world. We have be
come a necessity to her Without us grass would grow
nthe streets ot Manchester; the hum or the loom and
the buzr or the spindle would ceaso in her cotton mills
lhe cutlery of Bu m ngham could find no m arket We
are her superior in prosperity, and in all that makes a
nation beloved at home and revered abroad. Her had
faith towards Bussia is tho true causo of the present war 1
?based upon an after thought policy quite characteristic
of l.er present Premier. It seems that arrangements for
the partition of Turkey with the Muscovite Csar had
been secretly acquiesced in by England-and upon her
treachery becoming exposed, we are told she "lafUnant
ly refused" the proposition she had once unofficially
sanctioned. Kront i the official circular of tho same noble
told we And that Russian raw material* and manure
tures, though carried in American bottoms, are liabb- to
reiziire and conization; thus instituting a marine police
fo: the annay once and destruction or ourcommerce Will
the American people submit to such Insolent and arro
gant surveillance, supported by the en-'nte cardiale of
Inglnnd anil 1 raiiceV No, never. The battles of 1812
will have to be re-fought ere England will drop her In"
si Le pretensions ? her obsolete policy ? und the soonr-r
our raw i< increased for that struggle the better I,et
us rot be dtluded by the flatteries ot iier mini-dora' You
might as well electa child would forget the mother
w ho cradled it In her -osom. as to suppose England would
forget the hostility she owes this country. No matter
l.ow 1 hnd her snufe she delights to deceive. No matter
fc< w reft and g? title Iter roice, "her voice is the to Ice
i,t Jacob, but her hand is the hand of Kaau." !
Sir. I will now give the committee a stiti ment or the rc
liitive condltle n ot the navies or the world, compileelfrom
the best authorities. Oiir tonnage is butafew thousands
nferior to Knglsnd. We have been gaining upon her
till at last we are neck snd neck. The value of her
trsi.e Is M.i0, 000,000 and ours scarcely Inferior.
le>r the protect iem or her commerce and the vlndlca
tion ot her rights, she maintains a navy of
sailing vessels and 192 steamers ? total 494
France, sailing vessels, 228; steamers, 132? total 850*
Bussla, 27 steamers and 53 sailiug vessels? total 8()'
Turco Pgy Han navy, CO steamers and 59 sailing vessel.?
total <9. The navy of Swelen and Norway, 12 steamers
an.i 40 sailing vessel, -total 52. Austrian iavy 2?
ing versel- snd fl steamers? totsl, 33. Spain, 0 steamers
siiel 16 sail ng vessola-total 26. Sardinia, Holland, the
Hcil es and (.reeee, 18 steamers and 57 sailing vessels
total. ,5. And it must he recollected that all these ves
sels i aieln ,erf?ct .order, and ready for sea at a day's
notice; while all the "model republic" can muster for '
the preservation or our neutrality or defence is the in
significant number, great and small, rotten and sound of I
every grsde. 72?9 steamers and 08 sailing rebels. 'To
tell the plain truth we have scarcely 50 vessels fit for
actual service, mounting less than a thousand guns
while the vessels of England alone mount fifteen thousand'
We need this Increase for the preservation of evports to
the r. mount of M00.000.000. We need It for the
fjnsrilisnsbipof 4,000 mll?s of sea board, andourfl.hrriea
We need to ha*e ships gilding into every foreign harbor!
to attend toour interests, and guarantee the rights or our
citizens We neeel it In view or the Inevitable general w ir
in Europe, when our sgrieultursl industry will sup
ply the deficiency in England and Krance or the
bieaelstuff* that usually flowed from the lllack
fr'ea and the Baltic, to the amount of $38,000,000.
Are not these interests, present and prospective, worth
protection ? V e have as gallant spirits who are longing
for active service, as ever trod the pUnks or a quarter
deck, but we lack the ships. Sir, we U?k the ships.
Ni r should the services In science rendered by Wilkee le
forgotten, whose sdmirable narrative of the expl rinir
ei [ edition has never been exceeded; or to Maury, whose
prseticsl wisdem has filled the heart" of thore who iro
liown in ships With contidenoe, or DalUvw, who sought,
or Kane, who is .eeking, the fame of philanthropy
among the iceberg* of the North. The nary ha. always
upheld, in .tainlens ((lory, the honor of the country,
since the day* of Paul Jones. Bainbridge. Perry, and De
catur; and only laat year we beheld in the harbor of
Smyrna? the birth place of Homer ? Captain Ingraliam
achieving a triumph more glorious than that recorded of
Homer's heroe.. The able and patriotic recommendation
of the Secretary of the Navy for a thorough peraon.il
reorganization, upon a proper basis, will render the judi
cioua tocrease I advo< ate still more effective believing
In aa economical administration of the government, I
elm 11 never deem that public treasure squandered which
is spent In the protection of tho rights and property of
the |>eople, rendering them doubly secure in jieace an I
invinciple in war. Helleving with the great poet, ''that
the nation who wisely wields thv trident, 0! Neptune
alone is arbiter of the empire of the world."
Affair* In Waahlncten.
[Correaj, ondence of the Detroit Free Pregs ]
Cate of C^n oZZSZTliSSl ^
1 IW?. , i Afle Hamtry Route.
j t>ib?on is preparing a narrative of hig eicitinir adven
ure. in the Dutch East Indie., and that ft w i H be on l!
lifihed Home time in May next, under the title of " Tho
Prisoner of Meltrevede..." It will d. ubtles? LoJ l
ma7e of the Fl^wh^l ,work- 1,16 "e"on'1
ma.e oi the Flirt, who had been inmsing for gome time
hag recently turned up in New York. He was in thu
vessel during her entire cruiae, and was arreated in mm.
JUJfl W1? Gil>son Membanff, and taken to Ba
tn\i?, where he wag detained for ten montha Durimr
I'utchTu^rd'ghi^ f?r tiTUe confineJ "?> board a
M.i> ? ,P' *ni1 '?moved from there to a
authont'^that
at Ww YoA the Mexican Consul
nient My Hi. r. fit * tliiH ridiculous ?tate
; f Afsriix: .o'K.rtK.i; sk
i
? SRMSr^swratrs as
mail contract o' tl/ r* aw,lro1- ?ivCfi ??'? California
< ? '? m!,a?y which shall prove its
5S ! SBJiSiS
to jJifffZiSt '? ??. f ?s??,
Porto Rico.
| TO THK EPITOK 01' THE NEW YOHK HERALD.
Ih.g quiet and retired Island i. indebted for much of
her prosperity to the peculiar circumstances of her popu
Ution which remove, her, fortunately, from the risk in
currew by an unnatural preponderance of the slave., over
the free inhabitants.
The island ha. 480,000 inhabitant., of whom 38 000 are
430 000 being whites. The result of this vast disparity
n favor of the whites is not only its absolute safety from
?uccessful insurrection, but presents an opportunity of
procuring a constant Supply of effective and, compara
tively, cheap free labor, not to be found in any other slave
colony in any part of the world. Upon almost all the
'^,a?r^,?te! <h.? CUttinK of ihe CttnP done most efficl
ently by the nativeg of the island, who although iri.it.
msmsmm
I KiTniic' rtMte-,at thc ????????
from *1 to Vo anacre, Mooing ^ValUy" 'JZ
fain.e.sh being observed on imth uwiia in utmost
I etnir'verv "i'ri "" ""?!*' "7 reF"^<le', without any jealous*
IJ , e. tall! shed an amalgamation ot the two cl s- v U t
acts most beneficially upon both The r, ? ' ? 1
strV fl^ adopted, together with orhiT a^rletiliiirau'ii'1
struments, all tending to diminish the demar ,1 for ?
t7, oLninDUrLIab?r wh,ch re"dt rg ?''at labor .Till easier
it. JX .ffiTjSJf?' work"t "r
The TnrT.
?. _ LOUISIANA KAt'Eia.
' ,Uk? thr^?^~oUl7 March 31- Trial
?m. the club to add (ffifio to
| toSiri v three year old weights ' ' heatH>
i ; *!?' v"'" cbVc D L Ricardo, by Voucher
T *1 r?u^iriML I-ongwai.t .......... " '
i Lnrt^V br-e-.^l-P- M^are.outif 1
j ;,2ft2
i 7?Jr,,Mi.n?-'" grr f ; Hy Voucher; o'lit Of' iid'y ^ "
Jane, by imp. I.e%iathan ' y f.
! ?... i,.. If"' H
tt!!''1. B,onde' hy Vf,,'ncoe- <???
i I 3L C'.IWoi",e b>'' y?H,on, out of Heel', pd ft'
Arali? f*. " . . " AtHUl by ^u?n' out of
S M "liend v 'r1',1 '' r " r8c Vwo'm'iie'h'eau"'
I r' ,,?d'9.br f" Ma'd of Orleans, by Berthune out
| of Alice Carnealby imn. Sarp^dJn /yMn'oM 2 1
out nJTm"n : K Wa"P ??n>Pton bv B^on 2 1
I Margaret 5 years old' 1 dig
The United Statks vs. Jas. Collier We un
derstand that (Jot. Anderson, of Maine. Commissioner of
Customa, and Rodman, Esq., Chief Clerk of the
Trenxury Department, started from Washington city yes
terday. to attend the trial of this suit aa witnesses.* The
deposition of Senator Weller, to prove the larceny of
s<me public money, stolen at Monterey from Collier's
deputy, was taken in this city yesterday, to be UHed on
the part of the defendant in this suit. ? WatliinyUm Star.
April 4.
FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL
MONEY MARKET.
Saturday, April 8?9 P. M.
N< thicfr new or important has transpired in the stock
market. The transactions have within the past day or
two been much more limited than usual, and there ap
pears to lie a (p eat scarcity of operators. The casli pur
chases an principally for delivery, and speculation in
storks genemlly is, at the present moment, very i?oor
business. At the first board to day, Illinois Central
bonds declined per cent; Florence and Keyport
Cumberland, '4 ; Cleveland and Toledo Railroad, ^ ; Hlon
ir.gt<>n Railroad, 1; Harlem, ,'4; Hudson Railroad, &
Kioaragun Trnnsit advanced percent; N. Y. C?ntral
Pniluad. \ ; Crystal Pulare, 5. The fluctuations in
Crystal Palace are no criterion of Wall street matters.
Only a few tharea changed hands at the prices quoted,
and it is the easiest thing in the world for holders to put
the market value at any point they please. The firmest
stock on the list is Nicaragua, and among tho fancies it
is the best, and will pay better at pre>ent prices. There
will be a dividend paid in July, without tho shadow of a
doubt, and the financial report then made will astonish
Kme of the bears who may be short of it.
At the second loard prices experienced another de
cline, and the market closed dull and heavy. Canton Co.
fell off % percent; Crystal Palace 1; Harlem >?; Parker
Vein >? ; Illinois b^mls
Thete is little business doing In mining stocks, and no
material movement in prleoB. The heavier fancies are
going through a slow dccline. The bid* at the Mining
Board were ?
Bid. A ti ed. Bid At M \
Cumberland. . . ? 29 Hiwassee 6Af ' ?I
Tiirkcr vein... 7 7)f Wii'erbury . . . . 3 ?
lilawnie A Hint Steel . 6
Hudson loRSj 109 Connecticut... ?
I ehigh 3 8'i Vermont ? 8
Am. White Zinc ? 2 McCulloch . . . . 7 7 Si j
Ulster 1 l*i (Sold Hill 3* 3# ,
Potosl X % Rocky Uur.... 1 ?
I 'utrhfss Silver 1 1)5 OarrtinerOol'l . 2'4 2',' '
Potomac 2% 8 Brldgewater Pt ? 2 I
N. Carolina .. ,, 8',, WyckoffHold. 3'4 6
The news from Kurope, by the Kuropa, is not at all en- j
coursgirg The decline in quotations for consols, for '
breadstuffs and cotlon, are marked and important, and j
most produce a much greater depression in our markets '
than ha* jet Uen realired. Consols closed heavy at
per cent, showing a decline of more than one per cent
three day*. The produce market* were inactive,
price* were all tending downward. The return of
Bank of England for the week ending Saturday, March
when compared with the previoua return, show* the
following result* : ?
Circulation issue ?28,002.516 Decrease ?678,655
Circulation active 20,788, ?60 Decrease 230,64)
Public deposits 3,678.817 Increase 770,220
Other deposits 11.306.383 Increase 417,687
Government securities in
banking department.. 11,844,700 Increase 96.972
Otber securities in bank
ing department 14,612,895 Increase 1,468,24)
Coin and bullion in both
departments
Seven day and other bills
The 3,730,877
The Reserve (vis., notes
and coin in banking de
partment) 8,038.989 Decreaao 343,281
'Hie subjoined exhibits the extent of the week's varia
tions at one view
Public deposits increase. .?770.220
Otber deposits . ... ,i0 417,887
Notes ami bills in circu
lation . ? . . . decrease .
Rest increase. .
On the other side of the account
Government securities. ..increase.
Other securities do...
Coin and bullion decrease .
14,822,839
1.128,607
Deoreaae 678.84ft
Increase 2,076
Increase 12,649
12,649
673 640
228,490
9?,972
1,458,340
Total ?1.783 702 ?1,783,702
Tills return is very unfavorable. For the large de
crease of nearly ?600,000 in the stock of coii and bul
lion we wero prepared by our advices by the Baltic. The
I increase of nearly a million and a half in the 'other,"
; or private securities, at the same time attest the brisk
ness of the sudden demand for money on the part of the
commercial public, a demand which was aggravated by
I the efllux of gold.
The bonds and mortgages deposited as security in pai*
for the circulating notes of the Merchants' and Mechan
ics' Bank at Oswego, were sold at auction at Albany, yes
terday, under the direction of Mr. St. John, the Super
intendent of the Banking Department. The following is
a record of the sale: ?
Mfg. record' d
in Erie Co.
Clt ruf office.
Lib. 88, p. 621
do 522
do 523
do 624
626
626
527
628
529
530
581
532
533
375
Jm'tfvr
which Uirul <C
mhj. veieyivtn.
*4,705
3,1'Hl
4,870
3,270
3.2RO
2,828
4,069
4,069
3,777
4, '286
8,041
4,0'24
4,1<>8
7,700
LtYMlt situ
aU in Hol
land. Erie Co.
541 \ ai res.
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
i!o
85
301 J
4!?2>?
327
328
202
220
220
SflJ ><i
3n
252
380 H
316 >4'
215
do
do
do
do
do
do 1
do ]
do
do
do
do
do
do
Ain't,
rcld
for.
>62%
00j
850
57 $
625
476
1,125
650
775
626
625
1,060
925
$57,608
$9,725
.lames Kipp, Esq., of Albany, was the purchaser in
' each instance.
The stock sales in Cincinnati at the stock board and at
1 private sale, for the week ending Wednesday, April 5,
1864, were as follows:? 25 shares Cincinnati, Hamilton
and Dayton Railroad stock at 102; 20 shares Covington
1 and Lexington Railroad stock, at 60; 20 shares Kentucky
r Trust Company Bank stock, at 96: 8 $1,000 Covington
' and Lexington Railroad Company seven per cent Oonver
! tible Mortage bonds, interest payable 1st March and Sep
tember, at the Bank of America, in the city of Naw York,
86 ; 8 shares Columbus and Xenia Railroad stock, buyer
' 10 days, at 108; 25 shares Cincinnati, Hamilton and Day
ton Railroad Btock, at 102; 30 shares Indiana Central
Railroad stock, at SO*.,: 35 shares Madison, Indianapolis
and Peru Railroad stock, at 66 : 60 shares Indianapolis
and Bellefontaine Railroad stock, at 89; 00 shares Coving
ton and Lexingt< n Railroad (new) stock, at 00; 50 shares
Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad stock, at 83 V ; 100
shares Cincinnati and llilUboro Railroad steak, buyer 60
days, at 60; 30 shares New Albany and Salem Railroad
stock, at 46,15 shares Little Miami Railroad stock, at
111 ; 68 shares Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad stock,
at 73; 40 shures Ohio and Mississippi Railroad stock, at
80; 20 shares Kentucky Trust Company Bank stock, 94 '4 \
40 shares I.itlle Miami Railroad stock, buyer 30 days,
111 I, . Money rates for the past week on stocks as c< 1
lateral security, 1 to 2 per ccnt per month.
Stork Kwaungt.
Satcki.ay, Aprd 8, 1864.
10 N Y Central RR. 107*
20 do c 108
10 Cleve & l'ittsb RE 83
260 Clevc & Toledo RR 90
10 Mich Soutt. Const 10', ?
50 l':.n.itna RR. . bOO 106,-^
200 Stonii.pton RR. . . ("9
280 Erie Railroad.... 71 i
160 do
$700 Ohio 6's, '70. ...115
10(H) l.rie lnc Bds. 95
1000 NY &NH Bs,'60 95
1000 Hud C?n Bds. . . 86*4
1000 do 80 ft
1( 00 N Ind I ds 96
1 4oC0 Pan Bds 2>1 iss.106
I 5L00 111 ten RR B-ls. 80)?
| 1(10 do blO 60,^
I fOOO do. ..bCm 81 500
i 9000 NY On RR Bda. f'4 50
6 slis Hnno^er Bk . . !>3 550
10 Corn Exe l ank .. . U7 100
10 1 el k Hud C C0...IO8X 100
! 50 t'untou Co 25 250
4 76 ? lor k Key Jt fctk . 1 50
210 do lti
2(0 do 1)3 IX
ftOO Nic Trail Co.. s60 20 >4
550 do ?6
! 2C0 do btO 27
100 do stO 26,?f
100 do s30 20*
100 do I?30 27
1 60Cumberl'dCoalCo 28 >4'
I 100 do s30 28
1 200 do s60 28
300 Park \ nClCo.b30 7
200 do 7
, 100 1'lster Mining Co. 1 }?
I 25 Crystal Palace. . . 46
5 do 47
do
do.
do.
do.
.I16O
1.30
. s60
.-30
.SiO
200 Ilarletn RR. . . s
10 Harlem pref'd.
400 Reading RR
71 %
1 * *
72
71*
71'*'
7^
71 '?
52
101*
"?**
74 *
74*
74*
76
75 !i
100 do s60
100 do blO
500 do s60
100 do
100 do 1.30
500 do bOO
330 Hudson RR 64*
4<>o do s60 64 ^
loo do 64*
5 do c 65
50 do b60 65
44 Mich Cen RK.. .. 104 'i
60 do 104*
$5060 Ind St Fives
U500 111 Cen RR Bds.
20 slis Rk St of NY.
16 Chnthiiin Hank . .
lOOHor&K Jtfctk..
1800 do
100 do 1.30
1 50 do s3
160 N J Zinc Co
300 C Copper
600 Canton Co 25
25 Crj>tal 1'slace. .. 46
II ' do
10
350 Gold 1III1 Mine..
860 Penn k L Zinc.s3
100 Harlem RR 51 X
20 do 62
8ECOND BOARD.
UP1* 100 shs Par V Co.bSO 7tf
350 do 7','
430 do 7
lOO do s60 7
7 CJevo C * Cln RR 118
33 NY Cen RR....C 108
40 do bOO 108
10 do 107*
80Cleve4Tol RR.. 90*
s60
80
106*
93
2
1*
2
1 *
8
3 }i
45 ^
45
3 y.
slO
200 Erie RR
65 do
100 do
300 do
250 do blO
00 do bOO
10 NY k Nil RR....
50 Hud River RR. . .
500 Reading RR. . sbO
MINING BOARP.
100 shs Lehigh s3 3 2't0 shs Brookdale . . .
3
2*
IK
71*
71*
71*
<?*
71*
72
97
64*
74
100 do b8
100 do s3
2( 0 Ulster s3
4*
300 Dutchess Silver b3 1
200 Hiiviissec
100 North Carolina ... 3*
CITY TRADE REPORT.
aMTHDAY, Apr.l 8 ? 8 P M.
Afiirh were reared, and nominal in value. The in
spection warehouse contained only 345 bbl*. to-day.
BBEAMTVtrg. ? Hour was pretty brisk and steady tW
day's business included 8.000 bbl*., ordinary to choifl;
State. *7 a *7 50, chiefly at $7 12* a *7 37 poor miiet
to fancy Western, $7 50 a $8, including but few lol?
under $7 68?^, andotlicr kind* at proportionate rate*
There were likewise sold 1,500 bbls. Canadian, at $7 20,
1 and 2,100 bbla. Southern, at $7 62 >? a $7 93 \ for mixed
i to straight, and $8 a $8 75 for fancy, per bbl. We heard
that 500 bbls. line rj e flour brought $4 50 a $4 75. and
207 pvneheona Itraml) wine cornmeal 918 each. Wheat
?us In fair demand ; the day'* sales consisted of 5.U-0
butbels Souther n red, at (1 65 a $1 07; 200 Rhode Island
rto., ?1 66; 800 Long Island, $1 fi6Jt; and 1,000 mixed
Western, $1 75. Sale* transpired of rt, 000 bushels rye,
at ?fe., and 1.210 bushels barley, at $1. I.itswere un
cbai>gt4. Corn improved during the day, with sa'es of
t'4,(00 bushels, at 78c. a 74c. for mixed Southern; 74>?e.
a 7i'e. for do. Western; 74c. a 76c for round white a nd
yellow: 76c a 77c. for white Southern; and 77c. a 79o.
for yellow do., per bushel.
C< ) ?sk. ? S? me :50 bag* St. I)< mingo fetched 9)^e. per
ponnd. t
Cmn >' ?The day's sales reached only 506 bales, as fol
low s lot ? xyort, 217 . ami home use, 288. Market uo
i settled.
Kufn-htn ?Rules were firmer, with engagements of
about 40,000 a 45,(00 bushels corn, chiefly in ship's hags,
for Liverpool, at (>d. a #)%d. ; 2,000 bbls. flour at 3s. l>fd.;
cotton was 11-82d. a ^jd. asked. To London, 600 bbls.
r< sin were engaged at 5s, There was nothing new to
Ilmie. and iat<a were n< minal, with little offering. To
California, ratea varied from 50c a 80e., with light en
gngtments.
IIat ? Seme 760 bnlea river were bought at yesterday'*
quotations.
Ilort. ? The demand wss moderateforlaatyear'sgrowtlk
at 26c. a 8< c ; l*52'f <lo. st 20e. a 22c. per lb.
iBoy. ? Scotch pig was inactive, but firm, at 941 60 a
942 50 per ton, usunl terms.
I lJUD.? The last sales of German and Spaniah wera ef
fected at $?! P0 per 100 lbs. ? an abatement.
Moi.au-?>.? There were 800 bbls New Orleans taken at
' 24e. j>er gallon.
Naval Storw.? Tar and turpentine varied little. Some
2. 000 bbls. (larye slae) Wilmington common rosin rc
; sliced 91 (<2 per bbl.
Oil*.? Nothing new occurred in whale, sperm or olive.
1 here were 1 5,000 gallons linseed purchased, at 84c. a 86c.
' per gallon.
PaovmoHS.? -Pork was rather lower, there having be< n
| root, Ms. disposed of at 914 62)^* 914 68& for me?*, an a
912 371, for prime, per bbl. The sales of cut meats
reached 170 pkga., at unaltered prices, .About 460 bbl*.
Ian! were taken, nt 8c. a ft),c. per lb. Some 880 bbl*
beef were procured at yesterday s quotation*. No change
est) be discovered in butter or cheese.
ROT. ? Holders are disposed to hold on. They thinX ?
prices li;i* e declined sufficient to warrant them in doinj
so; besides. It cannot be laid down at present rate*. Th4
snli s of the w< ek amount to about 800 casks, nt 8.*f e. I
'V
M ? >*h ?Sales were made of 575 hhds. New Orlesna.
at bT,e a 4^e. : 200 Porlo Hleo, at 4Jfe. a 5 ^ c , 1 0?
Cuba 4%e. >4!^, and 40 boxes ye'.low Havana, at
CUe. a 1c., fer lb.
Tai low was In demand, at llj?c- a 12c. for pTime,
per lb.
Wmeriv.? There have beta MO bbls. Ohio and pri o?
sold, at 26c. per gallon.

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