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NEW YORK HERALD.
IAM1I GORDON BEIRKTT. PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. Vol.m,. Xo- *?? ?PRICE 8. W. CORNER OP PULTON AND NASSAU NTS. Tirm,Mui in oAkum* TOE DA//.V UEKAJ.D 2 nail per eopy?IT j?*r <mmi. THE WEEKLY HERALD every H.UarAny. at WW. per eopy. or 93 per annum, the Eur<pe,in BeUii-ai 84 f*r an num, to any pari oj (treat RriUitn, and 96 to any part ?>/lAa Ooetinent both to inc/iu'i poeOipe. ALL LETTERS by >a<iit for SuhtrripH.mt or with ad-er titemrnU to br pott paid, or Ay ftottage will be deducted from ate money remitted. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BROADWAY TOE A THE, Broadway?Itqomar?Thr Ooviunor'k Win. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chambers street Th* Tiuieit ?Automaton Mi... ItOM'EKY THEATRE. Bowery Riciard III Hot Con*. NATIONAL TIIEATRE. Chatham street?Afternoon and Evening? Uncla Tom's Cabin. II A1.1 ACK' S THEATRE. Broad way?-Do hi. Stroke eou a Uumiand?Love and Murder. AMERICAN MUSEUM?Afternoon, The Nicoto Family Hot Corn?Evening, Pauline?How to Make Home CHRISTY'S AMERICAN OPERA IIOrSE. 172 Broad pray- Ethiopian Melodies by Christy s Minstrels. BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, 639 Broadway - Buck ley's Ethiopian OrEiiA Troupe BANYARU'S GEORAMA. Ou Broadway?Panorama or ini dOLT Land. RHENISH GALLERY. VU Broadway?Day and Night. BRYAN GALLERY OF CHRISTIAN AKT-SA3 Brctd way WHOLE WORLD?377 and 379 Broadway?Afureoea and Evening. 8IGN0R BLITZ, Lmnarv Hall, Newark. JifW York, Snlnrday, April 13, la". 1. Circulation of (lie Kiw York Herald Tor the Week eliding April 8, ISTl. Monday, April 3 60,880 Taesdey, " 4 52.440 Wednesday. ?? ?'< 68(180 Thursday, " fl 61,840 Friday, ' " 7 51,300 Saturday, " 8 64,720 Molls for Europe. THE NEW YOBK IlEKALD?EDITION FOR EUROPE. The Collins fit cam ship Atlantic, Capt. West, will leave thifi port thig day, at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool. Tlie European mails w ill close at half pa >t ton o'clock this morning. The W'Ktr.LY Herald, (prirted in French au.l English,) will be published at half past nine o'olosk this morning. Single copies, ir wrappers, sixpence. Subseriv tious and advertisements for any edition of the Nkw Ycuf.K Hekald will be received at tlie following place j in Eurtepe :? IjvsRj'tK)!.. .John Hunter, No. 2 Paradise street. IiORiayN... .Edwards, Bradford At Uo., No. 17 Comhill. Win. Thomas & Co., No. IP Catherine itr? jet. Faj? p Livingston, M'ells & Co., t Place do la Bu urse. OUR AOEVTS IN l'ARIS, FRANCE. We beg leave to state to our readers anil ye; irons in Paris, and Europe generally, that Mr. 11. H. Rovoll, 17 Hue dc la Banquc, Paris, is no longer con heeled with the N*w York Herald, either as coriospondeiii ore gent. Messrs. Livingston k Wells, 8 Place do la Poursc, are our only ngonts in Paris, both for advertise-noutg and subscriptions. O.h- Week's History. The Weeely TTrrald, containing a complete epitome of ?ne week's intelligence from all quarters of the world, will be published at nine o'clock this mcruing. Price, in wrapp<?v, ?defence. The Ncwii The He rem . m, from Bremen and Southampton, arrived at this port yesterday forenocn with London papers of the 29th of March, and tho America, from Livcrpcd, reached Halifax in tho morning with advices-'?o the 1st instant. We, arc therefore, enabled to publish a full week's later news from Europe. It is of a highly important and very ex citing cliaraoter. We publish a copy of the mes sage which was sent down by Queen Victoria to both houses of the English Parliament prior to the declaration of war, and also a copy of the official declaration itself. The war announcement made by the Emperor Napoleon to the French Legislature is also given. The contrast between the reception of the declar j atiou of war ir the British House of Lords and the | Corjis Ijcpi*!ati 'of France will attract, the reader's at ' ?tontion. When the ultimatum of her Majesty Queen fVictoria was rcai to the House of Lords, the Earl .* f Derby and Earl tlrey, with remarkable sclf-pos eosaion ami coolness, suggested the propriety of ft wring such an address from Parliament, in answer ta the Queen, as would receive the unanimous sup pot (tf the members?that Ls to say, the address shc'ild be so clear in its statements, purposes and de cliu it ions as would b> unanimously sup]icrted, other wise some memkers of tbc anti-ministerial party migb' be sufficiently obstinate to oppose it. All this was ft.mracteristic of the cool matter-of-fact pru dence of John Bull. N&w, mark the scene iu the French C<*;>.* Upon the reception of the message from the Chief cf the State it was met with loud cheers, nr.d the Assembly broke up with shouts of "Vive I'Xmycrcurf" ii>.w strikingly characteris tic of Freii h aspirations for glory. "Vioe I'Em jjcrtur" on Ibis occasion lias the echo of Austerlitz, Smolenski aisl Borodino. Oh. yes! England goes into the war with coolness and resolution?Fiance, with fiery energy and enthusiasm. How this old beldame, our mother earth, will tremble by-and-by. From China we have files dated at Hong-Koug 0 February lltli. There is no decisive news re garding the progress of the war, but an important ^onunerclsl notification of the United .States Con Bui will be found elsewhere. We have advices from Melbourne, (Australia.) to the 30th of January. Trade was improving at Syd ney. New South Wales gold sold at Sydney at ?3.15s. 3d. per ounce, Port Philip and Owens bring ing ?3. 17s. 3d. From the East Indies we learn that the United Btates storesbip Lexington had fired on a fleet of pirates in tbc Archipelago, and that the vessels im mediately sailed oil'to windward. We have received the Singapore I) i-Monthly Cir culm of the 16th of February, from which wc gather that the imports of gold for a fortnight? ending on that day?consisted of 9IJ buncals from the Archipelago. Large supplies of Australian were on hand. The'Tr.tes reported are $29 to $29i for bars, and $27< to $28 per buncol for dust. Ex ports 592 buncals. As was anticipated would lie the case so soon a* business men should lie ublc to clearly coinprelicud the course of events in Europe, there was a geucrul re aetiou iu our inuikets yesterday. Despite the an nouncement of the stringency of the Loudon money market and the decline in consuls, stocks in Wall street advanced considerably and closed firm. Prices of every description of American securities may now be ex pected to run up to a high figure, owing to the fact that the more cautious portion of European capital ists will prefer investing their funds on this side of the Atlantic to trusting them to the precarious chances at home. Flour advanced 60c. a 6sc. per barrel after the receipt of the foreign news, and Ktate brands, common to fancy, closed at $7 50 a $7 62, with higher figures asked. Wheat was 10 cents per bushel higher; and 8 cents to 10 cents advance in corn was demanded. Freights were also higher, though little was done. Cotton was unsettled. Our Washington correspondent writes that the administration and its organs are again busily en gaged in endeavoring to mislead the public with re gard to.the important and exclusive news which re cently appeared in our columns respecting Mr. Bu chanan's project for a treaty with England, in which the maritime rights of Americans will bo directly acknowledged. Their denial of tills fact is simply ridiculous. Even were not oir statement fully con firmed by the corres|?oudencc from Mr. B. now in the State Department, the awkward predicament in which they placed themselves by positively deny ing the accuracy of onr announcement of tho project ?f the 0 oris Jen treaty, would convince every suuc man that no reliance can be placed on their refata- , tione. The outlines of this project are now in the ' hands of the administration ; but as nearly each member thereof is interested in detracting as mach as possible from the fame of Mr. Buchanan, as well as of every other distinguished man who has been named in connection with the next Presidency, it is but natural that, judging from their past career* they should do all iu their power to throw the pro ject in the background. Indeed, we should not be surprised to learn that upon the first intimation of , the matter to them they requested Mr. B. to susjiend further negotiations. When the President replies t 0 Mr. Dean's resolution of inquiry we shall be abb . ^ more clearly comprehend the policy of the adr ,5nj8. tration on this important subject. Inthemf ^ntime we reiterate that Mr. Buchanan was cnga ? .q in ne gotiating a trcuty, and they know it. Fortunately our news from Washingt' jn t day is comparatively brief. The Senate hav ;ng a ;jounlC(i over from Thursday till Monday, we 0f coulHe havo no additional particulars respect' U1g progress made by that body on the Gadsd' n treaty, i urther ollieial correspondence with re o,ar(1 to the Koszta affair was transmitted to the House yesterday, and will attract general atten* j0n. The modest but jiatriotic letter of the gall' iut Ingraham will meet a hearty response from ev v,ry friend of his country. Apropos?the news by t ae America announces that the Austrian Consul w1 j0 rendered himself conspi cuous in the seizure 0f Koszta, has been trans ferred to the consu1 si,jp nt Genoa, but the Said din in u government jias refused his exeqaator. The special orde r Was taken up by the IIouso, hut, this being rather dull work for Good Fri day, was aband jned after the passage of a single bill. Quiie a li> e]y debate sprung up in Committee of the Vi hole a* , the Senate's amendments to the West Point A> ademy bill. Colonel llcnton opposed the propositi jn appropriate twenty thousand dol lars for a lu j] for exercise of the cavalry pupils. He ridicule d the Idea of boys destined for soldiers being tau' rpt to ride under cover. The old veteran has an ? inveterate antipathy to bandbox soldiers. Colonel Hisscll explained that the amendment was intend* <1 to protect the horses, and not the boys, from the inclemency of the weather. When the conw dttce rose the House, finding no quorum pre sent ( adjourned till Monday. Si ich an immense amount of business was pushed l'11" ougli the Legislature on Thursday night and ye sterday, that it would be both impossible and un n eees -aiy to refer to the work in detail. It may ho ' as well, however, to allude to the fact that the i Senate has re-passcd the prohibitory liquor law, with a clause submitting it to the people for ratifi cation. The measure will, without doubt, meet with the concurrence of the Assembly. By the way, the latter body has rejected the bill curtailing the dimensions of the Central Park. Me have no clue as to how many days longer our legislators iutend to work without pay. Attention is directed to the speech delivered by Senator Dawson 011 being installed as President of the Southern Commercial Convention at Charleston. Our special reporters have sent us a full report of the second day's proceedings of the convention, but we are compelled to defer its publication in conse quence of the great pressure of foreign and other important news. The Boards of Aldermen and Councilmen met last evening and disposed of a variety of routine bu siness. Our special reporter has furnished an out line of the debate, together with a copy of the reso lutions offered upon the subject of the contemplated duel between Couucilmeu Wild and Seely. The Declaration of War In Europe. We seldom print a document of more politi cal and historical significance than the declara tion of war by the Queen of Great Britain against Russia, which appears in our columns elsewhere. It would be futile at the present day to enter into any examination of the grounds on which the declaration is based : the questions of the Holy Shrines, the Turko Russian treaties. Prince Menschikoff's mission and the political rights of the Porte, hare been vexed long since, aud now properly make way for others of more practical and immediate in terest. War declared, it matters little how the quarrel began; the only points worth deciding at present are. which is the stronger of the com batants ??and how long is the struggle to last? There is yet another reason why we care not to examine the avowed basis of the declarations of France and England. The real issues for which nations have contended, in past times, have almost invariably been concealed: and false pretexts put forward to blind the world to the genuine motives of the belligerents. In this respect, the world seems to have made but little progress since the Crusades. According to the declaration of war, the Western Powers seem to be arming for the defence of Turkey : according to the fact, they arc taking the field to anticipate the obvious destiny of Russian ambition against themselves. The mo* 'c one reads European history, the plainer it .becomes that ever since the Roman empire, eve 'its have been regularly and period cally repeat! 'ig themselves. Men have changed, I and manners ;' dynasties have been swept away, and barbarism has yielded to civilization : reli gion has succce> d?d religion, and political forms have assumed fr csh moulds with each successive century : but tb c cycle of events has revolved steadily and unift 'rraly. and like results have in variably flowed ft om the like causes. The Ro man empire, born ii 1 mystery and fable, died the prototype of all the * 'roat Powers that have since arisen in Europe. , Every groat monarch has aimed at realizing thi ' boast of the Ckesars. Af ter the translation ? of the Roman empire to Byzantium, full three c< mturies elapsed liefore any one sovereign was a. '1? to combine, out of the chaos into which Eur. ?PC wa8 plunged, the elements of a conquering i '.nny. At the close, of the eighth century Charle magne arose?over run Germany and Italy -hv Franco at his feet?was crowned with the ? crown of the Ctc sars. and nearly held the pr ze 'n grasp. Unfortunately, bis work was b 't half achieved when death overtook him. and his successors were unable to complete the ta ^ From the death of Charlemagne to the boginn ''igof the six teenth century, the only power in h uropo which set up pretensions to universal domin ?on was the Papacy. But whatever power the Innt cents and the Lcos. and the I'ii gained in their lifetime, they resigned at their death; and L owevcr potent their bulls, they availed but little 'n *he end against swords. Charles the Fifth 1 ^ more rn a twelvemonth towards the estab, 'l*'1 mcnt of a universal monarchy In Europe tl. an the whole line of Popes had done during fi\ 70 centuries. Chance placed him on the two mos powerful thrones of Europe?Germany and Spain; there is little reason to doubt that the sword so successfully wielded at I'nvia would have done the rest, bad not an enemy arisen from an unexpected quarter. The corruptions of (he Romish Church at that time divided Europe into two hostile camps, and preclude I the possibility of a universal Europeau dynwty. Protestantism drove Charles into a monastery. A couple of centuries again elapsed before the attempt was renewed with any serious chances of success. It was France again this tiuv which strove to trarn.de the ro<t of Europe under her feet, and Napoleon well nigh achieved it. Charlemagne bod hold France, p-.ets of Germany, noilhcrn Italy, aud the coast, ol Mediterranean: CVj-les the Fifth had been sovereign of Sprun, Germany, Italy, and the Low Countries,; Napoleon held at one timo France, SpairJ( Italy, and most of Germany, and exercised a sort 0f tutorship over all the rest of continental Europe. Russia excepted, lie w?'j foiled at lagt?the prestige of his power beio'g broken at Moscow?and the intrinsic fi^.ength of France being gone, when the na tions he bad attempted to extinguish rose against him. We arc now about to witness the fourth at tempt to sub agate Europe unler onr head. That this is the aim of Russia and of the Czar, no one conversant with the spirit of the one and the policy of the other can doubt for an instant. For more than a century and a half this great design has been nurtured in the minds of every ruler Russia has had. The people have been taught that it was their destiny?as it was that of their forefathers, fifteen hund-ed years ago, to sweep away tho Roman empire. Napoleon saw it at St. Helena when he proclaimed that within fifty years Europe must be republican or Cossack. The time for the choice lias come. Nicholas, with sixty millions of subjects ardent for the war, and internal resources which will enable | him to withstand any amount of outsile pres sure?with a kingdom that cannot be iivaded, and an army that may be defeated but cannot le conquered?now otters Europe the option of b coming republicans or bowing to hi; sw y. England and France have anticipated his ac tion by assuming the responsibility of begin ning the contest. Thus matters stand. At a glance it is easy to see that the war whose commencement wc this day record is to be no fitful struggle: it must last for years. Russia's fleets may be sunk, her foreign trade destroyed, her ports blockaded; but for all that, she will still be Russia, as pow erful and as formidable as evu\ Battle may be fought after battle, and vic ory may side with the Western Towers; but fresh Co-sacks will always be found to replace the dead, uud fresh ardor will infuse itself into tho Russian brcn . after every reverse. Then may be truces, and treaties, and temporary lu ls in the strife; but no permanent peace can trrivc until the shape of the issue is altered. Eussia will not swerve from her purpose, and so far as can be seen now, cannot be so utterly disabled as to be unublc to pour down ar.ny after army from the Vistula. To meet her successfully, the repub lican element in Euiope must he fairly and thoroughly aroused. There are stout men enough in that continent to hold their own even against Russia but they must be com bined. and rallied round a standard in which they can rcully feel a hearty interest. When tli is is done, Napobon's problem may be solved. But the solution may not occur for the next hundred years or nore. The Rights of Neutrals.?The declaration of the Queen of England on the subject of the rights of neutrals will allay the anxiety of our shipowners on a subject of much importance. The Queen announces (hat it is not "her pre sent intention to issue letters of marque for the commission of privateers which, as Russia has hut little foreign commerce to injure, hard ly signifies much. Neutral vessels are to be allowed to carry the enemy's property without molestation; and neutral property laden in the enemy's vessels will he exempt from seizure. Great Britain excepts from this articlcsi contra band of war, neutral vessels carrying the ene my's despatches, and neutral vessels breaking blockades against the enemy's ports. There can be 110 reasonable objection to ihese terms. Our vessels will continue to trade (n security: and wc could demand no more. TliC act ofcar rying articles contraband of war or despatches to or from one of the belligerents does not ap pertain to legitimate commerce. It is to be regretted that the language in which the rights of neutrals arc acknowledged, akd the "lib erality" of which Lord Clarendon boasted Is illustrated, is such as to deprive the act of its chief claim to praise. Had Great Britain, for instance, frankly acknowledged that she had no right to interfere with United States ves sels trading to Russia without declaring war upon the former as well as the lattcf, the world would have given her due credit for honesty and candor; to grant the main point, and to state at the same time that in doing so she "waives, for the present, a part of the belligerent rights appertaining to her by the law of nations.'' is to assert the very principle we deny, and evade disingenuously the responsibility of its assertion. We want no favors of England; and do not thank her for waiving one single right to which she deems herself entitled. Nor shall we exhibit such a captious spirit at this conjuncture as to quar rel with the language of her proposal, its aiin and meaning being satisfactory : but her best friends cannot but admit that she has pursued the most crooked and awkward way of grant ing a claim which she could not refuse. Lord Clarendon's promise, too. that England would during this war "exhibit ati example of liber ality to the world" would have been more hon orably fultilled had the words "for the present" been omitted from the declaration acknowledg ing the rights of neutrals and proscribing pri vateering. As it is. Great Britain is quite at. liberty to rescind this declaration, to search and seize American ships and to issue letters of marque whenever she pleases. Great Britain is not pursuing the most judicious course in the world, if she desires to secure the friend ship of the United States. Candle-fad Economies in the Post Office. ?The disgraceful mismanagement which has characterized our Post Office for years has now reached a point that is likely to compel some inquiry into the system and some attempt to remedy its defects. It was notorious that under the late administration the public service was Inefficiently mauaged; and the stereo typed reply to the complaints then made was that the number of clerks employed was not sufficient to perform the work. Tho prceent administration, on assuming office, found a de ficiency of some two millions in the revenue of the department, ami forthwith proceeded to j effect reductions in the expenditures, Instead, I owevcr, of making these economies in the Fn bventions paid to ocean steamers, and unpro duc rnfti' lines, those branches of the depart^ mcnt which required increased expenditure* were c.down, and a proper administration of the puln "c Pervico actually rendered impossible. Several thc in <ho New York Post Cfficc were discharged, and the salaries of the oihcrs reducfc The clerks now work, for sala ries averaging >WOO ft j ppr, from sixteen to eighteen hou: ? ? >y- The work is badly done : people dot V get their lellcrs add papers in time : complaints ^re of hourly occrUTOQCe. IIqw long shall sf of things coutiuu* ] Curious and Interkmtnq Partt Movements in raw State.?The close of the one hundred days of the Legislature begins to reveal the purposes and projects of the various ]>olitical parties in this commonwealth, and from present indications, we shall have a curious inixed-up sort of a scrub race at the next Slate election. The democratic hard shells have made arrange ments for a State Convention on the 12. th of August, an ' have in this connection enunciated opinions excessively hostile to the administra tion. Henceforth they will go for their own men and their own principles, and the adminis tration may go to the devil. Their candidate for Governor will undoubtedly be Judge Bron son. and they will stick to him through thick and thin. The soft shell section have also made seme revelations showing that Governor Sey mour will be their candidate for re-election, and that they count upon vast accessions from the ''outsiders" opposed, as the Governor is, constitutionally to the passage of the Maine liquor law. lie will be run upon the lager bier platform. '1 bus much for the broken up de mocracy. The whig party is in the same fix?split up into two Kilkenny cut factions. Look at the fierce debate in the State Senate the other day. See how bitter and violent the Seward men and silver grays were in their denunciations of each other. Savage as rival fishermen, how can tl.oy harmonize ? The Fillmore clique, led by Em-tun Brooks, and the Seward party, le 1 by Mr. Dickinson, presented a spectacle just about as affectionate as the concord between Captain Iiyuders and Mike Walsh. The Seward party will probably run as their candidate for Governor no less a personage than \V. H. Seward himself, unless they should, for some ulterior purpose, deem it most expedient to hold him back for the present. The Fillmore men have not decided what to do. They cannot do much ol themselves, for they are very weak in the back ; but they may accomplish every thing by a junction with the hard shells upon Judge Bronson. Thus they may be able to de molish the Seward party in this State, and the J democratic soft shells and the administration in a single blow. The teetotallers will bring out their strength in opposition to the lager bier party, and if the Maine law men should unite with the Seward party they may carry the day. Lut this fusion is doubtful, notwith standing the labors of the leading Seward organ to this end. Upon the whole, we incline to think that, as the silver grays are of no earthly account by themselves, it is their policy to unite with the hard shells. Perhaps they will; and if they do, the chances of the quadrangular fight ure de cidedly in their favor. Curious piece of busi ness anyhow. Such are the squabbles of party politics when principles are swallowed up by the spoils. The Garrison at Fort Belknap.?Late dates from Texas remove all anxiety about tho fate of Major Merrill and his email band of sixteen men. The two scouting parties sent out by him after tho Indian murderers of Col. Stemra had returned. We learn also that Lieut. Tree, with twenty men, had been successful iu his scout. He fol lowed the signs of a small marauding party of Kickapoos near three hundred miles north, to where their tribe live, on the Canadian river, and two of these were found to be the murderers. He made a demand on the tribe to de liver up the murderers, whereupon one of them was caught; but in bringing him into Fort Arbuckle he tried to kill his guard and escape, when he w as shot deid by an Indian chief. The chief promised to bring in the other murderer. Accident vpon the Erie Raiuioad?One Man Killed? Another fatal accident occurred yesterday afternoon upon the Erie Railroad. The morning mail train from Dunkirk was approaching Coshocton, on the Delaware river, about fifty miles the other side of Port Jervis, when the locomotive ran off the track, killing the engineer, George Coffee, almost immediately. We were unable to learn the cause of the accident. Coffee had been for a very long while engaged upon this road, and was much esteemed by the company for his punctuality and carefulness iu the discharge of his duties as an officer. The locomotive had in tow a large train of pas sengers. but we understand that none were hurt besides the engineer. Wallack'E Theatre?"A Bold Stroke for a Husband." Mrs. Cowley's comedy, "A Bold Stroke for a Husband,', was revived, and played last evening, with the following cast:? SSS fSKT:;; v.iK'aStS GMT.lJnCeDtl? Mr. L. Thompson. ^arloe Mr. Dyott. ?edr"'"-. Mr. F. A. Vincent. P??"0" Mr. Reynolds. n?n?W F' Chippendale. i.enn?n .et'?na *?? Hoey. Donna Olivia c ' Doom. MMcrlU Ml, K.dtij- I*.,,,. This comedy has not been played here for many years, and it is easy to sec the reason why it has been so long laid on the shelf. The plot is without sustained interest, and there is hardly anything like dramatic illusion, as the end of the story is plain after the second act. Tho language is sometimes brilliant, but It is more frequently made up of the dullest common places. The main inter est of the play centres in Donna Olivia, a young woman who feigns to be a modern Xantippe in order to disgust her lovers, and only happens to secure the man she loves by an accident, not a bold stroke, by any menns. Then there is another plot; Don Carlos deserts his wife and falls in love with Donna Laura, on whom he settles his property. In order to save her husband and his estates, the wife of Carles, Donna Victoria, attires herself as a man, makes love to and captivates Laura. This may be considered as a ? bold stroke," but it is beyond even dra matic probability. The acting, dressing and mounting of the comedy de serves high praise. Mrs. Conway played Donna Olivia; it was the first time that we over had tho pleasure to sco her in a legitimate high comedy part. We do not think that she is fitted for this style of character, though there were many good points in her acting of this Ion and difficult part. The same fault-lack of that dignity nn^ repose which form essential parts of a fine lady's education?that wo have before noticed, was apparent Her laughter was not natural. Phe commenced the piece very well, and her interviews with Garcia and Vincontfe were-full of good points. Her affected simplicity with t inccntio was also very well done. Mrs. Hoey was rery slow, sr.d her male attire seemed badly put on. Bhe would have been detected at once. Mrs. Stephens played Minnette In her usual pert style, nnd pleased the audi ecce mightily. In smart waiting women this l.vlv has characters capitaBv? genUcmen dr"se,i and pDyed their The house was very full, the ent crtainments being for the beneut of Mis. Conway. Mr. I.c*ter being called out announced the comedy for repetition. Marine Affair*. Loss or the Ship S'ea Nymph.?The ship Pride of the Ocean, from New York for London, in reported in the Fngli.-di papers as taring arrived at Deal on the 27th ult., with the crew and 23 passenger* of the ship Sea Nyinph, Tatten, which nailed from Liverpool February 21 for Bal timere. The particular* of the disaster will probably be contained in the paper* per America. Tub Steamship South Stab.?Tlie hark Rolla, from lVnce, passed the North Star o?j the 8tli.inat., at 10 A. M., in lat. 30 47. At 1.20 1'. M. same day, passed the Illi nois. in lat. 31 f7. Hpthil report, the North Star was nhoai ninety miles ah?ad of the Illinois. having gained tlint distance in sixty-six hour*, a* both sW.omora left the Hook together. Tim Sc/Brrn or PtEAjncw.?Agent* from New Y.tt k have lieen in New Bedford for the purpose of securing ae imen Vor the merchant service; and in several instance* air-Mnrs returning from whaling voyages have been shipped for Nta York \et_sel* almost immeilintely upon their arrlw' A llovKRTtMBCT Coirxeicui I)E'"i.-to\ ? A vessel char tcr<4 by an agent of the United fiiate-t, for the transpor u.Hnti of supplies, .Vc., wn* not long since wrecked siul totally lo-t. A claim was made for a continuance of wages, and for passage home of the ciptain and crew. It v.. s held at the Treasury I'epnrtmont that wares of n>nit.en could not be claimed Subsequent to the breaking up of the vovage, and that there was no htw that would render the ship owner accountable for the excuse of re ttiming tie capl?.u aud crew to their home port. The Opening and Extension of the Bowery* The Committee on Streets, consisting of Aldermen blunt, Drake and Brown, met yesterday in the chamber of the Board of Aldermen to hear the parties interested in the contemplated opening and extending of the Bowery. Alderman Brake presided, and suidthat the committee would hear, in the first instance, the parties in favor of the repeal of the ordinance. Mr. Garret II. SrRYKtR, Jr., tlun addressed the com mittee. He said that the rule established by this commit tee in all other cases is the usual one, founded in equity and justice, which rule is suggested by the question: Aro a majority of the owners of the land on the line of the proposed improvement in favor of the proposed improve ment or nctr If they are, it should be adopted; if not, it should be dismissed from further consideration. Tho question to be considered is: \\ hat is this new propo sition or proposed improvement? It is to widen the ltow ery 100 feet through to franklin square, llie considera tions in favor are?I irst. tl at unless something is done to relieve und resuscitate Pearl street, it will become valueless; second, that eome great and maiu communi cation is absolutely necessary for business men and the convenience of citizen* generally; thirdly, that piivate inteiests should always yield to public good. The answer to the first ol these propitious is tLat the statement is untrue. There aie no stores unoc cupied in l'earl street. The ; rople did not leave Pearl street because there was no business there, hut because there were not suiheient accommodations lor them. There were no stoics to hire. Property in Fear! street lias not depreciated; it is worth as much now us it ever was intrintically. although at one time it may have lud u sjiecul: the arid inflated value, it i ? said that this is a gieat city improvement. Well, then, let tho city pay for it. It is not right that individual property should be ap propriated for public use without just compensation. They talk about putdic improvement, but it is only an other name for putdic plunder. If this was a city im provement let the public pay lor it. Mr. tiKiliKolJ!, in <q position t > tho extension, said that because the measure hud passed the last Common Coun cil was only a reason why it should he reconsidered now. The j reposition was to extend the Bowery to i- r..nul 11 square. and to widen Petri street one hundred Pvt. If tliis project of widening l'earl street was in or'.o: to con fine the busine. ? there Fmh n result could not be at tained. The business places of New York co,.li not bo contained within so sn ail a compass it has been said that this scheme was tor relieving Broadway, while it was welt known that millions of dollars hud boeu spout with such an object without relieving Broadway one wheel. The result of this will only tend to a material depreciation in the value of property from Pearl street up to Chatham square. People havo no,v got tired of this practice of opening streets. There never was a system of piracy equal to it. For the last fifteen years it has been carried on to an alarming cxt'-nt, and it was believed to be done simply for personal profit und gain. l*ne.t year a large number of streets were opened. Now, it is the duty id tho Common Council to put a stop to the practice, and to prevent the opouing of the streets, at least until the abuses which they en tailed were corrected. In the widening of Whitehall street, some time ngo, from Bowling (ireen to Mite street, the Commissioners charged for two hundred and sixteen days each, and two hundred and eleven days for clerk hire. The whole cost of officers' fees for opening was $7,758 34, out of which $1 313 34 was for Corpora tion Counsel's tees. The Commissioners made out that they had two hundred and fifteen meetings on two hun dred and fifteen days. Tho law required six hours duty every day. The fact is, tliat tins scheme for opening streets is a scheme for picking people's pockets, lie (Mr. Fkidnn re) had lind no opportunity of t peaking before a committee of the Common Council on this subject fortbrce years. He trusted, however, that the present Common Council would put a stop to this street opening for the future. Messrs. Bull, Pigot, Titus, Sparks, and Young, gentle men inlerestcd in the matter, made a few remarks in op position to the extension of tho Bowery, after which tho Chairman adjourned the meeting until Tuesday next, at two o'clock. Meeting of tire Conuctlmcii Committee on Railroads. A meeting of this committee was held yesterday afternoon, in the chamber of the Board of Couucilinen. Dr. Kimhaisk called tho meeting to order, and said the first pnjior which claimed their attention was a petition in regard to the Fourth Avenue uni New Haven rail road, demurring to steam being used below Forty-second street. 1'Avnt Evans sustained the petition with a few remarks. James B. Whiting followed. He said almost every day we were admonished by the newspapers of the danger of using steam through the crowded thoroughfares of the city. He appeared for several gentlemen who asked for this relief, and he thought an examination ol the premi ses would convince any one of the dnngor to our citizens by runnicg the locomotive from Forty-second down to Twenty-seventh street. This was one of our principal streets, and most always crowded with people. The whistle is nlmost constantly blown in coming in and going out, which frightens horses, disturbs the citizeus, und creates various other inconveniences. This petition ought to be granted, unless some good reason should bo show n why it should not be granted. Mr. B. M. Whiti.ock asked if there was no one present to represent the railroad. If so, he should like to hear them. No one responded to the call. Mr. Whitlock went on then to suRtAin the petition, and corroborated the remarks of Mr. Whiting. Mr. Hatfield said the people had rights as well as the railroad monopoly, and lie thought they ought to be tespected. l)r. Harris said this railroad was a nuisance and ought o be abated. Phil. Burroughs thought there was no necessity at the present time to fully discuss this matter, as the meeting appeared to be uuauimously in favor of the pc ition. Alderman Mow made a few remarks against tkelnil road and in support of the petition. The Committee then adjourned. United States District Court. Before Hon. Judge Ingersoll. IMPORTANT DECI810N IN ADMIRALTY* April 14.?AT. L. McCready and other* againtt The Steamer Brother Jonathan.?This suit was brought to re cover damages for the loss of the schooner Charles D. Ellis and her cargo, which was sunk by a collision with the steamer, In October, 1861. The schooner sailed Octo ber 27, from New York, bound for Wilmington. Her cargo was owned by different persons, and parts of it were insured in the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company and the Mercantile Mutual Insurance Company. About 10 o'clock that night the schooner was not far from Egg Harbor light, heading 8. S. W., on her starboard tack, and going about four or five knots an hour. The wina was moderate from a westerly direction. The sea was smooth and the night comparatively clear, and with n moon somewhat obscured by clouds. Vessels could be seen five miles off, and the shore was visible distant about eight miles. The steamer was hound from St. Thomas to New York, and was going at her usual speed, ten or twelve miles an hour. The schooner was seen ten or fifteen minutes before tho collision, but the two ves sels came tigether, the steamer striking the schooner head on nearly at right angles, about ten feet aft the main rigging, on her starboard side, so that she sunk in a few minutes. It was the second mate's watch on board the steamer in which watch there were four men, be sides the quartermaster at the wheel. Of these only the second mate was examined as a witness in the case, and no reason given far not examining the others. Tho third assistant engineer was examined, and testified that two of them were below, passing coal, nnd that he was on deck, and did not see any one on the look out. On board the schooner the second mate was at the wheel, and one man on the lookout. They say that the schooner held her course till the steamer was two or three lengths off, anil then the wheel was liovc hard a-starboard. Testimony was given to show that the schooner suddenly changed her course and came under the steamer's bows. Hel i upon this evidence, that there was no sufficient and pro per look out properly stationed on board the steamer, within the doctiinc of The Genesee Chief against Fitz liugb. in 10 Howard's Reports; that the schooner did not cliaugc her courFe unless in the immineut danger of col lision, and that there Is no evidence to contradict the prima facie evidence of the steamer being in the wrong, arising from her defective look out. Decree, therefore, for iTbellants, with a reference to a commissioner to ascertain the damages, and to report what tiio damage to the schooner was; what the loss of freight was; who were the owners of the cargo, and the amount of cargo owned by each individual, and what the amount of in surance was, which the insurance companies are respec tively liable to puy. Edward Mith againct A*. I.. McCready.?This was a cross action brought by the owner of the Brother Jona than, to recover the damages sustained by the steamer, in the same collision. The two cases were trie 1 together, and in this case a decree was made dismissing tho libel with costs. United States Commissioner's Court* Before John rf. Nelson, Esq, THE COUNTERFEITING CASE. AiR'.t. 14.?In the case of the United States again*' Ed ward C. Morten, John Brown. Charles Watson, Etmir.i Watson, Amanda Hewitt and James Uowors. charge! with extensive counterfeiting, his Honor discharged Mrs. Wat son nnd her sister, Amanda Hewitt, thero being no evi dence to implicate them, but committed tho four male prisoners lor trial. Personal Intelligence. ARRIVALS. From Southampton, in the eteamaliip Hermann?Mr Fried lc in find family. Mies M Renal, C T Gahler, Mra O II Mecke, R Zenker, C If Sehmelder, I) 8 Jane L Drontl, C Hlcrcmi nne. F R Bellingrath, II II Cords, I 8 liraunr and family of nine, C II Koeter, J 1> Kremelberg. Miee J Prefel, J Jahn ecn. II Apfalg, G lirematr, lire A Merer, J T Sierck, L llrnil eheim, Mies M ("lap, Miee M Vogel, Mire Kaieer, A Hi feel, T Klap, J Tendering, D Baekhane, E II Thlei, Miss O Khohde, (i Ki.tQor. A Arbor, H Knobl e, T Krtfgle, M'm llultman. Mrs IluHman and lamily, T F Meyer, Mra C Seeling. Miee Seeling. G Nutzel, Misa R Forster. Miei F. Kreignnuin, I, Goodklnd, Miee Msnheiner, Rob Manheiner, II Goodklnd, E Eieing, F Nelrick. Win Marwedel, A Meyer, VVm Meder etcdt, II Sehonecbeek, I, Holmes. N Volderaner, A Heck. Mies A Stutelack, J Meyer, J Verges find family. O Stoia bergtr, FWot cr, T Jacobs and family, A Bohme, Mite T Omening. T Uniiarmann. T II Brottroann, Mies It It ret t innnn. Miee I) Burgee, Has D Hoehfcld. Miee kimker. II Dulmere, C Ilnincke. Miea A Meyer. Mies Weimitna. U Mailer, H Mlddlegego, Mra 8 Gntmnn, O F, Schmidt, F lieldmann, E Merita, E Ridclieimcr T U Meyer, R Auechnti, It St'imna-.i. P Wolff, T Neumann, Von Hoebow, G Schmidt, J Gate*. F. Pagenstecker, C 11 Mnller, E Daltrick, K Zelta, l'aul Lehman, Mite Lohman, J Jummer. I. Sflhell. .1 Miteiy. S Wolfert, .1 Mnngole A Thier kolff; Miea Peroock. MrG Ftrrchand. (T Pfender, Mr Wa\ II Garl aneth and family. J Tannene. Mra lleffernam.Miei Swift Mre an.1 Miee Fldon. Mr and Mrs Harrison, Mr Roper and fan.ily. Mr Hueim nit and family, Susen Snanldinz, Mra Man and child, Mr Porter. K M II ,I he. A Lagard Mrs L? ?igne and child, l.evantine I)cte, Mr Lotte, Mrs Prcecrre, Ik n liaut< wan?li tnl 102. A New Secretary of Legation at Paris.?We l.ear th. t the Senate y >tcr,lay conlirmej lh? appoint- ; n-.cnt ni Bonn Pintt. Faq., of (' ncinnatl, Ohio, to l?e Soc f,ntarv of llie l'nile<l 8'atcr. Legationnt 1'aris. Woappre- , l.p.xl that tills .ij poiuimrut wag only determine! on a dajr pr two g-'nee. I'iffy, wfxty, Fei'CTity, and olpMy thooaan 1 herri'ira ! ? < te s;rgle I'auls of the aelne at several of the j l/tpoirgfl on the Foioduu* liver laatp e?k * City I*t?lili?i??*. A STABBING AFFIl AY IN BROADWAY, NEAR CANAI ? STREET?ONE MAN 8CWOHKD TO BR FATALLY | WOUNDKP. At about 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon t J affray took place between a hack driver named James Hill, and ano ther young man whose name 1* George Hill, in which the latter is said to have used a sharp pointed dagger, Inflic. ing three wonnda on the person of his antagonist; one wound wag. in thoback of the neck, the other in the leftj side, and the third in the beck near the spine. An alarrol was given, end policemen Gallagher, of the Sixth ward, came to the scene of difficulty, and ?oon after arrested llill in Canal street. The AaggtT with which the assault! had been committed, was found near the French Catholic! church, a short distance ftMM where the staboiug took? place. The immediate cnuso of this deadly affray appears ten have originated aouio few nights since at a dance house a collision then took place between them, and James Hill I being much the largest and altogether the most powerful J inflicted upen his adversary a severe healing, T OS tarda J ? ihov ii in met, and th, "old m..tter was brought up which resulted in another conflict; and while Jainos 11.ll was in the act of taking eff ids roat to flglit, the othci drew out the dagger and inflicted the wounds as above do scribed Several persons witnessed the affair. Tho in i,irod man was conveyed to Hie hospital and placed un i der the cm "f i r. is-rbv. l'io assailant was taken be b f, re Justice IlCBart, wlioc mmitted iiim to the care oil Warden Gray o8f the city prison. It Is feared that th, injuries will prove fatal. Coon FbjpaY?Yesterday was Good Friday, nil impor ,j tant anniversary !n the Christian church, and especially regarded hi the Roman Catholic and Episcopalian creeds Good Friday is the name given to the day of our SaviourVJ crucifixion, end it has i?-en IkM as a solemn fast evatil from the carlitst ages of Christianity. This day took it I name of Good to ozprM* tie- blessedefftcU which from this important event, tlie redemption and aialvu-tioi of man. It derived this appellation from 1 ' | ancient end appropriate ti.lc being Holy Yriday, ihe rri day of Holy Week. . T, r .1 The principal ceremony on this day in the Roman Ui tliolic church is the I?Hebrct ill'istrativo of the hUtorfl of the Crucillxii n. Tlie lights during this service an J extinguished, to indicate the supernatural darkness a our Saviour's death. At tl.e close of the TcnWoiE a-o lemn silence is ob.-erved throughout the congiegation nuddonly intovrnpled by a loud uoUe, in token 01 tn< L rending of tho veil of the Teni; le, ami of the disorder ti I which all things were involved at ihis momentous event 1 Cross-buns?cakes bearing tlie impress of the Cross-j form tlie (list, of the faithful on this day. In forme times, the r^-' oigns of England had a custom of hallow ing rings and various tvinkcts with great pomp upoi Good Friday, believing articles so consecrated to posses L a virtue against sickness and the power to heal disease I They were especially supposed to have great efficacy ii cr. es of crump, their more touch causing a cure. A cor 1 respondent of Cardinal Wolsey's, writing him from Spain under date of June 21, 1018, says:?"If vour Grace re member mc with some cramp-rings, ye shall do a thin, much looked for: and I trust to bestow them well witl God's grace." This belief, however, is now numbered with the other innumerable superstitions of the past. Full service was held in tho various churches yestcr day morning which venerate this anniversary. Th courts also adjourned. I Crtstai Pat auk.?Annoxed arc additional subscription I to the $100,000 fund".? . 1 Amount previously E. M. \ oorhioi V advertiscd $82,000 John Taylor, Inter Christy & Wood's national Hotel.... 60il Minstrels 1,600 Commercial Hotel, Christopher L Under- Coitlandt street.. 8M MM 200 Gi'.ford House 20i| G M. Terry & Son.. 200 City Hotel 25<l Northern 'Hotel.... 500 Astor place Hotel... l?"l D. Appleton 100 Horace Waters 11 Bangs Brothers.... 100 J. H. it F. F. Far well lO'.l Samuel Booth 100 Jersey Hotel 5 1 New Haven Hotel.. 100 Bonedict llall S Co. 21 J. B. Whitman 60 And various sums I Ward, Babceck & from $5to 510.... 031 Riggs 20 I W illiam Wilson 20 Total $87,27(1 The Palace will be closed Tor a short time?we don tl know how long?for the purpose, we auppo ', of making I new arrangements. I An Air it. Sxow Storm?It was with great surprise.! yesterday afternoon, ethat f we all looked up into the! sky, and saw it darkened with flakes of snow. On Thursl day afternoon we had a real genuine April shower?al touch of thunder and lightning, rain nnd sunshine, all within the space of one hour. This was succeeded yes 1 terday by a genuine snow Htorm. Is not April keeping! up its reputation of being flicklo and deceitful? ThiM snow undoubtedly bailed from tho banks of NewJ foundland, and was brought down into our latitude byP the northeaster of Thursday night;and yesterday moral ing the wind shifting round to the southeast, drove! these snow clouds in upon us. The atmosphere, howeverJ was o little too warm for our Northern visiters, and eachl flake found death upon tho pavement, before enough ha ? fallen to make themselves n winding sheet. The snowii continued to fall until the time we went to pross. Ftre. Yesterday morning, about 1 o'clock, a fire broke out in the third story of tlie house No. 125 Greenwich street, occupied by Robert Hall. It was extinguished by the Third ward police, with about $150 damage. The Trades. MEETING OF THE JOURNEYMEN PLUMBERS. An adjourned meeting of tlie journeymen plumbers of New York, Brooklyn. Williamsburg, and Jersey City, warn held last night at ihe Union Shades, in FWurth ave nue, near Fourteenth street. There were present about two hundred of the trade. H. Macsorley was sleeted chairman, and William Gray acted aa Secretary. . The ritBMPKST called the meeting to order in a few re mark*, in which he took occasion to say that he thought tlio present movement of the trade, to obtain an advance from eighteen to twenty shillings tier day, would be suc cessful. , The committee appointed at a previous meeting to re port to the different employers the desire of the trade, reported that tho petition and resolution in this respect, passed at a previous meeting, had been reported to a special committee for their action. The Chairman then announced that the different em ploy era had expressed a wish to confer with the trade, upon Ihe matter at issue, on Tuesday next. It was then carried tnat a committee of five be ap pointed to meet and confer with the bosses on Tues day next. Messrs. John Norris, William Clark, William Bonnet, John Flanagan, and C. A. Macsorley, were ap. pointed as such committee. The meeting then adjourned. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Arraignment in the Court of Sessions?Skntenci or a Bigamist.?The Kings county Court of General Sessions, before Judge Moore, Justices Rtilwell and Stryker, com menced yesterday to receive the presentments of the Grand Jury, which had been in session for the past month. True bills were found against thirty-six persons for va rious offences, nnd the following were arraigned and se verally pleaded not guilty:? John 1 linn, burglary, flrst degree. Henry Blsckstock, for robbery. The defendant knocked down a man named Patrick Shields, near Bergen Hill, on the 19th of February last, and robbed him of $5. Thomas Shnnhon, burglary, second degree. Robert Steele, grand larceny. Jacob Meyer, kranz Hoegenburg and Franz Richberger, burglary in the Fecond degree. Edward Schnoiklll, grand larceny. John Sheldon, grand larceny. Thomas Wilson and Charles Martin, burglary, flrst de Thomas Madgett, Thos. W. A. Coadand William Bower liahn, forgery, second degree. Robert Wilson, burglary, flrst degree. Charles I>. I-ansing, forgery in the second degree?three indictments. Charles 1). Lansing nnd Wm. H. Wilson, forgery in the second degree?three indictments. Eliza Wurelane and William Ware, grand lareeny. Eliza Cook, burglary, third degroo. . Jonathan I), iiolbrook, Troasuror of the city of Wil liamsburg, for embezzlement, and on another indict ment for not delivering books and papers to his succes sor in office. William Baker, alias Washington Bates, an ex clergy man, was arraigned on an indictment for bigamy, which charged him with hating, on the 14th of Septembor, I860, in tlie city of Rochester, N. Y., married a woman rained Margaret M. Warner, and subsequently, on the 10th of December. 1863, in the city of Brooklyn, married Miss Elmlrn Fowler, the Oust wife being still alive. The defendant pleaded guilty and was thereupon sontcnced to the State prison for the term of tliveo years. After the disposition of tho above cases the Court ad journed. UN.TCCE-srri Aitkmit at BuRGIakt.?An entrance was effected by burglars into tlie house of Mr. On born, on tlie corner of Court nnd Union si roots, about 2 o'clock yen terday morning. Rome of the occupants hearing a noise proceeded to examine the eau*o, wlien tlie follows took ?o tlieir heels without having taken anything. On* of them dropped an envelop? which WM directed to " E. O'Donnell. Essex county jail, Newark, N. J." It is sup posed that lie waa formerly an inmate of that prison. Drowned.?A laboring man. named Michael McKenna, was accidentally drowned by falling from a schooner at llic wharf of Baxter and Lawrence, foot of I'ierrepont street, en Thursday evening, while engage 1 ih unloading the vessel. His body was recovered. lie leaves a wife and children. Jcraey City Intelligence. In nnr article of yesterday, under tho head of "Jersoy City Int. lllwnce." with the caption of "Politics, Cham pagne nn<l Nativisra." we are requested to state that there wan no ill feeling in the domicile of the party named, hut, on tho contrary, all was harmonious and friendly, and that the disturbance arose from some aber ration that happened after the party had left. Railroad Arcroavr.?Yesterday afternoon, as the two o'clock train from Ifew Brunswick was about two miles out of Newark, the conplingaof the centre cara gave way. 'lhe attention of the engineer was called to the fact by the ringing of the bell, cauecd by the breaking of the blaim Hguulcoril. Ho immediately checked his engine for the pnrposc of re attaching the cars, which wero con siderably astern, when the disconnected cars came up of Iheir own momentum with great force, and struck against 1be remainder of the train The passengers were thrown* fr< in their peals with much violence, ait the cars sus tained some damage, bnt fortunately no oue received any personal injury of moment. I biication os tuk Tabsuaclb.?The Tabernacle erected by the Third Reformed Dutch Church will be dedicated to Divine worship on Sunday ne*t. Rev. W. J. R. Taylor, 1 astor of the church, will preach tho dedicatory sermon, lie will be followed by other able speakers throughout the day. Appointment* by tho PrcoMont. TTV AMI V. ITtl TBI ADVICK AND OUlSSlRT or TH1 SRNATR. IV nn riatt. of Ohio, to be Secretary of the 1*ration of the United States In 1-ranee. Rowland 11. Bridghani, Collector ef the Customs. Dts ctof Paoobseot, Castine, Me.