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NEW YORK HERALD.
I OORDOI BBSIH1*'" PBUFHlETOa *NP MDITO?. unci a. ?. jok.nkh or fuvto* **d *a*aO its. TWo. -w ?" *>tvauc*. ???*??. c.T.r. ?r? ssrt&iTB* I'lh i-'i' elvJt rfa* ^ tmpur VULUNTAK Y CO^KiSFOSD^^J^rff^ Iamt ?.?*. noli, f'l ./r?m "JLSvm romtiO* CnB iimpon ptU fx litxrnlly r>d tor. ?f^?IIBr,RB to ??al *1.1. Lrt- l M.1I mi iiitii'vi *m ? **?' W*T* " vkh . and Paoeaora a*"* 'J[ xt/A?rr?;Xi'Hu ?r viilA .ufcw* aLL LCTTIMS *m* U ***?*% b. dx^rfxiJ tfwur fr fo 6* /*?*< P**4**- #r **vrVT)or^oymouvor.??<oa??M. W? Jo nui return M?xo rejected* ? ? ? . ~ 777.77.. wo.io7. Volume M* AMI MUtMS ".U1S EVENING. BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadway?Ihoomar?Bet s*y Uakbh. ????????? BURTON'S THEATRE, Ch?mb?r? ?trA?t The Tbmpeat ? A Eavob it ? Farce _ BOWERY THEATRE Boworj Paul Jonea? Hot Cora ?Thr Poor S'>_diku?Joe ti?liKixm, RATIONAL THEATRE Ub*th?Hi Atr*?it? Af??mi>on. Huou To*'* Cabin?Lveslnz. Thr Child or I'ratrk. WALLACE'S THEATRE. llro*<lw?y?A Boijj Stroke tub * HuitAKD-Ni'iiBtu Ore Kovnd tub Corner. AMERICAN MUSEUM?Aft?rnoon, Jake Shore?Even ing Thr Old BuRweev CHRISTY'S AMERICAN OPERA HOUSE, 472 Bro?d V*f? Ethiopian Melodib* dt Cwniaty's Mi**t?bl?. BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, M9 Bro*JwNjr-Buck ui ? Ethiopian Opera Troupe. BaNVAFD B CIEORAMA, M Uro*ilw?j -Paeorajiaor the Holt Lard. - RIIENISH GALLERY. MS Bro*Jw?y?P?7 *nd Nighl.. HRYAN GALLERY Of CHRISTIAN ART?S4S Broai w?y WHOLE WORLD?377 *"<1 379 Bro?dw*y?Afternoon ?nd Evenim , jfrvr York, April 10. 1854:. MnlN for Europe. the NEW YORK I1ERALD?EDITION FOR EUROrR. Tho Cunanl uteamehlp Europa, Capt. Shaunon, will k&ie ?hii> port this ilay at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool. The European mails will close at half past ten o'clock this morning. The Weekly Herald, (printed in French and English,) will be published at half past nine o'clock this ?Doming. Single copies, in wrappers, sixpence. Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of the Wrw York Herald will be receive 1 at the following places la Europe :? Liverpool. .John Hunter, No, 2 Paradise street. London .... Edwards, Sandford k Co., No. 17 Coruliill. Win. Thomas k Co., No. 19 Catherine street. Paris ..,, .Livingston, Wells & Co., 8 Place de la Bourse. OUR AGENTS IN PARIS, FRANCE. We beg leave to stato to our readers and patrons in Paris, and Europe generally, that Mr. B. H. Kovoil, 17 Hue de la Ilanque, Paris, it no lonyer connected with the Kew York Herald, either as correspondent or agent. Messrs. Livingston k Wells, 8 Plnco do la Bourse, are ?ur only agents in Paris, both for advertisements and vubscriptions. Molls fur the Pnelflc. THE NEW YORK HERALD?CALIFORNIA EDITION. The United States mail steamship George 1 aw, Captain Vox, will leave this port to-morrow afternoon, at two ?'clock, for Aspinwall. The mails for California and other parts of the Pacific will dose at one o'clock. Toe New York. Weekly Herald, California edition, con taining the latest intelligence from ull parts of the world, Will be published at ten o'clock to-mo tow morning. Single copies sixpence. Agents will please send in their ?rders ar early as possible. Tlic News. By ft desperate effort yesterday, as it appears by our telegraphic advices fromtVashington, the Sen ate resolved upon the experiment to-day to gal vanize into life again the skeleton of the Gadsden treaty. Perhaps they ibay succeed; hut if theydi it will only be equivalent to a recommendation to the President to re-open negotiations with Santa Anna or Almonte upon the new platform. Perhaps the dread of a terrible war with Mexico may fright en two or three Senators into lino, and tliui secure the necessary two-thirds votq. Our views upon the Gadsden nbortion are more elaborately given in a separate article. The despatch concerning the movements of the English in China contains infor mation which should challenge the special atten tion of the administration?that is to say. if it is not bo swallowed up with party plots and counterplots at Washington as to be totally insensible to anything connected with our commercial relations abroad. The rejection by the fenate of the nomination of Benjamin F. Angel, as Consul for Ilonululu, is j doubtless owing to certain statements of the hard i Bhclls relative to his course at the Baltimore Conven tion. It is said that Mr. Prior, formerly an editor or the Washington Union, in the columns of which he abused this paper without stint, is to be rewarded for his zeal by the appointment of Minister to Turin, in place of Mr. Daniels ; hut as there seems to be acme uncertainty as to whether the place is yctf f[ cant the report may be premature. Letters from Mr. Buchanan state that the convention between this country and Great Britain were progressing fa vorably. The coasting trade of that country has been thrown open to all, with a view to induce our goveurmcnt*to cxteud similar privileges, the carry ing trade with California being their main object. The police courts yester-lay were not over-bur dened with rogues. A daring burglar was caught -with aport . n of the property in his possession. A man was arrested for defrauding the Hudson River Railroad Company out of MOO, by forged orders. A fugitive from Philadelphia was caught and sent Idick again; and a legal gentleman of Boston was liberated from the Tombs?the particulars appear under the police head. The Coroner held an inquest on the body of an unfortunate German apothecary, who committed suicide on the 29th of March, and, strange to say, the body was only discovered last Monday after, noon, in some bushes, near Seventy-eighth street. A melting of the citizens of the Eighth ward op posed to the renominatlon of the present Chief of Toiice was held last evening in Spring Street Hall. Theie were about one hundred persons present, and resoluti u>s were passed declaring the nom nation o! Mr. Matsell by the Mayor, and his confirmation by Commi sioners. illegal in the opinion of the meet ing. We publish a report in another column. We publish elsewhere a translation of the royal iecrce is-ucd by the Queen of Spaiu on the 21th ultimo granting a free pardon to Cuban political offenders. A rejort of tlic trials which took place bef . e Ins Horn r the Re order, in the Court of General Serious yesterday, i< given elsewhere. The trial of Fenety, for arson in the first degree, was continued yesterday. The case will probably Ire concluded to day. A full report is given. The nnvigntion of Lake Erie is now reported to be unobstructed by ice, and as soon as the canals are opened we shall experience a rush of all sorts of freight through that great artery of commerce alto getber unprecedented. There is not a single br neb of industry throughout the State that does not. to a gre; ter or less extent, receive a new impulse from this event, and the present above all preceding sea eons is propitious. A report from Vera Crur. has reached New Or leans to the effect that fifty Americans have been arrested at San Bias for landing without passports. The Cochitunte Rank, of Boston, which suspended payment laat Friday, is expected shortly to resume business. Temporary receivers were appointed yes terday by the Supreme Court, who will probably re port to-morrow. Richard Vaux has been nominated for Mayor of Philadelphia by a large majority of the democratic party of that city. Captain Canfield, of the Topographical Bureau, won-in-law of Gen. Cais, died at Detroit yesterday morning. The General left Washington yesterday in consequence. Ex-Oov^nor Nebemiah R. Knight, of Rhode Is land, died at Providence yesterday. In tho United States Senate yesterday the Hoiae > stead bill was taken up. After an able speech in favor of the measure from Mr. Pet it ita further I considc ation was postponed until to-day. Gen. i Cass, in present'ng a petition from our Jewish fel low-citizens, asking the government to interpoce to secure to Amer cans the rights of re igiou ? worship abroad, took occasion to make some remark-i simi lar to those delivered by him ou other occa sions. The bill relative to the final settlement of the c aims of officers of the Revolutionary army, was takjm up, and, after some discussion, postponed. After &n executive session of two hours . ml a half the Senate adjourned. In the House of Representative yesterday the | Senate bill to increase the sa aries of clerks aud I others in the executive departments was again I taken up. Amendments restricting the operation ; of tho bill to the present lisca year, and leaving the 1 promotion of clerks to the heads o departments, ' were adopted. A proposition to make the aw ap | plicab'e to all loca ities was voted down. The bill passed by a vote of seventy-six to sixty-five. It is difficult to understand the reason for excluding the government employes who do not happen ta reside in the District of Coiumb a front the benefits of the proposed increase of salary. A bill was introduced by Mr. Lone to provide for the admission of Oregon ! into the Uu'on a< a 8 ate. The West I'o nt Acade j my bill, returned from the Senate with amendments, was taken tip in Comnt t ee of the Whole, the qaes I tion under consideration being the appropriation ' for the erection of a hall in which to teach cavalry tactics. This elicited an animated debate, when it was proposed to visit the Hippodrome, with a view to a better understanding of the subject, aud the House accordingly adjourned. The packet ship Underwriter, from Liverpool for this port, went ashore during the gale on Monday night, four miles south of Sbuam Beach. Our ac. counts from the wreck state that most of the pas sengers had succeeded in reaching the shore, and the crew were throwing the cargo overboard. If the weather continued moderate it was supposed the vessel would be got off. Two steamtugs have been sent to render her assistance. The ship is insured in Wall street for $72,000and the cargo for $150,000. We have nothing further relative to the ship re ported ashore near Barnegat lulct, and tho presump tion is that she broke up and all on board perished. The two schooners also stated by us yesterday to have gone on shore near the same place are proba bly totally lest. We shall receive definite informa tion from Barnegat some time during the day as to the fate of the above mentioned vessels. Other vc> sels arc said to have been driven ashore during the recent violent gale; but the reports could uot be traced to any reliable authority. Our special report of the fifth day's proceedings of the Southern and Western commercial convention may be found in another part of to-day's paper. The various propositions submitted by the business com mittee, the Pacific Railroad, the Gadsden treaty, and the exploration of the river Amazon, were the prin cipal topics under consideration. Utter Rejection of tlie Gadsden Treaty? Ad ministration Defeat?Probable Dismember* mcnt of the Cabinet. Tlie Semite of the United States has, in several instances, shown its independence of the administration. We had a striking illustration of this fact in tho election of the Senate printer. But the moral effect of that example was soon after neutralized by an inglorious surrender to the Cabinet in reference to the Collector of this port. Ilad the Senate sustained Bronsou and the hard shell democracy, we might at this day have had a more popular and useful administra tion. and more harmonious counsels in the Cabi net (a new Cabinet), and in both houses of Congress. The Senate, however, have just atoned for that drawback upon the Brouson question in the great achievement of the igno minious rejection of the Gadsden treaty. The motion made yesterday to reconsider the vote will doubtless result as the first trial resulted, in the repudiation of the whole concora. If anything should possibly be patched up it will not be the Gadsdeu treaty. It is destroyed. For this distinguishing act of m'\i*al courage, moral h nesty, and political independence, the Senate are entitled to high praise. To justify themselves before the country, fully aud com pletely, nil that is now required is the removal of the seal of secrecy from the proceedings in exe cutive session, and the publication in full of the debates, the documents, and all the letters con nected with this grand plot for plundering the Treasury, upon false pretences, of twenty mil lions of dollars. Wc have heretofore given some of the salient points of this Gadsden abortion ; but there are other disclosures yet to bo made which will doubtless prove that this rejected treaty was an extra diplomatic piece of spoils-jobbingfrom beginning to end. It appears that it was con cocted without advice or instructions from the State Department, which is generally supposed to be entitled to the control of such matters; it appears that Marcy was actually ignorant of the treaty scheme till the treaty was made ; and it also appears that the Secretary of War and certain outside individuals were the prime movers with the President and the camirilla of tho White llou~c in perfecting the plot with Santa Anna. The rejection of the bargain de prives Santa Anna of bis empire, and. iu all probability, of his Dictatorship. We may ex pect shortly to hear that Mexico has become too hot to hold Lira, and all for the want of the fifteen millions of the treaty, especially the three millions ready ca h required to quiet his hungry army, and to keep the Mexican people under his foot. Those other five millions fi?r Mexican claims?another batch of the Galpliin and Gardner stamp?being also lost, the administration spoilsmen feel as painfully as Santa Anna their inglori ous defeat. After changing the boundary ?after cutting out these claims entirely? and after reducing the total cash price of the treaty from twenty millions to seven millions, it was still rejected. Such was the distrust of the Senate of the retention of any vestige, in any shape or form, of this Gadsden arrange ment. Now. this verdict of the Senate, in almost any other civilized government, would be re garded as tantamount to a verdict against the Ministry, an 1 a change in the Ministry would immediately follow. The Cabinet at Washing ton, however, will hold on until the President shall assume the responsibility of turning them adrift. Why shbuld he hesitate any longer? We are assured that differences of opinion, and conflicting jealousies and plots nmong them, have ljeen carried nlmost to the extremity of personal hostilities, and th it they can no longer act with anything like confidence or hirmony iu the bu-iness of the administration. Mnrcy hates Cashing?Cushing hates Marcy; Jeffer son Davis deppises both; they all despise Davis, and all suspect each other. With no other bond between them than " the cohesive power of the public plunder,'' it cannot lie surprising that these squabbles should exist among them, it is only surprising that they have been able to hold together a whole twelvemonth, in epite of themselves, in spite of Congress, and in spite of the wishes of the country. The causes of these cabinet feuds and die cords arc well understood. The policy of amal- i gumuting such factious as the Northern free ! eoilers and Southern scces-ionisfesou the basis of the public spoils could work out no other than the mist pernicious results. The secessionist and the free soiler can never be identified in har? rcory upon national principles I y tii vulgar process of tilling their stomachs from the pub lic treasury. General Pierce has doubtless mude this important discovery by this time. If Le were a man with u t'thc of ihe moral self-Pu.-taining reliance of General Jack on. or were he but posesscd of the heroism of Captain Tyler, he would at once perceive his line of action, and act accordingly. He would hold this verdict of the Senate against the Gadfden treaty as un authoritative recomm udati >n for a change in the personnel and spoils policy of his administration. Ho would lC,ect this pie ball secession and free soil cabinet, be would appoint a new board of advisers, harmonious and htmogeneous upon the broad principles of a well defined foreign and d racstic administra tive policy. The appropriate occasion has of fered itself for this line of conduct, an oppor tunity which, if rightly bestowed, might yet rcdef m the administration, and restore it to the confldenoe of Congress und the respect of the American people. The idea that the rejection of this treaty will result in a war with Mexico is a most con temptible absurdity. The consequence will most likely be. instead of a war between the two republics, the more rapid advances of Mex ico to the fulfillment of her " manifest destiny." 1 he embryo revolution commenced by Alvarez agnintt Santa Anna may now be sp.-.^i v brought to its full developomcnt in the expuW sion of the Dictator from the country, and the establishment of n now order of things directly contemplating the peaceable and spontaneous annexation of the whole of Mexico to these Luilcd States. Our protection, our prosperity, wealth and enterprise, have undoubtedly sown broadcast among our Mexican neighbors a de sire to share in the solid advantages of our glo rious Union. What folly, therefore, to spiak of a war with Mexico as the result of the re jection of the Gadsden treaty, when the best result of its ratification would have been to fas ten upon the Mexican people an unwelcome d? . pot at the expense of our own treasury. Gen. Tierce lias held the control of the admi nistration at Washington for a little over a year, aitf he cannot be blind to the conse quences of the misguided and suicidal policy which lie has pursued. The elections since March, 1853, in New York, Maine, New Hamp shire, Connecticut and Rhode Island, have shown the lute overwhelming democratic party to be utterly demoralized and paralyzed in the North. The failure of the Nebraska bill in the House, and of the Gadsdea treaty in the Se nate. show the administration to be powerless upon any great test question in either branch of Congress. In fact, every step taken by Gen. Pierce to strengthen himself has tended to weaken him, aud di-organize and break down his administration and his party. Now, as it is said that the President, in his quiet moments, is a man of sensible views and opinions upon government affairs, he must perceive the hand writing on the wall against him, unless a radi cal revolution is introduced into his administra tion. beginning with a revolution in his Cabi net. and a change of the policy upon which it was appointed. Let him thus begin the good work, and following it up with a ministry which shall be a unit upon a sound and comprehensive public policy, and his redemption may yet be effected long before the Itli day of March* 1857. It is quite possible that should Gen. Pierce enter upon this wholesome revolution we in.iy give him our cordial and hearty support. Other wise we shall have no other alternative than to fulfil the appointment which he has given us as the loader of the great aud constantly iucreas iug opposition party. The Gadsden treaty suggests the point where the work should begin. Barnch and the Cky.stal I'alace.?Mr. P. T.Bnrnum is progressing vigorously in liis de termination ?? to place the Crystal Palace among the imperishable enterprises of the age and the notion." This remarkably line e ;p?essioa we borrow from one of n couple of manifestoes which this morning make their appearaucc in another column. It seems that Mr. Barnum has succeeded in inducing hotel keepers and otlicr enterprising individuals to subscribe a sum of $100,000 to rescue the Crystal Palace from its immediate difficulties. All the suits against it arc withdrawn, and great hopes ore entertained of its glorious resuscitation on 1th May next. It is announced that objects of art and luxury, curiosities from Japan, and ma chinery from New England will bo exhibited in reckless profusion. We are inclined to think tlmt Barnum ought to have sent to the Palace the mermaid or the woolly horse from his,Mu scum ; these would draw better than a world of Japanese knick knacks, or Yankee steam en gines. We can't say either that wo approve of his idea of offering $200 for two prize odes ; the sum had better been applied to the pay ment of the debts of the institution than to the encouragement of bad poetry. But Barnum can't help copying himself. There is one inci dent in his past career which we trust we are not about to see repeated. All the world knows that, once upon a time, Mr. Barnum lit upon a very old ncgress named Joyce Ilcth, who figured extensively throughout the Western and Northern Slates as Washington's nurse. Joyce was very old, extraordinarily so, in fact, as the doctors discovered on a post mortem examination ; and some judicious agent of Bar num's, foreseeing that the old lady might die, and the speculation be brought to an untimely end, wisely bethought himself of providing a substitute, and set out on a journey through out the Southern States in search of a second Joyce. Unfortunately, no one had thought of notifying the agent in whose care the genuine original old Joyce was, of the projected ar rangement ; and when she died at Worcester, he, like & simpleton, blftrtcd the fact out to all the world, and spoiled the schem \ We trust that Mr. Barnum's attempt to resuscitate the Crystal Palace will be more successful than the attempt to resuscitate old Joyce Hcih. Fashionable Travel.?Notwithstan ling the lateness of the spring season, and the severe snow storm which has lately visited us, the stream of travel has commenced flowing with great volume and rapidity. For several days past seven hundred to eight hundred persons have dlfted at one hotel?the St. Nicholas. The arrivals have averaged one hundred a day, and the departures about the same number. The Metropolitan, Astor, Prescott, Irving, and other hotels have received large numbers of tra vellers, and the gay season has already com menced. Chevalier Webb In K,,^n4-HU R*a MU- | ?Ion DlBcWK-d- Hewl! Chevalier Webb, other rise known as G n<ra James Watson Webb, of this city, has for somo time past be n regarded on both sides of the Atlantic as tt c "Irish Ambassador" at Lon don, in behalf of the adminlrtrat' n of General Pierce, and all the vad, varied, and delicate j diplomatic interests ot the Uaited States near i the kitchen cabinet of the court of St. James. In this capacity, according to his own paper, he has been making himself exceedingly useful to Mr. Buchanan?having, among other things, as sumed and diec'.arged the gre if task of fixing the righ's of our neutrality with England, fro in the ni blest impulses of that v?.ry araent patri l ot'sm for which he has always been distin | guished. But the charming offlci il documents i and correspondence which we publish to-day, show that the character of the "Jri-h Ambassa dor" was but the mask assumed by the crafty Chevalier to disguise his real designs. His real ! mission is to sell the stock of the Gnyandotte Land, Coal anu Iron Company of Western \ ir ' ginia, among the London fancy stockjobbers. Beautiful operation! ltead the Guyan dotte documents and the Chevalier s cer tificates. How nicely has ho been pull ing the wool over the eyes of honest John Bull! What a flaming sories of articles those were which the Chevalier con tributed to the Loudon Times, defining the policy of tho United States to be dead against the piratical nuisance of privateering! How thankful should Lord Clarendon and the British government be for these assurances. No won der the Chevalier has been dining and wining among the highest officials of the British capi tal. He has pulled the wool over their eyes to some purpose, if his diplomatic service i will only work out their desired ell'cct upon the stock exchange. But great as are the merits of Chevalier Webb in this business, he has not the merit of origin ality. lie has only been "following in the foot steps of his illustrious predecessors." the Cheva lier Wikoff and others. The example of Cheva lier Wikoff is strikingly analogous to that of Chevalier Webb. It will be remembered that Chevalier Wikoff some years ago was overhead and ears in European diplomacy, having little less than all the secret arrangements of Lord Palmcrston and Louis Napoleon upon the Con tinent in his hands. These important diplo matic functions, however, were but a ruse to his real object. Under his State secfrets he had a great secret of his own. He was in pursuit of a rich prize?he was anxious for a rich wife?he found the desired object in the wealthy and accomplished Miss Gamble. " She had money and he had none, and that s the way the fray begun." Ho opened negotia tions with her?his diplomatic notes, a la Mcnscliikoff, were rejected?his ultimatissimum was rejected; but he pursued her, across the Channel, up the Rhiue, over the Alps, like Napoleon, and down into Italy. There they captured him and clapped him into prison, and there he ended his matrimonial venture aud his diplomatic career. He disappeared Irom the public eye, and is now superseded in his diplomatic character by Chevalier Webb. A few years ago. when Kossuth was electrify-^ ing all England with his knowledge of the Saxon language, and the wrongs of " down trodden Hungary," the lion. Robert J. Walker was on hand" He spoke at various public meetings in* favor of Kossuth and intervention *, and at Manchester and Liverpool delighted the mass meetings assembled with his liberal doctrines of free trade. But it soon appeared that the real mission of Mr. Walker was to secure a small loan of fifteen millions or so for the State ot Illinois. But in spite of his strong sympathy for Kossuth and Hungary, and his free trade speeches, the antecedents of Illinois were against Mr. Walker, and the loan was a drag. About the same time there were some other Ameri cans in England who were more successful. They pursued the same course In reference to the great principles of liberty, free trade, common origin and all that, and gotjoff upon the Lon don stock iobbers a considerable amount of shores in certain California gold mines, and. pocketing their proceeds, returned home. Chevalier Webb, however, has aa immense advantage over Chevalier Wikoff and all his other predecessors, in being powerfully backed np with strong certificates. He has " the best of city references." Look at them. First and foremost is the certificate of Bishop Wainwright, of New York, who kindly recommends his pro tege to the Archbishop of Canterbury. But why did not the Chevalier get a letter from Archbishop Hughes? Then he might havogone to Rome and dined with the l'ope himself. Next, cx-Gov. Hunt endorses his fellow-citizen of whom he made n General of the New York State Militia. Other distinguished names fol low. when, lo! and behold 1 we come upon Ed ward W. II. Schenley?the identical Captain Schenley. who disappeared from these parts a good many years ago, pending the agitation of the question, " Who married Captain Schenley?" Other certificates, which would have been exceed ingly valuable in the premises, have been strange ly overlooked by Chevalier Webb. With the aid of the "spirit rappers," a strong certificate might hnvc been obtained from the deceased Nicholas Biddle. of the late United States Bank?a receipt in full for $52,G75 26. The Commis sioners of the Bankrupt law of 1811 could ulso have given a clearance for some five hundred thousand dollars, more or leas, iu behalf of the Chevalier. Gen. Duff Green could have, en dorsed him upon those "mahogany stocked pis tols;" Graves, of Kentucky, iu the matter of the Cilley duel; and Thornus F. Marshall upon another affair of honor. The vote of the United States Senate upon the confirmation of the Chevalier, as Minister to Vienna, might also have been employed with prodigious effect, in support of tho Guyandottc Iron, Land and Coal Company. Seriously, however, what is this Guyandotte speculation! The stock, we suspect, is among the lightest of the fancies. We understand that there is now a gentleman in Wall street, "a ?aan of honor " and integrity, who, in good fuith. undertook the agency in England of this same Gnyandotte concern some five years ago. In this capacity he brought out to the Guyan dottc lands a lot of emigrants; but the lands were prc-ocpupied by squatters, who could not aud would not be moved away. Trouble en sued, the mortified agent being accused of all sorts of misrepresentations and deceptions in the matter. 1 he gentleman in question is still in Wall street, and we doubt not that, if con sidered desirable by English capitalists, his Guyandotte experience can be readily obtained. In the meantime, we give the whole catalogue of Chevalier Webb's documents and certificates, for the edification of the jobbers in the fancies of Wall street. Contentions North and South.?The South ern convention lately ia session at Charleston, naturally suggests a comparison between as scmblages of that nature in the North and similar bodies at the South. In point of num bers the Northern conventions have the ad vantage ; we hear of at least a dozen conven tions a year. and "the leafy month of May" usually witnesses the performances of Borne six or eight. At the South, one convention per annum seems to satiate the popular appetite for that style of amusement. At the North, conventions are almost invariably radical move ments, aiming at some impracticable social re form. Thus we have conventions for the aboli tion of slavery, for the propagation of spirit Tappings, for the suppression of liquor, for the assertion of women's rights, for the destruction of the Eible, for th^ establishment of a new re ligion, and so on. At the South, conventions are at least originated on a more practical basis. Theirs are called together to take coun sel on the establishment of a direct trade with Europe, on the conversion of shallow sand blocked harbors into great seaports, and similar subjects. There is another difference between the two. Northern conventions are seldom at tended by men of practical worth and eminence. Their supporters arc fanatics of every shade, reformed drunkards, and unreformed socialists, broken down politicians, and hair brained talkers, in the South on the contrary leading men com monly think it worth their while to -be present at these periodical assemblages; and to un dergo as much annoyance as the frivolity of their associates may indict for the chance of conferring some practical benefit on their coun try. This chance, in point of fact, is slender enough; it very rarely happens that auy real good results from conventions North or South. Much time is cousumed in talking; and most scrupulous attention is paid to punctilio and the rules of debate. Resolutions, highly pa tiiotic in the South and highly philosophical in the North, are debated at length and occasion ally carried; but as soon as the fiat of the con vention goes forth, the members seem to think that their task is complete. In this respect, we see but little difference between Northern and Southern conventions. After the work is done, however if that can be called work which is seldom anything more than talk?the charac teristic peculiarities of the two sections of the country generally devclope themselves afresh Northern conventions close either with'a fight or with prayer. Southern conventions inva riably with a dinner and a ball. In this re spect, we think our brethren of the South have the -advantage. Tiie Citt Government and its Reform Mem bers.?Everybody recollects the frantic enthu siasm with which the reform charter aud the reform elections were hailed by certain classes and their organs in this city. To listen to them, a halcyon era was beginning, and the age of mismanagement was past forever. Alas! the bright dream was soon dispelled. The charter came into force, and it was found that it ren dered any government impossible. The streets even could not be cleaned once without the ex ercise of an unconstitutional pSwer by the Board of Health; and that cleaning over, it could not be repeated. The great thoroughfare of the city, Broadway, is cleaned by a private individual at the expense of the householders; and if the inhabitants of other streets require a similar luxury, they will have to resort to the same means. Meanwhile the Board of Council men which was expected to be so pure and so j honest and so energetic in the discharge of its ] duty has been as silly and as disorderly as any free school in the absence of the master. Two j of the Councilmen have covered themselves with ridicule by au absurd play at duelling; and on Monday night, a scene l6ok place which must lower the New York Councilmen below the level of any representative body in Broadway. | The whole concern from the charter to its low- I est officer is ridiculous, absurd, and contempti ble. We are in fact in the midst of anarchy. One provisional government has already been erected in Broadway, and the sooner*.other bodies of like authority set themselves to dis charge the other duties which the government is obviously unable to perform, the better will it be for the city. J Music and the Drama. PAUL JTTLTEN'S CONCERT?NEW DRAMA AT TIIE NA TIONAL THEATRE?NEW FARCB AT WALLACE'S. Tacl Jcijex, the youngest and the moat remarkable of l^e violinists of the present day, gave his first concert since his return from Havana last evening, at Niblo's Saloon. There was a-crowded and fashionable audience, and the star of the evening was received with a most en thusiastic welcome, but not more hearty than he de served. He was assisted by Richard HolTman, pianist; M'lle Henrietta Behrend, Sig. Andrea Manzini, and Miss S. Junes. It was Julien, however, whom the people came to hear. It was the universal opinion that he liad'im proved in his executions since he last appeared in New York, ami this was apparent in his first essay?the -'Tre molo of Beriot." In Allard's fantasia from the "Favorita," he displayed surprising delicacy of finish and purity of tone. The gTeat attraction of the evening was the execution of Mayseder's variations on a single string. This daring attempt was entirely success ful, and the youthful artist received the hearty applause of the coldest critics. The remainder of the Concert was hardly above mediocrity, if we except Mr. Hoffman's execution of Gottschalk's "Waltz de Bra Toure," which was artistically rendered, and encored Mias Jones, who gave the cavatina " Ernani, Involaini," and "Comin' tluo' the rye," has a sweet an l powerful voice, hut she lacks finish, and her style is altogether bad. ( At i bt. National Theatre wc have a new and peculiar drama, never before acted in this eountry. It has boon played at the London theatres?the Mary-le-bone, the Adelphi and the City theatre. It was first produced at the Ambigu Coinique, Paris, last October, and afterwards adapted to the English stage, and called "The Struggle for Gold." At the National, the characters sustained by Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack in London, were played by Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Prior. There are some eotlrclynew effects in scenery and machinery. The second act repre sents a sea of ico. The action of the first act transpires at sea, the third In Mexico, and the fourth and fifth In Paris. The drama is effective, but a great deal depends upon the scenery and machinery. Mr. Pnrdy produced It under the title of '-The Child of Prayer; or, The Love of Cold," and with new soenery. Mr. and Mrs. Prior, Mr. N. B. Clarke, Mr. G. L. Fox, and other popular members of the company are Included In the cast. The plot of the piece is hardly enosgh for five acts, and the language is detective in vigor. The play seems to hare been loosely translated. The principal parts are Carles and Mdlle. Pslacour. Carlos is the person who hsa the thirst for gold, and he creates a mutiny on board a ship commanded by Mdlle. Delacour's father. The captain, wife, child And servant are sent adrift, and are thrown upon a sea of ice. The Ice breaks up, and all are lost, except the child and the servant. This effect was very well done at the National. In the last part of the play, Carlos Is the rich Marquis de Monte, and the girl lias found her friends, after she has long resided with the Indians who picked her up, by means of a prayer which her mother taught to her. Del Monte falls in lovs with her?she marries him?uses his wealth to prove him guilty of his crimes, and finally sends him to the scaffold Like oil French dramas, there are many Inconsistencies in the "Struggle for Gold;" but, although the etory le drawn out to an unpardonable extent, considering the poverty of the material, the plot is Interesting, and the moral is good, provided we take it for granted that it i? right to do evil that good may come, for the girl must " lay perjury on her eoul" when sho mar ries Del Monte. The ecttng of the piece deserves praise. Mr. Prior's Gtrlos was a fine piec?| acting, excepting that be was too alow in live ring the IIdos, and his delineation of various passion-?rewnge, hope, fear, despair, andl bolie nialire?in the last uct, was truthfully repull Mrs. Frier's reprvst-ntation of the heroine was a Bnil and correct performance ; itwoul l be improved by a l| more vigor, especially in the fourth and fifth acts, box, as Barabas, the faithful servant, was very v He gave a very humorous j erninution, without daael ing to caricature. N. B. Clarke gave the Captain's with proper dignity and effect. Mr. Howe, who play | Iri nch gentleman, seemed but iittle like tho part, i should be taught how to wear a sword, howtodravl how to hold it preparatory for a thrust, and how h i liver H up when requested SO to do. He seemed n!s| be afraid that the audieuce w ould not see him, and tinually placed himself in a position to oblige them t.1 to. The piece ia well got up, well dressed, and, with exceptions above noted, well noted. It i? produce d ur the direction of Mr. James Anderson, and the seen was painted by Mr. Rogers. The play U to be gi] again thia evening. At Waluick'b Thkathi, lust evening, a new Lon,| farce, "Number One Round the Corner," was present first time in America. The idea of the plot is tall from a little French vaudeville, entitled "En Maul des Chemises," but it is SO differently treated, that uluil as much of the English piece belongs to the adapter J | Brougb, as to the French authors, of whom there | no less than three. Mr. Kibbler, (Mr. Walcot.) onel I those smart young gentlemen who live by their wits, | I expecting at breakfast an uncle who does not come,, < sends a letter informing hia nephew that be will reil ! his usual allowance in the afternoon, and directing h I | to take in a certain coat that will arrive from the tailol This little delay is annoying to Kibbler, who has 11 swrred an adveitisement of a situation of ?5 a we<| and has appointed to meet the advertiser, to whom he to pay ?20 as the consideration for the place. He Is n| only without the ?20, but he has not even got a pair boots sufficiently respectable to enable him to keep 11 : ppointment. A coat is thrust into tho room, which i| concludes is the article mentioned by tho uncle, and l aving a penny in his pocket he takes it to a pawl broker, "Number One Round the Corner," an 1 wit the sum raised on it purchases the desideratJ air of boots. The coat turns out not to be the unele'l 1 utthe property of Mr. Nobbier (Mr. Brougham),anothl lodger, who, while Nibbler is in another apartment fu 1 irking himself up lor the appointment, enters the roo in his shirt rlceves and finds on the table a dapUcat.l which reveals to him the fate of his coat. The boo | also strike his eye, and he carries them off as a lawfii prixe to the accommodating " Number One," and obtaii I on them a sum exactly equivalent to that raised on thl coat. Mutual explanation then take place, and Nobble I insists on restitution of the additional charges of thl ticket and interest, amounting to the large sum of tw| pence, without which the coat can't be redeemed. Nill liler lias not a fraction in his pocket, and a good dotjl el the fun is produced by the lamentable pdcture vhich h 1 presents in this fix. The plot reaches its climax by th I discovery that the advertiser (Nobbier) and his corresl pendent have already met. Tho former wanted to cheal somebody out of ?2U, and the latter hoped to get a situal tion under false pretences. The farce was well acted b;l Messrs. Walcot and llrooghsm. At the Lyceum, London I the puits were taken by Messrs. C. Mathews and RoCbyl It was highly successful in London, and bids fair to bt| equally popular in New York. Ye gods I It (lotb amaze me, A man of such a modest temper should So get the start of the majestic world, And bear the palm alone. Why, man. he doth bestride tho narrow world Like a colossus; and we, petty men. Walk under his huge legs, and peep about id ourselves dishonorable graves. To find ourselves dishonorable graves. We observe that in oonsoquouce or the remarkable sucoessl of a well-known artist, others in the same bn-iness, by ooming down to the level of quack operators, acknowledge their incompetency for their profession. Failing in real com petition, they nnwarpealto the pioayuue policy of cut ting down fair prices and giving poor work. Alas for art I when her noisiest professors thus pass into oblivion. The Crystal Palace (World's Fair) Medal Is ROOT'S fourteenth prise. Call and see his works, st his magnificent gallery, 363 Broadway. Crayon daguerreotypes taken at no other place. Cloudy weather all the same as fair. Rooms easy of aooess. Worth Seeing.?The moat Splendid show off made dagnerreotypes, crystalotypss and stercosoopes ever in this country, may bo seen at S ROOT'S World's Fair premium gallery. Th u proprietor challenges criticism. Call at 3631. roadway. Espenschcld's Spring Style of Hat Is de cidedly the handsomest fabric of the season. The shape is captivating, tho material exquisitely tine, and he is selling them for $3 SO. None are letter, and certainly there o?n be > none cheaper. The store is at 118 Nassau street. Oar Hotels are already beginning to be thronged with visiters to the city, and tradesmen in Broad wny and out of it are getting (much to thoir satisfaction! over bead and ears in business. Speaking of beads reminds us of KNOX'S elegant spring stylo of hats, which ar.i pro nounced by the lean mondr to be gems of beauty aud ar tirtic elegance. His splendid store. In tho Frosrott l!i>uje. corner of Broadway and Spring sfrtef, is now daily crow tod with purchasers: while his old established head quarters, No. 12* Fulton street, was last niiht fairly besieged by his numerous patrons. Rces & Co., arc the Orlglnnl Inventors of the German system of taking Two Shilling daguerreotypes, which they can clearly prove, ir it becomes necessary, bv some of our most retpontable citi/cns; it is not our intention to divert the business or mislead the people; but on t*o eon trary to state plain facts, aud all we hope is, that our neigh bors may do likewise. RF.Es.vCO. 3iwi Broadway, forntjrlv 2b9 Broadway. War Among the Plctnre Makers?.V Hold and desperate warfare is going on of late against Bees A Co., the original two ahullng daguerrcotypists, by a party of (peculators, representing themselves as the Daguerreotype Company of No. 2f.> Broadway, neith er of whom have had any ihtercst in this establish ment. By the first gun, ormaniicsto of the wonM-he rivals. Professor Rces is publicly pronounced an impostor?a flo titions being, a 1 lying Dutchman, sonrkrou ., and everything hut a gentleman : at the same time the astounding news is published that a splendid gallery is litting up at cnormons expense, with new machinery. Ac., together with an amount of artistic talent to be developed, which will astonish the natives and throw tho genuine original Professor Roes and h s sonrkrout completely in the shade, as no lives havo been lost, and the picture business goes on as usual, in defi ance of all imitators, under tho management of tho original proprietors, S. A 11(11.RES and Professor BEES, Daguer reotype Company, 2Mi Broadway. Pianos, Mrlodcons, Mnste. and all kinds of music merchandise.?T. Gilbert A Co s premium pianos, with or without the n-olian, (the teolian having the most perfected modern style of voicing.) liallet A Cnmston's pianos, Horace Waters' pianos, Gilbert's boudoir pianos, par.os of other makers, Goodman A Baldwin's patent organ meli deons, S. D. A 11. W. Smith's mclodeinn, and those of other mskere. The above, together with instru ments of all kiuds, sold, wholesale or retail, at prices which defy competition. Fine pianos to rent. To suit gome purchasers of pianos or meloueona, monthly payments re taken. HORACE WtTERS, 333 Broadway. World's Fair Premium Pianofortes?The subscribers, to whom the prise medals were awarded at the World's Fair for the host pianofortes, would Invite tho at tention of buytrs to their very elegant assortment of 6)? to 7X octaves,-In every style of ease among others tho elegant papier maebe and elaborately carved rosewood pianos, ex hibited at the Crystal Palace, all of whioh arc offered for sale at priocs which cannot fail to suit. GKOVESTEEN A TRUSLOW, 505 Broadway, adjoining the St. Nicholas Hotel. Second-hand Pianos In Good Order at Low* sr prices than can be fuund in the city. SV octave, for sni; $H0; 6 octavo, $40;6kootave. I, Gilbert'* boudoir, near If new, cost $275. for J215. 6>i octave Aolian, T. Gilbert's, suit 1450. for 11.75; 6 octave, IDdiet Davis A Co.'s, for $!i?5. Piano case molcdeon, $35. Pianos and molodeons to let. Cash paid for pianos. BERRY A GORDON &7 Broadway. Jet Ornaments?A complete assortmrnt, consisting of bracelets, brooches, earrings, nscklaces, crosses, chains, chatelains, bead dresses, end pins, studs, Ac.; also gold mounted Jet crosses, cross I rooohes, and oar rings at OSBORNE, BOARDMAN A TO fNSEND'3, 527 Broadway, corner or Spring street. Watches In MaMc Cases, Timing Watches, engineers' watches, watches that wind np ami set wi liont a key, ladies' diam.i.to watches in hunting and single cases, watohes of Tol las, Bosloy, Barwise, Stuart, Cooper, John son and Harrison. Prices lower than ever. L. A J. JaCOBS, 407 Broadway. Published Oil* Day?Turkey and the Turks, and s CruUeln the Black Sea?By Adolnhns Slade, Admiral of tho Turkish Fleet, K.'.S pp.; eloth, illustrated; price $1. Also, in press, The Tnrkiah ynestion, by Connt A. do Gu rowski, anthor of Rusda as it Is. WM. TAYLOR A CO., IS Ann street. Christy's Minstrels, 472 Broadway?Those world-renowned delineators of negro character and per former! of negro melodies, are nightly singing a new and beautiful song?"My Lovely Sasey Saul," by Charlie C. Con verse, with immense tpplanse Prlco twenty live cants. J nut published by HORACE WA1ER8, i33 Broadway. Dealer* will And Vr. Waters'catalogue one of the largest and best selected in tb* city. Music sent by mail, poatag* free. This Is the I.ast Dap of Bnnvard's Geornma,' as the Nllo and Holy Land will positively close after this evening, April 19. Eahibition this afternoon at 3 o'clock, and evening at 8 o'olock, whioh ia positively the laat in Now Tork. From Auction?At John Msulden's New Lace and Embroidery store, 573 Broadway, opposite the Metro politan Hotel?14ft em rnidered skirt* at 1ft*., worth $1 509 embroidtred handkerchiefs at 6s., worth 12s.; 120 pairs of sleeves at 10s., worth $3; 400 embroidered oollars and chemi settes to match at 16s., worth $5. Also, a large lot of oam brlo flouncing. To let, the store 557 Broadway. Foreign Newspapers?WUlmerAf Rofprs, agents by oppolntmsnt for the Illustrated London News, Punch, and most of the leading paper*, receive orders for all foreign newspapers aad joniwals, which are promply supplied Office of wilmor A Smith's European Times, 42 and 44 Nassau street. The National Police Gazette for this week U >?> of the richest numbers ever issued, and ought to be read bveverybody. A few hints to believers in epiritual. ism foreign and domestic criminal news, the Legend of th ? Whit* Hons*, am. other n>a?t*?s of greet interest. Ready on Thnroday morning. For sale everywhere. Bargains In Table Linens, Counterpanes and toilet oovers, from section; another lot Jnet received. Double damask table linen, tao yards wide, only 4s. ayard; splendid quality snowdrop and figured entin damask table linen, two yards wide. fie. 6<l. a yard. 10 4 linen table elotha, very tine, snly 14s.. worth $1: largo siss snowdrop and ttgor ed linen napkins, only 12*. a doaen; fringed dollies, only 0a. a doren; summer quilts, for single beds, only 7s. a piece; large site Lancaster oosntsrpaneo, only 14s.. worth 20s.; splendid quality Marseilles counterpanes, $4. worth $ft, at BtJKDETT'S cheap dry goods store, 191 Grand stre* , cor ner of Mulberry. Ladles who Desire their Dresses made right without the annoyance of alteration, end at a roole.sto price, vis.; from $2 ("41 to $5, shmid try Newman. Also r.cti laces, embroideries, Ac., at a v r v simll ad verve on the cost of importation. NK WMA >7><A Broadway.