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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 19, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
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Volume M*
AMI MUtMS ".U1S EVENING.
BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadway?Ihoomar?Bet
s*y Uakbh. ?????????
BURTON'S THEATRE, Ch?mb?r? ?trA?t The Tbmpeat
? A Eavob it ? Farce _
BOWERY THEATRE Boworj Paul Jonea? Hot Cora
?Thr Poor S'>_diku?Joe ti?liKixm,
RATIONAL THEATRE Ub*th?Hi Atr*?it? Af??mi>on.
Huou To*'* Cabin?Lveslnz. Thr Child or I'ratrk.
WALLACE'S THEATRE. llro*<lw?y?A Boijj Stroke
tub * HuitAKD-Ni'iiBtu Ore Kovnd tub Corner.
AMERICAN MUSEUM?Aft?rnoon, Jake Shore?Even
ing Thr Old BuRweev
CHRISTY'S AMERICAN OPERA HOUSE, 472 Bro?d
V*f? Ethiopian Melodib* dt Cwniaty's Mi**t?bl?.
BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, M9 Bro*JwNjr-Buck
ui ? Ethiopian Opera Troupe.
BaNVAFD B CIEORAMA, M Uro*ilw?j -Paeorajiaor
the Holt Lard. -
RIIENISH GALLERY. MS Bro*Jw?y?P?7 *nd Nighl..
HRYAN GALLERY Of CHRISTIAN ART?S4S Broai
w?y
WHOLE WORLD?377 *"<1 379 Bro?dw*y?Afternoon
?nd Evenim
, jfrvr York, April 10. 1854:.
MnlN for Europe.
the NEW YORK I1ERALD?EDITION FOR EUROrR.
Tho Cunanl uteamehlp Europa, Capt. Shaunon, will
k&ie ?hii> port this ilay at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool.
The European mails will close at half past ten o'clock
this morning.
The Weekly Herald, (printed in French and English,)
will be published at half past nine o'clock this
?Doming. Single copies, in wrappers, sixpence.
Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of the
Wrw York Herald will be receive 1 at the following places
la Europe :?
Liverpool. .John Hunter, No, 2 Paradise street.
London .... Edwards, Sandford k Co., No. 17 Coruliill.
Win. Thomas k Co., No. 19 Catherine street.
Paris ..,, .Livingston, Wells & Co., 8 Place de la Bourse.
OUR AGENTS IN PARIS, FRANCE.
We beg leave to stato to our readers and patrons in
Paris, and Europe generally, that Mr. B. H. Kovoil, 17
Hue de la Ilanque, Paris, it no lonyer connected with the
Kew York Herald, either as correspondent or agent.
Messrs. Livingston k Wells, 8 Plnco do la Bourse, are
?ur only agents in Paris, both for advertisements and
vubscriptions.
Molls fur the Pnelflc.
THE NEW YORK HERALD?CALIFORNIA EDITION.
The United States mail steamship George 1 aw, Captain
Vox, will leave this port to-morrow afternoon, at two
?'clock, for Aspinwall.
The mails for California and other parts of the Pacific
will dose at one o'clock.
Toe New York. Weekly Herald, California edition, con
taining the latest intelligence from ull parts of the world,
Will be published at ten o'clock to-mo tow morning.
Single copies sixpence. Agents will please send in their
?rders ar early as possible.
Tlic News.
By ft desperate effort yesterday, as it appears by
our telegraphic advices fromtVashington, the Sen
ate resolved upon the experiment to-day to gal
vanize into life again the skeleton of the Gadsden
treaty. Perhaps they ibay succeed; hut if theydi
it will only be equivalent to a recommendation to
the President to re-open negotiations with Santa
Anna or Almonte upon the new platform. Perhaps
the dread of a terrible war with Mexico may fright
en two or three Senators into lino, and tliui secure
the necessary two-thirds votq. Our views upon the
Gadsden nbortion are more elaborately given in a
separate article. The despatch concerning the
movements of the English in China contains infor
mation which should challenge the special atten
tion of the administration?that is to say. if it is not
bo swallowed up with party plots and counterplots at
Washington as to be totally insensible to anything
connected with our commercial relations abroad.
The rejection by the fenate of the nomination of
Benjamin F. Angel, as Consul for Ilonululu, is j
doubtless owing to certain statements of the hard i
Bhclls relative to his course at the Baltimore Conven
tion. It is said that Mr. Prior, formerly an editor or
the Washington Union, in the columns of which he
abused this paper without stint, is to be rewarded
for his zeal by the appointment of Minister to Turin,
in place of Mr. Daniels ; hut as there seems to be
acme uncertainty as to whether the place is yctf f[
cant the report may be premature. Letters from
Mr. Buchanan state that the convention between
this country and Great Britain were progressing fa
vorably. The coasting trade of that country has
been thrown open to all, with a view to induce our
goveurmcnt*to cxteud similar privileges, the carry
ing trade with California being their main object.
The police courts yester-lay were not over-bur
dened with rogues. A daring burglar was caught
-with aport . n of the property in his possession. A
man was arrested for defrauding the Hudson River
Railroad Company out of MOO, by forged orders.
A fugitive from Philadelphia was caught and sent
Idick again; and a legal gentleman of Boston was
liberated from the Tombs?the particulars appear
under the police head.
The Coroner held an inquest on the body of an
unfortunate German apothecary, who committed
suicide on the 29th of March, and, strange to say,
the body was only discovered last Monday after,
noon, in some bushes, near Seventy-eighth street.
A melting of the citizens of the Eighth ward op
posed to the renominatlon of the present Chief of
Toiice was held last evening in Spring Street Hall.
Theie were about one hundred persons present, and
resoluti u>s were passed declaring the nom nation o!
Mr. Matsell by the Mayor, and his confirmation by
Commi sioners. illegal in the opinion of the meet
ing. We publish a report in another column.
We publish elsewhere a translation of the royal
iecrce is-ucd by the Queen of Spaiu on the 21th
ultimo granting a free pardon to Cuban political
offenders.
A rejort of tlic trials which took place bef . e Ins
Horn r the Re order, in the Court of General Serious
yesterday, i< given elsewhere.
The trial of Fenety, for arson in the first degree,
was continued yesterday. The case will probably Ire
concluded to day. A full report is given.
The nnvigntion of Lake Erie is now reported to be
unobstructed by ice, and as soon as the canals are
opened we shall experience a rush of all sorts of
freight through that great artery of commerce alto
getber unprecedented. There is not a single br neb
of industry throughout the State that does not. to a
gre; ter or less extent, receive a new impulse from
this event, and the present above all preceding sea
eons is propitious.
A report from Vera Crur. has reached New Or
leans to the effect that fifty Americans have been
arrested at San Bias for landing without passports.
The Cochitunte Rank, of Boston, which suspended
payment laat Friday, is expected shortly to resume
business. Temporary receivers were appointed yes
terday by the Supreme Court, who will probably re
port to-morrow.
Richard Vaux has been nominated for Mayor of
Philadelphia by a large majority of the democratic
party of that city.
Captain Canfield, of the Topographical Bureau,
won-in-law of Gen. Cais, died at Detroit yesterday
morning. The General left Washington yesterday
in consequence.
Ex-Oov^nor Nebemiah R. Knight, of Rhode Is
land, died at Providence yesterday.
In tho United States Senate yesterday the Hoiae
> stead bill was taken up. After an able speech in
favor of the measure from Mr. Pet it ita further
I considc ation was postponed until to-day. Gen.
i Cass, in present'ng a petition from our Jewish fel
low-citizens, asking the government to interpoce to
secure to Amer cans the rights of re igiou ? worship
abroad, took occasion to make some remark-i simi
lar to those delivered by him ou other occa
sions. The bill relative to the final settlement
of the c aims of officers of the Revolutionary army,
was takjm up, and, after some discussion, postponed.
After &n executive session of two hours . ml a half
the Senate adjourned.
In the House of Representative yesterday the
| Senate bill to increase the sa aries of clerks aud
I others in the executive departments was again
I taken up. Amendments restricting the operation
; of tho bill to the present lisca year, and leaving the
1 promotion of clerks to the heads o departments,
' were adopted. A proposition to make the aw ap
| plicab'e to all loca ities was voted down. The bill
passed by a vote of seventy-six to sixty-five. It is
difficult to understand the reason for excluding the
government employes who do not happen ta reside
in the District of Coiumb a front the benefits of the
proposed increase of salary. A bill was introduced
by Mr. Lone to provide for the admission of Oregon
! into the Uu'on a< a 8 ate. The West I'o nt Acade
j my bill, returned from the Senate with amendments,
was taken tip in Comnt t ee of the Whole, the qaes
I tion under consideration being the appropriation
' for the erection of a hall in which to teach cavalry
tactics. This elicited an animated debate, when it
was proposed to visit the Hippodrome, with a view
to a better understanding of the subject, aud the
House accordingly adjourned.
The packet ship Underwriter, from Liverpool for
this port, went ashore during the gale on Monday
night, four miles south of Sbuam Beach. Our ac.
counts from the wreck state that most of the pas
sengers had succeeded in reaching the shore, and
the crew were throwing the cargo overboard. If
the weather continued moderate it was supposed the
vessel would be got off. Two steamtugs have been
sent to render her assistance. The ship is insured
in Wall street for $72,000and the cargo for $150,000.
We have nothing further relative to the ship re
ported ashore near Barnegat lulct, and tho presump
tion is that she broke up and all on board perished.
The two schooners also stated by us yesterday to
have gone on shore near the same place are proba
bly totally lest. We shall receive definite informa
tion from Barnegat some time during the day as to
the fate of the above mentioned vessels. Other vc>
sels arc said to have been driven ashore during the
recent violent gale; but the reports could uot be
traced to any reliable authority.
Our special report of the fifth day's proceedings of
the Southern and Western commercial convention
may be found in another part of to-day's paper. The
various propositions submitted by the business com
mittee, the Pacific Railroad, the Gadsden treaty, and
the exploration of the river Amazon, were the prin
cipal topics under consideration.
Utter Rejection of tlie Gadsden Treaty? Ad
ministration Defeat?Probable Dismember*
mcnt of the Cabinet.
Tlie Semite of the United States has, in
several instances, shown its independence of the
administration. We had a striking illustration
of this fact in tho election of the Senate printer.
But the moral effect of that example was soon
after neutralized by an inglorious surrender to
the Cabinet in reference to the Collector of this
port. Ilad the Senate sustained Bronsou and
the hard shell democracy, we might at this day
have had a more popular and useful administra
tion. and more harmonious counsels in the Cabi
net (a new Cabinet), and in both houses of
Congress. The Senate, however, have just
atoned for that drawback upon the Brouson
question in the great achievement of the igno
minious rejection of the Gadsden treaty. The
motion made yesterday to reconsider the vote
will doubtless result as the first trial resulted,
in the repudiation of the whole concora. If
anything should possibly be patched up it will
not be the Gadsdeu treaty. It is destroyed.
For this distinguishing act of m'\i*al courage,
moral h nesty, and political independence, the
Senate are entitled to high praise. To justify
themselves before the country, fully aud com
pletely, nil that is now required is the removal of
the seal of secrecy from the proceedings in exe
cutive session, and the publication in full of the
debates, the documents, and all the letters con
nected with this grand plot for plundering the
Treasury, upon false pretences, of twenty mil
lions of dollars.
Wc have heretofore given some of the salient
points of this Gadsden abortion ; but there are
other disclosures yet to bo made which will
doubtless prove that this rejected treaty was
an extra diplomatic piece of spoils-jobbingfrom
beginning to end. It appears that it was con
cocted without advice or instructions from the
State Department, which is generally supposed
to be entitled to the control of such matters;
it appears that Marcy was actually ignorant of
the treaty scheme till the treaty was made ; and
it also appears that the Secretary of War and
certain outside individuals were the prime
movers with the President and the camirilla
of tho White llou~c in perfecting the plot with
Santa Anna. The rejection of the bargain de
prives Santa Anna of bis empire, and. iu all
probability, of his Dictatorship. We may ex
pect shortly to hear that Mexico has become
too hot to hold Lira, and all for the want of the
fifteen millions of the treaty, especially the
three millions ready ca h required to quiet his
hungry army, and to keep the Mexican people
under his foot. Those other five millions
fi?r Mexican claims?another batch of the
Galpliin and Gardner stamp?being also
lost, the administration spoilsmen feel as
painfully as Santa Anna their inglori
ous defeat. After changing the boundary
?after cutting out these claims entirely?
and after reducing the total cash price of the
treaty from twenty millions to seven millions,
it was still rejected. Such was the distrust of
the Senate of the retention of any vestige, in
any shape or form, of this Gadsden arrange
ment.
Now. this verdict of the Senate, in almost
any other civilized government, would be re
garded as tantamount to a verdict against the
Ministry, an 1 a change in the Ministry would
immediately follow. The Cabinet at Washing
ton, however, will hold on until the President
shall assume the responsibility of turning them
adrift. Why shbuld he hesitate any longer?
We are assured that differences of opinion, and
conflicting jealousies and plots nmong them,
have ljeen carried nlmost to the extremity of
personal hostilities, and th it they can no longer
act with anything like confidence or hirmony
iu the bu-iness of the administration. Mnrcy
hates Cashing?Cushing hates Marcy; Jeffer
son Davis deppises both; they all despise Davis,
and all suspect each other. With no other
bond between them than " the cohesive power
of the public plunder,'' it cannot lie surprising
that these squabbles should exist among them,
it is only surprising that they have been able
to hold together a whole twelvemonth, in
epite of themselves, in spite of Congress, and
in spite of the wishes of the country.
The causes of these cabinet feuds and die
cords arc well understood. The policy of amal- i
gumuting such factious as the Northern free !
eoilers and Southern scces-ionisfesou the basis of
the public spoils could work out no other than
the mist pernicious results. The secessionist
and the free soiler can never be identified in har?
rcory upon national principles I y tii vulgar
process of tilling their stomachs from the pub
lic treasury. General Pierce has doubtless
mude this important discovery by this time.
If Le were a man with u t'thc of ihe moral
self-Pu.-taining reliance of General Jack on. or
were he but posesscd of the heroism of Captain
Tyler, he would at once perceive his line of
action, and act accordingly. He would hold
this verdict of the Senate against the Gadfden
treaty as un authoritative recomm udati >n for
a change in the personnel and spoils policy of
his administration. Ho would lC,ect this pie
ball secession and free soil cabinet, be would
appoint a new board of advisers, harmonious
and htmogeneous upon the broad principles of
a well defined foreign and d racstic administra
tive policy. The appropriate occasion has of
fered itself for this line of conduct, an oppor
tunity which, if rightly bestowed, might yet
rcdef m the administration, and restore it to the
confldenoe of Congress und the respect of the
American people.
The idea that the rejection of this treaty will
result in a war with Mexico is a most con
temptible absurdity. The consequence will
most likely be. instead of a war between the
two republics, the more rapid advances of Mex
ico to the fulfillment of her " manifest destiny."
1 he embryo revolution commenced by Alvarez
agnintt Santa Anna may now be sp.-.^i v
brought to its full developomcnt in the expuW
sion of the Dictator from the country, and the
establishment of n now order of things directly
contemplating the peaceable and spontaneous
annexation of the whole of Mexico to these
Luilcd States. Our protection, our prosperity,
wealth and enterprise, have undoubtedly sown
broadcast among our Mexican neighbors a de
sire to share in the solid advantages of our glo
rious Union. What folly, therefore, to spiak
of a war with Mexico as the result of the re
jection of the Gadsden treaty, when the best
result of its ratification would have been to fas
ten upon the Mexican people an unwelcome
d? . pot at the expense of our own treasury.
Gen. Tierce lias held the control of the admi
nistration at Washington for a little over a
year, aitf he cannot be blind to the conse
quences of the misguided and suicidal policy
which lie has pursued. The elections since
March, 1853, in New York, Maine, New Hamp
shire, Connecticut and Rhode Island, have
shown the lute overwhelming democratic party
to be utterly demoralized and paralyzed in the
North. The failure of the Nebraska bill in the
House, and of the Gadsdea treaty in the Se
nate. show the administration to be powerless
upon any great test question in either branch
of Congress. In fact, every step taken by Gen.
Pierce to strengthen himself has tended to
weaken him, aud di-organize and break down
his administration and his party. Now, as it is
said that the President, in his quiet moments, is
a man of sensible views and opinions upon
government affairs, he must perceive the hand
writing on the wall against him, unless a radi
cal revolution is introduced into his administra
tion. beginning with a revolution in his Cabi
net. and a change of the policy upon which it
was appointed. Let him thus begin the good
work, and following it up with a ministry which
shall be a unit upon a sound and comprehensive
public policy, and his redemption may yet be
effected long before the Itli day of March* 1857.
It is quite possible that should Gen. Pierce enter
upon this wholesome revolution we in.iy give
him our cordial and hearty support. Other
wise we shall have no other alternative than to
fulfil the appointment which he has given us
as the loader of the great aud constantly iucreas
iug opposition party. The Gadsden treaty
suggests the point where the work should
begin.
Barnch and the Cky.stal I'alace.?Mr. P.
T.Bnrnum is progressing vigorously in liis de
termination ?? to place the Crystal Palace among
the imperishable enterprises of the age and the
notion." This remarkably line e ;p?essioa we
borrow from one of n couple of manifestoes
which this morning make their appearaucc in
another column. It seems that Mr. Barnum
has succeeded in inducing hotel keepers and
otlicr enterprising individuals to subscribe a
sum of $100,000 to rescue the Crystal Palace
from its immediate difficulties. All the suits
against it arc withdrawn, and great hopes ore
entertained of its glorious resuscitation on 1th
May next. It is announced that objects of art
and luxury, curiosities from Japan, and ma
chinery from New England will bo exhibited in
reckless profusion. We are inclined to think
tlmt Barnum ought to have sent to the Palace
the mermaid or the woolly horse from his,Mu
scum ; these would draw better than a world of
Japanese knick knacks, or Yankee steam en
gines. We can't say either that wo approve of
his idea of offering $200 for two prize odes ;
the sum had better been applied to the pay
ment of the debts of the institution than to the
encouragement of bad poetry. But Barnum
can't help copying himself. There is one inci
dent in his past career which we trust we are
not about to see repeated. All the world knows
that, once upon a time, Mr. Barnum lit upon a
very old ncgress named Joyce Ilcth, who
figured extensively throughout the Western
and Northern Slates as Washington's nurse.
Joyce was very old, extraordinarily so, in fact,
as the doctors discovered on a post mortem
examination ; and some judicious agent of Bar
num's, foreseeing that the old lady might die,
and the speculation be brought to an untimely
end, wisely bethought himself of providing a
substitute, and set out on a journey through
out the Southern States in search of a second
Joyce. Unfortunately, no one had thought of
notifying the agent in whose care the genuine
original old Joyce was, of the projected ar
rangement ; and when she died at Worcester,
he, like & simpleton, blftrtcd the fact out to all
the world, and spoiled the schem \ We trust
that Mr. Barnum's attempt to resuscitate the
Crystal Palace will be more successful than the
attempt to resuscitate old Joyce Hcih.
Fashionable Travel.?Notwithstan ling the
lateness of the spring season, and the severe
snow storm which has lately visited us, the
stream of travel has commenced flowing with
great volume and rapidity. For several days
past seven hundred to eight hundred persons
have dlfted at one hotel?the St. Nicholas. The
arrivals have averaged one hundred a day, and
the departures about the same number. The
Metropolitan, Astor, Prescott, Irving, and other
hotels have received large numbers of tra
vellers, and the gay season has already com
menced.
Chevalier Webb In K,,^n4-HU R*a MU- |
?Ion DlBcWK-d- Hewl!
Chevalier Webb, other rise known as G n<ra
James Watson Webb, of this city, has for somo
time past be n regarded on both sides of the
Atlantic as tt c "Irish Ambassador" at Lon
don, in behalf of the adminlrtrat' n of General
Pierce, and all the vad, varied, and delicate
j diplomatic interests ot the Uaited States near
i the kitchen cabinet of the court of St. James.
In this capacity, according to his own paper, he
has been making himself exceedingly useful to
Mr. Buchanan?having, among other things, as
sumed and diec'.arged the gre if task of fixing
the righ's of our neutrality with England, fro in
the ni blest impulses of that v?.ry araent patri
l ot'sm for which he has always been distin
| guished. But the charming offlci il documents
i and correspondence which we publish to-day,
show that the character of the "Jri-h Ambassa
dor" was but the mask assumed by the crafty
Chevalier to disguise his real designs. His real
! mission is to sell the stock of the Gnyandotte
Land, Coal anu Iron Company of Western \ ir
' ginia, among the London fancy stockjobbers.
Beautiful operation! ltead the Guyan
dotte documents and the Chevalier s cer
tificates. How nicely has ho been pull
ing the wool over the eyes of honest
John Bull! What a flaming sories of
articles those were which the Chevalier con
tributed to the Loudon Times, defining the
policy of tho United States to be dead against
the piratical nuisance of privateering! How
thankful should Lord Clarendon and the British
government be for these assurances. No won
der the Chevalier has been dining and wining
among the highest officials of the British capi
tal. He has pulled the wool over their eyes to
some purpose, if his diplomatic service i will
only work out their desired ell'cct upon the
stock exchange.
But great as are the merits of Chevalier Webb
in this business, he has not the merit of origin
ality. lie has only been "following in the foot
steps of his illustrious predecessors." the Cheva
lier Wikoff and others. The example of Cheva
lier Wikoff is strikingly analogous to that of
Chevalier Webb. It will be remembered that
Chevalier Wikoff some years ago was overhead
and ears in European diplomacy, having little
less than all the secret arrangements of Lord
Palmcrston and Louis Napoleon upon the Con
tinent in his hands. These important diplo
matic functions, however, were but a ruse to
his real object. Under his State secfrets he
had a great secret of his own. He was
in pursuit of a rich prize?he was anxious
for a rich wife?he found the desired object in
the wealthy and accomplished Miss Gamble.
" She had money and he had none, and that s
the way the fray begun." Ho opened negotia
tions with her?his diplomatic notes, a la
Mcnscliikoff, were rejected?his ultimatissimum
was rejected; but he pursued her, across the
Channel, up the Rhiue, over the Alps, like
Napoleon, and down into Italy. There they
captured him and clapped him into prison, and
there he ended his matrimonial venture aud his
diplomatic career. He disappeared Irom the
public eye, and is now superseded in his
diplomatic character by Chevalier Webb.
A few years ago. when Kossuth was electrify-^
ing all England with his knowledge of the Saxon
language, and the wrongs of " down trodden
Hungary," the lion. Robert J. Walker was on
hand" He spoke at various public meetings in*
favor of Kossuth and intervention *, and at
Manchester and Liverpool delighted the mass
meetings assembled with his liberal doctrines of
free trade. But it soon appeared that the real
mission of Mr. Walker was to secure a small
loan of fifteen millions or so for the State ot
Illinois. But in spite of his strong sympathy
for Kossuth and Hungary, and his free trade
speeches, the antecedents of Illinois were against
Mr. Walker, and the loan was a drag. About
the same time there were some other Ameri
cans in England who were more successful. They
pursued the same course In reference to the
great principles of liberty, free trade, common
origin and all that, and gotjoff upon the Lon
don stock iobbers a considerable amount of
shores in certain California gold mines, and.
pocketing their proceeds, returned home.
Chevalier Webb, however, has aa immense
advantage over Chevalier Wikoff and all his
other predecessors, in being powerfully backed
np with strong certificates. He has " the best
of city references." Look at them. First and
foremost is the certificate of Bishop Wainwright,
of New York, who kindly recommends his pro
tege to the Archbishop of Canterbury. But
why did not the Chevalier get a letter from
Archbishop Hughes? Then he might havogone
to Rome and dined with the l'ope himself.
Next, cx-Gov. Hunt endorses his fellow-citizen
of whom he made n General of the New York
State Militia. Other distinguished names fol
low. when, lo! and behold 1 we come upon Ed
ward W. II. Schenley?the identical Captain
Schenley. who disappeared from these parts a
good many years ago, pending the agitation of
the question, " Who married Captain Schenley?"
Other certificates, which would have been exceed
ingly valuable in the premises, have been strange
ly overlooked by Chevalier Webb. With the aid
of the "spirit rappers," a strong certificate might
hnvc been obtained from the deceased Nicholas
Biddle. of the late United States Bank?a
receipt in full for $52,G75 26. The Commis
sioners of the Bankrupt law of 1811 could ulso
have given a clearance for some five hundred
thousand dollars, more or leas, iu behalf of the
Chevalier. Gen. Duff Green could have, en
dorsed him upon those "mahogany stocked pis
tols;" Graves, of Kentucky, iu the matter of
the Cilley duel; and Thornus F. Marshall upon
another affair of honor. The vote of the United
States Senate upon the confirmation of the
Chevalier, as Minister to Vienna, might also
have been employed with prodigious effect, in
support of tho Guyandottc Iron, Land and
Coal Company.
Seriously, however, what is this Guyandotte
speculation! The stock, we suspect, is among
the lightest of the fancies. We understand that
there is now a gentleman in Wall street, "a
?aan of honor " and integrity, who, in good
fuith. undertook the agency in England of this
same Gnyandotte concern some five years ago.
In this capacity he brought out to the Guyan
dottc lands a lot of emigrants; but the lands
were prc-ocpupied by squatters, who could not
aud would not be moved away. Trouble en
sued, the mortified agent being accused of all
sorts of misrepresentations and deceptions in
the matter. 1 he gentleman in question is still
in Wall street, and we doubt not that, if con
sidered desirable by English capitalists, his
Guyandotte experience can be readily obtained.
In the meantime, we give the whole catalogue
of Chevalier Webb's documents and certificates,
for the edification of the jobbers in the fancies
of Wall street.
Contentions North and South.?The South
ern convention lately ia session at Charleston,
naturally suggests a comparison between as
scmblages of that nature in the North and
similar bodies at the South. In point of num
bers the Northern conventions have the ad
vantage ; we hear of at least a dozen conven
tions a year. and "the leafy month of May"
usually witnesses the performances of Borne six
or eight. At the South, one convention per
annum seems to satiate the popular appetite
for that style of amusement. At the North,
conventions are almost invariably radical move
ments, aiming at some impracticable social re
form. Thus we have conventions for the aboli
tion of slavery, for the propagation of spirit
Tappings, for the suppression of liquor, for the
assertion of women's rights, for the destruction
of the Eible, for th^ establishment of a new re
ligion, and so on. At the South, conventions
are at least originated on a more practical
basis. Theirs are called together to take coun
sel on the establishment of a direct trade with
Europe, on the conversion of shallow sand
blocked harbors into great seaports, and similar
subjects. There is another difference between
the two. Northern conventions are seldom at
tended by men of practical worth and eminence.
Their supporters arc fanatics of every shade,
reformed drunkards, and unreformed socialists,
broken down politicians, and hair brained talkers,
in the South on the contrary leading men com
monly think it worth their while to -be present
at these periodical assemblages; and to un
dergo as much annoyance as the frivolity of
their associates may indict for the chance of
conferring some practical benefit on their coun
try. This chance, in point of fact, is slender
enough; it very rarely happens that auy real
good results from conventions North or South.
Much time is cousumed in talking; and most
scrupulous attention is paid to punctilio and
the rules of debate. Resolutions, highly pa
tiiotic in the South and highly philosophical in
the North, are debated at length and occasion
ally carried; but as soon as the fiat of the con
vention goes forth, the members seem to think
that their task is complete. In this respect, we
see but little difference between Northern and
Southern conventions. After the work is done,
however if that can be called work which is
seldom anything more than talk?the charac
teristic peculiarities of the two sections of the
country generally devclope themselves afresh
Northern conventions close either with'a fight
or with prayer. Southern conventions inva
riably with a dinner and a ball. In this re
spect, we think our brethren of the South have
the -advantage.
Tiie Citt Government and its Reform Mem
bers.?Everybody recollects the frantic enthu
siasm with which the reform charter aud the
reform elections were hailed by certain classes
and their organs in this city. To listen to
them, a halcyon era was beginning, and the age
of mismanagement was past forever. Alas! the
bright dream was soon dispelled. The charter
came into force, and it was found that it ren
dered any government impossible. The streets
even could not be cleaned once without the ex
ercise of an unconstitutional pSwer by the
Board of Health; and that cleaning over, it
could not be repeated. The great thoroughfare
of the city, Broadway, is cleaned by a private
individual at the expense of the householders;
and if the inhabitants of other streets require a
similar luxury, they will have to resort to the
same means. Meanwhile the Board of Council
men which was expected to be so pure and so j
honest and so energetic in the discharge of its ]
duty has been as silly and as disorderly as any
free school in the absence of the master. Two j
of the Councilmen have covered themselves
with ridicule by au absurd play at duelling; and
on Monday night, a scene l6ok place which must
lower the New York Councilmen below the
level of any representative body in Broadway. |
The whole concern from the charter to its low- I
est officer is ridiculous, absurd, and contempti
ble. We are in fact in the midst of anarchy.
One provisional government has already been
erected in Broadway, and the sooner*.other
bodies of like authority set themselves to dis
charge the other duties which the government
is obviously unable to perform, the better will
it be for the city. J
Music and the Drama.
PAUL JTTLTEN'S CONCERT?NEW DRAMA AT TIIE NA
TIONAL THEATRE?NEW FARCB AT WALLACE'S.
Tacl Jcijex, the youngest and the moat remarkable of
l^e violinists of the present day, gave his first concert
since his return from Havana last evening, at Niblo's
Saloon. There was a-crowded and fashionable audience,
and the star of the evening was received with a most en
thusiastic welcome, but not more hearty than he de
served. He was assisted by Richard HolTman, pianist;
M'lle Henrietta Behrend, Sig. Andrea Manzini, and Miss
S. Junes. It was Julien, however, whom the people came
to hear. It was the universal opinion that he liad'im
proved in his executions since he last appeared in New
York, ami this was apparent in his first essay?the -'Tre
molo of Beriot." In Allard's fantasia from the "Favorita,"
he displayed surprising delicacy of finish and purity of
tone. The gTeat attraction of the evening was
the execution of Mayseder's variations on a single
string. This daring attempt was entirely success
ful, and the youthful artist received the hearty
applause of the coldest critics. The remainder of the
Concert was hardly above mediocrity, if we except Mr.
Hoffman's execution of Gottschalk's "Waltz de Bra
Toure," which was artistically rendered, and encored
Mias Jones, who gave the cavatina " Ernani, Involaini,"
and "Comin' tluo' the rye," has a sweet an l powerful
voice, hut she lacks finish, and her style is altogether
bad. (
At i bt. National Theatre wc have a new and peculiar
drama, never before acted in this eountry. It has boon
played at the London theatres?the Mary-le-bone, the
Adelphi and the City theatre. It was first produced at
the Ambigu Coinique, Paris, last October, and afterwards
adapted to the English stage, and called "The Struggle
for Gold." At the National, the characters sustained by
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack in London, were played by
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Prior. There are some eotlrclynew
effects in scenery and machinery. The second act repre
sents a sea of ico. The action of the first act transpires
at sea, the third In Mexico, and the fourth and fifth In
Paris. The drama is effective, but a great deal depends
upon the scenery and machinery. Mr. Pnrdy produced
It under the title of '-The Child of Prayer; or, The Love
of Cold," and with new soenery. Mr. and Mrs. Prior,
Mr. N. B. Clarke, Mr. G. L. Fox, and other popular
members of the company are Included In the cast.
The plot of the piece is hardly enosgh for five acts, and
the language is detective in vigor. The play seems to
hare been loosely translated. The principal parts are
Carles and Mdlle. Pslacour. Carlos is the person who
hsa the thirst for gold, and he creates a mutiny on board
a ship commanded by Mdlle. Delacour's father. The
captain, wife, child And servant are sent adrift, and are
thrown upon a sea of ice. The Ice breaks up, and all are
lost, except the child and the servant. This effect was
very well done at the National. In the last part of the
play, Carlos Is the rich Marquis de Monte, and the girl
lias found her friends, after she has long resided with the
Indians who picked her up, by means of a prayer which
her mother taught to her. Del Monte falls in lovs with
her?she marries him?uses his wealth to prove him
guilty of his crimes, and finally sends him to the scaffold
Like oil French dramas, there are many Inconsistencies
in the "Struggle for Gold;" but, although the etory le
drawn out to an unpardonable extent, considering the
poverty of the material, the plot is Interesting, and the
moral is good, provided we take it for granted that it i?
right to do evil that good may come, for the girl
must " lay perjury on her eoul" when sho mar
ries Del Monte. The ecttng of the piece deserves
praise. Mr. Prior's Gtrlos was a fine piec?|
acting, excepting that be was too alow in
live ring the IIdos, and his delineation of
various passion-?rewnge, hope, fear, despair, andl
bolie nialire?in the last uct, was truthfully repull
Mrs. Frier's reprvst-ntation of the heroine was a Bnil
and correct performance ; itwoul l be improved by a l|
more vigor, especially in the fourth and fifth acts,
box, as Barabas, the faithful servant, was very v
He gave a very humorous j erninution, without daael
ing to caricature. N. B. Clarke gave the Captain's
with proper dignity and effect. Mr. Howe, who play |
Iri nch gentleman, seemed but iittle like tho part, i
should be taught how to wear a sword, howtodravl
how to hold it preparatory for a thrust, and how h i
liver H up when requested SO to do. He seemed n!s|
be afraid that the audieuce w ould not see him, and
tinually placed himself in a position to oblige them t.1
to. The piece ia well got up, well dressed, and, with
exceptions above noted, well noted. It i? produce d ur
the direction of Mr. James Anderson, and the seen
was painted by Mr. Rogers. The play U to be gi]
again thia evening.
At Waluick'b Thkathi, lust evening, a new Lon,|
farce, "Number One Round the Corner," was present
first time in America. The idea of the plot is tall
from a little French vaudeville, entitled "En Maul
des Chemises," but it is SO differently treated, that uluil
as much of the English piece belongs to the adapter J
| Brougb, as to the French authors, of whom there
| no less than three. Mr. Kibbler, (Mr. Walcot.) onel
I those smart young gentlemen who live by their wits, |
I expecting at breakfast an uncle who does not come,,
< sends a letter informing hia nephew that be will reil
! his usual allowance in the afternoon, and directing h I
| to take in a certain coat that will arrive from the tailol
This little delay is annoying to Kibbler, who has 11
swrred an adveitisement of a situation of ?5 a we<|
and has appointed to meet the advertiser, to whom he
to pay ?20 as the consideration for the place. He Is n|
only without the ?20, but he has not even got a pair
boots sufficiently respectable to enable him to keep 11
: ppointment. A coat is thrust into tho room, which i|
concludes is the article mentioned by tho uncle, and
l aving a penny in his pocket he takes it to a pawl
broker, "Number One Round the Corner," an 1 wit
the sum raised on it purchases the desideratJ
air of boots. The coat turns out not to be the unele'l
1 utthe property of Mr. Nobbier (Mr. Brougham),anothl
lodger, who, while Nibbler is in another apartment fu
1 irking himself up lor the appointment, enters the roo
in his shirt rlceves and finds on the table a dapUcat.l
which reveals to him the fate of his coat. The boo |
also strike his eye, and he carries them off as a lawfii
prixe to the accommodating " Number One," and obtaii I
on them a sum exactly equivalent to that raised on thl
coat. Mutual explanation then take place, and Nobble I
insists on restitution of the additional charges of thl
ticket and interest, amounting to the large sum of tw|
pence, without which the coat can't be redeemed. Nill
liler lias not a fraction in his pocket, and a good dotjl el
the fun is produced by the lamentable pdcture vhich h 1
presents in this fix. The plot reaches its climax by th I
discovery that the advertiser (Nobbier) and his corresl
pendent have already met. Tho former wanted to cheal
somebody out of ?2U, and the latter hoped to get a situal
tion under false pretences. The farce was well acted b;l
Messrs. Walcot and llrooghsm. At the Lyceum, London I
the puits were taken by Messrs. C. Mathews and RoCbyl
It was highly successful in London, and bids fair to bt|
equally popular in New York.
Ye gods I It (lotb amaze me,
A man of such a modest temper should
So get the start of the majestic world,
And bear the palm alone.
Why, man. he doth bestride tho narrow world
Like a colossus; and we, petty men.
Walk under his huge legs, and peep about
id ourselves dishonorable graves.
To find ourselves dishonorable graves.
We observe that in oonsoquouce or the remarkable sucoessl
of a well-known artist, others in the same bn-iness, by
ooming down to the level of quack operators, acknowledge
their incompetency for their profession. Failing in real com
petition, they nnwarpealto the pioayuue policy of cut
ting down fair prices and giving poor work. Alas for art I
when her noisiest professors thus pass into oblivion.
The Crystal Palace (World's Fair) Medal Is
ROOT'S fourteenth prise. Call and see his works, st his
magnificent gallery, 363 Broadway. Crayon daguerreotypes
taken at no other place. Cloudy weather all the same as
fair. Rooms easy of aooess.
Worth Seeing.?The moat Splendid show off
made
dagnerreotypes, crystalotypss and stercosoopes ever
in this country, may bo seen at S ROOT'S World's Fair
premium gallery. Th u proprietor challenges criticism. Call
at 3631. roadway.
Espenschcld's Spring Style of Hat Is de
cidedly the handsomest fabric of the season. The shape is
captivating, tho material exquisitely tine, and he is selling
them for $3 SO. None are letter, and certainly there o?n be >
none cheaper. The store is at 118 Nassau street.
Oar Hotels are already beginning to be
thronged with visiters to the city, and tradesmen in Broad
wny and out of it are getting (much to thoir satisfaction!
over bead and ears in business. Speaking of beads reminds
us of KNOX'S elegant spring stylo of hats, which ar.i pro
nounced by the lean mondr to be gems of beauty aud ar
tirtic elegance. His splendid store. In tho Frosrott l!i>uje.
corner of Broadway and Spring sfrtef, is now daily crow tod
with purchasers: while his old established head quarters,
No. 12* Fulton street, was last niiht fairly besieged by his
numerous patrons.
Rces & Co., arc the Orlglnnl Inventors of
the German system of taking Two Shilling daguerreotypes,
which they can clearly prove, ir it becomes necessary, bv
some of our most retpontable citi/cns; it is not our intention
to divert the business or mislead the people; but on t*o eon
trary to state plain facts, aud all we hope is, that our neigh
bors may do likewise. RF.Es.vCO. 3iwi Broadway, forntjrlv
2b9 Broadway.
War Among the Plctnre Makers?.V Hold
and desperate warfare is going on of late against
Bees A Co., the original two ahullng daguerrcotypists,
by a party of (peculators, representing themselves as
the Daguerreotype Company of No. 2f.> Broadway, neith
er of whom have had any ihtercst in this establish
ment. By the first gun, ormaniicsto of the wonM-he rivals.
Professor Rces is publicly pronounced an impostor?a flo
titions being, a 1 lying Dutchman, sonrkrou ., and everything
hut a gentleman : at the same time the astounding news is
published that a splendid gallery is litting up at cnormons
expense, with new machinery. Ac., together with an amount
of artistic talent to be developed, which will astonish the
natives and throw tho genuine original Professor Roes and
h s sonrkrout completely in the shade, as no lives havo
been lost, and the picture business goes on as usual, in defi
ance of all imitators, under tho management of tho original
proprietors, S. A 11(11.RES and Professor BEES, Daguer
reotype Company, 2Mi Broadway.
Pianos, Mrlodcons, Mnste. and all kinds of
music merchandise.?T. Gilbert A Co s premium pianos,
with or without the n-olian, (the teolian having the most
perfected modern style of voicing.) liallet A Cnmston's
pianos, Horace Waters' pianos, Gilbert's boudoir pianos,
par.os of other makers, Goodman A Baldwin's patent
organ meli deons, S. D. A 11. W. Smith's mclodeinn, and
those of other mskere. The above, together with instru
ments of all kiuds, sold, wholesale or retail, at prices
which defy competition. Fine pianos to rent. To suit
gome purchasers of pianos or meloueona, monthly payments
re taken. HORACE WtTERS, 333 Broadway.
World's Fair Premium Pianofortes?The
subscribers, to whom the prise medals were awarded at the
World's Fair for the host pianofortes, would Invite tho at
tention of buytrs to their very elegant assortment of 6)? to
7X octaves,-In every style of ease among others tho elegant
papier maebe and elaborately carved rosewood pianos, ex
hibited at the Crystal Palace, all of whioh arc offered for sale
at priocs which cannot fail to suit. GKOVESTEEN A
TRUSLOW, 505 Broadway, adjoining the St. Nicholas Hotel.
Second-hand Pianos In Good Order at Low*
sr prices than can be fuund in the city. SV octave, for
sni; $H0; 6 octavo, $40;6kootave. I, Gilbert'* boudoir, near
If new, cost $275. for J215. 6>i octave Aolian, T. Gilbert's,
suit 1450. for 11.75; 6 octave, IDdiet Davis A Co.'s, for $!i?5.
Piano case molcdeon, $35. Pianos and molodeons to let.
Cash paid for pianos. BERRY A GORDON &7 Broadway.
Jet Ornaments?A complete assortmrnt,
consisting of bracelets, brooches, earrings, nscklaces,
crosses, chains, chatelains, bead dresses, end pins, studs,
Ac.; also gold mounted Jet crosses, cross I rooohes, and oar
rings at OSBORNE, BOARDMAN A TO fNSEND'3, 527
Broadway, corner or Spring street.
Watches In MaMc Cases, Timing Watches,
engineers' watches, watches that wind np ami set wi liont a
key, ladies' diam.i.to watches in hunting and single cases,
watohes of Tol las, Bosloy, Barwise, Stuart, Cooper, John
son and Harrison. Prices lower than ever.
L. A J. JaCOBS, 407 Broadway.
Published Oil* Day?Turkey and the Turks,
and s CruUeln the Black Sea?By Adolnhns Slade, Admiral
of tho Turkish Fleet, K.'.S pp.; eloth, illustrated; price $1.
Also, in press, The Tnrkiah ynestion, by Connt A. do Gu
rowski, anthor of Rusda as it Is.
WM. TAYLOR A CO., IS Ann street.
Christy's Minstrels, 472 Broadway?Those
world-renowned delineators of negro character and per
former! of negro melodies, are nightly singing a new and
beautiful song?"My Lovely Sasey Saul," by Charlie C. Con
verse, with immense tpplanse Prlco twenty live cants. J nut
published by HORACE WA1ER8, i33 Broadway. Dealer*
will And Vr. Waters'catalogue one of the largest and best
selected in tb* city. Music sent by mail, poatag* free.
This Is the I.ast Dap of Bnnvard's Geornma,'
as the Nllo and Holy Land will positively close after this
evening, April 19. Eahibition this afternoon at 3 o'clock,
and evening at 8 o'olock, whioh ia positively the laat in Now
Tork.
From Auction?At John Msulden's New Lace
and Embroidery store, 573 Broadway, opposite the Metro
politan Hotel?14ft em rnidered skirt* at 1ft*., worth $1 509
embroidtred handkerchiefs at 6s., worth 12s.; 120 pairs of
sleeves at 10s., worth $3; 400 embroidered oollars and chemi
settes to match at 16s., worth $5. Also, a large lot of oam
brlo flouncing. To let, the store 557 Broadway.
Foreign Newspapers?WUlmerAf Rofprs,
agents by oppolntmsnt for the Illustrated London News,
Punch, and most of the leading paper*, receive orders for
all foreign newspapers aad joniwals, which are promply
supplied Office of wilmor A Smith's European Times, 42
and 44 Nassau street.
The National Police Gazette for this week
U >?> of the richest numbers ever issued, and ought to be
read bveverybody. A few hints to believers in epiritual.
ism foreign and domestic criminal news, the Legend of th ?
Whit* Hons*, am. other n>a?t*?s of greet interest. Ready
on Thnroday morning. For sale everywhere.
Bargains In Table Linens, Counterpanes and
toilet oovers, from section; another lot Jnet received.
Double damask table linen, tao yards wide, only 4s. ayard;
splendid quality snowdrop and figured entin damask table
linen, two yards wide. fie. 6<l. a yard. 10 4 linen table elotha,
very tine, snly 14s.. worth $1: largo siss snowdrop and ttgor
ed linen napkins, only 12*. a doaen; fringed dollies, only
0a. a doren; summer quilts, for single beds, only 7s. a piece;
large site Lancaster oosntsrpaneo, only 14s.. worth 20s.;
splendid quality Marseilles counterpanes, $4. worth $ft, at
BtJKDETT'S cheap dry goods store, 191 Grand stre* , cor
ner of Mulberry.
Ladles who Desire their Dresses made right
without the annoyance of alteration, end at a roole.sto
price, vis.; from $2 ("41 to $5, shmid try Newman. Also r.cti
laces, embroideries, Ac., at a v r v simll ad verve on the cost
of importation. NK WMA >7><A Broadway.

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