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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 12, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 6470. ? MORNING EDITION-FRIDAY, MAY 12, 1354. - PRICE TWO CENTS.
i ,
NEWS B Y TKLKGftiPH,
ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
ABBIFAL OF THE CANADA AT HALIFAX.
mPMTANT intelligence fro.h mduid.
Progress of the Negotiations.
Movements of the Allied Fleets and Forces.
8A1KSDIA1RY ENCAGE1IENT AT KALEFAT.
Decrees Respecting: Vessels of the
Belligerents.
; THE INSURRECTION IN GREECE.
mosey market Easy-Provliiou^ Firm-Cotton i
Vn?ettlcd..>Brc?(!<ituilii Declined,
&c.? .Sic., &C.
BT BOUSB'B panftwo TELWHUl'U, OJTICB NO. 21 WAI.L STBBgl.
Halifax, May 10, 1851.
Wic royal mail steamship Canada, Captain Stone, from
Liverpool on Saturday tho 20th of April, arrived at this
port at 7 o'clock this evening, bringing two hundre 1 and
fifty paasengors.
There is no intelligence of the missing steamer City of
Glasgow.
The Collins steamship Atlantic, arrive! out at Liver
pool, at 2 o'clock on Friday afternoon the 28th ult.
The steamship Washington sailed from Southampton
for Now lork on tho 20th ult., with 250 passengers and
500 tons of cargo.
. Tho Canada spoke on the SOtli of April, at 0:33 A. M.,
8 steamship huropa, from New York bounl in to I.Ivor
| P?o1- Fame day, at 0:35 A. M , spoke steamship City of
Manchester, from Philadelphia for Liverpool.
The Mnrqnis of Anglesea Is dead.
h Tho F.usopfan War.
The news from the scat of war indicates increased
vigor on the part of the allies. 20,030 French an I 8,000
English troops had landed at Gullipoli.
No event of importance had occurred.
On tlio 20th ultimo a sharp combat took place before
' Kalefat. Twenty squadrons of Russians, with six guns,
, were making a recounoisance of the Turkish lines, when
. the Turks sallied out with two regiments of regulars and
acme Bayouks and cannon, and, after a combat of three
hours duration, obliged the Russians to retreat with a
loss of 500 men.
The Russian force was withdrawing from Kalefat.
Omer Pacha was at Shuiula, concentrating his forces,
apparently for defensive measures only.
It was reported that the Russians had been defeated
Fattschornaroda, and that they had evacuated Little
Wallacliia.
Tho Russians were still fortifying themselves in the
Dobrudscha. They had not crossed Trajan's Wall.
Their strength in the Dobrudscha is about 30,000 men.
The forces before Kalefat were withdrawn towards Era
jova.
It was rumored at Vienna that Prince Paskiewitch had
ordered the evacuation of Lessor Wullachia. This, if
Ptrue, was regarded as a concession, to retain the favor of
ft Austria.
fi Troops were retreating towards Bucharest. indicating a
K?liange in the plans of RoWian operations.
Sir Charles Napier was at Stockholm on the 27th
April, and Lis fleet was about arty miles oIT.
From liasihurg. the 23d of April, it is reported that
Sir Charles Napier had formed his Uoet in three divisions,
so as to be within reach of each other. The first divi
sion was sent in tho direction of Livonia, near the ports
of Poland; the second, off Rica, and the third at the
entrance of the Gulf of Finland, near Sweaborg, where
the Russian fleet still keeps close. On the 20th the fleet
Was off O.ustorgan, Gothland.
No definite statement is received of the position of the
Black Sea fleets. TheFrench fleet was reported anchored
off Polsohicl Several steamers were in sight of Odessa
on the 21st; hence arises the probability of an attack on
that place.
The following brilliant feat has l>een announced:?
? Rrit',,,' "h'smer Fury, of six guns, on the 11th
inst. steamed unde^Austrinu colors within three miles of
the entrance of 8cl>astopol, whore she saw two merchant
men, two brigs, two frigates, nn I a steamer l"aving the
?r??r' The 1 ury dashed in. and seized one of the mer
chant ships, and towed her off. The Russians pave chase
and the hury was finally obliged to cut the prize adrift!
??t until one of the frigates and the steamer came
within range and exchanged shots. The Fury after four
hours chase, succeeded in eluding the Russians, and car
ried off the merchant ship's crrw ;,? prisoners who gave
-P^tant information respecting the strength of i-icbas
. A bold and successful feat is also recorded of tho Rus
sians:?
"urP?"?'I "to be a Russian despatch vos
?el, under British colors, boldly steamed from the Archi
passed the Dardanelles and batteries, ami suc
:eeded in escaping into the Black Sea.
Six of tho twelve Russian merchant ships captured by
3ritish cruisers had arrived in England Their crews
vere liberated on parole not to serve agaiust England or
?"ranee.
Accounts from Circassia of the 1st April stBte that the
nsurrection against Russia is becoming general among
he warlike tribes of the Caucasus, where-Schmayl's
igents are indefatigable. Tho presence of tho English
nd French fleets in the Black 8ei, with the consequent
bandonmcnt of the Russian posts on tho Circassian
? oasts, and the cutting off of the Russian supplies via
tedontkale, had made a deep impression on the moun
aineers. and it was believed that Schmayl would soon
>e in force to attack the Russian headquarters at Tides.
From Asia we loarn that 4,030 Turkish irregulars re
used to march from Erzeroum to the wars, on account
?f arrears of pay.
The Fultan has offered ? command to Abdel Under.
Tlio expulsion of tho Greeks from Turkey continues,
"heir stores and dwellings, in which some arms were
ound. hare been seised and closed up.
Pecres'* in the Jouimal de St. Petersburg contain a
otiee fr#m the Russian Minister of Finance, allowing
Inplish and French vessels, six weeks from the 10th of
&.pril to escape from Russian ports in tho Black Sea,
nd six weeks from May 7 to leaTe the Baltic ports,
hd enemy's property in neutral bottoms will be regard
d as inviolable, and may he imported. Subjects of neu
al powers on hoard the enemy's ships will not be mo
ated.
A French imperial decree allows Russian ships which
re in poi ts in the Baltic and White Seas, before May 11,
> unload and return unmolested to Russian or neutral
orts.
Spain.
'?tOOBKS8 OF MB. SOn.R'n VBGOTIATION?THREATEN
ING ASPECT OF AFFAIRS.
The Madrid correspondent of the London Times writes
nder the date 20th April, a letter commenting unfaror
jly on Mr. Boule. He says
To the present time, the notes exchange! between Mr.
ule and the Spanish government are live in number,
a. 1, by Mr. Houle. states the complaint, and the repara
jn he is instructed to demand, requiring a positive reply
thin 48 honrs. No. 2?From th- Spanish government,
clares its inability to reply until information is re
ived from Cuba. " No. 3?(The Times calls U a most
Ite and discourteous document)?from Mr. S'oMc, tax
g the Spanish government with seeking to postpone a
ply, and affirming, or rather insinuating, that Spain
d reeeived despatches from llavans, but suppressed
em No. 4?From the Spanish government was so
Irong, that the senders thought it not Ulikely that Mr.
ulf would demand his passports. No. 6?From Mr.
ulo was in milder terras, but the contents had not
inspired.
The letter to the Times goes on to he severe on Mr.
ule. and professes also to ray that the Spaniards look
the American claims as overbearing and exorbitant.
? "hr the 18lh, Mr. So ule was present at a dinner given
Lord llowderi. the British Minister.
Prussia.
ManteuiTel's speech to the Chambers state 1 defl
|elv that Pvnasla maintains accord both with Austria
l^the Western Powers.
resignation of Chevalier Bunsen as Minister to
I was accepted. He is succeeded by Count Bnm
(f, the pteeeat Minister at Napias, a man thoroughly
Great Britain*
DEI'ATE IN PARLIAMENT?AMERICAN MUTINEERS TO
BE SENT HOME, KTO.
W fdncsday, tl e 2btlr of April, being appointed as a
day ol humiliation and prayer, all business wa-i suspend
ed llu London Timtt publishes four pages of sermons
delivered on the occasion.
I allium, n' reassembled on the 27th of April.
In the Uouae of lords a loug debate ensued respecting
the recent burning of fort* ou the const by Circassians.
The Karl of Ilardwlok tuxed the government with hav
ing dented the circumstance, when in fact it was true.
The Karl of C'areudou made a long explanation, and
laid before the House a despatch from the British Admi
ral ci ntradio lug the Russian published accouut.
Die 1 ni l of kllenborough took occasion to uientiun that
the Lus ians have twenty two Circassian forts, but have
destroyed ' nly six.
In the Commons a long debate on the Universities was
the principal feature.
The American Consul has determined to send from Lon
don to New York eight fen men of the cllpgor ship Sove
reign of the teas, for trial for mutiny. Tae relatives of
the prisoiu re have petitioned Lord 1'almerston to prevent
tl e removal of th. prisoners to America.
The .-cotcti Lord Cockburn is dead.
Km nee.
MOVEMENTS OF T1IE MILITARY?EMBARKATION OF
MARSHAL NT. AKNAItn.
A lixtli squadron is added to all the cavalry.
Prince Napoleon hau been well received at Malta, and
leli i ii the : ' th for Turkey.
Marshal ft. Auinud tmburhvd on the 27th at Mar
seilles. ior i lie Fast.
to tinned activity prevailed in the shipping of troops
for the hast.
Auat rln.
The Emperor's mnrrino'e had lieen daly celebrated.
An amnesty was granted to 400 prisoners, aud the State
of sie; e removed from Loiobardy from 1st May.
Italy.
The steamer Frcolarco was lost off Villa Franca. F;f
t en English passeugcra were drowned, aud livo saved.
Among tlum (the latter?) was Sir Robert Pell.
Greece.
From Athens. Cist April, it is stated that the Gulf of
Corinth was guarded by French ships of war, and com
munication stopu'd betprceu the continent and l'eiopo
nesus.
The whole of southern Thesealy was in arras; and it
was reported, hut received with doubt, that the Turks
had been debated at Mezzoro.
Egfpt.
The Viceroy had rescinded the decreo prohibiting the
expoitation of corn.
Persia.
Triuco D'TTgorowsky, the Russian ex-Minister to Per
sin, reached St. Petersburg on the ICth ult. Russia
would not send another Minister, but the Consul re
mains ut T eheran.
India*
It is contlrinrcl tlmt Post Mahoine.l seeks to form au
alli.'i.oo with ?rent Britain.
A revolution is reported a' Ava. Tlio Prince had poi
soned I,is brother and seized rlie thione.
The discovery of gold in Ceylon is confirmed, but it
has not yet been lound in quantities to remuuerato
diggers.
(Ill tin.
nt 1
The clipper ship Orient had sailed from Kow Chow for
New York with teas.
Canton was quiet.
At ,-hanghoe there was continued skirmishing.
Trade was reviving at Amoy.
Commercial Intelligence.
LONDON MONEY MARKET.
Messrs. Baring Brothers report that money for short
periods continued oasy. Consols closed at 87>4 a 87pj';
dollars quoted at 5s. f <1; eagles. 7Cs. 7,'jd.
AMERICAN SECURITIES.
Mepsrs. Bell & Co. report a steady but quiet busiuosr?
prices comparatively but little nffectod by the present
position of affairs:?
United States Fivef,'55, bonds 100 a 100>?
l)o. Sixes,'o2 Ill) a 110,'J
Do. Sixes,'C7,'68, ins. Btock... 110 n 110.',
Pennsylvania Fives 73 a 7'J
i o. Ixrads 85 a ?
Massachusetts bonds 100 a 102
Maryland Fives. 103 a ?
Virginia bix per Cent Bonds.., ; 9? a ?
Erie Railroad, 1st lntge 105 a 1JJ
l'o. 2nd do 91 a 9G
Do. 3rd do 85 a ?
Bo. Convertibles 82 a 81
LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET.
The various circulars differ materially in their reports
The Board of Brokers reduce their quotations of ordinary
ltd middling American, 1 16d. Messrs. Hollingho.il'a
circular .=ny s the demand has beon less than usual this
week, and the trad? have supplier! themselves sparingly.
There has been a fair amount doing for export and sp?
eolation, end in the absence of ant import of moment
the whole l as ji.st been sufficient to sustain the market
in the position it had attained last week. American des
criptions of nil classes above middling arc comparatively
scarce and Dim. Of qualities below middling there is
nn abundant supply, and the market is heavy for that
description.
Messrs. Pennlstoun say?The market is dull, but prices
though in favor of buyers, are not quotabiy lower. The
quotations of fair middling and uplands are raised }{&.
Several other houses report ordinary and low middling
favoring buyers, and qualities above middling scarce ami
iinn. Ibices but little changed.
Messrs. Kichardsnn Brothers speak as follows:?Some
brokers quote no change. We believe tve hre correct in
saying that the lowest qualities close l*16th lower, and
the better qualities, which are scarce, an eighth dearer.
The sales of the week foot up 37,470 bales, including
7.<'(0 on speculation, an 1 4,230 for export.
The sales on Friday were 6,000 bales, at unchanged
prices. The stock in port amounted to 72U.355 bales, in
cluding 406,000 American.
Mestrs. Dennistoun quote as follows:?
fair. Middlinj.
Orleans C)*d. 5 9-10d.
Mobiles 6 "4d. 6 7-16d.
Uplands 6,'*d. 6\'<1.
LIVERPOOL CORN MAMKET.
Messrs. I conistoun report the market for breadstuffs
duU. and the following decline in prices during the week.
?Oil. a If. on flour, 3d. on wheat, and Is. a 2s. on Indian
corn. The quotations are:?Western Canal Hour, 37s. a
37s. Cd.; Baltimore, 37s. 6d. a U8s.; Ohio, 37s. 'id. a
3"s.; white wheat, lis. r,d. a 12s. 3d.; red and mixed,
li s. led. a lis. 6d.; white corn, 30s.;a4ts.; yellow and
mixed. Cha. Cd. a 40s. Messrs. Richardson Brothers
quote Philadelphia and Baltimore at 37s. 6d., and corn
40s., for white and yellow. The weather was cold on
Friday, with indications of rain, which was wanted.
LIVERPOOL PROVISION MARKET.
Messrs. Gardner h Co. leport a moderate demand for
beef, but dealers buy for their immediate wants only,
l'ork quiet and firm, witli a light stock. Ilacon continues
to be pressed on the market, and although the consump
tion is large, buyers are difficult to please. Urease butter
is inquired (or. Linseed cake slow of sale. The demand
for cheese is over. Badeuach reports beef unchanged.
Tbe deficit in the imports reaches 17,000 tierces. Bacon
languid end a shade lower. Small sales of batter at lower
rates. Kichardson quotes new beef scarce, but no de
mand.
Freights at Liverpool had not varied much during the
week,but tended to a slight decline, owing to recent arri
vals. Steerage passengers steady.
LIVERPOOL PRODUCE MARKET.
[From the Brokers* Circular.]
Ashes quiet and unchanged. In seeds, bark, orlinsee.1
cake, nothing doing. Rosin in regular demand: saleslif
1,5(0 this, common, at 5s. Fpiri'.y of turpentine steady,
at 40*. a 60s. No sales of tar or turpentine. Oils?Sales
of 100 tons olive, at ?1 decline: rape, unchanged; palm,
a fair huainsas, at ?47 a ?.48 10 on the spot, g??l un
changed: sperm, nominal. Tallow in Improved demand,
and considerable sales at 66a. Lard rather lower; sales
at 61s. 0d a 62s. en the spot, and 52s. a 53s. to arrive.
A moderate business doing in rice; 158 tierces Carolina
s. Id at St a and 48 tierces good middling, at 21s. Coffee
?Fales of native Ceylon nt auction, at full rates. Tea?
a moderate business, nt lid. a 11id. for common Con
gou. t- gar. quiet nnd unchanged. Tobacco, more ac
tive: prices unchanged. Byeyvoola in moderate demand;
small sales of Honduras logwood at ?7.
LONDON MARKETS.
Messrs. Bnring Brothers report sugar and coffee steady;
hriadstuffs firm; tea. rice arid cotton dull; American
fiour aclling at 36a. a 40s.; white wheat, 78s a 82s.; red,
72s. a 76s.. lard, very dull, Western nominally 64s. a 56a.
THE It ETA LB MARKET.
Wrlsh iron continued dull, at ?7 16a, for rails, and ?8
a ?8 0?. for bars. Scotch pig a lvan~ed; American brands
quoted st Ma. Tbe demand for Staffordshire continued.
Copper, firm, with little offering. Lead, prices main
tained, and supply small. Spelter, very dull at ?23.
PTATE OF TRADE IN MANCHESTER.
The market had relapsed into its former qnlet state,
and the amount of business done was inconsiderable.
IIAVUK MARKETS.
JUvrk, April 26. 1853.
The sates of cotton daring the week were 8,260 biles,
the market clo'ing flat, but prices supported?'h-leans
ranging from 02 n 60f.; Mobiles. 74 a 80f.; Uplands, 74 a
SOI . Fteek on hand 96,500 bales. Aahes lirm, with a
limited inquiry. Rice neglected. Genesee Hour sold at
41 25 n II 60, Knd Orleans at 43 60 a 44/ , closing quiet,
lied wheat, 60 60 a h 1 f.
Passengers by Oie Oanmln.
Ml Bigdnw, child and nnrso. Mrs U'yraan and servant,
Mr Mnriin. Miss Mnrtin, Messrs Tiffrons and servant, ilnss
nnd servent. Rflan, lady. Infant and nnrSS, Mi's Saltun,
Mr Parker, lady, child and maid, Mr Gilmonr, Captain
Brown. Messrs Peltlgard, Warren, Moutton, Moyorn, Oo
irersa, Sarllng, Catnmings, Borrio, Jnlien and son, liar
risnn. Miss Paten, Captain Carey and lady, Mr Mister anil
lady. Dr Cnnrge. lady, child and servant, Messrs Arreuaa,
l ord Ktin, Mannef, Alexander. Dr 8"Ottercnd and lady,
Mr Snmliermann Westoett. Maeter Hnnt, Captain Carrfs,
two children and serTente. Mr Hntehineon. Miss Grahams,
Mlsa Owrey, Mr Parkin. Gonld, lady and child, Gnnld,
Rjrrat Miller. Neil, Miss Neil, Cohen, Baker, lady and in*
fant. Green, lady and child, Jaekaoa, Delaford, ( apt Sin
clair. KoMnaon. Sutherland, Herti, Curler and two chil
dren, Mice Rneata?, Davidso?, Samtral, Fleet man, Am
Irob?, Miss Ambrose. Elard Alison. CapUin Curley. Mllll,
can, DeUor, Mi.a Humsford, Uutchlasoa. Garry. Kako,
Iturkr and lady. Burke. Dorwinxslon. llowker, Oaican,
Swan, Gage. Peltun, Soowosru, Prof Foltou, Uiti UarrUon.
Shlp|)li>K Int<llSi*rn??.
Arrived from Boston?No date, l'i.eataqwa, at Madras.
Sailed for lie.ton?April ?_'d, Vaucouver, from Uraresend;
lltnrv Nosmilh, from Liverpool .
Arrived from Portland?April 28, Charity, ateamahip. at
1 Arrived from Now York?April 15. Hvrr. at Gibraltar;
6tb, Gilbert at Tarragona; ?l>lh. l.raast rrooaleinan, on
Falmouth; Pliccnia, at Liverpool. 27t i Now Y orlt Ooean
llorald, Vanguard and liuavar, at do, :Ntb, Commodore and
MSa"ud'for0Vew York-April 13. Devon from PaU-mo
2.'ith To to pent. Kelugeo, 'Iropic and Northern Boll. from
Liverpool' 26?h, l.itboa. from Usvro; Coruellus Uriaaell,
David Cannon and Southampton, Iroiu Llvef pool
Arrived from B vltiinnro?April 27, Arnold Buoinger, at
Ilelvoet; Anuapoile. at Llvorpoiil. w?i.?
Arrived from Richmond?April 14, Areona at Venice.
Arrived from Charloeton?April 15, Minerva, at Barcelona.
27th Muscouisos, at Liverpool
Arrived from Mobile?April 12 Do'orcr Prima, at Barce
lona. 2."tli, Nelson, ofl Headman, tor Bremen.
Arrived trom New Or eans?April 7, Modeeta, at Salvador,
13th Huena Vista, at Barcelona: 15th, Strrina in the Bal
tic: 2I?t, lioademona. at 'lrieate; JCth. Lydia, in the Sohelde,
27th. Sea Kino and Stainboul at Liverpool.
Sailed for New Orleans?April 25, Moaea Taylor, from
^Latert?Colng into Mrerpool April 29, Paaama from
Kew York; Sir John Franklin, t-om ? OirUolyheid
2t'tb, Kv< elsior, nnd another Ainerioan ?hip, rromj- ? f
S V.i dIrom LWerpool-april 27. ete.mship. Ottawa, for
Quebec ami Montreal; Great Britain, for Australia.
(The luavy gtormof We Mmclay night greatly daiu-c-l
the laotern Ih.ce, so that wo were compelled to have the
strainer's news gent hy horse expre -suabetwtoa dllTorent
stations east of Portland, un I tlie last part of the report
did not reach us until about one o'clock this (Iriday)
morulrg.]
INTERESTING FRO* WMBKOTttl.
The Present Aspect of the Nebraska
Gueation.
FACTIOUS CONDUCT OF THE OPPOSITION.
DETERMINED STAND OF THE FRIENDS OF THE BILL,
&c., Ac., &c.
Prom Washlnsffon.
CHEERING PBOSPKCT9 l'OIt TlIE NEBRASKA BILL?THE
NKW YORK NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC MEMBERS?UN
JUSTIFIABLE CONDUCT OF TI1K OPPOSITION, ETC.,
WASHINGTON, May 11, 1854.
Were there any doubt as to the feeling of tlio House,
the conduct of the opponents of tho Nebraska bill, to
day, would remove it. It is evident that the majority in
favor of the bill is even larger than was supposed. Every
decision of the Chair is su.stainod by a decided vote. Every
motion made by tins opponents of the bill has been lost..
Hie opposition, as avowed by Sage and applauded by
Giddings, has become factions, and is reduced to a ques
tion of physical endurance. Tne minority, hoping either
to coerce the majority or to fritter away the time till
Tuesday, when a special order will send the Nebraska bill
to the foot of tho calendar, unless it is meantime dis
posed of. The "hards," with the exception of Walbridgo
and Walsh?who are nobly sustaining their principles as
national men?are found on the side of Giddings, Gerrit
Smitli, and the free soilcrs.
It remains to bo seen how far the country will sustain
the minority in nrresting the public buslnoss aud re
fusing to accede to the democratic doctrine that tho ma
jority governs.
Tin- utmost good feeling prevails so far, the opponents
of the bill seeming to regard their conduct as a capital
lurk.
| W'e have seen as bad a looking case as the present po
sition of the hill cured by the majority continuing to sit
the matter cut. In the case of the Oregon bill, and af
terwards, in 1854, there was just as valorous talk on the
part of tho minority about sitting tho session out, &c., but
nlte: a ftw hours trial they caved in. W e think a s mi
Inr result will now be witnessed. The minority, knowing
they arc in the wrong, will doubtless come to their senses
before Tuesday. At all events, the friends of tho bill
declare tbat tbc.v will not give way in their constitution
al rights.
BLOCK A PK OF CUBA?DEPARTURE OF CRN. GADSDEN.
Hie Union of this morning says, if ample satisfaction
be not allowed for the seizure of the Black Warrior, It
will advocate the immediate blockade of Cuba.
General Gadsden reached here yesterday, and leaves to
day for Charleston, whence ho proceeds in the United
States steamer Fulton to Vera Cruz, carrying with liim
the Mexican treaty.
thirty-third congress.
FIRST SESSION.
Senate.
Washington, May 11, 1654.
TUX I'RINTINO OF THE DEBATES.
| Mr. Bright, (dcm.) of Ind., offered a resolution direct
ing the Secretary of the Senate to contract with the ell
tors of the Sentinel for publishing the Jeaatci of the Se
nate in that paper.
Tho resolution was debited for an hour, and then,
without flr.al action, was laid over.
MOTIONS I AID OVER
Mr. Bright, (dem.) of la., movel to reconsider the
I v^tc rasBing the bill for the re lief of David Mjerle, which
was returned from the House ut tho request of tho
Senate, and laid over.
Mr Hropijk.\d, (dein.) of Pa., moved to reconsider the
vote ordering the printing of 37,000 copies of the agri
cultural part of the Patent Office report. Laid over.
Mr. Bright olfcred a resolution amen ling the rules, so
that no bill passing the Semite shall be sent to the House
until three days alter action on it. laid over.
roRTirif'ATIoNS.
Mr. MAUOP.T, (dem.) of Fla., otrered a resolution of in
quirv as to the expediency of authorizing the Secretary of
War to finish the fortifications at Tortugas aud Key West.
Adopted.
tiie insane iaxd rim.
Wes taken up. ... . ,
Mr Badger, (whig) of Ga., spoke two hours, snrUln
irg thp constitutionality of tho hill, lie held that the
power to dispose of the public lands was vested in Con
gr<fa, without any limitation. He read from tho journals
to show ihat grants of land to Kentucky and Connecti
cut, for the Deaf aud Dumb Asylum, had been voted for
nnd supported by Messrs. Buchanan, King, MeDutno,
Woodbury, McLane. Polk, and others?strict construe
tion staterroen?and were approved by President Monroe
and his able Cabinet.
The bill was postponed till Monday. Adjourned.
Ilouac of Repreaentatlvee.
Wasbirotor, Msy 11, 1854.
Tit* RXTRASKA BTt.L,
Mr. Richardsor, (dem.) of 111., offered a resolution that
the debate on the Nebraska bill ahull terminate to morrow
at twelve o'clock. He moved the previous question.
Mr. Macs, (dem.) of Ind.?I suggest that the gentleman
postpone the closing of the debato until Friday week, in
order that gentlemen here may discuss it, inasmuch as it
bns never been discussed before the people.
Mr. IlintARneoif?There Is a special order for Tuesday,
and it is desirable that this hilt should bo disposed of, as
it stands in the way of other business.
Mr. Tayior. of Tern.?Did I not understand the gen
tleman to say yesterday that he would not press the mo
tion, if the enemies of the hill desired further time in I
which to make speeches
Mr. Riatsnnsojr?I said the time at which I proposed
to terminate the debate would depend on the opponents
of the bill?I think that is alii sail: and that if they
showed a disposition to debate the bill, I would give as
much time as possible before reaching fhe special order.
Mr. Oinniwos, (free soil,) of Ohio, wished to ask a ques
tion;but iiermiision was denied from all parts of the
House, lie said, however, amid the confusion, that the
House were seven months debating the admission of f'alt
fornU as a State, and now only four dsys were to be al
lowed for discussing this measure. He hoped the re
porters would publish bis words.
Mr. Mac* moved that the resolution be laid on the
table.
Mr. ErOUJOT, (dem.) of Ind., moved a call of the
House.
Mr. HorsTOR, (dem.) of Ala., wanted to ask a question.
Messrs. Oipddkmi, Campmli, (free soil,) of Ohio, and
others, objected, and much confusion ensued.
Mr. IIOCHTOR desired to show that it lakes two thir ls
to postpone a special order.
11(0 House, by yeas 88 to nays 97, refused to call the
House.
The House refused to lay the resolution on the table;
Yoss, 96; nays. 109.
Mr. EscHRor, (dem.) of Ohio, asked Mr. Richardson
to modify his resolution.
Mr Rii uaspso.v replied, there was no change which
ho could make. There was a special order for neat
week: and h side, there had already been eighty speeches
mado on the question.
Mr. F.oorRTOR said, the* am 234 members of tho
House, and he knew of no reason why ten, or forty,
should tie precluded from the debato. He asked for a
modification, extending the time to Saturday, at twelve
o'clock. He moved a call of the House, and thereupon
the yeas and nays.
Mr. Ct?r?n.i asked to be excused from voting.
Mr. Wcstwort*, (dem ) of III., movsd to lay that re
quest on the table, and asked for the yea* and nays.
The Sriaxai decided this oat of order.
The question w?? taken on excusing Mr. Campbell, and
decided natively?jeas 86, nay* 102.
Mr. ftun, (dom.) of N. Y., moved to reconsider the
Tote by which the House refused to lay Mr. Richardson's
resolution on tlic table, and be appealed to that gentle
man to extend the debate till Saturday noon, ho as to
give tne opponents of the bill a fair chance to be hoard.
Mr. CannqtL moved to lay tbe motion on the table.
Mr. HaMLTCK, (dem.) of Md., Haid the motion w.ia not
in ord< r, because nothing was to be accomplished by it.
The BriUKXR so decided.
Mr. Bag*, (ahig) of N. Y., moved to reconsider the
rote by which the 1 ionic refused to excuse Mr. Campbell
from voting.
The BnuSBsald the gentleman not baring voted with
tLc majority on that question could not so m >ve.
Mr. v. asIwvh.n. (whig) of 111.?I voted with tlie niajori
tv, and make that motion.
' Mr. Wximror.ni, (dun.) of 111., moved to lay that mo
tion on the table, ltecidud nlllrinutively?yeas 10'J, nays
6'.'.
Mr. Kx**, (whig) of N. C., asked leavo to make a siur
gcst,on._ (Ones of "Hoar him," "Hear him ") ife
. uini, -?near mm.") IIo
projiosed tnat the debate should t>o extended through
this to the latter | art of next weok. Let this arrange
luent be made, with the.understnudlng th.t the l'acitic
Ua.lread bill shell be taken up week after next. This
was n fair proposition, and he called on gentlemen who
love order to acquiesce
Tbe Sikakrr said that the Pacific Railroad bill was tho
special order for Tuesday next, und from day to day un
til disposed of. Unanimous consent of tho House would
be occcs-iiry to posini ,? to ? particular day.
Mr ZA1IVx, (why/of Telin., propoi ed that th<- de
bate oe eouUnuetl until nil gentlemen who desire to do
so shall liuve spoken, wbiuh might be in four or tiro
davs
Mr. MoPotoai., (dem ) of Cal , said ho had determined
to urge the consideration of the Pacific Railroad bill,
rt wv.ntiuti in mo i-Hciac Katlroa<l bill,
when it tfcould como up. Not, however, beinfc disposed
to stifle proper debute on tills question If the House
unaniroouftly tksire to postpone tbe tho Pacific Railroad
bill till Tuesday week, for the purpose of discussing tho
Nebraska bill, he would consent .
VoiCKs?" That's fair "Good."
Mr Baok ot.jooled
Mr. fintrHKns, (whig) of Ga.. said that the friends of
the Nebraska hilt ate willing to postpone the Pacific Rail
road bill, if tin foes of tlie Nebraska bill desire free de
bate; but if the foes of that measure will not consent,
the friends must sit it out all r.ight. If you want liboral
and full debute, say so; if faction, we will meet you in
faction.
Mr. Pavim, (dem.) of R. I., desired all should be heard
without levelling night sessions, lie did not admit the
right of any gentleman to curtail him of his rights. The
country expects it shall Is; fully discussed?the enemies
of the bill will resist it to the last, becauso they thiuk it
their right and duty so to lo.
Mr. WAtHarHNK (whig) of Me., rose to make n sugges
tion, saying, it the triends ?f the bill desire fair an I full
_ _D, mo uui uosire rair and lull
discussion within d< cent tain, let them come forward
and make a proposition to the foes of tho measure to
postpone the debate on the Lchraska bill uutil the special
order rliall have been executed.
Much contusion sprung up,8overnl gentlemen declaring
Mr. Woahhurne out of order.
Mr. Craibb, (dem.) of N. 0, wanted to know how that
gentleman got the floor ?
The Bprakhr replied that he had obtained unanimous
Consent.
Mr. ('HAior?1 never consented, and I object for one,
and I call him to order.
Bome conversation followed on this point, when the
StEAKEi: requested Mr. Wnshbvrne to con line himself to
a mere suggestion, to mal.o which the House had given
its consent.
Mr. IVASHRritNK said he would, and was saying tlioy
ought to have time to consider tho bill, when ho was
again Interrupted by loud cries of "Order, order."
Mr. HCJcr, (dem.) of 111 , rose, remarking?T still fool
some concern for tree discuss ou, as lierctot.ro manifest
ed. It appears to mo the proposition of the gentleman
from Culifornla (Mr. Mcl'oeg.il) ii a fairono, and I think
those who desire free discussion, arid the friends of
order, ought to accept of it- While the majority were
disposed to stifle debate, 1 railed my voice against it, but
when a proposition of an honorable cbararter is made,
allowing every gentleman to use liis privilege in this
plaee, 1 think it becomes every friend of Ii'*-. ;y to accept
of it. (Cries of "Go< d, capital; that's right.")
Mr. Sacs said, the House having voted against ltying
tbe resolution to terminate the debate ou the table, it
afTorded an indication that the re solution woul 1 pass. I
am unwilling that important business shall bo fnid aside
for n measure that is not pressing. 1 was surprised on
Monday when tho House it id aside other important
bills fur the one now pending. (Cries of "order," "or
der.") I shall resist every attempt to stifle debato in
tv-ry legitimate way. nnd 1 think tho country will sus
tain me. I am not to be Intimidated and wii! assert my
rights. 1 thiuk the Pacific Railroad bill is more Impor
tant than thi* swindle, which has been thrown upon the
country.
Mr. Resto^ (cem.) of Mo., wanted to know what the
question wast
'Hie .-'l EAKi R with great particularity explained it.
Mr. Rentos?Then ert'ei me as a permanent objector
to postpone the Pacific Railroad bill. (Laughter.)
Mr. >T.OHE((B, (iem ) of Pa.?Now. lot us go on and ;
sit it out.
A Vein?You must liavo had your dinner, Colonel.
("Ha! la I")
Mr. Bayly, (dem.) of Va.?1 desire fo say?and I am
quito sure I ?| eak the sen imenfs of the frien ls of tho
bill?they un disposed to allow the largest latitude of
debate: and this Has bien shown. But why put otT ac
tion. when wc are admonished by one of the prominent
nppt nenls of the kill, that, no matter how lung the de
bate is allowed, fpese scenes are to be ro-cnncted; We
might as well meet tho question now.
I.oud cries of "Now, now," from the friends of the
bill.
Mr. HiBBAtin, dem.) of N. H.?We're ready.
Mr. r.tvm (of R I.)?Iadvi<e the gentleman to begin.
Mr. Hibbakd (on the other side of hall)?I'll take ewe
of my own case without your advice.
Mr. Hi m?It becomes us, American and national re
presi ntativcs. as lovers of liberty and parliamentary
law, to go on with the discussion, as proposed by tne
gentleman from. California. (Mr. McDougal,) nuipro
cred with the business before the House.
A V< ICS?Thai's right.
Mr. Cabi-bbli. rose and began saying something, when
Mr. Itri.r-RSOIX, (dem.) of Conn., objected to debate.
If the Chair should decide that the gentleman could go
on. he would appeal from the decision.
'Ihe Bpkaki n called the House to order, and after n. ich
effort quiet was in some degree restored.
Mr Wafm.i Rsr (of Me.), was sorry to disagree with
his friend from Louisiana (Mr. Hunt) and insisted that
as the Nebraska bill was not pressing, the Pacific Rail
road, Deficiency, and other important bills, should first
be acted upon. Wc have lived under what the gentle
man calls n great wrong for thirty years, and have never
known we were damaged
The Bhkakxk remiuded the gentleman he was wander
ing from his subject.
Mr. WAiailTRN, after further interruption, concluded
what ho had to say, claiming they should huvo ample
time to consider the measure.
Mr. GooimcH (whig) of Mass.?I want to say one
word.
Mr. Ihrit iEO I object.
Mr. Ciiaiok.?The Chiir has declared the gentleman
from Maine (Mr. Washburn) out of order. I raise the
joint, he cannot speak exce|>t by unanimous consent.
Mr. IllBBAF.D.?That is the rule.
The PrRAi.KR put the question, and the house refused
consent to Mr. Washburn to proceed.
Mr. Washmrk?1 desire to make auothcr remark.
Tlie SrvAKRR?Will th- House consent that the gentle
man shsll proceed in order?
"No? No"?from all jiart* of the House.
Mr Waiwk.v s?:d?No further opjiositlon being made,
if the friends of the bill wero not willing to give ample
time for debate, by yielding to his suggestion, then be
would object to any other proposition.
Mr. (lis i Rial aguin made an Ineffectual effort to offer a
suggestion.
The question recurring on, "Shall there be a call of the
House ?''?
Mr. Sack asked to be excused from voting. The ques
tion was determined negatively, by yeas and nays.
Mr. f'.'.MiHEti. moved to reconsider the vote last taken,
and this was similarly determined.
Mr. Sti'AKT, (dem.) of Ohio, moved that the House ad
journ. Negatived?69 yeas, 109 nays.
Mr. Put'it, (dem ) of Pa., moved that the House ad
journ to meet on Saturday, Negatived.
Mr. Sag* moved that tbe House adjourn.
Roth motions were decided negatively, by yeas and
nays. The House refused a call of the House, 46 to SO.
Foi'R o'Ciock, P. M.
Mr. Orr relieved the Speaker in the duties of the
chair.
Mr. GorPRtnj moved that the House adjourn. Yeas
40, nays tC?no quorum, the majority having slipped off
to dinner.
Mr. Riri'ARri?o!f moved tliat there should he a call of
the House.
Mr. Pka.x coming in, asked leave to vote, saying he
had just come from dinner.
The House was called, and tho doors closed to liear
excuses for absentees.
Mr. I'Rar made an ineffectual motion that all further
proceedings in the call be diapenaed with.
Mr. Wa-iibi r*, (of Me.) and Messrs 8age nnd Ed
?am?, from time to time made motions to adjourn, but
uDsucessf ally.
The House proceeded to hear excuses for absentees.
A motion was made to excuse Mr. Appleton on account
of sickness in his family.
Mr. Rayiv asked if the gentleman should not he ex
cused, whether It would not be the Imj/erative duty of
the Sergeant at-arma to go after him?
11ic SiKihXi: rejdled?That depends upon the action of
the House.
Mr. Appleton was excused, only two voting nay
Mr. Hilybr, (dem ) of Ga., moved that all further pro
CiOdmgt In (be cull tic rucl with.
lUtT Pact Si* o'ciock, P. M.
A flood of light now pour* over the Hall from the
chandelier. The galleries ore filling up.
Mr. H wires moved Hint the Ihpise adjourn.
While the vote *?i being txkeu on this question, many
member* were eating tlieir dinner* in the lobbies, while
other* were reposing on chair* and eofa*, strengthening
themselves for a long contest. Mr. Dean is engaged in
rradirg Cuba and the Cabana.
The motion to adjourn waa rejected. All further pro
ceedings in the call of the House were dispensed with.
Mr. Hack moved that the House adjourn till Monday.
Negatived.
Mr. WanHBrnxn, (of III.) moved thnt the House ad
journ.
Mr. nRaramranxia asked the Chair what was the pend
lng_question.
The Situ a a*. who had by thia time returned from din
Mr, replied?On aecooding the damwd for the preyioua
question on the resolution submitted this morning by the
gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. Richardson.)
The House refused to adjourn. A debate took plieo
on a jxiint of order raised bjr Mr. Maurice, ashing to be
excused from voting.
Mr. ltmior Pkukinh said he would mal.e a proposition
to end this sort of matter now golngon. (I.aughter and
cries of "Hear liim ") It was to allow the debate to
proceed fo- one week, and direct the Clerk to notify the
three thousand and fifty clorgyinen. who sent u;> a re
monstrance against the Nebraska bill, to cumo lu re at
their own expense, and indulge one hour erery morning
In pravor for tho successful despatch of business. (Kx
ecsslve laughter.) As soon as they all got throu-rh wi'h
their prayers the House will be in a proper temper and
disposition to take the question up nnd do justice to it.
(Very loud '? Ha, has," in which the galleries joined).
Mr. pMrm, (dom.) of Va., expressed his surprise that
the gentleman should make Bticta a discreditable propo
sition, and wished to reply, but the House objected.
Half past Ni.vx o'clock P. M.
The galleries are crowded, and not a few members are
snoozing in the InbMcs.
Repeated motions; such as to adjourn?to be excused
from voting, and for a call of the House, and for the yeas
and nays. The clorks, hoarse with calling the roll.
Tkn O'Ci.oc.x P. M.
Spectators deserting the galleries?-members constantly
going out for meat and drink, while others ate their
lunch in the hall. An amusing private scene occurred
iu the lobby. The mi mbers arranged themselves at Cap
tain etc wart's table to partake of a basket of victu is,
and to a nek down, with roiuethin?in a botUe. Having
no cork screw, thev were in a quan Inry and coucl dod to
letiround brpak the nrck of the bottle out of doors.
Thev came in afterwards, refreshed, and considerably
elated. No', a few cigars were smoked in the rear ol tlie
Spi nker's chair in the lobby. Meantime, the inter.- -ling
i roo ts of calling the yeas and nays was going on in i .
ball.
Half-past Tbn O'Clock, P. M
Mr. Dkan said, the morning hour having expired, he
moved that the House resolve itself into Committee of
the Whole on the State of tho Union.
The Fpkakxr Bald tho motion was not in order, ponlin *
tlm proposition to olose tho debate.
?\ r Dkan?1 thought n Nebraska speech at this hour '
would be rcfrething. Other questions were decided by
tho yens and navs.
Mr. Cowi?1 will offer an olive branch at this late hour.
C'ri. s nt' No, no." --lioit." "What Is It?" "Heai
him." "Question." "Let's have your dive branch."
Mr. Conn?It is connected with the 'question before the
House.
A Voter?Make a speech on ihe Graduation bill?make
a speech on the Homestead bill.
Hums o'Ci.ock, P. M
Mr. PinuRDttON said he proposed to ino lify his resolu
tion.
Mr. Camviikll objected, amid cries of "Hear him,"
"Hear htm,"
The Speaker said the resolution was in the possession
of the mover.
Mr. Richardson modified it, so as to close the debate
oti the Nebraska bill in llvo minutes after the House
shall again go into committee, and moved tho previous
question. m
Messrs. Wasjiiu-rn (of Mo.) and Draw at the same
time moved an adjournment. Negatived.
Mr. Morgan moved that tho House adjourn till Mon
day next.
Mr. Cami-reli. asked to be excused from voting.
Mr. Seward wanted to have the question settled now,
whether a gentleman can ask to be excused from voting
without furnishing a reason, thus abusing Ihe prii ileges
of ihe lloor.
Mr. Camiheli?Matters of abuse are for my constitu
ents, ami not for the gentleman Irom Georgia.
Mr. Fevvakd.?The movement Involves tho character of
the House.
The FiKakkr decided that Mr. Campbell could not ask
to be excused.
Midnight.
Motions to adjourn. Ac., contiuhed to be made, and
voted down by tho yeas and nays.
Half VantOnk o'Clook, A. M.
Members appear exceedingly wearied, but are still en
gaged in the jalriotte duty of am-wurlng yen or nay on
the oft repeated questions.
[The lateness of the hour, half-past two o'clock, com
pels u.-, to break oif here.]
From Albany.
THE WHIG GESFRAL COMMITTER?DEMOCRATIC STATE
CONVENTION.
Ajhaxy, May 11, 1S54.
The whig know-nothings carried the day in this city
in electing a General Committee over the So .cardites.
The f.th of September is app- lntod for holding the
democratic (- ? .tt) tstate Convention. V'our delegates
from each senatorial district is the number agreed upon.
Moveuwi'.ts ot Kx-Prcililcnt Fillmore.
BA rmOUR, Mav II, |V ,|
Kx President Fillmore nriived it Augusta. Ga., oa Tue.i
day? n his ieltiin fioin Nasliville. e?t couV for the North,
lie would lease the next day for Columbia. S C.. wher
a public reception awaited iiiui.
From Cincinnati.
MClfoER AT ST. LOUIS?CHOLERA ON THE MI9SI3
SIFPI, ETC.
Cincinnati May 1<\ 1854.
J B. I-ftldlaw, a setae pnlntrr at ihe Fioplt'i theatre.
St. Lnub, wu murdered 011 Friday last. A man named
JackMin, ?h<> wis supposed to bo the murdurtr, b id nb
icondad, and was la.ii teen at the railroad depot at Spring
field.
From twenty to twenty-tiro death* from cholera oc
curred among some German emigrant*, on their war
from New O; leans to 8t. Louis, on board the steamo'r
Dresden, which arr ived at St. I.oui* 011 Satur lay laat.
Six thousand buffalo robes?tho first arrirod of the se t
ioti?were sold at St. I.ouis. on Saturday, at $?. 01 per
robe.
Elections In ClUcs.
MEW ORLEANS MCNICIPAL ELECTION.
New Onim, May 9,18(4.
Our municipal election took p'. tce yesterday, and the
reformers weie triumphant by 1,700 majority.
PROVIDENCE MCNICIPAL ELECTION.
Pmmmnoa. it l., May 11,1854.
At our city election yesterday, the tvhigs c irried every
thing. Mr. Knowles, for Mayor, has a majority in five
of the seven wards, and hiB aggregate majority is 316.
The entire board of aldermen, ond twenty-three out of
twenty-eight councilmen are wiiigs.
Death of a Merchant.
CharmsWon, May 10, 1854.
* Hon. Henry K Harrnl, of Bridgeport, of the firm of
H irral, Sprnulo kCo., of New York, and Hare, Calhoun
k Co., of Charleston, died at Augusta, Oa., on Wednes
day morning.
Movements of Steamships.
DEPARTURE OF TUB CAHAWPA.
Moriik, May 9, 1854.
The ? tenmwhip Cahawba sailed from this port to-day at
one o'clock, for New York via Havana, w ith 30 pas.-on
gers and 1,172 bale* of cotton.
THE AUGUSTA AT SAVANNAH.
Savannah, MayO, 1854
The steamship Augusta, from New York, arrived herq
to-day, in fifty-seven hour* passage.
Navigation of the St. Lawrence.
Montreal. May 10, 1854.
The first ship from sea arrived at Quebec to day.
Markrts.
Nkw Orleans, May 9. 18.54
Ti e Africa's new* Lad no effect on our cotton market.
The .ales on Mon lay were 6,0'ti) hales, and to-day 5,500
bales. Middling is quoted at 8c. The decrease in the
receipts nt *11 Southern ports is 476,000 bole*. The
ste<k < n hand hero ii 300,t)0J bales. Cotton freight* to
Liverpool, 15-I6d.
ClTARiBTnv. May 9, 1854.
Tlie sale* of cotton to day were 500 biles, principally
<f tho better qualities, at full prices.
City Intelligence.
The .5 merican Iv-TiTT-rn?Ki p.tion or OrnrEBs.?The
annual election of officer* of tids institution yi as hold
yesterday, at it* roon *. No. 351 Broadway. More than
u?ual interest was manifested on this oc-nsion. In conse
quence of an attempt made by the exhibitor of t)iu
<m i
oolly horse to elect s ticket of his own musing A
ir,dating that got up by the Institute, and headed "reg j
ular nomination,'' was industriously circulated among
the members, but they discovered the fraud in time to ;
prevent its success, and elected the true ticket by an
overwhelming majority. They saw that the design of
the aforesaid Individual of woolly horse notoriety, was to
effect, by means of his friends, a junction of the Trysts!
I alsce with the American Institute, an I alarmed for the
Safety of the latter, they rallied ?lmo*t to a man to the
poll* and eloeled the following tfeket ?
I'retid'tU?Robert I.. l'ell
Fice /'residents? Itobert lorctt, P. Meredith Roe*e,
Livingston Livingston
Handing Snretary?Ib-nry Meigs.
C rraponding Secretary and At/ml?Peter B. Mead.
7reas?irrr?Fdw.ird T. Backhouse
Fmavre Committee?John A. Hunting. George Bacon,
N. 0 Bradford, George Dickey, James R Smith.
Monayri <f the 7ic-n<y Sencnlh Arnual Fair?John A.
Bunting, Joseph Torrey, Ja?. R. Smith, Isaac V. Brower,
William Kbbitt, F W. ttelssenhainor, Jr.. Benedict Lewis,
Jr , William Hall Edwin Smith. Joseph f'owdin, Clarkton
C'rc'line, William B I^onard, George C. Mann, John Gray,
William A. Wbltbcck, John V. Targee, WilliamC. Arthur,
William K Strong, Jaeob C. Parsons, John N. Genin,
Henry B Dunham, George F. Nesbitt, W. H. Dlkeinan,
Samuel D Eackns.
AN Incident ?A woman known a* Craty Kate, who
has made more than one appearance before the Commit
tee on Streets, when they were investigating the pro
priety of extending Albany street through Trinity church
vard, *p| eared at the liar of the Board of Aldermen, on
Wednesday evening, and wa? proceeding to deliver an
invective against the proposed desecration of the dead,
when she was politely ?t,, wn to the door by Mr Weed,
the Errgeant at-Arms. Hliortly after her removal, there
waa found pinned against one of the pillars at the
door a paper, on which was inscribed:?1"Alderman,
goose among the dead babies and revolutionary
soldiers." At the foot of this was a drawing, in pencil,
of graves and tombstones, a weeping willow and a goose
with two beads, feeding on the grass, over which were
d?U?4 and Q*?t m*rk*,
Our Washington Correspondence.
WAsmifOTOir, U>; 11,1854.
The Nebraska Bill?The Questim at Good at Settle I, frtm
all Appearances?Party ami Presidential Consequence*
?The Cuban Question?That Business Suppose I to I*
Safe Enough?li'ews EtprcU-d.
The House has been seiied with one of those occasional
paroxyms of industry which have always characterised
the closing discussion of an important hill. The idea of the
friends of the Nebraska pacification (over the left) is te
bring the bill to a final voto soma time on Saturday cran
ing; that is to say, w th the close of the week the Missouri
compromise is to be declared a dead loiter, lacking only
the concurrence of the Senate in the amendments tn
their hill, and the President's signature, to make the re
peal of the Missouri restriction a law of the land.
From some intimations, howover, which were thrown
out in the course of the debate to day, it is quite possi
ble that the attempt to bring Nebraska to a rote on
Saturday will bo stared off by the parliamentary taction
usually employed by the minority in snoh cases, and
with the name result?a postponement of the find
vote for a dnv or two, but no more. If we were now
within teu dnys'or two weeks of the end of the session,
the Nebraska Mil, even by a minority, could be defeated,
for the necessity of considering the appropriation WUn
wruld compel the majority to succumb, and set thebll'
aside till next Hecember. Hut as there is no limit fixed
to the duration of this session, the majority have tho
game in their own bands, ami they can alfor<l to lose two
days or two weeks upon parliamentary obstructions, if
the minority can hold out so long.
Pome faint hopes nro expressed among the opponents
of the bill, that it will get stuck upon the question of
striking out the Clayton amendment; but, as tho true
advocates of the repeal have got the Impression through
their bail that John M. Clsj ton's amendment, curtail
ing the privileges of squatter sovereignty to native born
and naturalised citizens, was intended to cripple and
break down the bill, there is every reason to believe that
this amendment will be stricken out without remorse
in the House and abandoned wltho it compunction bp
the Senate. We have seen too much of the force of a
great issue to entertain tiny misgivings of obstructions
iu the way of amendments or provisos, when there is a
working majority organized for putting the bill through.
Texas, Oregon, the turilT of 1843, the tariff of 184(1, and
tho compromise measures of 1S50, wore resisted by all
sorts of expedients, amendments and provisos, but they
were all carried And as uone of all those measures, at
any stage of their consideration respectively, Indicated as
much in either house as this Nehru ka bill, we are quite
free In venture the opinion that the territories of Kansas
and Nebraska will soon be organizotl under the extinction
of the Missouri compromise line.
The lull comprehends a grand movement for Ihe Presi
dency?a reconstruction of parlies?and especially the
organization of a great national party upon a Southern
platform, which will swallow up a large |>orti>n of the
late whig party of the South, nil the democratic South
ern factions, and some cenaldernble democratic .vquisi
tions from the North. Tlio administration are in for tha
immediate and prospective benefits of this organization,
all the outstanding democratic Presidential candidates
nro in for it, excepting, perhaps. Uov Mtircy, who is sup
posed to be off upon another tack; all tho expectants of
foreign missions, consulates, tic., are in forlt; many
gentlemen looking to Southern support for railroad land
bills, aud tr.U.T bills, are in for it. Nebraska, therefore,
lias been gathering strength, while nil the power, and
nil the energies and expedients of terrorism of the
Seward orgat s and thq abolitionists seem to have been
exhausted in the first hattlo. but .iust when they had
imagined the field to he won, tlwy have been outfi inked
by the Nebraska regulars and mercenaries, and the field
is lost.
We leave you, Mr. Editor, to sum up the probable Pre
sidential consequences of the Missouri repeal. The im
pression hero is that it will concentrate a powerful
Northern party upon tv word, Hale, or, periuips, Old Bul
lion, for the next I'reiid< ncy. The Northern supporters
of the repeal look to this sba ping out of parties ax the
anchor ot tlieir salvation At all events, this Nebraska bil
dates a new epoch in the history of our political parties.
There is very little room to suppose that tha
Fonato Committee on Foreign Kelations will sanctien
the policy suggested by Mr Hhdoll iu teferenco to thfe
island of Cuba. The AdmiuUtration itself does not care
i to ho saddled with such authority, nor is it as much
I alarmed concerning tho Africanisatinn of Cuba as the
i late diatribes iu Iho Union would lead the credulous to
I believe. It is thought that Cuba can and will be ao
I quired before the next Presidential election, through
the pressure of impending events in Eunq>o, and the ne
cessities of Spain. Meantime, if the people of Louisiana,
in violation of our neutrality laws, undertake auy fili
bustering operations against Cuba upon their own
responsibility, they will bo ^rrcsted by the action of the
government. After the arrival of the next steamer,
there may be some important communications trans
mitted to the Senate, respecting our relation,! with Spain
and Cuba .**-N .b>. K.
Tlic Kitirnikn (lucslon.
The following was circulated yesterday. It is Strang#
that no time for the meeting is fivo.l upon. The bill will
become u law if the time for holding this meeting is pot
oft lor any length of time:?
CAM, FOil A PUBLIC MEETING TO ARREST THK VIO
LATION OP THB MISSOURI COMPROMISE.
71,r rit /ens of New York, who believe that th" prnpessd
ropeiil of tho Missouri compromise has been repudiated end
condemned l.y the fooplr ut !?r<e, and who further holier*
tluit thi ir ? ill rliould'>? protected from influences iiucob
?lituticnallv brought to I ter upon the House of Represent
will meet In the Park on ? afternoon.the ? le
rtsid. at 5 o'clock, to ootinidur the proper stein to he taktn
bv 1 be fn ? g tat, * at tl i< luotni otoue crisis ami to demand et
allmombera of Cenpress, whither from the North or tho
Houth, who adhere to the faith pled red by tie Missouri
compact. that stall haiurds thejr protect fr im Invasion tho
will unii the riebts of the p opie. aud that t , this eid they
resort If necetseiy. to the luoit decisive aod evuo oitrema
meastiri B to prevent the p, rpetratlon of an a t of periidy,
fraught with fearful and pr.'u.ps irr, parable disaster ta
the peace, tho harmony and the stai ility of onr Union.
J! H tlrinitell Sam. J Ileekee. ll. Kaufman.
Gen. J. Avczsana, O. W. Blunt, Alfred Pull.
W. K. Vt Idling, John day. T McNauiuo,
W. C. llryaot, J. tie Mullen. H. 11. Dawson,
Jos P. Simpson.
Eyecntiro Committee ar pointed to oppose the Nebraska
perfidy
Dated New York. May 11. 18M
The uodersixned, citiiens of Now York, earnestly Join in
the above call for a public meeting to arrest the violation g(
tho Missouri comproml. e. (T'lgm <1 by)
Jno. I.. Mason. V alter R Jones, ileo. Newbold,
Cm (Iriswold, (1 A Worth, S Ha.dwin,
K.C.htuart, Geo. T. Strong, IV.T Johnson,
Oov. M.Ogden, A. ('..Stout, J. S Underbill.
Jno llronwer, S. Roe tie, W. W. lieForest,
A. T.. 81 llinian. S 11. Runlas. John U Mills,
Joseph Walkor, Win II Mullen. 11. L. Stone,
R. W. (Iriswold.
Hon. Humphrey .TInrehnll nnd the Chinese
Rebels.
WashinotAn Cmr, April 29, 1854.
To nit Enrmn? of the Lopisviuji JontNAL?
In your number of the 27tli instant, I remark t pars*
graph in which you observe ''that the unirorsal Impres
sion in the United States was, that lion Humphrey Mar
shall, our late Minister to China, sided with the'impe
rialists against the revolutionists, and that he wan
wrong in doing io. An explanation of his course wan
called for from many quarters, but so far a;, wo saw none
was given. IVe sincerely hope that Mr. Marshall wtus
right, nnd that it will he made manifest."
The impression to which you refer does me great Injus
tice. and rests upon a thorough mlsconcontlon of my con
duct, as will appear whenever my correspondence with
this government shall be published.
My position was that of a rigid and faithful neutrality,
and it was maintained in every act of mine, official and
personal Never, by word or deed, did I assume, or for
a moment occupy, the position your paragraph us'-ribed
to me, and I runoot imagine how such a report gninod
Currency, unless they circulated it wilfully, to ray
prejudice, who s< ught an opportunity to depreciate raw
in the estimation of my countrymen by a resort to mis
representation in the absence or other ground for assault.
' ro lar from "siding with the imperialists fn China,"
my ititercorcourse was confined to such official notes as
became necessary in the discharge of my official func
tions, directed to points only connected with the rights
or interests of American citizens or American cona
mcrce.
With the rebels under Hung tslutsenen, I had nei
ther communication nor Intercourse of any kind, nor
did leier see any Chinese In any way connected with
Ihem.
With tbe rebfl who appeared as chief of Hhanghae t
had two short interviews only and the matter touched
upon at those referred generally to the protection of
American eitiz?ns and American property, except a sug
gestion and r< quest that in the prosecution of his insur
rection l.e would spare the unnecessary waste of humaa
lite.
I knew iheline of ray public duty, an 1 I pursued It
with the honest purpose of guarding the interests of my
countrymen, the honor of the United Slates, and of ob
serving faithfully those international obligations to which
this government stood solemnly pledged to that of China,
by treaty and by laws, of whicn I was at the time the ad
ministrator.
My Judgment refused to receive as true the crude con?
ceptlons of many in China in regard to the causes of ttu?
revolutlonaw movement, and mv *onse of obligation to
truth revolted at the erroneous views which were spread
before the Western world as to the philosophy and pro
gress of tho Chinese revolution. This no doubt gavu
olTenre to some who were Interested to propagate those
views. For such, snd for their good opinion, f have
neither respect nor care I feel solicitous that the com
munity to whose former generous confidence I owe what
ever public consideration attaches to my name, inav Im
assured that I pursued the path of my public duty,
while abroad, with an eye single to the good of my own
country, and that, when access shall be had to the paged
of my correspondence with the Department of State, I
shall he aide to cballengo the malevolence of my ene
mies to find therein a sentiment for which my friends
will blush, or by which I nm not ready to abide as a
ataleimrn Respectfully, fce., _
HtTMPfflOnr MARSHALL.
Court Calendar?Thla Dsf.
Ujcmrn Status Pixnaot Corrr?No*. 88, 81, 58, 84, 88,
48. 49, 20, 67, 81, 44. ?
Common Pijua?Part First.?Nos. 808, 808 809, SIX
Common Tijuh?rart Seoond?Nos 699, 718,788, 788,
740, 744, 610. 714, 778, 779, *98 to 898.
RrratioB Cor*T?(Two BnuBCDM.)?Not. 7&6> 7S1, H
748, 878, 87, 891, 811. 818, 799, 245, 810, #12, 861, 118,
798. 709, #7. 488, M9, 198, 938. 134, 887, 888, I0A
688, 406.

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