Newspaper Page Text
INTERESTING FROM EUROPE.
The Anglo-Franco-Tar co-Russian War. THE GREEK INSURRECTION. FASHIONS FOR ffl A f ? 8k., &c., 8k. Our Dublin Correspondence. Dcblin, April 20, 18.51. j The Inome Tux?Increase of. Taxation in Ureal Britain and Ireland?The Irish Convents Pros perts of a good Irish Harvest?Trade Hull?With drav-a' of Troops?Increase of the Militia, $v. This day (Wednesday) having been appointed by the Queen, in council, " to be observed as a day of ?humiliation throughout Great Britain and Ireland, in consequence of the state of war in which the country is involved," nearly all the shops in this city are closed, aa is also our Stock Exchange, and business generally is suspended. ****** lam here reminded that you would be likely to expect news from yonr Irish correspondent, of a somewhat more local natmethan that which I have a* yet touched upon in the principal portion of the above remarks; and so you should, if things as they were, utiil existed, but the contrary is the fact. Thank to the magnetic telegraph?one or the head ' '?}' which is r. iw within a few yards of where i ' C~V,^ old "jogtrot" system of communication lc.-..en this country and England and eke the < '.?1, ent o. Euro|.e, lias been refor ned akoge- 1 ther. and so much so that there is nothing foreign ?0.' ? -:-o tar, nt lcaei. a ; i-.ut is cu cerncd?which j c:.! - to any priii. ';,al . vi. *of Eur .p. out-ide the a; nuii: r.' el the Cz.ir. A - ,,n instance 1 may incn i'"i ? < have now let e me a copy of the I)al? i 1 I' I of vc-ter ay, which contains Paris ??? ?! .itir.v.' I i., ^ respect, you see, wc h iv ? I' ''s ahead on.nhing aft.-r your own i'.nh i - e the cciiv a ta . es, it is not so o v .a j iiir ,.y I. : a i-orre.-po. dent writing in this ciiv tt v. ith ev. n ti.e latest news, in oi'thcr the Bun-li or French m-tiopolis. But I . return to Old Ireland. The chief?indeed, I in,.; y, the only?imitation now on foot is tliat e . - a I iy ? motion recently carried in the House of ( '"ut'-mis, for a committee to inquire into conven ' -t'blislimenta. Tho next nt vo is the naming oi t.: committee, several attempts ai doing which i'La ? V" ^ustrated by the opposition given by I.. >rd ? olin ltutw 11 and otber loading members of ' ?'?rumen!, aided b;. .he majority of the Irish li'l'ie nntiitjves. Cnrh is enough, the motion when inti -diiced by its iiiitlm . Mr. Chambers, was ear ned .a despite of the i.m.i-try and their Irish sutt poit a tolerably evident proof that there is a slum ; " : o Popery" p. ty in the House. This movement against ti e convent ha.- created a pretty consi-lei able ferment amongst the Itom in Catholic population in the Unitr.l Kin vlora of all clas os from tue net r to the per mt. We h ive ht ly had a meeting in London, at which a protest against inter ference with the convt i,fx was adopted?and it lias sine, received the siuoi.turcs of nearly all the Utflucitial 1 Ionian Catboh ?; in Emtland. Meetings ol a similar nature have also boon held in this < itv in ( oi k Limerick, Coelie], and in many of the prim V'i ? ? " a'"! u committee is now sitting daily m this city to lr. ke arrangements far the holding a ''great aggregate meeting of the Roman l.Atu<i.icd of Ireland, to the requisition for calling winch is ;.pi ended the names of four peers, the four Roman Catholic archbish pi, twenty-one bishops, nearly all the Roman Catholic clergy, besides it large number of the !ri-b representatives, and some thousands oi the gentry, mercantile classes, die. The ince ing, which is to take place on Monday, the l.dh of May. promises to be the largest which has been congregated t .get her since the days of the Repeal ,\k cciution. It is to be held in the round ' room ol the Rotunda. You will see from wlmt T have bore stated, that j tue warm tue Ea*t i* not tho only to\?io which claim* attention at present. Without offerln" anv opinion (or myself up u the subject, 1 may 'state that I have good reason to know that many sober miadeo. thinking men, have expre-.-ed their decided -dissent to any move being made by the Legislature calculated to create a rem val of the '-religious" animo.-it e with which t'.r country has been cursed I r so in.i.u.vrrars- -more especially nt a t mo when S "V IS involved m a war, tho eventualities of w. ith no one can prccu t. ?i,oflj;l,y.t; froin tbU s,ll'Jeot, I iiave to report ,ncvir a more satisfactory p os h- ?( on abundant harvest than at this mu ni, nt. I here are some complaints of a want of rain; but *?'? ??. a* one can iu.dgc from present appe.vr au.e*. eyeiv description of crop looki well. Owing to .i.e i.gh p: ices which iuvvc been obtained for corn oi la*t years cultivation, there lias been a lar or btcsdt.t of ground lui.l under cereals this yf,1r t>i in has been the care witl. m my memory; and as for the potato, it is so extensively planted rs would lead owe to imagine that all r collection of the blight h.ul lota v pasned awa?. More than ordinary attention has n.? been tunied to the cultivation of flax the war with Russia from which considerable supplies h i.l heretofore been received, leading to the very n itura: opinion that for some time to come no fur t r imiuortations can be had from that quarter? b. ? des which, I find by a circular which has reaeh reeek,that,h.er-0;lch government has prohibited the exportation of flax from that conn i' '?. li /Ji heHe C,rcui,j finees, there can Ixv no ? tbe power may confidently reckon upon market, for uny t ax which may be raised open ln-h soil this year. Mime last harvest our farming classes arc driving a more profitable trade thai, l:ad been tho case since tae o.o e of the wars of Napoleon I., and there sfcms a fa.r chance of a continuance of their pros per! tvf..- the time'to come?provided always that no untoward event, such as unseasonable weather arises to cause the next harvest to be a short one. lu agrieultural aflniis generally, there has been a marked improvement within the past six or seven years more particularly in the breeding and reariug * 'he imProveinent in this respect was potent to the most ordinary observer, at the spring week 1>nCntV^IVlS,Wp: wh.ich WJS week at t ie Royal Dublin *-.jcicty s premises in this oi.y and at which the collection of animals on show evidenced the mort astoni -hing advance, and was la k "vs^rvingof admirati .n. whether as regards the breeding stock, bulls, or milch cows, or heifers. In sbeep and swine, there was also a decided iim proyemoot. The principal portion of the show was contained m the exhibition T?ail. ling, the southern bail, which formed the foreign dejiai tmont of the exbihit.on. being occujue I with the poultry coops and in the compartment" recently so attractive aa the Hue Arts gallery end furniture court, the breeding ^totk and mt :attlc wore located. To beast nurpo^ even exhibition buildinjra may be turned to in these utilitarian davs. r.migiation from irciand is proccding at even in Prnmei i8,ncc'h,e ?K "'tig of the pre -ent year, t rom tins . .ty and from Kingstown (iiimlredx arc ila.iy convrered by ateamers to Liverpool to take shippinc for American porta, and tV accounts which 1 receive from tl.e provinces, almost dvilv may be summed up in the language of one of tuo Cluoeie.eisof the exodus?- the cry is still they go."' ' A* might l>e expected, the emigration of the abl'a bodicd laborers is beginning torell od the labor mar ket. What do yon think of two shillings per .lay being the minimum rate rf wages at present in the eountioiof Clare and (..iway?where, "once upon a time and a very long time it was," sixpence a day wo* the maximum?* Tiade generally ha.x been nnusnallv dull In all di re tons in consequence of ihe warlike prospects. Our shopkeeper, in cities and towns are doing vorv little busmen*, and should thi? state of things con- ? Hkiitra fT 1??,h of I fear it is veiy likely to do so ) many who, up to ibis time, have o'a 8 >0ve w,lt"r' wi? engulfed in niin. Thegovaram.Bt reenritif, are ab .?t thirteen percent lower than tbey were this time twelve montlw. and the share market has been proportion ately depressed. You can readily undent in d how ituunoasly this miut resa-t on a country so "eabin ed, cribbed, confined," as jmor Ireland is, and lus been within the memory of "the oldest Inhabitant ?" aye. and of his most venerable forefathers al-o. r rrwn the constant shipping of troops at Cork and Kingstown harbors, one would lie led to believe thit Ireland will he soon denuded of military men. in the ??Mon of I'arilament of ik,2. an act was paved ? a militi? in BnglanJl-thc ? ? "IS."be,n? t0 ^ Prv antions tSSf ?'t2SLTD bv French t oons Tempore mutantnr, Ac. The troons of the> tmperor Napoleon the Third are now . ng.nred in fraternizing with those of h?r Britannic Maj4-tv too iWiTt: faT,"U!l: 8 lsTr fr"m r>?rtsmouth, of Jhe 10th insUnt. In the Morning Chnm-rlt *tit*s that "orders have been received to expedite the (it ting tip of the Queen's yacht, the Victoria and Al bert, wbirh is expected to be ready by tiic 10th of tv' day her Majesty and fAtnily are to emiMuk for a visit to the French capital."' l am not iiH'.ined to git . fall eredence to thl-t annonneement; ftiuf ret even stranger things have taken place with in our own time. * < >><? will lie s;, i t^ ^ w(l irp to have steam communication direct from Ire " n '0,k-"f, ka to the enterprise of the ol l. merit.k, who are gettmgastc.ini k Itrandon, of 2J0 horsepower, computed: ? ? i'i i1 *? tart from the Hhannot for . ,n'?n? vi' Wl ROfd" and passengers, a'x.nt i.i t'd eof June, K. C. 0. P Doblik, April 4, 1351. Movements of Troops?Five Thousand Rank and File DesjKdthed from fre'a d? Irish Em igration to America?hipsiry into Convents?Government Ia a tit, 4*r. The absorbing topic here at present is the war, and almost the only " movement" to speak of 1 the moving of troops, the extent of which yon may form some idea of. when I tell you that within the past fortnight nearly 5.000 rank and tile have been des patched from Ireland, upwar s of 3,000 of whom took shipping from Cork. The 11th Hussars arc expected to embark from Kingstown to-morrow, and other regiments are under orders for the East. Speaking of " movements," I should have included the " Exodus," which seems to have received a new impetus. The principal shipping ports are daily crowded with emigrants, on their way to America. I rather imagine the next "Irish census'- should lie your side the Atlantic, for at the present i ate of going, should it much longer continue, tkare Uri^t^o out'" 10 use a Parliumen n,l!'lr,!Ti'l",i^iti.0n for tiie "Kffregate meeting of Ro ?? p rn'ni!? <C8 ?0,,,'?so y,r" Chambers' motion for arlumeittarv inquiry into convents, is receiving a vast number of signatures?the number forwarded to the committee yesterday exceeded ten thousand. I went v.-even Roman Catholic bishops and three colonial bishojw. who are at present in Ireland, have already signed. The signatures up to the present time amount to nearly 30,000. The demonstration, which is fixed for the Tith of thi-? month, is, it will be seen, likclv to turn out a rather imposing one, lor which no little credit is due to the ability and pains taking of the acting secretary, .lames Burke, Es<i. barrister. of this city?one of those men who work without noise, and. therefore, work effectively. It is now said that Chambers' Committee of Inuuii v will not bo appoint'd this se.-.sion of Parliament It i> likely to he "Burked." The City of Odessa. A ? a description of Odes a, derived fromauthentic smirces, will be interesting to our renders at the pie.-ent moment, wc give a place in our columns to the following extracts, taken from M. Arratole do Ecmidofl a Travels in Southern Russia, a work which has not yet reached the American public:? ? ? ll'C first a-pect of Odessa," says De DemidolT, is worth v the reputation of this great city; the } oung and flourishing capital of New Russia could not Ik- more fitly heralded. Surrounded to a remote distance by immense steppes and endless deserts Odessa appears before one like a land of promise, a b>ng-desircd oasis; and its walls are entered with he -ame feelings of joy as are experienced on leaching por, at the end or a long sea voyage. ?? I he various (martens or this vast citv, still daily increasing. cover a broad plateau, whose pen,ml dicular ies plunge into the Biaek Hcu. Prom ita rtcep eminence. < idcssa commands a large hay, the dark blue waters of which contract with the p ile aim arid appearance of the surrounding cou-t invarmb.y enveloped throughont the summer in whirling ciouds ol dust. Sheltered from the Bouthe ij gales, hi t ill-protected against the parch ing wiii.is oi the east, the port of Odessa Is formed . tbii o moles, winch divide it into as many basins. One ol tiie o.lor the reception of vessels in q lurnu tine. IS overlookc-d by the walls of the lazaretto nnd the batteries of a fort; the two others admit the ships ol the unpen :! navv, and trading vessels not coming fiom a quarantine port. The bottom of tills bay ail ds goo 1 anchorage for ships of largo burthen, hut they arc much exposed during gales from the em t. and especially from the southeast. fUc-e terridle winds drive the impetuous waves into the hay of Odcs-a with a fury which nothing can withstand?a succession of these storms conti nually sweep across the Black Sea, in the direction oi ?t^ longest diagonal. The city of Odessa is planned with regularity : s fe thegcmei-nlity of Russian cities; itL carefully buiit, but the finest buildings occur in those quarter's nenreet the so j. All that part which faces the shore wears nn appearance of grandeur and opulence. A , "'-'J'-stic terrace overlooking the sea, mr i \ ? public edifices, hotels, and stately mtu -iow; but to seme tiie full effect of this ricli as scrm mge of buildings, Odessa should be entered pi/a- 'isi.T't' though this queen of tire La i k Sea had reserved all her splendors for that shore, breathing with intelligent souls, wherever the waves Uowmgfrom Asia incessantly dash S earning heads. vfhe cliff we have spoken of is n ,t fc,ct iliR,1: on its summit, uiong its U f '? I J1110(1 !,n avenue of voting trees w th their branches arching together; in the centre oi tins promenade. and in the midst of a crescent of kifiimiUS!0Us' a bronze statue of the Due de "it hclieu. u monument of the gratitude of the citv }*hu']h owes so much to his creative genius. Prom " i foot ol the statuo descends a gigantic flight of s.cps, already tar advanced towards comdetion r?-t w de rti' U Wil,1 Vmnwt' V atcP* 0!,c hSdre i tect rvide, the grand terrace with the lower uuw ..nd fcenecth these steps, which arc to bo snppmtYd ft, ? /"*? <>Pen arches, gradually risifrr iu ' vaiioiiK < a:li and coiiyeyuncea iroiir- t) and fr. m the port will freely pass. ? ? " After contemplating this magnificent spot, if von explore the rot of the city, you will fiufi but a very vahu Ul- i V' a,ul- t503i' "oottercd at distant inter sals, hkoly to remind you of the grandeur of this m 8trc?ta? carefully paved, and planted with rows ot acacia tfees, traverse the lengtli and hre;. jth of the oitv, crossing each oth*r at right angles. A theatre','a nnXr of fine lirh m r- 8paC,!0U- H'luarcs- hazaars, and a few 2 '"kill< shops, attract the attention in the midst of a number ot houses too humble in charac ter tor such splendid streets. iJlatI)ortion.ol.the road reserved for pedestrians i is broad enough to render the traffic easy at ail times, even in the quarters most frequented morn ing and evening by the busy and the idle. The more crowded portion of the city is that adjoining n Orti'en r finest and most pormlous street m Ode. sa. In numerous shops along this street are spread out for su e the varied prSduce of every countiy in Europe, assembled thither under the fostering protection ot the free port of Odessa. Showy siguboaids, with inscriptions in every lan guage in Europe, bear witness to that unrestricted freedom of trade winch lias made the fortune of drwhUe* 'th11Ied with numer"<? nroscukies?these kind of equipages, as useful as they are light perform immensely long journeys. At Odessa the same customs prevail as are ob served in all the southern countries of Europe- the nondng is devoted to bu-ln -s,a?d thcmfddlc of the day to repose. This habit, which the heat of deseMnit0 '.:ic,ate' f?ives a melancholy and deserted appearance to the city during a great part of the cay. in the e vening, however, outward signs ol animation again breil forth; the theatm is much tiequente 1. and thecafes aiuftlubs are crowd V'? !l0 tf :! ^eln,'le, furtlirr on the mer banti ? lurks Armenians, Jews even; every cla? 'V Plat'f 01 meet ng. and inca-.hof these resorts open to quiet conversation, the long pipe of the Last sjireads its perfumed clouds over the assembly, ti r. ?'? ',?u' ? is remarkably influenced by the situation of the city. Elevated above the level win 1 uTi'i -V c7|)l,60:i fr#,u n" 3"Mtors to the wind which sweeps along the sands of the surround ng plateau rising up clouds of tine dust, Odema Mir!,n:"r is Purshcd with drought, and in the winter, from similar causes, enveloped in tliick m rts. Much has t>een said of the unwjiole frn v'i In0. ,ac,llr: ,,ut if we may judge of the health by geroral appearances, the air hn that ,,UR,'!ed: it presnmolile, however, t .it .-.ikness generally makes its appearance with ti'foccumnce of sudden changes or to mm-retire ? r , Vnnre"lT. ",M^a is unfortunately condi I." ed. A.though the latitude under which ft is situ 0,a"-v temperate, this city is visited with 't' fifforous winter tlian is obsciTOd elsewhere un., r the same latitude: while on the contron- m summer, the heat mav be compared to tli it . r \ul torrid zone. This res'ults frem IthTcomH^ nVkS ncs o! the countrieti of which Odessa is the e mit <1 ami it should U- added, that th unfavorable mu lb ?l .teppeL"1WOn " tbc Citks "I,l>n U,C8C c" '? Tlie War In Ruicpf [I'rom the London Chronicle. Mjt ft.) ? m The accounts from the principal ^at of war are ptill confused und uncertain. It seems probable that the TorkHi force, after inflicting more than one Fevere check on the enemy, has fallen bock linen Schnmla: and Omer Pacha will, perhaps, wait till the plan* of the Hussion general are more fuller developed, before he determines on maintaining hfs piesent position, or on advancing to the relief of 4li.-tria, tin- siege of which fortress docs not yet appeal to have rognlarlv commenced. The coacen nation of troops on both side*, in consequence of the enemy's retreat fiom Kalefat, will tend to ren der fiitniu operation* more decisive. Tlic rumor that a portion of the fleet had bombarded Snlina mnet be received with coufiderable doubt: but the admital* n u t on ucM'onably meditate adopting, at an early period. mea soresby which the allied fleets and ai mice wid be able to communicate directly with the Turks on the Danube, b hencvcr suitable ves sels are provided, there will Is- little difficulty in manning a flotilla *rong enough, if It can pass t ie lower fortrcs-es. to command all the higher part of the river. The letter* of our eorrc-pindc: t it Kars present of the Tn a discouraging pic!ate o! the Tmkish army in A. The stippiiea forwarded from C ust.i lUnoplc to th ?t place and to Kr/eroniu appeal to have miscarried, owing to some at'angc mlemunacoan nl or corrup tion: and the cau-cs which facilitated the rapid c>n quesUof Paskiewiterh in l*2"<. are apparently still in operation. The iep'escntativ-s or Krtgiami m l Frame will not fail, however, to urge upon the Porte the nere-sity of atrengthening the a si h it army, and of supporting General Gu/oo'a gallant effort* The fortune of war would not be doobt^ if there were a nubnidiary force in l|* fleli; nosed of native Turkish troopa under the cpmmand ofoAeen^^nthe allied arme* All.account* con cur in describing the Ottoman soldier* as brave, temperate, and intelligent: but fatal incapacity is u"Efwnd in the higW ranks of the service. II any scheme of the kind referred to wen- in con templation. it wotdd be necessary to "ri^ offl-ers who could make allowance for fore.lgn lar as they might not interfere with militun em ciencv. O'ur Indian army would furnish many can IS for .urh on e.'plo^rt, wto ?o?U ?< ti.ii k it indispensable to compel a Turkisi soiaier to'iiave his cnin. or to wear tlgl.t shoes and aban don his natural slouching gait. ?.i?i,horlnr The accounts from Greece and the neighboring provinces are, to a great extent, satisfact /'hv tljt, caDtiue of the principal iKWition occupied by insurgents will probably discourage vo untecrs troin iK-yond the frontiers an3 confirm the <topod?on of the peaceable inhabitants to reject mtiUtion* to rebellion. The active measures taken by some of the French cruisers against detachments of -\vmi)a" tldser*frmi "he kingdom will probablv couvince ti,. Creeks in all parts of the world that the aim s are incapable of the imbecility attributed to them bv the Ru!c-o-Atl?enian journal-. The nou*en<e which has. from time to time, lieen uttered in the , English I'arlianient. and related by a portion of the nress, lias undoubtedly encouraged the danger ous divei ion which the Greek court had succeeded , in cflictiDg. The official declarations of tsir H. Ward, of Lord ie Redcliffe and of Mr. Wyse, were, , of course. kept from the knowledge of the people. The note ad dieted by the French and English Ministers at Athens to M. Paicos. is a model of straightforward sincerity. The Hellenic din.oma tisl appears -till to have labored under the delusion that his master was as much at liberty to misrepre sent facts, and to distort morality, as if he nail reigned over sixtv millions of subjects, and com manded an arniv of t-OO.oot) men. In a long state- , nieut add res ed to the different courts of Europe, he Gieek Minister thought lit to accumulate a meat number of allegations, for the purpose ol I -"bowing that Turkey liad given the first provoca- j t on. Mr. Wv.-e and ids colleague, however, go I through all t'hc assertions in succession, proving, j Levoud dispute, that each of the official[ propositions i 'vot oidv untrue. but that it is the direct reverse 01 tiio tratfi. Such and such an atrocity, they aver ; wa-. in fact, perpetrut d : but the Greeks, and .1 d , the Turks v eie the actual malefactors. It was. per bis liardiv v 1 tii while to confute in detail state- . which no one could ever pretend to believe; *nt it is - iti-t ictu vto find that Ix>rd Clarendon and M | iv, vn de I Inn ? have instructed their agents not | to trifle01 t .iniiei-.wlth this dangerous and mischiev ous com piiarv. it is better, even for the Greek population, that the movement should he checked before the indignation of the injured Ottomans he com en uncontrollable. As tor the manlier and more Htraiirlitfonvanl outbreak d the Montenegrins, it will probably be put down bc ore it can assume a for midable ushect. The AuBtrinn government may not. perhups. have determined on the actual steps to be adopted, nor is it certain that a mere rem m MiMuc villein, t the object: but there can bo no doubt that whether bv fair means or by force, t.10 m "uitaiucers will is. restrained within their own fi ontier. The If. -i,.n agentt who guide their move ment opculv denounce. with equal energy.thoac ".r ed Tui :'c ami the Christian pagans who come to hi-as-istanee f.om the West. It will be seen here after what torn- ? ot contumely arc dcvi-.cd to stig matise the powei which fa'sifics the imperial as.-yr tion that the policy of Austria was Inseparably 1 identified w tli that of Russia. .... ., . I l-e.c !?. ltapoilv. everv reason to believe that the Court of Vienna is co-open ting in perfect good laitli with the Western governments. That corrupt dependence upon Russia which is too common among Au-trim courtiers and officials, i- on y of recent growth. I lie oldest council lore of tne imperial c.own remember the former antagonism between the two great rivals lor power In Eastern Europe. I'riiice Metternich ean recall the alliance of his government with France and England In the beginning of h-h",. and the menaces?-which he him self unfortunately did not carry into effect?of snp porting Tnrkev. in 1828, with the whole force of the Empire. it was under adv. e troni \ ienna.tuat isultidi Mnbmouu ventured, in 1 20, to run the risk of a second campaign ; and when the nonagenarian Redet/kv expresses the natural antipathy of a veteran so'd'er to foreign domination, he only gives utterance to the sentiments which have habitually governed the policy ot Austria in the Lust. ' On the other hand, the F.mpcror himself will pro bable be seemed bv his youth from the risk of sym notbi.-in? v ith the Ficqnelmonts and other syco phantic twadd'eia of his court. His first acqualn tnnce with public afl'airs began at a disastrous period, when Hus-ia performed a set vice to the Austrian crown which, however valuable at the moment, is 1; own to have been rendered exclusively for teUlsn n rnmesofber iwa. It was iudispensable to t.ie policy of St. Pcleisburg that the Hungarians, with th. ir Polhh a: xiliaiies, should be put down before Turlu v roec ou the one side, and Poland oa tlie other.* 'I he lbk.d' agioat popular alliance. extend ing lioni the .l.gian to the Baltic, was the true corse ol ti at abrtiii'-iice from a direct attack upon the Roite which. strangely enough, convinced hal. the t.temcn of Europe th :t the Emperor Nicholas cl crl -l.edr.o designs of aggression. The contempt which tiie Russian auxiliaries or | 1-4-1 dlsploud. during the Hungarian campaign, ti v.-iuds their A; itrian allies, excited deep resent II cut ryniust the imolcnt protector of order; anil even at a very recent period a similar disposition liar been imprudently exhibited. It is certainlv not tor the purpose of maintaining neutrality that a government, threatened with no direct attack, places 200.000 men on a war footing. Similar preparations were made in 1813. whdo ne gotiations with Napoleon were still proceeding; and us soon a- the proper moment came the declara tion of war was simultaneous with the opening or the campaign. Baron Me/endorfT will undonbtedly continue to use every effort tor the purpose of de taching Austria from tne policy to winch she has reecntiv tended; but it is not improbable that the able ambassador of Russia ma\ shortly have occa sion to let ire from the Court where his influence seemed at oue time irresistible. Tl?e Grtik Insurrection. [From the Halt a Time*. April 25.] From the FngUah papers, and from what has [lapsed inParIiflmeiit.it may be inferred that the diversion in favor ol the Czar in Kpirus is appre ciated at its rightful importance, ana will be dealt with decisively and briefly. It will cost the Western Powers little enough to exert an efficacious pressure on the t'ouit of Athens. The local insurrection seems to be dwiudliug out of its exaggerated dimen sions : and from all that can be ascertained there is a probability that this, the most painful portion of the existing complication of affairs, will be resolved erelong?harmlessly, or with little harm. Palnfnl, we say: but perhaps the light word wonld be tire some." It is one of those ultra-provoking cases where tho'e to whom one really is disposed to wish nothing but good, deliberately and delerminately force lis to wish, and, if needful, to aid in their litter discom fiture. If the Greeks, or such of them as got up this insurrection, conld have discovered any line or pro ceeding more at variauee with common sense and common gratitude than that which they have taken, they have given us a light to say that they would have followed such a course, even in preference to their present. One sometimes sees sucn cases in pri vate life?cases which surpass the patience, without, perhaps, altogether exhausting the good-will of well wishers. It is not so often that the great transac tions of the world are pliable enough to give a eta. ncc for the penetration of wilful absurdity. It n 11st be admitted that onr Hellenic brethren have made the most of their opportunity. For as absurd ly and wrong-hctdediiess we must designate so much as is genuine of the feeling which originated the Greek movement, it is sot so much tlie self seeking ambition and covetousncss of manhood, as a childish selfishness, which had misled them. And, like other childish misbehavior, it has to be met with smart slaps till they desist, aud severe scolding ? aiteiwards. Ine scolding they have had already. For, as an able writer in the A/or ton g Chronirlt has n maiked. there is a sufficiently observable contrast Is tween the manner in which the deceptions of 1 Greece and Russia are respectively met by our diplo 1 n atbts. The one is exposed without circumlocu tion, in the style of a sailor?"that's a He, and you know it;" the other, even when detected, through the medium of much circumlocutory profession of be lief in sincerity?" Your Majesty's gracious assu rance gives the highest satisfaction; but we maybe permitted to observe. Ac., Ac." In short, greatness has its privilege/even in false-speaking. Lies have been called the defence of weakness; it wonld seem that tliey are glowing into the privilege of strength. " Jlfnjnw mlfahila-, and she allies herself easily with the mighty. But passing these more general speculations, what we ml! solfbli and childish in the Greeks is simply thir?that they have scted as if there were no wishes, no interests, and no forces in tlie world but those of the Grei k people. From an idea not in itself culpa ble. that it is well that Greeks should lie free, they have deduced the moral that it. is right to aid in forcing the neck of the struggling world under tbo yoke of Rus< ia. Meanwhile, the two foremost and I greatest among nations, united f >r no selfish object, have declared in the manner the most solemn and stern that can be used by men, that the cause with which the Greeks have so thoughtlessly allied them selves, is igipoaed to the l>est interests of the world, i and shall not prevail. A step further would Iwing the tittle kingdom of Otho in deadly collision with tlie combined might of F.ngland and France. Tins result might have led the t.recks to reconsider the steps of the argument which has landed them onposition so hopelessly unpromising. The truth is, !h it those of them who .ire in earnest, or who have ;,;iy honesty in their delusion. have made a sail mis take and the sooner they are admonished, and if rcedft i ls\Gen out of it. the better for them as well as lor d, the othoi partifticoncerned. Theseal,however, of the I'tuUheilMiist, as it ia tU| least c ilpaVe, ?o it is, perhaps, the least really extensive and efficient of the cnuaen of thia unhappy more meat. M. Drouyn de Lbuya may go too fer when he treaia the whole affair aa a mere court intrigue. But It la aa certain that the immediate mainspring of the insurrection has been at Athena, aa it ia that the origin of this.aa of all the other calamitiea which are falling upon the nations, from the Volga to the Severn, rests in one hard heart and selfish will at St. Petersburg. Hoc fonts derirst* c laden In patriam populosque tiuxit. Appropriately to the time there appears in an Athenian journal the Russian notice of the Kpirote insurrection. It may tie described in two words: It disclaims, and sympathizes: untruly the one and in sidiously the other?Russia did not stir the Greeks to revolt, but she cannot but admit they are justified. Russia docs not even pledge herself to aid the Greeks; but accepts the aid or the Greeks to injure the Sultan. Russia, in short, declares her views in this wily docu ment witli iicr habitual smooth falsehood and thinly coated selfishness. She has deceived so often by de vices which to all but statesmen and diplomatists seem transparent, that it would be rash to p: edict her absolute failure in any new attempt. Sue lias been so lucky a liar, that we almost fear in that liue the influences of her sinister and mendacious star. But if the Greeks will only open their eyes enough to rend two lines of the now world celebrated con versations with Sir Hamilton Seymour, they will know at least?what is not the intention of the Czar. In trying to bribe Kiigland to permit, or even to be an accomplice in what he would have, he explicitly avowed what he would not have. Neither a Byzan tiqs empire nor even a strengthened Greek king dom would the self-named champion of the Greek Christians tole rate. The Athenian Greeks know this well enough. Do the Greeks of Theasaly and Albania know it? It has sometimes struck us that it might be ? profitable use of the press to print those few Fentcnccs in modern Greek, and distribute them by hundieds and thousands over all the Christian do minions of the Sultan. If there be even now on the hills of Epirus, men who have taken up the musket of the bau lit with a kit d of salvo to their conscience, from the idea that their were robbiDg for their country, it would be well to deprive them of whatever shade of self-deception may aid them in adhering to an unjustifiable rising. Let them know what their wealthier instigators, who bought their anna for them, know well enough already?that tiieir cause is as purposeless as it is hopeh ss; and that if the Western Powers are driven into iegui ding their course as one of aimless brig andnge. it is because not even a pretence ia left for giving it a nobler name. We repeat that, to the Greeks, as such, England has nothing but good will; and it would require much misconduct on their pait, much suffering on ours, to root oi.t tbe feelings with which we are dis posed to regard them. Those feelings made Greece independent, and they are not worn ont. The lan? gi age. the country, the traditions which the Hellenes of to-day inherit, ore such as to prevent their fate from bimg the object of indifference to uny cultiva ted niau or nation. Neither are we among those who regret the experiment of their_liberatioii, nor, partial as its success lias been, do we see any suffi cient ground for resolving it to have been a failure. We say nothing of the internal misgovern merit of the country, nor do we deny that < J reek ministers have but too easily been found to abet or advise a Bavarian court in'ite feeble roguery. But we look at the Greeks us a people, and We "see them appro priating the trade oI the Levant; establisiiing wealthy names in Manchester and in London; shoot ing out visibly the arms of a vigorous growth, in a; ire o! their government. In fact, those who under rate ti c value of mere moral influences on a people, might derive some grounds for correcting their nar row opir.ion from the very progress of the Greeks during the List twenty years, outside their own country, if not within it. We believe it to be per fectly true tlm: their energy, their cleverness, tneir mutual friendliness, their "manhood, in short, have received a spur and achieved a stride from the fact of their being n nation. And we lieliove it not the less because both the stimulus and the prosperity have been largely shared by those who are still sub jects of the Porte. The Greeks are not liked by all who come in contact with them: they have some of the vii e- of slavery and some of their own. The " supple Gicck" was the phrase of him who never theless gave to their canst' his life and his glorious name. But they are a tough a? well as a supple race: an enduring and climbing generation; and they may be again a great, if they will be a good, people.' M e rejoice, then, that the Hel'enos are a nation, and we tell them that none but themselves can peril that nationality. We wish them to be Greeks, but we say that they shall not be Russians. We have not freed the city and race of Themistocles from a Mahometan satrap that they should hand them selvqs. and u- far as they can us,over to the Muscovite. Our minds are made "np on that point; our cannon are ret dy to affirm our resolve; out we are their friends still. God forbid they should force us to be othei wise. Deep as the offence is which the Greeks have c< mmitted against Europe, they have uot suc cecdcd in forfeiting its sympathy. * Hitherto, how ever little compunction "might be felt for whatever penal consequences followed the selfish ambition of the Bavarian court, the Western Powers would deeply regret for the people of Greece the suffering cf rsequent upon whatever measures they might find it necessary to adopt. But. with all the world at stake, let the Greeks be certain that those measures will be unflinchingly taken: nor will the indulgence readily conceded to hasty error be due to per severance in wroDg. The Russian Wavy. Brides de.-etibing the si ml lows, the intricacies, and the fortifications of the Baltic, a lively writer in Frasrr's Magazine gives u complete account of the Russian fleetlu the Baltic and in the Black Sea. The writer vouches circumstantially for the accuracy of his statement, and challenges a comparison with the English Navy List THE BALTIC FLEET. Sa.linp Ship* qf the Line. Fames. Gum. Present Station Dirixion Rossis ") w 120. Helsingfors 3d, or red Enperor Peter I... ?? 120. .Cronstadt 1st, or blue St. George the Con ?. queror * 112.. " 2?1 or white ? 1 ? J * 112.. ?' ? ? Emgeiten 84.. " 1st Krasm i 84 .. " " Gunole 84.. " '? Pultav* 84.. !Iel*iogfori 34 Prochor 84.. " " Vladimir 84.. " " Volga 84.. Cronstadt 24 Empress Alexandra.... 84.. " " Narra 74.. " 1st Bermipa 74.. " " Brtanne 74.. Hehingfori '? Borodino 74. .Cronstadt " Smolensko 74.. " " Arsis 74..Helaingfors M FInlai.4 74..Cronstadt " Kattbach 74.. '? ?' Ewkiel 74.. HeNingfors " Andrew 74.. " " Culm 7 4.. Cronstadt 2d iDgennanland 74.. " " Pamyat Azofa 74.. " " Stsoi the Great 74.. " " YlUtigo'h 74.. " ? ? Nation men<a 74.. " " Fere cl amjenoise 74.. " Michael 74.. ?' " Total 2.468 in30-hipa. Of the above we believe that is or 20 ships ire in fair condition : the rest are mere hulks. Sailing Frigates. Aame. Guru. Present Station. Remarks. Constantino.. . .44. .Cronstadt. Cesarevltch ... .44. .Helsingfors. Cesaravna 44.. Cron it.rdt Amphitrlte ... .44.. " Gunnery frigate. Castor 44.. " Old ship rebuilt. Diana 44..Rio .taoeiro For sale? Alexr. Nevsky. .58. .Cronstait Kazee. Aurora 44.. Flushing- For sal*. Dallas 52. .Coast of Siberia.. Kazee. Kamsch'a. Total! 418 in 9 ships. And three flat-bottomed frigates for the nsc of the n ahne cudets. Sailing Brigs and CorreUn. Fame. Gum. I'fsrnt Station. Remarks AJa'..' 20-. Holitiogfors. Pnlinurus 20.. '? Paris 20. .Cronstadt. Ihilrctetes 20.. " rrince of War?aw 20 .. " Naisrlno 20..Flushing For sale? Dwlna 20.. Kam-clti'.ka. Olivutza 20.. " Disarmed. And two or three others. Total 100 in 9 ships. In addition to the above there are. belonging to the Baltic fleet. If schooners, transports and luggers; also 50 or <>fl miscellaneous small craft, such as pilot vesseli, tenders, yachts. Ac. The gunboat flotilla is in bad condition, and in number does not erveed 50 boats; but 80 more were ordered to be built last autumn. pa?di s want. sTBAims. Same Guns H P Present Station. Remarks Olaf lft.. .460...HrUiogfor*...Built at Helsing fort in 1862. Kamf<cbalka.lA.. .540...( ronetadt Built in Amorica. tfmiloi 12.. .400.. . lleliiingfor*. (?romM-hi.. 6.. .400,. .Cronstadt. Gremia.-i til? 6.. .400... Helslagfore Rurtc 6.. .300.. .Cionstadt. Chrsbroi.... 6...COO .. ?? Bogatir 6...80*... ?? IHana ?.. .200 .. <? Heretics.... 6.. .900... '? T< tal 86 3.4(H) in 13 ateamci*. resides the at>ove, 10 small vsihts (usod by the im 1 cria! family for river purposes) and tenders, chiof fv of iron, with horse power irom 100 to 00; also a few it g-. Ac.. f"r local use. in various parts of the Baltic, and the Iron post steamer Vladimir. Seresr Sfeanuhips qf Ik* Line. Fnm* G nr. H P. Presen' Station. Remarks. Orr| 84 400 St. Petersburg.. On stocks ready for launching Engine* by Napier, seized in ScoUaad. V ? .,Croostfgdt,.,, .Twa eU ship* re Constant ine84.. ?.. 11 badt ud convert ed. Ready for their ha* jult bMn MlMd by U.K. goreru't Feme Frioata Hir i 44. 8W. .St. Petersburg. .Beady for l iuaeh iag. Engines by Proa, bow in poo oeoaioa of H.M go vernment. Tlyo of Muro nets 44 ? ... Archangel Ju*t laid down , Polrbao... 58. .350. .Cronstadt launched lout year at Archangel. Eu gines on board, bat machinery not com plete. BLACI SEA Fl.KKT. .S'AyW Of the Line. Kant. (Jam. Station. Remarks. Grand l.ukeCon stunt inc. Twelve Apostles Three Saint*.... Warsaw 120. .Sebaotopol.. launched iaet rear NlcolaielT. . JIuch injured at j 3 Sinope. jm.. a 120.. " .. Received about 00 round xnot jj hull at Sinope 3120.. " ..20 shot in hull at ' 120.. Sinope. Matt a 1 and rigging cut to piecte. Empicel Marie.. 84.. " ..Rebuilt last year. Got 60 shots in hull at Sinope. Masts and rig ging much cut. Cbrabrol 84.. " Tchvsme 84.. " ..20 shots in hull with masts and rigging cut at Siuope. SrU'.toeluf 84.. " Rostislur 84.. " .. 30 shots in hull at Y.gudiel 84.. Vnma 84.. Gabriel 84.. Si afuel 54.. UrleL... 84.. N: met unknown 84.. Sinope. Masts a ad rigging cut. 84. Total 1,608 in 17 ships. Besides the above, several hulks available for har bor service, or as floating batteries. Bcbiw Steamship of the Link.?Bosphorus, 120 gtus, at Nicolaieff, just launched. Sailing Frigates.?Mcsserubria, 54 grnn, at Se bofctopol; Sizopoli, 54; Kulcvche, 54; Medea, 54; Kagul,44; Hora, 44; Kovurua, 44. Total, 348 guns i; seven ships. Sailing Corvettes and Brigs.?Andromache, 20 guns, at Sebaetopol: Calypso, 20; Piladea, 20; Ptol emy, 20; Nearchua, 20*; The cus, 20; Eneas, 20. Total, 140 guns in seven ships. There are, also, about twenty-five schooners, yachts, transports, Ac. The gun-boat flotilla is manned by Cossacks. There are tbirtv gun-boats | for the Sea' of Azof, &c., and fifteen for the Danube. | Paddlewhekl Steamers.?Vladimir, 6 gun-*, 400 | horse power; Gromonosctz, S, 400; Bessarabia, 8, i 400; Crimea*, 4,250; Odessa*, 4, 250; Chersonc-e, 4, 250; Mogouiski*, 4, 160; Maladets*, 4, 150; Boctz*,4,150; Orosnii, 4, 120; Severnaia Svc da, I 4,120: Argonuute*. 4. Total, GO guns, 2,700 horse power, in twelve steamers. And fifteen small iron steamers of 50 to 100 horse power, with i wo or three tugs on the Danube. Those marked thus * were employed in the late removu) of the troops from the Circassian coast to Bebastopol. We believe one of these steamers was S ink last year by the Turks, off Batoum. Caspian Flotilla?Ten small ate a mere at As trakhan, and two or three schooners usually at Ash ooihada, off Aaterabud. Kamschatka Flotilla.?One small screw ten der, Vostock, one post steamer, several schooners, tenders, transports, and gun-boats. For the other vessels see Baltic fleet. It is difficult to say how many of the above were rotten and unseaworthy, but the followng table may present an approximately correct view oi the EFIlXTlrK FORCE IN TIIF BALTIC AND BLACK SEA. Frigates Brigs. kc Steamers General Total 37 Baltic. Black Sea. lotat .. 20 15 35 6 9 6 12 8 16 33 72 fiol-Dlwnt Reporters. ADVICE TO THEATRICAL MANAGERS, SHOWMEN, AND OTHERS* At the Marlborough street Police Court, Loiulon, on the ."th ol' May, Mr. Dobie, solicitor to the Times newspaper, accompanied by Mr. W. F. Friend, pro prietor of the diorama of Canada and the United States, Reient street, entered the court, aHd, a:i i rosing Mr. Hardwick. the sitting miglstrati, legged to place before him the following com plaint :?At the opening of Mr. Friend's exhibition, a | erson, who gave the name of Charles Butler, and gave as his address. No. 49 Warwick street, Regent sticet, intioduced himself as holding an important position on the Tunes, and as being in a condition to give a favorable notice of the diorama in the pa per. Feeling much obliged by this mirk of at tention, Mr. Friend received the "accredited reporter" with much civility, and invited him to take a glass of wine with him. The "accredited reporter'' made him-elf very agreeable, and pretty broadly hinted that his nolicc in the Times would be of a nature that could not fail to attract the pnbiic. The " accredited re porter" then solicited the loan of a conple of j sovereigns, observing that it was too late for him to get a supply of cash in the city. Mr. Friend, , feeling that u loan nnder such circumstances was really to be a gift in return for the complimentary critiyve, gave the money, and the " accredited re- j porter" took a friendly leave and went away. Mr. \ Friend waited several days for the expected notice in the Times, bat, as nothing appeared, he thonght ' the best way was to call at the Times office, to in- , quire abonf the " accredited reporter," when he ' was informed that Mr. Butler was entirely uncon nected with the Times newspaper, and that, conse quently, he had been victimized by a sharper. Mr. Friend was now desirous of knowing whether he could not proceed against the person who had com mitted the fraud upon him. Mr. Hardwick was clearly of opinion that an in dictment for frana under the circumstances could be maintained. Mr. Friend was, unfortunately, so occupied by the Diorama that he could not, without loss to himself and inconvenience to the pnbiic, give his time to the Central Criminal Court to prosecute. He was in hopes that the case could be dealt with by summary process. Mr. Hardwick said, the case could not be reached summarily, and. unless Mr. Friend consented to pro secute, he teared the delinquent would escape pun ishment. Mr. Friend said, he hoped, at least, that the frand would have publicity, as by that means other per sons might ne put on their guard and protected from loss. The parties then left the court. [From the London Times, May 6.} We request attenti< n to a short notice of some proceedings yesterday before the sitting magistrate at Marlborough street, whieh will be found in oar police reports of this day. The Times is to a certain extent interested in the case, bat the public are so in a far greater degree. The facts are as fol lows:?An exhibition has been lately opened in Re gent street, of which Mr. W. F. Friend is the pro prietor. The subject of the entertainment offered is a diorama of Canada and the United States. Mr. W. Friend has but recently commenced operations; and no sooner was his exhibition fairly opened than l.c received a visit from a person who had come to speak to him on "particular business." The gentleman was shown up, and professed to be a reporter from the Timer?an" accredited reporter." Roguery loves a luxuriant phrase. This reporter appears to have Sened his business by hinting, in a very intelligi I manner, that the fortune of the new diorami lay in his hands. He could either bless it or blast it ut his pleasure. At this point Mr. W. Friend did a veiy foolish thing: in place of taming the impostor summarily out of doors, he asked him to sit down and take a glass of wine. We are left to conjecture as to the turn conversation between these two chapmen took, the one of whom wished to purchase, the other to sell, a modicum of praise in oar columns. Mr. W. Friend, however, was not long left in doubt as to the conditions under which he was to receive the laudatory paragraph. It was getting late, the city was" far away, and by a very ramarkable coincidence, the " reporter" happened to stand in need of a couple of sovereigns for a temporary but pressing purpose. Mr. W. Fiiend was silly enough to yield to ttiis demand, and handed the money to the sharper, on the expressed or implied understanding that he was to be paid by praise in the columus of the Times. By way of saving his credit for the posse sion of ordinary understanding, Mr. Friend was anxious that it should be fully made out that he was aware of the character of the transaction in wliieh lie was engaged. He knew that he was giving, not lending the money, and he knew for what con sideration Be it so; we are prepared to admit that Mr. W. Friend sought to a ivnnce the interests of his exhibition by paying a couple of sovereigns for a favorable ermqpe, in place of waiting for an im partial notice?-if, indeed. his riioimna was of suf ficient importance to deserve any notice at all. The seqref rued nenrrcly be told. The "ar< redited reporter' ?who gave hi" name as Charles But ier. 19 Warwick street, Regent street?was. of course, a simple sharper. Mr. W. Friend waited a few (lays in the expectation of seeing his diorama pronounced |p the Timet to be the grandest of all possible dioramas, and waited in vain. At length he came dow? to PTinting-hon*e square, to inquire if I lie " accredited reporter" was really borne on the -isIT of thiq establishment, a%d received Um jutvm, Hie next step was to go before Mr. Hardwick, id company with the solicitor of this journal, to disco ? ver if be could proceed summarily against the maa who bad made him the subject of so gross an impo sition. He was informed that his only remedy was by indictment for fraud at the Old Bailey, and, as the concerns of his diorama prevent this saortlce of time, Mr. W. Friend is unable to attend there and prosecute the man who duped him. Bo he lost his two sovereigns and his time; and he is rightly served. It would l>e idle in us to affect anv indignation against a petty swindler who has used the name of this journal to" mistify his victim. Such things must be. from time to time, as long as any one is goose enough to believe that the silence or praise of the Times is a mere matter of purchase. We can only wonder that any man "of ordinary discernment or character should believe the conductors of an estab lishment such as that of the Times sufficiently rogues, or sufficiehtly fools, to conduct their busi ness on such a system- If Mr. W. Friend did not suppose that he was dealing with an agent from head-quarters, authorized to make such a demand, what is the inevitable inference? He must have taken the soi-dixant reporter to be a sharp-witted fel low, really, in the service of this office, but ready to betray bis trust?that is to say, to pocket the money and deceive us, and, through us, the public. How would Mr. W. Friend like to be served in the same manner by the person who takes the shillings at the door of his exhibition? We have nothing more to pay upon this matter. If men will be suoh idiots as to suppose they can command the columns of the Times by the payment of money, they most richly deserve to be the dupes of tbe first swindler who "may think it worth his while to practice upon their credulity. The Man Burled Alive In France. HIS RESCUE AFTER AN ENTOMBMENT OF NINETEEN DAYS. [From the Paris ('reuse, May fi ] The people of Lyons, and indeed of France, have for the last nineteen days been kept in a state of constant excitement regarding two men who had literally been buried alive by the falling in of a well at which thev bad been working. One died, while J he other, with the body of his dead comrade press ing upon him, held on with extraordinary fortitude, fupported by provisions which were let down to him at all times by gaps formed by the transverse beam*, which fell in such a manner as to form a screen over his bead. From the nature of tbe soil, great fears weie lotmcd that all efforts would fhil. We find the followirg details in the Lyons journals of the 3d:? A considerable fall of e'aith again took place two days ago in the well of Bonle, and it was for a ino nn'nt (eared that the adit was completely filled up. Thanks, however, to the indefatigable zeal of tbe workmen, and the skilful management of Captain Ito binet, the mischief was promptly repaired. It is hoped that the prisoner will be released on Thurs day. On Saturday he received a visit from Mar shal de Castellnne, who, in addition to words of eiicoTirapcnieut, brought hiin a bottle of Ma deira, which lie appeared to receive with as much gratitude as satisfaction. On Sunday evening Giraud made a substantial meal, composed of a cutlet and some glasses of Malaga. This regi men is quite to his taste, and contributes not a little to make him bear his sad captivity with patience. We need not mention that his diet is regulated by tbe militaiy surgeon, who visits him several times n-day. and "will hot allow anything to be given that can injure his health. Although familiarized with the presence of the dead body, Giraud does not the less si ller from it. The body, which lies on an in clined plane, is sliding under him, and every day in commodes him more and more. On Sunday the Procnrcur Imperial visited Ecully, in order to ob tain information from Girnnd relative to the circum stances attendant on the catastrophe, as it is thought that such an event could not occur without raising serious quei-tions of responsibility. The de clarations of the victim necessary for the examina tion of the afii'.ir were received by Captain Robiuet, who, having descended some yards into the well, transmitted tbe questions to Giraud, and received his replies. This kind of interrogatory continued about a quarter of an hour. The poor prisoner ap pears to have made up his mind to all the con sequences of his situation. He will scarcely al low any one to speak to him of the hopes enter tained, or to point out the probable day of his deliverance. He says that he is aware that every exertion is making for his release,wnd on which he has such firm reliance that so long as lie maintains his strength and courage, a day more or less is of little consequence. The end of the adit in not, it is considered, more than ninety centimetres from the place where Giraud stands. "His voice can be distinctly beard, and he replies to the question* put to him. The interstice through which the wire of the bell parses, and throngh which his food La conveyed to him, is not more than about seven inches iu diameter. The decomposed body of Gi rsud's companion having began to attract flies, it has been found necessary to close the opening with something which shall prevent their entrance, with out intercepting the air and light which reach the prisoner through that orifice. The Presse thus an nounces the final success of the efforts made for the delivery of the hero of this extraordinary event:? " We hasten to communicate to our readers a grati fying piece of news which reached us just as we were going to press. The drama of Kcttliy is at an end. Giraud was delivered from his subterranean prison at 8 o'clock yesterday evening, in a most sa tisfactory state." As the well fell in on the 14th ult., Girand had been in his dreadful place of con finement nineteen days. So great was the Interest excited in high places', that the Empress received, by order, a telegraphic despatch every day. The Great Exhibition of France. [From the Parii Moniteur, April 29.] Tlie war in the East will neither prevent nor de lay the pacific manifestation to which the Emperor has invited all the nations of the world. The pro gress of intelligence no longer permits one State .what ever it may be, to stop the others in the accomplish ment of their destinies. All civilized nations have understood this. France, therefore, notwithstanding the preoccupations of this war, has not for a moment ceased to prepare herself for the universal competi tion of 1865 any more than she has interrupted' her national works. At the same time that she com pletes her railways, her canals, and her ports? while she improves and renders more healtnv her cupitaj and her large cities, and constructs dwelt ings for her working classes, she is making every arrangement to give a proper welcome to the nations who will next year come to visit her from every part of the globe. These nations have not only respond ed to her call, bnt their declarations and their pre pniations announce that, with one exception, tney will all be falthfbl to the appointment. Tne imperial decree instituting the Universal Exhibition is dated March 8,1853. On the 2t>th March the Minister of Foreign Aflhiisnotified it to all the governments,and on the 31st of the same month the Ministers of War and Marine made it known to French Africa and to our colonies. On the 8th of April a circular of tho Minister of Commerce requested the Prefects to in vite the efficacious co-operation of all the Chambers of Commerce, and in the latter end of May the J/o nittur published the replies and the adhesions of tho departments and of foreign governments. In order to complete the idea of the Emperor, a fresh decree of the 22J of June oonnected the Universal Exhi bition of the Fine Arts with that of agricultural and manufactured productions, and the decree of the 24th of December instituted a commission, composed of the most competent men, and charged, under the presidency of Prince Napoleon, to regulate the mi f-tmUe ana the details of the Universal Exhibition. The experience of our previous national exhibitions, and the documents relating to the Universal Exhi bitions of London, Dublin, and New York, have fur nished to the Imperial Commission some valuable information, of which it has knomn how to take ad vantage. Penetrated with the importance of his mission, and with the responsibility which it im posed on him, the Prince formed a sub-commission with which he could prepare all the measures necea ?ary to secure the success of this great enterprise. Organisation of the central administration, internal i:iid general regulations, constitution of native and foreign committees, general and special instructions for France, for the colonies, and tor other nations, appropriation of the space which is to be filled by the different productions of agriculture, industry, and the arts?all these preparatory labors the Prince was desirous to bring to a termination beforo he started for the East to share in the dangers sn<l in the glory of our soldiers. The decrees, regula tions, and instructions relative to the Universal Exhibition are now circulated in all parts of France and of the world; and already committees have been organized, or are on the point of being so, In the greater number of our departments. The first marls of sympathy which the announcement of this men sure obtained abroad are every day confirmed by I resli acts of adhesion. Among these acts thera are none more significant than the local exhibitions, which are, us it were, so many preparations for tire universal one. The Grand Dnke of Tus cany lias anticipated by one year the Exhibition of Industry which was to have taken plaoc in his States 'in 1855, in order that It might not clash with that of France. Spain hsw done the same for her quinquennial exhibition. The King Begent of Portugal has iust organized commissions of industry and of the fine arts, as well as auxiliary committees In the provinces, islands, and colonies of his kingdom ; be nas made the most presnug ap peal to msi.uCavtu.ert and to artists, and has order ed that on exhibition sUill take plocc at Lisbon, preparatory to that in Paris. All Germany has pent her productions to the seiui-nniver.il exhibi tion whit n is to open at Munich on the 1st of M?y. Fr< to -t ,000 to fi.ofx^exbibitora art reckoned on the mo-t lllieral measures have been adopted by (he German Government fen the success of this Ex bibition. the moat remarkable art idea of which w.tf doubtless figure iu tin- Great French Exhibition. It is known that Belgium ie also preparing an ex j bibition of the fine aits, for tlie same object The 1 rc-operation of Holland. a? well as that of the Urn I ted fetates, U nseared to u*. Lastly, England it peg