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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES GORDON BBMITT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR amcr N. W. CORNER OF NASSAU AND PULTON NTS. Trmu. coat in advance. THE DAILY HERALD Z cenl? per copy? #7 per ann?m THE WEEKLY HERALD every Hatvrlty arfiW rente per copy, or S3 per annum ; the European Mitten V* I*'"* ????. to any part of Great Britain. inA V te nay ear. of the Continent bath to include itne'nfe . VOlVNTAR Y CORK&SPOXDEM E. eav*untn, impor tant neve, eoliritrd from any tuarter of the world?ifveed vail be liberally paid for. fir Or* Foricion I.onnwp .nnRNTi 4XK PARTiOl'LA R I V Ul^l'riTI!) TO 0KAL ALL LlTTSRI AMD PiCKAflfHART XT9. Volomr TUX Sto. 13U A MI'S I-HANTS TIIIS EVENING. CASTLE GARDEN?M. fcixisa'l Concert*. BROaDWaY THEATRE lroM??i - Gmirut- Tvai I BOWERY THE A IRE. Bcworj?Salt ator Ruia?For TV Tiiirtrs. NIBLO'S, Bro?dw?y-OrNa ievi?Medina. BDRTON'S TIILATRE, Ctambtrt itrwt-THi Bnair moon-Two Bvzzards. NATIONAL THEATRR Obtthio iwmiv-Tbi Maniac Loviu?Forest or lionet Th* Or rang Outanu. AMERICAN MUSEUM?Afternoon- A Capita!. Match ? Sl.At.niU AND CUAHHRR ? ??00 ?R ? JANA Sll 'RE -JlEAZ ai A Post. WALLACE'S THEATRE. BzoAdwAT? As You LimbIt? Love andJM idir. CHRISTY B AMERICAN OPERA HOUSE, ?71 H-owl W?J?Ethiopia* Miloinaut I'Miirv'i limriiu. WOOD'S MINSTREL HALL, *44 Brondwkj. Im apian HcinKUAt ? Euiiottn of Lnclc Ton ? Caain BUCKLEY S OPERA HOUSE, Broadway-Boon att ? Kthioziaw Otbra Vkovi-x. IT. NICQOI, Afl EXHIBITION ROCM?Corn Aom A now ? c Roacow ? V KNl HII.OQI'INM. WHOLE WORLD, 377 And 37? BioAdwny-AU.trteoB nnd ?B-*n>r.*. JONES'S PAN TISCOPE? Apozdo Room. No-tv York, Sunday, May Ml, 1834, The ,1ewa< AFFALRJ IN WASHINGTON.. We learu frcm Washington that, probably in view of the unsettled state of our relations with Spain, the Secretary of the Navy has issued an orJer di recting that all vessels of war on the point of de parture shall be delayed. It is not unlikely that in formation reached the State Department by the Er[ ropa of a character to convince the administration that the course hitherto pursued towards Spa || will neither result in credit to our country nor in the settlement of the pending difficulties. Porto Bico presents at the present moment a favorable point of attack, as the force upon that Island has been reduced consids^bly in order to increase th. t of Cuba. The recall of the Japan squadron and fclie recent order of the Navy Department would be re garded as ominous if emanating from an adminis tration distinguished for anything but its imbe cility. Contrary to general expectation, the Hous<] Representatives adjourned yesterday afternoon, at three o'clock, on motion of Col. Richardson. JJ twelve o'clock the debate on-the merits of the N J braska bill was closed by a brief but spirited appeal from tbe leader of tbe majority, counselling the friends of the measure neither to ask nor receive quarter from their opponents, and to vote down all amendments. For three Lours did the factious mi . nority present amendment after amendment; but every proposition was voted down, with scarcely a syllabic of reply from the majority. After a brief interval, which will doubtless be spent in intriguing on both sides, tbe struggle will recommence; aud if the friends of the bill have sufficient stamina to eu ilure the fatigue of a forty-eight hours session they will at noon on Wednesday?the hour agreed upon lor taking up tire Pacific Railroad bill?liud them selves at the point from which they started. It is possible, however, that some sort of a compromise will be effected; and the substitute of .Mr. Getting, to which ue have heretofore alluded, if presented at the proper moment, may afford a platfom upon which men of all shades of o; iuion, excepting 01 course the extreme ultrai-ts, can unite. It is time this matter was dispo ed of. If the members of the present Congress are afraid to meet the question, let it be postponed, and the regular busiues- goon. ABOLITIONISM IN THE C'Hi ilCHKS. We regret to ec, by the proceelings of the Pro testant Episcopal Convi ntion, lately in session at Philadelphia, that the fcil spirit of abolitionism ir gaining rapidly among the clergy of that denomina tion. On Thursday a proposition to rescind the rales whereby the African churches of that dioceas are declared not entitled to .send delegates to a con vention, or interfere with the general government of the Church, was warmly debated, the clergymen taking the affirmative of the question in nearly every instance. I'pon the vote the motion to rescind was lost by a majority of nine churches. Among the ministers there was a majority of forty for repeal. It would seem natural to suppose that the long liti gat ions and quarrels that have resulted to the Metho dists and others sects that have split upon the rock of slavery, would have served to deter the Episco palians from encountering a similar danger, but we fear they, also, are fast becoming demoralized by a mistaken philanthropy. The Methodist Church in this region seems to be thoroughly impregnated with the political heresy of anti-slavery, as appears from the resolutions re ported by a committee of the Conference held in this city, which we publish elsewhere. FOREIGN AFFAIRS. In another part of our paper will be found a docu ment entitled a Memorial from the Central Demo cratic Polish Committee of London to the President of the United State*, which we presume has merely assumed this important caption in order to call more general attention to its contents, as no clearly de fined objects are set forth as the motives of this V ecial dedication. As an trjwi of the causes th .t liavc retarded the regeneration of Poland, ami of the grounds upon which tbe hopes of the democratic party are founded of its near consummation, this document will lie read with interest. It shows that the former is owing in a great measure to the want of great centres of population, the consequent difficulty of communication between the widely strewn villages, but more especially to the marked Reparation that exists between the people and the nobles. This separation is not only one of interests' but also of habits, prejudices, affections, and, in most of the provinces, of dialect aud language. The only sentiment tiiat unites them is i ive o? country: but that is so differently conceived that tbe proper moment for rising will never be the sim > for both clas-es. unless it be imposed upon them by European event*. After demonstrating that these causes are disappearing fast, owing to tbe results of the revolution of 1*48 and the good ellbcts on the minds of the Polish |>eople of tlie ad mission of the serfs of Gallieia to the national rep resentation, it proceeds to draw the conclusion that the independent nationality of Poland is the one gn at condition necessnry to prevent Russia from putting itself at the head of the Grcco-Sclavonian world by the conquest of Constantinople, or of es tablishing the Pausclavonian empire, of which the possession is otherwise assured to it. A young gentleman of education and standing in his native island of 8t. Domingo, and whose name is appended to his remarks, appeals to the American people, through our columns?against the erroneous opinions entertained in this country respecting the Dominicans and their young republic. Seiior Gautnr came to the United States about two months ago, in order to study the laws and institu tions of this republic; bnt the alarming intelligence of hostilities with Hayti hastened his retnrn home. Before leaving he claimed for the Dominicans the hearing which we cheerfully accord him. matters in the city. According to the report of the City Inspector ibere were but 394 deaths in this city during the wtek ending 20th inst. Of the whole number 139 were children under ten years of age, anil 58 Inmate* of tl e various penal and other institutions, leaving only 103 for our immense adult pop elation. There were 88 victims of consumption, 13 of congestive diseases, 11 of diarrhoea, 26 of dropsy, 7 of-ly-en tery, 19 of fever of different types, 62 of Inflamma tory complaints, 14 of smallpox, S5 of convulsion* (infantile), 12 of croup, 17 of marasmus (inuutile), 22 cases of stillborn, and 8 premature births are re ported. 281 ?were natives of the United States, G7 of Ireland, 8 of England, 21 of Germany, 3 of Sootlau.l, and 3 of France. Mr. Fillmore left the city yesterday morning for hia home in Buffalo, from which lit; has licen absent several months. During that time he has made a tour throughout the South and Southwest, where he was received with the most flattering testimonials of esteem. In the Court of Common Pleas yesterday, Judge Woodruff delivered a lengthy opinion n the case of the Ten Governors against Josiah Pcrhuin, of "Gift Enterprise" notoriety. A motion of defendant's counsel to discharge the order of arrest was denied by the Court. MlSCELLANEOl'9. The United States steamer Fulton has arrived at Charleston from Norfolk. It is understood tliat Gen. Gadsden takes passage in her for Vera Cruz, on bis wny to the citycf Mexico with the treaty. Our last advices from Mexico mentioned that Santa Anna was shortly expected at the capital, and the meet ing of the plcnipotentia y and his Serene Highness will doubtless be a ioyful one. Should not the gal lant General be rewarded for his successful efforts in procuring the "sinews of war?" The Order of the Golden Fleece, if within the gift of the Dictator, would not he inappropriate. We give in another column our usual weekly sum mary of religions intelligence. It is stated that Dr. Smith, of Virginia, and Dr. Pierce, of Georgia, will be appointed bishops of the Methodist Church South. The ship Sophia Walker sailed from Hampton Roads on Friday for Liberia, via Savannah, with two hundred and thirteen emigrants. The steamer Ottawa, from Liverpool for Quebec, put into Portland on Friday in consequence of the river St. Lawrence being closed by ice. She was de tained four days in the ice off Cape Race. We give elsewhere additional items in regard to the croj)s, from papers received from different parts of the country. Those in the North and West gene rally repreccnt the wheat crop as presenting an un commonly fine appearance, but in the South it will undoubtedly fail to a great extent. ON THE INSIDE PAGES May he found letters from our correspondent at Dublin, descriptive of the condition of Ireland; a tabular statement of the number and force of the Russian fleets in the Baltic and Black Seas; an a: curate description of Odessa, rceeni'y bombarded by the Anglo-French fleet; articles from foreign journals on the Clreek insurrection, and the Indus trial Exhibition of Fiance; London and Paris fash ions; history of the Russians in California; observa tions on Western Wisconsin; a letter from Arch bishop H jghcs relative to the recent speech of General Cass upon religious toleration; theatrical, commercial, and tinaiwial intelligence, advertise ments, Ac., Ac. Hoiultiras?Gen. Bnrrstntlln's Important fllt sloit?.Overtures of Annexation. The telegraphic despatch which we publish this morning from Washington, relative to the mission of Don Jose Barrundia, from Honduras to the United States, involves a subject of the highest possible importance to that country and our own?to the interests of our commerce, to our strength upon the seas, aud to the exten sion of our institutions, our laws and our con stitution over the transitory republics ami foreign dependencies wh'ch lie between us and the Isthmus ofl)arien. It appears that Gen. Bamndia is charged from the secret instructions ot the Legislature of Honduras, in their recent proceedings at the capital of the State. Comayaguu. with nothing less than the momentous proposition of imme diate and absolute annexation to the United States of the independent State of which he is the representative. lie comes to make the voluntary offer, " without money aud without price,'' of another commonwealth, groat in re sources. commanding in its commercial posi tion. to the magniticcnt constellation of our federal Union. The immediate aDd the ulti mate advantages suggested by the acceptance of this proposition, must l>e apparent at a glance, to our intelligent reader*. Let.us briefly illus trate the more prominent consequences and bearings of the annexation of Honduras. The State or republic of Honduras lies on the south side of the gulf of that name, with the State of Nicaragua to the south and Guate mala on the west. Of its superficial extent we have no accurate data. It is probably equal in size to the State of Ohio, without including the territory on the Atlantic coast occupied by England as a sort of mahogany and logwood cutting colony, and which, we presume, is not included in the projit of Senor Barrundia. It has a population of 350,001), and its exports in 1835 were, according to McCnlloch, $749,000. From the extreme fertility of the soil, audits varied tropical productions, under our govern ment these exports might be readily increased to eight or ten millions per annum, to say no thing of the mineral riches of the country. With the acquisition of Honduras, therefore, we should gain this nmount of commerce, and the trsllic in exchange for it. We should also gain an important commercial nnd naval position in the gulf, commanding the Caribbean scapnd the western outlet into it of the Gulf of Mexico. In a political view we should acquire the nu cleus for the rapid, yet peaceful, absorption of all tbe Central American States to the south and the west, and of the Mexican States to the northward. ]\c should thus be taking Mexico in tbe front and in the rear; aud the I eneflcial effects of Anglo Saxon enterprise and our benign political institutions, would soon operntc on l>otli sides to bring the distracted t-nd helpless Mexican ouii.es into our Union, like a flock of sheep following their leader over a I rcan in the fence, into a rich and unlimited pe fur". The remaining States of Ccntrnl America would undoubtedly follow rapidly in the movement of Honduras; and thus, without war. nnd without Gadsden trenties, the key will l e furnished by Gen. Barrundia, for the annex ation. reclamation and developement of the whole of that vast region extending from the Rio Grande to New Granada. Thus a line of policy is suggested by which we may secure the speedy aud absolute possession of all the isthmus intor-ocoanie passages, from Tehuante I*e to I'nnamn. and all the ports, keys, islands, bays. Ac.. on both sides, along several thousand miles of sea const. Since the annexation of Texas and the incor poration of California among the States of our I nion. there can be no doubt that among the intelligent classes of the people of Mexico and Central America, there hag been a growing de sire for annexation.pari passu with the progress and prosperity of Texas and California under our institutions, and from the go-ahead, enter prising character of our people. The influence of these examples has extended even to the Sandw ich Islands; and hence the offer, a year or two since, from the government of King Kamehameha. for tbe annexation of those islands, gr"at and ?roall. volcanoes and all, to I tl i. Un'ted Stute* Thirty yean ago, however, 1b< ro was a shntlai1 offer from San Salvador, ? i of the Ontral American States; bat at 11 tit day of-slow couches and vailing vessels, th tl ii,g wat- considered too Quixotic for a mom- nt s serious consideration. A n w i.poch has succeeded. Steam, elec liic tilcgrapfes, practical annexation, Texas ai.d Cnlitornia, have hurried us into the full enter of progress and "maalfest destiny" Tin proposition from Honduras, which would In vt 1 een scouted as a preposterous monstros ity twenty or thirty years ago, assumes now tin practical ahupe of an ordinary bu-iness transaction. There is nothing alarming in it, n. thing novel, nothing Quixotic? The thing is In pi rlect keeping with the spirit of the age. We might have had the whole of Mexico in 1848; but Nicholas P. Trlst declined to ti ke it. His mind was incapable, per brps. of grasping so much ; or peradventure he shrank from the prize as too large for our capacities of digestion. We are over that squcamishuess now. The public mind, in ad vance of cur politicians and diplomets, is fully prepared for any amount of annexation, North and South. M hat objection can there be to Honduras? If the South are satisfied, what i valid remonstrance can come from the North? Honduras is a rich country?richer, perhaps, even than Cuba itself, in its natural products at.d futility. Under our hands it would soon Lccomc a great commercial country. More over, it is a free State, and will come in as a free State ; and, in this view, it ought to be come an especial object among Northern men 'o accomplish the work of annexation as an ? fifset to Cuba. The South will doubtless be satisfied to take Cuba as an equivalent. What system of labor Honduras, in the Union, may ultimately adopt in the developemeot of her tropical products, it is not necessary now to inquire. Site is a free State, and as such will propose to be admitted ; and thus there can he no free soil objection to her admission, in the all-absorbing test of the negro question. The only national obstacle, we apprehend, to the annexation of Honduras, will be found in the administration. It has hardly the capa city to seize the .comprehensive advantages which would be gained by such a measure? hardly the moral courage, independence or de cision of character to risk it. But there may yet te men in Congress, and in the country, with .something of the political foresight and experience of Clay, Webster and Calhoun?men capable of looking, not only a half a century behind them, but a half a century ahead, and upon them will devolve the duty of enforcing a deliberate consideration of the overtures of annexation, when they shall be presented from Honduras. Let Gen. Barrondia lay these overtures before the President, and as he will probably submit them to Congress without unnecessary delay, together with all the responsibility on the sub ject, it is quite possible that Honduras may make a sensation in the world before the end of the present session. If we can afford to pay ten millions of dollars for a margin of the de serts of Mexico, surely wc can aflford to accept, as a free gift, the rich and productive State of Honduras. K/ Nebraska?Tiie Administration, and the Democracy.?Things are in a funny quandary at Washington. Nebraska is a wonderful and curious concern. It is made a test for the hard shells, while the free soil soft shells are privi leged to do as they please. They have the spoils and the privileges, and they use both very freely. Benjamin F. Butler, John A. Dix, and others of the Van Buren soft shell faction, will probably go over to Seward at the next Presidential election?Butler having given notice to that effect. Shouldn't wonder if John Cochrane, (with the scarlet letter in his pocket,) Swackliamer, and a host of others, are in the fame boat. Captain John Tyler was a lucky man. Though deserted by both parties, his of llce-holdcrs stuck to him to the very last. They got up an independent Baltimore Con vention and nomination for him; but the Cap tain was too modest to run. Now, even the of fice-holders are abandoning General Pierce, while they arc getting fat on the spoils, wfiat ungrateful wretches ! Nebraska docs him no good. Many who support the bill put in a proviso against the administration. Between the hards and the vofts it is like the jackass be tween the two bundles of hay. both removed beyond his reach. But what arc the hards about ? The other day we had a lively speech from Mike Walsh for the bill, and another from Wheeler against the bill; but both were equally hostile to the i administration. How are the hards of the | Bowery to go, with such conflicting sentiments 1 on Nebraska, coupled with such harmony of : opinion against the President, Marcy, Cushing j and Company, among our hards in Congress ? If the question is not settled soon we shall ' have all the Bowery hard shells?pairing off j upon Nebraska, and perhaps pealing off their jackets for a settlement of the vexed question of popular sovereignty according to the ancient usage of the territorial squatters. The Bowery j hards are getting ugly on the subject, and if j their representatives at Washington cannot settle upon the principles of the Nebraska bill, "the boys" will fight it out among themselves. They can't stand this Congressional tomfoolery j much longer?that's flat. They still expect i something of Mr. Cutting. But where is Mr. j Cutting with his amendment? We are anxious j to heat1. A Word to IIoiskhoi.df.rp.?The streets are filled with dust, garbage and filth of every de scription. Broadway is relapsing into its old condition; and the other streets defy descrip tion. Every shower of rain fills them with mud. In a few days, the heat will convert all this into one putrid mass, exhaling disease and malaria. It Is useless to turn for relief to the Corporation. That body is now more utterly incapable and useless than it has ever been. Bud us were its predecessors, the Council elected on the reform ticket is certainly the worst we ever had. In view of these facts, and of the imminent danger of cholera or some pes tilential disease being engendered by the foul condition of the streets, we call upon house holders throughout the city to organize th*m **c1v?h into provisional governments, and to have their streets cleaned by private arrange ment. Half a dollar a week will be sufficient to enable the whole city to be kept clean, and every man can afford to pay this. Whether he can or no, in fact, he lias no choice, now; un less he is content to run the risk of a plague springing up among us. Let no one say one word of appeals to the municipal authorities. Such resorts are waste of breath and waste of time. We have no government, and if we want clean streets, we must clean them our selves. Faahiokablb Excesses and their Results? Tollies *f Young New Yore.?It la the duty j of every gentleman to make himself, in appear- j ance, as agreeable an objeet as possible. Suck are the words put in the mouth af an effete London baronet by one ?f our modern play wrights. There is a great deal of sound philo sophy in them, because a great many men and women are so constituted, mentally, that the adornment-of their persons is the ealy subject which claims their attention. The invention ef new modes keeps them busy, and they thereby etcape the .machinations of the devil, who, if we believe the old writers, is ever at the elbow of the idler. The women are the never-failing targets at which Slovene discharge their arrows, when in-, veighing upon extravagance in dress. Yet we -doubt not that these same writers do enjoy a promenade in Broadway?that they believe, with Shelley, that '-a thing of beauty is a joy forever," and that they would he very much disgusted with women-kind if the lair prome naders upon our great avenue were dressed with Quaker simplicity, or attired in the robes of neutral colors which the sumptuary law of the liberal minded gentlemen who settled the Ply mouth colony obliged the Puritan women to wear. That extravagance ia dress is carried to an excese which sometimes becomes criminal, is a truism, and nobody will attempt to disgaise the fact. Men as well as women are guilty in this matter. The descendant of a man remark able for his simplicity in attire, writes from Paris that his gloves eost him five hundred dol lars per annum. * Boots d la mode are titted to aristocratic feet for ten dollars. One style of cravat is sold at seven dollars; waistcoats from twelve to eighteen dollars; and there is one extraordinary pair of trousers in Broadway, the pattern of which is so strikiug that it cost eighteen dollars to buy them. The last style of dress coat, the skirts approximating the heels, and the hip buttons placed between the shoulder blades, is made by a fashionable tailor for forty dollars, from his Paris pattern, ?' im ported expressly for this house." Add to these, jewelled shirt buttons, diamond vest buttons, nnd other fashionable bijouterie, and it will be seen that a distingui male outfit for a concert or ball often requires a draft of not less than a thousand upon the " governor," whose mind is relieved by the axiom laid down at the outset of this article, and who thinks that his hopeful son may, by his intense ad miration of the brilliant style in which he has been gotten np, be so enwrapped in egotism that he will forget everything else but his dear Bclf, and thereby be kept out of mischief. The woman of fashion is governed by the same law. Her life has three epochs: her hus band, her children, and the opening of the fashions for the seasons. Generally, the last has the ilrmest hold upon licr mind. The mil liners, the mantua-makers, and the journalists, are her aiders and abettors. How many bright eyes will sparkle at the following description of a ?* love of a dress," the last emanation from the Quarticr Saint nonor6:? Dresses of silk, with three flounce* ef diflTesent color*, agt DOTeltie*, and will enjoy great favor during the com ing Reason. Tbero are many in preparation, having a pattern worked at the edge of each Rkirt. A robe of this desciiption ha* three skirts, ono over the other, with an interval of six or eight inches. The lowest is emerald green, the middle one of paler green, and the third a lelt gray color. The lmdy is of the felt gray color, high and plain, and has a frill down the breaU, of Alenoon'a lace, in the centre of which are placed three brooches of emeralds, surrounded with pearl*. The sleeves are dou ble pagoda, the under one light green, the upper felt gray, oud only reaching to the elbow. This sleeve U ?lit np behind, and trimmed with 1 nee, and Is fastened by three emerald buttons, surrounded by pearls. Embroidery, luce, pearls, emeralds, three co lors of silk?very line and inexpensive, no doubt, until the bills come in. The sacred ground wbere bonnets or hats arc invented should not be approached by impious feet, "What charms, what conjurations, and what mighty magic" it must require to get np such an extraordinary affair as that which now rests between the occiput and the spinal column of Broadway belle! If we may believe some im pertinent writers, the mania for extravagance is carried to the furthest recesses of the toilet; and from some interesting petticoat statistics it appears that several hundred poor heathens might be furnished with Bibles, moral pocket handkerchiefs and flannel ?liirts. with the money that one fashionable lady expends upon those portions of her attire which are never seen by vulgar eyes, except upon rainy days. The great cause of all this extravagance is to be found in the great wealth and unbounded prosperity of the country. First, we were poor, industrious, never-tiring. The men were unre fined. but vigorous; the women shouldered the musket, swutig the axe, and brought up their children in the way they should go; and they did not walk therein. The Puritan mothers were moulded by the iron will of the Puritan fathers; they were as stern, as bigoted, as cor scicntious. as firm, and as strict, as their hus bands. They insisted upon being martyrs; to them the strait and narrow path of duty was lined with roses?the crown of thorns was a wreath of laurel. Their descendants have rush ed to the opposite extreme, and they have yi t to learn that the excess of luxury is not the excess cf refinement. Many great nations ha\ e fallen beneath the enervating influence of lux ury degraded to debauchery; but we do n? | think this republic is in danger of being made a similar example at present. In disenpsing this subject, it would be wrong to overlook the fact that refinement in dress makes work, and work which is well paid, for thousands of worthy and industrious men and women, nnd that the importation of articles of luxury forms one of the most important items iq our city's prosperity. We must also rememl?er the ugly fact, that man and woman ore imitative beings. Every little circle has its bean and its belle, and Mr. Brown, who is a clerk on five hundred dol lars a year, imitates Mr. Fitz-Smythe, who is of an old Knickerbocker family, nnd whose rent roll is twenty-thousand a year. Mr. Brown steals from bis employer, and his rela tives are made miserable, all on account of a new trowsers pattern. Miss Jones, who finds it very hard to resist temptation, to be happy and to be virtuous on twenty shillings a week when board rtiql washing cost sixteen, sells herself to the devil in the shape of a young man who will give her a bonnet and a brocade like that which the well-to-do father of Miss Dash presented to her on her last birth day, a l'act which Miss I)afh bos been very carcf\il to circulate in the most thorough style all over the neighborhood. There is no necessity for particulars regarding the fate of Miss Jones. In summing np this case, it is doubtful to see where the burden of proof and evidence rc.-ts. i It is, however, an incontrovertible fact, that j most men admire a well-dressed woman, and that the barber and the tailor go far to recom mend a man in the aye* of a woman. Such be ing the faahioa bids flu* to be a perma sent institutes. It in strange bow rapidly this monarch follows the footsteps of civilization. For example, the common school system in Cali fornia is not yet thoroughly organized, bat we are informed from a reliable source that the milliners of San Francisco have organized each an admirable plan, that the Paris modes are re ceived there almost as soon as they are dis played in Broadway. With snch activity on the part of fashion's ministers, coupled with the most abject submission on the part of her j subjects, her reign must be as enduring as the great globe itself, and the remains of fash ion plates will undoubtedly be plainly dis cernible in that " wreck of matter and crush of worlds" which will include all mortal things, when old Atlas gets aweary of his burden, and hurls us from his shoulders. The Price or an Editor.?In another column will be found an amusing account of a swindle recently practised on the pro prietor of a diorama in London. At the opening of his exhibition, a gentleman called on the proprietor, gave his name and address, stated that he was a critic engaged on the Times, promised a favorable notice and conclud ed by borrowing two guineas. The exhibitor fancied he had procured praise cheap; and ac cordingly bought the Times regularly day after day in the hope of seeing his visiter's pro mise fulfilled. No notice of the diorama ap pearing, however, he called at the Times office, and there learnt, to his utter horror, that no such person as his quondam visiter was connect ed with the establishment. A complaint against an unknown defendant before the London police court was the lame conclusion to the farce. We make no doubt that such farces are euact ed here often enough. Every now and then, a manager civilly requests us to do him the favor of looking through the long list of names which are inscribed on his free list "on account of the New York Herald," and learns that half or three-fourths of the people whom he has been admitting gratuitously to please us are not only unconnected with this journal, but are even unknown to us by name. Then again, once in a while, an inexperienced manager or actor fan cies that by handing a few dollars to Mr. This or Mr. That, who "manages" the newspapers, or "dictates to" the Herald, his fortune is made. We presume that a good many friends of ours have gone through this little delusion, and are convinced of the folly of such investments by this time: though we cannot expect that others yet to come will avoid the same snare. There will al ways be fools enough in the world to keep olive the theory that a leading newspaper sells its opinions for money. There are, we doubt not, sensible experienced men in this city, who honestly believe that the leading New York journals are open to the highest bidder, and may be hired to praise or hired to blame, at a regular tariff price. This mistake arises from a general misapprehension of the newspa per business, and we cannot expect to see it thoroughly cured for many years to come. The daily journal, as an institution, has only exist ed some nineteen years in this country, and has only existed in its present shape some eight or ten. People took ten years to understand the theory of a newspaper independent of party} we ought, considering the general cor ruption of the world at large, to allow them at least as much to learn the nature of the honest journal. When it shall bo comprehended by the masses, men will cease to fancy that papers can be bought to swear that black is white, be cause they will see that such policy would ruin them in a twelvemonth. And managers, ac tors, authors, schemers and others who now seek fame and glory at cheap rates by bribing hangers on to the press, will then save their trouble and their cash. The Board of Excihe?Rum Selling in New York.?It would appear that the old adage relative to good reiolutions and the in teresting road which they pave remains as true as ever. The Board of Councilmen mode several excellent resolutions relative to the renewal of licenses for liquor selling. The licenses expired on the first of May, and the Councilmen were profuse in promises to the Temperance Alliance, and others, for the coming year. The whole license system was to be overhauled; licenses to sell liquors were no longer to be granted to. "corner" groceries; rowdyism on the Sabbath was to be greatly diminished, by the shutting up of the rum shops, and the main cause of all the abuses which the city has suffered?the Sunday fights, rows, and so forth?was to be so far restricted that the effects would be comparatively mild. The monster was to be scotched, if not killed. These, like other promises of the reformed Common Council, have made for thAiselves thin air, into which they have vanished. We find that the Board of Excise, of which the Councilmen and the Aldermen are ex officio members, have commenced granting li censes to nearly all the applicants, the only qualification required being that the per sons licensed shall be voters in the wards where their mm holes are kept. One Councilman granted licenses indiscriminately, and the others were not much less profligate. In one ward, where there are not many hotels or victualling establishments, one hundred and fourteen licen ses were granted; of course the majority of them must have been for tippling shops. And these things were done by men who were elect ed to the poets which they now disgrace under the strongest pledges in favor of temperance and reform. They have been actively engaged in bartering their pledges in the hope of obtaining sufficient influence with the grog-shop politi cians. The only recourse for the people of New York, in this predicament, is to take proper precautionary measures to prevent the repeti tion of such humbug. Let good men nominate themselves for offices?sweep away all the ma chinery of primary elections, and nominating conventions?and then we may hope that the work of municipal reform will be commenced in earnest. The Opera In America. THE ACADKMT OF MrSIC?THF, NKW OrKRA HOUSE IN rOUMMWH STREET?NEGOTIATIONS FOR A LK8SKK, AC., AC. The establishment of the Italian npora In America a* a permanent institution, promised to be attended hy serious difficulties. Tbe Inst attempt was made by certain of onr wealthy citizen*, who, two years Since, secured a chsrter, were incorporated as the " Academy of Music," and proceeded to erect a coatly building In Fourteenth street snd Irving place, which building will be ready for occupancy by tbe first of November. For some time past the directors of ?tlie Opera House hsve lieen endeavoring to obtain a suitable lessee for 11. They first advertised in the English and con tinental papers, without saceess. They also despatch ed an agent to Europe to elTeet the same pnrpoae. It is stated that he too was unsuccessful. The reasons for this difficulty appear to bo these:? The company have erected a buQdlng called the '-Aca demy of Music,''with "stock scenery " for six operas The ether huwdret thousand expensive appliances m mrj for a Brat da. a theatre and opera hoaae mus furnished by the leeeee, at a cost of not less than thonaand dollara. The stockholders alao hare the t to demand af the manager two hundred and fifty reae aeata (the beat in the houae) on each and every ? that a performance ia given, and the rent of the hou thirty thouaand dollara per aeaaon. The reserving of placea for atockholdera waa the g objection to the Aator Plate Opera. No theatre in world could exiat under the weight of auch a l Even the granting of free admissions to stockhol (without aeata) baa killed two or three theatree in country?the old Boston theatre, and the Holliday at theatre, in Baltimore, are t xamples. The atockhol of the Aator Place houae never occupied their eeati leaa there waa a great attraction. On the extra nig when the vulgar were admitted, the ariatocratie I presented a beggarly aeeount of empty boxes. Mr. Hackett some time since, announced that he closed au engagement with Mario and Griai, and %t came time he opened negotiation! with the directo the Academy of MubIc, for the lease of the Opera Ho Considerable time waa spent in negotiations, which fruitless, as Mr. Hackett desired the stockholders t sist in fitting up the houae, and he alao objected t< reservation of seats. It is slated that the director fered the lease to Mr. Hackett at a reduction of St upon the rent. Mr. Hackett, it ia said, Intends to inaugurate the hall on the site of the Lafarge House, with Griai Mario. Mr. I'llman ia now in Europe negotiating I i company to support Madame Sontag. She will ( | Niblo's. i The friends of Max Maretzek have secured for the lease ol the new Opera House, if he choose to acce] The lease has been drawn out in his name and sen him. It ie huddled with the conditions as above down, and the rental amounts to $30,000. Mr. Mi ccmrn zek was at Berlin at the last acctmnts, and it now mains to bo seen whether or not ho will aooopt the of this lease with these conditions. It is consider* very doubtful matter by well-informed people. Maretzek is a good manager?the best we have ever in New York. Messrs. Kipp & Brown, the stage prietora, are security for Maretzek as far as his ret concerned. The above Is believed to be a correct statement of case, as far as the negotiations have progressed. It be seen that the dulness in musical matters during season is to be amply compensated for by the activii the next. Maritime Disasters. LATER FROM TOE VESSELS ASHORE. The steamtug Achilles, Capt. Reynolds, came up frcfl the wreck of the ship Montezuma, yesterday morniiT bringing up Capt. De Couroy, the crew, and 410 pass! gers. The ship is full of water, and her back is brokj The Achilles placed anchors out ahead for her before i came up. The steam tug Huntress, Capt. Phillips, also came up I quarantine early yesterday afternoon, from the ship W| La) ton, ashore at Squan beach, and brought up all ll passengers. The ship lies easy, and it is thought will [ got off soon. The Bremen bark Coriolan, ashore on Squan Be*J remained tight at last accounts; but it was feared si would not be got off. The passengers had been all safq landed. Three steamers were sent to her assistance Friday; but tbey could not approach. One ot them rl turned yesterday morning, but was again despatch! with fresh means of assistance. EFFECTS OF A HURRICANE?RETURN OF A DISABL1 VESSEL. The clipper ship Sultan, Berry, of Boston, from Liv< pool, arrived yeaterday, reports that on the 18th ult., lat. 48 10, Ion. 84 16, in a hurricane from the west, h all three topgallant masts, royal masts, yards, sails,*r ging, and everything attached; foretopmast head, yal and sail, jibboom, jib and jib atays, maintopsail, mail topmast, staysail, foretopmast staysail, all blown awa| Sprung fcremast, washed away flgnrehead, started water rails, he.; rigging, bulwarks and rails badly cat ai| chafed by broken spars, heavy seaa breaking over ahip, causing her to leak badly; also disabling several the seamen and captain. Saw large quantities of ice the Banks, being nearly five days in it. Also pass* large quantities of spars of every description, mast yards, Ac. The bark Hnntington, hence for Montevideo 19th Inst returned last evening, In consequence of being run in off Fire Island by the ship Gray Eagle, carrying away tt H 'a main rigging, main yard, starboard quarter; ah cutting her down to the water's edge. Could not leal what damage the ship received. ICEBERGS IN THE ATLANTIC?NARROW ESCAPE OF a| AMERICAN SHIP.. The ship Josephine, arrived from Bristol, E., yes to ddy, was completely surrounded with icebergs from loi 42 13 to 4*1 85, accompanied with a thick fog, at narrowly escaped destruction On the 2d inst., whi becalmed, an iceberg drifted foul of the ship, renderin it necessary to get out the boats and fend her off. Whil n collision, the iceberg was hanging over the ship' ] oynl mastheads. The vessel, however, fortunately ei caped from her precarious position without damage. The Bremen bark Charlotte, arrived yesterday morij ing from Bremen, was among the ice for four days, nea the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. Saw one island si miles long, and acverml hundred feet high. The Breme brie Oban, also arrived yesterday from Bremen, fell i with large quantities of Ice on the Banks, and was fo four days surroundtd by it. The Oldenburg brig Neplui arrived yesterday, also reports large quantities or ic from lat 46 to 48. SHIP WM. A. COOPER AND THE BRIG BANNER. Naw York, May 2d, 1864. J. G. Bknnktt, Esq ? Having heard or a report being circulated of my re fusing to take off master and crew of British brig Ban ner, of Windsor, N. 8., from Liverpool, on my passage t New York, I would here state snoh a report is untrue, did speak such a vessel, and laid by her eight hours, fo the purpose of rendering assistance; the brig havini fourteen passengers, besides her complement of m?n The captain wanted mo to relieve bim of the passengers not wishing to abandon his vessel himself, the bri| making no water, and in good condition, with exceptloi of loss of foremast. The proposition, considering m; having about three hundred inula on hoard, waa Impoa sible for me to accept, under the circumstance!; tb captain then thanked me for my kindness, and we parte* company. This is a true report, and if yoh will give It a place ii your paper, vou will gTeatly oblige, Yours respectfully JOlltf LANDIK1N, Master ship Win. A. Cooper. TnE rescue of tiie crew or the n irriet augusta| New York, May 20,1814. Mr. J. G. Bennett:? Dear Sir?I cannot leave New York without express! ing through )our widely circulated Journal my grati tola || " de to Capt. B. G. Williams, of the ship Heidelberg, o New Orleans, for rescuing myself, wife and crew of th< ship Harriet Augusta, of Richmond, loaded with rcUroar iron, from Cork, bound to New York, while in a sinking condition, the ship going down in one hour after leaving her, we saving nothing but what we stood in. The kind ncss and care bestowed upon ua while on board his ship will ever remain dear in the memory of hia obliged friend ISAAC TROTT and others. Ship Harriet Augusta, Richmond. Marine Aflfclm. 1.1 roe Arrival or Emigrants.?The nnmher of emi g-anta arrived in this city daring the last three days has been v. ry large. They are from nearly every part o Europe, and embarked at the following porta:? Number arrived on Thursday, as previously published 18,47} Arritrd on Friday. From Liverpool Steamship Europe 87 Ship Silas Greenman .... 429 From London Ship London 478 Ship Hendrik Hudson ... 400 Ship New England 2A6 From Newport Ship Isca 32" From Havre Ship O. F. Fatten 419 Ship Robert I'arker 361 Ship Plymouth ROD From Hamburg Ship Geo Canning 333 Bark Elbe 228 From Gottenburg.... Bark Virginia 20 From Bremen Bark Norms 160 Bark Wieland 191 From Antwerp Bark Stanislaus. 267 Brig Orlelino 121 Brig Express 128 Total ?4,179 Jrrimi on Saturday. From IJverpocl Ship Shannon 374 From Havre Ship CemtUus 374 Ship statesman 397 Ship (Inward 416 Ship Northern Bella 349 From Bremen Bark Charlotte 147 BrlgOshu HO Bark New York Packet.. 138 Brig G. Duck wits 122 % llrig Linden 1"3 Schr. Speculator 87 From Pi nrance Brig Organ 84 From Antwerp Brig Neptune 94 Ship Chatharine 288 Ship Fanny 233 From Hamburg Phip 178 Brig Schiller 112 Frr m Limerick 9?h r. flea nor 79 From Bristol Bark Mary Ann Peters.... 180 From Hull Hark Rots 184 From Newpoit Hark Ganges 18 Total ?4.085 Total arrivals for three days 20,714 HxrAiiTCRB or the Washington ?The U. 8 mill steam ship Washington sailed yeaterday for Bremen via South' smpton, with 184 passengers For California.?'The mail steamship Gsorge [!hw. ill Asplnwall, and the steamship Star of t.he West, for Sal Juan, Nicaragua, left yesterday afternoon with a >src? lumber of paasmgeri hound to California.