OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 28, 1854, Image 3

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Th? Xcbruka-Kwtu BUI.
I We give annexed, for the benefit of all conoerned
Bd emigrants particularly, a condensed epitome of
be Houbc bill enacting a law for the government of
Jebraska and Kansas Territories. This bill has
i the Senate and Honae, and on Monday it wilj
eive the signature of the President, and thereby
erne the law of the land. We have preserved the
Bportant sections of the bill, and omitted only those
' no particular import:?
A BILL
ORQANIZK THE TERRITORIES OP NEBJU8KA AND
Kansas.
Be it epacted by the Senate and Honse of Repre
entatives of the United States of America, in don
Tees Mumbled, That all that part of the territory
r the United States included within the following
-mits, except such portions thereof as are herein
Xter expressly exempted from the operation of this
r.l v Beginning at the western termination
f the boundary line dividing the States of Iowa and
luftfijOQri: thence west on t*aid parallel to the summit
if the highlands separating the waters flowing into
Green river or Colorado of the West from the waters
lowing into the Great Basin; thence northward on
he said highlands to the summit of the Rocky moun
aius; thence on said sumifiit northward to the
pity-ninth parallel of north latitude; thence cast
?>n said parallel to the western boundary of the Ter
Itfiry of Minnesota; thence southward on saidboun
?"~y to the Missouri river; thence down the main
?unel of said river to the place of beginning?be,
ad the same is hereby, created into a temporary
government by the name of the Territory of
gTebraska; ana when admitted as a State or
Tries, the said Territory, or any portion
. the same, shall be received into the Union
1th or without slavery, as their constitu
tion may prescribe at the time of their admis
lion : Provided, That nothing in this act contained
iball be construed to inhibit the government of the
United States from dividing said Territory into two
-? more Territories, in such manner, and at such
jnes, as Congress shall deem convenient and pro
er, or from attaching any portion of said Territory
o any other State or Territory of the United States
rovided further, That nothing in this act contained
all be construed to impair the rights of person o
, operty now pertaining to the Indians in said Ter
Itorv.solong as such rights shall remain unex
toguisbed by treaty between the United States and
nch Indians, or to include any territory which, by
reaty wJUj any Indian tribe, is not,without the con
ent of said tribe, to be included within The terri
orial limits or jurisdiction of any State or Terri
ory; but all such territory shall be excepted out of
be boundaries, and constitute no part of the Terri
ory of Nebraska, until said tribe shall signify their
^ the president of the United States to be
ncluded within the said Territory of Nebraska, or
o Meet the authority of the government of the
Juried States to make any regulation respecting
men Indians, their lands, property,' or other rights,
by treaty, law, or otherwise, which it would have
*en competent to the government to make if this
ct had uever been passed.
[V Sec. 2. And be it ftirther enacted, That the execu
tive power and authority In and over said Territory
V .. Bba11 1)6 vested in a Governor, who
?hall hold his office for four years, and until his suc
ssaor shall be appointed and qualified, unless soon
amoved by the President of the United States.
Governor shall, reside within said Territory,
Ifhall be commander-in-chief of the militia thereof
P??0?1 duties and receive the emoluments
or Superintendent of Indian Aflhirs, and shall ap
prove of all laws passed by the Legislative Assem
bly , before they shall take effect; he may grant par
?dons and respites for olfences against the laws of said
?Territory,,aod reprieves for offences against the laws'
lof the United States, until the decision of the Presi
Ident canbe made known thereon; he shall cammis
lirion adl offloere who shall be appointed to office un
|der the laws of the said Territory, and shall take care
I that the laws be faithfully executed.
I .qft 3- be it ftirther enacted, That there
l?k .i* \8ecre^P\0/ ?id Territory, who shall re
laide therein, and hold his office for five years, un
Ikm sooner removed by the President of the United
restates; be shall record and preserve all the taws
land proceedings of the Legislative Assembly herein
|j^R? '? e ao*B and proceedings
iShM executive department; Be
I 52H T ??Vyot the laws and journals of
Kv ? ? Assembly within thirty days after
I ?? !?? fle88i.?n,ind on? copy of the execu
I 2?^ ,official, correspondence semi
I annually, on the first days of January and July in
SriVC4r' thS ^"^dent of tbeUnited States,
I StariTtJfT&aaf vws t0 the President of the
I Mid to the Speaker of the House of Reore
I Sf U8ie of Con?resa; and in the case
I ?fthe death, removal, resign ttion, or absence of the
I rT?' ii10nL Territory, the secretary shall be,
*"d be is hereby,.authorized apd required to execute
*nd perform all the powers and duties of the Gover
?^.^!l?LSUcb1.yMCfncZ,or absence, or until ano
^u^ch vac^y 7 appointed and quaUfied
Sec. 4. And be it ftirther enacted, That the Le
*atbor,tT of said Territory shall
v? ,n ^f?, Governor and Legislative Assem
bly. The Legislative Assembly 3E5 consist of a
Council and House of BepresenUtives. The Coun
cil shall consist of thirteen members, having the
qualifications of voters, as hereinafter prescribed,
whose term of service shall continue two years!
The House of Representatives shall, at its firet ses
sion, consist of twenty-six members, possessing the
R M Pre8cribe<1 for members of
the Council, and whose term of service shall conti
nue one year. The number of representatives may
be increased by the Legislative Assembly, from
time to time^hiproportion to the increase of quaU
fied voters: Provided, That the whole number ?imii
never exceed thirty-nine.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That every
free white mate inhabitant above the ageoftwent^
ooeyears, who shall bean actual resident of said
Territory, and shaU possess the qualification here
inafter prescribed, shall be entitled to vote at the
firet election, and shall be eligible to any office with
Territory; bat the qualifications of voters
Sh?n r- . rD? uffi a11 subsequent elections,
shall be such as shall be prescribed by the Leglsla
*2 fTTilJ: _?j?vided. That the right of suffrage
, and of holding office shall be exercised only by clti
Slithc Uni^d ?"*?? and th??? who sWfCe
r?d ?Vu'their mtention to become such,
and shall have taken an oath to support the consti
tution of the United States and the provisions of
this act: And provided ftirther, That no officer, so'.
dler, seaman, or marine, or other person in the ar- ,
my or navy of the United States, or attached to
trpopsin the service of the United States, shall be
allowed to vote or hold office in said Territory, by
being on service therein for six months
anjess said Territoiy is and has been for that period
otoerwue his permanent domicil, residence, habita
Sec. 6. All the laws panned by the Legislative As
sembly and Governor shall be submitted to the Con
C88 of the United States; and if disapproved, shall
null and of no effect.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That all town
?*P. district, and county officers, not herein other
wise provided for, shall be appointed or elected, as
the case may be, in such manner as shall be provided
by the Governor and Legislative Assembly of the
Territory of Nebraska.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That no mem
ber of the Legislative Assembly shall hold, or be
appointed to, any office which snail have been cre
ated, or the salary or emoluments of which shall
have been increase<L while he was a member, during
the term for which ne was elected, and for one year
after the expiration of such term.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the judi
cial power of said Territory shall be vested in a Su
preme Court, District Courts, Probate Courts, and
in Justices of the Peace. The Supreme Court shall
consist of a Chief Justice and two Associate Justices,
my Jwo of whom shall constitute a quorum, and
trho shall hold s term at the seat of government of
wd Territory annually, and they snail hold their
offices during the period of four years, and until
their successors shall be appointed and qualified.
The said Territory shall be divided into three judi
cial districts, and a District Court shall be held in
each of said districts by one of the Justices of the
supreme Court, at such times and places as may oe
prescribed by law; and the said judges shall, after
their appointments respectively, reside in the dis
tricts which shall be assigned them. The jurisdic
tion of the several courts herein provided for,
both appellate and original, and that of the
Probate Courts and of Justices of the Peace,
shall be aa limited by law: Provided, That Justices
of the Peace shall not have turlsdlction of any mat
ter in controversy when the title or boundaries of
land maybe in dispute, or where the debt or sum
claimed shall exceed one hundred doUats; and the
?aid He pre me and District Courts, respectively,
shall possess chancery as well aa common law juris
diction. Karh District Court, or the jndge thereof,
shall appoint its clerk,who shall also be the Register
in Chancery, and shall keep his office at the place
where the court may be held. Writs of error, bills
of exception, and appeals, shall be allowed In all ,
cases from the final decisions of said District Courts i
to the Supreme Court, under such regulations as
may be prescribed by law; bnt in no case removed
to the Supreme Court shall trial by jury be allowed
in said court The Hupreme Court, or the justices
thereof, shall appoint its own clerk, and every clerk
shall hold his office at the pleasure of the court for
which he shall have been appointed. Writs of er
rnr, and appeals from the final decisions of said Su
Bne Court, shall be allowed, and may be taken to
Hupreme Court of the United States, in the same
manner aad tinder the same regulations as from the
Circuit Courts of the United States, where the
a of the property, or the amount in controversy,
ascertained by the oath or affirmation of either
patty, or other competent witness, shall exceed one
thousand riokura; except only that In all caaea In
volving title tc sieves, the said writs of error or
appeals shall be allowed and decided by the said
Supreme Court, without regard to the value of the
matter, property, or title in controversy; and
except also that a writ of error or appeal shall
also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the
United Btites, from the decisions- of the said
Supreme Court created t?y this act, or of
any judgs thereof, or of the District Courts created
by this act, or of any judge thereof, upon any writ
of habeas corpus, involving the question of personal
freedom: Provided, that nothing herein contained
shall be construed to apply to or affect the provisions
of the " act respecting fugitives from iustice, and
persons escaping fram the service of their masters,"
approved February twelfth, seventeen hundred and
ninety-three, and the " act to amend and supple
mentary to the aforesaid act," approved September
eighteenth, eighteen hundred ana fifty; ana each of
the said District Courts shall have and exercise the
same jurisdiction in ail cases arising under the con
stitution and laws of the United States as is vested
in the Circuit and District Courts of the United
States; and the said Supreme and District Courts of
the said Territory, and the respective Judges thereof,
shall and may grunt writs of habeas corpus jn all
cases in which the same are granted by tne judges
of the United States in the District of Columbia;
and the first six days of every term of said courts,
or so much thereof as shall be necessary, shall be
appropriated to the trial of causes arising under the
said constitution and laws, and writs of error and
appeal in all such cases shall be made to the Su
preme Court of said Territory the aame as in other
cases. The said clerk shall receive in all such cases
the same fees which the clerks of the District
Courts of Utah Territory now receive for similar
services.
Sec. 10. And be it farther enacted, That the pro
visions of the act entitled " An act respecting
fugitives from justice, and persons escaping from
the service .of their masters," approved February
twelfth, one thousand seven hundred and ninety
three, and the provisions of the act entitled "An
act to amend and supplementary to the aforesaid
act," approved September eighteenth, one thou
sand eight hundred and fifty, be, and the same are
hereby, declared to extend to and be in full force
within the limits of said Territory of Nebraska.
Sec. 11. And be it farther enacted, That there
shall be appointed an attorney for said Territory,
who shall continue in office for fonr years, and until
his successor slmll be appointed and qualified, ufi
lesa sooner removed by tne President, and whoshal1
receive the same fees and salary as the attorney of
the United States for the present Territory of Utah.
There shall also be a marshal for the Territory ap
pointed, who shall hold his office for four years, and
until his successor shall be appointed and qualified.
Sec. 12. And be it farther enacted, That the Gov
ernor, Secretary,Chief Justice and Associate Justices,
Attorney and Marshal, shall be nominated, and by
and with the advfce and consent of thp Senate, ap
pointed by the President of the United States.
There shall be appropriated annually the sum of fif
teen hundred dollars, to be expended by the Gover
nor, to defray the contingent expenses of the Terri
tory, including the salary of a clerk of the execu
tive department; and there shall also be appropri
ated, annually, a sufficient sum, to be expended by
the Secretary of the Territory, and upon an esti
mate to be made by the Secretary of the Treasury of
the United States, to defray the expenses of the Le
gislative Assembly, the printing of the laws, and
other incidental expenses.
Sections 13 and 14 provide that the Legislature
shall assemble at such place as the Governor may
direct, and that the Territory shall be entitled to a
delegate in Congress under the usual restrictions,
and finally that the constitution, and all the laws
of the United States which are not locally inappli
t within
cable, shall have the same force and effect'
the said Territory of Nebraska as elsewhere within
the United States, except the eighth section of the
act preparatory to the admission of Missouri into
the Union, approved March sixth, eighteen hundred
and twenty, wnich was superseded by the principles
of the legislation of eighteen hundred and fifty,
commonly called the compromise measures, and is
hereby declared inoperative.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the snm
of five thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby,
appropriated out of any money in the treasury not
itherwise app *
otherwise appropriated, to be expended by and un
der the direction of the said Governor of tne Terri
tory of Nebraska, in the purchase of a library, to be
kept at the seat of government, for the use of the
Governor, Legislative Aasembly, judges of the Su
preme Court, Secretary, Marshal, and Attorney of
said Territory, and such other persons and under
snch regulations as shall be prescribed by law.
Sections 16 and 17 provide for the appropriation
of land for schools, and the location or judicial dis
tricts, and section 18 that all officers are required to
S've security for moneys that may be intrusted with
em for disbursement, shall give such security
at such time and place, and in such manner, as the
Secretary of the Treasuiy. may prescribe.
Sec. 19. And be it farther enacted, Tbat the Pre
sident of the United States be, and he hereby is, au
thorized to enter into negotiation with the'Indian
tribes of the said Territory of Nebraska, for the pur
pose of securing the assent of said tribes to the set
tlement of the citizens of the United States upon the
lands claimed by said Indians, and for the purpose
of extinguishing the title of said Ihdian tribes in
whole or in part to snch lands; and that, for the
purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this
section, the snm of one hundred thousand dollars is
hereby appropriated out of any moneyB in the trea
sury not otherwise appropriated.
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That as soon
as the Governor of said Territory of Nebraska shall
enter upon the discharge of his duties as snch, the
Superintendency of Indian Aflkire at St. Loois, in
the State of Missouri, shall be abolished, and the
duties shall be transferred to and performed by the
the said Governor of Nebraska, so far as they relate
to, or are to be performed within, said Territory.
Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That all that
part of the territory of the United States included
within the following limits, except snch portions
thereof as are hereinafter expressly exempted from
the operations of this act, to wit: beginning at a
point on the western boundary of the State of Mis
souri, where the thirty-seventh parallel of north lati
tude crosses the same; thence west on said parallel
to the eastern boundary of New Mexico; thence
north on said boundary to latitude thirty-eight;
thence following said boundary westward to the
summit of the highlands dividing the watere flowing
into the Colorado of the "West or Green river, from
the waters flowing into the Great Basin; thence
northward on said summit to the southern line of
Nebraska; thence along the southern line of Nebraska
to the western line dividing the States of Iowa and
Missouri; thence south with the western boundary
of said State to the place of beginning, be, and the
same is hereby, created into a temporary govern
ment, by the name of the Territory or Kansas ; and,
when admitted as a State or States, the said Territo
2, or any portion of the same, shall be received into
e Union, with or without slavery, as their consti
tution may prescribe at the time or their admission:
Provided, lust nothing in this act contained shall
be construed to inhibit the government of the United
States from dividing said Territory into two or more
Territories, in snch manner and at snch time as Con
gress shall deem convenient and proper, or from at
taching any portion of said Territory to any other
State or Territory of the United States : Provided
farther, That nothing in this act contained shall be
construed to impair the rights of persons or property
now pertaining to the Indians in said Territory, stf
long as snch rights shall remain unextinguished by
treaty between the United States and snch Indians,
or to include any territory which, by treaty with any
Indian tribe, is not, without the consent of said
tribe, to be included within the territorial limits or
jurisdiction of any State or Territory ; but all such
territory shall be excepted out of the boundaries,
and constitute no part of the Territory of Kansas,
until such tribe shall signify their assent to the Pre
sident of the United States to be included within
the said Territory of Kansas, or to affect the au
thority of the government of the United States to
make any regulation respecting snch Indians, their
lands, property, or other rights, by treaty, law, or
otherwise, which it would have been competent to
the government to make if this act had never
passed.
The remaining twenty sections in the act prescribe
the same font of government for Kansas as for
Nebraska?the difference is only In the alteration of
the names of the Territories.
Accident on thr Michigan Central Railroad
?Three Litis Lost.?The evening train which
left Detroit on Tuesday, at 6 o'clock, Sor this place,
on arriving at a road which crosses the track about
three miles this side of Jackson, ran over a large
bull which had laid himself down upon the track,
with his back towards the approachingtrain. The
shock threw the locomotive entirely on the track,
and smashed the emigrant car to pieces. The en
gineer, Mr. Clock, of Detfoit, and the fireman, Mr.
Fuller, of Marshal, and a yonng man who got on the
engine at Jackson to come on to Marshal, were all
instantly killed, and several of the emigrants in the
car which was broken, were slightly Injored. The
engineer leaves a wife and two children in Detroit,
ana the fireman, Mr. Fuller, had a brother Ulled on
the road about three years ago. The accident took
place about 9 o'clock, and no vigilance on the part
of the engineer could have avoided it, as there is a
curve in the road at the place where the accident
occurred.?Chicago Tribune, Mag 26.
Domestic Miscellany.
A young man named James Larkin, in a scuffle
with Thomas Scott, at St. Louis on the 18th inst.,
was thrown over a balustrade on the pavement, and
so much injured that he died in two days.
Two children of Mr. Voorhiee. teller in the New
Brunswick Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank, died
suddenly lately, supposed to have been poisoned by
Lyon's magnetic powders.
The village of Towanda has been visited with an
other fire. The Female Bern i nary in that place
was bunt to the ground on the 18tb inst.
On Tux CwrapoiMkMW.
Bbowmbvilije, (on the Rio Grande,) I
Texas, April 28, 1854. |
Pit Struggle letmten A Inarm ami Santa Anna?General
Cardenae?Broumtville and Rio Grande Railroad.
The failure of the mails from the city of Mexico
keeps us in the dark as to what is transpiring in the
southern portion of Santa Anna's dominions, and
our kind neighbors on the other side anxiously look
for intelligence from that quarter, as it is now known
that Alvarez had left his mountain passes and ad
vanced on to the table lands to engage Santa Anna
in person. The final result of the struggle now
going on between these two chieftains will satisfy
you that Alvarez is more than a match for his
Serene Highness.
The probable failure in the Senate of the Gadsden
treaty has been highly pleasing to our friends on the
oppoeide side of the line, who would feign hope that
the "conscript fathers" of the great republic may
not, by a solemn vote, give their petty despot the
means wherewith to perpetuate his despicable rule
in that country. The treaty is very unpopular with
them on account of the clause which gives Santa
Anna bo many millions per month, and the Ameri
can Senate, they say, by doing this, virtually encou
rages and upholds tyranny on the American conti
nent.
The ex-Governor of Tamaulipas, Don Jesus Car
denas, so far from being on this side of the river,
as had heen asserted, was some days ago arrested
in El Valle del Maiz, within the Department of San
Luis Potosi, so that the standing order against him
to be shot if taken within Tamaulipas, will hardly
be carried out against him. He has, nevertheless,
been sent to San Luis to be tried on the charge of
having been within the prohibited territory.
The commissioners appointed by the Legislature
of Texas for organizing the "Brownsville and Rio
Grande Railroad Company gave notice on the 17th
oC this month that books for stock subscriptions are
now open in this city, and will be kept open for
thirty days thereafter in this place, at the expira
tion of which time the same will be transmitted to
Ngw Orleans, there to be opened for subscriptions,
ana to be kept open for whatever time the board
may deem necessary. Each subscriber is required
to pay five per cent down on the amount sub
scribed.
Out indefatigable fellow-citizen, P. C. Shannon,
Esq., has furnished the American Flag with a con
densed statement, compiled ffbm reliable statistics,
of the amountof freight, Ac., between this place and
Brazos Santiago, from which estimate it would
appear that the actual cost of the road, in fact,
will only be some $144,000. Persons familiar with
enterprises of this nature affirm that the dividends
must be larger than any other in the country, and
feel sanguine of its entire success.
We have no news from the upper Rio Grande,
and the health of this place is fine. Rio Bravo.
Our Albany Correspondence.
Albany, May 26,1854.
Lamentable State of Affai,s-The Union np?n the
Verge of again Toppling-Wailing of the Alarm
tets?Peckham's Position?His Fall, 4rc- I
Again the country is ruined. Once more the dis
contented fanatics are upon the eve of dissol ving
the Union, all on account of the organization of the
Territories of Nebraska and Kansas, for the purpose
of facilitating emigration, and preparing them for
admission as States, as all others outside of the ori
ginal thirteen have been admitted. But the coun
try has been frequently on the verge of rain in pre
yious days, and the disappointment of the alarmists,
that it would not stay ruined, as they hoped ajid
predicted, was never greater than it will be now.
We, of the second generation, have a thousand
times perused the records and papers relating to the
purchase of Louisiana by President Jefferson-how
indiscreet it was to pay fifteen millions for a tract of
wild lands, Inhabited only by savages, Frenchmen
and howling animals, extending to the far West
even to the Mississippi?beyond the region of law,
gospel or civilization. For this act Jefferson was
burnt in effigy, his intentions villified, his motives
impugned, and his administration most ve
hemently slandered and strenuously opposed.
While negotiations were pending for the ac
quisition of Florida, in order to extinguish
the Spanish title upon our southwestern bordjr,
then again the spirit of alarm was awakened, and
the opponents or the measure set the oonntry, iu
1 Congress and out, in a blaze, asserting that Florida
was inhabited only by Creek and Seminole Indians,
living in morasses, of which the territory was mostly
composed; that the savages could never be subdued
and civilization never enter; that the lands were
unfit for any kind of culture or cultivation, and the
purchase of them was nothing but a gratuity to
Spain. When the annexation of Texas was mooted,
and a proposition to admit it into the Union as a
State then the howlings of the same alarmists be
I came'more desperate than ever. They spread the
alarm mat Mexico would never submit, that Santa
Anna would form an alliance with other'{Arere, and
forcibly wrest Texas from us, tear the lone star
from our national emblem, and thus disgrace our
union. 'Aye, and they threatened, too, that in such
a crisis a mighty host of American citizens would be
found with armor on, ready to assist in restoring
Texas to Mexico. We all recollect the excitement
of thut oicafcion?how Clay, Van Buren, and other
jaw, sssir a
African soldfer^whe?3chastisement became in
dispensable, and a war with Mexico inevitable, loud
lamentations again resounded through the hmd?
from the press, the stump, and the pulpit?denounc
ing the war?that it was aggressive on the part of
the United States; that Its only object wm the
grasping of more Mexican territory, and that ah de
fenders of our country's honor were human
butchers," and should find "hospitable graves in
Mexico. And when that country was conqueredbythe
valor of American arms, and indemnity demanded,
Mexico had nothing in her treasury to offer. General
Scott might have held p^eBidon. by conquest. of
the entire Mexican possessions to this day, and the
United States forever after. But in Uea of
up.ipA offered to cede ft portion of her territory
Vring upon our northwesternbordcr. But the fanatics
the free Boilers and abolitionists?became highly
exasperated at the proposition. They taught the
doctrine that California could never be subjected to
the federal government?its inhabitants consisted
only of illiterate Mexicans and Indians, and a few
soldiers from the Atlantic coast, sent oat at the com
mencement of the war, under Col. Stevenson. It
would cost many millions annually to support a
standing army to keep the people in awe. without
the lean benefit to the country or to mankin<b
Such has been the uniform conduct of a band or
restless discontents for half a century. What would
be the condition of this country this moment. had
the several administrations in power lent them a
listening ear ? Who would possess the Louisiana
ftonntrv now ??who Florida, Texas, California, if
desffition had vi-lted this Union as often as these
disorganizes desired? Instead of weakening,
everv acquisition of territory?the admission o
everv Territory aud State in the Union since the
original thirteen?has added might, strength and
area tor consolidation to the government. And wlo
fsthere, at this day, fool-hardv enough to advocate
the separation of cither of those ^
the confederacy? There is no man*) wildjutd.
fanatical. As well might a proposition be cnter
tained to separate the Empire Htate from the Union,
as Texas. Florida or California; and though the
latter lies thousands of miles distant from the na
tional canital. it is as easily governed, and the laws
are as highly respected, as id old Virginia or the
^JuSro'with Nebraska. Tbe spirit whlchper^
cuted Jefferson, which opposed LouWana,
Texas, California, is the same which burned Doug
las in effigy, and which now threatens a dissolution
of the Union upon the acquisition of the Territories
west of Iowa. The infection has fastened itself up
on our immediate representative in Congress, tofus
W Peckbam. He made a speech against the organ
tuition ot those Territorial governments, and re
corded his vote in accordance with his speech.
There are some remarkable passages in that speech.
Among other things, he saidthat "be vres no poli
tician"?that he went to" Congress against his oam
wishes and inclinations," and only at the ?a??'t
solicitation of his personal friends. No po'iti
cian," aye! Why, such an assertion out of the Skate
of New York may be listened to; but in this region,
in this vicinity, where the honorable gentleman is
so well known, it Is not believed by a single indivi
dkial He has been a politician from his very child
hood, taking in his latter days a verv prominent
leadership; and since John Yan Buren defined him
n the race for the Attorney Generalship, Rufus has
been one of the most bitted opnonente of the free
Hoilers and among the cherished apostles of hunker
ism freckbam no politician 1 In whom, then,have
ft ? SWSf ?
mind must have been in a state of wondenni
hallucination. He might haredeasrted thejw^g
and gone over to the soft and tree soil
a much better grace thsn accompany his def*
tiop with sjo assertion which every voter in this
Congressional district well (mows to be untrue.
Tbe hundreds who were in attendance upon the
convention when be received his, nomination, can
atteat to the activity, anxiety and determined
energy which he displayed on that occasion. They
recollect the desperate efforts made by him and his
friends for the nomination. Tbe contest between
him and Colonei Temple was most animated and
spirited?so close that both claimed the victory be
fore proceeding to ballot. One or two votes only
gave the nomination to Peckham, though the friends
of Temple contend to this day that bribery and
other means of corruption had an effect in producing
the result. And still oar worthy representative, as
an excuse for voting against Nebraska, must needs
assert that ho was elected to Congress against his
own wishes and inclinations! Certain it is?and the
fact should be known at Washington?that no mm
ever labored more zealously for an election than did
Mr. Peckham daring that exciting canvas*?
With an industry never surpassed, with an
energy indomitable, and a restlessness un
gttralleled, lie devoted himself towards elect
ig himself, after his nomination. All other
business was suspended?his law clienta had to de
fer their cases until after the electkm?as an at
torney, he abandoned his profession until the end of
the contest; and night and day, in the oountry
and city, Mr. Peckham was unceasingly and most
arduously engaged in making speoches, and resort
ing to all other manner of expedients, endeavoring
to convince the people that the welfare of the coun
S, its union and prosperity, and the prevention of
?rule, depended altogether upon the election of
"Pierce and Peckham." As a tolerably successful
advocate before petit jurors, heretofore, he also suc
ceeded in convincing a minority of the people.
that he
Nevertheless, he declares at Washington
occupies a seat in Congress " against his wishes
and inclinations!" Another session will close his
political career in this locality. Where will he go ?
The hunkers have discarded nim on account of his
opposition to Nebraska ; the softs and free Boilers
thank him for his vote, but denounce him for oppo
sition to the administration, and to Governor Marcy
in particular. His resignation, upon his return, will
be thankfully received, and a certiticate given him
as an introduction to Wisconsin.
A mi In ||, WMtolnrton.
[Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun ]
and Cuba?Ike Strength qf the Fil butters? Th^rW ^
^f^-SpeJy vrjEsssrsf4" ***
Notice has been given to our government hv the
SSsa?HV? ?tras
JShf This^ll SS
^ad" 8 wlU to very convenient for the British
ta case of any war with the United States. TheRu*
t 2?d Proi?>bIy will, hold their possesions
iSZJSSSE* P08Hibly' majr 0Verrun the Bri
i?He c,fliftmltie8 resulting to the inhabitants will bo
lessened by an agreement that has beeTnuJo h^
avobfftJi ?, Br tlsl1 ^?d Hussian Pur Companies, to
?-rtrwarfareaad ***???? ojv?
There was yesterday a considerable flurry among
KSS^SWT" a'*?ing7epoTogf
ceiTCd L tfrS8parn' uThe despatches Just re
' pd "e- Prebably, of a character that will enable
assunipd irf th Maintain the warlike tone that he
STSB&wSrtESE . uth ^ ??
The Committee on Foreign Aflbirs of the Senate
yesterday held a meeting on the subject of the re
lations before them relative to Cuba. They calhe
to no conclusion on the subject, and are to take
i another consultation, after obtaining the SDanish
& Which theyhave called ?or-on?Pwhth
Tn!!? ?bra<if- . e(llcts relative to the slave trade,
apprenticeships, &c. There is no probability that
tor i1 :make a "port, very soon, in fa
vor of the propositions of Senator Slidell, or of a
. blockade of the Cuban ports. ' a
Great preparations have been made by the fllibus
8reni n?0n Cuba' Thc ???ociution now
m , a million of dollars, and they
th.it h Q ,ablS.,and experienced American general at
ttlinSt /?'ey pu' ?eir general, the Governor,
tr J? Governor-General, and, with five thou
$ the ?T\ ? armed an<? equipped, with tho aid
?i i Mysterious muskets," they are to undertake
th. itn iD S"iba" They do not expect to conquer
States 411 P without the 41(1 ?r the United
v,Gp?n the failure of Mr. Slidcll's resolutions, a
be rcf?r^d to. At all events our tili
butters will be enabled, without hindrance, to carry
out their ?wn plans until Congress can be dragoon
ed into the measure. Preparations are now malting
!?& ? readiness a naval force to enable the Presi
dent to give some efficiency to the blockade in on
poMtion to the French aid Spanish fl^ta. It Is
supposed by m*ny that we shall 1? in a state of
flagrant Vur with foreign powers in ninety days.
The Lut Dog Train Mall.
A F?rrT^fi?~7^N ?mah who DRINKS tka.
[From the Cleveland Herald, May 24.1
Th? , ?, , Eagi.k River, April 18,1854.
, ?.c majority of deaths that occur here are caused
v dissipationi or accident. Yesterday a mad was
killed at the Copper Fall mine by falling eightv
feet down a shaft. The same morning another wa"s
blown up by a blast that is supposed to have gone
a]ty wbi'e a "ian was at the bottom of a
shaft 316 frtt deep, in the Waterbury mine. Here
tofore some have been frozen to death every winter
but I have heard of no case this season.
The sun has come northward over thirty degrees
andfhi?e? w,tb ?nch power, but the ground in the
woods is covered two feet with snow. In the few
Xenia1eD^n?fle,d8 tt, haa disappeared
3ith fisrk H CT!r7where a white field of ice,
* ith dark lines of water running through it.
AnH? reacbed here on the last day of
th? midsi. Txr8 noTL,lttIe prospect of one before
.till Tn motion, but t?
Sim?? US? 'eld" !("' ? I' B ??' mif
summer, but on well-trod paths In thc woods the
snow is yet solid. A few birds now break the soli
roosters forc?t.wlth m occasional chirp. The
roosters, released from their dark and warm winter
houses, flap their wings and crow; and h?ns have
aJfegg6 to cackle luatiiy ?ver thc event of laying
m^i {l1*? th.ere a.re ,,?M of llfe in hitherto dor
?,i fn 11,. V. 50tber oyn'ptom of spring appear
ed in the shape of a township election. The removal
of a county seat was In unestion, and as this usually
p3c^teretheXeT '?E f 7 electiorl of a dozen
the excitement, the warmth and the 11
rr.^^ron ^ ^ ^effect up?n
About a week previous to thc election, a grand
Sa"?l?3L,S Bgl; Harbor, for a' pu^e of
910V. it took place on the Ice, on a circular course
xStfiMiiiri z C7uS;!ct^cij?
i?sr?
atbtte p?, ??SCTSSSd
a ,woman's handkerchief,
than hehad'befo^artb WUh?0t ?J-3IS
One of the Indians held out to the efghth round
Md disappeared. The other continued to run tlll
?srt,|yivenmw?thtI^tenth n^,c/aud found himself
beWnd. ' exact'y one mile
The winner made his ten miles in fiftveiirht
minutes. When he passed the post, an aLirfng
crowd seised him, and bore him thefrJS
dero, but he disengaged himself mlont-nn then,
all. He intends To run In New York fcainstTuy
one who may offer. -???? auy
?7rv-inr!!,V? a"d pow wows that succeeded the
spirit commendable degree of public
it U vhSdH?,^V? abont th6 minefl- hot
I w !7 v . j fnl whether this mail geU through,
?flhrd tn n n^';,Uch an eP'8t|e ^ thU can
afford to be loet ; but a carefully prepared notice
of a mine requires too much time and examination
maJh eD the chancea of the last dog-train
thJ^reT.??i.i8K,ne,tin?'river" are breaking up, and
tv f9011 wh,? '? driving the dogs. '
ge" are "trapped on that sledge
"d
s "?h, which be wsndfi to thp mtnoa #A? .
market, bv his dog. and his rons lf a white 1
cup 01 tea. He is so much liked in that rewlon that
pi"J onPa2r J ^ that exist priori
winter iH??^ *55 7 *!?*hs to come we shall not be
Vrin* hoond. If there is ice and
If tii.r. u a "ore mode of conveyance.
a'w^'CT we have boats that are sure
slso. but the mixture of ice aad water presents on
mpassable field to any knows mode of travel.
Interesting
Hampton Roads,/
Norfolk, V*., May 16, 1854 f
Condition of Thingt at the Chincha Islands?Ik* Lata
Guano Difficulty?The United States Frigate Si. Ijmmrmet
?llow then Amuee themselves there?Boat Baring, Din
ner Parties, Be.?lime Long will the Supply of Guano
Last??Horrible and Outrageous Treatment of the Chinese
Laborers, or Cooties, etc.
TO TBK EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
The ship reached the Chincha Inlands in Oc
tober, 1853. It is unnecessary to state particularly
where those islands are situated, or what they con
tain, for it is pretty generally known that they are
the great guano depot of Peru and th>- world, and
that hundreds of ships, displaying the flags of all
nations, visit them annually for that" precious dust,''
; the virtue of which is known to every agriculturist
in the States. When a ship arrives near the anchor
age, she has a visit from several of the waiting ship
masters, one of which, who has made himself ac
quainted with the best unoccupied ground, acts as
i pilot, and conducts the new arrival to a clear berth.
I The "mudhook" down and a convenient hour, visits
I are numerous, to inqqire for letters, and break tho
monotony of a life at the islands. The required time
for lay days is ten for every one hundred tons; but
it depends entirely upon the size of the ship how
long yon are detained among the Ammonias. The
most numerous part of the great California fleet now
stop at Ammonia Islands for a return cargo, among
which are our beautiful clipper ships; and as they
are of heavy tonnage, so in proportion are their lay
days of enjoyment. We made our appearance at the
seat of the "Pelican war" not long after peace was
restored, and the talk upon the subject had not yet
died away. There were different opinions as to the
culpability of the parties engaged; but in one opi
nion ail the Americans were united, and that was,
if government had done her duty, and had had a
national vessel there to protect the interest of her citi
zens, and defend American ship masters from the
tyranny of a petty government, the " Pelican war "
would not have occurred. About six months after
this insult to the " Star-spangled Banner," the fri
gate St. Lawrence lay at Calloo, giving parties and
returning visits, exchanging salutes and honoring
the little would-be-great men. If you asked any of
the gentlemen what they were doing, the invariable
answer would be?'? Waiting despatches." We
left her in Callao waiting despatches, and, for
aught we know, she is still performing the same
monotonous duty in Callao or elsewhere. About
one hundred and twenty ships are continually at
the islands, averaging, say, thirty souls on board,
making a "floating population" of 3,600?quite a
town upon the water. It was very pleasing, too, to
see the fair sex so well represented by the wives of
many ship masters, both American and English; and
that natural influence of the ladies over the sterner
sex was as apparent among the ships in a distrnt
land as upon the soil of our native homes.
Boat races were "got up" both by sailing and
" pulling," dinners given, card parties made, and
by some few who did not know now to enjoy, or
could not appreciate, tli? society where innocent
amusement reigned In triumph, sought the secret
societies which meet at midnight, and can't " go
home 'till morning." A pulling match came off on
the 26th of November at the appointed shin; the
boats gathered at the sorting point before the sea
breeze set in strong, for a pull around North Island
and back to the given point, the shortest time being
entitled t? a small prize made up from the entrance
money of each boat. The two leading boats appeared
pretty nearly matched, and when they rescued the
west end of the island it was ahead No. 1, and then
No. 2 ; but No. 2 seeing that the chances were not
so favorable as they wished, shot in between a rock
and the point of the island, to windward of No. 1,
thereby expecting to gain a boat's length ahead
of their opponents; but it required a most skilful
steersman to put a boat through this dangerous
pass in safety. It would have been accomplished
had not the " after oarsman " " crabed his oar."
The instant that fault was committed, No. 2 sheer
ed upon the rocks, and was immediately dashed to
pieces. No. 1, viewing the catastrophe, " hauled
up" to the rescue of life, giving the chance to No. 3,
close at their hi ids, who continued on, and won tho
race. After the boats all got in, about fifty gentle
men Bat down to a collation, and ended the amuse
me i its of the day. The next race was a sailing
match. About forty boats entered, such as the
?hips could muster, forming a great variety, among
which were the English clinker-built, of four tons
bmtben; the American whale boat, yawls, and surf
boats?in feet, boats of all sizes and models, from
the four tons down to no tons. We stood upon
South Island, elevated one hundred feet above the
level of the sea, when the tiny fleet was entering
between the islands. It was an interesting sight to
behold, and an exciting one to those immediately
concerned. The stern boats were trimming tlivir
?ails, and manoeuvring to get to windward, or vie
with those ahead. The four-toner won the race; a
New York boat followed In her wake, and was with
in *wo minutes of her time; the othere continued to
arrive for more than one hour before they were
all in.
The last dinner previous to our departure wan an
American one, got up by subscription, and given on
board of the American ship Celestial Empire, a
three-deck ship, of some sixteen hundred tons.
Every American shipmaster, from the boys to the
" old gray backs," were invited to ioln, and a num
ber of English gentlemen. The ladies?"God bless
them!"?were the invited guests, together with the
newly-appointed guano Governor and suite. No
pains or expense were spared to make it the grand
iiflhir " of the season;" and they succeeded. The
upper between decks, was decorated with foreign
flags as well as national. A representation of the
father of our country on canvass, with the words,
in a royal arch over his head " First in war, first in
peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen,"
was obtained from the New York ship Baltimore,
aud held a conspicuous place. Plates were laid for
OHe hundred and twenty. The between decks was
converted into a grand hall for the occasion, and
furnished, together with the table, by contributions
from other ships. A committee obtained the wines
and marketing at Pisco, a town some ten miles dis
tant, on the continent. A part of the cooking and
pastry was executed on board of other ships; in
fact, every arrangement made and every precaution
taken to prevent "misatays." Among the viands
were all tne delicacies of the season, including de
licious grapes, which appeared for the first time.
The dinner was served up at five o'clock, but nothing
was hurried?all had ample time to enjoy the ban
quet. Pleasure, cheerfulness, and enjoyment were
geueral. After the cloth was removed the wine
glues passed temperately around, the ladies politely
not refusing to respond to a compliment by sipping
one glass from the " south side of Madeira.' Among
other toasts, " Health to the President of the
United States" and "Queen Victoria" were drank,
when the three following were presented to the
company by a bashful gent, and repeated by the
vice-president of the board, with good emphasis,
eliciting general applause, Standing, and pointing
lo the portrait of Washington: " The memory of
that portrait! Although the original form has long
been crumbled into dnat, may his spirit never for
sake us." "Union of all Nations?May the day be
not far distant when 'honorable war' mil be struck
from the world's vocabulary, and 'honorable peace'
be the countersign of all nations." "To Captain
Pierce, President of the Board?May he not, like hia
illustrious namesake, be obliged to retire at a limit
ed period, but continue to command an 'Empire'
(Celestial) long after Franklin Pierce retires from a
republic. After which some sentimental and pa
triotic song* were song by the gentlemen, and
echoed back by the sweet voices of the ladies. All
retired in harmony at an early hoar, highly gratified
with the banquet.
The Ammonia Islands contain layers of guano
from three feet thick to sixty, and the time to clear
them has been variously computed from nine years
to twenty. Wc would think the latter nearest the
truth. The merchant* of the present day, however,
need not be apprehensive of having return freights
for their ships from Pern for tbe next thirty years
to come, when, from the natural course of events,
by that time they may expect to be converted into
guano themselves. " ^ .
The Adminlstrador ruled supreme until last Janu
ary, when his power was superseded by an appointed
Governor, to whom he is now obliged to report.
General Beratta has tilled his place well, and is gene
rally liked, although none have found fault with his
management. True, ha sometimes replies in a frac
tion* spirit to unimportant questions; but the idea of
his having forty or fifty shlpm inters, representatives
from all nations, running to hia office daily, wanting
favors, and to be served first, and all impatient,
is anything but cheering. One day at a visit to
"Seratta's, an Engliab captain came in. sealed
himself at the same table where th^leneral was
writing, and not succeeding In drnwWg the imme
diate attention of the "adminietrador," jumped from
his seat, caught np an axe within reach, and literal
ly split tbe table In pieces. Certainly auch annoy
ances are not promoters of amiability. Berattas
quarter* are on the north or principal island, where
he haa the opportunity of viewing the progress of
?, in person. Hi* second in authority is a
o claims to be an Hungarian, haa flourished
under the name of "John Hinith," or aome other
popular name, but now Kossuth. Fie is now gene
rally known at the islands, and signa all documents
with the name of the great Magyar, boasting of hav
ing served with him in the cause of Hungary, Ml
of having been attached to his suite; but when hi
went to Pern he accepted of a potty office under Ib<
rebel army of Don Hilaa, and eventually got ap
pointed superintendent of Houtli Ammonia Inland
under Gen. Seratta. He it called a smart man,
and gets more gnano shipped from his island in a
given time, than it ever has heen possible for any
other individual to perform, aud his services are ap
Sreciated by the Peruvian government; hut it is
one at the expense of life, for the death of a poor
Chinaman is no object with him. Nearly all the
laborers are from the Celestial Empire, (not the
ship,) who are enticed on shipboard with the belief
that they are goihg to California to dig gold dust,
but at the end of the voyage, to their horror, they And
themselves bound in slavery to a tyrant on a guano
island, at lour dollars per month, fpr three to live
years, to uuy an exorbitant amount of passage
money. Tnree-fourths of these poor.fellows, at
least, do not survive their " apprenticeship." They
go nearly naked, have poor food, are overworked,
sleep on the ground in shanties, and are most un
mercifully flogged and beat if their d^jJy task is not
perfoimed. Many are worked and beat to death,
and suicide is very frequent among them. In eleven
weeks, at the Islands, we knew of three cases, and
heard of three others, although the facts are at
tempted to be suppressed. They give out through
weakness, and are unable to perform their tasks,
when to escape the punishment of the " bocabajah"
they secrete themselves in one of the many caves,
to watch an opportunity of effecting their escape
1 from the island; aud eventually d? so, through
deuth. They are hunted by bloodhonnds, both in
1 human and beastly form, and are only able to evade
their pursuers by precipitating themselves from a
I precipice into eternity. Others hang, drown them
selves, or sever the windpijie. The number of work
ing hunds was decreasing so last through the great
mortality, that Just before we quit the scene a ship
under l'cruviun colors, sailed, ballasted with ammo
nia, bound to China to deceive more Coolies. Poor,
misused beings! when they go down to slavery and
death, may God help them. Yours sincerely,
EqUlLlBKICM.
Important Opinion In Relation to Water
Hlgfits in Kerr Jerwy,
[From the Jern-y City Sentinel, Muy 26.1
Archibald Rusaell, of the city of New York, some
time in the year 1849 brought an action or eject
ment in the Circuit Court of the United State* for
the district of West Jersey, against the associates of
the Jersey Company, to recover the possession of
lands held by the associates, and which had been re
claimed by that corporation from the tide waters
the land reclaimed having originally been below
high water mark. Mr. Rua^el! claimed title under ft
survey and conveyances from the proprietors of East
.New Jersey, who were the former owners of that
nart of the Province of New Jeraey called Eaist New
Jersey. The case was taken by the writ of error to
the Supreme Court of the United States, and wh
there argued last winter, by A. O. Zabriskie and L
w. Hcudder for the associates, and by Walter Ru
therford, of the city of New York,and Mr. Van Bant
voord of Utica, N. Y., for Mr. Itussell. The opinion
as delivered by Mr. Chief Justice Taney, establishes
the right of the associates of the Jersey Company,
under the powers given in their charter, to reclaim
ands under water and convert them into building
lote. The following is a copy of that opinion:?
8 VP RIME COURT OP THE UNITED STATES.
tv ^ N0, 6G* DECEMBER TERM, 1853.
John Pen. ex. dem. Archibald Russell, plaintiflk,
in error vs. The Associates of the Jeraey Company.
;n e""or'*? the Circuit Court of the United States
for the District of New Jersey?Mr. Chief Justice
Taney delivered the opinion of the Court. This im
an action of ejectment, brought by the plaintiff
in error, against the defendants, m the Circuit
Court for the District of New Jersey, to recover a
parcel of land situate in Jersey City. The land in
Question bos been recluimcd from the water bv the
defendants, under the authority of the Legislature,
and is now in their possession, and occupied by
them as building lots. The plaintiff dainu the pr?
^der sundry mesne conveyances from the
proprietors of East Lew Jersey, and the title of the
proprietors is the point in question. And they claim
LV of RrwU, by which they be
came proprietors of Last Lew Jersey, the fee of the
soil under the navigable waters of tiiat part of the
State was conveyed to them as private Dronertv
subject to the public use; and as that use has ceased
Yi,? Premises in question, they are entitled to
their exclusive possession. It is not necessary to
, y tbc e^rrters and grants under
which they claim. They are all set out in
Hi? ^rdict in the case of Martin vs.
Waddei reported in 16 Pet, 367. The title claimed
on behalf of the proprietors, in that case, was the
same? the title upSn which the plSX?
lies. And upon very full argument and considera
?t???i!I?h0M^,WTed?' tl,e Court were of opl
niJ^ Kovern tbifl- The counsel for the
l wbowever> endeavors to distinguish the
a e before us from the former one tiuon
the ground that nothing but the right or fkhery
*.a" d??'ded In Martin vs. Woddell, and uot
nverV^ i-.Vfi i ?ut ^"7 wou,d ,0e|u to have
f ,RITlUniitaDCe tf*at !t Wiu ? action of
ejectment for the land covered with water, it was
SltttVLe?? f0r disturbing the plaintiff i" a
right of fishery, but an action to recover
possession of the soil itself. And in
gving Judgment for the defendant, the Court
neee-Tarfly decided upon the title to the soil.
.L .i rue the defendants claimed nothing more
than the exclusive right of planting and growing
oysters on the soil lor which the ejectment was
brought. The special verdict found that he was is
possession under a law of New Jersey, which gave
him the exclusive privilege of planting and grow
oy9f^? ?4n ie Pnmia** ,n q??>tion, upon
Qtfir ,T?en J*, 1 wtain rent to th?
Ti ? Pr,n?'l>al question, therefore, la
; '"Putf. bet7een parties in that suit, and, in
deed, the only one of any value, was the oyster flafa
SJilt 4? 4V ,r,ght tntbe fishery depended on the
right to the soil upon which the oysters were plant
SLFthif the Pontiff could have .Cn
that the proprietors under whom he claimeiLwere
ut/it',he -lodgment of the court must
have been in his favor. Nor do we see anything In
the opinion delivered on that occasion, inrelation
to KCrjr'.f,,rt,ler than they contributed
to illustrate the character and objects of the charter
to the Duke of York, and to show that the soil
{!?n!e ? p, c a'ld navigable waters was granted to
IK. Tr {?[ property, to be parcelkd out
jji ,r own personal emolument, but as a
part of the fnraregalia with which be was clothed
,v d'.1" *'!cn> was surrendered by the proprietor's to
the English crown when they relinquished the
andt YMe9BOT^y, bel?n?ed
'5? State of New Jersey when it became an inde
pendent sovereignty. There being nothing in th?
thl? /.^2r?v!a D2f -.. r th?TroPrktorB to distinguish
this case from Martin vs. Hadoell,it is not necessary
f" "a.ra'ne tbe ,? er ?nd further grounds for de
4f?"c?. Ub?" b7 defendants. The judgment ol
the Circuit Court must be affirmed, with costs.
. . . Fashion a We Intelligence.
At Queen Victoria's drawing room, St. Jamd
Palace, on the 11th inst., among the nrenentaiinr*
in the diplomatic circle, by the Countess of Claren
don, were Miss Harriet laine, niece of the Unite}
. tates Minister, and Mrs. Lawrence, wife of CcJ
UniU!d SUto" Legation.
,r!l uP/J Allowing report of the costumes
.1 ?eric*o at I'16 presentation, from
the official account in the London journals:?
W. COL. T. B. LAWRENCE. *
costume do ?our, composed of a train of rich white
poult de soie glace, trimmed with bouillon of tulle,
and looped with sprays of moss rose imperiaie; body
and sleeves ornamented with flowers and rich Bru*
sels lace; petticoat of white poult de soie correspond
ing with train, flounced with superb Brussels lace
aud ornamented with guipure ribbon and bouquets
of moss rosebuds imperiaie. Headdress, Bi usseis .
lappets, feathers, flowers, and diamonds.
MISS LANE (IT. R.)
Train of white glace trimmed with niege Rochee;
body and sleeves a la Beatrice, ornamented with
blonde, white moss rosebuds, and lily of the vallev
tUn4 %tyo0, oVJrwhTteg^;
trimmed with niege Rochee; and upper tonique tasS
mln i0.*11 J m Pendant bouquets of white aiose
rosebuds and lily of the valley. Headdress, moss
ther^in'd Jewels.0* ?f TaUf7'bk>nde ^P**'
_ . , MRS. BtTRRBLI, NTTTWBR.
mm of rich white moire antique, fined with
white glace, and trimmed round with Mirer w?iu
and covered with beautifully flne Brussels lace ui
bouqnets of white tete de plumes, mixed with lontr
green velvet leaves, veined with silver; jupe o?
white glace, covered with silver tulle wtthtSete
and deep flounce of magnificent Bruasek lace over'
looped with bouqeeW white teteTptaKe^S
velvet leaves, rfcaddresa, Brussels lapwtToJt^kh
ornan??nt*. emeralds and diamonds
cp it ihCrrt.""^
ul bunches of violets and pink and whMe
*7 hhjssonis; the petticoat was of white satin
* ' wb,1? tu'le *nd blonde, and bunches of violets!
"if. P'"^ ai,d white May blossoms to correspond
:?h <b? Her Majesty's headdress wm a
?U dlMondi " P,nk Whit* Ma7
4kF^vn,_?T' Lav***cs Cocntt, N. T? Durin/
the high wind oo the 17th Inst., the tire which hsl
previously been raging in the woods, doiaffgrr*
damage to the fanncrtin the destruction offence*
Ac., reached ParkhvUlc, where it caught in anoIf
building need for s town and school how ownel
^7 Mr. Parish, and familiarly known as the "Ola
Academy;" thence it communicated to the <!??,.
gallons! end Baptist charcbea, which, togetherwlth
about fifty horse sheds, one barn, a^XbnrSS
ground fence, were burned. No ukusance, ?

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