OCR Interpretation

The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 22, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1854-06-22/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

T%? Rock Island Railroad Excursion.
Chicago, June 14,18?4.
The Great Excursion?Important Contetfuenres that
must Ensue from it?Ojifning of Mvkets for
Agricultural Productions?Fret Soiii'tn on the
Boat*?Abolitionists Endeavoring to Secure Kan
9a&?A now Nothings Thick as locusts in tht
West?Railroad to Counsel B tiff's?Through
the Rocky MmintaiTis to the Pacific?Another Ex
cursion Predicted to San Fiancisco, thence by
Steamers to the Samlwich Islands?Sheffield and
Farnham, Rip< esen'.utives if Yt.ung America.
The late fr? e excursion over the rai roads of this
State, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and ttie Ca
nada Great Western, from the Atlantic Ocean to
the Mississippi, and thence live hundred miles up
that river to the head of navigation, was one of the
most magnificent ever con eiv.-d. There is nothing
in the history of ancicnt or m >dern civilization
nothing even in the imagination?) of sacred or pro
fane writings?nothing in the visions, prophecies,
or conceptions of the fabled writers of unti^uity,
which comes anything near in comparison with this
peat unrivalled reality. Twelve h .udrrd persons
had come from the extern portion of this continent
to Chicago, a distance ot twelve and ilftcea hundred
miles, to be whirled over the il-wk Island road.
Eighteen care contaiued this family p?rty, and
in eight short hours every so il was safely landed on
the shores of the Mississippi. Here a tieet of the
best steamers upon those waters lay with their bows
on the levee, colors flying, cannon booming, rockets
asconding, martial music greeting, and thousands
upon thousands rejoicing a'.d nurraing. Upon t .e
broad and placid bosom of thin inland ocean the
fleet took an upward coarse, and in due time arrived
ftt the place of destination, five hundred miles, at
th( extxmc he;id of navigation.
The conseqtif nces which wdl inevitably result
fr<m the flying visit of so many of the enterprising
In' n of the East can never be adequately estimated.
They had bo conception ot the immense resources of
Ibc greut, secluded Northwest; neither could they
have from reading anything in print, or convers
ing with every traveller who has visited those re
gions of inexhaustible wealth. The sons of thou
sands who now delve among the rocky bound coast
of New England, who inhabit the unproductive re
gions of our mountainous Eastern States, aud others
whose pons and daughters are tiie mere operatives
in aristocratic, tnanuiacturing establishments, drag
ging out their lives fit the rod of a task-m uter. and
who obey the tolling of the factory bell as their death
Knell?mauy such will he .r aud Jearu from the lips
of friends who have m..de the excursion, tl la\ i
Ties awaiting them in the Western States. Yea, the
tale only u Id, the truth fully imparted, the enter
prising, intelligent, the Cliri-ti;::., t'.o indomitable
youth of New England, of both sexes, will tnrow
t?fl the grating shackles wnit.li bind them to the
horns of their great grandparents, and hie t>
Iowa, Illinois and Miiuie <>Ui, there to live in
comparative ta-e, masters ot tues ill.introducing aud
inculcating those great moral and religious precepts
the most essential ingredient in the r-eitlement of a
"ew country, just wrested from the savaje baud.
Our Atlantic cities a;e overb utnened with foreign
ers, who are dropped down amount us, without a
dollar or a day ? work. Our charitable instit utions
ate constantly fill* d with them, and the more build
lugs and ttixomuiodations eiected by private charity
and public mui.iuceiice, the more numerous such un
fortiinate creatures b?come. Many, no doubt, would
gladly narn a pittance rather than expose themselves
or Boiicit alms. The cities are thus overrun. Miav
thousands oi dollars are thus raised by taxation, lor
the temporary?often too permanent^-relief of this
class of our fellow beings. Send them to the West.
Their are wanted there. Millions of acres of land
lie&cre.in riting tillage. And if, instead of keenm*
these people in aim* hiuses, in idleness, creating
and encouraging pauperi.sm, means wore provided
to send them upon Western land-,the cities would be
? UTlc'!nlinued expense of their support,
and they would themselves rejoice in the possession
of independence, which they would surely attain in
1mSS. w V*rj ? W -veal8 u',on anJ 01 ^e fertile
^ u Jheie were man>' men of Boston
and New \ oi k on the excursion, wlio-e attention
wlw duected to this interesting fact, some of waoin
suggested the propriety of organizing societies to as
rnst emigrant who could be persuailed to leave the
large cities, and embaik upon government lands.
It was thought favorably of as a mere matter or i
economy among the tax payers in the cities.
The greatest drawback heretofore up >n the agri- I
cultural regions-, was the indispensable re piisitc of
markets. Pioneers for years have immigrated west
ward, tilled the soil, but found no sale for their sur
plus products. The introduction of railroads has '
opened convenient markets to every farmer living
within twenty miles. As far as the roads have
reached into the interior, produce is readily di-tyosel
of; and corn, wliest, oats, Ac., in ludiana and Illi
nois, bear a nrice equal to New York, exept the 1
1' w coet or transportation. Hordes, cattle, and I
hogs are raised without expense or effort, as the
prairies and timber coutain more food, of the rich
est and most nutricious kind, than would sustain all
the domestic animals in the whole of North Ameri
ca. The raising cattle on the praies, now since the
railroads afford ready markets, is now quite exten
sive, and in a few years will be the staple produc
tions of the lower prairies. A man may as well
keep, and prepare for market a thousand 'as fifty
bead, the additional trouble and cost are mere
Mining. The same may be said of the lands up the
whole length of the Mississippi?millions of acres in
the greenest verdure inviting the herdjnun to
their bosor~
The managers of this great excursion of the age
may have conceived in a measure some of the im
portant consequences which must inevitably ensue
from this liberal undertaking, but it is a matter of
much doubt whether they looked to the result in a
social and political vie*. Nine-tenths of the invi
ted guests, especially those from New Hn^laud aad
Ohio, aud many from New YorK, were rampant free
Boilers; the fact that so many were guest* is likely
a mere accident, still, the Schoolas of Cincinnati,
Kimballs and Hales of Boston, Oixs of New York
Baldwins of Connecticut, and hundreds of others,
thrust thems< Ives into notoriety, !,nd endeavored to
get up excitements on the Nebraska question. Had
the national whigs and democrats on bonrd been
disposed to enter upon the cont ner^y, we should
nave had ati abundance of niggerism for breakfast,
dinner and supper. It was owi ig to the forheir
anoe or the nutional men that the siavorv juestion
nitwit*01 ma? the ruliag topic for ,our 'li/s and
The abolitionists of New England have organized
an association having in view the sending of German
immigrants to Kan-as, to prevent the slaveholders
from obtaining the ascendancy in that territory.
The capital is four million, mostly subscribed. They
propose to purchase immense tracts of land at gov
ernment prices, of the choicest selections, just as
Boon as the surveys are made. And until surveys are
lDAde, the object ia to introduce aj much squatter
sovereignty u* th?y may be able. This abolition or
Bnidation are to locate cities and towns, establish
iding ponts upon poi its which shall seem most
Icceshible to tLe surn. .riding country; to famish
tind, implements of husbandry, clothing, provisions I
fnd other necescaries to those who accept of their
proposition, at a certain credit, and who pledge !
iheirutelves to be eternally host.le to every Southern
man?to every Southern interest. This is the kind 1
of warfare the aboiiti'>ni-ts are now intending to
wage in that new territory. A foreign population,
ignorant of our laws and constitution, are to be im
E'rted from Germany, furnished with homes in
ansia npon limited credit, who are to be pledged
to hostility to American citizens, who do not cIkkmu
to be placed under abolition laws. This purpose wa I
openly avowed by Kimball, of Boston, In one of hi i
Khes, while endeavoring to raise an abolition ex
lent on board of one of the boats. It would be a
thousand fold more creditable If emigrants should
receive encouragement and aid in settling the'fertile
regions of Iowa and Minnesota, regions of the West
muoh better calculated to sustain a hardy popula
tion, and where agriculture wiuld flourish greater
ft hundred per cent. Upon the banks of the
mer Mississippi, and for many hundreds of miles
in the interior, a vast and mighty region lies lnvit
Jnglj to free labor, and where tnat Libor would be
rewarded tenfold more abundantly than in thesonth
?m latitude of Kansas. Send the foreigners to Min
nesota, and keep them aloof from lighting the bat
of tbe Eastern abolitionists.
The secret organization of native Americanism
recently cognomened Know Nothings, is spreading
vrith celerity through these Western regions. The
Protectants have for years be-n engaged in calling
-public attention to the importation of h >rdes of Je
Hults.and planting them on the Innk-iot'theWeHer.i
waters, in the new cities and village*. The papers,
always liberal and tolerant, indulgent to an unlimit
ed extent towards all phases and denominations
-pro'eming religious views, heeded not the warnings
?j/ the Protestant teachers. Bat the time has arriv
ed when it has become nede*sary to wake np. in
tnanr of the new cities the Catholics bold political
domination, fa the important and flourishing
city of Chieago, boasting of its severity
thousand inhabitants, the Catholics hold the
political power. Not a Protestant holds an
office under the city government. The Mayor
and all the subordinates are either Irish or Dutch
Catholics, and there is not now an American there
r !? i lias any voice in the principal departments of
1 ,o ' :iy government. The Catholics are numerous
i '. *?te I.egi lature, and even there afoir jfdXi
fhpv elected a Senator to Congress before he
a naturalized citlz'-n. Thel* ? phip^,
awakened the native American spMt in CWcago,
a,Td as a means of prote ction and self-preservation
the American imputation have been cimpelled to
organize for tfic fall election. Some *>*?">**
?o, it-ties of Ki ow Nothings have rec-entiy
ganized upon tlio New York plan; and ^tjc.tr ;i*
Bin-teoDu*, they uftlm. sooner or later and anU-M
distinctly 1* nude between Roman Catholics and nv
live bom citizi i s,it may a- well como now as ever.
Party line" wili be obliterated, ;ind in no p irtion of
the counti f w ill the cutest between Cathottca and
jiative citizens be more spirited and determined
^Thiamwlol excursion will be retained in the me
m. ry of all its lu. ky participant* to the close^oi life.
The many Interesting incidents,noveUtes awd hixanei
can never lie driven from memory. The c-mtractors
ol the Reck Island road have
n monument more in daring than tie worst icy
have complete I. Mr. *heffleld, .the senior partner
to whom the origin the ward-m is dae, was ta>
mode t to accompany it, leaving to hsi junil>r, M ?
Farnham. the immediate *uperinteudenc?; Though
gon e thirty thousand dollars wa3 ex'*"d^, "I
rying out this magnanimous project, and m i,
nificient entertainment, the day 1? n? '
distant when the outlay will return w.th ? haa<lr? I
per cent. Tltfir work is now fast progressing^^
W,d bJ-yAnd the Mississippi; ?d.I?^a Cuy.^he
capital of that State, is to I,IU^ Coan
motive before another six in'"lt t,r t|,'e ei<|e
cil Bluffs, in the far West is now
eye of the engineer, an{ * d before the mil
expires the sui veys wi^M' M Coaiicil Bluffa
"o^rlfXnfhemost available pass of the
Ky Mountains will l>e penetrated: and wtttlst
Benton is brawling at Washington, Walker, Cuat
fleld and < tlmrs attempting to filch mdlions of
povercment lauds, and Fremont penetrating the
Nevada mountains and Salt Lake marches i'i ?earch
of a route for Benton's (his father-in-law s,) project,
r?j whilst demagogues in and out of C >niii-e? are
eprolling the "Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
through?we say, while ail these speculiti'U
schemes are in operation, and before any pUn -hall
be amicably adjusted-Sheffield and Farnham will
send their locomotives into Sacramento and in
Finncisco, whirling "Yankee Doodle upon tie
Pacific b rders. Then for a railroad excursion to
California, ano ste,inters lying in wait to C'invey
the party to the then newly annexed contm-.it
4he Snndwich Islands! Hoes any one doubt all
this? Certainly none of the party on the excur*\
tsion to St. Paulvs.
Th* Watering; Places.
Oi.n Point Comport, Ya., June 19,1854.
Distinguished Visiters?Arrival of Judge Taney?
Attending Mai*.
After a gO"d sea bath one feels somcwhit enliv
ened and inclined to "make merry," and in this
mi'Oil 1 have caught up my pen to give you an out
line of alUirs at this emporium of pleasure and
fashion, upon my return fi jm a revel in the " haunt
of Neptune."
Visiters are daily arriving from all quarters, t ie
most noted among them at present being the Hon.
Roger Taney, Chief Justice of the United States,
lie lias been here for several days, and has taken a
neat little cottage on the immediate sea shore,
known as the " President's House," and occupicdby
that personage wheu visiting the Point. The army
officers of Foit Monroe waited upon his Honor, the
day before yesterday, dressed in full costume, and
were received by him in a courteous and unaffected
manner. His health is reasonably good, and no
doubt will be greatly strengthened by his sojourn
here, though time lias evidently laid his effacing
hand upon hi* once stalwart frame and constitution.
I yesterday noticed him in the Catholic chape1, in
side the fort, commingling in the devotions of the
little congregation, seated among soldiers and citi
zens, partakiig of the solemn ceremonies with evi
dent devotion ; and all, with but one or two ex op
tions, being entirely ignorant of the presence in their
midst of so great and good a man. The priest, a
Rev. Mr. Develin, of Portsmouth, delivered an elo
quent appeal to the consciences of all present in
behalf of constant and fervent prayer, and invoked
the blessingwof Heaven upon all our rulers and law
givers. It was, indeed, an Interesting scene when
the good old man knelt before the Most High In
unison with the humble few present, thus proving
thut before God all are equal, and in His preieace
nil pomp and title vanishes away.
Iliis morning the venerable Judge paid a compli
mentaiy visit to the garrison, and was received by
the troops, paraded under arms, while a salute from
n batten of light artillery did "honor where
lienor was due." The troops were reviewed, and
the Judge .eeined much elated by the exercises. A
larce number of people were drawn together on the
occasion, us has been the case for some weeks past,
not only to witness the different evolutions
and discipline of the forces, but to enjoy
u wa'k or a lounge in the vicinity. I cannot con
ceive a more enchanting spot thin is enclosed within
the walls of Fort Monroe at this season. Aside from
the general parade, there are numerous large plots
intersected with fine walks, and the whole amply
shaded with noble oak trees, from under which can
be seen the daily routine and outlines of a soldiers
duty in garrison, and the inhalation of a healthful
breeze enjoyed. Ascend upon the ramparts, ana
there lies spread out before you the famous "Hamp
ton Roads,-' bearing upon its bosom the noblest
specimens of marine architecture, besides countless
small craft plowing along "wing and wing. Oppo
site rears the frowning walls of the Rip lisps, the
favorite residence of "Old Hickory," when once
visiting here, and which only requires the final com
pletion to render thiB point of our coast a second
Gibraltar. In the distance lies moored near a bar,
Bn immense light ship, whose tolling bell salutes
each passing craft, and tells that its keepers are on
the alert. Farther south, as far as the eye can dis
cem, way be ?een the light house on Cape Henry,
and In an opponite direction lif s the famed Village
or Hampton, surrounded by numerous plantations
and country seats. But while enjoying this least or
vision, the precaution should be taken not to come
in contact with the various missiles of war, cannon
balls, thirty two pounders, &c., which are rather
prejudicial to the well being of the "lower extremi
tiei1 ,
Another object of attention w the fine cotillon
band attache'.! to the Messrs. Willard'a Hotel,
discoursing enchanting melody throughout the day
and evruing. One feels disposed, occa-ionally, to
slop aside and seek a short respite, which may be
found in the billiard rooms, bowling saloons, sea
bBthir.g, or inveigling the unsuspecting trout into a
fi siig pan from out of hi* native element. And
cl.h , "golf or "hard shell," your city never
presented a finer assortment, or more disposed to be
'fhe'veri table Frnnk Piece is shortly expected to
cive us a c all, upon which event, I mean to give yon
nn account of hi- movements, and of the various
"hungers on." Hoping that the wn breezes of Old
Point may occasionally puff into the windows of the
Herald < ni<e, carrying with them tluir tr*ln ot
desired effeits, and alleviate the usual smothered
spirits and | ersens ot you Gothamites,ut tins season
oi the yeur, I am your-truly, Rir Raps.
Stevembuho, Frederick county, Va.,)
June 17,1864. (
The Bis Cove?Topography nnd Properties of its
Spring*?Brauty of the Surrouniliug Scent ry?
Facilities ?</" Ac ess, fyr.
If< re I tanve been rusticating very agreeably for
tl e last eight day. As you probably are not fa
miliar v Kb the whereabouts of the spot from whence
1 I il, I must make yon acquainted with it.
Wg Core is situated about twenty-two miles from
Winchester, and two miles from a public graded
road, In the county of Frederick, and State of Vir_
gitiia. The Cove Is formed by lofty mountain^
nearly surrounding the lower ground, except a nar
row pan*way or gap, through which the pure, salu
brious air reaches the Cove?so remarkably cool,
bracing and exhilcrating as completely to counteract
sultry and sleepless nights, during the oppres
sive snmmer months, even in this Southern climate
of Virginia.
The springs flow immediately from the towt.-ing
and heavily-timbered mountains above described.
The water is of the purest kind. One of the airings
i* white sulphur; another, five ynrds from the la.4, Is
red ami white; both are constant, never-fading uud
beautiful springs, issujpg from the pure rock, with
out mud or s* (liment, except the deposite of white
and red sulphur. Although they have never been
analyzed, ihese waters are known to possess valua
ble medical qualities,and afford speedy and certain
relief fiom diarrhoea, as well as other bilious sum
mer complaints.
The remaikably healthy mountain air, and the
medical properties of the-e waters, make the Cove
a Unlj de Iralde place. There are one or two other
sr iingH within a few vnrds of thi?se already d(V
s?riied,oi a different kind of water, beneficial to
invalids. The Manassus radway. from Alexandria,
will be cotnpb ted to within twelve mile* of these
ftpiing? in tour months.
A prrc?n t?f enterprise, and even of moderate
capital, vouicl make this au important and valuable
J'-ace, Viator.
Ctorwaior Btmni' Report on the Hwkfoot
I Washington, Jane 8,1854.
Rib :?My former communication!! have made
known to tho department the arrangements make to
secure p< are In tween the Indian tribes eas-t and !
went oi the Rocky Mountains, and to pave the way
for n council where shall be present all the tribes !
not included in existing treaties. These arran fe
ni< nts consisted in councils held by myHelf, at Fort
Benton, with the Blaekfeet, at the 8t. Mary's valley
with tl,e Flathead*, ;tnd with other tribes on my
way to the valley of the Columbia, and ia devolving
upon Mr. Dotv, at Fort B. ntou.and Lieut. Ma.Ian
ii' ti e St. Mary's valley, important Indian duties, of
which the ?1? partment has already been informed.
Sin e my 1 st coHmiunicntion 1 have received ad
ditional ii foimation showing the necessity of the
c?n ucil.
it must Ik* remarked, however, that great caution
has l.een eifcicised not to commit the government to
this measure.
The Indians know that the officers of the govern
ment whom tbev have met, deem it necessary that
they will strongly urge it; that, in conference,the
consent and co-operation of the Indians themselves
has beeni'ktd jnd gained; but that whether it sha'l
be held or not will depend on the action of the
authorities at home.
I trust that the following brief statement of facts
will CtTiJ CoDYKtlop uh to the (let^s-ity of the (J9UB
cil for the protection of our citizens, aA well as the
protection of the Indians themselves.
Ihc Indians whom it is proposed to convene in
council at. Fort Benton are the Blaekfeet, composed
of four bands?Fiegaus, Bloods, Blaekfeet, and Grog
Venters?And numbering some twelve to fourteen
thousand, and the tribes in the Territory of Wash
ington from the Cascades to the dividing ridge of
the Rocky mountains, who meet the Blaekfeet in
sanguinary strife on the plains of the Missouri in
pursuit of Buffalo. Besides which, it is hoped that
the inliuence of the council will contribute to pre
vent the recurrence of difficulties between the Black
feet and the Crows and Asseneboins. The council
<1 rectly i tti cts the peace and well being of some
w< nt\"-flve thousand Indians, east and west of the
Ifocky mountains.
Mr. Doty, in the discharge of his Indian duties,
visited in December last some five thousand Blaek
feet on the Marias river, held councils with their
diflVrei t bands, and was not only received with the
greatest hospitality, but was assured by the prinoi
I al chiefs ot their "desire to bring to an end these
border difficulties, to enjoy the protection of th ?
government, and to learn the arts of civilized life.
I Tlieir principal chiefs pr< ent at the council held by
i me in September last, nave made great exertions to
I prevent their joi ng men going on war parties, and
j one o' ti eir bravest and most influential chiefs, the
| " Little Dog," was actually attacked and wounded
by the Asseneboins, and yet would not retaliate in
consequence of his promise in council to abstain
from wur. By advices received at a subsequent'
period, 1 have learned that Mr. Doty, in January
a..d February, whs amongst these Indians, and was
listened to with the greatest respect. They desire
to learn agriculture' and realize fully that the buffalo
will soon disappear, and tha^ their only resource
will be the cultivation of the soil.
Mr. Doty is now making extensive examinations
of the ndjiicei t country, running out the various
streams from the Marias to the Three Forks, and
from the most westeily bend of the Missouri to
Judith river, in order to select the best position for
an Indian agency, and asccr ain all the facts in re
ference to the adaptation of the country to tillage
and grazing.
Lieutenant Mullan has been equally active in his
exert oiib to collect information of the Rocky Moun
tain region, in the neighborhood of the St. Mary's
valley, has met and held councils with the Flat
hcuds and the representatives from other tribes, and
has gained the most acenrate information in refer
ence to the liabits. numbers, and thoroughfares of
the Indians who cross the mountains to the Mis
souri plains. In an examination made in December
ano January, he crosted the Rocky Mountains four
times, exploring many beautiful and some extensive
valleys, extending his route to Fort hall, and ac
complishing an aggregate distance of over 700
miles. The Washington Territory Indians he re
port" as bearing in pat:ence the stealing of horses
and the loss of men from the war parties of the
Blaekfeet. having faith that the gov eminent will
ultimately protect them. Thtir heroic character
ard good faith are most signally exhibited in the
following pathetic incident, which occurred In No
vember last, referred to by Lieut. Mullan and re- .
ported by Mr. Doty in these words:?
Or the 1st of November, six I'end d'Oreille Indians
came to this post, an<t delivered up all the horses that
were stolen. It appear* that they were taken by two
young I'end d'Oreille* and run to the Pend d'Oreille
vamp, then hunting beyond the Muscle Shell, under the
com.n&nd of the cioef of that nation, Alexander. The
hor?ts were recognized by the stamp* a* belonging to
i 'whiter, and toe yourg men confessed having ntolen I
tlmi at Mils post. A councilheld, and it was de 1
leiroined that it was a great sin to >ten 1 horses froai
wlr?i men who were frien- ly to them: thit the wishes |
ot tie "Nreat f'oldier Chi* f," who had bean atSt Miry'a,
te known to them, and they hail promised compliance
with them; that stealing these horses would gi<e tho |
i end d'Oreille* the name of liars and triflers; that t'ioy
bud always b'jrne a good name, and were ashamed to
hiive me.in thing* suid of thein now; therefore, the
horaes must l e taken back by the great chief and five
pa neipsl men of the tribe. Accordingly they cam"
boldly to the Fort and delivered up the horses, without *
asking any jeward, but. on the enntr-try, expressing
mu< h vorrow and *)iame that they had been taken
Thus these six Indians proved themselves not only
honest, but brave in tho highost degree; coming, as
they did, five ('.ays' ai d nights' march into an eniynv's
country, simjly to do nn act of justice to strangers.
They remained here two days, and on departing were
accompanied by Mr. Clark and myself fifteen or twenty
miles on their "journey.
During their stay here, a number of Plegan warriors
about the Fort became very troublesome to the strangers
?so much so, that we were compelled to detail a strong
guard for their protection.
Suitable presents were given them frcm the Indian
goods left with me.
In a communication from the St. Mary's valley as
late as the iith of March, I learn that Lieut. Mullaa
was then on his way to Fort Benton to expostulate
with the Blaekfeet, and thit the Blaekfeet and ?
Crows were at war to the south.
Whilst, however, the tribes of the Territory of
Washington, consisting mainly of the Flatheada,
Fend d'Orcilles, Cocur d'Alenes, Spokanes, and Nez
Ferces, and two to three thousand of whom hunt on
the Missouri plains each year, and whilst the chiefs
present at Fort Benton are complying with their
promises, yet never were so many Blaekfeet war
pai tit s on the trail as during the past winter. Says
Mr. Doty:? !
About five hundred, principally Pippins, have passed
this post on their way to war, since October 1st; about
one hundred were induced to turn buck. In the same
time eight hundred or one tlioneand warriors must h*vo
pnpsen above nnd below the l'"ort, on their way to the
Hatheans, Stakes, and Crovrs, as 1 have from time to
time heard of large parties ot Bton^p, Hlackfeet, and Gros
Venters on the march, and parties are constantly going
from the diflerent bands.
Several of the chiefs have taken a decided stand
for pcncc, and keep the warriors of their own bands
at home. Others say "this is the last winter we can
go to war; next sugimer the while soldiers will stop
us; therefore let as steal this winter all the horses
we can;" and yftt a single white can go in safety
? throughout their country, and will be trentcd with
hospitality. Ilis only danger would be that he might
at mgl.t be mistaken for an Indian, and thus lose
both his horses and his scalp.
In this connexion, I will call attention to the im
portance of conciliating these Indians, so that, in
the event of war, they may be our friends. The
trading potts of the Hudson's Bay Company extend
! t.i the north from the Red river settlements to the
? Rocky Mountains, and their influence over the in
I duns has been great. A competition for the trade
| ?;t the BUr k ? et row exist*1 between the American
plots on the Missouri and the British poets on the
! Krscoteliswan; and it is alleged by Mr. Doty that at
the British posts whisp;y Is furnishei the Indians,
i am satisfied noauch nefarious trdli - i- cairied on
at any American post on the Missouri. T!ie Block
fi ct, ns a gem ral thing, prefer the American to the
British tinder; and the protection of our govern
ment once extended to them, they will cease to be
under foieign influence.
I But the character of the Rocky Mountain region
t c nstituting the boundary between these tribes, its
a-lnp'at ion t<> settlement, the large quantity of ara
ble and grazing land, and the abundance of wood
I and water, afford an additional reason for the liold
i ing of this council. The country must soon and
rapidly be settled. I will mention a few character
; istic facts.
West of the Rocky Mountain divide, and at an
average distance of less than one hundred miles, are
the valleys of the St. Mary and Flathead rivers, the
one having its source in the divide, whence water
' flows to the Snake river on the south and west,
and to the three forks of the Missouri on the
? cast, and running nearly due north, the other hav
ing its source in British territory, and running
' nearly due south; these rivers meet and form Clark's
Fork, and they furnish, separated only by a low <11
! vide near their cotyluenee, an almost continuous
' valley, adapted to Agriculture and to grazing-the
' climate so mild that cnttlenecd no foddering in the
winter, and th?mountain sloties and spurs rurnish
I ing inexhau tihle supplies of lumber and ftael. From
i the very divide several streams and rich valleys de
1 scend to the St. Mary and the Flathead rivers; the
three principal?the Bijt Blackfcet, the Little Black
, feet, and the Hell (late rivers?debouching from
the mountains nt a single point named Hell (Lite.
These last, partictils.ly the two latter, are great
thoroughfares for Indians, and are of the same ge
neral charai ter as to mildness of climate and free
dom from deep snows, as St. Murv's valley. The
; araMe land wrst of the divide, nnd in the very heart
of the mountain", cannot be less than live to six
thousand sqnsr miles; fr r it must be remarked
that it is not simply the vclleys referred to <vhi<'.h
? go to mnke np the general < stimate, bnt many la
teral valleys must la* included- some, and those es
pecially in the vicinity o,' the Flathead lake, being
| of remarkable beauty and fertility.
East of the mountains, the country from the di
vide separating the waters of the three forks of the
Missouri from thoae of Snake river as far north as
the Marias river, is oae of extraordinary richness
as a grazing country, and there a e many and ex
tensive tract* well adapted to agriculture. The se
veral river bottoms of the Mirias, Teton, Medicine,
Pearbon, and some smaller streams further to the
south, arc well supplied with coii"U wood. lathe
re?ion of the three forks of the Missouri, the dun
try. though well adapted to grazing, is rather defi- 1
cient in wood.
The change in the character of the country on
cm sing tie divide and descending the valley of
the Suuke river to Fort Hall i-> remarkable. Lieut.
Mullan repot ts that in the whole distance of one
hundred miles the term sterility is alone expressive
of the country, there being but one fertile spot,
and that Cantonment Loriug, five miles from tort
II all.
The valleys from the three forks of the Missouri
to the Marias, immediately east of the mountain*,
will furnish several thous md square miles of excel
lent arable land, besides a much larger quantity of
pasturage. 1 am of opinion that ten to twelve thou
sand square miles will be a low estimate of the val
leys adapted to agriculture in the very heart of and
immediately east and west of the mountains in the
region betw een the Blaskfeet and the Indian tribes
oi the Tenltojj of Washington. These valleys pre
sent many cerebrated landmarks, which were point
ed out by the Indian guides as the mementoes of
Indian s-trife.
The character of the country, taken in connection
with the facilities of this route, in the excellence of
the passes, the abnneance of wood, grass and wa
ter, nnd the navigability of the Missouri by steam
ers to 1 ho vicinity of the Great Falls, must go to
show the necessity of the council, not simply for
the protection of the Indian tribes, but for the pro
tection of our citizens now forming nuclei of settle
ments in the vicinity of the Great i?alls, and in the
St. Mary's valley, and wending their way to the
Territories of Oregon and Washington on this
A party is said to be now starting from Minnesota,
and so favorable is the route for wood, water and
guts'), that 1 have no doubt that emigrants to these
Territories will seek it from the line of the Platte.
From our most experienced hunters and trappers,
who have lived years on the Yellow Stone, and are
familiar with all the passes in the Black hills, 1 am
satisfied that the northern passes can be reached
from the line of the Platte at several points between
Council Bin lis and Fort I.aranye. A choice of
routes is an obvious advantage in case of a large
emigration, which is going on this year, and is likely
to go on for some years to come.
The navigability of the Missouri to the vicinity of
the Great Falls, "for stetmers of from eighteen to
twenty inches, at all seasons of the year when the
l iver is not obstructed by ice, and lor steamers of
from thirt y to thirty-six inches, for one half of the
season, determined by the receut survey of that
river, and to be in erred from its navigability for
keel-boats drawing twenty-two inches at the lowest
stage, lightering at several points, and for keel
boats of eighteen inches without lightering, has an
important bearing on thi3 question. Indeed, the
members of the fur companies who have been, or
are now, in charge of posts on the Missouri?as
Robert Campbell, Alexander Culbertson, Mr. Clarke
and others?simply from their own practical expe
rience in the me of tlese keel boats, have long
been satisfied as to the navigability of this river
foi^'earners, and would not hesitate to employ them
did ilieir business warrant it. The head of steam
boat navigation on the Missouri river is only about
five hundred miles from that on the Columbia, and
it cannot he doubted that it will prove an important
route of communication. The experience of the
Nicaragua transit route when irou-hull stern-wheel
boats, drawing lu>m 13 to 17 inches of water, and
carrying lour hundred passengers with their bag
gage, ard of the Allegheny river in Pennsylvania,
and the little Tombigbee in Alabama, is conclusive
on this question.
I have submitted the practical difficulties of the
navigation of the Missouri, with its currents, rapids,
sand bars, and sudden reflections, to the considera
tion of experienced men who have been the pioneers
on these rivers, and are skilled both in the con
striction and the running of boats, and they are
onli-fied that steamers of very considerable tonnage,
and carrying many passengers, can be used on this
river the entire distance to the vicinity of the Falls;
and a company now in Oregon, who are running a
line nt steamers on the Upper Willamette, are con
templating extending another season the line of the
Columbia, from its present terminus at the Dalles,
to Wallah Wallah.
The Missouri river furnishes the natural channel
for the supplying of goods for the proposed Indian
council at Fort Benton, and also f jr the permanent
supply of goods to Indiana in the eastern portion of
the Territory of Washington.
Should no action be had in this matter till so late
a period of the session that the council cannot be
ht Id till another year, it nevertheless ought to be
mr.de this session, in order that timely notice raiy
be given to the Indians, the preparations be made
with care, and nothing omitted to secure its com
plete success. The funds will be wanted for the
fiscal year for which appropriations are now being
made, and the Indians now looking forward to the
council will feel that they have been trifled with,
unless definite information can be given to them in
relation to it the present year.
I submit, these facts and considerations with the
earnest hope that, when placed before Congress,
they may show the absolute necessity of the council
to the preservation of peace among the Indians,and
the protection of the property and persons of our
citi/ens ; and that the present opportunity may be
availed of, when these tribes are desirous to be on
permanent relations of amity with our government
and with each other. I am, sir, very respectfully,
your most obedient, Isaac I. Strvbns,
Governor and Superintendent of Territory of
Hon. George W. Manypenny, Commissioner of
Indian Affiirs, Washington, D. C.
Tli? Trouble on the Erie Railroad.
To thb Editor of tub Nbw York Daily Turns?
My attention has been called to an article in thin day's
ifsuo of your paper, under the heart of "Strike of Rail- '
road Engineer*," which la so manifestly unjust to the
Superintendent of this r.ind, In placing tho questions at 1
Issue between him nnd tbc engineers unfairly before the
public, that I deem it my duty to endeavor to correct tho
erroneous impressions therein given.
In the article referred to, it is stated that the engineers
"do not demand an increase of wages, but require the
company to reccind a recent regulation, which causes
the disci)urge of every engineer whose engine runs off
tlie track; und, after his ilischargo, prevents him from
obtaining employment on any other road by posting
him "
The only foundation to the remnrit qaotal, is the fact
that by one of the rule"! of the road they are required to
approach switches cautiously ant at a reduced rate of
speed, and they must not approach a station where they
are required to stop, at such a rate of epoed that thry
cannot chi-ek or control their trains. They arp reriuirej
to see that the switches are turned right, and shmlJ
they Dfgieet to <lo so, nnd run off the track in conso
quence, at a station where they are required to siop.thoy
I would incur the risk of dismissal; but not f>r running
oil llie track between or at intermediate stations, ex
i cept for gross wiliuinesa or neglect. Should an engineer
be < ischarjed under such circunstpncMf, the Superin
tendent of the Division discharging liira would give
J not if o to tho Superintendent of other Divisions, and ho
; would he prevented from obtaining employment in the
, same capacity on any other part of the road No obligv
i tion exists hi tween this nnd any other company not to
engage nun who have b^en discharged under any cir
j euinstances; hut this company gives notices to the offi
cers of three brnnoh roads connecting with theirs, of dis
missal, leaving it to their owu discretion to engage them
or not, ns they may see fit.
11 iuleR an1 necessary for tho proper management of a
railicad, it is indispensable that those rules should bo
s i jot 1^ obeyed. The rule referred to is practicable, and
b lkvert to iieno< estary and proper for th* protection of
piifjecgt rs. and for the safety of the engineers them
; a\d has be< n In force a ad has produced most
satii-f ictory results during several weeks p.ist; but if our
i >ht to discharge for its violation be dented, and we are
pri-vinted from exercising this right, thou tlie rulo be
c n os a nullity, and we may as well strike off that and
every other rule, to the violation of which tbc penalty of
d-sniiFFal is attached.
llie remark that "Mr. McCallum has declared his in
tent Inn to hold the engineers on this road to this strict
accountability," nnd that "his predecessor, Mr. Mi not,
was in the habit of offering to engineers a gratuity of live
di liars for each month in which no accident happened to
their engines," would !eave it to bo inferred that while
one enforces discipline and performance of duty bv penal
ties, the other stimulated to it by rewards; which is not
the fact, as the same gratuiti'-s are now offorod that were
during Mr. Minot's administration.
In order to secure engineers of the best character, it
is notorious thnt thi* company is paying oh high wages,
if no* higher, 'hanany other railroad In this country,
and no duty is required of them that is not regarded as
essential for the safety *?d good management of the
train*. Very respecttu'ly, vour obedient servant,
Office N. T. k Erie R. R., New York, June 20.
P. 8?The editor of the Daily Timet will oblige me,
and do a service to railroad managers and employes gen
erally, if not to the travelling public, whose safety is in
volved in the question of tlie responsibility of the Super
intendent, and the degree of firmness which he has
cause to exercise in enforcing his rules and regulations,
by publishing the following cliculars. They explain
themaelvei. H. R., President.
Office OtmuL Hui'KKiNrrxriKrr, >
Nbw York, June 19, 1854. f
At a meeMng or the engineers of the Eastern, Dela
ware, am) Susqueliannah divisions of the New York and
Erie llailroad, to deliberate on the proper course to be
auopted in regard to certain rules and regulations pre
scribed for their government in the running and manage
ment ol trains, and by them deemed onerous and oppres
sl\e, It was resolved that, John Itonohue, Win Schrler,
and John C. Meginnis be appointed a committee to visit
i the General Superintendent, and present their views and '
a written statement of their grievance.
In pursuance of the aliove resolution, the committee
submitted sei<l statement, and requested me to giro iny
interpretation of the ralos complained of, which was
immediately done Subsequently, at the request of the
committee, 1 furnished it in writing, the same having
I be'.n given verbally on tho first Interview. The follow
giTOa^-W>P7?f th*^UMtlona l?vj 'Juded, and uiweri
'l0J^iI?^T,,?W,U,4MSc,IrJ, id JomrC. lliomn.4,
lio??-men~V?U t0 me tUe Mlowiag qUe,.
1. How do you explnin Die 5th and Cth Rule of Sunnln
mcntary Instr.lotion, dated Miy b 1864? 11
The ?h rule aimplir means this'. that the engineer is
responsible l01, running off at a switch at a .Uti?o
his train Mops, whether lie shall run oir before or after
"her ]"*r*?n C? f"rward lron) tt ?witchman or an/
Ihe engineer !? exj*cte.l to sec for himself, as to the
ETh . 8W,t(': M"' ,U"J tH^" u" ?-nr ??'* a'liuoriir
lulhc matter. at stations wh/rt> his train stops.
liic engineer is in n<i manner responsible for rnnninir
off nt a switch where hid train doe- not hi op, whether
?aid switch ii lighted or nor, or w!,ether there is or U
not a target, or whether the targe is rl^ht or wrong
er when he la hacking out of or iuto a switch, or wh>*n
right. " W"'ng af<6r bavicf beeu ?een to be
ihe engineer is expected to report all switches which
ho finds wrong, and the absence of all lights at switches
or crossings where usually shown, which I understand
to be the true meaning of that portion of the fifth rule
as you will tee by rule Oth thit you are entirely relieved
from the responsibility of running off at a switch where
you do not stop.
2. What do you understand to lie the meaning of rule
89 referred to in Supplementary Instructions of May 16 ?
That you are to run past stations where your train
should be receiving or discharging passonirers. Uy the
term " much reduce.i rate of speed." I shall be satis
fied by your running past a station wtjere you do net
stop at such a rate of speed as you are willing" to hazard
on vour own account, we reserving the right in thia. as
in all cases, to decide when nn enginner is running reck
lessly. But the simple fact that yon do run off at a
switch at a station where you do not stop, will not of
itself be consideied an evidence of recklessness.
We expect you will use all due uiligencn in making
time on the road, which you may cmceive consistent
with proper safety to yourself er train, and you will be
fully justified in taking just such reasonable means to
insure safety a* yOU may think proper, remembering
always, that the road muat be run safe drat, and fait
afterward; this yon will not consider as justifying you in
taking Much an advantage of the name as to lose boura
where minutes would be aufflcient.
.^b.ut 'V'? ^?'?Ding of the regii'ationa which pro.
vide that noticea shall be given of ad .ilamUaala to each
UiYiflon hupenntende rit, and to Superintendents of con
Dccting nadi?r
In the first place, let me say that no arrangement has
!???? "fvi?' nor any "^ligation been entered into be
tween this oompany and any other company not to en
prtige persons who have been dismissed from other roads.
All poisons dismissed from the road are entitled to te
ceive from the officer disnjisbing theua a full and true I
statement of the cause of such dismissal, the t,mo they
pr?t?r . company, and the reputation lli.y have ,
leretofore sustained, all narticuUrs connecte l thore
n'i ' "D 1'allia.ting circumstance there may be in
the cate. Respectfully yours
The commit? /cCALI.UM, General Superintendent.
The committee liave since placed in my hands the fol
low,ng communication:?
n r \f?n ? ? SrsQrEitAW.VA, June 17, 1854.
E K 1) General Supi liutendent N. Y. and
? a!,1:-y?ur decision in regard t.o the matter before you
tii. afternoon h<:s Is. n laid before the engineers, and
rej.ct'iT reUcctlon they have unanimously resolved to
Accompanying this you wiU find the papers containing
our causes ot complifint. ming
Respectfully yours &c.,
JOHN 0. Micsi.vvrs.
w:n, ,.. , Jf WILLI A M 8CURIER.
With this communication, under ordinary circum
stances. ihe correspondence and negotiations mi<ht be
th?r? f terminated. The i ulc^, and mv interpretation
thereof are deemed unsatisfactory, and the engineers
g.ve notice of their intention to withdraw from the aer
vice of the company. 1 re-ret. tli .t they di 1 not con
sider it consistent with their interests toghe . i.ger no
tice-three dsya heing a very :hort fine to nih.e the ar
rangemer ts requisite to meet Ihe'r action. Their rlsht
*Z?SXtbU'l? U '"'t Ulfputod; an ?it. is pre
?i!!? n r y ikM r"' "U-V ' "cei,<* m.* rijjtil to prescri'ie
enforce such rules .nd regulations as 1 may deem
necessiin to dlfchsrge the cuti.-s impose i on me. of
t ^ boHL' to. I consider them of
vital imi?oi tance in operating the road, not only for the
P'otection oi tl e traveUing communitv. and interests
ai d property of the company, but lor the safety of the
lrfi'n t6ri tlil,n8flv?*' nmi other persons employed on the
tbtm"'} CRDn0t' ,b"efore, consent to annul or m >dify
them, however much I m iy regret losing the aervices of
do. med it proper to write this communication The
?Tthrinr?w 10 - tbe note of ,ho co,nfflittee of the
17th instant, purportu to be a Btatemeot of ffrievaoce*
!in h>??8)i^0 'cou'ain tbe genuine signatures of the individ
wnsei,t to haa^^ftrC appeuded' or an^ ^idence of their
fS <?,.? i! ha>e their names so used; yet it is not doubt
ed that it was authorized. I have b?Jn assured however
the^'iewH pr leD1i .that..ther do not no? subscribe to
expressed in said statement, and have applied
suickePnert?omRnd " WrUmg' 10 SB
avail themselves of it, that if within three A?*
he 2 eoror'y with the instructions, they will
he afforded an opportunity, and can do so with th.
withThIs"s'uhiecthwi 1 |Vhat ^ transpired in connection
?"nil fc!? . D0t ^ U8ed to their disadvantage I
^ull credit being given te them for having actod consch
entioualy, though with mistaken views, in the m.Uer
that tfme" win l?S0 W'"iu2 DOt ^'V<" "uch n?,ico within J
tnat time will he supplied by others ? and I ta<? thi?
t?n'e? with7 ti?? rc7ar^ tUat a11 employes feellDg'isaa
Uiified with tbe rules or legulatlona of the road icisteitd
of grnmhling and complaining of their injustice would
JeVc^ ,?^ t?dr.th%COndUCt ,?f t^036 engineeri who
peaceably withdraw from service rather than comnlv
with rules deemed by them to be oppressive.
1). C. McCallcm, Gone ral Superintendent.
HOHER RAMSDEtX, President.
10 cZSr*' J<""c'
Fik.s?I am in rfceipt of ronr letter of tho 17?>, i_af
?"v ' ?? " of the communication of the Engineers
the ??yd?i"?nt,t0 U'ei!ent'rfll SuperintcXrof
fnr tho i which you and they object to certain rules
for the running of the trains. I have read both with at
tw^l'i Iti" r^Kret that any difference should exist be
tween tho engineers and the Superintendent in reirarl to
Lfrhed for which "re
interfe^fn the 1?^?? ?f th? C?mj,iD>i bnt 1 ?=a"?ot
tion to tho rules which are regarded salutarr and no o
on7thnocCe?ndrtir,gtbr' 1 ^?t sustain lrTcarrying
Z 'rZ J **' fveu, th"u?h the effort temporary de
rai'gement may result tberefrom. ae
I trust, however, that the good fense of the nun?
jdoyed on the New York and Lie Itailrnad, their regird
??f"s8 of the great work on which they are on
f V ? safety of tho valuable lives whi.-h are in
a great degree committed to their care and also tho
H. Ii 4MSDELL, President.
8idQut.ii anna Dkpot, Pa.,)
Juno 20,1854. J
On behalf of the engineers of the New York and
Erie Railroad, we have deemed it proper to lay be
fore the public a statement, wherein is contained
the causes of our refusing to remain longer in the
employ of the above company:?On the first of
May last, by the resignation of Mr. Charles Minot,
Mr. P. C. McCallum succeded him as tlieGener.il
Superintendent of the road. During the adminis
tration of Mr. Minot, as Superintendent, there was
issued a book of Instructions for the running of the
trains on the road, as per Section 89, which reads
as follows:?
He (the engineer) muni pnss by stations whore hli
t??ln (W? not. stop, at a much reduced rate of speed,
and lin.iiI up where trains are receiving or discharging
feet Ion fi2?Every engineer In approaching a road or
switch, should move at a moderate speed, and see th*t
the way is dear before he reached it If the switch be
not seen to be right, he should stop till ha la sore, and
a very good excuse will be required for running off at a
switch left on the wrong track. The absence of the
proper lights at those switches or crossings where
usually shown, Is to be considered as a sign to stop the
train, which the engineer must always do. and ha must
not proceed till he I* sure that all Is right, and all sueh
omissions of lights must be immediately reported to the
Under such instructions we were willing to work,
as in case of accidcnt a just and due opportunity
waa always allowed for the engineers to snow cause,
if any, that no blame could be attached to them for
the misfortune. That on the 15th day of May last,
there was issued a supplementary to general in
structions of March G, 1854, which reads as fol
Rule 1. Station agenta will be held strictly responsible
for tlio position of all switches at those station*, and a
like responsibility will devolve upon switchmen in charge
of turnouts where there la no agent.
Rule S. Every engineer will be accountable for run
nlng off a switch at any station where hU train stops;
but he will not be held responsible for running on a
switch at a station where his train does not stop.
In rule 1st yon will notice that the station agents
"are held responsible for the position of the switches
at the station. This is a? it should be, as y m and
till who travel know that it is the dnty of the en
gineer to keep the running part of his engine In
order, and much of his time is so occupied at the
stations where he stops; and it is understood to be
the dnty of one man to look ont far an engine and
keep it in order. We do not make the statement
tnaf an engineer cannot at times hare his attention
taken from the engine and placed on the road, bnt
that it ia neceesary for him, and for the aa'ety of
all who are with him, to pay due attention to his
guage* and the running part of h s engine, which
attention is more ne>ded at his entering and leaving
the statious than at any other time, which duties
cannot l?e attended to by any other person. Bnt
*i' complain that in the action under the -wpple
ni< r.tai v rulcH, the engineer had l*eu discharged,
when all who knew of the fa 4s in the case c >uld
not attach any blame to hun for the misfortune, and
the station ajrent, who iu rule 1st is held responsi
ble, is still retained in the employ of the company.
Now let us look (it this point iu its true bearing.
We <lo n<>t deny but that we can take a general sur
vey of the n>ad and switches, and to see tint
no obstruction is on the track; but that it is a
matter of impossibility for us to note all the
Bwitcbcs without neglecting some other im
portant duty which is assigned t > us, as in
some of the stations where we stop there are from
bix to twelve switches on the main track; many of
these switches are without lights, and it is a mitter
of impossibility for ns to discern them in the night.
It is a known fact of brakemen and switchmen being
discharged from the employ of the company and
still retaining the keys of the switch. These men,
out of a spirit of enmity or malice towards us or the
company, deprive us of onr situations by placing the
switch in a wrong position; and, under the existing
laws, there is no means for ns to obtain redress, but
at that moment we are discharged men, and our
names posted on each division and branch ?f the
road. We have not at any time upheld those who
could be proved of rcckless running, as we have al
ways considered it as much to onr advantage aa
that of the company that such men should be dis
charged. But we hold that we have a right to be
heard in vindication of any misfortune that may
befal ns. At our first conference with Mr. McCallum
the following supposition was made by one of us:?
"Sir, I, as an engineer, have been in the employ of
the New York and Erie Railroad Company for a pe
riod of about six years, during whicn time a train
has never been detained, or .any accidcnt occurred
through any mismanagement of mine. Now, if, on
entering this station, I shonld be so unfortunate as
merely to run my forward trucks oif the switoh,
doing no damage to the engine or cars, which
switch had been placed wrong, would it be right,
under all circumstances, for me to be discharged?
Mr. MiCallum answered it would. It is from under
such arbitrary rules and measures that we seek to
escape. We Celieve that we are men who are still de
sirous of life, and point to service of years in the o <m
pany's employ. When we say that we have been
faithful in all the trusts imposed upon ui, and that
we look back with a spirit of pride that thr >ugh
our exertions and that of the administration of Mr.
Minot, a confidence has been gained by the travel
ing community, that extra trains are now needed
over that ol' any other season.
A circular dated New York, June 19,1854, issued
by 1). C. McCallum, contains the following:?
I consider them (tho rubs) of vital importance In
operating the road, not only for the protection of the
travelling community, and interests an I proportjr of the
company, hut for the safety of the engineers themselves
and other persons employed on the trains.
With all due deference to ti.e knowledge of Mr.
McCallum?what is best for our safety??that know
ledge having been attained by him iu a period of
about three or four years, we still claim, as men of
discernment, to know what ia eat'o and just for ua
to work under, our knowledge liavinp been attained,
upon the engine and in the shop, through a period
or from four to twentv years, and in almost every
country in which iuilroids are in existence. Mr.
McCallum also sets forth in his circular that a state
ment of the grievances had been presented to liira,
but did not contain the genuine signatures of the
individuals whose names were appended. Mr.
McCallum well knew that be was informed that the
statement of grievances, with the oiigiaal signa
tures attached, could be bad for him, but which he
did not desire?the said original stateiueut having
been personally signed by the engiueers on the three
divisions, with the exception of some three or four.
One of the most serious causes of complaint against
tlie regulations of the company, and of which we
have asked a repeal, was the publishing to all roads
of this regulation which we have asked them to
Mr. McCallnm, in bis circular of the 19th, doe*
not answer the question, as asked by us, neither
doc* he deny that notices are given of dismissals,
with such other statements, detrimental to the
party dismissed, as the company may choose te
make; and we ask the impartial public to jud^e if
we have not tbc most serious cause of complaint,
and a most justifiable cause for our resignation.
Now, with all due deference to the President,
and Superintendent, and managers ot the road, we
beg to inform tnem that we, as well as thems Ives,
have minds to discriminate what is justice, and that
we arc not, as they may have improperly judged,
like the machinery we manage, entirely to be
destroved by the carelessness of the switchmen,
and others, over whom we have no control. Our
lives and limbs we liave always hazarded, but our
reputations are too valuable for the price they offer.
John Donahuk,
John C. Mecjinnm,
Wh. Schrikk,
Committee on behalf of the Engineers of the New
York and Erie Railroad.
Mr. Dickinson and tlie Nchnuk* Bill.
A long communication lias appeared in the flinch im
ton Demnaat under the head Of "Why the Missouri cmi
promise should be repealed," which is h?H to have been
written by Daniel S. Dickinson, which goes to disp-ove
the idea that Mr. Dickinson was opposed to the repeal of
the Missouri compromise.
Binqhamton, June 19, 1864.
James Gordon Bennett, Esq.:
Dear Sir?The above I clip from the Hkrald of
Saturday last. The weakness and peculiar vein of
the article referred to must be my apology for
troubling yon with this note. The communication
in the Lenocrat was not written by the Hod. D. 8.
Dickinson, but is here generally ascribed to the pen
of a t-omewhat younger and lens experienced head.
Whatever Mr. Dickinson's views on the Nebraska
bill are, be has not as yet nude them public, al
though the Binglmmton Democrat, published by
his rother, and nis home organ, supports tae biJ.
I am an admirer and supporter of Mr. Dickinson,
and, together with all his political friend* here rap
port the Nebraska bill, ana have no doubt but tnat
such are hiB views. Respectfully yours, T.
Supreme Court?General Term.
lion. Judges Roopcvelt, Gierke ami Watson on the B?neh.
June 21.?In the matter of extending; Canal and
widening Walker street*.?Judge Watson, of Cits
kill, took his seat on the bench instead of JuUe
Mitchell, who, being a property holder, objected to
take part in the procee lings.
The case came up this morning on appeal from
the judgment of Special Term, which confirmed :he
report ol Commissioners of Estimates and Ax.", v*
mente. Mr. Whiting opened the argument for t'?e
the objectors who submit that they an extensile
propeity holders, that they will suiter much Irws by
the proposed alteration, and some of them ex
plain that no award has been made to them for the
property that will be taken from them, by tho open
ing and extending of those streets. The doc iinonts
before the Court arc of the same voluminous c'tarae
ter, and the objections and arguments precisely
similar to those so repeatedly urged in the previous
phases of the same case.
Theatres and Exhibitions.
BnoADWAY Theatkk.?The selections of drama
tic pieces for this evening consist of tlie "Irish
Yankee," the smusing piece called "O ir Gal," in
which Mrs. Williams sustain the character of Caro
line Morton, and the "Irish Lion,'' with Mr. Wil
linms as Tim Moore.
Bowery TnEATitE.?The spectacle of the "Naiad
Queen" will commence the amusements at this
theatre, after which Mad. Margaretta Olin/.a will
perform her surprising ascension on the thht rope,
and the melodrama of "Masanicllo'' will conclude
the entertainments.
Niblo'h Thkatre.?The Ravels will appear
this evening in the fairy spectacle called the "Green
Mofister," and Mile. Yrcu Mathias, Mud. Marzetti,
Mile. Franck, Mad. Axel, M. Brillant, and other dis
tinguished artistes will appear in the grand diver
tlscment of "Seven Dances.'*
National Tiikatre?An entertainment of great
attraction is offered by the manager of this estab
lishment for this evening. The drama of "Kea
neth" will commence the amusements, after whioh
Mods. Devani will give his great feats of posturing,
and the musical drama of the "Swiss Swains" will
terminate all.
American Mcpbum.?Tlie amnsing comedietta
entitled " The Partition Suit," and tlie laughable
Irish farce of " The Happy Man," are the seleo
lions for the afternoon. The celebrated drama of
" Itufikele" will be repeated in the evening.
Christy's Opera House.?Several very flwi
songs, overtures, burlesques and dances are an
nounced for this evening.
Wood's Mjnstbels.?The new grand burlette
called " Black Douglas" is worth seeing.
Buoiley's Serenaders?" Somnambula" U aa
attractive and well performed as ever.
Superior Court?Part Pint.
Before Hon. Judge Slosson.
June 21.?Mr. Sedgwick moved that this Court
adjourn out of respect to the memory of Judge Bar
culo, of the Supreme Court of I'oughkeepsie and
Kings county, whose death took place ye terday at
the residence of his father, No. 12 West Nineteenth <
street, in this city.
Judge Slosson concurred in the motion, and di
rected the adjournment to ho recorded in the
minutes. part second.
Before Hon. Judge Campbell.
On motion of Mr. Henry K. Davie*, this branoh
of the court was adjourned, out of respect te the
memory of the lat$ Judge Barculo.

xml | txt