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flTEW YORK HERALD.
JAflBS GORDOW UEMBTT, PBOI'RIETOR AND KOITOlL &71CM V. w. CORNER OP KA8RAU AND TCtTO* BT8. Xkm?, eaih m aiha nre. nSDAll. V HEKAl f 1 eentt ptr tow W m lumxm. THE WEEKLY HEKALD every Ba'tirdfiy at 'l'i cr* Wmeiet tolictied from om iu.it'*r ifth.t ino.-ld ?if urd, imil \ernt>v paid for. toixir. < 'oith: <?#*????? *BS rOTIO UCI.' kKJOt'TDl ri? HtL All. Lbttgb.* fcwT' Packace** cejt ?>* LETTBR8 by mail for Subscription! or "ith A 'r<<r ?**?entt to br j>oit paid, or ilu p**lw -Ml t* deducted from 2> t?"?ey remitted Mi) HOTK'E taken of anonymouelcommitiilooturn* We do ?hi rr'um lAour rejected JilH MINTING executed with neatrut>, c/u-ipmu, an i VtRTlSEMESl '8 relieved e-vtry day. IWUBC XIX So. 173. AMUSEMENT!* THIS EVENING. ?ROADWAY THEATRE, Brokiwi}- Sjiandv Maouihi ?Our Ual Irish Ya?keh. BOWJHY THEATRE, llowery? William T?li<?Pioht B*rx? t< aiad Qvkek. WTBLO'S. Tiuht Ropb-Osa^d Divertibe ?BUiT? Greek Monster. MOTIONAL TilBAT liR. Chatham itr?et-Afternoon? tJ?oi it tum's Cabih?Evening? Kemibtu?Nick or thi Woods. AMMiilCAN MUSEUM?Afutmoon and Eronin ??Rap OHRI8TY'9 AMERICAN OPERA HOUSE. 472 Broad -EtUIOPIAR M?LODlES BV CHgllTt'l Jll.viTUIU. VOOB'S MIVSTREL HALL, 444 P -oadway?Ethiopia!* ClWgTllELSY AXD BvHLXWUM OPJCBA. BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, 639 Broadway-Booa ymv'u Ethiopian Opera Troupe. New York, Saturday, Jui>e Ml, 1854. To tlic Public. The Nrw York Herald has now the largest circulation ?f any daily journal in Europe or America. The Daily ILbrald circulates nearly suty thousand akeets per day. The Weekly editions?published on Saturday and Sun day?reach a circulation of nearly seventy thousand sheets ptr week. The aggregate issue of the Herald establishment in about /our hundred thousand sheets per woek, or ovor tuettfy millicm of Bhcets per annum. Mali* for Europe. TBE NEW YORK HERALD?EDITION TOR EUROPE. The Royal mail steamship Pacific, Captain Nye, will teavc this port thui day, at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool. The European mails will close in this city at half past ton o'clock in the morning. The Weekly Herald, (printed in Frcnch and English,) Vlll be published at half paBt nine o'clock in the morn ing. Single copies in wrappers, sixpence. Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of the Yaw York Herald'will be received at the following places in Europe Liverpool. . John Hunter, No. 2 Paradise street. liOCUKiN ....Edwards, Sandford & Co., No. 17 Cornhill. Wm. Thomas & Co., No. 19 Catherine street. Faxis Livingston, Wells & Co., 8 Place de lu Bourse. The Kew?. FROM WASHINGTON. The President yesterday sent to the Senate the nominations of officers for Nebraska and Kausoy territories. Gen. William O. Butler in named fur Governor of Nebraska, and A. H. Reeder, of Easton, Pa., Governor of Kansas. The last appointment dees not seem to give complete satisfaction in some quartern, but both will undoubtedly be confirmed. The following are the other appointments:?Mr. Woodson, of Va., Secretary of Kansas; Camming-*, of Iowa, United States Marshal of Ivandas; Fergu son, of Michigan, Chief Justice of Nobr^aka; Asso ciate Justices for Nebrn-ka and Kansas?Bradley, ?f Indiana; Hardin, of Ga., and Elmore, of Ala. We are happy to learn that the report of Mr. Chnrcbwell having drawn a pistol on Mr. Collnm, in his dispute with him in the House of Representa tives recently, is contradicted. In the Senate yesterday a communication was received from the Treasury Department, showing the expenditures of aud the amount collected from depositors at the Philadelphia Mint since March 3, 1853. The expenditures amount to $29.5,067 51, anil the total stun collected is #243,583 76. The btil for the relief of the owners of the privateer Ceneral Armstrong, destroyed in the neutral port ?f Fayal, by a British squadron, after a gallant aesiFtance, in 1814, was taken up, debated, and ?gain rejected. The vote stood twelve yeas to twenty-one nays. Yesterday was private bill day in the House. Among those reported was one to remit duties on certain goods destroyed by Aire in New York and Bon Francisco. TDK CALIFORNIA NKWF. The steamship North Star arrived yesterday af ternoon, from Aspinwall, bringing ua dates from California^ the 1st inst., brought down to Panama by the Yankee Blade. The trip through has been accomplished in twenty-one days and twenty-one hours, bcin,i the shortest time on record. The news is not important. The French Consul had been tried for violating the neutrality laws; but the jury being anable to agree, they were discharged. On the 29th of May the United States District At torney entered a nolle prosequi in the case, and the Consul has been released from his bonds. In the case of the Mexican Consul, convicted on a similaifindict ment, the Court, on motion of the United States District Attorney, ordered a discharge of all the proceedings. On the 25th of May a destructive lire occurred in Maryaville, and property to the amount of $175,000 was destroyed. A fire also broke out in San Francisco, which destroyed proper ly to the value of $43,000. The accounts from the mines are more flattering than ever. Some rich de posits had been discovered, and some of the miners bad made fortunes in a week. Business .in San Francisco was improving. Numerous robberies had been committed in San Francisco, and chloro form had been ,sed in some instances, with success. The Chinese were suspected of being the depreda tors. The Grand Jury of the United States District Court had fonnd true bills against Messrs. Walker, Snow and Jenigan?the President, Secretary of the Navy, and Secretary of War of the "Republic of So aora." The Pacific steamers reported that Acapulcowas still blockaded by the single vessel of war compos sing the Mexican naval force on that station, and that Alvarez held possession of the city. We give some exceedingly interesting intelligence from Central America, regarding the earthquake at San Holvador, the movements of the revolution ary parties, and other matters of interest. THE BRITISH WEST INDIES. Our files of Antigua papers to the 7th instant? nothing later?have come to hand, but do not con tain any news of importance. The Weekly Register of May 30 cdhtains the following:?'The weather has been dry and hot during the past week. Rain Is again much required. In Borne parts of the island the dronght is said to be a great hindrance to agri cultural operations, which are considerably in ar rears. Added to this, shipping is scarce, and freigh's are very high; so much as 5s. is now paid for carry ing sugars to England, and it is feared a still higher price must be paid before the end of the crop," MISCBLI.ANBOCS. Chief Justice Wells, a gentleman of high leg J attainments, died yesterday at Cambridge, Man. He occupied the bench nntil late in the day. Dr. Thompson, a democratic member of the New Hampshire Legislature, died yesterday. The Senate of New Hampshire has rescinded its share of the resolution appointing the 1st of Jnly for the Anal adjournment of tlio Legislature. AFFAIRS IN THK CITT. The weather yesterday remained as chilly as the day before. It rained in the morning, but held up be:ore uiae o'clock, and remained fair all day, con* tent with only threatening to rain, until evening, when it commenced to sprinkle, and about nine o'clock a regular easterly rain storm net in, acoom paxied by a, strong wiud and lightning, purifying tbe atmosphere and the "beet* at the mine time. The tliermometrieal observations taken at the Iltsu ald office give the following result:?Six o'clock A.M., GO degrees; twelve o'clock M.,66; five o'clock P.M., 63; making an overooat <(uite comfortable, and placitiK linen toggery at a discount. The Conncilmen were in se?8ion last evening, the principal business being ti e linal disposition of va rious appropriation bill*. A large number of re ports relating to streets wee actcd on. A report in favor of increasing the police force of the Twelfth ward elicited an animated debate, an account of wliich is given under the appropriate head. A report of the proceedings in the Walker diyorce ca*e maybe found in another column. This trial has created considerable interest, partiouhuly with females, a lurge number of whom thronged the court room yesterday. ADDITIONAL. FBOM EUROPE. The pteamship Union, from Havre adjl Southamp ton, arrived last evening. We publish in another part of to-day'B paper letters from our correspon dents at London and Paris; the speech delivered by Kossuth at the demonstration in favor of the na tionality of Poland at Sheffield; an acoount of the meeting of holders of Mcxican bonds; the latest news concerning the war, &c., Ac. f COMMERCIAL MATTERS. The European intelligence cxercised no effect upon breadstuff yesterday, although private letters received mentioned that some advance in floar had taken place in France. Sales were made to a fair extent, but without change in priccs. Cotton was steady, with moderate rates. Vessels were scarce for Liverpool, and freights ruled firmer. Flour was taken at Is. Gd. per bariel, and grain commanded as high as Gd. per bushel. The Reciprocity Bubble?Onr Colonial \eigh bors. Our neighbors in the colonies are booming unduly excited about the treaty which Lord El gin and the President have recently sigr.ed. 1* rem Upper Canada to Halifax, loud cries of jov me being raised, and the newspapers teem with congratulations and thanksgivings at the aurpicious attainment of Reciprocity. We re commend our neighbors to take things coolly. We would have them bear in mind that the re ciprocity treaty is not ratified yet, aud that re joicings at the result of Lord Elgin's diplomacy are premature and may possibly prove falla cious. "VVe wish them to recollect that our Secretary of State is by no means identical with the Senate of the United States; tljat the former is often a weak silly old man, easily cajoled by a skilful foreigner, while the latter, though con taining numberless cyphers, is as a whole a ra ther difficult body to dcceive : in a word, that, whatever Marcy may have promised or Pierce asseverated with an oath, the final settlement of the reciprocity question rests with a body of men who understand their obligations, and will not recklessly abandon the best intere6t3 of the country. At all events, the colonics may rest j assured that the reciprocity question will be de cided on its merits. Neither personal nor col lateral considerations will be allowed any weight or inlluence in the matter. If reciprocity would be the best thing for this country, the treaty projected by the executive will be rati fied; if it would not, or if the sort of reciprocity contemplated by the high contracting parties is not the sort of reciprocity that would suit the United States, that treaty will assuredly be threwn into the waste paper basket ?f the Se nate. What has been done means nothing, amounts to nothing. It will be well for the legislatures of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick to lay up this truth in their minds. The main question involved in the intrinsic merits of the treaty remains yet to bo ex amined. It amounts simply to this: Is it to the interest of the United States to encourage set tlement and agriculture in the British Provinces by admitting their produce free 1 This is in reality the whole question, for the articles which we are permitted to send into Canada free of duty are articles which we do not ex port thither, and never could. Thr reciprocity propesed is no reciprocity whatever, for there being no change in the rates of duties levied on our staple exports to the Provinces, the benefit ?if any there be?of the treaty accrues entirely to our neighbors, and is by no means recipro cal. Looking therefore to the question as it really stands, we must be able to discover some benefit which we should derive from the settle ment and developement of tne resources of the Provinces, before we can conscientiously ap prove the ratification of the treaty. For our part we are at a loss to see anything of the kind. We see no advantage to bede.ived by us in consequence of the diversion of immigration from the Western States to Upper Canada. We should lose the most valuable of our imports of raw material?marc and in return, our wheal, rye and oats would come into competition with colonial produce. If we had no wild lands to settle, it would be a benefit to us to sec immigrants thronging Canada. If we consumed more flour than we produced, it would be a benefit to procure a supply of it from the other side of the line free of duty. If we grew no breadstuffs, it would be a benefit to buy them cheaply, as we then should. If we sent them to Canada, it would be a benefit to have our exporters relieved from the onus of a colonial tariff. But as wc hr ve millions of acres of wild lands to settle, as wc are the largest grain exporters in the world, our con sumption being a mere fractional part of our production, and as wc send little or no grain to Canada, none of thvjee benefits can be expected to flow from the reciprocity treaty. In one word, that measure would befranght with much unnecessary inconvenience and no possible good to this country. That it would be a boon to the colonies, ns they naively remark, there can !,ar<lly h'e a doubt. It is not to be questioned that, were it a law, I pper Canada would send all her pro duce to New York for shipnnnt., and that her farmers would obtain much more remunerative prices than they can new expect. The British colonies would in fact enjoy all the commercial advantages ofa union with ns. without any of the commercial or political d'sa'lvantages of the partnership. They would not raise a cent for our customs revenue, and their grain-pro duccrs, who would l>e admitted io onr markets on th< same terms as our ov.-n, would pay 0:1 "" '** Purchaser <f manufacture < pn average duty of twelve and a hah per cent ?o Uk. Queen, while ours paid an average of twenty or twenty-fivo to the fedTal government. The taxes in Up per Canada are so trifling as to be hardly worth meiiiioning: in many of our wheat grow ing districts, the State taxesnre onerous. This difference would give the Canadians a very notable advantage over our w.itryracn in our market*. Then again, politically speaking, the treaty is bad. We of New "i ark enjoy recipro city with Virginia, and there ia no doubt bu that both commonwealths benefit by the mu tual interchange of products, JUat & deblo from be nee iray be sued as easily in Virginia at) here, aid for turh pur^oses, the law makes little or no distinction be tween the two States. Again, a slave flying from servitude in Virgi nia may be detained here and returned to his master. These reciprocal obligations are con current rnd concomitant with the oommercial icciproclty existing between the two States. If Canada desires to be admitted to the partner ship, the must engage to render like services to each of the States with whioh she is associated. She must for instance, if she desires to have free trade with the Union, incorporate into her statute book that essential condition of the con federacy, the Fugitive Slave law. She must erase to suffer her cities to be the refuge of ab sc< mling debtors from hence. If she were to offer these inducements?if her legislature agreed to catch and deliver up every fugitive slave who crossed the borders, the treaty might wear a different aspect. But while she not only makes no overture towards an arrangement of this nature 1 ut really pffords fugitive slaves every facility to cheat their masters, and sets apart under the name of her present Governor a tract of land for their special Uee and occupation, we cannot but regard her proposals as ridicu lous and impudent. The reciprocity under which the United States have grown and pros pered cannot be squandered on States which refuse to bear their share of the general bur then, or incur their proportion of the associate liabilities. It will be well for the convention of colonial delegates which is to meet shortly at Quebec to give these thiugs some careful study. Let them try to realize the fact that reciprocity with Canada has never been much opposed here because people have thought little of so small a concern, and because it never had a chance of becoming a reality. The recent folly of Marcy and Pierce in siguing a treaty with Lord Elgin will now attract public attention to tho subject, and the colonists may rest assured that with the exception of the forwarders on the lakes, everybody will oppose it. We are all well dis posed towards the colonics, and desire to see them prosper. If they will frame a scheme un der which the duties on our staple exports lrom hence into Canada, those on our imports from the provinces would be abolished; and if, in addition to this, they will agree to render to us the same neighborly offices which we render to each other, we have no doubt but that some arrangen at of the kind may be made. But the present folly will be knocked on the head. Thb Address of the Anti-Nebkaska Mem bers OK Congress.?The address of the anti Nebraska members of Congress, Salomon Foot, of Vermont, chairman, is before tho country. It is the old rehash of the " aggressions of the s-lave power." The objects and conscquences yet to come from the repeal of the Missouri compromise, however,as presented by these auti Ntbrarka members, are of the most sweeping character, and t highest importance to the North?the whole North. Touching this Nebraska bill, they say that? It se?ms plain to us that, fatal as the measure is in theie resprcts, it is only a cotct for broader pro;; i;-un If?11 8UTy, 1? th" futuro- Ttie ^joct of the admin Ut ration and of the ninny who represent tho glav? Plate* is, as we fc lit ve, to prepare the way for annexing Cuba at whatever coetj anil a like annexation of half a dozen ol Ijh states ol Mexico, to be adnvttod a* <Tavi Ufttei The.? M*utaiiiun8 arc to be made peaceably if they can be pure bated at the cost of hundreds of mil lions li tlivy cannot. be made peaceably, then at tho coBt of a war with Mexico, and a war with Spain, and * v.nr v h l owland, and a war with l>ance and a* th "i" ".^nee with Russia, scarcely less repugnant. I liads mW-hIo indications appear of a purpmo toann?\ the enEUin pait of ?au Domingo, and to su'ijugato the wboie /bud, restoring it to the dominion of nUverv acd this i* to ho followed up by an alliancc with Bra?.ii' and the extension of slavery In tho valley of the Amazon! What a magnificent schedule is this ? Half a dozen slave States from Mexico; another slave State with Cuba, perhaps two ; another in the ) Island of Ilayti, upon the ruins of tbo mulatto j republic of St. Domiugo, and the black empire of Faustin Soulouque! A war with Spain, England and France, and an alliance with Ru^ sia ; and, to crown all, an extension of slavery into the valley of the Amazon, in the very heart of South America. Such is the Southern programme of "manifest destiny," as laid down by the anti-Nebraska members of Con gress?Solomon Foot, chairman. j There must be something in it. Southern I mfmbers of the House, at Washington, are j said to be offering large bets that Cuba will be liberated in less than forty days, and nobody takes them up. The Gads den treaty is, perhaps, to be followed up by | another, including half a dozen States of | Mexico, compensating Santa Anna for the loss j of them, by allowing him to incorporate the de | fenceless States of Central America into his Em pire. And what could have been the object of I Lieut. Ilerndon's recent exploration of the whole length of the Amazon, from the Andes to the Atlantic, but to ascertain the capacities of that mighty valley, for the extension of South ern slavery? Let it alpo be borne in mind, that the President's organ at Washington has been threatening, for some time, a war with Spain, which would necessarily include England and France, and an alliance with llussia. And look at the movements which are being made to strengthen the navy and the army, and the ex pedients to which our government is driven for reducing its revenues, and we must conclude that tremendous and comprehensive as is this Southern programme for the extension of slav ery. there must be something in it. The South is waking up?the spirit of the age is progres sive fast onward5 nothing is too large now for American enterprise, backed up by a trea sury overflowing with gold, a willing adminis tration, and a courageous Congress. It is lime, high time, for the men of the North to be stirring their stumps. To maintain their balance of power against the South for the fu ture, they are now left no other resource than a good, combined movement for the annexation of all the British Provinces to the North, straight across from the Atlantic to the Paclflc Ocean, and smack up to the north pole, making the pole itself the initial point of our Northern boundary. Let the South come on. Ok the Trail.?The IJofton Journal pub lishes the following announcement:? A Gocd Movs.?Mr. P. IUetmrrtson Lai lim eoinmis .ilonoU by the bonril ??' tradn, In the city f t Boston, to Tlult all th<> northern nn-1 wootr.n cities of the United Stated, for th? pur) 1*0 <if inini.lig Into the vor/iujuri h 'hi Oil. I , n> Jiippod from the Ku<l lo the Wi?t. Vv'e apprise d Ur\' if *fr Richardson will 1 -gin at 1 hiiauelphin, ar 1 iaquire carefully at that point, ami then proceed westward on the Pennsylvania Central Railroad, stopping lor an inspection, now and then, of a depot or st.i* tioti, he will be very apt to find out the whole ferret of the detention of goods bound for the W 'f-t, from P.oston or New York. It in to the r^imifest intereflt of our New York railroads ai.d canals to expedite all goods westward a< fi-.pt a?* possible. The ffuladelphlans and their iniflor agencies may have a different, interest 'o > ?idfr. Let Mr. Richardson inquire. We hbve put him on the trail. Tub Gdmi)kn Tkkatt?Tub Thtiuavtspbc Rocte.?Having been rotili* d that it wtw con templated yesterday to call up the GwMo.n treaty appropriation of ten millions, and to push it through at a Kindle sitting of the House, we may take it for pranted that noson have been counted, and that the meu arc? there to do the work. Still, the question recurs, cui tovo f What is the necessity for this thin.; ??why this hurry to make this immense haul of ten mlllons of dollars, at a single dash, for the benefit of Santa Anna, and the speculators an<l stock jobberfl concerned? The treaty may thus be summed up:? Art. 1?Cedes the United States a strip of desert country, good for nothing beyond the spoils to be herealtcr appropriated in running a new boundary. Art. 2?Releases ue from the duty of exter minating the Apaches, and giveB us the discre tiou of permitting them to murder our own people along the whole route. Art. 3?Gives to Santa Anna, for these and the other following inestimable concessions, the sum of ten millions of dollars, cash in hand. Art. 4?Gives us the privilege of navigating the Gulf of California. Not worth mentioning Art. 8?Gives us the privilege of transport ing our transit mails across the isthmus of To huantepec, secures the Sloo Company in their work, and giveB our people certain privileges which we have the right to ask for them gra tuitously as passengers. The other articles arc but modificitioss or reaffirmations of the treaty of Guadalupe liidalgo, of no material importance. The cream of this treaty is, no doubt, the eighth article. We ratify the contract of San ta Anna with Sloo & Company, which con tract, we presume, was a palpable violation of the Tehuantepec grant to Goray of 1812, and which Garay treaty the Mexican government in 1818 presented as the unanswerable obstacle to any negotiations with the United StutcB on the subject. Subsequently the administration of Mr. Fillmore, under the guidance of Mr. Webster as Secretary of State, was in favor of enforcing the observance of the Garay con tract, purchased by citizens of the Ur;'.tod States, as a question of peace or war with Mexico. Resolutions were actually introduced by the present democratic chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations in the United States Senate, tantamount to a casus lefH, against the bad faith of Mexico upon this Garay contract. What has bccome of all this? Has there been a satisfactory arrangement m&de between the American holders of the Garay grant and the Mexican Sloo Company? If so, what are the terms of the bargain, and how far are the ten millions involved in it? Are Messrs. Ben jamin & Co., of New Orleans, Hargous & Co., of Mexico, and the English firm, in the same city, of Macintosh & Co., by this supercedeae upon their claims, as the rightful holders of the Tchuantepec route, to get anything, and if so, how much, and what are the specifications? Has a question of good faith between two gov ernments been settled in the negotiation of this tieaty by a board of speculators con trolling the demands of Santa Anna and the concessions of General Gadsden? These are questions to which, in behalf of the public treasury, public justice, and the American peo ple, we have the right to demand an answer from the House of Representatives. Treaties with foreign powers, from what we hold to be sound political reasons, are made as secretly as possible; but all appropriations from the Treasury, in the fulfilment of treaty stipa lations, are public transactions; and all the ifttts con nocted with such appropriations may jj^itfully be demanded by the House, should fce demanded, and should be laid, fairly and honestly, before the country. The public were given to understand sometime ago that the cor respondence connected with this Gadsden trea ty, disclosed such an amount of corruption in its concoction that the Senate would probably reject it in disgust. They did reject it, but subsequently reconsidered it, and cut it down to ten millions and adopted it. Now, what was all this corruption about, and who were the par ties concerned in it ? Why docs the American Senate retain the injunction of secresy upon its long and doubtful discussions of this treaty? The occasion for the lock and key has passed away. Why not, therefore, bring those pro ceedings to the light ? It is the duty of the House to demand all * the facts, all the papers, all the correspondence, and all the witnesses essential to a full understanding of thiH treaty. If the thing is honest, what is there to fear ?? if dishonest, let it be exposed. Any attempt to smuggle this treaty appropriation of ten millions through in the dark, is suspicious, and smacks of servile fear, or a mercenary colldsion with unscmffclous spoilsmen. The treaty must be dissected, or it will go to the account of the Galphins and the Gardners. Position op Austria and Prussia as Re oards the Germanic Confederation.?The suspicion that still continues to prevail with regard to the hollowness of the sympathy af fected by Austria in the objects of the Western alliance is, if nothLig else, a tribute to the ad vantage of honest antecedents. Ilud her pre vious political course been marked by straight forwardness, or had her professions always squared with her ucts, she would not now bo subjected to doubts which imply general laxity of principle. In her conduct on the Eastern question she may mean honestly; but if she does she has, to say the least of it, a crooked way of showing it. If she be not playing a double game, she handles her cards clumsily, and the spectators, beholding so much cutting and shuffling, where everything should be above board, are justified in taking these manoeuvres as evidences of an inclination to ch at. The Austro-Prussian treaty, we suspect, if we had an opportunity of inspecting the whole of its clauses, would be found to rcalizo the de scription given by e witty writer of female correspondence?the stintr is in the postscript. We want to sec the secret articles appended to it before we abandon ourselves to a literal in terpretation of the text of the main bodv ur the document, or of the explanatory declaration that was annexed to the iate protocol of the Four Powers. The Diet seems to us to oe in volved in the same sti.te of perplexity is to the real meaning of these documents as tic rest of the world. The smaller Gorman states have in fact but too much reason to fear that there are secrct political combinations m pro gress which are inconsistent with their profesred objects. They have, therefore, qualified their a'lhosion to the protocol of the 20th of \pril, by a condition intended to lay bare and (*.? feat any schcmc likely to mene -e their independence, rr to compromise the interest* of the fede ration. The interview which was Announced as be in about to take plr.cc between the Emperor of 1 AuFtria ar<l the King of Prussia. and their rc- I ppective ministers, at Tescben.on the 9th inst., has contributed to increase these apprehensions. TLeir course being now deliaed as regards the coalition, the ohject ot this conference is evi dently to regulate the position that is to be ad? ptcd 1 y the two governments, in the event of th? minor States of the federation opposing any obetuclc to their views. Whatever may be their secret designs, it is clear that they appre hend trouble and difficulty from this source, and the reservations introduced in the note agreed to at the conference at Bamberg, afford* grounds for believing that the cP'orts of Russia and Bavnria havo already been successful in creating a divergence of feelings and .interests amongst the members of the Diet. In thiB laby rinth of deep political intrigues, it is not easy to foresee to what events this new complication may give rise. Of one thing, however, we feel aseured, and that iB that the days of the Ger manic confederation arc numbered. A Frsn Dinner.?We are informed that Sena tor Fieli guve a large dinner party in Washing ton on Thursday. This is right. If one of our Senators makes all the speeches, the other should give all the dinners. But is it not rather out of the ubu&I routine of things to have a Enh dinner on Thursday? Trlfhnnn'n Universal Civil anil Military Union. A xrcetlnp of this society was hel 1 last evenlnr it Vauxhall Garden, Michael Mullory, President, in the chair, nnd T. C. Holland, officiating as Secretary. There were about one hundred present, one half of whom were mem bers. Aft*T the transaction of Bomo preliminary busi ness, an address was reud by the President, in which he reft rred to the present excitement caused by tho Know Nothings, and said that such principles as they professe 1 were at variance with the constitution and laws of the country. To prove that Catholic* are not, as they said, the willing tools of the Tope, he quoted an extract fro* a le'Ur written by the Bishop of New Orleans in 1R4'>. in reply to ar accusation which had been made Against biro, to the effect that he had admonished his llock not to join their fellow citizens in the war against Mexico That prelate, in reply, paid, that although in religious matters he was bound to ob?y the Pope, yet were he to insult the ling of thin country, ho would consider it hLi sacred duty to defend it even at the sacrifice of his life. This the speuker said expressed the feelings of the Catholic popu lation o* the United States. At the conclusion of the President's addrosB a discussion took place on the question as to whether tho members of the civil department should be admitted into the drill room, which win terminated by one of The members stating that the military department would ueclde it hereafter. Turing this discussion, Mr. Uasteraon expressed his opinion that the Focic'.y was organized simply for the benefit of Ireland and Irisl.meti, and had not, properly , speaking, anything to do with the Know Nothings. This opinion wah combatted by the President, who insisted | that one of the objects of the society was to preserve the constitution, and that, therefore, it was opposed to the Know Nothings. After this announcement, Hr. tlas terpon. and a few who were of his opinion, left the room. Dr. O'Donnkll then made some remarks, in the course ef which he advist d the society to steer clear of all agita ting questions. He could not see the policy of entering into a discussion of such subjects, or the propriety of the society taking part with or against any political organization. The President replied that he would not allow any one to slander the Irish without repelling it. Dr. Ha.vlon thought the best way to repel tho slander was by disproving it by their conduct. Mr. Gii.l said that if such disunion again took place as ?was exhibited this evening, he would leave the society. Pr. 0'Povmxi.l remarked that they would burn their ficgirs if they continued in this wild manner. They roe id not transact any business in consequence of this debate. This ended the discussion, and the soclcty soon after adjourned. Mar??lc Affairs. Thn CRinfn STKAHfmr Crvne, which anchored at Quarantine on Thursday, proceeded on her voyage to Glasgow yesterday morning. Tub StkAhjiip Pacific, Captain Nye, will leave her do , at the foot of Canal street, at 12 o'clock to-day for Live rpooL Bhe had 160 passengers engaged yesterday. Launch of a Steamer for the Mexican Government.? Mr. Jacob A. Westervelt & Co. will launch at 10 o'clock to-day, from their Houston street yard, the screw steam er Santa Anna. She is 500 tons burthen, and la intended for a war steamer for tho Mexican Goverement. Tint Packet Fhip Fttkma.?Accident to Captain Mar shah?Our Liverpool flies, received by tho Canada, ays:?Captain Marshall, of the New York packet-ship Fidelia, had his arm so much injured in consequence of tho cab in which ho was riding coming In collision with another cab, in Hamilton street, Birkenhead, on Sunday eveuing, -1th inst., that amputation bocarne necessary. He still Tenia in* at the Monk's Ferry Hotel Police Intelligence. Armt of a Punitive Charged with Murder?Tlit Doings Abrtwd.? .lames Smith, who was in October last arrested on a charge of Laving caused the dentu of a man named I'avls, at the corner of Dover and Water streets, by stabbing him, and was held on the finding of the Coro ner's Jury, and managed to escape when on his way to tho cells of the city prison frem the custody of Dr. Chaateoey, the Deputy Coroner, after his examination and committal by Coroner Hilton, before whom the inquisition was taken, was yesterday seen by Officer Duffy, of tho Fourth Ward Police, passing the corner of Oherry and Oliver streets. Duffy recollecting the man arrested and took him to the offioe of the Chief of Police, by whom he was sent to the Tombs, to a rait his trial under the Coroner's committal. When he was taken to the Chief's ofice he was searched, and a letter was found in his pocket directed to a man named Ryan, in Savannah, Georgia, whore, It appears, Smith Iias been staving since his escape frenu this city. From tho letter, which is couched in the most offensive language, and filled with threats against Mr. Russel and other persons residents of Savannah, it would appear Smith engaged himself in some villainous scheme, and got into prison, from which ho broke out. He boasts in the letter that no jail in Savannah is capable of keeping him. He also speaks confidently of his return to Savannah, when It Is his intention to take vengeance upon the persons ho has named in his letter, and who, it would seem, were instrumental in procuring his arrest. Smith is about twenty years of age, tolerably well looking. Charge of SU-aXing the llorte Washington.?Maria Pemsnn, alias Tlllou, alias Sherwood, was yesterday ar rested by officer Baldwin, of tho Eighth ward, on a charge of ntealirg the horse Washington, of the value of ttfOO, tho property of Jane Remson, of Brookwell, L. I. The circumstances of the case are as follows:?The ac cused was married to the eon of the complainant, and after living with him for two years they separated, each tskixg a horse. The husband, on going homo, sold the horse Washington, the one he had retained, to his mo ther, the complainant, for $300. Mrs. Remson, Jr., hear ing the horse was in possession of her husband (it having been lent him by his mother), induced a negro, who waited on It, named Foster Carl, to bring the horse to her. Complainant, hearing that tho horse was taken away, made application to Justice Stuart fo? a warrant, and the accused was arrested. She admits having taken the horfe on the ground of its being her husband's pro perty, and his ilot maintaining her, and refuses to return it. An examination into the circumstances will be had by Justice Stuart. Charge of Forgery.?0eorge Klein, a Frenchman, was ymteiday arrested by officer Vanwart, of the Ninth ward, on a charge of forging by endorsing the name of Angustus Marl in, of No. ti3 Fourth avenue, on the back of a check, with Intent to defraud the Market Bank. New York. He was taken before JuaUce Stuart, ana committed for trial. AiTttt of Oamblert.?Information having been given to Captain Ackt-rman, of the Ninth ward, tnat gambling was continually can led on at a house called the Half way House, at the corner of Thirteenth street and the Ninth avetue, kept by Kichari Vandenroert, accord ingly, on Thursday evening, Captain Ackerman, with a party of his men, visited the house. On going into the house, the police immediately proceeded to the back part of tho premises, where, behind a screen, a jKrty rlajing at shilling bluff were discovered. The keeper of the bouse, Richard Vandervoort, Ben.'amin and Joshnn Porker, FrederickWheatley, Charles Cyphers, Francis McGuire, David Cook, and Robert Ker nen. the whole of the party were taken before Justice Stuart, who held Vaodervoort to answer, in $600, at the M't Court of General Sessions, and tho others in $300, for good ln-bavior for a year. The bail was entered into by the whole party, who, with the exception of Kernon, were native born. The Inrtndiary Fire at Jennings Stare ?Another map. IndicAted by fiarr, named John Henrioks, alias George Harris, was yesterday arrested by officers Hamblin and Dowling. Hcnricks had Information that Barr had given his name to the police, nnd that he was wanted. lie accordingly inade himself as scarce as possible. After S' me hunting he was met with, anu taken he-ore Justice Osborne and committed for examination. Other arrests are expected. A ffunaivay Wife.?On the arrival yesterday of the Bay State steamboat, she wan boarded by officers Day ana Polhamns, of the reserved corps. Mrs. Petere, a young and pretty woman, of Boston, was arrested on a charge of being a fugitive from her husband, and taking with her $.'tf>0 of his money. A telegraphic despatch had been few arded to the Chief of Police, notifying him of her flight and expected visit to this city. Tho lady wl'h a fervant she had with her, wero taken to tho ofl;co of the Chief of Police, when she stated it was true she had taken the $3C0, but that tho mon?v was tho proceeds of her own labor, and that she md left her husband in consequence of his 111 treatment of her. The lady was detained tn aw ait the arrival of her husband, lie has been notifi.-d of ber arrest by telegraph. Naval InTclllgcnre. U. S. frigate Constitution, Commander Rudd, was at Port Praya, Csje Verde Island.', May 25. U.S. slnop-of war Marir.n, Commander Purtlance, sal'ed from Port Piaya Msy 23, for Madeira; officers and crew of both vt shcls all well. The abovo information was brought to Palem 22d inst. by brig Pla.ft, which also brings letter bags from them. U. S. sloop-of war Preblo was off Sharp'* Island, Chesapeake Bay, 21ct tut. CMy Intelil??noe. C rjckot.?Lxtvex <,k St Gbouqb Against Einvnv OY N rw ?* np k ?1) e i it ch bet ?een th* New York and St Iter,eh (nck.t < lub? was finished at five o'cloc! v* y nl 7.U'r ? T.,ut,:ry beiD?? wlth the Ne1 ' ", " e... '"'?rte's eteren showed 170 run* witt t* o )i>Dings, wiiilw thj New Yorkers scored n?> with si' w.t i . tH to go down. The following in the 'completi ?t. CEor.CE's ci.cn. -c. ? Vi/'l Innini'- Second Inntnat. ?? "'I' T. 1) ^ams... Jfi ran out ( i* lip b Sam* 0 b. Sams li Dnplinm, b. ferns 0 b. .Sam.? . t Wright, fit. J. H'g lr so. b. *? ,iiii8 32 "V Cuyp Pi'p?i c. fcharp^b. Marsli 2 notour. l'il.n.\e, c. Tower, b. funis 14 F. T d'cd. b. Marsh.... 1 Pumett, b Cut 5 En Hi*ttj c. Marsh, b. Cuyp 2 W ni'e not out 6 Hindhiugh, c. and b. Si>n<1s 5 b. Cuyp Bjes 13 Leg Byos 8 Wide Bali< 3 c. Sharp, b. Samt 1 uot out b. Sam* b. Marsh c. Sharp, b. Cuyp. Total. .102 Total NBW YORK CLUB. Second Innings. b. Gibbs c. Tinson, b. Wright., C. Wright, b. Gibbrt ll not out. not out. Fint Inninpt. Shaip, c. toiniett, b. Gibbs 1 Tower, c. Wright, _b. Cibbs 1 Fletcher, c. White, b. Gibb* 3 _ s Pams, c Gibbs,b Wright 16 c. Tinson, b. Waller.. J Iilgham, b. Gibbs... 13 b. Gibbs Wilson, b. Wright 20 Marsh, b. Waller 11 Ranney, c. Wright, b. Gibb" 5 Cuyp, not out 3 Sphey, b. Waller 2 Le Gal e. Ilindhaugb, b. Waller 0 Bye* 5 l.e? Byes 1 Wide ba'In 33 No bulls 1 Total. ? Total. . 95 Mr. S. NicholH wus umpire for St. George's Club, ? Mr. Bradshaw of Philadelphia, for the Now York Olul fcorerp?Mr. Embree, St. George's; Mr. Taylor. Nol I York. ' ? New York Boys axd Country Bot* ?I know of no c. met, Mr. Editor, more striking than that which distil gulKhes a New York from a country or country villad boy. The country boy is slow?timid?cautious. Tti York 1 oy is quick?bold?daring. The country bi bluthes and hesitates. The New York boy does nmt.hel We have the New York boy in his perfection of boldnesl quickness, ai:d self-possession, in the vocation of newf boy, and about the doors of theatres, and around to tables of street venders of banyans, peanuts, applel cakes, &c. We have a little urchin of only seven yeaJ old in our eye, at this momenf. He was one of mai who were flying about and around the steps of the Bowl ry theatre, wiih torches of pine knots, emitting bit smoke ana lurid flame. He was bareheaded, barefoot? and ragged, but his eyes were brilliant, quick of motiol in a word be was wide awake. At the moment we pasl ed, he darted from the side of a table of peanuts, a J things of the sort, and with his flambeau lowered a littll vft.f "?frp' rin?to* voice, "Sir, will you give mo| check? W e paused and pretended not to understaif him- he looked keenly up, and we affectea to be thinkin wl at he could mean, when he turned quickly from x and putting his thumb on his nose, and with a shake ? his fingers, one of them pointing towards ut, said to 1 gang of his fellows, "He's damned green," and was off I P. Q. Pirt Cartmkn.?The dirt cartraen have organized the J selves into a Union, callcd the Dirt Cartmen's Protect^ Society, for their mutual benefit. They say that union is stiength, and that if they would obtain a rt scnable rumeration for their services they themsehl must demand it. They held a meeting last night Hermitage Hall, on the corner of Houston and *11 "f*?"'; ? Francis McParllen occupied the chair. Michael Connion acted as Secretary. The main basin? of the evening was the initiation of members into tb body dLrt cartmen foum a large and respectab F-xcjfk.?The Commissioners gave the thfrd day to th Is* w!Sl.ye,,tef?*y> and panted between fifty sixty additional licenses. Three days complete e? 7 ' 4 L waB decreed that they should be given t* daysi at first, and then tto fiird day afterwards, j applicants who have not applied up to this day mi hold over till next year. Oint Dollar and Two Dollar Bit.is Alterkd to i_ IJOLiaKS.?Information has been received by the authol ities that a large number of $1 and $2 biUB on the Of leans Bank, irashurg, New York, skilfully altee* in? $10, have been forwarded to this city for cirnLition 1 iB expected they will be offered to the storekeepers' day and evt uing. Sertrkck of Copntkrfetters.?Bridget and Mary MuJ phy who were convicted in the May sessions of th Court of General Sessions for passing counterfeit $1U S) lpM|l0tJli"g J'? Kennlne, upon the Cranston BatiH Kh?>dc Wand, and who since their conviction have bee' in the city prison, wen yesterday (removed to Sing Sin hey bnyiriL been sentenced, the former to seven yet n the States prison, the latter to five years. * . - _ Corurnn'It qneits. A Boat Urtrr awd two Mr.v Iikowveji?A Melanciiol JPaterday held an inquest up< ? i ?g^Mclntyie and Patrick MoQitirk, ^'owned at the foot of Twentieth street, in the Eai f * e 0 clo?k on the evening of Thursda wUr'm th^?ngh tlle "Pfettingof a small boat in which the ?T.U was given in evidence before the Coroner, thi the deceased, together with three boys, startod from thl foot of Nineteenth street in a small sailing boat, which on turning the slip near the foot of Twentieth strcol "ilh * ?ud<len flaw of wind and capsized. Oil or wie boys managed to swim ashore; the other two hell on to the bottom of the boat which they were fortuna f enough to reach. Mclntyre was struggling in the watod L* piUeed the boat, and was unable to swii it f9u'rk Je?V? his t",sif'tanco he was immediat . y Mclntyre, when both of them sank, verdict was rendered of accidental drowning. McQuir Twentieth gh at th? corner < Twentieth Mreet and avenue A. About two months ac S Buffalo preparatory to hia leaving fo ? H?4wa? ihirfy years of age and a native o Ireland. Mclntvre was a native of Scotia nd, twentv si years of age. Ho was in the employment of Mr. Si mod hi h* ZT's ** tb,e Toot of Nineteenth streel wheie he had worked nearly ten years. . CABUAITY.-Yesterday Coroner Gamble held i FrSjrnJ^.^dy,0l,Au?U8tus ?? Maersen, frenchman, who, when drank on Thursday evening i .^;lTrfHdenWe11' M"1 WM "ewrely iD -H i , * yesterday morning at the Hospital t which institution he had been conveyed. A verdict c render? 8uPerinduced by a broken thigh, wa rJL^bif0 T?ron^ Upsnroo 0F A Cart.-Corona Gamble yesterday held an Inquest at No. 20 East Fortv man ^hiVt?VbrL?n th? ^dy of ^iUiam Hohrens, a Gerf S/ h 1 J?* years of age. Deceased was upon thl !??? w o^ waB Laden with furniture. Thl y np'!t' 5nd he WM thrown with vlof lence to the pavement and received injuries of which h3 died. The verdict was accordingly. ^ The Steamship Pacific Leave* To-day, at 12 M., for Liverpool. Peraons wishing to sand their likeiMe see to their friends should call early. N. B.?Stereoacopea crayon* and plain daguerreotypes taken, rain or shine, at ROOT'3, 363 Broadway. Holme a' Patent Donble Camera^Wltli thli invention the dagnerreotypist can take at leaat one thlr< more picturca daily, than he oan take with the ordinary in atrument. Rights t>f me for fourteen year* for **le, at thi Keero A Co. picture factory, 2K9 Broadway, by A. HOLMBS. Reel & Co., 38.1 Broadway (formerly ?89) continue taking six hundred first olasi piotnrea daily, for i ccnts, ky their German aecret and maohinery. without which a good daguerreotype cannot be made for 2n centa, a attempted by lmitatori. KEXS * Cp., 365 Broadway. It la Maud by Individual* who are Alwayi meddling with the affaire of otheri, that the author of the petition asking the oity authorities to acour Broadway with soft map and Mnd wai KN OX, the 'amous hatter. For out part we donbt the veritableneu of the statement or rumor Knoi ie too wide awake to meddle with poiitiei or foUlea, having quite ai much business ai he can attend to. The whole of bii time ii taken up in frrnJfbtng gentlemen wi'.l bii new itylei of inmmer hati, wbioh he nas in inflnita va riety. Bemakei. (its and sells them with a celerity in ao coroanee with the ipirit of the a*o. They are elegant, unique and oheap. Be hai a store in Fulton strtet, ana one nadar the Preicott Bouie, on Broadway. An enterpriaini mm la.Knox. That beautiful Covering for the Head, the drab bearer bat, made by Rifferty A Leaik. ii juit the hat for the leaeon?light, cool and airy. Give them a oall. D% guerreotvp?4ikenesses ioierted free of oharge. No. 67 Chat i am, and oorner of Chatham and Pearl street*. Mr alio'* Drab Beaver Hat*, fbr Rummer wear, are remarJrsbie for their rire beauty. The quality i* unexceptionable, and their durability, lfghtnesa and *lai tlcity give universal satisfaction. A varied and extensive assortment of summer hati of all kindi. David'* Drab Beaver* and Caaalmere Hate, for gentlemen'! summer wear are decidedly the handaomeat hat* ever offered Tall on DAVID, at bis salesroom, 30J Broadway, second door from Duano street, if you want a beautiful hat Alio 10ft bati and strawi of every variety. Genln'* Summer Drea* Reaver.?The White* nen, richness superb ibapeand elegant mountingi of this light and beautiful fabric, Jn?tly merits the title often misapplied, of model hat. Flexible and clastic, ita weight and pre'snri are scarcely perceptible when worn, while Iti exqultite ?ni?h renders it emphatioally a dreii hat of the fl> at data Srpecial attention is directed to the purity and beantirul color of the beaver, the appearance or the nap, and 'he p< oulWr gracefulness of the proportioai. Tbeee will be readily obsei red by contrasting them with other cotem poran eons sty lei. GENIN, No. 214 Broadway, opposite 8k l'aul'i Church. White Alvay* ha* Something New In the way of covering for the head. HU Paris veatilating hat# are all tl.e ra, c with young and eld. Mr. W. defies au$r batter to produce a hotter Kooky Monntiin beaver, or, la faot, any other klrd cf bat. Call and leave your address. W HITE. 212 Broadway, coiner of Fultoa itreet. White I* Kow the Faahlonable Hatter ?< New York, and everybody knewi it. Never mind the bij rent, wben White er.n sell from 200 to 900 hata a day, Cal to dav and ree the rush, WHITE, 212 Broadway, oorner of Fulton itreet. New Mnalo??' Florn't Festival Polka," bj the urea* composer ind popular pianist Alfred Ja*l?prist 63 cents. 1hi*i*a splendid comnmitlon, varietL but nol difficult. "Table Moving dohottlsch,' bv Oaw. Km. Mell char?price 2.1 cents. N B.?Music sent by mail, postam free. IIOKACE WATERS, publisher, .TO Broadway. Horace Water*. 333 Broadway, I* Bellini ?iiano? melodeons and music, whoieiale and retail, at na remely low prioei. Hli mctto ii quick laloi and imal prodta Hj? ijoek ia the largest ll the Called States, a* UMrostkM ?f superior qi*Uty.