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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 30, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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WHOLE $0. 6619.
Speech of Mr. Seward on the Pacific
Mail Steamship Project.
Passage of the Sen Million Bill In
the Senate.
Important Amendments to the Postage Laws
us rnJul iNMimT of coi iess,
Tkc 3?* York District Attornrjhtalp.
Ac., &o
From Washington..
?rBOPPft'Ts or mk. fHTUOOI-fn riaiiKitir
Washikotox, Juuelft, l8-r>t.
All the Nebraska and Kansas nominalions were con
firmed by the Senate to-day. A resolution wax also
offered in executive ceaaion, for the removal of the In
junction of secresy upon the debate and docitnsn's con
nected with tlie Gadsden treaty. After Home discussion,
the regulation was re-erred to the Committee on Koreign
n*e New York United States District Attorneyship if,
we believe, Htill an unsettled question Young Mr. Wost
brook's ch&nccs, it la supposei, were growing desperate,
and to remedy matters, Mr. Orr, the distinguished ooutn
Carolinian, last night look up tb 'he White House, it is
said, a petition signed by some slaty members of Con
grew, in favor of young Westbrook, and expressing their
detirct that the Tre&ident should relieve Oongrea* of his
presence, in an honorable way of course. This mornlog
Col. Richarduon, the sterling Nebraska mm, saw the
President, and clinched the nail in We-tbrook's favor.
If that don't get him offloe Onondaga salt won't save
him?he is past cure.
A new obstacle to the fishery treaty 1s discovered in
the provision which throws open to the eolooies the
coast fishing of the United States down to the thirty sixth
parallel of latitude. The right of piscary is not vested
in the general government, but is reserved to the Sta'e<
Consequently the provision is uncoustltutioual, an *, was
so decided by the Senate in 1863, wheat the point was
made by Mr. Mtllory against a resolution offered by Mr.
John Davis, which declared that as soon as th<" British
North American fisheries wen- thrown open to American
fishermen, a like privilege should be extended in our
waters to colonial fishermen Th? treaty will have ahird
road to travel to obtain a two thirds vote, as objections
are started on every hand. So far, it slumbers offl
? cially.
tlRHT dKtttloN.
WAtsHWGTOii, Juue2i?, 1851.
ycmio.v j'?u rkitai of thb fcgititb ht.avk tAW.
Mr. F?**kpk.v, (whig) of Maine, prerented n petition
from Now Hampshire, praying for a repeal of the Fugi
tive Slave law. He said that the petition was nut open
to the objections of locality, which had been urge!
against tho memorial of the men of Boaton. It c-toie
from ? town whose population wag about 2,000, and ?ras
signed by over uOC voters, which he supposed com ,<ri*ed
all it* voters. Moreover, the town was Milton, which
was the birthplace of the President. Referred.
The bill to establish a line of steamers between Califor
nia aad (ttmughse was taken up.
Mr. Sbwabti, (wtig) of N. Y., addressel the Senate as
follows:?Mr President?The summer solstice is pa we i ?
the thermometer indicates 90 degrees?time is becoming
pieciou* In the Senate?I shall, theretore, coudensit tb*
explanation 'hich the Committee on the Post Office aud
Post Roads )? s instructed me to make. The bill dimes
tbe Poetma" .--General to contract, for five >ears, with
the lowest bidder, on fair competition, with security for
tbe carriage of monthly mail* between Sin Francisco, in
California, mid ?hangboe, in Cbina, by the way of the
Sandwich Ulands and Japan, in steini vessels of at least
2,000 tons burden, constructed in th? best minie r with
regard to speed and safety, at a cost of not more than
9600,000 p? r annum, and directs, also, thai, aav deli
eiency of tli> accruing postage to nefray the exjienie of
the transaction, shall bo | aid by the Treason of the
United States Will the Senate please to consider that
we have in operation a very perfect postal system, wuich
pervades and penetrates all tbe inhabited region) of our
country, while it Is connected by steam mail ve .-el.- with
similar European postal systems beyond tbe Atlan
tic; and that, by tola national agency, letters, news
papers, and commercial, scientific, and political
communications of all sort*, are regularly ex
changed anting the poople of the United States and
tl oae of Western Europe. Will "he Senate please to con
sider also, that new efficiency has been recently given to
these poatal systems by tho establishment of electric tele
graph companies. One hundred millions of letters pans
tl rougbonrown post offices annually. Now will tbe Senate
onoe more consider that since our poatal system thus du
eribed waseel&b! shed, we have forever ceiel to ue merely
an Atlantic people, and that on the contrary hare added
to the Union one nourishing commercial State of vas'. di
mensions, and also a territory which Is soon to become a
State on tbe Pacific coast, and that now being em;:ige 1 in
filling up the territory thus rounded off, we hive be
come a continental American power, hoi ting the same
attitude to Asia that ue do to Kurope, and sustainingtlie
same relation.-) to the countries on each of those conti
nents. What is now proposed is simply to extend our
existing postal system aeitward on the l*acitic Ocean so
as to exchange intelligence with the nations d veiling on
Its islands and coasts, as we already exchaoge intelligence
with the nations that dwell on the islancs and coast< of
tho Atlantic Ocean The very statement of tho case In
this form seems to me a complete demonstration. Never
theless, I will briefly illustrate?lir*t, please to lo* at
the sabj< ct in its relations tn the people of California and
Oregon. Those people morally aDd by virtue of thu con
stitution have rights, in ail respects, equal with tlioje
which are enjoyed by thei/ felluw c. titans resi >ug on the
Pacific cot ^ t. If tbe latter justly enjoy the ai l ol < gil.tr
and speedy public malls in their intercourse wil the
?ountries "acco- iblo o>cr the sea which washes their
stores, tlicc, unless for ao ae reason tu.i must
be ensigns-'1., the former have the right
to the aid of reguler an1 ipesoy public .nail*
in their ln:e:course with the countries jWaasibln to
tbem over t' e p-n which wash'" their bIo.*cj. If this
right should be absolutely denied them, thev would be
absolved fi<,m obligations of loyalty, and wouU x-u to
rvgain cqr: l ty by separation >.ad in 'epen leii c Tarn
sure that Injustice will not be t-raetlsed so lent as to give
excuse for r.ieloyulty Hut this couAdenac, o; the other
hand, does net ot itself justify [an' po ieni it 'hi itiea
sxire propoied is not premature If the extent of th"iia
tional Pnclflc coast be irs nny fair propori ?!? to tbe
length of tne 'national Atlantic C"S?t?If thtrol* in Cali
fornia and t'rciron sufficient population with adequate
reso?ro?s and capital for foreign trade and comrnertse.
and if Ihi'ii! are on the Aalatlc coasts markets open tnil
inviting such intercourse. All these conditions-slit
Our Pacific coast stretches awav from tbe thirty fl ?-? to
Ihe forty-nii.tli jarallel?? length of sixteen hundred
?milei, without Including t ie sh ires of tiia Straits of Ibe
Fuca and of Puget'a Sound?Inlan I waters on the west
?n sldo coin aponding with the Gulf of St Lawi-enC" oo
tho Eastern side of the continent. This coa-tls but
little shorter than etir Atlantic shore was befor? Florida
was annexed to the United St The population of
California and Oregon already exceeds four hualrel
thousand, whilo t-'an Francisco, the chief seat of their
commerce, numbers flftv thou snd I need not expati
ate on the commercial resources ant capital of a
people whoae mines, besides the dome-tin sipfdy,
field eighty millions of gold dust and bullion for
exportation; or to state the fact In another way,
* j>?ople whose mines have in sit years gl?cn
stability and tore to eur own before fl.ict iatlng
mrrencv, end enhancing sensibly the value of all pro
perty throughout tbe civilized world. A* little it it
necessary to enlarge on the commercial resourc e of t.he
ancient Fast, and tbe attractions It offers to the>n>r
?ftlints <.( our Western coasts. They have bee. \ for lour
hundred years the inspiration of human acr|/ity in iW
grsnilesl dovelopement. British steamers connJ.'t alllhe
principal jiorls of the Pacific and Indian oce>ns, from
Australia to tbu Cape of Good Hope, and thus tiford ac
cesatothe places where are erO'jmged the productio'is
of hall of the [>opulation of the gli,b?. Great Britain alio
oh rries on a trade in these ports of two hundre I millions
of dollars Bet California and Oregon ha* e need of a
t*?de, unkni.wn to (Sreat Britain. With wide regions to
reduce to cultivation, and gull hearing mountains to
rendered productive, they need co lorant labor, while
? bin* and other Oriental countries have a population
Cvercrovdcd, and impoverished by a^es of c.eipotism,
seeking secspe to our newly dl <o ?-red contlneut But
la* Inhabitant s of our Pacific cos t 're not m rely a mer
cantile Liaa all other Aii.er.oan oitiieos, they are
deeply interested is all the social, moral, and political
movement* of society in aver; part of the gkrtw. I
submit, then, that the argument for the present mwmi*
ia complete, even while it root* on the ground of itn mi
(oitance to tbep?opleof California and Oregon. Hap
pily, however, it U easy to show that In this ease, as .?
moat others, the local or sectional inter?st* involved ?rw
inferior to the general interests of the Union. We have
a habit of discussing questions of territorial enlarge
ment aid of the extension of political and oommeroitl
influences sod connections with as much caution ?nd
anxiety as it we enjoyed always free oholce to make,
Invent, or control national movements in that direc
tion. 1 grant that we do wisely whea we refute to
ot mmit ourselves bl ndly to the guidance of tho?e who
interpret to us what they are pleased to call oar "manl
iest oestiny;" and, vet, air. I con'eaa t bat sometimes,
when l ake an outside position and review tho thickly
recurring changes through which we have pissed, it
aw ma to me that our course haa been shape* I, not so
much liy any self-guiding wisdom of oar owo as by a
law of progress and develnpement, impressed upon us
by na'nre herself When we consider tj?e renist
le?8 impulses to expansion which have aovd on
tbe | eople of the United States during the Ust half
century, together with tbe broad and tempting field
which, at the beginning of that period. s'rvtohed out
from beneath their feet; and jrben we oonsider, in con
n? o'ion with these circumstances, how the cr*-ole popu
lation, who an-or led claims to possess that which <hey
hud betvint pbjslcdly and intellectually unable to de
ft nil, and how 1-ranee, consum-d by anarchy, and yet
enkfipeil in u death struggle with despotism, was unable
to hold I.ovi*lana; wh'le Spain, enervated hy -ell-ia lul
*ence. sustained herelf only by mems of foreign aid.
atid was therefore obliged to relinquish Florida and
Mexico. It is dtflicult to conceive borwe could have
much longer avoided the extemsion whioh his given us a
broad region, whose surplus productions must n.tve way
through n.anv channels, to We?t?rn as well as hast> ru
foreign markets?an extension that has not only brought
the Antilles under our constant surveillance, but has
also brought us to compaaa the island and th* cm*', of
Asia and obliged ub to open passives to them ucross the
territoile* of triendly powers, white preparing to mi?e
the moie direct and important one over our own bruit,
but an yet Imperfectly explored -domtin To what
end has this expansion tended from tin- begin
ning? Whither does it now tend, if not to c >m
merce snd to Influence on the islands and continents
which lie between us and the setting aunt' Beyond alt
doubt, this Is its tendency, If we have sufficient re
sources and adequate vigor and energy to justify as ia
er gftgiDg in competition for that commerce. Great Bri
tain largely monopolizes it, an1 yet while her territory
scarcely equals that of one of our largest Mates. Her
native resources are inferior to those of Virginia, or of
Pennsylvania, or of Missouri, or of Texas, or of Califor
nia alone To speak of no others, Pennsylvania exca
vRteH cocl from ncr mines, at a rate of annual increase,
which promises one hundred and eighty millions of dol
lars for the production or the year 1870 When we refer
to >ur sin-cess in driving all competitors from the
whaling fields, under either pole, and when we find that
our aggregate tonnage employed ia commerce is already
ten millions six hundred thousaud tons, and ex
ceeds tl at of Great Britaan proper, is it not manifest
that oar energy and vigor have been proved beyond
dou it arid dispute. Tbe same tendency mark* the poli
tical events ?hich are occurring on the other side o' tbe
Pacific. Within ten years, China, before elosed against
us. has opened to us five principal ports oa various pa
ra lit 1s of latitude along her entire coast. Just now a
revolution is occurring there; doubtless the re.ult of h-r
depai tare from her ancient policy of exclusion, which
seems likely to give to us free uccssa to every port of
the empire. Even while we have been engaged here in
our annual labors, tbe nows comes to us of the opening
of three j?its with the addition of convenient stations
for repairs and refliting in Japan, and that a messenger
is on his way, who brings to us a voluntary and unre
stricteo cession of the riawaian Islands. The conclusion
? hid follows the consideration of these events U, that
the follcy which the Atlantic nations have pursued so
long, although so unsteadily, ia on the ere of it< con
summation?that, tbe thousand years are to be fraternal
ly te united. there ia no power but ourselves likely to
ei'hei co-opfrate or cum pete with Great Britain, in eject
ing that consummation. It Is the proper work not
of one only, but of both of the branches of that grett
family, which is spreading everywhere freedom and
free religion, with the capaciout and comprehensive
language of the British islands. If we abit&in
from auch co-operation and competition, the trade
anu intircourse of the two hemispheres will pass
around us, loaving to us only incidental bonefHs
common to all other nations. If, on the contrary, we
adopt the policy which has dictated this measure, and if
we cairy it out hy exteuding our railroad, postal an I te
legraph f? stem, through our new Territories to the Paci
fic coast, then we shall not oulv open to til our citizens
arid Mates the inestimable benefits of a liberal, active
aud internal commerce, but we shall draw through our
own, ports, and on our own Territories, |is if it
were a fertilizing river, the exchange* of the world.
The measure before us ia less costly than any cne we
have heretofore adopted for a sUmlar object It culls for
a smaller outlay than that by which we acquired Loui
siana or California. If the whole expense were to fail on
the treasury, it would consume but two million flvehuu
tired tbourand dollars in five years; but the freights,
passage money ana postage would in the beginning yield
t so hundred thousand dollars, aud ultimately the mails
would become a means of revenue. We might per hip*
wisely Consent lo delay the enterprise if our com mere
were not ulready in tho Pacific oceun. It is toere, and
becam e it Is there, we have already found it necessary to
wild a mtl squadron to secure its protection na
tional mails are everywhere equivalent to an armed force
for the purposes of protection. Show me a place in the
United States whore tbe mails arrive and depart regu
larly and frequently, and I will give you a place where a
soldier onouty in never seen. Show me, on the other
band, a secluded region, where the postmaster seldom
or ne\er penetrates, and I will sho*' you the United
States barracks and garrison. It is just so at sea. Yon
had no mail intercourse with Japun; therefore you sent a
squadron there to prevent tbe sailors from being driven on
rhore in distress?from being exhibited in cage* through
out tue empire. You have BO postal connections with Af ?
ric?, aun therefore you maintain a squadron there to pro
tect your own seamen and prevent the slave trade. I con
clude With n practical illiis'raf ion. Mere is a letter and
here a newspaper, the one written and the other printed
at Hong Kong, in China. They brought as the first in
telligence of Commodore Perry's great treaty with Japan.
They bear the poet mark of Hong Kong, and but for the
want of a native mail they would have reached us, not
by conveyance across tho Pacific and In our own mails
across Panama, but by taking a circuitous wa> through
India and the Isthmus of Suez and over the Mediterra
nean Sea. and then after being stamped in the Post Office
at London, they come to us over tbo Atlantic Ocean.
( alilornlu and Oregon, nearer by two thousand miles to
Ilong Kong, and very deeply interesting, got the same
down nearly a month after it reached us, indebted for it
to the mail.stramers bet woes New York and San Fran
When Mr. Seward got through.
Mr. Hii'NTfK, (dem.) ot Va., asked the Senate to take
up tho ten million bill.
Mr. Gwin, (dem.) of Cal., laid that the bill could be
disposed of alter a while, tbe steamer bill could be aced
on now. The Senator for IUiuois would ask for an exe
cutive session in the ten million bill.
The steamer bill was then laid aside.
Mr. Hl'MTZit moved to take up
Mr. Brioht. (dem.) of la., said, with the exception of
tl.e ten million bill he would resist taking up any bill
until the veio and the Homestead bill bad been disputed
Mr. SnrtF.R. (free soli) of Mas* , by consent was al
lowed to present a memorial from tbo men of Pepperell,
Matsschu^etts. tbe home of Pre^cott, who commended
at Bunker Hill, praying for a ref-esl of the odious Inhu
man fugitive slave act. He said it was sent to him by
a gentlematt who declared himself to be a hunker demo
crat of the olden time. He moved it to be referred.
Mr. An a ms, (dem.) oi Miss?1 more to lay it on the
Mr trMNFtt?I sf-k the yeas and uajs on that motion,
((several Senator* exclaimed "Let it go"?-'withdraw
uioUbt. ')
Hi rrltLdraw hi" motion snd the petition was
Jui'jShi?.ii?-, (dem.) of ill., douiauded an exclusive ses
i if ii on Iht motion to take up the :eit million hill
Mr Ci/'vpy. (t?hig) of pel. offerel the folliwlgg ri
solution whicli was Aoopted
hfo.ieJ ILut I'rwriueut i,u retueited, If compatibl?
vlrh the fnbHc inte pit to eeir-miuiirnte to thr S?n*te ill
lui cwi?.ri oti uti letnebu the dupariuienl of 8tat? and
l?f r.>'?(?t<>r? rc?l('lrc nerrthU ^ov.rnn.ent ;.n the
tear* 1MB and |MdO. relative to tio rciprooo inter.hacgi
? lir i od< ctioM of tbe United ttatee and tfrituh .S.rth
Am?ii:*r p?i>f*f?lon?. the flilnTiernnd the f en navigation
of ibt 2t. Lam cuec Lid t' c W . lUbU and Rldoat canal*.
hie tc: witiiox ml
Wne again taken tip, and by consent was reed three
times on iu paeaage.
Mr. Seward aske<l for the yea* and nays. whi?h were
ordered and taken.
Thv bill was pained by the following vote:?
Vrti -Mtun Adam*. Allen. At'.blivn, Bad<*r. bayard,
Prlpl.t Brodhtad. Brnwn, Can Clay. Clayton. Dodge of
luw?, 0<in?l?i> Evans, Flsk. Fitipatrtrk, Oejer, Uwla,
Ifotmten It nler. Jame* Johnaon. Jnneiof Iowa Joo?* of
Tetia., Hiill.,if, .n NoirU lYttit, Kuek, Sebaatiaa,
S Idell Ttocer Weller, William*?M
IV ays--Chaaa, Jemendon, Uillett, Seward. Pam
ne- t ade?('?.
Mr. Oww moved to take np the
Hliil.NUiUS HAIL ??TKAlHflir Pill.
Agreed to.
Mr A damn opposed the bill, nnd all allowance* for ocf>an
mail service.
Mr. Bn-K. (dem.) of Texas, said the bill appropriated
postages to be received aid balance to betaken out cf
the lieaaury. It in no ?af cripp ed the resource* of the
I'cifct f.fflce repsrtmcnt. it waa necessary to keep up the
communication with Japan.
Messrs Memory, Brows, Masojt, Evakh, Bayard and
Ct-AY opposed the bill.
Messrs. Hamlin, Rr*n, flwiw, Joxks of Tenn., and
JOHReoft supported It.
Mr. Brown moved to amend the bill by providing for
the daily mail ateamer between Cincinnati, Louirvllle,
St Uiuie and New Orleans. I,nst.
Tl.e bill waa then ordered to a third reading by the
following vote ?
lttl-Mriira. Allen, Br"dh??d, Can, Dodcs of Wl?.,
PongU?. F eix-ndan. Goln, flamlln, Huastoa. .fames Jiha
eon Jon*!" of Iowa Joreiof Tena., Rockwell. Raak, Sew
ard. Slid- II, fltnar* Wad* Waller??>.
Nay*? Meeara Adam*, Atoblaoa Bayard. Bri?ht Br >wa,
C^are ( Inv, I'fdpe of Iowa, Kvani Fitir*trlok (layer,
til'lett tlnnter. Mallory, Macon, Pettlt, Hbleldi, Samaec,
WIIHsia?1# .
"Mr. Bayard objected to a third reading to day, and the
hill ?a? laid over.
I After a -hort executive fss'on, the Senate adjourned
at four o'clock.
Bmut of lUpmi ntaUve*.
WanAMKOH, June 20, 1864.
lir. Facleko, (whig) of Va., 11M The condition of
the armj at ttata Ua? requires prvitfyit and effectual
; IrgwIatM. The President In hi* me.*M|fe, and the Sec
retary of War in hi* report, have called ritt-en'ion to the ;
demands an<t necettuftl- a of tttU brauciV of the public '
a?r\ lee. It la proposed to iocrea?e the irMf by one ad
ditions! regiment, but there are two bill* vfeNch the com
mittee are ieady to report, wbicfc are of ?Jul impart
ai re to the efficiency and orgauizafc'oa of the
amy, and which ought to be puMi at aa
curly day. He was satisfied that unless there are
ai'tlitonsl Inducements helrt out, an one ol tne bill*
<!?*? for enlistments, In tlie course of a ?try start tiino
we * ill have no arm; at all to protect our froattar set
tlements. tmall a< our army now as. there ia ar thin
time a demand for 0,4<>O recruita, and they cannot be
bad, iiecauae the |?y will not iudttoe any man to enter
'be at my. Itv deser ion ana expiration of the per>i?<1 of
enlistment we will ?twn be without an army to pr>Mact
tl.e aetllt meats. He moved that tho?e bills be madcthe
speoitl order for the &<h of July.
Mr Jonu, (d<m.) of Teun.. objected. Let the mora
ing hour c jmmence before anything further ia done.
Mr. Macs, (dem.) of Ind., made |>er*oaal explana
tions, which lie wld were due to himself and to Mr.
K cliard'/bn It seemed fri m a telegru>.h c despitcu re
ferred 'o by Mr. Richardson, and published is the Me#
\ orK Tvnt+t 1 bat his name wm embodied in couucctiou
with ihe charge that Mr. R., in his sub litute for
the t-cnate'a Nebraska bill, covertly perpetrated a
Irand ou ti c House hli) the country. Now, he liad th 4
to N?y, ki lur i'i th .t despatch is con-cruel, ?nd -io far
hn h was jiersoi ally concerned. I?e was re-p<>a*il>lo f ir
not th diHigc; and, in addition to that, it give him
pleasure to ftalo that during the contest on 'hj paisage
of the Xebiaska hansa* bill the course of Mr. Kiohird
son vat- bonoiable. He (Mr. Mace) was incupa'de of
charg-ng tlie g? nleMun wlih auything like fraud iu in
cor, oratiug in his substitute a paragraph to deceive the
iioni-e or country
TLe House then resumed the consideration of the bill
to amknti nrg postage i_*w.
It was heretofore introduced by Mr Olds, and provH-a
in lieu of the rates of postage now established by law
that there shall be charged for a single letter conveyed
any distance not exceeding throe thousand mites
tl.ree cente?over that distance ten cents. Whon
convened wholly or la part by sea, or te und from a for
eign country, for any distance not exceeding 8,000 mile*,
tlie occMn porta#* shall bo flvo cents. For any disUuce
exceeding 8,0t 0 miles, oceun postage ten cents. Ekcopt
Irg, however, all cares where such postages have been or
?.kail be at different rates by postal treaty or convention
already concluded or hereafter to be made. Don Me,
tieble aud quadruple letters In proportion Up..n nil
letters passing through or in the mail, exoopting such a.s
sre from a foreign country, the postage, as above speci
fied. shall be prepaid, and from ana after the 1st of Janu
ary next such prepayment shall be by stamps. All drop
letters, for delivery onlv, to be charged tvlth one cent
each; all advortiat-ii letters an additional cent.
Mr. On*, (dem ) o' Ohio, offered an additional leotion,
that it shall not be lawful for any postmaater or any
other |i4-rson to *ell post office stamps or envelope* for
more than appears on their face The offence to be a
misdemeanor, subjecting the offender to a line of not less
then $10 nor more than WOt.
Alter a detate the Mil thus amended pasted by yeas
1P4 to nays 66, as follows:?
Yeas?Messrs Abrr <rntnble All-in. Jai C. 111m. Willi*
Allen ast^e Barkucsle, Barry, lic'oher Bridget. Brouka,
Campbell. <a?peitar Caakia. Chauoin, Clark Coti"?. Co <k,
Ccrwin. Curtlo, lravia, of I?i.; Dawson. Do<rR?, Dlokio
sen Dowdell Eastman, td<ly, admondaon, English,
Faulkr.T F'-nton. Flaglar, Floranoa Franklin, Qam
bl?, O >ndricb. Green, Orow Harris, of Hii<i. ; Har
risen, Hastlnga, Htven H.endricka, Hit , Hagbot Jobo
aen Joeea of N. J ; Jod's. of Pa.; Jonei. of i,a ; Kerr,
Kittreriae, Kartj I.tmb, Latham Lilly Lihdaloy, McDei
?al.MeMullen MeNalr. Maoe. ?>acv. Matteaon. Maxwell
M*> Middle warth Miller, of Ind.: Uorgcn Murray,
Mcbrls. Noiton O'de Oliver of N. Y.: Orr Packer, P?r
ker Peck. Peekham, Phillips Pratt, Kiehardnon, Riddle
Roi'Mna Jr. ; Bahia, 3a?n Seward, Qbannoa, Smith uf
T;on.; Umith of Va ; Smith of Ala.; Stautoa, of Tann -
St itttaa. of Ky ; Stevens, of !Uleh : Sttrart. of Vleli. ;
1 of N. T. ; Trout, Tweed. Vail, Van*mi',
Hade. Washturne, of III.; Woebbnrne, of M? ; Well*.
Jr ; Weatworth, of III : Wle*l*r. and Wright, of Jlisa.
Navs- W??b?s. &>pleton. Belt, Bennett, Bonaoa. Borork,
C'rutber* Chrisman Chnrehwcll Cllngman Cox. Cralae
Crocker. Cnllo"., Uavla of R ( . Dean, liiuk Elliott of Ky
Fllia< n fctbei'd^o Everhttt. Far ey. Giddiaga, Omenaood,
Hartan Helater, Honfton. Howe, Hnnt, Jonas i.f Tena ,
Kcitt leteber Line ley, MeCnlloeli, UiilcrofHo, V'.llfon.
Metrlsoa Oliver o' Mo., fbripa, Prustoa Pringio. I*nryear,
Roady, Ritchie of P<., hofTie, Knesoll, Sapp, Shaw, Taylor
of'/en^; , Tracy. Cphum. w alley, Vfalili, Wcntworth of
Mass . Yates, 7,ollleoffrr
On motion of Mr Okr (item.) of S 0., tlie House pro
ceeden to consider the i???inUou Axing the tune of ad
journment. TUt Ili.ui-e heretofore designated the 14th
of August, but the Senate eutstltuti?d for this a recess
from July 17 till October 10. Mr. Orr now proposod t >
Rtrike out all that and substitute a rin-c die adjournment
on the Slst of July. He felt confident the lloufe could
pass all the general appropriation bills by that time.
Mr. IUxwk, (dem.) of Va., replied?there were olhor
bills thttu thou- which should first be pnsied. Including
blila for .-eform:< in the army and na>-y. lie ha 1 inclnr^e
a verv important one connected with the last tinned
brancti of tnt rubllc service, which ho was extremely
anxious should receive at least two days consideration.
Mr. Ork thought the hills alluded to by the gentleman
might also to considered, if the House would only go
earnestly to work. He did not believe mem'era were
serving the- country most, when they legislated moat.
Mr 1>lunbv Tdtm.) tf Ohio, wa* opposed to the agita
tion o* thi sutijtct at this time, and movod that the
resolution be referred to the Coamittcc on lievl*iil and
t'cfinlshcd Du3inefcs.'in order tl at they might inquire in
to the strte of the business, ?nd report for the intelli
gent action of the House.
Mr. Orr said it was only the pressing business they
could hope to acton Members have now been from
fcon.e seven months, the hot weather la on tlicm, they
are thieatcned with apprtachiLg disease, and they nity
(i on find themselves without a quorum. Thny could
cotne here next IH-cemlier, and go right to work.
Mr Rhharmox, (ilem.; of ill., replied, If the House
should adjourn as early as the gentleman decided, mom
be ra on coming back, would make speeches instead of
attending to businesa as heretofore. Ho was iu favor ol'
the I4'h August, br which lime nearly all the business
might be disced of.
Mr. Ewing, (whig) of Ky., said if the House waited to
get through with fttl the husincin, tfcey never would ad
journ Ho preferred a tinr die ndjoumment to a recess,
which waa a novel experiment. He wanted to leave the
cily to get something to eat, and to sleep at night,
(laughter.l He waa tired of gang to the dining room
with a weak stomach and smelling the odor, and w?s
aick of gutting up au Appetite by tonica and artificial!.
The House refused to refer the resolution to the Cow
mi'tee on Kevlsala and Inflnished Buainen.*?17 againit
Mr. Orr's amecdment wasdlsagreoil to?80 Against 89.
Mr. JC'!?Ks, (dem ) of U ., moved to lay the resolution
on the table Lost?48 again*'. 113.
The House retir ed to concur in the Senate'* amend
ment by 71 sgiilnit lO.'i.
Ihe House ' hus still adlicrcd to Ms origin 1 design to
adjonrn - n the 14th of August.
The f; kakkii laid before the Houac a message from tho
Piesiiiei.t enclosing nett s fiom the British Minister ou
the subject of the health of emigrant* during their voy
agifi om Europe to this country. Mr. Crampt'inmy*
l.c is instructed by her Majesty's government to enquire
of the United State* government whether any a'epa can
be taken to piocure more accurate information respeet
ing the cause* to which di?ea>es and death atnoug pas
senger* on emigrant ship* are to be attributed. Refer
red to the Committee on Foreign Affair*.
Movements of the Folltk'lana.
Cnx<v>im Jurjo 2*>. IS" I.
l'lit Hoii?f at 12 o'clock to-day proceed t?? ballo*. for
a United htttc Stuator for 'Jib .iLort term.
Whole number of votes 21^
Nece^ar'for a choice ! 150
Wells, democrat. uhJ *' _ jjq
KtBian^whig,,.,,,, t,t'[7s?
T(tppAt>; iT& hoii,,' ia
Morrison. uem 69
(lark..,. ft
Goodwin 1
No cho.ee.
Whole nnml?e-ef vote* 312
Neee? pry for a choice 167
Wells 150
Fast man 74
Morrison #8
Tappan 14
l.'lanku 0
Goodwin 1
Two more ballots were cant than there were member*.
No choice, aud the House adjourned.
Ir the afternoon the Senate elected John 8 Welis Se
nator for the short term, and notified the House thereof.
PokTLANn, lime 29, 1854.
The Whig Ptatt Convention mot Lore to day, aud 570
delegates wore present.
Hon. Hoiace I'orter, of Kennebunk, vol chosen Prcjl
dent, with Vice President* front euch county in the
Hon. Tstao Reed, .of Waldoboro', was nominated for
Very decisive antl Nebraska resolutions were passed;
also resolutions In favor of the Maine law, aud urging a
modification of the Fugitive Slave larv.
K<wia, (Chittenden Co..) June 29, 1964.
The ^vh'g nn? free soil Ooun'y ConTentlon assembled
here to day. and acted In harmonious concert through
out, ihe tickets nominated being componod of wbiga and
freo sellers in equal proportion.
Resolutions taking sttong grounds in favor of the re
peal of the Fugitive Slave law and the Nebraska bill were
pascul unanimously.
from Bangor.
Baroor, June 2D, 1854.
The Maine General Conference, which has been In ses
sion here three day*, has been largely attended, and ad
journs to night.
This morning, Fdward I/iftii, aged 19, a deck hand on
ttu- steauer Bcston, (ell o\erbo?r<) an<l wns drowned.
RovArtlnl ml the Earapa.
fiiHM Hook, Jaw 29?10.30 P. M.
There are as yet no sign* of the Europe, nam oeor
twelve <!?;? out (or this port. IV wind Is SE. Weather
Aloud j.
TJ?e Ohio ud Ktniwlpyt lUtlicwd, &r.
Cikcuhmti. Jane M, 1864.
The opening of the Brst grand derttiun of tlte Oh?
and Miii?u4ii|.pi Kaiiri ad waa celebrated to-d*v A Urge
delegation armed here ffuni LouineUI*, .tnd the places
along the line, this evening, and were conducted to
Ruro*t House, where a h pin ad id bauqset <ran prepared,
uuder the djiertimi of a Joint oommittoe of tb? City
CouocH anO merchants and manufacturers. About 2,000
guests were eo'ertnine< .
We ore now fa railroad connection wit! Loaievifie?
tinie live bourn.
Aretlier Vatal HaM>?ad AifldnM.
STAMFf.wr, Ct., Ju.ie a?, 1854.
A lad about twelve yearn of tpp-, n uir unknown, at
tendiig hi b?K,l at Mammmeck, aa . whose parents reside
in New York, waa In Ken by a trath tbi i aftcrDceo, at a
little below HamnrouMk He tu trying to a*e how
near the empire l>e couM crone tin* train km in
motion, whea lie wan i truck by il, thrown a distance ot
several rod*, i?od instanfly lulled. THe engineer lj?d do
time to atop the engine.
The rather o??t I'ubllr Health.
V/fHl.KATON, Juuy 20. 18.VI
Seme rares of rholera hue < ccurie>i'liere, aDd ouc i?r
two deaths reported. The authorities are taking act.*e
measures to prevent the spread ot the scourge.
*Nk? Ohibaxh, June 28, 1864.
This city contirai< a unusually health? Notucasec*
yellow fever baa twen reported, ami only a tow scatter
lng cholera deaths.
Cincinnati, J ere 26, 1864.
Consider!.I'lo cholera is prevailing io several interior
towns iif Kentuc! y and Mi.-auuri, aud many placca h.ive
Veen debet ted |>y the citizens. I be weather is every
wheie excessively hot, theimo'.neUr at ihia place 100 in
the tliade
Market ih
Nkw OnutANH, June 28, 1854.
Cotton haa been flrnt under the Atlantic's advices.
Pales to day 3,(K O baits, at 8>gO for rnid lluf. Flour la
dull and declining, OMo sell* at $C 60. Sales of 11,000
bushels Western red wheat, at 91 30. Cern is dull at
48c. a 6l'c. Pork drooping?m> sa quoted at $10 60. Lard
dull, barrelled sells at He. Bacon, sides 6Xo. a 6!^c.
Rice Ihnt, at 4 J^c. a 5c. Tobacco?nates of the Last tliroe
days 2,750 hhdx. Kentucky, at 4)?c. n Ce. Rio coffee
dull, at tc. a 9}*c. Sales of molasses at 11c , and fair
sugar at S>|C. Cotton ft eights to LUerpool are quoted
at %.&. Sterling exchange 8,S a 9 percent pi em.
CctriNNATt, June 29, 1864.
Eastern exchange in this market h&a declined to 1 por
cent premium.
Charj.bston, June 2T. 1864.
The sales of cotton to day reaobao 1,000 b iles, at
prices ranging from 7%e a U^c. l'rieea generally show
an advsncc, and the intermediate qualit.su aru quoted at
%c a >*o. better.
Thin lady, the sister of Louis Ktsnath, die d at her
residence, No. 130 Ninth street, yesterday, mourned by a
large circle of friends. The disease was consumption,
which has been growing upon her constitution ulnce
1861. It is related by her friends that upon the evening
of thearrestof the female members of Kossuto'o family,
during the Hungariau revolution of 1851, by Austriaus,
Madame Mcsslenyi was one of the party, and with the
others was dragged through the street* of Pesth, whtn
were sown the seeds of the disease whkth has carried her
to thegrave. She died in the 34th year of her age, and
fully reconciled to death. The deceased lea res t wo inter
esting children, both girls?ouo about ten and th? other
twelve j ears of ago.
Madame Mes/.leuyi arrived in this country With her
staters, Madume ltuitkai and Madame Zuiansky, at the
close of the winUw of 1861, and bring dependent upon
their own exertions for support, at on?o entered into
buriness. Me. daiuos Meszienyi ivnd Huttkai opened a store
ix this city tor tbe tale of laoe and embroidery, aud
the other winter took a boarding house. Tueir arrest iu
Auc'ila *v** at the timu that Kossuth was mal.lng his
tour of this couuiry, and the Austrian rulers displayed
ibeir humanity by subjecting the sisters to tile jireates'
? uttering bv way of revenging themselves for what they
esteemed the brother's faults. It will be remembered
that the mother of Kosnath, who was also arrested by
the same authorities, died from the hardi-litps of Aus
trian dtppotism, atid even while the agonies of drath
were upon her Kossuth was denied permission to sre her,
except upon conditions v.hieh his honesty forbade him to
accept. It is unn??e."Sary now to repeat in detail the
slory e.f the t-u tier Lugs of "triis entire fmnily?their beng
hunted like wild beasts through their own country?
their tieatment in prison?their perils by land and sea,
for a brother's patriotism?all this lia? uow become a
mutter of history, aud the k.vntimtby of the civilized
work has been given to the oppressed, and its scorn to
their oppressors
The children of the deceased are left to the care of her
sister, Madame RuttLai. who has a iiusbaml living in Aus
tria. but who is forbidden extending to bis wife any sup
port. Helving wholly upon herown exertions, this lad? ha*
been compelled to support her own family, consistinp of
herself and three young children, and now to her care ia
left the children of her deceased sister. Will not the
hand of liberality be extended to these orphan:* by Ameri
can citizens!1 They are thrown upon the worll by no
Jault of theirs, but because their illustrious uncle, in
emulation of ourownsiros, raised his arui against the
OBpmW of his couutry. The foMnl of the decease!
will take place this afternoon, at &o'?!ocl>, from her iate
residence, No. 130 Ninth street.
J(iM') City InUlllgente.
New Cot'NTRRFKiid osr ihk Bakk ok Baiu, X. Y.?Ar
bksto fob Pasmi?<; Tiikm.?Ye sterday a new- and remarka
bly well executed counterfeit w as detected in Je rsey City,
which has resulted in the arrest of t vo persons, cli&rgea
with being engaged in passinK the spurious money. lliO
counterfeits consist of $1 Mils on the Bmk of Bath,
Steuben county, N. Y., which aro altered to $20's, and
arc so well executed as to deceive l>ank cashiors, brakors,
aud other good judges of tank bills. Upon hearing that
counterfeiters wero in the city, Deputy Sheriff Pollard
went in search of them, and arrested a young man, who,
it has been asceitained, is named Weitinj. Upon his
ert-on he found one of the spurious Mlla. Captain Par
ty, of the JertOy City police, by good management dis
covered that another party was iindonbteply engaged in
tbe business of pausing the money, and ho traced him to
the t.erard House, in New York, where he had
been staying for a few days, and by the
aid ot' a New York officer he arrest eel him
and took him to Jersey City. His name is
Chatles Dlair. Upon his person were found six
of the counterfeit *20'h. Copt. Farley has in his pos
session about $lt;0, which he found npon these persons,
with which he will rrde>ein these counterfeits to that
amount, tor those upon whom they have been passed.
Ihrse spurious bills have evidently but just made their
appear,"ace, as th?y.arc not mentioned in the last coun
terfeit detectors. The word or figure 1 has bocu extracted
by chemical agencies, and tweuty is printed Instead in a
most skilful tnanutr. Tbe bills are datel April 15, 1854.
These young men are from the western pert of the State
of New York?probably from Syracuse, as one of thorn
telegraphed iu a friendly style to a man doing business
in that city tbat he was in trouble, and wished h'tiu to
raise all the money he could, and come to New York by
the first train of cars. The prisoners *cic ta ;en before
Hecoroer Cutter. ln?t they waived an examination, and
I'f tCD'mUtcd turn iu default of UM lu tbsiwaor
*2,fi00 each, to tho Hudson county jail, to await trial.
ibe?e young men are believed to be connected with
wealthy and very respectable families in Western New
Police Intelligence.
An AUf.gtA larceny in a Polite Court.?0n Sunday
night last a man waa picked up by one of the First
v.ard police in that ward, lie being very druak. was
taken to the First ward station house, and on ireing
tcarclied, nearly $300 was found upon his pers m, which
was taken ch-"ge of by fhc lieutenant in charge nt the sta
tion house and the man consigned to there!!/-, fn ?he
morning the money was given to the ofhcer. rtd the
prisoner taken to tho Tombs. W'heu tho office ? arrived
at tho Tombs with tbe prisoner in charge, h? there met
with one of the city conatablos, and he and the mil cor
te^tber, Instead of taking the money to the prapeity
clerk, were seen counting it, snd two piles e'' flo gold
pieces were seen In their possession, ono cont i nlng todr
nieces, tlie other five pieces. Shortly afterwards Ihev
Lam ed to the property clerk a patcel. saying It was tho
money of the prisoner, and that he wan to ta!. care of
it, tho man net being sufficiently sober. The man,
tbe first ward officer, and the constable, then loft the
court together, the prisoner having been discharged hy
the magistrate. In the course of the day the Ban was
met with again in a state of gross intoxication, and taken
to the Tombs. Tt.dre are many surmises aCjat n* to
how he became so, and a hinting abont a sham receipt.
The next morning the man was taken Wore the magis
trate for being intoxicated, and was fined and dl<ehirg
ed Tie then wont to the property clerk and a>.Ued for
his money, when the package he received was lisnde.l
to the tnnn, who, on opening it, and finding only 980
said he had besides nine >20 gold pieces. The property
clerk, Mr. Jaracs Nesbit, has made an affidavit, in which
he distinctly s ates tliat the sum In question, $80, is all
the money he received from the officer and the couita
ble. ThPT circumstances of the case have since teen
presented before tho Recorder, who has, for these two
days past, been busy in investigating tho clrcumstau
ees attending this most slngn'sr afTalr. Some very cu
rions operations aro practised in our police court i, at
times, by persons hangiag about them, who would do
much better to follow some legitimate business.
Rinovi.ak Fatal Accident.?Amoa IJvennore,
son of Col. Thomas LlTcrmoro, of Watertown, met
with a singular accident nne day lust week, which
reunited in his death. He was riding on horaeback,
when from some m known cause, the horse sudden
ly reared np, lost his balance, and fell backwards on
In ting Llrermore, injuring him so wvercly that he
red but ? short time.?Bo. ton Allot* >
Parade upon the Battle Oronnd.
Ac., Ac., Ac.
Hit# pfcoj.i# Qf.New Jeraej on Wednesday celebrated *?
mdwiur; of the battle ?( Monmeutt, upon the battle
griHind, Mir Freehold. This light took place on tbe 28tl*
of .Tune, .1168, between the American and britiah forces,
commanded by General* W?jfci?gtou .and Clh.ton. The
latter Groan* ?aa on his marsh throu,|ii New Jertey to
I reach Nvw Y rk a* hood an [-.oeMlble, in order to carry
out certain wrrangecaenWof thr cOMpaigm Wu-hingUiu,
knowing ?4k> iini<11 lance of th'wtfrting those arrange
welt*, pv.-!ie<r ra|.ridl> forum A term the WT.?tern part of
ttie State toout him off, and cuuip i?> with Clinton and
giu- hint battle m the i*?j ire have atated. Ihtth Hide*
fr?ght wirk great brsvery while th> ft?'it la-ted; b..t in
tli? evening, after the firing had ctvrfKwl and both parlies
wete resting on their anal, to re-?w the tlgM on the
following morning, an Washington intended, Clinton,
un< ?r the cover of rrght, mowed frt^R his caon,, and
win li norning dawned he wtte beyond the reac i of the
/.ntrhans. lhii bottb is particularly .-VMi-ruboro I m n
tx ii p ite one in which Ceneral (Starlet Lee was cl?V5?'-i
? y Wellington with disobedience of orders, wnrt
n a ilia led, and teoteaeed to dismltMi from the
? nice lor one year; also for btini'" Cnjiit u?? i
he 1 otteM day rtf tbe summer, whicfc ?* itmg irrta>
tl i at, sol'iers from heth armies ru<h6# into h s -i*tt
brook running between the contending forest',
and there; liand to hsnrt, died beneath each ?th?*n
bl i*f, or with ai taking tbe cold wi?er w'.t<I? in a fro
bested state. Nearly-aa many died in tKHtream fron ?
the latter souse as by thf bells of the enemy; and afte?
fhe battle whs end*d for the do;, Ghe wounded, the
K. ?n<l tl e drat!, were Mostly fouad along this rivu
l?t. where tbry ta?d dragge.i tlit-inselMBs in their death
strngglen t>qtieneh tlieir burning thirst, and1 tlie water
minuted with their Mood rUeti purple o'er it* bed
Goat preparation* woie made by the ijt>ulii<ants
of Monmouth lor the oelebra'ion of tills afinirersnry.
For numbs pant it bun betn their only thenre tx con
veri-at'an, and by mutual consent the whole eosn'ry
liiokid forwuid to itos a grand pala day, when business i
should bo laid a?ide, ?r<d patriotism have the largest pos
sible *eut. Invitations to be present were seat out hr
tbe c< mmittee of arrangements, to tbe military of Phila
delphia, New York, hiooi.lyn, and other cities in New Jer
sey , 1 eniu-yIvsnin, New Tetk, and from many companion
snkTvt-M sicrpting the invitations were recefved. Hotel
lee)ere in the viliagonear laid in an extra ,<u^piy of
liquor nnd provision?, nod all classes brushed uu their
?'bestSunday go-to mealing" nppart-1 in preparfng for
the event. In th? yenr 18'z8 tbe first and >uly c?lebra
ilon of this battle, he<ore Wednesday, took place, and
p;u.ced oil very surcessfully. A sham tight was arranged
t>, on the field, which, as an interesting exhibition anil
fl.fpiHy of soldierly skill, was heralded iar anc wiiei It
wt decided to imitate the former Committee of Arrange
ments in this respeot, and* sham tight was all the t?lk
?uiu iiU that wan looLed for during the afternoon.
'Ihi'-ceno of tbe battle is about one mile aod a half
trom the vill?go of Freehold, the county town. f<kir
mii-liing: coEuroenc d upon the site of me vilhue and whs
continued westward tor the <listanc<- above given, tiefore
tlie ro >in battle cc-mirtenced. All the partie? bud the
tt-nitmiiid of a hill, the advantage of locality lieing about
equal. The British battery opiued from* ono lioigut,
snd v-nn answered h> 'Washington from another, liotbar
mics iuhiil view of each other, and about a quarter of a
tniJe Apart, 'these two heights sloped towards each
otb< r, ind in the vailey, about an equal diKtauce from
both torces, llowe?l the stream of water we have before
blltulci, to, called the '-S^iotswood branch."
Xltuentire area of the battle ground is about n mile in
extent, both locations now being turned into fine farms
the Iirttish side owiied by Mr. T. Sutpben, and the other,
acrw-itlH- bro >k, by It-aac Herbert. I pon the aroa of
this ba,ltlu Hold are various intcrehtiLg Revolutionary
relics, the ii-hal itant t here dispUy all sort* of imptc
m.Ms, constantly Ix-iriK tumea over by the plough or
bputle, t-uclt as t-word hilts, bullets, spurs, Ice. Only 1-ist
week, we understand, a cannon bull ??< dug up from its
bi d, whore it hid buried itself, and wht to it hu? lain
bini-Q >t van ten'* on its errand ot death by our Kcvolu
tion&ry aire*.
Upon the Briti h ground still stands an old dwel
ling hoHse, railed "the Tonaot Parsonage," which
stood eti tl o field during the bat tie. and within a
few yards of where was planted the English ar
tillery. It is riddled with bullet holes, and luki been for
agreatmuny yeard unoccupied. It is an old fashioned
two story bouse, and has around ii mnny historical aaso
c'ations. It talies its nam# from iM original proprirtor,
the Hev. U riant, who occupied it during the Revo
lution, and who here wrolo the story of his trance, which
obtained for him some celebrity. Hit succes'ir, the
Bct. Mr. Woodbull, here lived for forty yoars. and turned
the house into a seminary for the study of theology and
tie classics. Since the death of Mr. Woodhull, the bond
ing has not been tenanted, but caiefiilly preserved by the
owners of tbo tarm upon which It stands. Thousands of
visiters call to see it every year; and such is tho anxiety
cf mont of them to carry'away somo remembrance of it,
that the eflert is Keen in tbe mirwing shingles, weather
boards, door latches, Kc. At tho time of the battle, M*d
Anthony Wayne, as he wax called, wus posted a few rods
south ol this dnellin^r. After Leu's shameful retreat and
reprimand, while lAfuyettc van mortified, Washington
disappointed, and Morgan deeply chagrined at the ccurso
things had taken. Mad Anthony was orderod to advance
against the Britiah, and encountered them hand to hand,
lie moved against the regiment under the command of
Col Monkton. Tbe combatants mot each ether by the side
of this dwelling^and deadly was tho onset Wiiyno. anx
ious to retrieve the chance < of tho day, ordered'his men,
when they came up, to " *jiok the officer*;" and the
first volley from tho Amarisaa marksmen brought Col.
Monkton, and nearly every ene in command, to the
ground. The spot is still poln'ed out to which Col.
Monkton was carried while in the agonies of death?au
old barn a few yards from the parsonage, where in a
few minutes after he was struck, he expired This old
building was tho centre of attrac'ion on Thursday. Its
venerable and gentlemanly proprlo'or, Mr. Wm. f\ gnt
plien, willingly re. nted over and over again, for the
thou.-andtb time, i<a history, to the numbcile-ts visiters
who thronged it; ami each* ono who entered it instfne
i lively, upon crossing its threshold, removed his hat, foul
ing that he was treading within walls made sacred by
tlie memories of tbo past.
Not far distant stands, upon tho American ground, and
is ?till preserved, tho old meeting house in which first.
Tenant, and thcu Woodhull after him, officiated; next
to tbe i arsonage, it is most venerated by the inhabi
tants for ita historical reminiscences. Tho remains of
Col. Monti ton lie buried In the grave yard of this meet
ing honpe. His only monument is a plain board, which
was prepare)! many years ago, by a Scotch schoolmaster,
and bears tbe inscription
o u
o Hio J-\tm. ?
o 0
u COL. MOtfKTON: Kit (?D 29th Jv.ve. ?
o 0
o 1778. 0
ooeoceoosesooooaooooooeo oo?
Tin scene upon the battle ground on Wednaaday was im
to lrg and patriotic, commingled with enough that >u
*0'1 CTVV6to ni?''-p the whole ?lf?lr spicy and Interesting.
Tiie entire ground \o cot j
!pj- than fifteen thousand people, Men, women and
children fiom all parts of the State of New Jersey, and
from Philadelphia and New York. About three thou
sand soldiers were present, consisting of the following
The Independent Continentals. Cant. Pearce, and Com
r?ny 0, of the American Kifloe, t'apt. Ilagadorn, from
New York.
Jersey Continentals, ('apt. Pollard: Montgomery
Crirds, Capt. Vatrrll; *?nd Moagher Republican Guards,
( apt. llopper. from Jersey City.
W?>hini<t..o Volunteer*, ('apt. Spear, and Grenville
G(tarda, ( apt 1 i:\er, from Pergen.
Nntlornl ?tarda, Capt. Tutlilll, and Hoboken Rifles,
from Heboken.
I*fayette Guards, Capt. ITalaey. from Newark.
Two companies ol the 14th Regiment, under Col. J. C.
Smllh, fnra Brooklyn.
Kearney Guards, t'apt North, from Amtwy.
A company specially orKB.ilreii in Freehold, to carry
the old miukr:n n?ed tiv I ntsi ntte's troops, and present
ed by him to tho Stele; and other companies whose
tames we dl<l not learn.
Ihe "sham tight" was looked forward to a* the
great feature of tne celebration.
It mi arranged that Hiigadier (ieneral E. R. V. Wright
should repiesent (.ei.eral Washington, by taking com
mand of the American foroea on the oceaaion. and Gene
ral Ca.lv. llftder should personate Sir Henry Clinton, and
take command of the military representing the ilritiah
trropn. Adjutant (ieneral Hamilton would act the part
of Geneial I^e. and Majir Napton. of Trenton, would
Crsoziate CoL Monktoa. Col. Yard was to personate
I.virytblng Icing arranged for the fleht to commence,
the troop* w ere revli wed by Governor Prico and his staff.
Six pi?'c? a of artillery were upon the groundx?three on
rae.li kiiie. Ihe cannons began to thuiKier a little after
12 o'clock, in tiring a salute to the Governor previous to
tl>? con.mi ucement of the fight. The stars and stripes
Boated upon one height from the summit of the very troe
by the aide of whi' h Washington planted the American
standard. I'pcn the opposite height was rnised the Kug
lK-h .lag; but unlike the original buttle, this flag was !
raised at this time witli,the intention of bringing it down
in ilefe t, ?hi< h was finally done and, aa the sequel will
rhow, without a blow being airuck on either side
The coldit-rs mostly arrived in the village of Freehold
on Monday and Tuesday laat Ufore the ha tile, and niaod
an bnc>u.| ment there. Durin* these nights this thriving
little vlll'gewas ti e sceteof revelry, all sorts of fun aud
frolic m ieradinii parties were arranged, and the differ
(dt t rats bands being called in requisition, und>r the
windows of lovelj damsel* discoursed ipoft rich and
Uveij- mutlo. FmhoW U the tuaunui of a mkva^ t
branch of the Camden aud imboy, and Ov?ry train it
earn bwught bundled* iud ttonmiili to noil the w ok
1 fit oui crtord.
I On tbe morning of th* anniversary, tho military <M
fotmed at tight o'clock, io the village, aod marched <*?
gto?* on ihe buttle groood?? atstooee, ?? ?*?
I stated, el a d-Uc and ? calf. Here tho day w fpM Mi
roemiug over ' I f Behfct, lUtoaia/to the v*r oos stun*
el the battle, tic., UU mar the hour of 18 o'clock, who*
all toi meo into line I'er the coMMenoennnt of the *hoo>
Ti e .AutHnn division paraded kit. We tkM
whiV- parading over lli(% ground n review be>ot? loo
ti< veruor, from the British bright. The seen* wa< truly
grew?. At a dir?at.ce a', it quarter ?tf a mile were hero
mat ernTrinp, aa IX old. a batfaliou of Mioncaa wildiHi,
llieii banUbed bavouetii Haabtog in tha roys of a scorch
| tag aun, and ih?ii 'music ol "Yankee I.omIIk" rolling io
luxurious riehiieaa ftem bill to hill. Tlie paiads,
however, Ut-ted only a few n?in*te? While every
ihing wax pioiniMltg great lUOMw, tbe word canto
that M'ltrri of tbe men In the Amodean rant* had falfco
? hnra'b the heat ?>t the ai<n ami others tel< ?er> faint.
I a conaultatioa ??h iniut tiaiely held among ?o?e of IM
! physician* of tlie plaoe and tl>e offiMif oi the c >mpo
j nies, anil the decision wiu pjivcu by the doctor* that if
tbe aliam light waa proceeded with uo?ier auch beat,
pei baps bundicfe ol tbe aoliMevii might fall, and the eoo
aiijuei ce? woulir be upin the Lewis ol toe' Ulcere who
Ci'4nibded. lipou Una it decided that tbe light
bhvulct be disjieuae<t with lint created m isti ilij&ppoiat
nu-ni: but all prurient peraousr ?er? willing to ? nnu It
was the oi I; coi.rsc lo be pur?u.*l under tne cirounntbto
cm. On account of tliL? yielding tha ?' aliam light,"
a me nert dU|iO*ed '? call the adair a f ilure; b it thl*
??>? certaiuly not the rare, aa tbe earning out of tne *r
r?ii<rtiri'th waa only preveuieti hy the excessive lie.il,
over woieh tlio Committee of A.-ra:v*eineut? bad no coo
trol. atti lor which they should not be hebl accountant*.
W< hive i-ald that there ?uk enough of tne luii:c.oo*
upon tbe battle ground t? make the whole affair later
tetiig. Ibis ?as the noiel arrang*ai*nt of the com
I any over >he fi- Id, anil t!?o various manceuv ring* of tho
iibLest faitMr* ol the Mtme to "tiiru ao hime-t penny"
1>\ .bo d.i? 'i. i elel'ii.tion?Mie mob and crowd u^n tu
tiainr, mi nlog eU'ij llftesn minuteu, bet*e-n the vll
lape mid ti i- | la* of celob'atiou. ?ud the ellorta of tb*
??rorcbn g tbow-anda to uutain i-oroe cm 1' retreat When
i we at rived upon tho giouodjfor the iihttnnoe of milaa
oh og tlir n>ain f<>ad *t> a Me of carrog?? and vehicle#
ol e\tij l<ind, and coustar'lj new atriviug tra n? yt
wagons, blleil 'Mh men. w?.u?-n unit ehit'treu. Kam i/
part it ?? lather mother anil o**prll?g-Htfi'tafuert o>it to
9?elbe?-how (-*?*ea atxl wooi.a scented to ?(warm with
hi rx'i- auo earn.-jea, and every ?bere ro?>undeil with tho
? nelyhm(i ol xteedli Country hw>ea tt*4. bvii'g ao uaoA
th ih?- an.all and ?*fumler of gimpow?ier ae rtty ateuda, it
waa necefc-Hiy to ilet-p meet of them o h?j Jistaato
[n m th? rceno of :>otion
I'noer tteea was i-pread plrniy tn ea* and drink?ant
im-ah to be prati-ed tor variety, bat groat in quantity an<
i iiuaUly Hundred*of<rhea>'8Und<:-wef?arraagwd iaevarv
I pad of the giound nnd I'ud a g<<od run ol Oa^tom through
lb? entire ray. Hi re a cute countryman, who is bound
net'to lose an} thing ?y hia ?l.-it to thoahow, hin brought
along a lot oi Hindwi jh?it fruit a?t ginger^n ad, whioh
he and daughters rttail train tboir o(>en''Araa wagaa
?1<<rig the nao. There, a mora en'erprfiiuf riaiter,
i.ndar tbe i-bntie of u tr??, hat yat on a tern a r?ry atono
ol plain boaidft, provided hlraaotf a Mb a baa of lemons,
a lo'? iloron pinenpplei* and bananaOf a tot of ovot Jeraoy
h m, unit hai- a conaia ? run of cuutomer* nnwoi hlaa,
lbouanndH of visiterv, however, same well p>o 14<>d
anaias' hui ger and thirst, ami at "aoontimo'' aquattoA
li.emselvet under tbe hhode nf appto trees au<l groves,
coveriag acres wiih little family pruu|is. It waa, alto
gt'llie*, an interesting bight, apt ouriog .liko ?oe grand
pic iiio. It is true we did uot sec hare tba ii?<rgaw? ot
fai-hit a, ami the tinhul and luxury of wealth iad city
lite, but what waa far mm rich than all this?tho honeot
heartod }w mi nry ol th j-eountry, worthy doacondants rf
Wa?hingtun iu.d his cotafianionn?tha n-al subntanoe of
the I nb n in 'he hour oH danger?all in a siaplo, unpro
ti ud i g * ay, come together to celetiraie th* deeds of tho
Revolutf u, and to c <tcli troh ardor and paltioliim fiosa
tbe memory ot their falhiwa. The dilisiet.t ataufla uf fruit
anil provisions wore goaorally regaid?d ba a great oao
venifn:e, and well pationited
Ahont three o'clock in the afternoon, when th? word
wax given out that the absm light w?s not ooming of, o
long tablo was spread under a grove of traa*, for a dta
tance of two or three hundred yards, and loaded dova
with everything that waa sunatantiat ond hHolihy to eat
and driak. Tbe Committee of Arraogeoa** are de
serving of great crenii for the qunntity i.rovi tol. Thoro
was no strung drink of any kind, which was In itotf ?
something to commend, lor a druukcj*company at *uoh
a time might have be on a great aucwyauco. Iheto waa
plenty ?t lemonade uj/on tbe Tables, good cool water,
quarters of cold roat-t i?ef. large Jetsev horns, and any
quantity of bread ar.rt goodaaM oouotry butter.
At this table the hungry MBers o-iHombleil. and with
an evident relish w ent into the goo? things before theaa.
The Uotitnnuth infantry atooa BinUneU around tho
tables, and l:ept hack tl e crowd till all tho militerr had
eaten their fill Whm they had done and fallr fcfeacK,
the visiters of all clas.ii's "were lovite4 to tho table*.
Hero was another dioappclntment It had been uuder
stood that nveral diflinpiiitiheu men Were to bt present
and to make speeches upon the occasion. Senator Ooug
las waa e.x iiected, and Uenerr.l I'siutton waa tc> ?ieliver
the oration ot the day. At a late hour word wa. rex-ivwd
that neither of these genilemca could be pre-^nt aS
F[.?8l>irg, therefore, wo", dl-peaaed with; after the cnNa
tiun the soldier' urausert thcmielvcRintirlnR volley alto ^
volley, tir.tll they hail uredup-thc amunitioa intendo
I for the mimic hiittle.
w:bnf. in the village.
At 5 o'clock, P.M., the ureas In the village ?f Freehold
[ was something beyond an;, thiag ever there fcofnre. Attlila
houi. all had leJt tho battle ground, and tt ?entire c<>?
I any were gathered in tbe town. Tho ma^n street was
literally jammed vith viaitera and soldicea, the latter
amuaitig themsolvei bv parading up !4vl down tho
avtnue. A reftesbing shower came up in the afternoon,
which cooleo the atmosphere, much to tbe Mliataotioa.
of oil
Private dwrlling? were thrown open to visiter#, and
well spread table* prepared for the se'JAers and invited
gueets. Wm. lioyd, a re-identof the town, eniertaioed
a whole com] any at hia house, in tLi> afternoon. Wo
ate much obligated to Thomas P., .Or. J. B and A K.
Throckmorton, and ?No to Pr. Vonght, Tor their e^p?ciad
kimlntsh and hospitality during the day.
A sad accident occurred to mar the day's feitivitleo
While the artillery were firing a salute to the Ooverncr,
one of the guns," attended bv Capt. HaUey n company,
(Lafayette Guards, of Newark.) t/ent off ar, Abraham
Cities was ramming homo the charge, the mart attending
the touch hole having ln?>utiou?lj allowed tie air to get
In. Hit left hand wan very much shattered, and had to
be amputated. James S. Johnnon, acother m%n, woo
burued at?at the lace and aims by the powder. They
were conVeved to Mr Herliert's honse, Wl#r? there werO
also tbiee members of the Continentals who bad beem
sursticck. Everv attention was paid them, and whet*
leaving, we hail the eatinfacti< n of hearing that
all were doing well- A boy, named Pei*r VI
goe, attending Adkin's Band, wo? baily suuatruok.
i lso Ihe following members of Independent Continental*
of this city ?William A. Young, Miohnel Mwks Thomao
White sntl William !?' Black, all so badly, that It woo
found necessary to leave them il KreehfrM On Wed
nesday night laaac L. Oavis aad Oeorga Taylor were al
so shk from the effeots of tl ? aun, bot retovered iu?
ciently to come home with their company. About ftftw,
olbeis were more or less injured daring the day, whMB
nataet *e could not letvrn. All the sickly men VflO
kindly attended to by tbe Inhabitants of the p)*e*.
In the evening most of the soloiers rttus^g^ t0 their
various homes, leaving Monmouth o?^,|a M quietness,
and Iti inhabitants long to r>|B*rl^ier the event* of tho
City Politic*.
The ju iniAry eltctioas for delegates from this city to
the National Democratic Convention, to bo holden *4
Syracuse on the 13th July, were commenced on Wednes
day evening. The <lel<\ijat?H are all of the atronpvat kind
of Below w? girt the result, aa far m tk*
elections have progressed
First Ward?David Newman, John H. WUliama, Jostah
W Brown. James McKeon. Jamea Shield* Second Ward
?John Y. Savafie. MjersC. Levy, Michael Rjan, Jotua
Donnelly, Walter Joyce.
'Spcohd District.
Third Ward?James Engl if h, O. [)e Witt Clinton, Peter
B. Watta, Wm. F. Mc<>'r?w, Chria. B. Woodruff. Slith
Wurfl-James Metiowao, Charles Ntary, Michael C. Dom
ho. Jamea (JIbsh. Walter Roche.
Twin Dvnuoi.
Twenty second Waro?Henry Hughes, John Schroder,
lllciiael Connelly, Edward Egbert, Patrick Murphy.
Twpinri l'lKiaicr
Twenty-sixth Ward?t-'amuel Radcllff, Franc in O'NeO,
William Tall, 8. V. Con&right, Henry Ttetera. Tweat.eth
Wara?Jame* P Dunn. John W. Bojoe, laaac Cockef.tr,
Vim. Jiyee, 1 hemes Muoday.
mitmwih Dvnuor. ?
Twenty-eighth Waid?U. D French, C. 0. Gonthar, W.
D. Iar?ona, Wm. Blake, Wm. Pearaall
Wit*. W'dt. Mrgaitt. Alternate.
3. 4?Jame* 0 f-'mith. Jame* Hayoa.
4. 6?John V Savage, Jun. Robert 0 Mrlntyr*.
ft. 7?Anthony T. Gallagher. Robert Ferguao*.
7. f?John Mack. Jamea I. Van Wait.
8. 10?John Harrison Henry McMilium.
9. 11?Rot ett Earl. Henry Wool ley.
11. 12?John Dimon. John Tiller
12. 14?Thomas Wilson. William I eellng.
1?. 1ft?William N. Melntlre Jonathan rrotter.
1ft. 17?Ihimas Reilly. Jamea W. Waleh.
We have no return* from the First, Second, Sixth
Tenth, Fourteenth and Sixteenth districts, and eiectiaoa
are to be therein held, In accordance with the foliowtag
notice, on the flrat Hay of July, at eight o'clock P. M.
Flr?t Assemblv dlitrict at No 46 Gold street.
Second Assembly diatrlet at Ivy Green, No. 72 Elan
Tenth Assembly district at Thomaa Carr'a Hotel, corner
of Broadway and Seventy ninth street.
Fourteenth Assembly district at the Iamartino Mouae,
Eighth avenue, between rhir*icth and Thlrt?-Br?t itreeta.
Hxtunth Aseemtly district. at Smith's House,
of Twenty-seventh street and Fourth avenu*.
Capt Baxter ami Dr. Job neon, two notorious counter.
felteta, w?re reoentlj convicted in Portage county, Oki?
a uU wattaottt tv th? 1'enileaUftrj fot ft tarn oC j

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