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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 02, 1854, Image 6

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AFFAIRS IN SVHOrE.
r*mt?Um of Um Omki In Egypt
OCR ALBUWDB1A CORRKBFONDKDCE.
Alkandbia, (Eypt,) J one 1, 1654.
Vkt Grttk Petition to tht]Ameriean Coiuul-Gtneral,
and His Action Upon ft.
1 wrote you a letter on the 7th of tot month con
versing the Greek trouble# here, and the noble
conduct of our Con?ul -General, Mr. De Leon. Sinoe
tint time nothing important has happened, except
an attempt of the government to deny to any of the
Consular authorities the right of protecting any of
the Greeks, and demanding to know how any one
conld claim it. But the only answer it got was
that it must respect, those protections or take the
consequences, so the government dropped the mat
tot, and onr Consul came off with flying colors
?gain.
The star-spangled banner is now looked up to as a
oefoge against all oppression, and even the Ar?b
?outers here now respect any man that uses the
word "Americana*1 In fact, some curions cases have
happened where Greeks have got out of prison
here by pretending they had the promise of it,
oohen, in fact, they had not. I feel a great interest
m this whole matter, because I am a Greek by birth,
though American by adoption, having left the
Island of Scio when a child, and lived all my life
time in the United States. I have a doable reason
to call the attention of all my conntrymen to these
aflturs, because the letters written for the English
and French papers have tried to smother proceed
ings of which their na'ions have good reason to be
aebamed. A friend of mine sent a notice of thin
affair to a London paper, and it refused to publish
i; and the regular correspondent of the Times
won't sh y a word about it, though the affair has
t kneed great excitement here for weeks patt. There
ore 1 want the fac ts to be known in America
through your world-known paper, uud the Greeks
themselves have taken care that justice shall be j
done to them in Greece and other places.
I wrote jou befoie that Mr. He Leon had sent.
copies of all the papers to the Coueuls General of
England, Prance, Austria and Prussia, and I now
?end you a copy of two that I have managed t > get
hold of, together with the original petition of the
Creeks of Alexandria, which 1 hope you will pub
lish for general information. The letter to Abbas
Pacha has been much admired here; but you can
jadge of its merits for yourself. I have tried to get
a copy of his answer, but could not succeed, as the
Consul General will not gwe any of those papers,
Ihocgh much solicited for them. Some of my friends,
whom he has allowed to read it. say it is a long ex
cuse, throwing all the blame on the French, the
English, and the Sultan, and declaring he would
soften matters, if he dared to do bo. This battle has
been spiritedly fought, and the victory has beeu at
toot gained by our representative here, without any
aapport from anybody but his own Vice-Consul
? Mr. Wm. Moore? who stood to him like a
noon. Mr. Moore has an American wife, and his
heart is in the tight place, as well as his head. He
iaayoung man, as well aB the Consul General.
The papers I send you are the Greek petition, the
invitation to the Consuls General to assist oars, and
Am letter to the Pacha. I am sorry 1 can't get you
a copy of the letter to vonr Minister at Constanti
nople, which ia said to he a very strong one; but it
io not to be had at present, the Consul says, and
copies of it were not sent to the other consuls.
Momaxvu Ed. TeLion, Aokxt et Coy-ri. iJiahh- mm
I ?"T,8 D'AMUUyi K K.V EOTrM: *"
lloMieur le CjD.il General ? L?s soussign.s sujets
W?on Wnrtan. it d'u \0*U V iUf ' lta una depui. e "
? '"gt.ana, lea autres depuia di* et uueln??.
am idep*U cinq an*, et la pJ apart de nJUS ave^UM ft
WM,rr a?0Uf Of cuplona traofiUiJJeinect de Dotrt
n d'autrea trmvaux iutaiWl.,, lorsqu* tout
awnipnoua ayana eu 1 ordre foadroyant d# c.uUtar 1 F
^ dfl I"'01* jours, A cause de "interruiT
????** S diplomat), jueg tntre la Tur-juie et Fa
Koua laissona a ro<re appreciation Monsieur le Con \
rnanmm l incdfcalable. ?ue n?u.
/' u'en qu0 nous u ayona >a icoiu.ire com
Je e t e*m ,e??>?wcns qui affluent lc mon
? L ? tempg iea pertes ice vi'ae>l*>4 qui ? , ,
?elvront pour ceux dee suietsdeS \ le Yi.-e Roi n,.i
TL'S <T d'Af!*iT"H av? faire meut??
if ?ProuTerol)t '<?? menus du gouver
???? u la suite <.u manque de uoe entreprisea coiuu. ?
Par consequent noua nous nfugions alanhilantro
Si to? if1"1'11'1"0! d** z**vni,*&X?:*n
"Si US \ Evi^r" %?7'11 '"n, r*1' d'intirven r
^?%cUon Nona IS l?viS ?rf5 .1
*????? n^urf^r.1 ^
eonfomer a in besotn; t(ol!t?nea "r^.'slter*0^;^
d admettre rotre deruaode; S. A. -oonait d.TdK
l*Ation? ??rf <j?uduit.e I'?ci3que et ,,ue noe'(e?l.>s o-.
l?7v-? Ce qul ** ^rawt <*?"? k oercle de nos
wferrts commercially. ?
r*Uid, B Mr" ^?n'u1 <'rD ral de? no' Ies fen'!
awns d human;t< qui vous aDiment. nous earLrong d ob
tenir U pulsate protection <!<? la gr.;nd? republique qie
^,. ^nP 0r0n"- r?S" solecnueWot de
STd?a p'laTn^'1 " * ^ iama" DCJS ae d<?<
Qnant i notre rec.oiinaUsance tani envers la c. a- -euse
ZIY* on'ji General son digue rcprf s^n-ans elle
r,n Carac', rfB ^(Ta.-ablea --an. no4 cear/et
wt aete briDer* parto-it comme tine t toile 'amine r e ???
wurtout dan^ notre patrie. lamme-tse e.
Jions avocf l honneur dYtre are: le plus pi-ofond res
?* lloiuiear le tonsuj General, toe tri s humbles et
<*e* ?beicunts aerriteurs [Slf aaUres ]
Cov run GK.NER^Lor the D. ??. > :N Eoytt )
_ ? AKEXAXDBiii, Aprii 20. 1654. '(
To M^hmoi-d Bey, \ kwi. ro nut Mlvlster or Foreign \f
rjiTRf ?
. K*^e,j Enciose.) jon will find a petition addre?s
?''to me by certain Greek subjocts. resident in Eirypt
wh? have requested my intercession to Rave tliem from
?f act" in whlch ,h,T hai no part, aud
^iu!i ^ ?re about l'ei"S m*do the iunoceot victims
Ahjglipr eonipliment could not be paid to his Highne i
Uis mark of cont.d?n<-e in hi^ justice and m ,?na
"KS,^
,Jt '?therefore with gr^at pleasure and with an as*nr
rd cootidence in h:s promptly acceding to a request at
mtoiUif.MtC: 'm agi??ilila *nd hU K0T*'rruueilt and ^o well
?AleuUte;l to exalt hi., nam- throughout the vri^jl- west
m D0W Ppe',6nt thi" proposal to him and
my own strong roquest that It be granted, nnder the con
specified His Highness will observe that th?s
appeal I. not made on behalf of aH, or e-.en of a ffrl
number of ?, reel, subjects, but oniy for tho e ^vhofrom
twy mndense hare become Identified with the country
SS^^t^f VP' v^e anrt wh<"?? interests nre
Aos?v<>f>,i f^Ple> "'"7 of whom must Pur
iwrgreat loss by their sudden expulsion
"reek aabjecta state their own case, and a!' ,
hardship#, jtoji.rongJy in their petition, th?t it is rot ne
warory for me to add a single w rd or arVument to
conelusire a statement; and the enlij&t-ued spirit of his
tbt wWch sho-^M
pr^Jtr, at weKas to thcev,)
??nseqiMtots y tbte .prmwot hereafter, which are
fnaal might entail wltji natioas and people now friep'''v
and inthuslastie for the cause of T?W 7
. J ?i of *? Krei'er Part it tho civilized w. i J
f or,< aow,; but 'l,e ritfid enforcement of
lii! wi d*crw' w "J) ?D^ 'mder all clreuinstaa
cnilTC,rt th4t "yinpathy into indigua'ion.
S k * no rulers can safely >1^ the groat laws
? humanity and justice in this era of the world and
n murt/f*e?iiy folh" a" ?-t? of uunecessiirr
m ?? wn"m"nt.'must find|?n e.-ho
fhl. i- . Itf.f? Highness, and be must re -dl-ct that
ihls is a mat er on which thr whole civilized world *ill
vlvir ??eth ' U 1 app'!41 fr"m him u> th. m
.'fever was there presented to the ruler of auv land a
more noble opportunity of making his name Ul'jsMoi.i
wi'hall nations than this: and the v?; "*J ?L, ' L ' I
th,rtj /m m'bE?' 0f my "onntrymen wouVl" unite with
afeoTJffi T Pf??l? iu pronouncing Abl.?? p^i, I
v?e?. worthy of hy high seat, when lie thus listens to th* *
?J men whose nation had forfeited a rig&t to his friend
As the reproaenut ve here of that gnat Republic
?W e.rs are nj,ver Ho,?l to the err of nfTer ng hu
Hta W? j? ftnjr 1 th?r*for* "Olemnlv api-lt0
, to ?r?nt me th* privilege of protect ,,
i j i' meo wll0''? oauies are subscribed to ti -n
elosrd petition as well as a few othera atYai .
names will be forwarded in thf- course of wo .?i on !
tho conditions therein prescribed '
trl^Lthi' riU'rt "onAdW'J- altho jgh the crr.er? |
ra^nJ I m4y "e-m 'MPprative, *o; the-e twe
i J[l!^llT of political nece?ity urg-n- a
? P ' olsewhere, do not apply i,er.
donbtnot. through tfc- intercesaion of i u;i ?
Jhi^t'w ' ' url*' (' ,""n ' "ni in "ores^ondence)
^ ^onJd f lrrAti/v iiJif 'o tli#? ' '? r m *
tzzss: ????/:
sJTVf *n,l w<" ''known -aso here. His Highnosr .n^,.?ed
that I gyp. wap not to be ranked with the other p. ? r ,
rf Turkey-t,it?hat under the capitulations, the V? -rov
Of e*rypt must exercise a aoond discretion on all matt^
relating to the internal poli, y and ? ! . ?
conn ry of which this is one. If, r cs ov
^oubte his own rights and powers in thl- matter. I re
.31 /Ur*en 4 suSLension of the e*ecut|0r,
this order of expulsion, in the cases named, until ! an
"NWlve a reply direet from the Subline I'o-te^o wl'irh
m ?"?h ease, and under all circumstances, i shall ei
tasnly nuke application.
With renewed auarat.ee* of my high considers on I
(Pigned> EDWIN DE EEO.V.
AurtAiPRii, April 21 18'i4
To TH? Host. THK Comri* GnmUL OV FjlOixTO |
Arnrnu, a."?o Phw??ia, at Cairo ' '
if* Iin/.B OounAflt ?t? Enclosed you ^flJ find i n,e Ba
I ere which 1 have addressed to the We-ov an-l IL
s(>a:ehed by the last evening's mail
Your action, to be available, must be fmnviiate an J if
.ten would conjointly urge the adoption of the renues'
it would greatly aid the cause.
apology I r an mike for thus troubf n? you
with this matter i?, that, in mv judgment, It makes an
nppoal to our er mm n humanity , and the extreme ur
geney of th? caae Mm tf of no pre!,'m nary conference
i?tw*en tie.
Hoping thnt ym> w>ty eoreur with me in th e view I
renain. jeor fr*nd -???<! enl'eague,
{<**+>) ?DWTM J)E LEW. j
Omr Pull CtntipwiJiiKf.
Puns, 12 Jala 1854.
Confusion dans Its NouvilUs d'Orient ? Tintatirt
dt Corruption tur Rescind Pacha at la part de la
Russit ? Otntr Pacha jug I pur St. Arnaud ? Rap
ptl Probable du Prince Xapvl&on ? L' Ent revue a
Tesehen-LaJjOi dt Pins! ruction Pubi u/ut? Micon
tenfetnent dts Guides ? Rigueur contrt la Presst ct
M. de Latnartine. Lord Palmerston en ?hs gra
ce ? Napollon III se Propose dc Marcher *ur St*
Pttersbourg.
Les informations sur la question d Orient sont de
plus en plus confuses et contradictoirea ; tout s?m
blait se preparer pour one collision aux environs
de Silistrie et le Marechal St. Arnaud qnoiqne man
quant de cavalerie etait decid>; ? d'aprfcs dee lettrcs
qn'il avait adress^es k 1'Empereur et an ministre de
la guerre & aller donner uux Rufcacs la bataille que
ceux-ci semblaient d'autrc part asaez disposes a lai
offrir. Voici qu'on an nonce que le marechal Pask<*i?
witch, transporte son quartier general it Ja&syen
Moldavie, ce qui semble impliquer nn grand mouve
ment de recul... et le fait est constats aujourd'hui
par le Moniteur avec une opiniatret<? qui prouverait
one grnndc impndcncc dan? le menaonge, si l'on ne
devaitpas croire plutot qne l'orgaueofficielne a'a
vance pas sans preuve dans uue voie, ou lea evone
mente lai donncraient? it di'fant <ie bonne foi ? si
vite un dementi.
Faut-il croire que 1'Empereur dc Rusaie, (qui com
prend que la lutte ecra penible, di-pendieuse, san
glantc et sane r?sultata pour lui, commc pour
les autres,) cherche pour 6ortir, Tissue hono
rable qui lui a manqu4 poor y cntrer.' On va
jnsqu'it dire que Reschid Pacha a re^a de la Russie
nne soinrne considerable pour laisser prendre Silis
trie, alln de donner H l'armtfe du Czar l'occaaion
d'une a:tion dVelat, qui permette ensuite h ce sou
verain ile trnnsiger ? aprfca un sucvi a d'amour pro
pre... ^ans pouvoir vous garantir la v6racite absolue
des rnmeurs rcpundues eur la v^nalite de Reschid
Pacha jc crois ponvoir affirmer qn'elles sont it l'?
tat de Dotorh ti' publique en Orient.
I' ne ccrtaine jalousie rfegne (et e'etait inevitable)
?nitre lex cliefg des armdes olllecs ? le marechal St
Arnaud a ccrit dans sea derniferes communications,
"qu'Omer Pacha etait un vaniteux et uu igno
rant," Omer Pacha semble avoir as -ez bien tenu son
role cependant jui?qu'a l'arrivi e des allies.
11 est on ne peut plus positif qu on est tonjoors nni
content du Prince Napoleon ct qn'il fant s'attendre
au rappel de ce Prince, qui serait beancoup mieux
pkc? au balcon de l'oplra, & la tote d'un diner qu'il
pr<?siderait, qu'au front d'une division qu'il condui
rait h 1'ennemi. Le courage ne lui manquerait pas
sans doute, tous les princes ont forocment celui de
l'exemple qu'ils sont tenua de donner... mals il man
que de capacity militaire et de tenne; on lui repro
che ton jours am^rement se.s relations peu diplomati
que*. et de plus l'antagonisme est plus flagrant qne
jamais entre lui et Lord Stratford de RedclifFe, qui
est le veritable Sultan de Constantinople. Selon la
rropre expression du G?n<5ral Baraguay d'Hifliers.
Lord Redcliffe a pris en Turqoie un ascendant an
nuel rien ne resiste et qn'il l'a rendu importun & tout
le corps diplomatique; il a en toutcfois le m6rite, au
point de vue occidental, d'engager le premier et le
plus efficacement la Tarquie toute entiere contre le
Czar.
Onne Bait rien cncore de positif aur 1 entrevue
des deux aouveraina de Prusse etd Autriche; d aprfes
la fftcon dont tournent les choaea et 1 ascendant
moral perdu pour le Czar, on devrait plutot je
crois, uieliner ^ attendre un resnltat favorable pour
la France et l'Angleterre, comme semble lespCrer
le Monitrur, qu'inqui6tant,comme 1? Times lattend .
dwk informations ulterieurea pcuvent aeules
donner raison a rune ou l'autre hypothi'se.
Le 8< nat a clos sa session apri* an ou-deux aem
blants ^opposition? tentoe par les pr^atscontrela
loi de instruction Pnblique, M. Troplong, President
Ou B^nat, a envoye & l'^cole, as sez durement, le
Cardinal Arehevcqne de Bordeaux qui regrettait 1 en
cicnne, loi ce qui a fort?eandaUs> les eonaervateura
de tons les repiiaeB qui avaieut lour place marque
d'avancc dans ce senat oumme dans toutes lea cuam
brcs hautes; je dls hautes parce que c'est ? expres -
sion eonaacree par l'u-age. ' >n a bnnde la loi, man
il n'y a pas eu plu9 de deux vojx dc minonte. on
pent iuger dn courage du Senat.
On organise toujoura li :;arde impenale ; il y n
vii.e telle lB^nborjJinaUon da r.s Icb guides <iui ii<>i
vt ut fn la ire paitle qirun de leurs capitaincs, no man
Orard. a donne sa d> mission.
Le regime de la presse eat toujoura tr>js ngoareux;
nne gazette des spectacles a tailli etre auppnmci
i, our avo'r touId donner une preuve d int ret a un
ft.nctionnatre du bureau destheatres dont lapoj!tio i
Xt menaece. Pluaieurs ,.ub', cat ions.de flbrair..
m. mc ont etc < utravcea et l'on a apucia'.emeii eni
peche 1' apparition d'un livre de v. de Lamartim
gnr l'Orient, livre prrc<'d?; d une pre ace ou il. don
nait queluues regrets a la libcrt- abaente en I ranee:
;et acte do rig'ieur a tellement agi snr le mora, d
rillustreauteur <!ea Girondins qu il en est devenu
hypocomlre: il ne voit per-onne, n o?e plus ocrire
nirecevoir aucune lettre significative par ia poste,
et le mime liomme. qui a\ ait donne tant de preuves
de courage civil daua leajournt-es de FC-vner, an mi
lien des revolutions, il perd i toute sa ri-aoluuonan
iourd'hni. Le fait Be eomprend. cen est p. us du cou
rage, e'est d'air que l'on manque dina ceayaates
ma binea pcenmatiquea que Ton appelle un reg ui '
despotiuue: on ne at souinct pas. on i touLe.
Rien n'est termini: po.ir la direction de 1 op^r.. -
mniB M. Roqueplan parait toujoura devoir teate-?
ainsi que ie voua le pr- diaaie; MUe lUchel devait
iouer Adrienne Lccouvreur bamedi, de\ afit l hmpe
reur mai? clle a -'t^ oblige de partir aubitement
pour Pau, ou l'appelnit r.Hat deseapOr.; de sa s?ur
Rebecca, sodetauw comme elle de la come lie fran
caise, et oni .'-tait allee cbeicher qselque soalage
ment (dane lc Midi,) a une maladie qui parait mor
tclle.
IWRNITRKS vOrVELLKS. .
On doit iuger a Rlieims, sous peu, une affaire de
gocivte secret? A laquelle ou veut donner dea pro
portions ?i couBid.?rable que le procureur imp<nal de
la \ ille dii^ait qne le r<$sultat sera ia transportation de
plup de soixante individus.
I ord Palnierston est toujoura en uiagrae#, et a uc- .
mand'- ricemmemt une audience a la lteinc Victoria,
qui, ansBitut quelle a su qu'il s
politique generale, et non de faita particulier., e .
rentr 'e dan? son cabinet sans le recevoir. Lord i ai
mer-ton est comme on sait, un aucien ami parti ? i
lier de l'Kmperenr, et lc repr.'-aentaac de lapou.i
nue exolaeivement fraix;ai-e. _
Le? dernii res depechca arnvtea aujonru I bui so. ?
tri-'s contradietoirea, on voit cependant parle de pa. -
de M. de ManteuD'el, (fri re du Pr'-aident du cont l
des winisWes,) pour St. Potersbourg, qu ii y a t' t
lourf des r^intious entre VEmpereur de Kuaaie e j
roi de Pru*?; lea upparancca toutefow, aont (, l
y a nn commencement de froideur entre 1 Empeitar
d'Autriclie et le Czar; le premier voit d un f-wt
icauvftia ceil le romivement des Rugaea vers Jaaey,
CO I'-? rapprocLe 'lei possessions Autriclilennes,
toutefoia onne pent encore dinner une n.pure
entre ces deux giandes puis*anc??. Lefiui devient
nositif e'est la rupture entre >a bu>:de et la Lussie,
et rEmpcrcur Naj ol.'on a annonce a aes g^eraux
comme une <*ventu?litc> tr -s rieuae que 1 *n. .' "
Die ha tee, peut etre. il serai t a wt. I etersbourg a la
t i te dc fcor. arm^e de la Manohe et dc laimce
SUOn nnnonee oucla flotte an^n'^est devftnt -.vea
borg. et que les premiers coups ^de canon sont
tiri'f maiaeat-ce encore bien serieux.
II y atreize cents femmcs d' tenues dans ea pn-sons
de l Tniwe, dont le grand nombre des condamnees po- ^
Utit'qnes san? jugement.
Parts, June 13, '
Imbi cglio in (he Gn manic Confederation? Rh< i** i
Influence at Work? The Silk Trade of L>h- >?>- i
Louis Napoleon Dune the Amiable TotcnrJs the j
indue of Loi ut Philippe? The Lite Fearful
Tragedy at Clartinont ? Prince Alberts Boa led
Patronage of the Arts-Its Real
Phnilf/'lornb ? Cm iousAntecedent of Mai thai St.
A maud? The Secret of Louis Xapoleon s Par
tiality Towards Him? Veron's Memoirs , Qrc
As will readily be imagined, the political interev.
of the day has been centred in the conference which
has iuat taken place between the Emperor of Aus
tria and the King of Prusain. Aa yet, nothing of a
positive character regarding it has been announced,
or has even oozed out, though the Moniteur does
not scruple to say, in broad terms, that the result is
favorable to the policy of th?s Western alliance; and
it takes the opportunity of repeating a declaration
made by the Austrian Emperor to the lluke of Saxe
Got ha, that unic.s Russia vacated the Danubian
provinces he would declare war against that power _
'? Have I " said the Duke, " yonr Majesty's permis.
sJon to make known this determination?" "Cer
tainly," was the imperial reply. ' to u.lwbow.li
listen to it." ?
The immediate object of the conference, however,
seems to have been the fol!owing:-In this German
question there is a wheel within a wheel. Bavaria,
Hanover, Saxony and WnrWnberg, the '-rand
Dtchita of Baden and Hease, the Electorate of Hesse
ftnd the Duchy of Hassan, consfitot* ? league,
wl.lch proposes to place at the disposal of
the "ftbinetfc of Vienna and Berlin a'J ttc military
forces at its command? with thia proviso, that it de
sires to reserve to itself the right of deciding, when
the question shall aris t for quitting the Germanic
territory, anl carrying the war into the provinces
of neighboring States; and it is understood that this
desire ha" been conceded on the part of two sove
reigns. Hence there ie a possibility of a kind of
tiers- rarti between the Imperial Conrt of Vienna
anl that of Berlin, which may one day thwart
the general policy of Germany, sn;h as it is
understood by Austria and Prussia. This coali
tion is not in itself a new one. It w<m formed sonfc
three years ago, and was only nominally broken up,
after the conclusion of a customs treaty between
Austria and Prussia. It was, however, secretly kept
up, and tne knowledge of this has been, for some
time, a complaint against Austria, on the part of
Prussia. I'ue Court of Berlin pointed out the hos
tile spirit which it evinced, and its opposition, on
every occasion. This opposition was increased with
the embroilment of the Eastern question, and at a
period when Prussia seemed less favorable to the
designs of Russia. It was then that the two Em
perors made, as will be remembered, frequent and
eordial visits to Olmutz and Warsaw, and that the
Czar, without precisely submitting himself to the
mediation of Austria, acceptedthe good offices of that
Sower, declaring that she alone remained really in*
ependent. It is precisely for that reason that Aus
tria supported this coalition of the States. She
even wished to extend and strengthen that ooali
lion, and for ?hat object instigated the Cabinet of
Dresden to propose to the coalition different means,
representing them as calculated to secure to it a
great influence in the conflict whi:h was in prepa
ration. In reality, the object was to obtain for Au?
tria the complete and unreserved adhesion of the
coalesced States against Prussia.
Those persons who have followed with some at
tention t?ie very varied phases which the Eastern
question has already gone Through, must have
remarked the multitude and diversity of interests
which it haWriready raised. 1 hese interests have
only manifested themselves successively, and, as
they have become revealed, the policy or the cabi
ncts lias been inoditied. The history of tbia coali
tion offers a remarkable example. I . was prepared
and organized by Austria against Prussia. Now
the coalition separates from Austria, and draws
nearer to Prussia. Why is this ? says the Jounul
</<?- Dcbats. Because Austrian interest manifests
itself in its turn, and dictates to her a more dim
and active policy.
!,re 18 8tl" bD8ily occupied in endeavoring
to deliLe the cause of tue recent transfer of the hea l
ST*/ UnnUS?ian ui!? of the Danube to the
^ ?/ Moldavia. The Asscmblte Rationale,
TCZ lte- "^PPearance, has been wow to
exhibit any Russian tendencies, ventures, on ihls oc
C>?JZJVTP?D *? ?P"^on? that tSs movement
is the execution of a promise ol eninwremcmtfl en
tered into with the German Powers mease -pn\\n
KteS
view of the twp sovereigns is in consequence of it,"
The Jlc/inteur , also, does not appear to understand
anymore about it than the rest of the wK One
certain?that Jassy i8 being most oare
iuJJv lortified, wluch assuredly does not look like an
early intention to vacate it. "w *Q
frn? ? trade ?f Lyons is improving, though far
a8 mi?ht be desired. LaFge or
f^fa .t l received from America, North
and South, which have had on it a sensible effect. The
Dri^nfi ?i t *raw materiaI oontinuefl to be the
speculation, especially as the re
sult of the crops cannot, at present, owing to the
incessant cold rains, be correctly estimated As
soon as the result of the crops shall be known larire
orders are expected from the United States' wno
arethe best cubtomer* I yons has. '
The French .when no' under the stimulus of passion
-which, by the way, li does not require agreX
deal to excite ? are really an amiable neonie
tFC& Z i,Vf,Jai0ng them ue not always in
v. J , ot admitting as much, the reason mo
g that tbfc^ ?ave, perhaps, at first, beon
cwrod away by that Oafllc ?' fu^on dcTavUr ?
w*w?Qveys to tbeiu tbe ^ea of as much disin
erestedness as politeness ; whereas a very little
o?Pf. ?bows tbat the object of all this? if not
* i Talleyrand, to disguise thought- jn
jutt nothing at all. The foreigner who shall once
perceive this fact, and keep it firmly planted in his
m wltiT i ProbabJy live as happily with the French
W people m the world; for the very cir
52? S! 5 ?wUte Phra?ology serves as a bhak
h. ??I j the vulgar storms and tempests of
humanity; and perhaps something in this fash'on
Sn ofaPthLe0fntl?f Thirdl when, after a confis
gii lb, sliouM desire to prolong her sojourn in thai
country, he shall not only absta n lrom all re
mo ris-tr a Lee, but that, if on her return, in order to
Dger E?ft V0We? sbe should wish to pose
through trance, every facility shali be affo-dedher.
Everything, in fact, which, in ever so trivia! a
t0f tbe <urkatJ"' famiJ*' hflB au inter?*
oa 'fthor .from '-he manifest indications of his
?L , Wnrm m<u,y of tb- obur -he.-i and public
nxni uuMs oi ]? lance? and if we exceot Lou is the
1 ourtcctth no monarch has left so mauy as Louis
rhUippc-or from the suii ea and rathei dramatic
'.i>ji?..Ur of his extrusion from the throne, or the
i kint rL ? I f of bis fumi]/a f,ilur* return to it,
i Know cot: but whenever a paragraph rekt ing to vhe
exiled house accidentally steals into the journals cer
P?"fibIJ of a reproachful character,
be awatkencd ; and to this may probably be
att ributed the interest which the late fearful tragedy
at <_ la rem on t has excited. The Er glial papers wiD
hni ?r. 1C, ie y?a tijat, on .-Ni'urday last, a mother
th* v' V iroat ot- hf r 8il cLiidren' finished
>1^. t ? cutting her own, and that the
u Kni 1 Joinville, indescribably shocked at su.-b
wholesale slaughter, and almost Immediately before
}vl ex.c,a'me,,i that jt was enough to make ali
the children m Lug, and afraid of the lace of their
mothers. It appears that the unhappy woman was
Joimerly noun tct to the future king <,f England?
the young Prince of Wales: and (he French, who
look upon that artiticiai connexion as a hallowed
tinna f Ti parties, and have a sort of sujiersti
t^ousfeehng on the matter, shake their heids at
what they consider an evil omen,
mi? 58 pt7^e^ that thc Poor woman did not
S'S *'tb ^ery bberal treatmen- from the Queen ol
England, who, it is said, after cailing her cut from
forh^^HM '0 life, and making use of her
lor her tbild, dismissed her in a moment ol tickle
from' r thdt 1ueen]y remuneration whi i.
tSSJ T J n'-,r8ea of en,bj'y,j kinjtrs have been
1 re- inS' Re tbij as i- may. the cir
ct-mstance has given rise io certain coniinmtarieo
c:;ODomy of Prince Albert and the
& 'r i Really contrast with thc generosity
of the J- rench Emperor. For instance, Prince Albert
has the reputation of encouraging the art s ; bjt it
tl 0 ^?a10U1'- 8?? ?^abbJ' is tbc remuneration he mike?
tbe poor artist, that men of renutatton cxcuse the"1
fv'V 8 fr?m receiving his ^mmissions ; and such"'
tbe parsimony of the royal household, that a Kin tN
mevenger gneth into the Royal Palace, and horU
return emp^ty away. In a word, small diu"
norland smaher nines ar.> to be found b->th at
Windsor and at Osborne.
_ about that Prin.:e Napoieon
ffc'J u T y ?erme<l "Jenera! Plomb-piomb
he leaden-toy general, doe.n not get on \ e;y well in
a,n,ltha: -otnparifonVcon
p e to be made between him and li a " brother
Prince cf thc blood, " the I > uk?- of Cambridge. One
tli;ng is certain, that betwe?n the P: ,ce and N'ar
shal St. Arnaud there is no e... ci-ex :<?? of
fv?)1 yl .ft ,pmainH to be whether Mar
it I Arnaud wiii justify b'fl aprotntment.
It is re | OTi.c 0 ot this persoua<e, ibat only where
honest men blink and quail is he foun^ to sii^
cecd-an argument from which results, that without
un ample field 0f roguery in the East, he will fail.
<1w.pi' when a young man, an aid de-camp in
r,r,lnJ*Cf ?,r thlirlCS -X-' 8btl a C!il,tttiQ in ?b(
Corps de r.irdo. was convicted of cutting aw.iy and
stealing tho mnssive gold bullion fringes from ,
royil drapery; and, in conseuaence, was dismissci
the army and the household, flic revolution ol
1K,0 came; and revolutions are remarkably fur
bringing up the ties of humanity. Instruments
hLuli.b? ba^.' no matter now crooked, so that they
to wwk?4??, i i, i?nl8 Phi|)P?e wanted - >me oue
T . *arsbal Bageaud: he wanted, also, the
rSZ * ?crri i? be l,,acc<J effectually tors dt
CLin/nt. 5H. Arnaud was precisely the man. Dui
wher^lie Sana ?nC?hP8eihe b'ld rMorted to the stage,
parts P'ayeJ suboidinate
E t at v?y a0c*,rUltt bis whereabouts:
?h ? fr i ? g .u H*** f?uin]; and it is adm't i
that if doing the dirty office a->slp-ned him In tho
rough workmanlike style repaid thc diligence of
those who were Kent in search of him, there i? all
credit dn>> to St. Arnaud. The unfortanate r?acb
eas. betrayed in the forests of La Vendee was
obliged to plead " a clandestine marriage.''
When the famous rnuj, Mat of the memorable
nil nnTh^1 W'1/ hat"hir,K- Arnaud again .p
peared on the surface of :he troubled wavrs, and
all the world knows how he succeeded. N'apolr on
Slow to trufct was c ompelled to trust hirr. He ha* I
fh'ogM .rsh1ftiWL wealth, not one sous 0r which can i
the Marshal keep in his pockets; his gambling
debts are enormous, and on be in? dionef
by his brother officers, lie tlnds for them *n
u-v ?\ P3Jnient. lucrative situations in Africa. 1
i ? kD| t b'nf* were given him from
high places, to induce him to forego his pre?eat in- i
fluent lal and most Iucrativo appointment, t-jp Em
[ eror alone was dumb. It is belir-ved he dared not '
so much ns brec.the the opinion lie possewed. There
nre. it Is said, in the close keeping of 8t. Arnaud
certain decumentg to which the signature of N i
poleon iH annexed, relating to the memorable com,
dttat the nublio knowledge of which might be at
t?nded wi'h ppcnliar inconvenience. "Reifuce Paris
to ashe- ra'ber than cede an inch," is reported to be
orflv ?M among otter BtioEg expressions contained
in these papers, bewdes direction* of i character pe
culiarly smMfeaty. in respect to pertonagea who
?tight reasonably be expected to prove troublesome.
The military capabilities of the Marahal are taid not to
be wanting, ua it is thought by many that if be
only posaeased the smallest shred of principle he
might ptafoi respectable. Bach is the generalissi
mo of the two armies of Franee and England, and
that he should be so is not among the least curious
of (he events of the year of oar Lord 1854.
M. Veron bat published the third volume of hi*
" Memoirea d'un Bourgeois de Paris," and every
where it is being read with the liveliest interest.
His Ascription of his numerous difficulties in bring
ing out, as director of the opera, the famous "Ro
bert le Diable,'' is graphic in the highest degree;
and when we read how, while preserving the amour
proprt of every one, he had to interfere alike with
composer and poet, to change the parts of singers, to
alter the mis m setae, and keep up an incessant bat
tery of modifications, almost to the final reheara*},
we almost wonder he is alive to tell the tale. V eri
ly, a director's bed is not exactly one of roses.
Japan, Russia Mid the United States.
[From the Calcutta Englishman, April 24.]
By the Pekia we have received papers from
HongKongtothe 5th, and from Singapore to the
13th inst. The most important intelligence has
already appeared in oar Saturday evening paper,
namely, the conclusion of a treaty between the
Americans and the Japanese. Some particulars,
extracted from the Friend of China, will be found
below. Fhe Americans have obtained two ports for
trading, and a coal station. Japan yields plenty
of coal, and it will .be brought from the mines for
the use of steamers. The most important fact that
has transpired is that the Japanese have expressed
their willingness to make commercial treaties with
any other nation which may seek them, provided
it is done peaceably.
To what are we to attribute this entire change of
policy ? Why has this long sealed emp re opened at
the touch of Commodore Perry V We suspect that
the war in China with tho English ma le a profound
impression npon the Japanese. They saw the utter
inability of that vast Empire to contend against
Europeans, and dreaded involving their own country
in calamities like those which nad befillen their
neighbors. So long as the foreigners kept away
voluntarily, the restrictive system answered; but the
instant demands were made for admission, backed
by a ncva'. force which could not be oppose !, then
the necessity of conciliation became manifest. The
Japanese are well aware that the Americans and
English are not Jesuits in disguise, and do not fear
from them a renewal of the disorders which caused
the expulsion of the Portuguese. Whether they
will allow Protestant missionaries to teach there is
another question , and it would be imprudent to urge
this upon them at present; but that their hatred of
Christianity, which was entirely political, will be
ultimately overcome by free intercourse with Euro
peans, is no; to be doubted. It seems to ns evident
that had our government taken any steps to pro
cure admission to Japan immediately after the rati
fication of the recent China treaties, they would
have met with a reception similar to that of the
Americans, at least if backed by as strong A force.
It was long ago said that there is no ambassador
whose persuasive powere are e^ual to those of a
line of battle shij>, and of this the speedy settlement
with the Americans is a proof.
It is singular that the Japanese should deny
having made any treaty with the Russians. Can
the assertion have been a mere piece of Russian di
plomacy , intended to cover future aggression? Not
unlikely. The European nations would have no
means of ascertaining the falsehood of the asser
tion, and had the Russians, under tbe pretence of
a cession, invaded and taken possession of the Ja
panese portion of the Kurile Islands, the European
Powers would have had no right of interference.
Had Russia remained on good terms with her neigh
bors this would probably have been her next step
in advance in Asia, Persia being reserved for a
more convenient opportunity. This scheme, or any
other which may have been plotted for acquiring a
portion or the whole of the Japanese territories, is
now defeated. Diplomatic relations having been
opened with one maritime Power, which will no
doubt soon be extended to two or three more, accu
rate information will be obtained of the proceedings
of the Russians, and their aggressions instantly
?topped. The accumulation of Russian ships in the
CbineEe waters points to some such object, for
they never can have been sent out in contempla
tion of a war with France and England, in which
they could onlj hope to avoid capture by instant
flight to the desolate ports of Eastern Siberia. Bpt
jo cover a disembarkation on the southern Kurile
islands, or any other part o t the Japanese territory,
such a squadron would be necessary and sufficient.
The Rci&jwoftty Treaty In nn English Point
of \ lew.
[From the London Mores ntUe Ga/ntte, June 1?1
The subject of reciprocal trade between the Uni
ted Jtntes and the British North American provin
ces has been lonfe in agitation, bnt has only recent
ly arr ved at maturity. The treaty negotiated, how
ever, between Mr. Marcy and Mr. Crampton, tbe
British Minister, is Raid to have proceeded so far
satisfactorily that, if the consent of the colonial Le
gislatures be obtained, it will be put in force very
shortly. In the meanwhile, knowing what are the
general opinions entertained across ihe Atlantic, it
may not be out oi place to give r. rtsumt of tbe
principal points and facts under discussion.
In 1783. Mr. Pitt, the Chancellor of the Exche
quer introduced a bill for establishing reeiprooa.
trade intercourse between Great Britain and Ameri
ca, which would Lave gone into operation bnt for
his resignation.
In the close of i?.30 tbe United ciate% opened to
our colonial ships nil her ports of entry and den
very, and as a result of this policy the value of her
exports increased threefold m ten years. It 1813
we reciprocated tbe liberal policy of the A merioan
government. In 184C< a delegation sent to Canada
Arranged the teims ol reciprocity, but Congress
failed to legislate on the subject. The treaty re
cently negotiated provides, we believe, for the fr^e
interchange of the national products of the lespec
tive countries, and the tree ravigation. by the
Ameiicans, of the rivers St. Lawrence and ^t. John,
if, as we presume, Canada is to be allowed to carry
all her exports to foreign nations, in transitu,
through the American railroads, ri-.ers and canals,
to be shipped from United States por:<, during the
long period when the St. L ?wreuce is closed by ice,
it will greatly facilitate commerce. Snch a system
must also secure a valuable trade to the Americans,
greatly enlarge their business on their rivers, lakes,
railroads ana canals, and lead to extensive pur
chases by Canada of United States exports. * !
The shipping interests on each ^ide of the Ameri- |
can lakes should mutually enjoy the internal coas/.- |
ing trade. The free right to participation in the ]
fisheries in British waters, and permission to drew,
cure and dry the fish on our coasts and shores, are
to be conceded. The Americans are willing to give
i.p the doty on flub, if admitted to a participation in
the privileges enjoyed by British snbjects on the
fisbing grounds. Hitherto they have been debarred
from approaching the shores within three miles, ant.
the preservation of this right by armed \ esselfl Las
!e.d to much nnpleasani feeling, and *o confiscation
and fines.
The American f-heries have made but iittle
progress, in spite of bounties anG every spociee of
encouragement: they have labored under many
disadvantages in having to salt their fish hastily
oh board in bulk, and without any convenience
for drying and preparing them for market. With tbe
advantage of being able to pro??c U*" the fishery in
small boats from the shore, cur colonial fishermen,
owing to the superior quality of their c>.re. and the
large takes of tish in the bays and indents of the
coast,, have hitherto been able to oompete success
fully in the American markets, notwithstanding
th* iiea? y foreign duty levied, and they must cer
tainly stand in a l etter position by 'he abolition n.
this impost. Labrador. Prince Edward's Mind,
New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the district of
Gasp*', and ?tlier parts of Lower Canada !n the
gulph, would all greatly benefit, i:' the produce of
their fisheries cor Id be taken to Boston and other
American ports, free of duty.
Noibing would tend more to the improvement of
the financial condition of NewfounJland than tlv
I opening of new markets for the produce of her
1 fisheries. The old and contracted system of tra 1o
heretofore pursued there is reported to be totally in
adequate to the independent maintenance of her
operative population, many of whom are conse
quently thrown upon the government for support
or driven to seek remunerative employment 111 the
United States. The adoption of seme weU-arran?<i
measure of reciprocal trade would induce capitalists
of enterprise to embark in the trade, infuse n?w life
and energy into the pursuit? of the people, and de
velope the vast dormant and neg'ected resource? ef
that extensive island. The import* and export* of
that colony have been almost stationary for the laat
ten years, and a debt of ?120,000 has accumulated.
The removal of the duty of 20 per cent now imposed
by ti c Americans on British caught flsh would open
a valuable market for its staple produce.
The United States trade witn Canada and the
lower provinces is increasing annually, and is be
coming quite an important item in their foreign
commerce. The total value of the trade, both ways,
two year* ago exceeded nineteen million dollars,
nearly four millions sterling. It has grown up,
within a few ye.irs, under a partial relaxation of
stringent commercial re trnlations, and certainly by
the complete removal of those restrictions a rapid
and important increase would necessarily follow.
Tbe imports into Canada from the United States
i have increased from ?l,242,85r> in lMft to ?2,9f>3,
t>0i) in 1853. The exports from Canada to the Uni
ted States from ?1,237,789 to ?2,22(5,090 in the
same period.
I The trade and population of ihe British North
1 American provinces have increased of late years
in a far greater ratio than the United States,
, and certainly cannot retrograde by any facili
ties afforded for commercial intercourse. The
population of Western Canada increased at
the rate of 103 ptr ccd4. Id tie ten
pan ending with 18vn, whilst the increase of
population fa the United States was scarcely pet
cent. Six years ago the population of ibe entire
province of Canada was scarcely a million and a
half, now it in over two millions and a bald The ex
Bta of wheat from Canada have increased from
f a million bushels, eight years ago, to eight mil
lions of bushels last year: and in the same period the
exports of wheat from the United States nave been
almost stationary. The resources of oar various
American provinces are comparatively undeveloped,
and wait but the progress of settlement, the devel
opment of industry, capital, and enterprise. Large
portions of Upper and Lower Canada, New Bruns
wick, and Newfoundland are, in many respects,
wildernesses and wastes? yet offering numberless
advantages for agricultural improvement, manufac
turing operations, and the prosecution of the fishe
ries.
It is often affirmed that our North American Colo
nies would be better customers to us if they belonged
to the United States, or were independent. This is,
however, a very enoneous impression. For years
past Lower Canada ? aye, and Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick too? has progressed as fast as anv of
the North-Eastern States, and Upper Canada as
fiast as any ot those in the West. The value of
British goods consumed by the population of our
North American provinces last year was a little
over 23s. per head, while the United States only
oonsumed such goods to the amount of about 14s.
6d. per head. The balance of trade, in proportion
to population, as compared with the United fStatea,
is, therefore, decidedly in favor of the colonists.
Serious Charge Against American Seamen In
England.
|Trom the Liverpool Times, June 16. l 1
Yesterday, at the police court, after the discharge
of the morning business before Mr. Anderson, a case j
of much importance came before that gentleman, i
the results of which, very likely, will prove of great
1 public interest. In the present state of the case the 1
following brief facts will suffice, until the entire can
have been investigated in detail.
i It appears that the American ship Washington
I arrived here on Wednesday evening from New York,
i and is at present in the Wellington dock; and yes
terday Henry Tilbee, the third mate, Chas. Henry
| McKenzie, the boatswain, and Andrew Adduls, the
I carpenter, were brought before Mr. Anderson, on a
charge of having robbed several passengers, who 1
came by the ship from New York, both of clothes
and money.
Mr. Wybergh addressed the magistrate, and said
the case was one of the utmost importance. The
prisoners were charged with having stolen a quanti
ty of clothes and money from several passengers
who came home by the ship, and also from some of
the sailors on board. The evil complained of had, ;
most unfortunately, grown to a great extent, parti- :
cularly in American vessels. It had attracted mnch
attention, and the time was come that such transac
tions must be put a atop to, and have poor emigrant
and other passengers protected. The robbery in the
present cat-e, it appeared, had taken place in an
American ship on the high seas, not exactly in the
jurisdiction of the court, but some of the property
was found with the prisoners in Liverpool, and that
would bring them within the jurisdiction.
Several witnesses, both sailors and passengers,
were then produced, and all swore, in the course of
the voyage home, that the prisoners, but particular
ly Tilbee, the third mate, robbed them of clothes
and money to a considerable extent. The witnesses
were afraid to say anything, as the parties used vio- j
lence, and they were afraid if they resisted that |
they would be thrown overboard into the sea. One !
man had his clothes and forty dollars, another fifty
eight dollars, and so on, stolen. The greater por
tion of the clothes was found in Tubee's chest,
tome on his person, and some stowed away in the
sail room. The other prisoners had clothes which
they stole, on them, and more in their chests. There
were several watches and a variety of other proper
ty stolen from the passengers and some of the crew,
and a portion of this was also found with the prison*
era. The whole of the property recovered (with the
ex ception of the money) was produced and identi
fied by the ownere. None of the money was founi. i
The only reply given to the charge was by Tilbee, <
who said the property was given to him by the peo- |
pie to keep fjr them. This was most positively de- ;
nied by all the witnesses, and two or three of them ;
swore that the money was taken under threat of
their lives.
One of the passengers had a written statement |
signed by all the passengers in that portion of the
ship where he was, in which lists of great hardship
and injustice (if true) were given, but as that por
tion of the case did not properly come before the ma
gistrates, we forbear to do more than allude to it, par
ticularly as the party said he would lay the whole
case before the American Consul, and have the
matter brought before the authorities; in whioh case
the details will transpire without exparte statements,
<ts all will lave an opportunity of being heard.
Mr. Anderson said the case was a most important
one, and therefore time should be taken to consider
it maturely. He was very sorry to see not only sailors
but officers, of the ship, in such a disgraceful posi
tion. bailors ar.d officers were bound to protect 1
passengers both in person and property, and not
take anything from them. It was quite impossible,
after what he had beard, to credit the story told by j
the prisoner Tilbee; he wonld therefore remand all j
the prisonrers for seven days, and in the meantime 1
the uecesgary bteps would be taken and inquiry made !
uto this important affair.
Immediately after the prisoners were removed a j
female of respectable appearance, who gave her
name as Ann Hodson, came forward and charged a !
yoong man named Hugh Barry, chief mate of the 1
American ship Henry Clay, just arrived from New j
York, with having stolen a diamond ring, which 1
cost ten dollars, from ber.
The complainant said tte prisoner took the ring
forcibly from ber on the voyage, and put it into his j
pocket. She complained to the captain about it, {
and he said he could do nothing for her, as the mate '
denied having taken the ring. i
Mr. Wybergh? Did you allow him to take the
ring?
No, sir. He took it lorcihly from my finger : he !
said that is a nice ring you have, an>i forced it off
my finger. I had no friends on board, as my hus
band died in New Orleans.
Constable 16tl said he went on board the ship and
asked the mate about the ring, when he said he
would go to the third mate and get it, which he did,
and gave it to witness.
Mr. Hluck. for the prisoner, cross-examined the
complainant at some length, but did not sh ike her
testimony ; but
Mr. Anderson said the case did not come within
his jurisdiction, but he heard it so far in consequence
of the important case whi :h had been just before him.
Such things, however, should be put a stop to, for
the benefit of the public, who should be protected.
The prisoner was discharged, and the ring given
up to the owner.
Female Postmasters.? The number of females
at present holding the office of postmaster (or
rather mistress) in the United States, is 129. They
are appointed, give bonds, are commissioned, and
receive the same compensation for their services as
other postmasters. Unmarried females only can
hold the office of postmaster.
FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL*
ICON BT M ARKET.
Sattrbat, July 1 ? ? P- M.
Ther? wai quite an active market this morning, but
the tendency throughout wan downward. At the first
hoard Kicaraguu declined '? per cent; Cumberland Coal,
Crystal Palace. 6: New Haven Railroad, 1 '4; Harlem,
Reading Railroad. , ; Michigan Central Railroad, IV;
Northern Indiana, 2; Cleveland and Toledo. Illinois
Central bonds advanced per cent; New York Central
bonds, *4 ; Delaware and Uul:< n. \ : New Jersey Zinc,
'4'; New York- Central Railroad, >4: Hudson Railroad, zt.
There were umisna'ly htavy sale* of Harlem. very l.ttle
of which was for cash. The announcement this morn
ing of the swspensioc of ft hfuse ex;ensively engnged in
railroad contracts baa a deprea.-ing effect on the market,
and particularly on those fto:ks which the concern al
luded to happened to be large holders of. Harlem and
New Haven sold largely on this account. We trust the
suspension will prove but a temporary one. The great
depreciation in the market value ot railroad securities of
?very kind is the direct cause of *he failure of this house,
and it mult have weakened many others. The losses
hale been immense, and must fall somewhere. At the
second board to-day, New Haven Railroad sold at 76 per
cent, Tt i?, no doubt anticipated that a large amount of
this stock will come on the market.
The steamship Union, from this port for Havre to-day,
carried out $42* 997 80 in sptcie. pr'neifV.ly California
qold.
J xbe Merchants Exchange Bank has declared a semi
annual dividend of four per cent: the Hanovtr Rank,
three and a half per cent, the Island City Bank, four
per cent; the Irving Bank, three an 1 a half per cent;
tke East R>er Bank, three and one half per cent; the
Mercantile lire Insurance Con; pan y. fire per cent.
The warrants entered at the Treasury Department,
Washington, on the 29th June, were: ?
For the redemption of sto:ks 9579,960 50
l'or '.he payment of other Treafury debts.. .1.078,929 BO
Fot the Custom" 30,481 60
For the War Dej artroen* 129,936 fl8
For repaying for the War Department 102,158 24
1 or the Navy Department 202,010 00
For the Interior Department 16,242 61
J'or repaying in the Interior Department.... 2,783 40
The anthracite coal trade continues active. Th?
Schuylkill Navigation Company shipped for the week
ending on Thursday, 30,123 tone, and for the aeason,
??2 300 ton* against 816.(20 tons to the same time last
j ear. The Rea'ing Railroad trotifbt down, for ih?
week eeding on Thrfymiay, 47,686 toaa, and for tha
year, 96?, #08 ton*, against 726,473 torn to the *aina time
iMt year. The shipment* of coal on the I ehigh, for the
week ending with Saturday laat, were 44,047 ton*, aid fo
the season, 847,640 ton* ; to the same time laat year
361,166 ton* ? deficiency, 18,617 ton*. Notwithstanding
the very heavy shipment* now making from that region,
the demand continue* unabated. Coal is taken and dis
tributed, at advancing rate*, a* fait aa it arrive*, Mt<l
there ara no stock* on hand. On the contrary, the (ap
ply of acme size* U entirely short of the demand, wtth no
probability of any material increase over the preeent rate
of weekly ahipment*. This, we an informed, i* owing
neither to *n inability to mine more coal, nor to the inca
parity of the canal to transport it, act yet to an inauffl
cient inpply of boat*, bnt to the difficulty of wanning
them. The *upply of men in the region seetua to be in
adequate ; hence boats are lying idle for want of crew* to
run them. The Lehigh Company advertise a large num
ber of boats, to be rented low, with conatant employment
in carrying coal at the present very high rates of freight.
The opportunity is a very favorable one for sober, indus
trious, and active men to obtain steady and lucrative
occupation.
Cincinnati stock sales by Hewson k Holmes, at the
Stock Board, Merchants' Exchange, and at private sale,
for the week ending Wednesday, June 28, 1854: ?
7 shares Mew Albany and Salem railroad ato<-k. at 42
26 do. Ohio and Mississippi, 80; 80 do. Cincinnati and In
dianapolis, 67% ; 86 do. Peru and Indianapolis, 60; 12
do. Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton, 97 ; 14 do. Madi
son, Indianapolis and Peru, 80: 100 do. Peru and Indiana
polis, 60; 20 do. Little Miami, 100; 80 do. SprtngfleM, Mt.
Vernon, and Pittsburg, 41; 66 do. Little Miami, 100;
8 do. Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton, 97 ; 5 do. Ky.
Trust Co. bank stock, 66; 90 do Mew Albany and Salem,
railroad stock, 42#; 37 do. Little Miami, 100: 16 do. Cin
cinnati, Hamilton and Dayton, 96: 100 do. Cincinnati, .
Wilmington and ZanesviBe railroad stock, Co: 100 do.
Mew Albany and Salem railroad stock, 40; *.'0 do. Indiana
Central, 70; 100 do. Cincinnati. Wilmington and Zanea
ville, 66; 26 do. Eaton and Hamilton, 50; JO <lo. Ky. Trust
Co. bank stock, 60; 84 do. Covington aw\ Lexington rail
road stock, 66; 160 do. Cincinnati and Hillaboro, 40; 10Q
do. Wilmington and Zaneaville, 66.
The Alton Courier learns from Charles Floyd Jones,
Esq., civil engineer, having in charge one ot the grand
division? of the Illinois Central Railroad, that the work
ia progressing with all practicable despatch throughout
the entire line. The Chicago branch is complete as far
aa TJrbana, Champaign county. On the main trunk the
track is now laid from Dixon, I.ee county, southwardly
aa far as Mowerqut, Shelby county, fifteen miles below
Decatur, with the exception of a short distance on either
side of Salt Creek, which Btream yet remains to be
bridged. This leaves a gap of forty-five miles north of
VandalU to be closed up. From Cairo northward, the
track is laid to a point within about twenty -five miles
of the junction of the Chicago branch, or fifty-five miles
south from Vandalia, making one hundred miles yet to
be laid to form a connection the entire distance from
Dixon to CaiTO. At the rate of ten miles per month on
each end, this will require five months for completion,
and it is believed that this portion of the road will cer
tainly be in running order by the first of January next,
at farthest.
Stock Exchange.
Saturday, July 1, 1864.
$2000 Kentucky 6's.. 107# 100 sha Erie RR. . .WJO 63?/
2000 NY&NHBa '66 92 400 do b60 63#>
2000 do 92 % 200 do 00 62#
6000 Erie 1st Mt.. *8 109 400 do 6 2%
3000 Erie ConBs '71 80# 60 do b'20 63
7000 do 81 200 do b46 63#
1000 Hod Con Ba..c 82 160 do c 62 V
6000 111 Cen RR B *8 76# 17 do 62#
600 MY Cen RR Bbs 86# 100 do b5 62#
60 *ha Delft Hud C? 108# 60 N Y fc N H RR.b3 80
60 Canton Co 24# 40 do 79#
100 flo c 24# 27 do 79#
100 do b60 24# 60 do...,..e30 79 ^
60 M J Zinc Co 6% 100 Harlem Railr'd.e 44#
60Nic Trans Co. b30 27% J0C0 do snw 44#
200 do c 27# 87 do 44#
400 do 27# 90 do c 44#
800 do bSO 27# 100 do c 44#
100 do s60 27# 800 do b30 46
400 Cum Coal C. . b30 37 100 do b?0 46#
100 do s3 86# 800 do M0 46
200 do 86# 10 do e 44#
160 do s60 30# 200 do b30 46
60 do 87 260 do c 44#
60 do s60 86# 160 do 44#
100 do c 87% 800 do blO 44#
200 do b60 37# 800 do 44#
26 Crystal PaUce... 10 43 do c 44#
60 Penn Coal Co. . *8 104% 100 do W0 46
lfiO do f3 104# 100 do c 44#
100 Gold Hill Mine. s3 8% 200 Reading RR..S60 77#
HMMcCuIlochGoldsS 3# 400 do c 77#
60 N Y Cen RR. . . . c 89# 700 do ,.c 77#
100 do 99# 460 do W0 78
17 do s3 99# 100 do 77#
60 do c 100 100 Hudson R.RR..18 61#
50 do b30 100 200 do....,.b60 62
300 Erie Railroad... c 02# 150 do b00 62
260 do slO 62% 100 do b30 61#
100 do s30 62% 45 Mich. Central RR 94#
200 do c 02# 100 do 93
100 do *10 62# 10 Mich. So. RR.opg 98#
200 do 1)60 68# 46 Nor. Ind KR.opg 96
400 do s3 62# 160 CI. & Toledo RR. . 86
70 ?o e3 20 do blO 86
50 do b20 03 % 60 do 85#
100 do s30 62#
SECOND BOARD.
J600 NY Cen RR Bds. 85 % 800 ahs Harlem R s8 44 V
6000 111 Cen RR B.b3 76# 100 do bdO 45'^
500 do 7P# 200 do bUO 46
60 shs Del&Hud.sOO 108% 60 Mich Cen RR.b60 94#
10 Crystal Palace.. . 7# 12 Mich Sou RR.opg 98 #
10 do 8 10 M Y fc M H RR. . 77
100 Nica Trans Co.b30 27# 60 do 76#
400 do 27# 260 do 75
100 do blO 27# 10 do 76%
200 do b30 27# 80N YCenRK....c 100V
12 Nor tWorRR... 66
CITY TRADE REPORT.
Saturday, Jul/ 1?6 P. M.
Asms. ? About 50 to 60 bbla. were sold at $5 81 for
pots, and $5 60 for pearls.
BwtADCTtiFre. ? Flour was brisker and Armor. The
day's Mies included 18,000 bbls. inferior to choice State
at $6 50 a $7 75, mixed to fancy Western at $7 a $3, and
other kinds at proportionate prices. Sale* were also
made of 700 bbls. good superfine Canadian, in bond, at
?7 62 >f, 1,200 Southern at about previous ratea, and 400
bbla. Jersey oorn meal, mainly at 18 87>?. Wb eat was
more active. The aalea amounted to 11,000 bushels
Canadian white, in bond, at SI 90, and 1,000 inferior
new Northern red at $1 70. Bye and oats were unal
tered. Corn was in fair demand. The transactions con
sisted of 46,000 bushels, at 68c. a 74c. for unsound, and
76c. a 80c. for poor to prime Western mixed, per bushel.
Comm. ? The tales embraced 160 mats or Java, at 13>{c. ,
and 1,000 bags Rio, at about 10o. a 12 >^c.
Cotton. ? The transactions were limited, without change
in quotation?, of moment. There was hardly enough
done to establish prices since the receipt of the steamer's
news.
Freights. ? Rates to Liverpool continued steady, with
engagements of about 1,700 bushels wheat, at 5>?d. in
bulk, and 6d. in ship's bags, and about 6,000 to 6,000
bbls. flour, at 2s.; 400 to 500 bales cotton were engaged
at 7-82d for compressed, and at *?d. for uncompressed,
and 50 bales Sea IsUnd wore token at Ud. To London
lop bbla. turpentine were engaged at 2s. A Bremen
bark was taken up to load with flour for Bremen, at 2s.
To Havre cotton was engaged at fie. To Glango# about
10,000. bushels wheat were taken at 6>?' a ?>>? i* ship's
bags. To California rates varkfd from 45:. a 50c. per foot
measurement.
Otis? We have heard of no inportaot transactions in
any kind, excepting linseed, the sales of which embraced
6,000 gallons at yesterday's prices.
PmovrpfioN?? Pork was more in demand. The sales in
cluded 2,600 bbls at 112 50 for mass, and 810 76 for
prime per bbl. There were likewise disposed of 400 pkgs.
cut. meats, at 6c. a 6,^c. for shoulders, and 7c. a 8c. for
hams, per lb. ; 600 bbl.s. lard at 9}?c. a 0^c. per lb. ; 260
\|ble. beef at unchanged rates; and 60 tea. prime mens
be?f at $27. Butler and checse were as last mentioned.
The following table shows the stock of pork and' beef in
packing yards, New York and rooklyn, July 1, 1854:?
BKEP. B FORK.
City Mess 854 Clear 1,470
City Prime 2 Mess.......* 32,371
Repacked Mess 3,863 Thin Mess 2,216
Repacked Chicago Prime Mess 767
Mess 7,621 Flank 970
Railroad Beef 207 Prime ; 9,612
Refute Mess.. 039 Ramps 4.542
Ketuse Prime OS Other Refute 3.720
Other Refuse 00 Refuse Mesa 3,198
Tierces Mess r>20 Refuse Prime 2. 682
Tierces Prime Mess.. J.0A4 Uninspected Pork . . 61,841
Country Mess. 1,467 -
Country Prime 49 Total 113,308
Uninspected Beef. . . 1,228
Total 18.672
Rice? Sales of 75 to 100 casks were made at $3 75 a.
$4 26 per 100 bbls.
Suras? From Mr. Brown's circular, we take the follow
ing summary of June's business : ? Of goat skins the im
ports this month have been very light, amounting in all
to only 162 bales, 150 of which were received via New
Orleans from Tampico, and were sold at 38c. per lb., six
months, and 25,000 Ruenos Ayres on private terms. In
Curaooa and other skins we bare but little or nothing
doing? the sales in all the month are not over 100 bales,
at 50c. a 52c. each? the month closing with lit'leor no en
quiry from tbe trade. The receipts of deer skins amount
to 820 packages American, 60 bales Bolivia, 50 bales San
Jnan. Baler ? 26,000 lbs. Missouri at 26c. cash in thirty
days; 0,000 lbs. at 27c , four months; 0,000 lbe. Arkan
sas, 18c. cash; 7, COO lbs. Arkansas, 22c., four months;
18,000 lbs. Arkansas, 28c., four months; 1,400 lbs. Texas,
lfie cash ; 700 lbs. Texas, 18o cash- 1.200 lbs. Florida, 20c.
cash; 1,600 lbs. Sen Juan, 46c. casn; 8,000 lbs. Bolivia,
46c. cash. The demand this month has been exceedingly
limited. Manufacturers appear to be generally supplied
with stock for this rear's purposes, which circumstance,
in connection with the risk of holding skins during tbe
prevalence of hot weather, has Induced some parties to
close up their receipts at reduced figures. The quota
tions made in my last must, therefore, be reduced from
to 6 per cent, to conform to the present state of the
market, as is evidenced by tbe above report of sales for
the month.
Smaiw? The market was Inactive, while price* remain
ed steady, with sales of about 850 a 400 hhds. Cuba and
New Orleans, within the range ef 4>?c. a 6o. for the for
mer, and 4c. a 4&c. a 4%c. for the latter. The stock
wai as follows, 1st July, 1864:? 81,966 hhds.; 10,61?
taxes; 9,600 bags Manila; againat stock on 1st July,
1868? 48, 694 hhds.; 19,816 boxes; 8,448 bags Braill and
Manila.
Whihkmv? There werjjpo bbla. Ohio and Prison token
at 27c. a 21}ie. per ga'

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