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London Oct. 14,1964. Anrrican Authort and Engliih Piraty. As %a wdepend n advocate o' American tote rsvte anJ tguol jas'ice, we ap.eal to the Hiuld for too icweitlon of a ew fact* illustrating the aflbot of toe lav deci-loa to the Huuce of Lorda respecting copyright. Po(i?he<i Theoretical, and embody'ng philosophi cal principle# Strang y at variance with a spirit of bdntv:Un.e and justice, t'-e essay against iaterna tional oopj i-ght lately givvn to the world by lfr. II. C. Cai ey, has had a stogu'ar effect In aiding the wholesale piracy of American works now going on to Kogiin i. Nothing could hare to strongly en couraged dishonesty, or ao completely set at aanght that ciriect a] stem of trade which honest men were disponed to protect. Could Mr. Gar y hare foreseen the singular revolution produced in the book trade of this city by the late decision, a s^nse of jastioe for the poor writer whoae bread is eked from his pen's p< tot might have in >veo him to withhold his able advocacy of wholetule plundering. Could he hare set n thoee pcor but nobie-uitoded men, whose latomns bave gone forth for a world's good, strag gling to iive in povcrt--stricken tenements, the btead asm from the months of honest hearted men who, loving their profession, had barely subsisted by toeir UUra-y labors?the father who had main tained j is little family respectably by the fruits of . mi mental labors, deprived of his Bnstenanoe, and driv.u to stik other meats of living?could he have seen the pirate publisher gloating in his triumph over hii honest brother in trade, who, through the inert prompting of principle, had acknowledged the author's rights, and paid him for his labors, and all toe effect of the vtrysysitm he so philosophically a Ivor a" es, be would, to the very honesty of a frigid i tart, have hesitated before giving to the world an essay the who e teior of which is to set aside the right cf aii author to hi# mental labors. We 6ie It J to believe that Mr. Carey, to his love of 'ii o j, aid st time# reason against his own bit r jaJgnunt. forgetting the effect piratical results must have forced upou his mind. Tha pirate pub to his frensv of joy fur the overthrow of honesty, cairrea oil that lor which his honest brother b?s paid, appropriates it to his own use, and laughs ii his sleeve while thinking how ably he is denuded in nis plundering by the very phllo sepbi al Mr. Carey. The pi ate publisher has no in tention of remunerating the wretched author. No! His ready appropriation oi American literature, with its toighung influence, and total prostration of an hornet system of trade, is sanctioned and advo cated by Mr. H. C. Carey, an iatslligent American, who would penetrate tue grossest act o: injustice against his own countrymen, wuose labor he nukes till toe pockets of dishonest trade* men. Mr. Carey laudles his subject with a calmness of logic that at first sight might make him appear a disinterested believer in the ve y dishonest system he advocates; Sit further investigation leads us to the conclusion at, he ( we speak from results the very system he advocates has produced,) is governed by that spirit of self protection which long association with a trade .denving its pecuniary advantages from a pe culiar system engeu :ers in the tradesman. Bat tue anomaly of Mr. Carey's position is no less forcible than Strang*-; for while he professes to be a bold ad voeaie ut high protective duties ou articles of con sumption aid gratification, the manufacture of books must bo a distinctive exception, and for which lie would neither have proteotton nor ac knowledge its being inveited with a property right. In the eyes of Mr. Carey, physical produotiou is pro petty which he would nave the government prate.t with a high tariff?while to mental production he would der y all claims to property rights, and leave it at the mercy or every thief who saw fit to carry it off. In a word, he would make all literary labors secondary to the publisher's interests, divest men tal production of its rights, and give mental con sumption the b:Oldest and freest license to appro priate what may please it to its own use. He would nave the publisher alone remunerated, while de grading the author to a m*te dependent being, the 7 * ? ' -? V 1-* All nAalrata fruits of whose labor be would have fill the pockets of dishonest tradesmen. To the same tradesmen he would give the power of influencing public taste in Its demands for reading. We do act mean to lollowMr.Care/thrcngh the many theoretical intrici ies with which his ees iy abounds, oonteutu g ourselves with giving a few practical i .<mitral?. >ns of the result of tne system of no copy right he so strei.utnsly advocates. Ween we have cote this we shall submit to the American reader whether it is not higo time something were done to prv tect the interests of American authois, to re move that stigma of not having a literature, under w bioh we have s I long labored, and to put an end to ?.hat system of international plundering now being P actisKl by certain publishing housts, on both aides of the Atlantic, whose only object would seam toe total sacrifice of the author's interests. If Congress has Litbtito tum'd a deaf ear to the demands of justice, and set the claims of American authors at uaugLt?l1 the publishing power wields its m >ney tifluent e at the Capitol to snut out tie reasonable claims of these who, though humble in life, have enriched their county's fame by their mental la bors, so much more the shame and ingratUu ie. Up to 1862 the merit of American works was sparingly acknowledged in England. This, we are constrained to say, arose as much from a spirit of prejudice as any other cause. Tnere were, never theless, a oettain number of American authors the intrinsic merit of whose writings atlra ted admira tion, arid gained for them a reputation and circula tion of ao ordinary kind. Among these were Ban croft, Preesott, W ashington Irving, Cooper, Emer son, Loocfellow, Abbott, Barnes, liana, and a few others. The standard reputation given to the works of these authors soon caused them to be sought after by English publishers. Prominent among these publishers was Mr. John Murray, who, beiog at the heal of the publishing business in Londoa, produced the works of several of these authors in his very best style, gaining for them s reputation among English readers not surpassed by their own writer- of distinction. To their shame be it said, Mr. John Murray did that to raise the reputation of American writers, which they bad long expected in vain from tneir own publishers: he put their works prominently before toe public?nor spared expanse tc make toe author's name known. For all tnese woiks Mr. Murray, whose aim is to protect the character of his profession, as well a? to sustain personal honor, paid liberally. In some instances he paid Washington Irving as much as one thoaaand pounds for a stogie work. This was not only tacitly imkno sledging the just claims of authors to the fruita of . their labors, but acted as a stimulant of American literature; and the pub lisher, having . a supposed protection for his legal purchase, at mat time respect id by the pirate who would otherwise stand ready to carry c ff his ill-gotten spoils, found bis Amen an commodity profitable to such an extent as to war rant him in making further advances. Those ad canoes cot only stimulated American energy, bat Steterially aided in removing that long endured stigma American publishers had done so much to perpetuate?"America has no literature." In addition to this, the supposed protection gave toe respectatie publisher a limited power and control aver an botes'. system of trade, without in any way Rffeoiing or i -terfertng with the interests of English autbois The demand for this literature seemed to * be of a iinflictive character, and rather encouraged UU- a.do.e class English writer than otherwise. Ill* fruits of his labor no; being shot out by all sorts of American trash thrown promiscuously upon toe market After Mr. Murray follow the Messrs. Bentley, wno, with less liberality towards American authors, profe*s to have paid large sums to Bancroft, Pres cott. Cooper, and one or two others. Were we ignorant of Messrs. Bentley's system of des'.iug with Krgl'sb authors ws might be inclined to credit t ie statement they ostentsti ualy parade before the publio. Messrs. Benfcey art not of that s.-hool to wfaich Mr. Murray belongs, profit, not remuneration to the author, being their primary object. Few English authors have had occasion to thank them for sums received as the profits of their works. Were we to recapitulate the oomplaints of Mr. Dickens and others against this particular publish ing bouse, it would redact but little credit on the liberality of the proprietors. Our object being to ?peek of things a* we find them, we thus refer to tne Messrs. Bentley, giving what is known to bo the feelire towards item in Isoudon, where ws never yet beard an English author speak respectful ly of them. If, then, they bave shown such a moan I spirit toward their own authors, how much reliance can we place in the statement of their having paid large sums to American authors? That they have strictly adheied to a legitimate trade, refusing to follow the pirate's di ' dishonest course, Is m true as that they bave paid certain sums to American authors, and promised otoars; nor docs it follow that because the sums paid by Messrs. Bmtley ware urnall their encouragement of American writers did not result in extending the sphere of their labors. Every encouragement, however small, tended to elevate the character of American literature abroad, sod the publisher wbj, acting from prtnei dee of justice, paid the American author for his labor, ciaimed no improper control over the testes a| his patron*. Not so the pirate publisher. He would sink the author's rights, and. TfUtog bis material without cost, force upon toe public at a mere percentage for himself, the very vuka for wfciob bis hones; brother bid paid. Tj tne pirate publisher authors ara mere cyphers, pro ducing something u?j hive no right to otoim as pro perty. oeverthe-ess vtry va'uab'e to him, and wtiich j? has a right to carry off and give to the pobl.c ** wua.m price may please him. The public, we HHHJte Ml Mk that snob ? eorrnnttng sytfea I should be practised for their benefit. Tke;fc?r??? hjgMjjg U beoome part? la that which svor throws the lun of equitable trade, seta the howest trademua's intenttoaa at deOaaoe, forbids the au thor's living, sad transplant* sa hoaest trsde with the most flagrant sod oorrnpt practices thst eta be imagined. Under the rigimt we bsre described, the Amen* csa suthor begun to .'ree himself from the grasp of the American publisher, who had la s measure con trolled teste tor reading. Independent of tha Ame rican publisher, the American suthor was fast gain ing a position which would enable him to break down that very centralisation Mr. Carey ao much fears, but which the very system he advooates tends to preserve. He forgets that by denying the author's right of property in ais labara the pub lisher'a power becomes absolute, and just in that place where he can procure mechanical labor at the lowest rate his trade will centre. Since 1*52 a new impetus hsa been given to Americas literature in Great B itain by the publica tion of" Uncle Tom's Cabin." No less than thirty-four Idiflen nt London and Edinbarg editions, produced by nineteen different pubUahiog hensee, were sent into the market sad sold. It is estimated that above two millions of copiee of Uncle Tom were sold within fifteen months. No effort having been made to Becure s copyright, the woik was at the mercy of these who chose to publish it In a few instances remuneration was made to the suthor, the pub liahera distinctly stating that they did It npon what they conceived to be a proper respect for the au thor's rights One house very liberally gave Mrs. Stowe a thousand pounds; but thst the very house which printed and circulated more than an^ other. never intended to make any compensation, lpown fact. Here, then, the promptings of honest principle are brought in contact with a reckless system of purloining ; and all this is sanctioned by the laws of a land aenying to an author all right to his property, if that property be sent beyond the tits of his l limits of his own country. The singular and unprecedented demand for " Uncle Tom" led to the reprinting of nearly every Am* neat book of promise. If the author could se cure this copyright by first publishing here, so much the better lor biimelf. Another cltss of American | authors now came in, and by taking advantage of ! the apparent right the law gave, received consider- ; able sums for their writings from English publishers. I Mis* Warner, Hawthorne, Curtis, Melville, Bayard 1 Taylor, and Col bourn Adams, were recipients of considerable Bums for their literary labors. Ths : last named received ?200 for his "Sovereign Rule of fcouth Carolira." Not one of these authors could now get a sixpence for their works. They have trans-Atlantic names?it may be paid for by ths would-be honest publisher b?but they now serve only the pirate's interests. The legalized open trade now proclaimed by the House of Lords has divested the American author of all rignt to bi* works, and with it swept away all hope of fnrther remuneration. Dickens and others of nis class are protected by their fame, while the law of taste will always create a demand for their works; but the less fortunate English author (whose writings may contain more material good) finds his writings valueless in the eyes of the publisher, who can print any sort of American works, for which he has no c>p/right to pay. He can print them at his own price; and the author's property being at his disposal, the only profit he expects is a small per centage for himself. Thus, while the market is flooded with every sort of American trash that can taint the name of Ameri can literature, the publisher centralizes his po wer, and alone is benefitted. Again, this species of lite rature becoming current in the market, naturally destroys the demand for the ordinary English writer's labor, without benefitting the American, whose writings are made by the publisher to super sede. In this state of the case, everything becomes secondary to the publisher who will centralize nis Cower, and make the most mercenary system serve is ends. The old established and respectable publishing houses, which heretofore did so muoh to give .pro nrnence to Amerioan authors and their works, de cline to have anything further to do with American works until some protection be afforded them. They evtn decline to publish an American work. The consequence is that tve pirate publisher waits till they appear in America, procures an early oopy, and puta bis edition before the English public, only too glad to avail bimeelf of the security the decision of the House of Lords affords his plunderings. Much as the mind may recoil from the be meaning influence of such protected piracy, it cannot but view with contempt the intelli gent man who would boldly come lorward as its advocate. And satisfied then with destroying the market hitherto open to the poor English au thor, usually but poor, American authors must now be iont< nt with having their works published in the most deplorable manner, and by persons made rickless by competition, and unable, from want of means, either to preserve the reputation of the au thor or to return him one cent remuneration. Tne Messrs. Sampson, Boo A and Sons, who bare strug gled hard and done much to protect the interests of Ame lean authors, cow find themselves stript of all legal means by which to keep American works from the pirate's hands. Their house made agency its chief business; and in its endeavors to protect Ami rican interests, bad recently gained trreat ad vantages for those interests, as well as c e lit for themselves, by the prompt and honorable iuan.or in which they made returns to American authors. Le gally, they now find themselves helpless; and what they may hereafter do for the protection of Ameri can literature, will depend much npon the respect shown to the paltry expedients of incorporating portions of English writing in American works, to which tbey are now driven. An act of justice to the rights of authors by the two governments would obviate this driving honest men to such miserable shifts. The reader cannot fail to see that in the absence of all protection or acknowledgment of the au thor's lignttohis mental labors, that ths poor au thor is shut out; the man whose name has become f. m as in literature Increases his strength, and the publi hing power becomes centred in that point where labor is cheapest. The rich man, with means to publish his own works, may write to gratify nis tai-te, and give his Ubor to the public without remuneration; Messrs. Dickens, Bulwer and Tnaek ary will yet obtain large sums for their light labors, for the pit ate pubic-her must have a cloak for h's ini<|uitot s trade, and will make his boast of large compensation for certain works and names to the total sacrifice of the author's whose works he pi rates. To the pirate publisher some pretenc? is necessary for tne purpose of giving a shadow of character to his system of trade; and the works of snob authors as we have herejnamed, he conceives necessary to give an additional itnpe us to his sales. This, then, is the verysys em which must create that blighting centralization Mr. Carey so much fears. Be winld give all power to the London publisher, and forever keep London the centre of book mak ing. The very state of things which Mr. Carey so much dreads is now, by the system he advocates, incoming a fearful reality. On American literature the effect will be bli-hting in the extreme. The American publisher has 1 >ng kept them under his thumb screw; but now nothing can save them from ntter dw-tnution, but the passage of some protective law. American wri'crj aie driven back to their own country (not so their works, for ths London Jublif-hers will flood the market with them, while e sends English publications to Amerioa at a cheaper ra'ethan they can be produced there) when they will again become mere literary dependents, subject to the publisher's peculations. England, which now supplies so large a portion of our mental demands, has it in her power to fbrnish tae whole. An American Author. The Experience or a Sensitive Man in New Yowx.?"I dltied one day at the Irving Hnuae. The man next to me said to hie neighbor. "How's floor to day I" "Why, riding?we made a nice thing of it this morning? a few thousands." Pined neat day at the Aator. Man next to me observed to hie frienda. "Well, how's Erie*'' "Oh! down, sir, down?dull?very dull; but there's money in it." Pined next day at tit. Nicholas. Man next to me said to his neighbor. "Shipping business bad, isn't itt" "I should think so;you can buy a ship now for Ave thousand dollars leas than you could two mouths ago, and freights are awfully low." Pined next day at the Metropolitan. Man next to me said to his neighbor. "Whsft's the news from Europe 1" "Contois have fallen one-half, and money is tight " Pined next day at New York Hotel. Man next to me said to his neighbor. "By Jove, that'* a pretty girl yonder." "She Ts so, and besides is worth a hundred ." I at once left the table. Heavens ! exclaimed I, is there no spot in this great city where a man can eat, without having such talk crammed down his throat with his food f Money?money?money.?Buffalo Courier. Health of New Om.itA.va?The total number of denths in New Orleans during the week ending on the Ptli inst. was 192. or which 42 were from yellow fever. The Picayune of the 0th says:?The total number of deaths the previous week was 243, and of yellow fever. 107?ahowing a very gratifying decrease in favor of last week. Of yellow fever cases, thirty four died in the Charity Hospital, leaving only eight for the entire city In-side. Tliia, in the face of the great number of unac climated persons who have arrived in the *city during the week, is proof conclusive that the fever is' rapidly snd surely dying out. Anthony Bcrnr Recovered from his Illness and NOLO.?A few weeks since the Boston Tramcript ?.tilted that letters from Burn*, in the Richmond jail, to his Boston friends, Informed them that he was danger ously a ck of tvphoid fevor. It maybe eome gratifica tion to hia Boston frienda to learn that Anthony, their wooUy hendcd friend, has entirely recovered from his illness, and that he left here on Friday, the 3d last., In possession of Pavtd McPaniet, Esq., of Nash county. N. who purchased him for the purpose of putting him to work iu a cotton field, or where duty calls.?Rich mond Eftfiiirrr, Nov. 18. A Town Hold for Pkht.?The town of Peter* burg, Hjg former coont\ seat of Lavaca county, Texaa, ?raa sold by the Sheriff of that county a short time since, for debt The property went remarkably low. The old Court House sold for sixteen dollars; the old tavern stand for fifteen dollars, and other property ia proportion. noil ocsBorwe ooeeeromwr. Chicago, Hi., Mot. Id, 1864. Situation of Cincinnati?Names qf Streets? Society? Young Men'l Institute? Their Library and Lectures? Anecdote qf Thadtery? Cincinnati Ferries?Architec ture? Cathedral?Reflections upon it?Hotels?Private Residences?Eastern Friends Met Here-Rev. Dr. But ler, qf Christ Church-Paid Fire Department-Its Suc cess and Benefits?Line of Travel to Chicago?Aspect of the Country in Indiana?Illinois?The Prairie? Prairie on Fire?Manner in which the Railway Track is Carried into Chicago. The Queen of the West did not captivste me lang, though her charms are far from beiag deepioeble. Almost everybody known how Cincinnati nUndn,on the lofty, eloping bank of the Ohio?a hideoua, naked elope of water worn earth when the river lafow, and showing the marks of it* immense rise; at other timee making the incredible difference of some sixty feet. From the brow of this elope the city rises on a pret ty steep hill, something like Atlantic street in Brooklyn, to a broad table land, which is the princi pal level of Cincinnati. The sereets parallel to the river are numbered First, Second, Third, Ac.; the ctom streets are variously named from trees, like Philadelphia, as Walnut, Syounore, Vine. But Cincinnati retain blea New York more than Philadel phia, without yet having the metropolitan aspect of either. The manners of the people are more oour teous than at the East?there is lees harry and dis traction. In Intellectual culture, it begins to vie with Boston, and partakes largely of the spirit of Massachusetts in its social life, bnt 1b vastly more ge nial and leaa cliquey (if I may cola tke ward), less pretentious, in fact, as, indeed, it has far inferior pro U DBions, we must allow. The Young Men's Institute has line rooms?the beat I have seen out of New York, when the Mer cantile Library distances all competition. Tney hare 14 000 volumes and a reading room or really noble extent and admirable arrangement. Their enterprise in the matter of lectures merit* all praise. All the principal stars of the East are on their list. Tuack ery was engaged by them?ne, by some indivi duals I think?at a great risk, but left the country without even sending them word?a siagularlty which I bope admits of explanation. The ferries are nnwi (thy of Cincinnati. Tue only communica tion between the city and Covington, on the Kentucky ride, is hardly superior to the old Brooklyn hone boats. Tee immense difference be tween high and low water is, it ia true, a disadvan tage to them, but surely it is one that Yankee inge nuity and enterprise might easily overcome. It looks as much as one's neck is worth to descend ia a buggy the naked and steep bank to the ferry ; and thin you mount the boat's side by a crazy make shift for a bridge, withont even a side-rail to pro tect it v To architectural beauty this Western metropolis has vet no great claims. Most persons speak of the Catholic cathedral as something fine, it is of white marble, to the oroas that crowns its lofty spire, has an nnfiniahid portico of giant columns, and the roof is supported within by a noble colon nade of massive gray Btone, with rich capitals. It would be grand if it did not lack depth and long retiring space at the sanctuary end. Without this majesty of vastnees in the portion of the temple which Is appropriated to the worse ip, no matter what cost may be lavished on the part which shelters and accommodates the worshippers, no Ro man Catholic church will ever produce the impression or awe ar d sublimity which is felt in the cathedrals of Europe. Can it be that they have lost the mighty conviction which inspired the old unknown cathe dral builden? Are they, too, as well as Protestants, votaries, without suspecting It, of the "anspiritnal god" nti Ity ? As a lover of art, I should be glad to think otherwise, for I should be soirv were my country to loee the only chance it has of possessing the glories and sublimities of religious architecture; and if the Catholics would only once bnlld ni real cathedrals,we might do like the English, and appro priate them to onraelves. As yet, I must say they nave not built a church worth our taking; at which I feel very much disgusted. We have done nearly as well as they ourselves, and in the way of paro chial cburcbes, better. The Burnet House is reckoned the best in Cincin nati, but as we were staying with friends, I cannot speak of i's merits. Our loca't was very attractive, and gave a pleasant notion of a domestic residence in a Western city?garden court in front of the wide double house, and a longer range of shrubbery and t ecu betwien the bouse and its neighbor, formed a prett sus in utbr in the heart of Cln ionad. We u nnd many an old Eastern friend, long lost sight of, d< miouia'td there, as well as here, among whom we may mention the Rev. Dr. C.M. Butler, formerly O' Washington city, who has just assumed the rc-ctoisbip of Christ Church. But the tniog whi h mprt sstd us moat with 11 e sense of practical utility u the sphere of municipal and social progress in C ncii nati, was the new paid fire corps. F.x nine mm thf, I was told, there bad not been a tire in this C 'y sfii< us enough to be noticed. The steam fire em >nes are a particularly su cessful experiment; and ihe gain to public and, especially, juvenile mo r?lit j, fro m the breaking up of those rendezvous of disorder, idleness and mischief in a large city?the engine houses of volunteer companies?has been marked. How long will metropolitan New York endure a system that experience snows to be fraught with so many evils? As I wished to visit Chicago and Milwaukie before the eold set in, I quitted Cincinnati after a few dais. Five railroads, five changes of cars, and fifteen hoars' travel, carried me across Indiana and Ulinoia to this city. The line is very level. In Indi ana there are beautiful woods to diversify it, but as yon get upon the Michigan Cen tral road, a region of bonnd'ess prairie, mostly denuded of wood, breaks upon you. As far as the eve can reach extends toe same level plain, covered with dry yellow graaa, and showing, wherever the soil turned up, a black, rich lookiog loam. Occasionally there is a thin grove of low oska, and at a distance of ten miles the horizon is frirred with wood* Flocks of wild geeae are scared up by tho advancing train, and twinkling flights of prairie chickens. At nightfall the scene became splendid. The prairie was on fire all around as. Yon wonld h?ve said that an enemy was passing through it, marking his path by hundreds of burn ing villages. Onoe or twi e we dished right through a burning grove, and it was curious as well u pitiful to see trees whose tops were still covered with autumnal leaves, their trunks all blazing brands. About half-past 10 o'clock P. M. we came upon Lake Michigan, and the cars rolled along in front of the oity of Chicago, on a track laid upon piles right through the lab, with water on both sides, and defended on the lake side by a solid btote breakwater. Ruf. Rambles. OUR CINCDiNATI CORRESIWDENCB. Cincinnati, Not. 1, 1854. Last Words about " The Glades" of Pennsylvania ?Tournaments in the Alleghanies? Healthiness of this Region? B. & O. R. R. from Cumberland West?Beauty and Picturesqueness of the Route ?Trestles on Cheat River?A Vieto Missed? Valleys of Western Virginia?Wheeling?Its Bridge?Cathedral?Episcopal Daring? An Idea Touching Enow Nothing ism? Ohio Central Rod road?Peril of Passing the Temporary Suspension Btidge?Splendid Condition of the Old National Read?Scenery of Ohio?CineinneUL If j last letter wee dated from the Glades of Penn sylvania. 1 had the beat will to send you some ooiioos notices of the election in that State, and of the manoeuvres of the Know Nothings in the back regions thereof, where the honest Ger man native Americans, of the old Lancaster stock, do not accept the new gospel of sec* tarian proscription. I was still more sbougty tempted to writeyonan aocoent ot the agricnltaral fair of the county of Somerset, and the brilliant tooraameot, in the Southern and Western fashion, with which it concluded. I fancy I could hero served it np t? your readers quite in the style of the anther of Warsriey, or as near it, at least, aa the gallant knlghta who Agnred mi the oocashm approached to Occur de Lion, Iranhoe, Brian de Bole Gilbert, Xarmioa,&o., whose names they amumed, and whom nuncs, with thorn of Saladin, Philip de Malvoisin, end Stanley, were mingled is glorttas defiance of chronology on the same Add of chivalry. Tha wooda that mown every slope of thorn end loss glades were bright with all the tints of autumn when we took lea e of our summer noting olaoe, where the enoeedlng porky and salubrity of the air, ?nd the raging of cholera-real or reported?ail around as on the avenues of travel, kept as n greet deel longer than we expected In the mountains. From personal trial, I can reoombend the glades oftho AUe ghanles as almost unequalled for n summer retire ment, in point of heehhlneee and exemption from the summer heats. The chief drawback u the scar city of game in the woods and meadows, and of treat in the streams, at Wast, compared with Ham ilUm county and the other regions mored to sports men; but ts meke emends, there are no mosquitoes; from ear j AugnA to near the tad of October I sew not one or Umtribe, or any of lie kiodnd, although I was almost bvery day out with my gua. Tfcia, of course, li > pri? tiHaiftw at the ?b?c> of stag Mat water, ite nn?sgoaatly of Immunity firm local disease. Ttoro had asi beea a foaaral U Lavansville for alaa months, till joat before I left, whoa two bodies wan brought there froca places seme doaea miles off, whan, it would aaaa, they had never had oeeaatoa for a burying grouad! This soundk funny, but H is a fact. We returwed to Cumber laud by stage, along the line of the future Cumberland and Pittsburg railroad, and after lingering a day or two in the City of Coals, luxuriating in Its climate, after the ooid whloh had sat in among the mountains, started in the 3 A.V. train af the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, to cross the big Alleghany. It was about suniiw when we reached Oakland, where the picturesque portion of this fa mous route begins. I may briefly say that I hare never seen any scenery yet in this country to com pare with it for wild and rugged beauty. Continu ous with the glades of Pennsylvania, the glades of Maryland, as seen from the windows of a reiloar on this mountain road, hare none of the agricultural and pastoral richness of the former. It was not long before we tea bed Cheat rirer. The read here runs along the side of a fearful precipice, cruaslng rarines upon trestles of iron of exquisite lightness and dlszy boldness. You look down, and far beneath y ju is a gravel pavement, like the walk of a garden, as it seems, but really filled In with huge stones and peb bles. Below are solid arches of masonry. Off to the north is a profound valley, and mountain height* beyond; but of this we aaw only a mere glimpse, the view being shut off by a pro voking and untimely fog. Here ocrurred the only accident on this railroad that erer was fatal to passengers upon it, from the sinking of one of the rarines. At that time the trestles-were wood, and the substructure had not received the massive per fection which now renders the passage of the Cheat river one of the masterpieces of modern engineer ing. The whole course of the road thence, nearly to Wheeling, is a succession of beauties. 1 was fresh from the autumnal glory of the higher Alleghanles, but I waa astonished at the brilliant woods and g ens of western Virginia. As we approached toe Ohio the country grew soil, and began to be richly cultivated. Wheeling is celebrated for ita bridge, and boasts a rather plain but large Roman Catholic cathedral. Apropos of the latter, the inhabitants relate, that when the spire was finished, (which is very lofty,) no one of tne workmen wawfound bold enough to ; Elant tbe crow upon the ball, whereupon the Bishop lmself, who had labored like a mason in tbe erection of the building, ascended to the ball, mounted upon it, stcod balancing himself at tbe giddy height till he had acquired his equilibrium,ami i the breathless hor ror of the multitude below, who expected each in stant to tee him fall, planted the cross with hit own bsnds in tbe socket prepared for it, and safely de scended. It is probable that few American prelates have ever been in a more elevated position. Tais bishop, Dr. Wbelsn, is &n American by birth, and a vara avis among Catholic bishops in tais country? an old fashioned whig is politics, which with some perba s may account for the tact that the Know Nothings entirely failed at Wheeling?the only place, almost, in the State which they failed to carry. But for the fact that the so called Catholic vote in this c untry has in the main bfeen cast all an one aide, Know Notbingism would never have originated. At least this is my view of the ease. The Ohio Central Railroad waa not yet completed when we passed through Wheeling, although possi bly it may be at the present momsnt, as I was po sitively assured by th ee interested that the first train would pass over the road in three days. Ws accordingly had to take the old Ohio mail coach line, and it was with a load of fourteen inside and five on top, with at leaat twenty huge trunks, and am ill articles ad libitum, that we committed our selves to the mercy of the temporary suspension bridge, just one carrikge-track wide, which hangs fearfully in the air, for s distanoe of one thousand yards across the bed of tbe Ohio. As we rolled over, the frail structure bent beneath our weight, and I thir k the boldest heart in tbe stage beat more firmly when our heavily laden vehic e reached the opposite end of the bridge. The new bridge, to replace that carried away last spring by the tornado, is to be a noble work. It will have an additional pier, and an ampler system of lateral braces, so tbat it is hoped it may defy the most violent gale. Though it waa a tedious thing in these days to spend ten henra in making the fifty miles between Wheeling and Cambridge, I was ghd to do it, for the sake of seeing the old national road, a most beautiful work, equal to anything in Europe, wind ing like a silver ilbbon over the hills of Ohio, smooth as a barn floor, broad and firm and white. In the palmy days of Btaging it must have been glorious to travel over it. This bridges are extremely solid and beautiful, and the numerous sharp turns In descents are guarded by fine wa ls of masonry. It seemed a great pity tbat so perfect a road should be just be coming useless. The scenery was finer than I expected, tbe landscape being exceedingly varied with bill and vale, with occasional bursts of noble prospects from the brow of a tedious ascent, or the top of a lor g ridge, extending like a huge wave be tween two valley*. But the village* were wretched. Tbe houses ail stood directly on the street, without guldens, without trees, hair painted, of mean archi tecture. I had expected a richer and more fertile Ntw England; it was anythicg else. But. after a night passed in some two or three trains of cars, ?where we dozed vei y comfortably, we dashed into Cinclnrati at a little part sunrise, and 1 was not disappointed in the Queen of the West. Not to string out this letter too long, I will reserve what I saw, both of persons and things here, till my next letter. Rus. Rambler. Oar Connecticut Correspondence. I Hartford, Ct, Not. 13,1854. I State of Political Parties in Connecticut?Result I Exhibited by the State Elections?The Hartford I Town Election?The Know Nothings Likely to I Return their Man?8ale oj the Courant Ntwspd-1 per. I The world, lno'ading every man and hie wife,l looks to the New York Herald for Dews, let It I come from whatever quarter of the globe it may. I Conseottcnt ia no unimportant part of the world,l and her political condition ia always a matter of in-1 tereet to the shrewd politician. It ia not unlike that I of New York. The two States, one large, the other | small, most generally decide alike upon political questions, thengh New York has more frequently voted for the locofo:o candidates for the Presidency. Last spring the Nebraska bill was a great help to the whigs of Connecticut. It roused a hope in them. They saw that npon that issue they could unite the free soil interest, at least, with their own strength. They saw, too, that it was distracting their opponents, and this gave them fresh oourage. The locos nominated the Hon. Samuel Ingham, of Essex, in Middlesex county, as their oandidate for Governor. He has served in Congress, has bear a judge, and was probably about the strongest man they could have selected. The whigs ran Mr. Dut ten, who had been twioe defeated by Col. Thomas H. Seymour, now Minister to Russia, a second cousin of Gov. Seymour, of New York. He (Gov. Dutton) was net a very strong man,but after all was a pretty good candidate to draw in outride voter, such as free soil, Maine law, Know Nothings, 0-c. The Maine law men nominated the Hon. Charles Chapman, late a member of Congress fro a this district, a keen criminal lawyer, aad recently a convert to the order oi Know Nothings. The free toilers nominated John Hooker, Etq., a Farmington lawyer, who has an office in this city. There was no election by the t<opie, Ingham leading in the popular vote. But the whigs found no difficulty in uniting with the free sollers and Maine law men in the Legislature, and elected Mr. Dsttoo. He proved free soil and Maine law enough for all uartka, and refused to organise any military com pany composed of foreigners. The HoaJames Dixon, of this city, formerly a member of Ooi gross, desired very muck to secure a seat in the united States Senate. He is a very msart young man, but is losing the confidence of some of the best whigs. Mr. Gillette, abolitionist, and Mr. Footer, whig, were elected to the Senate. The Legislature then atrnok a Mow at the free banks. It was unwise and unpopular. It pasted the Maine law, whioh cut terms the apa tites of many. Ifwested many banks, levying a bonus epoa each of two per cent on its capita, and mads large appropriations on the strength of this. Tke banks have not generally organised, and the treasury is unfoitunateiy gutting dry. The people are getting dry too, end the fall elections have fe vered the Tocos. But the Hartford town election has not vet taken place. The Know Nothings are prepared,however, for the contest, which takes place two weeks from to day. They will son for first selectman Allen B. 8011 man, a bookbinder, aad a gentleman who has long itched for rffloe. Though a good whig, I never fen ded hia icy heart. The whigs willrun him also, end his election Is set down as sure. The office is worth $800 a year. The locoa have not nominated yet. Stillmaa ia a leading Know Nothing. The order is flourishing here. It is opposed by the Times newspaper, and rather fevered than other wise by the Centra*. Tae whigs aad Kusw No , things will both oppose Oliver D. Seymour, our pre sent gentlemanly Collector. Ha gives satisfaction to every body, and the interest of the town wouli rather suffer than prosper by the election of Wood house, who is to supplant him. I osa say this, though opposed polltl aDy to Seymour. The old Courant newspaper has been sold to Thomas M. Day, Hsq., fas $31,000. Mr. D.-la one of thb ssost talented young aw in this city. ana all of the whigs, save Robinson's oliqae, are rejoice 1 that be has bought it. L. Great Gal* at L [Treat the Betel* Democracy, Nor. 14 ] TatenU; ra oae of tbt days thai hare given Baftlo ha hah taiwsoe aa a windy town. All through the loaf ni*ht tbe taaaih would rage, while tha clattering of eigne and the elammiag of abutters, and tha oraah of broken windows made [ay the mournful aoeonipanimeat. In tbe lower part of tbe town there wore sorrow aad auflbrtng In i>leoty. Tbe water had spread over "the flats." aad families were driven from the shel ter of their tenements to seek obarity among strang ers. Ia aaay places the houses were uprooted from their foundations, aad drifted off upon the boiling flood. 'Domestic animals, outbuildings, fences, furniture, lumbar, piles of wood were set afloat sad weet with the ourreat, wherever ohaoce and the gala determined. Tha osDars aad lower floor* of more substantial buildings, withia reach of the devastation, were submerged, and property wai destroyed to a ruinous extent. It was a pitiful sight to sea tha members of these Kr families who had suddenly been visited by tbe d, standing ia their eight clothes, or with such soanty raiment aa they had been able to seise at the moment of alarm, tunmiag hither aad thither among the wreck, ecdeavoriag to save their little store from destruction aad loss, while the cruel wind flapped their covering to shreds, aad tha cold water stirttntd their limbs. Now and again a weeping child might be r of i J lathered about the body of some drowred friend, ufet extricated from a cellar or basement, where death had intruded so suddenly as to leave no change ot escape; or a group of curious spectators, watching the efforts of a charitable few, who vainly attempted to restore to life an unknown, nameless one, who had met his fate in a barn or under a stack or pile of lumber, having crept there in a drunken moment and gone to sleep forever. The vessels at the docks had parted their moor ings, and getting foul of each other, had stove their bulwarks, torn swsy their rigging, sod shattered their spare. Bhrtds of canvass, bits ot bunting, the frayed ends of rope were fluttering In the storm, and lung p e?B ol rigging, with blocks attached, were swinging like pendulums, threatening with death any one who approached to secure them. An occasional schooner, with but a mare stitch of canvass eat, with her topmasts and jibbosm splinter ed, ber bulwarks gone, and her hull and shrouds en cased in ice, would make the harbor, while others, lees fortunate, lay stranded on the beach, above and below tbe moutfa. Crowds of men, with spy glames, swept the foaming surface of the lake and reported vestels ui der Point Abino, riding out the storm, and others scudding for dear nfe farther away upon the expanse of tumbling, angry waters. in ihf streets, signboards and tin roofs rolled and crumbled like paper, conductor pipes, branches of trees, parts of chimneys, shingles and lumber, im peded wayfarers, and gave evidence of the destruc tion the tempest had wrought. Business was sus pended; none thought of buying or selling; mer chants sat over their stoves and cracked nuts or whittled, while the ladies kept at home and felt as blue as they had a mind. [FroA the Buffalo Commercial.] The gale of yesterday continues, and i) this morn ing accompanied by a bitter snow storm; wind a little south of west. Out door business is almost entirely suspended. The schooner Armada, which cleared from this port for Saginaw a few days since, returned at an early hour this morning, having made Point an Peles light before the gale struck her. Capt Tracy reports a large number of ves sels under shelter at Long Point. Luckily there is not 88 yet mnch of a fleet on the lake bound down. A schooner, name unknown, is ashore on Wind mill ieef, b? tw?en the lighthouse and Fort Erie. The canal boat East Wind, loaded with railroad iron, was ran into and sank by the schooner Lewis Cass, on Sunday right, near the foot of Wain street. She will be raised with difficulty as soon aa the wea ther moderates. The scow Granville from Gibraltar, with a cargo of staves, went ashore on Point an Pelee a week ago, last night, but succeeded in getting off, by throwing over a part of her cargo, and In reaching this poit. The extent of the damage to the vessel has not yet been ascertained. We learn from the Brighton Sentinel, that on Monday last, five vessels wvnt ashore in the gale, to tbe East, and in sight of Presque Isle harbor. The Edith, of Hamilton, laden with 4,000 bushels wheat, sunk ber deck two feet under water. The Forest Queen, of Oakville, from Lake Erie, laden with staves, ber rudder and item post gone. The William and John, laden with plaster, aground. The Para Eon, of Toronto, aground, with two feet water in old. The Sarah Franoes, of St Catharines, rudder and foremast gone. There is little doubt others met the same fate farther East. The Toronto Leader, ot Monday, says that on Friday night, the schooner Jane Wood, owned by Forward A Smitb, Oswego, went ashore in a.gale of wind, at the Highlands, abont 14 miles below To ronto. The night was very dark, and the command er, Captain Hamilton, mistook a fishing light for that of Toronto hsrbor. The vessel was laden with 4(J0 bble. of fa t, marble and some merchandise for Toronto, which is probably_ail lost. The ere w hap piiy t-scaped. Efffcts of a Galk on the Upper Lake.?The Chicago Journal ol Saturday sveving has the fol awing items:? Slice yesterday there have been s large number of Lower Lake at rivals. Quite a number of the gal lant craft bear marks of tbe hard usage of their trip. Frtm the lumber regions we learn that the schooners Eio, Twin Brothers, Lizzie Ttooup, and Ellen Stewart, which went ashore early in the week on the north bar at Grand Haven, had not been got off up to Thursday, though all could be easily got afloat, with the exception of the Ellen Stewart, of and from this city to Grand Haven with 120 tons of iron. Her mainmast had gone by the board, and her boll was breaking up. She will be a total loss. She was owned by A. Covert, Esq., of this city, and is insured for 13,000. The Twin Brothers is re ported full cf water. The schooner Three Bells, with a cargo of railroad iron, attempted to enter the harbor "between seven and eight o'clock yesterday monflhg, hut grounded on the oar, near the North pier. By the aid of her canvass and hawsers she got ott; after an hour of hard work, having experienced no damage except chafing against the pier. New Patents leaned. List of patents issued from the United States Patent Office fer the week ending November 14,1854, each bear ing that date. Edwin Allen, of Sonth Windham, Conn., for improve ment in machinery for carving atone. Levi B. Ball, of Putnam, Ohio, for improvement in bmut machines. Win. Bancroft, of Whiteford, Ohio, for improvement in cultivators. Henry Bates, of New London, Conn., for improvement in slide valves for the exhaust steam. WnuHeebe, of New York, N. Y.. for improvement In double cylinder boilers for hot water apparatus. Martin Bell, of Sabbath Rest, and Edward B. Isett. of Cold Spring Forge, Tyrone city, Pa., for improvement in furnaces for making iron direct from the ore. Wm. Bell, of Boston, Mass., for improved lamp caps. Job Brown, of Lawn Ridge, 111, for improvement in j cultivators. Thos M. Chapman, of Oldtown, Me., for improved de ! vice for adjusting mill saws. Matthias P. Coons, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for multigrade iron fence. Horace J. Crandall, of East Boston, Masa., for im proved method of adjusting vessels upon the keel blocks of dry, sectional or railway docks. Geo. Crotnpton, of Worcester, Mass., for improvement in looms for weaving figured fabrics. Daniel Harris, of Boston, Mass., assignor to John P. Ik wker, Jr., of same place, for improvement in sewing ! machines. Jonathan Illbbs, of Tullytowa, Pa., for improvement in (loughs. Geo Hodgkintcn, of Cincinnati, Ohio, for improved , up nig machine. ( co T. Leucb, of Piston. Mass., for improvement in the nietLod of engaging and disengaging self-acting oar buikcs. Fiancia Maton. of New York, N. Y., for improvement ? ti breach loading Are arms. >\m Morris, ot Philadelphia, IV, for improvement In mm.bus rcgibtcrs. Jos. Miller, oi Glean, N. Y., for improvement in rail road car i oupling. V m Moore, ot Belleville, 0., for improvement in grain v'rnouers. Alphens Myers, of I-ogansport, Ind., for tape-worm trsp. Alpliius Myers, of Logansport, Ind., for tape-worm ojeraticn. C. B Normand. Havre, France, for mode of control ling and guiding log* In saw mills without a carriage. Patented in England the 27th Oct., 1862. Patented in France, November 6,1862. C. B. Normand, of Havre, France, for improved method of lianging sawe for mills. C. B. Normand, of Havre, Prance, for improved method of controlling the log for curved and bevel sawing. Pa tented in Ftanoc, Nov. 6, 1862. English patent, Oct 27, 186-J. Julius A. Pease, of New York, N. Y., for improvement in India rubber over shoes. Charles A. Robbins, of Iowa city, Iowa, for improved excavator sod ditching plough. Geo. D. b till eon, of Rochester, N. Y., for improved ex cavating machine. Wm. btoddsrd, of Lowell, Mass., for shingle maehlne. Jacob Swart*. of Buffalo, N. Y., for improvement in grain and grass harvester*. Penjamln James Tsrtnsn, of Philadelphia, Pa., for im provement in machinery for stretching and drying cloth. Orson Westgatf, of Hicevllle, Pa., tttr saw guage. I eon Jarosson, of Jersey City. N. J., for improved me thod of constructing printing blocks. Gee. Bruce, oi New York, N. Y., for improvement in casting type*. George Thompson and Merrill A. Pnrbush, of Worces ter, Mass., for improvement in rollers for pattern chairs for looms. Jonathan W. Caldwell, of Rochester, N. Y., for im proved arrangement of lever and catch fer tow lines of canal boats. m-imm. ? , Samuel Canby, of ElUcotfs Mills. Md., for Improve ment in winnowing machines. Baton ted December ?8, 1652. AtPtTIOKAL IUrmOVKMKW. F. A. Gleaeon, of Rome, N. Y , for improvemetffi in tha conatruotlon of .reed nluaicel iaatrumsnU. Patented June 20,18*4. croon conttn, l. i??rmorriNO. ? match ohm eff an Tuesday alteraoon, between a trottiag hone ud a doable team of pacers, nil# heale, heal three In five, for $2,MO. The trotter went three heeta of the raoe In harness, aid the two last under the saddle. The owner of the patera drew them after the fourth heat, belwvlHLthat th* had no chanoe of winning, ae it had beooeM dark and the saddle hone had all the adnata gee he running. The tine made was nothing to apeak a#? 2:45 being the quickest heat in the rate. The pet era were Poet Boy and Lady Berins, well known on the track, and old favorites. They oeuld have won the race very easily had they been ptuperly handled in the seoond heat; but Mr. Remsen, their owner, could notahole them together, and one of them broke up se they osiae to the boots, thereby losing the heat. The bettieg on the raoe previous to the start was in favor of tho trotter, at ens hun dred to sixty, but after the first heat the same odda were current on the paoers. The track was ia very good order considering the amouat of rain that haa fallal during the last few day*. Firtt Heat?The paoers went off with the lead. Oa the upper turn Lady Bevitis broke up, bnt seen recovering, they kept the lead until, on the baok stretch, the mare breaking again, the trotter art In front and led thirty yards to the half mile pste. On the lower torn the paoers overtook him, and after a sharp brush up the homestretoh, won the heat by two or three lengths. Time, 2:46. Second Heat.?The paoers broke np aoen sftqr leaving the soore, and the trotter took the lead around the upper turn, and kept it down the hack stretch and aiound the lower torn, coning en the homestretch a length in advance: but frxn the three-quarter pole to the soore the pacers wont much faster than the trotter, paaing him at the diawgate, and led him three or four lengths, untfi, nesting the judge's stand, Lady Bering broke op, and not being taken np until she oroased the soore, the judges gave the heat te the trotter, rime, 2;4S. Third Heat.?Mr. Oakley now took the paoem in hand, Mr. Btmsen being unable to drive tham anw longer. They had a gcod send off, and went ninslf along, close up to the trotter, until they reached the quaiter pole, when the mare broke np and out her quarter. Bhe soon settled, however, and her and mate clcsed gradually on the trotter, paming him, and taking the pole on the lower torn, coming home tbrte length* ahead, in 2:46}. Foui tk Heat.?A great dt al of time was wasted ia scoring, and it was dark when the word was given. Nothing was seen of the horses from the time they left the score until they returned; they in bead and bead. A dead heat was deolared. Time, 3:02. Fifth Heat The pacers being drawn, tha trotter was started alone, and he Went moderately around. Time not taken. The following is a summary:? Tuesday, Nov. 14.?Matoh $2,000, mile heats, best three in five. Obe Smith named oh.g. Obe Smith, under the saddle 2 1 2 0 1 James Remsen named pacing team Lady Bevins and Post Boy 1 2 1 0 dr. Time, 2:45?2:48?2:46}?3:02?net given. Tlie Purchase of the Sandwich Islands. [From the ?an Francisco Herald, Oct. 83.] This subject has been long under consideration, sad attracted so much attention that it ia of interest to the entire community. The last rumor relating to the mat ter was, that the American government had agreed to give King Kamehameha $300,000 per annum during his life, and the same to the heir apparent while he exists, ia consideration of their surrendering their claims to the sovereignty to the United States government. The state ment is so entirely absurd as to scarcely require a con tradiction. It is to be presumed that those at the head of our national affairs are at least not destitute of com mon sense, and such a statement as the above is a com plete contradiction to such a surmise. Intrinsically, the value of the Sandwich Islands amounts to but little. The whaling fleet has made them what they are, aad now sustains them, and when once withdrawn, as it wiB be, in favor of its natural depot, San Francisco, tha islands will only be valuable for a coaling aad recruiting station for our anticipated China and Japan fleet of steamers. To corroborate this opinion lot us refer to facts. All will acknowledge that the main foundation of the prosperity of the islands most be their agri cultural products, yet California is shipping to them by every vessel that leaves for their ports n con siderable amount of potatoes, barley, oniona, fee. The Flying Dart, which sailed but a short time sinee, took 300 bags of potatoes, 20 sacks of onions and 100 bags of barley, and this is but one vessel out of nt least four a month which leave here for that' destina tion. This fact must be a heavy offset against their otticial account of domestic produce shipped, which in 1863 amounted to only $281,609 17, notwithstanding in bis amount a snppositionary calculation is made, barging each wbaleship's supplies in gross. To recur back to the consideration of the amount as erted to be paid to the United States government, for lie purpose of arguing the complete absurdity or the tatement, we give the full amount received by his Kanaka Majesty ?et the presenttime, from the nation, for the support of his dignity. It is taken from the civil st, approved August 11, 1864:? I'or his Majesty's Privy Purse 810,000 For ltis Majesty's Koysl State 4,000 For his Majesty's Medical Attendant 2,000 I or her Majesty the Queen 1,000 1 or his Royal Highness, (heir apparent) 3,000 For Prince Kamehameha, General of Division and Privy Counsellor 808 Total 1 820,800 ?Which is the whole amount received by the King and heir apparent. We opine it would be a satisfactory speculation for hia Majesty to sell out for the snug sum of 0300,000 per annum. The whole receipts of customs amounted in the year 1863 to 8186,640 17, from which is to be deducted tha cost of collection, leaving the amount of net assets at a small figure. That these islands will eventually be incorporated into our Union is beyond a question, but not on such exorbi tant and indefinite terms. There is a possibility, if not a probability, that the "heir apparent" may Uve fifty years, and it is scarcely to be supposed our government would lay itself liable to give htm twelve times the sala ry of the President during tllkt period. Theatres and Exhibition*. Academy or Music.?The managers of the Opera House announce that Signor Mario will appear on Friday even ing, in Rossini's comic opera of "11 liarbiere de Siviglia." The cast embraces the names of Grisi, Mario, Badiali and Suslnl. Bro.adw.4T Theatre.?The dramatic pieces selected for this evening are the farco of a "Pleasant Neighbor," the comic drama entitled "Bob Nettles," and the drama of the "Devil's In It." This theatre is well filled every night, and the performances seem to afford great plea sure to the visiters. Bowkrt Theatre.?This establishment, since the in troduction Of the equestrian troupe, is doing a fine busi ness. The evening's entertainment will commence with equestrian scenes in the ring, which will bo followed by the drama of the "Lonely Man of the Ocean." There will be an afternoon performance on Saturday. Burton's Theatre.?1The manager of this theatre, ever anxious to present his patrons with dramatic productiona of novelty, will produce, this evening, for the first time on any stage, a new American piece, called "The Upper Ten and the Lower Twenty"?all his leading artists in the cast. National Theatre?Manager Purdy is as active as ever in catering well for his patrons. To-night he an nounces the drama of the "Ethiop," with tirattan Daw son as the hero of the piece, and the drama of tha "Devil's Daughter," in whioh Miss Hathaway, a favor ite "dress, will appear as Miranda. Wallace's Thkatkb.?This well regulated theatre con tinues to draw large and respectable audiences. Mr. Wallack has appeared himself for nearly eight weeks, tn crowded houses. The selections for this evening are " London Assurance," and the farce of " My Wife's Second floor." Metropolitan Theatre.?Miss Julia Dean, an actrasa of considerable dramatic celebrity, has been playing for the past week, with success. She appears this evening, in the play of " Tortesa, tha Usurer," as Isabella Fal cone, and Kddy sustains the part of Tortesa. American Mukktm.?1The dramatic performances to ba given here this afternoon and evening comprise fox very attractive pieces. Oners, Castle Garden.?A very attractive entertain ment is advertlsod for the benefit of Mr. Joseph Sweet, this evening. An afternoon performance will also bo given. Wood's Minstrels ?" The Mummy" will bo given to night. Buckutt's Serenaderr?'The opera of "Noma" wtt? be repeated this evening. Wood's Varieties, 4TS Brodwat.?The company en gaged here offer a good programme for to- night. Bhwit or W. V. Wallace.?This distinguished eom jxiser's benefit will take place on Monday evening next, at the Broadway theatre. Miss Louisa l'yne, Mr. Harri son and others are to appear on tha occasion. There can he little doubt but that Mr. Wallace will reoetvs en that evening a substantial proof, from the musical pee pie of New York, that his merits as a musical composer are properly appreciated. PiutPAmrarr or Postage on Utters to Cali fornia?It often happens that a letter intended for California is mailed in the Atlantic States with a single throe cent stamp placed thereupon. The Post Office De partment haa decided that. Inasmuch as this prepay ment does not satisfy h single full rate of postage, it can only be regarded aa a deduction of three cents from the original unpaid rate, leaving seven oents to be collected at the office of delivery. When three cents have been paid on a double letter sent from one office tn tlio Atlan tic Statea to another, the amount remaining doe at the office of delivery is but five cents, for in this case the sum prepaid is sufficient to satisfy one of the two rates with whioh snch double letter Is chlrgeabOe. Tn* Infanticide in Philadelphia.?-Pamela Myers was fully committed In Philadelphia, on the 14th inst , to answer the charge of murder. The uncle, Mr. ftiyder, was discharged, there being no evidence of hia complicity In the offence. H# was held, however, in ?M? to appesr as a wit nans. Thos. Rice was held in m like sum for the same purpose, and the female wltr" were held in MOO each as witnesses.