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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 16, 1854, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Our London Coti?pood???
London Oct. 14,1964.
Anrrican Authort and Engliih Piraty.
As %a wdepend n advocate o' American tote
rsvte anJ tguol jas'ice, we ap.eal to the Hiuld
for too icweitlon of a ew fact* illustrating the aflbot
of toe lav deci-loa to the Huuce of Lorda respecting
copyright.
Po(i?he<i Theoretical, and embody'ng philosophi
cal principle# Strang y at variance with a spirit of
bdntv:Un.e and justice, t'-e essay against iaterna
tional oopj i-ght lately givvn to the world by lfr.
II. C. Cai ey, has had a stogu'ar effect In aiding the
wholesale piracy of American works now going on
to Kogiin i. Nothing could hare to strongly en
couraged dishonesty, or ao completely set at aanght
that ciriect a] stem of trade which honest men were
disponed to protect. Could Mr. Gar y hare foreseen
the singular revolution produced in the book trade
of this city by the late decision, a s^nse of jastioe
for the poor writer whoae bread is eked from his
pen's p< tot might have in >veo him to withhold his
able advocacy of wholetule plundering. Could he
hare set n thoee pcor but nobie-uitoded men, whose
latomns bave gone forth for a world's good, strag
gling to iive in povcrt--stricken tenements, the
btead asm from the months of honest hearted men
who, loving their profession, had barely subsisted by
toeir UUra-y labors?the father who had main
tained j is little family respectably by the fruits of
. mi mental labors, deprived of his Bnstenanoe, and
driv.u to stik other meats of living?could he have
seen the pirate publisher gloating in his triumph
over hii honest brother in trade, who, through the
inert prompting of principle, had acknowledged the
author's rights, and paid him for his labors, and all
toe effect of the vtrysysitm he so philosophically
a Ivor a" es, be would, to the very honesty of a frigid
i tart, have hesitated before giving to the world an
essay the who e teior of which is to set aside the
right cf aii author to hi# mental labors.
We 6ie It J to believe that Mr. Carey, to his love
of 'ii o j, aid st time# reason against his own bit
r jaJgnunt. forgetting the effect piratical results
must have forced upou his mind. Tha pirate pub
to his frensv of joy fur the overthrow of
honesty, cairrea oil that lor which his honest
brother b?s paid, appropriates it to his own use,
and laughs ii his sleeve while thinking how ably
he is denuded in nis plundering by the very phllo
sepbi al Mr. Carey. The pi ate publisher has no in
tention of remunerating the wretched author. No!
His ready appropriation oi American literature,
with its toighung influence, and total prostration of
an hornet system of trade, is sanctioned and advo
cated by Mr. H. C. Carey, an iatslligent American,
who would penetrate tue grossest act o: injustice
against his own countrymen, wuose labor he nukes
till toe pockets of dishonest trade* men. Mr. Carey
laudles his subject with a calmness of logic that at
first sight might make him appear a disinterested
believer in the ve y dishonest system he advocates;
Sit further investigation leads us to the conclusion
at, he ( we speak from results the very system he
advocates has produced,) is governed by that spirit
of self protection which long association with a
trade .denving its pecuniary advantages from a pe
culiar system engeu :ers in the tradesman. Bat tue
anomaly of Mr. Carey's position is no less forcible
than Strang*-; for while he professes to be a bold ad
voeaie ut high protective duties ou articles of con
sumption aid gratification, the manufacture of
books must bo a distinctive exception, and for
which lie would neither have proteotton nor ac
knowledge its being inveited with a property right.
In the eyes of Mr. Carey, physical produotiou is pro
petty which he would nave the government prate.t
with a high tariff?while to mental production he
would der y all claims to property rights, and leave
it at the mercy or every thief who saw fit to carry
it off. In a word, he would make all literary labors
secondary to the publisher's interests, divest men
tal production of its rights, and give mental con
sumption the b:Oldest and freest license to appro
priate what may please it to its own use. He would
nave the publisher alone remunerated, while de
grading the author to a m*te dependent being, the
7 * ? ' -? V 1-* All nAalrata
fruits of whose labor be would have fill the pockets
of dishonest tradesmen. To the same tradesmen
he would give the power of influencing public taste
in Its demands for reading.
We do act mean to lollowMr.Care/thrcngh the many
theoretical intrici ies with which his ees iy abounds,
oonteutu g ourselves with giving a few practical
i .<mitral?. >ns of the result of tne system of no copy
right he so strei.utnsly advocates. Ween we have
cote this we shall submit to the American reader
whether it is not higo time something were done to
prv tect the interests of American authois, to re
move that stigma of not having a literature, under
w bioh we have s I long labored, and to put an end to
?.hat system of international plundering now being
P actisKl by certain publishing housts, on both aides
of the Atlantic, whose only object would seam toe
total sacrifice of the author's interests. If Congress
has Litbtito tum'd a deaf ear to the demands of
justice, and set the claims of American authors at
uaugLt?l1 the publishing power wields its m >ney
tifluent e at the Capitol to snut out tie reasonable
claims of these who, though humble in life, have
enriched their county's fame by their mental la
bors, so much more the shame and ingratUu ie.
Up to 1862 the merit of American works was
sparingly acknowledged in England. This, we are
constrained to say, arose as much from a spirit of
prejudice as any other cause. Tnere were, never
theless, a oettain number of American authors the
intrinsic merit of whose writings atlra ted admira
tion, arid gained for them a reputation and circula
tion of ao ordinary kind. Among these were Ban
croft, Preesott, W ashington Irving, Cooper, Emer
son, Loocfellow, Abbott, Barnes, liana, and a few
others. The standard reputation given to the works
of these authors soon caused them to be sought
after by English publishers. Prominent among
these publishers was Mr. John Murray, who, beiog
at the heal of the publishing business in Londoa,
produced the works of several of these authors in
his very best style, gaining for them s reputation
among English readers not surpassed by their own
writer- of distinction. To their shame be it said,
Mr. John Murray did that to raise the reputation of
American writers, which they bad long expected in
vain from tneir own publishers: he put their works
prominently before toe public?nor spared expanse
tc make toe author's name known. For all tnese
woiks Mr. Murray, whose aim is to protect the
character of his profession, as well a? to sustain
personal honor, paid liberally. In some instances
he paid Washington Irving as much as one thoaaand
pounds for a stogie work. This was not only tacitly
imkno sledging the just claims of authors to
the fruita of
. their labors, but acted as a
stimulant of American literature; and the pub
lisher, having . a supposed protection for his
legal purchase, at mat time respect id by
the pirate who would otherwise stand ready to
carry c ff his ill-gotten spoils, found bis Amen an
commodity profitable to such an extent as to war
rant him in making further advances. Those ad
canoes cot only stimulated American energy, bat
Steterially aided in removing that long endured
stigma American publishers had done so much
to perpetuate?"America has no literature." In
addition to this, the supposed protection gave toe
respectatie publisher a limited power and control
aver an botes'. system of trade, without in any way
Rffeoiing or i -terfertng with the interests of English
autbois The demand for this literature seemed to *
be of a iinflictive character, and rather encouraged
UU- a.do.e class English writer than otherwise.
Ill* fruits of his labor no; being shot out by all
sorts of American trash thrown promiscuously upon
toe market
After Mr. Murray follow the Messrs. Bentley,
wno, with less liberality towards American authors,
profe*s to have paid large sums to Bancroft, Pres
cott. Cooper, and one or two others. Were we
ignorant of Messrs. Bentley's system of des'.iug
with Krgl'sb authors ws might be inclined to credit
t ie statement they ostentsti ualy parade before the
publio. Messrs. Benfcey art not of that s.-hool to
wfaich Mr. Murray belongs, profit, not remuneration
to the author, being their primary object. Few
English authors have had occasion to thank them
for sums received as the profits of their works.
Were we to recapitulate the oomplaints of Mr.
Dickens and others against this particular publish
ing bouse, it would redact but little credit on the
liberality of the proprietors. Our object being to
?peek of things a* we find them, we thus refer to
tne Messrs. Bentley, giving what is known to bo
the feelire towards item in Isoudon, where ws
never yet beard an English author speak respectful
ly of them. If, then, they bave shown such a moan I
spirit toward their own authors, how much reliance
can we place in the statement of their having paid
large sums to American authors? That they have
strictly adheied to a legitimate trade, refusing to
follow the pirate's di '
dishonest course, Is m true as
that they bave paid certain sums to American
authors, and promised otoars; nor docs it follow that
because the sums paid by Messrs. Bmtley ware
urnall their encouragement of American writers did
not result in extending the sphere of their labors.
Every encouragement, however small, tended to
elevate the character of American literature abroad,
sod the publisher wbj, acting from prtnei dee
of justice, paid the American author for his
labor, ciaimed no improper control over the
testes a| his patron*. Not so the pirate
publisher. He would sink the author's rights, and.
TfUtog bis material without cost, force upon toe
public at a mere percentage for himself, the very
vuka for wfciob bis hones; brother bid paid. Tj
tne pirate publisher authors ara mere cyphers, pro
ducing something u?j hive no right to otoim as pro
perty. oeverthe-ess vtry va'uab'e to him, and wtiich
j? has a right to carry off and give to the pobl.c
** wua.m price may please him. The public, we
HHHJte Ml Mk that snob ? eorrnnttng sytfea
I should be practised for their benefit. Tke;fc?r???
hjgMjjg U beoome part? la that which svor
throws the lun of equitable trade, seta the howest
trademua's intenttoaa at deOaaoe, forbids the au
thor's living, sad transplant* sa hoaest trsde with
the most flagrant sod oorrnpt practices thst eta be
imagined.
Under the rigimt we bsre described, the Amen*
csa suthor begun to .'ree himself from the grasp of
the American publisher, who had la s measure con
trolled teste tor reading. Independent of tha Ame
rican publisher, the American suthor was fast gain
ing a position which would enable him to break
down that very centralisation Mr. Carey ao much
fears, but which the very system he advooates
tends to preserve. He forgets that by denying the
author's right of property in ais labara the pub
lisher'a power becomes absolute, and just in that
place where he can procure mechanical labor at the
lowest rate his trade will centre.
Since 1*52 a new impetus hsa been given to
Americas literature in Great B itain by the publica
tion of" Uncle Tom's Cabin." No less than thirty-four
Idiflen nt London and Edinbarg editions, produced
by nineteen different pubUahiog hensee, were sent
into the market sad sold. It is estimated that above
two millions of copiee of Uncle Tom were sold
within fifteen months. No effort having been made
to Becure s copyright, the woik was at the mercy
of these who chose to publish it In a few instances
remuneration was made to the suthor, the pub
liahera distinctly stating that they did It npon what
they conceived to be a proper respect for the au
thor's rights One house very liberally gave Mrs.
Stowe a thousand pounds; but thst the very house
which printed and circulated more than an^ other.
never intended to make any compensation,
lpown fact. Here, then, the promptings of honest
principle are brought in contact with a reckless
system of purloining ; and all this is sanctioned by
the laws of a land aenying to an author all right to
his property, if that property be sent beyond the
tits of his l
limits of his own country.
The singular and unprecedented demand for
" Uncle Tom" led to the reprinting of nearly every
Am* neat book of promise. If the author could se
cure this copyright by first publishing here, so much
the better lor biimelf. Another cltss of American |
authors now came in, and by taking advantage of !
the apparent right the law gave, received consider- ;
able sums for their writings from English publishers. I
Mis* Warner, Hawthorne, Curtis, Melville, Bayard 1
Taylor, and Col bourn Adams, were recipients of
considerable Bums for their literary labors. Ths :
last named received ?200 for his "Sovereign Rule of
fcouth Carolira." Not one of these authors could
now get a sixpence for their works. They have
trans-Atlantic names?it may be paid for by ths
would-be honest publisher b?but they now serve
only the pirate's interests. The legalized open trade
now proclaimed by the House of Lords has divested
the American author of all rignt to bi* works, and
with it swept away all hope of fnrther remuneration.
Dickens and others of nis class are protected by
their fame, while the law of taste will always create
a demand for their works; but the less fortunate
English author (whose writings may contain more
material good) finds his writings valueless in the
eyes of the publisher, who can print any sort of
American works, for which he has no c>p/right to
pay. He can print them at his own price; and the
author's property being at his disposal, the only
profit he expects is a small per centage for himself.
Thus, while the market is flooded with every sort of
American trash that can taint the name of Ameri
can literature, the publisher centralizes his po wer,
and alone is benefitted. Again, this species of lite
rature becoming current in the market, naturally
destroys the demand for the ordinary English
writer's labor, without benefitting the American,
whose writings are made by the publisher to super
sede. In this state of the case, everything becomes
secondary to the publisher who will centralize nis
Cower, and make the most mercenary system serve
is ends.
The old established and respectable publishing
houses, which heretofore did so muoh to give .pro
nrnence to Amerioan authors and their works, de
cline to have anything further to do with American
works until some protection be afforded them. They
evtn decline to publish an American work. The
consequence is that tve pirate publisher waits till
they appear in America, procures an early oopy,
and puta bis edition before the English public, only
too glad to avail bimeelf of the security the decision
of the House of Lords affords his plunderings.
Much as the mind may recoil from the be
meaning influence of such protected piracy, it
cannot but view with contempt the intelli
gent man who would boldly come lorward as its
advocate. And satisfied then with destroying
the market hitherto open to the poor English au
thor, usually but poor, American authors must
now be iont< nt with having their works published
in the most deplorable manner, and by persons made
rickless by competition, and unable, from want of
means, either to preserve the reputation of the au
thor or to return him one cent remuneration. Tne
Messrs. Sampson, Boo A and Sons, who bare strug
gled hard and done much to protect the interests of
Ame lean authors, cow find themselves stript of
all legal means by which to keep American works
from the pirate's hands. Their house made agency
its chief business; and in its endeavors to protect
Ami rican interests, bad recently gained trreat ad
vantages for those interests, as well as c e lit for
themselves, by the prompt and honorable iuan.or in
which they made returns to American authors. Le
gally, they now find themselves helpless; and what
they may hereafter do for the protection of Ameri
can literature, will depend much npon the respect
shown to the paltry expedients of incorporating
portions of English writing in American works, to
which tbey are now driven. An act of justice to
the rights of authors by the two governments would
obviate this driving honest men to such miserable
shifts.
The reader cannot fail to see that in the absence
of all protection or acknowledgment of the au
thor's lignttohis mental labors, that ths poor au
thor is shut out; the man whose name has become
f. m as in literature Increases his strength, and the
publi hing power becomes centred in that point
where labor is cheapest. The rich man, with means
to publish his own works, may write to gratify nis
tai-te, and give his Ubor to the public without
remuneration; Messrs. Dickens, Bulwer and Tnaek
ary will yet obtain large sums for their light labors,
for the pit ate pubic-her must have a cloak for h's
ini<|uitot s trade, and will make his boast of large
compensation for certain works and names to the
total sacrifice of the author's whose works he pi
rates. To the pirate publisher some pretenc? is
necessary for tne purpose of giving a shadow of
character to his system of trade; and the works of
snob authors as we have herejnamed, he conceives
necessary to give an additional itnpe us to his sales.
This, then, is the verysys em which must create that
blighting centralization Mr. Carey so much fears.
Be winld give all power to the London publisher,
and forever keep London the centre of book mak
ing. The very state of things which Mr. Carey so
much dreads is now, by the system he advocates,
incoming a fearful reality. On American literature
the effect will be bli-hting in the extreme. The
American publisher has 1 >ng kept them under his
thumb screw; but now nothing can save them from
ntter dw-tnution, but the passage of some protective
law. American wri'crj aie driven back to their
own country (not so their works, for ths London
Jublif-hers will flood the market with them, while
e sends English publications to Amerioa at a
cheaper ra'ethan they can be produced there) when
they will again become mere literary dependents,
subject to the publisher's peculations. England,
which now supplies so large a portion of our mental
demands, has it in her power to fbrnish tae whole.
An American Author.
The Experience or a Sensitive Man in New
Yowx.?"I dltied one day at the Irving Hnuae. The man
next to me said to hie neighbor. "How's floor to day I"
"Why, riding?we made a nice thing of it this morning?
a few thousands."
Pined neat day at the Aator. Man next to me observed
to hie frienda. "Well, how's Erie*'' "Oh! down, sir,
down?dull?very dull; but there's money in it."
Pined next day at tit. Nicholas. Man next to me said
to his neighbor. "Shipping business bad, isn't itt" "I
should think so;you can buy a ship now for Ave thousand
dollars leas than you could two mouths ago, and freights
are awfully low."
Pined next day at the Metropolitan. Man next to me
said to his neighbor. "Whsft's the news from Europe 1"
"Contois have fallen one-half, and money is tight "
Pined next day at New York Hotel. Man next to me
said to his neighbor. "By Jove, that'* a pretty girl
yonder." "She Ts so, and besides is worth a hundred
." I at once left the table. Heavens ! exclaimed
I, is there no spot in this great city where a man can eat,
without having such talk crammed down his throat with
his food f Money?money?money.?Buffalo Courier.
Health of New Om.itA.va?The total number of
denths in New Orleans during the week ending on the
Ptli inst. was 192. or which 42 were from yellow fever.
The Picayune of the 0th says:?The total number of
deaths the previous week was 243, and of yellow fever.
107?ahowing a very gratifying decrease in favor of last
week. Of yellow fever cases, thirty four died in the
Charity Hospital, leaving only eight for the entire city
In-side. Tliia, in the face of the great number of unac
climated persons who have arrived in the *city during
the week, is proof conclusive that the fever is' rapidly
snd surely dying out.
Anthony Bcrnr Recovered from his Illness
and NOLO.?A few weeks since the Boston Tramcript
?.tilted that letters from Burn*, in the Richmond jail, to
his Boston friends, Informed them that he was danger
ously a ck of tvphoid fevor. It maybe eome gratifica
tion to hia Boston frienda to learn that Anthony, their
wooUy hendcd friend, has entirely recovered from his
illness, and that he left here on Friday, the 3d last., In
possession of Pavtd McPaniet, Esq., of Nash county. N.
who purchased him for the purpose of putting him
to work iu a cotton field, or where duty calls.?Rich
mond Eftfiiirrr, Nov. 18.
A Town Hold for Pkht.?The town of Peter*
burg, Hjg former coont\ seat of Lavaca county, Texaa,
?raa sold by the Sheriff of that county a short time
since, for debt The property went remarkably low.
The old Court House sold for sixteen dollars; the old
tavern stand for fifteen dollars, and other property ia
proportion.
noil ocsBorwe ooeeeromwr.
Chicago, Hi., Mot. Id, 1864.
Situation of Cincinnati?Names qf Streets? Society?
Young Men'l Institute? Their Library and Lectures?
Anecdote qf Thadtery? Cincinnati Ferries?Architec
ture? Cathedral?Reflections upon it?Hotels?Private
Residences?Eastern Friends Met Here-Rev. Dr. But
ler, qf Christ Church-Paid Fire Department-Its Suc
cess and Benefits?Line of Travel to Chicago?Aspect
of the Country in Indiana?Illinois?The Prairie?
Prairie on Fire?Manner in which the Railway Track
is Carried into Chicago.
The Queen of the West did not captivste me lang,
though her charms are far from beiag deepioeble.
Almost everybody known how Cincinnati nUndn,on
the lofty, eloping bank of the Ohio?a hideoua, naked
elope of water worn earth when the river lafow, and
showing the marks of it* immense rise; at other timee
making the incredible difference of some sixty feet.
From the brow of this elope the city rises on a pret
ty steep hill, something like Atlantic street in
Brooklyn, to a broad table land, which is the princi
pal level of Cincinnati. The sereets parallel to the
river are numbered First, Second, Third, Ac.; the
ctom streets are variously named from trees,
like Philadelphia, as Walnut, Syounore, Vine. But
Cincinnati retain blea New York more than Philadel
phia, without yet having the metropolitan aspect of
either. The manners of the people are more oour
teous than at the East?there is lees harry and dis
traction. In Intellectual culture, it begins to vie
with Boston, and partakes largely of the spirit of
Massachusetts in its social life, bnt 1b vastly more ge
nial and leaa cliquey (if I may cola tke ward), less
pretentious, in fact, as, indeed, it has far inferior pro
U DBions, we must allow.
The Young Men's Institute has line rooms?the
beat I have seen out of New York, when the Mer
cantile Library distances all competition. Tney hare
14 000 volumes and a reading room or really noble
extent and admirable arrangement. Their enterprise
in the matter of lectures merit* all praise. All the
principal stars of the East are on their list. Tuack
ery was engaged by them?ne, by some indivi
duals I think?at a great risk, but left the country
without even sending them word?a siagularlty
which I bope admits of explanation. The ferries
are nnwi (thy of Cincinnati. Tue only communica
tion between the city and Covington, on the
Kentucky ride, is hardly superior to the old
Brooklyn hone boats. Tee immense difference be
tween high and low water is, it ia true, a disadvan
tage to them, but surely it is one that Yankee inge
nuity and enterprise might easily overcome. It
looks as much as one's neck is worth to descend ia
a buggy the naked and steep bank to the ferry ; and
thin you mount the boat's side by a crazy make
shift for a bridge, withont even a side-rail to pro
tect it v
To architectural beauty this Western metropolis
has vet no great claims. Most persons speak of the
Catholic cathedral as something fine, it is of
white marble, to the oroas that crowns its lofty
spire, has an nnfiniahid portico of giant columns,
and the roof is supported within by a noble colon
nade of massive gray Btone, with rich capitals. It
would be grand if it did not lack depth and long
retiring space at the sanctuary end. Without
this majesty of vastnees in the portion of the temple
which Is appropriated to the worse ip, no matter
what cost may be lavished on the part which
shelters and accommodates the worshippers, no Ro
man Catholic church will ever produce the impression
or awe ar d sublimity which is felt in the cathedrals
of Europe. Can it be that they have lost the mighty
conviction which inspired the old unknown cathe
dral builden? Are they, too, as well as Protestants,
votaries, without suspecting It, of the "anspiritnal
god" nti Ity ? As a lover of art, I should be glad to
think otherwise, for I should be soirv were my
country to loee the only chance it has of possessing
the glories and sublimities of religious architecture;
and if the Catholics would only once bnlld ni real
cathedrals,we might do like the English, and appro
priate them to onraelves. As yet, I must say they
nave not built a church worth our taking; at which
I feel very much disgusted. We have done nearly
as well as they ourselves, and in the way of paro
chial cburcbes, better.
The Burnet House is reckoned the best in Cincin
nati, but as we were staying with friends, I cannot
speak of i's merits. Our loca't was very attractive,
and gave a pleasant notion of a domestic residence
in a Western city?garden court in front of the wide
double house, and a longer range of shrubbery and
t ecu betwien the bouse and its neighbor, formed a
prett sus in utbr in the heart of Cln ionad. We
u nnd many an old Eastern friend, long lost sight of,
d< miouia'td there, as well as here, among whom
we may mention the Rev. Dr. C.M. Butler, formerly
O' Washington city, who has just assumed the
rc-ctoisbip of Christ Church. But the tniog whi h
mprt sstd us moat with 11 e sense of practical utility
u the sphere of municipal and social progress in
C ncii nati, was the new paid fire corps. F.x nine
mm thf, I was told, there bad not been a tire in this
C 'y sfii< us enough to be noticed. The steam fire
em >nes are a particularly su cessful experiment;
and ihe gain to public and, especially, juvenile mo
r?lit j, fro m the breaking up of those rendezvous of
disorder, idleness and mischief in a large city?the
engine houses of volunteer companies?has been
marked. How long will metropolitan New York
endure a system that experience snows to be fraught
with so many evils?
As I wished to visit Chicago and Milwaukie
before the eold set in, I quitted Cincinnati after a
few dais. Five railroads, five changes of cars, and
fifteen hoars' travel, carried me across Indiana and
Ulinoia to this city. The line is very level. In Indi
ana there are beautiful woods to diversify it,
but as yon get upon the Michigan Cen
tral road, a region of bonnd'ess prairie,
mostly denuded of wood, breaks upon you. As
far as the eve can reach extends toe same level
plain, covered with dry yellow graaa, and showing,
wherever the soil turned up, a black, rich lookiog
loam. Occasionally there is a thin grove of low
oska, and at a distance of ten miles the horizon is
frirred with wood* Flocks of wild geeae are scared
up by tho advancing train, and twinkling flights of
prairie chickens. At nightfall the scene became
splendid. The prairie was on fire all around as.
Yon wonld h?ve said that an enemy was passing
through it, marking his path by hundreds of burn
ing villages. Onoe or twi e we dished right
through a burning grove, and it was curious as
well u pitiful to see trees whose tops were still
covered with autumnal leaves, their trunks all
blazing brands. About half-past 10 o'clock P. M.
we came upon Lake Michigan, and the cars rolled
along in front of the oity of Chicago, on a track
laid upon piles right through the lab, with water
on both sides, and defended on the lake side by a
solid btote breakwater. Ruf. Rambles.
OUR CINCDiNATI CORRESIWDENCB.
Cincinnati, Not. 1, 1854.
Last Words about " The Glades" of Pennsylvania
?Tournaments in the Alleghanies? Healthiness
of this Region? B. & O. R. R. from Cumberland
West?Beauty and Picturesqueness of the Route
?Trestles on Cheat River?A Vieto Missed?
Valleys of Western Virginia?Wheeling?Its
Bridge?Cathedral?Episcopal Daring? An Idea
Touching Enow Nothing ism? Ohio Central Rod
road?Peril of Passing the Temporary Suspension
Btidge?Splendid Condition of the Old National
Read?Scenery of Ohio?CineinneUL
If j last letter wee dated from the Glades of Penn
sylvania. 1 had the beat will to send you some
ooiioos notices of the election in that State, and of
the manoeuvres of the Know Nothings in the
back regions thereof, where the honest Ger
man native Americans, of the old Lancaster
stock, do not accept the new gospel of sec*
tarian proscription. I was still more sbougty
tempted to writeyonan aocoent ot the agricnltaral
fair of the county of Somerset, and the brilliant
tooraameot, in the Southern and Western fashion,
with which it concluded. I fancy I could hero
served it np t? your readers quite in the style
of the anther of Warsriey, or as near it, at least, aa
the gallant knlghta who Agnred mi the oocashm
approached to Occur de Lion, Iranhoe, Brian de Bole
Gilbert, Xarmioa,&o., whose names they amumed,
and whom nuncs, with thorn of Saladin, Philip de
Malvoisin, end Stanley, were mingled is glorttas
defiance of chronology on the same Add of
chivalry.
Tha wooda that mown every slope of thorn end
loss glades were bright with all the tints of autumn
when we took lea e of our summer noting olaoe,
where the enoeedlng porky and salubrity of the air,
?nd the raging of cholera-real or reported?ail
around as on the avenues of travel, kept as n greet
deel longer than we expected In the mountains. From
personal trial, I can reoombend the glades oftho AUe
ghanles as almost unequalled for n summer retire
ment, in point of heehhlneee and exemption from
the summer heats. The chief drawback u the scar
city of game in the woods and meadows, and of
treat in the streams, at Wast, compared with Ham
ilUm county and the other regions mored to sports
men; but ts meke emends, there are no mosquitoes;
from ear j AugnA to near the tad of October I sew
not one or Umtribe, or any of lie kiodnd, although
I was almost bvery day out with my gua. Tfcia, of
course, li > pri? tiHaiftw at the ?b?c> of stag
Mat water, ite nn?sgoaatly of Immunity firm
local disease. Ttoro had asi beea a foaaral U
Lavansville for alaa months, till joat before I left,
whoa two bodies wan brought there froca places
seme doaea miles off, whan, it would aaaa, they
had never had oeeaatoa for a burying grouad! This
soundk funny, but H is a fact.
We returwed to Cumber laud by stage, along the
line of the future Cumberland and Pittsburg railroad,
and after lingering a day or two in the City of Coals,
luxuriating in Its climate, after the ooid whloh had sat
in among the mountains, started in the 3 A.V. train
af the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, to cross the big
Alleghany. It was about suniiw when we reached
Oakland, where the picturesque portion of this fa
mous route begins. I may briefly say that I hare
never seen any scenery yet in this country to com
pare with it for wild and rugged beauty. Continu
ous with the glades of Pennsylvania, the glades of
Maryland, as seen from the windows of a reiloar on
this mountain road, hare none of the agricultural
and pastoral richness of the former. It was not long
before we tea bed Cheat rirer. The read here runs
along the side of a fearful precipice, cruaslng rarines
upon trestles of iron of exquisite lightness and dlszy
boldness. You look down, and far beneath y ju is a
gravel pavement, like the walk of a garden, as it
seems, but really filled In with huge stones and peb
bles. Below are solid arches of masonry. Off to the
north is a profound valley, and mountain height*
beyond; but of this we aaw only a mere
glimpse, the view being shut off by a pro
voking and untimely fog. Here ocrurred the
only accident on this railroad that erer was fatal
to passengers upon it, from the sinking of one of the
rarines. At that time the trestles-were wood, and
the substructure had not received the massive per
fection which now renders the passage of the Cheat
river one of the masterpieces of modern engineer
ing. The whole course of the road thence, nearly
to Wheeling, is a succession of beauties. 1 was fresh
from the autumnal glory of the higher Alleghanles,
but I waa astonished at the brilliant woods and
g ens of western Virginia. As we approached toe
Ohio the country grew soil, and began to be richly
cultivated.
Wheeling is celebrated for ita bridge, and boasts
a rather plain but large Roman Catholic cathedral.
Apropos of the latter, the inhabitants relate, that
when the spire was finished, (which is very lofty,)
no one of tne workmen wawfound bold enough to ;
Elant tbe crow upon the ball, whereupon the Bishop
lmself, who had labored like a mason in tbe erection
of the building, ascended to the ball, mounted upon
it, stcod balancing himself at tbe giddy height till he
had acquired his equilibrium,ami i the breathless hor
ror of the multitude below, who expected each in
stant to tee him fall, planted the cross with hit own
bsnds in tbe socket prepared for it, and safely de
scended. It is probable that few American prelates
have ever been in a more elevated position. Tais
bishop, Dr. Wbelsn, is &n American by birth, and a
vara avis among Catholic bishops in tais country?
an old fashioned whig is politics, which with some
perba s may account for the tact that the Know
Nothings entirely failed at Wheeling?the only
place, almost, in the State which they failed to
carry. But for the fact that the so called Catholic
vote in this c untry has in the main bfeen cast all
an one aide, Know Notbingism would never have
originated. At least this is my view of the ease.
The Ohio Central Railroad waa not yet completed
when we passed through Wheeling, although possi
bly it may be at the present momsnt, as I was po
sitively assured by th ee interested that the first
train would pass over the road in three days. Ws
accordingly had to take the old Ohio mail coach line,
and it was with a load of fourteen inside and five
on top, with at leaat twenty huge trunks, and am ill
articles ad libitum, that we committed our
selves to the mercy of the temporary suspension
bridge, just one carrikge-track wide, which hangs
fearfully in the air, for s distanoe of one thousand
yards across the bed of tbe Ohio. As we rolled over,
the frail structure bent beneath our weight, and I
thir k the boldest heart in tbe stage beat more firmly
when our heavily laden vehic e reached the opposite
end of the bridge. The new bridge, to replace that
carried away last spring by the tornado, is to be a
noble work. It will have an additional pier, and an
ampler system of lateral braces, so tbat it is hoped
it may defy the most violent gale.
Though it waa a tedious thing in these days to
spend ten henra in making the fifty miles between
Wheeling and Cambridge, I was ghd to do it, for
the sake of seeing the old national road, a most
beautiful work, equal to anything in Europe, wind
ing like a silver ilbbon over the hills of Ohio, smooth
as a barn floor, broad and firm and white. In the
palmy days of Btaging it must have been glorious to
travel over it. This bridges are extremely solid and
beautiful, and the numerous sharp turns In descents
are guarded by fine wa ls of masonry. It seemed a
great pity tbat so perfect a road should be just be
coming useless. The scenery was finer than I
expected, tbe landscape being exceedingly varied
with bill and vale, with occasional bursts of noble
prospects from the brow of a tedious ascent, or the
top of a lor g ridge, extending like a huge wave be
tween two valley*. But the village* were wretched.
Tbe houses ail stood directly on the street, without
guldens, without trees, hair painted, of mean archi
tecture. I had expected a richer and more fertile
Ntw England; it was anythicg else. But. after a
night passed in some two or three trains of cars,
?where we dozed vei y comfortably, we dashed into
Cinclnrati at a little part sunrise, and 1 was not
disappointed in the Queen of the West. Not to
string out this letter too long, I will reserve what I
saw, both of persons and things here, till my next
letter. Rus. Rambler.
Oar Connecticut Correspondence. I
Hartford, Ct, Not. 13,1854. I
State of Political Parties in Connecticut?Result I
Exhibited by the State Elections?The Hartford I
Town Election?The Know Nothings Likely to I
Return their Man?8ale oj the Courant Ntwspd-1
per. I
The world, lno'ading every man and hie wife,l
looks to the New York Herald for Dews, let It I
come from whatever quarter of the globe it may. I
Conseottcnt ia no unimportant part of the world,l
and her political condition ia always a matter of in-1
tereet to the shrewd politician. It ia not unlike that I
of New York. The two States, one large, the other |
small, most generally decide alike upon political
questions, thengh New York has more frequently
voted for the locofo:o candidates for the Presidency.
Last spring the Nebraska bill was a great help to
the whigs of Connecticut. It roused a hope in
them. They saw that npon that issue they could
unite the free soil interest, at least, with their own
strength. They saw, too, that it was distracting
their opponents, and this gave them fresh oourage.
The locos nominated the Hon. Samuel Ingham, of
Essex, in Middlesex county, as their oandidate for
Governor. He has served in Congress, has bear a
judge, and was probably about the strongest man
they could have selected. The whigs ran Mr. Dut
ten, who had been twioe defeated by Col. Thomas
H. Seymour, now Minister to Russia, a second cousin
of Gov. Seymour, of New York. He (Gov. Dutton)
was net a very strong man,but after all was a pretty
good candidate to draw in outride voter, such as free
soil, Maine law, Know Nothings, 0-c. The Maine
law men nominated the Hon. Charles Chapman, late
a member of Congress fro a this district, a keen
criminal lawyer, aad recently a convert to the order
oi Know Nothings. The free toilers nominated John
Hooker, Etq., a Farmington lawyer, who has an
office in this city. There was no election by the
t<opie, Ingham leading in the popular vote. But
the whigs found no difficulty in uniting with
the free sollers and Maine law men in
the Legislature, and elected Mr. Dsttoo.
He proved free soil and Maine law enough for all
uartka, and refused to organise any military com
pany composed of foreigners. The HoaJames Dixon,
of this city, formerly a member of Ooi gross, desired
very muck to secure a seat in the united States
Senate. He is a very msart young man, but is losing
the confidence of some of the best whigs. Mr. Gillette,
abolitionist, and Mr. Footer, whig, were elected to
the Senate. The Legislature then atrnok a Mow
at the free banks. It was unwise and unpopular.
It pasted the Maine law, whioh cut terms the apa
tites of many. Ifwested many banks, levying a
bonus epoa each of two per cent on its capita, and
mads large appropriations on the strength of this.
Tke banks have not generally organised, and the
treasury is unfoitunateiy gutting dry. The people
are getting dry too, end the fall elections have fe
vered the Tocos.
But the Hartford town election has not vet taken
place. The Know Nothings are prepared,however,
for the contest, which takes place two weeks from to
day. They will son for first selectman Allen B. 8011
man, a bookbinder, aad a gentleman who has long
itched for rffloe. Though a good whig, I never fen
ded hia icy heart. The whigs willrun him also,
end his election Is set down as sure. The office is
worth $800 a year. The locoa have not nominated
yet. Stillmaa ia a leading Know Nothing. The
order is flourishing here. It is opposed by the
Times newspaper, and rather fevered than other
wise by the Centra*. Tae whigs aad Kusw No
, things will both oppose Oliver D. Seymour, our pre
sent gentlemanly Collector. Ha gives satisfaction
to every body, and the interest of the town wouli
rather suffer than prosper by the election of Wood
house, who is to supplant him. I osa say this, though
opposed polltl aDy to Seymour.
The old Courant newspaper has been sold to
Thomas M. Day, Hsq., fas $31,000. Mr. D.-la one of
thb ssost talented young aw in this city. ana all of
the whigs, save Robinson's oliqae, are rejoice 1 that
be has bought it. L.
Great Gal* at L
[Treat the Betel* Democracy, Nor. 14 ]
TatenU; ra oae of tbt days thai hare given
Baftlo ha hah taiwsoe aa a windy town. All
through the loaf ni*ht tbe taaaih would rage,
while tha clattering of eigne and the elammiag of
abutters, and tha oraah of broken windows made
[ay the mournful aoeonipanimeat.
In tbe lower part of tbe town there wore sorrow
aad auflbrtng In i>leoty. Tbe water had spread over
"the flats." aad families were driven from the shel
ter of their tenements to seek obarity among strang
ers. Ia aaay places the houses were uprooted
from their foundations, aad drifted off upon the
boiling flood. 'Domestic animals, outbuildings,
fences, furniture, lumbar, piles of wood were set
afloat sad weet with the ourreat, wherever ohaoce
and the gala determined. Tha osDars aad lower
floor* of more substantial buildings, withia reach of
the devastation, were submerged, and property wai
destroyed to a ruinous extent.
It was a pitiful sight to sea tha members of these
Kr families who had suddenly been visited by tbe
d, standing ia their eight clothes, or with such
soanty raiment aa they had been able to seise at the
moment of alarm, tunmiag hither aad thither among
the wreck, ecdeavoriag to save their little store
from destruction aad loss, while the cruel wind
flapped their covering to shreds, aad tha cold water
stirttntd their limbs.
Now and again a weeping child might be
r of i
J lathered about the body of some drowred friend,
ufet extricated from a cellar or basement, where
death had intruded so suddenly as to leave no change
ot escape; or a group of curious spectators, watching
the efforts of a charitable few, who vainly attempted
to restore to life an unknown, nameless one, who had
met his fate in a barn or under a stack or pile of
lumber, having crept there in a drunken moment
and gone to sleep forever.
The vessels at the docks had parted their moor
ings, and getting foul of each other, had stove their
bulwarks, torn swsy their rigging, sod shattered
their spare. Bhrtds of canvass, bits ot bunting, the
frayed ends of rope were fluttering In the storm, and
lung p e?B ol rigging, with blocks attached, were
swinging like pendulums, threatening with death
any one who approached to secure them.
An occasional schooner, with but a mare stitch of
canvass eat, with her topmasts and jibbosm splinter
ed, ber bulwarks gone, and her hull and shrouds en
cased in ice, would make the harbor, while others,
lees fortunate, lay stranded on the beach, above and
below tbe moutfa. Crowds of men, with spy glames,
swept the foaming surface of the lake and reported
vestels ui der Point Abino, riding out the storm, and
others scudding for dear nfe farther away upon the
expanse of tumbling, angry waters.
in ihf streets, signboards and tin roofs rolled and
crumbled like paper, conductor pipes, branches of
trees, parts of chimneys, shingles and lumber, im
peded wayfarers, and gave evidence of the destruc
tion the tempest had wrought. Business was sus
pended; none thought of buying or selling; mer
chants sat over their stoves and cracked nuts or
whittled, while the ladies kept at home and felt as
blue as they had a mind.
[FroA the Buffalo Commercial.]
The gale of yesterday continues, and i) this morn
ing accompanied by a bitter snow storm; wind a
little south of west. Out door business is almost
entirely suspended. The schooner Armada, which
cleared from this port for Saginaw a few days since,
returned at an early hour this morning, having
made Point an Peles light before the gale struck
her. Capt Tracy reports a large number of ves
sels under shelter at Long Point. Luckily there is
not 88 yet mnch of a fleet on the lake bound down.
A schooner, name unknown, is ashore on Wind
mill ieef, b? tw?en the lighthouse and Fort Erie.
The canal boat East Wind, loaded with railroad
iron, was ran into and sank by the schooner Lewis
Cass, on Sunday right, near the foot of Wain street.
She will be raised with difficulty as soon aa the wea
ther moderates.
The scow Granville from Gibraltar, with a cargo
of staves, went ashore on Point an Pelee a week
ago, last night, but succeeded in getting off, by
throwing over a part of her cargo, and In reaching
this poit. The extent of the damage to the vessel
has not yet been ascertained.
We learn from the Brighton Sentinel, that on
Monday last, five vessels wvnt ashore in the gale, to
tbe East, and in sight of Presque Isle harbor. The
Edith, of Hamilton, laden with 4,000 bushels wheat,
sunk ber deck two feet under water. The Forest
Queen, of Oakville, from Lake Erie, laden with
staves, ber rudder and item post gone. The William
and John, laden with plaster, aground. The Para
Eon, of Toronto, aground, with two feet water in
old. The Sarah Franoes, of St Catharines, rudder
and foremast gone. There is little doubt others met
the same fate farther East.
The Toronto Leader, ot Monday, says that on
Friday night, the schooner Jane Wood, owned by
Forward A Smitb, Oswego, went ashore in a.gale of
wind, at the Highlands, abont 14 miles below To
ronto. The night was very dark, and the command
er, Captain Hamilton, mistook a fishing light for
that of Toronto hsrbor. The vessel was laden with
4(J0 bble. of fa t, marble and some merchandise for
Toronto, which is probably_ail lost. The ere w hap
piiy t-scaped.
Efffcts of a Galk on the Upper Lake.?The
Chicago Journal ol Saturday sveving has the fol
awing items:?
Slice yesterday there have been s large number
of Lower Lake at rivals. Quite a number of the gal
lant craft bear marks of tbe hard usage of their trip.
Frtm the lumber regions we learn that the schooners
Eio, Twin Brothers, Lizzie Ttooup, and Ellen
Stewart, which went ashore early in the week on
the north bar at Grand Haven, had not been got off
up to Thursday, though all could be easily got
afloat, with the exception of the Ellen Stewart, of
and from this city to Grand Haven with 120 tons of
iron. Her mainmast had gone by the board, and
her boll was breaking up. She will be a total loss.
She was owned by A. Covert, Esq., of this city,
and is insured for 13,000. The Twin Brothers is re
ported full cf water.
The schooner Three Bells, with a cargo of railroad
iron, attempted to enter the harbor "between seven
and eight o'clock yesterday monflhg, hut grounded
on the oar, near the North pier. By the aid of her
canvass and hawsers she got ott; after an hour of
hard work, having experienced no damage except
chafing against the pier.
New Patents leaned.
List of patents issued from the United States Patent
Office fer the week ending November 14,1854, each bear
ing that date.
Edwin Allen, of Sonth Windham, Conn., for improve
ment in machinery for carving atone.
Levi B. Ball, of Putnam, Ohio, for improvement in
bmut machines.
Win. Bancroft, of Whiteford, Ohio, for improvement in
cultivators.
Henry Bates, of New London, Conn., for improvement
in slide valves for the exhaust steam.
WnuHeebe, of New York, N. Y.. for improvement In
double cylinder boilers for hot water apparatus.
Martin Bell, of Sabbath Rest, and Edward B. Isett. of
Cold Spring Forge, Tyrone city, Pa., for improvement in
furnaces for making iron direct from the ore.
Wm. Bell, of Boston, Mass., for improved lamp caps.
Job Brown, of Lawn Ridge, 111, for improvement in
j cultivators.
Thos M. Chapman, of Oldtown, Me., for improved de
! vice for adjusting mill saws.
Matthias P. Coons, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for multigrade
iron fence.
Horace J. Crandall, of East Boston, Masa., for im
proved method of adjusting vessels upon the keel blocks
of dry, sectional or railway docks.
Geo. Crotnpton, of Worcester, Mass., for improvement
in looms for weaving figured fabrics.
Daniel Harris, of Boston, Mass., assignor to John P.
Ik wker, Jr., of same place, for improvement in sewing
! machines.
Jonathan Illbbs, of Tullytowa, Pa., for improvement
in (loughs.
Geo Hodgkintcn, of Cincinnati, Ohio, for improved
, up nig machine.
( co T. Leucb, of Piston. Mass., for improvement in
the nietLod of engaging and disengaging self-acting oar
buikcs.
Fiancia Maton. of New York, N. Y., for improvement
? ti breach loading Are arms.
>\m Morris, ot Philadelphia, IV, for improvement In
mm.bus rcgibtcrs.
Jos. Miller, oi Glean, N. Y., for improvement in rail
road car i oupling.
V m Moore, ot Belleville, 0., for improvement in grain
v'rnouers.
Alphens Myers, of I-ogansport, Ind., for tape-worm
trsp.
Alpliius Myers, of Logansport, Ind., for tape-worm
ojeraticn.
C. B Normand. Havre, France, for mode of control
ling and guiding log* In saw mills without a carriage.
Patented in England the 27th Oct., 1862. Patented in
France, November 6,1862.
C. B. Normand, of Havre, France, for improved method
of lianging sawe for mills.
C. B. Normand, of Havre, Prance, for improved method
of controlling the log for curved and bevel sawing. Pa
tented in Ftanoc, Nov. 6, 1862. English patent, Oct 27,
186-J.
Julius A. Pease, of New York, N. Y., for improvement
in India rubber over shoes.
Charles A. Robbins, of Iowa city, Iowa, for improved
excavator sod ditching plough.
Geo. D. b till eon, of Rochester, N. Y., for improved ex
cavating machine.
Wm. btoddsrd, of Lowell, Mass., for shingle maehlne.
Jacob Swart*. of Buffalo, N. Y., for improvement in
grain and grass harvester*.
Penjamln James Tsrtnsn, of Philadelphia, Pa., for im
provement in machinery for stretching and drying cloth.
Orson Westgatf, of Hicevllle, Pa., tttr saw guage.
I eon Jarosson, of Jersey City. N. J., for improved me
thod of constructing printing blocks.
Gee. Bruce, oi New York, N. Y., for improvement in
casting type*.
George Thompson and Merrill A. Pnrbush, of Worces
ter, Mass., for improvement in rollers for pattern chairs
for looms.
Jonathan W. Caldwell, of Rochester, N. Y., for im
proved arrangement of lever and catch fer tow lines of
canal boats.
m-imm. ? ,
Samuel Canby, of ElUcotfs Mills. Md., for Improve
ment in winnowing machines. Baton ted December ?8,
1652.
AtPtTIOKAL IUrmOVKMKW.
F. A. Gleaeon, of Rome, N. Y , for improvemetffi in tha
conatruotlon of .reed nluaicel iaatrumsnU. Patented
June 20,18*4.
croon conttn, l. i??rmorriNO.
? match ohm eff an Tuesday alteraoon, between
a trottiag hone ud a doable team of pacers, nil#
heale, heal three In five, for $2,MO. The trotter
went three heeta of the raoe In harness, aid the two
last under the saddle. The owner of the patera
drew them after the fourth heat, belwvlHLthat th*
had no chanoe of winning, ae it had beooeM dark
and the saddle hone had all the adnata gee he
running. The tine made was nothing to apeak a#?
2:45 being the quickest heat in the rate. The
pet era were Poet Boy and Lady Berins, well known
on the track, and old favorites. They oeuld have
won the race very easily had they been ptuperly
handled in the seoond heat; but Mr. Remsen, their
owner, could notahole them together, and one of
them broke up se they osiae to the boots, thereby
losing the heat. The bettieg on the raoe previous
to the start was in favor of tho trotter, at ens hun
dred to sixty, but after the first heat the same odda
were current on the paoers. The track was ia very
good order considering the amouat of rain that haa
fallal during the last few day*.
Firtt Heat?The paoers went off with the lead.
Oa the upper turn Lady Bevitis broke up, bnt seen
recovering, they kept the lead until, on the baok
stretch, the mare breaking again, the trotter art
In front and led thirty yards to the half mile pste.
On the lower torn the paoers overtook him, and
after a sharp brush up the homestretoh, won the
heat by two or three lengths. Time, 2:46.
Second Heat.?The paoers broke np aoen sftqr
leaving the soore, and the trotter took the lead
around the upper turn, and kept it down the hack
stretch and aiound the lower torn, coning en the
homestretch a length in advance: but frxn the
three-quarter pole to the soore the pacers wont
much faster than the trotter, paaing him at the
diawgate, and led him three or four lengths, untfi,
nesting the judge's stand, Lady Bering broke op,
and not being taken np until she oroased the soore,
the judges gave the heat te the trotter, rime, 2;4S.
Third Heat.?Mr. Oakley now took the paoem in
hand, Mr. Btmsen being unable to drive tham anw
longer. They had a gcod send off, and went ninslf
along, close up to the trotter, until they reached the
quaiter pole, when the mare broke np and out her
quarter. Bhe soon settled, however, and her and
mate clcsed gradually on the trotter, paming him,
and taking the pole on the lower torn, coming home
tbrte length* ahead, in 2:46}.
Foui tk Heat.?A great dt al of time was wasted ia
scoring, and it was dark when the word was given.
Nothing was seen of the horses from the time they
left the score until they returned; they in
bead and bead. A dead heat was deolared.
Time, 3:02.
Fifth Heat The pacers being drawn, tha trotter
was started alone, and he Went moderately around.
Time not taken.
The following is a summary:?
Tuesday, Nov. 14.?Matoh $2,000, mile heats,
best three in five.
Obe Smith named oh.g. Obe Smith,
under the saddle 2 1 2 0 1
James Remsen named pacing team
Lady Bevins and Post Boy 1 2 1 0 dr.
Time, 2:45?2:48?2:46}?3:02?net given.
Tlie Purchase of the Sandwich Islands.
[From the ?an Francisco Herald, Oct. 83.]
This subject has been long under consideration, sad
attracted so much attention that it ia of interest to the
entire community. The last rumor relating to the mat
ter was, that the American government had agreed to
give King Kamehameha $300,000 per annum during his
life, and the same to the heir apparent while he exists, ia
consideration of their surrendering their claims to the
sovereignty to the United States government. The state
ment is so entirely absurd as to scarcely require a con
tradiction. It is to be presumed that those at the head
of our national affairs are at least not destitute of com
mon sense, and such a statement as the above is a com
plete contradiction to such a surmise. Intrinsically,
the value of the Sandwich Islands amounts to but little.
The whaling fleet has made them what they are, aad
now sustains them, and when once withdrawn, as it wiB
be, in favor of its natural depot, San Francisco, tha
islands will only be valuable for a coaling aad recruiting
station for our anticipated China and Japan fleet of
steamers. To corroborate this opinion lot us refer to
facts. All will acknowledge that the main foundation
of the prosperity of the islands most be their agri
cultural products, yet California is shipping to them
by every vessel that leaves for their ports n con
siderable amount of potatoes, barley, oniona, fee.
The Flying Dart, which sailed but a short time sinee,
took 300 bags of potatoes, 20 sacks of onions and 100
bags of barley, and this is but one vessel out of nt
least four a month which leave here for that' destina
tion. This fact must be a heavy offset against their
otticial account of domestic produce shipped, which in
1863 amounted to only $281,609 17, notwithstanding in
bis amount a snppositionary calculation is made,
barging each wbaleship's supplies in gross.
To recur back to the consideration of the amount as
erted to be paid to the United States government, for
lie purpose of arguing the complete absurdity or the
tatement, we give the full amount received by his
Kanaka Majesty ?et the presenttime, from the nation, for
the support of his dignity. It is taken from the civil
st, approved August 11, 1864:?
I'or his Majesty's Privy Purse 810,000
For ltis Majesty's Koysl State 4,000
For his Majesty's Medical Attendant 2,000
I or her Majesty the Queen 1,000
1 or his Royal Highness, (heir apparent) 3,000
For Prince Kamehameha, General of Division and
Privy Counsellor 808
Total 1 820,800
?Which is the whole amount received by the King and
heir apparent.
We opine it would be a satisfactory speculation for hia
Majesty to sell out for the snug sum of 0300,000 per
annum.
The whole receipts of customs amounted in the year
1863 to 8186,640 17, from which is to be deducted tha
cost of collection, leaving the amount of net assets at a
small figure.
That these islands will eventually be incorporated into
our Union is beyond a question, but not on such exorbi
tant and indefinite terms. There is a possibility, if not
a probability, that the "heir apparent" may Uve fifty
years, and it is scarcely to be supposed our government
would lay itself liable to give htm twelve times the sala
ry of the President during tllkt period.
Theatres and Exhibition*.
Academy or Music.?The managers of the Opera House
announce that Signor Mario will appear on Friday even
ing, in Rossini's comic opera of "11 liarbiere de Siviglia."
The cast embraces the names of Grisi, Mario, Badiali and
Suslnl.
Bro.adw.4T Theatre.?The dramatic pieces selected for
this evening are the farco of a "Pleasant Neighbor," the
comic drama entitled "Bob Nettles," and the drama of
the "Devil's In It." This theatre is well filled every
night, and the performances seem to afford great plea
sure to the visiters.
Bowkrt Theatre.?This establishment, since the in
troduction Of the equestrian troupe, is doing a fine busi
ness. The evening's entertainment will commence with
equestrian scenes in the ring, which will bo followed by
the drama of the "Lonely Man of the Ocean." There
will be an afternoon performance on Saturday.
Burton's Theatre.?1The manager of this theatre, ever
anxious to present his patrons with dramatic productiona
of novelty, will produce, this evening, for the first time
on any stage, a new American piece, called "The Upper
Ten and the Lower Twenty"?all his leading artists in
the cast.
National Theatre?Manager Purdy is as active as
ever in catering well for his patrons. To-night he an
nounces the drama of the "Ethiop," with tirattan Daw
son as the hero of the piece, and the drama of tha
"Devil's Daughter," in whioh Miss Hathaway, a favor
ite "dress, will appear as Miranda.
Wallace's Thkatkb.?This well regulated theatre con
tinues to draw large and respectable audiences. Mr.
Wallack has appeared himself for nearly eight weeks, tn
crowded houses. The selections for this evening are
" London Assurance," and the farce of " My Wife's
Second floor."
Metropolitan Theatre.?Miss Julia Dean, an actrasa
of considerable dramatic celebrity, has been playing for
the past week, with success. She appears this evening,
in the play of " Tortesa, tha Usurer," as Isabella Fal
cone, and Kddy sustains the part of Tortesa.
American Mukktm.?1The dramatic performances to ba
given here this afternoon and evening comprise fox
very attractive pieces.
Oners, Castle Garden.?A very attractive entertain
ment is advertlsod for the benefit of Mr. Joseph Sweet,
this evening. An afternoon performance will also bo
given.
Wood's Minstrels ?" The Mummy" will bo given to
night.
Buckutt's Serenaderr?'The opera of "Noma" wtt?
be repeated this evening.
Wood's Varieties, 4TS Brodwat.?The company en
gaged here offer a good programme for to- night.
Bhwit or W. V. Wallace.?This distinguished eom
jxiser's benefit will take place on Monday evening next,
at the Broadway theatre. Miss Louisa l'yne, Mr. Harri
son and others are to appear on tha occasion. There
can he little doubt but that Mr. Wallace will reoetvs en
that evening a substantial proof, from the musical pee
pie of New York, that his merits as a musical composer
are properly appreciated.
PiutPAmrarr or Postage on Utters to Cali
fornia?It often happens that a letter intended for
California is mailed in the Atlantic States with a single
throe cent stamp placed thereupon. The Post Office De
partment haa decided that. Inasmuch as this prepay
ment does not satisfy h single full rate of postage, it can
only be regarded aa a deduction of three cents from the
original unpaid rate, leaving seven oents to be collected
at the office of delivery. When three cents have been
paid on a double letter sent from one office tn tlio Atlan
tic Statea to another, the amount remaining doe at the
office of delivery is but five cents, for in this case the
sum prepaid is sufficient to satisfy one of the two rates
with whioh snch double letter Is chlrgeabOe.
Tn* Infanticide in Philadelphia.?-Pamela
Myers was fully committed In Philadelphia, on the 14th
inst , to answer the charge of murder. The uncle, Mr.
ftiyder, was discharged, there being no evidence of hia
complicity In the offence. H# was held, however, in
?M? to appesr as a wit nans. Thos. Rice was held in m
like sum for the same purpose, and the female wltr"
were held in MOO each as witnesses.

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